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THE DAILY |B| PHONII.
"Let our jost Censure ^^SfSI^B^S?tSfe, Attend tho True Event."
BY -J. A, SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 1, 1871. YOL. Y?I-NO. 218.
Two Grand Oper atio and Ballad,
Will be gi Ye n at Columbia
On Friday and Saturday Evenings,
December 1 and 2.1871. "
The well known Prim? Donn?, from the
New York Aoademy of Maa io, assisted by the
Mr. H. E. Clark, Tenor,
. From, tbe N. Y. Operatic and Ballad Concerts.
From the New York Aoademy of Mimic.
Mr. S. D'Anna,
The ?misent Pianist, recently from Europe,
and the favorite pupil of Thalberg.
ey Doo ra open at 7| o'clock. Concert com?
mence at 8.
aarTiokoU aold at LyBrand'a. Beaerved
Seats, $1.25. General Admission, $1.
Nov 25 _
?B? Cleaur amil Ilaxrmleaa am Waiter.
NATT ANS* CRYSTAL DISCOVERY
FOR THE BAIR*
APERFECTLY clear preparation In one
bottle, as easily applied as water, for re?
storing to Gray Hair its natural color and
youthful appearance; to eradioate and pre?
vent dandruff; to promote tho growth of the
Hair and atop its falling ont. IT IS ENTTOSLY
HABILL?ES and perfeotly free from any poison?
ous Bubatanoe, and wul therefore tako tbe
plaee of all the dirty and unpleasant prepara?
tions now in .ase. Numerous testimonials
h?ve been sent ns from many of our most
imminent citizens. In ovorything in wbioh
he articles now. in use are objectionable.
Crystal Discovery is pe rf cot. It is warranted
to contain neither Sugar of Lead. Sulphur or
Nitrate ot Silver. It does not soil the clothes
or scalp, ls agreeably perfumed and makes
one of the best dressings for the Hair in use.
It restores tho color of the Hair "more per?
fect and uniformly than any othei' prepara?
tion," and always does so in from three to ten
days, virtually feeding tho roots of the Hair
with all the nourishing qualities necessary to
ita growth and healthy condition; it restores
the decayed and inducen now growth of the
Hair more positively than anything else. The
application of this wonderful discovery also
produces a pleasant and cooling effect on tho
soalp, and gives the Hair a pleasing and ele?
We call especial attention to the faot that a
limited number of amall trial bottles can be
bad by those wishing to try it. You will no?
tion that in pursuing this course, our aim is
to convince bv the actual merita of tbeartiole.
ARTHUR NAT TANS, Inventor and Propri?
etor, Washington, D. C. For salo in Colum?
bia by Dr. C. H. M lol', and Druggists gene
rally. _Nov 24 ny
COLUMBIA, 8. C.,
CJI IS now opening a flue Jpw
j?J^J?JkQaelccUnn of Ladies* and <?aSSS&
i??J 335C?ent'aEnglish.SW?BB ?nd gTffl
/aJLv JW American WATCHES.
(SS!?dJrBWa*Solo Agent for the celo-ST^ssaa?
bruted rauhne Watch Company, Philadel?
phia. Gold Chaine, Vest, Opera, Chatelaines.
Leontine Necklaces, Diamond Rings and
Brooches, Pearl-foll and half sets.
. I make this line a speoialty. All Silver cold
by me guaranteed equal to coin. Some hand?
some goods ia this line, Buitablo for Bridal
Tea Beta, Cup?, Goblets, Castors, Spoons
and Forks, loo Pitohers, Egg Stands, Coffee
Cutlery, Pocket and Table Knives.
HOUSEHOLD AND FANCY GOODS.
Guns-Engliah Double Barrel, Breeoh
Loading Rifles, Parlor Rifles, Air Gans, and
a foll stock of Sporting Goods; Dupont A
Hazard Powder; Pistols of various styles.
JET AND HORN GOODS.
One door North Scott A Co.'e Banking House.
Georgia Lime and Fertilizer Company
OFFER their SHELL LIME to the planting
publio in fall confidence, in its excellence
It was extensively used the east season on
WLcit, Cern sud Cotton, and has given nntire
satisfaction, as is shown by a number of
certificates from some of the beat plantera In
Georgia and South Carolina.
Oar prices for Fertilizing, or X Lime, is $1S
?ier toa cash, put up ia casks or barrels, de
ivered io the city of Augusta or at any land
in a ou tho Savannah River. Tho prioe of our
XXX, or Mason's Lime, is $2 per barrel, de?
livered as above.
We are agents for the celebrated "Stonewall
Cotton Fertilizer" and "Pure English Dla
solved Bone," whioh we receive direct from
England, and can offer to the public at re?
duced prices. COLES, SIZER A CO.,
No. 14 Molntosh street, Augusta, Ga.
Agent, THOS. B. CLARKSON, Columbia, S.
0,_Oct 13 6mo
f f\f \ BOXES assorted ORAORERS.
IA J* \J 100 boxes assorted Canned Gooda.
CO boxes Soap.
60 boxes Gandy.
50 boxes Candles.
200 barrels Flonr.
50 barrels Whiskey, coming in and in store,
and to whioh we invite the attention of the
trade._L?RICK A LOWRANCE.
Thornwell's Collected Writings,
rr*UROLOGICAL god Ethical, 9 volumes,
X embellished with Dr. ThornweU's poi>
trait. $4 por volume.
