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WKEKI-Y JOURNAL. OFFICE OVER THE POST OFFICE. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. OM Copy, 1 JTMr, $ 2 00 Ten coplea, (to ont addrets,) 15 00 MVABIABLY IK ADViKCI. Subscription* reccelved for 8 months at yearly ratei RATES OF ADVERTISING. llfaHt (13 M» lew,) inMrtloo, 1 00 1 '2 iso 1 month, 2 60 I 8 «00 1 io oo 1 1 year, 15 00 A liberal dtdnction mad* on larger lulvertiaementa. All transient advertising must be paid for in ndrance Dallv. per annum, $0,00. Trl-Weekly 3 00. fgyThe Courier, to sustain its charge that President Lincoln has "trampled upon one of the sacred provisions of the Constitu tion" in signing the bill for the admission of Western Virginia, says the Constitution pro vides that "no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State." Had the editor not designed to deceive his readers he would have given the entire section (8, Art. IV.) from which he quotes, which is as follows "New States may be admitted by the Con gress into this Union, but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be formed by the junction of two more States, or parts of States, tr!th ut the consent of the Legis latures of the Stale* concerned, at well a* of the Congress." Of course the consent of the only legal Legislature of Virginia as well as of Congress was given to this measure. Perhaps, howev er, the Courier thinks its friends in the rebel Legislature of Virginia should have been con sulted about it. They and their allies at the North are Jhe only persons who have found fault with the measure or been able to detect anything unconstitutional in it. Feeling In the Army. An intelligent member of the 25th Iowa, who is placed in a position to know whereof he speaks, writes as follows concerning the feeling in the array. Would it not be well for tories to take warning? I feel more than ever like doing my whole duty to my country. I take pride in doing my duty as a soldier should, and can endure, without murmuring, all that may be required of me. No man can know, unless put to the test, of what he is made nor can he tell what may be accomplished. Any one can enjoy and appreciate the bendpts of a good Government while all is peace and prosperity, but that man who can quietly remain at home, without good cause, and condemn and en deavor by precept to weaken the Govern ment, when overtaken by adversity, is not fit to live I No free thinking, loyal people should permit such men to pollute any community by their vile presence. THE AFRICAN REGIMENTS. Some of the African regiments, upon the organization of which the President has determined, will be employed to guard the banks of the Missis sippi after it shall have been opened by our fleets and armies. The immense black pop ulation resident on the great river will, when freed and armed, be amply sufficient to pro tect peaceful commerce from molestation.— Other African regiments will be employed to garrison the forts below New Orleans and on the coast which are exposed to the diseases of a Southern climate. Others will doubtless be used to enforce the proclamation of free dom for the benefit of their brethren. It is surmised that Gen. Phelps will hare an African command. This is the realization of Gen. Cameron's plan of a year ago, the unpopulaiity of which at the time indirectly led to his withdrawal from the Cabinet. JACKSON AND MARTIAL LAW.—A single fact will overthrow the four or five columns which have lately appeared in the Journal in refer ence to General Jackson's declaring martial law at New Orleans. When the old hero spoke the city of New Orleans was threatened with an attack from the flower of the British army, and he declared martial-law only over the territory where actual war continued.—1 Lincoln has declared martial-law over all the States—loyal as well as rebel.— Courier. You are, as usual, very much mistaken, Judge—your "single fact" will do no such thing for one or two weighty reasons: 1st. There was no "actual war," in the sense of active hostilities, at New Orleans at the precise time when General Jackson declared martial law. It was a precautionary measure in anticipation of the mischief that might be attempted on the part of those citi zens who were not In sympathy with the national cause. 2d. It was exercised over loyal territory. Sd. This being the case, it was in all respects an exact parallel to the action of President Lincoln—the means being the same, the object the same, and the field of operation the same—with this advantage in favor of the President that in him is vested the authority of commander-in-chief, while Jackson was acting under the limited authority of a sub ordinate command. Now, when it is remembered that the means employed by "Old Hickory" for the preservation of New Orleans were justified and cordially endorsed by a Democratic Con gress of that day, and adopted as a cardinal principle of the Democratic party, does it not betray the most loathsome degeneracy that the organ of that party, in our day, while professing to do homage to the "sublime principles of Old Hickory," cannot treat of the application of the same principles for the preservation and safety of the Union in terms of the most ordinary decency, forbearance or respect If such a measure was necessary in the presence of a foreign foe, how much more necessary in guarding against the trea sonable machinations of a domestic foe, whose aiders and abetters are so largely dis tributed and so intimately associated through out the loyal States. TH* EMANCIPATION PPBOCLAMATION.—The President's Proclamation meets with indiffer ent favor from the newspapers of New York. The Evening Pott alone approves it without qualification. The Commercial Adver titer supports the measure, regretting its necessity. The Tribune complains that it falls short in excepting certain States and parts of States, the Timet objects that it should have been made a purely military order, in timating that the difference in form will be an obstacle to the maintenance of its validity before the Supreme Court, before which tri bunal it declares it will come in some shape, sooner or later. The Journal of Commerce, World, Herald, and Exprett, as might have been expected, disapproved the proclamation altari* -J twe sr R-.. V a e- s u i i z Weitem Virginia. Our neighbor down the Avenue evidently thinks he has us on the hip, concerning our declaration that "the rebel Legislature of Virginia and their allies north are the only persons north who have found fault with the measure or been able to detect anything un constitutional in it," We may have express ed ourselves in too general terms, but when the Courier says not one Republican mem ber of Congress who made a speech upon the subject but what admitted its unconstitution ality," we pronounce it untrue. Our recol lection is that Mr. Conway was the only Re publican in the House who so opposed it.