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COLUMBIA, S. C.
'.Smnday Morning,, Julj 18, 1876. Chubch Discipline in England.?The American evangelists in England, while they meet with a good deal of heavy sar? casm in the Tory press, and ore reforred to in the House of Lords by Lord Lyttlo ?ton, amid laughter, as giving "perform? ances," have excited a certain spirit of independence in various classes. An Englishman is independent, or nothing; tho church question in England is yet in a very unsettled state, and between tho non-conformists, dissenters and people who go in for fair play, tho evangelists have had supporters enough. In a cer? tain way, these two are at the bottom of tho point that has just been raised as to the lawful right of a clergyman of tho Church of England to preaoh in a non? conformist pulpit. The Rev. Mr. Fre mouth accepted an invitation, some months ago, to preach in the "City Tem? ple," but was deterred by a request from the Bishop of London to await tho ex? amination of tho legal right to occupy a .pulpit of another sect The matter was referred to eminent counsel, Mr. Fitz james Stevens and Mr. Benjamin Shaw, who gave lengthy opinions, in substance that it was illegal for a clergyman of tho Established Chnrch to occupy a non? conformist pulpit in England, but that tho law was not effective beyond English territory. Thoy drew some fine distinc? tions. "If a meeting for a charitablo "object were to be openod by a prayer, I should not describe tho whole meeting as an act of pnblio worship. If the prospects and position of the charitable society wore stated in a sermon preachod as part of a roligioun service, I should describe the ?whole meeting as an act of public wor? ship. Every caso mus tdopend upon its Own circumstances." At a reoent meeting held at tho "City 'Temple," a large gathering testified their opposition to this ruling or to this state .of facts. Samuel Morley, M. P., pre? sided, Tho Dean of Westminster, whoso dignity is well indicated by tho magni? ficent and anciont Cathedral of which ho has charge, was ono of the most indig? nant expounders of the sense of tho meet? ing ; and while Dean Stanley boasted that "he gloried in tho freedom of the freest, tho learning of the most learned, and tho reasonableness of tho most ra? tional church in Christendom,"hosought to show by an historical review of the turns in Christian liberality, how absurd were the restrictions sought to be im? posed. The Dean of Westminster moved tho following resolutions, which were ?adopted: "That the mooting is of the opinion that tho restrictions placed upon the clorgy of the Chnrch of England, ac? cording to tho opinion of counsel now given on tho Bubject, of conforming ministers taking part in services other than thoso prescribed by the Acts of Uniformity, are injurious to tho fraternal intorcourso between the various Protest? ant Churches of the land, which is im? peratively required in tho interests of ?Catholic Christianity." This was seconded by the Rev. New? man Hall, and unanimously carried. The Times disposes of tho question as one not worthy of serious argument; but, takon in connection with the agitation in regard to disestablishing the church and its other kindred elements in English politics, this meeting of tho notables is significant. To end where wo began, as the Rev. Mr. Fremouth writes to tho Times, tho law "appears to make it ille? gal for him to join in such services as those of Messrs. Moody and Sonkey." Take away the petty Federal "organ? izers," says Charles Nordhoff, in his last lottor to tho New York Herald, and the negro, loft face to faco with tho whito man, no longor marched up in column to tho central poll of tho County, but voting in bis proper precinct; argued with; hearing both sides for tho first timo; knowing by experience, as he pre? sently will, that tho Democrat is not a monster, and that a Domocratio victory does not mean his re-enslavemont, will lose much of his interest in elections. ?"They won't vote unless they have wn o organizers," was the universal testimony of tho Republican managers, wherever Mr. Nordhoff went in tho South. * ? c>? ? Ono of tho largost manufacturing insti? tutions in tho country?tho Atlantic Cotton Mills of Lawrence, Massachusetts ?closed recently; 1,250.operatives were thrown out of work, und will lose at