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Da Vol to lamorUllMd by bla fancied of Alrxind-
ar Selkirk, who wu supposed lo have been cast awajr cm UM nllhkbltid iatMDd of Juan Tcroandri. on th« Boath Amrleaa Pact flc Coaat. Selkirk U "Robinson Crua**" of nr boy recollsctiona. Wt copy theiolll- oqnyt CrmM from the "English Reader." Oaf elderly tvbaerlbera will prefer to modern poeUs ssftaoM. I monarch of nil 11 My right there to BOM to. From the ventre all round to the sea, I am lord of the fowl and the brute. Oh solitude! where *re th tmrme, That tagtt have sren iii thy f»«-e. Better dwell in the laidst of aUraa, Than reign in Mil horrible place. "I ovt of humanity's reach I must finish my journey alone: Merer lirer tlie eweet music of speech, I start at the sound of my owul i,fiThe beests that roam over the plain, form with Indifference see: They are eo uuncqnainted with man, Their taiaeness is shocking to me. Society, frlendnhlp, and love, Divinely beetowe'd upon man, Oh, had I the wings of a duve, Bow epon would I taste you again! Sorrow* I then might aesuu^e foi th« ways of religion and (ruth Might learn from the wisdom of age. And ho eheerM by the SHIIIHS of yo«th, Religion, what troasnre untold, Healdeo in that heavenly word! More prfecions than silver or gold, Or all that this earth can ttffuii). Bat the aoand of the church-going befl, Theoe valllee and rock* uevtr heatd Mo'er aigh'd at the sound of a knell. Or amil'd when a sabbath appear'd. Ye winds that have made me your sport, Oswty to this deitoltrie sliorv, |M«CortUI endearing report .Of a land I shall isit no mors, •y IHende, do the* now and then tend A 44ph •r*«lkf«ftht aitvr mo I The tempoet itaHr lags behind, And the a wilt-wingedarrows of light. When I think of iny own native land, In a moment I seem to be there But, aiaa! recollection at hand, Soon hnrrira me back to despair. But the sea-fowl is gone to her Wt, The beast is luid down in his lair lvta Aerc is a seaiou of rest. And I to inj' cabin repair. There's mercy in every place And mercy—encouraging tho«ffctl Oivea eveu ajliclion a grace, And reconcili-a man to hi* lot. Correspondence of the Times. IOWA CITY, Iowa. V Oct. 20tb, 1869. My Dear CM. Twenty-live years ogo—when chcck aprons and bnckram pants graced the portly proportions of the writer—a young man, restless, enterprising, and a little tough, tiring of the monotonous life and hide-bouud society of iny native village, left parents and home, without "due and timely notice," for (as the saintly gossip ers said) "that iniquitous city of Gotham." Time rolled along. A few years later, the young man returned, but unliko the hero of Hawthorne's story, who traveled the world over in search of the three cheriiihed noti ns of liis life, to find them under the shadow of the tree which shel tered him in youth, the young man re ported that he had located at COUNCIL BI.UFFS—at that time a distant, frontier, outpost—and that he had returned for a wife That be became the centre of attraction for all the country about, it is unnecessary to state. But that not one in a hundred credited his story, I may safely assert it was considered by »ur staid and sober people simply an impossibility for that young man to have reached a place MO many hundred miles beyond the riin of civilization 1 TO-DAY there are /Are* railroads topping it from the east, and belore the snow flakes cover the ground, a fourth will be added, while to the went, tho groat Uniwn Pacific, amid barren wasts, and through golden gulches, bears the mnjestic Arm of Progress, with terrible significance. Built on a beautiful plateau, with gen tle bluffs on two sides, and a broad cx panse of prairie reaching away for miles tn the Missouri, it boasts a population of nearly nine thousand, embracing twenty seven square miles within its corporate limits. It has a municipal assessment of $3,606,800 which being taxed 10} mills, yields a htndscme revenue for improving the city. The city debt of $108,000 can he paid next year, and yet leave a balance large enough to liquidstte little city arrears nnd run the corporate engine fo- ten years to outne. You, naturally enough, ask why this enormous assessment and valuation My answer is, the bubble is nearly full. Another bio*, and it flies into little pieces. "Property is high here," I re marked to one of those imperturbable land agents. "High, no sii I can sell yon one of the most eligible residence lots, not to exceed a mile from tho centre of business, for six hundred dollars. -Do you call that high its dirt cheap Business is healthy here not so much overdone as the real-estate speculation would lead you to expect 1 The country contaguous to the city, is thinly settled, but fast filling up. Mr. Farnsworth, who sojourned so briefly with us, is located here as cashier of the First National Bank. lie owns half ol the institution is a first-class business "Tpan. and will succeed. Among other familiar faces here are, D. £. Cook, J. G. Fales. Charley Lacy, and Nicholas Kricbs, all well known in McGregor. It gratifies me to state that they all appear to be prospering. Old citizens of our place, all of them, I hope they may become rich. W. B. Strong, the master of transfer for the Chicago and N. W. 11. II. is at present conducting his company's share of a little unpleasantness which exists be* tween that company and the C. It. L. & P, II. R. Chicago being the initial point for the reception of freights, the enterprising merchants of Council Bluff* and Omaha, are enjoying the pleasing benefit of low freights or no freights, as the case may he, at the bitter and unprodtable expense of the giant pugilists. Let mo predict that W. B. STRONQ will become (God sparing his life) on* of the leading rail* road managers of the west Council Bluffs will become a fine way'Station, not outstepping the sanguine expectations of I»r* "oldest inhabitant." One fact must not be ignored. The Union Pacific K. R. have purchased twelve hundred acres of Jand on the Iowa sido recently, and, when the bridge is completed (which will be, not till another year, and then only through th* combined influence of the U. P. & C. N W. and the 0. & R. 1. Rail.