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FllIDAY, FEBItUAHY 1,1878.
TIIK National House of Representa tives on Monday adopted a resolution declaring against all subsidies by a vote of 179 yeas to 85 nays. Not coring prospect for Tom Scott. A RESOLUTION has been adopted by the Iowa Senate requesting each Senator to submit in writing, before February, suggestions as to the best way to re duce State and county taxes. THE members of the editorial mutual admiration society7 of Central and South ern Iowa, are off on a new tack. They are nominating each other for Congress, and on this theme panegyric rises to the height of sublimity. THE House Committee on Banking and Currency has agreed to recommend the passage of the bill to discontinue the coinage of 20-cent pieces. We move an amendment declaring the man who invented the deceptive coin the cham pion stupid of the age. THE report comes by way of St. Louis that a Dubuque man, one Thomas Min shall, claims to own one-half of the State of Illinois. Not unlikely: there is nothing in the quality of Dubuque modesty that would preclude a claim even more comprehensive. WE notice that some of our exchang es published in places where Henry Watterson has lectured this season speak rather disparagingly of that gen tleman's efforts. He is accused of a lack of good taste and judgment in the presentation of his subject, which is a comparison of Northern and South ern humor, though his ability is gener ally conceded. We have received a call for the Sil ver-lined Greenbackers of this Con gressional District to meet at W est Un ion on Wednesday, February 13th, to effect an organization of the party in the District, and to elect a delegate to at tend the National Convention at Tole do. Ohio, on tire 22d of February. Each county in the district is entitled to as many delegates as it has townships.— The above is the substance of the call without the buncombe. THE Senate Finance Committe has authorized Senator Allison to offer as an amendment to the silver bill, his pro position for an international conference to fix a common ratio value of gold and silver. The determination of this ratio, however, is not to have any effect upon the provisions of the bill which goes in to effect immediately, without reference to any action of the conference, whieh will be held subsequently. THE St. Louis Globe-Democrat, which has been against the silver bill, yields to the inevitable, and demands its speedy passage without the windy speeches that Congress seems to have determin ed shall precede its passage. It wants the thing done at once, so that the busi ness of the country may accommodate itself to the new state of things before the opening of the spring trade. Omit, if you please, the—buncombe. WE copy in another place a timely ar ticle from the Davenport Gazette, con cerning the appropriations for the sup port of our State institutions. It admin isters a deserved rebuke to an unthink ing class of people who, in deference to the popular demand for retrenchment, are clamoring for a crippling and emas culating policy of appropriations for the benevolent and reformatory institutions of the State. The establishment of these institutions involved the duty of supporting them, and in such manner as will best contribute to the purposes for which they were established. Because our State finances are temporarily in ar rears a few thousand dollars is no rea son why the State institutions should be placed on a pauper footing, and the legislator who thinks so had better re sign and come home, for he utterly mis conceives the demands of the people as well as the scope of his duties. TUB memorial addressed to the Legis lature by the Supervisors convention, will be found in another column. Many of the suggestions for reform therein contained arc excellent and timely, but others are too sweeping. The proposi tion to abolish the Circuit Court and to relegate its jurisdiction and powers to county courts, would, in our opinion, be neither wise or profitable. The sugges tion is in the line of increased expense instead of economy, while the important interests intrusted to said courts would not be as safe as now. County courts may do well in densely populated States, but in a majority of the counties of Iowa thev would be a travesty upon the administration of law, for the reason that the business before them would not warrant able men in accepting the posi tion of Judge. The suggestion that the office of County Superintendent of Schools be made more economical and efficient is well enough, but it will as well apply to all other offices. No coun ty that has elected a fit man or woman for the position, has had reason to com plain that the good effects upon its edu cational interests are disproportioned to the expense. CONSIDERABLE precious time was wasted, the other day, in the Iowa Sen ate, in debating a resolution that came from the House, instructing our Repre sentatives in Congress to vote for the re peal of the bankrupt law. Our law Jaakers can spend their time a good deal more profitably, and with more satisfac tion to their constituents, if they will attend strictly to the business that be longs to them. Our members of Con gress arc probably as well acquainted with the wishes of their constituents, with regard to the bankrupt law or the silver bill or any other subject, upon which the legislature may assume to dictate their action, as is the legislature itself, and it does not seem to be within Ike province of the latter to control national and state legislation at the fame time. The fact is, these questions of national policy are, nine times out of ten, lugged in by ambitious politicians, in order to make glory and capital for themselves as prospective candidates for Congress. This is the sole signifi cance of the silver resolutions, intro duced by that arch-demagogue, Ex-Gov. gtone, almost at the very opening of the session. Iowa is almost unanimous for silver, and