Newspaper Page Text
-JV-1.* i -?
Sunday Morning, Marottt28. j|B9. 4
Sad State of Affklra In. dAli>?Ulw?ti-i
ferocity of tit-; Spanish Troops.
Tho letters received front V)uba gi\S a satt
picture of the unhappy state of affairs in
that island. Many outrages aro commit ted
by tho Spanish troops and volunteers. Ar?
rests are very numerous, and a wide-spread
' alarm prevails among the . people, hundreds
of whom are fleeing from tho island to
places" of safety, many of them seeking
refuge in tho United States. A letter from
an American in Cardonas says:
"Tho revolution is progressing, notwith?
standing all the efforts of the Spaniards to
stop it. The treasury zs bankrupt, and ap?
peals are made in tho papers for subscrip?
tions to support the volunteers in the field,
but I think all will bo in vain. In a fow
months more tho yellow fever and cholera
will find abundant food in the ranks of the
unaoclimated Peninsulars that aro coming
or aro already here. They ?re afraid here
th?t the insurgents will mnko a raid upon
them, aud destroy the crops, though they
try to pat a bold fane upon the matter.
Hundreds are being arrested all the time.
The Moro Castle is said to be full of pri?
A letter written from Manzanillo, by a
native Cuban, says:
"Affairs here are growing worse and worse
every cay. The insurgents are rapidly in?
creasing in number and extending them?
selves all over tho island. They have taken
away the slaves from oil tho estates in this
neighborhood, and have armed all tho able
bodied negroes. The Captain-General
granted a general amnesty for all tho insur?
gents who wonld lay down their arms, but
they have not taken the least notice of it.
On the contrary, the hatred toward tho
Spanish Government seems to increase daily,
and they all appear determined to throw off
tho Spanish yoke. Tho oity of Bayamo,
which was tho focus of the insurrection, was
completely destroyed on the approach of
the Spanish troops, and now thousands of
families are wandering about the country
homeless,. and in the most deplorable state
imaginable. The Government foroes arc
acting shockingly, stealing and assassinat?
ing in every direction. Here we Bee. no?
thing but soldiers and Spanish volunteers,
for all the Cuban young mon have joiued
The following is an extract from a lotter,
dated Cienfoegos, Cuba, Marok 10, w ritter
by a highly intelligent Cuban lady to t
friend in Philadelphia:
"A deep gloom hangs over our belo vet
island. Our brothers, mon of heart and in
tolleot, are daily arrested and imprisoned o:
exiled, and the few who romain at li bert;
have no alternative but to flee the conntr:
or join the insurrectionists in the interior
You can form no idea of what we suffer
and, if it were possible, wo would shnt our
selves up, refusing to soe our friends, fo
tho theme of conversation is nothing bu
the war and its incidents, so grating to ou
feelings. We are watched and surrounde<
by spies; for, as you know, tho largest pro
portion of the population of this town ar
natives of Spain, and they openly proclain
that they will not be satisfied until emigro
tion or extermination has swept all tho nn
fives from the island, and left them sol
possessors of our idolized Cuba.
"No information has reached ns as t
what success the Spanish troops have ha?
who a fow days ugo went in pursuit of th
"It is stated hero that Adolph Cavado
chief of the patriot forces in this district
and als i) Felix Bouyon, have captured
large number of Spauiards, soldiers au
civilians, aud instead of putting them t
death, as the Spauiards do with the prisor.
ors thoy capturo, have invariably treate
them with the greatest humanity. Gu
grant, if these two men shonld ever fall int
the power of the Spaniards, that they ma
receive the like treatment; but I doubt
much, for tbeso cruel Spauiards havo a
unquenchable thirst for blood.
