Newspaper Page Text
TUB DK MOOn ATI O TICK?T.
1778 V F 1868 For President, HORATIO SEYMOUR, OF N. Y. For Vice-President, GEN. F. P. BLAIR, OF MISSOURI. REPRESENTATIVES TN CONGBESS. First Congressional District-Harris Covington. Second Congressional District.-A. P. Aldrich. Third Congressional District.-J. P. Reed. Fourth Congressional District.-W. D. Simpson. STATE ELECTORAL TICKET. For State al Large-J. P. Thomas, of Richland; J. D. Kennody, of Ker? shaw. First Congressional District-R. F. Graham, of Marion. Second Congressional District-B. H. Rutledge, of Charleston. Third Congressional District-A. C. Haskell, of Abbeville. Fourth Congressional District-E. C. McLure, of Chester. COLUMBIA. , Wednesday Morning. Oct. 7, 1868. The Issue ?nd the Candidates. When Solon was framing laws for the Athenians, ho ordained that who over remained neutral in the time of domestic war, should bo declared in? famous for life. We have entered upon a con il iel, in which neutrality would be a crime. This is no old-time political bout or tournament. The issues which hinge upon the November election, are of an importance which cannot be over-ostimated. lt is not to decide whether tho bonds aro re? deemable in gold or greenbacks; nor , is it to decide whether negroes are to ride in railroad cars; but it is to de? termine whether we are to have union or praotical disintegration. Whether Congress shall still hold in its iron grasp the State governments of tho South, and obliterate from the map of the Union those States which first gave it existence. The momentous issues which hang upon tho decision of these questions, should bo care? fully weighed by every thoughtful man. The question is one of peculiar importance. Much has been said about the financial plank in the Demooratio platform. Great is tho out-cry which tho radicals, for political capital, have attempted to raise against it. Let ns see what it says: "Payment of the public dobt of the United States as rapidly as practicable; all moneys drawn from the people by taxation, except so much as is requisite fo?* tho necessities of the Government econo? mically administered, being honestly applied to such payment; and where the obligations of the Government do not expressly state upon their face, or the law under which they were issued does not provide, that they shall be paid Tn coin, they ought, in right and justice, to be paid in tho lawful money of tho United States." Does that sound like repudiation, which tho Democrats aro accused of advocating? Surely not. Tho radi? cals have attempted to draw a lino of distinction between tho letter and tho spirit of the net authorizing tho loan. They would, at one time, gladly have stolen this plank, and in? corporated it into their own plat? form. Butler was in the van of those who made this movement; but tho New Eugland influence was too strong. Tho pampered bond-holders of New Eugland were not yet ready to loose their vampire hold upon the laboring man. This influence, then, determined them to abandon tho lutter for what they call tho spirit. Our parly would do justice to all and oppress none. This the}' have made the ostensible issue, though, in reality, the true point of contest is whether tho States ol thc South shall be re-admitted, untrammelled by Congressional en? actments, to their proper representa? tion in tho Federal Government, or whether their surrendering all the powers of control into tho hands of an inferior race, just emerged from a state of bondage, aimil bo made a condition precedent to their obtain? ing their own. Not that any validity could be the consequonoo of such an admission, when the pooplo again como to their senses, evon supposing they should bo so blind us to ratify and confirm the Congressional policy of reconstruction in November, for it is a well settled principle of ethics as _ well ns law, that ' no not dono tinder duress is of binding foroc. Though there is little danger of their being forced to thia alternative. The peo? ple have long since seen through the flimsy veil with \ ..eh the Jacobina of the present Congress have at? tempted to oioak their nefarious de? signs, and will, next November, give them the rebuke they deserve. -?-??