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_i___ Wednesday Morning, June 2,1875. Journalism.?The Richmond Enquirer ha? n good idea of modern journalism. It declares thut the popular notion that j almost any man with a fair share of bruins un4 a good English education can I make himself an editor after u little practice, is a mistake thut sometimes misleads an unwary youth fresh from "academic groves," especially if he has the reputation among his fellowsuf being *'a tine writer." It is one thing to indite an essay at college, or, in Inter years, to prepare an article now and then on some subject of interest to tho author, and it is quite another thing to write regularly, on all sorts of questions, in all sorts of I styles, for all sorts of tastes, from day to ?day, through the winter, and tho spring, and tho summer, und the fall. And it is I not tho writing only?it is judging what to touch, and what to leave 'untouched, with the editorial stylus that is so deli? cate a weapon to wield; in judgiug what to print and what not to print of the . thousand contributions that come; in keeping the policy of the paper clear, and consistent, nnd right, and true. A | man may write like Junius, or Gibbon, or Macaubvy, or Irving, and yet he may bo not only unlit for the editorship of a daily paper, from the want of the proper judgment und experience, but he may not have that ever-recurring, ever-recu? perating creative capacity so rigorously required. The editor of a daily paper can sympathize with Sisyphus in rolling that famous stone from the bottom of the hill to tho top, when it would always come rolling back again. What we have said was suggested by an article in the Philadelphia Pre**, referring to oilers of editorial assistance made by professors and students of colleges, with a view to intellectual amusement and improvement during the summer months. We make tbo following extract from it: "It has often occurred to us that, wero tho duties and the difficulties of journal? ism mere fully appreciated and under? stood, there would bo fewer volunteers nt the portals of the sanctum, and did we feel competent to the tusk, we should do onr correspondents a real favor, by seek? ing to enlighten them as to the true nature of the work they would under? take us a pleasant summer pastime But I there are one or two points to which we venture to call the attention of our well disposed friends, which they may not have considered, and which may serve to show them why their services are not called into requisition. It is not be? cause they lack scholarship or abilities, or qualities of good sense, that they are not wanted in journalism, bnt because they have no training for its duties. The difference between a college man and the practised journalist is the difference be? tween the raw recruit and the trained soldier. Journalism is now universally recognized as a profession, und it is a profession which requires a long and thorough training for the proper per? formance of its duties. It is not merely a pleasant occupation for a summer vaca? tion, but a calling of the highest arid' most arduous character, for which years of study and practical training arc pre? requisites* We hardly think any of our correspondents who think they could be of ohm in newspaper work, would tender thepr services for the summer to the sur? geon to help him saw off legs, or to help the) lawyer along in his complex cases before the Courts; yet the offer wonld really be but little more presumptuous in the one case than in the other." Hie mystery of young Casper Hauser at otie time agitated Europe equally with that of tho Iron Mask. The New York Su>ulay Mercury claims that the boy's idedtity boa at last been established, and bases its article, which we publish this morning, upon the revelations of tho Frankfort Gaiette, which have made an immense sensation in Germany and caused the paper to bo prosecuted by powerful nobles, who are interested in keeping the truth of Casper Hauser buried in his grave. If the statements of the Frankfort Gazelle arc founded upon fact, and the mystery is a mystery no more, we need not yet despair of finding out who murdered Dr. Burdell, tho authorship of "Juntas," or who stole the Augusta diamonds. The Burdens of Louisiana.?In bis last letter to the New York Herald upon tho condition of Louisiana, Mr. Charles Nordhoff gives a thoroughly detailed and painfully interesting account of the bur? dens that oppress the tux-payers of that State. In 1860 the whole expense, con? tingent nnd otherwise, of the Legislature ol the State was under $100,000. In 1873 it was well up to $500,000. Last year it was a smaller sum, but still $60,000 above the Comptroller's estimate of the proper oost In 1861 the State tax amounted to 29 cents en every $100. In 1867, the