Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV, NO. 1.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY. Wm. TOMAN, Editor and Proprietor Ofhse (n Blood'* Building, on the Smith Side Business Cards of six lines, or less, $6.00 a year. Marriage, Death and Religious Notices insert ed without charge. Obituary Notices ten cents per line. ATTORNEYS. FRANK JENNINGS. A' TTORNEY AT LAW. OFFICE OVElt O'Brien's Store, Independence, Iowa. J. E. COOK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, Iowa. Office over A. H. Frank's rant, Main St. H. W. HOLMAN, (SUCCESSOR TO J. S. WOODWARD), A TTORNEY AT LAW AND COLLECTIO* J\- Agent. Office over Tabor & Son s Drue Store, Independence, Iowa. FRANK D. JACKSON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Special attention (riven to Collections. Of fice over Chicago Clothing House. O. M. GIIXETT, A TTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUB J\. lie. Office in Osgood's building, up stairs, next to the river. JAS. E. JEWEL, AWYER OFFICE IN MUNSON'S BLOCK 1 i with Lake & Harmon, Independence, Iowa. Collections a specialty. Will practice in all the Courts of this State and Federal Courts. Col lections and conveyances made, taxes paid, houses and land rented or sold. All business in city or country, and before Board of Super Visors will receive prompt attention. Also agent for Equitable Life Insurance Company, of Des Moines, Iowa. D. D. HOLDRIDGE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, NOTARY PUBLIC and Land Agent. Office over Taylor's Hardware Store, Independence, Iowa. LAKE & HARMON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, Iowa. Office in Munson's Block, Main St. JOBS LAKE. M. W. HARMON. BRUCKAKT NEY, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, INDEPENDENCE, .A Iowa. Office over Morse's Store. Consul tations in English and German. D. W. BRCCKART. JOHN J. NEY. W. G. & J. B. DONNAN, AW, CONVEYANCING, WAR CLAIM AND -Li Land Agency Office. Office in First Nation al Bank building. Independence, Iowa. J. S. SNIFFIN, Counsellor At Law, Walker, Linn County, Iowa. Conducts a General Banking and Exchange Business, And gi\ es special attention to Collections, Jkc. l$37yl PHYSICIANS. A. L. CLARKE, SI. D. PHYSICIANClarke's & SURGEON. OFFICE OVER over A. It. Drug Store, west end of bridge. References, Dr. H. Bryant, Inde pendence I)rs. StapleR, McClure, Waples and other physicians, of Dubuque, and the faculty of the Bellevue Hospital Medical College. H. C. MARKIIAM, M. D. PHYSICIANnorthwest AND SURGEON. OFFICE AT residence, corner Chatham and Gennessee Sts., Independence. DR. H. O. DOCKHAM, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, QUASQtXE- ton. Iowa. DR. H. H. HUNT, f\FFICE AND RESIDENCE, CORNER OP v/ Court and Blank Streets, north of Catholic Church. W. A. MELLEN, M. D. HOM(EOPATHIST. INDEPENDENCE, IA. Office and rooms in Burr's Block, Chat ham Street, over Barn hart's Grocery. Office hours from 8 to 9 A. M. and from 1 to 2 and 4 to 5 P. ll. HOUSE & WILSON, "PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS, OFFICE -IT over People's National Bank, corner Chat ham and Main Streets, Independence, Iowa. Will attend to calls in the city or country. Con sultations in English and German. J. O. HOUSE. S. G. WILSON. INSURANCE, &C. FRANK L. JACOBS, INSURANCE AGENT AND AUCTIONEER. Represents old and reliable companies. Will cry sales on property of any description. Terms moderate. Office at W. U. Telegraph office. Main St., Independence. BARBER SHOP. JOHN BURKE, FASHIONABLE BARBER AND HAIR Dresser. All the modern conveniences known to the professiorf. Shop over Barnett A Co's Store, Main street. Independence, Iowa. rjpHE XdLUNDRY & BARBER SHOP. I. \V. EVANS CO., PROPRIETORS OF NEW CITY LAUNDRY and Barber Shop. North side Main street, four doors east of Walnut. We are perma nently located and desire a share of your pat ronage. All work warranted. DENTISTS. E. E. SHATTUCK, DB1TTISJI Over the Bazaar, Main St.. Independence, Iowa. |2V" All work at reasonable prices. W. H. THRIFT, E N I S (OverR. B. Plane's. Store), pendence, law*. Extracting, Filling, (Gold or Silver) Regulat ing irregular teeth, Ac., Ac., at reasonable prices. E. M. BISSELL, Dental Rooms! Over City of Paris Store, INDKPKNDKNCE, IOWA. PROSPECTUS. SUBSCRIBE FOR THE "Iowa Investigator!" THE Oldest Temperance Paper in the State, And endorsed by the PROMINENT STATE TEMPERANCE ORGANIZATIONS. Tkt Investigator will be sent from thif* time to January 1, '79, for 50c. REGULAR RATE, $1 PER YEAR. Address, IOWA CITT. AGRICULTURAL. BUCK-EYES! of Main St., Four Doors from Bridge. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: 82.00 per Annum, In Advance. BATES OF ADVERTISING: APACE. 1 w. 2 w. 3in. I dm. I 1 yr. One Square, 1 00 1 50 I :i 506 50 10 00 (Two Squares, 2 00 3 00 6 00 10 00 15 00 V Column, 5 00 6 00 111 00 18 00 30 00 54Column, 7 50 10 00 1 20 00 35 00 MOO One Column, 10 00 15 00 I 'lo flO 55 00 95 00 Legal and Official Advertisements, One Dollar per square for the first, and Fifty Cents per Square for each subsequent insertion, up to four Insertions. A square is equal to ten lines of Brevier type, or eiffht lines of Nonpareil, the type of this paper. We again offer to the -OF- BUCHANAN COUNTY, —THE— 1TE3W TABLE RAKE, -AND THE^ Biiisttye Harvester! HAVING SOLD THE BUCKEYES, For the put 13 Tears, NO MORE NEED BE SAID. Winegar & Manning. [2m44 GREOCRIES AND DRUGS. GROCERIES DRUGS! NEW CASH ARRANGEMENT. I will from this date sell both Groceries and Drugs, At stores at west end of the Bridge, For Cash or Country Produce! At Prices that cannot be beat. FARMERS' TRADE SOLICITED t&"Good Goods, Small Profits and no Combinations to keep up Price*. Goods Delivered About TMTI. A. B. CLARKE. FliOURING MITJTJ. FARMERS OF Buchanan County! THE Independence