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Tuesday Morning, July 13, 1875.
The Names. Fred. Douglass in his speech, recently noticed by us, alluded severely to thei Freedman's Dank swindle. He said that ? the colored people had put millions into tho Freedman's Dank, and he asked "Whcro are they?" He added: "The men who went into the bank a few years ago poor men, are now domiciled in beautiful houses and drive their line turn-outs." The New York Herald calls for the names of these rascals, "that they may bo nailed up by the ears in festering infamy." Certainly their names ought to bo known. They would exhibit finely in their "turn-outs." The South has had so many of such swindlers fastened upon them, that they would be no rarity; but the N?rth might make tho most of them. There is a peculiar scoundrclism in that Freedman's Bank business, which gives it. notability above othor schemes of Radicalism to rob the poor negro. Radicalism called liim the "Ward of the Nation," and became his "self-appointed guardian," as Langston had it. Tho bank was ostensibly a scheme to take caro of the money belonging to the sim? ple-minded "ward." But it was really a scheme to oheat tho ward, and it snc cecded finoly. Hence, Douglass' denun? ciation of the swindlers, who went in poor and came out rich?dwelling in fine palaces and driving about with gay equipages. If tho Radical scoundrclism in swindling the negro while pretending to nourish and defend him, is not tho most heartless deception ever practiced in a civilized land, we never heard of .that which excelled it in enormity. 'Spain continues to rock in tho uneasy :seas of oivil war and bankruptcy. Tho apprehensions expressed in the London Tunes in a leader, the substance of which we printed several days ago, have been forsouie time anticipated. Tho occes ? sion of tho Frinco Alfonso to the throne ?df Spain was in no respect an advantage. He did not come as the choice of tho peoplo; he was tho candidate of a military coup d'etat?an armed insurrection in which a sovereign Congress wero driven out of tho halls of legislation at the point of tho bayonet. Personally ho had no qualities of tho King but amiability, and no claim to that respect which attends a long, unsullied line. He was only a boy, fresh from his tops and ponies; his birth was clouded; his earlier life had been spent in tho stained circles of a dishonored court. So when ho camo to tho crown, he was only another new ad? venturer in the place where so many ad? venturers have endeavored to find lodge? ment since tho time of Charles II. No wonder there should be discontent. There seems to be no possiblo future in Spain but Don Carlos or the republic. Either of theso governments mean some? thing. Alfonso means nothing, and it would not bo surprising to sco him some morning hurrying over the road to Por? tugal which Amadous took one early morning in February, when the crown becamo too harsh a burden. The Ma? drid despatches indicate that the Carlists arc vigorously pushed .of late, but no? thing like a decisive engagement has occurred, Dorregarry preferring flight to battle. The combatants on each side seem ouly capable of offensive operations up to a certain point, but that poj^it leaves everything like "thorough" work unessayed. A Demociutic Conference.?A New York letter says the club rooms arc rife with rumors about a gathering of tho Democratic chiefs at Saratoga, week after next, to consult as to tho "sailing charts" for the approaching Presidential election. Tho consultation, it is said, has been dec-mod advisable by leaders of the Go? vernor Tilden school, who foroseo a so rious breach in the National Convention botweon tho Eastern and Western Demo? cracy on tho financial question, unless existing differences of opinion can bo reconciled beforehand, by a friendly talk among those in whom both schools of thought are supposed to have confidence. Peoplo soo things differently. For in? stance, tho terrible earthquake that re? cently destroyed San Joso do Cucnta, in Colombia. When the catastrophe began most of tho inhabitants wont down upon their knees and prayed for relief and mercy. Yet, in the midst of the scone, whon tho earth was heaving, buildings falling, and the dying groans and shriokg of men, women and children filling the oir, a wild hordo of demoniacal thieves and robbers swarmed into tho towns, sacking : houses, pillaging batik vaults, and plundering, | If en earthquake will not quicken a man's conscienco/tbjufqje no telling what will. i ?FFAina in Eeoefielo.?Tho following correspondence between Gov. Chambir lain and Judge Carpenter will be pe? rused with interest: State of South Carolina, Executive Department, Columbia, June 21, 187.1. i/o?, /f. li. Carpenter, Jmbje Fifth Cir- , cuit, Columbia, S, C.?Mr Dear Sir: Re-' ferring to our conversation respecting affairs in Edgefield County of day before yesterday, I thinh it best for mo to ad? dress you officially upon tho subject in addition to our conversation. Com? plaints have come to me so frequent and strong of late, that I ought to lay their substanco hei'ore you for such official action as you may be able to take, if, in your judgment, any is necdod. I am the moro bound to do this because, when I was seeking last winter to restore peace and order to that country, I especially advised the people that tho courts were open, and all their wrongs could there be redressed, and I am sure this admoni? tion had a happy effect. Tho present complaints arc, in general, as follows: 1. They complain that the funds of the County arc now being squandered on the poor, while the roads, bridges and other great interests of the country are almost wholly neglected. 