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The daily phoenix. [volume] (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, August 25, 1874, Image 2

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Tuesday Morning. August 25,1874.
Treat Them Gently.
The more respectable Northern
newspapers depreoate the readiness!
which exists iu those of an ultra-Radi?
cal character to make mountains out
of the' mole-hills of occasional local
-oxcitomout in the South. They dis?
cern the purpose to be political advan?
tage, the temper to be the old malignant
one, whioh would renew strife and re?
vive issues whioh have happily passed
away. It is noticed by some of them
as remarkable, that the Southern white
peoplo are aonoeded to be amiable and
quiet for the greater part of the year.
Just when violence on their part will
be of assistance to Republican politi?
cians, they are oharged by the Radicals
with the disposition, to break out, and
shook negroes and Republicans. Tho
outrage mill is set agoing every sum?
mer, about August, and immediately
preceding the elections iu thu Northern
States. "A street tight," the New
York Tribune says, ''whioh, if it ou
ourred in the North, would be summa?
rily quieted by tho polico uud dis?
missed iu a parugraph iu the local
paper, becomes iu tho South an uffair
<of national importance, because it can
bo made to serve party purposes."
Bub the supply of this sort of stuff has
been so ample heretofore, the stock on
daand so large, that the market is far
from being aotive. The publio tuste
has become palled, and the stomach
ior auch blood and thunder olap-trap
inaaseated. One great source hitherto
'existing, upon whioh the wicked sen
sationists oould draw at pleasure, pro
.-mines soon to be dried up. Then will
the occupation be gone of men who,
for their own petty and malignant pur?
poses., delight like madmen in scatter?
ing abroad fire-brands, arrows uud
We have been pleased to rocoguiza
this unwillingness, iu tho more reputa?
ble quarters, to aocopt the political
?campaign yarns, about violence to co?
lored people, spun in the South, and
sent on North to be woven into the
texture of their elections. The old
backs, North and South, orave exciting
stimulus of this sort, and would pay
jwell (out of tho publio moneys, of
course,) for some first-class Ku Klux
horrors. But, with all their wicked
ingenuity, they oau get up nothing
particularly startling, and their recent
?ttempts have generally been set down
as failures. It will be well, however,
tu view of the existence of this pro?
clivity to seize- upon incidents and to
magnify tbem, for purposes of injury
to ns and of aggrandizement to them?
selves, on the part of desperate politi?
cians, for the people of the South to
bu strictly on their guard. The situa?
tion iu whioh we in this State are in,
?especially requires that we shall not
arouse, prejudices whioh slumber, or
provoke any fresh opposition by cause?
less or untimely violence. Wo have
Always thought and always main?
tained that the colored people were
?not fully responsible for their follies
And their enmities, The constitutional
peculiarities, the iuhereut weakness,
which incline them to superstitious
observances rather than to an intelli?
gent and rational piety also warp them
in their political relations. Wicked
men, having the political power of the
?country in their hands, have led them
fearfully astray. They are but their
tools, and are entitled to a certain
amouut of consideration aud forbear?
ance on that account. They should ho
treated kindly. They can bo led out
?of this political bondage. They uro
already inquiring what they shall do
to extricate themselves from tho toils
of tho scalawag uud the carpet-bagger.
We should receive their overtures iu a
friendly spirit. They uro peoplo who
see only facts. They have no proper
discernment of principles and motives.
The fact which they saw and noted
upon, upon receiving the ballot, was
that they and their foreign leaders
oouid wield the powor of the State,
and in tho prejudiced state they wore
then in, they promptly mado the com?
bination upon. Now there is another
fact which they will not regard so
complaceuily, but still they can he
made to sou it, and that is that they
aud their foreign leaders have ruined
and ilisgraoed the State. Once the
colored poople boo that, tho next fact
they will see is that its fortunes and
the general prosperity oau only bo re?
trieved, so far as they are concerned,
by uniting their voting strength with
intelligent and honest leadership.
This must bo brought home to their
Apprehension in a way that they can?
not mistiike. It must como before
them in a practical, striking way. If,
ior example, they should perceive the
wheels of State Goverumeut to be
blocked by the refusal of tax, payers
any longer to support unworthy aud
thieviug officials! in power and Bplen*
dor, tbey would flee a fact that they
could rospeot. Jts leBBon for thorn
would be to throw their strengt!, uud
support on the side of tho landed pro?
perty, tho permanent iuterestf, the
cultivated intelligence, the habitual
self-respect and uuturuished honor of
tho Couservativoa of the State. Iu
thus solving the immediate difficulty,
they would heal all tho causeless divi?
sions and repair ull tho unhappy
alienations which lmvo so long sepa?
rated tbein from tho respeotubhi
olnsses. We must front tho colored
peoplo with forbearance, uud assist
thorn whilo they grope their way to
the light which will mulio thorn free in
fact us they tire iu name.
