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YOL. Y, NO. 23 THE BULLETIN. rUBMSHED EVERY FRIDAY 1JY WAS. TOMAN, AT ISDEFEXDEXL'E, BUCHANAN CO., IOWA. OiyiOS IN MUNSON'8 NEW BLOCK Jfam Street between Chatham & H'aiuitl. Tent* 12,00 per Annum, iu Advance. Rates of Advertising: •1 w'k.!2 wks.iS mos.ifi mos.il year 1 sqaare, 1.001 r.5oT^X6(t| 5.5fl| 10.00 3 squares, 1.60 2.00 6.00 10.00,15.00 ieolamn, 5.00 fi.oo 11.00 ls.oo 30.00 column, 7.50 1A-00 20.00| 35.00| 55.00 loolumn, 10.00| la.ooj 35.00, 55.00| 9o.00 Buiii osa curds, one year, Notices in the local columns will be charged Ifteen cents per line for cach insertiou. fSf The legal square of printed matter in till State is ten lines of solid* breeTir, equiva lent eight lines of minion, the type of this paper. BUSINESS CAllDS. T. W. HARRISON, itTORNEY AT LAW, REAL ESTATE AG'T A. ax Oonvoyanoor, Wlnthrop, Buchanan Co., la. CtUectiom and Remittance* Promptly Made. "-y JED LAKE, I O N E Y A A W NOTARY PUBLIC AND *3-*» Independence, loira. W. 0.& -T. 1*. DON'NAM, A W O V E A K I N WAB CLAIM, INSURANCE. Tax and iMtid Agency Office, (Office in L^'tze's ^ew Brick Block,) Independence. Iowa. L. W. HART, ATTORNEY AT LAW, NOTARY PUBLIC, ASD OFFICE IS WII.COX'SBKICKBI.OCK, SDEPESDESrE, J1}1 Aigust 7th, 1S6«. I S WOODWARD, AMD 3ENKUAL LAND AGENT Iinr.rEMnKKCK, IOWA. 0yrICE IS WILCOX'S BLOCK. Particular attention given to collections, and faaitttmnccs promptly niadw I,EE & WEART, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, AND BEAL ESTATE AGENTS. orricK iv CAFXALL'S BLOCK, INDEPENDENCE, Wp D. I. HOLDRlDflE, attorney Sf Counselor at Lair, SOTARY l'OBl.IC ASI REAL ESTATE AGENT. Will eire especial attentio* to Collections will *pny taxes, examine titles, collect rents, and •ell real estate. ALSO, LICENSED iovernment Claim Ag't. I (ill prosecute and colloct all claims against ^.^.J1oTernment inclUiling Pent ton, Hack Pay, fMV* 15 CAJTAI/SNBW BF.ICKBI.OCK, over »t store *, J. O. HODBE.M. I). "^ESIDKSCE AXD OFFICE, CoRNRR OP MoTT AND CHATHAM STBKr.TS, JtDBPRSI'EXt'E, WW A X. M. HUNT, LtCEXSED Al'CTIOXEEB, Independence, Iowa. Wof in aoll Ke il Estate ani personal property every description. Satisfaction guar aaUed. JOHN T. HANCOCK, WHOLESALE GROCER, No. 74 Cor. Main and 4th Sts. TnV»n quo. low n. Dr.G. A. CLARKE DENTIST, IJI*/,#:I*i:.vo£.»(£, towjt, Invites all in need of good Dental work to rive him a call. All operations performed with neatness and lispatch, and "n reasonable terms. Office up Stairs, Wilcox' New Block, East end of Bridge. [btf J. 8. NICHOLSON*. D. H. GILL. CILL & NICHOLSON, 8UKGE0N DENTISTS, INli rKM)ENCE, IOWA. Office Over Hodge's Store,Leytze's Block. Ui-nnoli OfQoost OFFICK IX QUASQUETOX opens on the trst Monday of every mouth, and remains upen )0« week. OFFICK IX W1XT1IROP open on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, of the following W°ek. not Dee. 18, 1867.  Drs. Hobbic & Graham, Somcoopatliio •PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, Independence, Iowa* Coy^fc Webster DKAI-KKS IN' Groceries and Provisions, Independence, Iowa. HIGHEST CASH P1UCE paid for all kinds of country produce. J. Wagon Alwayt Attendant* t0Deliver ,»«#• c'*"Ir»e deuce, June 1866. £6Ntf 3STEW Carriage &WagoH Shop. Ransier& Flanigan, Manufacturers of Carriages, Wagons, liuggies, Sleighs, Cutters, and in fact everything in this line of trade. Particular attention givon to Horse-Shoeing & Reparing. Shop on Chatham Street, 2d block north of Vain, INDBPENDEKCE. IOWA. July 2d. i'«J JAS. & WM. WHAIT, OF TUE FIKK OF WHAIT & CO., Manufacturers of the Celebrated 3CXX WAGON, IXD EPE V E CE, IOWA Call and Examine Before Buying. Repairing Done on Short Notice, 0. L. DICKINSON. K. H. DICKIMSOK. TREMONT HOUSE, G. L. DICKINSON & SON, Proprietors. DUBUQUE, IOWA. fcI5-Location central near the Post Office. General Stage Office, Cor. Sth and Iowa Sts. Feb. 5, lStii). 32-tf New Faint Shop. LYMAN & JOY Will be found at their New Shop, opposite the Boll Tower, Third Door above the Post Officc, And arc now prepared to do all kinds of HOUSE, SIGN & CARRIAGE PAINTING. Also, Graining and Paper-Hanging Done in the I5cst of Style ON SHORT NOTICE. 32-ly OLD ESTABLISHED LUMBER YARD, Z. STOUT & Co.,Prop'rs Near the Depot, INDEPENDENCE, IOWA. Keep constantly on hund a foil iupply of well selected PINE LUMBER, Of every description,including Boards of differ ent grade*, Joists, Scantling, Fencing, Dressed Flooring and Siding, Dimen sion Timber, Siting Grubs, Laths, Pick ets Doors, Blinds, Sash, &c. ^g.The above is the first-established Lumber Ynrd in Independence,having been successfully conducted by Mr.Z. Stout during the past eight year?. He having recently associated his neph ew, Mr. W. F. Stout, in the business, the now firm will endeavor to maintain the reputation of the Yard for Superiority of Stock and Reasona ble Prices. Wc are Agents for the Beloit Combined Mower & Reaper One the best machires in the world, for which wo keep constantly or hand a full supply of re pairs. Also, for a Superior Three-Shot el Corn Plow, Which has boen tastei in thecounty with entire satisfaction. 1 f«V 5,1867. I33-" Z* STOUT & CO. \V. F. STOUT, THE Howe Sewing Machines THE IIOWE ACII1NE Cfc, KLIAS HOWE, JR., established 1813) Pcrfcctod 18«7. For Families & Manufacturers. THE GREAT PRIZE: EXPOSITION U.VI VKIIPKLI.K, PARIS.1SC7, AWARDED OVER EIGHTY-TWO COM PETITORS THE HIGHEST PREMIUM, The only Cross of the Legion of Houer and Gold Medal, (iiven to American Sewing Machine?.per Impe rial Decree, published in the Moniteur t'niver «el (Officii)! .lournal of the French Kmpire,) Tuesday, 2d July^ 1867, in these words: Fabiicanto do Machines a ooudre cxposant. ELIAB HOWE, JR. Manufacturer of Sewing Machined, Exhibitor. The Howe Sewing Machines are celebrated for doing the be*t work, using a much emallen neodle for the same thread than any other ma chine. They are adopted to nil kinds of Family Sew ing, and manufacturing of every description, making a beautiful and perfcct Stitch, alike on both tndes of the article sewed, and will neither lip nor ravel. Every Machine