Hills, Having made extensiveUmprovementpJa thrtr mills this summer, are preparedlto do I S I N by the exchange method, giving Flour, Mid dlings, and Ilran in exchange for wheat Our rates of exchange are from to 36 pounds of Flour to the bushel, with offali. We shall aim to do what is just by all, and will give as good returns as can be made by any mills doing first-class work. The excellent reputation of our flour warrants us in saying that we are do ing better work than ever before. Tbe high est market price paid for milling wheat. TO THE TBADE. Orders promptly filled for the following brands of llour: Patent Process, Fancy, Fami ly and Graham. Orders and correspondence solicited. INDEPENDENCE MILLS CO. Independence, Iowa, Sept. 20,1877. ||I -FURNITURE. Thos.Coghlan&Sons, Catnmt Makers & lloiartakus. Having opened out ashop for the Manufacture and Sale of HOUSEHOLD, CHURCH, HALL AND SCHOOL FURNITURE. ALSO COFFINS AND CASKETS. Funerals promptly attended to. A Full SteffclaJCveiy Jkparlmeit. Ware-rooms In Jvtige Barton's store, one door east of the Commercial Hotel, Main St.. INDEPENDENCE, IOWA. LUMBER AND BUILDING. Money Saved in Building. To save lish, well' than usual E. ziasnsr, Independence, Iowa. Having in connection with my business a first class Lumber Yard, and always keeping on hand a full assortment of Sash, Dodrs, Blinds, &c., &c., and have also in my employ a rang of first-class mechanics, I will be able to take con tracts and execute work for less money than any one else. I also keep in my Lumber Yard near the Depot, a complete assortment of all grades and descriptions of Which I will sell at the Lowest Price for the Market. Estimates and Specifications made out at short notice. Also constantly on band a large supply of Coal and Lime. Contractor and Builder. GROCERIES. J. W. Johnston Has just raaoved and to aow In LEYTZE'S BLOCK, MAIN-St. Where he keeps on hand a large Stook of Groceries, Crockery! aid^ss "Wooden. Ware! Pleeue give him a call and ke will pay you Cash for ABUTTER AND EGGS. Buy Tour Groceries ol josxiiiuxr, The Grocery ""Ian. GKEeocEsexriss Cor. Main and Walnut Sts. Independence, Iowa. The subscribers have on hand a choice and well selected Stock of FAMILY GROCERIES! Which they will sell nt the very lowest bottom prices. Their stock consists of Sugars, Teas, Coffees, Spices, Syrups, Confectionery, VANNED AND DRIED FRUITS, Kerosene Oil. Wood and "Willow-Ware, Earthen "Ware, Sec., See, N. B.—AB they ask is to call and see their goods before purchasing elsewhere. Highest price paid for Produce. Remember the place, corner Main and Walnut streets. EDWARDS CO. Buy Your Groceries ot josLinsr, The Grocery Man. DRUGS AND MEDICINES. CITY DRUG STORE A fresh arrival of JPXJLre URXXGS, FAX1TTS, OILS, WINDOW GLASS and LAMPS, GLASS AND M-EXPLOSIVE CHANDELIERS, 4c. Chicken Powder, A positive cure for Cholera in all kinds of poul try—never known to fail. Also HORSE POWDER, The best remedy for Epizoot and Influenza. The last two articles are my own manufacture, and I can recommend them with confidence. Swedish Leeches Constantly on Hand! Pmcritttom Carefully A Acurately Filled. Everything for sale at Astonishingly Low Prices. (V Take a look. C. R. WALLACE. PURE Drugs and Medicines, At Lowest Rates. PHgn of the GOLDEN MORTAR. —THE tirpst nd BEST Stock in ttnfflty! —AT— Smale Brothers, Independence, Iowa. MANUFACTURING. INDEPENDENCE Manufacturing Company Wood Work. Sherman Patent Window Blinds, Screens for Doors and Windows, Sash and Doors, Frames Mouldings, Wood Turning, Sec. Machine Shop. Machinery Repaired, Lathe work of everyde scription, Drilling and Fitting. OBIB Shovels a specialty. •lachemlthlnc. Plows Repaired, Horse Shoeing by an Expe rienced Workman, General Job Work. r—d Mill. Feed Grinding done Feed kept on hand for •ale. Irtuoad Prlees. All the above week atpttoM reduoad to suit FLWUMM. CVMSO art SMFWROAIMTBIA. independence, la., May 15, TT. No. 3. LAKE CITY, 20,000 In case a man wants a sandy yard about his house, and his trees to die, all that is necessary is to turn the water away on the other side of the street. There is no other way to raise trees, shrubs, grass or vegetables, except by irrigation. The city is supplied with drinking water and water for extinguish ing fires, by a system of Holly water works. The pumps are located on the south bank of the Platte, where a very large well has been dug in the sand, in to which the water from the river seeps, and from this well it is forced into the pipes by a very powerful steam engine. They have no steam fire-engine, that I saw. All they use for extinguishing fires is to attach hose to the fire plugs of the Holly pipes, and the water is thrown with sufficient power. Denver is laid out diagonally to the points of the compass. The streets are from N. E. to S. W, and N. W. to S. E. in direction. We found, at Denver, our former townsman, Ed. Gaylord and fam ily, all as happy as could be. reetic as lie was 22 ye Independence. Judgi there holding the U. S. Circuit Court for Colorado. He informed me that he had never been into the mountains, though compelled to come to Denver twice a year on official duty. On the morning of the 6th we took the cars on the Colorado Central for Georgetown. We went as far as Gold en on the broad gauge rail. Then we change cars and take a train on the nar row guage. This consisted of one bag gage, express and mail car, one passen ger car and an observation car. This latter is an ordinary box car, with the sides out, from the roof down to about 3 feet of the floor, and a seat arranged along the sides. It gives one a good chance to see out and get coal cinders in his eyes, nose, hair and clothes. The signal was given, and away went our train. We soon reached the gorge out of which Clear Creek comes. Looking at