Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
-Thursday Morning, June 17, 187?.
There was a regular old-fashioned
wind-storm, yesterday evening, with a
slight touch of thunder and lightning
and a heavy fall of rain. The clouds to
the North-east presented a fearful ap?
pearance. It had been unusually warm
during the day, but the storm cooled off
the atmosphere capitally.
Do we believe that the Keeloy motor is
what it is represented to be? Weneither
believe nor disbelieve. We know no?
thing more about it than wo have pub?
lished. The telegraph found no one to
credit its claims previous to their estab?
lishment by positive proof.
DeMOK.YIJZED AND DISORGANIZED.?A
number of Democrats in the State of
Mississippi having said that they in?
tended to "disorganize" the vote of the
negroes, the Washington Republican takes
the alarm, and declares that these
Democrats and others desire and pur?
pose to "disfranchise" Cuflfcc. The
strength of the Republican party in the
South , is the negro vote. Without it,
. that-party is as destitute of vitality as a
body without a heart. There is no health
in it. It is not wonderful, then, that the
Republicaii sounds tho alarm at the first
intimation of n purpose to do anything
that might deprive' the Radical leaders
.of their faithful allies in the South. We
?cannot administer any consolation to the
Republican. .We are firmly persuaded
that the negro party will be "disorgan
. izod" next year. The negro worships
power. Even the symbol of it awakens
his admiration. He is shrewd, too. And
inasmuch as he has-for the last ten years
acted with that'party which ruled the
National House- of Representatives, it is
not at all impossible, nor even improba?
ble, that he may think it best for him to
act hereafter with the Democratic party,
which now has the control of the
National House of Representatives.
Indeed, we may remind the Republican
that there is good authority for say?
ing that the negro has in some States lost
sight of freedmen's bureaus, carpet-bag
gors, mules and acres, and turned his
attention and his hand and vote to the
men who give him tho price of his vote.
Tho news must be distressing to the
Washington Republican and all others
whose bread-and-butter depends npon
the continuance in power of the Radical
party. For that "little organ" and all its
sympathizers well know that almost all
the money, as almost all tho intelligence
of the South, is in the hands of the De?
mocratic . party. If money is to control
Sambo's vote, and if the House of Repre?
sentatives, which holds the national ]
purse-Btrings, refuses to appropriate any
money to buy negro votes, how are these
property-holders in the South to be pro
vented from buying up those votes? We
cannot answer the question. We don't
know that any Democrat will condescend
.to try to purchase such votes. Rut wo
are confident that the 148 votes of the
Southern States are hereafter to be cast
solidly for tho friends of the Union and
tho Constitution. It is retributive justice.
Before the war, only three-fifths of the ne?
groes were oountod in making up the basis
of representation for the House of Repre?
sentatives. Now all of them are counted.
Instead of counting only 2,400,000 ne?
groes, we now count 4,000,000; and this
now counting is the result of the eman?
cipation and enfranchisement of tho
negroes. The gun which they loaded to
fire at us, the Richmond Dispatch truth?
fully asserts, we now use to blow them
clean out of tho water. The division on
the nice line, which the unprincipled
Radical villains encouraged and profited
by a few years since, will hereafter in?
sure their own political defeat and death.
Thus do the laws of nature vindicate
themselves and make tho wrath of man
to praise the Rulor of the Universe.
Thoroughly demoralized and disorgan?
ized the negroes aro hereafter doomed to
be. We exult over tho' fact because it
indicates peace and prosperity for the
country. They wero never fit to over?
balance the votes of white men. Here?
after their votes shall weigh down our
side of the scale. The Republican may
. make the most of this kind of treason. *
Tho Princess of Wales appears to bo
getting a very strong hold on the affec?
tions of tho British people. They seem
to lovo her very fondly?much nioro
than they do Queen Victoria, indeed;
and they havo ceased to abuse the Prince
of Wales. All now say that ho is a very
good fellow, and does his duty?not a
light one either? as Prince very nicely.