is ns near perfection as the best machinery in the world can make it. The psirts being exactly alike, i: any part needs to be replaced, the operator can replace it The New Improved Family Sewing Mayliine is without a rival, and cannot be surpassod,— a Hctnnier. Feller: Hraidor, Quilter and tluide go with cach Family Machinc free of charge* Don't fail to examine these World xio nowed Machines. DIUS. II. S. AMES, IS AO KMT FOR TUB Elias Howe Lock-Stitch Sew ing Machine, For INDEPENDENCE, IOWA. 4 lyl ADVERTISEMENT. rrJIIS is to certify, that we havo used Dr. R. JL W. Bodell's Horse Medicines for soveral /tars,and can safely add our tostluony to their ineritf. We cheerfully recommend them to the public as containing moro medicinal virtues than any other wo havo ever used,and can war runt his Condition Powders to he the 4at the market affords. AIoGownn, Wtarthrop. Henry Swartsel, t** 5 Pearsall, (i Newell, u Markham, MD W Talley, I»avid (iuthrie, u Samuel Cakey, Thomas Jiggins/ 44 JWKddio, Ti Singer, IJ Dunlap, u Curtis Morgan, Qaaaqueton. John Merrill, tf Charles E Kent, [34-tf WHAIT & BRO., Cur. M'tin ifc- Walnut St*. WARM MEALS AT ALL HOURS. Ice-Cream and Lemonade In Every Stylo. Tobacco, Cigars & Confectionery H. 3. WHAIT. a. N. WIIAIT. [50-6m] MONEY TO LOAN! BiKjttirti'f Jed Lake. BOOTS & SHOES. C: IEKEL, £lHamt-of Main Jb Chatham Str«dl, INDEPENDENCE, IOWA, Keeps constantly on hand all kinds of BOOTS A 1ST ID SHOES FOR MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN, Both nome Made & Eastern Made. He employs none but first class workmen and uses nothing but tho best of stock. 11 is *teck will be sold at tho VERY LOWEST PRICES FOR CASH. He is also Agent for the celebrated Singers' Sewing Machines. Machine Oil and Needles for Sewing Machines always on band. n26-y C. XEKX]£«. FURNITURE! Change of Location. J. C. GLASS Wchased OULD ANNOUNCE that he has pur the entire stock of KLOTZBACII A (jOELLElt and Removed to their Old Stand, ON TUE NORTH SIDE OF MAIN STREET, Where ho is now receiving very large addi tions to his stock of First-Class Furniture OF ALL KINDS. His Stock includes a great variety of TABLES, (HAIRS, BEDSTEADS, Bureaus, Lounges, Sofas, MATTRESSES, Looking Glasses, Wash Stands, Safes, &c., &c., All ot wfctqPl Will be Sold at Frices THAT DEFY COMPETITION! He also keeps on hand a sapply of COFFINS of the Latest Patterns, And finished in imitation of Rosewood and Ma hogany. Independence, April 2d, 1809. 40-tf WALL PAPER AT Waggoner & Co's. HART9IAN & DAUBER, MANUFACTURERS OF [6-tf AXili I^IINTIDS OP BOOTS & SHOES, MAIS STREET, ISDEPESDF.XCE. A FIXE ASSORTMENT OF EASTERN WORK Constantly on Hand Particular Attention given to Cus tom Work.. We use none but the Best of Material, and can guarantee Entire Satiafaotien Kcjtftirint} done in the best style and on the tho.'tcul notice. GIVE US A CAI.H*. Sept. 11,1866. 12-tf Brick Yard For Sale, With all the nec»ss:iry improvcuienty to run tho same. Wood and lumber iucludcd, with twen ty seven acres of land, with hou.-o and stable thereon. All of tho land or part of it will be Fold with th» Dricli Yard to suit tho purchaser. Situated five miles southeast ul Independence, on the road leading from Independence to Quasqucton. For further particulars inquire -if Kobert Wilson of Jesup, or J. M. Miller of Independence, Adinrs, of tho estate of George Wilson, deceased. Reference to Jed Lake, In iepcndcnce, Iowa. March 2nd, 1S69. 38-tf DISSOLUTION. Notice is hereby given, that tho partnership heretofore existing between .1. B. Turner and Mrs. A. S. Mullish, in tho Millinery and Dry Qoods business, i* this day dissulrcd by mutual consemt. J. B. TURNER, Mrs. A. S. MKLLISII. The business wfll lc carried on as »sual bj J. It. Turner. Independenee, April 26, 1869, Independence Nursery. At the Indopcndouoe Nursery, one mile west of this City, may bo found a good assortinnet of Apple frros, Morrello and Early ltiehmond Cherries, l'lmn Trees, lied, Yellow and Trun scendent Crabs lloii^bten Seedling (iooseber ries, lil ck Cap and I'urple Ca:ie ltas])bcrries, Grapes, Currants, Roses, Flowering Shrubs, Evorsreons and everything in the Nursery line 13-tf. 44 Neidy, James Jiodinger, Hastings, MD 44 K W Hastings, Drug'ist" Mart Kuhn, A Cro'iks, J. S. 150l!CK, I'KoritlETOB Mrs. Millimap. Hm returned from the Ea^t with a Lurft and Choice selection of WINTER STYLES. I invite the Ladies to come in and see my PATTERNS IN BONNETS & HATS I can supply Dress Makers with Trimmed Pat terns or without Trimming. I was fortunate in being in Chicago on the "Opening Day" of Winter Styles, securcd iny Patter us from the Latest Styles. I have a Full Line of 2! 13 3? IIY n S. I an, confident we can plcaso you in HATS Ss BONNETS. l.s£ Door Went of Myen fc Manx. Mail* $t*, Mepeudeuee, Iowa. 40-tf. BMOOM EX* DOWN GO Tfifi raj & *,»••• f-n~ PRICES! f. ''.Ml FOR 30 DAYS «=3 I OFFER MY Mafflmoth Stock AT THE NEW YORK O E AT COST! fOR PARTICULARS'' ens t? i tAtl.U-VAKD SOXU. Is: ysn BY J.T. TROWBBIMS. Orcr tftc bill the farm-lxiy goes, Bis shadow lengthens aloii£ the landy A ginnt staff in a giant h:ind In the poplar tree, ubovo tho spring, 1 5 11 -.A Call at the fremises. E. LEACH. THE CELEBRATED GltOYEK & BAKER Sewing Machines. The Best Family Machine in the World ff.IIESE Machines nrc superior to all others J. ill Simplirity, Adaptation to a Great Ratkjc H'..r/.,tiie Eanc with which they arc It'orkrd and their freedom from liability to get out of repair. This is the only company who make both the Shuttle or "Lock" Stitch, and the GroverA Baker Donble Elastic Stitch, thus giving pu chasers a Choice and jirieilvji o/ exchanging, S. S. WAGGONER & CO. Agents. OLD ESTABLISHKl GROCERY STORE, OPPOSITE THE Montonr House, Independence, lias on hand, and daily receiving New Goods, consisting of TEAS, SUGARS, COFFEES, AND FANCY GROCERIES, Crockery, Glassware, Wooden- ware, FISII OF ALL HINDS, Everything Cheap for Cah Call and see f.ir yourselves. SYRACUSE SALT Always on hand. Farm Prodncc Wanted. T. W. CLOSE. May 14,1869. 