Memories of Patipos. By MacDuff. $2,
The Conservative Reformation and its Tho
ology. By Rev. Charles P. Krowth, D. D. $5.
Tho Unseen World. By Rev. Dr. Stork. $1.
Her Lord and Master. By Florenco Maryatt
Won. not Wooed. By tho author of Bred in
the Bone, Ao 50 cents.
Terrible Temptation, ny Oh tries Reade.
Uniform edition of G vaco AguUor's Works,
sqoh as Mother's Recompense, Vale of Cedars,
?*o , at %\ per volume.
The above books sent to any address, post
paid, on receipt of prioe
Aug 1 DUFFIE A CHAPMAN, Booksollers.
The Dexter Stables.
??JV THK undersigned have re
JWCJ moved their Stables to the new
JQw?mYj^^ building, immediately South of
<*^^2i_3iyfcIu'ului'H Ha", and, with ?neil
vu ? stock of CARKIAGEti, Bim
G IKS Mid Ape HORSES, are prepared to an
?wer all calls that may be made upon thom.
Horses bought mid sold on commission.
Persons in want ot good atock, are invited to
t give us a oall. Liberal advances made on
stock loft for Bale. BOYCE A CO.
W. H. BOTO E.
C. H. PETTmoii.L._Jan 24
STENHOUSE, MACAULAY & C0.T
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
CHARLOTTE. N. 0.
SOLICIT orders for COTTON, Corn, Flour,
Bacon, Lard, Ste, and Family Groceries
f;enorally. Orders filled carefully and prompt
y._Fob 7 lyr
Martin's Siloing 8nb*Soiler and Deep
THE undersigned baying purchased tho
right for this State to manufacturo and
sell the above plow, the beat and cheapest yot
introduoed, desires a reliable Agent at overy
County Court House in the State.
Oct 10_EDWARD HOPE.
OLO BANK BILLS ?nd MUTILATED
CURRENCY bought and sold by
Nov 23 6mo D. GAMBRILL, Broker.
WINTER WISDOM.-Warm clothing will
not protect the body against ibo consequences
ot the sadden depression of temperature,
whloh ia oonoomitant ol early winter. Flan?
nel next the ekln proa er Tea the animal heat,
but it does not imps t animal vigor. That
property ia the special prerogative of H08
TETTEB'S STOMACH BITTERS, Which is,
therefore, aepeolflo protection against a ma?
jority of the oomplalnte vhloh are most oom'
mon at this eeaaon. For example, a ooaree
of the great vegetable invlgorant, commenced
now, will he almost auro to preclude chilla
and fever, bilious' colic, disordera of the sto?
mach, constipation and many other com?
plaints which are often the direct or indirect
effect of an atmosphere anrohargedwitboold,
unwholesome vapor. Moreover, the system
toned and regulated by thia means is muoh
more likely to resist pulmonary disease than
it would otnerwine be; for the Influence of
?earohing medicine pervades all the organs,
and every fiber and tisane, ot the frame. Per?
sona whoae vital powers ?are weak/especially
invalid 1 Adios and the aged, a? ear neatly re?
commended not to face the winter's rigor
without having recourse to thii safe and
sufficient means of reenforcing enfeebled I
nature. Muoh. suffering may be escaped,
much danger averted, by following this coun?
cil. Batter late than never, ia a good pro?
verb, but it ie better to bo early than lato.
Pool_ . t3
HAPPPY BELIEF FOR YOUNG MEN from
the effects of Errors and Abuses in early
Ufe. Manhood restored. Nervous debility
cured. Impediments to marriage removed.
N?w method of treatment. New and remark
Die remedies. Books and Circulara se.it free,
in aealod envelopea.
Address. HOWARD ASSOCIATION, No. 2
South Ninth etreet, Pbiladelahia, Pa.
Oct 15 2mo
m_1- a?. iw_?_
?9**&Ulft. ?Ki VtST ?&.? iUg,
(Successors of H. E. Nichols A Co. and of
Cash <fc Waring,)
General Insurance Agents,
COLUMBIA, S. O.
and moat reliable Companies:
HARTFORD INSURANCE COMPANY, or?
ganized 1610. Assets over $1,500,000.
NORTH BRITISH AND MEROANIILE IN?
SURANCE CO., organized 1809. Assets over
CONTINENTAL INSURANCE CO., organ?
ized 1852. Assets over $2.000.000.
GEORGIA HOME INS?UANOE CO., organ?
ized 1859. Aa eta ovnr $750,000.
ANDES INSURANCE CO., organized 1870.
SOUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE CO., or?
ganized I860. Assets over $1,200,000.
The reputation which thens Companies
have established for promptness, solidity and
worth la the beat guarantee of security and
Be eure to iusure with
Nov 6 Imo . BLACK A WARING.
BALTIMORE BRANCH OFFICE.
Carolina Life Insurance Co.,
OF MEMPHIS, TENN.
ASSETS OVKR - 81,050,000.
D. O. TRIMBLE.Secretary.
I88UES POLICIES, either participating or
non-nartioipating, on all the approved
plana of Ufe insurance All Policies non-for
feitablo. A definite caeh surrender value gua?
ranteed on all Pul?ales after second annual
payment. Active agents wanted.
BLACK, PORCHER A CO.,
State Agents, Oolnmbia, S. O.
