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THE IOWA VOTER
V. C. BARKER, FnblislMr. KNOXVILLE. IOWA. CTKKENT PARAGRAPHS. Industrial. America leads the turing world in manufac pics and need lea. —The shoe business down East is rap idly getting on its feet again. There are but three copper-smelting works in operation in the United States. —The first financial crash among Con necticut manufacturers occurred in 1829. —A San Bernardino (Cal.) farmer har vested 20,000 pounds of beans on eight acres—value $1,000. —A good deal of square timber is being got out in the Grand Traverse region for ihipment to Europe. —Fifty dollars per acre will, in Califor nia, cover all the cost of the production •f tobacco, and the profits are about $430. —It has lately been proved that fire cannot advance through grass, even when it is blowing a gale, faster than six miles an hour. —The town of Antrim, N. H., baa voted to exempt from taxation any manufactur ing interest wki.'h may be established there for t« u years. —They are complaining of too much rain in California, and it is feared that much of the wheat already sown has rotted in the ground. —Either the weather or something else has made it so -varm for the New York butter speculato: -t, that their lard mar gins have all rnelied away. —The organization of an immense trades-union of English capitalists and employes, to fight the trades unions of workmen, excites great interest in En gland. —Emerson says that "we ride four times as fast ad our fathers did grind, weave, forge, plant, till and excavate bet ter, and have better shoes, gloves, glasses, gimlets and newspapers." —There arc a large number of saw-mills building in various sections of North Car olina. As lumber becomes scarce at the North, the attention of lumbermen is being turned to the great pine regions of that State. Foreign Gossip. —The President of the Swiaa republic receives $3,000 a year salary. —Louis Kossuth now gives lessons in German, English, and Hungarian. His hair is white, his form bent, and his habitation a small room on the fourth story of a dingy old dwelling. —A young son of Gen. Chanzy, while playing in the Mustopha gardens of Algiers, attempted to climb a large marble vase, and fell back and so severely injured himself that he subsequently died. —A hundred and twenty thousand Frenchmen have petitioned for a monarchy. If those are all the royalists that can be scared up in France, Ivepub licanism must be looking up in that country. —The ages of notable persons now spoken of in France are as follows: President MacMahon 65 Comte de Cham bord, 53 Prince Louis Napoleon, 18 Comte de Paris, 35 Due de Chartres, 33 Due de Nemours, 69 Prince de Jomville, 55 Due d'Auinale, 61 Prince Jerome Na joleon, 51 M. Thiers, 7G M. Gambetta, —Mrs. Marshal Bazaine is a beautiftil Mexican woman, only twenty-eight years •f age, and with bright, intelligent fea tuies. She is said to favor AdalmaPatti, and to love her husband devotedly. They have two children, a boy and a girl, the first five years old. No wonder the old man became so excited when his sentence was announced. —The Sinhalese language stands in the front rank ot all spoken tongues—so far as names of places are concerned. In the Veyaloowa district there is a village termed "Galliappoconduracirrhacoomhe ra." Another hamlet close by is styled Keenloolagagollcpoodama." A few more are, "Onsekllapoodamakanda," "Boodoogeykondegamowa," Kittoolan ebaderangallc," Poodemartournecapel la," Gincgatloocapellaamblam," "Pool gahagedcragamwa," "Kandettcinankad aegamowa," Oalendacapejlakooroowe coole," "Gallapudichellacadawat'e," and •o on! —A new method of killing horned cat tie has been introduced in Europe, which, it is said, largely reduces the possibility of inflicting unnecessary torture upon the animals. An iron mask, like a contiau ous blinker, if placed on the bullock's head, so arranged as to close the animal's vision, and to make a hole or pocket in the middle of the mask corresponding to the spot in the center or the foreheau where a blow immediately causes insen sibility. A hollow nail of peculiar form made to fit the socket, and having a large head, is then readily slipped in its place, and a single blow of very moderate strength drives it instantly home, and causes death too rapidly to allow of any •offering. and Literary* —Jilfhers is the apposite sentiment's life is worth to travel from Now York to Chicago." —Gail Hamilton has written a book with the title of "Twelve Miles from a Lemon." Such a very long distance would argue that Gail requires no lemon aid. —The Massachusetts State Temperance Alliance has dismissed Martin Griffin, one of its prominent members, for adver tising liquor notices in the paper which he is said to control. —The oldest man is in Brazil, after all. Jose Martins Coutinho was born at Saqua retna in 1686, and is, therefore, 