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The daily phoenix. [volume] (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, May 22, 1875, Image 2

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COLUMBIA, jgg
8atnrday Morning, May 22, 187?.
Froodom of the Press.
The Hubjeet of the liberty of tho press
and tho law of libel have been brough t
prominently into view in thin country
by tne recent trials of editors in Chicago,
Springfield, Massachusetts, and Charles?
ton. The Springfield Jiepublican directs
attention to the faot that tho old doctrino
of libol has undergone, considerable
modification in England as well as in
the United States. In a recent case in
which the London Times was defendant,
the Lord Chief Justice took occasion to
comment on the change that had passed
upon tho law of libel within his recol?
lection. He said that it had been a
gradual change; a process of develop?
ment rather than a violent rovolntion.
Tho recognition by tho courts of tho
liberty of tho public writor to comment
upon the oonduct and motivch of public
men Was comparatively modern. Things
were freely ?written and printed every
day. now that. fifty years earlier would
have brought down fino and imprison?
ment on-tho heads of both writer and
printer. The . Chief t Justice acknow?
ledges tho beneficent, tendency oi this
broader and inore trenchant discussion.
?'Who can-doubt'," he asks, "that the
public are gainers by the change: and
that though injustice may Often be done,
and though public men may often have
to smart under the keen sense of wrong
inflicted by hostile criticism, the nation
profits by public opinion being thus
freely brought to bear on the discharge
of public duties?"
What is true of England is doubly
truo of the United States. The services
of the press in supplying tho materials
of thought, in informing tho public
mind, in disabusing it of errors, in ex?
posing, wrongs and in leading the way to
.just conclusions and sound policy, aro
incalculable in this country. It is no
wonder, and in no senso regretable, that
this groat instrument of influence has
won for itself a broader channel through
which to flow, and won a toleration
which embraces even its excesses.
The Glory of It.
General Sherman makes a point in his
recently published memoirs of insisting
upon both the conception and execution
of the Vioksburg campaign as belonging
to General Grant But he is not equally
complaisant to the claim of Grant's spe?
cial friends, that Sherman's march to the
sea was Grant's idea. This is distinctly
made by Gen. Bedeau, in some sketches
or memoir of his chieftain, and has never
been publioly disavowed by him. Sher?
man treats this point with great particu?
larity. He gives a letter .written by him?
self to Gen. Grant, in whioh he said that
he should, not hesitate to cross Georgia
with 60,000 men, hut would not do so
without a further purpose than merely
to damage that State. He urged that the
possession of the Savannah River would
be more fatal to the possibility of South?
ern independence than the fall of Rich?
mond. Grant hesitated to comply with
his wishes to march on Augusta, Colum?
bia and Charleston, but at last told him
to "go as he proposed." This seems to
settle the point in Sherman's fafror. He
could well afford in maintaining it to
concede a smaller distinction to his supe?
rior officer/ What is remarkable is that
Gen. Grant should so long have quietly
worn these' laurels, and that Sherman
has been compelled to tear them away
from him. After all, it is not so certain
but that it would have been hotter for
him to have recognized them. The
achievement was somewhat original, but
it mot not with sufficient obstacles to
make it considerable in overcoming them;
and it was tarnished by neodless cruelty
and wanton destruction of property.
The burning of surrendered cities and
other violations of the law of honorable
warfare will forever wither laurels which
but for them would flourish green and
fresh on Sherman's brow.
Sic Transit.
On Wednesday, the colored people of
Augusta celebrated the third anniversary
of the adoption of the Fifteenth Amend?
ment They were addressed by a oolored
man, named Turner, who told them that
the Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed all
they required, and that there was no
necessity for a civil rights bill. He
urged upon hia hearers the acquisition
of knowledge, and told them that they
must henceforth take care of themselves,
thai the negro's value as a political tool
was on the decline. He said, in proof
of the great change, that a few years ago
he was offered $100 a month to write for
a Republican paper at the North. Re?
cently he wasi informed by the editor
thai he wished; nothing more from, him,
or any other ''colored siah. It was un?
popular. 1 i' -' ">.