J I?. HLACK, P. U. FOB O H KB, B. W. BUB SIS,
! Nov 12_Imo
Columbia Music Store.
LyBrand & Son
TAKE pleasure in calling the attention of
the publie to an examination of their
STOCK OF MUSICAL MERCHANDISE, con?
sisting of Pianos, Church and Parlor Oraana,
Molodeons, Violins, Guitara, Banjos, Flutes,
Accord?ons. Ursas and Silver Band Instru?
ments of all kinda. Alau, Sheet Murdo and
Instruction Booka for every class of Muaical
Instruments on band at all times. Sheet
Muaio sont by mail, poet paid, on receipt of
price; and all kinda of Musical Goods sent by
Express, when ordered, to any part of the
State, marked C. O. D. Good Second-hand
Pianos and Organa for aale oheap, for cash
Pianos, Organa and Helodeona tuned and re?
paired in a satisfactory manner; and will give
eapecial attention to Packing, Removing and
Shipping Pianos for other parties to any point
desired, at moderate piicea.
All ordora promptly attended to and satis?
faction guaranteed to those favoring na with
their patronage. Send for our catalogue of
Shoot Mueio and Musical Merchandise. Tay?
lor street, Citizens' Savings Bank Building.
Columbia, B. C._Nov 7
New Stationery House
E. R. STOKES
HA8 Just opened, in the new and handsome
budding immediately opposite the PHOE?
NIX office, ou Maiu street, a complete stock of
Comprising Letter, Cap and Note Paper, of
all sizes, quslitjea and of every description;
Flat Papera of Cap, Demy, Double-Cap, Me?
dium, Royal, Super-Royal, and Imperial sizes,
which will be sold in any quantity, or manu?
factured into Blank Books of any size, and
ruled to any pattern, and bound in any atyle,
at ahort notice.
In endless variety-all aises, colors and quali?
Of every variety, Memorandum and Pass
Books, Pockot Booka, Invoice and Letter
Booka, Receipt Booka, Note Bonks.
ARCHITECTS and DRAUGHTSMEN will
find a complete stock ot materials for their
use. Drawing Paper, in oheete and rolls.
Bristol Board?, Poatal Paper and Boards, Oil
Paper, Pencils, Water Colors, in cakes and
?oxos, brushes, Crayona, Drawing Pena.
Of every dnBor!pt!nri; a great vrrlety of conve?
nient and useful articles for both Teachers and
Photograph Albums, Writing Desks, Port?
folio?, Cabas, with boxes, and a countless
Alao, a moat elegant atook of Gold Pons ant
Pouoil Caeca, superbly-mounted Rubboi
Black, Blue, Violet and Carmine, Indelibh
and Copying; Mucilage: Chess and Baokgam
mon Men ? nd Boards; Visiting and Weddin;
Cards, and everything usually kept in a *
FIRST CLA38 STATIONERY HOUSE
Which thc Proprietor intends this shall be.
He will still conduct bis BINDERY ant
BLANK BOOK MANUFACTORY and PAPER
RULING ESTABLISHMENT, which has beor
In aucceaaful operation for over thirty yeara ii
this State, ann tn which bo will continue t<
devote hie own personal attention Uia stool
will be kept np full and complete, and bi
prices will be found always reasonable, ant
ho hopea to have a abare of patronage.
E. R. STOKES, Main etreet,
Nov 8 Opposite PHCBRIX Office.
CHILDS & WILEY
BE dally reoeiviuR the finest READY
_u MADE CLOTHING, for old aaa yoong
gentlemen, that have aver been offered in thia
market. No ouitom-made oan aurpaaa. and
bat few oin equal them, in' atyle, and floieh,
We sell the beat, at lower ratea than those
who don't boy from the manufacturers direct.
We keep the Btar and True Fit constantly
on hand, and will take orders for half dozen
or more, and warrant a flt.
UNDER-WEAK in all varieties.
GLOVES-Loather, Book, Kid. Dog, Bat and
Bsa!. Bargains to be had in GLOVES.
NECK WEAK-all styles. Plain and fanoy
Linen and Paper COLLARS.
Sleeve and Collar HUTTONS-Gold and
some that won't coin. >
We will take Greenbacks at par for ail
IF it was only in the matter of GROCERIES,
this question could never be asked, be
oause the people of Columbia and up-oountiy
already know the faot and act npoa it.
Wo offer the best goods to bo found in any
known market, and if better than the best
could possibly oe had, we should have them.
Our perishablo gooda are frosh, daily. We
oan scarcely supply tho demand, dull as timeB
are. In this class we include Hams, Break?
fast Strips, Tongues', Ao.
In Flour-handling, we think, moro heavily
than any merchant here, wo offer peculiar in?
ducements in quality as in prico.
In Liqu??s, I am ?o?ure? you have the in
side track. We trust all who give us a oall
will acknowledge the "Corn."
In Fanoy Groceries and Canned Goods, our
assortment is unequaled; every uovelty
Being added to stock promptly, and standard
goods always on hand.