178 years oli. He is still in possession of the men tal faculties, and the only bodily ailment Is stiffness of the leg joints. —Oliver flower ded a Johnson, the blooming sun of the Christian Union, —The late Mrs. Charity Barnum, the wife of P. T. Barnum, was sixty-five years of age, one year older than Mr. Barnum. She was born in Fairfield, Conn., and was married to Mr. Barnum, in Boston, in her twenty-first year. The latter period of her life was devoted to quiet and unos tentatious deeds of benevolence. —Azariah C. Flagg, with Gov. Dix, the only survivors of the old Democratic Albany regency, and for a number of Years "Comptroller of the City of New York, died in that city, not long ago, at the age of 83. He was the friend and companion of Van Buren, Silas Wright and Edwin Crosswell, and has had a long and honorable semi public career. —Rev. Dr. Arnot, of Scotland, on his return home from New York, says to his people that the amazing activity of the Americans astonished him he saw notli ing in repose but the lions in Central Park, and a friend reminded him that they were quiet onlv because they did not have to work for their dinner. Beligfoug and Educational. —The Baptists in Maine are decreasing in churches and membership. —Berks County, Pa., has 190 churches, 31 of which are located in Reading. —Steps are being taken to organize a Reformed Episcopal Church in St. Louis —The ckurch property in the United States is estimated to be worth $350,000, 000. —The Old Catholics have now 100 parochial charges in Germany, and 60,000 enrolled members. —Dr. Lyman Beecher said of his pulpit efforts, that he always roared when he had nothing to say. —The Superintendent of Public In struction in Virginia reports the financial condition of the school system highly satisfactory. —The Universalists in this country have nine hundred and fifty churches, five col leges, eight seminaries and two theologi cal schools. —The Baptist General Association of Missouri reported 5,000 baptisms at its late session, which makes their total num ber in the State 79,404. —There are twenty-five candidates for the ministry in the St. Louis Lutheran Seminary, dependent on the benevolence of the churches. The actual needs of these students call for money and provision in increased measure. —The Illinois Conference comprises about one-lourth of the State, and is di vided into eleven presiding elders' dis tricts, and 192 pastoral charges with a total membership of 37,000. The amount to be raised by this Conference during the year, for the various benevolent ob jects, is about $40,000 —The following is said to be a correct statement of the religious statistics of Prussia: There are 15,014,890 Evangel ists, 31,693 Lutherans, 12,792 Baptists, 12,792 Mennonites, 14,64-1 Moravians, 3 324 Irvingites, 1,920 Old Catholics, odd sects 14,011, Roman Catholics 8,950,679, Jews 778,000, and about 1,200,000 Greeks. —The Congregational Conference of Connecticut, at a late meeting, granted permission to the churches desiring it to set apart Christian women to the office of deaconesses. They regard such a pro ceeding as a return to primitive order, and fully justified by the needs of modern society and the condition of the churches. —The Lutheran Observer reports, as the effect of concessions granted by the Cr.ar of Russia a year or two ago, to the Lu therans in his empire, that 80,000 persons in that country rejoined the Lutheran Church in 1872. These concessions were felegation ranted in response to the petition of a from the Evangelical Alliance of the United States. —The Interior asks if it was ever known of a congregation who went heavily in debt for a new church who did not soon thereafter snub and ship their pastor. A church debt, the editor thinks, makes a people cross, ill natured and critical, and the pastor is usually the tar get at which they discharge their arrows of discontent. —A minister in a Massachusetts town, near the New Hampshire liar, whose salary is somewhat in arrears, is reported to have astonished his congregation on a recent Sunday by saying to them from the pulpit: "Do not, my dear hearers, delude yourselves with tlie idea that 1 am an angel, for I am far from having arrived at that blissful state. If I were an angel, I would fly away to heaven and get my dinner, and come back and preach to you again but as I ana yet only of the earth, earthy, I must have something to eat, and in order to do that I must have tome money to pay the bill." Professional Incomes #f Lawyers. occasion cognomen of Charleston schoolmaster. —President Welsh of the Iowa college teaches student* the manly art. —Zibeou Brett of Bridgewater has voted for sixty-nine Governors of Massa chusetts—one at a time. —The Rev. K. F. 1'arshall, of Oakland, California, is having his doings investi gated, it being suspected that he was alto gether loo partial. —T