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BY JOHN MAHIN.
WTCKKLY JOURNAL. OPPIOE OVER THE POST OFFIOS. .TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Oft* Copy, 1 year, I 2 00 "Cm copiet, (to «H« aJdre$t,) 15 00 IKTABIASLT III ADTAXCI. tacrlptlona recc«ired for 6 moutha at yearly rate RATES OF ADVERTISING. 1 Maare (12 line* or leea,) 1 Inaertlon, S 1 00 1 2 1 80 1 1 month, 80 i i »oo if oo 1 1 year, 16 00 A liberal deduction made on larger adrertlsemonU. All transient advertising matt be pail for in advance Dlly, par tnnam, $4 00 Tri-Weekly, A (H) The Doom ai" Slavery. Gen. E. W. Gantt, late of the Confederate army, made a speech at Little Rock, Ark., ICov. 7th, in which he expressed his views on the slavery question in a very candid manner. His opinions on this subject should put to shame the conservative, proslavery gentlemen of the North, who would rather see the Union slide than have it reorganized without slavery. We moke the following extracts from this speech of a repentant rebel: As secessionists, we supposed we were out of the Union. We went oat to protect slavery. We failed. We now come back. For what purpose? To protect slavery The absurd ity is too monstrous to tolerate for a moment. We went out to protect the negro. We come back to protect the white man. We regard the negro question as definitely settled by the last source of appeal, and we say there let it rest. But we of Arkansas must dispose of what is left of this question for ourselves. We can't dodge it. In our settling it, we are not agitating the slavery question. Can you agi tate the dead Is not slavery dead in our State Did it not go down in th? vortex of secession and civil war But though dead, its remains must be disposed of. Its dead carcass is all that lies between us and a per fect restoration of our former relations with the Government A convention of the people should meet and bury it. The question of abolition and its converse can't bo made in our midst. We are not in Missouri. With us the question is, what shall we do with that which is already abolished? To this there can be but one answer: Amend the Constitution and put it beyond the hopo of resurrection. Wo of the North and South, knowing that slavery was the only disturbing element in our Government, after many "set tlements," each one deemed "final," resorted to the last arbitrament—the sword. Wewio own slaves have lost, and must abide the de cision. The people of Arkansas are therefore the proper ones to act on its finai extinction in our midst. The sooner we do it, the bet ter for us and the country. To many t' is truth is unpalatable, but we can't blink it it must be met let as meet it like men. There is a large and growing party in the North that is disposed to reduce the seceded States to the condition of Territories. The central idea of this party is to get rid of slivery, ns the source of ail our calamities.— It would be unbecoming in us, as well as a waste of time, to get up and argue the ab stract question with them as to their right to do this. Let us anticipate them and cut under them at once, by meeting in convention, at the earliest day that we can be empowered so to do, and extirpate forever the last vestage of slavery in our midst, and bury out of sight this source of our calamities, personal, State and National. By thus formally giv ing up what is already lost, we will have se cured to us our rights as equal States in the Union. If we do not do so, I give it as my opinion, that, right or wrong, we will be re duced to the condition of a Territory, and so remain until we do pass u,on this question, definitely, at once, and forever. You can't find a soldier in the army who has not already reached, or who is not closely approx imating the conclusion, that his health, hap pine«s and life have been exposed and jeop ardized because of negro slavery, and who will not insist, that, after all his toil and hardships, this question, which diplomacy and statesmanship could not settle, being set tled by the sword, should be put at rest for ever. The Impending- Draft. A proposition for the encouragement of enlistments by which the quota of this county may be filled, may be found in another col umn from one of our lending business houses —that of Lemp & Sells—who offer three hun dred dollars towards a bounty fund, and in vite others to join with them in this patriotic endeavor. The slow progress of enlistments and the absolute certainty of the draft, unless some such plan as this is adopted, should arouse our citizens to immediate action.— Only two weeks remain to fill up our quota by volunteering, and if it is the deMre of our citizens that the banner war county should be free from the real cr supposed stigma of the draft, now is the time to manifest it in some effective way. W e hope, therefore, that the proposition of Messrs. Lemp fc Sells will be seconded in a substantial manner by a suf ficient number to ensure the filling up of our quota. Who will be the next to put down $300? One or two $500 signatures might be added to the proposition, by persons who can well afford to give the amount for such a pur pose. How THE GOVERNMENT IS PSOVJDKD FOB WAR.—The Government, which had not half a million of muskets in all the armories at the commencement of the rebellion, now has, in addition to the million and a half placed in the hands of the men in our armies, enough remaining to equip eight hundred thousand men. There are accoutrements enough for eighteen hundred thousand men. It is not likely that, as a nation, we shall ever hereaf ter be caught unprepared for war,for our pres ent necessities have developed all the resour ces which are required to supply the materials of war. TOE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION.