Newspaper Page Text
il . I ll--a.-:
CO^^MBIA, S.* U
Thursday Morning, March ll, 1869.
What 1? Trntlij?
This question, says the Petersburgs Ex?
press, was once propo?nd<jj$ on. a memora?
ble occasion by one in doubt and timidity
na to the course he should pursue.
What is regarded as truth ?by ono mind,
is its opposite in the mind of another.
When either asserts his truth to be the
truth, which always exists independently of
their conceptions of it, these individual
conceptions of it eve to be brought to the
test by oompaiing them with the outward
If their conceptions are found to be at
variance with the truth as it is, they aro to
When individual conceptions are called
plain truths which are at variance with the
public opinion, while they may bo truths,
yet they are not to be dignified with the
ch arnot er ist ic of plain ones.
The individual holding them, and thus
characterizing them, assumes tho proud po?
sition of a superiority of perception not al?
lowed to the public opinion which refuses to
receive bis truth.
The assumption of such a superiority be?
comes the moro unreasonable when it cnn
be made to appear, 'by an appeal to tho facts
of history, or other evidence, that the pub?
lic opinion is really the truth, and not that
entertained by the individual.
In urging individual views of truth, there?
fore, which we characterize as plain, not
only shonld we hesitate so to characterize
them, for the reason that they are known to
be rejected by a large mass of those who do
not perceive them, but to bear in mind that
we ourselves may be in error, arising from
the contracted stind-point we may have se?
lected whence to receive impressions and
make our observations.
Tho New Orleans Crescent says: Whilst
tho radicals in Congress have been trying to
find some method of forcing tho African
man and brother on all the States as a voter,
they have likewise been attempting to de?
vise expedients for embarrassing naturalized
citizens in tho exercise of their rights, and
tor making future naturalization so difficult
as to be undesirable. Some time since, in u
brief discussion of this qnestiou, tho Cres?
cent suggested that the radical effort to inau?
gurate a reactionary and retrogressive policy
towai'ds European residents in this country
would find its natural reaction in a pro?
nounced tendency on the part of the Demo?
cracy to liberalizo tho existing system.
There is no doubt that this will be tho re?
sult, if tho radicals do not abandon theil
obstructive policy, and they will scarcely
abandon that policy as long as their ascend
ancy is endangered, as in Connecticnt anc
Pennsylvania, and destroyed, as in Nev
York and Now Jersey, by the general udhe
sion of the naturalized vote to the Demo
eratic party. Already a meeting has beet
held in Now York by German citizeus o
both parties, to protest against tho radica
policy of disfranchisement by means of ob
struotivo legislation, and, at that meeting
the opinion was unanimous that, so fa
from attempting to obstruot naturalization
Congress ought to shorten the period o
probation, and to make naturulizatiou ea
sior than it now is.
Latest reports from Cuba bring account
of fighting, in which it is said the instit
gouts had tho advantage. Tho fight tool
place in the neighborhood of Naevitas,
port on tho Northern coast. The Spunis
volunteers arc represented to bo very niuo
exasperated against tho natives, aud to ic
sist that the Government shall take sever
measures with them.
The Washington EveiAng Despatch, undi
dato of St. Louis, March'4, publishes a
account of the trials and sufferings of
party of gentlemen who recently came ovt
the Union Pacific Railroad. The acoom
is given by ono of n party which include
many prominent gentlemen of'Californii
New York and other Eastern States. B
says they were detained ten days at a rai
way station, and could not induce the rai
way olliciols to send a train out until tb?
held an indignation meeting,and telegrnp]
ed to tho railroad committee ut Wushingti
about tlie treatment they were rcceivin,
When they did start, they wero compelh
to shovel snow at different points, and wc
very badly fed. At oue point, they shovi
ed through a snow-drift 1,0 0 feet lon
When they had tho track clear, the nug
necr had only steam enough to carry the
into the dept li of a drift. After remuinii
two days in this condition, about fifty p<
sous started on foot for Laramie, nine
miles distant, reaching thero in four da}
after much suffering. From Laramie, th
carno through to Omaha, without dotentio
Over 200 persons were on the train when
was left in thc snow.