he (Jongrtgationalitt, after growling At printers' blunders, says: "It is as much as a has wed lovely maid of seventeen. Oliver la giddy, poor thing, but this will doubt less sober him down, though flat? im km he is now sevautislfc ymm* Nfflr fork AMONO those who reap a handsome harvest out of the present panic the legal fraternity stands pre-eminent. An im mense increase of litigation has been its inevitable result. Every merchant, bank er, or broker, who was in trouble, was obliged to retain a lawyer, and in many instances more than one. For instance, the Grinnell bankruptcy case, when it first appeared before Judge Blatchford, brought six well-paid lawyers into court. The fees required by these men on such an would not be less than $10,- 000, and the cost of the entire Grinnell suit will probably equal five times that sum. This may seem like a large esti mate, but it is to be remembered that the securities which this house held were $12,000,000, and the amount at stake al ways has a bearing on the legal charges. Our best lawyers value their time at from $40 to $50 per hour, which is not an unrea sonable charge. By a consultation with one of these men you can in an hour ob tain an opinion which is worth fifty times the amount of the fee. If, however, the case be oae where half a million is at stake, then instead of a mere fifty you will IK: expected to advance a retaining lee of $500, or perhaps $1,000. This pre vents any one from securing the services of the lawyer thus retained. If a lawjer, even after receiving such a fee, should win the ca.se he will expect from $ 10,000 to $15,(XX) additional. Our great lawyers demand pay commensurate with their reputation, and hence some of them can boast a practice worth $50,000 per year. O'Connor, previous to his retirement, made annually, it is said, nearly four times that sum. Indeed, he was probably paid $200,000 for his services in the Jumel case. He is now worth more than a million, all of which he has made by his own genius and industry— Troy Timet. SNOW-BIRDS are esteemed a great deli cacy in Nevada, where the Indians shoot them with bows and arrows. These birds, though small, are exceedingly i niiimp, Sid s.' Vcu ur eiiiit, of them skew* ered on a cambric needle and broiled on a thimbleful of coals make a delicious Bftild an lee Hons®. The reason given by the host of tlie Arkansas traveler why he did not shingle his house—namely, that when it did not rain it was dry enough without it, and when it did rain it was too wet to work out of doors—is very like the one that most farmers would give why they do not build and fill an ice house. They do not put up ice in winter, because there is no use for any while in summer there is none to put up. In winter, when the milk is liable to freeze before the cream rises, and the butter is too firm to readily spread beneath the knife, when the face i.t muffled up for rotection, and water is not an agreeable drink on account of its coldness, we are apt to forget how differ ent all these things will be in summer. We do not think then of milk souring before the cream rises, of butter being of the consistency of soft fat, ot the brow feverish with heat, or of the tepid water that is the only drink in the harvest-field. There is no greater luxurv in summer, and none half so cheap as ice. Iced wa ter and milk, frozen cream, and fruits pressed in water, well shapen cubes of butter on the dinner table in August, delicious cold roasts, pies and pastry all fresh from the refrigerator—the^e are but a few of the dainties that can be had in any farm house that has an ice house in its vicinity. And then how grateful is ice to the sick person or to one prostrated by the effects of the sun. But apart from the uses of ice in affording luxuries, it is worthy of attention on the score of econo my. It is difficult to make good butter, or to keep it long in a condition fit for the table or market without ice. Many articles of food, and much ripe fruit are destroyed for the want of ice. With a good ice house a farmer may have fresh meat from his own tlorks and herds dur ing most of the summer. Besides these1 things ice will sell at a good price like other seasonable articles. Several times during the past year and previous years we have given directions for building cheap ice houses and for properly filling them, so that it is hardly necessary to refer to these plans in this connection. These suggestions, how ever, may not be out of place. A cube of ice of eight feet on the side will afford a family supply for any private family. Pieces of ice about two feet square are most convenient for handling and will keep the best. The straighter they are cut, and the thicker and dearer the ice, the less will be the wastage. Ice may be got out with the aid of an ax, hand-saw and sharp iron bar but it can be cut much better with proper ice tools. If the farmer lives in the vicinity of where ice is cut for the trade, it will be found cheaper to buy the ice of dealers, even if it has to be drawn a considerable distance. The hou.