The Princess makes no display what?
ever in hor Hyde Park drives. The car?
riage is a plain one, tho coachman and
footman sit together in plain buft'or light
brown coats, and there aro no other at?
tendants, oxcept as her carriage enters
tho park a mounted policeman starts in
advance of the carriage, so that the Prin?
cess may rido rapidly down the centre
of the road, between tho lines moving
each way, without impediment. Sho
looks bright and protty, and one cannot
but admire tho quiet and respectful way
in which every gentleman raises his hat
as sho passes, and tho bright, pleasant
manner in which sho returns the com?
pliment by a bow of the head.
One of tho judges, speaking from the
bench, declares that there are about 7,000
drinking saloons in Philadelphia and
that not two-thir ds of them pay a license.
Ofenino the Cell.?At lost there is a
prospect that the doors of the peniten?
tiary will open to Tweed, and that the
once powerful politician will regain the
liberty of which ho has been so long de?
prived. The telegrams published state
that the decision in his case, pronounced
by the New York Court of Appeal, will
cause him to be set at liberty immedi?
ately. No one can doubt that Tweed
was a corrupt politician, who robbed the
people of Now York of fabulous amounts
when he was in power. But if he has
sinned, ho has also suffered. His pu?
nishment has been severe; his ruin and
humiliation have been complete. Tho
man, who for years ruled a great em?
pire with almost absolute power, was
driven from his position, htrippod of
his authority, compelled to surrender
his wealth, branded as a felon and
placed in a prison. He comes from the
penitentiary a disgraced and ruined
man, and will be glad to hide in obscuri
ty until thorc shall come tho oblivion of
tho grave. Wo agree with tho Augusta
Chronicle ami Sentinel, that the enmity of
his bitterest opponents, of the greatest
sufferers by his crimes, must be exhaust?
ed, and that fow will find it in their
hearts to regret the decision which re?
stores him to freedom. Peoplo recollect,
too, that, bad as Tweed was, others
equally as bad escaped punishment,
whilo he experienced all the rigor of tho
law. Shopard robbed the District of Co?
lumbia worse than Tweed ever robbed
New York, and received from the Presi?
dent honors and promotions as a reward
for his crimes. Colfax committed per?
jury with impunity, and received an
ovation when he retired from office.
Pomeroy and Patterson were notorious
for their thefts and corruption, and nei?
ther one of them has received tho slight?
est punishment. It is only the Demo?
cratic" robber who has been punished.
All the Radical scoundrels have escaped
The Eabthquake in New Granada.?
The report published of a terrible earth?
quake in New Granada, by which 1G,000
lives were lost, is supplemented to-day
by details received from Panama, which
give a more graphic idea of tho extent
and havoc of the visitation. The region
in which this earthquake occurred lias,
especially of late years, been subjected
to violent shocks, by which towns have
been destroyed and thousands of lives
lost, and embraces a vast volcanic area,
extending through Central America and
the Northern portion of South America.
Of tho earthquakes of former times, that
which happened at Caracas, in Yenzuela,
in 1812, by which 12,000 lives were lost,
is one of the most notable; but it does
not compare with somo of the earth?
quakes of tho Old World. That which
destroyed Antioch, in 52G A. D., accord?
ing to the historian, Gibbon, caused tho
death of 250,000 persons. There were
in the city at tho time, besides the resi?
dent population, thousands of strangers,
who thronged the city, attending the
festival of the ascension. Lisbon, Por?
tugal, was nearly destroyed by an earth?
quake, November 1, 1753, and within the
space of six minutes 00,000 persons
perished. This terrible catontropho is
"A loud rumbling was followed almost
immediately by a fearful shock, which
demolished the principal buildings of
the city, and in the short time of six
minutes it is estimated that 60,000 per?
sons were killed. The tide on the sea
coast ran out rapidly, leaving the bar
perfectly dry, and as rapidly an enor?