Napoleon III has ordered M. G ri vol,
young portrait painter, to^paint full si
portraits of President Johnson and Geno
Grant, for thc galleries of Versailles.
IT -i ; M _nimi_jiiiL-__i_j.
SEVENTT-nPTH DAY*8 l'IIOCEEDINt?S
TUESDAY, .March 9.-Thc Seuate. ifsscm
bledatll^a?S J. . I T
The Honse sent to tho Senate a Bill to es?
tablish a. Iaaaretto or Quarantine hospital in
the harbor of Charleston,'?nd a Bill to vest
in Lsano G. Loug the charter of a water
course through Kingston Lake and Maple
Swamp, in Horry County, which wore or?
dered for consideration to-morrow.
Tho House returned to tho Semite a joiut
resolution to provide for tho fittiug up of
certain portious of tho Stato House. Or?
dered to bo enrolled.
Bills to charter tho Mauchoster aud Au?
gusta.Railroad Company, ;*ud to charter tho
Florence and Lancaster Railroad Company,
received a third reading, passed, and were
ordered to bo sent to tho House.
A bill to iucorporato certain societies iu
tho city of Charleston passed, it;? title
changed to that of au Act, and ordered to
The Committee on En rolled Acts reported
as duly aud correctly enrolled, sealed, and
rendy for ratification, an Act to establish a
public ferry in York County.
Tho Committee on Enrolled Acts reported
that the following Acts, having been duly
enrolled, sealed and ratified, wcro proseutod
to the. Governor for his approval, March 8,
18G9, at 2 P. M., to-wit: To ratify, confirm
and amend tho charter of the Charleston,
South Carolina, Mining and Manufacturing
Company; to renew the charter of the
Charleston Bible Society; to establish the
lion of Magistrates' executions.
The Committee on Contingent Expenses
and Accounts, to whom was referred tho
accounts of tho South Carolina Republican,
C. H. Baldwin and J. E. Green, Sergennt?
at- irms of the Senate, reported back tho
same, with a recommendation that they be
paid. Agreed to.
A bill to declare the mode and terms upon
which money may bo borrowed by County
Commissioners received its first rending,
was ordered for n second rending and con?
The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom
was referred a bill to provide for tho uniform
and proper promulgation of all legal and
public notices, reported back the same, with
a recommendation that the bill do pass.
The Committee on Railroads, to whom
was referred a bill to charter the South Ca?
rolina Central Railroad, reported back the
same, with a recommendation that tho bill
do puss, with amendments submitted by the
committee. Ordered for consideration to?
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House met at ll A. ul.
Tho Committee on Ways and Means re?
ported by bill to facilitate the negotiation of
State loans. Read thc first time, and or?
dered to lio over for a second reading.
The Committee on Claims reported ou
tho account of Miss Sarah J. Givens, for
teaching free school in Beaufort County, and
rcuouimeuded the payment of the same.
Also, on tho claim of Lewis Pinkers, late
Auditor of Colleton County, und recom?
mended payment. Agreed to.
The Committee on Railroads reported fa?
vorably on a Senato bill to incorporate tho
Wnteree aud North Carolina Railroad Com?
pany. Ordered to lie over for a second
The Committee on Incorporations report?
ed favorably ou a bill to alter and amend an
Act entitled "An Act to incorporate tho vil?
lage of Marion, and for other purposes
therein mentioned;" also, favorably on a
Seuato bill to alter and amend tho charter of
the town of Greenville, and for other pur?
poses; which were ordered to Ho over for n
A resolution was adopted that the Uouso
resciud the vote whereby they laid over to
tho next session the bill to further amend an
Aet entitled "Au Act to regulato attach?
A concurrent resolution was adopted by
tho House, that tho General Assembly re?
scinds its action whereby no bills or resolu?
tions of ii permanent character shall bo in?
troduced alter the 1st of March, for teu
Tho account of J. F. Culpepper, M. D.,
of Darlington County, for post mortem ex?
amination, was referred.
The following bills were introduced: To
amend tho charter of tho Greenville aud
Columbia Railroad Company; to aid the ex- !
tension of tho Greenville and Columbia
The account of T. W. Salmons, M. IX,
for post mortem examination, was referred.