Geoi/joicaiv Curiosity.? Near the vil?
lage of Dimbury, Stokes County, N. C,
is a bad of white sand rook, whioh pos?
sesses peculiarities. Mr. N. M. Pepper,
editor of the Danbury (Jtf. C.) Pioneer,
carried to Philadelphia a speoimen ten
inches long, two inches wide and an inch
in thickness, about tho nizo of an ordi?
nary whetstone, whioh is so flexible that
it may be bent .or stretched without
breaking; < rThe parHole? compoafng. the
rook adhero.oloMly upon the' suiftce,
and it may be dressed with chisel' to or?
dinary md^WSfuL' not being very- easily
broken;
The Charlotte Centennial.
This long-looked-for anniversary has
corao and gone. Ono of the largest
orojgfdi over congregated in any*cityln
the old North State, assembled on the
20th instant, to commemorate the Meck?
lenburg declaration of independence,
and do honor to the event which mado
the hornet's nest peculiarly emblematic.
The crowd commenced gathering on the
19th, and by the morning of the 20th
had reached fully 30,000. Tho hotels and
boarding Iioubcs were packed, while
many private families had their quota of
friendB and relatives; many individuals
Eassed Wednesday night in the streets,
ut this they did not appear to crtrc for,
as they came for a frolic, and took this
as one of tho accessories. The only ac?
cident which occurred, as far as wo have
heard, was caused by tho premature dis?
charge of a cannon, while tiring a salute
at sun-riBC, by the Raleigh Light Artil?
lery; the vent was improperly held, when
the cartridge ignited and Mr. Williams,
familiarly known as "Dutch," had his
loft hand so shattered as to require am?
putation, and tho loft so badly injured
as to necessitate tho lopping off of his
thumb and the ends of the fingers; tho
left aide of his face was also badly hurt,
and it is feared his left eyo rs perma?
nently injurod. Williams was an old
Confederate, and served four years under
Qen. Kershaw.
Columbia sent a strong delegation?
the Phconix Hook and Ladder Company,
with their handsome and serviceable
truck; detachments from the Independ?
ent and Palmetto steamers; delegates
from the Bums Club, with their piper;
besidos several hundred citizens. Ex?
cursion trains wero run over tho various
railroads at roducod rates. A great con?
venience was a restaurant car, which
camo through, from Wilmington, and
furnished tho hungry pussengers with
a substantial breakfast at a reasonable
figure.
The procession was vory large, and
was composed of city and visiting com?
panies of military and firomen, and
many distinguished gentlemen in car
riagos?notable among whom were Gov.
Hendricks, of Indiana; ex-Gov. Graham,
ex-Qov. Vanco and Gov. Brogden, of
North Carolina; ex-Gor. Walker, of Vir?
ginia; Gov. Chamberlain, of South Ca?
rolina; Hon. J. M. Bright, of Tennessee,
and many others. Gen. W. R. Cox
acted as Chief Marshal, (Gen. Joseph E.
Johnston, who was to act in that capaci?
ty, being detained at home by sickness.)
Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, of Richmond,
commanded*the military. A brilliant ar?
ray of Assistant Marshal* sustained Gen.
Cox and enabled him to keep tho vast
concourse of people in order. After
passing through several of tho principal
streets?everynouse being decorated with
flags and streamers?tho procession then
moved to the Fair Grounds as follows:
Richmond Howitzers; ltaleigh Light In?
fantry; Fayettoville light Infantry; Fay?
ettoville Brass Band; Fayettoville Inde?
pendent Light Infantry; Rowan Rifles,
from Salisbury; tho remnant of tho
Eleventh Rogiment, North Carolina State
troops; Charlotte, N. C, Zouaves; Char
lotto Military Institute Cadets, preceded
by their band; King's Mountain Military
Institute Cadets, from Yorkville; Now
bern Silver Cornet Band; Newborn
Steam Firo Company; Independent Hook
and Ladder Company, of Charlotte, with
band; Fair field, S. C., Firo Company;
Re8cuo Firo Company, No. 1, from Ra?
leigh; detachments of the Palmetto and
Independent Fire Companies, from Co?
lumbia; Pficenix Hook and Ladder Com?
pany, from Columbia; Wilmington, N.