least $80,000 in wages. Tho reason, according to the Chicago Tribune, is a surplus of manufactured goods which cannot be sold abroad. The tariff prevents expor? tation, aud the home market is too small to keep the manufactories of tho country in constant employment. Here is a -"protected" concern and 1,250 very un? protected operatives, who would all find steady work and higher pay under free trade. Charlie Ross.?It is a year now since Cbnrlie Ross disappeared, and yet no clew has como to ms parents that will lead them to him.j The little fair-haired boy may have died within the year, or, worse still, he may be in the haunts of tbo thieves who stole him; but the pa? rents live on in the agony of hope. In the dread twelve-month that has just ended, what anguiBh has been theirs; what martyr of old has borno more ex? quisite tormentB than they? Tho illu Hory flashes of hopefulness that have gilded tho otherwise impenetrable gloom of tho household when it has been told thorn that Charlie was found, havo only served to darken more miserably the black shadows that havo hung liko fune? ral palls of woo around them, and each night of sorrow has muffled tho sobs of. tho stricken fireside and shrouded tho hopes that came in dreams of what tho morrow might bring. Tho strong fathor has gono down under tho fearful task of a year. His business is ruinod, and the mind which guided that business is itself not less a wreck. If the strong man has thus bowed be? neath tho weight of tho awful mystery that clings to his household, what must bo Baid of tho load the fond mother's heart has borne? Not death, with all his terrors, stalking gloomy and dread by tho hearth-stone and snatching away tho darling of tho household, could bo half so terrible as the dread fate that has robbed her of her youngest born, and deniod her evon tho knowledge that ho sloops in tho grave Surely they have sounded tho very depths of earthly woo, and drained to its dregs the bitterest cup of earthly Borrow, and to-day, not less than whon the whole land was shocked at tho announcement of his strange dis? appearance, does tho heart of every pa? rent go out to them in earnost sympathy, and from many a household, gladdened by tbo prattlo of littlo ones, does tho fervont prayer arise: "God help the stricken parents and give thorn back their child." Postaoe.?A report just compiled by Third Assistant Postmaster-General Bar? ber, shows that 107,GIG,000 postal cards wero sold during the fiscal voar which ended June 30 last, against 01,079,000 issued for tho year which ended Juno 30, 1874. Tho increase, which is equiva? lent to abont 18 1-10 per cent, seems to indicate that tho postal cards aro grow? ing in popular favor. The value of the issue of ordinary postage stamps during the year, was $18,271,479?an increase of $990,237 over tho previous year. Tho issue of newspaper and periodical post ago stamps amounted to $815,902.47; of ordinary stamped envelopes. and wrap? pers to $4,124,477,34?an inoreaso of $242,284.58; of postal cards $1,070,100. Tho total issuo for Bale to tho publio was $24,288,018.81?an inoreaso of $2,219, 794.05 over tho last fiscal year' Tho sale of official postage stamps for the fiscal year amounted to $834,970.25?a decrease of $580,874.95 since Juno 30,1874; official stamped envelopes $354,522.18?an in? crease of $1,0G5.52 over the year 1874. Tho Post Office Department has adopted a new design for postal cards, preparod at tho printing department of the treasury. On tho upper left hand corner is tho monogram U. S., across which, in a scroll, are tho words "Postal Card." On tho upper right hand corner is the stamp, nearly square, instead of elliptical, the sides of the stamp being composed of fasces and tho top and bot? tom of band scrolls, tho top ono having the legend "U. S. Postage," tho lower one, "Ono Cent." In tho centre of the Stamp is the profile of the Goddess of Liberty. It will bo printed in black, upon card-board of the Kuh de X?e color, and will soon be ready for issue. When Gen. Lee visited this State, not long before his death, a gentleman who knew him well asked his opinion of Sherman's conduct. This, it must be remembered, was several years after the war, when thero wero tho same means that there aro now of forming a true judgment. What passed is given as fol? lows: D. H.?"Gen. Lee, Idesiro to ask a