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COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thursday Morning, June 24, 1875. The Failures Abroad. The continued depression in business 'abroad, and the announcement of new failures in London, now amounting to 'about a dozen, seems to Imve created an uneasy feeling in financial circles, though it appears to be thought in Lon? don that up to the present time the trou? ble has not reached any house known to be thoroughly sound. The fact that the Bank of England, up to a late date, maintained its minimum rates of dis? count, with largely increased returns, has been accepted as a symptom that there is no panic or serious apprehension of immediate calamities there. The va? rious liabilities of tho firms which have suspended extend from $1,000,000 to $12,000,000 each. Tho failures in Lon? don appear to have been caused by the long-continued depression in the iron market and reverses in the Eastern and South American trade. Not a few of theso business concerns are supposed to "have lost their vitality before the arrival of a day of settlement, which had been ?delayed by loans from bankers, who for reasons sufficient to themselves discount the bills of houses whose condition they do not scrutinize. This kind of support must be withdrawn some day, and then comes the end. If this explanation of tho truth accounts for it, there must have been a good deal of bad paper afloat in London, and there is no knowing what other lines of trade are in the same con? dition. The exports of British and Irish pro? duce have been steadily falling off for more that two years past, the decline since 1873 amounting to 12} per cent. It would be rash to predict that this progressive rate of decrease will con? tinue, yet the obvious tendency of the financial disturbances in South Aiueri 'Can countries, of the existing state of trade in tho United States and Canada, and of the failures which have just taken place in England, is to intensify the uni? versal stagnation. While our leading bonking men arc disposed to look upon the subject hope? fully, so far as our own" country is con? cerned, we have enough causes for pru? dent dealing in the uncertain effect of extraordinary ravages upon the crops, without regard to the effect of foreign ca? lamities. To writers who quoto these European failures as an argument against specio payments and a sound currency, the New York World- pertinently replies: "A sound currency is not a panacea against undue commercial credit or bad banking. There is no panacea any? where. All that we can hope for is a cultivated and naturally sound judg? ment in business as in ali other depart? ments of human activity.. But, of all means for depraving a naturally good judgment applied to business pursuits, and for granting mercantile credit reck? lessly, nothing has yet been discovered so efficacious as a depreciated currency." Ex-Sknator Bayard, or Delaware, Interviewed.?Ex-Senator James A. j Bayard, of Delaware, is now on a visit to New York, enfeebled in health. In a conversation with a Tribune reporter, on Friday, he stated he had virtually with? drawn from political life. Most of his old colleagues were dead, and age pre? vented him from mixing in active poli? tics. He contemplated with fear and j anxiety the spread of corruption in both I parties. He expressed deep reverence for the old constitutional principles which prescribed limitation of powers and forbade the interference of the Fede-: ral Government in internal improve-] nients. Tho abandonment of these prin- ] ciplca breeds corruption, and Govern-1, ir.ent interference with railroads or other matters which should be left to indi? vidual enterprise, will ultimately lead to its destruction. He believed it was n great mistake t -> give the right of suffrage to the negro race. They are untutored, full of passions, without deliberation or argumentative powers, and become an easy prey of political demagogues. They did not expect tho right of suffrage, but were worthy of equal rights before the law. Referring to Grant's letter, Mr. Bayard's opinion was that Grant would take a third term nomination if he can got it, and.would usu farmed force in the Southern Suites if he saw a chance of success; but Grant is no fool. Should the fall elections go against the adminis-i tration,'nothing more would be heard of a third term. If they go otherwise, Grant will bo the Republican candidate for President next year. An unfortunate difficulty occurred on tho plantation and near the residence of Mr. T. B. Braddy, in which he was cut in the head, and his son Daniel was severely stabbed in the back and arms. The parties to this difficulty were Mr. I Braddy and son and two Mr. McColls and a Mr. Grey. The McColls did the cutting.?Marion Star. Tho Navy Department at Washington is to bo romoved to new quarters, and the old building is to bo torn down. It is not likely that a fifth conflagration will occur before the Department is moved and some more papers is burned as in the past. These Department