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Daily Paper $8 R Year "Let our Just Ceusure Attend the True Event." Tri-Weekly $? a Year
BY JULIAS'1!'SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C.. SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 28, 1868. : VOLUME IV-NO. 8&:
?UBLIsnED DAILY AMD TBI-WEERL?.
EVr.ll? WEDNESDAY MORNING-.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Office on Main atroet, a few doors above
Taylor (or Camden) nt root.
Daily Paper, six months...(4 00
Tri-Weekly, " " . 2 50
Weekly, " " .1 50
Inserted at 75 cents per square for the first
Insertion, and 50 cents for each subsequent.
Weekly 75 cents each insertion.
ter A liberal discount made on Ike above
rates when advertisements are inserted by
the month or year.
Lexington-B. J. Mayes.
J. B. Allon, Choster.
8. P. Kinard, Newberry C. H.
Jamos Grant, Union.
The Ma nn rac tor In g Facilities of
The following letter will bo perused
CHARLESTON, S. C., July 13,1868.
To His Excellency Robert K. Scott,
Governor of South Carolina.
SIR: I desire respectfully to ask
your attention to tho subject of man?
ufacturing in South Carolina, and to
state how this desirable object may
be promoted by appropriate legisla?
I assert, without the fear of suc?
cessful contradiction, that history
does not afford an example of a peo
}>le confining their industry exclusivo
y to agriculture aud thereby be?
coming truly wealthy and great. It
will hardly be denied, that South
Carolina, in the past, did not encou?
rage manufacturing within her
borders; the opinion prevailed that
to do so would bo to create au ele?
ment in the State inimical to tho
then existing order of things; but
with the great changes which have
taken place, both in tho condition
and views of the people of this State,
and tho attention which has been
drawn to South Carolina as a fit
point for manufacturing from quar?
ters where both tho full knowledge
of the subject and th? means to carry
it on abounds, it is to be expected
that wo may, ere long, have a diver?
sity of industry which will greatly
promote the prosperity of the State,
and it is to be hoped that both tho
authorities and tho peoplo of South
Carolina will do all that they can to
foster such enterprises, and encou?
rage a foll development of alt her
For tho manufacturo of all tho
textile fabrics, we have in South
Carolina advantages over tho manu?
facturing States of tho North, which
are as great as they aro little known,
and yet they are known and fully ap?
preciated by a few persons fully com?
petent to decido this important matter.
A few of these advantages aro as
1. Our numerous and accessablo
water powers, our extensive forests of
timber, either of which will furnish
abundant and cheap motivo power,
which may bo depended upon tho
entire year round.
2. Abundant and cheap labor of thc
kind needed by tho manufacturer,
and freely admitted by most compe?
tent judges to bo not only much cheap?
er, but much bettor, moro intelligent,
teachable, and easier governed, than
the help used in Northern mills.
3. A genial climate, better suited
to the requirements of tho manu?
4. Cheaper raw material.
** 5. Not having to pay freights aud
expenses on tho waste, but only on
the finished goods.
There are many other collateral
advantages that the manufacturer in
South Carolina has over his more
Northern competitor, but I forbear
to urge this point of tho subject. I
have lately had it freely admitted to
me by gentlemen extensively engaged
in manufacturing in New England,
and who have lately closoly oxamined
the workings of tho principal manu?
factures in South Carolina and
Georgia, that the Sonthern help is
both much cheaper and much better
than theirs; that they perform moro
labor, and turn out more work per
woek for less wngos, than their help
does. I know several capitalists and
manufactnrers in tho North who are
disposed to engage in manufacturing
enterprises * in South Carolina, as
soou as they become satisfied that
their investment?* hero will be pru?
dent and safe; but to induce know?
ledge and capital to come amongst us
freely, it is necessary for us to give
them all thc legislative advantages
which they have now at homo. It
is, therofore, desirable that we should
have in South Carolina a liberal
genoral charter law, by whioh, with?
out waiting for tho assembling of the
Legislature, persons wishing to do so
may procuro a liberal charter and
proceed with thoir enterprise.