C, Cornet Band; Wilmington Hook and
Ladder Company; Drum Corps,1 Wil?
mington; Little Giant Steam Fire Com
Sany, Tarboro, N. C.; Hook and Ladder
ompany; Stonewall Fire Company,
Chester; Pioneer Fire Company, Rock
Hill, S. C-; Hook and Ladder Company,
from York, S. C.; Greensboro, N. C, Fire
Company; Charlotte Hornet Firo Com?
pany; a boat captured from the British
sloop Diligence, 1705, and manned by
eight lads, in sailor costume, from Wil?
mington; Salem, N. C, Cornet Band;
Masonic bodies, lodges, Ac; Good Tem?
plars and other civic organizations;
Anson County delegation, with banner
inscribed "Allegiance ceases when pro?
tection is withdrawn;" survivors of Com?
pany H, Thirty-fifth North Carolina
Troops; Cleveland County delegation,
with banner inscribed "Cleveland,
Shelby, King's Mountain -October 7th,
1780;" Patrons of Husbandry, headed by
Columbus Mills, Grand Master of the
State Grange; Raleigh Cornet Band.
Carriages containing amongst others
Gov. Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana;
G*v. D. H. Chamberlain, of South Caro?
lina; ex-Gov. Wm. A. Graham, of North
Carolina; ex-Gov. Gilbert ('. Walker, of
Virginia; Hon. A. M. Kelly, Mayor of
Richmond; Gen. Robert Ransom; Chief
Justice F. J. Moses, of South Carolina;
Judge H. N. Davidson, of Tennessee;
Judge Settle and Associates, of the
North Carolina Supreme Court; Gen.
Thomas L. Clingman, Col. John H.
Wheeler. Next came a delegation of
Scotchmen from Columbia, 8. C, Char?
lotte, N. C, and Cumberland and Robe
son Counties, (the latter immortal as tho
scene of Flora McDonald's devoted
loyalty,) with bag-pipes and banner with
the lion rampant in the centre and the
Scotch thistle at each corner. Lastly,
tho citizens generally in a vast multitude.
The procession reached the Fair
Grounds at 12 M., where a large platform
had been erected for the orators, mar?
shals and distinguished guests, the front
of which was ornamented with a num?
ber of hornot's nests, in commemoration
of the historian's description of the
people of Mecklenburg during the revo?
lution. 1
tlov. Wm.'"A. Graham, whose father
was one of tho Signers of tho Mecklen?
burg . declaration and a distinguished
soldier or the Revolution, conducted the
ceremony and introduced the speakers,
first making an elegant little speech per?
tinent to tho' occasion. After prayer by
Rev. Dr, Mill or, of Charlotte, Maj. Seaton
Gales' 'read fhe Meoklenburg declara?
tion of independence, profaoing it with
a neat and timely speech whioh brought
round after round of applause from the
audienoe. The orators of tho day, Hon.
John Kerr, on the part of North Caro?
lina, and Hon. J. M. Bright, on tho part
of Tennessee, were then introduced.
Eaoh^poko about ono hour, eloquently
dirfeadiritf^h^Mooklenburg declaration,
the -State of North 'Carolina and tho
South, and claiming that the people Of
this State and section were loyal to the
Government, and would bo remain, pro?
vided constitutional guarantees were not
violated. A synopsis of these able and.
beautiful efforts 1a not possible. After
the orators concluded, loud calls woro
made for Hendrioks and Vance, The
latter responded briefly and in his happy
manner. As the Governor was conclud?
ing lhe platform gave way, and preoipi
tated tho speaker and a number of the
distinguished guests to the ground. For?
tunately no one was hurt, and Vance
finished with the remark that he "al?
ways succeeded in bringing down the
house." The oldest living man, it is be?
lieved?Mr. James Bolk, of Union
County?was on the'stand. Mr. B. is
110 years of age, is the father of twenty
two children, ten of whom reached tho
age of manhood; was for fifty-two years
a magistrate, and distinctly remembers
the signing of the Mecklenburg declara?
tion. His father was a revolutionary
soldier.
