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Iowa voter. [volume] (Knoxville, Iowa) 1867-1874, January 29, 1874, Image 3

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V. C. BARKER, FnblislMr.
America leads the
world in manufac­
pics and need lea.
—The shoe business down East is rap
idly getting on its feet again.
There are but three copper-smelting
works in operation in the United States.
—The first financial crash among Con
necticut manufacturers occurred in 1829.
—A San Bernardino (Cal.) farmer har
vested 20,000 pounds of beans on eight
acres—value $1,000.
—A good deal of square timber is being
got out in the Grand Traverse region for
ihipment to Europe.
—Fifty dollars per acre will, in Califor
nia, cover all the cost of the production
•f tobacco, and the profits are about $430.
—It has lately been proved that fire
cannot advance through grass,
even when
it is blowing a gale, faster than six miles
an hour.
—The town of Antrim, N. H., baa voted
to exempt from taxation any manufactur
ing interest wki.'h may be established
there for t« u years.
—They are complaining of too much
rain in California, and it is feared that
much of the wheat already sown has
rotted in the ground.
—Either the weather or something else
has made it so -varm for the New York
butter speculato: -t, that their lard mar
gins have all rnelied away.
—The organization of an immense
trades-union of English capitalists and
employes, to fight the trades unions of
workmen, excites great interest in En
—Emerson says that "we ride four
times as fast ad our fathers did grind,
weave, forge, plant, till and excavate bet
ter, and have better shoes, gloves, glasses,
gimlets and newspapers."
—There arc a large number of saw-mills
building in various sections of North Car
olina. As lumber becomes scarce at the
North, the attention of lumbermen is
being turned to the great pine regions of
that State.
Foreign Gossip.
—The President of the Swiaa
receives $3,000 a year salary.
—Louis Kossuth now gives lessons in
German, English, and Hungarian. His
hair is white, his form bent, and his
habitation a small room on the fourth
story of a dingy old dwelling.
—A young son of Gen. Chanzy, while
playing in the Mustopha gardens of
Algiers, attempted to climb a large
marble vase, and fell back and so severely
injured himself that he subsequently
—A hundred and twenty thousand
Frenchmen have petitioned for a
monarchy. If those are all the royalists
that can be scared up in France, Ivepub
licanism must be looking up in that
—The ages of notable persons now
spoken of in France are as follows:
President MacMahon 65 Comte de Cham
bord, 53 Prince Louis Napoleon, 18
Comte de Paris, 35 Due de Chartres, 33
Due de Nemours, 69 Prince de Jomville,
55 Due d'Auinale, 61 Prince Jerome Na
51 M. Thiers, 7G M. Gambetta,
—Mrs. Marshal Bazaine is a beautiftil
Mexican woman, only twenty-eight years
•f age, and with bright, intelligent fea
tuies. She is said to favor AdalmaPatti,
and to love her husband devotedly. They
have two children, a boy and a girl, the
first five years old. No wonder the old
man became so excited when his sentence
was announced.
—The Sinhalese language stands in the
front rank ot all spoken tongues—so far
as names of places are concerned. In the
Veyaloowa district there is a village
termed "Galliappoconduracirrhacoomhe
ra." Another hamlet close by is styled
Keenloolagagollcpoodama." A few
more are, "Onsekllapoodamakanda,"
"Boodoogeykondegamowa," Kittoolan
ebaderangallc," Poodemartournecapel
la," Gincgatloocapellaamblam," "Pool
gahagedcragamwa," "Kandettcinankad
aegamowa," Oalendacapejlakooroowe
coole," "Gallapudichellacadawat'e," and
•o on!
—A new method of killing horned cat
tie has been introduced in Europe, which,
it is said, largely reduces the possibility
of inflicting unnecessary torture upon the
animals. An iron mask, like a contiau
ous blinker, if placed on the bullock's
head, so arranged as to close the animal's
vision, and to make a hole or pocket in
the middle of the mask corresponding
to the spot in the center or the foreheau
where a blow immediately causes insen
sibility. A hollow nail of peculiar form
made to fit the socket, and having a large
head, is then readily slipped in its place,
and a single blow of very moderate
strength drives it instantly home, and
causes death too rapidly to allow of any
and Literary*
—Jilfhers is the apposite
sentiment's life is worth to travel
from Now York to Chicago."