— As to the division of the Cabinet, we have only to say that telegrams of Cabinet pro ceedings are mighty uncertain things. We however submit again, That no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, WITHOUT TUB CONSENT OF TI1E LEGISLATURES OF TIIE STATES CONCERNED, AS WELL AS OF CONGRESS." That the State of Virginia, AS IT WAS, is in rebel lion its Executive and Legislative branches refuse to recognize the Government of the United States. A portion of her people, still loyal and recognizing the parent Government, declare themselves independent of rebel Vir ginia and organize a new State Government. Will the Coarier bear in mind that the Legislature of this new State is the only one in Virginia,—that it has given its consent to being made one of the family of States, and therefore requires only the additional consent of Congress Or will the Courier insist that before the General Government can dispose of its rebellious territory, it must first treat with its people, in arms against that Govern ment. Is not the simple truth this—that the Courier fears the loyal representation from Western Virginia on the floors of Congress? It sneeiingly alludes to Mr. Lincoln's asser tion that he is bound to take care of his friends." We ask, in the name of all that is loyal and true, if Mr. Lincoln, as President, is not bound by his solemn oath to take care of the loyal men of the country, who only are his friends Is it any disparagement to his wisdom or integrity that he should say he was bound to take care of his loyal friends in Virginia who had stood faithfully by him •A Tory Democracy will receive no crumbs of comfort from our new-made sister, Western Virginia. That's what's the matter! Consistency Is a jewel, even among tories. We have a distinct recollection of sundry speeches made by E. H. Thayer, which were applauded with much SPIRIT, declaring liimsell in favor of the Constitution as it i-s, and the Union as it w-a-s. We have also an idea, that in our school days (halcyon hours!) we were led to believe, that the old Federal Union contained Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hamp shire, Vermont and Connecticut,—that is to say, the States last named were supposed to belong to the Union at it was. Were we in error, then, when we understood Mr. Thay er to say, he was in favor of the Union with those Puritanical States right where our fathers put them Why is it, then, that to day the Mid Mr. Thayer is advocating a separation of the West from New England We reply, that the Union-Constitution cry was a bid for votes from soldiers in the field. Having been kicked out of camp by them, he bares his heart so dark with treason, and we are enabled to see the hissing serpent in all its horrid deformity. Was it worse for the Charleston Mercury to advocate the se cession of South Carolina from the Union than for the Courier to' advocate the seces sion of Iowa from New England Or can a separation of the West from the East be ef fected without a dissolution of the Union Is E. H. Thayer a less guilty traitor than Alex. Stephens, Wm. Yancy, Jeff. Davis, or Geo. N. Stephens What should be his reward Unexceptionable So much of Gov. Seymour's message as contains the following language This spirit of disloyalty must be put down. It is inconsistent with all social order and social security with the safety of persons and property. When the flood-gates of war were opened, the Administration could not grasp its dimensions, nor control its swoop. The Government was borne along by the current, and struggled as it best could with the resistless tide. Few seemed able to compre hend its military and financial problems.— Hence we are not to sit in harsh judgment upon errors in conduct or policy." Will our loyal friend dawn the Avenue be governed accordingly, inasmuch as the author is his present political god Iowa .Kcw». Three steamers brought 73J sielt and wounded soldiers to Keokuk last week. A small proportion of these are Iowa meq, the others arc mostly from Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin. The State Administration as now consti tuted is as follows: Governor, Samuel J. Eirkword Lieutenant-Governor, J. R. Need ham Secretary of State, James Wright Treasurer of State, W. H. Holmes Auditor of State, J. W. Cattell Register of the Land Office, J. A. Harvey Attorney General, C. C. Nourse. The changes from the past four years are in Secretary, Treasurer and State Land Office. The nett proceeds of a Fair held at Iowa City during holiday week, for the ben efit of the Sisters' House, were $1,058.— Pretty good. —Mr. Remnger, a well to-do fanner of John son county, was. lately diddled out of $80, 000 in cash, at Chicago, by a set of sharpers A smoath swindler, aided by other experts, managed to borrow the $80,000 for a tempo rary emergency, and then slid at the first opportunity. So says the Iowa City Repub lican. Small pox is prevailing in Burlington and Mount Pleasant. The Desmoines Register says altered bills on the Muscatine Branch Bank,—$ls raised to $10s—are circulating in that city. Lieut. Col. Magill and Major Clark, of the 20th Iowa infantry, have been mustered out of the service for alleged violation of or ders ia crossing the Mississippi at Helena, and being captured by the enemy. A young man named Miller, residing near Millersburg, Iowa county, was killed on Christmas eve, by the explosion of a gun into which he was blowing for the purpose of as wrtaining whether it loaded. A",'U "6Y JOHN MAHIN. MUSCATINE, IOWA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, L863. Correspondence of the Daily Journal. From WuMliiueton, IIow Mahony and Shetcard came to he "Honorably Discharged/"—The facts as officially ttated by the Judge Advocate, and the Superintendent of the Old Capi tol Prison. WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 1863. In one of the first letters of this corres pondence, perhaps the very first, I spoke of the release of Mahony and Sheward, and, in general terms, described the oath which was administered on that occasion, and which was the key that unlocked to them the door of the Old Capitol Prison. I then said that I would soon try and give the oath in full. It very soon appeared, howeve, in the Gate City, and I thought no more