The speaking having boon concluded,
tho various organizations and the invited
guests were marched to Floral Hall,
where a handsome collation had been
Kropared. Upon the conclusion of the
anquet, a number of telegrams wero
read by Mayor Johnston, of Charlotte,
including ono from tho National Centen?
nial Committee, expressing congratula?
tions, and another from tho Convention
of tho Protestant Episcopal Church, now
in session at Newborn, N. C, of a simi?
lar congratulatory character. In response
to loud calls Gov. HendrickH, of Indiana,
rose and addressed the assemblage, the
toast being the United States. Ho de?
clared in favor of the sovereignty of the
States, whilo acknowledging tho para?
mount authority of the General Govern?
ment, and said no true union could
exist until the great principle was firmly
established and constitutional limitations
of power was respected. Tho speaker
was frequently interrupted by prolonged
applause, and tho greatest enthusiasm
was manifested during the continuance
of his remarks. Gen. Bradley T. John?
son was then called to tho stand, and
paid a glowing compliment to North
Carolina, saying that her people were
tho first robels in this country, and they
would over be found rebellious when
their rights were infringed. Gov. Brog
den followed Gen. Johnson, after which
the assembly dispersed.
In the evening, there was a very gene?
ral illumination, and an immense con?
course of people assembled in Indepen?
dence Square, corner Trade and Tryon
streets, where a platform had been erect?
ed. After ropeatod discbarges of artille?
ry and u fine display of tire-works, tho
speaking was resumed. Ex-Gov. Vanoe
introduced ex-Gov. Hendricks, who said
it gave him pleasure to be present on so
interesting an occasion, but he did not
come to make a speech jhowever, he could
not but express tho gratification he felt
when on leaving his home he saw in Ten?
nessee, in Georgia?tho Empire State of
the South?and even in South Carolina,
the evidences of returning prosperity.
His heart was touched with gladness to
seo that the recent wounds were rapidly
healing, and ho hoped that all would
bo blessed with a full measure of re?
newed vigor, wealth and happiness.
This centennial commemorates tho great?
est ovont in American history. On this
spot North Carolina declarod herself free
and independent of Great Britain, and
from this beginning sprung tho free and
independent union of American States and
all the glories and blessings that have
been showered upon it. You, my fellow
citizenB, have been spoken to as if the
principles, tho memories and the glories
of the Mecklenburg declaration were all
your own exclusive property, but
these are common property. Indiana
asserts her title to a share in them, and
they belong of right to every section of
tho country. Gev. Hendrioks said a
great deal in the same strain and spirit.
His speech was well received, and cheer
after cheer rent tho air. Gov. Vance be?
ing loudly called for, said that Mecklen?
burg was the home of American liberty.
Hero it was born, but here shall it never
be buried. Wo should bo on good terms
with all who sympathize truly with us in
this celebration. The rebels of 1801 are
tho good friends of constitutional liberty
as well as tho rebels of 1775.
Gov. Chamberlain, of South Carolina,
followed, and was loudly applauded.
Ex-Gov. Walker, of Virginia, fired up
and made something of a political
speech; Hon. H. M. Polk, of Tennessee,
ex-Gov. Vance, of North Carolina, and
others also addressed tho immenso
assemblage. Tho festival was a success
in every sense of the term.
The race course, adjacent to the Fair
Grounds, attracted many persons. Col.
Bacon's Granger sustained his well
earned reputation, and won his race
without difficulty. There were several
trials of speed, which caused a large
amount of money to change hands.
Tho chicken disputes between North
and South Carolina resulted disastrously
for the latter.
Tho town ot Charlotte, N. C, was
located in 1707, and tho original grant
was for 160 acres to Abraham Alexander,
Thomas Polk and John Frohock, as
trustees and directors of the town. Tho
old Court House, whore the Mecklenburg
declaration was adopted, was situated at
the intersection of tho two principal
streets of thiB day, Trade and Tryon
streets, tho latter named after the Colo?
nial Governor. The Court House, which
was also used for ohuroh meetings, has
long since disappeared. The spot oc?
cupied by it is known as Independent
Square. During the revolutionary war
the British occupied Charlotte at one
time, and the house in which Lord Corn -
wallis had his headquarters is still
pointed out, though repeated -.repairs
nave left only a few timbers of the
original structure. It was during tho
occupation of the town by the British
that the plaoo received the appellation of
"The Hornets' Nest of America," on ac?
count of the opposition the invaders
met with from the inhabitants. The old
Court House of independence memory
was a log house. It was suoooodod by a
brick building with a hip roof, which
had been also swept away fifty years ago.
The whipping post and stooks and
pillory stood in the middlo of the street
The first churoh was built in Charlotte
on the oito whore the First Presbyterian
Church now stands. Before this,the in?
habitants either worshipped at the Court
House prat Sugar Creek,-where tho old
grave-yard is.