fires are rather peculiar affairs. Regular Meeting of City Council. Council Chamber, Columbia, S. 0., June 22, 1875. Council met i\t 8 P. M. Present?His Honor tho Mayor, John Alexander; Al? dermen Carr, Carroll, Cooper, Davis, Griffin, Pugh, Purvis, Simons, Thomas and Wells. Petition of Bettio Douglass referred to Committee on Market; M. E. Carr and J. Huyne, to Committee on Ways and Means; Board of Health, to Committee on Streets, with power to act. Alderman Carroll, from Committee on Accounts, reported back the following bills, and recommended payment: Streets?Manson Williams (1873) $131.50; 11. Ferguson 01.35; J. E. Dent 131.79. Contingent Fund?J. E. Fry A Co., 15.00; R. L. Bryan 20.70; Independent Fire Engine Compnny 85.20. Guard House? It. Hannan 30.00; W. Stieglitz 17.50; J. S. G. May rant 2-1.00; lt. L. Bryan 3.20; W. Robinson 20.25. Alms, Hospital and IndigentPoor?FaganBros. 06.00; Cooper & Taylor (4 months) 701.78; John Alex? ander 1.00; W. Robinson 218.54; J. S. O. Mavrant 102.00; A. W. Kennedy 5.00; W. D. Starling 110.10; R. S. Youn" 107.75; Printing?Union-Herald 5.25. Fire De? partment? Independent Fire Engine Company 87.50. Report of Committee on Streets rela? tive to petition of C. Anderson?"It is out of our power to grant the same with? out the sanction of Council." J. A. PUGH, Chairman Committee on Streets. On motion, petition of C. Anderson was granted, provided he comply with the ordinance. Alderman Wells, from Committee on Fire Department, reported in favor of the application of the Board of Fire Mas? ters. . Reports of Chief of Police for the months of April and May were referred to Committee on Guard House and Po? lice. Alderman Davis offered the following, which was adopted: Resolved, That the Mayor bo author? ized to offer a reward of $200 for the re? covery of the pin and cross Btolen from tho Guard House on Sunday, 2d May last, and $100 for the conviction of the thief. Alderman Carroll offered the following preamble and resolutions, which were carried: Whereas, at a public meeting of the citizens of Columbia, held on Tuesday evening, 8th instant, at Parker's Hall, to take into consideration our municipal affairs, certain resolutions were unani? mously adopted, calling upon the Mayor and Council to take such measures as they may deem necessary to verify, ex? plain or deny the published report of a committee appointed by certain citizens, and to make public a full and minute statement of the public debt of the city of Columbia; therefore, be it Resolved, by the. Mayor and Aldermen of ihe city of Columbia, in Council assembled, That his Honor the Mayor be authorized and empowered to take tho proper mea? sures to carry out tho object of the said resolutions. , Resolved, further, That the Mayor be directed to submit to Council for their consideration, at the earliest practical moment, a full report of the financial affairs of the city. Declinations of J. Altec and Dr. F. Green, to serve on the Board of Health for Wards 1 and 2, respectively, wero ac? cepted, and J. Henry Altee and Col. S. A. Pearce, Jr., elected in their stead. Alderman Simons moved that inde? pendence day be celebrated on the 5th July. Carried. The following Ordinances passed a third reading: j an ordinance to amkn? an ordinance en? titled "an ordinance i'ok reoulatinu j tiik market." />'<? ?7 ordained by tin Mayor and I Aldermen if II.- city of Columbia, in 1 Council assembled, Unit Section 10 of I an Ordinance e ntitled "An Ordinance j for regulating the .Market," ratified the I 0th day of May, A. 1). 1871, be amended by adding the following proviso, to wit: I ''Provided, That any person or persons selling fish who shall have procured the license provided for in this section, shall j have rail power and authority to vend I and sell fish at any hour or time most convenient." ! an ordinance kelvtino to guard uouse. j Be il ordained by lh" Mayor and Alder \ men of Ihe city tf Columbia, in Council as I sembted, a?<l by the authority of the same, That Section four (1) of the Ordinance for the regulation of the City Guard I IJouse be, and the same is hereby, re : pealed; and that in lien thereof, after the ! words "Section 4:" "Be il further or j da'u.ed by the authority aforesaid, That all complaints or grievances made against j the Chief of Police or his subordinates shall be adjusted by the Mayor and Com? mittee on Police without further appeal by such fines or dismissals as the nature of the case demands, and the said Com? mittee shall have power to fill all vacan? cies in the Police Department." Alderman Carr gave notice of an Ordi? nance to repeal an Ordinance relating to license for the salo of spirituous liquors in quantities less than one quart, and to reduce the said license to tho rate of $200 per annum from 1st July next. On motion, Council adjourned at 12 o'clock midnight. RICHARD JONES, City Clerk. ' Public sympathy has turned in the direction of Acapuico, Mexico, where two more orphans have just been added to tho long list of tho world's bereaved ones. Their mothor, aged 132 years, died