2. They complain that the school fund is so managed and administered as to do little good, incompetent teachers being employed at execssivo rates of pay. 3. They complain that the office of the Probato Judgo is in a condition of dis? graceful neglect, and that largo pnrts of the records are gone, and thnt the Probate Judge is himself totally incompetent to discharge his duties. 4. They complain that the Sheriff has, fromdncapacity or inability of some kind, totaUy failed to fill the office, or perform its ordinary duties, his incapacity or in? ability culminating recently in the escape of several prisoners under sentence of your Honor to tho penitentiary. 5. They complain that the past in? debtedness of the County is still unad? justed, and the large fund of some $13,000 is still undistributed, though many of the claimants urc worthy men and holders of just claims, and that this fund has been for a long ' time in court, and a rcforco appointed to audit the claims. 0. They complain that indictments now pending and presentments made against public officers in that County have not been duly pressed by the Solici? tor, and that the result has been a fool? ing of discouragement in the work of holding officials to their proper account? ability. 7. They complain gcnomlly of great incapacity on the part of many of the County officers elected by tho people, re? sulting in a deplorable state of things in all publio interests of the County. Theso matters embrace the main sub? stantial complaints. You will, of course, understand that I do no more than stato these complaints. They are ex parle, but they como from sources which seem en? titled to respeot. I must say that I fear not a little for tho peace of that County during the present summer, in tho pre? sent state of feeling there; and if any thing occurs to you as a prcventivo or remedy for any evils existi/ig there, I most earnestly urge you to apply such preventive or remedy. If. from your superior knowledge of the affairs of that County, you regard the complaints now stated as unfounded in fact, or it, being founded in fact, you have no power to apply a remedy, then the results will not be chargeable to you. If, on your part, you see any official or personal action on my part which will, in any degree, tend to the advantage of good citizens of that County, I beg that yon will inform me, and I will act with "promptness. If the complaints made have sufficient founda? tion to warrant it, I venture to suggest tho calling of an extra term of the court for that County, at some time not far dis? tant, at which many of these matters could be fully and finally investigated. Of the possibility of such action I can? not judge, but I think, if practicable, it would tend to tho peace and welfare of the County. I am, very respectfully, your Honor's obedient servant, D. H. CHAMBERLAIN, Governor South Carolina. Columbia, S. C. July 8, 1875. Iiis Excellency D. 11. Chamberlain, I Governor >South Carolina, Columbia, S. C.? I My Dear Sir: Your letter of the 24th ultimo, referring to tho condition of affairs in the County of Edgefield, has received the serious consideration your exalted position, character and the im? portance of the subject demand. I am aware that the complaints referred to in your letter arc now and some of them have for a long time been made, and that they emanate from citizens of respectability and intelligence. To what extent they aro founded in justice is not within my personal knowledge; but it is reasonable to presume that complaints so openly and generally made have some foundation in truth. I beg at tho outset to assure your Excollency that in tho fu? ture, as in the past, I shall heartily co? operate with you to tho utmost extent of my personal infiuenoo and official power in maintaining law, order and honest government. I concur with your Excellency as to tho happy effect produced upon the pub? lic mind during a condition of dangerous and painful oxcitement.by your admoni? tion that wrongs should bo redressed by an appeal to the courts, and I unhesita? tingly aver that your promise that they should always be open for that purpose, has been kept in letterand spirit. As to the first complaint named in your letter, tho Grand Jury having found a bill of indiotment at the last term of the court, it does not become me to oxpreoss any opinion. Tho second restates substan? tially to tho presentment of the Grand Jury upon that subject. No indictment was found for'any speoifio offence, und until that is dono it is somewhat difficult to'see how I can take any action in the matter. The complaint, concisely stated, is that the people have clectod air* incom? petent officer. The same is equally truo of tho third and fourth grounds of com? plaint. As to the fifth, the facts aro briefly as follows: Upon a proper com? plaint, filed in March, 1874, the