=j roads) the entire buiiness of the company now done at Omaha, will be transfered to this point. Four Banking Houses, aggro gating a capital of $500,000, are located here. Money pays well here. Two, three, and five percentum per month being the rule. Such is the want of confidence felt in the ability of the Union Pacific R. R. to meet its maturing acceptances (drawn far four months,) I ain told, are not to be •egotiated, even at five percentum per •osth. Tho earnings of this road for the mtBtk of September being a little in e«* cess of three-quarters of a million. Those high in authority in the company, feel hopeful. Omaha, which once held the keys to that vast mountain and mining trade, which boasted a mercantile prestige abput and overall Missouri river towns, is not in the dust, nor yet "in the sere and yellow leaf." Its trade has materialy declined, and some of her heaviest busi ness bouses have closed up. But with a million and a half of banking capital, all actively employed, together with a class of business men, who, for enterprise, daring, and thrift, have no superiors in the State, her future progress and pros perity are as sure aa any future problem, provided she can shake off that crazy old woman, George Francis Train, who owns a big slice of the city, and who in the past has been of some benefit to her. A fine quality of coal is now brought in from Ogden station to Omaha, which is free from sulphurs, and burns without clinkers. Gen. Dodge, the Engineer-in Chief of the Union Pacific R. R. informs me that traversing the continent from the Red river of the south, to the British Possessions in the north, is a broad belt of coal, ranging in thickness from three to thirty feet. The wheat crop of central and western Iowa, where not black-balled into rejected by the elements, is a fair crop corn a little more than half an average pota toes heavy and—about the Capitol especially—Politicians, a full ami booming crop. Over in Marshall county, where the sumptuary gentlemen had boldness and pluck enough to make a ticket, they met with a shameful and merited defeat. When the Prohibitory men try again to inject social questions into politics, they had better use a larger syringe, and fill it with common sense and reason. Did it ever occur to you that there is a striking resemblance between me and our excellent townsman and Governor? While walking along Walnut street in Des Moines the other day. I was approachcd gently, by what our recently elected rep resentative would call, a "corn-fed IIoos ier," who, addressing me as the Chief Kxecutivo of the State, inquiring if 1 waiited to purchase any bran for my cow? I promptly repelled tbe ill merited cotn^ pliment, and put him on the right track. Iu traveling through central Iowa, one is strikingly reminded of an anecdote told of the lamented Lincoln. In conversation with his Premier, on the influence of re* ligion in stamping the features, Lj^eoln remarked that he con Id tell a man's ecle astical persuasion by his peculiar express* ion of face. Presently a fine looking, well-dressed man approachcd, who, meet ing acquaintances, as he nearcd them, commenced to swear violently Kays Soward "To what church docs that man belong?" Lincolo replied, "a thousand to one that he's an Episcopalian So, to a casual observer traveling through Central and Southern Iowa, there is about some farm-houses so much of neglect, of improvidence, of carlessness advertised, that ke asks? "Where did that man come from As contra—distinguished froui the other farm-houses, whose inmates come from the cold hills and colder man• tiers of New England, there is a broad contrast. Here, all is thrift, all care, with avenues and lawns, shade trees, and out-buildings, not covered "mit straw." How local habits and customs go with us all over the world. In Des Moines, the political mounte banks congregate to make and to break "States." Election being over, a strong pull will now be made by the rival candi dates for the U. S. Senate. The brood of candidates increases with wonderful rapidity. Wright, Allison, Cooley, Van* dever, arc all candidates for the long term. Stubbs, of Jefferson county, is a candidate for the short term. All of the candidates are hopeful, aye—sanguine. 1 am informed that Allison's chances are much improved since the masculine efforts of ."Gentle Anna'' in his behalf. In all her recent phillipics let off in the State^ she has spoken "of the scariest" character ol the Hon. W. B. From this, I conclude she is taking more kindly toward that drmdful creature MAN, and that Col. W. B.—A.