"Yesterday was a day of mcuruing. Poe
Don Juan Capote Lopez^was arrested iu h
own house, a few miles from town. H
was brought hore, judged by a militai
commission and shot. He died with tl
most heroic valor, exciting the greate:
grief in the hearts of his countrymen an
feelings of compassion among tho fo
Spaniards who havo tiny heart left. E
asked for an interview 'with his wife an
children, which was refused, and they ke]
him from 7 A. M. to 4 P. M. in an op?
fiold, exposed to the fiery rays of the su:
with his hands so tightly bound as to eau
them to bo much swollen, giviDg him gre
"As he was entirely surrounded 1
troop?, and it was impossible for him
escapo, this vas wanton cruelty. Tho o
ject of this crnelty was to force him to 6
non nco somo persons os being implicated
tho insurrection; but that ho refused to d
and with his last breath denied having h
anyLhing to do with the insurrection hil
self, which is doubtless true, and his judg
knew it. But he was sacrificed to t
clamors of tho Spanish mob. At 1 P. ?
this unfortunate man, with a firm voice a
sure?o counteuauco, asked those present
forgive him if in any way ho had ever giv
them offence, knolt as ho was ordert
his eyes were bandaged, and ho was shot
tho back, receiving six wouuds. While
tho agonies of tleuth, the sanguinary mob
Spaniards, who carno to gloat over his e:
cution, heaped curses on him, sotno thro
ening to drag him through tho streets, a
others proposing to rub bim with coal
and set him on fire. Immediately aft
tho military band, heading the troo
marched around his body, playing liv
airs and dances. What fiends!
"As yat th? insurrectionists have fi?l nd
one to dentli. But can they forgive the
assas ai nation of Captain Lopez and others
equally innocent? May they not think
jipprisals necessary? Vit ls fent?d they will.
'If they do^ mn?h blood will flow, and God
only knows what awaits UB.
1 *'xR?Q may well imagine that all theso
terrible occurrences fill tue hearts of Cubans
with hatred for the Spaniards, but we are
obliged to bear all in silence. Tho Spa?
niards, no doubt, somo day will have to an?
swer for the numerous assassination com?
mittee! by them on this island, for by no
other name can tho execution of political
prisoners be called. For my part, I call
down upon their hoads tho venveance of a
Commenting on the above, tho Baltimore
"The outrages upon civilization which
the Spanish troops iu Cuba are practicing,
in tho shooting of captured rebel prisoners,
may have an effect that is not contemplated
by the Spanish authorities, in prodnoing
the recognition of tho Cubans os bellige?
rents by other countries, upon humanita?
rian grounds, if no other. Revolting cru
oltics havo been tho invariable attendants
of all the wars which Spain has heretofore
waged to preservo her hold upon her colo?
nies on this eontinent, and the results of all
those coullict.H ought to havo taught her
that her policy was as useless as it was bar?
barous. The denial of quarters; the butch?
ery, in cold blood, of prisoners; the insti?
gation of slaves to insurrection, were
familiar methods of carrying on wars
against the South American revolutionists.
Cropping off the ears of tho inhabitants of
a town and sending.a basketful of them as
presents to their headquarters, and after?
wards shutting up the inhabitants in their
houses and burning them alive, were among
their pleasant pastimes in Peru, where the
people of thirty towns were destroyed,
theso peculiar entertainments being varied
with tying ecclesiastics and women to gnus
and publicly flogging them, after stripping
them in tho presence of the troops. It is
possible that other nations may feel prompt?
ed lo interpose in tho struggle in Cuba,
lest it may run into a repetitiou of the same
horrors. Spain must abandon atrocities
like theso if she would not reneler the loss
of Cuba, like that of hor former American
colonies, inevitable. There is another
marked feature of her policy which she will
have to give up, even if sho succeeds in
putting dowu tho present insurrection in
Cuba, and which has ever beon, as it ought
to be, a source of chronic discontent in her
American possessions. It is her baneful
practico of persi^ljutly endeavoring to pro?
mote her European subjeots anel to preven)
the native colonists from having any share
I in their own government. Of about 80(
vicoroys and captains-general whom sho ha.<
appointed since her conquests in America,
about twenty havo been from the body o:
tho American population. It is not won
derful that the obligations of allegiance
havo been so often successfully thrown of
by thoso who, instead of receiving that pro
tection on which the duty of obedienco i
founded, only know their government ty
its efforts to proscribe, depress, degrad*
and humiliato them."