Tho memorial of John D. Morris, for tho
recharter of Lloyd's Ferry over Lumber
River, was referred.
Tho account of William Shultz, for fuel
furnished to tho House of Representatives,
At tho hour of 12 M. thc Sergeaut-at
Arms announced tho presence of tho Somite,
when the Joint Assembly proceeded to bal?
lot for Trustees of the University of South
Tho Senato sent to tho House a bill to
provide for tho enumeration of tho inhabi?
tants of the Stnto. Read tho first timo, und
referred. Bill? to charter the Manchester
and Augusta Railroad; and to charter tho
Florenco and Lancaster Railroad Company.
Read tho first time, aud referred.
Also, sent a joint resolution authorizing
tho Governor to purchase two thousand
stands of arms, of the most improved pat?
tern, with tho usual complement of ammu?
nition. Read the first time, and referred.
Also, returned, with concurrence, a reso?
lution instructing the State Printer to pub?
lish two thousand copies of the Act to or?
ganizo townships, and to define their powers
and privileges, for distribution among the
various townships in the respective Conn
The Committee on Engrossed Aots report?
ed as duly und correctly engrossed for a
1 1 * m i"" i '
third reading, a Senate bill io enable the
banka of the State to renew business, or
pluce thom iu liquidation. Passed, and or?
dered to bo returned to the Senate, with
Novel lieailIng-IH lt Sinful ?
The Christian Standard, published at Al?
liance, Ohio, and Campbollito in i ts religious
profession, replies to the question of a cor?
respondent: "Is the habit of novel reading
sinful?" as follows:
The objects had in view aro-First, to ob?
tain information. Second, to bo awakened
to reflection and investigation. Third, to
be warned against evil, and strengthened in
tho love of that which is good. Fourth, to
form and cultivate a correct taste-to minis?
ter to the love of tho beautiful. It is ovi
dont, at a glance, thut novels, if nllowablo at
all, cannot properly form tho staple of our
reading, as they cannot minister to the more
important ends sought. Novels do not con?
voy information ; neither is it their prime
object to awaken reflection and investiga?
tion. They may warn against evil and en?
courage goodness, aud they may aid us to
cultivate a pure literary taste. They oro
chiefly valuable-when valuable at all-for
delineations of character, and for unmask?
ing and satirizing the follies, or vices, or
crimes of tho age. Wo c'an no more con?
demn all novels, therefore, than wc can re?
commend all books that aro not novels. A
thing may be as valuable on a page of fic?
tion, when true to nature, as when furnish?
ed on tho historic page as true in fact. The
lessons taught in tho parables of Jesus are
as valuable as if they had been conveyed in
a homily, and a great do.il more pleasant to
lint as it is not tho chief end of reading
to gratify the imagination or pieuse thc
fancy, novel reading must hold a subordi?
nate place. As a literary recreation, as u
pleasant change from severe mental toil, a^
a pleasant and not useless way of spending
au odd hour not olhorwiso devoted, as :i
pleasant treat to au overtasked student or ii
relief to a morbid state of mind, it may bc
desirable occasionally to read a good novel.
But when this becomes tho chief object ol
attention, it absorbs timo from more vain
ablo purposes, enervates tho mental powers,
unfits for severe study, and emasculates th?
whole intellectual and moral nature.
Thc Waverly novels are, in the judgment
of competent critics, much better and even
way freer from objootiou than most worki
of fiction. About once a year, it. may be
ono of the Waverly novels might be rene
by almost anybody for thc benefit of men
tal recreation. But to have novels lyiu;.
about tho house, to be read by children a
will, is about ns bad us having whiskey
about the house tc be drank hy them a
will-especially such trashy books as mos
popular novels are. As to the proportioi
of time to be allotted to novel reading. w<
know nothing better than tho hintiu Paul'
advice to Timothy ubout wine: "Take I
little." just a little'
DAKING ROBBERY AND ATTEMPT TO Men
DEE IN WII.MINC.TON, N. C.-The Wilmiug
ton Journal, of tho 5th iu6t., gives tho fol
lowing account of an outrage perpetrate!
