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I K & S^TPi. Ff te' ipi te til?': FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31,1877. A VERY large meeting of the citizens of Chicago was held last week, Thurs day, to give expression to their demand for the remonetization of silver. A se ries of resolutions were adopted, which are couched in strong language, insist ing upon the repeal of the demonetizing act, that the silver dollar be restored to its full legal tender quality in payment of all debts, public and private, and pledging the meeting not to vote for any man for Congress who is not committed to this measure. THE Supreme Court of the United States, on Monday, rendered a decision affirming the validity of what is known as the Cochrane patent system for puri fying middlings, which was appealed by the Millers' Association, and over which there has been much discussion. This decision in favor of the patentees will compel every miller who employs the process to pay a royalty, and will prob ably enhance the price of flour to the consumer. JUDGE ELLIS, of the Circuit Court sitting in Scott county, recently made an order that petit jurors summoned to serve in his Court should be paid only for the time actually consumed while in the discharge of their duties. Such ac tion is certainly calculated to reduce expenses and lessen taxation, but it seems no more than justice that jurors should be paid for time duriijg which they hold themselves in readiness for service, even though not employed, and are not permitted to attend to their own business. _________ SECRETARY SCIIURZ has done one thing for which the implacable newspa pers should give him credit. The gov ernment has been trying for months past to get its advertising done at a rate that would hardly pay for composi tion. The Secretary has 110 sympathy with this parsimonious policy, and has sent a communication to the Senate calling the attention of that body to the situation, and suggesting that living rates be offered and paid the newspap ers for such work. There is something practical about that suggestion. THE New Orleans Democrat com plains that "a puritanical wave has re cently passed over Louisiana." The cause for this querulous complaint is that a number of towns in the State have been carried by the prohibitionists, and a dozen or more parishes have taken measures to enforce a proper respect for, and observance of the Sabbath threat ening New Orleans, as the Democrat says, "with a moral and Christian Sun day."' Now, as these reforms could not have emanated from the Democratic party, we claim that the above facts are presumptive evidence at least that the Republican party of Louisiana is not dead or sleeping. What do our impla cable friends think of it? A WASHINGTON dispatch says that the President is authority for the state ment that he has no intention to make any changes in his Cabinet, and it is learned also that Messrs. Evarts and Schurz are well satisfied with their places, and have no idea of resigning. This is in plain defiance of My Lord Conkling, who declares that he will not be placated unless the President shall resign into his hands the powers confer red upon him by the Constitution, and suffer him to say who shall or shall not be the advisers of the Executive. The country will applaud the President's firmness in this matter. Without dis cussing the question of the fitness or qualifications of the members of the Cabinet, upon whom assault is made, it is sufficient to say that the President would be worthy of the contempt visit ed upon him by his enemies if he should yield a single prerogative given him by the Constitution at the dictation of any body. In the face of such a demand he cannot give way without dishonor. OUR friend Shannon of the Elkader Journal, while protesting in his paper last week that he seldom boils over," proceeds to do something like it in the following paragraph: But this matter Is swallowing space badly disproportions! to its importance, unless, by some accident it shall servo to disengage the mind of Judge Toman from his sweet policy mistress long enough to enable him to see that the" policy" is to-day rapidly on the retreat from its first Bull's Hun, and if he expects to join the forces that are going on to Vicksburg and Richmond it is high time he was making good his escape. It may be well to remind our friend that the policy is not going to be over thrown by the beating of gongs and shouting. It is quite possible that the policy has not received a Bull Run check, and that its success or failure does not depend upon the vote of Sena tors tenacious of their patronage, but rather upon the sober judgment of the people upon its results. That judgment is not yet ready for delivery, and until it is we shall not probably be disturbed by the train bands of politicians march ing on Richmond. We stand upon the national platform of the Republican party. Our endorse ment of it when promulgated was sin cere and earnest, and we are not at this early day disposed to kick it to one side as useless lumber, or to admit that its vigorous declaration of principles was simply chaff to cast into the eyes of the public. If we mistake not, our friend Shannon endorsed it, too, as he also did the letter of Mr. Hayes accepting the nomination, which was but an amplifica tion of the platform. Now, we are ready to judge the President by the standard of that platform. We are especially willing to do this with regard to the pol icy, concerning which the Republican Senators are most