—Gail Hamilton has written
a book
with the title of "Twelve Miles from a
Lemon." Such a very long distance
would argue that Gail requires no lemon
—The Massachusetts State Temperance
Alliance has dismissed Martin Griffin,
one of its prominent members, for adver
tising liquor notices in the paper which
he is said to control.
—The oldest man is in Brazil, after all.
Jose Martins Coutinho was born at Saqua
retna in 1686, and is, therefore, 178 years
He is still in possession of the men
tal faculties, and the only bodily ailment
stiffness of the leg joints.
ded a
Johnson, the blooming sun­
Christian Union,
—The late Mrs. Charity Barnum, the
wife of P. T. Barnum, was sixty-five years
of age, one year older than Mr. Barnum.
She was born in Fairfield, Conn., and
was married to Mr. Barnum, in Boston, in
her twenty-first year. The latter period
of her life was devoted to quiet and unos
tentatious deeds of benevolence.
—Azariah C. Flagg, with Gov. Dix,
the only survivors of the old Democratic
Albany regency, and for a number of
Years "Comptroller of the City of New
York, died in that city, not long ago, at
the age of 83. He was the friend and
companion of Van Buren, Silas Wright
and Edwin Crosswell, and has had a long
and honorable semi public career.
—Rev. Dr. Arnot, of Scotland, on his
return home from New York, says to his
people that the amazing activity of the
Americans astonished him he saw notli
ing in repose but the lions in Central
Park, and a friend reminded him that
they were quiet onlv because they did not
have to work for their dinner.
Beligfoug and Educational.
—The Baptists in Maine are decreasing
in churches and membership.
—Berks County, Pa., has 190 churches,
31 of which are located in Reading.
—Steps are being taken to organize a
Reformed Episcopal Church in St. Louis
—The ckurch property in the United
States is estimated to be worth $350,000,
—The Old Catholics have now 100
parochial charges in Germany, and 60,000
enrolled members.
—Dr. Lyman Beecher said of his pulpit
efforts, that he always roared when he
had nothing to say.
—The Superintendent of Public In
struction in Virginia reports the financial
condition of the school system highly
—The Universalists in this country have
nine hundred and fifty churches, five col
leges, eight seminaries and two theologi
cal schools.
—The Baptist General Association of
Missouri reported 5,000 baptisms at its
late session, which makes their total num
ber in the State 79,404.
—There are twenty-five candidates for
the ministry in the St. Louis Lutheran
Seminary, dependent on the benevolence
of the churches. The actual needs of these
students call for money and provision in
increased measure.
—The Illinois Conference comprises
about one-lourth of the State, and is di
vided into eleven presiding elders' dis
tricts, and 192 pastoral charges with a
total membership of 37,000. The amount
to be raised by this Conference during
the year, for the various benevolent ob
jects, is about $40,000
—The following is said to be a correct
statement of the religious statistics of
Prussia: There are 15,014,890 Evangel
ists, 31,693 Lutherans, 12,792 Baptists,
12,792 Mennonites, 14,64-1 Moravians, 3
Irvingites, 1,920 Old Catholics, odd sects
14,011, Roman Catholics 8,950,679, Jews
778,000, and about 1,200,000 Greeks.
—The Congregational Conference of
Connecticut, at a late meeting, granted
permission to the churches desiring it to
set apart Christian women to the office of
deaconesses. They regard such a pro
ceeding as a return to primitive order,
and fully justified by the needs of modern
society and the condition of the churches.
—The Lutheran Observer reports, as the
effect of concessions granted by the Cr.ar
of Russia a year or two ago, to the Lu
therans in his empire, that 80,000 persons
in that country rejoined the Lutheran
Church in 1872. These concessions were
ranted in response to the petition of a
from the Evangelical Alliance
of the United States.
—The Interior asks if it was ever
known of a congregation who went
heavily in debt for a new church who did
not soon thereafter snub and ship their
pastor. A church debt, the editor thinks,
makes a people cross, ill natured and
critical, and the pastor is usually the tar
get at which they discharge their arrows
of discontent.
—A minister in a Massachusetts town,
near the New Hampshire liar, whose
salary is somewhat in arrears, is reported
to have astonished his congregation on a
recent Sunday by saying to them from the
pulpit: "Do not, my dear hearers, delude
yourselves with tlie idea that 1 am an
angel, for I am far from having arrived at
that blissful state. If I were an angel, I
would fly away to heaven and get my
dinner, and come back and preach to you
again but as I ana yet only of the earth,
earthy, I must have something to eat, and
in order to do that I must have tome
money to pay the bill."