«e being in read iness, the ice should be drawn and packed on a cold, dry day. Houses for holding ice may differ as widely as houses for protecting people. They may be built above ground, below ground, or partly above and partly below. In either case, the house should have good drainage, a tight roof and an arrangement for ventilation. Double walls are not es sential. There should be a space of from eighteen to twenty-four inches between the walls and the cube of ice. This space may be filled with saw-dust, stent tan bark, o» in case these cannot be had, with fresh leaves, chopped straw or hay. The door should be on the north side of the building, and it would le well to have the building stand In a place not greatly ex posed to the sun or wind. The materials, except those for the roof, may be of the commonest kind. Houses made of logs or slabs, the spaces being simply filled with earth or battened over, have been found to keep ice well.—Prairie Farmer. Ifetkan Rothschild, of London. THE high priest of the Exchange was not happy, even in the midst of his over flowing coffers. Naturally enough, he had few friends and numlerle8s enemies. In later vears he suffered in constant dread of'assassination. He was always receiving threatening letters, declaring that his life depended on his sending certain sums of money to certain ad dresses. He scented murder in every breeze, suspected poison in every cup. In sleep, hi had nightmare visions of crouching things in waking hours, he started at every unexpected noise. One morning two strangers were an nounced as having important business with the banker, and thty were shown into his private office. ne bowed to them, and inquired the nature of their negotiation. They bowed and said noth ing, but advanced toward him, thrusting their fingers nervously into their pockets. Rothschild's alarm was excited at once. They must le searching for concealed weapons their bearded faces made it clear to his frightened fancy that they were homicidal ruffians. He retreated in terror behind a large desk, seized a pon derous ledger, hurlud it at their heads, and screamed "murder!" at the top of his voice. A small army of clerks poured into the room, and laid violent hands on the strangers,who proved to be wealthy Polish bankers, bringing letters of intro duction to the (physically timid) lion of loans. Embarrassed by his auriferously august presence—what is there in a breathing money-bag capable of inspir ing awe?—they forgot their speech and their common coolness of conduct. They were nearly as much terrified as the re nowned Israelite and, as it was their ini tial visit to England, they imagined at first that all foreigners were deemed rob bers and desjeradoe8 until the con trary was established. The wretchedly lich Nathan never went out alone after dark, never entered an un lighted room, had servants within call of his bed-chamler, slept with loaded pis tols under his pillow. A fellow Frankforter, dining with him one evening, and observing the luxury of his household, remarked: "You must be happy, Baton, with the power to grat ify every wish." "Happy, indeed!" was the response. "Do you think it happiness to be haunted always with the dread of murder, to have your appetite for breakfast sharpened by a threat to stab you to the heart unless you inclose a thousand guineas to some unknown villain?" On one occasion, when the great finan cier had been to an evening party, and had gotten into his carriage to go home, a friend, wishing to make an appoint ment, stepped out to speak to him. The timorous banker mistook his familiar for a highwayman, and thrust a pistol out of the carriage window, with his fa vorite cry of "Murder!" before he could be acquainted with the situation. As Rothschild grew richer and older his fears increased. lie became almost a monomaniac on the subject of assassina tion, and many of his relatives thought bim in serious danger of insanity through bis constant apprehensions. Most of the menacing messages were unquestionably frent by his enemies with whom he was •-.v."' -4 U I II A V iv- plentifully supplied. Conscious of his weakness, they revenged themselves upon him by inspiring him with baseless ter rors. He was repeatedly told so, but he could not be induced to believe that lis did not dwell in an atmosphere of pois ons, poniards and pistols.