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THE IOWA VOTER.
7. C. BA&KE2. Publisher. -1CM KNOXVILLE, IO^JL General Jfcws Summary. WtiKlmrtai Hews. The United 8Ut Supreme Court ha* re cently rendered a decision confirming the act of the National Government in confinratioff tbe property of Slidell, one of the Confederate leader*, under an act of Con great. Tlie Commissioners appointed by the Secre tary of the Interior to investigate the chance* preferred against I)r. J. J. Baville, the agent for the Bioux ut the Red Cloud Agency, and X. A. Howard, the agent at the Whet*tone Agcricy, have made their report, declaring the charge* to he frivolous and grouiidl#*«. Washington dlnpatehea of the Hth atate tliat President fiiarit had received a cahle telegram from the Hon. K. B. WaxhhiirTie, declining the nomination for Secretary of the Treasury. The receipt# of internal revenue for the flrat part of tiie flaral rear up to the 9th of May were *h«,000,000, having $14,000,000 to he re ceived during the remainder of May and the mouth of June to reach the estimate made hy tlie CommisskKierof $100,000,000 for the fiscal year ending with June. The receipt* for the whole of tbc present month are estimated at $10,000,000. Secretary Richardson wan at his office In Washington on the 9th, and it was Inhered that he had not placed his resignation in the hands of the President and did not contem plate doing so for the present. The court of inquiry in tlie case of Gen. O. O. Howard have made up their verdict, and are reported as standing four to illree—the majority voting that the evidence taken re lieved Gen. Howard from re*pon»)llilllty. The Committee, of Investigation '"to the •ffairs of the District of Columbia concluded the Investigation on the 12th, and notified the counsel on both sides to submit their argu ment* in writing ad early a* possible. Mr. Melllsh, Member of Congress from New York, has Itecorne Insane through hia study On the question of finance. Foreign Intelligeiefc News reached New York on the 8tli giving the details of a terrible conflagration which Occurred in the Philippine Islands on the 28th of January. Two children who were Wt to themselves set a house on Hre and the flames extended so rapidly that in the. course of four hours nearly 2,000 houses were burned. Multitudes of cattle jierUhed and fifteen per sona, iucJudlng alx children, were burned to death. A Quebec la patch of the 9th aajra that over $800,000 worth of vessel property had been destroyed by the moving of the Ice In the St. Lawrence on the preceding day. A recent Havana letter aaya a number of Cubans had been condemned to death in that city for I reason. A recent Paris dispatch says that severe itfroata had seriously Injured the vines of France. The grape crop would be largely di minished III consequence. Gen. Concha began his advance from Bllboa on the 11th. The CarllhU ware aald to be fortifying the mountain passes. A decree had been Issued by the Carllat General that all persons expressing dissent to the proUuulona of Don Carlos should i*e shot. Great excitement prevailed in St. Peters burg, Russia, on tlie 118th, in consequence, of the arrest of the Grand Duke Nicholas, brother of the Ceur, upon unknown charge*. A Hayonnc dispatch of the 1-th says the Carlliits claimed a victory In the recent battle between Dun Alfonr.o and the Republican*. Don Carlos had revoked his decree banishing the Cure of Santa Crus and recalled him to Spain. A large fire occurred In the Hostile quarter In Farls on the night of the 11th. Heveral pontons were burned to death aud about 200 ware made homeless. The Czar of Suaais and the Grand Duke Alexis reached Dover, Jhiglaud, on the even ing of the I Hth. The new Hpanlnh Ministry was announced on tlie morning of the IHth, IIR follows: /a balii, Mil liter of War Hugastn, Minister of tbe Interior Ull, Minister of Koieijju Affulr# Minister of Finance. The East. A joint resolution has passed lioth houses 0i tlie Pennsylvania Legislature, asking the President to reopen the JMUs John Porter case. The President of the United States Centen nial Coinmi»«!on has published a card an nouncing that, in order to remove any doubt which may |Mie*ihly have arlnen as to the car rying out of the iuternutional evhlbition, the work essential for the due celebration of the centennial Anniversary In 1H70 has been com menced, and will be proceeded with without delay. In a caucus on the 18th the Democratic member# of the Connecticut Legislature nom inated Hon. Wm. YV. Katon for United Htutes Senator. A Liberal Republican conference was held •t Albany, N. Y., on the 13th, at which it was resolved to keep the organization intact. A resolution was adopted in favor of a State con vention. The eighth annual meeting of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Re public was held In lltirrishurg, Pa., on the 13th. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Commander-in-Chief, Charles Dcveus, Jr., Ma&fcuchii'u-tts Senior Vice- Commander-in-Chief, Edward .lardirie, Mew York Junior Vice-Communder-ln-Chlef, Grey Goulil, Illinois. Chicago was selocledas the next place of meeting, In May, 1S75. Application has beeu made in the New York Supreme Court for an order winding up the Bam ana Bay Company and appointing a re ceiver. A reunion of the Second, Fifth and Sixth Army (,'orpx was held In Pittsburgh, l'u., ou the 12th. The gathering was largely attended, many distinguished soldier* and civilians ho lng present. The Fifth Army Corps ad pled nmtuiyrlaJ to the l'rosident asking that tjiy i of Geti Fit/. John l'orter be reopep$& Weat and South. The Ohio Constitutional Convention has adopted a plan for legislative apportionment, Including a provision for cumulative voting iu all counties where more than two Repre sentatives or two Senators are to be elected, In Which cases all the votes of any voter may be concentrated on a single candidate. In the Michigan Woman's Suffrage Conven tion at Laasing, on the 7th, officers were elected and a fund was raised for campaign purposes. Arrangements were made for county organizations in all counties of the 8Ute The Executive Committco was author feed to •mploj apttken mfd provide*** Q**m' 3$. thorough canvass. Great confidence was cx prenmrd in the success of the canvas*. Gov. BeverWge, of Illinois, has Issued a proclamation appointing the 30'h Inst, as the day for decorating the soldiers' graves. He recommend* that the occasion t*e observed by a general cessation of business, aud that on i the Sabbath following appropriate services be held iu all the churches in memory of the loved ones and In sympathy with those who still mourn, etc. A tire iu Oshkosb, Wis., on the 9U» de stroyed twenty-eight dwelling houses, a dozen bams and a quantity of lumber. The Advisory Board "f the Illinois Stale Farmers' Association have Issued a formal call for a convention at.Springfield on the 10th of June of farmers, mechanic* and other laiforlng men, to nominate candidates for State Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruction. Kidgeway, Iowa, baa been entirely de stroyed by Are with the exception of one brick building. Between thirty and forty families are rendered homeless. The fire originated by two lioys lighting cigars In an unoccupied house, and will result In a total loss of nearly #100,000. A Madison (Wl».) telegram of the 11th an nounces that flov. Taylor had received an opinion from Attorney-General Sloan that the Htate Railroad law is constitutional. The Governor was determined to enforce the law to the fullest extent. The Mineral Point and Central Roads had complied with the law and furnished statements as required by Its provis ions. The Commissioners were hard at work preparing a classification of rates. A skirmish occurred between the troops of Baxter and Brook* at the railway bridge near Baring Cross, Ark., on the 11th, which re sulted in the killing and wounding of several men on each side. The Arkansas Legislature met on the afternoon of that day and ad journed for want of a quorum until the next day. On the afternoon of the 11th the Presi dent telegraphed to Baxter recommending that the General Assembly adjourn for a reasonable time to enable Brooks to call in his adherents in the legislature. Baxter re plied that he would favor an adjournment for that purpose whenever a quorum wan ob tained, and that he would disband his force# in proportion as Brook* did his. brooks also received a telegram from the President advising that hi* forces be disbanded. On the morning of the 11th Baxter Insued a proclamation revok ing a former proclamation declaring martial law In Pulaski County, so far as the same ap plied to members of the Legislature. The Attorney-General telegraphed Brooks request ing him to abandon the Htate HOUHC, so as to allow the Legislature to convene therein. In the evening Brooks Issued a call convening the Legislature In extraordinary session on the 24th. Baxter received a telegram from the President declaring that In his opinion his proposition was fair and reasonable. The American Hallway Muster-Mechanics' Association began Its seventh session in Chi cago ou the 12th. The Chicago Trilmm of the 18th publlshea a list of 923 Western newspapers, giving their views on the President's veto of the Currency bill, and classifies them as follows: Sustain ing the veto—Republican, 295 Democratic, 12H Independent, 91. Opposing the veto— Repulllean, 15M Democratic, 113 Independ ent, tW. Heavy rains on the night of the Uth and on the day following extinguished the greater part of the forest tires then raging In Michigan. Many hundreds of acres of valuable timber had beeu consumed lr the northern and west ern portions of the Htate. On the 13th additional crevasses were re ported along the east bank of the Mississippi, and the country iu portions of tho Htate of Mississippi was bejtig.rapidly-submerged The Htate Senate of Kansas met on the 13th as a Court of Impeachment iu the case of Treasurer Hayes. A communication was pre sented from Ihe Governor announcing the res ignation of Hayes and the appointmeut of John Francis. An agreement, was also read which had been entered Into between the manngers and Hayes' counsel to the effect that If he resigned the case would be dismissed. Much dissatisfaction was expressed by a large numlKjr of Senators at tho course matters had takcu. The village of Wrtghtsvllle, on the West Wisconsin Railway, ten miles north of Black River Kalis, has been totally destroyed by fire. The tire was communicated from adjacent burning timber. Home fifteen or twenty dwelling-houses were destroyed, together with a large amount of sawed lumber. The National Agr Icultural Congress began Its annual SCSHIOII at Atlanta, (!a., on tlie IHth. An address was delivered by President Jack son. lie felicitated the Congress on the good results of the organization during the past two years, aud