suddenly tho other day, when tho oldest one had barely reached his 100th. birth day. He and his younger brother, who is only ninety, will now havo to stump it throngh life as best they can. Return of deaths within tho city of Charleston for the week ending June 10, 1875: Whites, 15; blacks and colored, 2'J; total, 44. Toe Bills of the Bank of the State. According to agreement, the Court first took up the coses involving the receiva bility of the bills of the Bunk of the State in payment of taxes. The Hon. A. G. Magrath appeared for the bill-holders, and Attorney-General Melton represented the State. Mr. Magrath first stated that, as tho Court was aware, these cases were sent back by the Suprcrn?? Court to the Circuit Court for the purpose of having certain specific issues determined by a jury, in relation to questions which af? fect the receivability of the bills of the Bnnk of the State in payment of taxes. In view of these facts, he proposed the following order, which was consented to on the part of the State: State r.r rel. the Union Bank vs. William Gurney, County Treasurer. State ??.?? rel. Wilcox, Gibbes A Co. r.v. same. State r.r re/. A. Toonicr Porter r.?r. same. State r.r rel. William A. Courtcnay '-.v. same. Ordered, that these eases be placed on calendar, to be referred to a jury, under the order of the Supreme Court. Mr. Magnith also proposed the follow? ing order, which was likewise consented to: State of South Carolina, Charleston County?In the Common Pleas.?The State r.r rel. the Union Bank vs. Win. Gurney, County Treasurer. In pursuance With the order of the Supreme Court in the above cause, it is ordered that the following issues be sub? mitted to the jury: 1. Is the relator tho bnnu fide holder and owner of tho bills tendered the re? spondent in payment of taxes? 2. Were the bills so tendered genuine bills of the said bank? 3. Were the said bills issued for ami applied to the purposes for which said bank was authorized to issue its bills? 4. Were the said bills so tendered is? sued in aid of the rebellion? 5. Were the said bills issued and re? ceived with reference to Confederate treasury notes? It is further ordered that the finding of the jury be made upon each of the said issues. These preliminary matters having been completed, the case of the State rx rel. the Union Bank vs. William Gurney, County Treasurer, was first tried. Messrs. H. D. Alexander and John Alexander were placed upon the stand and proved tho identity of tho bills, their ownership, genuineness, tho lawfulness of their issue, and that they were not issued in aid of the rebellion, but had been issued at a prior period. Attorney-General Melton stated that he thoroughly appreciated his position; that he could do nothing but to submit, and, as he had no alternative, ho pro? posed rather to submit gracefully than to offer fight and bo thrown. The bur? den of proof lay with the relators, and ho had no evidence to contradict it. Ho confessed, therefore, that the other side had him just whero he hoped to have them one of these days. In the mean? while, he had no choice but to submit, and not delay the Court by an opposition which could not be sustained. The Judge then gave his instructions to the jury, who, upon the evidence ad? duced, rendered verdicts for the relators for the issues presented to them. On motion of the Attorney-General, tho Judge then ordered that the bills in ?Mich case be sealed and placed in the custody of the Clerk of the Court until the further order of the Court. Upon this status the cases will now be retaken to the Supreme Court for a deci? sion as to the receivability of the bills in the payment of tuxes. In the case of Dnhncy. Morgan A ('?>. vs. the President and Directors of the Bank of the State of South Carolina, alt order was taken for the distribution of the assets in the Bank of the State among the creditors who have proved their claims. Geoeoktown, S. C dum- 21, lh7-r?. Mi:. Eiutoi:: Presuming that your nu? merous renders would like to hear from ye ancient city of Georgetown, 1 have de? termined to send you a short letter. The course of Gov. Chamberlain meets the approval of all the Conservatives here, but amongst Republicans, both ho and Treasurer Cardozo stand very badly. This they should regard as a compli? ment. C. C. Bowen, so far from be ing injured by the cases now pending against him here and in Charle ston, has gained additional popularity, and is stronge r1 to-day than he has ever been amongst j the negroes, who actually worship him in Georgetown County. Tho Radicals hero have already made up their slate- j in Georgetown County. It reads thus: Dunn, feu- Governor: Gleaves, for Lieu? tenant-Go vernor; Hayne, for Secretary of State, and Harely Solomon for Trea? surer. Solomon seems to be especially strong down here, which must be attri? buted to the fact that he gene rally scat? ters "demnition" wherever he goes. Judge Shaw give's very general satisfae tion, and thus far has presided with a degree of urbanity that would be credita? ble to eme of our juilges