-~< >~
Scientific School.
A number of goutlemen of Poudlo
ton have organized themselves into an
association, for the purpose of estab?
lishing an institution of leuruing ut
Fort Hili, tho scat of tho lata and illus?
trious John C. Calhouu. Mr. T. G.
C-lemeon has offered them land suita?
ble for the purpose, lying uloug Soueca
River and at tho foot of tho Blue
Ridge Mountains, combining great
beauty of situation with exceptional
healthfulness of climate. In an address
to the people of the State, put forth by
these gentlemen, they glance at the
ruin of the South Carolina College,
the system of mixed admission which
has been adopted, and tho purpose to
belittle the past history, to destroy the
old traditions and to obliterate forever
the old oharacter of South Caroliua.
The people of the State are praoticully
excluded from all participation in this
and other educational establishments
which they are heavily tuxed to sup?
port. It is felt to be necessary to rear
another institution of learning, which
shall be under such influences und
surrounded with suoh associations as
will presorve the moral traditions of
the State, und at tho same time encou?
rage an intellectual freedom not incon?
sistent with a true aud loyal veneration
for its past history. 1 hey think the
most urgent need of the State is a sys?
tem of education which will lit its
young men to deal with tho new con?
ditions iu which their lives uro to be
matured. They propose, therefore, to
establish n Ecientiho school, where the
youth of the State may bo prepared to
become intelligent workers iu its mate?
rial development. This address iB
sigued by Messrs. Bcu. Sloan, A. II.
Cornish, J. W. Livingston, A. N.
Alexander, H. W. McLecs, John H,
Maxwell and J. W. Crawford, to whom
we wish all buccchs in their commend?
able scheme.
A South Carolina Nkoko Writes
Home from LlL'EItlA ?Wo copy the
following letter from tho Yorkville
Enquirer, written by Solomon Ilill, a
colored mau, who went from York, S.
C, to Liberia in 1871. ludtistrious
colored people can gut rich in Liberia:
"I have mads onf crop, and ?m
nearly dono planting uuother, und I
know if a person will half work, bo
can make u good liviug iu Liberia. I
raised, lust year, rice, potatoes and
cassuda, of which I hud an abundance
for my own use und a quantity for
sale. I sold over 1UU kroves of sweet
potatoes, fifty kroves of cassuda und
fifty kroves of rice. Potatoes uro
worth 25 cents per krove; cassuda, 18
cents, und rice, half cleaned, $1.00.
My corn is now matured. I Luve
sown a large crop of rice. 1 have Liudo
good coru hero with no other work
thau the labor of planting. Of giuger,
which is a staple product, I havo this
year ptuuted fifty pounds. June
Mooro has plauted over 100 pounds,
which is suflicicnt for one acte, und
will yield 1,000 pounds of dried
giugor, worth iu this market tou cents
per pound. I have an orchard of
2,000 coffee trees. Sixty of my troos,
planted in 1872, nro bearing, und arc
now laden with coffee. Juno Mooro
has 1,800 trees, Joe Watson 800, Scott
Mason 1,000, und neatly all of our
colony nro engaged iu coffue-raising.
Coffee is worth here 18 cents in gold.
20 cents iu Uuitad States currency
and 22 oents in the currency of Libe?
ria. Other articles rate about as fol?
lows: Calico, from 12?'.< to 18 conts per
yard; tobacco, 40 cents per pound;
sugar, $1 to #5 per hundred pounds;
molasses, 33 conts per gallon; bacon,
22 cents per pound; salted beef, 18
cents per pound; flour, 10 conts per
pound; mackerel, G oeuts each; chick?
ens, 25 conts; eggs, 25 conts; turkoys,
?5; ducks, 81. Good milch cows Roll
at various prices?from $25 to ?10.
I am better satisfied than I ever was
since emancipation, and urn worth
more than ever before. I havo threo
good frame houses with single roofs,
and neat board paling around my lot.