of it, til seeing what a great ado was attempted to be made out of their alledged "honorable dis charge." The facts are now officially stated over the signatures of Major Turner, Judge Advocate, William P. Wood, Superintendent of the Old Capitol Prison, and Captain lliggina, com manding the Prison Guard. They show that Mahony and Sheward at first, when called up to be examined for discharge, exhibited a disloyal spirit, and refused to take the oath of unconditional allegiance that, when ar rested in the first place, they and their friends had been informed of the charges preferred against them that it was at their own re quest that a clause was put into their oaths forbidding their bringing suit against those who had been instrumental in their arrest that they were not "honorably discharge" by any competent order or authority, and have in reality palmed off upon the public a fraud by making an "honorable discharge'' out of a mere safeguard against re-arrest as runaway prisoners. These and other things the doc uments now submitted show, proving that this lovely pair of prisoners, not to mention some of their friends, are as devoid of truth fulness as they are devoid of patriotism. I coppy the letters entire, precisely as re ceived from the hands of the writers. In the letter by Superintendent Wood, an error is once made in the initials of Capt. Higgins' name, or, probably, the mistake o rcurred at the office of the "Dubuque newspaper," from which, in the place referred to, ho simply copies. ADVOCATE TURNER S I.ETTBR: WAB DEPARTMENT, Washington City, Dec. 17th, 1862. Sir:—In reply to your letter of the 15th, (which came to hand yesterday afternoon,) I have the honor to say That D. A. Mahony and D. Sheward, of Iowa, (from the voluminous proofs in my of fice,) were arrested and imprisoned on charges of uttering and publishing treasonable and disloyal sentiments, and they and their friends were informed of the same That their atto.ney and friend (Judge Mason) brought to me files of the Dubuque Beraid, to vindicate Mahony, and the Con stitution and Union was sent me to impli cate and vindicate Shewaid That a large number of affidavits for and against them were also presented That on or about September 26th last, Ma hony and Sheward, with many others, were before me with the view of discharging them, if their examination was satisfactory. On that occasion Mahony and Sheward manifest ed a disloyal spirit, refused to take the oath of allegiance unconditionally and support the Government in its efforts to crush the rebel lion. They were not discharged, while other: were, who willingly took the oath of allegi ance unconditionally. They were informed of the reason that thej were not released, and their friends al so. Afterwards Judge Mason and others of tbeir fiiends, as I am informed, interposed and advised them to take the oath of allegi ance unconditionally, and about November 10th last I was informed that they desired to to take the oath, and I requested the Super intendent to bring them to my office on the next day. The next morning I received advice from the U. 8. Marshal of Illinois that certain per sons, who had been discharged upon giv ing heavy bonds, were instituting criminal and civil proceedings against all the persons who were at all connected, in thalf State, in making the charges and arrests, and were conducting themselves so as to hinder and deter public officers from executing the laws. As the persons who were thus acting were the associates of Mahony and Sheward, while at the Old Capitol Prison, and from the same section of country, I deemed it best to defer releasing them until further consid eration and I informed Judge Mason, and the superintendent thereof, of the ciuse of defering it. This was communicated to Mahony and Sheward by some one, as the same day they sent word to me that they would not only take the oath of allegiance unconditionally, but that they desired to make an oath that they would not annoy and harrass public of ficers by vexatious suits, as Green, O'Dell and Mebaffy had done. An oath was accordingly prepared by mo, according to their request, and sent to them for the approval. The next morning they came to my office with the Superintendent, saying they had examined the oath as drawn up by me at their request, and that it was as they desired. They then subscribed and swore to the same, together with Messrs. Mulkev and Duff. I asked them if either was a member of the Knights of the Golden Circle or other secret association, the object being to resist the draft, collection of taxes, &c., and oaths ad ministered, and penalty, death. Each one declared that he was not. I then asked them if they were willing to make oath to it, and all said yes. I accordingly drew such an oath and they all signed and made oath to it. I say, therefore, that the oath of allegisnce, with the clause, not to commence suits, was inserted at their request, and upon their ap plication to me to have the clause inserted. It is the only oath, with such a clause in serted, that I ever administered, and this was done at the request of those making the oath. I gave the Superintendent the discharges for Mahony and Shewaid, with Mulkey and O'Dellftn the usual form in such cases and the words "honerablv discharged" were not therein. I have the honor to be Your obedieat servant, [Signed] L. C. TURNER, Judge Advocate. ICopj of a letter lfem "Superintendent of the 014 Capitol Prison.] OLD CAPITOL PRISON, Washington, D. C., Dec. 24,1862. Sir:—I am now, and for upwards of a year past have been, Superintendent of the Old Capitol Prison, and the custodian of all pris oners who during that period have been there held. I have now before me a printed certificate, cut out of a Dubuque newspaper, which reads as follows: "OLD CAPITOL PRISON, "Washington, D. C.T Nov. 11, 1862.) To all whom it may concern: This will certify that the bearer, Dennis Mahony, a prisoner of State, has been duly and honorably discharged from custody at this prison. By order of the Secretary of War. "CAPT. I. B. IIIGGINS, "Co. A, SOth N. Y. V., Commanding. £he circumstances under which the certifi cate was given were these: On the day of its date I received an order from Major L. C. Turner, Judge Advocate, which read as follows: WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington City, D. C., Nov. 11, '62. "To Superintendent Oil Capitol Prison "I. II. Mulke}', I). A. Mahony, D. Sheward and Andrew 1). Duff, having taken the oath of allegiance, you will discharge tli8m from custody. By order of the Secretary of War. 5v- "L. C. TURNER, "Judge