So, dear reader, whenever your stock of
Groceries runs short; whenever a delicacy is
required for the Bick ro?m; whenever tho ap?
petite bf the epicure fails; in abort, whenever
you want anything else but Dry Gooda, Booto
and Shoes, or Queen's Dolight, oall; aud we
oan tell you, also, whore they oan be got for
. . HAVING JuBt.rettjrned 1 rom New York,
Ski whore I made my pu chases 1 am pre
M pared to show ono of the MOST CHOICE
STOCK OF GOODS
for Gentlemen's wear ever offered in this mar?
ket. My stock ombra es French, English and
[ Scotch Cassimeres, Cloths and Vestings, and
a full supply of Gents' Furnishing Goods ge?
nerally. 1 have also a very large stock of the
celebrated "Star Shirts." A share of patron
, age ia leapeotfully s licited.
4S7*Mj etoro is located in Stork's new build?
ing, a few doors below the old stand.
Sept 17 _ J. F EISENMANN.
ONLY NEED TO BB 8EEK
TO BE APPRECIATED.
Coats, Pants and Vests
Very Latest Styles,
AND an assortment to select from larger
than any evei seen in this city. Our stock ot
Ia nearly as large as the combined stocks in
this city, comprising everything new and
SUITS mado for our own trade that will fit,
and at prices that will please.
UNDER GARMENTS, OIOVOH,Scarfs. DrcsB
ing Gowns, Ac.
Our stock is so largo that wo aro dotcr
; mined to rednco it, oven at a sacrifico.
Nov 5 R. & W. C. 8WAFFIELD.
Goods Marked Bown,
GOODMAN'S CLOTHING BAZAAR.
Ml XTTHERE money ia
??I 5 Vi scarce, wages
vHr low, trado is generally
dull. Thia condition ol
jn^f- ' things suggests econo
^dKVW my.and people begin to
jjgjf?jgggff?fo^ look for bargains, .such
?^^^^^M'^J? city, we have concluded
^^^^^B MARK DOWN
^^^^^^^^^fe^Moriginal prico to aucli
^KBkmWi - j1 fWB?uw il8urtlM ftH w*'l meei
r8H;fw1 -l? ?X'8cncica of tlu
?ra |k WH* To those in want ol
Wa VW ml Beady-Made CLOTH
?Bil 1NO* H*tB a,,d GontB
lRt,? \ Furnishing Goods, wt
??IJA J say consult your o wt
Kfflggfay interest and give us i
W$%gT c*11' D3r0 i)UrcliaH,ii"}j
* forgot that Franklin bai
*^^-^DT^BB^I agaitut thc wind, spit!
^^^?^BjBjJ^^ _ Wo make special men
Which is a real beauty, and no wardrobo ii
complete without ono Call early, at
GOODMAN A SON'S.
Nov G Main street.
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY.
Established in Columbia, 8. C., 1849.
Aetna Fire Insurance Company,
of Hartford, Conn.
Incorporated A. D 1819. Cliarter Perpetual
Cash oapital and aurplna, after pay?
ing loaeea at Chicago.14,000,000
Premiums reoeived in*1870. 8,9o0.00O
IT ia still the leading and strongest American
Fire Ineuranco Company.
Imperial Fire Ins. Co., of London.
Chartered A. D. 1808. Oapital 18,OOO,OOO in
Gold. This Ci mpany had uo agency at Chi?
cago at the time of the fire- Ita loas waa
small. It subscribed *5,000 for the benefit of
the sufferers by the fire.
Phoenix Fire Ins. Co., of New Yovk.
Assets 11,500,000, af tor paying losses at \hi
Union Fire Ins. Co., San Francisco.
This Company has $1,150,000 in Gold, arter
paying Chicago losses.
Kinks taken by G KO. EUGGIN8, Agent.
Office opposite Columbia Hotel, in rear of
Mr. W. J. DOFFIE'8 Book-store. Nov 8 t
PIANO FORTE AGENCY.
WM. H. ORCHARD,
Professor of Music,!
}having determined toi
_resume Teaching, ia now pro
pared iu take pupila on tho Piano, Organ
I and Guitar; also, in Vooal Music. Having for
j over TH 11 ITT YEARS liad charge of the Musical
Departments in the first Female Collegee
ana Schools of the State, ho deems it unne?
cessary to make any other refcrenco to his
qualifications as a Teacher.
The arrangements he baa mado with seve?
ral of the most celebrated Piano-makers, will
enable him to offer Instruments of tho very
first class at prices thal defy competition.
Specimen Piano? daily exnnp.tnd, Thoso in
want of Instruments 'superior to any ever
offered for sale in this market, will do woll to
oxami'io beforo purchasing olaowhero.
PIANO FORTES, MELODEONS, &a.,
Tuned and repaired in tho MOST FEIIKECT
II A NN EU and on reasonable terms.
Apply at bia residence, corner of Bull and
Richland streets, or at the bookstore of
Messrs. Duffie ?V Chapman. Oct 17
The World-Renowned Howe newing
Are tfie Oldest Established of Any in the World.
IN rango of work this Machine cannot be
equalled. Will work equally well on thick
or thin goods, from gauze to hoaviest beaver
coatings, or oven leather, without chango of
needle, tension or thread. Wo will warrant
them to do this. Our fino work is equal to
any, and our heavy work excels that nf any
other machine in the world. Ladies wishing
to introduce tho sowing into their families will
find it s great saving of time, labor and ex?
penso to at once purchase tho best. Persons
who have tried all machines aro unanimous in
J declaring this to bo tho easiest learned of any
in the market. If you aro prejudiced in favor
of any particular machino, at least examine
THE HOWE before you purchase.
