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vuniu mcalmt tlie UoTernment,
Our readers have doubtless already read an
account of the capture of four secret foes of
the Government, near Reading, Pa., on the
9th of April—viz: Phillip Iluber, Gabriel
Filbert, Dr. Augustus F. Illig and Harrison
Oxenrider. They were taken to Philadelphia
and tried before Commissioner Heazlitt.
Two days after their arrest, 2S0 of their
followers assembled iu the streets of Reading
for the purpose of marching to Philadelphia
and rescuing the prisoners. They drew up,
on horseback, in front of the Court House
for consultation. As soon as the citizens be
gan to be apprised of their object, great ex
citement prevailed and crowds assembled and
would have handled the traitors roughly had
not Mayor Hoyer and John S. Richards, Esq.,
advised them to disperse, which they finally
The following is the testimony of one of
the principal witnesses against Huber and his
William Y. Lyon, a Government Detective,
sworn, testified that he knows Phillip Huber
well, and is slightly acquainted with Dr. Illig,
Gabriel Filbert and Harrison Oxenrider. He
Stated that over two months since he received
intelligence for the first time, and frequently
since, that organizations inimical to the Gov
ernment existed in the neighborhood of Read
ing, and he set himself to work to find out
what truth there was in it. Many people had
complained to him of the existence of those
leagues. On the 21st of March he received
information that a meecing was to be held
near Reading, and he proceeded to the place
indicated, in Marion township, and concealed
himself in the barn of Jacob Sellers, under
the straw. Shortly after a party of men en
tered, Mr. Huber among them, who he recog
nized by his voice. There might have been
one hundred persons there. Shortly after
entering the barn Huber gave orders to search
the building to see if any person was there in
the character of a spy. Witness could not
tell who had spoken, being hid under the
straw. Huber directed the men to run hay
and straw forks through the straw, which was
done, but without discovering the locality of
the witness. They then placed what they
called their pickets around the barn, and
went into secret session. This was about
nine o'clock. After the pickets were placed
Huber administered the obligation to a num
ber present, and did all the talking himself
he denounced the war as unholy, and pro
ceeded to speak in strong terms about the
conscription, &c. he said the organization
was over one million strong, and started in
the South that they had signs, passwords
grips, &c. The witness stated he believed
some eighty-three persons took the obliga
tions of the society at the meeting in ques
tion Huber repeated the obligation verbally,
wherein the members swore to do cestain
things when questioned they answered
"yesHuber gave notice that other meet
ings would be held, and that the time would
be communicated from one member to anoth
er. Witness stated that Huber speaks at all
these meetings one dollar is charged as the
initiation fee and some eighty-three persons,
as near as witness could find out, paid it at
the meeting in the barn. The following was
Hie obligation given after the organization
had gone into secret session:—"Are you in
fcvor of abducting Abraham Lincoln by force,
if necessary? Are you in favor of a North
west Confederacy Are you in favor of re
sisting the draft or conscription act In
regard to Dr. Illig, Filbert and Oxenrider,
witness said he could not say positively that
they were in the barn. Public meetings were
held at a house and the secret session at the
barn. There was no regular discussion at
the barn meeting except the speech made by
Huber. The number of men present was ar
rived at through the amount of money he
heard stated as received, $83.
Huber acts as Treasurer after his arrest
Huber told witness that the organization was
banded together under the Constitution and
the Union, and that the one dollar initiation
fee was to help and assist one another, em
ploy counsel if arrested, &c. that if they
could not do what they wanted to under the
Constitution, they would use force.
These disclosures leave no douht of the
treasonable character of the secret organiza
tion known as "Knights
of the Golden Circle."
It ought to open the eyes of many unsus
pecting "conservatives" who are associating
politically with these secret enemies of the
WHIC& DEMOCRATIC PARTY ExGov.
Wright, of Indiana, always a Democrat bat
never a Copperhead, said, in response to a
serenade in Philadelphia, a few nights ago:
He remarked in opening: that a few nights
ago a prominent Democratic politician had
declared on the street, that if the country
was ever to be saved the Democratic party
was to be the savior. He bad a word or two
to say about the Democratic party. There
are now a genuine and a bogus Democratic
party in this country, and it was important
to know which Democratic party was meant
when it was said that the country was to be
saved by it. Thomas Jefferson was a Demo
crat a genuine Democrat. He Had a Vice
President by the name of Burr. Burr was
inside the Democratic organization and he
was considered as good a Democrat aB Jeffer
son. Jackson was a Democrat. He had
Calhoun in bis cabinet. Calhoun was con
sidered a Democrat. Douglas was a repre
sentative of the genuine Democratic party.
John C. Breckinridge was alsp in the Demo
cratic organization. It would be well to
know whether the auditor alluded to was a
follower of Jackson, Jefferson 9r Douglas, or
was he a follower of Burr, Calhoun and
Breckinridge? [Applause.} When you
bear men talking about the Democratic party
saving this country a$k them whether they
mean the genuine or bogus Democratic party.
There can be no true Democrat' but the war
HT It is remarkably significant of all W
aims and purposes of thex^called Democrat
ic party that as soeti as a Democrat of stand
ing and capacitymrjni 4 word in defense of his
country, he is forthwith .classed with tie
"Abolitionists," Art we to believe that the
Abolitionists ire the only patriots, or simply
that no' man can love his country and be a
Democrat? Cto we bi favored with the opin
ion of the organ of Jeff* TDavis in Muscatine
A man's own conscience is his sole tribu
nal, and he should care no more for that
phantom "opinion" than be shonld fear
meeting ghoet if hie droned the churchyard
England and ear Commerce.