of the old regime. The rice crops arc very fine here - abouts. A large area is planted in that staple. Turpentine, lumber, Ac, con? tinue to come- in from the upper coun I tries, and is shipped hence to European anel Northern ports. It is healthy here now, anel not a single- case of country I fever has occurred thus far. WINYAW. Papail, or New Guinea, it is expected, will soon form a part of Queen Yicte>riu's dominions. It is described as one of the largest anel finest islands in the South Pacific, its length being 1,600 miles, its breadth varying from 200 to 400 miles, its climate temperate, its soil productive, its harbors numerous anel good, its natural productions (including gold) varied and valuable, and its native inhabitants re? sembling the African negroes, being much superior to the aborigines of Australia. City Itemb.?Subacribe for (don't bor- ' rovf) the PiiesN-ix. Bore feet now patter on the sidewalks. Blackberries are selling in this market at five cents a quart. Only about one month in which to make returns, and save penalties. It will prove gratifying intelligence to lovers to know that August will have two moons. j Watermelons and po .ches are coining to this market, and are being sold cheap in Charleston. The trees have taken umbrage ut the weather, and a jolly green figure they cut over it. Thoro is no man, however high, but who is jealous of some one; and there is no one, however low, but who has some one who is jealous of him. The most vigilant people are invaria? bly those who neglect their own business to attend to the affairs of their neigh? bors. We are in receipt of the journal of proceedings of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina Good Templars, fourth annual session, held at Charleston, April 27, 28 and 29, 187-5. It will be seen, by announcement in another column, that the City Council offer a reward of $200 for the recovery of the missing diamond and cross, and $100 for evidence to convict the thief. The City Council have declared in favor of celebrating tho anniversary of American independence on Monday, the ?5th of July; therefore, v.c presume the 3th will be generally observed in Co? lumbia. A lady should never consent to be j married secretly. She should distrust a man who has any reason to shroud in ! darkness the act which, in his own esti? mation, should be the crowning glory of his life. The weather has been extremely hot for the past few days, and, appreciating our unpleasant feelings, Miss Josephine Smith, the young lady who so attentively j serves customers at the store of Mrs. C. I Hoffman, refreshed us with soda water. I It can no longer be said that the news? papers are the means of a great many ladies "getting their backs up," though at one time the best conducted papers often made a great bustle among them, and nearly every pannier was a news? paper waist basket. The proprietors of the Greenville En? terprise and MonnUtineer have secured the services of Col. S. S. Crittenden us chief editor. . Iking well known, he needs no introduction to the people of the State, either as a gentleman of high character or as an able and forcible writer. Admirably executed counterfeit $5 bills on the National Bank of l'axton, Illinois, are being freely circulated, but I we have not seen any of them. If the counterfeits are not easily detected, we will receive a few in payment of old bills ! due this office. Some parties indebted : to the PlUESIX are invited to settle up in j any kind of currency continental, Con? federate, counterfeit or coin. A 1': i.i i.i t Success. We w< re highly delighted by a visit to the Opera House, last night, to witness the presentation of "Lost in London" and "Taming the Shrew'' by the Columbia Comedy Com? pany. The actors, each ami every one, played their rotes to perfection, but we cannot 'refrain from rendering especial praise to May Willmotte Lov?dl, Mr. and Mrs. Cramer and Mr. Lovell, for the eese, grace and succ< ss of their rendi? tion. They are worthy of places in the list of first class actors, and we congratu? late our citizens in having in our midst such excellent tab nt. Tin y only desire sufficient encouragement from our citi? zens to induce them to give frequent en? tertainments; and we here take occasion to express our gratification at the large, respectable and appreciative audience which assembled at the Opera House, last evening, to greet the company in their new selections. The object of the entertainment was for the purposo of procuring the new Opera House chair for the building be? fore next season; and we indulge the hope that the company will continue to afford pleasant pastime to our play? goers until their purpose has been ac? complished, and even after. Aside from the praiseworthy and self-sacrificing spirit of the company, their renditions arc deserving of a crowded house, and whether you wish to laugh or want the heart's tender chords touched, Mr. and Mrs. Cramer and Mr. and Mrs. Lovell have the talent to do cither. Again, we express our high appreciation of the plays last night, and