Advocate." On receiving this order, I directed my clerk to make out a cer: ificate of discharge for each of the prisoners, in accordance with the terms of the order, as a safeguard, as was usual ia such cases, to protect them against re-arrest as runaway prisoners, while going home, and as it was then necessary for me to leave the prison, on business, for a short time, 1 di rected Capt. 1J. L. lliggins, who was then in charge of the guard, to sign the safeguards and give them to the prisoners when they were ready. When the safeguards had been prepared the prisoners examined them, and Mr. Maho ny insisted that the words and honorably ought to be inserted, because they had, under oath, voluntarily undertaken to behave peace ably and loyally on their release. I showed them the order of the Judge Ad vocate, and pointed out that it merely direct ed their unconditional discharge. Hereupon Mr. Mahony insisted that if the Judge Advo cate was present he would furnish them with a certificate in the form they desired, whi n, yielding to Mr. Mahony's importunity, I di rected my clerk to draw up new forms to suit Mr. Mahony, adding to the old ones the words and honorably." The new forms were signed by the Captain of the Guard. The above safeguard is a copy of Mr. Ma hony's, and the others were all of the same form. As it did not seem to be a matter of any importance how a certificate was word ed that was intended merely as a safeguard, I thought that there would be no harm in putting it in the form Mr. Mahony desired, and I now see none, except that it was done without authority or orders, which shall not happen in another case. Having complied with your request to state, in writing, my official position and all 1 know about the Mahony certificate, I have the honor to be, Your obedient servant, (Signed) WILLIAM P. WOOD, Sup't Old Capitol Prison. A far as I am individually concerned the above statement is correct. (Signed) CAFT. B. L. HIGOIHS, Command'g Guard, O. C. Prison. I am satisfied with the correctness of the above statement. (Signed) ARTIIUE P. DREW, Clerk. Thus do these plain and explicit statements contradict at every point the shameless alle gations made by these men released by the clemency of the Government. Dodge met Sheward at Burlington, with welcome on his lips and a tallow-candle in his hand. A crowd of rag-tags, with tallow-candles in their hands too, followed the returned prisoner to the mansion of the ex-Minister to Spain, and then they abused the Government and guzzled whisky. Ex-Minister Jones, a better dancer and a little more indiscreet traitor than Dodge, met Mahony at Dubuque,with a tallow-candle in his hand, and ordered Judge Wilson to make the welcoming speech, which was done accordingly. And so the two men in Iowa who have received more money at the hands of the Government than any score of men in the State were the welcomers from prison of the two men who had done all in their power to break down that Government, and whose instincts were so base that they transformed their very release from that prison into a fraud. Sheward is quite below contempt 'Mahony has brains, and is responsibfe. He is indebted first to this Government and then to Iowa for the public emoluments (and they have not been few) which once, at all events, placed him far above the most of his countrymen. He adds to his treason an unusual degree of ingratitude. I had hoped that he would remain silent after his return, and if he could not love his country that he would at least respect the truth. I thought badly of him, but not so badly as I ought. "There are souls, which, crab-like, crawl continually towards darkness, going back in life rather than advancing in it using what experience they have to increase their deformity grow ing worse without ceasing, and becoming steeped more and more in an intensifying wickedness." The words are in Fautine— Mahony can make the application, without calling on his neighbors. LINKENSALE. REV. H. C. D. HIDES HIMSELF.—Oar read ers will probably remember an article going the rounds of the Tory papers charging that a squad of Missouri Militia made a raid into Southern Iowa, and committed many atrocious deeds against the peace and p: rsonal security of Iowa citizens. The Keosauqua Republi can is pretty well convinced that the article was written by the Rev. H. Clay Dean, who, at the time of the alleged outrages, was down in that part of the State. The Republican has received a communication from Isaac Nelson, Jonathan Nelson and other good men who reside in the neighborhood wherein the troubles occurred, which declares the aforesaid article to be colored, distorted and miserably false. The communicatiou states that Henry C. Dean, so soon as he saw the Militia coming, hid himself in an out-house on the premises of Jonathan Nelson. He was fearful that Mr Nelson would report to the soldiers certain language which he (Dean) had just been using to Nelson, and which, if communicated to the soldiers, wa9 likely to bring the Rev. scamp into difficulty. He beg ged Nelson not to inform the Militia Captain anything about his presence or bis language, and retired to the out house, shaking with mortal terror.—Desmoines Reg. One day last week, a lard tank in the fac tory of H. Ritchie, corner of Wolcott street and Grand Haven slip, Chicago, exploded with great violence. The tank, which weighs about 3,009 pounds, was carried a distance of more than 200 feet from i ts bed. The building and contents were scattered far and wide, and Hugh McGlellan, who had been seven years in Mr. Ritchie's employ, was very severely, but it is hoped not fatally injured. Archbishop Hughes has published a letter, in which he earnestly advises all young men against joining secret associations. He says he has seen more than one young Irishman brought to the scaffold because he had pre viously placed his neck in the halter of some unhappy fraternity. The twenty-sixth asteroid has been dis covered by M. D' Arrest, of the Observatory af Copenhagen. This being the first discov ery of the kind in so high a northern latitude, M. D'Arrest proposes a name from the Scan dinavian mythology—Freya, the hyperborean -'T TELEGRAPHIC. Additional Details of the Vicks- JHU$ Battle. Geu. Wyman, of Chicago, "Killed. Gen. Gorman going to Napoleon, Arkansas. Gen. Ilooker to have Command of the Army of the Potomac. EXCITING NEWS FROM MISSOURI. Springfield Attacked by a Rebel Force of 6,000 men, with Six Pieces of Artillery. Gallant Defense by Gen. Brown. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. To-day's Richmond papers contain official dispatches from liragg, in which he acknowl edges that he found our forces too strong for him, and he was compelled to fall back to Tullahoma. Dispatches to Richmond say he lost very heavily. The bill for letters of marque and reprisal against rebels, referred to-day, will probably pass after being amended so as to include foreign enemies as well as domestic ones. Richmond papers received to-day by Gen. Dix, at Fortress Monroe, admit the defeat sustained by Bragg at Murfreesboro, and la ment over the idea that the Yankees would now obtain possession of East Tennessee, from which an army of 200,000 men could not drive them (the Yankees). A partial report from Admiral Porter of the late operations above Vieksburg has been received at the Navy Department. It makes detailed mention of the wounded. Com mander Gwinn refused to go into the pilot house, on the quarter-deck, which was the Captain's place. The impression in the best informed mili tary circles, to-night, is that Gen. Butler will soon be sent hack to the Mississippi river, with an enlarged command and extended authority. The Republican states that Count Megan, who was accused by Gen. Butler of having acted banker for Jeff. Davis, has been dis missed by Mesires, the French Minister, after examination of the records of Megan's acts, without any other action on the part of the Government, except presentation of the case. M. Farcount has been recognized by our Government as Consul at New Orleans. A Times special says it is positively assert ed that an important change will be made in the War Department by the 20th inst. Some believe that Stanton contemplates retirement —others that Assistant Watson is going while still others insist that both the chief and subordinate will vacate together. In case of a change in the head of that Department, public sentiment among the unconditianally loyal demands the appointment of General Butler to the position. The Committee on Ways and Means held a laborious session to-day of over six hours, and adjourned to meet again at 10 o'clock to morrow. The recommendations submitted to the committee were generally approved.— It is likely that the amount of legal tender notes agreed upon may be increased to $300,000,000, and the same amount of cur rency bonds may be authorized, having three years to run and bearing interest. The receipts from duties under the Excise and International Revenue taw, up to date, have been $8,470,116 10. HEADQUARTERS ARMY POTOMAC, Jan. 7. The news from the rebel side, relative to the fight at Murfreesboro, is to the effect that the rebels had takeen 4,000 prisoners and 26 guns. Jeff. Davis has returned to Richmond. He deltvered a bitter and violent speech against the Federal Government and its officers, and denounces us guilty of most enormous crimes. Although the rebel forces in front of our army at Port Royal arc withdrawn entirely from view, it is not believed that any part of them have been sent to reinforce Bragg. No movement of importance has taken place for several days. NASHVILLE, Jan. 7. Our whole loss at Murfreesboro in killed and wounded and missing, was not over seven thousand. The rebel loss from twelve to fifteen thou sand. Our army is pursuing the rebels. Our rear yesterday eight miles beyond Murfreesboro, reported a rebel wagon train captured 18 miles beyond Murfreesboro. The rebel Gen. Davis was buried to-day no demonstration allowed. The bodies of Gen. Hanson, Capt. Todd, Key and Furgeson, was brought in by the Louisville Legion to-day. Considerable quantities of contraband goods were captured by our pickets. Weather cold, and river at a stand. MEMPHIS, Jan. 4, via Cairo 7. A special dispatch to the Chicago Tribune says that a gentleman who was on the Vieks burg battlefield on Monday states that Sher man landed his forces at the mouth of Old River on Saturday. The enemy, in almost overwhelming numbers, met him outside the entrenchments. The fight was desperate on Saturday night. Both armies lay on their arms, a bayou only 25 yards wide separating them. i During the night pontoon bridges were prepared and at daylight on Sunday morning the whole force crossed over. After five hours hard figting the 8th Mis-1 souri charged, under a heavy fire, and took the enemy's outer works, consisting of nine Gen. Sherman, being overwhelmed by num bers fell back slowly on Monday evening to the outer works, intending to renew the fight more vigorously on Tuesday. Gen. Morgan L. Smith's brother, who was killed, was in command of the 8th Missouri. The fight of the gunboats in front of Haines' Bluff was still in progress but the re sult was not known. NEW YORK, Jan. 8. News is received from the city of Mexico to Dec. 9. Juarez, with his Cabinet, had just returned from Puebla, where he weat to reward the defenders of the country. He distributed 8,000 medals and decorations to the officers and men who defended that city against the French. The Mexican army is divided into two divisions. Comonfort commands the army for the defense of the city of Mexico, and Dablado the army of the South, to operate against the guerrilla, Meja. A Washington dispatch to the World isdl# take command of the Army of the Potomac, Burnside having again asked to be relieved. Gen. Burnside recently arrested a Brigadier General for using disrespectful language con cerning the Government, but after a retrac tion and reprimand, he was released. CAIRO, Jan. 7. The news from Nashville is exceedingly meagre. It seems that Gen. Sherman was met on Sunday while advancing, by an over whelming force. He captured the "first battery of nine guns on Wednesday r. and at two o'clock he took the 2d line of batteries of Walnut Hill at the point of the bayonet. He held it 40 minutes, when Price's entire army charged upon and captured it. The fighting at this juncture is reported to have been terrible. The 4th Iowa regiment went into the fight with 750 men and came out with 120. Gen. Morgan L. Smith was wounded in the thigh and left breast. Ilis brother was killed. Gen. B. Wyman is killed. Ilis body is en route for Chicago, on the steamer Minehaha, in charge of his son. Gen. Hovey, of Illinois, who, with 15,000 men, was to have supported the charging, was lost and has not yet been heard from. Our loss was estimated at from five to eight thousand. Since this Geif Sherman has been compelled to fall back to his first line of works, where he must await reinforcements. Unless he has them the movement on Vieks burg must be given up. Gen. Gorman is evacuating Helena, and goes to Napoleon, where he will fortify, and eventually