-. Revamping an Old Story. The Washington Chronicle, finding the supply of fresh outrages in the South not equal to the demand, has lately gouo back upon tho so-called massacre at Fort Pillow during the late war, and republishes what it calls tho "sworn testimony," takonbeforo a sub-committee of tho Committee ou the Conduct of tho War, and which seems to bavo been got up at this timo moro as au electioneering docu? ment, intended to influence popular passions, than as au accurato record of events. Whether tho testimony taken before the committee was reli? able of not, tho spirit pervading it und tho purpose for which it was used, wero quito as merciless and murderous as the acta attributed to Gen. Forrest or his men. Tho same may be said of the stylo in which the Chronicle treats thc subject now, and, indeed, every subject in which the South is concerned. Tho moral re? sponsibility for the invention and cir? culation of false and inflammatory reports against individuals and com? munities, tho natural result of which is to produce violence and bloodshed, can scarcely bo less than that for ac? tual murder, and most of tho mon ongaged in it have all tho elements of oharactor necessary for such a crime, except the physical hardihood. Tho Chronicle, revives tho stories of fugitives from Fort Pillow being shot after they surrendered, and of ne? groes not only being shot, but burned alive, adding that Major Anderson, Forrest's Assistaut Adjutant-General, said thoy did not consider colored men as soldiors, but as property, and as such, being used by the enemy, they had destroyed them. Tho "sworn testimony" on which tho Chronicle parades these old stories, cannot be considered as conclusivo, in viow of the fact that of late years false swear? ing has become tho familiar process of getting at those who incur tho vengeance of tho faction of which tho Chronicle is a mouth-piece. "Sworn testimony"indeed! Shade of Conover! Is any ono simple enough now not to understand tho exact value of an oath when a political object is to bo secured thereby, or ignorant enough not to know that perjury has becomo a regular profession, whoso members practice in any court against rebels and copper-heads, whenever they ure offered au adequate retainer? It may have been that during the engage? ment at Fort Pillow, men were killed by individual soldiers without wait? ing for their surrender, as has often happened ou both sides in tho battles of tho late war, as in other wars. Tho explanation which Gen. Forrest himself gives, is reported, says tho Baltimore Sun, by a correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, in which ho states that he had learned, while at various points iu West Tennessee, from what he still believes to have been reliable sources, that tho Fort Pillow garrison had pillaged the whole country, and under the pretext of looking for rebel arms had insult? ed women, abused old men, and in several instances had committed thc most brutal outrages upon highly respectable women. Many of these persons so abused, robbed and in? sulted, were near relatives and friends of tho Tennessee troops under For? rest's command. Theso men posi? tively refused to leave Tennessee, unless he would first hike and destroy Fort Pillow. In addition to this, ii delegation of citizens from Jackson waited upon him and made tho sunn request. General Forrest thinks that citizen: who were in his command, and whose families had been outraged by mern bera of tho Tennessee garrison, die shoot them down without waiting for their surrender, during UK engugoment and not after the cap turo, and when ho discovered it lu ordered it stopped, aud was compel? ed to shoot one of his own men wh< did not obey him promptly. H< adds that thc only fire made during or after the fight, that day, was th? hospital buildings, which tho Federa troops fired to prevent his men fron taking shelter behind them, and hi thinks they burned up some of thei; own dead and wounded. The who!? force in tho garrison numbered 557 Of these 3i0 survived. ?? "Vir* th? Vl\cMe?B'lumm****** MB. EDITOB: IQ making a . abort excursion ?rom Frog Level, by way of Capt. Jos. Wise's Forry, on tho Saluda River, to a point in Edgefleld County, known ns Huett'B Storo, I lind ah opportunity to witness the workings of the cotton caterpillar, in this middle section of tho State. Tho extent of their ravages is con? siderable, and unexpected to this section of country-merely noticea? ble in a few farms last year. I en? deavored to trace out the probable extent of tho damago to thc cotton, thus attacked; but this remains, us yet, somewhat