Charlotte was quite an important point
in'the .ohain of Southern towns, and
cities d?rftig the war for Confederate in
dopendenco. It is tho centre of a rieb
agricultural region, and on the line of
soverol railroads having soa-coast outlets,
tid o?h?eoted with Baltimore and the
orth by rail. It is also in tho centre of
is North Carolina gold region, which in
years past was productive of hard pan
;*?7eUp1r jackets/' The inhabitants are
active, industrious and progressive. In
the ten years that have elapsed since the
war, the stronger who had not visited
tho plaoo in tho interval would scarcely
know it on account of the rapid progress
and development. Tho population is
8,000, an increase of fifty per cent, in ten
years. Added to this are new buildings
and a hotel larger than the St. Clair Hotel
in Baltimore, several factories and large
cotton warohouses and immense storage
places of business. Being a great distri?
buting point for groceries, drugs, chemi?
cals^ fertilizers, dry goods and nations,
there are sumo stores equal to similar
places of business in Baltimore.
The rapid growth of Charlotte since
the war is attributed largely to the great
development of its cotton interest. Char
lotto draws this staple from fourteen
Counties of North Carolina and seven of
South Carolina, with much from Georgia
also, through the Piedmont Air Line
from Atlanta, some of which latter goes
also to Greensboro. In 1855, the annual
sale of cotton in Charlotte was 3,000
bales. In I860, it was 12,000 bales. In
I860, when business revived after the
war, it was also 12,000 bales. For the
year ending August SI, 1871, the actual
sales reached 40,000 bales, and it is ex?
pected will go up to 50,000 bales in 1875.
There is no doubt that Charlotte has now
grown tu be ouc of the leading and im?
portant grocery and wholesale markets
of the South, as is claimed for it by its
merchants.
Moss Absents.? Messrs. C. ii. Frank?
lin and Elihu Young, two very respecta?
ble citizens of this County, were arrested
on last Tuesday, for the murder of Wade
Perrin, about the time of the election
trouble in October, 1870. These same
two men were among the batch of pri?
soners tried for same offence before
Judge Bond, of the United States Court
at Columbia, in 1872, which resulted in
a mistrial. Mr. Young was arrested
upon the affidavit of Josh Kerns, who
alleges to have seen the killing, and Mr.
Franklin upon the affidavit of Joseph
Crews, "upon information and belief."
The two prisoners were carried before
Judge Moses, at Chambers, and bailed
in bonds of $5,000 each, to answer any
bill of indictment hereafter found against
thorn in accordance with said allegation.
The caldron still boils.
The grand jury for present term of
Court tor this County found no bill
against Mr. Daniel C. Dendy, formerly ot
this County, but now of Greenville, who
was arrested at that place on last Friday,
charged with the murder of Bill lliley,
(colored,) at the election difficulty which
took place here in October, 1870. When
will this oppression cease? It is high
time it had stopped. Mr. Dcndv is one
of. the most peaceable, law-abiding men
in the Shite. He is a native of this
County?born, reared and lived here
until tho frosts of more than sixty win?
ters had whitened his locks. A few
months ago, ho removed to Greenville,
for the purpose mainly of educating one
of his relatives, and for tho benefit of his
health, which had become somewhat im?
paired. It is a great hardship, not to call
it cruel and oppressive, to drag an old
man from his home upon more "infor?
mation and belief?a flimsy, false
affidavit. ? Laurcnsvillc Herald.
Great Britain has another quarrel on
hand with China, the cause this time
being the murder of one of her subjects
by a Celestial mob, and she is pushing
her demands for satisfaction with all tho j
boldness she has always displayed on
similar occasions where tho issue was
with a weaker or barbarous State, and
which contrasts sharply with her timidity
in European polities. Tho policy, how
over, is no reflection upon her courage,
rather a credit to her wisdom. England
has ceased to interfere in the affairs of
her neighbors, and grown to be the most
careful of all nations in tho protection
of her subjects. An Englishman is
almost as sat'o now in any quarter of the
globe as he is in his house, which, from
time immemorial, has been his castle.