question, which you will please not re? ply to if thero is any impropriety in it." Gen. Lee?"Ask it, sir." D. II.?"Was Gen. Sherman, in his march through the country, justified, under the usages of war, in burning our homes over the heads of our women and children, while we wero in tho field?" Gen. Loe arose from his chair with his eyes brightened, and said: "No, sir! no, sir! it was the act of a savage. Ho was not justified under tho usages of war." Failures fob the Past Six Months.?, Dun, Barlow & Co.'s mercantile agency, in their circular just issued, announce tho total number of failures throughout tho country for the past six months to have been 3,377, with liabilities amount? ing to $74,940,809. Of theso failures Maryland furnished G8, with liabilities aggregating SI,098,135; Virginia and West ViTginial03, liabilities SI,383,084; Dis? trict of Columbia 9, liabilities ?58,100; Delaware 14, liabilities $124,500. This is considerably less than tho averago of tho previous four years. Though tho ox eotations which wore indulged at tho eginning of tho year as to a general re? vival of business havo not been fulfilled, tho circular takes a oheorful view of tho future. Reports from all tho chief cen? tres of trade indicate much that is en? couraging. The Mandamus.?Wo have received tho order which Iibb been served upon tho Clerk of tho Court by bis Honor Jndgo Maher, compelling him to hold his office at Bamwell, tho County seat. We sup poso our BlaekviRe friends will be taken rather by surprise, and appeal to tho Su? premo Court; but, even then, as before, victory will perch, upon the banners of justice and right. We feel almost like orowing, but for the present, this is "just good flnpugn."?Barmoell Sentinel Citt Itkms.?Hot again, yesterday. Florida killed 10,000 alligators for thoir hides last year. People turned their hats .down, and risked only one eye on the burning pave? ments, yesterday. Old typo in any .quantity, at from twenty to thirty cents a pound, for sale at Phoenix office. Thero wore 9 deaths in Columbia for tbo week ending the 17th?whites 4; co? lored 5. Mrs. Pollock's restaurant attracted many visitors, yesterday. Tho location is central?under the Openi House. Every one who wishes to purchase their goods for half price should not fail to call at the store of Win. D. Love & Co. Any and every stylo of book and job printing executed promptly at Phcunix office. Material of every kind on hand. Wm. D. Lovo & Co. arc disposing of their stock of boots and shoes at a sacri? fice. All in need of such should go there. Boarding school miss: "Oh, Charley! I expect to graduate at next commence? ment." "Graduate! what will you gra? duate in." "Why, in white tulle." Some wag says: * 'How hardly can a ragged man enter into tho chnrch of the period." If ho should fear a full stop, lot him go in edgeways?ragged edge? ways. Customers appreciate the bargain coun? ter system put in operation by Wm. D. Love & Co. Their stock must be further reduced. Mr. and Mrs. Lovell, Mr. and Mrs. Cramer, with tho Columbia Comedy Company, give "Lost in London" and "Katkcrinc and Petrucio," on Wednes? day evening next. There was a completo revolution in photographs, yesterday. Mr. Heckling displayed a now revolving sign?tho bet? ter to exhbit tho artistic work which he is turning out. A State official, while riding up Main street, yesterday, received a tongue-lash? ing and considerable abuse from another official. The street is not a proper place for such displays. The house of a citizen was entered, on Friday night, and a suit of clothes, together with a pocket-book and con? tents and a gold watch and chain, car? ried off. $100 would hardly cover the loss. Tho German Schuetzen Fest comes off on tbo 15th, 10th and 17th September next. Tho arrangements are being com? pleted, and as largo delegations from tho sister societies are expected to be on hand, an unusually jolly time may be confidently expected. The Knights of Jericho, of Lexington, have a celebration and furnish a barbecue on the 12th of August, and have invited the different lodges of Good Templars of this city to be present. Tho invita? tion has been accepted. Professor Ly Brand's Silver Cornet Band will furnish the music. We have received from Messrs. George Stinson A Co., art publishers, of Port? land, Maine, a copy of a fine work of art in the