Professional Incomes #f
cognomen of
Charleston schoolmaster.
—President Welsh of the Iowa college
student* the manly art.
—Zibeou Brett of Bridgewater has
voted for sixty-nine Governors of Massa
chusetts—one at a time.
—The Rev. K. F. 1'arshall, of Oakland,
California, is having his doings investi
gated, it being suspected that he was alto
gether loo partial.
—T he (Jongrtgationalitt, after growling
At printers' blunders, says: "It is as much
as a
lovely maid of seventeen. Oliver
la giddy, poor thing, but this will doubt
sober him down, though
flat? im km
is now
Nfflr fork
AMONO those who reap a handsome
harvest out of the present panic the legal
fraternity stands pre-eminent. An im
mense increase of litigation has been its
inevitable result. Every merchant, bank
er, or broker, who was in trouble, was
obliged to retain a lawyer, and in many
instances more than one. For instance,
the Grinnell bankruptcy case, when it
first appeared before Judge Blatchford,
brought six well-paid lawyers into court.
The fees required by these men on such
would not be less than $10,-
000, and the cost of the entire Grinnell
suit will probably equal five times that
sum. This may seem like a large esti
mate, but it is to be remembered that the
securities which this house held were
$12,000,000, and the amount at stake al
ways has a bearing on the legal charges.
Our best lawyers value their time at from
$40 to $50 per hour, which is not an unrea
sonable charge. By a consultation with
one of these men you can in an hour ob
tain an opinion which is worth fifty times
the amount of the fee. If, however, the
case be oae where half a million is at
stake, then instead of a mere fifty you
will IK: expected to advance a retaining
lee of $500, or perhaps $1,000. This pre
vents any one from securing the services
of the lawyer thus retained. If a lawjer,
even after receiving such a fee, should
win the ca.se he will expect from $
to $15,(XX) additional. Our great lawyers
demand pay commensurate with their
reputation, and hence some of them can
boast a practice worth $50,000 per year.
O'Connor, previous to his retirement,
made annually, it is said, nearly four
times that sum. Indeed, he was probably
paid $200,000 for his services in the
Jumel case. He is now worth more than
a million, all of which he has made by
his own genius and industry—
SNOW-BIRDS are esteemed a great deli
cacy in Nevada, where the Indians shoot
them with bows and arrows. These
birds, though small, are exceedingly i
niiimp, Sid s.' Vcu ur eiiiit, of them skew*
ered on a cambric needle and broiled on
a thimbleful of coals make a delicious
Bftild an lee Hons®.
The reason given by the host of tlie
Arkansas traveler why he did not shingle
his house—namely, that when it did not
rain it was dry enough without it, and
when it did rain it was too wet to work
out of doors—is very like the one that
most farmers would give why they do not
build and fill an ice house. They do not
put up ice in winter, because there is no
use for any while in summer there is
none to put up. In winter, when the
milk is liable to freeze before the cream
rises, and the butter is too firm to readily
spread beneath the knife, when the face
i.t muffled up for rotection, and water is
not an agreeable drink on account of its
coldness, we are apt to forget how differ
ent all these things will be in summer.
We do not think then of milk souring
before the cream rises, of butter being of
the consistency of soft fat, ot the brow
feverish with heat, or of the tepid water
that is the only drink in the harvest-field.
There is no greater luxurv in summer,
and none half so cheap as ice. Iced wa
ter and milk, frozen cream, and fruits
pressed in water, well shapen cubes of
butter on the dinner table in August,
delicious cold roasts, pies and pastry all
fresh from the refrigerator—the^e are but
a few of the dainties that can be had in
any farm house that has an ice house in
its vicinity. And then how grateful is
ice to the sick person or to one prostrated
by the effects of the sun. But apart from
the uses of ice in affording luxuries, it is
worthy of attention on the score of econo
my. It is difficult to make good butter,
or to keep it long in a condition fit for the
table or market without ice. Many
articles of food, and much ripe fruit are
destroyed for the want of ice. With a
good ice house a farmer may have fresh
meat from his own tlorks and herds dur
ing most of the summer. Besides these1
things ice will sell at a good price like
other seasonable articles.
Several times during the past year and
previous years we have given directions
for building cheap ice houses and for
properly filling them, so that it is hardly
necessary to refer to these plans in this
connection. These suggestions, how
ever, may not be out of place. A cube of
ice of eight feet on the side will afford a
family supply for any private family.