mous wave, thirty foot in height, rushed j
in again, sweeping everything before it. j
The mountains in the neighborhood were 1
shaken violently, deep fissures rent in
the valleys, crags toppled over,' ami
rocks hurled into the abysses, bearing j
I everything with them. Thousands of
persons rushed for safety to the marble
quay, which had just been constructed
at an enormous expense, when suddenly
it sank, carrying its load with it, anil
Lover the spot the water stood (100 feet
deep. AH tho shipping of the harbor
was sunk instantly, and hardly a vestige
of the life and prosperity of tho fumed
capital remained." j
In this country, earthquakes have of
late years become familiar, but have not
been attended by such serious disasters
as are recorded olsewhorc. California
and other parts of the Pacific coast have
been shaken up considerably at various
times ?the last, which occurred a year or
two ago, having caused considerable de?
struction of property in tho interior,
with some loss of lifo. Several slight
earthquakes have also occurred in New
England and Northern New York. The
most important events of tho Kind, how?
ever, were the carthqnakos of New
Madrid, Missouri, in 1811 and 1812,
when over 'M0 miles of country, from
tho mouth of the Ohio to that of tho St.
\ Frances, rose and sank in undulations,
lakes and fissures boing alternately
formed and filled up. These shock's
wore both perpendicular and horizontal,
tho latter boing by far tho more disas?
trous in their effects. Tho incessant
quakings wero kept up for several
months, and tho loss of property was
enormous, while many persons perished.
A committeo of three, appointed by
parties in the Black Hills who havo suf?
fered loss by destruction of property by
military, on Saturday, brought suit at
Omaha against tho Government officers
who destroyed it. The damages claimed
Deny the Charge.
Columbia, S. C, June 1G, 1875.
Editor Columbia Phyentx: We request
a place in your columns, that we may
deny, in most solemn form, the false
and infamous charge of mjurder brought
against ub by tho men who confess under
their oath that they did tho bloody deed.
Tho men who have instigated those
wretched oriminals to aocuBe ub of hav?
ing conspired with them in the cold?
blooded assassination of Dr. Shell, in
1868, have their own skirts dyod red
with the blood of the innocent, whom
they slew for their political opinions.
Dr. Shell had never inflicted any injury
upon us, or upon any of our kindred.
We had no motive to seek his life. Those
who know us best will admit, unless
blinded by political hate, that there has
never bccii anything in our conduct to
justify the assassination of our fellow
Hunted and persecuted as we were for
years in Laurens County, solely because
of our political opinions, and well know?
ing who were tho leaders in that perse?
cution, if we had been capable of seek?
ing our revenge along the path of the
assassin, those leaders Mould not be
living to-day to instigate this most ma?
lignant ami groundless charge against
us, which rests alone upon th<* state?
ment of the avowed principals in the
deed of blood.
"We shrink from no judicial investiga?
tion, and stand prepared to meet our
accusers face to face in the courts.
J. ADAM CREWS.
ORIGIN of thk Names of the Districts
or. Counties in South Carolina.?Abbe?
ville was settled by the French, in 1750,
and took its name from a town in
Barnwcll was erected in a judicial dis?
trict, in 1800, and took its name from
Col. John Harnwell.
Beaufort derived its name from the
Charleston took its name from the c ity.
Chester was settled in 1750, by emi?
grants from Pennsylvania and Virginia,
and took its name from a County in the
Chesterfield was settled by emigrants
from Pennsylvania and Virginia, and is
said to have taken its name from the ac?
Colleton was ono of the earliest settle?
ments of tho Shite, and took its name
from Sir John Colleton.
Darlington was settled in 1750, and
took its name from Cel. Darlington, a
Edgefield took its name from geogra?
phical position, Being on the edge of
Georgia. It was settled by emigrants
from Virginia and North Carolina.
Fairfield was settled by emigrants
from Virginia and North Carolina, and
probably took its name from its general
Georgetown was settled by the French,
and was named in honor after King
Greenville was settled in 1770, by omi
gnints from Virginia and Pennsylvania,
and probably took its name from its
green and verdant forests.