the creek, we appeared to be running down grade listening to the working of the engine, we seemed to be going up a very steep grade. Looking back at the track, you could easily see that we were running up at the rate of at least 100 feet to the mile. On one side was the creek, on the other side of the creek a precipitous mountain, some thousand or more feet high. On one side a nar row track with two small bands of iron, and then another mountain. Our train went whirling around the points o^the mountains, then turning into a recess on so short a curve that you thought the engine trying to butt the obscrva tion car off the track, or perhaps more like a puppy dog trying to catch his i tail. Then straightening out like a I snake, and plunging straight at a bank of rock a thousand feet high, then mak ing a short turn arid darting under an overhanging mass of rock, of such 1 frightful proportions that every pass enger held his breath, for fear that the Thus contending for the mastery of the canon, on we dashed, with whiz and puff, each eye strained to catch a glimpse of the sights that opened to our eyes with some new surprise at each crook or coil of the train, as we passed up this grand canon to the land of silver and of gold. Occasionally the mountains would recede, as though tired of presenting to our view one vast facade of the eternal rocks, and up their slopes we could see §loom,treesglinting A. B. CLARKE. reen and grass, and flowers in and, down to add to their beauty, came the rays of the sun. But beyond these slopes, away in the dis tance, we could see crag on crag and peak on peak, arise, and on some, lay, in its virgin purity, reflecting back the sun light, banks of snow. Then, again, our train would round a point or rocks, and above, below, around, all that could be seen was the walls of granite towering to the sky, and the seething, foaming wa ters, surging on as though to escape the dreaded company of such adamant. At what Ts known as the forks of Clear Creek, the road branches. Our road was up the south branch, to Idaho Springs and Georgetown. The other to Black Howhe, Central City and Ne vada. Here we had to switch our train, and wait until the train from George town passed, then change again, and let the train from Central City pass, and take up any passenger that might wish to go up our road. From this point on. the valley was wider, and presented some pasturage and potato patches along the bottom, while trees, grass and flowers were seen on the slopes. The gravel beds along the streams showed that the indomitable Yankee had been there, and had tried gulch or placer mining, and that lie had not been suc cessful. The abandoned ditchcs. wheels and flumes, showed that placer mining in this part of Clear Creek was not now considered a success. INDEPENDENCE, IOWA, FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1878. WESTERN WANDERINGS. Col., July 13, 78. On the morning of the 5th inst., the Mayor and myself started out to view Denver. We find this to be a city of inhabitants, perhaps more. It is finely laid out, the streets run at right angles and are wide. The ground de scends towards the Platte, and its streets are lined with shade trees. On each side of each street is a stream of water constantly running. This water is brought from the Platte, some 20 miles or more, around on the hills or slopes, and is carried to the northeast of town, out several miles from the riv er, and is carried in smaller ditches down through the town, watering all gardens and trees and lawns that the owners expect to have put forth leaves and verdure in the spring. Ed. is as e was ZZ years ago, when Judge Dillon was We arrived at Georgetown at 11 A. M. It is 52 miles from Denver by the time table of the road. We went to the Barton House. This place has a large number of inhabitants formerly from Buchanan county: John McCun iff and family, from Fairbank two sons of Pat McCann, of Newton one son of T. 1'. Hayes, of Perry township. They all claim to be well pleased with the country. We informed the clerk of the Barton House, that we would like to visit Green Lake after dinner, and that we prefered to ride on horseback. So, when we cauie out from dinner, the horses were at the door ready for us. We mounted, and, having got the direc tion, started off on our way. The road for a few rods was juite level. Then we struck a rise, and for every 100 feet we went west, we seemed to ascend 50. Perhaps it was not as steep as that, but to get to Green Lake from the Borton House, they say the distance is two miles, and the rise is two thousand feet, yet some parts of the road are level. Down the gorge came a small stream, that seemed, some of the way, to be but spray. The road to the lake is such tnat carriages loaded with pleasure seekers drive up, and it is a great resort. We found a Mr. McCorting in charge of the grounds, the boats and fish. The parties owning the lake have stocked it with trout, and they ate so tame, (bat you could catch them with your hands, especially if in your hand }'ou should hold a little chopped liver. Some of these trout would weigh, I should judge, three pounds, dressed. You are not al lowed to catch them. The parties have, of late, put into the lake some Califor nia salmon. The trout have devoured many of them, yet we saw a few swim ming around, but they did not seem to covet the company of the larger trout. This lake is about one-half a mile long, and one-fourth broad, and seventy-five feet deep. We took a boat and rowed along the west edge of the lake, and down, in about fifteen feet of water, we could see the trunks of trees, said to be petrified. In going from the foot to the head of the lake, Tom Paine is on our right, Griffith on the left, and Inde pendence in front. We are now 10,000 feet above