—The tel egraph, in transmitting the President's Mes sage and the accompanying Proclamation,was guilty of one or more omissions, which the correct copies by jnail supply. As first Uxchunge of Prisoners. The Copperhead press quite generally, in cluding the Muscat no Couri*r, have adopted the lying language of Garret Davis, of Ken tucky, in Congress, in speaking of the present hitch in the exchange of prisoners. Our readers have not forgotten tho excoria'ion which this rebel sympathizer received from Mr. Hale. This gentleman based his remarks uptn the broad and corrcct principle that every man who fights for his country is en titled to its protection, without regard to the color of his skin or the place of his nativity.— But the true reason why exchanges cannot now be effectod was not referred to by him. It is not because, as Davis declared, that our authorities insist first upon the return of ne groes taken by the rebels, but because the rebels insist that all the prisoners in our hands shall be given up for those now in their hands—they refusing at the sanm time to recognize negro soldiers and their white of ficers as prisoners of war. In all, we hold forty thousand rebel prisoners, while the reb els hold but thirteen thousand Union prison ers. Our Government is willing to go on and exchange man for man, to the extent of the Union prisoners in the hands of the reb els, whether white or black. If the rebels will not exchange the black soldiers, our Government will continue to hold rebel pris oners as hostages for their safety, but will proceed with the exchange of all or any of the white Union soldiers, giving the rebels man for man according to the established rules and usages of war. But the rebels have stopped the exchange and proceeded to murder our men by cold, starvation and abuse, to cocrce our Government into a submission to the most outrageous frauds. It is humiliating that we have in the North men so depraved and vicious as to deny the right of a soldier of the Union to the protection which our flag guarantees to its defenders, who add to their crime of ingratitude that of wilful falsehood to shelter the nation's enemy from the scorn and execration of the civilized world. Hew the Pre«tdent Time. Spends Ills In one of his recent letters from Washing ton to the Boston Journal, Perley" gives some details of the daily life of the President. He says: Mr. Lincoln is an early riser, and he thus ii able to devote two or three hours each morning to his voluminous private correspon dence, besides glancing at a city paper. At nine he breakfasts—then walks over to the War Office to read such war telegrams as they give hiin, (occasionally some are withheld,) and to have a chat with Gen. Halleck on the military situation, in which he takes a great interest. Returning to the White House, he goes through the morning's mail in company with a private secretary. Some letters are endorsed and sent to the Departments—oth ers are entrusted to the secretary, who nukes a minute of the reply which he i* to make— and others the President retains that he may answer them himself. Every letter receives attention, and all which are entitled to a reply receive one, no matter how they are worded, or how inelegant the chirography may be. Tuesdays and Fridays are Cabinet days, but on other days, visitors at the White House are requested to wait in the ante chamber and send in iheir cards. Sometimes before the President has finished Teading his mail, Louis will have a handful of pasteboard, and from the cards laid before him, Mr. Lin coln has visitors ushered in, giving prece dence to acquaintances Three or four hours do they pour in, in rapid succession, nine out of ten ask ng offices, and patiently does the President listen to their applications. Care and anxiety have furrowed his rather homely features, yet occasionally he is reminded of an anecdote," and good humored glances beam from his clear, gray eyes, while his ringing laugh shows that he is not "used up" yet. The simple and natural manner in which he delivers his thoughts make him ap pear to those visiting him, like an earnest, affectionate friend. lie makes little parade of his legal science, and rarely indulges in spec ulative propositions, but states his ideas in plain Anglo Saxon, illuminated by many lively images and pleasing illusions wnich seem to flow as if in obedience to a resistless impulse of hi i nature. Some newspaper ad mirers attempt to deny that the President tells stories. Why, it is rarely that any one is in his company for fifteen minutes without hearing a good tale, appropriate to the subject talked about. Many a metaphysical argu ment does he demolish by simply telling an anecdote which exactly overturns the verbal structure. About 4 o'clock the President declines see ing any more company, and often accompa nies his wife in her carriage, to take a drive. He is fond of horseback exercise, and when passing the summer at the Soldier's Home used generally to go to and fro in the saddle. The President dines at 6, and it is rare that some personal friends do not grace the round dining table when he throws off the cares of office, &c., &c, fy The Northwestern Freedmen's Aid Committee is the only organization of the kind in the Northwest. All packages sent them are forwarded from Chicago by the Illi nois Central Railway, to a Government officer stationed at Cairo, by order of Gen. Grant, to attend to the single matter of receiving and forwarding supplies for the Freedmen in Gen. Grant's Department. By this officer they are shipped upon government transports, to a similar officer at Yicksburg, who issues them to the order of the very competent teachers laboring under the commission of this committee at that point and its vicinity, It will thus appear that every reasonable pre caution is taken, and so far as the committee can learn, not a single package, properly ad dressed to their care, has been lost. Circu lars giving full particulars of the operations of the committee can be had on application to Rev. Charles A. Fowler, Post Office Box 3795, Chicago, Illinois. Packages should be trans^fgQiri£ed roitted, the Proclamation promised parddta and restoration of all their rights," slaves not being excepted, and if third parties had inter vened, to those who would take the oath.