shape of a largo steel engraving, (size 23 by 30 inches,) entitled "The Little Orphan's Dream." The engraving is by Mr. A. II. Bitchie, well known as the best engraver on steel in America, and is after one of Mr. B. F. Rcinhart's famous paintings. Tho engraving is now?just finished, and now, for tho first time, boforo the public. Messrs. Stinson A Co. publish a very largo vorioty of pictures of all descriptions and prices, and all are sold through agents by sub? scription only. Death of Tiros. Davis, Esq.?Thos. Davis, Esq., who, for twenty-five years, was connected with tho Greenville and Columbia and South Carolina Bail roads, departed this life, on Friday night, from paralysis, at tho rcsidencoof Mr. John Green, in Lexington County. Tho deceased was a native of Charleston, and was about fifty years of age. His re niains will bo interred at Elmwood Cemetery, this morning. -? ? o Religious Sebvices To-day. ?Trinity? Rov. P. J. Shand, Rector; Rev. J. H. Stringfellow, assistant; 11 A. M. and ? P. M. St. Peter's?Rov. Fathor Folchi; 1st mass, 7 A. M.; 2d, 10J A. M. Washington Street?Rev. A. Coke Smith, 10J A. M. and 8 P. M. Marion Street?Rov. W. D. Kirkland, 11 A. M. and 8 P. M. Lutheran?Rov. Z. W. Bedenbough, 101 A. M. Baptist?Rov. A. B. Woodfin, PastoV, 11 A. M. and 8 P. M. Odd Fellows' Sohool Houso?Rev. A. W. Walker, 5 P. M. Presbyterian?Rev. Gco. Howe, D. D., 101 A. M. and 8 P. M. Religious services, under tho aunpices of the Young Men's Christian Associa? tion, will be held at Good Templar's Hall, on Main street, this afternoon, at 4} o'clock. Extra Term Court of Common Pleab? The Pauker Trial?Mr. C. D. Melton's it Clohino'Argument for the Defence.? Tho Court met at 9 A. M. \ Mr. Melton Baid that ho thanked the Court and jury for the indulgence they hud shown him; that he would try to he brief, and to follow the bill of argument he had mapped out for his guidance; that tho jury were sworn to determine the issue joined between these parties; that thoro had been interpolated much that was foreign to the real issue; that, nevertheless, they must subject every? thing to a rigid test as to whether it is pertinent thereto or not; and by issuo he meant, first, whether thero had over been in the treasury the coupons tho State says aro missing; second, if thoy were there, havo they been abstracted? and, third, if they were there and havo been abstracted, did Parker abstract them? that if this were a criminal case?which it virtually is, being for embezzlement? for. larceny, the State would have to prove ownership and possession, loss, and that tho defendant took tho goods lost; he claimed that a simplo preponde? rance of evidenco would not do; that this was a civil case, charging fraud, and ne? cessarily involving crime, and that in nil cases involving crime, the proof should not only preponderate, but should ex? clude every other reasonable hypothesis than that of guilt; he said, too, that cir? cumstantial evidence must point uner? ringly toward guilt, before it would be sufficient; that the greater the crime charged, the more positive and conclu? sive must bo the proof. As to the first point necessary to be proved by the plaintiff, viz: were the coupons * they chnrgc him with having abstracted ever in the treasury, and in his custody as Treasurer? that this was the ground-work of the plaintiffs whole; case, for if they have not proved that they were in the treasury, how can they prove that they wero abstracted from it? that the plain till" had charged that Parker had abstracted $450,000 of coupons without specifying any particular coupons, what class, num? ber, denomination, Ac. How could the defendant meet a charge of having taken that which is not marked out and de? fined? This the defendant's counsel had considered a fatal mistake in the com? plaint, but if he had rc(pnired an amend? ment, tho plaintiff would have had a longer time in which to reply, and Par? ker would havo had to lie in jail until the fall; does the proof in the case sup? ply this omission? The jury must de? termine that. Were tho coupons Owens funded the ones? Owens had funded only $287,000 of coupons, then what had become of tho rest? This was all tho proof of tho identity of the coupons they charge Parker with having taken; this is no captious exception, gentlemen, and it lays open and bare the entrance of the i whole