sea level. Yet there stands Independence peak 3,000 feet above us' his bald head bared to the sun and the winds. On the north side lies a*.bank of snow, 1,000 feet long and 100 feet deep. At the head of the lake we moored our boat to the platform, and going some ten rods, came to the battle ground of the gods. There must have been some terrible strife between them, when one party standing on Tom Paine, and the other on Independence, could have picked up such boulders and hurled them at each other. Here lay boulders sharp, angled, not water-worn at the corners, piled up promiscuously, many of them twenty to forty feet cubes, piled as though thrown from those op posing peaks into this valley by the million. It is a weird, interesting, sub lime and awful sight. We clambered over, around and among them, to where we could get down to the water, and putting my hand down to get a piece of quartz with some mica in it, as a keep sake, found the water nearly as cold as ice. I then climbed up and stood on the top of the highest rock ou to which there was apparently any hope of get ting, and surveyed the scene. Here lay these boulders, millions of them, free from dust or other defacement, neither ground by the action of water or gla ciers, but with corners as square, and faces as true as though just cut from the mountain for the purpose of being erected into some gigantic temple. With my field glass I examined Tom Paine, and found that from the side fronting this field there had, at some time, been torn away a mass of rock, leaving a per pendicular face more than 500 feet high, and as much as a thousand in lateral extent. Perhaps some mighty throe of the mountain had caused this mass to fall, and the rocks at my feet might be the result of this displacement. After examining this place to our satisfaction, we returned to the boat, and were soon back to the foot of the lake. After talking with Mr. McCort ing about the fish, the lake and the mountains, until we were satisfied, we paid the charges, which were 50 cents each, and mounting our horses, were soon on our way back. Georgetown is surrounded by mountains. To the east is Griffith, to the west is Republican, to south is Leavenworth. In going to Green Lake you go up between Griffith and Leavenworth. In coming back you come down facing Leavenworth. You see at once that the whole side is honey combed by shafts, tunnels and drifts, to get out silver ore. It is in Leaven worth that a large number of mines are located. They find silver in all these mountains, but I believe in Leavenworth more than any other one. On our return we rode around the face of Leavenworth, some five hundred feet above the city, and could look down upon it as on a map. Like Den ver, it is not laid out with the points of the compass, but favorable to the base of Griffith mountain. The mines here are paying well, so the town is prosper ous. Mining and reducing the ore, and selling gooods are the only industrious occupations here. i rocks and mountains would fall on us then and there, without an invitation. Again the train would make a dive for the stream, as though it meant to pun- I ish it for trying to occupy the same By the time we had returned from the lake, it was tea time, and then came on dark, so we could not prosecute our sight seeing. We found the evening cool, and when we retired we found we wanted as much clothing as a Novem ber night in Iowa would require. i canon. All the while the engine was Eoring, uffiiig, blowing, wheezing, groaning, la tugging, struggling with all its force, to haul its load up the incline, and the stream was surging, foaming, racing, dashing, twisting, squirming, spluttering, splashing, seething, dashing on its course, as though impelled by some mighty force, striking against the granite rocks, recoiling with a whirl and shower of spray, and then rushing on its way, as though to gain momentum so as to knock the next rock from its bed and thus clear the way for its more rapid headway to the plain beyond. Ou the morning of the 7th, we chanced to get to talking with an elderly gentle man, who was stopping at the Barton, whom we afterwards learned was Steph en Decatur, known here as the Commo dore, who has been in these mountains for many years, and who gave us the history of many of the mining opera tions of the mountains. We had a long talk, and learned that the Commodore was once a resident of Jackson Co., Iowa, and was acquainted with many of the old time settlers of Dubuuue, with whom I was acquainted. He invited me to go to church with him, informing me that he attended the Episcopal church, which is across the way from the hotel. I had heard that they had no Sundays in the mountains. While it is true that the places of business are open, and the cars run on Sunday more than with us, yet I noticed that a large part of the people attended church. I went with the Commodore. I have at tended the Episcopal service in many places in New York, New Orleans and in very many other cities and small places, but I never have heard the mus ical service rendered as well in any of them as in this church, in the city in the mountains. There were four per sons in the choir, besides the organist. They had a pipe organ of very fine tone. It was well played, and each and every part of the singing was executed so well, that I had to inquire if that was their regular choir, and was informed that each member of the choir was, and had been for some time, a resident of Georgetown. After church, the Com modore informed me that Gen. James J. Gilbert, of Burlington, Iowa, was living in toWn, engaged in mining, and had been successful. We called on him and found that he had a large collec tion of specimens, taken from the var ious mines that he was working. The general informed me that