One of the most aggravating features of the
present attempt to suppress rebellion is the
position occupied by England. At the outset
of the rebellion, declaring herself a neutral,
her neutrality has been on one and the wrong
side. It has been a delusion and a cheat.—
Professing friendship, the crown officers have
permitted the most flagrant outrages to be
committed npon the rights of our Govern
ment. They have permitted the building of
armed vessels at the principal sea-ports of
that kingdom, whose well known object was
to prey upon our defenseless commerce.—
They have permitted piratical crafts to sail
from those ports, to burn, destroy, plunder
and imprison American property and citizens
beneath the protecting ajgis of the British
Lion. Pirates have swopt the high seas with
the British ensign at the mast-head, without
a remonstrance or protest against such viola
tions of the rights of neutrals. They have
forbidden our war vessels to follow those out
laws into their ports or when permitted,
prohibited their leaving until the object of
their search was beyond harm's reach. They
have permitted vessels that never were in
any save an English port to be recognized as
the vessels of a neutral at war. They have
permitted those same vessels to refit and re
pair in their ports, when ours have been re
fused the same privilege. The Atlantic and
the Gulf have been lighted up with the blaze
of our burning ships, captured and fired by
officers who alternately raise the English and
rebel flag. Our seamen have been stripped
of clothing and money, and then put ashore
in some colonial port, to find their way home
as best they might.
And yet England professes friendship.—
Had her friendship been sincere, her prohi
bition would have compelled the confederated
pirates of the ocean to haul down, and keep
down, that Nation's flag and to sail beneath
their own bloody banner. Whenever the
Alabama, Florida and others shall sail only
beneath the Confederate flag, then will they
become our captives. Our vessels are fleet
and strong enough to overhaul them under
such circumstances but to crowd on steam
and sail for every British ensign floating over
the ocean, at the perile of producing hostile
relations between our Government and Eng
land, is not an every day occurrence.
Members of the British Parliament boldly
engage in the work of building and equipping
iron-clad war vessels, whose mission it shall
be to prey upon and destroy the very vessels
freighted from our shores with bread to feed
the starving thousands of proud England.—
We have extended to her suffering laborers
the hand of sympathy and of charity we
have freighted our vessels w'th bread we have
sent them our thousands to relive the wants
of poverty we have feted the coming King,
and made consummate fools of ourselves in
the bestowal of our homage. Every English
jockey-cap and round-about that has appeared
upon our prairies and at our sea-ports has
been lionized as only Americans can lionize a
foreigner. In days that are gone we fed
starving Ireland and these are the returns.
Not a craft that runs the blockade to give our
enemies bowie-knives, rifles, cannon and shot"
to shoot and destroy us at the first opportu
nity, that does not run in under the British
flag and Britain rebukes it not. From the
commencement of the war to the present hour
that flag has been our worst foe. It has con
tributed more to strengthen and aid our ene
mies than any other source. From the days
of the Revolution it has never been our friend.
It is at war with our best interests. It is
the ally of this slave-holding rebellion, but
neutral with us.
I o w a N e w
[Oorreepondonoe of the Dully Journal.]
Good for Iowa—The Army of the Potomac
The Provuet Marshals Jor our State—
We cannot refrain from contrasting the
conduct of England, who professes friendship,
with that of France, who makes no special
professions. At the close of this struggle
the American people will remember that no
vessel has assailed our commerce or run the
blockade of our ports floating the French en
sign, and we shall revive the recollection Of
the days when France was our ally. We
shall also at no distant day remember the
treachery of our mother country, and re-call
ing to mind her base conduct, in this our
time of danger and peril, require of her ample
restitution for the past and security for the
future. The government of England is in
the hands of our enemies, but her people are
our friends. Their hopes, their prayers, are
all with U8u Knowing this, we trust our Gov
ernment will insist that our rights upon the
high seas as neutrals shall not be jeopardized
by the flag of England. At all hazards let us
insist that that flag shall not cover ocean pi
rates with impunity. If our commerce must
be sacrificed to the filchings of British Lords'
let us know beneath whose flag. Let pur
rights be maintained at whatever cost.
is sftted that 217 members OTUid'Sd
Iowa Regiment have been commissioned into
—Work has been commenced on the tele-'
graph line front, Burlington to Ottumws.
The line will probably bo completed by the
1st of June.
SUDDEN DUTH.—The Fairfield Ledger an
nounces that Wm. F. Campbell dropped
speechless while delivering an abusive speech
against the GOvertiment at a Copperhead
meeting in Bladensburg, Wapello county, on
the 25th ult. lie died two days afterwards.
He was formerly a member of the Legislature
from Wapello county. Death tinder ordinary
circumstances is to be dreaded, bqt under
these circumstances is fearful to contemplate.
A LITTL* GIRL KILLED BY A COPPIBHIAD.
—The Fairfield Ledger gives,the particulars
of the arrest of a deserter at Stumptown, on
the Keokuk tkHroad. One of the deserter's
friends fired a shot at the U. S. officer making
the arrest, missing him but bitting a little
girl, who was. killed almost instantly, The
marderous wrdteh w»s also arrested and ta
ken to Keokuk. He is doubtless one of the
order of the Golden Knights, who are armed
to resist the execution of the laws.
M&. A dash of Union troops into Interior
Mississippi is reported from rebel sourees,by
which a town on the Mobile and Ohio Rail
road, within twelve miles of Columbus, Miss.,
was captured, and twenty of the Missis
sippi Railroad was destroyed. This is doubt
less a part of the general plan now in pro
gress for cutting off the rebel supplies for
u .- •.iti
WASHINGTON, April 30, 18C3.
There is nothing which so puts me out of
sorts as to be hungry, and hence I never
think it my duty to fast in order to bring out
a devotional and prayerful state of mind.
The Laird of Monkbarns agreed with the Earl
of Glenallan in the propriety of never tasting
anything after supper, with the proper saving
clause, however, that a broiled bone, or a
smoked haddock, or an oyster, or a slice of
bacjn of one's own curing, with a toast and a
tankard, or something or other of that sort,
to close the orifice of the stomach before
going to bed, did not fall under his restric
tion, nor, he hoped, under that of his lord
ship It is my duty to observe this day as a
iy of fasting and prayer, but on account of
the bad effect of hunger on my physical sys
tem, as aforesaid, I ventured to try just a
little ham and egg for breakfast, which, no
doubt, will serve my turn—till dinner.
Moreover, the good news from Gen. Dodge
and Gen. Vandever, of our State, just now
being talked about and written about a good
deal in this part of the world, is apt to put an
Iowan in the amiable and grateful state.of
mind necessary for the proper putting in of a
Thanksgiving Day, with all the turkey accom
paniments. The New York Times of yester
day thus editorially alludes to the fight Gen.
Dodge gave the rebels on Bear Creek:
We have this morning, from our corre
spondent, an account of the battle fought on
Bear Creek, Ala., on the 18th inst., between
a National force from Corinth, under Gen.