there is no necessity for the legislature to neglect its legitimate and important duties, for the sake of voic ing the demands of the people in that jttfwd. ""T Legislative Summary. .Nit luucli is doing in the Legislature as yet, except the reception of bills. The usual disposition to reform and overturn everything in the shape of for mer legislation, is strikingly manifest, and if one-half the amendments to the code were adopted that are being offer ed we should have as the result of the labors of the session an almost entirely new set of laws. The following is a synopsis of the more importanf bills introduced: For a commission to investigate the diseases of swine to reduce the number of grand jurors to 7 to define penalties for set ting fire to prairies to allow criminals to testify in their own behalf to pro vide additional terms and conditions upon which foreign insurance com panies shall do business in this State to authorize towns and cities to regulate the sale of coal oil to amend the law relating to chattel mortgages to abolish circuit courts and establish county courts to provide guardians for drunkards, spendthrifts and lunatics to amend mechanics' lien law to regulate the practice of medicine to amend fish law to restore capital punishment to amend the herd law, and to make it uni form all over the State. To prescribe the duties of County Su perintendents and fix their salaries to provide for a State board of examina tion to issue certificates to teachers to limit the number of witnesses in crimi nal cases to prohibit the sale of intoxi cating liquors within two miles of towns and cities on election, days to provide for the organization of the militia to provide for the payment of taxes in March and September to fix a penalty for selling liquor to minors to regulate the fees of attorneys appointed by courts to regulate the sale of beer and wine outside of incorporated towns and cities exempting poultry from execu tion to authorize towns to refund bonds at lower interest to punish reckless or careless use of fire-arms to create the office of county attorney and to define his duties to provide for the election of township officers once in two years re ducing County Superintendents' salary to $100 per annum. J. L. MCCKEEKY, local editor of the Times, was one of the prominent and efficient workers in the recent temper ance revival in Dubuque. The Herald, of last Sunday morning, has the follow ing highly appreciative notice of Mr. McCreery's address at an immense tem perance gathering the night before: Mr. McCreery followed, and delivered the very best temperance speech ever uttered in the city of Dubuque or pro bably in the State of Iowa. Anything but the publication of the literal lan guage employed by the speaker would be a mutilation of the address. The speech revealed Mr. McCreery's famil iarity with the finer feelings of the soul, with the necessities of men in the varied conditions of life, the ethics of temper ance. the scriptures, Grecian mythology and history. His every sentence con tained a truth and a thought, while the address, as a whole, was one impassion ed strain of glowing eloquence, charac terized by earnestness, zeal and chaste ness of diction. He held his audience spell-bound from beginning to end, and when he had completed his remarkable, forensic effort, his hearers broke forth into one loud and prolonged burst of ap ilause and admiration. The reniem rancc of his speech will last with those who had the pleasure of hearing it. so long as their reason maintains its throne." The Silver Victory. The resolution sometime since offered in the United States Senate by Stanley Matthews, of Ohio, declaring the right and privilege of the government to pay its bonds in silver coin unless expressly stipulated to be paid in gold, came up for a vote in that body on Friday last, and was passed by the decisive vote of 43 ayes to 22 nays, or within one of a two-thirds majority. An analysis shows that 23 Democrats, 10 Republicans and 1 Independent—Davis- voted in the af firmative, and 15 Republicans and 7 Democrats in the negative. Kellogg, of Lousiana, dodged. The same resolution passed the House on Monday by a vote of ISO to 70. The silver men are much tickled over this decided expression of both Houses in favor of silver, and are hopeful that they can secure votes enough to pass the Eland bill, even over the veto, if it should be interposed. The probability is, however, that the bill will not go through in its original form. The Cost of Oram] Juries. The Secretary of State has received from all but 19 counties in the State, replies to a circular asking information regarding the expense of grand juries in 1877. The total cost in the counties re ported foots up $02,210, and the same proportion for the remaining 10 counties would make a grand total of $110,063. The cost of the Grand Jury in some of the counties in Northern Iowa is as fol lows Blaekliawk Bremer Buchanan Cerro (iordo Chickasaw Clinton. Delaware I u i I I i i«r. Favette Floyd Grimily Hardin Howard Jackson Jolll'N Webster Winnebago Winneshiek ing ...» T078I) ... l,'-'.™:(7 ... «!X) (K) ... 4til 15 i7lK 14 ... Wl| 75 ... 8,!HH 15 ... 1,4*4 50 ... 740 05 1,01'i :to ... I.HHSOti ... l.«47 05 ... 1,274 55 tff4 50 ... 1(5 70 ... l.