4fi-ly JESUP BUSINESS. J. If. HAWKINS, Attorney and Counselor at Law, Jesup, Buchanan Co., fcrra. Collections Promptly Made and Remitted REAI. ESTATE BOCOBT AND SOLO. Jan. 22,1 SOU. [30-tf M. R. EASTMAN, Attorney and Counselor at Law AND XjAJHTD -A.OE3STT, JESUP, BUCHANAN COUNTY, IOWA. Will practice in Buchanan, Black/tawk, and adjoining oounties. 31-tf 91. BEOS EN, MERCHANT TAIIOR, Custom Made Work Warranted. «r o« iwp, 31-tf A. BUOHMAN, MERCHANT TAILOR, DBALKR I If CLOTHING, DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, AC., MAIN ST., -JKSUJK, IOWA. Agent for Siai^|v'^S»wi»g Machine?. 24y v Tho katydid begins to sing Tho early dews are falling Into the stone-hoap darts the mink The swallows skim the river's brink: And homo to the woodlond if tho crfpj^ When over tho hill tho farm-boy goes, Cheerily calling, "Co", boss! co', boss co'! eo' Farther, farther over tho hill, .' 1 Faintly calling, callirg still, "Co', boss! co', boss! co'f po'S" Into the yard the farmer goai^,: n With grateful heart at the olosc of day Harness and chain are hung awity In tho wagon-shed stand yuko and plow The straw's in the stack, the hay in the mow, The cooling dews arc falling The friendly sheep his welcome blcat^ The pigs corno grunting to his feet, The whinnying mare her master knowi, When into the yard the farmer goes, llis cattle calling, "Co", boss eo', boss! co'! co'! eo'!" Whilo still the cow-boy, far away, Goes seeking those that have gone "Co", boss! co', boss eo'! co'!" Now to her task the milkmaid goes, The cattle come crowding through the gate, Lowing, pushing, little and great About the trough, by the farm-yard pomp, Tho froliesomo yearlings frisk and jump, While tho pleasant dews are falling The new milch hcifor is i|uicli and shy, But the old cow waits with tranquil eyo: And the white stream into the bright pail flows, When to her task the milkmaid goes, Soothingly cal in»,— "So, boss so, boss so so so The cheorful milkmaid takes her stool, And sits and milks in tho twilight eool, Saying, "So! so, boss so so fo supp cr at last the farmer goes, The apples arc pared, the paper read, The stories are told, then all to bed. Without the cricket's ceaseless song. Makes shrill the silenco all night long The heavy dews aro falling. The housewife's hand has turned the lock Drowsily ticks the kitchen clock The household sinks to deep repose But still in sleep the farm-boy goes Singing, calling,— "Co', boss en', boss co'! co'! co'!" And oft the milkmaid in her dreams, Drums in the pail with the flashing streams, Murmuring "So, boss —Atlantic Almanac for 1S7U. if riic First (Ecumenical Council. At tho splendid city of Nictua, in Bithy nia, iti the yenr 32.5, assembled the first of those great (Ecumcnical Councils whose decrees have BO often controlled the desti ny of Christianity and of oiaiikind, It was an occasion ol triumph and fond congratu lation, (or the Christian church had just risen up from a period of unexampled hu miliation aud suffering to rule over the llo mau world. For nearly three eeuturies since the death of their Divine Head his pious disciples had toiled in purity and love, persecuted or scorned by the dominant pa gans, for the conversion of the human race and the humble but persistent mis sionaries had sealed with innumerable mar tyrdoms and ceaseless woes the final tri umph of their faith. Yet never in all its early history had the Christian church seemed so near its perfect extinction as in the universal persecution of Diocletian and his Cajsars, when the pagan rulers could boast with an appearance of truth that they had extirpated the hated sect with fire and sword. In the year !04, except in Caul, every Christian temple lay in ruins, and the terrified worshippers no longer ventured to meet in their sacred assemblies the holy books had been burned, tlie church proper ty confiscated by the pagan magistrates, the church members had perished in fear ful tortures, or iled for safety to the savage wilderness and throughout the Ucyiisn world no man dare£ openly call himself a Christian. Gradually, w?lit the slow prevalence of Constantine the Great', ns his victori. us le gions passed steadily onward from Gaul to tfaly, and 1'. um Italy to Syria, the maimed ind bleeding victims of persecution came out of their hiding places, and bishops and people, purified by suffering, celebrated once more their holy rites with renewed simplicity and faith. Yet it was not until the year preceding the first (Ecumenical Council that the l£astert Christians had ceased to be roasted over slow fires, lacera ted with iron hooks, or mutilated with fatal tortures: and Lactantius, a cotemporary, could point to the ruins of a city in l'hrygia whose whole population had been buined to ashes because they had refused to sacri fice to Jupiter and Juuo. Aud now by u strange and sudden revolution the martyr bishops ami presbyters had been summon ed from their distant retreats in the mt nas teries of the Thebaid or the sands of Ara bia, from Africa or Gaul, to cross the dan gerous teas, the inclement mountains, nnd to meet in a general synod at Nictca, to legislate for the Christian world. The bishops, in number three hundred and eighteen, together with mauy priests and other ollicials, assembled promptly at the call of the Emperor, and in June, :!2a, met in a basilica or public hall iu the cen ter of the city. l-Yw particulars are pre served of the proceedings of the jjreat council, and we are forced to gather from the illusions of the historians a general conception of its character. Yet we know that it was the purest, the wisest, as well as the first, of all the sacred synods that its members, tested in nflliction aud humbled by persecution, preserved much of the grace and gentleness of the Apostolic age that no fierce anathemas, like those that fell from the lips of the papal bishops of Trent or Constance, defiled those of llosius or Eusebius that the pagan doctrine of persecution had not yet been introduced, together with the pagan ritual, into the Clnistian church that no vain superstitions were inculcated, and no cruel deeds enjoin ed that no IIuss or Jerome