in that city on a lad from Darlington, ii
Ou Monday evening last, a lad arrived ii
the city from near Darlington, S. C. II
was on his way to tho Western part of th
Slato lo seo his relatives. His name i
Erasmus Atkinson. Tho train for Goldsbor
loft him Tuesday morning, and he sot on
on foot, accompanied hy a negro mau, wb
affected to bc traveling to Tennessee. Th
negro had seen him in town with money, an
fixed upon him for prey. The negro bc
longs to this city evidently. Tho two s<
out together early Tuesday morning, au
arrived nour Burgaw that night. It wt
agroed that they should camp out, it ev
dently being a concocted scheme of the nt
gro to rob the youth. After the young ma
had got sound asleep, the villainous neg!
commenced his operations. He robbed hit
of all tho money ho had, (thirty-two dc
lars,) a pistol, two pocket knives, a ha
overcoat, and oilier articles of value. Tl
young man awoke about the time thc la
of his property was taken, whereupon tl
negro assaulted him with heavy club
knives, and other murderous weapon
beating him terribly and cutting him i
badly. The lad, Atkinson, was left almo
lifeless upon tho ground, bis cries alarm?
tho negro, who fled with his stolen moni
and property above named to parts U
known. Atkinson finally revived sufficioi
ly to bo ablo to crawl away to where I
could attract attention. Ho has boen c:
ried to tho residence of Dr. Satchwell,
Rocky Point, where his severo wouuds ai
injuries aro receiving proper attention.
Thc Now York Tribune denounces t
waste of thc public money on tho nra
saying that "with forty-five regiments
infantry, and probably not -lt),DUO men
all arms on duty, we have 14,675 men c
ployed in the quartermaster's service l
them, and of the.so 10,000 civilians." "I
tcfal pay of these men," says tho Tribu
. "amounts to $5,624,417;" and it adi
"there has long been a feeling that thoqu
tcrmasicr's department needed rctrem
meut." And yet, when Governor Soymt
charged, in his public speeches, that E
ney was wasted on tho army, the Trihi
mildly exclaimed, "You lie, villain! Y
TUE NEW SPBAKEK.-Tho Hon. James
Blaine, tho new Speaker of tho Houso
Representatives, lins i.een six years a rac
ber of Congress. Ho was born in Wa
ingtou County, Pennsylvania, in 18
Aftor graduating at Washington College,
emigrated to Maine, whore he snccessiv
edited tho Portland Advertiser and
Kennobec Journal. Ho was elected to
State Legislature, and was twice Spoakoi
the nor.80. Ho is an active politician, fl
has borne a prominent part in the busic
and debates of Congress.
Ziooal I * o Tn <s .
Mr. John Dorsey will accept our thanks
for lute Northern?-papera.
i.? o ?
Wo aro pleased to find the Sn ta ter WHtcJt
man corning to tts eularged to its size a? ex?
isting previous to tho war.
CASU.-Dur terms aro strictly cash-no
exceptions. If an advertisement is to bc
inserted, hand over the money; if a paper is
subscribed for, tho money must accompany
tlie order-otherwise no atteutiou will bo
paid to them. This mle will bo adhered to.
PALMETTO HOP YEAST CAKES.-Our friend
Synimers presented us with a package of
yeast cakes, yesterday, which aro pro?
nounced excellent by everybody that has
used them. They are manufactured for
market by Mrs. Price, of Summerville, S.
C. Give them a trial.
PENITENTIARY.-"Wo have been informed
that on yesterday a colored man reported
himself to tho Captaiu of the guard ut the
Penitentiary as having been appointed by
Superintendent Stolbruud a member thereof.
Upon its being made known to the members
of the guard, who are all white men, they
immediately resigned their positions.
ADVERTISING AGENCY OF WALKER, EVANS
& COGSWELL.-We call attention to the card
of this firm, to be seen in this morning's
paper. Our business relations with these
gentlemen have always been of the most
satisfactory character. Advertisers would
do well to avail themselves of tho udvau
tages that Messrs. Walker, Evaus Sc Cogs?
well offer. They themselves advertise freely,
and thus show their faith by their works.
