Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, AUGUST 30, 1878.
REPUBLICAN STATE NOMINATIONS. For Secretary of State, A T. HULL. For State Auditor, B. It. SHEKMAN. For State Treasurer, GEO. W. HEM IS. For Rosrister of State I.and Office, J. K. POWEKS. For Supreme Judge, J. HOTHKOCK. For Attorney General, J. F. McJUNKIIf. For Clerk of Supreme Court, E.J.HOLMES. For Supreme Court Koporter, S. HUNNE1.S. For Member of ConSTOSS, THOMAS Ul'DEGHAFF. Judicial Nominations. For Judge District Court, flth Judicial District, HON. S. BAGG. For District Attorney, HON. J. It. POWEKS. POXIITICATJ MEETINGS. HON. W. B. ALLISON Will address the citizens of Buchanan County at Hazleton on Saturday Evening, August 31 at. His speech will be mainly upon the Financial Issue. HON. CHAS BEAKDSLEY Will speak at Wintlirop on political topics on Friday Evening, Sept. 6th. Let men honestly seeking lisrht upon the political issues, turn out and hear these dis tinffushe*! speakers Karnest discussion and solid argument without bombast or abuse will oe the character ol' their speeches. HON. MARTIN 1. TOWXSEND, member of Congress from the Troy district, New York, is making onp of hia regular visits to his farm in Grundy county, and last Saturday evening favored the citizens of Grundy Center with a speech upon political topics. BRO. BUHPICK, of the Postville Re view complains of hard luck last week. He says he lost his candidate for Con gress, and that a new baby that came to his family nest during the week turns out to be a girl, though he had set his heart upon a boy. We pray our friend Burdick to give thanks and take cour age, for we are confident that both these seeming inflictions will prove blessings in disguise. Two and one-half millions of 4 per cent, bonds were sold by the Treasury department on Monday last, to take the place of an equal amount of per cent, bonds, thus saving $50,000 interest in this one day's sale. Yet this is the sort of work that the Greenbackers want stopped. Something over $11,000,000 in interest has been saved thus far since the funding law went into effect. THE Colorado Greenbackers do not mince matters, but come squarely up to the inevitable and logical result of the teachings of the party everywhere—re pudiation. At their State convention, a few days since, the nominee for Su perintendent of Public Instruction said: If I were about to die to-day I would cast my vote for repudiation if I were on my way to heaven I would drop a ballot for repudiation."' The sentiment was vigorously applauded by the con vention, and will find plenty of endors ers among the Iowa reenbackers. Gov. GEAR has appointed 31. C. Woodruff, of the Dubuque Times, to the Vacancy in the board of Kailroad Com missioners. caused by the resignation of Gov. Carpenter. This is one of the most important positions in the State, involving great responsibilities and call ing for superior ability as well as the highest integrity of character. So far as we have heard expression of public opinion in this vicinity, there does not seem be a Unanimity of sentiment re garding the wisdom of the Governor's action. Mr. Woodruff declares, howev er, that the appointment is not Of his own seeking. THE Democratic judicial convention of this district, which met at Dycrsville on Tuesday, placed in nomination. J. H. Preston, of Waterloo, for District udge, and-H. B. Foulke, of Dubuque for Dis trict Attorney The scheme suggested by the Conservative, of this city, to nominate a mixed ticket with a Demo crat for Judge, and a Greenbacker (Has ner) for District Attorney, seems to have received no consideration from the convention, though, as we are informed, the editor of the Conservative was on hand with the eight votes of this coun ty in his pocket to further it. The can didates are men of fair ability, and their nomination seems to give satisfaction to their party. But we cannot sec in what respect they arc better or abler men than the Republican candidates, or why any Republican should vote for them in preference. The Independence BULLETIN is trying to cut down Updes-raff's majority in that district by keeping up its personal light on Judge Cooley. The above is copied by the Dubuque Timee from the Des Moines Register, to endorse it, of course. It is only neces sary to say, that the continuance of what the Register is pleased to term the keeping up of the personal fight" on Cooley, by the BULLETIN, was only cotemporary with the efforts of the Du buque Times to inflate Bro. Cooley af tor the convention had sat down upon him. With the surcease of this flatu lent labor by the Times, the BULLETIN drops the fight." As to the Register, thousands of the best Republicans of the State agree that by its alternations of rancorous malice and sycophantic toadying, its unscrupulous and mercen ary demagoguism, at one time lying like Anannias—as above—to make a point against an adversary, and at an other, puffing rogues, like Belknap and Craig, to the skies—generally at a dol lar a line,—it is doing more to disgrace the party than all other agencies com bined. Now wc want to see a Democrat elected as District Judge-a man who does not dabble in "blooded calves" bought up from the ordinary dairy of Wisconsin, anrl brought to 4owa nor do we wish to see a man elected District Attor ney who is so "all-tired smart" that hecancon vint innocent men with the guilty. The above is clipped from an article in the Conservative of this week, in which a contemptible, because under handed, attack is made upon the Re publican candidates for District Judge and Attorney. It will be time enough to answer it when the charges are made specific, and we think that our cotem porary mistakes the intelligent people of this county when he relies upon in fluencing them by innuendo and skulk ing attack. We do not apprehend that it will be difficult to defend Judge Bagg against any asperson of his personal in tegrity, and as for the cowardly allusion to Mr. Powers, the logic of it is that a District Attorney must not be zealous in the prosecution