Mu. EDITOR: It is timo the friends of ag
ricultural progress in this District were u
and stirring. An enthusiastic mectiu]
lately took placo in Abbeville District, an
j great encouragement is felt that good rt
suits will ensue. A resolution was adopto
I at that meeting, that it was expedient t
hold a Stato Agricultural Convention iu thi
placo on tho 28th April, and a ilelegatio
was appointed to attend it. It becomes u
to respond to thia call, and moot our friede
half way. Wo remember, with peculii
satisfaction, tho conventions which former!
met hera They were not only of grei
benefit to tho cause of agriculture at largi
but ? sorted a decidedly favorable influem
upon our own community. Centi?me
speut their money freely here, and tho ai
nual fair was au occasion of high social ar
The recent meeting of tho Georgia Agi
cultural Convention, at Atlanta, was a voi
successful one. Tho earnest aud though
ful men of that State have inaugurated
movement looking to tho manufacturo
sulphuric acid within tho State, and ha'
given an authoritative expression of opinic
in favor of standing wages for laborer
Theso aro important steps, and in tho rig!
In commotion with this subject, a word
the railroads will not be out of plaeo. V
bring to their attention tho fact that met
hors of the convention lately held in Gee
gia, were passed over tho railroads of tb
State free of charge. Wo trust that o
railroads will bo equally liberal. Do th
appreciate the fact that in England railw
companies transport fertilizers free
charge, expecting remuneration in t
greatly increased production of crops? "\
beg, most respectfully, to call their atti
tion to these things, and hopo their acti
in this matter will bo both prompt and g<
A call will bo found in another place fo
District mooting here on tho first Mond
in April-a good time, by the way, for otl
Districts to organizo their societies. 1
trust that we shall have a large attendai
from the country, and our city authoriti
wo think, would do well lo give encouru
ment to this interest. MILL CREEK
The New York Herald, of Wednesday,
noticing tho condition of the stock mar
on tho previous'day, says: "Southern se
rities were dull, except South Carolin
whioh adv.?need about ono per cent., ow
to tho adoption of legislativo measures lo
ing to thc payment of tho next quota of
BailMU and ?fe? Business Prospect? of Co
* i^v.; l?mfel?v-Jfo. e. .
In reviewing tho aeries of articles of
which it is contemplated to roako Ko. G the
conclusion, the writer anticipates various
objections that maj arise in the minda
of his readers to his propositions, as fol?
lows: ? - ."!.<..
1st. In regard to the de?oienoy in depot
accommodations of our railroad companies,
their extravagant freight tari fis, Sec., it may
be contended that four years of war left
them in a state bordering upon bankruptcy,
and almost devoid of credit or rolling stock.
In reply, wo beg leave to present the fact,
that by far the greater number of railroad
companies South found themselves in a
similar condition. Those companies, how?
ever, were the first to recuperate whose
officers displayed a determined, persistent
effort in negotiating loans, establishing low
tariffs, and by exhibiting nt all times a
steady purpose to accommodate the public
in every possible manner, thus compelling
a large patronage and wide popularity.
Many Southern roads purchased largely
from the United States Government, on two
and four years' timo; others negotiated
loans in Northern cities for considerable
amounts; and within twolve months past a
check was received in New York for $100,
000, in the writer's knowledge, to poy off
the last instalment due on a loan of this
kind. Where aro our mon of broad views?
In article two, it may be objected that tho
timo is not yet como for tho concentration
therein proposed. Some one poetically in?
clined may quote: "A thousand years scarce
serve to form a State," otc. Friend, shall I
remind thee of a most potent fact? That
lino was written long beforo the age of
printing presses, railroads, steam engines,
telegraph wires and velocipedes. The march
of events in tho present day is impetuous,
torreut-liko and startling. In profoundest
respect for tho genius who breathed them,
I would pronounce the words wretchedly
inappropriate if spoken to the nineteenth
century. "Take Time by tho fore-lock"
will apply a thousand-fold better; march
bim beforo yon, and where great events are
to bo consummated, touch him briskly with
electricity; wait not for the old man's pen?
dulum foot-steps to march past, until you
road on his weather-worn back the tardy
traveler's fatal words, "Too late, too lato!
I am left by tho locomotive." Pouder on
this, my friends, aud act at once.
I pass article three, as the comments ap?
pear to mo clearly just and appropos, only
adding, that an occasional door is opeu for
money-making and city improving if, like
Charleston, Savannah, Richmond aud Au?
gusta, we could induce a compauy of capi?
talists to como out n ul build in Columbia
another liuo of street railroad. Why should
wo not, also, be favored with so great a ne?
cessity in theso times? But wo must hasten
on, as this article is likely to become too
Article four touches our merchants, bnt,
my friends, be not too quick to censure.