In order to mako available the
many fine water powers wita whioh
the State abounds, it is necessary to
pass a general How ago law, without
which few large water powers can be
General charter and general flow
age laws may bo new to us, but they
are common in all the manufacturing
States of the Union. In the United
States, nearly all large enterprises
are executed by associations of capi?
talists under charters of incorpora?
tions; and if we expect to participate
in the advantages flowing from such
enterprises, wo must do as our neigh?
bors do, and mako such charters
liberal and easy to be obtained. . The
public should be by law protected os
far as possible from the abuse of
suoh privileges; and perhaps the best
protection yet discovered, is to re?
quire tho publication at stated times
of the assets and liabilities of such
corporations, sworn to by the chief
officers; the public can thus seo their
true condition, and he governed
accordingly in their dealings with
A general charter law was passed
by the Legislature of 18GG; it is to be
hoped that this law may at least bo
allowed to remain iu force, if not
supercooled by ono more simplo and
Tho right of "eminent domain"
claimed by the State, enables her to
compel an individual, after he has
received full compensation, to part
with his property where it is neces?
sary for a public improvement; and
this right has been loDg and often
used in favor of railroad companies,
and to a very great extent; and per?
haps no railroad of any considerable
length could be constructed without
it. If this right of the State was
largely used in favor of railroads,
why may it not bc used to a small
extent in fuvor of manufactures?
All owners of water powers which
aro improved ought to be compelled
to construct full and ample wa3te
wiora, or other discharges, for th(
surplus water of tho stream used bj
them, and they ought to be heh
liable for any loss or damage whicl
others may sustain by reason of th<
itoperfections of their work?; the>
ought also, in cases where a break o
their dam may injure other work;
below them, be obliged to give imme
diato notice to tho proper persons a
tho points ondougered by tho break
age of their dams.
There aro many other points ti
which I would like to seo attentioi
directed, but this letter is now longe
than I expected it to be; but I trns
that I will be excused, both for it
length and for having addressed yoi
at all, by the importance of thc suh
ject. Yours, respectfully,
BENJAMIN F. EVAN S.
Tho Chinese treaty was before til
Senate Committee on Foreign Rein
tions for consideration, and it wa
substantially agreed upon. Mi
Sumner will preparo ono or tw<
amendments, and it will be reporte
to tho Seuato for action. Tho treaty
in brief, may be considered tho oper
ing wedge to the admission of Chin
to tho family of enlightened nation:
Ita principal feature is, that it reeog
nizes China as a nation, to whom w
aro to accord international rights au
obligations, aud, in that respect, is
matter of moro importance to Chic
than to us, since this country is ver
willing to accord such recognitioi
while Franco and England have bee
backward in that respect. Tho treal
further recognizes the right of tl
Chinese Empire to tho integrity <
its own territory, by providing tin
no system of internal improvemei
shall bo forced upon hor without tl
conseut of tho Emperor. It recoj
nizes tho principles of religious toi
ration, tho right of emigration at
immigration and of allegiance, and
reciprocal provision regardingschoc
and ?ducation, lt contains no coi
mereial provisions, and is look?
upon as preliminary to other ?ii
moro important negotiations bei
after, when tho principles of tl
present treaty shall havo been reco
nized by tho leading powers
The jail iu Irwiuton, Ga., wans
on fire and burned a few nights sin<
and a negro named Joshua Wilban
who had been committed on t
charge of murdering two brothe
perished in the flames. The jail
lives about a mile from the jail, a
it has ever been left unguarded di
ing tho night time. It was built
wood, and iu a short time was tota
destroyed. The charred remains
the negro were found among t
?t a meeting of tho Fourth Ward Demo?
cratic Ulah, hold this evening, a commu?
nication from tho Central Executive Com?
mittee waa received, recommending thal
on tho arrival of our delegates from tho
Democratic Convention, recently held in
New York, a grand ratification meeting hu
held to ratify the action of tho Convention;
which recommendation was concurred in,
and Mr. J. C. Sutphen was appointod to
act with tho general Committee of Ar?
rangements, of which Captain McKenzie
is chairman; Messrs. Weam, Kirk and
Purse a committee to prepare tranparcn
cics and torch-lights for tho occasion, and
Messrs. O'Neil, Oliver and Cantwell a
committee to collect subscriptions to de?
fray tho expenses of tho same.