of l'rague died at the stake to gratify the hate of a dominant sect, and that no Luther cr Cal vin was shut out by the dread of a similar fate from sharing in the earliest council of the Christian woild. The proceedings went on with dignity and moderation, and men of various shades of opinion, but of equal purity of life, were heard with atten tion and respect the rules of the Roman Senate were probably imitated in the Christian Assembly the Emperor opened the council iu a speech inculcating modera tion, nnd an era of benevolence and love seemed about to opeu upon the triumphant church. A a'riking simplicity marked the pro ceedings of tho first council. llosius, bishop of Cordova, presided, the only rep resentative of Spain, Gaul, and Britain. A prelate 0|ened tho meeting with a short address, a hymn was sung, then Constan tino delivered his well-timed speech on har mony, and the general debate began. It Fas conducted always with vigor, some times with rude asperity but when the war of recrimination rose too high, the Emperor, who seems to have attended the sittings ifgnlarly, would interpose and calm the strife with soothhig words. 1 he question of clerical marriages was discuss ed, and it wns determined, by tho argu ments of l'aphnntius, tho Egyptian ascetic, that the lower orders should be allowed to marry. The jurisdiction of the bishops wns defined all were allowed to be equal but Home, Antioch, and Alexandria, tho chief cities of the empire before Constanti nopo was built, held each a certain suprem acy. The primacy of St. Peter was never mentioned the worship of Mary, Queen of Heaven, was yet unknown but the earlier form of tin Nicene Creed was determined, aud Arius was condemned. Twenty can ons were passed upon by the council, many of which were soon neglected pnd forgot ten and when, after sitting fortwo months, the assembly separated, every one felt that the genius and eloquonce of Athanasius had controlled both Emperor and Church.— l-'rom "Oecumenical Councils,'' by Ei orNK liAwitENCK^ta Hiitycrv yMpgmiut J'«r Pe temper. V- INDEPENDENCE, IOWA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1869. WHOLE NO., 231. Ai'OLIlE JUDGE. In the early history of this State, justice waa administered without much pomp or parade, and the Judges did not ussume that •'eXcelleut gravity" so much commended by Lord Coke. A certain Judge presided at a court in which a man by the name of Green was convicted of murder, and it became his un pleasant duty to pronounce sentence of deuth on the culprit. He called the prison er before him aud said to him "Mr. Green, the jury, in their verdict, say you are guilty of murder, and the law says you are to be hung. Now I want you aud all your friends down on Indian Creek to know that it is not I who condemns you, but it is the jury aud the law, Mr. Green. The law allows you time for preparation, and so the court wants to know what time you would like to bd hung." To this the prisoner replied "May it please the court, I am ready at any time, l'hose who kill the body have no power to kill the soul. My preparation is made, and I am ready to suffer at any time the court may appoint." The Judge then said "Mr. Green, you must know that it is a very serious matter to be hung it can't happen to a man more than once in his life, and you had better take all the time you can get. The court will give you until this day four weeks. Mr. Clerk, look at the almanac and see whether this day four weeks comes on Sunday." The clerk looked at the almanac, as directed, and replied "that day four weeks came on Thursday." The Judge thcu said: "Mr. Green, the court then gives you until this day four weeks, at which time you are to be hung." The case wns prosecuted by James Tur ney, Esq., the Attorney-General of the State, who here interposed and said "May it please the court, on solemn occasions like tho present, when the life of a human being is to be sentenced away for criiae by an earthly tribunal, it is usual and proper for courts to pronounce a formal sentence, in which the leading features of the crime shall be brought the recollection of the prison er, a sense of his guilt impressed on his con science, and iu which the prisoner should be duly exhorted to repentance, and warned against the judgment in the world to come.'' To this the Judge replied: "'Oh, Mr. Turney, Mr. Green understands the whole matter as well as though 1 had preached to him a month. He knows that be has got to be hung this day four weeks. You un derstand it in this way, don't you, Mr. Green "Yes," said the prisoner, upon which the Judge remanded him to jail, nnd the court adjourned.—[Western Monthly for November. Indians at a Revival. There still lives among the Winnebagoes an old Indian called "Dandy," who was a member of the first delegation from that tribe that ever visited Washington city.— While en route the National Capital the party was detained at Galena some time, in waiting for a steamer to descend the Miss issippi and as they were strolling about the town one day they came near a Methodist church, where service was being held dur ing the season of a revival. Greatly aston ished at the first glance of this strange nov elty they hastily drew up around the win dows, aud saw the house crowded with peo ple, mauy of them, under the influence of the preaching, becoming intensely excited, some clapping their hands, others stamping, jumping, and making mysterious gestures and contortions of limbs and body, while nt the same time the entire congregation were shouting at the highest pitch of their voices —all of which was perfectly incomprehen sible to the Iudians, who looked on the spec tacle with wonder and amazement, and made various random conjectures as to the meaning of these unusual proceedings. One of them suggested that the"Big Med icine man" (the preacher) might be exert iL•' his powers of incantation to exorcise anJ drive away bad spirits which had got possession of the people. Another one sur mised that possibly this was a big pale-face war-dance. And one even went so far as to pronounce