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VOL. XIII, NO. 22.
O. M. GILLKTT, A 1TORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUB -£X lie. Office in Osgood's building, up stairs, next to the river. PHYSICIANS W PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. Wm.TOMAN, Editor and Proprietor OgUc in Blood's Building, on the South- Side of Main St., Four Doors from Bridge. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: SS.OO per Annum, In Advance. RATES OF ADVERTISING: 1 w. 2 w. 3 in. 1 6 m. 1 yr. One Square, Two Squares, ft Column, 4 Column, One Column, I 1 00 2 00 I 5 00 I 7 BO 10 00 1 50 I 3 50 I 6 50 I 10 00 3 00 6 00 10 00 15 00 0 00 111 00 118 00 30 00 10 00 I 20 00 I ai 00 I 55 00 If, 00| 35 00 55 00 95_00 Legal and Official Advertisements, One Dollar per square for the first, find Fifty Cents per square for each subsequent insertion, up to four Insertions. A square is equal to ten lines of Brevier type, or eight lines of Nonpareil, the type of this paper. Business Cards of six lines, or less, J6.00 a year. Marriage, Death and Religious Notices insert ed without charge. Obituary Notices ten per line. cents ATTORNEYS. DIANE MO WRY. ATTORNEY 4 AT LAW AND COLLECTION Agent, Independence, Iowa. Office with H. W. Holman. J. K. COOK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, Iowa. Office over A. H. Frank's Itestau- rant, Main St. H. W. HOLMAN, (SUCCESSOR TO J. S. WOODWARD), ATTORNEYOfficeLAW AT AND COLLECTION Agent. over Tabor & Son's Drug Store, Independence, Iowa. FRANK I). JACKSON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Speeia 1 attention given to Collections. Of fice over Chicago Clothing House. AS. E. JEWEL, AWYER OFFICE IN MDNSON'S BLOCK -Li with Lake & Harmon. Independence, Iowa. Collections a specialty. Will practice in all the Courts of this State and Federal Courts. Col lections and conveyances made, taxes paid, houses and land rented or sold. All business in city or country, and before Board of Super visors will receive prompt attention. Also agent for Equitable Life Insurance Company, of Des Moines, Iowa. D. D. HOLUlilDGE, A TTORNEY AT LAW, NOTARY PUBLIC and Land Agent. Office over Taylor's Hardware Store, Independence, Iowa. LAKE & IIAKMON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, Iowa. Office in Munson's Block, Main St. JED LAKE. M. W. HARMON. ItKl CKAItT & NEV, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, Iowa. Oflice over Morse's Store. Consul tations in English and German. D. W. BRUCKART. JOHN J. NEY. W. G. & J. B. DONN'AN, LAW, CONVEYANCING, WAR CLAIM AND Land Agency )llice. Ollice in First Nation al Bank building, Independence, Iowa. PHYSICIANS. DR. H. O, DOCKHAM, "PHYSICIAN AND SITBGEON, A ton, Iowa. QUASQUE- DR. II. II. HUNT, OFFICE AND RESIDENCE, CORNER OF Court and Blank Streets, north of Catholic Church. W. A. MKI.T.KN, 1. I). HOMCEOPATHIST, INDEPENDENCE, IA. Ollice and rooms in Ilurr's Block, Chat ham Street, over Harnhart's Grocery. Office hours from 8 to 9 A. M. and from 5 p. M. 1 to 3 and 4 AN1) SURGEONS, OFFICE over People's National Bank, corner Chat ham and Main Streets, Independence, Iowa. Will attend to calls in the city or country. Con sultations in English and German. J. O. HOUSE. S. G. WILSON. M1JS. DR. BETSEY EGGLESTOK, C1EDAR RAPIDS. Bever's Bank Block, Com mereial-st. This lady has acquired a A ery wide reputation. She doctors all diseases she examine- lier patients and explains their dis ease solely from the circulation of the blood. All are cordially invited to call and see her. Consultation free. She will remain in this place several months. msriiAisrerc, &c. FRANK I-. JACOBS, INSURANCE AGENT ANI) AUCTIONEER. Represents old and reliable companies. Will cry sales on property of any description. Terms moderate. Ollice "at W. U. Telegraph office. Main St., Independence. liAHIiKR (SIIOP. .JOHN BURKE, fTIHE FASHIONABLE BARBER AND HAIR -I Dresser. All tlie modern conveniences known to the profession. Shop over Barnett & Co'g Store, Main street. Independence, Iowa. LAUNDRY & liAllBEIt SHOP. I. W. EVANS & CO., PROPRIETORS OF'NEW (*ITY LAUNDRY and Barbershop. North side Main street, four doors east of Walnut. We are perma nently Unrated and desire a share of your pat ronage. All work warranted. DENTISTS. E. E. SHATTUCK, DE1TTISTI Over the Bazaar, Main St., Iudejxiiilciicr. Iowa. Prices Reduced toSuittheTimes Best Rubber Plates $ 8.00 per set Best •'elluloid Plates, 8.00 Best Silver Plates, 15.00 Gold Plates, 40.00 Vf All other work at reasonable prices. W. H. THRIFT, DENTIST, (Over II. R. Plane's Store), Independence, ... Iowa. Extracting, Filling, (Gold or Silver) Regulat ing irregular teeth, &c., &e., at reasonable E. M. BISSELL, Dental Rooms! Over City of Paris Store, INDEPENfJKX 'ft, IOWA. JLTMBER AND 111 ILDING. Money Saved in Building. To save money in building, and to put up sty lish, woll-proportioned buildings for less money than usual, can be done by calling on E. ZI2ST2ST, Independence, Iowa. Having in connection with mrhwMm'SSa first class Lumber Yard, and always keeping on hand a full assortment of Sash, Doors, Blinds, &c., &c„ and have also in my employ a gang of first-class mechanics, I will be able to take eon tracts and execute work for less money than any one else. I also keep in my Lumber Yaixj near the Depot, a complete assortment of all grades and descriptions of ^235" CITY DRUG STORE DRV GOODS AND CliOTHING. Important £Totioe. NEW YORK STORE! Ill order to reduce our very large