at variance with the President. Let our friend, the editor of the Journal, study carefully the fifth plank in the platform, and if he finds that the general course of the President in making appointments to office is sub versive of the principles therein ex pressed, then we will agree to join him in denunciation of such action and the demand that it be reversed. So of the third resolution in the platform. It de mands the "permanent pacification of the Southern States," and a President and Congress with firmness and couraee to do the work. It devolved upon Pres ident Hayes to carry out this demand he has undertaken and pursued it with earnest purpose, and in a spirit of patri otism which 110 one has questioned. The results, if not conclusive, are hope ful, and still we find good Republicans, like our friend Shannon, ready to de nounce him as a traitor to the party and •-wits principles. If the party was playing the game of thimble-rig at Cincinnati,it is evident that Hayes was not in the se cret. If its declarations were honest and candid, the President is but carry ing them out. Trettble ia Texts. A fracas of formidable proportions, which also derives additional importance from the somewhat critical condition of the relations of our government with that of Mexico, has been going on in El Paso county, Texas, during the present week. The disturbance grew out of the attempt of a company to collect tolls from parties gathering salt from a de posit which has been heretofore com mon property and open to all comers, aggravated by the murder of a promi nent citizen of the county, named Cor dova, by one Howard, the agent of the company. These were the aggravating causes, and when Gov. Hubbard sent a squad of State militia to San Elizario to enforce the orders of a local jus tice, the citizens, mostly of Mexican birth, opposed the militia, and a mob of several hundred strong beleaguered them in a house. Severe fighting ensued, in which several were killed on both sides. The Governor telegraphed to the Presi dent for troops, which were orderod to repair to the scene of conflict from forts in New Mexico, but before they arrived the State troops, their animation being exhausted, were compelled to surrender to the mob. After the surrender, How ard and two others were shot dead by the Mexicans. The fact that the mob was composed of Mexicans by birth, though citizens of Texas, has led to apprehensions that it might embroil the two governments in war, but the authorities at Washington profess to have 110 fears of such re sult. The President's Attitude. The following from the special Wash ington correspondent of the New York Herald, doubtless correctly represents President Hayes' feelings and sentiments regarding the differences between him self and the Republican Senators. There is certainly nothing bclligcrant in his talk below quoted, and as to the log ical soundness of his position, and of his conception of the respective duties of the Senate and the Executive, we would like to see somebody try to con trovert it. The correspondence is dated the 16th, and the extract is as follows: Several Senators, among them Sena tor Christ iancy, have been for some time increasingly uneasy at the growing fracture in the Republican party, and have been busy in the last forty-eight hours in efforts to heal the differences betAveen the President and Senator Conkling. They do not meet with nmch success. The President says to them that he is not at war with anybody that he is doing his duty as the Constitution requires that he has no ill-feeling tow ard Mr. Conkling, or any other Senator, and that if Mr. Conkling will call and see him at the White House he will be glad to see him and talk with him. That as to the New York nominations he thinks it necessary for the public good to put the Custom House under different management that he selected, as lie thought, good men to take the places of Messrs. Arthur and Cornell, and that he is sorry and somewhat dis appointed that the Senate did not think them good enough, but that he will try again after the recess. His duty, he says, is to select and nominate men who, in his judgment, are fit and capable for the places they are to fill. There his duty ends. It belongs to the Senate to sit in judgment upon his selections, and if it docs not agree with him, that is a matter which he cannot help, and which, disagreeable as it may be, he cannot and ought not to seek to influence in any way. As to his having any quarrel with any Senator on this account, he says to Senators that it is absurd. He does his duty and he takes it for granted they will do theirs. He is far from imputing wrong motives to any one, and it is the sworn duty of all to do what is best for the country. THE Republican opponents of the ad ministration have asserted with much positiveness and evident gratification that there are 110 signs of Democratic disintegration in the South, no indica tions of the disappearance of the color line, hoped for as a result of the pacifi cation policy. The anti-administration press have continually stated that the old Bourbon element, so far from being weakened and disorganized by the Poli cy, was actually being strengthened by it, and that the prospect of a solid Dem ocratic South was never so menacingly portentous as now. The unqualified nature of these statements and the pos itiveness of their utterance was suspic ious, and now that more information is is attainable, they are found to be very far from the exact truth. The follow ing dispatch to the New York