— As corrected, pardon and restoration of rights are granted, if third parties have not inter Tend, and slaves are excepted. The conservative Washington Nation al Intelligencer looks upon the Proclamation of Amnesty as a stroke of civil policy in com parison with the Proclamation of Emancipa tion, claimed to be a military measure. It commends the document to the people, and says the President shows a disposition to concilitate, as far as practicable, without re nouncing the form of the Emancipation edict, the natural sensibilities of the Southern peo ple, when he pledges his acquiesence in any provision which may be adopted by a re stored State Government in relation to the toed people of such State." Chicago Sanitary Commission, for the Freedmen." An invoice of contents should be put inside, and a duplicate sent by mail, to Mr. Fowler, as above. Cash should be sent to J. V. Farwell, Esq., (of Cooley, Farwell & Co.,) Treasurer. THE NEORO WILL FIGHT.—The late fight at Moscow, TeDn., furnishes another signal proof of the gallantry of the negro. A few weeks since the Second West Tennessee Regiment (colored) were the recipients of a beautiful flag, and at the fight at Moscow for the first time unfurled it to the breeze, and nobly did they earn their warrant to fight under its folds. One detachment of three companies for an hour held their ground against an overwhelming force of rebels, while the remainder fought with splendid gallantry, although against great odds. It was the story of Milliken's Bend, Port Hud- and Fort Wmgtler erearagam. Wlint Mliull l»e Done. On our part wc are not fully prepared to say. It is unnecessary to inform our readers again that the Government needs men, and men it will have. If they will not enter the service voluntarilly they must by force.— There appears to be a coldness and indiffer ence among the people of this county to the wants of the country. Much of this aptthy is attributable to the apparently safe posi tion of married men over the age of 35 and under 45 years. Belonging to the 2nd class of persons liable to military duty, they know that they are practically exempt from that service during tho present war, because the draft cannot touch hem until all of the first class be first exhausted. For ourselves, we have never been able to discover and sound reason or justice in requiring a married man of 35 yeara of age to serve his country in her armies and releasing one 36 years of age from the performance of such a duty. An able bodied man of 40 years is just as much interested in the maintenance of his Gov ernment and can perform just as good service as one of only 20 years. In a crisis like the present we cannot subscribe to the senti ment of "old men for council and young men for war." Even if its philosophy be cor rect, all men over 35 are by no means old men In fact, they are, as a general rule, in the prime of life and much better able to endure fatigue and hardship than those of 20 years of age. Senator Wilson, Chairman of the Senate Military Committee, has intro duced an amendment to the Conscription Act that meets our views exactly. To his amendment we invite special attention. It is as follows: Those mentally or physically unfit for military duty. The Vice President, Judges of Courts, Gov ernors of States, and heads of Executive De partments. The only son ef a widow, wholly depen dent on him for support. The only son of an aged or infirm parent or parents, wholly dependent on his labor for support. In case all the sons are drafted of several sons, the parent or parents may elect which shall be exempt. The only brother of crippled children u i der twelve years old. When two sons have deceased, or been disabled in military service, the residue shall be exempt. The division into classes in the enrollment is abolished. Substitutes for persons enrolled exempt such persons. This amendment has been approved by the Military Committee of the Senate, which makes its passage a certainty. So that before the draft, on the 6th of January, there will be but one class of persons subject to milita ry duty, and the draft must be honored at sight by all able-bodied persons between the ages of 25 and 45. This is right and just.— Our duties and responsibilities are now to be equal in the sight of the law. You of the second class can no longer sit by your fire sides, fold your arms, and Bay: "we have no interest in this matter of reinforcing our ar mies— we are safe from the draft, and there fore easy." The time has come when you must aid to avoid a draft, or take your chances. If patriotism has failed to arouse you to action, we have no fears of the work ings of self interest. But a trifle more than two short weeks remain in which to raise the quota of this county by volunteering. Are the people of this county prepared to enter the army as conscripts The government offers to volun teers a bounty of $302, with an advance pay ment of $75 betore being seat to the field.