stock of A fresh arrivalhOf Winter i i WE WILL OFFER FOR THE NEXT THIRTY DAYS, ALL THAT CLASS OK GOODS CONSISTING OF DRESS GOODS, CARPETS,NOTIONS, CLOTHEXTC3-, HATS, CAPS, FURS, ETC., ETC., At New York Cost. We cannot afford to carry over until another year this large stock of goods. THEY MUST BE SOLD, -AJNT33 WE SftSLL MAKE OUR FRIGES Low Enough to Sell Them. All Goods will be sold at this sale, STRICTLY FOR CASH 2 DRUGS AND MEDICINES. GROCERIES. Sign of theG-OLDEN MORTAR. Largest and BEST StocLin the Oity! —AT— Smale Brothers, Independence, Iowa. PURE •rugs and Medicines, At Lowest Rates. to HOUSE & WILSON, A. B. CLARKE. Drugs, y-Ajasnrs, OILS, WINDOW GLASS and LAMPS, GLASS AND ION-EXPLOSIVE CHANDELIERS, &c. Chicken Powder, A positive cure for Cholera in all kinds of poul try—never known to fail. Also HORSE POWDER, The best remedy for Epizoot and Influenza. The last two articles are my own manufacture, and I can recommend them with confidence. Swedish Leeches Constantly on Hand! Prescriptions Carefully & Acnrately nlMl. Everything for sale at Astonishingly Low Prices. |®"Take a look. C. II. WALLACE. GROCERIES AND DRUGS. GROCERIES U S NEW CASH MtnfflGElENT. I will from E E 3 I Which I will sell at the Lowest Price for the Market. Estimates and Specifications made. out at short notice. Also constantly on hand a large supply of Coal and Lime. E. ZZ2T2T, Contractor and Builder. TO RENT. Houses Rented by O. D. JONES, The Insurance Man. v this date sell both Groceries and Drugs, At my stores at west end of the For Cash or Country Produce! At Pftaes that cannot be beat. FARMERS' TRADE SOLI tsrCood Goods, Small Profit» ttnd no Combinations to keep vp Prices. D«ttY*rfd fttrant Town. A. B. CLARKE. BUSINESS COLLEGE. ATTKNI) CLINTON Commercial College, To learn Book-keeping, Penmnnship, Tele graphing, See. Address ,ly7 EILEY & PEARCE, Clinton, Iowa. jynn—rmwim cn««, iw». ooDda, Lawton & Post. Buy Your Groceries of JOSLIN, The Grocery Man. G-BOCEBZES Cor. Main and Walnut tits., Independence, Iowa. The subscribers have on hand a choice and well selected Stock of FAMILY GROCERIES! Which they will sell at the very lowest bottom prices. Their stock consists of Sugars, Teas, Coffees, Spices, Syrups, Confectionery, CANNED AND DRIED FRUITS, Kerosene Oil. Wood and Willow-Ware, Earthen Ware, &c., &c, |T» B.—All they ask is to call and see their goods before purchasing elsewhere. Highest price paid for Produce. Kemeinber the place, corner Main and Chatham streets. THOS. EDWARDS & CO. Buy Your Groceries of JOSH-JUST, The Grocery Man. A. vv U unno LUII Has jost removed and is now located in LEYTZE'S BLOCK, MAIN-St. Where he keeps on band a large Stock of Groceries, Crockery! G-3LASS Wooden "Weir© Please give him a call and he will pay yoti Cash for ABUTTER AND EGGS. Buy Your Groceries of JOSL.IN, The Grocery Man. GROCERIES! I have purchased the OITY TEA HOUSE, And will sell you GOOD GOODS AT LOW PRICES! Highest price always paid for BUTTER & EGGS and other produce. PLEASE GIVE ME A CALL. NO. 25 MAIN STREET, Independence, ... Iowa. WM. 8PADEK. MITJTJ INK IIV New Millinery Parlors! Hiss L. V. RAYMOND Would inform the ladies of this city and vicin ity that she h:is secured rooms in Leytzn'N IMock, over Tucker's Itcxtaurant, And is again ready to receive orders is the line of Millinery and Dress Haling! Her goods are all new and of the latest and most fashionable styles, and she is conlldent from her long experience in this city that she can give PEKFEOT SATISFACTION to may favor her with their patrohage are invited to give her a call. HASTE* JOHNNY'S NEjCt' 3KKMJHBOK. all who Ladies lOmlt MONEY TO LOAN. Money Loan, ON IMPROVED FARMS IN SUMB OF $500 OR OVER, AT 8 PER CENT INTEREST. Loans speedily effected. Any one desiring a loan will ao well by applying, either in person or by letter, to BHUCKAKT k NET, 12-7-1 y Independence, Iowa. BOOR 1»RET HARTE. It was Spring the first time I saw her, for her n[or, a and mama nipved in just as skating was over, and mar bles alsmt to begin, For the fence in our back yard was brokcn,and I saw and peeped through the slat. There were 'Johnny Jump-ups' all around her and I knew it was Spring just by that. I never knew whether she saw me—for she didn't say nothing tq me, But 'Mai hero's a slat in the fence broke, and the boy that is next door can see." But the next day 1 climbed on our woodshed, as you know, mamma says I've a right. And she calls out, 'Well, peekin' is manners!' and I answered licr, 'Suss is perlite!' But I wasn't a bit mad, no, papa, and to prove it, the very next day. When she ran past our fence in the morning, I happened to get in her way. For you know I am 'chunked and clumsy,'as she says are all boys of my size, Anl she nearly upset me, she did, pa, and laughed till tears came in her eyes. "And then we were friends from that moment for 1 knew that she told Kitty Sage, And she wasn't a girl that would flatter, 'that she thought 1 was tall for my age And I gave her four apples that evening, and took her to ride on my sled. And—'What am I telling'you this for?' Why, papa, my neighbor is dead. "You don't hearone-half I am saying—I Really do think it's too bad Why, you might have seen crapes on her door knob, anil noticed twlay I've been sad. And they've got her a coflin of rosewood, and they say they liuve dressed her in white, And I've never once looked through the fence. Pa, siuee she died-at eleven last night. "And ma says it was decent and proper, as I was her neighbor and friend, That