The punishment she has inflicted on
China in the'past; tho expeditions to
Magdala and Conmassie; the summary
demands upon Panama, for indem?
nity for the indignity to her
Consul, and the promptness with which
she compelled Spain to indemnify
her for the massacre of her subjects at
Santiago du Cuba, arc examples of a
faithful watch over her people, which
would make oven u citizen of the United
States proud to be a subject of ('rent
Britain. There are no Dr. Howard and
Dockery episodes in her history.
China. -The steamship Alaska has ar?
rived at San Francisco with advices from
China and Japan to tho 17th ultimo. The
period of mourning for the lato Emperor
expired on April 20. It was thought
that another period of mourning would
bo proclaimed for tho lato Empress.
Strong suspicions exist that tho young
Empress was sacrificed to avoid compli?
cations in the event of her oxpected child
{?roving a son. The Viceroy of Chihli
las petitioned the throno for the intro?
duction of Western studies into tho
Chinese schools, and it is regarded as
not improbable that his request will be
!;mntcd. Demands for satisfaction for
ho murder of Mr. Margary have been
Eresented to the Chinese Government
y tho British Ministor, but tho former
are endeavoring to evade responsibility
on the ground of lack of jurisdiction.
The British Government, however,
threatens to take the punishment of tho
offenders into its own hands.
The army of Russia is set down at
2,900,000 mon, 200,000 of whom aro Cos?
sacks. This is an immense force, and
has the appearance of a vast power, but
reflection upon the chook such an army
is to prod notion and population will
quickly invest it with all the attributes
Of an exhaustive agency. The keeping
of so large a number of men nndor arms,
or subject to the martial call at any mo?
ment, tends to keop Russia stationary,
while all tho rest of Europe is advancing
with giant strides in wealth, culture and
population.
Attend Perry Jb Slawson'a clearance
sales of cigars.
Cm Mattebs.?If you are asked to
lend your Phoenix, suggest to the would
be borrower that he bad better subacribe.
Heading matter on every page.
Attend Perry A- Slawson'a clearance
saloH of cigars.
Fishing parties, excursions, festivals
and spelling bees are now in season.
Attend Ferry & Slawson's clearance
sales of cigars.
Among the good things offered for
?sale by Mr. Laurey, is a lot of ripe pine?
apples-juicy and of delicate flavor.
Dealersand Smokers, go to "The Cigar
Store" and sec the piles of odd brands
that m ill be sold cheap.
Dr. E. E. Jackson's twistificator dis?
plays the magical numbers 93. Step in?
side and he will interpret the meaning.
The strawberries grown at Vallo Cru
cis are largo and sweat, and aro sold in
quantities at the low price of fifteen
cents a quart.
Boware of inquisitive persons - there?
fore beware of reporters. A wonderful
curiosity to know it, is generally accom?
panied with as great a desire to tell it
again.
House-keepers remember -that paper
is preferable to straw beneath carpots,
Mince it is thinner, warmer and noise?
less. Not is the time to subscribe and
save up for next full.
Just received at Mrs. Koenig's, oppo?
site the market, new cucumbors, toma?
toes, potatoes, Bermuda onions, otc.;
fine oranges, lemons, strawberries, and
groceries in general, (live her a call and
examine the goods.
Messrs. H. E. Handy, of the New York
Tribune, and H. V. Redfield, of the Cin?
cinnati dnntnercial, who have acquired
considerable reputation from their
lengthy and truthful correspondence
from the South, are in the city.
Mr. F. \V. Helmick, of Cincinnati, has
furnished us with copies of his latest
musical publications ? "As Pretty at a
Little Butterfly," and tho "Riding Gal?
lery Schottisch"? two lively little pieces,
one of them arranged as a double song
and dance.
A meeting of n so-called "survivors,
association" was recently held at tho
State House- -tho surviving County Au?
ditors and Treasurers of the State. The
Governor was complimented and busi?
ness of importance to the office-holders
was considered.
The firemen and the members of tho
Burns' Club returned from Charlotte,
yesterday morning, and were met at tho
depot by the Columbia Silver Cornet
Band and escorted to the various engine
and truck-houses. Nearly every man
had a flag, varying in size from a few
inches to fifteen or twenty feet; a "God?
dess of Liberty" also adorned Phoenix
truck. These mementoes will be trea?
sured not only as remembrances of the
centennial, but of the kind treatment
they received from the citizens of Char?
lotte. :
-* ? -?i?