—knows it. Tho heroicj flings of Miss Anna are not to be sneez at. She is talented, aggressive and homely—wore male than female, except in her sex. A strong effort will be made before the next Legislature to enact a law allowing the several counties (those that have bonded indebtedness) to apply the tax collected from railroad corporations, trav ersing therespective counties, toward the liquidation of their indebtedness. Thirty of the strongest counties in the State are interested in this little pull. Since our Supreme Bench have been so sadly balked in their insane endeavor to stay the Exe cution of an order of the U. S. District Court, in providing for the collection of county bonds of Lee and Scott counties, our bonded counties are waking up to a remedy. Being no longer intrenched behind the Judicial bulwarks of the Supreme Bench, they arc now about to try the Legislature for a remedy. How much more honorable for a man, when he owes a debt, to face tho music squarely and manly, than to skulk behind wooden guns and rotten battlements. ®hc liineis. McJRKCiOR, CLAYTON COUNTY, IOWA. I. P. RICHARDSON JOHN H. ANDRICK. One Copy, for one year, $2.50 Attorney at Law. Cnlmar, Iowa. Will practice In the Courts of tlie State. 648 "Otm HOUSE," (Late Mason House.) Wenona, Iovra. Refitted all Furnished. Oooil Livery. 613 WILLIAMS A WISE, Proprietors. H. BRUNNER UTTL). Office, Bank Corner, Smith's Bloik. tip stairs. MrOKKOOR, lOWAu 641 DAVIS HOUSE, •Ikader, Iowa. (O.'.T) I*. K. CKANK, Proprietor. A. J.JORDAN, Attorney at Law, (o 111 to in Hank Dlock) €39 McUK KOnil, IOWA. It.NoMe. L. 0. Hutch. O. Henry Ifrese. JFODLE, HATCH & FRESE, Attorneys at Law UcG II KUOIt, IOWA. 630 C. E. BERRT, Attorney ut l.aw,Iowa. 636 DR. ANDROS. PhystelibftBdSurcuon. Re-iik nce orer Peterson A Larson'sStore. Office No. 3 Maaunic Block. S78-99 CXTT HOTEL, (Late ALU'U IIOUKV,) McQREOOR, IOWA. T. AT WOOD, Proprietor. Thin homo will be kept as a tirat claes house in ev ery i'.Mi»ect. Karuiers arc particularly invited to ill). Charges as rciistiunble as any other housc. UOIMI Staiiliug a»d good ctre. lioiuuiiig bytheday or week. 641 UNION HOUSE, MAIN STREKr McUKKGOR,IOWA. Its*. II. KKESS. Proprietor. WINNESHEIK HOUSE. Decorah, Iowa. General Stage Ofilce JOHN SHAW, Proprietor. &G6 JOflN I.CUU. CHARLCY ALU*. O. J. i'LABK. JOHN T. CLARK & CO., Attornej tiiiii Couuscllorn at Law hd ileal Estate Ag«utii,lit il»nrea»t of Wninebliei k lloune, Decorah, Iowa. I'l .ictice in thuseveral court*of the State also attend to collections,and tbcpaymcntof axes in Winneshei* county. 606 MURDOCH & STONEIIFXAN, •UVtTICL MtTRIHlCK. J• T. STOXKMAH. Attorneys mi Cnn n^cllor.^ at Law, will practice iu ELIJAHODELL, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Mr.attEOOR.IOWA. JTC. HOZSIE. Justice efthe Peace. Olllco with T. Updegraff. DOUGLAS LEFFINGWELL, Attorney at Law, McGregor, *owa. Office over Peter son A Larson's Sturo 311 LOUIS M. ANDRICK. Attorney at Law, Reynold'* Block i',ntiaiK'eletwea» lift and 148 Dearborn Slrvet.alsw on Madison Street and Custom House (P. O.) 1'lnce, Chicago. COOK & BRO., O W OOK. MimvisCom. Attorneys ut Law, Elkader, Clayton Cu., Iowa, will attend t«t collections, examine titles, pny taxes,obtain bounties, pensions. 4c. Olfice opposite mill. S36 R. HUBBARD & CO., Jewelers and dealers iu Musical Instruments, Main Street, 494 McGKUUOIt. IOWA. HAYT&BURDICK, Dealers In Luiul"-r, Sliim les and Lath, Main Stroet, McGREGOR. IOWA. NATIONAL HOTEL, Postville, Iowa. General Stage Office. C. Vanllooser, Proprietor. W __ BASS, COMMISSION, STORAGE I FORWARDING BUSINESS, Public 8qu.ire, Mi(lKK(i()K, IOWA. MAT. McKINNIE, Wholesale and Retail dealei in Stoves, and Manufac turer of Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Ware, Main McGREGOR, IOWA. MURRAY HOUSE, Main Street, McGregor, I«wa. A desirable home for thetravelinr public, with good barns and Shmlsut tached tor the sale protection «T 44 M. MURRAY. Proprietor. J. McHOSE & CO., STORAGE, FORWARDING AND COMMISSION. Warehouse No. I,on tho Levee, McGRLGOR. Consignments solicited. Jos. M'UOUE. 4T6 •. M'o*Kao*. McGREGOR FANNING MlXsZf. DICKEY & WELLIYKR, Manufacturers of th« Comer Vine I aia yours, II. E. Nxwau.. II. O. Dayton has struck a good deal better thing than being elected State Superintandent of Schools he has bought the Wollen Factory down at Village Creek for the firm of Dayton Aldrich & Co. We are glad of it, for it assures us that this county will not loose his enterprising, business vim.—Exch. An old, blinu organist, who had lived in a Lordon workhouse 78 years, died lately at the age of 89* Itl OOttkl repeat •U tho Pattest. BEZER LODGE No. 135. Iltflds it« Regular Communication* on Monday evening preceding the lull moon in ouch month. NORTH IOWA VOLUME XIV-No, 3, McGREGOR, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 27, 1869. in advance. A K S O A V K K I S I N Space. lv 2w 4w 3m 6tn ly'r. 1 s |ivi ro $1 &0 112 50 $3 :0 $5 50 60 $12 00 2 squares 2 SO 3 50 476 7 60 |lo 00 f~i5 00 3 squares 3 00 4 00 ~5 00 1 10 00 15 00 20 00 cut. 4 00 5 00 8 00 15 00 25 00 fTj'OO col. ITip "l(Too jTs 00 I 25 00 I 40 0r| 70 00 1 column MOO I 18 00J25"00 40 00 70 00 125 00 9 liripnof Vonprcil nrike u'nqiMro. Bisino««cnrtls of i I i in's $S per innnm icli mMil ionnl li nf 50 ctn IffeOBSaCB HOUSE. Broeius A llrllliwR. Prrp». (666) Mcflrrfw, Tcwn B. HOLLIBfGSWORTH, rsrarucxAjr and NATIONAL. IOWA. All c.'tlls promptly attended to. R. C. AMBLER, R. UUimARD.W.M 6BO. B. McCARTY, Sec'y. RATHBUN & GILL, DE3STTIST, McGregor. Iowa. 5S0 Office on Main St.. over l'on OlAce. Nitron* O'ida administered as a speci lity. WEST UNION HOUSE, and Klin Sis., WFST UN10K,IOWA H. J. INGERSOLL, PROPRIETOR. Good stabling and charges moderate. Stages olng oast.west .uortli and south, call and leave withpa«. angers, morning and evening. ySo'J BOARDMAN HOUSE, (LATK WA»U1N0T0M) •LKADER, IOWA. LAKAYISTTE UIOKLOW, Propriotor. Renovated inside and out. Not exielled by any Hotel iu the Weat. Good Stabling. 