The timber in use hero bears n strong
resemblanoo to brimstoue as to color
of the grain, nnd consequently has the
appropriate name of brimstone wood.
Wild game is plentiful, including tho
ordinary cow, sea-cow, deor, squirrels,
monkeys, &?. I have Keen as many as
1,000 monkeys iu one drove. The
meat of this animal is highly prized us
an article of food."
Tim Georgetown Riol.
BoWIiBY AN1> tub BoWIiSntES
ton?AoL Quiet at tub Seat op Waii.
Tho United States steam oattor Moo- 1
oasin, Commander Davis, whioh bad
been despatched to Georgetown, dur
ng tho progress of the lato riot there
to look after 'ooveroment property, re
turned yesterday afternoon, about 2
o'clock, having ubonrd a number of
colored prisoners. They wero put ou
shore) aud ill ehargo of ollioers aud car?
ried to the jail in Magazine street, nud
us they bussed through the streets
were followed by tin iinrocusc crowd.
Ou arriving at tho jail, they filed iu,
the crowd lingering some tiiuu discuss?
ing their arrival uud tho trouble,
whirl] had brought about tu?'ir impri?
sonment. Tho names of the prisoners,
who uro nil colored, ure us follows:
Juiu"s A. Bowley, l'etcr Woodbury,
Pallas Judon, Anthony Jiidon, lion.
Templet, I'Vuuic Pcuuo, John Smiley,
Pixuuix Coit, Wiu. 11. Lieu me r, E 1
wurd Lawrence, Lloury Clark, Daniel
Reynolds, Henry .Smith and Georgo
Pawley. Tho prisoners tiro hold at
tho jail by request of Adjutaut-Gone
ral Purvis, because tho Sheriff of
Georgetown said bo was uuable to
keep thom there iu tho face of tho ex?
isting feoliug ugainst them. Their
counsel, Mr. M. T. Dooley, will apply
for a writ of habeas corpus, this morn?
ing, when, iu till probability, they will
be released.
Bowley says he is u native of Mary?
land, aud thirty yours old; that he
commenced his political career in 1??7, I
when ho entered tho Stuto uud beguu i
tho advocacy of Republicanism. He
and JoneB, who is about thirty-two
years old, wero originally friends, and
labored harmoniously for ouch other's
interests. Jones was a mnmber of the
Statu Legislature iu 18(33, aud hu u
School Commissioner. Tho diiiiuuliy
between Jon0s and Rowley beguu in
1869, caused by Joues udvocatiug the
claims of Whittemoro, of Congres?
sional expulsion fume, be (Bowie}) re?
fusing to do so. Joues wuH very pa
troniziug to Bowley, undertaking to
advise him, beouuso ho regarded him
as a protege. Bowley refused to listen
to Jooes, und the breach widened. Iu
1872, Bowley was again elected to the
Legislature, in epito of Joues' efforts
to defeat him, aided by Congressman
Rainey. Bowley says thut Jones is u
political incendiary; that during the
Ku Klux excitement, Harvey Jones, u
cousin,of the hero of the lute excite?
ment, got up papers, purporting to
emanate from u Ku Klux Kluii iu
GcorgHtown, and served them ou seve
ral olliciul. Jones afterwards con?
fessed thut he originated tho Ku Klux
documents to create an exaitemotit,
and for political effect ut tho North.
Bowley says that at the begiuuiug of
tho campaign, Jones declared that he
would defeat him (Bowloy) at any cost;
thut he had yet two years to servo in
the State Senate, and that ho hud no?
thing to lose by opposing Bowley. Ac
cordiugly, ho packed the different po?
litical meetings, aud whenever he
(Bowley) attempted to speak, ho would
be disturbed, and there would bo n
row. Jones' excuse was that the peo?
ple did not want to listen to Bowloy,
which wits not tue case. Seeing that
he was to bo erowded out at Joue9'
bidding, Bowley got his friends to at?
tend the meetings, to which Joues and
his frieuds generally came, armed. To
crush Bowley out, Jones would use his
militia, aud on one occasion, tho same
company which guarded him while iu
jail in Georgetown prevented his
speuktug at a public gathering. Bow?
ley had them arrested, and Jones,
when he heard of it, made threats
against Bowley. About two weeks be?
fore the recent riot, Jones got a body
af armed men to stop Uowloy speak?
ing. Two duys before tho riot, Bow?
ley issued a call for a meeting, to bo
held at 12 o'clock. Joues issued a call
for his frieuds to meet at 2 o'clock P.