of criminals, for fear that once in a hundred instances one may prove to be innocent. An idea of such brilliancy as this could not have come from the responsible editor of the Conservative. It has the ear-marks of quite a different author. FOR wee)'",the Democratic papers of the State have been engaged in a most determined effort to convict State Aud itor Sherman and Treasurer Bemis of culpable direlection of duty in connec tion with the Craig penitentiary steal. They have assumed that Auditor Sher man was invested with discretionary power with regard to the payment of the monthly requisitions made by the Warden for the support of prisoners, and charge' that he should have more closely scrutinized Craig's bills and re fused to issue warrants in payment thereof. The charge against Treasurer Bemis is, that he cashed the warrants. That these accusations arc prompted by partisan malice, and made in entire ignoranee or disregard of what duties and responsibilities the law imposes up on the Auditor and Treasurer, an exam ination of the statutes will show. This is emphasized by a recent letter from Ex-Gov. Kirkwood, in which lie demon strates, by reference to facts and the Code, 1st, that the Auditor has, by law, nothing to do with the auditing of the accounts of the Warden of the Penitentiary 2d, that even if the bills of Warden Craig had been re turned to Auditor Sherman, there was nothing on their facc that would have excited suspicion or rewarded the clos est scrutiny by that officer, and 3d, that the Auditor had no discretion to refuse to issue warrants on requisitions ap proved by the Governor, as in this case. Gov. Kirkwood says: If there be any fault of the issuance of these warrants, that fault is mine and not yours. When 1 had approved the requisition made by tne Warden and directed you to issue corresponding warrants, you had not, as I then believed and now believe, the slightest discre tionary power in the matter, and if you hail re fused to issue the warrants when so directed I should certainly have endeavored to tind some means to compel you to do what 1 then con ceived and now conceive to be your plain duty." These opinions are fortified by numer ous references to the law, which dem onstrate beyond question that in issuing the warrants to Craig Mr. Sherman was but pursuing a course which he could not have avoided, if he had desired to do so. It follows, that if the Auditor had no discretion in law about issuing the warrants, the Treasurer was equally bound to cash them when they cauie to him in proper form. THE Conservative offers a protest against the use of political supplements by Republican newspapers. It says that most of the Republican editors using such supplements arc postmasters —which is untrue—and claims that such action is "prostituting the Postoffice de partment for political purposes." The charge is ridiculous. The supplements referred to arc strictly within the mean ing of that term, additional reading matter printed on a separate sheet, to be folded in the regular issue. It makes no difference where they are printed, whether in Washington, Chicago or Des Moines, and the Postoffice department has no right to dictate what they shall contain. They are as legitimate as sup plements containing the annual messages of the President or Governor which the Conservative has folded into its issues scores of times. Will our neighbor at tempt to define how it is less prostitu ting to the postoffice" to print a cam paign document in the shape of a politi cal speech in the body of a newspaper, and thus send it through the mails, than to print the same speech in .the form of an addenda or supplement to the paper, in each case the government receiving postage according to the weight of the paper? THE Conservative has considerable to say in its last issue about a certain re mark reported to have been made by Mr. Updegraff in a speech, four years ago to the effect that the continuance of the Republican party in power was danger ous to civil liberity. We do not know whether the language imputed to Mr. Updegraff was used by him or not. If it was, lie certainly was mistaken, for the Republican party is the bulwark of civil liberty, and has made more sacri fices for it than any other party. If Mr. Updegraff did not make the remark quoted, then the Conservative is mista ken, which is nothing unusual. Con cerning its fling about "eating crow," the editor thereof is the last man who should use that weapon, lie has evi dently forgotten that in the Presiden tial election previous to the last he put in superhuman work, and at least one vote, for a man who declared that while he "would not say that all Democrats were horse thieves, he would stand in flexibly upon the ground that all horse thieves were Democrats." The man who swallowed that dish of crow, and de clared that he liked it, has no right to taunt others with eating crow. BRICK POMEROY, who is '"organizing chairman of the National Greenback committee," holds out the threat of se cession in case the wild financial schemes of that organization are not ac ceded to. He says: If this government will not protect us, in ixmiim ahxolute paper money, then we owe it no allegiance and we hail better unite the West and the South and secede from the Union Vou can give us back the full silver dollar the greenback dollar (absolute money) Iji it munition of in ace and a part of the Government, or 1880 never rtxex a sun on the IlepuhUc ax it now stand*!" It will not do to say that Pomeroy has no right to speak for the Greenback party. The organization has invested him with a prominent and responsible position, and it has never officially re pudiated his utterances. Furthcrmor his ravings are in direct line with the appeals to prejudice and bad passions which constitute nine-tenths of its cap ital. THE Postville Revu •w takes the de feat of its candidate for the nomination for Congress at the MeG regor conven tion with anything but equanimity. It echoes the now historic objurgation of the Dubuque delegation: Damn