ALFRED G. ELY,
General Agent for South Carolina.
Office three doors below Dr. Hoinitah's Drug
Store, Blain street, Columbia, B. G.
Sept 21___ _ gagg
EDWARD HAIGHT & CO.,
No. O Wall Street, N?w York.
Fitts Per Cent. Interest Allowed on Deposits.
rpHE business of our firm is tho eame as
J. any state or National Bank.
Ind viduals or firms banking with us may
deposit and draw as thoy please, the same as
with any Bank, except that we allow interest
ou all balances toi ti ve per cent.)
Wo buy and sell Bonds, stock.*, Gold, busi?
ness papera, and collect tinniness notes and
drafts throughout the United States, giving
prompt returns. Nov 9 Imo
E. A. PRINGLE,
Cotton Seller and Gen. Produce Broker,
Cen'rat Wharf, Charleston.
REFERENCES -Charleston-Hon. C. T.
Lowndes, President Pank of Charleston;
W. B. Smith, Esq., President Union Bank of
Charleston; Robert Adger, Esq , B. C. Press
loy, Esq. Newberry, S. C.-Rob't L. McCaugh
rin, President National Bank of Newberry,
j Chester, S. C.-Messrs. McAliloy A Brawlcy.
Special attention given to tho consignment
and salo of COTTON, Dried Fruit, Ac.
Secure Christmas and New Year Gifts.
BY the authority of the act of tho Legisla?
ture of K? ntnobv, of Mardi 13. 1871, the
Trustees of tho Public Library of Kentucky
will give a
GRAND GIFT CONCERT,
AT LOUISVILLE. KY.,
Saturday, Utctmbtr 10, INTI.
100,000 rickets of admission, $10 each, cur?
rency; half Tickets, $5: quarter Tickets, $2.50.
Tickets will bo sent by registered letter; the
money for them may be sent by post office
money order, greenbacks, or draft.
Each ticket consists of four quarters, value,
$2 50 each. The holder is entitled to admis?
sion io tho Concert, and to tho valuo of the
gift, awarded to it or its fraction.
$550,000 in greenbacks will bo distributed
to holders of tickets, m gifts of from $100,000.
the highest, to $100, tho lowest, being 721
giftB in all.
The Concert is for the benefit of tho
I'UH L1C LI BUA EY OF KENTUCKY.
Tho Citizens' Bank of Kentucky is Trea?
surer, and tho corporators and supervisor
aro tho Hon. Thomas E. Bramletto, late Go?
vernor of Kentucky, and twenty-eovon of th?
most distinguished and respectable eilizein
or tho State.
Tho undersigned, late principal bushiest
manager or tho very successful Gift Concorl
for tho beni fit of tho Mercantile Library ai
San Francisco, has boon appointed Agent ant
Manager of this Orand Gift Concert.
The drawing and distribution will take plact
in public, and everything will bo dono ti
satiety the buyers of tickets that their lute
rusts will he as well protected as if they wen
personally present to superintend Ibo eulin
lor tickets and information anp'v to
C. R. PETERS.
120 Main street. Louisville, Ky.; No. K Asto:
Uouso, New York.
H. N. Hempsted, No. 110 Broadway, Mil
M. A. French, Virginia City, Nevada.
M. A. Wolf, No. 310 Chestnut stroot, St
Tickets aleo for salo in every prom ?nen
place in tho United blates.
Owing to the general derangement of mail
and advertisements consequent on tho disks
irons conflagration in tim Wost, tho Halo o
f I tickets in this enterprise is extended to No
v?mbor 30, 1871, al which time tho mail
office, 12J Main street, Louisville, Ky., wil
close for adjustment of accounts and business
No orders, excopt hy mail, will bo recoivoi
after December 1, and no orders by mai
will bo filled after December 10. Tho Nev
L I York office will close December 10; otho
agencies December 5. Evory ticket unsoli
Decomber ll, will bo cancelled hy its numbul
The drawing will take place in public, Dncom
bor IG, 1871, commencing at 7 A. M , and cnn
tinno until tho 721 gifts aro awarded. Pas
ment of awards will commonco December lt
at 9 o'clook A. M. Circulars of awards will b
fouLil at evory agency as soon as they can h
issued correctly, and will also bo sent to a
ticket buyers as soon as possible. No ordc
will bo filled at main office for less than $10.
Nov 10 fl2 OHAS. R. PETERS, Manager.
Ger?. Scott's Annual Dlcnage, Concluded.
ID view of this condition of affairs,
the State capita! was thronged by refu?
gee Republicans, and in tbe months of
January and February last, I was ear?
neatly urged by many loyal mon, includ?
ing numerous members of the General
Assembly, to call out the militia and de?
clare martial law over those Oonnties
where these sots of lawless violence
were being perpetrated. Thie I refused
to do, for reasons wbiob I then thought,
and still think, were judicious and pro?
per. I had at my disposal but a compa?
ratively small militia force, composed
nearly altogether of colored men, as this
class alone, with but few exceptions, had
offered themselves for enrollment and
organization, and they alone could be
relied on as loyal citizens. As an evi?
dence of this fact, I wonld state that a
captain of a militia company, composed
of white men, in this city, having ap?
plied to mo for ummunitiou, I asked
bim if he wonld obey my orders SB com?
mander-in-chief, in the event of an armed
collision arising from an attempt to en?
force the laws, to which he frankly re?
plied: "In ouse of difficulty, I will go
with my race." He was told that it was
not a question of race, bot a question of
enforcement of the laws against those
who proposed to set them at defiance.