Pieces of ice about two feet square are
most convenient for handling and will
keep the best. The straighter they are
cut, and the thicker and dearer the ice,
the less will be the wastage. Ice may
be got out with the aid of an ax,
hand-saw and sharp iron bar but it can
be cut much better with proper ice tools.
If the farmer lives in the vicinity of
where ice is cut for the trade, it will be
found cheaper to buy the ice of dealers,
even if it has to be drawn a considerable
distance. The hou.«e being in read
iness, the ice should be drawn
and packed on a cold, dry day.
Houses for holding ice may differ as
widely as houses for protecting people.
They may be built above ground, below
ground, or partly above and partly below.
In either case, the house should have good
drainage, a tight roof and an arrangement
for ventilation. Double walls are not es
sential. There should be a space of from
eighteen to twenty-four inches between
the walls and the cube of ice. This space
may be filled with saw-dust, stent tan
bark, o» in case these cannot be had, with
fresh leaves, chopped straw or hay. The
door should be on the north side of the
building, and it would le well to have the
building stand In a place not greatly ex
posed to the sun or wind. The materials,
except those for the roof, may be of the
commonest kind. Houses made of logs
or slabs, the spaces being simply filled
with earth or battened over, have been
found to keep ice well.—Prairie Farmer.
Ifetkan Rothschild, of London.
THE high priest of the Exchange was
not happy, even in the midst of his over
flowing coffers. Naturally enough, he
had few friends and numlerle8s enemies.
In later vears he suffered in constant
dread of'assassination. He was always
receiving threatening letters, declaring
that his life depended on his sending
certain sums of money to certain ad
dresses. He scented murder in every
breeze, suspected poison in every cup.
In sleep, hi had nightmare visions of
crouching things in waking hours, he
started at every unexpected noise.
One morning two strangers were an
nounced as having important business
with the banker, and thty were shown
into his private office. ne bowed to
them, and inquired the nature of their
negotiation. They bowed and said noth
ing, but advanced toward him, thrusting
their fingers nervously into their pockets.
Rothschild's alarm was excited at once.
They must le searching for
weapons their bearded faces made it
clear to his frightened fancy that they
were homicidal ruffians. He retreated in
terror behind a large desk, seized a pon
derous ledger, hurlud it at their heads,
and screamed "murder!" at the top of his
voice. A small army of clerks poured
into the room, and laid violent hands
on the strangers,who proved to be wealthy
Polish bankers, bringing letters of intro
duction to the (physically timid) lion of
loans. Embarrassed by his auriferously
august presence—what is there in a
breathing money-bag capable of inspir
ing awe?—they forgot their speech and
their common coolness of conduct. They
were nearly as much terrified as the re
nowned Israelite and, as it was their ini
tial visit to England, they imagined at
first that all foreigners were deemed rob
bers and desjeradoe8 until the con
trary was established.
The wretchedly lich Nathan never went
out alone after dark, never entered an un
lighted room, had servants within call of
his bed-chamler, slept with loaded pis
tols under his pillow.
A fellow Frankforter, dining with him
one evening, and observing the luxury
of his household, remarked: "You must
be happy, Baton, with the power to grat
ify every wish."
"Happy, indeed!" was the response.
"Do you think it happiness to be haunted
always with the dread of murder, to have
your appetite for breakfast sharpened by
a threat to stab you to the heart unless
you inclose a thousand guineas to some
unknown villain?"
On one occasion, when the great finan
cier had been to an evening party, and
had gotten into his carriage to go home,
a friend, wishing to make an appoint
ment, stepped out to speak to him. The
timorous banker mistook his familiar
for a highwayman, and thrust a pistol
out of the carriage window, with his fa
vorite cry of "Murder!" before he could
be acquainted with the situation.
As Rothschild grew richer and older
his fears increased. lie became almost a
monomaniac on the subject of assassina
tion, and many of his relatives thought
bim in serious danger of insanity through
bis constant apprehensions. Most of the
menacing messages were unquestionably
frent by his enemies with whom he was
plentifully supplied. Conscious of his
weakness, they revenged themselves upon
him by inspiring him with baseless ter
rors. He was repeatedly told so, but he
could not be induced to believe that lis
did not dwell in an atmosphere of pois
ons, poniards and pistols.—Harper*
Concerning Oar
Lunar Luminary.