Weigh tho conclusions carefully. The po?
sition in which all men wore thrown imme?
diately after tho burning is well known and
well understood. "Every edge was made
to cut," and thero would be no room for
complaint had not thc timos vastly changed.
(I had almost writteu-our merchants were
little better than vagrants and wanderers
upon earth.) It is fair to conclude that our
aspirations are raised somewhat since that
day, and tho ambition of each citizen should
load him to conduct business after a fashion
that will finnish reputation and character
to tho city of Columbia, iu addition to
yielding him pecuniary benefit. The day
is rapidly approaching, if not now upon
us, when the ideas presented in article four
will be accepted as boing actually essential
to the business success of our city.
Asking indulgence a few moments longer,
we conclude by recurring to article five, and
meeting half-way the objections arising to
railroad schemes, to wit: want of resources.
In this as iq all other important undertakings
it is absolutely hopeless without abeginning.
Notwithstanding the impoverishment of our
people, it is an easy task, within a circuit of
800 or 000 miles of Columbia, to count five
or six railroads which have, in more in?
stances than one, been projected, surveyed,
and aro now almost ready for operating,
since the close of the war. The writer fears
that out people do not fully realize tho
wonders to be accomplished by accumula?
tion of capital from small subscriptions.
Lot the company be organized, the books
opened, the enterprise oxtonsively adver?
tised, io begin with; in short, let the ball
be set in motion, and capital, labor, enter?
prise from abroad will be attracted, will
offer itself, and will seek association with
mon of dauntless energy who resolve to suc?
ceed. As truo ns tho needle to the polar
star, so true is capital to drift by nature
into those streams that flov on to wealth,
commercial growth and national advance?
ment. "Nothing dared, nothing is won."
The writer will close by adding, that the
lifo, tho existence, the star of hopo to our
city at present, in tho futr.ro, and always,
rests with the sotting sun in tho West.
That vast, boundless field of progress,
population and fertility. Would we havo
that star arise in splendor and in power,
diffusing its lavish richness upon our raco
and generation, wo must begin at once, with
sonl-absorbing interest, to construct a high?
way of trade and travel leading to Knox?
ville, Louisville, St. Louis, thence beyond
the Rocky Mountains to tho dazzling El
Dorado of our continent, San Francisco.
If in tho foregoing articles a mito bas
been contributed to the futuro of Colum?
bia, tho author is content. Au revoir.
Twenty of Brigham Young's wives ar?
rived at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on Tuesday,
to visit their friends in that city and at
Omaha. Thoy will continuo their journey j
m i i -i , -
JEM o o a, 1 X-te m m .
Something amusing may be expected in
Carolin? Hall, to-raprr- - evening. c St.
Maur, tho magician,':will givo an insight
into fonder world. "*
BENDER UNTO O.TJ?AR, ETC.-Tn our notice
of the Crescent oil and lamps, for salo by
Messrs. J. ?fe T. Ii. Agnew, we neglected tu
say that the burning material is non-explo?
sive; the lamps require no shades; further?
more, there is a hand burner, or night
lamp-the flame of which eau be reduced
to a mere spark, and increased in an instant.
The price of the fluid is but seventy tents
a gallon. Wo have given theso lamps a fair
trial, and pronounce them excellent.
A lot of cards and bill head paper bas
just been received at the Phoenix office
something new and pretty. Also a lot of
"auction cards"-which will be printed at
I extraordinarily low prices.
RELIGIOUS SERVICES THIS DAY.-Trinity
Church-Rev. P. J. Shaud, Rector, 10 !?
A. M. and 4>J P. M.
St. Peter's Church-Rev. J. .1. O'Connell,
Pastor, 10 A. M. and 3 P. M.
Washington Street Chapel-Rev. Wm.
Martin, 10i"< A. M.;Rev. Sidi Browne, d?.C
Marion Street Church-Rev. Sidi H.
Browne, lO1^ A. M.; Church Meeting 3>.i
Lutheran Lecture Room-Rev. A. R.