THOMAS J. GIBSON, Secretary.
COLUMBIA, S. C., July 18,J8G8._
BNATURE IS Till. GREAT PHYSI?
CIAN.-This is now admitted, by tho me?
dical profession, as a fundamental princi?
pio of bealing science. It is wisely
provided by tho human economy that
wheuovor anything is wrong in the physi?
cal system, tho natural forces of tho body
arc brought to boar to expel tho disease.
Tho great aim, therefore, is to strengthen
the natural powors. This has been kept
in view by tho skillful compouudcrs of
HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS,
which operates to give fresh vitality to all
tho organs of thc body. Tho effect of this
medicino upon tho stomach, tho liver and
the kidneys, is prompt and decisive. Thc
patient, who is wiso enough to quit drug?
ging and try thc Bitters, soon feels aa if |
ho had taken a new lease of lifo, and as he
continues the uso of tho article bo is over?
joyed to find the streams of health cours?
ing through bia frame. It is prepared
with great caro, and its component parts
are entirely vegetable. It is free from tho
objections so often urged against prepara?
tions of the kind. As a medical agent it
has no equal, whilo its pleasing flavor and
healthful effects have made it a general
favorite. It is freo from all properties
calculated to impair tho system, aud its
operations are at onco mild, soothing and
officient. All who havo used Iloattttcr's
Stomach hit tera attest its virtuos and
commend it to uso.
Even those who aro in the enjoyment of
perfect health frequently havo need to
nave recourse to tonics as preventives of
disease. Wo aro never too well armed
against the assaults of "tho ills that fiesh
is heir to." In health or sickness this
tonic cannot be taken regularly without
giving vitality and elasticity to tho sys?
tem. . July 17 (if
?.MANHOOD."-Another New Medical
Pamphlet from tho pen of Dr. Curtis. Tho
Medical Times says of this work: "This
valuable treatisoon tho cause and cure of
prematuro declino shows how health is
impaired through secret abuses of youth
and manhood, and how easily regained. It
gives a clear synopsis of tho impediments
to marriage, the canso and effects of ner?
vous debility, and tho remedies therefor."
A pocket edition of tho above will bo for?
warded on receipt of six stamps, by ad?
dressing Doctor Curtis, No. 139 F street,
Washington, D. C. May 27 ly
CAROLINA NATIONAL BANK,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
CAPITAL, - - - $100,000
L. D. CHILDS, Pres't. Maj. JNO. PB ESTOS, jr.
Dr. J. W. PABKEB. EnWABU HOPE.
GEOBOE W. SWEFSON, of North Carolina.
W. B. GCLICK, C. J. IUEDELL,
milE CAROLINA NATIONAL BANK,
X OF COLUMBIA, will deal in Exchange,
Gold and Silver Coin, and do a general
Banking Business. Tho accounts of mer?
chants and others in Columbia, and in tho
towns and country connected with it by
business, arc respectfully solicited.
Collections attended to carefully and re?
mitted for promptly. Loans made on gold
coin and other collateral security.
Tho Board of Directors meet, for the
transaction of business, EVERY MON?
DAY, at 10 o'clock a. m.
COLUMBIA, S. C., June C, 18CS.
June (j _ Brno
ALL claims against the ( state of J. H.
LEPJ, deceased, will bo handed in,
proporly attostcd, and all persons induhted
to the est ato will plcaso make payment to
Mrs. M. E. LEE, Administratrix, or to H.
G. QUERRY. Agent. June 17 wQ
Fresh Biscuit and Crackers.
BBLS. FRESH CRACKERS, for salo
?5U lo why_Ej.A G. D. HOPE.
ACASK OF Sf. JULIEN CLARET will
be on draught TUESDAY, tho 23d.
Juno 21 ? E. A G. D. HOPE.
Just Received at the Ladies' Depo?
PATENT DUPLEX FRENCH LEPA
NIER SPIItAL SKIRT SUPPORTERS.
CORSETS and Kid Covered Corset
Fronts, with three and four hooks.