I should go there to the funeral, and she thinks that you ought to attend But Ium so clumsy and awkward, I know I shall be in the way. And suppose they should speak to me, papa, I wouldn't know just what to say. "So I think I'll get up quite early,I know I sleep late, but I know I'll be sure to wake up if our Bridget pulls the string that I'll tie to my toe. And I'll crawl through the fence and l'llgather the Johnny-Jiimp-Ups' as they grew Round her feet the tirst day that 1 saw lier,and papa, I'll give them to you. "For you're a big man. and you know, pa, can come and go just where you choose. And you'll take the flowers in to her, and sure ly they'll never refuse But, papa, don't «i they're from Johnny, thej/ won't understand, don't you see. But just lav them down on her bosom, and OFF CAPE HORN. I do believe, Mr, Pier.son, that we are fated, and the ship laboring under a spell as bad as that which is said to en velop the Flying Dutchman. Fourteen days we have been off Cape llorn, and the last thirteen there has been no op portunity to catch a glimpse of sun, moon or stars. I would give half of all I am worth for just an hour of clear weather." And Capt. Hardy—Jack Hardy, as he was best known—descended to the cab in to pore over a large chart spread out on the center table. He was not over 80 years of age, brave, capable, and hand some despite the bronzing his complex ion had received beneath tropical suns. His frank, open countenance wore an anxious expression, which was reflected back from the rough, weather-beaten visage of the mate, a man past the me ridian of life. As for the ship—the Sunbeam—she was a clipper, and as fine a craft as ever sailed from the port of New York for San Francisco. The ship was lying to-under a close reefed maintopsail, main spencer and forestaysail, and as the short day came to a close the gale seemed to increase from the southwest. Furious squalls of hail and sleet passed through the tall spires and taut rigging of the ship, which at times keeled over to the icy blasts, until the lee-scuppers were submerged in the dark foam-streaked waters. The whole expanse yf the heavens was covered by a black cloud, which, as .T "W «Tnil Tl Qf!mi the darkness increased, appeared to sink lower until the Bildti(1 of the poleg were obscured by whirling masses of scud driving before the furious tem pest. The shivering watch, wrapped in mon key jackets and oil-skins, gathered aft, crouching for shelter under the lee of the bulwarks, while the mate, bundled in his long watch-coat, walked the quar ter-deck in sombre silence. Aft by the binnacle, peering at times at the compass, dimly revealed by the flickering lamp, stood Capt. Hardy. A terrible anxiety, coupled with thoughts of wife and children, filled his stout heart as he peered incessantly to wind ward, or strove to pierce the gloom which had settled down like a pall to leeward. And so through the long dreary night the watch was kept up, and with the morning's dawn a slight change was noted. The ship was lying on the starboard tack, making fair weather of it for so sharp a vessel, when the murky obscur ity began to clear and a glimmer of clear sky was seen. The important news was immediately reported to Capt. Hardy, who was doz ing in a chair by the companion-way. With a bound he sprang up the steps, at the same instant the cry of Land ho! echoed through the ship. Four points off the weather-bow the loom of land was seen, which every mo ment was becoming more distinct, while off the lee-beam stretched the ice-bound coast of Cape Horn. The dark face of Jack Hardy grew a shade paler as his eyes ranged from point to point, taking in certain land marks, which but too accurately con firmed the dangerous predicament of the Sunbeam, a presentiment of which had haunted the young commander's breast. The ship was nearly land-locked on a lee shore, attended with horrors well calculated to demoralize the ablest sea man. The land on the weather-bow pro ved to be the island of Diego Rimirez, that on the weather-quarter St. lldefon so rocks, and that on the lee-beam was the coast of Cape Horn. But two alternatives remained by which the lives of all on board could be saved, together with the ship and cargo. One was to run between Diego Rimirez and the coast, the other to make sail and endeavor to beat off shore in the teeth of the gale, which had abated somewhat in violence. It was impossible to remain hove to, as a few hours would have found the vessel on the rocks. Jack Hardy was not long in making up his mind as to the best course to pursue. A glance at the chart revealed countless sunken rocks and ledges in the channel, with which he was totally un acquainted. He would only attempt that as a last alternative. Send all hands aft, Mr. Pierson, Rouse out the watch below. Splice the main-brace, set the close-reefed foretop sail and reefed foresail.