~7X 50 Interesting to ttreenbackerg. It is beginning to look as though re sumption will become a fixed fact be fore 1870, and that we shall owe that consumation to the natural laws of trade, rather than the act of Congress. The following New York special to the Inter-Oeeau shows that it has al ready come in that city and the steadi ness with which the decline in gold is maintained, and other signs seem to in dicate that the politics founded on op position to specie resumption, is destin ed to an early eclipse: "Several city banks are constantly receiving gold coin on deposit at par from country de positors. It is thought Rold coin will bejrln to circulate at par with greenbacks In a very short time. Canadian bank bills, which art! payable and redeemable in (rold aM( Gov. GEAR transmitted silver, are already in extensive circulation here at par with greenbacks. The trold coin now in city banks amounts to $20,1!K1,700, an increase of $1,500,000 over last week ." haa issued a circular de fining the rules that must govern ap plications for executive clemency toward persons convicted of crimes. He gives notice that no pardon or remission of fine will be granted unless notice of the application is published three times in the county where the crime was com mitted, and when the application is made it must be accompanied by a copy of the indictment and final judgment, and signed by a majority of the jurors, by county officers and other citizens. Applications for remission must be sub mitted to the board of supervisors and county auditor for approval, before be to the Governor. v flic Supervisor's Convention* The Convention of County Supervis ors which held its session in Des Moines last week, to confer on subjects of leg islation, adjourned on Saturday. The following memorial embodies the results arrived at: To the IIo no table members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Iowa: GENTLEMEN:—At a State Convention of the Hoards of Supervisors of the State of Iowa, assembled in Des Moines the 24th of .January, 1878, the following resolutions, after careful consideration and due deliberation, were adopted, and are herewith respectfully presented to your honorable body in the hope and belief, that for the purpose of obtaining a better financial condition of the sev eral counties of the State, and making more efficient the duties of the county and township officers, we would most respectfully represent that the follow ing proposed amendments and modifica tions of existing laws, if adopted by you, would, in the opinion of tnis con vention, be not only economical but beneficial therefore, Resolved, That it is the opinion of this convention that the constitution of Iowa should be so amended as to pro cure legislative reform tending to de crease our expenses, and reduce the burden of taxation, and that the time has come when the people desire the abolition of the grand jury or the prop er limitation of their powers. That the office of district attorney should be done away with and provide for a less number of jurors also, That the fines now paid into the school fund should be paid into the county fund. That in accordance with the forego ing resolution, the present legislature should authorize a call for a special constitutional convention at their ear liest convenience, to revise and amend the constitution so as to adapt it to the present wants of the people. That section 30^") of the Code of Iowa be so amended as to read, that where the damages are less than ten dollars, the penalt.v shall not exceed $100, or thirty days' imprisonment, or both at the discretion of the court. That section -IKiBof the revision of 18(!0 be substituted for section 3820 of the Code of 1873. That the bill now before the general assembly for reducing the number of the grand jurors to seven, is earnestly recommended. That the vagrant laws be so amended as to allow vagrants to be summarily dealt with before a justice of tl\e peace, instead of being committed to the dis trict court for trial. That the court require the parties in each case to state whether they wish a jury trial or trial by a court, on the first day of the term when the docket is called, and that the court make the en try on the docket accordingly and if any party do not call for a jury trial on the first day of the term, it shall be a trial by the court, and all jury cases shall be tried first and the jury dis missed. That all the jury fees in civil cases be taxed to the losing party in the suit. That some restraint should be put upon justices of the peace so that they will not entertain so many petty cases merely to make a bill of costs against the county. That the general assembly pass a law restraining defendants in state cases from subpoenaing an unnecessary num ber of witnesses. That the legislature be requested to take such action as will tend to reduce the expenses of the office of county su perintendent of public sohoolsand make the same more efficient. That the jurisdiction of justices of the peace be made co-extensive with the 'county in civil eases on amounts of three hundred dollars or less. That we would recommend that our legislature enact a law prohibiting mar shals and police of cities and incorpor ated towns from claiming constable fees from that county in any cases of arrests made by them except in preliminary ex aminations. That we would recommend that the circuit court be abolished, and that county courts may be established with such powers and duties as the legisla ture may deem wise, and that upon such county courts should be conferred pro bate jurisdiction. That all counties having a bonded in debtedness, shall be allowed to issue new bonds where the same can be placed at a lower rate of interest than the old ones, for the purpose of taking up the old bonds. That all counties having a floating in debtedness prior to March 1st, 1878, shall be allowed to bond the same in ac cordance with the conditions of the laws enacted by the XVI Asssmbly, chapter 125. Unit the general assembly be request ed to amend the road law so that 50 per cent, of the road tax levied by the town ship trustees shall be made payable in cash, and to be collected by the county treasurer, and that this fund shall be expended in the several townships un der the control of the township trus tees the remainder of the road tax, to gether with the poll tax to be expended as now provided. That the term of office of township trustees should be for three (3) years, one (1) to be elected each year. That the word u three." in the fifth line of section 1728 Code, 1873, be stricken out and the word six be substi