the whole company stark raving mad. But none of their opinions seemed to meet the concurrence of the majority of the party until Dandy, who had looked on with great interest for some time, at length as sumed an air of importance, and exclaimed "I have it—I have it I'll tell you what's the matter Then pointing his finger to his head, he added: "Whisky too much! Whisky too much And they all walked oir in disgust, verily believing that the good disciples of Wesley were on a terrible spree. —RANDOLPH 15. MAKUY, in Harper's Mag azinefvr Dccunbcr. A moving sekjuon. We have the subjoined discourse, de livered by a Southern divine, who had re moved to a new field of labor. To his new flock, on the first day of his ministration, he gave some remiuiscenses of his former charge, as follows: "My beloved brethering, before I take my text, 1 must tell you about my parting with my old congregation. On the morn ing of last Sabbath I went into the meet ing-house to preach my farewell discourse. Just iu front of me S3t the old fathers and mothers in Israel the tears coursed down their furrowed cheeks their tottering forms and quivering lips breathed out a sttd fare ye uell, Brother Watkins—ah Behind them sot tho middle-aged men and matrons health and vigor beamed from every countenance nnd as they looked up 1 could see in their dreamy eves —fare ye veil, Brother Watkins—ah! Behind tbem sot the boys and girls that I had baptized and gathered into the Sabbath Schcol. Many times had they been rude and bois terous, but now their merry laugh was hushed, and in the silence I could hear— fare ye well, Brother Watkins—ah! When I had finished my discourse and shaken hands with the brethering—ah 1 passed out to take a last look at the old church— ah Tho broken steps, the Hopping blinds, and moss-covered roof suggested only— fare ye well, Brother Watkins—ah! 1 mounted my old gray mare, with all my earthly possessions in my saddle-bags, and as I passed down the street the servant girls stood iu the doors, and with their brooms waved me a. Jure ye well, Brother Watkins—ah! As'I passed out of the vil lage the low wind blew softly through the waving branches of the trees, and moaned —fare ye well, Brother Watkins—ah I came down to the creek, and as the marc stopped to drink I could hear the water rippling over the pebbles a- -fare ye well, Brother Watkins—ah! And even the li' tle fishes, as their bright fins glistened iu the sunlight, I thought, gathered around to sav, as best they could—fare yc well, Brother Watkins—ah I I was slowly pass ing up the hill, meditating upon the sad vi cissitudes nnd mutations of life, when sud denly out bounded a big hog from a fence corner, with aboo aboo! and I catno to the ground with my saddle-bags by my side? As I lay in the dust of the road my old gray mare run up the bill, nnd as she turned the top she waved her tail back at me, seeminyly to say—fare yc well, Brother Watkins—ah! 1 tell you, my brethering, it is affecting times to part with a congre gation you have been with for thirty years nh!"—Editor's Drawer, th Harper's Mayazine for November. Wendell Phillips once went to Milford, N. It., to lecture by invitation- Nothiug hnd been written to him of the wishes ol his nudicnce. lie nrrived just in time to go to the lecture-room, a church. It was filled. He wns ushered into the pulpit, where sat the president of the lyceum, a venerable country squire. Nothing was said. "Pres ently," said Mr, Phillips, "I said to tho 'squire,' 'I nm to give you 'Street Life in Europe'to-night.' "Sir, said tho 'squire,^ "nin't you going to letter on slavery ''Nothing wns said to mo in the invitation about tho subject,"' wns the reply. "Do you iueai» to say as bowj$a««?M, 'i"', ted to lectct ou slavery? »fl do° Belted Mr. Phillips. ''Well," said the venerable president, "we'll ace about that." And he rose, aud looking over the pulpit to the ta ble beneath, where sat the secretary, a young lawyer said, Mr. Secretary, didn't you write to Mr. Phillips that the rote of this society w»» that he should lecter on slavery V" "No, sir, I did not," said the secretary. "And why didn't you do go "Because I didu't want slavery crammed down uiy throat," was the reply. "Well, sir," said the old 'squire,' "we'll see wheth er you are to be crammed down our Then addressing the audience, he said, "As many as are in favor of having Mr. Phillips lecter on slavery will manifest it by holding up their bands. "Three-fourths of the audience held up their hands. "As many as are contrary-minded bold up their hands." A few hands were held up. "There," said he, turning to Mr. Phillips, "You will please on slavery." And, said Mr. Phillips, "I wen. on and gave them a lecture on slavery, you may well be lieve! But the youthful secretary came out a true man after all. When the Re bellion broke out in '61, he went to the war and gave his life to his country and the cause of freedom."—Cor. Dcdham (Mass.) Gazette. levo will Banlah Car*. A tired woman hushed to sleep her babe. Beauty once made her face raidiant, per haps, but all that beauty is gone now. Ttie blue eye is dim and faded—the pale brow is covered with lines of care. Per haps with that far-off look of hers, she sees three little graves, green with as many sum mers. Her home is very humble. All day she had toiled, aud the fainting spirit almost surrenders to fatigue—the downcast eyes trembling with tears—she is so weary. And every nerve tingles when these boys come hungry from school—some with a tale of scrrow, that mother must bear. And after they are hushed with kisses or ehidings, it is time to get supper for seven hungry mouths, aud the accustomed never endings of putting things away and clear ing up, till the worn-out creature wonders, with a sigh, if there really will come rest to her—an eternal rest. At last she can seat her wearied limbs in the old corner rocking chair. The babe, whose eyes close fitfully to the low lullaby, lies in its father's lap. He is a plain man, that good father, with an honest face and a great heart, that would take in all the care and