Win neshiek," not precisely in that form, but with, if possible, even more empha sis, and predicts disaster, simply because its preferance was not heeded. It not prepared to say what it will do about it, but thinks that it will take no Dart in the campaign. We were expect ing that Bro. Burdick would effervesce to some extent, but we regret that he did not suffer the ebullition to subside before he trusted himself witli pen and paper. We expect to see him doin. manful work in the campaign for the Republican candidate for Congress. The Third District Editorial Associa tion held a meeting at Independence last week. We had the pleasure of spending a day at their meeting, and found the knights of the fabcr in the third a courteous, earnest, conscientious and hard-working lot of men. Their Association was founded with an eye on business and is destined to improve journalism. The discussion which takes place at these meetings cannot help but be beneficial to the papers and their patrons. Their influence will not be confined to the Third District. The next meeting of the Association will be held at Decorah on the second Tuesday of next February. We hope to see many of the Third District "boys" at the Fourth District Association which is to be held at Charles October 16th.—Nashua Post. INDEPENDENCE. Wli*t the Third District Press Thinks of the Beautiful City on the Wapsle, and Her l'eople. From the Waukon Standard. Our first visit te the thriving little city of Independence was made last week, to attend the fourth semi-annual meeting of the Third District Publish ers' Association. The town is attractive in appearance, situated on either side of the Wapsie, possessing numerous pretty places of residence, and an abundance of shade, many of the large shade trees be of a natural growth. Tts main thor oughfare is lined with solid rows of sub stantial brick buildings, the aftergrowth the big blaze which four years since demolished the larger portion of the old wooden buildings in the business part of town, as was Waukon's experience last week. And, judging from the pleasant experience of the publishers there as sembled the town also possesses a host of most hospitable and courteous citi- Thc business meetings of the Asso ciation came to a close Wednesday noon and the afternoon wris devoted to a visit to the Tnsanc Asylum, carriages being generously provided for those who wish ed to go. A delightful lawn sociable at the pleasant home of Bro. Wm. Toman, and a delicate yet bounteous repast presided over by his estimable wife, wound up the pleasures of the visit and on Thurs day the members who had remained to the end took their departure, with none but pleasant memories of the Indepen dence meeting. We should not omit to mention an agreeable surprise in the way of a sere nade by the cornet band at the Occiden tal House, Wednesday night, nor the fine music rendered by Mr. and Mrs. Hover and others the same evening. From the Fayette News. Early Tuesday morning of last week, the editor and wife were conveyed tcr Maynard in time to escape a rain storm and enjoy a good breakfast at Goulds. Afterwards we took the train for Inde pendence, where to attend tne Third District Editorial Association. AN e no ticed on the train a number of '"quill drivers" who were on the same mission. At Independence were met by Presi dent Shannon and Secretary S. S. To man, who assisted us into 'busses and drove to our places of entertainment in in the different portions of the city. The Association convened at tne Fire man's llall (which is as nice a hall as any in the State), at 2 P. M., and con tinued in session until (5 o'clock, then adjourned to meet again at 8 o'clock on tno following morning. In the evening a reception was given the Press in King's Opera House, and it is unnecessary to add that this large hall was crowed. We print below the nicely arranged programme for the oc casion: Short speeches were made in addition to the above, by Hon. W. G. Donnan, II. W. Holtnan, Rev. Foster and Jo. Swineburn. That happy Col. Lake pre sided. and ne appeared to contribute largely to the success of the entertain ment. A social time was participated in afterwards, where an opportunity was given to mingle among the citizens and become acquainted with as hospita ble a people as can be found anywhere. During the day and evening we were escorted about the city by our old time friend, J. A. Vincent. We visited sev eral places of interest—the Bi li.ktin and Conservative offices, the mill, the Odd Fellows Hall (which is the finest one we ever looked inside of), and many other places. The ride was particularly enjoyable. At 2 P. M. carriages were ready to convey the editorial party and others, to the Insane Asylum, two miles west of the city. Wc were welcomed at the main entrance by Dr. G. H. llill, Mr. Noycs Applenian, the steward, and Mrs. Gray, the matron. We wore invited in to an adjoining parlor, and. after having our throats moistened with some nice lemonade, and a few minutes rest, we commenced our tour throughout the building. At the first apartment we found W. W. Barnard, who seemed pleased to meet us. He appeared to be very feeble. On we went, visiting dif ferent wards, until we had seen every thing in and about the institution. Wc cannot describe—only to say it. is better to see and hear for yourself—and is well worth a visit. There are now over four hundred inmates. The manner and order which prevails, shows that the asylum is conducted by an efficient corps of managers. Everything in and about it has a very neat and clean ap pearance. Our two hours visit at this great institution was very interesting, and many thanks arc due Dr. Hill, Mrs. Gray and Mr. Applenian. for kindness and attention shown to the party, ft is now a nice drive to the asylum and re turn. In the eveming the party met again at the home of Judge Toman, of the Bi'LLETiN, who, with Mr. Barnhart, of the Conservative, entertained us in grand style. On the beautiful lawn tables were arranged, and an elegant and sump tuous supper