tuted. That the compensation of police judge and city marshal should be fixed by sal ary instead of fees of office. That mo fees in criminal cases should be allowed to police or other officers where such officers are paid by salary. That a prosecuting witness should not be entitled to receive fees, if the pros ecution fails in state cases. That section 2, chapter 123, sixteenth assembly, should be amended to read as follows, after the word election in the 14th line: "Provided that not more than one election shall be held for the same purpose in any one year.1' That mayors and police magistrates of cities should be paid a salary to at tend all criminal cases inside their lim its, and that these have exclusive orig nal jurisdiction in state cases, and that they bo allowed to retain no fees, and that they pay all fees collected by them into the city treasury. The exemptions contemplated in the laws under sections 708 and 700 be con fined to the sections on which the trees are grown. Whereas, That in the present system of assessment, the law as contemplated is superseded by a custom undermining the virtue of our people, in teaching them to conceal their property in con sequence we go before the world as a state impoverished and overtaxed therefore. Resolved That in the assessment of property, the law ought to be rigidly en forced, and our assessors, under severe penalty, be compelled to a more strict observance of their duty. That the law in relation to appeals from city and township boards of equal ization should be so amended that such appeals would first come before the board of supervisors. Resolved, That our legislature be re quested to provide additional room for the accommodation of such insane per sons and idiots as are declared incura ble and are returned to the counties of the state for support. Resolved, That all county officers ex cept the sheriff, should have a definite salary fixed by the legislature and that they may be required to make sworn statements to the board of supervisors quarterly, of the amount of ices col lected and paid into the county treasury of those not, collected and the reasons therefor, and that they have charged up all fees required by law. IT is said that Coster, who was re cently nominated by the President for Peijgion Agent at New York, is a friend of ConklingV, but that the Senator was not consulted regarding th« appoint ment. He will not have it in his power to say that candidates for appoint ment arc rejected because they are his friends. For the Bulletin. The Conservative Slobbering Again. Failure after failure, every day, and still the Give, overnment turns down the sere m.—Conserves Jan. 23. The above is the irrepressible wail of a kind and sympathetic soul, in view of the crash that is visiting the trading men and speculators of the country. In its charitable heart it sympathizes with every form of disappointment, no mat ter whether the enterprise was possible or whether it deserved success, if it failed it is sure of the commiseration of the loving heart of the Conservative. If a man tries to lift himself b£ his boot straps, or fatten his horse on one white bean per day, or put salt on the tail of a bobolink, and fails, the tender Conser vative will condole with him in his be reavement, and with the eye of a seer forthwith trace the responsibility for the sad outcome to the very door of the government! If it had lived in the days of Mother Goose, and had witnessed the embarka tion the "three wise men of Gotham who went to sea in a bowl,'' it would have tied up the ocean breeze that wafts the world's commerce from port to port, till the impious trio had made a safe harbor, or, if their voyage mis carried them, would be never more at peace till we had a change in the admin istration. "failure after failure."' '"Who fails? lias a single farmer East or West. North or South, failed who was indus trious, prudent, and careful not to run into debt? Not one. But those farm ers who trampled common sense under foot and disregarded every known nec essary condition of success have failed, are failing, and will always fail, and would fail with any possible financial system, unless I'rovideuce is so kind as to work a miracle for them every year, or the country will adopt the currency advocated by the gentle Conservative, that will depreciate faster than their folly can increase. The failures in the business world arc for another reason, namely: every branch is overdone to an idiotic and suicidal de gree. For example, there are three drug stores in Jesup, and if we were to have a couple of cases of measles we should double our number, no doubt, though our present stock is sufficient to keep all Iowa on its back for a twelve month. Now, the very truth is, there is not drug business enough in this town to support more than one man— and a small sized one at that. Kvery kind of business in the county is over done about after the same proportion. Let us illustrate. Buchanan county is a very good place to live in, the people are honest, and its traders will give you the worth of vour money. like Bu chanan count\*very much. Now let us figure. This county has 100 stores of various kinds and degrees. Some are costly, spacious and elegant, and run at a cost of several thousand per annum. Others are humbler, and cost only as many hundred. 1 think it is calling the average low enough if we say $1,300 each for the lot, for it covers rent, clerk hire, fuel, insurance, interest and re pairs. 100 stores at $1,300 each, $130, 000. There are 125 owners of these stores to be supported from the busi ness, and as they generally live quite comfortably, §800 is a low average. 