Dodge, and the rebel forccs on the extreme
left of Bragg's army, guarding the valley of
the Tennessee in the vicinity of Florence and
Tuscumbia. Our forces effected the crossing
of Bear Creek by means of a little simple
strategy, and subsequently met the enetny in
superior force on a position selected by them
selves. The advantage of position, however,
did not avail them, and they were badly
whipped by superior generalship."
It is pleasant to see that Gotham has at
last found out that there is a Gen. Dodge in
the service, and that he knows how to fight.
Gen. G. M. Dodge is, in fact, one of the best
Brigadiers in the field, and whether his mili
tary skill, as exhibited in nearly all the great
battles of the West, or his sufferings in the
cause be considered, is far better entitled to
the rank of Major General than a score or
more who support the double star upon their
shoulder straps. And I say the same of Gen.
Vandever too, of whose fine military capacity
this correspondence has more than once
spoken in terms of high praise. His name
is now spoken by everybody here in connec
tion with the beautiful whaling he has given
Gen. Marmaduke. 1 think I have heard
Vandever and the First Iowa Cavalry"
mentioned a hundred times within the past
two days, at the hotels and departments here.
And I dare say it will turn out that we will
have still more gratifying intelligence from
Iowa Generals, when we shall have received
full particulars of the engagements at Bear
Creek and at Cape Girardeau, of which at
this benighted Capital we yet know only the
The Army of the Potomac, it is generally
understood here, is on the way to Richmond.
I have no definite knowledge of the move
ment. I know that the army has been ready
to move for some weeks, and has only been
prevented by the unfathomable mud. Mean
while, the final faint flickering of McClellan
istn, as the thing dies out for evermore in a
blurt from the bottom of the socket, is seen
in getting the whilom ubiquitous Stonewall
Jackson on a raid to Wheeling or Pittsburg.
That rebel Presbyterian General, by the way,
is about played out. He vyas a terrific buga
boo to McClellan, but Hooker is another
style of man altogether. He never gets
scared before he gets hurt. But he will
probably tell his own story before this can
be carried to you by the mails.
I suppose the Provost Marshals for Iowa,
under the act for the enrolment of the militia,
will be as follows:
1st District, R. B. Ratledgo,
2d PUilo Hall,
of Van Bant
Hon. Jai. Matthews," Marian,
5th Dr. S. C. Brownell, Polk
6th Peter Melindy, Blackhewk
Mr. Rutledge is, or was, sheriff of his
county. He lives, I believe, at Birmingham.
Mr. Hall lives at De Witt, but is now at Da
venport, probably. He is Paymaster General
for Iowa, on the Governor's staff, and a good
man. Mr. Matthews lives at Knoxville. He
was formerly a Member of Congress from the
Coshocton (Ohio) District, is a sagacious and
excellent man all around. Dr. Brownell lives
at Desmoines. He used to be Secretary of
the State Central Committee, under Hoxie,
and I believe also under Dewey, and is a good
fellow. Peter Melindy lives at Cedar Falls.
He selected the agricultural lands for Iowa.
They are all first rate men, and I am pecu
liarly glad that I can conscientiously say so.
The office is one which should be filled by a
c.'ear-headed, firm, sagacious man, in every
instance, and I have no doubt these will be
found to fill the bill, I do not knoV Who has
been rscommend by Mr. Allison, of the 3d
District. Major Duncan, of thfe "Tegular
army, wilt be detailed to act as Assistant
Provost Maivshal General for the State at
The present Provost Marshal General for
Iowa, Hiatt, of Keokuk, is now in the city,
stopping at Willard's. John Carson, of
Wapello, Louisa county, has just been ap
pointed to a clerkship in the Quartermaster
General's office B. B. Johnson, of Burling
ton, to a similar position in the Ordnance
Bureau, War Department and W. G. Kil
burn, of Fontanelle, Adair county, to a like
place in the Surgeon General's office. I re
joice particularly at the good fortune of
Messrs. Carson and Johnson, which ought to
have been theirs more than a month ago, and
would have been but for the provoking delay
of the circumlocution offices.
Gen. Warren has nearly got through and
in a highly satisfactory manner, with the
business upon which he came here, and will
probably start West to-morrow or next day.
John 0. Wilson, Esq., of your good city,
will leave to-morrow for Iowa, on a short
leave of absence for the benefit of his health.
He would have left some days ago but for the
illness of one of his numerous 'babies—that
is, they number two. LINKENSALE.
Republicans wait a. Soitbwn Com
So say the Democratic members of the New
York Legislature, and so toots their penny
trumpet on Iowa Avenue.
The evidence of this wonderful disclosure
may be found with Joe Hooker—a splendid
army called into being, armed, equipped and
now fighting its way toward the Confederate
capital under the special auspices of a Repub
lican administration—all to recognize a South
ern Confederacy. Pretty little squeak that
trumpet makes, don't it
Over one million dollars per day are now
received by the Treasury Department in ex
change for the Five-Twenty six per cent bonds
of the United States. This amount, with the
money daily received from internal revenue
and from customs, is more than sufficient to
pay the current expenses of the war. As the
money for the bonds now being taken mostly
consists of legal tender notes, the process has
the effect of keeping down the volume of cur
rency while contributing most efficiently to
the support of the national credit.
The Treasury Department has stopped
printing Postage Currency. Hereafter, all
that' is taken by the Government will be
destroyed, and now sheets issued when
BY JOHN MAHIN. MUSCATINE, IOWA, FRIDAY, MAY 1863. VOL. XIV—NO. 42.