sorrow of the household. The babe sleeps. With a rude gentle ness ho lays it upon its mothers bosom, and as the ruddy firelight pl:f* over her careworn features, he looks upon her with eyes suddenly grown lustrous and beautiful. He lifts his great hand softly, till it rests on her shoulder, as be savs: I love you, dear Mary IIow the poor heart leaps into love, light and rest. How vanish the cares that trod upon her weary soul! She no more remem bers the toilsome washing. She reflects not now that the pretty babe with flushed cheeks against her breast has worn her pa tience threadbare with its constant tears and unrest. She forgets that the fire would smoke, the broth burn, that the children teased her, that the line broke, and that ev ery limb iu her frame ached with fatigue. What were those in comparison with the steadfast love that had burned for eighteen years, in the sunlight of hnppiness, through the clouds of despair, when beauty made her winning, and when her charms of lovli ness had gone, and freshness of youth de parted forever? What cared she for aught outside her home, though she had many sorrows, while such words thrilled herwholo being: I love you, dear Mary." Pnoix SCEN'E AT A NEGRO A MP PltAYER MKKTINU.—One of the droll scenes of the war, and one, on the whole, which was rather jolly in the monotonies of camp life, was the meetings—half dance, half prayer meeting—of the negroes. One of these little gatherings has been deftly sketched by Colonel Iligginson, down at Beaufort, in December, 1S62 This evening, after working themselves rp to the highest pitch, a party suddenly rushed off, got a barrel, and mounted some man upon it, who said, "Gib anoder song, boys, and I'se gib you a speech After some hesitation, and sundry shouts of" Rise de sing, somebody!" and "Stan' up for Jesus, brudder irreverently put in by the juveniles, they soou got upon the John Brown song, always a favorite, adding a ubilant verse which I had never before heard .• "We'll beat Beauregard ou de clare Rattle-field." Then caine the promised Slpeeth and theu seven other speeches, by as many men, on a variety of barrels. The most eloquent, perhaps, was by Corporal Lambkin, just arrived from Fernandina, who evidently had a previous reputation among them. His historical references were very interesting. He reminded them that he had predicted this war ever since Fre mont's time, to which some of the crowd assented he then gave a very intelligent account of that Presidential campaign and then described most impressively the secret anxiety of the slaves in Florida to know all about President Lincoln's election, and told how they all refused to work oil the 4 th of March, expecting their freedom to date from that day. lie fiually brought out one of the very few really impressive appeals for the Americau flag that I have ever heard: "Our mas'rs dey hab-lib under do flag, dey got deie wealth under it, and ebery ting beautiful for dere chil'en. Under it dev hab grind us up, and put us iu dere pocket for money. But de fus' minute dey link dat ole flag mean freedom for we colored people dey pull it right down, and run up de rag ob dere own." (Immense applause.) "But we'll neber desert de ole flag, boys— neber! we hab lib under it for enjltteen hundred and sixty-two years, and we'il die for it now I" With which over powering discharge of chronology-at-long-range this most effective of stump-speeches closed. EDITOR'S DKAWKH, in Jlarjier's Mayazine for December. A Very Slow Procenlm. When the city of Lawrence, Kan., was first laid out, the sidewalks were quite nar row, aud the citizens, with their New Eng land taste, and for the sake of the shade, planted trees along the borders. In pro cess of time, convinced of the inconve nience of this arrangement, the authorities widened the walks, but did not remove the trees, so that ihey occupied a row in the middle. Now it happened that an individual who had remained out until a late hour, and had imbibed so freely that in attempting to re turn home be lurched to and fro like a ship in a gale, wag brought up standing by one of the trees, which he mistook for a way farer, when he thus expressed himself: "[Hie!] Beg pardon, sir [hie] assure you, sir, uniiiten[hic)tional." But soon he ran against another supposed individual, when the same npolopy wns repeated, and ere long another. He then betook himself to the fence, nnd supported himself by hold ing on to the top rail. In this position he was overtaken by an acquaintance, who in quired what he was standing there for at such a time of night, "[llicl 1 was wait iny," said he, "for that d—d jn ocessU/n tv pass. IMPORTANT TO LVMBBII DKAI.KRS.—As sistant Assessor Alexander received the following letter from Commissioner Dela no: SIII:—You state in your letter of the 11th inst., that there are several lumber denlers in your district who hire lumber planed and mad# into flooring, etc., and sell the same, and heretofore have paid n tax on such as dealers. You iuqnire whether they should be requited to pay a tax on such safes as manufacturers. I re ply that, where a lumber dealer has a plan ing mill', and dresses and sells lumber, he is liable tax on such sales under Section 4, MA at Match Slat, 18G8, and the k*U er who hires the lumber planed and sells the same, is equally liable to the same tax. A dealer in lumber who furnishes lumber to a planing mill to have it planed, tongued, grooved, sided, or otherwise dressed, or pre pared, and sells the same when dressed, and who also sells undressed lumber, should be required to make quarterly returns of bis sales of dressed lumber and pay thereon the tax imposed by tho Section above re ferred to, and should also be held liable for special tax as dealer, wholesale or retail, as the case may be, for his sales of undressed lumber. throcUs." C. DKI.AXO, Commissioner. Daxenport Gazette, ri'tfCrcA iioN.