As the season advances the Ladies'
would be glad to reccivo orders for the
making of PRESERVES and PICKLES.
OK BBLS. Coffee and Extra C. SU
4 O GARS, just in and for sale by
Feb 28 E. A G, D. HOPE.
THE WEEK&Y GLEANER,
A LABOE EIOHT'PACE JOURNAL, OF
NEWS, POLITICS, LITERATURE.
An excellent Paper for Country Beading.
ITS POLITICS DEMOCRATIC
IN THF O P. HAT ?*T OUT
AGAINST RADICAL USURPATION.
TO THE PEOPLE OF TEE SO UTE.
THE WEEKLY GLEANER-Devoted to
tho rehabilitation of tho South in itsiformer
prosperity-?B offered to subscribers at the
low rate of $1.50 for B?X months. 1
Tho annals of tho American Republic
show no political campaign comparable in
tho magnitudo of its issues and tho mo?
mentousness of its results to that for tho
Presidency, now pending. Indeed, tho
j very life of freo governmont is on trial,
and it will bo a sad commentary on tho
capacity of the people for tho exercise of
that high trust if they, tho jurors who are
to try tho issue, pronounco a verdict of
self-condemnation. If tho South has any
hopo it is in the success of tho Democratic
party in tho coming Presidential election;
and every citizen is vitally interested in
the progress of thc battle, and cannot
afford to bo without a sound and reliable
As an organ, not only of sound Demo?
cratic principles, but as a vehicle of ge?
neral news, tho GLEANER is confidently
commended to Southern support. A large
eight-page paper, of forty-eight columns,
lilied with tho contributions of ablo cor?
respondents, tho daily wealth of tele?
graphic communication and readablo edi
torials. Especially will it bo valuable ai
an organ to disabuse tho Northern mini
of the falsehoods in relation to Southeri
thought and actions, Arith which it is th?
industrious vocation of certain parties ti
poison tho springs of Northern feeling 01
Southern subjects. In thi? view of thi
matter, no moro valuablo aid to tho tru
reconstruction of thc country and restora
tion of just sentiment at the North towan
the South can be rendered than by sub
scribing to tho WEEKLY GLEANER an.
sending it to acquaintances and friends ii
tho Northern States.
Wo aBk the aid of such o? our politice
comrades as shall seo this prospectus, i
tho distribution of tho paper; ospeciall
during tho progress of the impendin
feTho WEEKLY GLEANER is publishe
every Wednesday morning, and mailed t
single subscribers at $3.00 per anunr, Si
Months, $1.50; Three Months, 75c; Sing!
Copies, 10c. Sample copies will bo sei
on receipt of address. Money for sui
8cription should bo sent in drafts or poi
office orders, but may bo sent in a rcgi
Write your address, post office. Count
and State, plainly.
JULIAN A. SELBY,
Proprietor Phoenix and Gleaner,
July 17 Columbia, S. C.
Nomination for the Mayoralty.
WILLIAM M. MYERS, ESQ., is a cane
dato for tho Mayoralty, and will bo su
ported by his
May 8_NUMEROUS FRIENDS.
TO THE LADIES.
STAMPING for EMBROIDERY, BRAT
INO and ELUTING, all on the mc
reasonable terms, by
M RS.* M. C. WALTER,
July 8 Imo Next to the Central Hotel,
FINE Sugar-cured Breakfast STRIP!
Fresh LEMONS and NEW FLOUR.
G. PIERCES, at Seegers' old stand
BAGS FAIR RIO COFFEE. I
t?*) sale low to dealers.
Jone 14 E. & G. P. HOPE
Wrapping Paper and Twine.
A FULL supply of WRAPPING PAP!
ii. Also, Paper Twiue, Cotton and Hei
Twine. On hand and for salo by
Jone 10 J. A- T. H. AGNEW
Summer Beverages, &c.