Tribune, detailing plain facts and results, tells a very different story, and goes far to jus tify the President's theory of the result of the Southern policy: Report concerning the late elections in Georgia, received by members from that State, show that in every instance, except two, Independent candidates were successful wherever placed in the field. Gen. Gordon thinks that this will probably give the Independents eighty members of the Legislature, in stead of twelve, the number they had in the last Assembly. In speaking recen tly of the development of the indepen dent movement in Georgia, Senator Gordon declared that it was the legiti mate growth of the President's South ern policy, and that movements of that sort were inevitable, extending over a large portion of the South. Iiy becom ing the champion of the Administration in regard to confirmations, Senator Gordon believes that he has put himself at the head or the Independent move ment in Georgia. Other prominent Southern leaders ex press the opinion to-day that the Georg ia elections indicate the beginning of a new order of things in the South. The negro vote, they say, was divided. There was no color line and the Inde pendent and Bourbon Democrats both «ought)the aid of the black man. The re sult has been the defeat of the Bourbons in almost every instance. The Indepen dent tickets were all anti-Bourbon. HON. B. R. SHERMAN, Auditor of State, has our thanks for advanced sheets of his forthcoming biennial re port of the operations of his department. Besides the statistical matter, it con tains some very valuable and practical suggestions relative to assessments and taxation, which will no doubt engage the attention of the Legislature, aiul which certainly should be read attent ively by all who have to deal with those subjects. We extract the following report of the condition of the State Treasury September 30th, 1877: The balance remaining- in the State treasury at the close of the fiscal year October 30, 1H77, was $58,525.77, and was distributed union# the several funds as follows: General Revenue $ :»,1H (Hi Agricult'l College Endowment Fund,. 4'J Coupon Fund, IKKI :ir Permanent School Fund, l,!iWt t7 Swamd Lund Fund 07 Total #58,525 77 There has been received into the State treas ury during the past fiscal term, the suin ol" $2,1:17,682.40, which amount added to the above balance on hand, makes tho sum of $2,1%,2M, 17, and disbursements by the State Treasurer during the same period amounted to #2,122, 470 78, leaving In the State treasury, September 30th, 1877, a balance of $73,737.30, which was distributed among the several funds as follows: General Revenue, $ 25 SO Agricult'l College Endowment Fund, 68,180 00 Coupon Fund, 245 85 Swamp Land Fund, 5,305 98 Vote!,... .$73,787 A 8EHATOIIIAL ROW. Conkling, of New York, and Gordon, of Georgia, In the FIre-enting Bole. The United States Senate was last Friday the scene of a brawl most dis graceful for all concerned, and not cal culated to enhance the dignity of that body in the eyes of the country. It is thus described in the dispatches: WASHINGTON, Dec. 15. During the executive session yester day afternoon a sharp altercation occur red between Senators Gordon, of Geor gia, and Conkling, of New York, which may lead to serious personal conse quences. It seems that Senator Gordon was on the floor calling for a report on the nomination of Smith as Collector of Customs at Mobile, Ala., and which the Committee on Commerce had directed Senator Spencer to make, but which, it is said, the latter was endeavoring to suppress, in order to prevent the case from coming to a vote. Mr. Conkling come to the rescue of Mr. Spencer, calling out loudly and in peremptory tones: "Go on with the calendar!" Mr. Gordon, on being thus interrupt ted, said that he was glad the Senate was conducting the public business, and that the Senator from New York had no right to give orders to the Vice Presi dent. Mr. Conkling, seeming not to hear the marks of Senator Gordon, asked the lat ter what, he said whereupon the Sena tor from Georgia repeated his remarks. Mr. Conkling replied that if the Sen ator from Georgia stated that he was giving orders to the Vice President, he stated what was not true. Mr.Gordon at once stated what he had said, when Mr. Conkling stated again that if the Senator stated he had given orders to the Vice President, lie liad stated what was not truer "Very well," said Gordon, "we will settle that." "Yes," said Conkling, "we will settle it here." "No," replied Gordon, with marked emphasis, "we will not settle it here." 1 his scene was, of course, highly ex citing. Later Senator Thurman under took to play the part of peacemaker, but failed entirely. Mr. Conkling privately stated last night that he intended no reflection up on Senator Gordon's veracity, but up to this morning the affair remained unset tled. Gen. Gordon is by nature pacific, but as he is uniformly courteous to all persons. Washington's Ideas of the Civil Service. Scribner for January. When Washington was called to the presidency in 178!) there were no regu larly organized parties, and there was no room for patronage in a partisan sense, and nothing could exceed the justice of the rules by which he was guided. Called to the executive chair even against his wishes, lie said he would go to it under no pre-engagement of any kind or nature whatever, but would hold himself absolutely at liberty to act while in office with sole reference to justice and the public good. So much depended on wisdom and impartiality