Horry was settled in 17;J;J by the Irish,
and took its name from Col. Peter Horry,
of revolutionary fame.
Eorshaw was settled by Irish Quakers
in 1750. and took its name from Col.
Joseph Kershaw, a patriot of the revolu?
Lancaster was settled in 1713 bv emi?
grants from Virginia and Pennsylvania,
and took its name from Lancaster, in the
Laurens was settled in 1755 by emi?
grants from Virginia and Pennsylvania,
and was named in memory of Col. Henry
Laurens, of the revolution.
Lexington was settled by Germans,
and originally bore the name of Saxe
Gotha. Its present name is in memory
of Lexington, Ky.
Marion was settled in 1750 by Virgi?
nians, and was named in honor of (Jon.
Marlboro was settled by emigrants
from Virginia and Pennsylvania, and
took its name from the Duke of Marl
Newherry was settled in 1750 by emi?
grants from Pennsylvania; origin of the
name is doubtful?probably from New
Orangeburg was settled in 1701 by
Hermans, subjects of the Prince of
Orange; hence its name.
Pendleton was settled in 1750, and re?
ceived its name in honor of Judgo Pen?
dleton. It has been divided into two
judicial districts, called Anderson and
Pickens is in the North, and compre?
hends tho mountainous part of old Pen?
dleton. It took its name from (Jen. An?
drew Pickens. a hero of the revolution.
Anderson is the Southern part of
Pendleton, and took its name from (Jen.
Anderson, who acted a conspicuous part
at tho battle of Covipcns as well as at
many other places during the revolution?
Richland was'settled in 1710, and took
its name from its rich and productive
Spartanburg was settled in 1750, and
received its name after the close of the
war of '7(5.
Slimier was set|lcd in 1730 by emi?
grants from Virginia, and took its name
from Gen. Thomas Snmtnr.
Union was settled in 1755, by emi?
grants from Virginia. Origin of tho
Williamsburg was settled in 1733 by
"Scotch Irish," and took its name from
William III, King of England.
York was settled in 17i>0, by emigrants
from Pennsylvania and Virginia, and
took its name from York, in tho former
Oconeo takes its name from a river in
that vicinity. It is composed of a por?
tion of Pickens.
Aiken is composed of portions of
Edgefield, Orangeburg and Barnwell.
Tho people of Iceland seriously think
of abandoning their island* ho frequent
and appalling hare the volcanic erup?
tions become. A largo portion of the
country is covered with not ashes, and.
the persistent action "of the internal fires
soveral weeks ago destroyed the postal
ngc, and otherwise injured the prospects
of the farmers. It i* difficult to conceive
how the strongest love of country can
induco people to remain in such a fire
cursed region, and the Icelanders them?
selves have for a long tiire. been turning
their eyes elsewhere for a home. It would
seem a little singular that, after the re?
cent pompous celebration of the 1,000th
year of their independence, the island
would have to be abandoned by the
people. It will l>e remembered that the
Icelandic settlers in Wisconsin sent a
commission to Alaska to examine the
country, with n view to future Icelandic
settlement. These commissioners?
Messrs. Jon. Olafsson, Olafr Olafsson and
Paul Bjornsson?addressed a communi?
cation to President Grant, after their re
| turn, last fall, in which they warmly
recommended Alaska as a land which
seemed well adapted to their countrymen
in every respect, and requested that the
Government should do something to en?
courage Icelandic immigration there.
As it seems extremely probable that the
Icelanders will be driven from the island
by the fires, they should be welcomed to
Alaska on the same terms as other immi?
grants, and, as they aro a very honest
ami industrious people, their advent
would doubtless prove a check upon the
rascality of the rings which have pos?
sessed themselves of the business of the
new territory to a great extent.