125 owners at £800 is an even $100,000, add ed to cost of running, we have the re spectable sum of $230,000, the cost to the community of barely keeping the stores, without giving the owners any profit. The population of the county is 17, 500, or, calling 5 to the family, 3,500 families that is 35 families to the store at a cost of $(55 to each family just to keep these stores running, and when we reflect that we must pay a profit above thin to cover bad debts and shortage, and allow the owner to make a little money, we see that the cost of the gen teel class known as traders in our coun to is fully $100 to each family therein— an amount quite large enough, certainly. But other counties have more stores, and as you travel in some sections of the Middle and Kastern States you will find a "store" to evcrv 20 families. This excessive superabundance of "business is due in part to the inhorcnt laziness of men, but more to the inflation follow ing the war. A few then in trade be came millionaires in a few years and men grew wild. A. T. Stewart made fourteen millions in three years, and it turned the heads of half the young men in the land, and many a doting father who had laid by a little money by hard knocks on his farm, thinkinir he saw a Stewart in his son. set him up in busi ness and signed his paper and now he (the doting father) is groaning under a load of debt from which death alone can release him. So there arc three times too many business men in the country -middle men, as the Conservative used to call them—and it is a fearful burden on the producing class to support them. It should comfort the Conservative to see its labors (when it was a young granger) for the extinction of the middle men now bearing fruit. It should talk no more of government turning down the screws—the government don't turn any screws—it ahould cease its lamentations and dry its weeping eyes, and wipe its doleful nose, and take down its Anti Monopoly harp from the willow, where it is hanging in melancholy silence, and tune it anew to a song of triumph, be cause the work of the Lord is prosper ing, and the burdens of the poor are be ing removed, and "failure after failure" is coming upon the idlers and drones. Sing! O Conservative, sing with the gay birds that send their warbling notes to heaves sing with the sainted Watts: "Believing, we rejoice. To see the curse removed." And sing with the inspired Etheopian on the camp ground: Satan's kingdom's tumbling' down, Glory Hallelujah! MOODY GROW. Our State Institutions. Davenport Gazette. An Iowa cotemporary. here to be nameless, suggests that in the matter of appropriations at this session, the Gen eral Assembly must "cut our State In stitutions to the quick," We would fain believe that this expression of opin ion was given without due consideration, Consider just what its real meaning act ually implies. "The poor ye have al ways with you." The state of Iowa ha." in its several institutions the blind, the deaf and dumb, the insane, the imbecile children and the orphans, to say noth ing of the criminals. These must all be cared for, and properly cared for. To so cut down appropriations as to in any degree diminish the proper provis ion for shelter, clothing, food education and oversight of those will be barbarous cruelty. To reduce the salaries of those who have the oversight of these several wards of the State will be to of fer a premium to incompetency and in vite peculation and fraud. The men who will work for nothing and board themselves in positions of public trust arc just the men with whom the public wishes to have the least to do. Their services arc worth nothing and deserve less. The duty of the General Assembly in reference to all the institutions of the state is plain and cannot be evaded without disgrace to our people. A wise economy must be everywhere enforced. Honest administration must be insisted upon at every point. But there need not be, and there must not be, any shirking of just burdens or any attempt to sacrifice the wards of the State to the demands of more parsimony and greed. Iowa is embarrassed in its finan ces at all only because it hats undertak en the necessary task of erecting a suit able building in which its officers may transact its business and the General Assembly erect its laws. This just du ty it has attempted to discharge upon an income altogether too limited. That ilicoine should be, must be, increased. But no institution of the State now es tablished can be allowed to suffer for want of adequate appropriations. The The General Assembly which fails to understand and discharge faithfully its trfists in this particular, now or hereaf ter, will live in history only as a body conspicuous in inability to obligations present, recognize its to the past, its duty tj tJ*P and its responsibilities4b the future. OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. Correspondence of the llullotin. WASHINGTON. I). C., Jan. 25, '78. The most, interesting episode of the session thus far occurred on the 22nd, and was a most refreshing relief from the ordinary monotony of that chamber. Under an act of Congress, each State is authorized to place in the old Hall of Representatives^—now called Memorial Hall- two statues of its deceased citi zens. Maine recently sent here the sta tue of Gov. Win. King, and .Air. Blaine, in offering the resolution that it be ac ccpted, made the customary eulogistic remarks of the deceased citizen so hon ored by his State. He, however, went a step beyond the mere eulogy, and at tacked Massachusetts on her past rec ord, and charged not only disloyalty at various times to the general government, but held her responsible for the Ash burton treaty of 1H42. through which Maine lost not only a large slice of her domains, but reduction of her power and prestige, which was assented to at that time by Maine under a moral com pulsion that would have to be physical if tried again. This, of course, Drought the Massachusetts senators to their feet in spirited reply, and for an hour or two we had an exciting encounter. The gal leries were crowded with enthusiastic listeners, who applauded every thrust made by the gladiators, and the skillful attack and defense of Mr. Blaine re minded us of some of his fights