—Harper* Magazine. Interesting Discoveries Concerning Oar Lunar Luminary. THE old-time folly which traced mad ness to the moon, bids fair to prove a claim to wisdom, for recent observations declare the moon to be the most cracked thing in existence. It is not only said to IK: completely out of its head, but to be absolutely dangerous, and to be rapidly preparing heavy destruction for the earth. It is now fully a year since some real, first-class astronomical sensation was hurled at the old-fashioned, steady-going world. Sensation makers have had very poor fortune in their use of comets, and the gradual approach of the earth to the blazing sun is too far in the future to frighten well. But another matter has been seized upon. The moon is cracked and is in danger of flying apart, and when it does fly apart, we shall have two moons, or else the piece will fly from its orbit, and, rushing hither, will put a full stop in terrestrial history. This is a sensation worthy of the name. It is one of those delightful frightening affairs, which one reads of, exclaims "gracious," and then resigns himself to his late by forgetting it. But the story of a cracked and disin tegrating moon, which is made public, through the well-known observatory at Marseilles, lias points about it which, it fully assured as to their authenticity, will arouse a good deal of discussion among astronomers. The story is of Luigi Ca ciatore, a young man with an idea and a fortune of about $(,000, a student at the Observatory of Marseilles. This young man was so devoted to his idea that he heaped his little fortune upon it, and with a telescope and other instruments set sail alone for the solitudes of southern seas. Before embarking he handed to his old instructor a roll of manuscript upon which was inscribed the idea which tlfb youth pursued and his reason for enter tabling it at the expense of his time and fortune. He believed, speaking unscienti fically, that the moon was altogether more cracked than modern aitronomers imagined, and he went to the south seas alone, that, being there in the region where passed the deepest shadow, he might see the sunlight peeping through the cracked moon at the time of the next eclipse. He went away to the south even to Pitcairn's Island, erected his rude ob servatory, gained an old sailor to assist him, and they two, with eyes front and instruments pointed, awaited the shadow. It came. Straight through the rugged rocks the ragged sunlight shone, as one sees a gleam through a crack in the door. A cry of joy came from beneath the tele scope. The sailor, turned photgraph er, caught three negatives of the pene trating sunlieain. The youth, with his idea possessed now prowl', to him suffi cient, that his l»el:ef was not a viBion, but a scientific reality, and he writes to his old instructor in France, with idl the en thusiasm of a boy who has stormed a snow fort., and with all the exclamation points of the successful lover. That young man saw enough during his lonely vigil on Pitcairn's island to make him de clare "that our satellite is not only a shell, and not only a shell full ot cracks, but a shell that is crushed in upon some por tions of it* periphery, and a shell that is now crumbling to ruin with a constant, a savage, a frightful velocity The old Professor at Marseilles, com menting upon the youth's observations and records which accompanied his letter, says he has "pushed his discovery very near to the point of demonstration," and then the old gentlemen takes a hand in running things with a cracking moon as fellows "If the crumbling be connected with and dependent upon any such intense in ternal volcanic action as Luigi seems to suspect, the final disruption would be so violent as to project some portions of the moon sheer out of their orbit and down upon us with consequences of the most serious character. Such an impact, if it were of sufficient force, might in turn dislodge the earth from its orbit, send it grating on a spiral into the sun, or flung on a hyperbole out into freezing space. Or the Bame resistless force might, in fall ing, crush in the surface of our own planet, break through its crust and deluge us with lava and steam, or suffocate us with escaping gases from our own subter ranean laboratory." Is not that a beautiful paragraph? The reader may think that the moon is not the only cracked thing in existence, but re strain the thought, for the above occurs just over the signature of Yvon De Pon tecoulant, of the Observatory of Mar seilles. The thought that the moon may IK* thinking of sending a heavy shell hither to avenge the many insults which men have heaped upon her, is the only one which presses alter the eager Marseillaise have done their worst. We do not think it is coming, but ha» not the moon reason to make us know that she is not the crazy, love-sick, unwholesome, cold, inetallio thing which men will not cease to think her? Has she not had the lumping in suits of all the young verscinakers of his tory, flung upon her bright, ojen counte nance? Has she not "kept a straight face" forages, while listening to the rhet orical gum drops of all the lovers since Jacob began, with fourteen years of moon light walks Has she not listened patient ly to the longest vows and then been blamed because the words were perjury? Has she not been charged with mingling, harm with the affairs of men, from the cutting of a tooth to the shattering of an intellect? While we do not believe the moon or any part of it is coming hither until tLe great creative spring, now rcgu ulating planetary motions, and ruling their gradual approaches, shall have wrought its perfect work, still we protest against giving the moon any further ground for even consequential damages. We doubt not she is nroud of her beauty and Jealous of the adoration whicn it commands. It is nei ther Bafe, nor polite, nor wise to call her a era'ked and suicidal termagant.