-' Tho steward hastily served out the grog, which was eagerly swallowed by the sailors, who fully realized the strug gle they were about to engage ip. A tromendouN sea was running, which set the ship still nearer to the lee shore with every heave. Under the press of canvas which it was imperative to carry the Sunbeam was all but buried in the foaming surges. Sea after sen broke over the ship as she lay in the trough, deluging her with water from the forecastle aft to tho bin nacle. where two of the best seamen had been lushed to the wheel. Occasionally the sharp bows of the clipper would de scend with terrible force, plunging mad ly into the seas, threatening to tear her self asunder as she struggled on. The entire ship's company was on deck, clinging to life-lines which had been rove fore and aft. The Captain had taken his position aft by the wheel, while the two mates, with their respec tive watches, stood ready to execute any orders that might emanate from the quarter-deck. Gradually the ship closed in with the land, and the sight was truly a terrible one. When the vessel was in the trough of the sea, nothing could be distinguish ed but a waste of waters but when borne aloft on the summit of some enor mous wave, then the high, beetling rocks, with mountains of ice, over which the seas were breaking masthead high, were fully revealed to the shuddering sailors. Suddenly the sails shivered and flap ped like thunder. Up with your helm! Keep her full!" shouted the Captain, as he turned tow ard the binnacle. The wind has headed us off a p'int, sir,'' responded the seaman, as he glanc ed from the compass to the weather leech of the maintopsail. Then God have mercy on us," mut tered the Captain, as he glanced quickly to leeward. 'Tis a narrow chance, and anything is preferable to being dashed to pieces on von rocks. Mr. 1'ierson,', and he raised his voice: Loose the mainsail and reef it!" The mate stared at his commander in unalloyed amazement, and probably for the first time in his life, hesitated to obey the order of his superior. She will never bear it, sir." She must, or carry the masts over the side. Set the sail, or I will do it for you." I will do it, sir, if it is the last act of my life," and soon after the hardy crew wore heaving the tack down, while the sheet was manned and hauled flat aft. The effect of the broad surface of canvas upon the ship was tremendous. Her lee channels were buried in the foaming surges, and she reminded her bold commander of a fiery steed under the lash. The ship no longer rode over the seas, but forced herself bodily through them, dividing the masses of water which poured in one continuous torrent aft to the break of the house. A favorable start had enabled the Sun beam to head well up, and the breath of the seamen came freer but in the midst of their hopes and fears the short wintry day closed in, and the sombre shades of night enveloped land and sea. All day long not a mouthful of food had passed the lips of the crew, from whom came no complaint. pa pa, she'll know they're from me," It was impossible to start a fire in the galley stove and. in fact, no one on board thought of hunger. Sound the pumps there, carpcnter, and pass the word for the Steward to light the binnacle!" The carpenter's orders were at once obeyed the carpenter in a faltering voice reporting three feet of water in the hold. What's the matter with you. Chips? Your voice trembles like an old wo man's. Is it anything to be wondered at that a vessel makes water when she is forced in this manner? Rig the pump, sir, and be careful what you are about, or you'll rue the day you ever signed ar ticles with Jack Hardy," and the Cap tain's voice assumed a hard, stern tone, which had its effect upon the subordi nate. The howling of the wind and the nev er-ceasing roar of the huge waves as they toppled on high, now mingled with the dismal clank of the pump and the rush of the hail as they pattered on the deck. The running-gear had been swept in confusion to leeward, and jammed by the water washing to and fro beneath the span spars lashed along the water ways. The glass had begun to rise, and alrea dy the gale betrayed symptoms of dying out. Still not an officer or man left his post. At 10 o'clock the vessel was judg ed to be abreast of the island, and as the gale lulled, the roar of breakers dashing against the rocks boomed through the air. At midnight the wind sank suddenly away, and the sound of the breakers be came clearer. Perilous as had been the situation of the ship throughout the day, it was rendered infinitely more so by the dead calm. There was not a breath of air. The ship had become unmanageable, driving abrondside to the rocks, where the hea vy southwest swell was breaking with a force only equalled by the appalling noise of the reverberating surges as they culminated in clouds of foam and vapor about tiie iron-ltound shore. "very moment the ship was forced nearer and nearer her doom. The cables and anchors were entirely useless, for there was no bottom to be had at 160 fathoms the boats were of no service for towing on account of the furious swell, and all hands realized that in less than 20 minutes the good ship Sunbeam would be ground into pieces as minute as toothpicks. The seamen gazed at one another aghast, as death, clothed with countless terrors, stared them in the face. Suddenly the carpcnter started forward. There is one chance left, lads. Fol low me, and lend a hand to launch the long boat." The long boat! the long boat! was repeated from the pallid lips the poor fellows, who were ready to gasp at a straw to save their lives. Fear had deprived them of their cooler judg ment. But in a voice of thunder Jack Hardy arrested their movements. Stand fast, lads, and do as I bid you. Carpenter, come out of that boat." Not 1. Tis each man for himself and (Jod for us all, now," was the reply of the man. as he coolly cut the lashing which secured the boat. "Once more, I say, obey my orders. You would be dashed to picces in a mo ment." "As well in this boat as on board here. Come on, lads." And he waved his