County Commissioners and County Treasurer were enjoined from paying out any money to the holders of past due claims until tho further order of the court. An order was made calling in the creditors of the County and requiring them to prove their demands before Governor Bonham, the referee appointed for that Eurpose. At tho March term 1875, ho ad not made his report, and until that was done, of course there could be no distribution of the funds. An Act of the General Assembly, approved Decem? ber 22, 1S73, provided lor the levy of a tax of three mills per annum to pay the past indebtedness of the County, incur? red prior to the31st day of October, 1873. The fund collected under this Act for the fiscal year 1N7."5 had been nearly all paid out before the complaint was tiled, and the principal object of the suit was to impound future levies, and from their proceeds pay the hon?st debts of the County. Your Excellency will observe that the funds, instead of having been "a long time in court," have only been there since last March. About the time of the adjournment of the last March term, it was known to me that an Act had been passed amending the former Act, by ex? tending its provisions to a eertnin class of debts incurred during fiscal vear 1871. The amended Act had not then been pub? lished, nor hail I seen a copy. I could not, therefore, know its precise terms. This involved a modification in the order of reference, which could not be made until tho Act was examined. When I was enabled to make that examination, it became evident that the referee would not have sufficient time to advertise, tinder the order, and take proof of the large amount of indebtedness (estimated at SGO.OUO) before tho then next term of the court. Hence, the amended order was not passed until the last June term. I fail to perceive any Inches on my part in the whole matter. The sixth ground Hcorns to proceed upon the idea that not only all persons indicted arc guilty, but that all who were presented by the Grand Jury aro equally so. I ncod not remind so accomplished a lawyer as your Excellency that these suppositions revcrso the salutary- rule of law; but, were they correct, it is submit? ted that no- responsibility can rest upon the court. It is not my duty to become detective, prosecutor, nor solicitor. I have neither the power nor the inclina? tion to infringe upon any of the depart? ments constituting a court of justice. The duty of a judge, as I understand it, is to bear causes properly brought before him, without prejudice, and to decide without partiality. How can he be im? partial if, for any cause or in any man? ner, he has become a partisan? The seventh ground of complaint seems to be u reflection upon the elect? ors of that County, or at least a majority oT them. I am not the general elector for that or any other County, and, there? fore, have no sort of responsibility for the incapacity or venality of officials. If the people elect incompetent or corrupt officers, it is deeply to be regretted, but I the remedy is educational, moral and political, not judicial. I infer that the origin of the com? plaints, so far as they affect nie, is the presentment of the Grand Jury. After it was read in court, I called attention to such portions of it as scented to contain reflections upon my olHcial character; whereupon Mr. Dozier, the foreman, ex? pressed his regret that the language was susceptible of such a construction, and stated that the jury had no intention of criticising me, but that, on the contrary, he and .his fellow-jurors had the highest respect for my official conduct?all of the jurors concurring in that statement Ho proposed to return to the Grand Jury room and recast tho passages referred to. That proposition was declined by me, aud the jury was discharged. Some per? verse or improper motivo appears to have attributed to the Grand Jury an in? tention which they unanimously and in a marked manner disclaimed. With refcrenco to the fears for the peace of the Connty, entertainod by your Excellency, I am far from believing them unfounded. In my judgment, it would be difficult to exaggerate tho public ox oitemont and its possible consequences. The chief reliance for a peaceful and just solution of the difficulties of that un? happy County must rest in tho "sobur second thought," tho integrity, huma? nity and discretion of the people them? selves. With regard to the special term sug? gested by your Excellency, I have to say that court and juries were idle three days during tho last term. There are but fow cases pending against officials, and thoso for misdemeanors; there is no money in the treasury to pay the ex? penses of an extra term; and, under these circumstances, I Mould not feel justified in calling the people from their homos, and incurring additional debts, that must bo at some time paid; as aro all public burdens, by the labor of tho people. In accordanco with your suggestion, I propose frankly to state one causo which, in my judgment, tends largely to tho fnesent unfortunate condition of affairs n that County. It is political in charac? ter. Tho general and indiscriminate de? nunciation of all public officers of ono political party by members of the other would seem to sustain this view- Tho abuso is too general and