himself and Joseph Reynolds, of Chicago, were in partnership that they had several mines, ana were employing about 120 men in working them, but lie said it was very uncertain business. Some mouths they would not take out ore enough to pay the expenses, and if that continued for several mouths in succes sion, it was a big loss. Other months they would make it pay first rate. Some times a lead that haa been paying first rate, would suddenly pinch on them, or be lost eutirely, and they would expend thousands of dollars to recover it or 'get through the pinch. Taken as a whole, he did not think it a very certain way to get rich. We went through the reduction works here, and saw how they take the ore, as it is de livered to them from the mine, and th£ various processes it has to go through, before .they have the silver separated from the lead, sulphur, zinc, iron and other matter with which it is mixed, and we felt less inclined than ever to iro into mining. I have not knowledge of the business sufficient to describe the various processes, but it is varied, and requires a large amount of machin ery, and much handling, and, in case the mines fail to yield ore, the mills are worthless,unless removed to a more pros perous district. In several places we saw works that were abandoned, and in some cases nearly destroyed, by persons who had removed the boards and tim bers for other uses. And in the city, several of the mills were standing idle, notwithstanding the fact that this is considered the greatest silver producing region in Colorado. In the afternoon we took the train, and went down to Idaho Springs. This is a small place where there has been some placer mining, and where (here are now a few mines. The principal at traction, however, is the springs. Here there are several soda springs, similar in the character of the water to the springs at Manitou, but in some the wa ter is hot. Bath houses have been erected here. The best spring is situ ated so low that the water has to be pumped, up. For this purpose they use two pumps, driven by a water wheel. The tubes of the two pumps are not more than four feet apart, yet one pumps up water so warm that it can hardly be borne by the hand, the other water nearly as cold as ice. The water in both contains nearly the same char acteristic constituents. They differ on ly in temperature. JED LAKE. FROM CINCINNATI. How the Qneen City Kmergeil from Her En vironment of Hills—The Inclined Planes and the Attractions at their Tops—Beer and Music—Pictures from Life. Special Correspondence of the Bulletin. CINCINNATI, July 15,78. Rome, the queen of cities, sat on sev en hills: Seven hills environ Cincinnati, and I doubt if Caligula and the most luxurious of the Romans ever succeeded in extracting half as much pleasure from the hills of Rome, as the Parisians of America get from theirs. For years these hills were a barrier that cribbed and confined our beautiful city in the basin at their feet, until it became the most densely populated of all American cities, New ork not even excepted. For awhile it looked as if they had FENCED THE CITY IN, and though attempts were made toseale their heights, and to build upon their level tops. With the exception of aris tocratic settlements on Walnut Hills, Mt. Auburn and Clifton Heights, the attempts were not prime successes. The elegant suburbs I have named be came the magnificent homes of our more wealthy bankers, lawyers and manufac turers, who were able to keep their own carriages and conveyances but to the great mass of our population, our clerks, our younger manufacturers, our busi ness men and our mechanics, the hill tops and the country back of them was a sort of FORBIDDEN PARADISE, to which natural obstacles forbade their entrance. But a change came over the spirit of the scene. The city was too full of vir ility, of enterprise, of solid wealth and of a glorious future to be thus penned up. Mechanical ingenuity was invoked to solve the problem, "How shall we scale our hill-tops cheaply, speedily and economically?" and as is usual in Amer ica, mechanical ingenuity solved this problem as readily and satisfactorily as it does all others with which it has to contend. INCLINED PLANES were erected on the sides of the four principal hills, with stationary steam engines at the top to hoist and lower street cars. The first of these inclined lanes was erected at the head of Main it., six years ago, and it was immediate connected with the heart of the city by a street railway and another railway running back fully two miles was built on Mt. Auburn and connected with it. So far so good, but the projectors of this enterprise knew that it would be years before the population of the hill tops would be sufficient to offer them a remunerative passenger traffic, so they determined to attract the people of the city to the hills. With that object in view, on the summit of the hill, immedi ately at the head of the plane, they erected a gigantic two-story structure, two hundred and fifty feet long by one hundred wide, which was fitted up as a place of public resort, and rented to A LIVE GERMAN, who at once opened it as a "Beer Gar ten" and restaurant. Knowing the Ger man fondness for music as well as beer, Harff (for that is the proprietor's name) engaged a first-class brass band, which gave free concerts every afternoon and evening. In a short time the Lookout House, as it was called, became the great resort of the city, especially on Sunday, for though our statute books contain as stringent laws on the subject of strict Sabbatharian observances as the most straight-laced Puritan could desire, in consequence of the cosmopol itan character of our population, they arc practically ignored and treated as if they never were. True, the "unco guid" people did all they