year before reconstruction, to 37$ cents, and in 1874, after reaching a much higher figure, to $1.45, to which sum it is limited by the Constitution. In spite of this enormous tax, the State debt has trebled since 1866, and nt the beginning of the present year it stood st $50,'597.395, explained in large part by railroad, penitentiary and other jobs. The city of New Orleans is made to pay a very large part of the State tax. It has now a debt of its own amounting to $22, 000,00?, and its tax rate has been run np to 3 per cent, while about $17,000,000 of its bonds are worth but 35 cents on the doflar-in the market There should have been some hanging in Louisiana. The miners are unfortunate in their strike. / It is how stated that there is an over-production of coal in the Pennsyl? vania collieries, and that the men axe not tikely to obtain work, even if they aban? don their demands for higher pay. Tax Origin or Newspapers.? Who thought of the newspaper first? It seems to have had its birth in that land of vivid gesture and grave gossip, Italy, and the first paper of which we have any record was a monthly, published in Venice by order of the Government, in manusoript, as printing had not then been invented. It was called a Uazetla, which word is a derivative of (iaziera, the name of a mag? pie or chatterer. In the Magliabcchia Library, at Florence, arc now to be seen thirty volumes of Venetian gazettes, in manuscript, the la"?t of which is dated in the sixteenth century. The Venetian Conservatives clung to their script alter printing was an accomplished fact. The epoch of the Spanish Armada, in Eng? land, was the epoch of the first English newspaper. In the British Museum are preserved several newspapers which were printed in 1588, while the Spanish licet lay in the British Channel. The earliest of these is entitled the English Jdercurie, which, by authority, "was imprinted at London by her Highness' printer, 15H8." So to the sagacious forethought of the great Queen Bess, and the wise policy of the great Ministor Burleigh, the English speaking peoples of the world are in? debted for the in^d"! of our present ne cessity, the nowsoaper. Deprive us?ye sweet cherubs who sit up aloft, ye weird Bisters three who preside over our fates? deprive us of our boots, our breakfasts, our funds in banks, but take not from us our morning papers. In this early jour? nal are the news of the day and a well written article, designed to arouse and Btiffen timid loyalty, tolls of the disco? very* of a Spanish* plot to murder the Queen. There is a heroic poem, too, called "Elizabeth Triumphant-," by one James Asket; a oritical article on an un? fortunate author, entitled "Father Par? son's Coat Well Dusted," and various witty sayings, all printed in Boman let? ter. To a physician of Paris, lleuandot, belongs the credit of having first collected in fugitive sheets the newa of various countries. This first venture was a weekly, issued in healthy seasons, when fiatients ?"?were few, and the doctor at eisure. He obtained a license to do this in 1632. The first daily paper, after the accession of William and Mary, set its sails to catch the wind of popular favor, by putting on its title page the Orange InMliaencer. Yellow, dusty, in signifu-ant in comparison with our splen? did new sheets of to-day, we still cannot held regarding with a certain reverence these pioneorsof liberty and intelligence, the first newspapers. -? ? Thx New Yobk Phess on the Third Term.?The Herald, referring editorially to tho President's third term political declaration he has made since his acces? sion to office, says it is an exceedingly adroit letter, but far from being satisfac? tory. There is nothing in ,H to prevent Gnint's acceptance of the Presidency for a third term. We shall be surprised if the country accepts this a.s a satisfactory declaration. It would have been much better for his fame, and even for tho welfare of the party he professes to serve, if he had not written it. In a word, the country is told thot the President will not take what is not offered him. The Herald wants a declaration that will destroy C-csurism by limiting all admi? nistrations to one term, and no re-elec? tion ever after. The Times considers that the President's views arc expressed with great simplicity and frankness, and that bis declaration will be deemed satis? factory bv the people. But the persons who originally raised the cry of a third term will not be satisfied; they will pick holes in the letter here and there, take Out detached sentences, and twist them into a significance which they do not Sropcrly possess. The Times confesses iat the letter ought to be accepted by all just and fair-minded men as abso? lutely putting on end to the whole ques? tion, and Republicans should prepare for the