urged the necessity of co-oper ation and union, aud the obliteration of sectional antipathies and the cultivation of good-fellowship and brotherly love. The Arkansas Legislature met on the 13th, a quorum being present In both branches. A joint committee was appointed to prepare a resolution to send to the l'roaldent iu refer ence to the pending dllllcultlca. Another lit tle skirmish occurred in the afternoon, iu Which two vieu were wounded. CongresslonaL In (lie Senate, on the 7th, sundry me morials from till/.rim of Wisconsin snklng for an appropriation for tho Improvement of the Fox and Wlscouxlli Rivers Hliil the inoulli of the Mississippi River were prevented anil referred Hills were pasweil Uou»e til 11 for Ihe relief of persons Buffer ing from tlie overflow of the Mississippi lUver, with an amendment as an uilriltluual section which authorised Ihe Secretary of War to Issue temporary suppllrx of food and army cloihlng to destitute persons there, and appropriating $100,000 for such purpose, tlie provisions of the hill texplro on the 1st of September aitthorixliiK the Secretary of the Treasury to trativfer. from time to time, to thu ollli o of the Assihtuut Treasurer at New York, from the bullion fund the acsiiy ofllce at New York, retlned jrold burn benrinir the Untied States stamp, or bur* from any melt, of forefitu K"hl colli or bullion of n stiinditra euual to or above that of the United States, ana to apply the same to the redemption of coin certificate* or In exchange for Rold coin at not less than par, subject to such regulations as he may urescrlhe i/lvtmr (lie a«sjrnt of Congreaa for tlie Improvement of Wolf River arrow the Menomo nee Indian reservation In Wisconsin... .A Confer ence Committee was asked for by the House, and ordered, on the Senate amendments to the hill to facilitate tho exportation of distilled spirits and amendatory of the acts in relation thereto... .Bills were introduced-amendatory of the act to aid in the construction of a railway from the Mis souri Ulver to the l'ariflc Ocean, providing that the bridge across tlie Missouri Ulver from Omaha, Neb., to Council Bluffs, Iowa, shall be operated as part of the continuous line of the Union l'acltlc Hallway for the relief of settlers on odd-num bered scetions of land within tho limit* of the Union l'acltlc Railway in the Territory of Dakota .,. .Kxccutive session and adjournment. In tlie House, on the 7th, tho Senate amendments to the llouu Ml! to facilitate the ex portation of distilled spirits and amendatory of the act Iu relation thereto were non-concurred lu Slid a Committee of Conference was ordered The Centennial Celebration bill was taken up In Committee of the Whole and, after a lengthy de bate, a motion ordering the bill to a third reading was rejected yeas 112, nays 1SH. A motion was made to reconsider, and a iuotion to lay the motion to reconsider on tin' table was lost 117 to lHO— aud tlie motion to reconsider was agreed to-—-114 Mil* #iWM*sun was brought atoont fcr *hs p«r ronal Influence and persuasion of the I'enusT'. vbtna tnemtx-rs, with the understanding that the bill would l»: recommitted. A motion wa» liken made to lay the bill on the table Adjourned. (••-neral, to rompromlse, adjust and settk sH demands, legal and equitable, tieiween the iii'ed Mtates and Tennessee, in reference to rail ways and railproperty purchased by various raii»ay roinpam'es from the United States, ai,d to charge' for the actual market value of the. properly purefiHsed. at the date of the purchase, with legal Interest... .Several private bills were passed.... An evening session was held for debate....Ad journed. Hennte not in oemion on the 9th... .In the House, a resolution of Inquiry relative to the landing In the United Htates of foreign convicts was adopted A bill was reported, ordered printed and rec-miinltfed providing for the collec tion of money dm: the United States by the I'acitb Kailroau Company. .. The Indian Appropri ation bill was considered and passed in Committee of the Whole and reported to UM liooae—Ad journed. In the Senate, on the 11th, a memorial of the Worklngmeu's Convention that the two houses of Congress adjourn *1 n* 'lit was presented and referred .. .A favorable report was made on the House bill for the relief of settler* on railway lands The House bill to authorize the Hecre tary of the Interior to discharge curtain obligations of the United Htates to the credit of the Upper and Lower bands of the Sioux In dian* was passed .. .The tieneva Award bill was delisted.... A bill was introduced to repeal so much of the act of July l.'i, ]t-7o a« requires pay ment by the .Northern Pacific Railway Company of the cost of surveying and conveying lauda granted said company Adjourned. In the House, on the 11th, among the more important bills introduced were the follow ing: To provide for free banking and better security to depositors, lo hinder usury, to give elasticity to the currency, preserve Its value to the people, and prevent financial panics by locking up the currency to fl* the term of President at nix years, and lo prohibit his re-election... Bills wsn* pnsHcd Indian Appropriation bill de.claringssb jei to local. State or Territorial luxation the lands of the Pacific Kail way* orn panics from the lime tlu.t tin y became entitled lo them, irrespective of tb» time at which patents were Issued to confirm pre emption aud homestead entries on pi.hli:: lands within Ihe limits of