—Utica (If. Y.\ Herald. A Romantic Staff* A lady who was some years ago left a widow with a small family of children, after much tribulation, succeeded in bringing to manhood one son, who proved himself able and willing to be a support not only to her, but to bis younger brothers and sisters. About a year after becoming of age he was offered a lucra- ily. The years passed on and brought many changes but still regularly as the quarter came, so also did the ample re mittance of this model son and brother. When the tide of emigration turned to the Far West, this son was carried with it to Omaha, where he invested his earn ings in town lots, which speedily rose in value and made him a man of wealth. At least this was the intelligence sent his mother. Lately, while visiting Auburn, his parent was invited to make the tour of the State Prison, and while passing through the various wards, she accident ally encountered one whose presence caused her cheeks to pale and heart to temporarily stop its beating. It was her son, her good and well-beloved boy, who for years had been her pride and support for a moment she was speechless, but at length bursting into a torrent of tears in which the prisoner joined, she said: "Oh. my son, my soul How came you here?" llis story being told devel oped the fact that he had, by trading with strangers, come into possession of a large quantity of counterfeit money, and that, in ignorance of its character, he being on a visit to New York, had attempted to pass it, had been arrested as a chief of a gang of counterfeiters and having been identified as having endeavored to circu late It, was, in spite of all evidence of previous good conduct offered, convicted and sentenced to serve out a term in the State prison. His wife, with whom he was in constant correspondence, had aided him in keeping his incarceration a secret from his mother, and had regularly remitted the quarterly allowance, together with letters forwarded from the prison by him. But for the unfortunate visit the mother would have remained forever unaware that her son was serving out a penal sentence for a crime never com mitted by him. She learned, however, that by the rise of corner lots he had been made a wealthy man and when he should come out of prison, which would be in a few months, he, through the skillful stewardship of his wife, would find awaiting him the sum of not less than $200,000 in United Stales bonds. Such are the vicissitudes of life.—FktkuMpkim Sunday Dawn. A Case of Conscience. Several weeks ago a convict in the Joliet Penitentiary made a statement to General Bainc, of the Board of Commis sioners, substantially of this import, viz.: That he (the convict), about three years ago, assisted in breaking into and rob bing the silk store of Messrs. Clark & Brown, in Hoboken, N. J. that the Chief of Police of that city (giving his name) was a confederate In the commisson of the crime that after the stolen property (consisting of Hilk) had been secreted, a small portion of the goods was put into a sack and taken to the store of a Ger man named Strauss, ostensibly i»rStrauss to examine and purchase that while Strauss held the sack in his hands, the Chief of Police and assistants (knowing in advance what was to occur) pounced upon poor Strauss as the burglar, arrest ed and imprisoned him on the trial the Joliet. convict appeared as main witness and this innocent German, with the cir cumstantial evidence, manipulated by the real criminals, plainly against him, was convicted and sentenced to imprisonment at hard labor for a term of ten years. After three years' reflection upon this double villainy of burglary and perjury, the real criminal could no longer endure the thought of the wrong he had in Dieted upon an innocent man, and he therefore made the confession we have just narrated. He made a diagram show ing the location of the building and the room from which the property was stolen, and furnished other proof to fortify the Correctness of his statement. While General Bainc was East a short time since, on official business, he visited the New jersey Penitentiary at Trenton, asked if there was