work of 1876 without reference to even a possibility of Grant being in the field a.s a candidate. The Tribune says that, although somewhat delphic in its phraseology, tho President's letter will Drohahly he regarded as finally with? drawing Grant's name from the list of candidates for the next Presidency. If he bad only said as much some time ago. what suffering, the Tribune remarks, might have been saved to tho Republican 5tarty. The If 'mid says that nobody can oil to read the extreme reluctance with which the President makes even n pre? tence of resigning his chance to a re? election. His letter, which purports to be a resignation of his pretensions, is not so in fact. The saving clause in it enables him to push those pretensions whenever he chooses, which he means to do whenever he sees a possibility of suc? cess for them. Tire Cotton Crop in Sovtu Carolina. The Committee of Information and Sta? tistics of the Charleston Exchange makes the following statement in reference to the cotton crop in this State, condensed from replies received from the interior, under dutc of May 15: Question - What is the area of land planted in cotton in your section, as compared with last year? State increase or decrease. Answer?83 replies re? ceived, shewing an average decrease of one-hulf of one per cent Question?What has been the character of the weather, and has it been more or less favorable for planting this than last Jear? Answer?48 replies report less ivornble; 17 replies report same as last year; 17 replies report more favorable. Question?How are the stands of cot? ton in your section? Answer?12 answer not good; 7 answer too early to judge; 40 answer good; 24 answer very good. Question?How much earlier or later is the cotton crop this than last year? Answer?82 replies give an average of seven days later. Question- How is the labor in. num? bers end efficiency? Answer?Same as lost year. Question?Has the use of fertilizers iricreased or diminished this as compared with last year? Anawer?81 replies re? ceived/ showing an average increase of 6J per oust [<??>'.; . Question What is the present condi? tion Of the cotton crop in your section? Answer?17 answer not good?nights too cool; 14 answer too early to judge; 38 answer good: 10 answer very good. j Adani Sting nnd wife, each Aged about eighty years, ware burned to death by tbe destruction of their house at East Hamburg, New York, Friday night Tue GasatiVXbna AMD Columbia &4Un | bom)?Its Condition and PnosrECTB. Tho Charleston Kevoa and Courier, speak-1 ing of the report of the President and Directors of the Groenville and Colum? bia Railroad, presented to the stockhold? ers at the annual meeting, held in Co? lumbia on April 20, says it will doubtless be us satisfactory to the public as it proved to be to the owners of the road. The earnings of the year 1874 were $591,-1 934, and the expenses $321,489, leaving a balance of earnings of 5270,445. Asj compared with 1872, there was a decrease | of $39,5118, or six per cent., in the gross earnings, and of $l>,097 in the expenses. This was a very small decrease in com? parison with that shown in the accounts of other Southern railroads, some of which have lost one-fifth of their former earnings. The down freight business of the road shows im increase of about $41,000, and the up freight business a loss of $66,000. The number of bales of I cotton carried in 1S74 was 131,319, and the largest number in any preceding vear was 107,174 in 1873. During 187*1 the sum of $151,678 was spent for 1,212 tons of new rails, threo new locomotives and sixty new freight cars. The equip? ment of the road is still incomplete, and the btiaid liHve uiiuHuy purchased ?>' 0 tons of new rails, and are in treaty for 500 tons more. The road is threatened with a business competition that will tax its energies to the utmost, and it is the part of wisdom to put it in complete or? der as rapidly as its mciiDs will allow. The President well says that business contests, in these times,*are too often to j b-"> waged with companies whose financial Eositiou, affording no hope for the stock olders, consigns the direction of af? fairs to persons whose sole end seems to be to obtain quantities of tons, not pro? fitable returns from investments. The financial condition of the company steadily improves. Three years ago the company was utterly bankrupt. Sin<: then, the past due interest has beenar-] ranged to such an extent that no trouble is anticipated from that source; largo I sums of money have been spent in im-1 proving the property; the interest on th< acknowledged debt has been regularly and promptly paid, and the greater por-! tion of the immense mass of disputed debt, so long the cause of intense anx? iety, has been drawn back to the control of the company. To complete the mngement