pass up the Arkansas River. Banks and Farragut had not been heard from. Jeff Davis and Jo. Johnston were at Vieks burg last week. Davis left previous to Sun day last, and Johnston remained. The Mem phis and Charleston railroad is in running or der to this place the first train came in yes terday. A portion of Grant's army will no doubt go to Vieksburg. The rebels have obtained possession of Napoleon, Arkansas. They lay an embargo on the passage of steamers below that point. It is also stated that they have com menced fortifying. Doubtful. ST. Louis, Jan. 8. Advices from Springfield state that a rebel force, reported to be 6,000 strong, under Burbridge and Marmaduke, with six pieces of artillery, were within two and a half miles of that place, and opened on the town without giving notice to remove the women and chil dren. One thousand rebel cavalry, in line of battle, were visible from the town. General Brown has loop-holed the houses for mus ketry, and will make a vigorous resistance. SECOND DISPATCH. dis- Gen. Curtis has received the followin patch from Gen. Brown: SPRINGFIELD, Mo., Jan. 8-3 P. M. The enemy is crowding into the fight, but my men are behaving well. I am holding all strong positions, and the enemy must fight as I want him, or not to-night. They are fighting for bread. TniRD DISPATCH. Dr. Melcher sends the following, dated this afternoon: Gen. Brown is badly wounded. There has been no serious fighting since noon. The enemy is in large force. The rebels took one of our guns, but were repulsed at (lark. Militia reinforcements are coming in. Prisoners say Marmaduke is in command. I will be reinforced to-night. HEADQUARTERS ARMY POTOMAC, Jan. 8. The usual quiet prevails. Richmond pa pers of this morning contain a Mobile special of yesterday, saying a dispatch from Grenada on the sixth states that an Aid-de-Camp of Gen. Forest, who arrived here this evening, reports the capture of Trenton, Union City and Humboldt, with over two thousand pris oners, two cannon and a large amount of army stores. WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. The Richmond Enquirer of the 5th says: Gov. Letcher has selected from among the prisoners recently sent to Richmond from Gen. Floyd's command, the following officers who will be held in solitary, strict confine ment as hostages for Col. Searrons and oth ers similarly held by the abolition Govern ment Capt. AYm. Graum, Lieut. I. Wade, Capt. T. Dameron, Lieut. Wilson, J. W. Howe, I. Gable, D. V. Arms, S. Puck and Wm. Biles. WASHINGTON, Jan. 8. The following is a synopsis of a bill re ported to-day from the Committee on Ways and Means, to provide for the support of the Government: Section first provides for the issue of $900,000,000 in twenty years per cent bonds, interest payable one half yearly in coin, may be sold yearly for lawful money, certificates of indebtedness, or interest bearing treasury notes, providing that the whole amount of bonds and note s issued under this act shall not exceed $900,000,000, except that the $140,000,000 of seven and ihree-tenths notes may be funded on twenty year bonds, and a further issue for that purpose may be made. Section second provides for $300,000,000 in three years Treasury notes, bearing inter est at 5-47£ per cent per annum, being 1^ per cent per day, in $100, payable semi-an nually in coin, and payable to the creditors ot the Government, and receivable for all dues to the Government, except customs. Section third provides for the issue of three hundred millions in legal tender notes of the usual form. Section fourth provides for fractional notes in place of postal currency, to be engraved and printed in the Treasury buildings, not to exceed fifty millions. Section fifth provides for deposits of coin in the Sub-Treasury, and receipts be given, which may be used to pay custom duties. Section sixth provides the form of the bonds and notes to have the seal of the Treas ury Department. Section seventh taxes bank circulation one per cent in a graduated scale, according to capital stock. Section eighth modifies Sub-Treasury acts so as to allow money obtained for the trans action of International Revenue to be depos- heavy guns, the enemy contesting every inch?ited in banks, in tbeir giving bonds for secu jjy Section ninth provides against counterfeit ing, and appropriates $600,000 to carry the act into effect. of the ground. This fighting over batteries and rifle pits continued until Monday, at 2 p. M., when the 4th Iowa, Col. Williamson, supported by the 13th Illinois, charged upon the works on Walnut Hill, consisting of five guns, and carried them. They were subsequently re taken by Gen. Price. The substitute of Mr. Stevens provides for the issue of registered coupons to the amount not exceeding $300,000,000, payable in coin twenty years after date, and bearing interest at the rate of per cent., payable semi-annu ally, to be issued in such denominations, not less than $50, as may be determined upon by the Secretary of the Treasury also for the issuing of $300,000,000 legal-tender notes. The bill lepeals the gold bearing clause of the former Acts, excepting on bonds already issued, and repeals the Act authorizing the reception of legal-tender notes on deposit. Elisha Whittlessy, First Comptroller of the Treasury, died last night. He was in his 80th year. Richard Elk, an efficient clerk of the Treasury Department for the last thirty years, died this morning. CAIRO, Jan. 9. We have nothing further that is reliable from Vieksburg. The rebels have planted batteries on both sides of the Mississippi at Cypress Bend, thus preventing the passage of transports up. When it is necessary, gunboats will clear these out by way of Grenada. Rumor has reached Memphis that there bad bflAB OA &i YidUAUIflLfiUUiftJwDMIft ZY ,P|Si a*7 .a»4? "fJ iasnwlrr **w *08 .JBU& the 29th. Sherman had been waiting for co-operation from below and reinforcements from above. The Bulletin also states that it hits reliable information that Banks' command is near Vieksburg. DETROIT, Jan. 8.' The Michigan Legislature assembled at Lansing yesterday. The Governor's Message was delivared to day. The Financial affairs of the State are rep resented to be in most satisfactory condition. Adequate sinking funds have been provided for the gradual extinguishment of the present State debt, and a system of taxation, not bur densome, inaugurated, which will prevent fur ther increase of del it. The State has furnished in all 45,5(10 sol diers, of which 24,000 were sent to the field previous to July 1st. There is yet to be raised to fill her quota for last