The militia were, for the most part, un?
disciplined and unskilled in the use ol
arms, for they were reared nuder a sys?
tem of law which even forbade theil
having a fire-arm in their possession. J
was convinced that if put into the field,
they would have been instantly con?
fronted and attacked by a large body ol
Vcte?ati soldiery, well organized, anc
equipped with the most improved arms,
und forming a part of a vast organiza
tion extending through adjacent States,
with wbioh they had easy lines of com
municution. lu such a conflict it wai
evident that the militia would have beet
beaten-either driven back or slaught
ered. In that event, I feared a genera
retaliation, which wonld have speedily
made the entire Stato the theatre of ai
internecine war. *
But, supposing the militia sucoessfu
in such a conflict, the opposition paper
and the Associated Press agents in th i
State would have proclaimed to th
country that the State administratioi
had, for a political purpose, inaugurate*
a "war of races," and even loyal men o
both parties in the North, who have n<
sympathy with the perpetrators of thea
unnatural crimes, would have been le?
to believe that tho contest here was on
between tho "negro and the white man,
instead of being, as it is, an issue be
tween the loyal friends of the Govern
ment and its disloyal enemies.
Snob an impression in the oonntr
would have hud a peculiarly disastrou
effect upon the future of the colored pc
pnlation throughout tho entire Soutt
In addition to these considerations,
thought, and still think, that it was th
paramount duty of the Government c
the United States to protect its loyal oit
zens in the enjoyment of "life, libert
and the pursuit of happiness."
The negro was a slave by virtue of th
Oonstitution of the United States. B
tbe Government of the United States L
was emancipated and made a free, Am?
rican citizen. The Government of tb
United States is, therefore, morall
bon nd to protect him in the full ezeroii
of his vested rights, and, if need be, I
educate him to exercise those rights Ul
derstaudingly, for he was kept in ign<
rance pursuant to its laws. If the Gi
vornrneut of the United States fail
when necessary, to discharge this dut;
then emancipation was a political orim
and the negro is left to become the ob
dient tool or wretched victim of the di
loyal enemies of the Government, at
to suffer outrage because he is its frien
Moreover, I viewed the use of the mi
tary for the execution of the laws wi
extreme repugnunoe, and reqaired tb
the civil authorities should first exbau
their powers through the posse comilaii
In the following letter, addressed to tl
Sheriff of Fairfield County, and pu
lished for tho information and guidau
of peaao officers in other Counties, I e
joined npon tho local Magistrates ai
peuce officers of that Coanty to act wi
vigor, and, at ull hazards, to bring the
criminals to justice, at least suoh of the
as wero known, and where there was pi
per evidence on which a warrant cou
"COLUMBIA, May 2, 1871.
1 "To the Sheriff of Fairfield County
. Silt: I have been credibly informed b]
number of citizens of Fairfield Conn
as well as by your own official oommu
cation, that ou tho night of the 20th ni
? a body of armod men, in disguise, rc
1 into the town of Winnsboro, and left
J the houses of several County officer
, written p iper, in which they were oo
mauded to resign, and threatened w
1 violeuco if they failed to obey. AB 3
\ aro tho chief executive officer of I
I County, it is your duty to take measa
to ascertain and bring to justice th
5 ma deed violators of the public pea
I and, for tbis purpose, you sho
] promptly invoke all tho resources wh
) tho law places at your disposal. In
lust resort, should tbe ordinary sen
of procoss prove inadequate to make
r necessary arrests, by reason of 1
armed combination, you will call out
- posse comitatus, wbiob call, I have
doubt, will bc responded to by all g
citizens. lu all cases of this charoo
wbero citizens aro put iu terror
t armed bauds of lawless men, it is exp
ed that tho local authorities should
? haust all legal resources to giveadeqi
t proteotion to life and property, be
- tho State Executive can properly in
' vene by extraordinary exhibition
foroo, hitherto unknown to tho admi
ii trution of the laws iu oivilized comm
I ties. The failure of the proper Cot
v officers to exert their utmost vigilano
detect, and their most vigorous effort
-. bring to punishment, all disturben
. tho peace, will be deemed evidenc
[' their flagrant neglect of duty or g
," inefficiency, lt is a grave reprooo
? the people of Winnaboro, that a ban
o fifty disguised horsemen should I
II boon permitted to outer their town,
r occupy it for suveral hours, with thc
dared purpose- of putting in torro:
inflicting violence apon, the sworn publie
officers of the County.
"In this connection, it is proper that
I should call your attention to the re?
cent Act of Oongrees, which makes all
citizens who are privy to any sots of
organised ?ioleno6, and 'si! to give snj j
information in their possession that may
lead to the arrest of the perpetrators,
particeps criminis in their guilt. Very
.?ROBERT K. SCOTT, Governor."
The offloers did not act, being either
paralyzed by lear or in sympathy with
the criminals. In common with mauy
others, the loyal men among them
seemed to regard this as a purely per?
sonal government, and to expect that
the Executive should discharge all the
duties of the departments of the State.