railway grants in cases where such entries are made under the regulations of the Laud Ofllce the Military Academy Appropriation bill A resolution wa» adopted lo tl*2 declaring that. If an increase of taxation be found necessary, such Increase vhall commence with the taxation of (MTSOU* and corporations on their annual incomes, dividends and salaries.... The lleflcicncy Appropriation bill *:).M1.175) was considered lu CoiutullUse of the Whoiu....Ad journed. In the Senate, on the 12th, the bill amendatory of the act to Increase the pay of th soldiers of the United Htates army was reported favorably An amendment to the new Finance bill was reported from the Committee on Finance ...The (ieneva Award bill was taken up, and the amendment to strike out the clause excluding the claims of insurance companies was rejected, and other proposed amendments were disposed of. and tlie bill was passed ai to 17....A resolution wai offered providing for a committee of three to pro ceed to Arkansas to Inquire Into the cause of the existing trouble* in tlie governmental affairs of that State, aud to ascertain who Is the lawfully elected Governor of the Htate Adjourned. In the House, on the 13th, tlie bill to revise, amend ami consolidate laws relating to the security of life on board vessels propelled In whole or iu par', by steam w«»i passed... .The Defi ciency bill wa* considered In Committee of the Whole The Senate bill lo distribute the (iuneva award was referred to Ihe Judii iury Committee .... Adjwwwl. MiRcellantKNUb —Fashionable wives, mothers aud sis ters are wearing vests—real mtutculine waistcoats, to bo more explicit. They are tuude of bright colored silk or satin, and are Intended for evening wear. All kinds ol trimming can be used. —The Home Commercial states that the gold district of Georgia is about to be more effectually developed than hereto for«. An Ohio company has possession of th'rty miles of tlieChcatatce Hiver, and a lioaton man of ten miles. This stteam traverses the gold region, and its bed con tains rich deposits of the orecioug metal. —A bushel of wheat in New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana. Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, Massachusetts, Ken tucky, Now Jersey, Vermont, Missouri and i.'anada is sixty pounds. In Con necticut it Is filty six pounds. Hye is fifty six pounds to the bushel In all the Stales named hut Illinois, where it ia tifty four. Corn is filly-six pounds to the bushel in all tlie Htates named but New York, wli«re it is fllty-eight, and Mis souri, where it is lifty-two. Hurley is forly-eight pounds to the bushel iu New York, Ohio, Indiana, Wisconsin, Iowa, Michigan, Kentucky, New Jersey and Canada. In Pennsylvania it U forty, seven in Illinois forty four la Massa chusetts and Vermont forty-six. —Obadiah Howne, formerly a resident of Fresh Kills, Slaten Island, and Con gressman from New York in 1851, com mitted suicide a few days ago under most sensationally tragic circumstances. Go ing to a newspaper oflice he got the best reporter" to go with him to prepare a sensation" for tlie next day's reading, and, proceeding to Kichtuond village, iSlutcti Island, stopjied at the Uichuioud County hall. After detailing to the re porter the story of his life from boyhood up he suddenly held un a bottle, and coolly remarking, "Mr. lveporter, I shall be a corpse in a lew moments," swallowed a very large dose of laudanum and died nhuost immediately, lie had inherited some ^triO.iXM) a few years since and had run it through in dissipation. —The Countess of London, who died not long ago in Scotland, left behind her a very uncomfortable will. "Jl farther wit-h," wrote she in her last testament, "that my right hand be cut off and buried in thu park at Castle Donnington, at the bend of the hill to the Trent, iiid a small cross or stone placed over it with the motto, I bide my time. The Countess had devoted much of her life to attempts a* retrieving the fortunes of her fallen house, and she seemed unwilling to give up the light with her life, llcr right hand was to be buried only for a season, and at the proper time it will arise and win the victory. Thiu Is not pleasant. When one is dead she ought to iet the Uvuuj -JIT. Orotic. .. r'i t/ w The ^southern floods—An Appeal for AI4. To affix Halted Htat*»t The undersigned citizens of the Delta of the Mis«i"sippi, now so disastrously deluged with the flood-waters, would respectfully leg to n»ke the following statement* and re i-ew«d apjx-al for your helping hand in this uwqualed calamity. In the Senate, on the Rili, several Hoo«« bills of a private nature were passed. Including one to relieve certain persons, members of th« K!f'v eighth retfnuut of Illinois Volunteers, from the rh«rj(e of rnu'inv .»A fa»orab!e report was made ou the bill explanatory of the resolution for the relief of Ule M-tti-r* apou the Shawnee lands In Kansas Tb-* bill to enable Indians to htjcoibe citizens «,f tlie nlted States was reported without amendment... The -.eneva Award bill war on .'.Vtv, and other cities alllicted by pes tno'ioTi taken nn *nd hr.«-ny Kx»?cutive We kuo» full well your charities, your lib eral ties in this and In former calamities to uur Sts-i.jn and adjournment until tho Uih. tilerce and by fire and we would rendci \OU In the House, on the 8th, the motion to I I lay the r2»-r.r.ia: 1,111 on the table was with- "BQ/we are compelled by the aad facts to drswn,and the bill was recommitted TheHenate r.j,r«.e,it amendment t» the bill for the relief of the sufferers I present affliction, passing by many-fold any by the Mississippi River ov- rflow. chanplnp the dha'tcr that has la-fallen the people of this amount from fsi.000 to fS'si.lOO, was concurred in. i A. .. .. to you the vast magnitude of the i 4l„i r.