THE old-time folly which traced mad
ness to the moon, bids fair to prove a
claim to wisdom, for recent observations
declare the moon to be the most cracked
thing in existence. It is not only said to
IK: completely out of its head, but to be
absolutely dangerous, and to be rapidly
preparing heavy destruction for the earth.
It is now fully a year since some real,
first-class astronomical sensation was
hurled at the old-fashioned, steady-going
world. Sensation makers have had very
poor fortune in their use of comets, and
the gradual approach of the earth to the
blazing sun is too far in the future to
frighten well. But another matter has
been seized upon. The moon is cracked
and is in danger of flying apart, and when
it does fly apart, we shall have two moons,
or else the piece will fly from its orbit,
and, rushing hither, will put a full stop in
terrestrial history. This is a sensation
worthy of the name. It is one of those
delightful frightening affairs, which one
reads of, exclaims "gracious," and then
resigns himself to his late by forgetting
But the story of a cracked and disin
tegrating moon, which is made public,
through the well-known observatory at
Marseilles, lias points about it which, it
fully assured as to their authenticity, will
arouse a good deal of discussion among
astronomers. The story is of Luigi Ca
ciatore, a young man with an idea and a
fortune of about $(,000, a student at the
Observatory of Marseilles. This young
man was so devoted to his idea that he
heaped his little fortune upon it, and with
a telescope and other instruments set sail
alone for the solitudes of southern seas.
Before embarking he handed to his old
instructor a roll of manuscript upon
which was inscribed the idea which tlfb
youth pursued and his reason for enter
tabling it at the expense of his time and
fortune. He believed, speaking unscienti
fically, that the moon was altogether
more cracked than modern aitronomers
imagined, and he went to the south seas
alone, that, being there in the region
where passed the deepest shadow, he
might see the sunlight peeping through
the cracked moon at the time of the next
eclipse. He went away to the south even
to Pitcairn's Island, erected his rude ob
servatory, gained an old sailor to assist
him, and they two, with eyes front and
instruments pointed, awaited the shadow.
It came. Straight through the rugged
rocks the ragged sunlight shone, as one
sees a gleam through a crack in the door.
A cry of joy came from beneath the tele
scope. The sailor, turned photgraph
er, caught three negatives of the pene
trating sunlieain. The youth, with his
idea possessed now prowl', to him suffi
cient, that his l»el:ef was not a viBion, but
a scientific reality, and he writes to his
old instructor in France, with idl the en
thusiasm of a boy who has stormed a
snow fort., and with all the exclamation
points of the successful lover. That
young man saw enough during his lonely
vigil on Pitcairn's island to make him de
clare "that our satellite is not only a shell,
and not only a shell full ot cracks, but a
shell that is crushed in upon some por
tions of it* periphery, and a shell that is
now crumbling to ruin with a constant, a
savage, a frightful velocity
The old Professor at Marseilles, com
menting upon the youth's observations
and records which accompanied his letter,
says he has "pushed his discovery very
near to the point of demonstration," and
then the old gentlemen takes a hand in
running things with a cracking moon as
"If the crumbling be connected with
and dependent upon any such intense in
ternal volcanic action as Luigi seems to
suspect, the final disruption would be so
violent as to project some portions of the
moon sheer out of their orbit and down
upon us with consequences of the most
serious character. Such an impact, if it
were of sufficient force, might in turn
dislodge the earth from its orbit, send it
grating on a spiral into the sun, or flung
on a hyperbole out into freezing space.
Or the Bame resistless force might, in fall
ing, crush in the surface of our own
planet, break through its crust and deluge
us with lava and steam, or suffocate us
with escaping gases from our own subter
ranean laboratory."
Is not that a beautiful paragraph? The
reader may think that the moon is not the
only cracked thing in existence, but re
strain the thought, for the above occurs
just over the signature of Yvon De Pon
tecoulant, of the Observatory of Mar
The thought that the moon may IK*
thinking of sending a heavy shell hither
to avenge the many insults which men
have heaped upon her, is the only one
which presses alter the eager Marseillaise
have done their worst. We do not think
it is coming, but ha» not the moon reason
to make us know that she is not the crazy,
love-sick, unwholesome, cold, inetallio
thing which men will not cease to think
her? Has she not had the lumping in
suits of all the young verscinakers of his
tory, flung upon her bright, ojen counte
nance? Has she not "kept a straight
face" forages, while listening to the rhet
orical gum drops of all the lovers since
Jacob began, with fourteen years of moon
light walks Has she not listened patient
ly to the longest vows and then been
blamed because the words were perjury?