M. on tho same day. Rowley's meet?
ing began at 1 o'clock P. M., aud was
disturbed by the Jouesites, who, it is
very plaiu, wero anxious to break it
up, bo that they could win over Bow
ley's friends and have a successful ga?
thering later. Joues aud his followers
failed to break up tho Bowley meeting,
which elected delegates to tho Conuiy
Nominali ng Convention. Rowley says
Joues was highly incensed ut being
beaten at his own game, aud made ex?
citing speeches to armed men, declar?
ing that his (Rowley's) success mount
their ro-ouslavement; that ho (Bowley)
ought to bo cut to pieces, thrown iuto
a dttch aud his houso burned. These
horrible harangues had their cflVot ou
the people and Joues' militia, and on
I Thursday night a body of armed men
I attacked Jones' houso and lirod into it.
! At that tim", Bowloy says ho was at
homo with Lis family, nncousoious of
what was goiog ou, until the firing
woke him up. Ho says ho did not
know what to do, tint! thought that
Jonos hud incited his friends to the
work for a purpose. Tho uext day, an
armed mob surrounded Rowley's
houso, swearing they would tear down
tho house and massacre the inmates.
All this time, the ranks of tho armed
men were reoeiviug accessions of men
and women, the latter having ri<v>?
hocks. Bowloy says his house was
closed, and that ho was compelled to
arm himself. Subscquoutly, tho She?
riff arrosted him on a warrant taken
out at tho instigation of Jones, for
participating iu tho riot, with intoutto
kill. While iu jail, his honeo was as?
sailed, aud bis wife und childrcu put in
jeopardy. Tho jail was surrouuded by
a company of militia, commanded by
Capt. Harvey Jones, and also by an?
other company Irom Wuccamaw.
Whilo ho was incarcerated, Jonos has?
tened* to Columbia, to got troops to
quoll a disturbance alleged to have
been raised by Bowloy. Joues was
virtually in charge of tho town, and
had its excited inhabitants at bis
meroy. Bowiey says the Jonesites are
the real desperadoes, aud out he nor
any of his friends; that he is wil?
ling to stand upon his record; Bowiey
does not speak: well of Jones' private
character, and charges that all the re?
cent difficulty has been done to ruin
him (Bowiey) politically, b'it is sure
that it will fail.
Tho cutter left this port on Sunday
night, the IGth instaut, und urrived at
Georgetown on MondBy morning at 11
o'clock. On rounding into the harbor,
she tired a signal guu. This bad a
very salutary effect on tho urowd ol
rioters, stopping ur?uy who were on
tho outskirts of the town and about to
enter, and causing tho*.' nlrea ly us
scmblcd to retire. Too oflioi rs o! tho
cutter visited the town und fouud thel
peoplo pretty apprehensive of iticendi- <
ai ism and other eriiues. The white I
residents with gla? that tho cutter hud i
arrived, uud after h?r udwui slept in |
p"ace. They Niitd it was the firs; tun -
since the war that they felt 'bar the}
bad u Government lu protect them
L'hu most generous hospitality w.??
shown to the officers of tin; cuttei, uud
they returned to this city with many j
very pleasant recolit'ctious. The officers j
of the cutter hati notliiug whatever to
do with the prisoners, beyond trans?
ferring them to this city, because it
was believed that it was in the interest j
of pe.io ? and the personal safety of the
prisoners and people, of Ihn town. All
was quiet in Georgetown at hist, ac?
counts.? Charleston News and Courier.]
? ?????- ? ? ? -
The extreme mockery of Republican?
ism is found in South Carolina to-day {
under negro rule. Tho vivid account
of tho riots in Georgetown whiuti our
correspondent gives to-day is not ex?
aggerated, for no writer could ade?
quately describe the fearful c mditioii
of that society. Tho white men who
havo led the negroes into these ex?
cesses remind us of those pirates who
become chiefs of Africuu tribes, and,
iu order to uaainUiu their authority,
are compelled to be more brutal than
the savug'. s they command. The ne?
groes themselves resemble gorillas who
have been elected to the .Legislature
morn than ordinary human beings.
The btory of this horrible orgie which
bus bceu held in a County cut off from
communication with the rest of the
Statu is grotcfcque even iu its terrors.