— Already Congress has under consideration the increase of the pay of privates and non commissioned officers, which will be at least $16 and ir ore, probably $20 per month. The Secretary of the Interior recommends Con gress to donate to soldiers and seamen bounty lands. If volunteers cannot be obtained, then the alternative of a draft is presented, without bounty. The war cannot cont'nue to exceed a year, provided the men now needed are speedily forthcoming. The quota of this county can be raised by volunteering if the effort be made. Nearly every locality in the State is adding to present inducements to enlist. The Board of Supervisors cannot make any money appropriation that would be equitable. They may, however, provide some support for the families of those who volun teer. But the time is at hand when many persons in this county will find that it would have been far more economical to have con iributed to a private local fund, to secure vol unteers, than to be compelled to pay substi tute money. Ail classes are alike interested, and the $300 clause will be repealed. What will you do? S3T The war will be completely ended and peace fully restored during the ensuing year, if the Copperheads can be persuaded to with draw their aid from the rebels, and give the war measures of the Government a decent support. Nothing is now needed but a uni ted North to speedily shiver into ruins the remains of the rebellion. The responsibility of tbe continuance of the war rasts with the Copperheads. There is no getting around that fact. "ON TO RICHMOND."—Various journals are discussing the suggestion of a call for 100, 000 or 200,000 volunteers to take Richmond, and release our starving and dying country men held there as prisoners. If this work oould be done at all, by this process, it could be done in three months after the crusaders, were landed on the soil of Virginia. W Tbe Chicago lrihune lately publish ed an insinuation that Mr. Bonner, of the New York Ledger, made a return to the New Tork Assessor, to the effect that he had no income. At this, Bonner is indignant, styles it an extraordinary falsehood," and informs the Tribune that if it will enquire of G. P. Putnam, Esq., Assessor for his District, it will ascertain two facts—that he was one of the first to pay his tax, and that the sum paid was much larger than that paid by the publisher of any other weekly paper in the United States! Bonner also denies the statement going the rounds that he recently purchased a span of fast horses for $20,000 jyThe new State of West Virginia has been divided by her Legislature into town ships, like other Free States and unlike the Slave States, which have no civil division be low Counties. She haa also adopted a com prehensive Free School system. They say West Virginia is unconstitutional, but she don'taotlika ifc.•.•..V:---' 'v .i.i/.U i [K -r th« Journal.] Drafting tlie Common A,v. We see a great deal in newspapers and in notices about the draft, by which it is insinu ated, if notwpenlv declared, that it is a dis grace to be drafted, and that those who are drafted and are so unfortunate as not to be able to buy themselves off, or procure substi tutes, will have to serve for the miserable pay of privates, minus the bounty and, moreo ver,they need not expect to be treated quite as well as volunteers. Now, I regard all such insinuations as miserably mean, as well as abase insult to the common people, besides being the worst kind of policy for whether the army is made up of drafted im n or vol unteers, tho country is entirely dependent on it for success or even safety. If 1 were com mander of a regiment of drafted men forced into tho service against their will, I should use every effort to gain their respect and good will, and if I failed I should throw off the shoulder-straps and resign my commis sion and good pay, as I should consider my chance of success poor, and my life in more jeopardy from my own men than from the rebels. Suppose the whole army composed of drafted soldiers. The Government would have to raise the pay of privates until it nearly equalled that of lieutenants, ar.d that speedily, or we should sea the whole army disbanded or marching towards Washington to transact official business at tho point of the bayonet. There is nothing so dangerous under any Government as to abuse and enrage the com mon people. They will bear privation, even to distress, when necessary, and hardships which are fatal to life itself, but they will not endure abuse and insult. Then le' the Gov ernment and all interested beware ho.v they undertake to manage the vommon people England understands this matter and, accor ding to Henry Ward Heecher, we owe it to the common people of England tint the Eng lish Government has not carried its sympa thies with the South stiil farther. The com mon sense of the common people for'uade it. Every government under Heaven rests upon and is supported by the common people, and especially is this true in our own Govern ment. They are the foundation of the Church and State. Take them out, and the bottom would fall out of both, The bottem is better than the top, for without the bottom there would be no top. No doubt multitudes of the "uper ten," while puffing a favorite cigar, imagine that they not only support the Gov ernment but. also the common people. They are excusable, for they do not comprehend the position of the common people, for their vision is entirely filled by their own impor tance. The reverse is tho truth. The poor support the rich not the rich the poor. Whoever claims that the rich support the poor, might as well claim that the city sup ports the country, by which it is itself sup ported. The common people bear the whole bur den. They support the government, and all our necessary institutions of church and state, do our fighting and pay our tax's, be sides having to furnish the luxuries indulged in by those who do not claim the most dis tant relationship to the common people. The mmon people understand their responsi bility. They know it is for their interest and that it is their duty to destroy the last vestige of slavery and put down the rebellion. They also comprehend that while the govern ment is lavish of money in paving officer.', whether in or out of the service, and has spent millions in patronizing cut throat swin dlers and speculators, that it seems to expect that the common people will leave the com forts of home and go forth to the exposures of the camp, to face rebel cannon, and, it may be, to rot or starve in rebel prisons as a voluntary offer of patriotism for their coun try. While they are willing to make this sacrifice and expose themselves to such dan ger, they also expect the country