accusation; but the plaintiff's j counsel were not blind to this fatal de? fect; they attempted to reach it by two l lines of inquiry: first, they tried to get Kinipton to show the number, class and color of the coupons he had paid, to I what bonds they belonged, and if any of j those Kimpton swore ho had paid and returned to the treasury as vouchers, I were missing, the proof of tho identity of the ones they say Parker took would havo boen clear; second, what aggregate amount of coupons of each particular class of bonds be had paid and returned us vouchers; had they proved either of these two things, it would have been suf? ficient; they acknowledged that Parker's boxes of coupons were all right, and that thero was a deficiency in Kimpton's boxes; therefore every particular coupon described by him in cither of the above ways .hat was not in his boxes, would have accurately defined the ones they charge Parker with having taken; they should not have expected Kimpton to be able to answer such questions, as the task of keeping a memorandum of the class, number and color of each of the millions of coupons ho was called on to handle, wouhl have been superhuman; and Kimpton did not answer either of these questions--ho could not tell, bc canse he did not know; Kimpton could only tell how many conpons he paid each month, and the whole amount lie paid altogether, which aggregatod $913, 608, while their own proof showed $1,672,000, nearly double the amount he says he paid; the jury could seo the defendant's difficulty; he did not know what ho was charged with having -taken; the jury remembers the suspen? sion of the Court when the plaintiffs counsel heard Kimpton's testimony read; why they discovered that they had no paoof; thoy had a consultation of war about it, and resolved to come into Court and risk thoir chances at a verdict?to go it blind; for it would not do to give up then, ?fter they had had Parker incarce? rated in jail for months on a charge they would thereb3* be forced to admit they could not prove; therefore they de? termined "to fight it out on this line, if it should take all summer." "Why? Sim? ply because thero was a chance for a ver | diet; why, the books aro are full of cases whero innocent people havo been con victod on insufficient proof, and they knew thoy stood a chanco; although he was not in that council of war, he could easily divine,what had boon done; he could boo tho tracks of tho counsel; he had no hesitation in saying that their only hopes for a vordict was that tho jury's mind might bo misled by the com Slication of tho case; that their preju iceB against Parker might bo testified by complex factB and figures; that thoy knew that when a jury was locked up withja caso thoy could not understand, they might como to any verdict; that whilo it was their part to mislead tho jury by tho introduction of foreign mat? ter, it was his duty to keep their minds to the issue; he might grant, for tho sake of argument, that Parkey was tho most abandoned scoundrel and thief in the world; yet that would not prove that these coupons were ever in the treasury, or that they wero taken ou,t or that Par kcr took them; having thus failed to identify theso coupons by Kimpton's testimony, it "was their next shift to show their identity, by fixing the amount of coupons paid and the amount pay? able, and that all paynblo had been paid; and there could, consequently, be none outstanding lawfully; but others were outstanding; and their only chance was to prove that every outstanding cou? pon was paid and returned as a voucher, which they have not proved; he then showed that bv a certain transposition which Captain Little had said should be made, the only difference in the plain? tiff's and the defendant's calculation of the coupons outstanding October 31st. 1871, would be set even; Little said that 28,000, the difference in the interest ac? count, was charged as stock, when it should have been coupons; he claimed that this transposition from the coupon to the stock column was accidental; if this was corrected, it would agree with the books, Parker's vouchers and re? ceipts; they say that wo paid in 1871 $28,000 more tlian we did pay; Little said that this S28.000 item was a gold item; that tho books show that Parker has taken credit for $28,000 in gold, when he should have taken crodit