in the House when he led the Republican for ces there against the Democrats. This is his first tournament, and it was a gallant one. We have heretofore re garded him as buried so deeply by Sena torial etiquette and frigidities that we feared nothing ever would occur to res urrect him. But on this occasion he showed us his teeth again, ami gave us a refreshing ripple on the placid stream of Senate legislation. In the House such tilts are so common that we often feel nothing is being done unless some trio of members are having an intellect ual duel in the rough-and-tumble fash ion of this one in the Senate, which so disturbed the chilling Domhyian propri eties of that chamber. Mr. Glover, chairman of the House investigating committee, which is to sift the departments, has requested the President to render assistance in reach ing persons and papers. This, of course, was promised, and the guaranty given to employes and clerks that none should be discharged in consequence of testify ing to any fact. We have no idea that anything especial will be unearthed by the committee, because the frauds have never become general. Large sums of money have been stolen at various times, and such frauds as the Witouskv, Fort Sugg, and others, have depleted the Treasury in many thousands of dol lars) yet in each instance one or two clerks connived with outsiders to de fraud. just as the servant may with a burglar in a private bank. One C. 11. Moulton, a clerk in the 2d Auditor's of fice. years ago colluded with a member of Congress, and the government was robbed of $30,000 by them through a fraudulent muster roll. This member had Congress authorize payment upon this roll, and then through Moulton he had his fraud perfected into payment. Yet in this ami all similar cases, the de partment cannot be justly charged with the fraud. Moulton alone could be held responsible, for corrupt men creep into every place of trust. He was discharg ed and. by the way, is reaping his re ward at last. lie figured largely here since then as a real estate agent, and last year ran off with over $50,000 be longing to those who trusted him. Now lie is being brought back as a thief from London, where lie was lately arrested, under a reward offered the English de tectives for his apprehension, and we have hopes he will get his just des serts. Miss Bertha Von llillern lately walk ed HO miles in 2(1 hours without sleep, and taking only about 3 hours of the 20 for rest and refreshment. Our Odd Fellows Ilall was fitted up with a track for her, and so short was it that she had to go around it twenty-four times to complete a mile, thus rendering (he feat all the more difficult. We watched it with intent interest throughout, as it partook of the impossible to us, for in all our campaigning of the past, wo were proud in walking one-third the distance accomplished by her. She has a quick, nervous, springy step, which enables her to walk a mile in from twelve to fifteen minutes quite easily, but it seems in credible to men—who have marched for weeks at a time, and by dint of hard work got over 30 miles of ground—that a light, spare woman, of medium height, should, with less fatigue, plod on in un yielding, vigorous steps for SO miles. She will attempt to walk 100 miles in 2S hours, and we doubt not will succeed. She goes on the streets and attends all public gatherings, attracting universal attention. FKI.IN. Ylsiting ommittees. The committees to visit the several State institutions were appointed by the Legislature on Wednesday, and are as follows: State University—-Senator Chase and Representatives Tremainc and O'Dnn nell. Normal Schools—Senator Wright and Representatives Taylor and Young. Agricultural College Senator Bes tow and Representatives Clayton and lliatt. Hospital for the Insane, at Indepen dence Senator Lewellen and Repre sentatives Brown and Klliott. Hospital for the Insane, at Mt. Pleas ant— Senator Stonenian and Representa tives McAllister and Ratcliff. Institute for the Deaf and Dumb Senator Hemonway and Representatives King and Miller. College for the Blind—Senator He bard and Representatives Gay and Hol brook. Orphans' Home—Senator Arnold and Representatives McCartney and Bol ton. Penitentiary at Anamosa—Senator Myer and Representatives Miles and Bowdish, Penitentiary at Fort Madison—Sena- I tor Dows and Representatives Wright Reform School for Boys—Senator Blackmail and Representatives Maynard and Peak, Hatching House at Anamosa—Scna ator Gallup and Representatives Hoag and Mallory. Asylum for Feeble Minded Children —Senator Miller and Representative^ Parkinson and Paul. Spangler is alarmed. Spangler is sporadic. We refer to S. T. Spangler who lives somewhere iu Buchanan ooun tv. lie has issued a proclamation for a "Third District Convention" of "the silver-lined (ireenbackers to be held at West Union, Wednesday. Feb. l!l. The hullabaloo over the Daddydollar has ev idently alarmed Spangler. as he says "it is all-important to the interests of the party that a full representation is in at tendance," etcetera, and so forth, and so on. His pet, the grand old (Jreenback, he fears will lost' its talismanic power as a party slogan the moment it becomes convertible into legal coin at par, and then, poor fellow, his occupation would be forever gone. But why should Spangler be jealous of the Daddydollar? On the general principle of his party that "the cheaper the money tho hotter it is," one would suppose he would dis mount from the (irecnback Rosinante and jump a-straddle of the Silver nag. Spangler is evidently alarmed, and hence this breaking out anew of tho Third District Spanglerisin. Feb. 13, at Wc !st Union. —Dubuque Times. IIow shiftless! What docs Spangler care for silver or greenbacks or consisten cy? What he is after is an office, where he can rise up in his impressive way, I and say, "Mr. Speaker," and can have "Hon." hitched on to the fore part of his patronymic. Possess your soul in patience, Mr. fin^es, You