was enjoyed, and this oc casion will linger long in our memories. Thursday forenoon was spent in visit ing about the city, and with E. M. Bis sell. Dentist, who has as fine and con venient a suite of dentist rooms as is to be found in the State. Mr. and Mrs. B. made our short visit very pleasant. The writer and lady are under special obligations to Mr. and .Mrs. Wm. Elden, for their extreme kindness and generous hospitality during our sojourn at Inde pendence. Mr. Elden is Superintend ent of the city public schools, and was busy assisting at the Normal now in session. This, our first visit to Independence, was truly one of great interest and pleasure, and we hope occasion will again bring us all together to enjoy a similar event. The afternoon train north carried the remaining party, and by 7 P. M. we reached Fayette, having spent three days of pleasure and profit. From the Decorah ltepublican. At Independence the social part of the exercises consisted of a reception at the Opera House, Tuesday evening. The large auditorium overflowed with an audience few towns of its size can equal in intelligence and respectability. The character of the reception is best shown by the programme, which we quote en tire: In addition short speeches were made by Hon. W. G. Donnan, 11. W. Holnian, Rev. Foster, and others. This was fol lowed by a half hour of social inter course. As a whole, Independence honored herselfas well aa entertained her visitors. Shannon's "talk" was a wise and witty plea for the country press, in the same vein as his press lecture. It was suited to the time and occasion and while asking no ^favors for the local press, it showed that even the weakest country paper has the strongest claims upon its local patrons, and cannot and should not be forgotten. A visit to the Insane Hospital, Wed nesday afternoon, can hardly be classed as a recreation. That institution now contains so many inmates from every county in Northern Iowa, that to see and learn something about it was a duty. It'certainly is a noble beneficence. We were shown the best and worst cases (so we were informed) and while the sight was frequently saddening, it was pleas ant to know that so much care and com fort is bestowed upon the unfortunates who are consigned to it. It is situated upon a high plat of land, two miles from the city. The grounds are yet unim proved, but internally every thing is spacious, airy and comfortable—we had almost said elegant. What strikes one as remarkable is the scrupulous neat ness of everything. The clothing of the worst cases is frequently coarse and strong but in no case was there the least evidence of filth or lack of cleanli ness in person. The floors and walls of corridors and rooms were almost pain fully neat and no housewife would have been ashamed of the bedding, tables, bread and food, (such as we saw,) pro vided for patients. Against our wishes the local commit tee of arrangements determined that wc should not,as contemplated, find a home at one of tne hotels, and assigned us to the kindly care of Mr. W. R. Kenyon, (one of the city's leading merchants,) and his wife. The genial courtesy wc received, convinced us that the judg ment of the committee was better than our own: and we became more than glad that their will, not ours, prevailed. Independence is of about the size of Decorah. But it has unlimited oppor tunities to spread out. It is cramped by no bluffs, and not hemmed into val leys consequently there are wider streets, and the houses of its citizens have ampler grounds, and better oppor tunities to make finer "places." We cannot say that they have better than we can show but the moderate homes for people in good circumstances seemed to be more numerous than Decorah can boast. The Wapsie meanders through the city, giving an east side" and west, side," and a good mill power, which is improved by a large, tine mill. The great fire which Independence recently suffered has caused the business part of the city to be re-built in compact, uni form style in solid blocks of beautiful store buildings. The people seem more homogeneous than our mixed popula tion and their churches and school houses indicate intelligence and moral ity. The saloons did not stand out in glaring obstrusiveness, and (come to think of it) we cannot say that we saw a single one. The editors attending the convention had no need of these institu tions, else wc might report at greater length under this head. Metcalf, of the Lansing Mirror, made the remark that the Independence saloon-keepers did not profit a dollar's worth by the convention and we think he spoke the truth. Fayette Ccunty Union. Many of our readers are so familiar with the town that we will not attempt to give a description of it further than to state that it is, in our opinion a model town in almost every rcspect, and the inhabitants arc among the most hospita ble people we have ever had the pleas ure of meeting. From the McfSregor News. Independence has its wide-awake busi ness character well set forth by the presence of two of the best papers in the District, and you can make it a rule to judge the town by its papers. They are the index to its business and politi cal life they tell of its church socia bles, dime societies, caucuses and elope ments. Independence is gaining notoriety in a thousand ways and a tliousand influ ences are being brought to bear to force it into enviable prominence. It has a brass cornet band that could not pro duce a note three years ago, which now will rank among the best bands in the State. Independence has one of the finest water-powers in the State, being a nat ural mill-site in the middle of the city formed by a rapids in the Wapsipinieon. The pleasantly situated residence part of the city on the west bank of the riv er, is always within sound of the dam, roaring and dashing, while capitalists arc forever blessing their investment in the Mill Stock Company. It is perhaps the largest mill in the State, and does a large and profitable business. It is built of cut stone and brick. The