and the government to appreciate their ser vices and to show it practically, not by. supporting their families as paupers, but by paying the private soldiers such wag. s as will place their families entirely independent of private charity. Let the government do this simple act of justice and the result "will show that it was not the fault of the people that the army lags for want of soldiers. I am fearful that if Congress increases the pay of soldiers it will not make it sufficient to be of any practical benefit to the army or country. Let the country and government do simple justice, and let all be careful at tbis time, when we are so entirely dependent on the common people, of giving any provo cation for disaffection among them, and all will be well. W. Senator Wilson has prepared a bill increasing the pay of soldiers to $16, giving a bounty of $400 to veteran recruits $300 for ordinary recruits paying a preminm of $25 for procuring the former, and $15 for the lat tee putting colored soldiers, as regards pay, rations 'and equipments, on a footing with white soldiers and allowing .Congressional districts for men furnished to the army or navy, before ordering another draft. HARD TO SUIT.—The Copperheads were mad because of the $300 exemption in the Conscript Act, and now they are mad because it is proposed to repeal it. Hitherto they have been mad because Lincoln did not make overtures of peace to the rebels, and now they are mad because he baa made such overtures, and can see in them only more war and more Lincoln." Mr. Beecher, in a recent speech in Philadelphia, stated that no name he could mention in England called forth such deafen ing cheers as that of Abraham Lincoln. He is profoundly popular there—as he isathome. Mr. Chase is looked upon as the greatest man in the country, and in spite of the malicious criticisms of the London Times, he is the ad miration of the financial men throughout Europe. i OFFICIAL VOTE OF THE STATE.—The Des Moines Register, of the 20th, publishes the official vote of this State (including the sol diers' vote) for Judge of the Supreme Court —being a total of 85,741 for Dillon and 58, 068 for Mason, making Dillon's majority 32,673. The vote for Governor and Lieutenant Gov ernor will be canvassed by the General Assembly next month. Tbe rebel report, via Richmond, that Grant was falling back from Chattanooga and Hardee puAuing proves utterly unfounded. If Grant moves at all soon it will be upon the enemy's works." Coroner Norris, in one of the districts of New York city, calls the attention of a Coro ner's jury then in session over the dead body of an infant, to the fearful increase of the crime of abandoning newly-born infants. In his district the number of abandoned has reached twenty-four in the past year, and the dead found in yards, sinks or vacant lots 3"* I ^tlii Muscatine, iowa, Friday, December 25. i8G3. •»map CnMialilcK at tlic Huttlca of lliu sfon Kltlge and liookout .Vloiin- rouRTn IOWA VOLUNTEER?.,• Killed--Nov 24, ,John Smith, Co Nov 25, Nathan King, K Nov 27, Go'orlale, A Wm Ferguson, Cox, E Campbell, II Abiam Monre, Geo Duncan, I Thos 11. Cramer. Total, 9. Wounded—Nov 24, Geo Mill T, A John Auspatch, Jas Maker, 11 O S Brooks, K Peter Kinney, K Nov. 25tli, WmSayles, N West, Weirick, Webster Brown, Vance, E Geo Hawser, E Wm A Hunt, E Isaac Ray,'I'" S Knnblade, Campbell, Nov. 27th, John Watts, A Henry E Bradshaw (mortally), B: James Howell. Lakin, San derson, W Maker, C, (mortally) W Hill, Job Chambers, Elijah Mount, Wm Burnham, James Campbell, I) Henry Collin*, (and missing), E S Bram liall, K Rob't Shields, James fames, 11 James Widner, II A. II. Your.g, II John Chaney, A Thotras Chas W O'Brien I Geo Black, K Allen II Woods, K Capt Ford, AAA Gen Lieut Shields. To-' tal, 39. Missing—Wm ChenowitbjTC^ Wm En- ni», 15. Total, 2. Totol loss 4th Iowa, 40. TWENTY-SIXTH IOWA VOLUNTSER3. Killed—Nov 27th, Wm. McDonald, John Philip, I Cornelius Bedow, I. Total, 3. Wounded—Lieut Col Ferrely, Corp Wills, Co. A W Oaks, A Thos Williams, Chas Van Epps, Charles Hills, Fritz Horn, E James Fair, David Craw«ton, II Capt. John S Steele, I Lieut Win Nich ols, I Norman Rupel, I Lieut N Hub bard, K. Total, 13. THIRTIETH IOWA VOLUNTEERS. Killed—Nov. 24'h, Jacob Sa'Idlw^ f^'H Souislur, E Ezra Bartholomew, K. Total 3. Wounded—F Mooiis, II Sweeney, II 0 Smith, W 15 Brady, H. Nov. 2oth Lieut Wm Simpson, A A I) C. Nov. 27th—S»mud Moore, A ("has Leffer, A Lieut Milliken, E Hotchkisn, Andrews, B, Brookshein, W Rictnr, John rring, Miller, O 1) I' Todd, Peter Thompson, E David Horton, E Da vid Pickens, E Jatnes Grosvenor, Joseph Sunniers, II James W Evans, II C.unpbell Bennett, S Nichol, Miles Ilirsty, K Thomas Coffman, K. Total, 26. Total loss 30th Iowa, 29 TIIIRTT-FIRST IOWA VOLUNTSFERS. Killed Nov. 24th Henry Beggs, K.— Nov. 25th—George Rath, Abrain I Ken berry, II Evans, K. Total, 4. Wounded—Nov. 24th— George Clark, A Wm McCrorg, Jacob Lanty, John N Hale, Roht Eaton, NawtGT Iteiuly. II, (mortally) O Morehouse, II Chas Dicker son, II A Anderson, I Win lltidd, K.— Nov. 25th—Thos Salisbury, Spence Fel lows, Darius Orcutt, Lieut Thomas Bird Thos Neuman, A Allen Amburn, Purdy, I. Total, 17. Total loss 31st Iowa, 21. NINTH IOWA VOLUNTEERS. Killed— William Bishop, A John Howard, A. Total, 2. Wounded—Nov. 27th—Chas II Lyinnn, A Joseph A Davis, A W Graham, R'lleh Rouse, Wm Dixon, Hiram Kilbmn, Theodore II Roe. I. Nov. 25th—-Wm Hopkins, A W II Glick, Edu in- Chapel, I W Fulton, B. Nov. 24th—Jeremiah Ru pert. Total, 12. Total loss 9 th Iowa, 14. TWENTY-FIFTH IOWA VOLU^TEERS. Wounded—Nov. 27th—Lieut Col A Palmer Adjutant S W Snow Lieut Jobn A Young, A Lieut iJandmann, A Hugh Whittle, A, (mortally) Wm Cook, A David A Boyer, A Capt Ritner, Lieut II Crane, Win Mnson, Milton Spry, Adam Kemple, E Wm Mison, John Connell, lienj Babb, James -Jarvis, Jacob Cline, E Wilson, E: Lieut It II Dakes,T Hugh Denham, Danl Morgan, Albert Sterrett, Jotin Farrell, David Judd, Wm E Wehmer, Thomas Clifton, II James Porter, I Joseph A4wns, I James McElroy, I. Total loss 25th Iowa, 29. Iowa news. SUDDEN DEATH.