-i/re! ... The rule setting apan Kriday. and Ha.ordays i «"uti'jent. Awd tat nLgrU „,.H hut for private bu»ine*» was changed so as to! that its tstent is not yet as crtain d, leave Friday* only for that. pnrpni^..,,A kno*n to b* (.'ipuridiutj. Wiliic the rivtr tiw bill WM directing t'**j *ei reiary of rw'lcd somewhat alongr the whole flooded War. under the advice of the Attorney- I frort this has been at the expense of the flooded area. The relief apparent to stran gen )s only delusion. The iJelta floods t/i l.'ive t.. utate Increase as the river falls by pouring more water on the laud and their duration must continue for some two mouths to come. Most of the lands will be unfit for crops too late for cultivation this year. What then is to bedone witl and for the 140,000 jjeople driven out by the witters, aud with no supplies of any kind whatever? We would append a statement of the popu lations of various counties and parishes and spetify all the localities but for the length it would give tills statement aud appeal, tiullicv it, h*t the total amounts to 140,000 people to IHS subsisted and transported, sheltered, bou»ed and supplied with utensils for house hold uses aud implements for farming and planting for the next four months, and many muc i longer. Tie enumerations in the New Orleans papers Up to the SJHth ult., and derived from our knowledge, gave au estimate of the people fhxiled I. MMAMA 14,000 SQUARE MILE* UKDKK WATU. Huiar producer* in the parishes below Red River 35,000 Cotton producers on Waeliita and Clack J-jvers 11,800 Cotton producers In nine parishes with 75.1100 people above Red River, half under water 87,500 MISSISSIPPI r,TJL)0 S^TJAKK MILES. %nBig Black .V000, Bayou Pierre l.llOO, Cole's Creek.?'*). Kt. atherine 500, Buffalo and Homochilto'2.()0o Cothonie County (llushpuchana and Hun. flower i BoltvarCoiiiitylWflllams'Bayon and Bayofl Rivers) Mississippi, mssotmi 5,000 sqrusB na, Four front counties In the House, on the 12th, a resolution was adopted declaring that Cannon, the sitting member frotn Utah, had been duly elected and was untitled li a seat as IMegate and a resolution wide) In their escape from the floods, was also agreed to 127 to to refer the (inestion J' ,, ...v„ practice* to ihe Committee such as are so fortunate, fall upon the nearest if Cannon s polygamic u Kle lions... The. bill to amend the Passenger hieamooat law was considered in Committee of the W hole Adjourned. In the Menate, on the 18th, bills were Introduced for the better protection of Immi grants to regulate commerce among the several states and with foreign nations for the -«f .tlie Cl»i ka*«w« and the freedmen .. .The new Fi nance til 11 was taken up and debated, and one pro posed amendment was rejected The llouse hill lo secure homesteads to actual settlers on the pub lic domain was ruported frotn committee, with amendments Adjourned. 8,000 5,SCO 5,0C0 Kailsh. and along Mississippi River. Washington and Isaquena Counties (Steel't Bayou, Sunflower, Yazoo, and Mississippi lO.OCO AliKAKSAS 7,*J0 StJt ABg MILKS. Desha ('ounty (Ou Mississippi, Arkansas and Bartholomew) Cl.icot t'ounty (on same, Bumf Itlver, and 4,000 B.onn Bayou Macon Arkansas «... i i Critic,,d. 10,000 ,1«,!M0 Total Wc do not believe this contains an exaggera tion. Many of these items, and especially from Arkansas and Missouri, are probably fur too small. Hucli u vast population will consume in pro visions alone, without a single luxury or med icine, $:£',000 worth per day. Their clothing, shelter and medical attendance—for most of them are homeless—will add nearly half as much and their transportation to shelter and to places where they can go to work and at tempt to make corn, togetiier with supplies of utensils and implements, will add another 10,000. Thus we reach an aggregate of over $40,000 per day that hiut to be supplied if we would avoid or arrest the famine now actually prevailing, and the pestilence whirh will come If the people return to their desolated homea In mitiniimmer, July and August, when the waters will subside. These people (over areas extended t'00 miles north and south, and thirty to seventy-five population, on either side, and at once devour the scanty means of the, upland dwellers thus extending the area want till the whole story i« appalling beyond our ability to ex press or describe. And this calamity cannot be alleviated at a moment. All the homele** will have to be• provided tor during the next four months, till corn can be raised for pur a 1 alleviation, and the other half fora longer (icriod, to end- od knows when for no crops can be raised in the autumn and winter. And now, good people of thj Northern, Western and Lastern Htates, you who live in homes, and have shelter, clothing, food and moderate prosperity, we appeal to you in the name of our nUffciiiig people, colored and white, to come at once to the rescue with opcii hands. Cull your public meetings In cities, towns and villages, and In tlie country neighborhoods appoint your active men aud women to make collections in money and cloth lug and in provisions where that fa practica ble. In your