German element is numerous in Independence and embrace the lead ing business men, who own the finest blocks on Main street. Tliey have Presbyterian, Luthcrian, Methodist and 'Catholic churches with strong eongre tions. They have also two breweries and run a beer garden in the summer, while on the whole they form the most stable and solid class of citizcns. A public reception was given the ed itors in council at Independence last week, and it was the finest demonstra tion of the kind we have ever seen. King's Opera House was filled to the gallery and vestibule. The orators orat ed, the players played, the singers sang, the talkers talked, the listeners listened, the elocusionists elocuted, and the dra matic readers dramatically read. Citi zens and editors and preachcrs and poli ticians made as short speeches as it was possible for them to make. The music furnished for the occasion was of a high order, especially the U /'escatori by Ma mie Toman nud Miss Dickson. It was rendered with a distinct and forcible ex pression and clearness seldom given to the classical music of Gabussi. The speeches made by the members of our association were well prepared, and raised the gentlemen higher than ever in the estimation of the '"Press (Jang," and captured the good will of their stranger listeners and made the hearts of the ladies go pit-a-pat, wishing they were only young, unmarried men. But in order to be able to talk back well wc suppose a man has to be married awhile. T11E A SYi,TTM. The munificence of the Independence people even extended outside of the city limits in their zeal and hospitality to ward the editors assembled in their fair city last week. Let it not be inferred that they furnished carriages so freely in order to get tlieni out of the city the sooner leaving out of the question a doubt as to their disinterested and hear ty overtures toward the editors, for those active business men certainly rec ognized the advantage of making a good impression on them. Drs. Hill and Brainard, assistant su perintendents, met our party at the grand entrance, and after informing our party that Dr. Reynolds, the head of the institution, was not at home, they proceeded to escort us through the wards after the ladies and editors had been regaled with lemonade. There are about 4)5(1 patients at the Independence hospital for the insane, and they are better behaved than tlie same number of people we have ever seen outside of an asylum. Though they are all crazy as bed-bugs, the attendants and phy sicians have so complete a control over them, and the whole management is so systematic, that they are as an aggrega tion very models of good behavior. Place the same number of sane persons together at a celebration, convention or camp-meeting, and they would be twice as noisy and thrice as unmanagable. From the Klkadcr Register. Altogether, the association had enjoyed a remarkably pleasing session. We had an hour alone with Rami, of the Manchester J'ress, and took in from his great fountain of knowledge, a rich entertainment of ideas on the country newspaper and its re lation with the people. In the after noon we accompanied the party to the Insane Asylum and had the pleasure of looking over that monster establishment. Without going into particulars, or speaking in praise of the Doctors in charge, it is sufficient to say that if all the state institutions are as well man aged and^conducted as the Independence Asylum appears to be, the state lias every reason to be congratulated. We shall take occasion to refer to this in stitution at another time. Meeting with Major Jackson and Capts. Thrift and Dolman, of the 4th Regiment, our old command, we were not allowed to suffer for entertainment. With ('apt. Thrift we rode over the city, passing by the Toman residence, where were congregated the editors and their wives, enjoying an out-door ban quet. Independence is a handsome city, and growing rapidly, with every promise of a future greatness that shall mark it as a desirable location not only in a business point of view, but as a place of residence. Everything has a homelike appearance the people are particularly cordial in their greetings, and withal liberal and progressive.—real genuine hospitality a prominent feature, lu the evening, the Independence Guards gave a parade in their hall for our benefit. The boys showed a proficiency in drill that is highly credible to their energy and perseycrcncc. Without doubt, the Guards is the best drilled and equipped company in the regiment. FEATHER CAKE.-—TWO cups of sugar, cup of butter, 1 cup of sweet milk, 3 cups of flour, 3 eggs, beaten separately, 1 teaspoonful of soda and 2 of cream tartar. Flavor with the rind of a fresh lemon. Bake in jelly tins. It $ itljH) nice if baked in a loaf and frosted, Some Pungent Questions. A Rlathersklte in The Totla. Gen.^am Cary, the National Green back champion, recently delivered a speech at Lansing, Michigan, in the illogical, intemperate and uucandid style peculiar to nearly all the leaders of that party. The Republican of that city re plied to it and asked Gen. Cary to ans wer the following searching questions, which, as they expose many of the fal lacies and misrepresentations of fact inculcated in the Greenback party in Towa, may be read with profit here: In asking men to forget all their old party ties and listen to you as American citizcns only, don't you come as the hired advocate of a party which binds its members with a pledge that if a 'National' does not wish to vote his own ticket, or any portion thereof, he shall not vote ticket of cither of the old par ties?" Do you call such despotism from a dark-lantern caucus, such fetters on freedom of elections by the name of '"re form?'' Did you ever hear of anything quite so mean since the old Know Nothing lodges excluded men whose fathers happened to be born outside of the United States? Why don't you preach to the "Nation al" party to repudiate its bad leaders— such fellows as Brick I'omeroy, Walter H. Shupe, Moses W. Field, Sam Cary and