doubtful. Where, the cotton stalks were deprived of thoir necessary foliage ut au earl}' period, the damage to the fruitage must bo material. Wo noticed that some of tho young bolls, sufficiently large to mature, were eaten into, and must perish without reaching maturity. Wq observed, further, that tho leaves or shucks that surround tho base of the bolls, were eaten away, and somo persons aro of the impression that these bolls will shrink, but opon and be defective in lint. Of this, we will know moro at a later period of thc season. Next, I endeavored to trace their process of transformation, and mode of perpetuation. Wo assume here that tho fly or moth lays tho eggs on tho plant, principally, when the ap? propriate period of summer arrives; when //niched out, under tho influence of a suitable temperature and weather, it has the form of a small worm, and proceeds to its work of devouring cotton leaves, ?co., until it gets thc growth that nature designod for it. When this stage is reached, it webs itself in a cotton leaf, becomes inert, but gradually shortens in length, and changes its color to a dark imo. It eventually assumes the cocoon, or black pod form, having on tho out? side, mnrked tho outlines of the head, tail and wings. Out of this hull comes the fly moth, which we pre? sumo lays the egg, in due time, from which is produced the caterpillar form again. The moths are nota eat? ing out of their envelopes. The ques? tion I desire to ask some entomolo? gist of the low country, who has had an opportunity to investigate the wholo history of the caterpillar, is as follows: How does this insect per? petuate itself from year to year, ns ascertained by a chain of facts? Does this moth lay its eggs now, and run the chances of producing tho worm state next summer? Or does the moth run the chances of winter, and lay its eggs next summer? Reliable in? formation as to this enemy of the cotton plant may prove of importance to tho up country farmer. This insect may be a fixed institu? tion in tho low country and climate; but, we hope, not so iu the iniddlo and up couulry. Wo have an impression that it re? quires a continuation of a high tem? perature, for a season, to put this in? sect upon an annual courso of per? petration. Give us light, who can. J. C. H. Horace Greeley ought to have in? cluded in his "Recollections of Busy Life," the fact that during its wholo period ho supported every rebellion or revolution that ever occurred, oven to old Jimmy Mott's petition for the withdrawal of tho Northern States from tho Union, sent to Con? gress in tho year 1818. Ho has also attacked and bitterly abused every organized government on the face of the earth, including his own, and oui}' reached his present benign state of furious patriotism and hatred of rebellion, because Yance}' and some others stolo his thunder and got ahead of him. A professor of peace doctrines, he loves war more than any other man in tho country, his paper always being employed iu widening dissensions and breeding quarrels. A man who glorifies John Drown and hates Frank Blair; who supports tho Cretan rebellion and tho black dictator, Salnave, at the same time, is oither a knave or a humbug, a Catalina or a Pecksuifl. Who is ho?-IVew Orleans Times. ADVICE TO YOUNO MEM.-A writer gives the following sensible advice to young men: Let tho business of avery ono alone, and attend to your own. Don't buy what you don't want. Use every hour to advantage, und bindy to make a leisure hour use? ful. Thiuk twice before you spend a dollar; remember you will have an? other to make for it. Look over your books regularly, aud if you lind au error traco it out. Should a stroke of misfortune como upon jon in your business, retrench, work [larder, but never fly tho track. Confront difficulties with unflinching perseverance, and they will fly at last; then you will bo honored; but shrink, and you will bo despised. -^ ? ?. "Patrick," said an employer, the lither morning, to ono of his work? men, "you came too lato this morn? ing; tho other mon were at work an liour before you." "Faix, and I'll bo even with tho spalpeens this night, sure," replied Pat. "How ?rill you manugo that?" "Bo tho grey wig uv Moses, I'll quit an hour before any uv'em, sure." AOTKM?T TO BKEAK JATI?.