churches let appeals be made, and a collection be taken on every alternate Mabbalh for the next three or four months Masons, Odd Fellows and other organiza tions, if ever in your history you poured out your charities, let them be extended now. The noble exarnpleof our impoverished peo ple In New Orleans, surrounded by this scene of desolation, is worthy of all imitation. The salaried people, the clerks, the sewing women, and even the poor ear-drivers, all f-o scantily paid, have reswlved to divide their salaries and live on half rations during this wail of the homeless and starving. To railway and express companies all over the land we appeal to publish your offers to transport without chargc all the supplies con I rib u ted. The Mayors of New Orleans, Natchez, Vi'ksburg, Memphis, aud other towns on the Miesl-sippi will be safe and proper repositories of all contributions. Bubmltted by OALZB G. POBSBIT, Civil fee. Uov. P. O HrttnrRT. Ciiir. JOHN KNKKY, ®. w. MOUSK. civil Engineer, flov -I. MAIMSOK WKI.I.H, All lifu-loiig citizen* i«f fMta, With approval of Hn 1,. M. WILTI Mayor of New Orleans. And we are authorised to add the earnest co operation of the delegations in the House of Representative* and tlie Senate from the State* involved in the iinindiitlon. W lulling loo City, Maj 4,t.V.4. Senator Morton's Views on the Car* rtney (Juestloa. n letter to the Indianapolis Joumnl Senator Morton gives his views upon the vetoed Currency bill and the President's veto message. We give the following citracts from this letter, as probably embodying the views of those members of Congress who sustained the bill in opposition to the President's veto: Mr. Morton says there appears to tie a mis apprehension In regard to the provisions of the till from which the President withheld his approval. He says the bill is criticised as if it authorized a new emission of United States notes, which would increase the difll cully of a return to specie payments, and thereby Involve a breach of the national faith pledged for the redemption of these notes iu coin. The first section of the bill, and the only one which relates to United States notes, is In these words: "The maximum amount of I'niud States notes shall be four hundred million dollars." To understand the effect of this provision reference must he bad to pre\iou» legUlatiou. By the act of June :k, 1H»54, it was declared the I'uited States notes in circulation, or to lie circulated, shall not exceed the sum of f-tOO, 000,000. Bv the act Of April 13, lStWi, it was provided that "of I'uited States notes not more than 10,000,000 may he retired and can celed within six months of the parage of this act, and thereafter not more than *4,000,000 in any one mouth." On the 4th of March, 1WW, a n o e a w a s a s s e o i i n a n y u e reduction of Culled State* notes. At that time was f&*i,uuu,.uuu» ami that is the limit below which the United Stat notes cannot be reduced without Congressional enactment. Under the operation of these statutes successive Secretaries of the Treasury have assumed the right to rel*Hie at their dis cretion #44.000,000, that is, the difference be tween fcJTVi.OoU.UOO aud £40.),000,000, and to withdraw 1 he tume again from circulation. Since the lt of Octotier last there have been issued of there notes by the Secretary of the Treasury t'4tt,000,000, making the whole circu lation of United States notes £5hJ,000,000. The right of the Secretary to reissue any part of this forty-four millions, or to increase the circulation of the*e notes above three fiun dred and flfty-sii millions, has been continually denied by many lawyers in Congress and out of it, and a large portion of the press and the question eaunot be said to be free from doubt. Iu his veto message, and In his letter to Vlesars. (Jlaflin and Anthony on the 28th of September last, the President treats the forty four millions as being an existing reserve, a sum of money already iu the Treasury, as much -o as a like sum received from taxes, to 1m used at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury for certain purposes. The firrt section of the bill declares the law to be what the President and Secretary have assumed it to be. It declares that the maxi mum amount of United States notes shall be $400,000,000, lhat is, the amount beyond which the issue shall not be extended. The word "maximum" meaus the greatest. It docs not mean the precise amount, hut sim ply the amount beyond which the issue can not go. The section relieved the tGovernment from the exercise of a doubtful power, which had been the occasion of revere animadversion. It was the wish and expectation of the friends of the bill that the Secretary should put into circulation the remaining $1^,000,000 of the $44,000,000, and It was proposed by some that the language of the section should be so changed us to require that amount to be put into circulation and kept outstanding. But it was determined otherwise, and that the bill should simply declare the maximum amount of circulation, and leave the power and discretion of the Secretary what they had been claimed to be. The other section of the bill authorizes the increase of bank-note circulation to the amount of $40,000,000, to be distributed among the States having less than their proportion upon the basis of the act of 18(55, the new banks to he established upon the terms, lia bilities aud restrictions imposed upon existing banks, being required to secure their bills by deposit of bonds, redeem them in United States notes upon demand over their own counters or in one of the redemption cities, and with the additional restriction that all banks, old and new, shall keep one-fourth of the coin interest they receive uyon their bonds deposited for the security of their notes. This provision looked forward Ut the resumption of specie payments, and was the first step that had been taken in that direc tion by Congress. The $40,000,000 provided for came full $!