Has she not been charged with mingling,
harm with the affairs of men, from the
cutting of a tooth to the shattering of an
intellect? While we do not believe the
moon or any part of it is coming hither
until tLe great creative spring, now rcgu
ulating planetary motions, and ruling
their gradual approaches, shall have
wrought its perfect work, still we
protest against giving the moon any
further ground for even consequential
damages. We doubt not she is nroud
of her beauty and Jealous of the
adoration whicn it commands. It is nei
ther Bafe, nor polite, nor wise to call her
a era'ked and suicidal termagant.—Utica
(If. Y.\ Herald.
A Romantic Staff*
A lady who was some years ago left a
widow with a small family of children,
after much tribulation, succeeded in
bringing to manhood one son, who
proved himself able and willing to be a
support not only to her, but to bis younger
brothers and sisters. About a year after
becoming of age he was offered a lucra-
ily. The years passed on and brought
many changes but still regularly as the
quarter came, so also did the ample re
mittance of this model son and brother.
When the tide of emigration turned to
the Far West, this son was carried with
it to Omaha, where he invested his earn
ings in town lots, which speedily rose in
value and made him a man of wealth. At
least this was the intelligence sent his
mother. Lately, while visiting Auburn,
his parent was invited to make the tour of
the State Prison, and while passing
through the various wards, she accident
ally encountered one whose presence
caused her cheeks to pale and heart to
temporarily stop its beating. It was her
son, her good and well-beloved boy, who
for years had been her pride and support
for a moment she was speechless,
but at length bursting into a torrent
of tears in which the prisoner joined, she
said: "Oh. my son, my soul How came
you here?" llis story being told devel
oped the fact that he had, by trading with
strangers, come into possession of a large
quantity of counterfeit money, and that,
in ignorance of its character, he being on
a visit to New York, had attempted to
pass it, had been arrested as a chief of a
gang of counterfeiters and having been
identified as having endeavored to circu
late It, was, in spite of all evidence of
previous good conduct offered, convicted
and sentenced to serve out a term in the
State prison. His wife, with whom he
was in constant correspondence, had
aided him in keeping his incarceration a
secret from his mother, and had regularly
remitted the quarterly allowance, together
with letters forwarded from the prison by
him. But for the unfortunate visit the
mother would have remained forever
unaware that her son was serving out a
penal sentence for a crime never com
mitted by him. She learned, however,
that by the rise of corner lots he had been
made a wealthy man and when he should
come out of prison, which would be in
a few months, he, through the skillful
stewardship of his wife, would find
awaiting him the sum of not less than
$200,000 in United Stales bonds. Such
are the vicissitudes of life.—FktkuMpkim
Sunday Dawn.
A Case of Conscience.
Several weeks ago a convict in the
Joliet Penitentiary made a statement to
General Bainc, of the Board of Commis
sioners, substantially of this import, viz.:
That he (the convict), about three years
ago, assisted in breaking into and rob
bing the silk store of Messrs. Clark &
Brown, in Hoboken, N. J. that the Chief
of Police of that city (giving his name)
was a confederate In the commisson of
the crime that after the stolen property
(consisting of Hilk) had been secreted, a
small portion of the goods was put into
a sack and taken to the store of a Ger
man named Strauss, ostensibly
to examine and purchase that while
Strauss held the sack in his hands, the
Chief of Police and assistants (knowing
in advance what was to occur) pounced
upon poor Strauss as the burglar, arrest
ed and imprisoned him on the trial the
Joliet. convict appeared as main witness
and this innocent German, with the cir
cumstantial evidence, manipulated by the
real criminals, plainly against him, was
convicted and sentenced to imprisonment
at hard labor for a term of ten years.
After three years' reflection upon this
double villainy of burglary and perjury,
the real criminal could no longer endure
the thought of the wrong he had in
Dieted upon an innocent man, and he
therefore made the confession we have
just narrated. He made a diagram show
ing the location of the building and the
room from which the property was stolen,
and furnished other proof to fortify the
Correctness of his statement.