extended not to excite suspicion of its fairness 'and seems to arise from tho sanio iipirlt as the ancient inquiry, "Can' i&y* good thing come out of Nazareth?" ?be mi? nority is dissatisfied with the political complexion of the County. Thoy assert that "tho people who have the property, the intelligence and tho true heritage of command" are entitled to the sole admi? nistration of County affairs. Conse? quently, they are dissatisfied with some of tho local appointments of your Excel? lency, not only on account of their mnn nev of conducting official affairs, hut bo cause, in their opinion, the obnoxious appointees manipulate and control the dominant party, and they have no hope of success while the persons referred to have local place and power. I do not, in the remotest degree, criticise these appointments, nor intimate the propriety of any suspensions from office. These are matters belonging exclusively to tho political department of the Government, with which the judiciary can have no of? ficial concern. I am aware that I have replied more in detail than the terms of your letter would appear to demand, not because I con? ceive that the charges either originate with you or arc endorsed by your com munication, but to reply in full to the parties who desire to reach the Judge through the Governor. 1 recognize the friendly medium through which these complaints are urged, and the distin? guished courtesy with which they are conveyed. I rely with confidenoo upon tho wisdom, talents and integrity of your Excellency for the firm yet merciful exe? cution of the laws and the restoration of a real pence to tho people; and if my past record does not give assurance of a hearty and earnest co-operation, then words would be indeed futile and use? less. T have the honor to remain your most obedient servant. lt. 1). CARPENTER, Judge Fifth Circuit. City Itkiis.?Water-melons and cauta lbupcs are becoming plentiful. Work is about to begin on the Presby? terian Church, which was so seriously injured during the late tornado. The martins have once more changed their base?Parker's Hall being their swarming-point just now. Greenville is the "Mountain City," Charleston the "City by the Sea," Co? lumbia the "Political Pot." Jennie June thinks the days of non Bcnsicnl bonnets are past. You're old enough, Jennie, to know better. To reform those bonnets permanently, you must cut off the heads that wear 'em. I Had it not been for a light breeze Sunday and a slight rain yesterday, there would, doubtless, have been a general wilt. The mercury in many thermome? ters ran almost out of sight. It is calculated that the full proceed? ings in tho Tilton-Beccher trial will make ten volumes the size of Applcton's Encyclopedia. They should be bound in guilt. We acknowledge the receipt from the committee of a card of invitation to the Intercollegiate Regatta at Samtogo Lake, which begins to-day, and regret being unable to occupy a place on the grand stand. Tho Greenville Railroad has consented to bring members to the meeting of the Mampton Legion, on the 21st, for one fare. The Charlotte, Columbia and Au? gusta Railroad and the Wilmington, Co? lumbia and August:'. Railroad at 3 cents per mile. Postmaster Wilder is preparing to change his base, and in a few days will occupy the commodious and elegant quarters corner Richardson and Laurel streets, furnished by Uncle Sam, through the perseverance of Senator Thomas J. Robertson. The Brooklyn saints and philosophers are a queer lot. We should not be sur? prised to learn by and by that Theodore and Elizabeth hail made up and gone to living lovingly together again, and that both had resolved to become regular attendants on Beceher ministrations. Nothing occurring in Brooklyn?espe? cially within the Plymouth circle? could surprise us now. Mrs. Ellen Ewing Sherman, consort of tho great Wm. Tecumsoh, takes up the cudgel in defence of her lonl and mas? ter. She declares that his "purity of life, unswerving principle, gentleness of heart, and courage of soul have height? ened and confirmed in mo the admira? tion and confidence of my youth." Mrs. S. didn't happen to be in Columbia on a memorable occasion, some ten years ago. "Senator Morton is now fifty-one years of age," says an exchange, "and yet ho seems just as foml of women us ever." Yes, the Senator's highest ambition is, when tho last sccno in tho drama of life approaches, to wrap a raffled and em? broidered petticoat about him, and marohing majestically to the foot-lights, throw a shower of impassioned kisses to womankind at large, and die like a little son-of-a-saw-li orse. -? o . Patents issued to citizens of South Carolina for week ending Jjily 9, 1875. Furriwod for the PiieENts from tho office of J. McC. Perkins & Co.: 101,818. Life-presorving apparatus? II. A. Due, Jr., Charleston. [Filed May 17, 1875.] 1GL817. Bale-ties?Henry K. DuBoso and Edgar W. Charles, Jr.; Canulen. [Filed May 22, 1875.] Special Term Court or Common- Pleas ?The Parker Case.?This Court met at 10 A. M. yesterday. The Court stated that, in consequence of the illness of Mr. C. D. Melton, one of the attorneys for the defendant, jury No. 1 would he dis? charged until this morning, at 10o'clock, and jury No. 