—Mrs. Turner, an old and estimable lady of Keokuk, dropped suddenly from her seat anddied, while visiting a neigh bor, on the 15 th mst. —Gen. Eastin Morris, an old and highly esteemed citizen of Iowa City, died on the 11th inst., at the ripe age of 69 years. In 1344 he was Reporter of the Supreme Court under the Territorial government, and under the administrations of Presidents Taylor and Fillmore was Receiver of the Public Monies at the Iowa City Land Office. He had pre viously resided at Dayton, O., New Madrid, Mo., and Gallatin, Tenn.,at each of which he filled places of public trust to the satisfaction of'his constituents and with honor to him self. He wa3 a Brigadier General of Militia under Gen. Sam Houston in Tennessee. To the close of his eventful and useful life, he was deeply interested in the progress of his country, and since fhe present war began has frequently expressed the hope that he might see the unnatural conflict terminate in the triumph of the Federal authority. —One hundred and seventy-three new re cruits and seventy-one convalescents were sent South from Camp McClellan, Davenport, last week. Thst is a start towards our State quota! —Iowa College at Grinnell is in a highly flourishing condition. Ninety-two scholars were in attendance durine the past term. Tuition free to disabled soldiers. The Spring term will commence on the 8d day of Febru ary, 1864. —Iowa has a Fourth Battery now. It was mustered Into the service on Nov. 23d, and is commanded by Capt. Phillip H. Goode, of Glenwood, Mills County. It is still at Dav enport, but fully equipped and will probably soon go into the field. |py Somebody says a good thing in the following we have lost the credit: Stern and bitter as has been tbe discipline of tbe last two years, none but the craven can believe that tbis Union can retire from the contest except with renewed strength.— Robust and sinewy with the exercise she has already put forth, she m^y remember, indeed, in the name of her sublime scars, the sedition which has been cowardly whispered to the rebel from behind English and French port holes If ever in my life I have thanked God that I am an American it is now, in our hour of national affliction now, when the honor of tbe citizen, the truth of the patriot, and the majesty of Government, is so signally illustrated. By a late arrival at St. Paul from the plains definite information is received in regard to the massacre of a party of miners in Idaho Territory, last August, by Indians. There were eighteen men, one woman and three children in the party, every one of whom was killed. The Indians acknowledge a loss of thirty-six killed and thirty-five wounded The miners had a small cannon, the firing of which caused their boat to spring a leak, compelling them to run ashore. Among the unfortunat victims was R. S. Butler, of Iowa .. i.- tii* i [CorreepoQiiebce of tbe MuHc&tit.o Daily Journal.] ucon \VAsin( TO. Bird's Eye Vtew of th* Ioua Delegation in Congress. WASHINGTON CITY, Dec. lg, 1803. The old settlers of Muscatine, or of any other part of Iowa, have vivid recollections of the whilom Democratic delegations in Con gress, the most prominent of whom were Gen. Dodge, Gen. Geo. W. Jones, Bill Thomp son and Gus." Hall. Dodge was the luck iest man in the batch, because, I reckon, he was the most undisputed nincompoop. He was, personally, an excellent man, a good neighbor, never got drunk, and never put his vote in tha market, if he knew it. My re. pect for him as a "clever fellow" makes me regret exceedingly that for pure want of brain he should have developed into a cop perhead. George Wallace was cutout on a different pattern. He was got up during (hat happy era when men were made out of clothes. Oratory to him was only demni tion bow-wow." He had just about as fine appreciation of statesmanship as a pig has of Paradiss Lost, cr a Pennsylvania politician of honesty. A consc'entious regard for absolute justice compels me to admit that in the mat ters of whisky cocktails and mint juleps, Mr. Jones was pumpkin*. Als in dancing. It is uiy candid opinio J, in fact, that dancing was his forte. Old Bu'l on was not more distinguished for his tenacity and his egotism, Henry Clay for his personal irllnence and his eloquence, Judge Douglas for his pluck and masterly powers in a running debate, than was George Wallace Jones, among the fashionable eH'e of this national capital, for his case, and grace, and superb style gener ally in'the ''Terpsichorean art," 1 think they call it. And it a man can't use his brains, or don't have any to use, what is there in the Constitution preventing a free and easy us of his legs and his heel-", I should like to know/1 In the great politico-econ omic problem of the division of labor, there fere, G.:n. Jones happily performs his part, but, asjSenator from Iowa, he was a standing ke upon the State. Bill Thompson always was and is yet a clever man, but the world will never burn up if he has to set it on fire. So with Hall, though, poor fellow, he did manage to burn himself up—with rum. Thus the State went along for years, with out gaining a particle of reputation abroad by reason ot the talents and statesuiansiiip of its public men. I presume there are not five huridied persons out of Iowa, to-day, who know anything of A. C. Dodge or G. W. Jones, except that the latter was once put into prison for treasonable expressions, and you might travel everywhere without finding anybody who had ever heard of Thompson or Hall. How different it is with the men whom Republican Iowa has sent to represent the State in Congress. Mr. Grimes has a repu tation over the country, and a power in the national legislature second to no man in the Senate. Mr. Harlan, not so noted as legisla tor, is w ll and favorably known all over the country as