Rude lOJ? A. M.
Presbvterian Church-Rev. W. E. Boggs,
10?? A. M. and 7?J P. M.
Baptist Church-Rev. J. L. Reynolds,
10?.? A. M.
Robert B. Elliott was appointed, yester?
day, Assistant Adjutant-General, under thc
Act for tho organization of tho militia ol
EASTER SUNDAY.-To-day closes tho Lent?
en Season, and will be commemorated ir
the Catholic and Episcopal Churches ns th?
anniversary festival of our Lord's resurrec
tiou. The feast of Easter is tho regulato!
of all the other great movablo festivals o'
the year, and has always been celebrated ii
the Catholic Church with tho greatest so
lemnity, as the first among Ihe five princi
pal feasts of tho Christian religion. Th?
Jewish Passover, called by them Pascha
was kept by the Jewish people in memory o
their miraculous deliverance from the bond
age of Egypt, by the slaughter of all the
first-born of the Egyptians. Tho name ii
derived from the Hebrew verb, Pasach
which signifies to pass, or leap over, becausi
the destroying angel, who slew tho first
born of tho Egyptians, passed over th'
houses of the Hebrews, their doors bein)
marked with the blood of the Pascal Lamb
which was a type of Christ's great sacrifie
on Calvary. The Jews kept this greaL feas
on tho 14th day of tho first mouth of th
ecclesiastical or sacred Lunar year, calle
by Moses, Abib, but by Esdras and tho late
Jews, Nisan, corresponding to the greates
part of our March and a portion of April
This was the seventh month of the civ
year of the Jews, which they followed i
all computations in secular affairs, an
which they began from tho month Tisri, c
the autumnal equinox. This great festiva
the true Christian Pasach, is culled, in th
English-Saxon language, Easier Dat/, and
commemorated on the Sunday afin- tho Lit
of the moon of March, which, thia yea
was ou the 13th instant. In tho beginnic
of the Church, the Jewish converts, in son
places, kept this solemnity on tho 14th dc
itself, the day on which the Jews celebrate
their Passover. Tho Apostles allowed the
this liberty, to show that tho Gospel i
Christ did not condemn tho Mosaic Jai
which it had made void by fulfilling i
But tho Christian Pascha! feast was, in gen
ral, appointed by tho Apostles to bo kept <
the Sunday that followed tho 14th day
the moon of March. The Roman, and i
other Churches of tho converted Gentile
followed this rule. The Church tolerat
this observance nmong tho converted Jc
until about the time of the destruction
tho city and templo of Jerusalem, A. D. 1
after which time it wis gradually abolish
in the Western Churches, but still observ
in somo of the Oriental Churches until
D. 325, when the general council of N
ordained that all Churches should celebri
Eastor on tho Sunday following t'.e 14
day of tho March moon. The Empci
Constantino caused this decreo to bo pi
lished throughout tho Roman Empi
Those who adhered to tho old practico w<
looked upon as rchismntics. In thc si:
and seventh centuries, tho Irish and Sc
tish Churches wero accustomed to kt
Easter on the 14th day, if Sunday fell on
but, in all other years, with the univcr
Church, after some discussion, they w<
brought over to perfect conformity, A.
700, sinco which time there has been
difference of opinion on tho subject arno
tho different branches of tho Christi
THE T/EMTJBK OF OFFICE BILL.-On
Wednesday, in the Senate, Mr. Trumbull,
from the Judiciary Committee, reported
the bill to repeal the tenure of office act,
with an amendment iu the nature of a sub?
stitute., It proposes a repeal of the first
and second sections of the tenure of office
bill, and a substitution of clauses allowing
tho President more latitude in the mattur
of removals, appointments and suspensions.
In discussing it, Senator Sprague made an?
other of his startling speeches, in which he
especially argued that tho country was po?
litically and socially on tho brink of a pre?
cipice. Tho report of tho committee was
adopted by a vote of 87 to 15, and the bill
Tho following is tho Committee of Inves?
tigation of the Third Congressional District:
Representatives Joseph Crews, George F.
Moin tyre, R. B. Elliott, Robert Smalls, J.
H. Bryan, and Senators J. H. Buck and J.
Mr. F. G. DeFontaine, formerly of tho
South Carolinian, and the Rev. Dr. W. W.