hand to the crew, who were already wavering. For the last time, I order you out of that boat. So long as two planks of this boat stick together and I have life, will be obeyed." "'And repeat, life is sweet." With the words came the sharp crack of the revolver the man threw up his arms, grasped convulsively in the air, and fell headlong into the heaving swell, disappearing among the bubbles and ed dies astern. To your stations, lads, and stand by for my orders!" was the stern order which fell from the lips of their com mander. The seamen were silent and solemn. Quiet and subdued they thought of eter nity, which mystery they were firmly convinced they would soon solve. Every sail that, was available had been set, but the ship was little less than five hundred vards from the rocks, and the wind from the rebounding breakers fall ing heavily on the limp canvas, forced the sharp vessel ahead nearly twice her length. The sun rose clear from hor watery depths, not a cloud was to be seen in th(i heavens, as a flood of glorious sunlight tinged the crests of the huge swells. A light cat's-paw camo dancing over the light surface of the water from the eastward. Another and another follow ed the ship forged forward, the light sails filled, and in fifteen minutes the Sunbeam was running with studding sails set alow and aloft. With a fervent "Thank God! Jack Hardy stenped below to commune in private witn his Creator. Cape Horn for him had lost all its terrors. Origin of Lynch Law. J. N. Sandidge in New Orleans Picayune. In Campbell county, Virginia, on the Roanoake river, (then called Staunton river), during the old revolutionary war, when there were some Tories of obnox ious character still remaining in the oounty not reachable by any statutory INDEPENDENCE, IOWA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21. 1877. WHOLE NO. m. law, Colonel Charles Lynch, supported by Captain Robert Adams, his brother in-law, both farming on adjoining plan tations, and Calloway, determining to rid the country of such dangerous en emies, seized on different occasions three of the worst of them, tied them to a tree and flogged them so severely as to prompt an unceremonious departure from the State, as they were ordered. This sort of proceedure on the part of Lynch and his friends, proving so effec tual in Campbell, was quickly followed in other counties, where loyalty to King (jleorgc sometimes provoked summary punishment, and it was called "Lynch law," and has been to our day. The snatch of an old song of the time is still repeated in the neighborhood: "Huzza for Capt. Bob, Col. Lynch and Galloway, Never let a Tory rest till lie cries ont Liberty John Lynch, the brother of Charles Lynch, was the founder of Lynchburg only a few of their descendants are now living—none in Virginia—bearing the name, so far as is now known, the last of the males, Charles Henry Lynch, and his brother, John Pleasant, having died in Campbell county since the war of se cession their sister, Mrs. Dearing, and her daughter, Mrs. Faunt Le Roy, now occupy the old homestead where still remains the stump of the walnut tree to which the three Tories were tied and whipped—life was never taken. ebster, in his unabridged dictiona ry, says of "Lynch law," that it is the "practice of punishing men for crimes or offenses by private, unauthorized persons, without a legal trial. The term is said to be derived from a Vir ginia farmer named Lynch, who thus took the law into his own hands." A Clear Havana. Burliiiffton Hawkeye. It. was on a Rurlington and Cedar Rapids train. The tall passenger, when he got on, was in that happy frame of mind that doesn't care whether Congress is in session or not. He held on to the railing very carefully as he climbed into the smoking car, and appeared to be a little annoyed at being the object of general attention. He ceased to smile and assumed an expression of profound thought and dignity, and backing into a seat with great deliberation, sat down in a man's lap. He got up in some confu sion, and when lie shot into the adjoin ing seat lie straightened himself up and assured himself that it was unoccupied by carefully feeling all over the cushion with his hands. He then made an elab orate apology to the wrong man for sit ting down in his lap, and cast a stern, but withal an unsteady glance up and down the car, to reproach or repress the smiles that were going round. For he was not the kind of a man to be laughed at. He was well dressed and had a certain air of dignity about him that, under ordinary circumstances, would command respect. He sat still for a few moments and then took off his hat and hung it up outside of the rack, and was apparently amazed to sec it reach the seat before he did. Presently the entrance of the train boy bearing a box of the soothing Indian weed, re minded him of something, and he dived into his vest pocket and brought forth half a dozen matches, and then he dived into an inside vest pocket for the other materials necessary to a comfortable smoke. He had great difficulty, at the very His smoking did not progress very rapidly. He couldn.t make the old I thing work. It wouldn't light well. It didn't seem to draw, and his agonized grimaces as he pulled and sucked at it, i were enough to make a snake laugh. But nobody in the car dared laugh very loud, for every time the tall passenger hear a titter hc would pause, and.hold ing his smoking material in one hand and the burning match in the other, glare around the