4711 THOMAS ARNOLD, REAL ESTATE BROKER AND GENERAL AGENT, CON VEYANCER, NOTARY PUBLIC, And irarnissionei of Deedb. Ac., for theSorthwes teruj'Htea. Willattsnd to the uurcltascandsaleot Kami L*uds.City Property .Stocks. Ac. .Ac. OtSce in Auction Store. Maiu Street. J. U. Merrill, Prest. Wm. Larrabce, Vice Preet. 0. Ilulverpon the Supreme and Ki^ti ii Ponrt« this State. OAce opposite Ut National Hank. McCiREGOR. THOMAS UPDEtSBATP, Attorney at Law. 424) McGRBUOK, IOWA. %IcQr«gor, Iowa. 559 LICENSED AUCTIONEER. »AVK BROIBZBB., HO I'U UN.i.ltlllMB, Revolvers, Pitols. G.-inio lla(f«, Hasks, Cartridites, Powder. Shot, Lead, Caps, Gun-wads. Cutlery, Ac., Ac, near National Hank. flteQreg-or, Iowa. Repairing of all kiude belonging to the gttn and lock smith line done promptly. Charges moderate aud all work warranted. T. H.OBLSTON. J. M. DONALD. C. T. TREGO OBLSTOXf. V&BOO dc CO., General Coniission Merchants, No. 13 8. Oomnoreial Stroot, •xebaaf«BulHlDg, IT. lOCZf, MO. or xkKco&sooit. Capital SIOO.OOO. At enrrent rates for sale on all the I'tinc pal Citicj cl England, Ireland, France, And Other Parts of Europe. A.LSO Passenger Tickets FOR SALE^ To ao1 Fmm all tlie Lnrcn Cities In KUHWMI.by Steamer and Fast Sailinc Vesneln. All kinds of GOVKltNM KNT SECCRltlKB bought and sold. C45tf SXBBEXf A CO., TEIS, DUMND BROS. POWERS, Wholesale Grocers, 131 Soath Wator street, M» CHICAGO, ILL. FULLYCeo horses and wagons- M- Grepor Fannli MillalidOraln Separator, ou West Market Square, corner Main and Ann Streets. 415y McGREGOR, IOWA. EVANS HOUSE. [LATH AMKKICAN.J Oppoaiu Ferry Lauding, McGregor. Re-fnrnl«h»4 and lilted up in tcood style for guests. Patronage respect fully solicited. O. II. FLANDERS, Proprietor. 474 WE MARCH WITH TUB FLAG AND KEEP STEP TO THE MUSIC OF THE UNION. Cashier. W. R. Kiunaird, Asot.Casl.Ur FIRST NATIONAL BANK Germany, Xf or#ay, ^i,itary on the other, his mint* ry career has b' Sweden, TOBACCOS ANO CIGARS, CG5 Randulph Strvet, Geo. Tlllibcn,Chicago. N. Ileiron. Lewiw Ma.ldnx, New York W. It. Maddux,Cincinnati. jS19y a CHICAGO. i. ji U.AHOXKYER. W. YOUNG. B.R.WUIT. BSNR7 A. BOMfBIl 6l CO., Commission Merchants NO 10 CITY BUILDINGS, SAINr LOUIS. Sperial attention glvaB to tha Sale tnd Purchase ef FLOUR and GRAIN. X. SEXTON & SON, Wholesale Dealers in IKON. 8TEKL. NAILS. FOREIGN AND AMERICAN CUTLERY. Bunders' & Carpenters' Hardware & Tools, Tinners' Stock, Agricultural Iinplcmciits and Ul:iImiiitlie' Tool* 338 East Water Street, MLIX.WAUEEB, WISCONSIN. IS IT 1 FRANK KERZMAN kPfO?lTE PEARSALL Stable, o A CllUJCn'S LIVERY XkKain Street, ZVZcGrcgor, I* r.-adj' to fiirniah ALL KINDS OF TINWARE FOR H1USEH0LD USE, Save Troughs, Tia Pipes, And in fact KVKKYTIIINO in hUI.Deot bufiuesBwil bo wcl 1 made tttnl i»i,inii|«tly put up. STOVES and SfOUE PIPES furuihed and eet opto order. MEAT MAR KET! CAWELTI & BERGMAN, CAWELTI'S DLOCK. ettlcd Street i li our N-.waui IJoautjot u.Market witk ruoui.and everytuing wliiclicniivni uciAtid iieatneae could auggeit, and letetormiui 4 1 way?to Secure the Very Finest Animals for the use of onr Patrons, w» fai-l'iMured tliat weureofferiJK tl t-peopleoftbil city grratei i udiiceuien t» hnn ever before to pat roit izstlifQuei'ii of Market*. Fat Cattle buuglit at the kigbeit prica. German I umber Yard Stauei & Daubenberger, Dealers in Lumber, Timber, Xiath, Shingles, Doors, Sash and Blinds. WE SUPPLY CITY AND COUNTRY TRACE ON THE MOST REASONABLE TERMS H'AVKuuque,tlonablj t)iul rgo«t atocl »f Sk»l Dworsiiii'i mind# ever kept iu the wont—e»erj •tyle md 'orin t«»*iilt anv liniblinpthat enn i eor,ct •d fr^.OarKiat!.e ONLY LUM8ER Y8RD outbenortl e o K a i S e e K i O I O W A W. H. BLACKM£R, Millwright & Draughtsman. Plans .Bpeetflcations aa« BrtiwatM made on rtprt notice. Stkiam WllUurnUh from of tbe beat Mauuewturarialloliiaei Kill Machinery—SSill Stones, Spindlen Cnrlm ll^pppra. Standa. Shoe* Dam^eli. Ac. Smut nd Itiiin cleaners.Separatorf MillHecka, Cnp» and Reltinic. Dufonr A Oo.VOld Putcli Anchor Roltinp Clothe. Extrnnnd Kxtr:' Heavy HIKI Double Kxtm Heavy. Patente' of the North Weatern Turbine, nlooncent fur the LRFKKL WI1KKL. A11'etterfaddrcaaf to Mcflrejcoi or Lanainp lnwa. 7 O O S OX.OOSB.IBS, CRKPIRY, BOOTS kND SHOES, A» IXQtWM, Of e,»r kind aaaiUd by the citiiena ofcitr or co«u \TJ FOR SALE AT THE LOWEST RATES AT S E N K S Sinctuorto rieneke A Raudow. Sonthoaeteorner nf I'nMIr Kqitare and one door Sonth of Qao.L. Ban' Warehnwr6.MeO»e*or.I«wa. «^''ki«cncer Agentfor the llaiuburK American Packet Company [FromaaleinitsRibbona,AUKLEAl'LE Alao Aseutfortba Celebrated Pateut Bctr Faucet. A NBW AND E fil.n LOVERIN SritSTITl TE FOR 11 i:\7.ISE, without unpleasant odor, iustanlly removing GREASE SPOTS, PAINT, DIRT, AC all Clothlnx. and cleaning the most delical* Silk*. Glovea, Lacc», Ac WITHOCT lMt RT TO THE fOLOIt OB FABRIC. For imall bottle, by all PrugslBts. BAUT. A5TEN A (X., WhOldtU Vwitk mm Bt, CblcafO, CI. A«eatt, 188 Grant and Congress. Washingt. u Correspondence of the N Y. Herald. That was a good saying of Bossuct, that the more a man is written about the less the world knows of him. If all the phi losophers and scribes in the country had confined their pens to simple narrations of fact in regard to Mr. Grant, instead of trying, as they have done, to impress the public mind with imaginary ideas of his veiled ability and virtues, and eiplain away h:s manifest errors, what would be the universal estimate of the eighteenth President? On the one side It lias