Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
The New York Herald is propounding the question, "Why these long-continued hard times?" and it desires the knowing politicians with Presidential aspirations to tell the people how it is and what is the remedy. The matter is one upon which there is a plenty of ignorance, and ono which it is a delicate and dangerous undertaking frankly to discuss. The iJLscussion of. both the cause and the re? medy necessarily involves questions oi a critical nature. Premising that we hero are really less direotly under the financial screws than some ei* our pretentious Northern communities, the Richmond Dispatch sayB that tho question of the evil and the remedy is more immedi? ately theirs than ours at the present timo.. We have had our harrowing and hacking, and now we turn it over to them along with the hot end of tho poker. When the war ended, wo dropped right down to the hard pan. Banks, insurance companies, State currency, all disap? peared, and the property in negroes was annihilated. The presence of the armies and tho disbursements through tho forces held here to keep us captive gave ub all the money we had for a while. Soon, however, speculators came down to buy rich lands, become planters, and with improved systems of agriculture to coin money and live such imaginary lives of success and leisure as the ante war planters wero supposed to havo lived. Much money came in that way, and thus the South was gradually relieved from the complete money famine that occurred at the fall of the Confederacy. A specu? lative mania was caused in the South, but it consumed chiefly Northern capital. It proved disastrous; but it fell chiefly on Northern people, who were too much in a hurry and wero ten years ahead in time. The Southern peoplo proper had not tho means for speculation if they had the disposition. So they have been kept down to hard work and slow gains, very much curtailed by tho vicious political systom which a vicious and sordid and vindictive Government has for a greater part of tho time sinco tho war kept in existence in tho South. This was a bad state of financial depression, exaggerated in its terrible effects by mischievous and cruel misgovernment. But still we have not been permitted by circum? stances to run pell-mell into financial follies that are so often succeeded by long periods of repentance and suffering. Wo have been forced to economize and to struggle. We have at the worst failed to pay old debts, but have not been per? mitted to run riot and plunge into now difficulties. We have been smartly fa? vored. Cotton and tobacco have given us money, and other agricultural pro? ducts have helped us along, and wo havo tobacco and cotton have borne bus helped the Southern States. So we arc not prostrate, and yet not uncommonly thrifty. Under all tho circumstances, nevertheless, we are wondevfully well off. When we turn to the North, however, wo find the sea strewed with wrecks from tho wildest speculation ever known in tho land. One line of speculation has lost millions to Northern capitalists, viz: usurious loans to railroads and adven? turers upon the hypothecation of stocks. The loans were not repaid, and the stocks hypothecated has been by degrees forced to sale at immense loss. That fearful ravagor of securities "shrinkage" is not yet done with the "shaving" capi? talists. In vain have they fought against it. They have struggled like a man in the quick-sands. Exertions but helped to sink them, or at best only delayed the ond? cngulfment?which could not be avoided. But the rage for speculation gave lifo and wing to a hundred bad strategies for making money, which have ondca in wide-spread loss and misery; such as the "corners;" the desperate tricks employed to elevate and depress values, that the mercenary strategists might, in a spirit of cannibalism, prey upon one another; the endless schemes to make money where there was no in? creased production. All the arts of tho gamblers in gold and stocks were but cut-throat expedients. Along with these evil pnmtioeB there was a general ten- \ dency to recklessness and extravagance. Enormous salaries were the order of the du}'; insolvent corporations wore divid? ing out their receipts amongst corrupt officers; fashion ran riot; luxury knew no restraint. It is not hard to spo that the day of re-aotion and repentance hud to follow all this; and it has come. The whole nation is suffering from it, but it falls with terrific effect upon the sordid and unprincipled communities who wero chief actors in the drama of rapa? city and corruption, Where be your multitude of millionaires? Not a few of them who were heralded as men of in? calculable wealth are now "shrunk" up to skeletons. The mighty space of their large fortunes may bo grasped in the hand or stuffed into a thimble. There must be time for disentangling tinanco and arranging matters compli? cated by folly and vice, and there needs the hand of death to work out problems that could nob bo solved without it. The speculative mania?tho greed and cor? ruption?which havo so bedevilled tho