in this matter that, in case of injudicious or unpopular measures with regard to appointments, the government itself would be in the utmost danger of being utterly subverted. "My political con duct," he said, "in making nominations must be exceedingly circumspect." Again: "I do not intend fco be swayed in the disposal of place by motives arising from the ties of friendship and blood. All this time it is not to be supposed there was nobody to present his "claims." Even before his first inauguration, Washington was greatly annoyed by applications for appointments, and in variably represented to such persons the delicacy of his situation, and the impropriety of bringing such matters before him. He apprehended what afterwards proved true: that there would be a hundred competitors for every office of any importance but for a long time he would give no decisive answer to the application of any candi dates whatever, and would nominate such persons as in his judgment were best qualified to disharge the duties of the department to which they were ap pointed. As between an intimate friend and a determined opponent, he gave a lucrative office, which both had applied for, to the latter, with the fol lowing explananation: "My friend I receive with cordial welcome to my house, and welcome to my heart but with all his good qualities he is not a man of business. His opponent with all his politics so hostlie to me is a man of business. My private feelings have nothing to do in the case. 1 am not George Washington, but President of the United States. As George Wash ington I would do this man any kind ness in my power. As President of the United States, I can do nothing." THK Fairfield Ledger thus refers to one important matter for Legislative ac tion during the coming session: In its work this winter the Legis lature might make some changes in our road laws which would be of immense benefit to the people of Iowa. At pres ent in most counties there is really no system, but each tax-payer works to suit himself. What one supervisor does accomplish one year is undone by his successor. When the time arrives for working the road two good men who labor by the day will perform as much labor as the entire force ordered out by the supervisor. Then, too. this office itself is thought to be a burden, and the men who are best fitted for the position generally refuse to qualify, not withstanding the forfeiture of the $" which refusal inflicts upon hint. Until some different system is adopted Iowa will always have poor roads, and partic ularly will this be the case in wet sea sons, such as the present one. It is now almost impossible to travel by team through this section of the State, principally on account, of poor roads. Not that energetic work in the right di rection would do away with the mud en tirely, but with a fixed grade, suitable system of drainage, good culverts and bridges, many of the difficulties of Iowa travel would be done away with. The legislator who introduces into the Leg islature a bill for a change in our road laws will be a public benefactor, and will deserve niore good words and hear ty support than lit will ever receive, TIIK Dubuque section of the Texas excursionists appear to have had a jolly old time wherever they went. At Gal veston they were treated to a sail on the Gulf in the revenue cutter Maddox, speaking of which the News says: In the best of spirits the party return ed to the Maddox and were soon steam ing Galvestonward. A champagne col lation was now spread and the glasses were passed around. To add to the de lights of the occasion, a little entertain ment was supplied in the way of song and 'Speech-making. Hon. D. N. Cool cy took the floor and put a motion to the effect that a committee of three, rs. Burt, Mrs. Chapman and Mrs. Ilosford, wait upon Messrs. Dean and Wallis and lead them to the center, and request of tl|ein a sond, Promptly done. Those gentlemen led oft ill "Home Again" in tones of richness and plaintive expression, the rest joined In. TIIE latest intelligence from the pair of Senatorial bullies, who made believe they were going to fight a duel last Fri day, conies by way of the Chicago News and reads as follows: Mr. Gordon is now at his home in Georgia, picking cannon-balls out of the cavities of his teeth with a cavalry sword, and telling his people how, by gad! he made the cowardly Yankee pol troon apologize to a gentleman of honah, while Mr. Conkling sits on the Capitol steps combing grape and canister out of his hair and weeping tears of blood be cause the decorum of the Senate Cham ber would not allow him to paste Gor don one in the face. —A German newspaper is about to be issued at Monticello, by G. W. Hunt, of the Liberal. Correspondence©* the Bulletin. WASHINGTON, D, C., Dec. 14,77. The Senate has been busy witfi its sil ver measures since Monday, and regard less of the near approach of adjourn ment, drifted into general debate upon them. Nothing particularly new nas been developed, for silver arguments are worn so threadbare by repetition that no business man comprehends any of them, or even tries to, and the great subtleties and elucidations evolved by the Honor able Senators during this week will fall as lightly upon the country as water on a duck's back. Mr. Dawes, however, made au interesting and rather a sur prising point in showing the incorrect ness of the charge that the Act of 1873 demonetizing silver was passed through parliamentary trickery, for he clearly demonstrated that it did not become a law until after fullest discussion in the House and Senate, and repeated annual recommendation of the financial officials of the government. Even Mr. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, whose greenback theories are well known, made a speech in favor of the bill, in which he said that this country, like England, should make the gold dollar the absolute unit. This view would be astonishing did we not realize by daily observation that the popular will causes every legislator to change even his life-long views, the advocacy of which, upon the stump and in Congress, made and kept him a public man. Sen ator Bayard mourns that he must sepa rate himself from many of his esteemed colleagues, now that they have become such sudden and zealous converts to the silver heresy, seemingly forgetful that these political brethren must forego their own personal views to carry out the wishes of -their constituents, whose demand that silver must be remonetized is so strong as to be irresistible. Every day's debate shows that the opponents to this end have but a small minority in the Senate. An exciting struggle has taken place over the New York Presidential appoint ments, in which Mr. Conkling came off victorious by aid of certain Democratic votes, and the causes of such a strange coalition are subjects of as weighty de liberation among Mr. Conkling's oppo nents as the interminable matters of metallic standards of money. Mr. Conk ling has many enemies here. He has strong powers, and these are backed by an equally strong dictatorial individual ity, which asserts itself whenever he is called into action upon any subject, hence his vigorous hitting propensities make him many enemies in his own par ty, as well as that of his opponents. Ihat he, in a battle with the adminis tration, should have been able to mar shal Democrats into his ranks to fight under his dictation, is as much a prob lem as why many staid Senators should prove enthusiastic advocates of an ex treme silver measure. The House seated Mr. Patterson, con testant from Colorado, by a very close vote rejecting the proposition to seat Mr. Bedford, by a very close vote, and to relegate the whole matter to the people of Colorado. But for a change of one vote after the roll had been called, this latter proposition would have b^en car ried, hence Mr. Patterson gets into Con gress "by the skin of his teeth," for seat ing him was certainly a narrow miss, though a fine exemplification of the old saw "when there's a will there's a way." The ladies have presented hundreds of petitions, asking for the amendment which will give them a right to vote, and so strong is the pressure brought to bear by them, that we cannot resist the conclusion that it is only a matter of short time until these irrepressible agy tors for the "rights of women" will ac complish all they ask for. Mrs. IJelva Lockwood, one of our female lawyers, is determined to gain access to the Su preme Court of the United States, from which she has been heretofore barred by its decision, and she is too plucky to be defeated, hence we take it, she will soon be as much an advocate there as she is in our lower courts. She fought her way into these under the strongest opposition, and of course her vim can't be checked from going higher. Careful observation of the workings of women's suffrage in Wyoming Territory leads us into strong personal judgment against the dogma that good can come from wo men mixing in politics as voters. But we fully share Senator Thurnian's phi losophy that it is perfectly useless to oppose mere personal judgment, given by the old fogy past, against popular will, hence when public opinion gives us the amendment which these tenacious, persevering women seem bound to have, we will join with the pessimist and say, as of any other absolute fact, "whatever is, is right." The most fashionable hotel here is "Wormley's." Its proprietor is a color ed man, and he always has a full house. The foreign legations, particularly, pat ronize him freely. The Spanish Minis ter and wife, and several members of the British and Brazillian Embassies board here. FELIX. Liquor in the Capitol. Washington Special. If there is any logic that an average Congressman is fond of discussing it is some moral one whero he can pose be fore the country as a protector of every thing that wears the label of virtue. To-day such on opportunity was afford ed in a discussion in the House, upon a resolution of Mr. Price, of Iowa, against the sale of liquor in the capitol build ing. Senator McDougall, of California, was the last man to openly, upon tlie floor of Congress, advocate such sale. Since that time liquor has been regular ly sold to all who desired it. Under the guise of tea and coffee, whisky is placed ill an ordinary coffee cup and is drank in such a way that an innocent outsider docs not know anything about it. This has gone on for years, and always will. The cloak-rooms of the House are as redolent during a session of tho fumes of liquor as a saloon. There has not been a session of Congress whero there there has been so much liquor openly drank as in the present Congress, yet everybody voted for Price's resolution forbidding the sale of liquor in the capi tol, and assumed an eoually moral air with Price himself. The resolution means nothing, for it cannot be enforc ed where six members out of ten have the habit of regularly indulging iu stim ulants. Iowa State Horticultural Society. The next annual meeting of this Soci ety will be hold at Pen Moines on tho tlurd Tuesday (15) of January, and will