Slavery is Kansas.?Food for reflec?
tion is furnished in the statement that
slavery in the United States onlv came
to an end a few days ago, and that the
last State in the Union to hold a slave
was "bleeding Kansas." The Loaven
worth Hints says that Maggie Adams, a
colored girl, seventeen years old, was
recently released in that State from a
slate of bondage. During all the years
since the war, this prl has been living
in a remote section ot the State as the
slave of a family. Sho knew nothing of
the emancipation proclamation or the
fifteenth amendment, was not allowed to
learn to read or write, and believed her?
self a slave until released by accident a
few weeks ago. "Here's richness for
you," as Mr. Sqneers was wont to say
when stirring water in the milk of the
(mpils of Dotheboys Hall. Guns have
>een fired everywhere in honor of the
abolition of "human slavery," the colored
people have celebrated anniversaries of
the emancipation proclamation, gushing
orators havo congratulated the world
upon the extinction of the "relic of bar?
barism." tho wiping away of the foul
spot, etc.,.John Drown has been apotheo?
sized as the vanquisher of the monster,
yet during all these years slavery has
existed in the good Radical State of Kan?
sas, in the State where John Drown first
commenced his career of robbery and
murder! The door-keeper will please
put out the first man who laughs; the
faithful will perform on their pookct
handkerchiefs, to the tune of "John
Brown's body lies a mouldering in the
The Philadelphia Preitit, referring to
the recital by Mr. Nordhoff", in a recent
Herald letter, of a case of barbarous
treatment of a colored woman in Missis?
sippi, says: "States where the scene he
relates, is possible, cannot be governed
on tho same principles and in the same
way in which Pennsylvania is governed."
There is unquestionably a great de al of
deviltry practiced in Mississippi Which
! goes unpunished, but as that State has
I been under Republican rule, in every
sense of the word, for eight or nine
1 years, the party who profess to be chain
' pious of law, order and liberty, is on
j tirel v responsible for the infamous treat
I men: of the colored girl referred to, and
for mini or ou.s other acts of lawlessness,
j The Press evidently overlooked the fact
: that Iladical officials have allowed these
disorders to go on free-handed for so
j long. Rut it se^ms to us that Mississippi
I Republicans govern that State just about
in the same way in which their brethren I
govern the great State of Pennsylvania,
j whore a horde of cut-throat miners hold
j a large portion of the territory in a reign
I of terror, shoot men down with impunity,
1 sot lire to and destroy valuable manu- j
I factnring establishments, murder poor
; Italian miners in cold blood and set the j
\ Governor at definancc. It is a wither
! bad argument to bring Pennsylvania for
: ward as a model for the country. There
< i-t. to-day, more wide-spread lawlessness j
thoro than in the State of Mississippi,
under unprincipled carpet-bag rule.
A colored man appeared before Com?
missioner Rotts, in New York, on Friday
' last, and asked for a warrant for the nr
; rest of a confectioner on the Sixth avenue,
- on the ground that he had violated the
' provisions of the Civil Rights Bill, in re
] fusing to sell the complainant a plate of
; ice cream on account of his color. Tho
Commissioner, without asking tho name
i of tho complainant or of the person
against whom he desired to enter the
! complaint, refused to grant the warrant,
i on the ground that the act charged did
1 not come within the provisions of the
Civil Rights Bill, which did not contem
j plate the regulation of the business of
others than those subject to general nub
j lie legislation; all others engaged in
I business having the right to accept as
' customers only such persons as they
might choose to deal with. The com?
plainant was very angry at the refusal of
tho Commissioner, and wanted to know
what the Civil Rights Bill was good for,
if a colored man could not get a plate of
? ice cream as well as a white man.
Greenville suffered severely from a
j tornado, on the l?th. Trees and houses
? wer demolished in different sections of
1 the County.
Crrr Ltxwb.?Subscribe for (don't bor?
row) theftseKinxr-'"'' <' ? ?? v? ??<-*'- n?*w>r?
Uncle Joo nays he didn't. Adani ditto.
"Biled shirts" melt rapidly this wea?
No cross, no diamond, and yet tbc
police are happy. "Why is this thtw?
It is a Scripture maxim that we always
have the poor with us. The rich go
away in the summer.