astride months. will see llim of tho silver nag inside of six State News. —A saloon-keeper named Jacob Bcck er, at Maquoketa, was so worked up by the temperance movement in that place and the consequent falling off in his gains, that he made an effigy of Mr. Mil I ler, editor of the CUpper, a member of the Reform Club and his former cus tomer to some extent, and labeling it, "This is a reformed drunkard," placed it at the stairs leading to Mr. Miller's office. The cowardly act created such a feeling of public indignation that Becker was fain to approach Mr. Miller with a confession of his meanness, and the offer of $100 if he would not pub lish it in his paper. We glean from the Excelsior. —Paul Schulte and Geo. Bcnn got ta drinking in a saloon at Dyersvillc Mon day evening, then to quarreling, and finally came to blows. Benn threw Schulte down, whereupon the latter drew a knife and stabbed Benn in the top of the head, in the temple and in the cheek, inflicting wounds that will prove fatal. Schulte was lodged in jail in Dubuque. —The l'ostville Review says that the diphtheria is abating in that town and that there is now less of the disease in that vicinity than at ony time for the last four months. —John licit', a farmer residing a few miles from Postville drove to that town one day last week and sold two loads of pork, receiving therefor $102. As he was driving home, he overtook one Charles Morton, who asked to ride, which was granted. When Morton, who is only 17 years of age, had ridden as far as he desired, be got out, and, drawing a revolver on Reif, demanded his money. Reif refused twice, and on the third de mand attempted to escape, but was stopped by Morton, and then handed over a $100 bank note. Morton return ed to Postville, changed his clothes at the hotel where be had been stopping, and made off. Ho was arrested two days after, at West Union, by Ex-Sher iff eleh, and the money received. —Three thousand persons have signed the pledge in Dubuque since Capt. Cur tis began his self sacrificing labors in that city. Fifty ladies, of the Catholic and Protestant churches, have organiz ed a Ladies Temperance League. —Frank Weber, a former employe of Westhal Hinds & Co., Dubuque, at tempted to rob the store of that firm Monday night. He broke into the base meut and attempted to reach the floor above, through a trap door. There was about four hundred pounds weight upon it, and when he had opened it sufficient ly to let his head through it slipped back and held him fast. His yells brought a policeman, who gave him quarters in the lockup. His left arm is paralyzed and his neck badly hurt by the operation. Like a hawk on spring chickens, swoops down the Implacable newspaper editor upon any expression in ever so insignificant a Southern journal in which is reflected the old Bourbonism of rebel hate. Hence a paragraph of the Okalunia (Miss.) Stats a journal of small circulation and smaller influence, is being circulated by the anti-Adminis tration press as an illustration of the intense desire of the Southern people to kick up a rumpus, smash the Union, re enslave the negro and drive "the Yan kees" to perdition. Tis a delightful chase after small game to editors of small ideas.' Davenport Gazette. List of Patents Issued to Iowa inventors for the week ending January 15tli, ISTS. lieported lor the KLI.I.K TIN by A. H. Evans & Co., l'atent Solicitors, Washington, P. ('. Chanre for obtaining a patent, &M.II0. A copy of the l'atent Laws sent free on application: It. L. Ila/en, Sr., Calamus, Calf Muzzles. It. Atkin, Icnva City, comh'd Neck Yokes, &c. F. A. Harlow, Ladora. Wajron-brakes. Dutot & Thrift. Newton, Center Pieces for Stoves. L. St. John. Cellar Kapids, Fence Barbs. J. North, Keokuk. Preventitijr Incrustations in Steam ltoilcrs. Those who suffer from nervous irrita tions, itching uneasiness, and the dis comfort that follows from an enfeebled and disordered state of tho system, should take Avers Sarsaparilla and cleanse the blood. Purge out the lurk ing distemper that undermines the health, and the constitutional vigor will return, I/EGA L. N«»tice is Hereby Given That a petition will be presented to the Gov ernor of Iowa askliifr lor the pardon of David H. Burroughs, who was convicted of the crime of forjrery at the September, ISTfi, term of tho District Court of Buchanan county, and is now confined in the State lVnitentiarv at Anamosa. .1 AMl'.S JAMISON, II. W HOLMAN, Attorneys for Petitioners. NOTICE. VLI. persons indebted to the Permanent School Fuml of Buchanan county, are hereby notitlcd that they must make Immedi ate payment of the principal and interest now (iue upon contracts lor school lands and mort Hajje notes, or else make satisfactory arrange ments for an extension of time, as provided by Section ISW of the Code of lowu. liEO. n. WAUNE, Co. Auditor. January 25,1H7S. 27w4 HIGHWAY NOTICE. OFFICE OF COUNTY ArniTOR, Independence, Iowa, Jan *i, 1S78. To till u-hmii it mill/ Cmircm The Commissioner appointed to vueatc and relocate a portion of the highway uonimcncinK at south-west comer of section 7, Fairbank Township, in Buchanan county, riuininir thence to the north line of section 10, township S9, ranire Id. has reported In favor of a vacation and the following' relocation: Commencing at a point in section nineteen,.") chains north.t:t de crees, :ui minutes west of a point 111 chains north of the north-cast corner of section l!0, township Hit, raiifie It) thence south-easterly iu a strain'1't line n chains and '.*:t links thence south bearing east 5ti decrees, l'» minutes, 7'i chains thence south bearing east UO'J decrees, ti1- chains to the north Uno of section at, town ship !H), ranire 10 i of Warren county and Wood. Reform School for Girls Senator Johnson and Representatives Kauffman and Gray. All objections thereto or claims fur damages must he tiled in the Auditor's ollicc on or bc i'ore noon of the .-Uth day of March. A. I). 