be*n customary 1# credit 3en. f«rant aa tbe savior of tbe tepublic, and attribute to hira extraordinary ters disgusted by the indiDcriioinatins ad I u.lation bestowed upon him, and, there fore, inclined to be unfair. Peihaps the statement respecting Grant's success as it general that would come nearest the sim ple truth is that it was won by a "fortu itous concourse of cwcuuistaneea." There iiever was a time when this remarkable man appeared to have any pride. His •'dozedness," his dull resolution, his in sensibility to doubt or chagrin, never changed. By sheer luck, the staff of cronies and recommended officers whom he gathered about him proved to bo an excellent one. G«n Rawlins, whose death is tbe greatest loss this great mart ever suffered, wa9, in tmolh, the power behind the General yet he was never fully con* scious of his power, for the reason that Gen. Grant was a better listener than talk' cr on military subjects, and was accustom' ed to dee'de upon other men*s opinions without letting them know that he had not evo'ved his decisions out of his own con sciousiieps. But Gen. Grant knew how to value Gen. Rawlins, and knew, also, licw to value and respect, or rather tolerate, the great services which such men as Sherman, Sheridan and Thomas were rendering to the causc of which he found the country and the good-natured Presi dent Lincoln willing enough to consider him, Grant, the .military leader. lie nev pr ittempted to dictate to those men, be cause he had sense enough to see that they w#c doing well, and because he knew th^t the less he seemed to control them the letter Ihey would Hke him and bis for lifarance. Everybody ought to remember ttit the three great campaigns which Ifcke up the rebellion—Sheiidan's Shen afcdoiih campaign, Sherman's march from Atkinta to the sea, and the battle of Five Fa^ks preceding Lee's surrender—were e4tf suggested and planned hy the COM nrtwUers named, and not by the then lieu tipairt-general. /Gen. Grunt, though he did not make himself popular with the troops—the com mon soldiers, whom he habitually ordered, then in personal command, to pitiless ^laughter—made himself befriended by a let of Ulcers to irhom he had the tact i(tact is too fine a word for it) to give abun dant tether. And when the war closcd, ind these men willingly joined, with glad f-iyilinna in according to tho lieutenant general a pre-eminence commensurate with hie command, and which nothing de tracted from their own honors, a great number of the lino uiHcerii and common foldiers, who had hated Grant as a butch er, were gradually Avon over to concede that a butcher, alter all, must-iiave been a necessary evil, and that he had actually turned out to be a hero of the old style. In the opiuion of many of the General's best friends, it was an evil hour for him' if not for the country, when he accepted the presidential office. Grant himself was wary, and listened long to the objections his cronies and the indolent protet-t of his own soul. No such ambition teaipted, or had ever tempted, him a.« that which ommonly burns in the bosoms of uspirino politicians. Instead of being dazzled by the prospect of political eminerce, be preferred tho military aecendency which he had obtained and when at last he consented to relinquish his commission as Genei ul of the United States armies, it was with the 6Ccret understanding with himself, and tacitly with a few others, that he would carry with him and maintain at the white house the 6ame strong, congenial domination over the affairs of the nation that he had maintained over the army. And he acccpted the presidency with no intention of relinquiehiug it at the end oi the ensuing four year*! Iu previous letters I have explained the designs of this man—of a military char acter and scope, all—for the acqusition of more territory to tbe national domain. The apparent failure of every design oi this sort, and of his reported attempt to coerce congress are susceptible of some explanation which will not convict him of having yet lost the came. President Grant could not havcanticiputed the terrible raid upon him which was made by th politi ciars of the republican party imiuediately after his installation, aud kept up until long after the adjournment of congress. That hubbub, it is true, bewildered him. It left him no leisure to mature any plans of bis own, and so stunned his faculties that he was unable even to appreciate the plans of those political friends who were really bis worst enemies, and who wanted to obtain early and complete coktrol over him. But, lookiug at the result of the attack, it must be confessed that, although the president lost one serious advantage, he was not wholly worsted. The radicals attempted to dictate to tbe cabinet. Haw did they succeed? Grant appointed a cabinet the most astonishing that ever wan known—a cub'net of his town personal friends or acquaintances, which pleased no party, and made the I country and whole world stare aghast. Had Mr. Stewart not resigned from this cabinet, there would not have been a man in it whom congress could olaitn as itB tool. As it is, every member but one is iodtbtodsolely to tbe president forth* TIMES. honor of his position, and is neither so pledged por of sufficient power in the rad ical councils as to be likely to prove a turbulent member of the administration. It is to be observed that Orant has from the first retained an intimate friend in the war office, and that the man whom ho has now nppointed to be secretary of war is an officer whom such a distinction elevates