-A plot was discovorod on Sunday morning last, which, had it been successful, would have let loose to prey upon this community moro than one hun? dred of the most hardened villains who ever graced a jail, or felt the hal? ter draw. Early in the morning of Sunday, one of tho prisoners in Charleston jail sought an interview with the jail? or, and told him that the prisoners confined in the tower aud a part of the main building, would endeavor to mako their escape as soon as tho customary ch .ireh service was over. He said that tho prisoners were all armed, and that they intended to make a rush immediately after church, overpowor tho jailor and turnkeys, break open the cells of tho other prisoners, and set tho whole gang, with themselves, free. Tho jailor, Mr. Phillip!, promptly armed tho turnkeys and jailors, and allowed tho prisoners to go iuto ser? vice as usual. An examination was then made of the rooms occupied by tho prisoners. It was found that they had torn down boards from the ceil? ing, with which they had made about thirty clubs, of which tho handles or grips were wrapped with strips of blanket. With these clubs they had wrenched off thc massive bolts, bars anti hinges of eight heavy doors. Some ot tho bolts they had made into slnug shots, tho slings being strips of blanket. It was also dis? covered that each prisoner, when he went into tlio yard, took up a brick or stone, and thero were huge piles of these missiles in the various cells. They were, therefore, well provided, and as the prisoners immediately en? gaged in the plot were sixteen in num? ber, thoy could easily haveovercome the resistance of the keepers. All the missiles and arms were cleared out of the cells, and when the prisoners returned to them after church, they were carefully secured. They saw at once that they had been found out, and made no attempt at resistance. The ringleader was a white man, numed William Taylor, from Wil? liamsburg, who is in jail for burglary and larceny. Ho is a desperate ruf? fian, and, although in chains, declares that he will soon break out of jail. The other ringleaders are four colored men, named Thomas, Slocum, John sou and Bradley. The whole number of prisouers in the jail is one hundred aud fifty, and the city has bad a narrow escape of being thoroughly burglarised and garroted. Mr. Pbillipi appears to have behaved with commendable firmness, and Sheriff Mackey has made arrangements which will pre? vent any similar danger in futuro. [Charleston News. -1-#? ? It is earnestly to bo hoped that the nest Congress will sigualizo its ses? sion by the enactment of a ssries of laws for tho general regulation of railroads, and thus securo to the public that protection for life and personal comfort which is now depen? dent solely upon tho charity of thc corporations themselves. Hardly a week elapses but as journalists we are called upon to record some fright? ful life-destroying accident occurring either from defectivo roads, negli? gence or parsimoniousncss of the di? rectors. This is is the principal re? form to be secured, there beiug no reason why precautions, correspond? ing to those rendered imperative upon steamboats for the protection of life, should not bo exacted from railroads. Besides this, there aro other abuses which, if not imperiling life, at least so seriously destroy the passengers' comfort as to loudly demand reform. The American system of herding the passengers all into ono class, instead of dsscriminating, as upon European roads, is an act of gross injustice to both the poor, who aim at traveling cheap, and those in better circum? stances, who would gladly pay for any extra comfort or attention afforded them. Tho vilo apologies for meals found at tho different stations, with tho open and iufamous swindles allowed by the railroad companies to bo perpetrated by the eating-house keeper, in charging outrageous prices, demand legislative interfer? ence. A law should also be enacted re? quiring tho despatch over every road iu tho United States of at least one passenger train daily, to carry pas? sengers at tho lowest minimum rate per milo, to bo regulated by law, and a maximum milo rate established, over which no lino should bo allowed to charge. If cabs are worthy of beiug made subject to such regulations, how much moro important is it that railroads should bo. Hitherto, this class of common carriors have on joyed a thorough immunity from legal interference, tho publie having boon abandoned entirely to them as helpless prey. Tho main uso of government, after all, is to protect tho public from abuses, and, in no condi? tion or circumstances is it moro sadly off llian in its relations to railroad companies.