could to ham per and prevent this, in their eyes, des ecration of the Sabbath, and on one or two occasions actually stopped the play ing of the bands. But the German vote is omnipotent here, and it demands the freest liberty on Sunday, the privilege to drink beer, eat Limburger cheese, to listen to the inspiring strains of a brass band, or to dance to its dulcet music if it so desires, and as our politicians are but mortal, the Germanization of Cincinna ti in this respect soon became a fixed fact. The first year Lookout Houise was in existence, the inclined plane leading to it carried a quarter of a million of peo ple, by far the larger portion of whom went to drink beer, listen to the music and have a good time generally and it was noticable that fully half the patron age of the house came from the Ameri can portion of our population. Stimulated by the success of this ven ture, three other inclined planes were built, each with a magnificent place of Sublic resort. An attempt was made at rice's Hill to ignore the German ele ment which had made the other places so prosperous, and no beer or spirituous liquors were permitted to be sold there. Every Thursday evening tho Cincinnati orchestra, a musical organization not surpassed, on the whole, in ability even by Theodore Thomas] defunct band, gave concerts there, which attracted the very cream of our best society but the result was not flattering to the disciples of Francis Murphy. The attendance, though eminently satisfactory and re munerative on Thursday evenings, fell off to almost nothing other nights of the week, so much so that of all the hill-top resorts, though more elegant in its ap pointments and more aristocratic in "tone," was the only one which did not make money. Last winter Mr. Price died, and his sons not being so ingrained in the principles of temperance as he, have rented the place to Germans, and now the festive foam of lager, and the aroma of the seductive julep can be seen and inhaled there at any nour of the day. These resorts are daily visited by from five to twenty thousand people, and, shall I say it, too, by many of our most wealthy and respectable citizens. A visit to any one of these places on a Sunday night would, I fear, make the pious readers of the BULLETIN that Americana who indulge in it, drink more beer in an hoar than Germans will in a night. Here they iit enjoying the pleasant air, often u^tal midnight, and surprising as it may seem, a case of ab solute drunkenness is infrequent. I visited the Highland House, now the most elegant of these resorts, July 4th, and though it will ordinarily accom modate from four to five thousand people, and although I knew that ar rangements had been made for the en tertainment of a much larger number, I was not prepared to see the immense throng present on the occasion. Two good bands discoursed patriotic and other favorite airs to the delectation of the thousands. In the Bellvidere or dancing pavillion, hundreds chased the glowing nours with flying feet in the mazes of the dance or waltz, heedless of the perspiration that streamed from ev ery pore. The balcony of this resort, facing the city, has an elevation of over 400 feet above the level of the Ohio riv er, and from where I sat I had an excel lent view of the pyrotechnics of the city below. In the gloom the city lay, its myriads of lights glittering like stars in the firmament, its roofs ever and anon lit up by the glare of the thousand and one bursting sky-rockets sent heaven ward to commemorate the joy of the patriotic young America. Around me all seemed bent on enjoying themselves to the utmost. Beer and other drinka bles of all kinds and descriptions laden ed every table. The babble of sounds at times almost drowned music of the bands. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. WM. KLDEV, Editor. How Miss Ross Spends the Yaeation. Extracts from a Private Letter. ST. JOHNSBURY, Vt., July 17,78. MR. ELDEN: Dear Sir:—You see that I have not forgotten the promise which I made I commenced a letter on the 12fh ut did not finish, so have concluded to begin another this rainy morning. The morning after I left Indepen dence found me at Minonk, 111., a little city of about two thousand inhabitants, which might be very pleasant were it not for the coal smoke which soils ev erything which it touches. The coun try about the town is as level as a floor, and the soil is very fertile. I remained at Minonk about a week, during which time I attended a regatta at Peoria, and paid a visit to the depths below, A journey of two nights and two days brought me to Lowville, my next stopping place, where I met my sister Lizzie and my grandmother. From Lowville we went to Clayton, where we took a little steamer for Al exandria Bay. The sail (if I may call it so) was very delightful. We were going through what is said to be the plcasantest part of the Thousand Is lands. The glorious Fourth we spent on the St. Lawrence, but I mnst not attempt to describe what we saw if I do I shall never finish this letter. We had on board an immensely fat and comical man, agent for one of the Montreal ho tels, wno was better than a guide book. He called the attention of the passen gers to the various objects of interest all along the way, and gave us short ac counts of prominent buildings, as well as of the towns along the shore. turn their eyes up in holy horror. They would see acres of buildings and plat forms illuminated by countless gas jets, and in these buildings and on these plat forms are hundreds of tables and thou sands of chairs, the latter filled with well dressed people of nearly all grades and conditions of life. At one table could be seen a stout German shop-keeper, with his "frau" and family of six or eight children, one perhaps a babe in arms, all