from comparative obscurity. Such men, with the exception of Secre» tary Fish, (whose resolute abilities may still, however, be exercised on the side of a Chief contending against unworthy oads) are, in a ccrtain sense (partially hidden from thslr ow* oonscienets), Groat's tools. The nresntenl was outwitted in the mat ter of selection of a secretary of the treas ury after Mr. Stewart declined. He was outwitted doubly. In the first place, he had put his trust in Mr. Stewart's finan cial experience, opinions, convictions, of which Mr. Boutwell has none. In the second place, he had confidence in Mr. Steward's fidelity to the trust offered him, as a financier, and lover of his whole country, and nothing more. Mr. Bout well, aside from his emptiness of preroqi uisite knowledge of finance, was and is a fanatical radical in politics, to whose hon est but lop sided biain there is nothing worthy which is not radical. lie was adroitly wedged into the cabintft, and stays there, and will not easily be got rid of. Through Secretary Boutwell nnd Commissioner Delano (another official bound neck and heels by party shackles) congress actually has at its caraniand the enormous patronage of the treasury and internal revenue departments. This fact has not yet, of course, coino home duly to the president, for the contest between his administration and the party has not fair ly begun. All things save the southern elections and the Cuban difficulty have been in truce during the summer and the president has taken as little interest, and meddled as little, in those affairs and in Boutwell's schemes as he well could. His fondness for "loafing"' and his uneasy dread of political pestering have induced hint to put off or intrust to hid cabinet whatever he was not actually compelled to attend to. It is, in fact, nothing more nor less than a bore to this military president to famil iarize hint-self with the business of, aod to sift the numerous questions of policy which arise in connection with, his great ofiice. lie tieeuis to be fitted neither by intelect nor by inclination for tbe analysis of such questions. It must be considered that in the career in which he distinguish ed himstlf—that of a soldier—it was simp ly necessary for him to command, when no question was raised and tho order was obeyed. But. as president, he is surround ed by men, and continually appealed to by others, who claim the right to raise ques tions as to the propriety of his wishes. This, while it annoys and perplexes him, is something which he cannot escape, and which he has learned the good (in one sense) of submitting to. .If he had not allowed Secretary Fish, for example, to overrule bis own crude designs in respect to the Alabama claims and Cuba, the United States might, thus early in Presi dent Grant's administration, have been either the object of a hostile European coalition, or tbe laughing-stock of gods and men. Bv occasionally putting in his clumsy oar, and manifesting his old, dull obstinaney at times, as in the case of Sick les, Grant has made his sluggish personal ity felt by the cabinet and the country. For the rest, he has (believe me) kept saying to himself that it will be time enough to put his foot down next winter. No one who has studied tho sigti3 of the times can have failed to see that Grant's manifest contempt, and even hatred, for the professed politicians of the republican party have won him a perfect host of con verse enemies. The congressional majori ty are not merely disappointed, they are disgusted with biin. And the leaders, es» pecially—the men of brains in tho party —reciprocate for the president's incapacity all tho contempt which ho has for their palaver and chicane. The other day, Grant and his old friend Sherman, iu cou» versation together, were understood mutu ally to scoff at the whole crew of trick sters, neither appearing to be aware, meanwhile, that he was discussing his own family affairs. Feelings like these are destined to lead to open discord. The approaching winter session of congress will inevitably initiate tho strife. Congress is determined to rule or ruin— as hitb.erco—with Grant, if he consents without him if he objects. And Grant, too, has an intention, asyet vuguc, gloomy and unspoken, to work out his own will His is a slow, strange nature, in which ideas are hatched like eggj, after long brooding. When he sees that the con gressional politicians, whom ho despises, are bent on either making a tool ol him or doing what they please la despite of him, he will be angry. Unless the president and his military friends manage to effect a diversion in some way, or, rather, unless some incon ceivable luck should arise and win the couutry to his side, one may anticipate the result. In an open fight with con gress Grant would make a ridiculous show. How different such a contest would be from that between congress and President Johnson, whose marked personality, clearly defined political principles, and iron determination shone out through all the controversy. Johnson had a policy Grant has none he simply has a dull, half-formed design. Johnson was a states man, with vivid ideas and convictions, and the ability to express them in state papers which aro among the strongest in our history. Grant is u lucky soldier, unlearn ed in law, politics aod finance, iuoapuble and averse to express opinion* on any •ach m&ttett. What argument can WHOLE No. 680. bring with the crafty and eminent leaders of the republican party? What reasons enn he give for hte faith that is in him W hat kind of a