country aro in a great degree tho natural spawn of war, and in the civil war in this country fanaticism and political am Gaturday Morning, June 12,1876. Tho Times. bition have added their terrors to sv*ell the disastrous consequences. The mea? sures of the Federal .Government have helped to vex the land and throw the na? tional industry into confusion. The North has lost millions by the loss of trado through the derangement of Southern Bocinl economy nnd industry, and hundreds of thousands of people, who never knew want and wdio throve through Southern peace and prosperity, have been plunged into absolute suffer? ing through idleness and through the ?loss of business. Men have learned that an order of society nnd a system of industry that have secured a great degree of peace and golden thrift cannot be re? volutionized without danger. 'When the children had out open tho bellows nnd found where the wind came from, that was all that thoy learned from it. Yot something must be done. This nation is not to ben prey to fanatics and knaves, and is not to be kept ever at sea, knocked about by every storm. The business people will straighten up finances as far as they aro concerned. Commerce will straighten itself. The humbug mil? lionaires and the rascally gamblers will be weeded out, and wc shall havo a bet? ter regulated trado and finance. The political clouds are clearing away. Wc shall soon have the policy of tho country relieved from the harsh and unscrupu? lous military genius; and under the sway of constitution and laws defined and administered by civilians, we nil must feel that the remedy in good time will come. The genius of tho people, their enterprise and industry, their con? stancy and undying perseverance, will be liberated by just and wise administra? tion, and the nation will regain its peace and prosperity, und proceed again on its way to superiority amongst the nations of the earth. This is destiny. - ? There seems to be no end to the doubts and tho changes which attend the fortunes of Spain. Just as the Carl ist cause is supposed to have been worn out by fruitless buttles, continued deser? tions and long and hopeless suspenso, cable despatches bring Don Carlos to the front and place Alfonso in the rear, with the spectral of a republic rising up be? tween them. It is now assorted that the Alfonsist Government is too week to ob? tain tho sympathy of those who lean confidingly to the stronger, side, and that Don Carlos has still a formidable army and wealthy friends to support his cause. In the meantime the Cuban war drags its slow length along, signalized by cruelties nnd perpetuating oppres? sions which civilization is ashamed to own, but too timid to suppress. The Buffalo Express is discussing the proposed Tennessee negro emigration, and is very severe upon the numerous Badical papers which havo earnestly ad? vocated crowding the negroes in ono territory, nnd letting them shift for them? selves. It is strange that a Republican paper should fly so directly in the face of tho wishes of lending Republicans, in? cluding President Grant, who have long wanted to purchase an island like San Domingo and send the negroos there, or take them en masse, to Africa. The White House organs at Washington have advanced these ideas frequently, while other Republican papers through the country have openly expressed the hope that all the negroes could he transferred to Louisiana or South Carolina. Secretary Belknap wrote a letter to tho Governor of Texas, a week or two ago, relative to the killing of some Federal soldiers by tho confederates of the Mexi? can raiders on the Texas side of the*Rio Grande, and informed him that Presi? dent Grant hud determined to remove all tho United States troops from Tcxuj if such a thing occurred again. This an? nouncement is the more astonishing, when it is remembered how, in Louisi? ana, not very long ago, tho killing of a Federal soldier from any cause whatever was the signal, not for the withdrawal of troops, but for their rapid augmentation for purposes of intimidation. In Texas, where there is n necessity for troops on the border, the President expresses the determination to leave the people to struggle as best they may with a foreign foe. -. The failure of tho rec- nt negotiations with the Sioux Indians at Washington, will compel tho Government to use greater vigilance to guard the Black Hills reservation from the inroads of parties who uro hanging about in easy reach, like wolves around a sheep-fold, ready to pounce down upon their prey us soon as the barricades are thrown down. It is probable, judging from pre? sent appearances, that the Government will not bo able to prevent the whites from going in. If they go in, the Indians will fight, beyond a doubt. As soon us the fighting begins, tho Government troops will side with the miners, and the Indians will go down into a bloody bankruptcy? This is the shnpe the cloud seems to have. Carrying an Irish potato in the pocket is said to be ft remedy'-for rheumatism. Mn. Eorron: Would von please grant a "true Republican" a few lines in your Eaper to