While General Bainc was East a short
time since, on official business, he visited
the New jersey Penitentiary at Trenton,
asked if there was such a convict there as
Morris Strauss, was answered ill the af
firmative, sought and obtained an inter
view with the person, and found, al'ier
careful inquiry, that the story of the Jo
liet convict was confirmed in all particu
lars. When informed that undoubted
proof of liis innocence had been furnished
the prison authorities, and that his release
would be obtained as soon as the Board
of Pardon could formally pass on the
case, Strauss wept for Joy and well he
might, for the prospect of speedy relief
from a further imprisonment of seven
years would break up the fountain of
almost anybody's feelings, especially as
he had carried with him for three years
the consciousness of his innocence. In
the "Tale of Two Cities," Charles Dickens
ft scribed inimitably the possibilities of
this false imprisonment business. But
his description was Action. Ours is fact
The romance of real life is sometimes
thrilling enough, if it can only be fully
written and rami—Vhirugo Inter-Ocean.
—It has become habitual on the part of
of the general public to look upon wed
as a coarse, uneducated, and unrefined
man, like the rude crew whom he headed
but the truth is that, cxcpt in his mo
ments of wild, unrestrainable rage, he
was dignified and extremely polite. He
xvas not addicted to the use at any time
of the slang phrases attributed to him.
Few public men of this city fifteen years
ago were better educated than Tweed,
but of late years his reading has been
confined wholly to the daily papers. He
never read law, though
a lawyer.—Jfm
York Tribune.
—A man recently died in Ireland,
named Robert Sex bury, having attained
the age of 110. When past eighty he met
with an accident necessitating amputation
of one of his legs, and it is reported that
he declined all assistance except that of
the surgeon, whom he aided by all means
in his power to perform the necessarily
painful operation. His funeral was at
tended by several of his children —none
of them chickens—some being between
eighty and ninety years of age.—Medi&il
Frets and Circular.
TUB meanest man Is always coming to
the surface, but it is too bad that Christ
mas should develop him this time. II'}
lives at Salem, Mass., and is a landlord.
He raised his rents on learning that a
charitable society was about to assist
some of his needy tenants.
—Mrs. David Cleveland of Pawlet, Ver
mont, tried to bum camphor over a kero
sene lamp, and it will never be known
whether it was the camphor or the kero
sene that first exploded. Mrs. Cleveland
thinks it was the camphor that burned
her neck, and the kerosene that set fire to
her dress.
—In reports of bank defalcations, etc.,
"irregularities" is not now the correct
word to use. You must say the poor fel-
tive position in the West, and he emi- jow'i,' accounts got confused." Progres
grsted thUhci, and settling there pcrma
nently, soon married. New ties,however,
did not absorb old affections he sent
regularly to his mother the means neces
sary for hei support and tkat of her fam
.- I
sive age, thi we shall soon hare no steal
ing, at this rate.
—During 1873, $4,493,UOO have
given or
pledged to American
Artemns Ward*
THE following souvenirs of Artemus
Ward occur in an American paper pub
lished in. Paris. Mr. Howard Paul is re
sponsible for the anecdotes:
Ward (says Mr. Paul) was a delightful
companion, and when not oppressed by
illness or fatigued with work, was as gav
and animated as a boy. Though of deli
cate and sensitive organization, he had a
wonderful flow of animal spirits that de
veloped in all sorts of whimsical freaks,
lie related stories of his Western experi
ences as a "showman" in a dry, solemn
manner that convulsed his hearers, and
when out and about with his companions
he rarely opened his lips without uttering
a quaint figure of speech or ilroll exag
geration ot phrase. Now and then, when
the humor took him, he would pun as
madly as the redoubtable H. J. Byron
himself (that wag that's braved a thousand
ears). But it was his droll turns of
thought, funny fancies, and grotesque
Yankee elaborations that affoided the
greatest pleasure. I was breakfasting
with him one morning at a not particu
larly clean quasi-French Leicester Squaro
restaurant, and he observed a hair in the
butter. "Waiter!" he called. "Yes'r."
"Have you any bald butter?" The waiter
looked puzzled. "Any what, sir?" "Do
me the favor to gaze upon that butter. Do
you perceive anything?" demanded Arte
mus. "Oh, I beg pardon, sir I do see
yes, sir—a hair, sir." "Now you under
stand me, perhaps?" "Ah, yes, sir—bald
butter—yes. sir, but never heard it called
like that before," and off shuflled the
waiter, smothering a smile.
A knot of men came out of the Savage
Club one evening after one of the Saturday
dinners, and at the door stood a good
specimen of a weather-beaten, red-faced
old London cabman, attired in one of
those wonderful triple-capcd overcoats
that are fast disappearing from tin metro
politan ranks. Artemus wan struck with
the old fellow's garb, and as he mounted
his box called out, "Cabby, hi I com©
down, I want jou." He did as requested.