From the 35tli Iowa—Another vln
It troiu A«IJutunt Geu. 1'tooma*—
Arming ^iegree»-A word to Cop
DUCK'S LANDING, La., April 21,1863
FRIEND MAHIN:—Yesterday was a fine diy,
and the contending armies here improved the
time in throwing shell at each other, with
what result I am unable to say. All the
troops at this place, at 5 o'clock last evening,
were ordered to report at Gen. Tuttle's head
quarters, to receive Adjt. Gen. Thomas and
hear a speech from him. Subject—The nc
gro, connected with the rebellion. His re
marks were but few and to the point. His
arguments were unanswerable. He assumed
that the negro was a species of prop
erty owned by the South and was used by the
rebels so as the more effectually to enable
them to prosecute the war against the Gov
ernmcnt of the United States, and that we, as
defenders of the Government, have a perfect
right to take this property and use it to the
Very best advantage in crushing this rebel
lion. And in accordance with this view of the
subject, the Commander-in-Chief of the army
of the United Stales has issued an order that
all this unfortunate race coming within our
lines and capable of bearing arms should be
organized into companies, regiments and bri
gades, and thoroughly armed and equipped,
officered by whites, and put into the field
and that all the officers of the army are re
quired to assist in putting this order in force,
and whoever shall refuse so to do, shall be
dismissed the service. "And," said he "I am
here, a special agent of the President, to car
ry out this order, and I do it with feelings of
satisfaction, because I believe it to be the best
disposition that could be made of the slaves
of rebels. But it has been said by some who
have opposed the measure, that to arm the
blacks would be to degrade the whites. Now,
fellow-soldiers, I appeal to you, and, while I
put the question, examine your hearts and
tell me if you really think that t, riu the ne
gro would bring you the least particle lower
in the scale of existence. You answer, no.-—
Well, then, the objection becomes worthless,
and should be set aside."
After Adjt. Gen. Thomas had finished
speaking, Gen. Tuttle was loudly called for,
when he took the stand and spoke warmly in
favor of arming the blacks and that he had
entertained these sentiments ever since the
battle of Shiloh. lie said that some might
be surprised at his holding such sentiments,
from the fact that he had always.been a Dem
ocrat heretofore. "But," said he, "I am in
earnest in my endeavors to crush this rebell
ion, and believe we should make use of every
means, no matter what, to accomplish the
great aim of the Nation, to-wit: the preserva
tion of the Government. If this were not
the case, I should not be here, but at my own
loved home in Iowa, enjoying the society of
Gen. Tuttle is becoming very popular with
us. The better we become acquainted with
him the more we love him, and the reason
why we admire him is because he shows to
us that he is one of those noble patriots who
hold dearer to his heart than all other objects
the preservation of of those principles of lib
erty bequeathed to us by our revolutionary
\fter Gen. Tuttle had finished speaking, we
were addressed by Major O'Connor and many
other officers, who expressed their confidence
in the President and their determination to
carry out every order that has been or may
be issued by the Commander-in-Chief of the
United States army. After the speaking was
done there were proposed three cheers for the
President, when there went up from the troops
here three as hearty hurrahs as you ever
heard. Therefore you will be justifiable in
telling those men in Iowa, and every other
State, who advocate a peace on any other
terms than a compliance on the part of the
rebels with the demands of the United Stages
Government, that they are looked upon by us
with contempt, and should they succeed in
our absence in getting possession of the Gov
ernment so that they should procure a peace on
any other than an unconditional surrender of
the so-called Confederate States, to the Gov
ernment of the United States—that before
they can take us from the field they will have
to do it at the point ot the bayonet, for we
are determined that not one foot of the terri
tory belonging to the United States shall be
separated therefrom, and that her laws must
and shall be rigidly enforced.
Yours in friendship,
Democracy of tJbe Right Sort.
BOLIVEB, TENN., April 29,1863.
ED. JOURNAL Please publish in your
paper the following extract from a letter writ
ten by Adjutant Gen. Baker, of Iowa, former
ly Democratic Governor of New Hampshire,
and a Democrat yet, and much oblige a
Nathaniel B. Baker, formerly Democratic
Governor of New Hampshire, now Adjutant
Gen. of Iowa, has written an eloquent letter
upon the duty of Democrats to sustain the
Government. He puts the case in a way to
make the Copperhead Democracy squirm
I propose no conditions to my loyalty. I
may have differed from the Administration in
some points on the conduct of the war, but
that should make no difference with a man if
he intends to give the Government his unwa
vering support. I shall not make public
declarations in favor of a vigorous prosecu
tion of this war to suppress the rebellion, and
then publicly or privately utter traitorous
and bitter denunciations of the President
and the Government. I have no faith in the
man who says he supports the Government,
and finds fault because there were calls for
volunteers. I do not credit the man who
say Bhe is loyal, and opposes volunteering,
taxation, issuing bills of credit, conscription,
and all the methods to raise armies and means
to sustain the Nation. The man who finds
fault with every effort of the Government to
sustain itself, and then declares himself a
Union man, must be either non compos, or
false-hearted, and a falsifier of his own opin
ions. I never could distinguish the differ
ence between one of this class of "supporters"
of the Government, and an avowed disunion
ist, except in this—that the latter had the
most honesty, and the former the most im
MURDER WILL OUT.—The lastnnmber or
the Keithsbnrg Observer, (a neutral papef
with copperhead proclivities,) contains the
following startling disclosure:
Niggers Bound North.—The Kate Cassel
on her trip up on Friday last, had on board a
cargo of 200 or 300 riggers, consigned to
Block, the ager.t at Muscatine, and designed,
we suppose, for distribution in Iowa.
And on Saturday the Hawk-Eye State went
up with an assorted cargo, male and female,
old and young, big and little, but where
bound we did not learn.
Fortunately we have a law in this State
which keeps them out of here, or will at least
so long as it is obeyed. How long that will be
no one can tell.
Just to tbink of Block, s high priest in the
copperhead faction, engaged in the woik of
flooding Iowa with negroes to crowd out,
white laborers! Don't let it be said again
that the abolitionists are solely engaged in
Seriously^ hasn't die Observer, man been:
sold by somebody
A clergyman in a church having put a
notice in the clerk's hand stating that the
services would be morning and evening, and
morning and afternoon alternately, honest
Roger improved upon it and said tha the
servioes would be s» to all eternity
Resolutions ol'the SOtli Iowa.
CAMP BEFORE VICKSBUKG, 30th REO. IOWA
VOI.. INFT'Y, BIGO'S PLANTATION, LA.,
APRIL 14, 1863.