At this j uno turo, I determined to
make a final effort to restore poblio
order without military force, and I there?
fore invited prominent citizens of the
disaffected section to a oonferenoo with
me at the capital. They were all recog?
nized leaders of the opposition, aod of
acknowledged influence in their respect?
ive Oonnties. I had hoped much from
their co-operation in the interest of law
and order which they professed to advo?
cate, knowing, as I did, that the massea
of the whites in this State would, from
the mere force of former discipline, heed
their admonitions. The conference was
held. All of these gentlemen deprecated
sots of violence, hst denied the exist?
ence of the Kn Klux organization in
South Carolina, while eome of them in?
directly sought to extenuate acts of vio?
lence that they could not well deny, by
referring them to what they were falsely
pleased to term "negro mle." They al?
leged numerous acts of incendiarism by
negroes, which allegations, derived from
the opposition press, and often repeatod,
have been proved base fabrications; in
the main, designed to offset or palliate
the burning of school houses erected foi
the instruction of colored children.
Those gentlemen, however, promised mt
their co-operation to the end in view,
and I believed them. I am not advisee
that any effort was made to fulfill thos(
promises. Certainly they effected DO
thing. Having exhausted all the civi!
power nnder my control to suppress thii
insurrection against tho constituted au
thorities, I made application, in accord
ance with the Constitution of the Uni tee
States, to the National Qovernment tc
protect the State "against domestic vio
lenee." The magnitude of this organ
ized system of crime was made apparen
to Congress, the evidence in the posses
.?iou of the Qovernment showing tba
the Kn Klux banda in South Carolin,
were "but parts of a stupendous whole,'
having a broader scope than the redres
of a mere looal grievance. Congress
"by appropriate legislation," haviuj
granted tb? necessary powers, bis Exoel
lency the President of the United States
on the 17th day of October, 1871, soe
pended thu writ of habeas corpus in th
Counties of Spartanburg, York, Marion
Chester, Laurens, Newberry, Fairfield
Lancaster and Chesterfield. The Count;
of Marion was subsequently exoeptei
from this list, and the County of Unio
very properly substituted therefor-M?
rion having been originally embracec
instead of Union, in the first proclame
tion of the President, through a clerics
An adequate force of United Stat?
troopa is now in the State, and, und?
the direction of an energetio and db
creet commanding officer, they ore ai
tively engaged in arresting the Ku Kin
orimiuals, wherever legal testimony <
guilt is furnished. Many persons of tb
suspected class have fled from the uppe
Counties, while at the same time protea
ing their innocence of crime. Fiigi
from arrest by officers of the law is ut
generally regarded as furnishing a vei
strong legal presumption of ionoccne
It would be far better, however, for tl
State, that all of thia class shoo
abandon it forever, than that even 01
industrious laborer sbonld be murder?
or driven away from the pursuits of ns
ful industry. The former are nanal
dronea in the human hive, while upc
the products of the toiling moss repo
the whole wealth and prosperity of tl
I am officially informed that thus f
about COO arrests have been made in th
State, nnder the Act of Cou g ress. Ti
persons arrested, and now, for the mc
part, held for trial, represent aime
every doss in society; from the burnt
laborer and small farmer, to the wealtl
planter, practicing physician, lawyer ai
minister of the Gospel.
I have endeavored to be historien
exact in recording what must pass in
history as a reproach to American civi
zation, and is now known of all men
the shame of the State. It presents t
most extraordinary spectacle of a coi
plate relapse from civilization into bi
barism known in the| annals of mi
kind-surpassing, in its atrocity, 1
"Thagism" o! India, for the Th
, spares woman and the aged, but I
, Ku Klux exempts none from
vengeance, in bis eflor ti, to stran
Republicanism. If any (impartial mi
, jealous of the honor of his kii
, hesitates to believe such things p
, siblo ina civilized oommnnity, let t
, visit tho ?ail in this oity. Ho \
? there find eoores of the veritable act
, in these deeds of blood, many of wh
, have voluntarily confessed their orii
I aa Ku Klux, these last being poor,
luded men, to whom I trust tho uta
clemeooy of the Natioual Executive 1
. be extended, for they are but tho blin
. victims of their cultivated leaders. Si
3 of them but recently showed, or offe
3 to show, their scarred backs to a dis
. gimned United States Senator fi
f Rhode Island, (Mr. Spragne,) t
. having boen lashed by order of offi<
. of their own Klan, because, when
f dered to ahoot men marked for mar
, they had, ont of natural pity, "<
y whipped" the intendedjvictims. Tl
f who, with an air of indignation,
f with a well-affected concern for oonsl
9 tional liberty and "State sovereign
j demand who has caused the military
f torvention of the United States in
3 affairs of tho State, may be justlj
I furred to the Ku Klux and their or)
. izers and aiders and abettors, for t
In the foregoing remarke, I have re- fn|
Inorantly nsed political designations, SN
contrary to what I deem a proper ena tom ?H
in a meaaage of the Chief Magistrate of T"
the State, who, in bia official capacity, jug
should know no party. Bat I found thia SS
unavoidable, in treating of these great BB
crimea, that sprang solely from political
canses; nor can I regard men loyal to %
the Government who set its laws at de- Mt
fiance, and use every means in their |B
power to destroy ita very existence. fi
THE TAX PAYEES' OOMVBHYIOH. M
In the month of May last, n highly jflj
respectable body o! citizens, styling 99
themselves "The Tax-Pay era' Conven- SI
tion," assembled at the State capital, for H
the ostensible purpose of making inqui- lam
sition into the financial administration Bj
of the Btate. They were f urn ian ed every ?j
faodity to proseante their proposed in- mt
vestigation, and the books, records and M
papers of the aeveral bureaus in the IQ
Executive Department were unreserved?