Tho rivalry between the uegro Senator
Jones and the negro Senator Bowiey
burlesques the conflict between Brooks
aud Baxter. 5So monkeys which have
scou a barber shop,.butcher ouch other
iu the vaiu attempt to shave. Senator
Jones calls out the militia, and Bowiey
organizes an army. Bowiey bombards
Jones' house all night with sixteen
shooters. Jones barricades- himself
with legislative reports, made bullet?
proof by uegro speeches. The militia
drive the troops of Bowiey out of
town, uud then Jones besieges Bow
ley. Bowiey takes refuge (where be
ought to bo now) in jail. Jones
threatens to burn the towu, iu order
to make n conflagration of Bowloy'a
bouse, like the Chinese, who, when
they wanted roast pig, set lire to the
sty. Thus the hideous work goes on,
uight und day?men, women and chil?
dren engaged in bloody war; und the
result would have been still more ter?
rible, had not a United Slates revenue
cutter from Charleston steamed up to
tho towu oue Hue day, aud, with throe
cannon and thirty men, frightened the
contending armies iuto the swamps
and woods.
This conflict was entirely COtilined
to tho blacks. It could hardly be
otherwise in a County in which there
are 13,i3SS negroes and ouly 2,7133
whites, und iu which the former have
absolute rule. White emigration from
Georgetown would soon tunko tliu
population of ono color, if the whites
bad any place to emigrate to or any
money to go with. But one part of
South Carolina is likely to bo almost
ns bad us tho others. The negroes
govern the whole State, and some of
these days, unless such great statesmen
as Bowiey and Jones lose their influ?
ence, there may bo a carnival of blood
which will make the rest of the Union
sh udder.
There is no desire iu the North to
undo tlii$ work of emancipation nor to
suppress the political equality which
thu logic of freedom compels. But
there is a growing determination that
such scenes as those iu Georgetown
j shall bo made impossible, for the sake
of humanity and the honor of the na?
tion. Jones uud Bowiey, by their
moukey-liko imitations of tho "great
wars which make ambition virtue,"are
degrading American civilizalmu and
outraging the moral sensu of tho na?
tion, und they must be suppressed.
Tho intelligent colored inau looks
upon thorn with disgust, uud it is for
his sake, us well as for that of tho
whites, that Congress will take South
Curoliuu iu hand. It is very hard to
lind a remedy for these evils; but ouu
thiug is certain, that the American
poople will not consent to see a so?
vereign Statu abandoned to massacre,
plunder and all manner of crime. The
negro population of South Carolina is
like a mutinous crew, who havo lired
tho riohly-freighted bark they wish to
plunder, and who aro perishing iu
flames they ure unable to extinguish.
I New York Herald.
The attempted murder of Trum pie,
of Little Buck, Ark., on a North lttver
ferry boat, a fow nights ago, attracts
I considerable attention iu New York.
The wotild-bo victim lost two fingers
iu thu struggle. Justice Waddell, of
tho Tombs Police Court, held Henry
11. Clark (who is charged with attempt?
ing to throw Trumple overboard) in
! $10,000 bail. Trample is a gunsmith,
I aud was on his way to the city to pur
j chase arms for the Arkansas Stuto of.
I fioials. Prominent men aro suspected
and the trial will be au excitiug ono
Crrr Matteds.?Subscribe for the
Phcenix. .
A tublu'of interest?the dinner table.
Fruit is becoming scarce?hardly a
peach to bo seen.
"Tho bright silver moou" roJe high
lust uight, uud furnished us light until
12 o'clock.
Hon. W. H. Trcscott, of Peudletoo,
and Roswell T. LoguD, Esq., of
Charleston, uro iu the city.
The uniforms for the Colombia Iliilo j
Club aro nearly finished. They aiej
very neat und attractive loo'siug.
I The Charleston Suit seldom reaches
Columbia on the day of publication.!
! Why is this? I
! S'indav ruoruiug, i: was rulix r
Iwtrt.i; \> \t tin: afternoon aud evening
\ m ?v be described as showery.
Transient ad vertisptuents anil no
iiees must be paid for iu advance.
This ruh; will be. adhered lo hereafter.
Tin) chuuge iu schedule of the
Greenville uud Columbia llulroud
j g ?es into effect on Friday, August 23.
I Cid. Black, Commandant of the
t Post, left, yesterday, for Louisville,
I Ky., where hu bus becu detailed ou
j court martial duty,
j Job printing of e-cry kind, from a
miniature visiting card to a four-sheet
I poster, turned out, ut short notice,
I from Pwr.xix ottioe. Try us.