only for tho premium on $28,000 in gold, which is only $2,000; they say that the defendant must show coupons for this $28,000 difference, when we do not pro? fess that wo ever got coupons for it. Parker paid $65,000 for coupons, but they must make it appear that he paid out not only that, but $28,000 mpre for coupons for which we must show vouch? ers. Now, if Parker has charged the State with $28,000 of gold which the State never got, this is no proof that Parker abstracted coupons, and must be excluded from tho case as irrelevant; they seek to show the amount paid this year and the amount povable, and if they succeed in showing both and both tally, then, if we can't show coupons for this $28,000 discrepancy, we fcre responsible. List of New Advertisements. Water-melons at the Tee House. W. 1). Love A Co.?Clothing. Meeting Ilichland Lodge. Hotel Arrivals, July 17. ? Ilendrtx House?A. H. Powell, Fairfiold; J. A. Meetze, Lexington; J. C. Tiedman, G. A. Patrick, G. P. Patrick, Charleston; J. P. Jackson, T. T. Wesson, T. 13. Lewis, N. Y.; J. N. Dobson, Norfolk. A UoriiLE Danoer Averted.?The in? habitant of a malarious region is threat? ened by a double danger. He is not only compelled to breathe miasma, but to sic<dlmn it, since it infects, not only the atmosphere, but the water. The aerial poison threatens his system through the lungs and pores, the liquid through the stomach. Against this double peril there is but one protection, and that is to in? vigorate the entire body through the digestive and secretivo organs. Ordi? nary tonics usually fail to accomplish this?Hostetter's Stomach Bitters never. In the tropics, whore the diseases origi? nated by malaria are of a far more malig? nant type than those originated by the same cause in tho temperate zone, it en? joys immense and constantly increasing sales, and there is no portion of this continent where it is not tho reigning specific for miasmatic fevers and disor? ders of the stomach, liver and bowels, proceeding from malaria and other causes. JlGt3Tl American inlluouc in the Navigator's Islands, in the South Pacific, lias at length developed into something sub? stantial. A letter thence to the San Francisco Bulletin says that Col. Stein berger, the United States Commissioner, was kindly received there, and that the natives have adopted a constitution framed by him, making the monarch elective for a term of four years, and to alternate between two old families of kings named Malieloa and Topcia. ? The representative of the Malieloa family was elected as the king, and Col. Steinbergor was chosen prime minister for life, and accepted the position. Tho Navigator's Ishuiils have long boon a resort for Ame? rican whalers, and though nearly all the foreign population are British subjects, the Americans havo chiefly supplied the islands with fabrics, implements and other commodities of foreign trade. Long Branch is called the second capi? tal of the Union, because General Grant stays there so much. The Italian Minis? ter'took his official leavo of him at his cottage at Long Branch. Tho old geo? graphies used to show the State Govern? ments to be in a very restless condition. It used to be said of Vermont that her seat of Government was alternately at Bennington, Rutland and Windsor. It may become necessary to put down the scat of Government of the United States as alternately at Washington City and Long Branch, unless, indeed, wo change our political system to imperialism, and then tho national ruler can leavo his ministers to manage executive matters and betako himself to his palaces for recreation. Nothing is more lody-liko than the use of fine note paper and r. neat fashionable envelope So think the fortunate re? ceivers of such billet-doux. The sweet? ness of a charming sentence is rendered more delicious, if conveyed on a delicate tinted sheet of Pirie's Note Paper. It is bad taste in a gcntlemrn writing to a lady on inferior stationer}'. If you wish to bo posted on tho latest novelitcs, tho fashion in theso mattors, enclose a stamp to Walker, Evans & Cogswell, for one of their little fashion books "Card Eti? quette," or send an order for a recherche lot of paper and envelopes of tho latest style. Do not forget at tho same timo to order a monogram. J16f "I shall lo.vo .mem" says Brother Beecher. Do, Hqnry, hereafter, instead of the woman.