such a convict there as Morris Strauss, was answered ill the af firmative, sought and obtained an inter view with the person, and found, al'ier careful inquiry, that the story of the Jo liet convict was confirmed in all particu lars. When informed that undoubted proof of liis innocence had been furnished the prison authorities, and that his release would be obtained as soon as the Board of Pardon could formally pass on the case, Strauss wept for Joy and well he might, for the prospect of speedy relief from a further imprisonment of seven years would break up the fountain of almost anybody's feelings, especially as he had carried with him for three years the consciousness of his innocence. In the "Tale of Two Cities," Charles Dickens ft scribed inimitably the possibilities of this false imprisonment business. But his description was Action. Ours is fact The romance of real life is sometimes thrilling enough, if it can only be fully written and rami—Vhirugo Inter-Ocean. —It has become habitual on the part of of the general public to look upon wed as a coarse, uneducated, and unrefined man, like the rude crew whom he headed but the truth is that, cxcpt in his mo ments of wild, unrestrainable rage, he was dignified and extremely polite. He xvas not addicted to the use at any time of the slang phrases attributed to him. Few public men of this city fifteen years ago were better educated than Tweed, but of late years his reading has been confined wholly to the daily papers. He never read law, though a lawyer.—Jfm York Tribune. —A man recently died in Ireland, named Robert Sex bury, having attained the age of 110. When past eighty he met with an accident necessitating amputation of one of his legs, and it is reported that he declined all assistance except that of the surgeon, whom he aided by all means in his power to perform the necessarily painful operation. His funeral was at tended by several of his children —none of them chickens—some being between eighty and ninety years of age.—Medi&il Frets and Circular. TUB meanest man Is always coming to the surface, but it is too bad that Christ mas should develop him this time. II'} lives at Salem, Mass., and is a landlord. He raised his rents on learning that a charitable society was about to assist some of his needy tenants. —Mrs. David Cleveland of Pawlet, Ver mont, tried to bum camphor over a kero sene lamp, and it will never be known whether it was the camphor or the kero sene that first exploded. Mrs. Cleveland thinks it was the camphor that burned her neck, and the kerosene that set fire to her dress. —In reports of bank defalcations, etc., "irregularities" is not now the correct word to use. You must say the poor fel- tive position in the West, and he emi- jow'i,' accounts got confused." Progres grsted thUhci, and settling there pcrma nently, soon married. New ties,however, did not absorb old affections he sent regularly to his mother the means neces sary for hei support and tkat of her fam .- I sive age, thi we shall soon hare no steal ing, at this rate. —During 1873, $4,493,UOO have been given or pledged to American colleges. Artemns Ward* THE following souvenirs of Artemus Ward occur in an American paper pub lished in. Paris. Mr. Howard Paul is re sponsible for the anecdotes: Ward (says Mr. Paul) was a delightful companion, and when not oppressed by illness or fatigued with work, was as gav and animated as a boy. Though of deli cate and sensitive organization, he had a wonderful flow of animal spirits that de veloped in all sorts of whimsical freaks, lie related stories of his Western experi ences as a "showman" in a dry, solemn manner that convulsed his hearers, and when out and about with his companions he rarely opened his lips without uttering a quaint figure of speech or ilroll exag geration ot phrase. Now and then, when the humor took him, he would pun as madly as the redoubtable H. J. Byron himself (that wag that's braved a thousand ears). But it was his droll turns of thought, funny fancies, and grotesque Yankee elaborations that affoided the greatest pleasure. I was breakfasting with him one morning at a not particu larly clean quasi-French Leicester Squaro restaurant, and he observed a hair in the butter. "Waiter!" he called. "Yes'r." "Have you any bald butter?" The waiter looked puzzled. "Any what, sir?" "Do me the favor to gaze upon that butter. Do you perceive anything?" demanded Arte mus. "Oh, I beg pardon, sir I do see yes, sir—a hair, sir." "Now you under stand me, perhaps?" "Ah, yes, sir—bald butter—yes. sir, but never heard it called like that before," and off shuflled the waiter, smothering a smile. A knot of men came out of the Savage Club one evening after one of the Saturday dinners, and at the door stood a good specimen of a weather-beaten, red-faced old London cabman, attired in one of those wonderful triple-capcd overcoats