-New Orleans Times. A railway theatre is established be? tween Manchester and Liverpool. Ono scono closes at each station, and tho lovers aro made happy at tho end of tho route. Tho square in tho neighborhood of Fivo Points, New York, is called "Paradise Square." ALMOST AN ACCIDENT.-On Sunday I night, as the through train on the I South Carolina Railroad was coming I slowly dowu the heavy grade on this side of Aiken, ono of the wheels of the rear passenger car split open and broke the truck. I3ut for the fact of the train running slowly, in order to stop for wood nud water, a most serious accident would have occurred. As it was, tho jar was so slight that tho passengers knew nothing of it until requested by tho conductor to move into the next car, himsef and the engineer being tho only persons aware of the accident. The train was delayed but. a few minute.-, ?nd arrived in time to make connection with tho Georgia Railroad. The broken car was left behind in charge of a train hand. [Augusla Constitutionalist. Tho Providence (R. I.) Journal, of Saturday last, contains tho following local: Mr. J. D. Giddings, formerly of this city, who has resided in Charles? ton, S. C., for tho last ten years, and is uow Assistant Treasurer for the General Government in Charleston, is visiting iu this city. He confirms tho general report that our only way to avoid further serious trouble, is to let the loyal spirit of the country be demonstrated by the. election of Grant and Colfax. Mr. Gidding's loyalty and kindly services to prisoners aro kuowu aud appreciated. Furn IN GEOKOETON, S. C.-Quito a tlestructive conflagration took place iu Georgetown, S. C., ou Thursday night last, tho fire commencing in tho bakery of Mr. N. Emanuel, and it passed from there to a number of small stores ia tho vicinity, some nine or teu of which were destroyed. The names of tho parties or tho amount of tho loss, we could not learn. A second firo broke out a few hours after tho above, in the store of Mr. Ellis, which was also burned. [C/utrleslon News. REPUULICAN MEETING AT SUMMER? VILLE.-At a Republican meeting held at Summerville, on Saturday, at a call from tho friends of Joseph H. Jenks, to ratify his nomination for Congress, E. W. M. Mackey, F. J. Moses, Jr., J. J. Wright, G. W. H. Lee and B. F. Randolph, of the Bowon party, unexpectedly appear? ed npou the scene. Tho result was that the meeting, consisting of about 300 negroes, ratified the nomination of C. C. Bowen for Congress. [Charlesion News. Two brothers in Kentucky have lived in two States aud six Counties, aud yet neither has moved out of tho County in which ho was born. They lived in Kentucky when it was a portion of Virginia, and in Ohio County when part of the territory that composed Jefferson, and subse? quently other Counties, until nar? rowed down to its present name and limits. A boy who was left alone in a candy store iu tho Bowery, devoured four pounds of gum drops, and came near dying, but by a prompt admin? istration of remedies, bis lifo was finally saved. "This," says Aunt Podson, "should be a warning to lit? tle boys never to eat over three pounds and a half of gum drops at a time." Among the gifts to a newly-mar? ried pair at n town in New Jersey, the other evening, was a broom sent to the lady, accompanied with tho followiug sentiment: "This trilling gift accept from me, Its uso 1 would commend; In sunshine uso tho brushy part, lu storms tho other end." Wilson, tho vocalist, was upset ono day in his carriage, near Edin burg. A Scotch paper, after re? cording the accident, said: "We are happy to state that ho was able to appear the following evening, iu threo pieces." Farms in Arkansas sell at from three to five cents an acre. A local paper says that land is so choap that you havo to look sharp, or they will smugglo an extra forty acres or so on you in making out the deed. Rev. Wm. H. Williams, iu charge of tho Baptist Church, in Fredericks burg, soon after tho war, received a call from tho First Baptist Church, in Charleston, S. C. Tho eleveuth annual meeting of tho National Association of Local Preach? ers, of tho Mothodist Episcopal Church, will comnienco in Pittsburg on the 17th of October. An undertaker in Utica had to bury ouo of his debtors. He got him snugly into tho grave, but