Read their card.
CoitONEit's INQUEST.-On Tuesday last,
Magistrate A. L. Solomon, actiug us Coro
uer, hold an inquest upon tho body of UL
old white man named Gideon Jeffries, whe
was found dead near Rose's Mill, about six
teen miles from Columbia, ou Sunday last
After the examination of several witnesses
and a ])ost mortem by Dr. W. L. Templeton
tho jury returned the following verdict
That Gideon Jeffries came to his elentli fron
exposure aud disease, uud for the want o
tho necessary comforts-having no home
aud from the inclemency of thc weather ht
froze to death.
We learn that the deceased was au oh
man, about S6 years of age, and had beei
for somo time an inmate of the County Poo
House ; but, from tho negligence of th
County Commissioners, in not providing fo
tho inmates of tho house, ho had to leave
and go about begging. The deceased i
represented as being a very temperate an?
Tho Governor approved, ou Tuesday, th
Au Act to proviele for the revision um
consolidation of tho Statute Laws of th
State of South Caroliua.
Au Act to renew the charter of th
Charleston Bible Society.
Au Act to establish thc lieu of Magi;
Au Aot to amend an A^t entitled "An A4
to regulate the manner of keeping and dil
bursiug funds by certain officers."
Au Act to incorporate the Canned Chnrol
j in Pickeus County.
j An Act to amend au Act entitled "Au Ai
I to establish quarantine at Georgetowt
Charleston and Hilton Head."
An Act to prescribe certain rules to boo;
served in tho government of ferries ac
bridges, privileged to charge toll.
Ho also appointed tho following Magi
trates: Hugh 1\ Roberts, for York Count
Aaron Logan, for Charleston County.
CAUGHT AT LAST.-For some time poi
various robberies have been committed
our city, the last of which was that
Fisher, Lowrance Sr Fisher-whoso sto
was entered on Sunday night last, and
largi) quantity of goods taken therefrom
the thieves, for tho most part, having 1
caped detection. Tho robbing of tho abo
named store, led our polico to suspect soi
old offenders, who had but recently be
delivered from tho County jail, for larcei
etc., anel on Tuesday last, tho Chief of I
lice, Radcliffe, with four of his energc
assistants-Gurley, Altec, Bates and Strit
land-succeeded in arresting Giles Pri<
Robert Perry, Spencer Haigood and Jan
W. J. Thomas, (all colored,) and, upon 1
amiuation, found upon their promisos qu?
titles of bacon, Hour, cloth, millinery gooi
preserved fruits, pickles, and, in fact, ulm
everything necessary to complete an on
for a country store. Many of tho got
wero recognized as belonging tp Fish
Lowrance ? Fi?ker, Mrs. Farrow, Isi
McDowell, (colored;) Jos. McMillon, (
lored;) Gregg, Palmor ? Co., and othe
The fino gold watch, takon from the sb
of Fisher. Lowrance <fc Fisher, was also
covered. " Mnoh credit is duo to the offic
who ferreted out these thieves.
OUR ?V* OFFICE. -The Phoenix Job Office
is now prepared to execute every manner of
printings from visitiug and business cards
to pamphlets and books.. With ample ma?
terial and first-class workmeu, satisfaction is
guaranteed to.all at Novr York prices. If
our trork does not como'np to contract, we
make no charge. With this understanding,
our business men can have no excuse to send
their job work North, when it can be doue
EMANATIONS FROM THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE.
Governor Scott luis appointed J. Seth Mix
sou Notai y Public for Barnwell County.
Governor Scott has appointed the follow?
Dr. S. B. Grahuui, for Barnwell County;
John It. Gossott, James C. C. Parson and
R. H. Alexander, Pickens County; W\ C.
Black and Hugh lt. Roberts, York County;
Aaron Logan, Charleston County; James
O. Turnipsced, Newbeny County; Henry
L. Pinekney, Sumter County.
GREAT CURIOSITY.-COL. CHAFFIN, TUE
"VIRGINIA DWARF."-There will be on ex?
hibition to-day and to-morrow, from 9 A.