call, twenty nine hundred. Alluding to the proclamation of emancipa tion, which is heartily endorsed, he says: We are about to shake hands with the entire loyal population of the South whether white or black. We shall no longer respect the claims ofa white traitor to compel black loyalists to aid him in destroying the Gov ernment. FRANKFORT, Ky., Jan. 8. The Legislature met to-day. The Governor recommends Kentucky to reject President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, and protests against any inter ference with State policy, as unwarranted by the Constitution. He thinks that the procla mation, in freeing the slaves in the rebellious States, inflicts upon Kentucky a fatal and in discreet blow. The proclamation will have the effect to fire the whole South into one burning mass of inexhaustible hate, and will destroy all hope of restoring the Union, which can only be possible by adhering to the Constitution as it was. The most alarm ing aspect of the proclamation is the usurpa tion of the powers of the government by the President, under the specious plea of military necessity. The Governor advices the Legislature to put on record their protest against the proc lamation. CINCINNATI, Jan. 9. To M*| Gen. Halleck: have just rec ived a dfcpatch from €ten. Granger, that the cavalry force of about 1,000 men, which he sent to East Tennessee, on the 21st ult., under command of Gen. Carter, to destroy the East Tennessee railroad bridges, have been heard from. Granger has just re ceived a dispatch from Gen. Carter, at Man chester, who Ls ou his return, stating that on the 30th he entirely destroyed the Union and Waukega bridges, with 10 miles of railroad track. 550 rebels were killed, wounded and taken prisoners, 700 stand of arms and a large amount of flour, salt and oth rebel stores, and also a locomotive and two cars were destroyed. A brisk skirmish took place at the Waukega bridge, and another at Jonesville. We lost but 10 men. This ex pedition, as characterized by Gen. Granger, has been one of the most hazardous and dar ing of the war, and was attended with great hardships and privations. Owing to the al most impracticable nature of the country, the length of the route, nearly 200 miles each way, and the inclement season, the important results of the expedition can hardly be over estimated, ruining the main rebel army communication between Virginia and the Southwest. Gen. Carter and his officers and men de serve the thanks of the country. Great credit is also due toMaj. Gen. Granger, under whose immediate supervision the expedition was fitted out. (Signed) H. G. WRIGHT, Maj. Gen. COBS. WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. To Major General Wright, Cincinnati: The daring operations and brilliant achieve ments of Gen. Carter and his command are without a parallel in the history of the war, and deserve the thanks of the country. This expedition has proved the capacity of our cavalry for bold and dashing movements, which I do not doubt will be initiated by others. (Signed) H. W. HALLECK, General-in-Chjefi CAIRO, .Jan. 9. The steamer Lancaster had arrived at Mem phis Wednesday morning from Helena, but she brings nothing later from Vieksburg. All was quiet at Helena, which would scein to in dicate that Gen. Gorman had not yet left for below. The officers of the steamer Blus Wing had been leleascd a few days since. Nine telegraph repairers were captured by guerrillas, 20 miles from Memphis, and with in sight of Federal cavalry. They were pa roled. We are now in telegraphic communication with Memphis. There is a rumor here to-night that fighting has been renewed at Vieksburg. I can trace it to no reliable source, though information to that effect may have passed over the wires from Memphis. Three trains with supplies have reached Corinth from Memphis. This garrison had been on half rations three weeks. J. M. Hunter and others, of Ashley, 111., sent a telegram to Gen. Tuttle to-day, saying that the negroes sent there by the Gov ernment had been arrested and would be sold, and asks if there is no redress. BOSTON, Jan. 9. Gov. Andrews' message was delivered to day. It is very lengthy. The aggregate number of troops raised by the State is 60,000. The banking institutions are reported to be in a sound c.md'tion. In concluding, the Governor alludes to the patriotism of Massachusetts soldiers and citi zens, and says they are Unionists in no doubt ful sense. We have held from the beginning that the Government is greater than any clsss of men and interests, and has an original right to the devoted and hearty service of every subject and power. We deny the right fulness of the rebellion, and we are in arms against it. We nave equally denied that the rebel States could rightfully be allowed to en force the treason upon any human being whose interests or desires would make him loyal. While our wives surrender their hus bands, our fathers their sons, to all the perils of dreadful war, we have never discovered a reason why the rebels should retain their slaves and make them rebels, too. Support ing always the Government, without condi tions as to its policy, we rejoice with unalter able joy that its policy is that of human and not of inhuman sophistry. WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. Gen. Halleck has dispatched the following to Gen. Rosecrans: HEADQUARTERS OF TIIE ARMY, WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 9th, 18G3. To Maj. Gen. Ro3ecrana, Commanding the Army of the Cumberland: GENERAL The rebel accounts fully confirm your telegrams from the battle-field. The victory was well earned and is one of the most brilliant of the war. You and your brave army have won the gratitude of your country and the admiration of the world.— The field of Murfreesboro is made historical, and future generations will point where so many heroes fell gloriously, in defense of the Constitution and the Union. All henor to the Army of the Cumberland!—thanks to the living, and tears for the lamented dead. (Signed) Jk JY. HALLECK, General-in-Chief. CAIBO, Jan. 10. ^A dispatch from Memphis this morniDg says Gen. McClernand had arrived at Vicks had superceded Gen. Sherman in sppw. -few™ VOL. XIV—NO. 28. command. There had been no fighting foifc several days. |g It is reported in Memphis that Banks antP Farragut are advancing from below. Sher man's forces are falling back. NEW YORK, Jan. 10. Yesterday afternoon the new and splendid* steamer George Griswold, loaded with gifts of food for the famishing operatives of Lanca shire, was towed down the bay. This morning she wi 1 spread her sails and start on heB voyage. As she moved down the bay shej was saluted by several British vessels in tho harbor, and the crowd of sailors and citizen# on her deck, as well as on the steamer which' towed her out, and on other vessels in the: vicinity, exhibited their generous enthusiasm by the most vociferous cheers. The Richmond Examiner, of the 8th inst., says a rumov was current yesterday that Gen. Sumner and his division had left Acquis Creek, on transports, for th® South. NEW YORK, Jan. 10. A Murfreesboro dispatch says the loss of the rebels increases daily. 