car in the most forbid ding manner until the tittering ceased, or the match burned his fingers. He soon burned up all the matches he had, and then, casting his eyes about for some one of whom to borrow a light, he spied the train boy. smoking like a volcano, and beckoned him up. "(limine a light, young man, if you please." he said. "Light?" demanded, the astonished monopolist, "light? What ye want a light for?" "For my c-c-cigar," replied the tall passenger, with great gravity. Smothered laughter went up all around the car and the train boy, drop ping into a seat in his hysterical excite ment, threw up his hands and fairly shouted: "Cigar! Oh, bloody Nero, that is a banana you're tryin' to smoke!" The tall passenger bent a glance of calm contempt upon the shouting boy and the writhing passengers that filled the car with an oppressive silence, and then, in tones of conscious and superior wisdom, he said: "An' don't I know that, young man? Of c-coursc it is. I never s-smoke any other kind. It's a genuine ban made imported banana, and don't you forgit it." Then the passengers threw their hats fiercely on the floor, and climbed up on on the backs of the seats, and in one wild, maddening howl of laughter, lifted tho roof clear off the car. Cost of a Trip to Paris. K. V. Smalley's Letter to N. V.Tribune. Many exhibitors will want to go to Paris, whether their presence is neces sary or not to the proper display of their contributions to the fair, and all who have had no experience in foreign travel will be glad to see an estimate of the cost of a trip. First-class passage to Paris and back by way of either Liverpool, Southampton or Ilarve, will cost from $200 $250 according to the line_ of steamers selected. Living in Paris costs about the same as living in New York. Hotels are dearer if the picst orders all he has been in the hab it of ordering at an American hotel, but cheaper if he lives as foreigners do. Board at respectable pensions can be had at all prices, from $." a week and up wards. $10 will nrobably get a good room and a fair table, but not in favor ite localities, such as near boulevards or the Champ Elysees. Incidental expen ses, such as omnibus fare, newspapers, bootblacks, cigars (I will not add drinks,) etc., cost about as much as in American cities. Nothing is cheap except cab hire. I should say an American accus tomed to economical habits, might leave home with $500 in his pockets and spend three months very comfortable at the exhibition. Of course he could not fre quent the Cafe Anglais, or go often to the grand opera, or dine every day in the Bois, or indulge incautiously of the numerous facinations of Parisian life. But he could see the exhibition, the jiicture galleries and the pople thorough- Anecdote of Lincoln. Editor's Drawer, Harper's Magazine. "One day," said Mr. Lincoln, "when I first came here, I got into a fit of mus ing in my room, and stood resting my el bows on the bureau. Looking into the glass, it struck me what an awful ugly man I was. The fact grew on me, ana I made up my mind that I must be the ugliest man in the world. It so mad dened me that I resolved, should I ever see an uglier, 1 would shoot him at sight. Not long after this, Andy (naming a lawyer present) "came to town, and the first time I saw him I said to myself, 'There's the man.' I went home, took down my gun, and prowled round the streets waiting for hinr. He soon came along. 'Halt, Andy,' said I, pointing my gun at him. 'Say your prayers, for I'm going to shoot you.' '"Why, Mr. Lincoln, what's the mat ter? what have I done?' 'Well. I made an oath that if I ever saw a man uglier than I am, I'd shoot him on the spot. You arc uglier, sure so make ready to die.' 'Mr. Lincoln, do you really- think I'm uglier than you are?' "'Yes.' 'Well, Mr. Lincoln,' replied Andy, deliberately, and looking me squarely in the face, 'if I am any uglier than yoo, fire away Jury Juice. State Register. The decision of the Supreme Court, Tuesday, with reference to jurors drink ing liquors during the trial of a case has started all the lawyers to thinking about their experience in the matter. Yester day morning before Court, a party of them collected in the court room and told so many big ones that all the press reporters present thought of commit ting suicide for chagrin at finding out how bad these legal chaps could leave them behind in a lying match. This is supposed to have happened in Polk county six years ago. One of the parties to a suit thought he had been beaten, when the jury retired to deter mine upon a verdict, and consequently put his wits at work to study up a plan for securing a new trial. Finally he de cided that the most feasible thing to do would be to introduce some whisky in to the jury room. Accordingly he freighted a market basket with savory chicken and toothsome sandwiches. The seductive mince pie had a place there and stomach destroying sweet cake, and underneath them all were sundry bot tles of Kentucky Bourbon. He carried the basket to a point just below a win dow in the jury room, tied one end of a long rope to the handle of the basket, fastened the other to a pebble of suffi cient weight, transformed himself into a catapult and threw the rock through the window. The jury, which had been in consultation past one time, were in good condition to swap testimony for grub, and when the string and pebble came through the glass they wen not very long in ascertaining what was at in dri outset, biting off the end of his