others? You say it is no matter who brought on the rebellion and who is responsible for its evil effects all war engendered passions ought to cease." Why then do you begin a new war on capital,.and stir new animosities against men who save any money and engage in banking, by calling them old cusses," "pinching old Shylocks," "hard money fools," '"rob bers of the people," "frauds, cheats and swindlers," "coupon-clippers, living on the earnings of the people," "cancer on the body politic," "deeply to be abhorcd tools and pimps of corporations," "mon ey power with its grip on the throats of Democratic and Republican leaders," causing the commotion of civil war. of repudiation and revolution? Do you consider this and similar language fit for political discussion in the interest of reform," especially when you arc con demning "passion and animosity?" What proof have you of there being 2,000,000 unemployed laborers in this country, degraded into tramps" by the gnawing of hunger and the distress of their families? Do you know enough arithmetic to perceive that this is one starving "tramp" to cyery twenty-three persons? That if you tell the truth, Michigan has to-day (50,000 of these wretched creatures, Jackson county I,(500 of them, and the eily of Lansing 380? Where arc they and who are they? What proof have you that there are 2,000,000 more men only half employed in this country, and 2.000.000 more who, if they were to be sick one month.would see their families forced into the poor houses? Do you know enough arithme tic to perceive that (5.000,0(10 of idle, or half-employed, or almost destitiute la borers make about three-fourths of the whole working force of the country?— Do you pretend to say, seriously, that only one man in /our ami a quarter in the country has any permanent labor or business to perform? (The total num ber of able-bodied males of working age is estimated at it,000,000.) Is this a true picture of American society to day? Don't you know that gold and silver in bars will buy just as much property as in coin? Don't you know that if the Government stamp should be all filed off a gold eagle, but the filings saved, you could buy just as much property with it as when it was perfect? Don't you know that before there was any mint in California, the gold dust was weighed, as your gold eagles were weighed (you say) in London when you i wanted currency for them? lu short, don't you know that the government stamp adds no value to mefney, but simply certifies to the value already in it? Did you ever know a man to lose a dollar by his confidence in national bank kills? Did you ever know a man to refuse national bank bills for any property he had to sell. Did you ever know interest or ex change to be as cheap under any other system as at the national banks now? When you say that "greenbacks and national bank notes cannot any more exist together than freedom and slavery, for one of them has got to get out of the way," don't you' know that green backs and national bank notes have ex isted together for fourteen years, and that for six years past the difference between them has not averaged $30. 000.000? When you say there are 190 national bankers in the Congress of the United States, don't you know it is false? Can you name twenty national bankers in that body? Can you name ten? Can you name even five whose business is national banking? Don't you know that this falsehood was told three years ago by Moses W. Field, and that he has never yet given the names of these national bankers, nor attempted to do so? When you say there was never a bank established under (Jod's footstool, based upon coin, that was not a cheat and a swindle upon the producing class, and never will be one," do you refer to the Bank of England, the Bank of France, the Bank of Germany, the Scotch banks, and the gold banks of California? Do you know so much more about banking and finance, and the producing classes as to set up your blackguardism against the steady confidence reposed in these banks by 12"),0( 10,000 people— one-eighth of all mankind, and the most intelligent, industrious and enterprising races, too? If these specie-bottomed banks, some of them established for ages, had been "frauds, cheats and swindles on the producing classes all the time, would, not production have been stopped and those countries all have grown poor in stead of rich? When you refer to France as being whipped by Germany, and issuing $1, 000,000,000 of greenbacks to set her people at work to earn money to pay for the whipping, don't you know this to be false? Don't you know that France issued no greenbacks at all—not a dollar of Government paper currency? Don't you know that she authorized the Bank of France, a private corporation, to issue notes beyond her immediate ability to redeem? Don't, yon know that in the worst times of the war they never sank below 08 cents on the dollar? Don't you know that the French gov ernment issued proposals for a popular loan at 4 per cent, interest? Don't you know that the people rushed in such numbers to secure this loan that thir teen times as much was subscribed as the government needed? Don't you know that the French are a nation of bondholders to-day? Don't you know that they are a nation of "eoupon-clip pers," one man in every five owning government bonds and playing the Shy lock," and the old pinching cuss on the people's earnings? Don't you know that the interest which Franee pays on money absorbs a large part of her annual taxes? Don't you know that that country has been free from the irredeemable paper nui sance since the assignat "fiat" foolish ness and ruin in 17!tS? Don't you know that the doctrine you preach would be regarded as the wildest lunacy and the most dangerous Com munism in France to-day? Don't you know, finally, that the prosperity and stability of France are a standing re buke to your irredeemable currency theories? How do you make it out that the cir culating medium of the United States was $').") per head for all the people in lS(5ij? Don't