}0,000.000 short of equalizing the distribu tion mong the States upon tlie basis of the act of I Under that act tint New England States were entitled to less than $40,000,000, but received $110,000,(MX), and the other East ern States had uu excessof nearly $12,000,000. Whether the volume of the currency is suf ficient for the business of the country is a question of fact about which men may hon estly differ. During the four years preceding the panic there had been an actual contraction of the currency, and a much larger compara tive contraction resulting from tho growth of population and business. A majority of Con gress were of the opinion that, to produce a restoration of confluence, a speedy revival of business and a return to the prosperity which was so suddenly destroyed by the panic, some addition should be made to the volume of the currency. That the bill which has failed to become a law would have produced some contraction is undoubtedly true but it would have been almost entirely in the stock market in New York. It is a well-understood fact that the reserves of the Western and Southern banks kept In New Tork have been loaned by the New York banks almost exclusively upon call to dealers in stocks, and have thus contributed to stimulate, unwholesome, speculation, mid have been of very little benefit to tiie mercantile or manufacturing community. The evil resulting from this fact was strikingly illustrated dur ing the panic l»*t fail. Tlie stockholders who had borrowed the money were notable to repay the New York banks, and they in re turn were not able to pay the country banks from which tiie, money had been received, and thus the disaster of the panic was greatly ag gravated. This hill in effect required the banks outside of the redemption cities to keep three-fourths of their reserve at home, and would have withdrawn some millions from the stock market in New York, which would strengthen the banks to which they belonged, and would have produced contraction In a quarter where it is pretty well understood that contraction would do no harm. The act of 1809, to strengthen the public credit, declares that "the United States sol emnly pledged its faith to make provision at the earliest practicable period for the redemp tion of the United States notes in coin." In the debate upon this bill nobody has denied the character or binding force of that pledge, but the question as to the "practicable period" for its performance remains as open as it was upon the day it was passed. Very few members of either house of Cougresi have agreed upon any method for the resump tion of specie paymeuU. A few arc lu favor of hoarding the gold in the Treasury until enough has been acquired to begin the redemption of the notes. Others have proposed to acquire the requisite amount of gold by selling our bonds in Eu rope others to fund a portion of thu legal tender notes in bonds tearing ii per cent. In terest, and retire them lu that way, to bring the rest to par by contraction others to fund them luto a bond beuriug 5 per cent, interest, to be issued aud again funded. While the (iovcrnment Is pledged to redeem the legal-tender notes In coin, at. the earliest practicable period—while the purpose to do*o should e\ er be kept in vie w—yet that period is by many not deemed to be practicable when there is great stagnation of business, much labor unemployed, the revenues largely fallcu off, and much distress and suffering in cftfj part of the country. About Idleness. MAjrr young people think &a Idle Ufo must bo* a pleasant one bdt tL^rC are none who enjoy it so little, and are such burdens to themselves, as those who have nothing to do. Those who are obliged to work hard all day enjoy their short peri ods of rest and recreation so much that they arc apt to think if their whole life were spent in rest and recreation it would be the most pleasant of all. But this is a sad mistake, as they would soon find out if they made a trial of the life they think so agreeable. One who is never busy can never en^oy rest, for rest implies a relief from previous labors and if our whole time were spent in amusing our selves we should find it more wearisome than the hardest day's work. Recreation is only valuable as it unbends us the idle can know nothing of it. .Many peo ple leave off business and settle tlown to a life of enjoyment but they generally find that they are not nearly so happy as they were before, and they are often glad to return to their «ld occupations to escape the miseries of indolence.