Gen. Stephen D. Lee, who was lately
on a visit to Columbia and is traveling
through the Stato as superintendent of
the agencies of the Alabama Gold Insur?
ance Company, of Mobile, represents
that tho condition of agriculture in
Mississippi and Alabama is deplorable,
and growing worso from year to year.
He considers Georgia in great financial
stress also, but from other causes. As
to South Carolina, wo find him reported
in the Greenwood JVcio Era as saying,
that she is, agriculturally, fur in advance,
to all appearance, of other States that
he had visited. He attributes this pros?
perity, as it appears to him, to the system
of small farms, and the uncommonly
hopeful spirit of our people. Ho has
found no croakers here.
Illicit Tkaffio in V\'miskf.y. ?The
Union Time* is credibly informed that
wagons are constantly traversing that
County, unlawfully selling whiskey by
the bottle, gallon, or in any other quan?
tity, at cross-roads and in the woods
after dark. It is said that thoso illicit
traders frequently camp in the wooda on
the suburbs of tho town, on Saturday
nights, and colored peoplo have been
seen nearly all night going to and from
them with jugs and bottles. Complaints
have been made to the United States au?
thorities by some of the best citizens of
the County, that this traffic is becoming
so flagrant and injurious that many
froodmen who last year made enough
corn und other provisions to do thorn
this year, havo either sold those provi
bartered thorn directly to these whiskey
dealers.
The Times very properly remonstrates
against this petty and demoralizing traf?
fic. It deprecates the consequences
which may ensuo if it is not abandoned,
of United States Marshals and soldiers
again scouring the country and causing
excitement and trouble among the
people. It calls upon those engaged in
it to stop at once; and appeals to all law
abiding citizens to exercise their influ?
ence to put it down effectually.
? ? ?
Mas. Oates.?This popular actress,
who met so much success in this city,
has given to the public the history of tho
wrongs sustained by her from her hus?
band. Together with many other things,
she says that Mr. Titus' parting saluto
was hurling a watch whioh had been
presented him by her first husband at
her head, but that the time-keeper struck
against tho head of the bedstead and was
smashed into 1,000 atoms. This certainly
1 was parting time.
sions for money
to buy cheap whisl
3W
Court or Common Pleas.?The Court
met nt 10 A. M*., yesterday.
In tho case of Thos. W. Boryy vs. John
English) the verdict was for plaintiff for
*1KT Win, Ss Ro? v? the Ores nville and
Columbia Railroad Company, verdict for
plaintiff for $40. G. A. Kamcner vs.
Stephen Sheridan, verdict for plaintiff
for $04. The Columbia Water Power
Company vs. the city of Columbia, ver?
dict for plaintiff for $12,859. Carolina
National Bank vs. Thos. J. Mackcy, vor
dict for plaintiff for $001.33. Tho petit
jurors were then' discharged, the Court
thanking them for the faithful, efficient
and intelligent manner in which they
had discharged their duties. The case
of Thos. Withers vs. Joseph Jenkins, on
Calendar No. 2, was ordered for hearing
hefore Hon. B. B. Carponter, at cham?
bers, in June next; also, the case of F.
Schmidt vs. Libelt, on Calendar No. 5.
Wells A Caldwell vs. Blakoly A Gibbe*.
conditional; new parties ordered; case to
bo heard at chambers. Sarah Pool vs.
Caleb Bouknight, executor It- 0. Shiver,
deceased; decree for $1,200 granted the
plantifl*. Mrs. Bawls vs. John Raleigh,
order of divorcement granted plaintiff.
Man,' E. Black vs. the Carolina and
Southern Life Insurance Companies, re?
ferred to F. W. McMoster, Esq., as spe?
cial referee.
Tho Court then adjourned until IIA.
M., to-day.
List of New Advertisements. '
Kinard A Wiley?Clothing, Ac.
Geo. S. Higgins?Cows For Sale.
C. C. Montgomery?Notice.
Perry A Slawson?Clearance Sale.
Hotel Arrivals, May 20.?ifhnsior.
House?F. Hallowelle, N. C; W. S.
Scott, Go.; G. North, A. Crawford, E. W.
Wheeler, J. T. Sloan, Jr., city; P. T.