The Columbia Ila.su Hall Club will
return the visit of the Ku Klux, of
Winusboro, duriug the present week,
and play a match game.
Senator Pattersou has been making
a sousutiouul Ku Klux speech iu Beau?
fort. He denounced Moses, and trot?
ted out Chumberluiu as the winning
Mr. S. Rosenborg will opeu u Ger?
man school ou the 1st of September.
Applicauts can obtain ull necessary in?
formation from Messrs. Seegers, Stieg?
litz, Diercks and Eiseumauu.
A base ball mutch was played, yester?
day afternoon, at 3 o'clock, between
tho lied Skins aud the Palmettoes.
Tho score 6tood: Rod Skins 49; Pul
m et toes 52.
This being "the week of prayer,"
there will be juiut religious services in
the Washington Street Methodist
Church twice each day?11 A. M. aud
a p. M.
In the list of papers published in
our last, the following were omitted:
Daily Carolina limes, lirst by Grene
ker Sc La Motte, then by Gyios A- Co.,
uud afterwards by E EI. Britton; Neic
Era, Curti.s Sc Co.; Illustrated Family
Friend, God mau Sc Lyous.
Mrs. John Y. Line has met with
several terrible misfortunes, duriug
the past seven mouths. Her husband
was killed in January last; a short
timu afterwards, a daughter died; on
Sunday, u grand-child was taken off,
und yesterday another child departed
this life.
Col. Thomas Dodamead has conti?
nued tho improvements ou tho Green?
ville aud Columbia Railroad, until,
for tho greater part of tho way, it is iu
lirst-rate condition. New iron has
l been laid, the encroaching trees cut
down for uoarly the whole dtstauce,
and the trestles uud roadway repaired.
?We have been pleased to see it un
uouueed in the Marlboro Times that it
mass meeting of tho Conservatives of
Marlboro was to have becu held ut
Beunettsville on tho 2-itb instant,
(yesterday.) for the purpose of nomi?
nating a tiuket for the coming election
and to form Tax Unions. We trust
that we shall hear it was a ti.using cue.
The ladies connected with tho sew?
ing society of tho Episcopal Church
will give another moonlight entertain?
ment at tho Mule Academy ou Wednes?
day, tho 26th of August. Tho surao
arrangements will bo carried out which
made the last so agreeable. The ladies
j will be pleased to see those who wish
to aid them iu their work, between tho
hours of 0 aud 10 P. M.
Mr. Jesse E. Cooper, a young tuuu
who was well kuowu iu this commu?
nity, died at Gadsden, ou Saturday,
after a very short illness, aud was in?
terred in this city, ou Sunday. There
was a largo attendance of his old
frieuds to witness tho funeral services.
Don't kill the toads. Watch ouo oi
i them iu your garden, if you want to
! know how tisefui they are and how de?
structive to the gardener'.; enemies.
Rtti'UubiCAN Waud Meetings ? Nt ?
initiating meetings wore held in the
different Wards, last night, for a Re?
publican Senatorial uomiu-e. In
Parker's Hull, tho Wurdltos of No. 1
appointed Charles i'ltuort President
uud James Realty Secretary. The
Minort party stood 32^; Na-h, 20.
Ward 2 is reported as favoring Minort.
Ward 0 met in Cunpor & Taylor's Hall,
but before a ballot could be bud, the
lights wero extinguished. Minort
claims Ward -i. '
Columbia. Maxe Academy.?The ex?
ercises of the Colombia Male Acade?
my, under the superintendence of
Capt. Hqgli S. Thompson, assisted by
a competent and experienced corps of
teachers, will be resumed on the 14th
proximo. This institution has steadily
grown iu favor nud usefulness, not?
withstanding the discouraging influ?
ences by which it has been surround?
ed. It lias attracted attention outside
of the State, aud the authorities of
Washington and Leo University, as wc
bad occasion to notice some time ago,
placed at the disposal of the principal
a scholarship iu that institution. They
h ive now offered another prize scho
l.irrhip, to bo tilled in the same
way, by competitive examination. Be?
sides these liberal offers, Union Col?
lege, situated ut Scheneetudy, N. Y.,
has proffered to receive every year
from this academy its four best pupils
iu the highest class, to be instructed
and further educated, free of all charges
for board and tuition. The academy
bus thus at its disposal live prizes of a
high order, to be contended for each
year?uti advantage and distinction
quite rure, but thoroughly deserved.