express his own opinion, un iosed by tho present popular idea, viz: Reform, (for the writer of this was a strong advocate of reform when tho pre? sent reformers were silent advocates of the past plunderers and thieves.) What I wish most particularly to bring to tho public notioe, is this: That it seems very strange to mo (who voted for D. li. Chamberlain) that the Union-Herab I, which, only a few weeks ago, criticized so very harshly the Judges of this State, for allowing the bar to pass honorable resolutions in their favor, should, as the mouth-piece of the present Administra? tion, bo continually filling its columns with nothing but praises of the Admi? nistration. Now, I don't think it fair, for two reasons: 1. I subscribe to the Union-UernUl as a iicKw-papor, and wish to get from it (if possible) the news of the day. 2. I don't think that D. H. Chamberlain's administration requires so much puffing, as it is so .far a success and speaks for itself. And, further, I don't think any man ought to be re? warded for doing his duty?for that is the reason why I voted for him; and if I could have thought otherwise, and the balance of the honest Republicans, we would not have voted that way. This and nothing more. OLD FRIENDS. Off for Bi'nkkr Hill.?The Washing? ton Light Infantry, of Charleston leave for Boston to-day, to take part in the Bunker Hill Centennial Celebration on the 17th instant. Before leaving the company will be presented with a hand? some State flag, made of blue silk, the giftofOov. Chamberlain. This flag will be carried to Boston and presented to the 1st Regiment of that city, which pre? sented the Washington Light Infuntry with a handsome stund of colors during tho Easter fair held in Charleston some two months ago. The flag selected by Gov. Chamberlain will well bear a de? scription and explanation. It will be remembered that the first Republican Hag ever unfurled in the Southern States was a blue field with a white crescent in the upper corner, next to tne staff, and was designed bv Col. William Moultric, of Charleston, ?. C, at the request of the Council of Safety. This standard was hoisted in obedience to general orders, on the fortifications of Charleston, in September, 1775; and was displayed on the East bastion of Fort Sullivan, on the 28th of June, 177(5. The flag was consccruted to victory on that eventful day in our national history. Ever since that time the simple blue flag with white crescent has been universally recognized as tho colors of South Carolina; tho Pal? metto treo being added in honor of the Palmetto log fort, whence the intrepid Moultrio and the gallant Jasper fired their conquering cannon. This, then, is the popular State flag. For its present I high service it has been made of the heaviest banner silk. On the one side is the silver crescent on the bluo field, the J Moullrie fiag. On the other side, on a white field, is tho Palmetto tree, with I tho State motto, Dum Spiro! SperuJ in golden letters. The embroidery has been most delicately done. The cord and tassels are of blue and white silk, the .staff is of polished walnut, with a silver spear-head, and on a silver shield, on the start", is the following inscription: "The State of South Carolina to the Washington Light Infantry, June, 1S75." CiiKKMNo Reports from Louisiana and Texas.?Tho New Orleans Picayune, of Friday, says: "Take whatever point of view you please, the future of Louisiana looks .strangely bright and hopeful. Louisiana appears to have reached the bottom of her troubles and to be on the ascent again. There is no disguising or mis? understanding it; the future looks strangely bright and hopeful. Politi? cally we maybe considered as having shaken off our worst embarrassments; financially both State and city are im? proving, and agriculturally the news ! from every quarter of the State is cheer* j ing and re-assuring to a degree almost I unprecedented." The Gulveston .Ycr.v gives very flatter? ing reports in regard to the general con? dition of affairs in Texas. Tin y are already eating roasting ears of corn, and wheat, in many places already harvested, turns out fifty bushels to the acre not in? frequently. There is not a grass-hopper in the State, and tho grain crop is ad? vancing in quantity upon cotton. Texas staple cotton, as is well-known, yields a bale and a quarter an acre, and the pros? pect so fur is most promising. Cattle I which used to bring but $<) a bead, now 1 command twice as much in Texas,owing ' to the denser settlements, by which the j "range" grass is reduced.