1S7S, or such highway will be relocated without rcf ei'oucc thereto. 27-w4 GUO. 1!. WAUNE, Co. Auditor. HIGHWAY NOTICE. Omen OF COUNTY AVMTOB, Independence, Iowa, Jan. 21,18T8. 1 To all whom it may COIIWIII .• The Commissioners appointed to establish a hitfhwaj :annicncinjr at the south quarter poi-l tit section :ill, Washington township, in Buchanan county, running thence northward across section :(, to the center of section have reported, recommending that the road traveled for the past twenty years be declared a public highway, and that the same be opened four rods in width from the second correction line to the center of section 25, township Nil. range !•. I''lnal hearing in tho matter will take place before the Board of Supervisors at o'clock P. M., of Tuesday, April 2d, A I). ISTS, on or before which hour all claims for damages and objections thereto must be presented or such highway will be established without reference tlioruto. 27-W4 GKO. B. WAKNK. Co. Avdttor. HIGHWAY NOTICE. OFFICE OF COUNTY AUDITOR, Independence, Iowa, Jan. 21,18J8, To all whom it man Concern The Commissioner appointed to lessen the width of u highway commencing at the north east corner of section llli, township 87, range 7, in Buchanan county, running thence west along section lines, and terminating at the point ol' Intersection with the l,)iiasc|iioton and Anamosa road, has reported in favor of lessen ing the width thereof, and all objections there to or claims for damages must be tiled in the Auditor's otliee on or before noon of the 27th day of March, A. 1). IK7S, or such highway will be'reduced to 45 feet In width without refer ence thereto 27-w4 Gi o It WAKNK Co. Auditor. FOR SALE. My property on Chatham street, My house is almost new, with 12 large rooms, two stories high, 20x112 feet, also wing attached 20x22 feet, also wood-house 12x10 feet. A good, never failing well, good cistern and cellar, and atarire pantry: also a l\eii-house one story high, ltl.\ Hi, about :i(l bearing apple trees, 0 bearing cherry trees, plenty of raspberries, grapes, and other shrubbery.' (looit solid (Hipper lightning rods on house. 1 will sell the above property very cheap, one-hall' cash and balance on good timo if required. (13tf) C.B. KANDY. ,W! fur,l"'r Ks-tr xoirEiGN. Brazilian Beautifying Favorites. IfT'MAKE OUR 1'EltSONS AND OUR HOMK8 ATTItACTIVE.„/»J Adorning Wonder of the World! Harmless, Easily Applied and Effective! ToilBtlne lmprov"*, enriches and beautifies the complexion Mc "TJ,fH 5rV,Uan* Ti,nts- powders, cools and beautifies the face and arms...25c SparKllng Brazilian Brilliant loans, beautifies and preserves tho tooth 25c Brazilian Estroj^ador leans the hair an*! hea«l, an«! (Miro^ il.uuirtitt' 25c Brazilian Cocoa,-Cr©ftm Dresses, iiierejises MIKI preserves the hair .a.^ Toiletine Soap (-nmbines mxl superior to toilet preparations !!!!........25c i? iriu -.'''u i Soup--The favorite family cleaner and beautifyer 10e rlPnlAi'r Soap-"The Queen of the Laundry,'' l(fc ri i.?lr!v ,V rS rK'rn,,\r"/nt Zfr llniy ', iV'n W. 'V" I",h'*h jewelry, metals and glass 25c l"1"",lM' s All are invited to 44 furniture and all wood work 26c 'V'r^ e Polish hxcels in time, neatness and beauty 10e I Imperial I.inuaent- For accidents, emergencies and all clasnes of n'lins and nr-hrin Warranted uneiiualcd, and should be within immediate reach of every man' woman child particulars regarding these truly extraordinary articles, obtain free from vnir dealer our twenty-pu4fe pamphlet, or address, URAZIMAN lilt III'I ANT CO, 44 I.ake Street Chicago. MILLIXEIIV. MRS. GILLETTE TIas just arrived from Chicago with a Stock of MILLINERY, •A-Iid. That surpasses any previous stock that she has ever brought to this city both in STYLE AND LOW PRICES MBS. GILLETT WILL J^TML TO PLEASE All of her many Customers with THE BEST QUALITY OF GOODS, Satisfactory Work and Prices. LOOK AT HER LARGE STOCK, Next to the Bridge, before imrelia^imr elsewhere. Agent Mrs. O. M. GILLETTE. Turner, EErnEmZm JLlsTlD Ladies' Furnishing Goods! Neck Wear, Laces, Corsets, Underwear, Hair Groods and BERGMAN'S FULL-WEIGHT ZEPHYRS, A N E A N O W N Y A N S ALWAYS A FULL STOCK. for tlie DOMESTIC PATTERNS., 24 Main Street, Independence. N. B.—Location with Herrick's Jewelry House IIAHDWAKK. PFLEF-A-IEIE for "WHSTTEFt. C. W. TAYLOR & Co., Have received a stock of Hard Coal Stoves including the well-tried and favorite Crown Jewel and Argand, Remodeled and Improved for this Season. Also the lirst-elass Cooking Stoves. Charter Oak and New Early Breakfast." These Stoves Combine all the Latest Improvements, and their Reputations are Second to none Oth ers. Call and See Them at NO. 34 MAIN STREET, INDEPENDENCE, IOWA. DRY GOODS AND CLOTHING. Tlie Fall Trade! JUST RECEIVED AT THE CITY OF PARIS STORE, A Magnificent and Varied Stock of FALL and WINTER GOODS, The First Arrival of the Season, embracing everything in the Line of Dry Coods & Clothing, AND SELLLVi AT Ante-War Prices. This Last Assertion is no Humbug. Come and Verify it and be Astonished at the Bargains we can offer you. ABSTRACTS OF TITLE. Look to Your Titles! W. C. A J. B. DONNAN, OWNKUS OF A COMPLETE ABSTRACT Of *11 Titled of I.andx ami Village Lot) la ltiiohHUHii Couuty, low*, Arc prepared to Kivo prompt attention and re liable information relating to the title of any real property In the county. Several thousand ikores of Wild Land and several VALUABLE IMPROVED FARMS FOK SALE Tn different parts of the county. Also, a mini' ber of Lots and Dwellings in tac city of Imlo pendenee. |3B'~ Pensions and all kinds of War Claims attended ta promptly. A. MYERS. 1IANKS. First National Bank, INDVvt:Mn:xcK, IOWA, Corner Main and Walnut Streets. CAPITAL. »ioo,eoo. Domest »c uiitl Foreiun Excbangc bought and sold. Passutre Tickets to and from Europe by the Cunard Line of Steamers. OFFICERS: i-CiiiMiLi, Pres. E. LEACH,Vfce-Rw. H. P. BKOWKK, Cashier. DIKECTOttd: R. Campbell, J. Campbell, E. Leaeh, P. MunscM Jas. Jamison, Jed Lake, H. A. King,