listening to the music of a splendid band, and all, even the baby, sipping their beer with a gusto and a relish that shows how well they love it. At another table sits an American banker with his daughter, who, less valiant than her Pa, eats ice cream or drinks a glass of lemonade, while her sire gulps down his beer at single draughts, for it is a noted fact The old Indian came out in his canoe and took us safely through the last, the Lachine Rapids. He looked quite like any other pilot. A gentleman offered to introduce us that we might see him better and shake hands with him, which offer we declined. We did not stop long enough in Mon treal to see anything of the city, but hastened home. Our stay at home however, was a short one, as Monday saw us en route for the mountains and the Institute. We had quite a large party, nine^v dies. Our rooms were at the «n Mountain House, which is four WHOLE NO. 678. i. e., is the pleasantest and best kept of all the mountain houses, and the view from the piazza is very beautiful. Owing to the large number attending the Insti tutej trains were delayed, and cars over flowing, it was not very easy to get from one place to another. During the first two aays the weather, even in the mountains, was very warm. On ac count of the afore-mentioned facts I did not attend the Institute as constant ly as I expected. Those exercises which I heard were very fine. I was disap- SInglish ointed in Dr. Sauveur's address. His is so poor that it is very diffi cult to understand him besides, he did not say what I wanted to hear. He oc cupied the time in attacking the old system and defending his own and did not explain his methods as I had hoped he would. The discussion which fol lowed was very interesting, but none of the speakers really favored Dr. Sau veur's methods. Prof. Butterfield's article on visible Speech was very fine and gave me a great deal of light upon the subject. The paper upon political education in the schools was good, and the discuss ion which followed was better. I be lieve that over four thousand teachera were in attendance, seven-eighths of whom were women. These figures may not be reliable. I picked them up from some of the speeches. ippj the It was a pleasant sight, and after wit nessing the display of magnificent fire works provided for the occasion, I re turned to my home somewhat tired, and yet convinced that there were few pleasanter places to spend the Fourth than on the hill-tops of the Paris of America. N. E. C. Of course tne mountains were a great attraction. Nobody pretended to be at the Institute all the time, unless it was the .President. We went up Mt. Wil lard from the top of which we have a magnificent view of Crawford Notch and Mt. Deception, from which we haa another fine view. We did not attempt to climb Mt. Washington, thinking that we preferred to wait for a time when fewer people were about, and when the air might be less smoky. We did not stay for the reunion Fri day night, but came home Friday after noon. Altogether, we had a very en joyable time, and, when you consider the number there, very little to couf plain of. It was something of a sight to see so many teachers. Well I have kept my promise and hope that I have not exhausted your patience. I presume that I could write as muchjaore, but will not be so cruel. SBicerely your friend, I went down into a coal mine. I did not enjoy the regatta very much, but found Peoria quite a pretty city, containing some very pleasant people. The finest buildings which I saw were the Court House and Congregational church, both built of slate colored stone. The ceme tery is said to be very beautiful but we did not visit it. The coal mine which we visited is one of the deepest if not the deepest in the State of Illinois, being some 560 feet. The shaft is just outside the city of Minonk—it may be within the city lim its. At the time of my visit the miners were not working all the time, as the market for coal was not very good. Dr. B., Mrs. B. and 1 walked up to the shaft without having made any previ ous arrangements. Mrs. B. and I were arrayed in our oldest and poorest clothes. After some time the "octor succeeded in obtaining permiss» to go down. He expected to find t' Super intendent, who is a friend of his, below. He took two miners' lamps and a sup ply of matches, and after the engineer nad explained to us the signals used when people wished to come up, we all stationed ourselves on the cage ready for our descent. The Doctor's lamp went out just as we started, so I can say nothing in reference to the appear ance of the shaft. The feeling experi enced, however, is a peculiar one. The downward motion is rather frightful at first, but one soon becomes accustomed to it. At times it seemed to me that we must be ascending instead of de scending. I rather dreaded the stop, thinking that it would come with a jolt which would throw us all off the cage. My fears, however, were not realized. On reaching the bottom we found two or three miners who were ready to go up. They told us the Superintendent was not below, and then left us to our selves. There we were in a truly novel situation. Three persons entirely una quainted with the mine, some five or six hundred feet below the surface of the earth, and not another person within call, perhaps not in the mine. Well, we had come down and were going to see something of the mine, at any rate. The Dr. led the way and Mrs. B. and I fol lowed. We saw nothing but a long straight passage, with walls and roof of stone, occasional mule stables, some cars laden with coal, and passages open ing into the one we were traversing. Mrs. B. was all the time protesting that it was not safe for us to be wandering round the mine in this fashion. She was sure that we should lose our way and never be