M. to 12 M., 2 to 5 and 7 to 9 P. M., at
Jnnney's Hall, one of the greatest curiosi?
ties we over saw. This is tho "Virginia
Dwarf," a little man, bearded, forty-three
years old, and twenty-seven inches high.
His brother is six feet four inches high, and
weighs about 200 pounds. All desirous of
seeing a remarkable specimen of humanity,
will call at Junney's Hall. We have talked
with the little Colonel, and find him sharp
and intelligent, conversing freely upon any
und all subjects.
MAIL ARRANGEMENTS.-Tho following are
the hours for opening and closing mails:
During tho week from. .8%, A. M. to G P. M.
On Sundays from.6 to 7 P. M.
CHARLESTON AND WESTERN MAILS.
Opens for delivery at.5 P. M.
Closes at.8}? P. M.
CHARLESTON NIUHT MAIL.
Opens at.8,ls A. M.
Closes at.1>2' P. M.
Opens at.5 P. M.
Closes at.8} ? P. M.
Opens at. 2 P. M.
Closes ut.12J.J P. M.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for the first time this morning:
Meeting Acacia Lodge No. 91, A. F. M.
Fisher, Dowrauce & Fisher-Notice.
D. B. Miller-Assignee in Bankruptcy.
Mark E. Cooper-Latest Nows.
Wauled to Kent-Apply at this Office.
Hands Wanted-Apply to Wm. Anderson.
J. D. Bateman-Buggy for Sale, &c.
Janney's Hall-The Virginia Dwarf.
Walker, Evans it Cogswell-Agents, Ste.
Gregg, Palmer & Co.-City Taxes.
A BEAUTIFUL COMPLEXION.-DR. TUTT'S
SASFARILLA and QUEEN'S DELIGHT, the
GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER, expels all humors
from the system; it acts directly on the
Depuratory organs; the skin is one of the
most important of theso organs, and by the
use of this invaluable medioineitis cleansed
and rendered soft, fair and healthy. Try it.
M ll G
SUCCESS THE EVIDENCE OF MERIT.-The
world has ever looked upon success as the
criterion of merit. Take Coesar, Charle?
magne, Alexander; men call them great be?
cause they were successful. They achieved
what they aimed at. Grant was successful.
Therefore Grant is called great. It is true,
men may fail and yet may be great. Lee,
for instance, failed, and yet he is called
great. In tho case of men tho rule, there?
fore, does not hold always. But in the case
of MEDICINE it is a suro test. No medicine
is good unless it produces thc effect desired,
and, measured by this standard, HETNITSH'S
QUEEN'S DELIGHT is truly a great medicine,
because tho cures are chronicled every day,
(see certificates.) It is tho greatest achieve?
ment of science that we have been called
upon to record. The testimonial pnges are
as bright as they must bo flattering to the
proprietor. Wo say try HEINITSH'S QUEEN'S
DELIGHT, and no other; avoid imitations
and base counterfeits, and, above all, shun
tho impostor who desiros to make you be?
lieve any other is us good. Ml
NINE TUSKED ELEPHANTS.- Baines, in his
very curious and vuluablo work entitled
"Explorations in Southern Africa," men?
tions what ho correctly torms, "ono of the
most wonderful freaks of nature," viz.: Au
elephant with niuo tusks, killed near the
Zambesi Uiver, in 1850, by a native. It had
fi vu tusks on the right side, and four on the
left, all growing as usual, out of the upper
jaw. Tho pair in tho customary placo
weighed thirty pounds each. Just behind
them was a pair somewhat larger, pointing
downward aud backward ; between these
was another smaller pair, and before and be?
hind them; in tho right jaw, wero two oth?
ers, but, in tho left, only ono behind, nil
theso being much smaller. Baines made
sketches of tho head and tusks, and Mr.
Edwards, n partner iii tho expedition,
bought six of tho latter. The hoad, un?
luckily, was broken up. We may mention,
incidentally, that hippopotamus ivory is
moro esteemed by oriental traders than that
of the elephant. A few thousand of tho
latter, each bearing nine tusks, won!d bo no
bad property, nevertheless.