cigar. held his peace. He was a little undecided, to begin with, Not very long since an old chap with which end to bite off. He turned it a red ribbon nose was placed on a jury over and over in his fingers and looked at this end and that, but finally came to in a knotty case. Thinking that when they should once be locked in their a decision and acted upon it promptly, room they would be occupied several It was a little tough, but he chewed 1 days in guessing, he prudently provided away at it manfully and persistently, himself for contingencies. Among his and got it off at last. Then he spit the inheritances was an old sword cane, de end fiercely against the window, and I scended from the times when that kind when it just struck against the clear glass instead ofiroing through, he looked foolish, and rubbed it off with his hand kerchief. of a weapon was common. The blade was gone but the orifice it once filled re mained and the owner gauged it for half a pint of tanglefoot. Then he screwed the top on the cane and return ed to Court prepared for any emergen cies. The jury remained "out" forty eight hours but the red ribbon chap was as blooming and fresh at the end of the long vigil as when he first commenced to do duty. While General Given was prosecuting attorney, he prosecuted ardruggist in the Warren County District Court for sell ing liquors contrary to law. The speci fic charges were that he sold "Ilostet ter's Bitters," "Wine of Life," and oth er liquids purporting to be medicines, but which contained spirituous liquors. The General proved, by reliable witness es, that the articles had been sold, and that they were alcoholic. Then he made his speech, and the opposing coun sel, who had introduced half a dozen bottles of the "medicine'' in evidence, commenced. In the course of his argu ment he uncorked a fat bottle and hand ed it to the jury to taste, assuring them that he was willing to risk their own judgment in the matter. They tasted, and probably ascertained that it was something good. "Exhibit A." the said exhibit being the remaining five bottles, were taken to their room by the jury as a proof of the evidence in the case. When they returned into court the jury box was redolent of corn juice, and sev eral familiar noses shown like the bea con at Eddystone lighthouse. Every bottle had been emptied. They convict ed the druggist, and then the attorney for the defense moved to set aside the verdict on the ground that the jury had misbehaved by drinking intoxicating liq uor in the jury room. In proof he ques tioned each juror separately. Each ad mitted that he had concealed under his waist coat several horns of Exhibit A. The fact was well established, but the General was able to save his verdict by eliciting testimony showing that the drinking had been done after the verdict had btstJii agreed upon. A T:': EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. WM. KLDEX, Editor. In compliance with the earnest solici tations of County Superintendent Par ker, I have consented to edit for a time an educational column in the BULLETIN. I have heretofore refused to undertake this work on account of the small amount of time which I have to devote to it, and I consent now only in the ex pectation that my fellow-teachers will render me practical assistance. Being constantly employed in school work, I shall not find time to write much, but I hope that such original matter as I may be able to prepare or procure, with liberal selections from the journals of the day, will make a column that shall prove not wholly an inefficient factor in the educational work of the county. Teachers laboring anywhere in the county are requested to send in such items of interest as may come under their observation, also any practical questions which may come up in their school work or private studies. When suitable questions are sent in, we shall give them to our readers with the re quest that any who feel competent to do so will send us answers, or, if the questions be mathematical, solutions of the same. A National Educational Fond. There are before Congress several bills proposing national aid to educa tion. One of these, introduced by Sen ator Hoar, of Massachusetts, provides that "the net proceeds of the public lands, the net proceeds arising from the issue of patents, and all sums hereafter repaid to the United States by railroad corporations, either as principal or inter est. upon any loan of money or credit, or bond loaned to them, or paid for their use, or guaranteed for them by the Uni ted States, shall be hereafter forever set apart for the education of the people." The bill further provides that some thing more than one-half the aggregate of these sums shall be invested in Uni ted States bonds, bearing interest at four per cent per annum, and be known the other end of the rope. They hoist- as the National Educational Fund, and ed up the basket, hoisted in the edibles that to the principal of this fund may be added any sums donated to ike Uni ted States for that purpose. and drinkables and soon returned into the court room. Meanwhile the plot ting caterer had retired from view as soon as he threw the stone and rope in the window, so that none of the jury knew where the good things came from. But for all that th?y filed into court with the comfortable feeling of men that had dined amply and with a suspi cious flavor of spiritus frumenti perva ding the atmosphere about them and then, to the surprise of all. they return ed a