WILL open Monday morning, 1 ci
Fronch Tablo Claret, 2 bari
Newark Cider, 10 cases Claret "St. Jul
Medoc," 5 cases Rhiuo Wine, Hochhcir
A Lief braumilch; 1 quarter cask Xemei
Sherry, 1 quarter cask Maderia, 1 quai
cask Amontilado Sherry, 10 barrels Y.'l
key, assorted qualities; 1 puncheon I
land Gin, "Prince of Orango;" 1 quai
cask Blackberry Brandy, very fino; '/
gari, Hostotters, Carocoa and Stom
Prime Goshen Butter, Smoked Salli
and Orange Brand Hams received wee!
and together with all othor concomita
of a first class Grocery Store, offeree"
lowest market rates for cash.
June 14 _ GEORGE SYMMERI
DWELLING FOR RENT.
MA VERY CONVENIENT DWE
INO, in a pleasant part of tho c
with Five Rooms-all with lire-pla
also, Bathing Room attached, with She
Bath Apparatus; rooms nicely pape
also, Fivo Rooms in the Basement
Nursery: out-buildings, Smoke and (
ria?u Houses, and neat Garden. I
moderate to an approved tenant. Poe
I sion to bo given ey the first of Jnly n
Apply ?t G. DIERCK'S Stor
I May 27
rniTTT? nnTTTWDT* TJTT/WITTV I
ACQ uuuoiiiijia lUtUlllA!
Book, .Tol) and Newspaper
PRINT I S Ci ESTABLISH MENT,
Hain Street, above Taylor.
HAYE your PRINTING done at thia
Office, for tho following GOOD REASONS:
Tho proprietor ia a Practical Printer,
And attends closely to his Business.
The O?ice ia supplied with Everything
Necessary to turn out Good Work.
Trices Lower than any other establishment
In thia State, or even New York.
Pamphlets, Circulars, Bill Heads,
Lotter Heads, Posters, Hand-bills,
Receipts, Ball Tickets, Invitations,
Dray Tickets, Checks, Briefs,
Programmes, Drafts, Blanks,
Wedding, Viaiting and Business Cards, Ac,
Of all styles and sizes; in fact,
Every Description of Printing^
lu one, two and three colors and in bronzo,
promptly attended to.
JULIAN A. SELBY, Proprietor.
Just Received at Phoenix Office,
A lot of BILL HEAD PAPER-which
will bu neatly printed, at short notice, and
NEW YORK PRICES. Call and seo.
FOR SALE at tho
Tlie Ituukrr Liniment; tho best lini?
ment for family use; can bo used internally
and outwardly. It is a great pain destroy?
er. It kills pain and all kinds of aches'
Sold liv Fisher A Heinitsh.
Machine Oil and Belting.
I710R salo by
? May .tl * FISHER A LOWRANCE.
What is this Medicino Called "The
WHY, it li tho most extraordinary in?
vention as a remedv for curing" dis?
ease and restoring health wo have ever
been callud upon to record. It is a new
vegetable combination, possessing in a
single product the new principles for heal?
ing the sick and restoring tho health. It
purifies tho fountain of life-the blood
and as tho life of tho flesh is pure blood,
so impurity must bo diaeaso and death to
the body. It is a tonio bitters, and may
be given in all oases of weak digestion,
loss of appetite, dyspepsia, debility, de?
pressed mind and body, weariness of
limbs. It is an invigorant : it infusos now
lifo to tho blood, by removing tho humors
and impurities which check the hoalthful
circulation. It is a stimulant: it gives ac?
tivity to the nervous fluids, and invigorates
the organs of life. It is tho only medicine
yot discovered that comos np to the true
standard of merit and worth, and secures
to tho invalid and the diseased tho great?
est of all blessings-health. Ask for
HEINITSU'S QUEEN'S DELIGHT. For
sale by FISHER A HEINITSH,
Jone 12 t Druggists.
FISHER & LOWRANCE.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
New York Advertisements.
THE old established "COHN EXCHANGE
BAG M AN UFACTO BY" is propared
to furnish GRAIN SACKS of any desired
sizo or quality, and at short notice. Also,
COTTON and PAPER FLOUR SACKS,
neatly printed to order. Information
promptly furnished npon application.
W. B. ?STEN & CO.,
25 Poar: street, New York City.
Juno 17 3mo
JAMES CONNER'S SONS
United States Type Foundry
AND PRINTER'S WAREHOUSE.