Believing that an expression of the true
sentiments of Iowa soldiers in the field would
at the present time, strengthen the hands of
their friends at home, a meeting of the officers
of the 30th Iowa Volunteer Infantry was held
on the evening of the 10th inst., Col, Charles
II. Abbot', presiding.
Lieut. E. B. Heaton was elected Secretary,
and the following named officers were ap
pointed a committee on resolutions, viz
Captains A. Roberts and John E. Ford, and
Lieutenants James P. Milliken, W. H. Ran-*
dall, Moses W. Parker, E. Heaton and Hi
The committee reported tho following pre
amble and resolutions, which were unani
WHEREAS, Traitors to their country, South*
em emissaries, and other evil disposed per
sons in the Northern States, are making ex
traordinary efforts to mislead the people: by*
false representations in regard to the measured
necessarily adopted by the Government for*
the suppression of the rebellion in the seced
ing States, and by the cry of peace, peace,
when they well know there can be no peace
but by the success of our arms and submis
sion to the laws of our country and whereas,
their opposition and efforts to embarrass the
Government, their sympathy with the rebels
openly proclaimed though their public prints,
and manifest exultation in their success and
our defeat, is to nil intents and purposes giv
ing aid and comfort to the enemy and conclu
sive evidence to us of their evil designs, wo
think it becomes us, as soldi' rs fighting the
battles of our country, as well as our friends
at h"ine, to give expression to our sentiments
in condemnation of these treasonable prac
tices and of those minions of Jeff Dav's and
the so called Southern Confederacy so active
ly engage therein.
To this end we declare
1st. In the language of the lamented
Doughs, that there can be in the present
posture of affairs but two parties, th« one pa
triots and the other traitors."
2d. That in times like these traitors
should bo treated as traitors, shunned by all
honest men and brought to condign punish
ment. Treasonable practices should be fer
reted out and the actors, aiders and abettors
thereof suffer the severest penalty of the law.
3d. That the only road to peace is in a
united, vigorous and successful effort in
crushing the rebellion, the prosecution of the
war on a scale vast enough to crush the
rebels in the South, a id an efficient execution
of the laws against treason in the North.
4th. That tho men who, as a pretext for
opposing the Government, prate of onerous
ixcs, arbitrary 1 ws, suspending of the writ
of habeas corpus, violation of the Constitution,
and who oppose the Government in the en
listment or conscription of m»n for it- armies
are traitors, or the dupes of traitois, and only
await the time and opportunity to put their
more treasonable designs into practice and
that we hold all such as our enemies and the
enemies of the country, who by the clemency
of thosii in authority have too long been per
mitted to go unpunished.
5th. We have no sympathy with any party
or body of men not in favor of a vigorous
prosecution of the war until tho last armed
rebel foe returns to his allegiance or is made
to t.ite the dust, and we conjure our friends
at homo not to be misled by peace meetings
or peace proclamations, but to stand united
and steadfast in support of the Government
and its armies in the field.
6th. That we will never consent to the
formation of another government out of any
part of the United States or its Territories,
and to conserve this end we support ihe con
stitution and laws of the United States and
endorse every necessary measure of the Ad
ministration having in view the suppression
of the rebellion and preservation of the Union,
and if slavery be in the way our united voices
are, let it die, and let the Goverument
7th. That wc ask our friends and neigh
bors at home and all true Union men to lay
party prejudices in this hour of peril to
the cherished institutions of ourcountry, pur
chased with the blood of our patriot sires and
rally with us around the emblem of freedom,
which an armed and barbarous foe has dis
honored and trailed in the dust.
8th. That, as soldiers,' we are willing to
endure the hardships incidents to our calling
and to meet the enerry on the field of battle
to preserve our cherished form of Govern
ment— the people's Government but in
doing this we desire that there be no fire in
the rear to cripple our effoi ts and prolong the
war or the time when we can return to our
loved ones at home with our glorious flag
waving over every city, town and hamlet in
9th. That we fully approve and endorse
all the acts of the Governor of our State, and
of our senators and Representatives in Con
gress in their efforts to preserve the integrity
of the Union, and to this end hereby unani
mously pledge ourselves to stand by tbem in
enforcing efficient execution of the laws
against traitors and tories at home as well as
10th. That the Hawkeye and Argus of
Burlington, the Gate City of Keokuk, Iowa
City Republican, Muscatine Journal, and
papers throughout the State be requested to
publish these proceedings.
CHARLES H. ABBOTT, Colonel.
sai oW- M. G. TORBBNCE, Lieut.-COL
C. Ilot^itts, Act'g Surgeon
S. PHSC«, Ass't Surgeon.
Rufus Goodnougb, Captain Co.
David Litner, lst-Lieut.
James P. Milliken, 2d ,•?
Aurelius Roberts, Capt. Clj
HughE.Creighton, 2d-Lie^t..u, i
W. H. Ran Jail, Capt.
Geo. W. Elerick, lst-Lieut.
Joseph Smith, Capt.
Mot.es W. Parker, lst-Lieut."
John W. Middleton, 2d
John E. Ford,
P. H. Bence,
Geo. A. Miller,
R. D. Creamer,
E. B. Heaton,
8- J. Chester,
Sam'l H. Watkins, 2d
Uley Burk, Capt..
Ed. M. Dean, 2d-Lieut,
Jas. B. Gallagher, 2d
The foregoing preamble and resolutions
were first submitted to and unanimously
adopted by the several companies composing
the regiment afterwards, on the I4th inst,
read and submitted on dress-parade, and
unanimously adopted by the regiment. Three
hearty cheers were then given for the resolu
tions three more for the noble State of Iowa,
and three more and a tiger for the Union
and our glorious old flag.
COL. CELABLES H. ABBOTT,
Lieut. E. B. HEATON, Sec'y.
Shoes are now made in Lynn by Stafin.
The introduction of sewing machines and
other machineiy is working a change in the
whole business, and shoes are now manufac
tured in large factories instead of being sent
out to scattered workmen.
MAN'S power culminates in command and
in majesty but woman's in supplication and
EXCITING NEWS FROM VIRGINIA.
Movements of Union troops.
FIGHT ON TRETRAPPAHANNOCK.
Hpoker crowding the .Rebels to
forces them to fight on his
Richmond and Frederickslrarg
Railroad ent by Stoneman.
NEW YORK, May l.
The Tribune's bulletin announces that
Hooker's army crossed the Rappahannock in
four places. The enemy were confounded.—
We captured their pickets and reserves.—
About 400 prisoners were taken.