Hicks, contemplate publishing a monthly
magazine in Charleston, under the title of
the Nineteenth Century.
Tho friends of agricultural improvement
in Richland District, are respectfully invited
to meet in Columbia, at Carolina Hall, on
tho first Monday, being the 5th day of April,
in order to form a District Agricultural So?
ciety, and to make a suitable response to the
proposition of the Abbeville District Agri?
cultural Society to hold a Stato Agricultural
Convention, in Columbia, on the 28th day
of April proximo.
ST. MAT'H'S Soiree seats can be reserved at
Bryan A McCurter's, during tho day, with?
out extra charge. Admission 50 cents;
children under twelve, 25. M28
NEW ADVRRTIBEMENTS.-Special attention
is called to the following advertisements,
published for tho first time this morning:
Geiger ? McGregor-New Drug Store.
Mrs. C. E. Recd-Millinery.
Gregg, Palmer & Co.-Insurance.
R. Barry-Genuine Liquors.
Charles Bolt-Assignee's Sale.
Residence for Sale-Apply at this Office.
Arthur C. Moore-Attorney at Law.
I. Sulzbacker-Great Attractions.
Jacob Levin-Auction Sale.
Who likes to laugh, the Great Ventrilo?
quist is bore. M27
Ladies, Mothers and Children, ST. MAUR
has come. M27
ILLS THAT FLESH LS HEIR TO.-Scrofula
or King's Evil, Rheumatism, Neuralgia,
Swellings of tho Glands and Joints, Erup?
tion of the Skin. Secondary Syphilis with
all its train of evil.,, Impure Blood, Female
Diseases, Low Spirits, Liver Complaint,
Nervousness, &c., ?fcc, fall to the lot of
mankiud. But, happily, they have their
antidote. DR. TUTT'S SARSAPARILLA and
QUEEN'S DELIGHT possess the qualities to
expel them from the system, restore porfect
health, and produce bappiuess, where all
was misery. M27 6
ST. MAUR, the Voutriloquist, opens at
Carolina Hall, Monday. M27
BEAUTY.-How to securo a clear, smooth,
beautiful, healthy skin, is the desire of all, .
and this is within the reach of all. The
skin becomes discolored, rough, eruptive,
by the virulent, unhealthy condition of the
excretions and insensible perspiration-that
is, secreted by its functions, and expelled
through its pores. The skin is one of tho
chief outlets for the expulsion of the hu?
mors or elements that the absorbent vessels
reject, to nourish and sustain the blood',
hence, these irritant humors poison the
delicate skin, and we have Pimples, Blotch?
es, Sores, either simple or malignant, ac?
cording to tho condition of the perspiration
and humors secreted by tho skin. Now,
tho application of cosmetics only hide these
defects, and increase the irritant condition
of the skin. Use Heinitsh's Queen's De?
light, and it will bo found a perfect remedy
for these disorders. M24
ST. MAUR onlv charges 5? cents; 25 for
ARTHUR C. MOORE,
A TT ORNE Y AT LA W,
COLOMBIA, S. C. Office iu Law Bango.
March 28 3
Desirable Residence for Sale.
A Lot, containing one-third of an acre,
with a neat commodious DWELLING
_, HOUSE, having an np-stairs of fivo Rooms,
a Basement of flvo Rooms, Bathing-room with
shower bath, all necessary out-buildings and in
good ropairs. Inquire at thjs^mce. March 28
NEW DRUG STORE.
. WE havo oponed our Now Store ^
'in Greenfield s Row, next door to Fl
McKenzie's, with an entire nowUJ
stock of DRUGS, OHEMICALS, Pl
F UM ERY, Ac. We wonld bo happy to
have our friends and customers continuo the kind
patronage hitherto bestowed on ns, and which wo
still hopo to merit, bv attention to business and
reasonable charges. GEIGER A McQREOOR.
March 28_6_ _
Sweet Potato Slips.
BUSHELS YAM POTATO SLIPS, io fine
order, for eale by E. k G. D. HOPE.
IprrVfV LUSnELS Primo Western CORN, for
. Ov/\ " sale, in lota to suit purchasers.
March 2G E. A G. D. HOfE.