NOS. 23,80 and 82 Centre et root, (corner
of Reado street,) Now York. The type
on which this paper is printed is from thc
above Foundry. Nov 18*
CHARLESTON, S. C.
THE undersigned having
taken charge of tho abovo
well-known HOTEL, rc
"8pectfnlly informs his
friends and the traveling public that it has
been REFURNISHED, in all of its depart?
ments. The table will, at all times, bc
supplied with the best tho Markot affords,
including every delicacy in season, while
the cuisine will bo unexceptionable Tho
Bath Booms attached to the Hotel are sup?
plied with tho celebrated Artesian Water,
and Hot, Cold or Shower Baths can be ob?
tained at any time. Tho same attention
will be paid to tho comfort of tho guests
as heretofore, and travelers can rely upon
finding tho Charleston Hotel equal to any
in the United States. The patronage of
the traveling public is respeotfnllv solicit?
ed. J. P. HORBACH, Agent,
Jan ll Hmo Proprietor.
Carolina National Bank, of Colum?
bia, S. C.
A UTHORIZA TI02T.
NO. 1.G90. TREASURY DEFT,
OJ FICK OF COMITIIOM.EU OF CURRKXCr,
WASHINGTON, May ll, 1868.
WHEREAS, by satisfactory evidence
presented to the undersigned, it has
been made to appear tliat "Tho Carolina
National Bank of Columbia," ir. the city of
Columbia, in tho District of Richland and
State of South Carolina, has boen duly
organized, under and according to tho re?
quirements of tho Act of Congress entitled
"An Act to provide a national currency,
scoured by a pledge of United States
bonds, and to provide for tho circulation
and redemption thereof," approved Juno
3, 18G4, and has complied with all the pro?
visions of said Act required to bo com plied
with beforo commencing tho business of
banking under said Act.
Now, therefore, I, HAVILAND R. HUL
BURD, Comptroller of the Currency, do
hereby certify that "Tho Carolina National
Bank of Columbia," in the city of Colum?
bia, in tho District of Richland and State
of South Carolina, is authorized to com?
mence tho business of banking under tho
In testimony whereof, witness my hand
I Seal of tho Comp-1 and seal of office,
< trotter of the Cur- V this eleventh day of
( roney. ) May, 1808.
HAVILAND R. HULBURD,
Comptroller of the Curroi ey.
May 15 _ _ 2mo
PINE TREE CORDIAL.'
WISH ART'S ri NE TREE TAR COR?
DIAL, for Consumption, fte.
Stafford's Olive Tar, fer Bronchitis,
Wis tar's Balsam Wild Cherry.
Jayne's Expectorant, Jayne's Carmina?
Ayer's Chery rectoral,
Stanley's Great Cough Remedy,
The famous Quaker Liniment.
AU for salo by
FISHER A HEINirSH,
June ll Druggists.
"VATING HOTJSE AT ALSTON.
IPASSENGERS on tho Greenville and
Columbia Railroad, cnn get BREAK?
FAST and DINNER at Alston-ample time
being allowed. _
Dee 27 MARY A. ELKIN A SON.
The lin- of all flesh blood. The
health of all life is-puro flesh, l'urc blood
keeps out all diseasos. The Queen's De?
light purifies the Mood._
'Self-Raising Flo er.
l\ BARRELS Hocker's Self-Raiaiug
I\ J FLOUR, for salo low by
_ March 27 E. A G. DJHOPE.
I STILL LIVE.
THE great SUMTER BITTERS have
only to ho tried to ho appreciated. As
a summer tonic and invigorating medi?
cine, nono is equal to it; as a stomach ap?
petizer and a promoter of cligostion, it is
tho best Bitters ont. Only try it, and your
oxperienco will attest the truth ot our
advice. For salo wholesale and retail, by
FISHER & HEIN1TSH, Druggists.
BACON MOLASSES, &c.
20.000 %&?t? BACON*
5 hhdfl. Prime Bacon Shoulders,
6 casks First Quality Orango Hams,
150 sacks Country Flour,
15 hhds. Cuba and Muscovado Molasses.
For sale low for cash only by
April 19 E. A G. D. HOPE.