an orator and most upright states man. It is admitted on all bunds here that no State :n tbe Union has two such men in the Senate as his Iowa—a just admission and a great compliment, when it is remem bered that Maine has Fessenden and Morrill, New Hampshire, Hale and Clark, Massachu setts, Sumner and Wilson, Ohio, old Ben. W ade and Sherman. But enough of the Sen ators. Mr. Wilson, of the First District, wan to-day ma le Chairman of the Judiciary Committee —one of the moit important positions in the House Ability of high order, skill in law, much legislative experience or fine legislative tact, are required to fill it. Mr. Wilson will undoubtedly do the position honor, and reflect credit upon the State. Mr. Price, of the S. cond District, was made Chairman of the Committee on Revolutionary Claims. It is a honor for any new member to be made Chairman of a committee, but I cannot help thinking that Mr. Price's peculiar talents would have been better recognized had he been placed on tbe Ways and Means. Mr. Allison, of the Third District, was put on two committees—Public Lands and Roads and Canals. Mr. Grinnell, of tho Fourth, is on the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. Mr. Kasson, of the Fifth, is assigned to the Ways and Means, Judge Hubbard of the Sixth, to that on Foreign affairs. Four of these Committees are among the most im portant, and one of them, the Judiciary, is in many respects the pre-eminent committee in all legislative bodies, and at the head of this stands an Iowa member. Those of my readers who aie acquainted with the manner in which legislative business is done, (almost exclusively through the standing committees,) will understand me when I s*y that Iowa has carried off a lion's shsre of the honors. Her voice will be heard, her influence felt, in the the legislation of the country in such way as was not dreamed of only a few years ago. As I sit here in the Reporter's Gallery, let me take a bird's-eye view of our members, for the benefit of such of your readers as have not seen them. I do not think much of phrenology, but the physiognomical science is pretty correct. At any rate, I would rather trust the judgment of a fair view of a man, than that of the fingers feeling the bumps on his skull. Take the case of Wilson, down in the hall there. He is a solid looking man. Nothing showy about him. Well rounded in form, a good sized head, erect hair, stiff as so many little pokers, a keen eye, a smooth, expres sive face, capable of showing earnest indigna tion or jolly good nature, watching the business of the House like a hawk you would know that strong common sense, ob stinate perseverance in carrying out his pur pose", skill in adapting the means to the end, excellent reasoning powers, were the chief elements of his strength. Mr. Wilson is an expert parliamentarian, a ready and effec ive debater, but not an eloquent orator. He will always secure the attention of his audience, and their hearty respect, but he will never send the fiery thrill of enthusiasm through their whole natures. He wasn't intended for that ephemeral |sort of work. He is looked upon here as a very superior man, and re garded by most as the leader of the Iowa delegation in the House. Mr. Price, of your own district, you all knew like a book. Modest, positively dis trustful of his own abilities, he will assured ly not go up like a rocket to come down like the stick. But he will gradually wiD his way to public favor, and, I doubt not, to a nation al reputation. I am not ashamed to say that I think as highly of Iliram Price as of any man in Io wa, and there are many men in that glorious State before whose talents and patri otism I bow in respectful deference. Some may think it is a misfortunate that he is not a lawyer. To that opinion I do not agree,, though next to the preacher and the editor, I think tbe true lawyer takes position in the rank of general usefulness. Somebody has said that ''lawyers may know too much law to have a clear perception of justice, just as divines are sometimes too deeply read in the ology to appreciate the full grandeur of relig ion. Losing the abstract in the concrete, the principle in its accessories, both are in the predicament of the rustic who could not see London for- the houses." Whether that be true or not, it is certain that fine lawyers are often very shabby statesmen, as witness Messrs. Harris and Cowan in the Senate now. Law is apt to breed hair splitters, bat subtle try, though a great faculty, is not a quality of the statesman. I look upon it, in fact, as fortunate, that Mr. Price is not a lawyer, seeing we have four first-rate layryers in tbe pMM. lib«lNit» h»willaoder8taod tha tnwi» bn* vgs ion I»sn III-M* O aiqW« Vri'l' •MiiliMMrfiMMi ness of the House, the legislative wa'its of tbe country, the issuns before the people, and maintain himself as well in all of them as any new member. He will, slowly, it may be, but sarely, gain a wide and permanent repu tation. lie has a clear head, a wide grasp of mind, the best of business habits, and a large experience in affairs of a public nature. Ilis head is all right, and not an impulse of his heart but beats true to the cause of freedom, of humanity, and of Heaven. Mr. Allison, of tbe Third Distric', is the youngest man on the delegation. He looks like a man of train, energy, and back-bone. If he be not a clever fellow, in the best aud highest sense of tbat phrase, there is no sense in looks. He has so much of the milk of human kindness in his nature that if one had lost his reckoning in a great city and should see Allison in a crowd ct' a dozen men i he would walk straight up to him and tell I him of his perplexity—so good natured is the Very phiz of the member from the Dubuque District. He is almost always smoking, and evidently enjoys his Havana hugely. The only unmarried man of the delegation, ho is, of course, the best dressed man. He is a good speaker, a line