verdict in his favor. He had de signed to overthrow the verdict on the ground that the jury had been drinking, but when they guessed on his side he The bill also makes suitable provis- ions for the apportionment of the re mainder of these sums, together with the entire income of the educational fund. One of these provisions is that after the first year they shall be appor tioned wholly to the payment of teach ers' wages. We have given a very brief outline of the more important provisions of Senator Hoar's bill. It seems to us to be one of the most important acts that Congress will be called upon to consid er. We hope that it may become a law. Little children need personal attention and instruction. A well-ordered prima ry school should never have over forty pupils, and thirty is better. The home is the true pattern of education, where the mother has a small number to teach, say from one to six or seven children. The kindergarten follows, with its class es of eight or twelve children. But when we come to the primary schools, the common custom is to herd children together as a flock of sheep, and then to ask teachers to instruct, develop, and discipline them wisely and well.—The Primary Teacher. The apostles of the "spelling reform" may expect persecution even from those who ought to be their warmest support ers. We were led to this remark by seeing four Independence teachers, the other day, making merry over a gaily painted sign on which the word "buggy" was spelt with one g, and "jobbing" with one b. The next session of the State Teach ers' Association will be held at Cedar Rapids during holiday week. Address of welcome at 10 A. M., Dec. 26th. Among the important subjects appear ing on the programme, are: "The emi nence that should be given to the En glish language in the public schools," "Moral training in schools," "Normal In stitutes," &c. Quite a number of Bu chanan county teachers expect to be in attendance. Our ever active County Superinten dent. W. E. Parker, conducts an educa tional column in the Conservative. He will neither rest himself nor let else rest. Boy's Death from Alcohol. Louisville CouricisTournal. The Sunday following the big fire on Sliced ami Second streets a number of children found a barrel of whisky under the ruins. Accustomed to seeing their parents—all of whom live on and around Through the kindness of the publish the liver front drinking liquor with er, S. R. Winehell. the Practical Teach great relish, they imitated the example given them and did likewise. The bung was removed, and while one sucked the others held the barrel in proper position for liini or for her, as the ease might be. And so they drank themselves drunk, becoming ultimately so helpless that they rolled and wallowed on the bricks and other debris, unconscious of every thing and everybody. Among their number was Tommic Creed, a lad of eight years. The alcohol he consumed so soaked itself into the boy's body as to affect his brain and poison his entire system. He suffered horribly in conse quence. Monday night he had convul sions, suffering more than half a hun dred ere the coming of death relieved his agony. The boy's brother remained with him and a physician attended him in his dying nour. When Coroner Moore called yesterday to hold the in quest he found the body in an old, dirty basement on the riyer front, near Sec ond street. The surroundings indicated unmistakably thcesigns of poverty of the worst kind. The face of the dead, shrunken and shrivelled bv the failure to receive proner nourishment while sickness existed, appeared doubly ghast ly in the absence of life, the eyes frou the depths of their shallow like sockets showing the impress of agony in the ex treme. The mother objected with much demonstration to the holding of the in quest, and after she had been induced to become quiet, her husband came in full of drink and desire to clear out the room. The Eastern war largely stimulated the growth of wheat in Russia. anyone The temple of knowledge ia oa hill. It can not be brought down to the val ley, nor can the valley be filled up. He who would worship at its shrine must climb. Never let your pupils seo that they vex you. The mind, impressible and soft, with ease Imbibes and copics what she hears and sees And through lile's labyrinth holds fastthooaw That education gave her, false or true. —Cowper. er is sent free of cost to the Indepen dence Reading Room. Those of our teachers who do not take that paper should look for it there. They will find that it is what it claims to be—practi cal. The Independence public schools close to-day for the holiday vacation of two weeks. May teachers and. pupils have a "Merry Christinas" aad a "Happy New Year." Another "Old Saw" Exploded. Detroit Tree i'ress. While a prisoner was yesterday being searched at the central police station, he suddenly blurted out: "I'll never believe an old saying again!" "What's wrong with old sayings?" asked the captain. "Why, there's one that says: 'Heav en helps them that helps themselves." I helped mysolf to a pair of pants, and now where am I? Where is heaven? Where is the help to get out of this?" They gave it up. The largest plow ever manufactQMdl has just Deen made at a factory in Stockton, California. It is designed for work in the tules, and cuts a furrow thirty-five inches wide. The mold board is eight feet long from the point to the end. The plow will be attached to a sul ky and will require a team of twelv* itont animals to pull it.