2,000 of their wounded were sent to Loveroque yesterday. Many more were left here, but cannot bo moved. Their wounds are frightful and most of them will die. LATEST. Loveroque has been accidentally honied, so that the rebel wounded have to be sent to Nashville and thencc to Louisville, for treat ment. WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. The following nominations have been sent to the Senate by the President: W. E. Phillips, of Ills., to be Consul of the U. S., at Petersburg Thos. H. Clay, of Ky. to be Minster, resident of the U. S., to the Republic of Nicaragua, to the place of A. B. Dickens, who resigned C. G. Wheeler, Con sul of the U. S. at Nureinburg N. L. Wilson, oj Indiana, Consul of La Union San Salvador J. LI. Mansfield, of Wisconson, Consul at Tobasco, in the place of N. L. Wilson A. Falsoin, of Illinois', Consul of the U. S. at Cape Ilaytein J. Casby, of Kentucky, Con sul of the U. S. at Geneva. CAIRO, Jan. 11. By an arrival from tVe mouth of the Yazoo, to-day, we have authentic accounts from Vieksburg. Sherman's repulse was complete. Ilis entire force, under the direction of Gen. McClernand, re-embarked on Sunday on trans ports, closely pressed by the rebel advance. On coming in range of the gunboats, the reb els were driven back with a severe losJ, by the guns on the fket. The entire fleet and transports, with the troops on board, had reached Island No. 82, at last accounts, and were on the way to Na poleon. Nothing definite had yet been heard from Banks and Farragut, though rumors of their advance were plenty. All hands agree that the attack on Vieks burg, by Sherman, was premature. The General himself evidently did not expect to meet the force he did, as he remarked, be fore debarking his troops, that 24 hours af tir landing he should be in Vieksburg. He seems also to have failed to co-operate with the fleet in the attack on the battery at Haines' Blutl', as had been agreed. That stronghold is yet uninjured. Gen. Sherman is charged with having de tained steamers from coming up in order to conceal his misfortunes to have opened and read letters of correspondents there, and to have suppressed some of them. He also threat ened to put the correspondents in front and set them to carrying powder. This is the unan imous testimony of those who have arrived to-day. The engagement was less general than heretofore reported. The principal fighting :was done by the centre, under command of Gens. Smith and Blair. The conduct of the latter is highly spoken of. He had his horse shot under him, and then led his troops on foot. Our loss, as near as could be ascertained, was 600 killed and 500 wounded, and near 1,000 missing. Capt. Gwyn died on Satur day. Gen. Grant's forces are marching to Mem phis, where his headquarters will be in a day or two, and f.iom movements on the river it (would appear that McClernand will be largely reinforced from his command. Gen. Ewing. with one regiment of his bri gade, is here, bound down the river. The stern-wheel steuner Jacob Musselman was burned by guerrdlas at Bradley's Land ing, 12 miles above Memphis. She had land ed for tho purpose of taking on board ICO bales cotton. When the Claoa Belle passed, a few hours after, no one was seen on shore. Part of the crew and passengers escaped in boats. On the morning of the 8th, at daylight, Capt. Moore, of the 2d Illinois cavalry, with detachments from the 52d Illinois and 32d Iowa infantry, in all 101 men, attacked a reb el camp of 300 at Ilenton's Knob, 3 miles east of Fort Pillow. The rebels were com pletely surprised—16 killed, 40 taken prison ers, and 50 horses and a fine lot of small arms captured. Federal loss, 2 slightly wounded and 2 horses killed. The expedition was ab sent from Ft. Pillow only 27 hours. These facts are ascertained from Chas. Aldrich, Ad jutant 32d Iowa. FT. MONROE, Jan. 9. Capt. Ludlow, of Gen. Dix's staff, has just returned from City Point, having accomplish ed the exchange of prisoners, which will res tore to immediate service about 20,000 of our paroled men 1st, all the officers and men who were delivered at City Point from the 11th of November. 1862, to Jan. 1st, 1863 2d, all officers and men captured at Harper's Ferry 3d, all officers and men paroled at Winchester, Nov. loth and 26th, and Dec. 1st, 1862 4tli, all officers and men paroled by Col. Imboden, Nov. llth, 1802 5th, all officers and men paroled at Goldsboro, N. C., May 22d, 1862, and delivered at Wash ington, N. C. Oth, all captures in Missouri, Arkansas, New Mexico, Texas, Arazonia and Louisiana, up to Jan. 1st, 1863, are duly ex changed 7th, all captures in Kentucky, Ten nessee, Alabama, South Carolina and Florida, up to Dec. 10th, 1862 all captures on the sea or gulf coast, and waters flowing into the same, up to Dec. 10th. 1862. em Paragrraplig. Kossuth, with a large number of Hunga rians, has left Turin for Greece. The total internal revenue of the sixth Ccngressional Distiict of Indiana, foots up $53,597.64. A famine is at present desolating Finland. Out of a population of two millions nearly half a million are starving. The price of flax seed has advanced from $1,35 to $2,75 per bushel—the highest prico yet realized in this country. The counties of Warrick, Spencer, and Dubois, Ina., have produced a tobacco crop the present year, valued at $600,000. AN ARMY or MECHANICS.—Uncle Sam em ploys 12,000 mechanics and laborers at his different Navy Yards and establishments. The New York Evening Post estimates that the amount of specie in the United States at the present time, is $716,000,000. The gold pen with which the President signed the Emancipation Procla i ation has been presented to George Livermore, of Cam bridge, Mass. One jeweler in New York sold $90,000 worth of Christmas pieseats. Army con tractors and their wives spend money with a fearful looseness. The Charleston Mercury publishes a table in which it concedes the death, on tho battle field, in hospital, etc., of one hundred thous* and men since the war commenced. *11*1 pif »*.