Young men whose means are not sufli
cieut to procure them complete educa?
tional adviiutages, will here pee oppor?
tunities of securing them, which
they may houorably embrace. We ob?
serve ia the catalogue of students of
Union College a considerable number
from this State. It is under the most
eulighteued and liberal government,
has an able corps of professors and a
superior curriculum of studies. A
scholarship iu Union College is worth
Mail arrangements.?Northern
maiI opens 6.30 A. M., 3 P. M.; closes
11 A. M.,6 P. .M. Charleston opens 8
A. M.,0.30 P. M.; closes 8 A. M.,6 P.
M. Western opens 6 A. M., IP.
M.; closes G, 1.30 P. M. Greenville
opeus'i.45 P. M.: closes 6 A. M. Wil
iniugtou opens 4 P. M.; closes 10.30
A. M. On Sunday open from 2.30 to
3.30 P. M.
Pikexixuna.?Engaged for every
set?a lieu.
Wore it not for the clouds that dark?
en us there would be no rainbow in
our lives.
' It should not discourage us if our
kindness is uuacknowledged; it has its
influence still.
A child is often the hyphen connect?
ing ougeoial husband and wife, so
common about you.
Brisk talkers are usually slow think?
ers. There is, indeed, no wild beast
more to be dreaded than a communi
cutivu man having nothing to com?
List of New Advertisements.?
D. F. Kelly?Cottage for Sule.
J. B. Patrick?Greenville Academy.
Meeting Wurd 2 Tax Union.
T. J. Harper?Bed Ash Coal.
Meeting Eutaw Encampment.
HughfS Thompson--Male Academy.
George Symmora?Groceries, &c.
Hotel Arrivals, August 24, 1874.?
Whtder House?J Jenkins, Augusta;
L Bheiuotrom, Philadelphia; J A Tur?
ret) tine, Wilmington; B E Bratton,
Charlotte; J E Matthews, Ky; G H
West, L-u; WS Byles, N Y; C L An?
derson, city; T G Garrett, Jr, M & C
U tt; H H Adams, USA, TL Stark,
llicblnud; CBPaol, USA;LH*good,
e.ity; U M Drafts, Gadsdeu; J S Bates,
Fort Motte; R H Kirk, Lexington; F
S Smith, Charleston; P McNamee, N
Y; (JE llic?. Baltimore; O B Warwick,
USA; W H Gardner und lady, Sum
ter; ? F Buck, Bucksville; W H Tres
cot, Peudtotou; RF Phifer, Newberiy;
W 0 Sanders, Savannah; T Jordan,
Columbia Hotel?W Sprinkle, N C; G
Carter, N E R B; J B Heyward, S C;
J WO'Brien, Charleston; T J Mackey,
I Chester; J B Ezell, U S Johnson, city;
I T Watson, Ridge Spring; W L Smith,
111 Hogan, C Kerrison, Charleston; J
i A lliirktidale, Lturens; P B Glass, city;
! G K tleab, Ca; C D Sloan, D C.
I Ikmlric House?J A Hayues, G H
I j Nickersou, N C; S Rosenberg, N Y;
lF8Soaitb, Charleston; H Skipper, D
II Moore, J A Henderson, city; T J Bur
her, Smith's Turnout; A S Barnes, S
! Eatmau, SC: J T Sbtiler, Lexington;
i J M Besty, Lancaster; A W Marshall,
?, N C; C C Montgomery, J G Scaboook,
j Business Failures During 1873.?
j The statistics of business failures in
I this conuiry uro nut collected by Go
I verumeut nfliocrs. Thoy can ouly be
f j miide up by research of a commercial
character, and the commercial ngeu
' jcie.s furnish the most reliable figures.
It is estimated thut io 1873, tho amount
of liabilities of persons who failed in
tins conutry was over $28,000,000.
, Iba f?>arful couseqoeuocs of the panic
i of September last were shown by the
1' ia.it that, in the prevooa year, the
! amount of the failure- had beeu some
i thing over $121,000,000, so that the
misfortune was more than doubled.
5,183 persons, firms and corporations
' contributed to the financial distresses
> of last year. Of those, about one
eighth of the whole number wero in
! N*w Y.?rk oity, which latter placo was
uot satisfied with ono-eighth of the
i lo-.se.H, but contributed, as her own
1 share, over $1)2,500,000, showing tho
Iremeudous stylo in which they speou
| litto iu that wild and reckless oity.

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