Villipugue, Spartanburg; J. McQueen,
J. E. Koith, Dr. J. F. Culpeper, Tim
monsville; J. L. Black, Charleston; L.
E. DcSaussnre, city; J. W. Stavus, Doko.
Columbia Hotel?W. MoKenzie, N. C.:
E. B. Meade, Va.; J. Campbell, Charles?
ton; C. M. Smith, N. C: Alex. Y. Lee,
Va.; W. J. McDowell, 8. A TJ. R. R.; J.
M. Soigler, G. A C. R R.
llendrix House?C. A. C. Mngge, J. C.
Chalmers, N. C.; C. Heard, Ga.; H C.
Sniai-t, W. H. Crain, S. C.
Consignees by South Carolina Rail?
road, May 19, 1875.?Cooper A Taylor,
J. A. Hendrix A Bro., G. W. Smith A
Broughton, Loriok A Lowronce, Cun?
ningham A Co., J. E. Gyles, agent. Cope
land A Bearden, Mrs. E. F. Fanning,
J. H. Altee, S. Sheridan, Geo. Symmers,
J. Witcofskey, J. C. Seegers, M. Comer
ford, J. D. Bateman.
Provide Against Danoer.?At this sea?
son all the great lines of travel begin to
swarm with human beings intent on
business or pleasure. Are these moving
multitudes aware of the danger which
ensues from drinking different varieties
of water and breathing atmospheres to
which their lungs are unacoustomed?
Do they realize how important it is to be
pre-ormed with an antidote .that will de?
fend their systems from the evil conso
quences of such changes and from all
ailments and disturbances which arise
from the miasma so plentifully evolved
from the soil at this period of the year?
Such on antidote?certain in its protec?
tive operation and free from everything
objectionable in its composition and
flavor?has been for twonty years before
tho world. No instance con be adduced,
during that period, in which Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters has failed as an accli?
mating medicine, or as a preventive of
the bodily ills to which the undefended
system is liable in unhealthy localities.'
A good appetite, perfect digestion, a
vigorous condition of tho nervous sys?
tem, functional regularity and a puro
and active circulation are the elements
of health, and these signal blessing may
bo secured and perpotuated by the use
of this powerful, yet harmless, vegetable
tonic. Such is the experience of all who
have ever taken it as a safeguard against
the diseases which debility, irregularity
and a morbid condition of the solids and
fluids of tho body are sure to invite.
May 21f2?3
The Sioux chieftains who are at Wash?
ington do not seem to bo willing to part
with their Black Hills possessions on
such easy terms as did the original
dwellers in Penn's woods, with the land
upon which we now live, nor as ready,
as somo of their immediate progenitors
were, to swap an aero for a dram. In?
deed, they have developed a shrewdness
for bargaining, and a propensity for
over-reaching those who would deal with
them, which equal, if they do not sur?
pass, tho same qualities in more civilizod
and guileful men. Tho Government,
we aro told, apprehends a great deal of
trouble in treating with them, and the
Interior Department very probably de?
spairs of cheating them. We are truly
grateful for this, even while we are not
the most sincere admirers of tho noble
red man.
It is truly wonderful, the variety and
ingenuity of the conveniences for the
desk and offico?pens of varied patterns,
inkstands possessing unmberless ad?
vantages, letter files, each one the beet,
envelopes of size and qnnbtiers infinite.
It is almost bewildering to5 enter the
large Broad street storo of Walker,
Evans A Cogswell, in Charleston, and
see the number of these attractions.
Here you find the largest stationery
stock South of Baltimore, and you only
have two troubles?first, sufficient cash;
and, second, tho difficulty in deciding
among the many things offered, each
equally suitable to your wants. M7f
-m
Foreign immigration still continues to
exhibit a decided decline, the arrivals at
New York in April having been 5,066
less than for the corresponding month
last year. The causes are well known
and it is not necessary to repeat them.
There is no prospect of a revival before
the return of general business prosperity
throughout the republic, the great num?
bers now out of employment causing the
moat discouraging reports to be sent to
Europe. The emigration to California
by rail is chiefly composed of our own
people. Whether the decline is perma?
nent remains to be seen, but it is very
clear that the injury done to the immi?
grant business in deep-seated and not to
be easily remedied.
Attend Ferry A Slawson'a clearance
sales of cigars.

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