of the debt, the President and Directors, in their report, asked for! authority to create a first mortgage for1 an amount not exceeding $3,000,000. the bonds to bear not more than 7 per cent interest, and to run not less than twenty years. The stockholders unanimously authorized the making of the mortgage, of which not more than $2,500,000 shall be used for the settlement of the debt, and $-"?00,000 be held in trust, applicable onlv to such acquisitions and addition to the property us have been authorized and approved by the stockholders. Tin Directors do not doubt that this will be acceptable to the holders of all classes of bonds, who will be relieved from carry? ing securities whose status is questioned, and whose value is, therefor", impaired, and will receive in return bonds whose character will be unquestioned, and whose class will commend them to favor? able consideration in financial circles. With the means furnished them by the first mortgage, the Board have great con? fidence in their ability to place the entire indebtedness of the company in a condi? tion of such strength and soundness as to entitle the credit of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad to nmk far beyond what it has ever known. Facts and results show that the affairs of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad have been managed with sagacity and consummate ability. It was a mere wreck, the shuttlecock of rings and cliques, the victim of political ad? venturers. No concern in the South had a future more dark. In three years its worst difficulties have been overcome, its condition is comparatively sound, and it has a prospect of becoming steadily and richly profitable. Th holders of the first mortgage bonds will have a first class security, and stock? holders will soon begin to dream nf| dividends on stock which, not long since, was little better than wast? paper. Pk?ti.j.?; People.? A Boston letter to an Eastern newspaper relates that upon oncof the fashionable South End squares of that city there has lived in a swell front, four-story brick house, until very lately, u woman who has hired for her servant her own sister. The latter was I treated in all respects as a menial, and though the woman and her husband, having no children, dined alone when there was no company in the house, tlu-y never permitted the sister to sit with them. Not only this, but the sist< r scrvnnt was kept at work from early till late, and there was no such thing a leisure for her, or a particle of the con? sideration due from one so nearly related to her. Finally, the woman moved out of town, and the sister determined to find an easier place. Accordingly, she engaged to go to a summer resort as I piistry cook in a fashionable boarding- j housp. Now it has transpired that her sister and former mistress has engaged board for tho warm season not only at this vory resort, but olso at the very house where her sister is to furnish the daily pies and puddings. 1% is truly wonderful, the variety and Ingenuity of the conveniences for the desk and office?pens of varied patterns, inkstands possessing unmberless ad? vantages, letter files, each one the best, envelopes of size and qualities infinite. It is almost bewildering to enter the large Broad street store of Walker, Evans A Cogswell, in Charleston, and see the number of these attractions. Hero you find the largest stationery stock South of Baltimore, and you only have two troubles?first, sufficient cash; aUd, second, the difficulty in deciding among the many things offered, each equally suitable to your wants. M7t The New York Tribune in very fulsome in its praises of Beecher, and asserts his innocence on all occasions. It seems, however, that this is all paid for, the New York Times stating it as a fact that the Tribune gets five dollars per column f#r its verbatim report of the trial and remarks, th** bill being paid by Plymouth Church. Plymouth has thus paid the Tribune so far $8,000 on account That accounts for the Tribune's sturdy cham? pionship for Beecher and his church. ; / Camp, tu Djcpaultino Tmu?0?ib ? ? Camp, the defaulting County Treasurer, has unbosomed himself. He has owned to tu? sufi iuiueauhiueui that the green? backs of the County possossed for him so irresistable a charm that his integrity was overcome. He has disgorged $2,600 of his spoUs, but the clutch of the She? riff is still on him, and we hope the balance will come, for the sake of our tax-burdened people, and the punish? ment he deserves maybe meted out to the thief, for the sake of justice. [tfreexctf/?; Sties. Busimbss is New Your.?The New York Trilmue says t revival oi trade in that city is manifest. With the warmth of spring, it declares, "there has come a rapid development of retail business, and leading houses find their sales much ex? < i ding those of May of last year. In fa'-:, the general testimony is that the spring trade has put a quietus on the ?ry of hard times. ' A lady was recently overheard at an evening assembly speaking in high pmisc of a pretty girl just passing. '?Why she is a perfect paregnau of a voung lady!" *?! think you in can puml hdograiu, do you not?" suggest'd the waggish gentleman addressed, "l said parallelognim, Mr.