—Any ed'tor of a literary paper or niagazino, with a single year's ex perience, is a competent witness to prove that not more than four out of every fortv who scribble for bread or notoriety have any more correct ideas of punctuation than a Patagoninn has of Paradise. One pro found thinker, leaving out the h, drives on over three pages of foolscap without a sin gle dot of punctuation. Another perpe trates one line periods, bringing us "down brakes" at the end of every line, as abruptly as if we had checked up against a dead wall at thirtv-miles-an-hour speed. Number three keeps up a continuous string of exclam ition points—eternally screaming at something that requires no screaming at whatever. A good "(any affect the tlushi/itj style of punctuatioff,-' slipping in one-m, two, three, and half-line dashes indiscrimin ately—dashiny paragraphs into spasmodic nonsense. The drill instructor of an old British regiment of the line—one of tho old stamp of martinet sergeants—who was the terror of every recruit, and the remorseless tyrant of the awkward squad, was putting a firing party through the funeral exercise. Hav ing opened the ranks, so as t3 admit the passage of the supposed cortege between them, the instructor ordered them to rest on their arms reversed. Then, by way of practical explanation, he walked 6lowly down the land formed by the two ranks, saying, as he moved, "Now, I am the corpse. Pay attention." Having reached the end of the party, turned round, regard ing them steadily with a scrutinizing eye for a moment or two, and then remarked in the most solemn tone of voice: Your 'auds is right, and your 'eads is right, but you 'av'nt got that lock of regret you ought to 'ave." Wonderful Appearances. Since the recent solar eclipse, they have on the summit of the Rocky Mountain chain what tho inhabi tants call a "second twilight," so brilliant with colors of mist, shade and lire lights as to pain the eye in its steady gaze upon them, and to leave an impression on tho mind that will never be obliterated. Just as the sun is about to 6et, a heavy mist gathers ou the mountain, aud growing dense and denser, it shuts out entirely the last expiring rays of that luminous body then all is darkness or nearly so, for al most thirty minutes wlieu all at once the heavens become lit up from the horizon all around, far up to a small circle in the centre, with a livid glare of the most dazzling chromatic colors, seeming as though a tremen dous bonfire was ablaze below, throw ing its flare in clear and steady flames above. This gorgeous and fearfully beautiful scene lasts for nearly an hour, then steals quietly away and the moon, before dimmed by it6 dory Ui6tre, regains its ascen dancy and lights up the balance of thewiight in pale shadows, as it is wont to do in other climes. Now, what causes these chromatic colors They wero never before witnessed by any of the oldest mountaineers. I was in that sec tion at this season last year, and I have never seen so grand and so thrilling twilights, and these have only occurred since the great solar eclipse of August 7lh, What docs it portend IIow does it originate Old Sarshay—the learned Ute chief—stands in silence each night gazing at this wonderful phenome non, and when asked what lie thinks about it, replies sadly and slowly "Ugh the Great Spirit is mad lie blows fire llis wigwam is iu trou ble White man and red man bet ter feel 'lraid foi the Great Spirit is mad—lie is lie: angry," French Pete, the old trapper nnd miner, says: It is now twenty-three years since I have seen the States. I have been eleven years in* these mountains and I have never seen such fiery nights. The winds are damper they blow luilder and the air grows heavier. I don't know how to account for it. It has all happened since the eclipse of the sun. There will be a big tire one of these doys that the entiro waters ol the earth cannot drown out, and these days are coming soon." It it be true as one of tho profes sors of the Cinciunati observatory says, that immense volumes of hy drogen gas was thrown out from the centre of the sun to tlifl surface, du ring the recent eolar eclipse, how long will it be before the oxygen will be thrown out and the ruling and de stroying element. I give these particulars by request, and there are numbers of the people in this city who, on last Sabbath and Monday nights, witnessed with me this wonderful phenomenon on the summit of the Kockv Mountain chain, 8202 feet above the level of the sea. The Cheyenne and Laramfo papers will indorse this description. Josh Billings on Hefts. The best time tew sett a hen is when the ben is ready. I kart tell you what the best breed iz, but the Shanghigh iz the meanest. It kosts us much'to board one az it tltiz a si age hoss, and yon might as well undertake to fat a fanning mill run ning oats thru it. Thefe ain no prorit in keeping a hen for his eggs, if he laze less than one a day. liens are long lived if they don't kontract the throat disease. I kant tell eggs actly how to pick out a good lien, but az a general thing the long eared ones, I kno, are the loast apt to scratch up the garden. Eggs pack ed in eoual parts of salt and lime water, with the other end down, will keep from SO to 40 years, if they are not disturbed. Fresh beefsteak is good for hens I suppose 4 or 5 pounds a day would bo awl a hen would need, at fust along. I shall be happee to advise with you at any time on tho hen question and take pay for my advice in eggs. In estimating hay by measurement, allow four hundred and fifty cubic feet for a ton ton in the upper half mow, and f«nr hundred cubic feet in the kiwcr W*lf, TEACHERS' COLUMN. If. J. EIXilSGTON, Editor* This column is placed entirely at the dispo 1 of the Teachers of Biiuhanau County, to be conducted in «uch manner anil by »uek peuuBS a tbey may designate.