"Cabby," continued Artemus, with a
twinkle of his eye, "you are the very man
I wish to see. I've been dining here with
some liteiary and artistic swells, and they
can't enlighten me, and I feel you can."
The old .Farvey looked inquiringly. "Now,
would you be good enough to tell me tho
difference between convergence and diver
gence?" The old man puckered up his
lips, scratched his head, and, with tho
broadest of grins, repliud: "Well, sir,
you're a stranger to me, but I should say
there's a good deal to lie said on both
sides." "Good!" shouted Artemus
"That's what I call the retort cautious.
All right—now drive us." Three of us
entered the cab. "Any particular place?"
the man asked. "Ohf ha! (and pretend,
ing to conter with us for an instant, which
he did with inimitable by play) drive to
the Boundless Prairie." "Where is that,
sir?" "What! A London cabman, ana
don't know the Boundless Prairie?" "Is
it a public house?" "By the way," laugh
ed Artemus, nntto to his companions,
"that wouldn't make a bad sign for a pub
lic house. If I ever give up the quill and
turn licensed victualer, that shall be tho
name of my establishment." Then turn
ing to the cabman he resumed—"So you
don't know the Boundless Prairie?" "No,
sir." "Well, then, we'll alter our minds.
Drive to the Aihatnbra, instead." And to
the Alhumhra we went, and passed, I
need hardly say, a jolly evening, for Arte
mus was in high spirits, and everflowing
with whimsical conceits.
Telescopic Eyes.
Tftnns of lofty flight, as th« condors,
eagles, vultures and carrion seeking prow
lers of the feathered race, have telescopic
vision and thus they are enabled to
look down and discover their unsuspect
ing victims. As they approach noiselessly
from above, the axis of vision changes
shortening, so that they see Just as dis
tinctly within one foot of tlie ground as
when at an elevation of one mile in the
air. This fact explains the balancing of
the fish hawk on its pinions half a mile
above a still pond watching for fish.
When on# is selected, down the savage
hunter plunges, the focal axis varying as
the square of the distance, giving the
hawk a distinct view of its intended prey
always. As they ascend the axis is elong
ated by a curious muscular arrangement
so as to see far again. Snails have their
keen eyes at the extremity of flexible
horns, which they can protrude or draw
in at pleasure. By winding the instrument
rouriu the edge of a leaf or a small stalk
they can see how matters stand on the
opposite side. The hammer headed shark
has its wicked looking eyes nearly two
feet apart. It can bend the thin edgings
of the head on which the organs are loca
ted so as to examine the two sides of an
object the size of a fully grown codfish.
Flies have immovable eyes. They stand
out from the head like half an apple, ex
ceedingly prominent. Instead of being
smooth hemispheres, they have an im
mense number of facets, resembling old
fashioned glass watch seals, each one
directing the light dirt ily to the optic
retina. That explains why they cannot
be approached in any direction without
seeing what is coming.—Ne* York Mail,
Anour MIT.KINO.—Next to having good
cows is the importance of having milk
ing well and properly done. Cows
should be put into some secure place to
milk, either in a bam or a shed expressly
for that purpose, with a good ventilation
for warm weather. The practice of
milking cows running lo'me in the yard
is inconvenient and disagreeable neither
can it be done as cleanly as in stanchions
nor will they do as weil out of doors,
where they are the greater part of the sea
son teased by flies. There should be as
much uniformity in the hours of milking
as possible. Before commencing to milk
the udder should be entirely ciean, and
each milker should milk the same cows
through the season, tind in the same
order. Harsh treatment should never be
tolerated for cows that are not well
treated will not give as greal a flow of
milk as when used gently.
STRONG mind always hopes,
it knows the mutability of human affairs,
and how slight a circumstance may
change the whole course of events.
Such a spirit, too, rests upon itself it is
not confined to particular objects, and If,
at last, all should be lost, it has saved it
self its own integrity and worth. Hope
awakens courage, while despondency is
the last of all evils it is the abandon
ment of good—the giving up of the bat
tle of life with dead nothingness. He
who 'an implant courage in Uie human
sou' la its best physician.
—A couple in Colebrook,
Mass.. tied
their sick child to the bed and went to
church. They were gone four hours,
and when they returned
attracted by
broken in the door. The

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