continue in session four days. The pro ceedings will consist of Essays, Ad dresses, Beports and Discussions on nearly every topic relating to Horticul ture, including Mcterology and Ento mology. The best Horticultural talent of the State iu all the varied phases of orch ard, vineyard, hedge, garden, nursery and timber planting and cultivation, as well as Floriculture, has been secured for this meeting, and it promises to be one of the most interesting ones ever held by the Society since its organiza tion. All persons interested in the objepts to bo advanood by the Society are invi ted to attend, II, W. LATIIROP, J, L, BIDD, Ptosident. Secretary. In his Thanksgiving day discourse Henry Ward Bcecher said: "I never expected the blacks to come to the full understanding of liberty in less than forty years. For saying so I have been ridiculed by you and damned by the Republican papers at large, but will have time to reconstruct such judgment." [Laughter.] And then, speaking of the white man of the South, he said that, after so much fire of bitterness that had been aroused, it was certainly necessary, in the anomalous condition of affairs that existed, that authority should bo made respected by power of the military, but were there over so many high spirited Siers? romises held in check by so few sol Where has there been a people of such high spirit who, under similar circumstances, showed a self-govern ment so creditable to human nature? state Hews. —The Governor has issued a procla mation offering $500 reward for the cap ture and conviction of each of the mur ders of Miss Cadigan, for whose murder Reuben Proctor was hung by a mob. He also offers $300 reward for the arrest and conviction of the persons who hung Proctor. —State Superintendent Voa C^ellin has been overhauling the accounts of school district officers with the school fund, and he finds the losses from the beginning of 1873 to the close of the fis cal year 1877 are $435,5(52.27, or an aver age of $87,112.45 per year. Wapello county is in deficit $20,231.02. The rec ords show a most* wretched and even culpable method of keeping this fund by TI •easurors. In some eases there is very strong evidence of absolute fraud. —The boilers of the oatmeal works of Stewart & Douglas, Cedar Rapids, ex ploded at 12 o'clock last Sunday even ing, destroying the boiler and engine houses, the workshop, and knocking out 40 feet of the main building. Pieces of the boiler, bricks and timbers were thrown with great force several blocks, doing considerable damage to other buildings. No lives lost. Damages es timated at $20,000. —The Iowa Senate is composed of four editors, four merchants, seven far mers, twenty-five lawyers, two doctors, four bankers, oue grocer and two con tractors. —A meeting of horse men will be held in Cedar Rapids next Monday for the purpose of forming a grand trotting circuit. The plan is to startyrfit Free port, 111., in May, and stay one week in each place, taking in Dubuque, Cedar Rapids, Marshalltown, Eldora, Oskaloo sa, Ottuinvva and Crcsco. —The new Oi era TTou se at. Dubuque will be opened on the 28th inst... the at traction being the ll'ess English Opera Company. —F. T. Walker, of the firm of Walk er & Rhomberg, in Dubuque, lias gone to Texas to locate twenty or thirty sec tions of land iu that State for parties in the vicinity of Dubuque. The land is in the vicinity of San Antonio, of best quality and the price $250 a section or 40 cents an acre. Oi'R readers will remember that near ly a year ago Judge Hayes, at a session of the District Court in Clinton county, set aside the verdict of a jury because one of the jurors had indulged in a drink of liquor during the progress of the trial before retiring to the jury room to consider the verdict. Hereto fore this has been considered sufficient reason for setting aside the verdict of a jury or of obtaining a new trial. But recently the Supreme Court, upon an appeal of such a case, declared that the drinking of intoxicating liquors by mem bers of the jury between the adjourn ment of court before the close of the trial, and before the jury retire to de liberate on the verdict, provided there is no direct testimony showing that the jurors were thereby incapacitated from the proper discharge of their duty, does not invalidate the verdict.— Mnquokcta Excelsior. HINT TO AnvERTisKHs.-Standing ad vertisements in a newspaper, set boldly out, attract a good deal of attention and become transfixed in the memory of every wader. It may not bo noticed at once, but after a while the lines grow familiar to the eye and become stamped upon the mind. The advantage is made apparent in this way. The .subscriber, in the course of time, wants something in the line of goods kept by the man whose advertisement he is familiar with. He naturally visits that adver tiser's store and buys what he wants: for, though he may never have been in side of the place before, he feels thor oughly acquainted with everything about it, and this remoyes that euibarassment which no one likes to show when on a shopping tour. A good advertisement kept constantly iu a paper is like a finger-board at a cross-road—it removes all difficulty in finding the right place.