* The cattle j raisers are taking to the frontier. Al i most perfect order reigns in Texas, and the population is probably 1,225,UUU. A New York letter, of Sunday, soys: It is (piite possible that a verdict in the Beecher case may be reached by Friday evening next. *Mr. Beach said this morning if Mr. EvarLs wound up by noon on Tuesday, he could say all he had to say by "Thursday noon. Tho Judge's charge, it is safe to say, will be brief, and may bo disposed of say by Friday noon, and that will give the re? mainder of the day to the jury. As the climax approaches each side appear to ! be equally confident of a decision in its j favor, but people who are identified ) with neither side appear inclined to think that the result will bo non-agree? ment. In the event of acquittal, promi? nent Plymouth Church people say they will give tho great defendant such an ovation us no man ever had in Brooklyn before. j Tom Sullivan, a colored candidate for j tho Legislature in the last election, has j been pronounced insane by a commis? sion in Sumtor, and bos been sent to the I asylum. A Southern Pacific Railroad.?The authorities of tho Central Pacific Rail? road are quietly but energetically push? ing forward what will be a Southern lino j through Arizona and New Mexico. Their road extends Southward from San Fran? cisco, through the San Joaqnin Valley, '2:18 miles to Goshen, and thence the Southern Pacific is completed about 100 I miles further, to Tchnchape Pass. At that point largo forces arc employed | tunneling, which will make a continu? ous route to Los Angeles. It is expected* | that the road will he completed from Los Angeles to Fort Yuma, on the*Colo rado, by July 1, 1870 -that is 730 miles fr?m San Francisco. It will then be ex? tended through Southern Arizona and New Mexico to the ltio Grande, and it will be a simple matter to connect with roads already projected Westwnrdly from Missouri, Louisiana and Texas. In the meantime, Mr. Thomas A. Scott is an-1 nnally dancing attendance upon Con? gress to secure the interest on the bonds of his Southern Pccific Road, with the prospectsthat some morning in the early future he will wake up to lind that the same object has been accomplished by his rival without the aid of Government subsidy. The Growth of Texas.?Few people realize how rapid has been and how rapid is the growth of Texas that great I empire of the West. The history of some of the cities of that State reads like n chapter from the Arabian Nights or a sketch from Baron Mnnchausen. Take tho town of Houston, for instance. In 1870, the city had a population of 0,382. A census taken by order of tho munici- | pal authorities was completed a fe weeks ago, and the population is now 25,068- an increase in five years of | 17,000, or 200 per cent. The growth ot tho indebtedness of the city has also kept pace with the growth of population and Houston now boitsts a honded debt of $1,500,000, or $00 per head for each inhabitant However, this sum is less in proportion than the debts of many other Southern cities nearer home, and the town has certainly something to show for its money. The Mexican Government does not ap? pear to be taking any action with re? ference to General Cortina, who was summoned to reportnt the Mexican capi? tal to tho War Department not long ago, but positively refused to do so. Cor? tina, while a recognized Genend in the Mexican army, is the leading spirit of I the banditti of the border, nnd his power | and influence arc such that it is extreme? ly likely his own Government is afraid of | him. He is a man of blood and vio? lence, who is anxious to precipitate a difficulty between the two republics, so that he can derive from hostilities the usual advantages to which thieves and cut-throats help themselves amid the smoke of battle. How to Preserve a Roquet. - Sprinkle it with water, then put into a vessel con? taining some soap-suds, which nourish the roots and keep the flowers as good as new. Take the boquet out of the suds every morning and lay it sideways in fresh water; keep it there a minute or | two, then take it out and sprinkle the flowers lightly by the hand with pure water. Replace the boquet in soap-suds, and the flowers will bloom as fresh as when gathered. The soap-suds need to be changed every third day. By observ? ing these rules, a boquet may be kept bright and beautiful for at hast one month, and will last longer in a very passable state. Tho recent visit of the Sioux and Chcyennesto Washington is not regarded at the Interior Department as a failure, many points of interest, it is claimed, havjng been gained. The Indians now fully understand that whatever provi? sions they get from the Government are gratuities, and that the Government is not bound to feed them by any treaty. It was not expected that they would give up the Black Hills without further con? sultation with their people; but although they dislike tho idea, they are now im? pressed with the fact that the white man is bound to go there it' there is any gold. They do suy that the private apartment of Gen. Sheridan's bride in Chicago is very scrumptious. "The superb lace draped bed, with its blue silk hangings, i . in an alcove, the foot is draped with the American Hag in richest silk. I'pon the lace milled pillows is a richly em? broidered sachet of rose-colored silk, with a large initial 'S.' in white and gold." Why, Jenkins! Wendell Phillips was interviewed by a New York JleraM reporter recently, on the subject of General Grant's letter. He broke out in his old heated way against the South, and declared that Grunt was his choice for President, and if he was not nominated no other