The 7rihune'saccount states that on Mon
day the I lth, 12th and 5th corps moved to
Kelley's Ford, and reached there on Tuesday
morning. A brigade which had been guard
ing the Ford for two weeks re-crossed on pon
toons superintended by Gen. Howard.
No enemy found and but few pickets.
Gen. Stoneman's cavalry crossed next
A wagon train was packed near Banks'
Ford, and it was evident a connection would
be forced from there to the troops at Kelly's
From ll to o'clock irregular firing was
heard from the direction of Germania, on the
Rapidan. It is supposed the enemy were
trying to check the rapid march of our troops.
The 1st, :3d and 7th corps broke camp at
daylight on Tuesday morning. On Wednes
day the enemy's pickets and reserves were
captured, and two bridges built 4 miles below
Fredericksburg. Twenty men of the 119th
Pennsylvania were wounded. A third bridge
was constructed, and a sufficient force to hold
the bridge crossed two miles further down.
Reynold's (1st) corps constructed a bridge in
the face of the enemy's rifle pits and effected
a crossing. The resistance was stubborn but
short. Our artillery fire was too severe for
the enemy, who fled, leaving 87 prisoners
from the 13th Georgia and 16th Louisiana
regiments. They report Jackson command
ing the right wing.
Couch's (2d) division was in the rear at
Banks' ford, with full facilities for crossing.
Good roads have been constructed between
Banks' ford and United States ford.
The corps which crossed at Kelley's ford
are moving towards Chancellorville, south of
Hooker's headquarters ar? Wtf fa sad
WASHINGTON, May 1.
The National Republican of this evening
publishes a semi-official dispatch from Gen.
Banks, dated near Sf. Martinsville, April 17,
from which it appears that when he left Baton
Rouge three regiments of colored troops re
mained for its defense.
Tiie results, among others, of Gen. Banks'
expedition, arc. a march of over 300 miles,
beating the enemy in three battles, two on
land and one on Grand Lake, dispersing the
rebel army, utterly destroying the rebel navy,
capturing the foundries ot the enemy at New
Iberia and Franklin, and demolishing the salt
works ten miles southwest of the latter place,
capturing the camp equippage of the enemy,
also several guns and nearly 2,000 prisoners,
and so damaging the plans of the rebels that
they cannot for some months, if ever, re
Other successes of Gen. Banks," al&ady
known to the public, are mentioned.
Our loss in the two land battles was about
600 or 700. Nothing could exceed the con
duct of the officers and men in Banks' com
The dispatch says: "We have not only
destroyed the army and navy of the enemy,
and captured his materials for re-organiza
tion, but we have also in our possession his
ablest officers of the sea and lake."
PAILADELPHIA, May 1.
The Evening Bulletin publishes an extra
with the following
"We have no dispatches relative to the
movements of oar army beyond the Rappa
hannock. We are able to assure our readers
that everything is going favorable jn.Qcneral
We learn, though not un official
source, that Gen. llooker, with 50,000 troops
has had a battle with the rebels beyond the
Rappahannock. We have no particulars, but
the Union troops are victorious.
WASHINGTON, May 1.
BY MAIL TO NEW YORK.
From the best attainable information from
persons arriving from the Rappahannock, it
appears that some important movement took
place yesterday. There was no fighting of
any importance. The forces crossed at Kel
Pontoon bridges were laid two and three
miles below Fredericksburg, and we held pos
session of these pontoons last night.
COL. CHAS. H. ABBOTT,
LIEUT. E. B. HEATON, Sec'y.
We, the undersigned, being all the com
missioned officers present of the 30th Iowa
Infantry Volunteers, concur in and fully
endorse the preamble and each and all of the
foregoing resolutions, and thereunto sub
scribe our names:
The enemy formed lines of battle and plant
ed batteries on the heights in their reach, and
also fired a few shots to get the range. In
crossing we lost one or two officers, killed, and
from 30 to 40 men wounded.
Our men crossed first in boats, and drove
the enemy out of their rifle pits, killed and
wounded many, and took 100 prisoners, in
cluding several officers, one of whom was Lt.
Col. Hammond, of the 6th Louisiana. These
prisoners' arrived here yesterday and were
sent to the old Capital prison.
Another informant says, the left wing,
35,000 strong, crossed four miles below Fred
ericksburg—a little below where Franklin
crossed previous to the first battle of Freder
icksburg They fought for twelve hours,
drove the enemy eight miles, out of their rifle
pits -and from behind their entrenchmedts.
The first brigade of the first division, (first
corps,) has suffered more than any other in
Our forces have captured between 500 and
600 prisoners, who will soon be brought to
this city. Many of these prisoners have vol
untarily come over to us, having thrown away
t&eir arms in small squads and begged for
food. They pick up what the soldiers have
thrown away on the march. Other rebels,
however, say they have plenty to eat.
The right wing crossed at Kelley's ford,
and Gen. Stoneman's cavalry is reported to
be somewhere in the rear of Fredericksburg.
One corps remains at Falmouth as a reserve.
PHILADELPHIA, May 1.
The sale of 5-20s at the various agencies
has reached five million dollars.
From a careful examination made by Jay
Cooke, the subscription agent, it is estimated
that over five thousand individual subscrip
tions have passed through the hand to-day,
including the small amount of the industrial
classes, as well as the larger amounts of cap
italists and Cabinet Ministers.
PHILADELPHIA, May 2.
Intelligence from Western Virginia has
All of Maj. ShewaDer's command, of the
6th Virginia regiment, (600 men and 4 pieces
of artillery,) arrived at Pittsburg in a special
train from Morgantown, via the Connel's
road, at 2 o'clock this morning. They left
immediately for Wheeling, by boat
The military authorities seem convinced
that Wheeling is the object of attack, and
troops are being concentrated there.
It is stated that Mulligan lost 250 men,
taken prisoners, but escaped with his artil- At 6:30 p. u. they made a desperate charge
lery. The rebels at Fairmount are said to be
BALTIMORE, May 2.
We are enabled to report positively that
the crisis with the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road is passed. The Confederates have all
left it, moving southward, and our military
force in great strength are following and en
deavoring to intercept them.