you include the 7-30 bonds, due in three yearsf the com pound-interest notes, due in the same time the 5 per cent, notes, due in one or two years the certificates of indebt edness, due in one year, and the tem porary loan certificates, due at ten daj's' notice, all bearing interest higher than the Government now pays, and all re wv uun ttiiu tin u ^*1 quired by law to be funded and redeem-' positpjf. ed long ago. Don't you know that these various classes of short-time bonds were of no denomination less than $10, and a vast majority of them above $50, so that they circulated very little among the people? Don't you know that the interest accumulating on these Government securities caused them to be hoarded like good notes and mortgages, and took them out of circu lation? Don't you know that "John son's Cyclopivdia," vol. i., page 1,22(5, in its article on "The Currency," written by Alexander Delmar, Chief of the Bu reau of Statistics, says the total circu lation of the United States, per capita, in 18(5 ), was $24.90, or less than half what you state it to be? Don't you know that the currency in circulation in 1877, according to the same cyclopaedia, the American Almanac," and the Treasury reports, was about $19 per head, or $7 per head more than you stated in your speech at Ypsilanti? Doirt you know that the purchasing power of the greenback dollar has in creased from about 70 to cents since 18(55, thus enabling the $19 per head to do more business when required, than $24.50 would do in 18(55? In charging the present financial dis tress upon contraction, don't you know that all these short-time bonds, which you reckon as circulation in 18(55, were taken up according to law by the year 18(58, whereas the panic did not occur until 1873? Don't you know that the enormous sinking of labor and wealth in railroads which did not pay, together with the in credible waste, debt and suffering from the rebellion, wore the causes of the financial depression? Don't you know that there would surely have been a panic, sooner or later and that there always will be panics when men over-trade, over-speculate, and overstrain themselves in business, or when nations play with sword and fire at the game called "war?" Can such evils be laid justly at the door of the Adniistration, and are the moneyed classes (who have lost much of the capital they put in) to be hound ed to death and denounced in your classic style as a "crew of old cusses," "pinching Shylocks," "robbers-of the people, "tools and pimps of corpora tions," and "cancers on the body politic?" Did you not, at Ypsilanti pay the fol lowing generous tribute (the only gener ous thing to be found in your whole speech) to the lamented President Lin coln: "I believe that Abraham Lincoln was the greatest man in human history, and as ages wear away, unshackled and regenerated humanity will fill the earth with his praises, and the infants of pos terity, lisping his virtues, will drop tears of gratitude and scatter perennial flowers on his tomb?" Do you know that President Lincoln, in his annual message of December, 18G2, spoke of the issue of greenbacks as a measnrc which the Government was "compelled'' to resort to by the pressure of war expenses, and declared that "a return to specie payment at the earliest period compatible with due re gard to all interests concerned should ever be jt in view fluctuations in the value of the currency are always in jurious, and to reduce these fluctuations to the lowest possible point will always be a leading purpose in wise legislation eonvi rtiliilit//, prompt and certain con vertibility into coin, is acknowledged to be the best and surest safeguard against them?" Now, if Abraham Lincoln was "the greatest man in human history," and so good and wise a man that you "voted for him twice and are proud of it," as you say. «iice voting for him after he sent the above hard-money message to Congress, why do you go back on Mr. Lincoln's advice? Why do you sling mud all over the men who stood with Lincoln then and continue to stand where he did? Are you the bright light of the world on finance, and was Abraham Lincoln a '"hard-money fool" and "a pimp of the money power?" as lie "subsidized" to support the national banks when he recommended in January, 18(53. that "Congress should furnish a national currency through banking associations, organized under a general law, with their circulation se cured by the pledge of United States bonds?'' Will you tell your audiences whether Lincoln was a knave, a tyrant and a con spirator against the rights of labor in this country? Will you repeat and confirm the filthy slanders upon liini and his sainted mem ory, put forth by your brother irredeeni ble, Brick I'omeroy? Are you not talking to Republicans and Democrats about forgetting their old party ties, in order to make them forget the multitude of great and noble men of all parties, excepting the irre deemable, who have stood by the world's basis of specie for currency? Finally, Mr. Cary, how much is your advice worth in business matters, since you have failed in every kind of business undertaken by you? If you cannot successfully practice law or run a farm or hold a political office, is it not supreme impudence in you to come up into a State like Michi gan and attempt to give lessons in.busi ness matters to the people? "Fiat" Wheat. The Mitchell County News commends to the Greenback party an application of their favorite theory, the point of which they can hardly fail to appreciate. It says: "A plan for making times easier in this particular locality suggests itself, which has all the force of the greenback and commune logic combined to recom mend it. Instead of fiat money, let it be fiat wheat. The grand desideratum in Mitchell county, for instance, just now, is No. 1 wheat and $1 a bushel. Giye us that and we have the conditions for renewed prosperity. Hverv farmer and business man can see the pith of this. The objection, however, arises, that the crop is a failure in quality, and millers and shippers