— Burlington Ihnrheye. The distinguished Meteorologist and Weather l'rophet, Professor Tife, of St. Louis.has issued his Annual National Weather Almanac for 1878, in which he foretells the weather for every day in the year, explains the theory clearly on which his predictions are baSed, gives directions by which the unsientific can foretell the weather, and other valuable matter. The whole constitutes a work of great practical value to everyone, and is almost indispensible to farmers. For sample copy and terms of sale send 20 cents to THOMPSON, TICK & Co., St. Louis, Mo. TAKK Ayer's Pills for all the pur poses'of a purgative, for Constipation, Indigestion, Headache and Liver Com plaint. By universal accord, they are the best of all purgatives for family use. LEGAL REFEREES' SALE. Elizalieili Shercts, et ill Circuit Court, Hu vs ehiinan county, Iowa. Adam Sherets,c( at. Notice. HYeuit VIUTlTKof an order made Ity tho Court r.f lliiehanai comity, Iowa, No vember !M li, 1K70, in a case iT partition now pcndliiK in said ourt, wherein Klizaliath Shercts 7 ill are plaint ill's and Adam Shercts et al are defendants, the undersigned, Itoferecs in said cause, will oiler for sale at the oiliee of A. Crooks, Justice ol'tlie i'eaec, in the village of (jimsiiucton, lliielianan county, Iowa, on the 4th day of January, A. 1). 1H7H, comniencinjr at 10o'clock A. M., the following described prop erty, beloutrlutr to the estate of John Shercts, deceased, to-wit: Northeast iiuarter of south east quarter of section 10, township NT, raiifreK. Southeast quarter of the southwest quarto of section 11, township K7, ranjfe K East half of southwest quarter of southeast quarter of southeast quarter of section 2$ township 88, ranpe 8. Part or southeast quarter of northeast quar ter, of section 154, township 88, range 8—two aeres. TEKMS.—One-fourtli easli one-fourth in one year one-fourth in two years one-fourth in throe years. To lie secured ly mortgage, with ten percent interest on deferred payments. M.'i'ODI), A.CKOOKS, Referees. 4will A. UI'JNSICKKH, ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. "VTOTK'E is hereby given thatthe undersigned -ill was, on the '-IM day of October, IS™, duly appointed by the Oircuit Court of iitichamut county, Iowa, and has qualified as Administra tor of the Estate of Thomas S. Bunco, late of Hiiehanan county, Iowa, deceased. All per sons indebted to the estate are requested to make immediate payment to the undersigned, and all persons having claims against the saiOO will present them duly autheiLtieated to said Court for allowance W. ti. DONNAN. Dated Nov. 1,187". »lw Election Nolice. rpiIE Stockholders of the Buchanan County 1 Agricultural Society will meet at tiieof tlee of Luke & Harmon, on Monday the Tth day of January, 1878, at o'clock I'. M., for the pur pose of electing eleven directors for the year 1878 also to vote on the proposition: "Hhali Mob wliaj'e of tlie stock be ussessod Revcn dol lars to pay tho debts of the SocietyV" A unan imous attendance js desired •VI Ell LAKE Secretary. 20-W5 Beocmbcr 3d, 1877. What You can Get for #5.00. IjlOU •5.1*1 you can M'et, from us or any Book seller, HCKIIINKK'N MONTHLY, the best of all the* illustrated Magazines, for one yearand a half, beginning with the magnificent Mid summer number for August last, anil contain ing all tiie chapters of "His INUKUITKNCK," Miss Tra ft oil's graphic story of Army l.ife all lloxy," I'M ward Kggleston's New Novel, a story of Western life (luring the political cam paign of 1840 and all or a large part of lloy esen's novel, "A Knight of Fortune," the sto ry of a community of emigrants in the North west besides shorter stories by Mrs Burnett, Saxe llolm, Uoyesen, &c. and Illustrated Po ems, Travel Sketches, Essays, Reviews, nearly a dozen of the splendid Illustrated series of "Out-of-l)oor" Papers, including iiianv of ti$e best of the serjes oi\ .\inc |ea:i Mports,'' aijd on "the pidturesqueaspoets of American Farm Life," &c.', &o., &e. including all the number# of SCRIHNIOR.'S MONTHLY from August, 1877, to January, 187H, inclusive, and also the splendid Christmas Holiday Number of ST. NICHOLAS for Dooembor, 1877, containing one luindrod pageti—the llnest number of a children's maga zine ever Issued in this or any other country the whole containing more than 2,000 octavo pai tui igea of the best and latest illustrated litem- SOWBOTH A Co., 148 Broadway, N. Y. Foinmir. STAR FOUNDRY Machine Shop All kinds of CASTINGS, including COLUMNS, WINDOW (MfS. SILLS, PGAR KETTLES, CAST IRON FENCING, SLEIGH SHOES and FANCY WORK of all KINDS, Together with General Jobbing and machine work, repairing, &e., executed with the utmost promptness, and in a satisfactory manner. l'r ices, material and workmanship guaran teed to be :is satisfactory as at any establish ment in Iowa. Foundry East Side, near river. FRANK MECOW. Prop'r. MUSIC. New Music Store I BUHll'S ULOCK, Independence, lows, SECHLER& DEVOLT Detlers in Pianos, Organs, Getierel Musical Merchandise, Which they are selling at very low prices and on most favorable terms. teThey are Agents for the KSTEY AND PACKARD OKCHKSTKAL OIKJANS and other favorite Instruments. Come and examine goods anil prices. Or ders tilled for Sheet Music and Books. lOtf ABSTRACTS OF TITIiTS. HAVE YOU Good. Titles? BREWER BRO'S Have now complete, after several years of hard Tabor, a Complete Abstract of all Titles of all lteal Kstute in Buchanan County, la., anil are prepared to give reliable information relating to the same. There are many clouded titles. A re you sun? yours is all right? Byget tin ill! abstract from us you can ascertain. tf Iteinember that our ollice is in the Stone Building, three doors west of the Merchant's Hotel, Independence, Iowa. Look to Your Titles! W. C. & J. B. DONNAN, OWNKKS or "A COMPLETE ABSTRACT Of ail Titles of Lands and Village Lots in Kuclianan County, Iowa, Arc prepared to give prompt attention and re liable information relating to the title of any real properly in the county. Several thousand acres of Wild Lund and several VALUABLE IMPROVED FARMS FOR SALE lu different parts of the county. Also, a num ber of Lots and Dwellings in the city of Inde pendence. Pensions and all kinds of War Claims attended to promptly. MONEY TO LOAN. Money Loan, ON IMPKOVED FARMS IN SUMS OF S500 on OVEK, AT 8 PER CENT INTEREST. Loans speedily effected. Any one desiring a loan will do well by applying, either In person or by letter, to BIUICKAKT & NEY, l:.'