-," exclaimed the lady, wit'i a combination of dignity and indignation impossible to descibe. Considering the amount of downright wi- kedness left us by Lord Byron, the Brooklyn Arytts' assertion that there is probably not a young lady in this coun? try who would not cheerfully give some? thing toward a monument for him, is rather startling. However, the Argus look- at things from a Brooklyn observ? atory with a ragged edge. A negro, named Harry (.'arte;- was kilted on a plantation, five mil' -. from Augusta, by overseer Z. B. Harris, who found him in the act of skinning a bog. On being accosted, Cur:? r reached fur his gun, which was on the ground near him, but before he could obtain it, Harris tired an wounded him fatally. The Governor has, upon the recom? mendation of Judge T. H. Cooh^, re? moved Alexander llryce. Sr., Trial Jus? tice of Oonne*. Mr. .1. B. Sanders has been Appointed Trial Justice of the same County. N. W. Salley. Notary Public of Aiken," and I). M. Felts. Census Taker of Lancaster. A little girl a? *chon] read thus: '"The widow lived on a limhacy left by her relatives." "What did yon call that word?" asked the teacher; "the word is legacy, not limbaey.*, "But." said the little girl, "mr sister says I must s.iv limb, not leg.'' '?Wei!, doctor, it-.-, no use, Fragoing to die!*' "Nonsense," said the doctor, 1'you're not going to die at all. No man ever died with feet as warm as yours!" '?Aii, yes they did, doctor." - I should like to know who. then';" .-aid the doctor. ??John Re-g-'-s diil," .-aid the patient. A rustic youngster, being asked out to take tea with a friend, was admonish? ed to praise the eatables. Presently the butter was passed to him, when he re? marked. "Very nice butter ?what there is of it," and observing a smile, ho a ided, "and plenty of it -such as it is." The successful railroadist, A. S. Bu ford, Presi.lent of the Richmond* and Danville Railroad, was once a printer. Horace Greelev. Hon. S. S. Cox, Yice President Wilson and a host of others have risen to eminence from the printers' eiuse. "What's your business?" ask 1 the judge of a prihouer at the bar. "Well, s'pose you might call me a locksmith." "When did you last work at your trade?" "Last night, when I heard a call for the police. I made a bolt for the door."| .Yon/, of Brussels, says that in con? sequence of the recent attitude of Eng? land to maintain peace in Europe, public opinion in Germany is agitating the irre? vocable exclusion of England from the concert of the continental powers. Mr. J. Felder Meyers, for several years editor of the Orangeburg Scir$, (Rep.*) ha? seen the error of his ways, resigned from the paper and the Republican party, and will establish a lively Con? servative paper at Blackvillc. it recently rained boiled shrimps in Fntnee, the contents of a water spout ap? parently being tumbled on the' country after the sun had heated the water suili ciently to . "ok the game. Th?! sal 's of real estate recorded in the office of the Register of Mesne Convoy anc s. Charleston, for the w.-.-k ending May 31, aggregates the sum of$S7,362. Mr. .b>i:n Barron. who left Clarendon County some time since t > seltl* in Cali? fornia, has returned '. ? his old home. No pla :e !:ke home. A gang of count' rfeit'Ts l.a- been ar rested at NewCrlenns five tuen and one wontrii. They had S'i'h) in counterfeit nickels, and a full set of plates, dies, etc. Mrs. Young, wife of Captain Charles Young, of Toronto. Ontario, committed suicide a few days ago. This Ls a suicide year, sure. A colored preacher, naniad Jackson Green, died in the pulpit of his church, at Robertville, Colleton County, on Thursday evening last. A report has been brought into Fort Valley that the Indians nave killed a Eartv of whites in the vicinity of the lack Hills. Further particulars of the earthquakes in Asia Minor show that several villages woro destroyed and 2,000 persons lost their lives. $30,000 has been raised by the actors throughout the country for a fund for the family of Dan Bryant. Good manners are always admired by all persons; bad manners are, on the contrary, always despised. Dr. Wm. E. Dearing, a well known and highly popular citizen of Augusta, died a few days ago. Mr. George N. Reynolds, of Fairficld, and Mr. W. D. Bramlette, of Greenville, died last week. Those who believe that money can do everything, are frequently prepared to do everything for money. 