are not giving a dollar a bushel, or likely to do so. Tn the name of Brick Pomeroy and the National Greenback party, we demand that all this be changed. What if it is all No. 3 and 'rejected?' That is noth ing. Fiat wheat, brethren, is what we want. Wheat that is good enough for plow-holders is good enough for bond holders, we guess. Suppose it does weigh but thirty-five pounds to the bushel and flour but fifteen pounds it is wheat, isn't it? Now let the people stamp each sack 'No. 1 wheat••-$! per bushel.'and ordain that every wheat buyer shall receive it and pay for it as such that every miller shall give forty-three pounds of good flour for each bushel so stamped. It doesn't matter a straw, after all, what the harvest is, if a little ingenuity is ex ercised. The people are the government —let them rise in their majesty, and in sist that this fiat wheat shall be the standard, throughout the Union. Let it be decreed that this fiat wheat be the sole stock of market manipulators and corners. If any man will not buy this wheat, cat this wheat, let him be anath ema maranatha. Consider the advan tages of this'fiat No. 1:' The farmers can handle it as easily as oats it can be more cheaply transported it is the only wheat—the sole cash crop of a very large section of the country it is the poor man's wheat it is the working man's wheat. Let us have this fiat wheat, brethren, and line our pockets with greenbacks, and our countenances with smiles and fatness. Fiat wheat and prosperity!" FIAT THEORY IN PRACTICE.—A good and suggestive joke was recently played 011 a Stark County greenbacker at a cer tain country hotel. After ordering sup per the financier began a little discourse 011 the advantages of "fiat money" for the benefit of the fanners loitering in the bar-room. When he came to seat himself for evening meal, there was nothing upon the tabic but a napkin and a plate. In some surprise he turned the latter over, and found beneath it a slip of paper bearing this inscription: ''This is one supper." In high dudgeon he de manded of the landlord an explanation. "Why," said this latter person, dryly, "that's q^fiat supper."—Canton, 0., Re- A Greenback Lie Exploded. The National Advocate of this city, Goodrich's carpet-bag P. P. and Alli ance printed at Clermont, and probably all the Greenback organs of the country, have appealed to the prejudices of the agricultural classes by publishing the fol lowing as editorial utterance of the New York Times, and endeavoring to make it tell against the Republican party, as the sentiment of one of its prominent organs: "There seems to be but one remedy, and that a slow one, and not immediately effec tive. To reach it. both farmers and capital ists need to be educated to it. Hut it scorns inevitable that it must come about in course of time. It tin change in the ownership of the toil, antlthe ereatimi of a elan* of land owner* on the one hand and tenant farmers on the other. Something similar in both eases to what has long existed, and now exists in the older coun tries of Europe." We find the following on the editorial page of the New York Times, of a late date: We regret to learn that the Green back organs are not only given to lying, but to persistent, willful and deliberate lying. Among the communicated arti cles which appear on the seventh page of the Weekly Times, under the heading of Agricultural,' there appeared, on April 25th, 1877, a disquisition on The employment of capital in Agriculture,' portions of which the Labor-Greenback journals have repeatedly quoted as the editorial' utterances of the Times. We have frequently assured these organs that the editorial opinions of the Times arc published, unless specially marked and quoted elsewhere, on its fourth page, and that we are as little rcsponsi ble for the views of our correspondents about an impending change in the own ership of tlie soil, as we are for the soundness of their advice about washing sheep or growing pumpkins." JVKfJAL.. Notice of Appointment of Administrator. STATE OF IOWA. aQ lliichanan County, N'OTICE is hereby given that the undersign ed has been duly appointed and i|iialilicd as Administrator nt the estate of .lames Jami son, late of Independence, itiiehanan county, deceased. All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make immediate payment and tlit)se having claims against the same will present them, duly authenticated, to the un dersigned for allowance i'KItitV I'XSOX. Adin'r. Dated August Kth, 18T8. :iwl Notice of Appointment of Administrator. STATIC OK IOWA, Buchanan Countv, ,-88. V"OTI('K is hereby given that the undersign IMI has been duly appointed and (ualitled as Administrator of the estate of John F. Oar gaud, late of Itiiehanan county, deceased. All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make immediate payment and those having claims against the same will present them, du ly authenticated, to the undersigned for aliow ance. FREE MANUFACTURING. INDEPENDENCE Manufacturing Company Wood Work. Sherman Patent Window Blinds, Screens for Doors and Windows, Sash and Doors, Frames Mouldings, Wood Turning, See. Machine Shop. Machiner serlptlon. Drilling and Fitting, Shovels a specialty. i THE GREATEST Wonder »f the Age. How can Goods be Sold so Cheap and Live Solved: 1st.—Our expenses are light. 2d.—We buy for cash, saving the discounts. 3d.—We sell for cash, thereby incurjng no loss in bad accounts. 4th.—We do our own selling, and have no high priced salesmen taking pay. 5th.—We buy in large quantities, thereby receiving all the extra discounts to large purchasers. 6th.—We take advantage of those heavy trade sales, and buy less than the cost of manufacturing. Note Some of our Prices: Best style Print lress Print Turkey red Prints... yard wide fine Brown Muslin... lirown Muslin Repaired, Lathe work of every de- £ta*n "ow Blachsmithinc. Plows Repaired, Horse Shoeing by an life rlenced Workman, General Job Work. Feed Mill. Feed Grinding done Feed kept on brad for sale. 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