'J until 10 o'clock Friday morning next. The Court then ad? journed until 10 A. M. to-day. The following is substantially the case as made out by the State againstNilesG. t Parker, defendant: During the time If. If. Kimpton was Financial Agent of the State, it was his duty, among other things, to effect loans lor the State-, pay the interest due on bonds then outstand? ing, and to meet loans thus made as they became due and payable. In order to effect these loans, he was forced to hy? pothecate the bonds of the State as a se? curity to the lenders. These bonds thus hypothecated, had attached to them cou? pons, which indicated the interest due on the bonds, and these bonds had never before passed out of the bunds of the State by sale, and, consequently, as the State does not pay itself interest on its own property, the Financial Agent was not called upon to pay these coupons. These are called dead coupons. These bonds had been hypothecated asa pledge it is true; but, until the pledge became forfeited, the property or ownership of them remained in the State. The loans thus effected were met by the Financial Agent when they became due, and the bonds were returned to the Financial Agent before forfeiture. The coupons due on these bonds before they were sold were detached and sent by Kimpton to Niles G. Parker, then State Treasurer, to be can? celed according to law. It was the duty of Kimpton to pay in gold the interest on the bonds which bad been Hold by the State, but not hypothecated, or, if hypothecated, had been forfeited, to de? tach the coupons then due, as vouchers of payment, and return them to Parker an Trcasurer, to be canceled also. Kimp? ton sent Parker the coupons actually due and paid, and the dead coupons which had become due and were dead before the State parted with the bonds to which they belonged, and Parker receipted to Kimpton for them all. There were $4b0,000 of these dead coupons, and these, with the coupons actually due and paid, should have been canceled by Par? ker as soon as they came into the trea? sury; for, if by any means they should again pass out of the treasury before they were canceled, the State would become liable for them to innocent holders, as it would be impossible for the public to know whetherthe.se coupons had become due before or after the State had sold the bonds to which they were attached. Those dead coupons, however, show upon their face to what bonds they be? long, as, indeed, do all coupons, and the treasury books show when every bend was sold; consequently the treasury offi? cials enn detect them, although outside parties cannot. Now the State claims that the defendant, Parker, canceled these $4b0,000 dead coupons, and placed them in tho stead of $180,000 coupons which Kimpton had paid in gold, which latter coupons ho abstracted from the treasury upon or before his retirement therefrom, without having canceled them. The State has proved that there are S180,000 dead coupons canceled in the treasury, and it has proved that Parker, in May, 1S73, was in the possession of certain coupons which he said he had got from Kimpton in the final settlement of the State with her Financial Agent. It has proved that $?180,000 of coupons which, according to Parker's receipt to Kimpton, should have been in the vaults of the treasury, j were missing and unaccounted for when the present incumbent, Mr. Cardozo. went into office. It has further proved that Mr. Y. J. P. Owens, Senator from Laurons County, as "agent," funded over I $200,01)0 of coupons; and, according to the testimony of Mr. \V. 13. Gulick and ! Capt. J. O. Ladd, Parker admitted to j them that he had employed Mr. Y\ J. P. Owens to fund bis coupons for him. That he had coupons and wanted to have them funded is also proved by Parker's letter to Ladd, while the latter was in Charleston. Mr. Y. J. P. Owens was subpoenaed as a witness for the State, but failed to appear, and this is considered a strong circumstance in favor of the the? ory and proof of the plaintiff's cause. List or New Advertisements. Extra Com. Columbia Lodge. E. E. Jackson?Seeds. W. 15. Unrke-F. F. F. Flour. Columbia as a Winter IIesort.?The climate of Columbia is one of the most uniform anel toniporato in tho world. Considerable interest is felt in projects which have for their object the estab? lishment of suitable boarding houses anel hotels for the entertainment of visitors during tho summer months from the more rigid climate of tho North. Many who stopped in Columbia last winter woro delighted with it. They founel it more agreeable and equable than any other point at which Ihey visited. It has moro variety of life about it than cither Florida or Aikcn, anel is not infe? rior to either in nil tho requirements of a winter resort for a large class of inva? lids. We trust that our friends at the capital will bestir themselves. The line of activity and business herein indicated, and the fine but negleqted water power which flows at their foet, solicit their early and earnest attention. [Charleston Aieics and Courier. ExTRAORniNARY Casualty.?On Sun? day, tho 20th ult, Mr. 13enj. Pack, resid? ing near Privateer, in Sumtcr County, had his only horse kicked to death by a vicious anel infuriated mare, belonging to Mr. William Osteen. The maro was supposed to have been shut up, as Mr. Osteen had ordereel it done.