4,900 persons by the name of Dural j read e.vu other's letters in Paris. Never put much confidence in those who put no confidence in others. Winnsboro boosts of a goose with four wings. As far \V, st as Nevada, "hundreds are out of work." I Cm Mat IB? ?U jon nrm wk?d to lend your Phoentz, "?ggest to the would - be borrower tbat he bad better subscribe. Reading matter on every page. Snegors' artificial ice is clear and cold ?we've tried it. Senator John J. Patterson is in the eity. Sorrow .shows us truth its the night brings out the st.irs. The fir.st day of summer was delight? ful- a pleasant breeze blowing all day. We pity the p.?er fellow who goes through life nmbnsed, unattached end eului as a summer sunset. Tin* annual pic-nic of the ISrick-ma s'ins' and Plasterers' Link takes place at | Seegers' brewery, to-day. You can get all styles of job printing, from a visiting card to ft four-sheet post? er ti th?> ,Phoenix office. Mr. Taylor, of the Greenville Daily .V?"r.s, is-inth" city. Fit is combining business with pleasure. Old type metal, suitable for many pur? poses about mills, can be obtained at Phoenix office at -~? cents a pound, or 20 cents by the 100 pounds. Columbia is not alone in the appoint i:n nt of a committee to examine into city affairs. A similar committtcc is at work in Charleston. The now nag-staff a' the State House, to take the place of the one blown down during the lute storm, was erected yes terday. Judges Coolte, Reed and Carpenter were on th<" streets, yesterday -a trio of judicial dignitaries. Judge Mackey was her-' a day or two ago. Tin? charges against the ex-Land Com? missioner, the irrepressible C. P. Leslie, arc said to bo unaccounted-for funds of the land commission, fraudulent prac? tices during the recent election in 13am well, and riot heavy. The Mayor of Charleston has ordered the bar-rooms to close their front doors on Sunday. That always was the rule in Columbia; but dry individuals bad the "op? n. ceKume," to the back door of a majority of these institutions. The sale of unclaimed articles at the S luthern Express office comes off to-mor? row - Mr. Jacob Levin being the auc? tioneer. Bargains are sometimes ob? tained ; but, as a general thing, purchasers find they "'pay pretty deur for the whis? tle." The Hoard of Health should begin their inspection of the yards and out? houses throughout the city. In some places there are smells equal, we verily believe, to the famous city of Cologne, which is said to have several hundred different kinds. We regret to learn that it is feared that Lawson Melton, son of the Attorney General, who was appointed to a cadet ship at West Point, will not be able to accept the position ?his expulsion from Annapolis, in consequence of a difficulty with a colored lad, being the stumbling block. Lawson is a promising young man. Sheriff McGukin, of Anderson, ar? rived in the city, yesterday, bringing with him three prisoners, who, by direc? tion of Judge Cookc, will take up their quarters in the Penitentiary for different periods?Charles Calhoun, vagrancy, twelve months: Charles Drake, rape, ten years; Win, Martin, manslaughter, two years. TlIE Work COMPLETED. The sub Committee of Five, appointed to investi gtte the financial condition of the city, have completed their arduous duties, and a meeting will be held thisnfternoon, to submit the report to the Committee of Twenty. There will be a met ting of the entire committee to-morrow morning, at 10 o'clock, at Major Guiick'.s office, Cen? tral Hank building. ?? - ? ? ? ? Omnibuses, carriages an.l spring wagons were occupied all yesterday morning in carrying out, and in the afternoon bringing back, the crowds of Sunday-school children, teachers and visitors to the Schuetzen-platz?the cause of the gathering being the St. Peter's Church Sunday-school pic-nic. j The little folks romped to their hearts' content, the young misses and gents danced, while the older heads looked on. Eatables of every kind were in abun? dance, and the country air gave every? body an appetite. Keep up these frolics ?they cost but little and are very en? joyable. ? ?.??? The Dlvmoxo Robbebt.?All sorts of reports were in circulation, yesterday, relative to thp diamond robbery. The first was, that Lomax had confessed that he had taken the cross, while another officer had the diamond; another was, that the Mayor had received a letter or telegram from Augusta, stating that the missing articles had been mysteriously returned, etc., with others of a similar nature. Upon inquiry, wc learned that all these reports were mere fabrications, j and the mystery is as deep as ever. Ex Policeman Lomax was arrested, yester-1 day, on the affidavit of Chief Nixon, that to the best of his knowledge and belief, | Lomax either had the missing articles in j his possession or knew where they were. ' Lomax was carried before Trial Justice , Marshal, his counsel (Speaker Elliott) waived an examination, and he was or-' dercd to prison, in default of $1,000 bail. 1 Horn - AmtlU, Jane 1.? SPinufnn Mount-R, A- Young, Mrs. E. E. Wilt berger, H. It. Wfiiberger. Louis .Lo Conte, city; W. H. McLaugblin, U. S. A.; W. J. Young and wife, city; A. E. Smith, S. C; E. M. Tavlor, Greenville; A. J. Sitton, Mrs. M. N*. Sitton, Pendleton; J. D. Smith, James Turner, Union; Win. McGukin, J. It Drennan, Anderson: 13. F. Maul din, Williamston. List ok New Advertisements.