Re? publican could run as well, and the De? mocrats would elect their man and ruin the country. Deaths. ?The Rev. Wiley Jones, a Baptist minister, died suddenly at the residence of his son-in-lew, on last Wednesday morning, aged about seventy years. Mr. John Meal, aged sixty-six years the day of his death, departed this life, near Taxahaw, on Saturday morn? ing last. He had been in feeble health for the last two years. -LancasterLedger. The President has given Sitting-Bull a handsome rifle. As these Sioux are in a highly combustible condition about the recent conference, and will return homo to moro combustible nnd fighting bre? thren, Gen. Grant sooms to bo delibe? rately giving aid and comfort to tho( onomy. That rillo will doubtless make' some desolating shots in the future in tho ranks of white men. Tho barn and stables of Mr. John Bird, in Darlington, were destroyed by , firo, on Saturday last. A line mule and j a year's supply of corn and fodder were* ! destroyed in the flames. City Items,?The diamond pin in still lion ?f inffiilu?. ' Sutumerish again yefterday. Timidity never accomplishes anything in tho world. < "White tissne veils are among the latest novolties. Blessed are the dross-makers, u* a fe? male beatitude. A well known medicine, of recugnized merit, is Heinitsh's Queen's Delight. 8 If the women would all wear cnlico for one year, wo could pay our debtn. They have a colored society at Milton, N. C, called the "Sons of Thunder." "I am bound to have my rights," oh the man said to the shoe-maker who had sold hiin a pair of boots, both lefts. Mrs. Koenig, nearly opposite the market, has some of the finest asparagus ever seen in this vicinity. She keeps a variety of seasonable goods. Mr. McKenzie's ice cream saloon has been overhauled, ropapered and re? painted, and put in cool trim for the summer. When going up stairs, a gentleman should always prcccdu a lady; but when coming down, he should allow her to pass first. The latest agony in the spelling cru? sade is for a dozen or moro dry indivi? duals range themselves in a line in a saloon and spell for drinks! A postal card picked up on the streets the other day. bore this solemn appeal: "Deer mary for luv of God send mo a pare of pouts." The L O. B. F. P. G. Benevolent So? ciety, with thirteen in line, paraded, yesterday morning, headed by 'three drums and a mounted official. Pic-nic. As Mr. C. F. Jackson will change hia base?occupying new quarters?in a few weeks, he offers his stock at a great sacri? fice. The reason is a good one and may be depended upon. The Governor has appointed J. M. Brown, Notary Public, Orangeburg- W. F. Buckalew, Commissioner of Deeds, Shreveport, La.; J. A. Nones, Commis? sioner of Deeds, New York. The scholars of the Misses Elmore are making extensive preparations for a winding up frolic beforo the summer holidays?charades, etc., being the at? tractions. Tuesday evening will be tho auspicious occasion. Be held the old shirt up by the neck before discarding it forever, but ho wasn't mourning for the garment Ho only said thusly: ' T wish I had all the drinks again that have gone through that old neck-band!" Tweed's old companions, in tho days of his power, are all scattered, some in prison and sonic in exile, and one of them has just died a drunkard's death in Paris. "Jim" Sweeny wore as big a diamond as any of them, and was counted a right good follow among the boys; but retribution overtook him with the rest of the gang, and he ended his days in a stmngo land, a wretched, for? saken sot. Ill-gotten Stains sometimes don't prosper. It would be as well for imitators of Tammany elsewhere to make a note of this. New Volume or Poems.?Wo have re? ceived from the publishers, Messrs. E. J. Hale A Son, Murray Btreet, New York, a handsomely-printed and tastily-bound copy of a new volume of poems by tho Southern poet-laureate, Paul H. Hayne. The title of the volume is "Tho Moun? tain of the Lovers." The first verse will give an idea of the style of the poetry: Love scorns degrees! the low he lifteth high, The high he drawcth down to that fan plain Whereon, in his divine equality, I Two loving hearts may meet, nor meot in vain; 'Gainst such sweet leveling custom crlc-A nmnin, But o'er its harshest utterance one bland sigh, Breathed passion-wise, doth mount vic? torious still, For love, earth's lord, must have hia lordly will. Mr. W. J. Duffic bus copies of the work for sale. Jdst Received at Mrs. Koenio's.? Extra tine asparagus, rhubarb for pies, something extra fine; besides a full assortment of fresh vegetables and fruits. Call thero beforo you buy else? where, as you will always find thero tho first things in market?at Mrs. Koenig's, opposite tho market. Sho is always striving to supply the tables of her customers with something new. List of New Advertisements. C. F. Jackson?Dry Goods. J. P. Richbourg?Estray Cow. Ditson A Co.?For Music Teachers. ??? ? -*? i Hotel Arrivals, Juno 11, 1876.?Slan |.sioJi House?Mrs. A. J. Dodumead" and three children, Va.; S. E. Caughman, Lexington; J. S. Bowers, Nowberry; B. ' F. Mauldin, G. & C. B. R.; J. H. Kinard, city.