ly laid open to their inspection. The
result of this investigation, prosecuted
with great diligence, was, that the; gave
a reluctant confirmation, in the main, to
the official debt statement, which they
had primarily assembled to discredit.
a Having been requested by the conven?
tion, through its committee, to extend .
the time for the payoient of taxes, in
I the oases of those to whom it was not
expedient to pay. or who could not make
payment within the proscribed period, I
informed them that the tax books would
be opened in November for the receipt
of taxes, bot, in oases where parties are .
unable to pay, or could not pay without
a sacrifice, I wonld extend the time to
Maroh the first, without the delinquent
penalty attaching. I'nrsaanfc to my pro?
mise, I have directed the proper officers
to grant an extension io every euch case,
that may be certified to them by the per?
son asking it.
The subject of minority representa?
tion engaged the earnest attention of
the "Tax-payers' Convention," and they
presented many cogent reasons for ita
immediate adoption into the elective
system of this State. In accordance
with my promise to them, I present this
important matter for your gravest con?
I recognize the principle of minority
representation as both wise and jnst. It
secures to the several party divisions iu
tbs State a direct and proportional rep?
resentation in its administration. It
thus institutes a check and balance
against that injudicious or oppressive
exeroise of power t hat is too apt to ensne
where its undivided possession is held
by a large party majority. The advan?
tages of the system bave been recently
exemplified in practice at elections in
England and in the States of Pennsyl?
vania and Illinois. lu those States, how?
ever, citizens divide into parties upon
questions merely affecting the State or
national policies, and they seek only by
legitimate means to elevate to power the
exponents of their views. There no
man's party affiliation furnishes any just
presumption against his loyalty to his
conntry, and no citizen who is loyal ia,
for that canse, subjected to the hazards
of murder, exile and the lash, or the
certainty of pnblic and social proscrip?
tion. Here, on the contrary, the mino?
rity are organized upon a basis which
practically calls in question the very
principles, and the fondamental law
npon which the State and National Go
vummonts reposo. The end Bought by
the proposed system ooold long since
have been practically accomplished, bnt
for the bitter spirit of intolerance en?
gendered and fostered by party leaders
of the opposition among their followers.
I have been at all times ready, as ia
well known, to co-operate with ail mode?
rate men, without regard to party affilia?
tions, in securing the election to public
office of those only who were worthy and
well qualified. My own course in this
regard has not only been illustrated by
the Executive appointments, bot by the
personal aid that I have invariably ex?
tended to elevate to pnblic position those
native whites who, althongh classed, at
the time, with the opposition, were gen?
tlemen of character and intelligence,
and fair and temperate in their political
views. In proot of this, I instauoe,
with great gratification, Chief Justice
Moses and Circuit Judges ex-Gov. J. Ii.
Orr, Green, Melton, Graham and Far?
mer, (the last an ad interim Executive
appointment, to whose elevation to the
bench I gav | ny cordial si p iori ) Theta
gentlemeu were all trusteu und tumored
under the anoient regime, and will com?
pare favorably, iu poiut of perennal cha?
racter and capacity, with any citizen of
I submit, however, for yonr deliberate
consideration, whether the men who are
now demanding the establishment by
law of the system of minority represen?
tation, aro entitled to this act of magna?
nimity at yonr hands. It is fur you to
determine whether the line of policy
pursued by them since the adjournment
of the Tax-payers' Convention tends to
commend the speedy adoption by you of
an elective system which must largely in?
crease t ie number of those in the Gene?
ral Assembly who are hostile to our sys?
tem of free government.
FilBE COMMON SCHOOLS.
The State Superintendent of Educa?
tion state? thut he hud hoped to b t able
to submit, in a full and complete form,
his third annual report, bat found severe!
of the annual reports of the County
School CommisMonerB so inexcusably
defective, thut he was compelled to re?
turn them for correction, and, on this
aocount, the completion of his report baa
beon unavoidably delayed. Tho follow?
ing general statements are presented:
The soholastio population of the State,
OB shown by the census of 1S69, is as
follows: Wliito males 40,956; colored
males 58,776; total mules 99,732. White
females 41,240; colored females 56,207;
total females 97,447. Total white
84.196; total colored 114,983; total scho?
lastic population, 1869, 197,179. Toe
returns of this year will show a toholas
1 tio population amounting, iu the aggre?
gate, to more than 200,. 00. The whole
' number of pupils attending the free
' oommon schools of the State, for the
scholastic year 1871, is about 67,098.
I The whole number of free common
1 schools in the Stuto is 1,639. The whole
number of school districts in the State
\ is 462.
The free oommon schools throughout
1 the State are kept open about six months
in the year. The whole number of
' teachers employed in the public schools
' ?B as follows: Males 1,150; females 705;
! total 1,865.
The a vor ago salary paid to teachers is
j $35 per month. The following is an ex?
hibit of the school funds of the State
for the fiscal year ending October 81,
* 1871: Regular legislative appropriation
' $160,000; amount of poll tax collected, "
estimated at 50,000; deficiency Annropri
' atiou 40,000; total $240,OuO. A majority
of the school districts in the State have