controversial defence even —to say nothing of attack—can this si lent, slow-thinking, vacuous soldier main tain against these masters of tho forum and the pen? Congress, very soon after assembling, will open debate upon the proposition for the purchase and manage ment, by the government, of the railways and telegraphs of the United States. The radicals will desperately try to carry through not only this moasuro, but others intended to deposit mora power in the hands of the federal government, over which they will claim that congress has, as hitherto, control. On the other side, the bearings of Grant's Bullen schemes, not yet half thought out, are against Great Britain. Cuba, and Mexico. He has the army with him, and knows it. Mili tary men are the natural enemies of poli ticians, and vice versa. Officers like Sher man, Thomas, Sheridan, look past the capitol to the white house to read the signs of the times. How to Get and Keep Good Fftrat Help. The complaint of the warfTof help is very general, if not universal. Mike hires out for six months at $30 a month and board, nnd works well until hnying time, when he hears that Pat is getting S3 a day at a neighbor's. He gets uneasy and quits. As a consequence, h? is out of work in tho full and winter, and barely gets enough to pay his board. The farmer has to get a new hand in place of Mike on such terms as he can. We have several suggestions to make to parties who want £Ood help upon tho farm. Hire by the year. There is nothing so much needed upon our farms as more labor. ith that we can make more manure, and more manure means larger crops, better dividends and capacity to keep more cattle. There is no difficulty in keeping three or four good men busy all the year round, upon a 200 acre farm, and, if we have faith in our business, in finding the mouey to pay them. It is better for the hired men to be kept con stantly employed, and better for their families. Take in interest in their welfare and build cottages for them near the farm, or upon it. Encourage them to save something of their earnings to buy a home with. Men with families make the best l&borers, and are most contentod. Take an interest in their families, Bee that the children go to Bchool, and when the boys are big enough, see that they have a chance to work and earn money for theni seivet. lielp your help, and. aa a rule, they will help you. They will see that their interests are identified with yours, lreat them as strangers or brutes, and they will reciprocate your incivilities. Even a cow will not give down her milk under the cudgel.—American AgricuLtw ist. Dcuominatioual Oxen. A gentleman traveling in Texas, met on the road n wagon drawn by four oxen, driven by a countryman, win, in addition to the skillful flourish and crack of his whip, wae vociferously encouraging his horned horses, after tho fashion "Haw, prcsbyterian!" '"Gee, baptist!" "Whoah, episcopalian!"' uGot up, methodist!" The traveler stepped tha driver, remark ing to him that he had Btrange names for his oxen, and that he would like to know why he thus called them. Said the driver: J'l call this ox 'presbyterian'- because he is true blue and never fails, pulls through difficulties, and holds out to tho end bo sides he knows more than the rest. I call this 'baptist,' because he is always after water, and seems as though he'd never drink chough then again he wont cat with the others. I call this ox 'episcopal ian,' because he has a mighty way of holding his head up, and if tho yoke gets a 1 ttlc too tight, he tries to kick ami draw clear out of tho track. I call this ox 'methodist,' because he puffs, and blows, and bellows, as he goes along, and you'd think he was pulling all creation, but he don't puil a pound unltss you continually stir him up." Wo clip the above from an exchange, for its humsr. Many other religious sects might have been named by that ingenious theological ox-man, but the above are sufficient for illustration. The reading of it will do no harm to digestion. 'Tis said of the author of Don Quixotte, CERVANTXS that ho "wrote no liue that gave pain." Whetheri 'true to the letter," we cannot say. Pain is a sort of convertible term, though its general sense is in that of physical prostration, but 'tis certainly a compliment to the great Spanish author to credit him with a design to make all his readers happy. Would it not be well for the world if all of us studied how 10 amuse and instruct, rather than to criti cise and growl We think ii wtMtbi #e better. Let's do it. A Tribune correspondent say9 he heard Judge Dent make tho following remarks at u meeting at Grenada, Miss., on tbe 3d inst: I saw the President on this very ques tion before I left Washington. lis told me ho was in sympathy with me aud the party I represent. He intimated that he was opposed to the extiemists, snd that he believed the Southern men to be honest. He (Grant) did not wish to announco this publioly, as he would then have the whole radical party jumping at him liko so many wild cats, and he wou'd share the same fate as poor Johnson. I cannot help stating that they are sincere, and then he said, "Go Dent, I hope 3 ou will be elected.'1 (Cheers and hurrahs for Grant). The radioals north and South, olaim that Gen. Grant is in the habit of using different language to them in regard to ty i the Mississippi elections. It it avida&t he [thai MflMtoty bu lme *14«- Dressing Ponltry for Market Wo copy from an exchange the folio#* Ing diiections on this subject: Never kill a bird unless it is frt. Never •tit off the