re? fused to fill in tho earth until the weeping family settled tho claim, which they did. An Indian and a black sho bear had an awful fight near Stanton, Mich. Ho put sixteen balls and n kuifo into hor, and ?ho hugged him so closely that both died. One who has ciphered it out says that two cents placed on compound interest would accumulate suf? ficiently to pay our national debt in 150 years. Tho New York papera of all parties aro full of complaints of tho brutality of tho police of that city to persons thoy arrest, and demand a cessation of suoh conduot. ri?oal Items, Merry's Museum, for October, bas been received, and is filled with in? teresting matter for tho little folks. We learn that the post office at Laurens is now a money ordor office. This is quito a convenience to those residing in that section. The Southern Cultivator, for Octo? ber, has reached us. It is full of ex? cellent and useful information for tho furnier. Wm. k W. L.?Jones aro the editors ?nd proprietors. Their office is at Athens, Georgia. We are iudebled to Mr. Clendiniug, of the Exchange Restaurant, for a sample of splendid chewing tobacco. Those who use the weed, can he ac? commodated by calliug at tho Ex? change, on Taylor street, between Main and Assembly. Tho corner of Main and Tay-or streets was tho centre of attraction for thc juveniles, yesterday evening said corner beiug occupied by huge posters, auuouuciug that Magiuley & Carroll's circus would perform hore ou the 23d inst. The press of the cities through which this company has passed speak of it in high terms. TnE MEETING FOB FRIDAY NEXT. The committees are at work. We expect a grand rally on Friday next. Let our people turu out and greet the gallant sou of Massachusetts. Let the Democraoy come out from ail parts of tho District. We must have a grand Democratic demonstra? tion. And we hope the colored peo? ple w ill come out and hear what a Northern speaker has to 6ay on the questions of the day. IMPORTANT TO TRAVELERS.-We are pleased to learn, on authority, that the trains ou the North Carolina Railroad resume their regular Sun? day trips, beginning on Sunday next. This makes the connection perfect via tho Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad, to all Northern cities, as heretofore. -p3 M Ain ARRANGEMENTS.-The post office open during the week from Sj-? a. m. to 7 p. m. On Sundays, from 4 to 5 p. m. The Charleston and Western mails are open for delivery at 5 p. m., and close at S,V< p. m. Charleston night mail open 8V? a. m., close ?}? p. m. Northern-Open for delivery at 8}? a. m., closes at 2.45 p. m. Greenville-Open for delivery 5 p. m., closes at 8U' p. m. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special at teutiou is called to the following ad? vertisements, published for the first time this morning: I. Sulzbaoher-State Bills. D. C. Poixotto & Son-Apples. Meeting Richland Lodge. United States Marshal's Sale. P. W. Kraft-Guns, Pistols, etc. The monotony of the late long and dull seasou has been broken by the arrival of a large lot of now dry goods ut R. C. Shiver's, which, on account of their beauty and cheap? ness, aro drawing crowds of buyers. It now seems iu proof that tho ra? dical Central Committee at Washing? ton advisod and procured the expul? sion of the negroes from tho Georgia Legislature. This moans tho new expulsion business, right and just in itself, was set on from the radioals of tho North as au excuse for Congress to re-assemble and reconstruct the South. R. C. DoLarge, a colorod member of tho present Legislature of this St:de, qualified yesterday as a Magis? trate, under a commission received from Governor Scott. [Charleston Courier. Charles James, a wandering son of G. P. R. James, the novelist, has been uiukiug speeches in favor of Grant. His preference probably springs from family attach meut to "a solitary horseman." Wendell Phillips says tho Republi? can party is a party without princi? ples or leadors-Wendell ought to know. Grant says ho is without principles or policy-thant ought to kuow. 40,000 play bills of all countries, and some of them 150 years old, arc collected in tho public library of Brunswick, Germany. A charity school girl, under exa? mination i? psalms, on hoing nsked, "What is tho pestilonco that walketh in darkness?" auswered, "Bed-bug*, sir." Tho differenco between a miller and a sexton is, tho ono tolls for a living, and the other for the dead.