The extent of the injury done to the road
is now known. The line is intact from the
Monongahela river, 300 miles distant, to Bal
timore. The damage is confined to the large
iron bridge one mile east of Fairmount, and
to five unimportant bridges within thirty
miles west of it. Three bridges on the branch,
within twenty miles of Grafton, were also
The track is uninjured, except at these
bridges. The telegraph lines axe all restored
and in use. The bridges will all be repaired
within five days. It is expected that all the
regular passenger trains will be resumed on
Monday next, and the freight trains also.—
The passengers and freight will possibly have
to be transferred for two cr three days at the
Additionnl Tribtine Corre«pondenoe.
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OP POTOMAC, 1
The 5th, 11th and 12th corps are in pos
session of Chancellorsville, ten miles west of
Fredericksburg. The 11th corps (Gen. How
ard's) was the first to cross at Kelley's ford,
followed by the 12th, under Gen. Slocum.—
After crossing, these corps moved in ad
vance, proceded by the 6th New York cavalry
and the 2d Massachusetts infantry, as skir
At Crooked Run, a small stream about
three miles beyond the Rappahannock, we
encountered the enemy, drove him before us
and captured a ^jimber of prisoners, without
damage to us.
Our column then moved rapidly on until it
approached the Rapidan, and when within a
mile of it our men were fired upon from rifle
pits, but becoming intimidated by our near
approach they fled and were charged upon by
us, when a sharp skirmish ensued at Ger
mania Mills, where a bridge was bcine erect
ed by the rebels, with a view to an aggressive
movement. After the lapse of about 15 min
utes the enemy, consisting of 125 men, sur
rendered, with one man killed and several
wounded. Our loss was one killed.
By 10 o'clock the 11th corps had crossed.
th followed this morning and started
on the march to Chancellorsville.
On approaching the wilderness about 11
miles on their way, Gen. Slocum's column
was fired on by artillery, which did no harm.
It did not check our advance. About half an
hour after, in halting to rest, a messenger
reached us from Gen. Mead, informing Gen.
Slocum he had occupied Chancellorsville and
was waiting for time to form a junction.—
The order was given to advance on the receipt
of this cheering intelligence.
Not long afterwards the General and staff
entered the place, which consists of one large
brick house occupied by a ladv by the name
of Chancellor, and kept as a tavern.
Two rebel brigades had been there the
night previous, and an attempt had been
made to throw up earthworks, but our sud
den appearance caused them to evacuate.
We move upon Fredericksburg to-morrow.
CAIRO, April 27.
The rebel account of the running of the
batteries at Vicksburg by six transports dif
fers in no essential point from the account
The Vicksburg correspondent of the Jack
son Appeal says: "It is humiliating that
these transports should run our batteries at
pleasure. I cannot help but feel discouraged
at the imperfect arrangements here to repulse
Col. Gri -rson's raid into the heart of Mis
sissippi has spread consternation through
The Jackson Appeal is terribly incensed at
the Federal plea for employing negroes. It
says the wages provided are but nominal, and
that the whole thing is a scheme to put mon
ey into Yankee pockets.
The rebel Gen. Taylor is above Opelousas,
La., falling back towards Alexandria. This
leaves the route to the mouth of Red river, a
distance of 80 miles, open to Banks.
Gen. Prentiss is strengthening and adding
to the fortifications at Helena.
NEW YORK, May 4—8:30 A. M.
The Tribune has just issued an extra as
Our news by mail from the Rappahannock
is up to Sunday morning. At that time our
left wing was in possession of Fredericksburg
and of the first lines of the redoubts on the
hills behind it, and was feeling its way to the
The river was crossed and the redoubts
carried with no great loss and with great
ease, and with very slight loss of life to the
rebels. The rebels had made away in the di
rection of Chancellorville to attack our right
wing, then parted, leaving at first 10,000 but
subsequently not more than from 5,000 to
7,000 in their works, as was ascertained by a
reconnoissance from Lowe's balloon.
A great portion of our Falmouth batteries
were engaged an Sunday, with the rebel bat
teries firing across the river and city, firing
both of musketry and cannonading on the
right, in the direction of Chancellerville, had
been heavy. The enemy forced to flight, on
ground of Hooker's choosing as he promised
his soldiers. It was believed in both wings
thac Stoneman's expedition, which was to
cut off railroad between the rebels and Rich
mond, had been successful, thus cutting off
the only path of retreat.
So confident was Hooker, at Falmouth, of
success, that in conformity with his orders, a
force had already commenced to re-build a
bridge over the Rappahanock.
The troops are in fine spirits, and every
thing looks propitious.
NEW YORK, May 3.
The Times' correspondence, dated on the
field, near Chancellorville, May 1st, 10 p. M.,
states that the second army corps took up
their position the night previous on the left,
and the third corps reached the front about
noon. The position there occupied is thus
We hold the Gordonsville road securely, a
country road leading to Spottsylvania Court
House, and another road four miles in the
rear of that, the enemy's flank being danger
ously exposed, and if they fight it must be on
the open field.
A dispatch captured yesterd»y, from Gen.
Lee to an engineer officer, dated 29th, says
that he is much surprised at this movement.
He had not anticipated it, and was not pre
pared to give instructions.
About noon a movement was mado to en
deavor to bring out the enemy and compel
him to show his strength. Our men entered
the field with much enthusiasm, only one
regiment of cavalry first charging the rebel
infantry. The latter drove our men back re
peatedly, when a small force of infantry, sup
ported by cavalry, checked the rebels. One
division under Sykes, and a rebel division un
der Anderson, then became engaged.
Our troops drove the rebels from two
ridges, parallel with the Rappahannock, gain
inga mile and taking 50 prisoners, when Gen.
Hooker ordered them to retire, not wishing
to bring on a general engagement. The reb
els mistook our retirement for a check, and
followed rapidly on the top of the first ridge.
The rebels halted for a moment and then
came down on the double quick, but were met
by Syke's division, who poured in a terrible
fire of artillery at short range. The contest
lasted three quarters of an hour and extend
ed across the roods where 22 of our guns
which shelled the woods effectually, when the
During the-afternoon the rebels made sev
eral attempts on our line, but were repulsed.
wm**- no* -n i -suiurcflw mi]
USSJOJ. i i O l-
to capture our battery commanding the plank
road to Fredericksburg, but were handsomely
repulsed by Gen. Geary, assisted by Gen.