heads of turkeys or geese, bat hang them by the heels where they cannot bruise themselves in the death struggle, and stick th?m with a small knife and bleed them to death. Ducks and commoii fowls if decapitated, should bo held or tied, and hung up to bleed to death. Nev» cr kill your birds with full crops you will lose in price more than you gain ia weight. Never strangle them so as lo leavo the b!ood in. The best plan is to tie all kinds of birds to a line drawn frM post to post, or tree to tree and stick theaf just in the forward end of the neoki Never kill on a damp day. You may pick all sorts of birds dry, If you don't tear the skin, but you mini scald them afterwards by dipping theiii suddenly in and out of boiling water. Don't scald the legs too much, whether you pick first or afterwards. Bo careful of that. You must pick them clean, and tbe aftor-scalding makes them look plump and good. Never draw a bird. It is worth wbik to pny freight on intestines, because meat cannot be kept sweet long, after beia^ drawn, and the air admitted inside of th# It is a practice of souse of the bait poultrymen. after the bird Is pftieked,1» plunge them suddenly into boiling watdTf and then immediately into cold watw. This gives them a clean plump append ance, and .kes them look fat if they af« in decently good condition when killed. Nothing, however, can muko a poor bifdt look well, while ill dressing will make the best bird look poor. Lay the birds npoft cfean boards, In a cold room, till perfectly cool and th» pack in bosca with clean rye and straw, so that they eanjtat toaeh other. TUI AXERICAV STOCK Joi/airit FREE FOR THREE MONTHS.—This moA valuable, interesting and instructive JociH XAt., for Farmers and Stock Breederft§ will be sent free, the balance of this yea(*f to all subscribers for 1870, sent in bofo*i Jan. Ist. This gives each subscriber ov# 500 large double column pages of reading matter for tho small snm of $1,00. SenA for Specimen Copies, Show Bills, nn^l Premium Lists (which will 1be Beak free.) Get up a club and rcceive some of the many valuablo and useful Premium* offered by the Publishers, N. P. BOYER A Co' Parkesburg, Chester Co., Pa. An old trapper, who crossed the West-* em plains thirty-(ivo years aso, sajp there was no grass at all, but only a fejf sage bushes and cacti. Now there is qi thin soil formed over the sand and grave^ and grass covers the entire surface. Ar£ it appears that this enriching process gocp on faster and faster every year. This ia why so many people havo been astonishe^ at not finding any "Great Antericnfi Desert," and conclude that it was only# myth. The truth is that it did exist, but, like many of these things in this change ful America, it has passed away. A Berlin antiquary claims to have re ceived the coffin in wh:ch Juliet was buried at Veron *, and reoently gave a party, when Shakspearo's play was read over tha alleged re.nuins of Romeo's inamorata. He may havo obtained a coffin ar Yeronf, but not that with Juliet's ashes. least, the many thousand visitors to tl^|. hypothetical tomb at Verona have nevqp been able to discover anything of the kin|» Russia now keeps up an army of 1 467,000 men. There is only one four-cylinder presa in Germany. Much of the ice now sold ia London actually arrived there in 1866. In 1*07 tho number of arreeta for habitual drunkenness, in London was 1Q0* 357. A Frexch expedition ie to go to tha Mediterranean to observe the mcteoiit showers in November. A London publisher proposes to reprint in one or more volumes all that has beqn u i s e i n E n a n a n A e i a Byron controversy. Louis Napoleon has drawn ten lrtTTTfon franc's from his balance in the Bank of England, to defray the expense* hia wife's pilgrimage. —.. The London Toinuhawk has a two-page cartoon, representing Mrs. Stowe peering into tbe grave of the Byroos, •bad* of t|» psaMwra tor 4 1' Never pack in barrels if yon can get good dry goods boxes, ns the rolling of the barrels injures the poultry. WeU packed boxes of well prepared birds will keep sweet for a long time in cool weathh e*, and may be transported by express wp by rail, and arriving in eood order, MI be sold readily at the highest market price. CISTERN- WATER.—Ward Bullard, aft Weybridge, Vermont, gave the followirg, as, in bis opinion, the best method ff keeping the contents of a cistern fro«|: stagnating and becoming offensive. Let the spout run to the bottom of the cistern. You will then have new water every tinp, it rains. The old water will be moved (jf borne up and thrown off. Sometimes* single rain will throw off all the old wa ter, and give entirely new. If you have any doubt of this, fill a pail of water, ruit a tube to the bottom of it, and, by mcuq^ of a funnel, turn more water into it Iqf way of the tube, and you will seo that the water you turn into the tube will go to the bottom of tho pail, and tbe water you put in first will be thrown off. A GIRL or THE AGE.—A paper thiM describes a specimen of this genus in Nept., York: "She went to tlw theatre aod tvttif parties in ono evening, carried on thr«|L flirtations at each, and the next day refus||": three offers of marriage, accepted two, and broke off tho previous engagement®! read four novels, wrote two letters and otia? hundred note-' of invitation practiced her music lesson, made herself twnew waterfall^ ate breakfast, lunch and dinner enough fpy two milkmen took a walk on Fif^i Avenue, bought two pounds of Frenqfe candy, and ate it, rode to tbe Centrf| Park with ono of her lovers, and walked home with the other."