-7-ly Independence, Iowa. Money Loaned C. D. JONES, The Insurance Man. MONEY TO LOAN. On Improved Farms at 8 jwr Cent, in Sums of $1,000 or Over. MECANN & CRAWFORD, DUBUQUE, IOWA. .Wires N. B.—In writing to us state the amount you want to borrow, the numbers and description of your land, and the nature and extent of your inprovements, tin- number of acres undercut vat ion and under fence. 12-12-3m Money to Loan. In Sums to Suit Borrower. RATES AS LOW AS ANY AGENCY. Apply to ARCH C. SMITH. Oiliee of Jiimes Jamison, over 1st National Bank, Independence, Iowa. MILLINKUY. New Millinery Parlors! Miss L. T. RAYMOND Would inform the ladies of this eitv and vicin ity tli.it she has secured rooms in Leytze's Block, over Tucker** Restaurant, And i» arain readv to receive orders in the line of Milliner anil Dress Making I Her (roods are all new and of the latest and most fashionable styles, and she is eontident from her Ion experience in this eitv that she can rive I'KUKKt SATISFACTION to all who may favor her with their patrohatfe. Uidlcs are'invited to }rive her a call. 10m8 FURNITURE. O. Marquette, DEALER IN IPvLrn-it-iifcr©, No. ICast Main Streetf INDEPENDENCE, IOWA. The largest and finest stock of Plain and Fan cy Furniture in the city, at prices lower than at any other establishment. Also Agent for Henry M. Sherwood's School Furniture. GROCERIES. In these dry times remember you can always get something good to drink at the only store in Joslin villc. The crit ter" in it is voung, but lively. THIS SPACE UKLOXUR TO V. H. JOSLIN, Of Joslinville, WHICH IS ON CHATHAM STREET. Our youngest clerk, Georgie, wishes to know how they take great big men up to heaven when they die. MtlLlKEBT. MRS. GILLETTE Has just arrived from Chicago with a Stock of MILLINERY, -A.in.cl That surpasses any previous stock tftat she has ever brought to this city both in STYLE AND LOW PRICES MRS. GILLETT WILL AIM TO IPZ ASE All of her many Customers with THE BEST QUALITY OF GOODS, AND Satisfactory Work and Prices. All are invited to LOOK AT HER LARGE STOCK, Next to the Bridge, before purchasing elsewhere. Mrs. O. M. GILLETTE. Turner, -A-INTD Furnishing Goods! Neck Wear, Laces, Corsets, Underwear, Hair Goods-ami BERGMAN'S FULL-WEIGHT ZEPHYRS, E dhll ANT OWN YARNS! ALWAYS A FULL STOCK. Agent for tlie DOMESTIC PATTERNS. 24 Main Street, Independence. W. B.—Location with Herrick's Jewelry House. HARDWARE. PREPARE for WINTER. C. W. TAYLOR & Co., Have received a stock of Hard Coal Stoves including the well-tried and favorite Crown Jewel and Argand, Remodeled and Improved for this Season. Also the first-class Cooking Stoves. Charter Oak and New Early Breakfast."' Xkese Stoves Combine all the Latest Improvements, and their Reputations are Second to none Oth ers. Call and See Them at NO. 34 MAIN STREET, INDEPENDENCE, IOWA- DRY GOODS AXD C-LOT1IIXG. Tlie Fa,!! Trade I JUST RE.CE.IYEI AT THE CITY OF PARIS STOKE, A Magnificent and Varied Stock of FALL and WINTER GOODS, The First Arrival of th« Season, embracing everytfefatg in the Line of Dry Coods & Clothing, AN1 OF Buchanan County! TIIK Independence Mills, Havlnx made extensive improvements in their mills this summer, are prepareii|to do I S I N the exchunire method, giving Flour, Mid fflKS, mid Hran in exchange for wheat Our rates of exchange are from !)0 to 3t pounds of Flour to the bushel, with offull. We shall aim to do what is Just by all, and will give ns good returns us can be made by any mills doing first-class work. The oxoellent reputation of our flour warrauts us in saying that we are do ing better work than ever before. The high est market prtee paid for milling wheat. TO THE TRADE. SELLING AT Ante-War Prices. This Last Assertion is no Humbug. Come and Verify it and be AgtoaUhoil at the Bargains we can o£fer you. Fi,on?ixc MITJTJ. FARMERS iptlv tilled for the following Patent Process. Fancy, Fami Orders and correspondcqcQ OrdersKprom brands or flour ly and Qrahauv •oUclted. INDEPENDENCE MILLS Independence, Iowa, Sept. 90,1877. FOB SALE. A light, sooond-hand buggy, chcap. Also of the ol 'ernis of payment building lots In the vieUUty "of the old brick school house, we«!4|de. madevonr eaay. Iavweof mt E.MCKCNSON. A. MYERS. MANUFACTURING. INDEPENDENCE Manufacturing Company Wood Work. Sherman Patent Window Illitids, Screens for Doors and Windows, Sash and Doors, Mouldings, Wood Turning, &c. Machine Shop. Machinery Kepaired, Lathe work of everr de scription, Drilling and Fitting. Corn PIMT Shovels a specialty. Blach8mithing. Plows Repaired, Horse Shoeing by «m Expe rienced Workman, (ieneral Job Work. Peed MM. Feed Grinding ckme Feed kept on handfbr sale. Reduced Prices. All the above work at prices reduce*# l» NM the times. Come and see for yourselves Independence, la., Mav 15. '77. BOOK JJINIE11Y. JULIUS J. BOETTCHER, BOOK BINDER. All styles of Binding executed in the best and promptest manner. Orders solicited. fr Kooms next tho river, over Ui tteatauruBt, iudependeaee, Iowa.