Knapp's and Hampton's battery, who double
shotted their guns with grape and canister.
During the night both our and the rebel
forces built earth works and abattis, and the
battle on Saturday is thought would be sure-'
ly opened by the rebels.
CINCINNATI, May 2.
Gen. Carr crossed the Cumberland below
Sommerset, Ky., yesterday with 5,000 men,
and attacked the rebels at Monticillo, and af
tera severe fight drove them from town.
The Charleston Mercury admits the loss
at Grand Lake of 1,000 prisoners, two rams,
four transports and three gunboats.
A large force of Federals was within 12
miles of Trenton, Miss., on the 19th, design
ing to destroy the Mississippi Central Rail
NEW YORK, May 4.
The Herald has extra government dates to
11 A. M., Sunday, stating rebel stores near
Fredericksburg and Stoneman's Station had
been burned, and gave rumors that our right
had captured sixteen pieces artillery that
the Irish Brigade took three rebel batteries
that our cavalry were tearing up the railroad
track, and destroying rebel property, and that
we advanced one mile yesterday, and were
still driving the rebels with great slaughter.
At 11 o'clock heavy cannonading was hieard
on our right.
ST. LOUIS, May 4.
Advices from Cape Girardeau say that the
rebels under Marmaduke, after having their
retreat assailed thrice, and suffering severe
loss, finally escaped across tho White Water
river, burning all the bridges behind them,
and disappeared by various routes in the di
rection of White Bluffs, on the Arkansas
line. The result of this raid is reported as a
humiliating disaster and a cowardly flight be
fore greatly inferior numbers.
The Mobile Teieyr aph of the 24th, on half
sheet, is received. A monster gunboat has
been completed at Montgomery, and will soon
leave for Mobile, to be plated and armed.
CAIRO, May 4.
Gen. Buford has issued the following order
to-day. W. H. Green, of Metropolis, Massac
county, 111., and G. W Wall, of Duquoin,
Perry county, III., arrested by Provost Mar
shall, on the 22d April, having each been re
quired to take the oath of allegiance to the
United States, and each having written a let
ter to the commander of the Post, confessing
the acts for which they were arrested, with
the expression of regret for that same, and
the promise in future to conduct themselves
as loyal citizens. And also having filed let
ters giving evidence that they have not aided
deserters, but of having always encour
aged enlistments, are hereby released from
The construction tiain that was captured
last Thursday, on the Memphis & Charleston
railroad, was engaged in repairing the track
between Grand Junction and Corinth. The re
bels who captured it wore Federal uniforms.
Tney hailed the train, and the engineer sup
posing all was right, stopped.
Com. Grisham came up to-day from Young's
Point. Nothing of importance, that may be
telegraphed, had transpired.
NEW YORK, May 4.
The Timet prints the following, dated two
miles below Fredericksburg, Sunday morn
ing, 8 o'clock:
Bartlett's brigade, Newton's division, con
sisting of the 1st, 12th and 16th New York,
5th and 27th Maine, and Gth Pennsylvania
are charging upon the rebel battery in front
of the Burnett House, led by the 90th Penn
sylvania. It has fired with considerable pre
cision, annoying us to a considerable extent.
Fredericksburg is occupied by the troops of
Coreoran's old brigade and the troops of New
9 A. M.—After a temporary lull, musket
firing has again commenced. We are losing
some men. Artillery on both sides haa
again opened and is rapidly firing. Our
troops are well protected behind the right
side of the Richmond road.
9:20.—Our batteries on the left have
charged position and are doing better execu
9:30.—A pontoon bridge has been thrown
across the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg,
and persons are passing to and fro. The
rebels have removed their guns from the
earthworks above Fredericksburg. Our single
guns are throwing an occasional shell.
Nine spots of different forms and sizes are
now to be seen on the sun's disc, through
A dwarf is exhibiting at Leavenworth,
Kansas, who is nineteen years old, forty
inches tall, and weighs thirty-two and a half
The North River steamboat Dictator, the
largest river boat in the world, was launched
at New York last week. She is 407 feet long,
83 wide and 10 deep.
The rebels, during their recent raid in
South-eastern Missouri, impressed all ihe able
bodied men they found, and it is said picked
up about three hundred.
A woman in St. Louis recently committed
a most fiendish murder. She enticed a girl
who lived near her into her house and then
chopped the child to pieces with a hatchet.
Gen. Ellet's Marine Brigade has destroyed
every grist, saw mill, and every distillery on
the upper Tennessee, besides half a million
feet of lumber. The towns of Hamburg and
Eastport are entirely destroyed. kr.tj
Everything is very cheap in Japan. A.
first-class honsc can be purchased for thirty
dollars. Servants work for fifty cents a
month. For the use of a horse and groom,
one dollar and a half. A person can live
comfortably in Japan for two cents a day, or
fourteen cents a week.
Henry Ward Beecher is said to have be
come somewhat worn down by constant hard
work, and the trustees of his church have
voted to give him four months leave of ab
scence from the first of June next, the time
to be spent in Europe, and his society paying
Our blockadera in the Gulf of Mexico are
doing fine business. On the 21st ult., there
were thirty naval prizes lying at Key West,,
that had been captured by the blockaders,
and more were being added daily. The gun
boat Sagamore had destroyed two blockade
ranners, loaded with cotton and grain.
Mrs. Eunice Hays died at Milton, N. H.,
on the 27th of March last, at the age of 102.
She left 181 descendants. She was born on
Friday, consecrated to God by baptism on Fri
day, married on Friday, moved into Milton on
Friday, her husband died on Friday, and she
died on Friday, as she often affirmed she
There is no paper money in California.
The Constitution of the State prohibits "bank
ing" and the creation of paper to circulate as
money. No bank notes have ever been cur
rent in California or on the coast nor are
bank notes used on any part of the coast be
tween Acupulco and Stika. Even Treasury
notes pass at only 60 per cent.
The state of society is so bad Memphis,
that the Provost Marshal has issued an order
that inmates of houses of ill-fame shall be sent
North, and their household furniture confis
cated. An officer or soldier found in such
places is to be renorted to the Commanding
General. 'Steamboat masters taking such
women to Memphis will be arrested and
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