able to find the shaft. Be fore reaching the place where the coal is now found we yielded to her entreat ies and returned. The cage came down in response to our signal, and we took our stand upon it, expecting it to rise immediately. Our position was any thing but a comfortable one, as streams of water were running down our backs and up our sleeves, but we did not ex pect to retain it long. Alas for the vanity of human expectation! We gave the necessary signals, as we sup posed, again. Finally we alt got off the cage while the Dr. gave the signals once more. The cage began to rise. The motion was so slow tnat we were all able to rush to it and get once more in the way of the drizzling water. A few moments more and we could see the blessed light, and we shortly stood again on the surface of the earth. I had been in a coal mine before, but I had never been down in a shaft. CAROLINE E. Ross. THE County Normal begins next. Monday, and there is a prospect of a large attendance. Teachers are begin ning to realize that if they would be successful in their profession they must give some time and labor to preparation for the work and responsibility involv ed. Happily, in these days, the num ber of those who think anybody can keep school is small and rapidly grow ing smaller. There is a growing demand for well qualified teachers, teachers who are in advance of the pupils over whom they are to be placed, who not only have a thorough knowledge of the branches which they will be required to teach, and the relations of these to each other and to the great problem of edu cation, but are able to impart instruc tion after some approved method teach ers who have had experience in the work and proved successful, or where this may not be, those, at least, who have received some special training cal culated to give them an idea of the dif ficulties which they must encounter and how best these difficulties may be met and overcome. Now, the Normal Institute is calcula ted as far as may be, to meet this want of special training, and to teachers who are unable to take a more extended course in the State Normal or else» where, it is certainly of great value. But neither institute nor normal school, however well equipped, can make teach ers of all who may choose to attend them. On this point we shall speak more at length at a future time. Mr. Lincoln and His Cabinet* Thurlow Weed in N. Y. Tribune. The first time I went to Washington after Mr. Lincoln's re-election, he said to me in his peculiar manner: "I ex pect to have more influence with this administration than I had with the last one. You thought that Mr. Seward's friends did not get their share of the patronage, and I admit that in officer ing the ship the Chase men had the ad vantage, but hereafter I shall try to make things more even." On another occasion when I was called to Washing ton by telegraph, the President said: "1 shall have Mr. Fessenden's resignation in one week. This is in strict confi dence, and must not be lisped, even to Seward. Now, who is your man for Secretary of the Treasury?" Though wholly unprepared, I remarked, after a little reflection, that Senator E. D. Mor gan, as the head of a large commercial house, had proved himself to be a capa ble and Successful financier, and that as Governor of the State he had shown marked executive abilities, and that I thought he would make a good Secreta ry of the Treasury. Mr. Lincoln, after a laughing remark, said that he knew Governor Morgan would be my man, and added that the suggestion accorded with his own views, and that when the time came he should offer the place to the New York Senator. In due time the offer was made, but for reasons which need not now be stated Gov. Morgan preferred to retain his seat in the Sen ate, and declined the Treasury. I was again sent for but when asked to name another gentleman, I remarked that having missed fire, I preferred to hear who he had been thinking of. He re plied that, after looking over the ground, his mind rested on Mr. McCulf loch, then Comptroller of the Currency* or Mr. Hooper, then a member of Con gress from Boston, and inquired which of those gentlemen I preferred. As be* yond a simple introduction, I was un^ quainted with both gentlemen. I could form no opinion as to their relative fit ness for tne Treasury Department. -Ex* pressing some surprise that I was. not better acquainted with the gentlemen he suggested that I should remain a' day or so, call upon them, ascertain their views in regard to the management of the war and in respect to the course best calculated to unite and strengthen the Republican party. That conversar tion occurred on a Saturday evening After the morning service next day, 1 called at the residence of Mr: McUuK loch, with whom I had a long, familiat and most satisfactory conversation, without, of course, intimating that' 4 had any significance beyond an inte^ change of views upon vitally impending questions. In the evening I informej Mr. Lincoln that I was so favorably im pressed with Mr. McCulloch that, un less he desired it, I did not care to the other gentlemen. "This," said-M Lincoln, "is just what I expected,-am as we are a unit I shall oner Fesseii* den's place to McCulloch." The im portant duties of the Treasury Depart* ment were discharged in a manner alilob creditable to the ability and integrity of Mr. Culloch, and to the perceptions and intuitions of the President. To make brown-bread, take one of corn meal, pour over it dissolved one- half miles from Fabyan's. .c Twin one pint ing water, a teacupful molasaea, shorte or graham flour enough to make a stiff batter, two eggs, one teaapoonful ao4p in alittleboiMn^water steal* three hours by T' patting in a.pirn-inn steamer over a pot of hot water 1 the water boiling all the keep time.