—Heraid of HtaUK. —Bishop Whittle, of Virginia, ia a recent address said: "Giving is a part of worship, and when we meet to wor ship we should give. It is as much a Christian duty to give ag to pray. When a man can be a Christian without pray ing, then, and only then, can he be a Christian without giving. The poor are under as much obligation to give as the rich. Kach man according to his ability. The little given by the poor Is as acceptable iu the sight of God u the much fiiYen lay the ricit." —Betsey Ricker, of Berwick, N. H. eighty.four years old, was louad dead iii her tied the other morning, and her ti* ter Eleanor was so affected by the net** that she died an hour afterward. —An old lady named Miss Raymerson, nearly ninety years old, was burned to death at Liberty Prairie, Wis., the other day, by her clothes catching fire while she sat near the stove. —Floyd F. Ticknor, was recently killed at Ludington, Mich., under the following circumstances: He was jacking logs, ana one came down the slide against a pike, impaling him upon its point. —A horrible story is told of a Hartford (Conn.) milkman. "His son died of small pox, and the body was carried away in the milk wagon", and then lhe cheerful milk-peddler went about serving milk to Ills customers from the same wagon. While John Neil was ussistinf to move a large flat-boat at Burlington, Iiywa, the other morning, he was thrown by the spring of a heavy spar thirty five feet in to the air and fell into the water, sustain ing internal injuries said to be necessarily fatal: —A little son of Mr. George Johnson, at Naples, 111., recently fell from a sec ond-story window. In his downward flight his pants caught upon the blinds below and he was suspended like Mahomet between the heavens and the earth, and his life providentially saved. —A young woman near St. Mary's, 111., tried to commit suicide a few days ago by putting her head before an approach ing train. Her nerve gave away at the critical moment, and she drew back just as the locomotive came along and gently brushed her cheek. —While Mr. Dowell, living near DeCft turville, Mo., was recently standing upon a large log and chopping it in two, his little son strayed within reach of the a\ as it was descending. The implement struck the unfortunate child a glancing blow upon the head, inflicting a fatal wound. —A few days ago, while Mrs. Gray, of Pittsfleld, Mich., was lighting a fire, her clothing caught fire ami flames were com municated to the building. The house was burned to the ground and among the ashes were found the charred and blis tered remains of the poor woman. —Miss Teauronge, a young woman em ployed in the Kankakee butter factory, suffered a terrible accident a short time ago. While stooping to pick something from the floor, her hair came in contact with a revolving shaft, and before she could give an alarm the entire left side of the scalp was torn from her skull. —A horrible event occurred in DeKalb County, Mo., a few days ago. About five o'clock in the evening Mrs. Stivers nad occasion to go to the barn to seek for eggs, leaving her babe, seven months old, playing on the kitchen floor. She was abse.it about twenty minutes, and on re turning was horrified at the shocking spectacle presented. The baby lay on the floor dead, its right arm and a portion of its right breast and cheek completely eaten off, while a large hog that had been running in the lot adjacent to the house was still munching away at the lifeless re mains. —The following is an authentic OMU* position not "retouched": "THE IIKNS. the hens my friends It a very aMfal animal, it has to legs and 3 toes and one little claw. Roosters when they are old enough have little spurs on their legs which are their weapons of defence now to return to the hens, they lay eggs and it helps to make cake and puddings. she scratches up food for her chickens, hens when it is cold curl one foot under the feathers, and stand on the ougher. hens when they have laid their eggs be gin to cackl. Roosters and hens go to bed at 4 o'clock. I J-3 the bumble be the Roosters crow Iindaway she goet. "C. N. (age 9 years.)" THE MARKETS KBW TORK. May 14. 1874. BKBF CATTLB $10.60 0H18.5O HOGS— 7.i» & T.#T* Ml KKP -I.ive clipped) I COTTON- Middling Is!*® .18?i i FLOl'K— (itxxl to Choice. •.• 5.TO WIIKAT- No. 8 Chicago 1.4* 1.80 CO UN Wectern MIXM *4 & .8® i OATH— Weeteru New .64 i KYK l.Vi 1.10 I HARLEY Western l.l* & l.W l'OKK—New Me«a n.W/4® 1.AH1) 10*«| WOOL—Dome*tic Fltoce. .40 CHICAGO. BEEVES—Choice Good &-80 Medium 0.00 & B.JB Butchers1 Stock J-T® 4.78 fctoc* Cattle 4._4 HOGS-Live HIIEKP—Good to Choice 7.(0 B.bO BUTTER-Choice Yellow .88 E(ifiS Kre»ti l.!V4@ .14 FLOUR—White Winter Extra.. T.(*J & #.00 Sprinir Extra 6.50 GRAIN-Wht av-Kprlng. No. I. 1.21 Corn -No. 8 .#1 Oat*--No. s» 4') .45?. Rye— No. 2 .W* Barley—No, 1.40 1.45 PORK-Mew, new 1«.N & 16.80 LARD 10.») 10.80 WOOL—Tub-waihed .4H .SB Fleece, washed JB6 €L .48 Fleece, uuwaahed £5 .SI Pulled JH .40 CINCINNATI FLOUB—Family, Hew t*7" fT.OO WHEAT 1.44 L46 O N i & 7 i i oATS 60 .98 Y K 1 1 0 8 BARLEY l.ts l.«0 I'ORK—Mew 17.10 & 17.25 LARD lUVi© .11 I ST. LOUIS. BKKF CATTLE-Fair to choice. f4.f,0 1 HotiH—Live 4.60 I KLOUR—Kail XX R.60 i WHKAT-No. Red Whiter.... 1.48 CORN—No. a OATH-No. i i RYE No. 2 .m i BARLKY-No. I.„ 1.6') i K—Mew,. 17.T5 LAlUJ 10 MILWAUKEE. FLOUR—Spring XX $5.70 A WHEAT—Spring. No. 1 1.S6 No. «. UK CORN-No. 2 Jbi OATS—No. 8 RYE—No. 1 3 BAKLEY-No. 1.60 CLEVELAND. WHEAT—No. 1 Red |t.W No. Red 1.46 CORN S* OATS—Ha 1 State J* DETROIT. WHEAT—Kxttt $1.«0 CORN 7b OATH. TOLEDO. WHEAT-Amber Mich |L4r. No. 3 Red 1.4*' CORN—Mixed t* OATS—Michigan 60 BUFFALO. BEEF CATTLE I8.62V4© HOGH—Live fc.00 SHEEP—Live 'clipped) 6.50 EAST LIBERTY. CATTLE—Bc#t. Medium HOGS—Yorker" $6.40 5.40 &40 5.75 5.50 6.70 7.60 «.» Philadelphia.. .... SHEEP—B'-IM .clipped) |||t||) fc.15 «"W