-? Richland Lodge. No. 30, A. F. M. W. B. liurke -Mackerel, Potatoes, Ac. A Wholesome Stimvi.ant, that is An solutely Pure.?Physicians throughout tho world agree as to the necessity for diffusive stimulants in medical practice, but complain, ami with good reason, of the impossibility of obtaining them pure. The difficulty here presented would be a serious one indeed, if the class of agents was limited to the adulterated liquor* and wines of trade. It vanishes, now cver, when the absolute purity and ex? traordinary restorative properties of Hostetter's Bitters are taken into con? sideration. As a stimulant the article is absolutely free from everything objec? tionable: but this is only one of its re? commendations. If it were nothing more than an excitint its effects would be fleeting. It might refresh nnd revive the system for a few minutes, but could produce no permanent benefit. The stimulating elements of the Bitters is a means, not an end. Tho tonic, anti bilions, depnrativc and aperient vegeta? ble juices combined in the preparation arc the agents that impart vigor and regularity to the weakened and disor? dered organization, the spirituous princi? ple being chiefly useful in diffusing their influence through the system and other? wise facilitating their operation. Alco? hol, even in its purest form, is not so much a medicine as a motive power, by which the specifics of the vegetable kingdom may be brought to bear upon the debilitutod and disordered organs that require renovating and regulating; and it is in this way that the pure es? sence of rye incorporated in Hostetter's Hitters increases the efficiency of tho purely medical ingredients. M28t3*l The Indians out West have a regular mating season in the spring, when they do all their wooing, omitting such fool? ishness during the remainder of the year. The ship Henrietta, which was built at Bucksville, Horry County, and launch? ed on the 29th of Aprii, has sailed on her first voyage. Bichland Lodge, No. 39, A. F. M. A THE BEGULAB Communica TCJr"tion of this Lodge will be held at Ar^ Masonic Hall, THIS (Wednesday) EVENING, at 8 o'clock. By order of the W. M. E. K. ARTHUR, June 2 1 Secretary. Mackerel! Mackerel!! Mackerel!!! -I f\ BBLS. Nos. 1 and 2 MACKEREL, JLvr new crop; 20 half and quarter bbls. ditto; 100 kits Nos. 1 and 2, new crop. Direct from Boston; weights gua? ranteed; warranted not repacked; kita from $1.75 up; large packages in propor? tion. For sale by W. B. BURKE, Com. Merchant, City Hall Building. ? < June 1 1 New Potatoes, Cabbages, Early Track. -I f\ BARRELS prime new FOTA JLU TOES. 10 Crates prime new POTATOES. 5 Crates ONIONS, SQUASHES and BEANS; 250 CABBAGES, 3 to 7 pounds. Receive the above fresh every morn? ing. Purchasers will find my prices lower than they can order for. W. B. BURKE, Commission Merchant, City Hall Build ing. * June 2 f6 SEED PEAS! t-AA BUSHELS select SEED PEAS, iUU for sale by June 1 J. A. HENDRIK A BRO. For Sale, A PAIR OF GREY HORSES, small JTX size. Work well in double or single harness and under saddle. Will be sold together or separately. Apply at this office. May 0 G CICARS For '25 Cent?, at PERKY & SLAWSON'S Statement of Affairs of the Royal Canadian Insurance Company, JAXl'AUY I, 1S75. CAPITAL.86,000,000. ASSETS. United States Bonds, and other securities, and cosh in hands of trustees.$112,877 33 Montreal Harbor Bonds, (in hands of "Receiver-Gene? ral,") . 55,000 00 Montreal Warehouse Com? pany's Bonds. 27,197 87 Bank Stock. 304,409 50 Mortgages on Real Estate_ 22,000 00 City of Quebec Consolidated Fund. 2,200 00 Bills Receivable for Marino Premiums. 18,993 20 Agents' Balances in Course of Transmission and Uncol lected Premiums. 56,777 37 Sundry Accounts Due the Company for Salvages and Re-Insurance. 25,346 42 Cash on Hand nnd Deposit.. 80,754 84 $1,005,561 59 LIABILITIES. All Outstanding Claims. $45.180 19 HAGOOD A TREUTLEN. May 30 3 Agents, Columbia, S. C. What Yon Need. I7XTRA MESS BEEF, 10 cents per J pound. Fresh May BUTTER, direct from Mil ford, N. Y., 3 pounds for $1. CIGARS. ? We are closing out our stock of Cigars, and oflor the best FIVE CENT Cigars in the city, and only want a trial to convince you. May 16 L?RICK A LOWRANCE.