The recent fine rains have done much
to advance vegetation, and have been it
Bonrcc of great benefit to the farmers.
"Uncle Joo" is in the city. His smilo
is as child-like and bland as ever?
notwithstanding the murder charges.
If yon would haye a thing kept secret,
never tell it to any one; and if you
would not have a thing known of you,
never do it.
A gentleman, endowed with a great
amount of brass, desires to meet a lady
possessing a corresponding amount of
Mayor Alexander has furnished us
with a late copy of the Sidney (Australia)
j Tuirn and Country?the largest publica?
tion in the world.
There is to be a public meeting of tho
male citizens of School District No. 1,
held in Irwin's Hall, on the 26th inst.,
j at 12 o'clock M.
Undo Joe Crews says in a telegraphic
despatch, "You make a big fuss, but yon
can neither scare nor hang worth a
Mr. McKenzie has something new in
j the way of a thirst-allaying invigorant?
coffee syrup, prepared from the best of
If they continue to sell goods at such
prices much longerat the Grand Central
Dry Goods Establishment of Wm. D.
Love &. Co., the firm will be arrested for
The rush for cheap goods at tho Grand- ?
Central Dry Goods Establishment of
Wm. D. Love A Co. still continues. No
wonder, the prices they are selling for axe
sure to make customers buy.
It's astonishing, says the New Orleans
Bulletin, to see how little there is of some
ladies in these days of contracted skirts, y
And it is equally astonishing to see how
much there is of some others.
No matter what happens, some people
are never contented. Clouds and dark?
ness aro over their heads alike, whether
it rains or shines. To them'eVery inci?
dent is an accident, and every accident
Those yard-wide printed cambrics
they are selling for 10c. a yard at the
Grand Central Dry Goods Establishment
of Wm. D. Love & Co., are'the cheapest
goods ever sold. Can't see how they
The Governor has made the following
appointments: John J. Watson, of
Greenville, A. E. Sloan and Matthew
White, of Chester, Notaries Fublic;
Thomas Jackson, Commissioner of
Deeds at Philadelphia, Pa.
The examinations at the academies in
Williamston, Walhalla and Spartanburg,
come off next week, and Col. Dodamead
and the other railroad officials of con?
necting lines have agreed to issue excur?
sion tickets to those desirous of attend
Which shall it be- Saturday or Mon?
day? The "glorious Fourth" falls on
Sunday, this year, and the query is,
when will it be celebrated?Saturday or
Monday? Who will decide it? Perhaps
the Mayor and City Council can settle
We Like Such NEioHiions.?Mrs. Huff?
man's fruitery and family supply store
contains many things useful and grati?
fying to tho taste. Fruits in season, fresh
vegetables and other nick-nacks are in
abundance. And occasionally tho pro?
prietress remembers her noighbor, as
was the case, yesterday, when a basket
full of good things?bananas, oranges,
apples, lemons, candy, wax beans, cab?
bage, nuts, etc.?was presented to the
Pkienix, for which sho has our thanks.
Miss Josie Smith and Mr. Huffman are
the obliging attendants.
List of New Advertisements.
A Setter Bitch Lost.
W. 11. Burke?Hay, Bacon, &c.
Meeting Union Council, 11. & S. M.
Hotel Arrivals, June 16.?Mansion
House?W. T. Crawford, Winnsboro; T.
C. Ryan and wife, Charleston; H. E.
Bruce, city; H. G. Arthur, W. & W. S.
M. Co.; B. P. Mauldin, G. A C. R. R.;
J. McIIekin, Alston; H. D. Hamitcr,
Richland; W. Stevens, Edgefield.
Fairbanks' Scales.?It is some satis?
faction to know that notwithstanding the
depression of business throughout the
country, tho principal indnstry in this
place keeps up. Forty-eight full car
loads of scales were Bhipped from tho
factory in tho mouth of May. Tho pro?
duction of scales for tho first five months
of the present year was over 2,500 more
than for the corresponding time in 1871.
[.S7. Johnsbury Caledonian.