the frequent and loud applause of the audience fully at? tested their delight. Mr. Cramer continues to adorn the Opera House by a skillful use of his artistic hand. ?'Gen* Spinner is charged," they say, "with having too great an. affection for pretty women." There wa?never a nioro absurd charge. The man who doesn't cherish, a great uffection foe pretty women ght to have died when he was a baby, d the probability is he did. Hound trip tickets will be sold at the different stations on the line of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad for first class fare one way, Ott. Friday and Saturday, the '25th and 2fith of .June; good to ueturn. at any time up to Thurs ay, the 1st of July, inclusive, but no onger. -? ? ? Arrested.?Frank Wright, colored, ho stands charged with the murder of a olorcd boy in his employ, was arrested >n the Shiver plantation, where he re? sides. Wright's wife and mother were also arrested and held as witnesses. The prisoner offered no resistance, but ? hitched up his team and drove the party to Godsden, including Constable Strat ton, who served the warrant. Sentenced. -Thomas M. Kiiubrough, Esq., writes from Augusta, Ga., on Juno 21, 1875, that Daniels, the thief who stole his property, has beon sentenced to the penitentiary for fifty years. He also writes that for the return of his' pin and :ross to him, by expiv^ C. O. D., or otherwise, within tea days from that dale, he will pay twenty dollars, and ask no questions; but if they are not returned within that time, he will come to Colum? bia and hero remain until he sends tho thief to the penitentiary. The letter ia. addressed to the Chief of Police, Colum? bia, S. C. Hotel Arrival, June 23.?Mansion Hou.ie?Alex. G. Chirkson, S. C.; N. W. Trump, city; S. M. Perkins, Ga.; J. C. Eason, S. C.; John T. Arthur, Camden; J. F. Murphy and wife, S. C; W. T: Butt, Augusta; S. L. Fellers, Prosperity; J. B. Stockman, Newberry; J. S. Hair.* Newberry. List or New Advertitements. C. R. Franklin?4th July Sports. R. L. Bryan?New Books. Agnew A Son?For Rent. C. R. Franklin?Notice. Peixotto A Son?Estate Sale. Wineman's Camphor Choral. R. Jones?Notice to Fish Dealers Meeting Acacia Lodge. John Alexander?$3U0 Reward. The Bull asd the Bull's Eyz.?Our first news of the shooting in Ireland came in a shape characteristically Hiber? nian. It is conceded that the Americans I are the superior marksmen, but the Irish have won the match. Tho Irishmen make the best score, but the Americans are the best shots. When an affectionate mother, by way of instruction, told hor boy that if he cut the cake, ho must give Johnny the larger of the two pieces, be? cause "that was polite," the apt pupil in the hollow ways of the world immedi? ately proposed that the duty of dividing the cake should at once be turned over to Johnny, that he might himself have the benefit of the politeness of the case. We confess to a similar aspiration in regard to the division of the case between us and Ireland. By all moans, let the Irishmen themselves be the best shots, but let our fellows win the match. . [.Wir York Herald. A serious schism is impending in the Missouri Constitutional Convention, owing to the rejection by the "country members" of a proposition providing for the representation of the section of the Stab; ill the Legislature on a basis of population. At latest reports the St. Louis members were debating tho pro? priety of withdrawing entirely from the deliberations of the body. No New Cardinals to be Declared.? A despatch from Rome says his Holiness Pio None has changed his mind with regard to the declaration o? new cardi? nals of the church. No cardinals will be declared in the consistory which will bo held in the Vatican on "the 23th of June. Bishops only will be preconized on that occasion. It is Faid that an Indiana woman was ! recently struck and killed by lightning I "while in the act of shortening three pie I crusts with a pound of lard." The lady was certainly a little extravagant, but we j shouldn't have thought it was any of the ! lightning's business. Mrs. Martha Pedcn, widow of Scipio Pedcn, died in the lower portion of Greenville County, on the 13th instant, aged seventy-six years. Mrs. Celia Rodgcrs, widow of James ltodgers, died in the same section, on the 8th. instant, aged eighty years. Killed by Lightning.? A colored wo? man and two dogs were killed by light? ning on Gibbs' plantation near Florence, last week. Thoy had taken refugo from tho rain under a tree. Another warning to avoid trees in a thunder storm. Bessie Turner is making qnito an in? come out of the scandal trial. Large quantities of her photographs are sold in New York, on which sho receives a royal? ty. BeBsio would probably like to keop up the excitement on this basis. It took some red-nosed gentlemen in a Georgia bnr-room two hours and a half the othor day to become convinced that ! a black snake which was found crawling across the floor was a real live one of flesh and blood. If the Uraguayans stay much longer in Charleston specie payments will bo resumed.