—[En. Bri.r.KTi*. »1 It is well understood by the teocbers of Buchanan County that the Teachers Col umn added greatly to the interest of educa tional matters last winter, more espesialljr in those townships where Institutes were held. Therefore it is to be hoped that every township will organizo for a good winter'* work. While acting as Editor of this eolumn, 1 shall expect the different teachers to prompt iu sending well-written aud careful*' ly studied articles. It would be impossiblK for me to susluin the column to the advance ment of the cause, with my othar labors, bul with & ht-artj co-operation of the teachers we may sustain a column which wiB add greatly to the interest and spirit of our work, and I am firmly convinced that every live teticher will willingly assist in sustaiarajj the reputation of our colnmn. Some teach ers complain that tbey hare no ability to compose that is as much as- to say that they have no mind or opinion of their own, consequently they have no business in tlwt school room. Now, teachers, I mean to do my duty in regard to our column, and if wa as a body of teachers do not come to time, I would heartily concur with the Editor an#, proprietor of tho StUletcn in sending oar column out to the world a blank, with tW exception of a cross representing our mark. You may think this is plain talk, but it is just the ground upon which I stand. I am always ready to applaud merit and oppoM inconsistency. I am more than ever coa* vinced that man is the architect of his own fortune. I believe in the nobility and use fulness of our profession, but it is just what we as a class make it. The world meas ures every man and profession according t» their actual worth. There is no profession where energy is used, crowned with mor» modest laurels. It is a bloodless battto against superstition nnd oppression, vie® and crime of every sort and magnitude. Our free school system and national liber ties are Jfirmly attached together destroy one and you blot out the other. The teachr er that labors faithfully does more for wis® legislation than the greatest Senator that ever sat in legislative halls, although he may not be banqueted by the dignitaries of every large city that he enters like the legislator but he can go on in the e?en tenor of his way, being confident of his own moral and intellectual worth. The teacher outgener als tyrants and despots by making every man his own governor he scales the battle ments of oppression and tears down the flap on which tyrants would write with the blood of the slain their accursed sentiments.— Teachers as a class do not estimate their work enough. Those that do are the suc cessful teachers. We should love our free school system because our schools are not only the rich man sr but alao the poor man's schools. Our schools are the great source of morality and of law and order ouc schools shed their benign influence all over our laud, even to other countries by makiug onr government one to be honored and re spected by all nations. Although we may get meagre pay we should labor as though we were getting large salaries, for we place ourselves under great moral obligations to do all that lies in our power.' Destroy our free schools and iu a few years our country would cease to be the asylum tor the op pressed of every land, but would be ruled by a few purse-proud rich men yet, thro' means of free education one man's rights are just as sacred as anoth. r's. Then let us labor knowing that our free schools are the strong guarantee of civil and religious libertv to all men. Therefore, teachers, I remain yours for the cause in which we labor. Teachers and School Directors are re quested to write for this column, D. J. E. The Quasqucton School. The winter term of this sehool eommen' ced on the loth inst. under the direction of Miss O.- M. Capwe'l, assisted by Miss Julia Capwell and Miss M. M. Gugeby. This is one of the largest, and once enjoyed the dis cretion of being OBe of the best schools in the county but for several terms past, ow ing to the crowded condition of the rooms and frequent change of teachers, it has hard ly kept pace wtth the educational progress of the county. The distriet is unfortunate in having a school building which while it cannot be made to accommodate the grow ing wants of the school, is yet too good a building to throw away. A few years ago this was by far the most pretentions school house in the county it being a two-story brick building with three rooms, and pleas antly located iu the central part of the vil lage. To-day there are many sehool build ings in the county superior to thitf tn all the essentials of convenience and attractiveness/ I noticed in the primary room the long seats so common in all school rooms thirty years ago. A few short seats occupy the centra) part of the room, but no desks—in fact none of the conveniences of a modern school room. The seats and desks in the other rooms are better, but all the rooms are des titute of blackboard—at least 1 saw not) ing that deserves the name in either of them. Two hundred and fifty school child ren demand better accommodations, while it would seem that enlightened selfishness should prompt the good people of Quasquc ton to take immediate steps lot the erection of a first-class school building, as the best of pecuniary investments. But it was of the school and not of the house that 1 designed to write and here the si»ns are more encouiaging. The present Board of Directors with au intelligent aj preciation of' the wants of the school, deci ded upon a radical reform, and Quasqueton now has a graded s.hool. Monday an4 Tuesday were spent by the Board aud teach* ers in examining the pupils and determin ing their standing. Some little time must elapse before the new machinery can be made to work without friction, but tho movement is a good one and will soon bo popular with the patrons of the school. 1 aiu truly glad to chronicle this progressive' movement, aud confidently predict for the school a brighter future more rapid, uni form and systematic progress greater econ-' oniv of tiaie and money more prompt an«t regular attendance and increased interest V0 all the departments. We now have three graded schools in thirf county—1 iid'-pendeuce. Winthrop n id Qtift?.' qtieton. We have one hundi'ed ni-d pi^ht» een that ought to be graded-^verily, "heavy, bodies move slow," hut let ua be thaukfa).f that they move nt all. By the Way, Mr. Editor, wa^ no thor of "Learn to Ittboj k„d ,0 school master. wuil» S. (i. P.