that are fast disappearing from tin metro politan ranks. Artemus wan struck with the old fellow's garb, and as he mounted his box called out, "Cabby, hi I com© down, I want jou." He did as requested. "Cabby," continued Artemus, with a twinkle of his eye, "you are the very man I wish to see. I've been dining here with some liteiary and artistic swells, and they can't enlighten me, and I feel you can." The old .Farvey looked inquiringly. "Now, would you be good enough to tell me tho difference between convergence and diver gence?" The old man puckered up his lips, scratched his head, and, with tho broadest of grins, repliud: "Well, sir, you're a stranger to me, but I should say there's a good deal to lie said on both sides." "Good!" shouted Artemus "That's what I call the retort cautious. All right—now drive us." Three of us entered the cab. "Any particular place?" the man asked. "Ohf ha! (and pretend, ing to conter with us for an instant, which he did with inimitable by play) drive to the Boundless Prairie." "Where is that, sir?" "What! A London cabman, ana don't know the Boundless Prairie?" "Is it a public house?" "By the way," laugh ed Artemus, nntto to his companions, "that wouldn't make a bad sign for a pub lic house. If I ever give up the quill and turn licensed victualer, that shall be tho name of my establishment." Then turn ing to the cabman he resumed—"So you don't know the Boundless Prairie?" "No, sir." "Well, then, we'll alter our minds. Drive to the Aihatnbra, instead." And to the Alhumhra we went, and passed, I need hardly say, a jolly evening, for Arte mus was in high spirits, and everflowing with whimsical conceits. Telescopic Eyes. Tftnns of lofty flight, as th« condors, eagles, vultures and carrion seeking prow lers of the feathered race, have telescopic vision and thus they are enabled to look down and discover their unsuspect ing victims. As they approach noiselessly from above, the axis of vision changes shortening, so that they see Just as dis tinctly within one foot of tlie ground as when at an elevation of one mile in the air. This fact explains the balancing of the fish hawk on its pinions half a mile above a still pond watching for fish. When on# is selected, down the savage hunter plunges, the focal axis varying as the square of the distance, giving the hawk a distinct view of its intended prey always. As they ascend the axis is elong ated by a curious muscular arrangement so as to see far again. Snails have their keen eyes at the extremity of flexible horns, which they can protrude or draw in at pleasure. By winding the instrument rouriu the edge of a leaf or a small stalk they can see how matters stand on the opposite side. The hammer headed shark has its wicked looking eyes nearly two feet apart. It can bend the thin edgings of the head on which the organs are loca ted so as to examine the two sides of an object the size of a fully grown codfish. Flies have immovable eyes. They stand out from the head like half an apple, ex ceedingly prominent. Instead of being smooth hemispheres, they have an im mense number of facets, resembling old fashioned glass watch seals, each one directing the light dirt ily to the optic retina. That explains why they cannot be approached in any direction without seeing what is coming.—Ne* York Mail, Anour MIT.KINO.—Next to having good cows is the importance of having milk ing well and properly done. Cows should be put into some secure place to milk, either in a bam or a shed expressly for that purpose, with a good ventilation for warm weather. The practice of milking cows running lo'me in the yard is inconvenient and disagreeable neither can it be done as cleanly as in stanchions nor will they do as weil out of doors, where they are the greater part of the sea son teased by flies. There should be as much uniformity in the hours of milking as possible. Before commencing to milk the udder should be entirely ciean, and each milker should milk the same cows through the season, tind in the same order. Harsh treatment should never be tolerated for cows that are not well treated will not give as greal a flow of milk as when used gently. A STRONG mind always hopes, because it knows the mutability of human affairs, and how slight a circumstance may change the whole course of events. Such a spirit, too, rests upon itself it is not confined to particular objects, and If, at last, all should be lost, it has saved it self its own integrity and worth. Hope awakens courage, while despondency is the last of all evils it is the abandon ment of good—the giving up of the bat tle of life with dead nothingness. He who 'an implant courage in Uie human sou' la its best physician. —A couple in Colebrook, Mass.. tied their sick child to the bed and went to church. They were gone four hours, and when they returned attracted by the broken in the door. The rested. v.