lawyer, an entertaining conversationist, an indefatigable worker, and an adroit politician. He will do honor to his District, and the State. Mr. Grinnell, of our jerrymandered Fourth District, is a short, chubby man, with no very dignified appearance. Talkative about the concerns of otheis and those of the country, he is re icent enough on his own schemes and plans of wire-working. By no means remarkable as a public speaker, and without any brilliant intellec:ual powers generally, he will nevertheless be one of onr most valuable members not only, but one of the most valu able members of Congress. He will soon know everybody in Congress, everybody in Washington worth knowing, and will have a better understanding' of what is going on, and what will be likely to be going on here after, than any of his colleagues. He is, I think, the most skillful gatherer of intelli gence, outside of professional news-mongers, I ever knew. Impressing strangers favorably by his genial, easy manners, he is already, perhaps, on familiar terms with more mem bers than any other Representative. Ever lastingly having some good practical notion in his head, he will undoubtedly do great service to the country. 1 swear by Grinnell. Mr. Kasson looks like the gentleman of cul ture and of brilliant mind. That is what he is. Learned in the law, deeply read in the classics, his nd finely polished by acquain tance with the literature of England and America, reading and speaking some of the languages of continental Europe like his own vernacular, it is evident he would not be likely to suffer by comparison with almost any gentleman in any company. By the brilliancy of his conversation, his terse and just criticisms on public men" his practical knowledge of public affairs, the natural suavity of his manners, he is better calcula ted to fasc nate ingenuous youth and to secure tho general admiration than any gen t'eman in our delegation—or any other, for that matter. In political strategy he is an accomplished adept "an adroit political gamester," as the old Washington Onion s»id about Mr. Grimes, in 1854. I use the phrase, however, in a better sense, not mean ing to say that Mr. Kasson would resort to trickery not fully justified by the rules and practices cf politics. Strategy is fair in poli tics as well as war. Those complain of it most who are beaten at their own game therein. Mr. Kasson is an admirable public speaker—confessedly the first of our delega tion in the House. His mind is both clear and comprehensive, not annoyed by innumer able details, not exhausted by the most thor ough examination of an important subject, or a question of vast import to many interests, lie will succeed, therefore, both in the House and the Committee Room, and reflect great honor upon his State. Judge 11 ubbard, of the Sixth District, will be, I think the most popular man, personally, of any of them. You only have to see him to like him. Rather tall, of a wiry build, with a fine Roman countenance and "hair like the driven snow, his very appearance is worth a fortune to him. Many years ago he used to cut stone in the land of wooden nutmegs at six dollars a month Here he is an hon ored representative of a large and intelligent constituency, a learned judge, a tine impass ioned orator and close reasoner, as plucky as old Benton himself and as genial as Henrv Clay. Nobody but an unmixed scoundrel could help liking him, and liking him with his whole soul at that. I confidently predict for him a very high degree of success. Such is a very imperfect sketch in ink of our delegation in the lower house of Congress. I hazard nothing in saying that, in general ability, in capacity to confer beneficial legis lation upon the country, in the strength and versatility of their powers, in their devotion to principle, in the purity of character, pub lic and private, there are no six men from any State who are their superiors. I have been more particular in giving mv views of the member from the Fifth District, in especial, because, on an important occasion in Iowa, it was freely asserted I had attacked him in certain letters from this city to the Burlington ffawketje—an assertion which was absolutely false, and which I take this occa sion, late as it is, thus pointedly to deny.— My own sins are all I called upon to answer for. and if I can do that successfully, it will be as much as I expect. Meantime, other lolks must do the same. LINKENSALB. Two young boys from Rushville, Ind., who were put in the Shelbyville jail, on the night of the 10th inst., for a slight misdemeanor, were found murdered next, morning, their throats having been cut from ear to ear, by a crazy manwho was confined with them. Such excitement ensurd that on Saturday some of thepeople of Shelbyville took the madman from the jail and were about to hang him, having actually fastened the rope about hi* neck, but other citizens interferedand res cued him. The weather at the East was very cold last week. At sunrise on tho 10th, the mercury stood at six degrees below zero at Pompey Hill, Onondaga countv, New York. At Syra cuse, N. Y., it was three degrees below, and at Littleton, N. II., four dgrees below. The White Mountains are aH covered by snow the Connecticut river is closed, and the Hud son is so full of ice that navigation has been suspended for the winter. The United States Christian Commission has its stations now at Chattanooga, Steven son, Cowan, Bridgeport and Nashville.— There are 5,879 pitientsin the hospitals, and twenty five delegates laboring for their relief in every possible way. At Stevenson a free writing table has been established, furnished with stationary. It i3 a great convenience to the meo. There is a young man in the army who was born July 4th, at 4 o'clock in the after noon, at No. 44 in a street in New Y'ork, 1844, a fourth child, has four names, enlisted into company of the 4th battallion, 44tb regiment, 4th company, and on the 4th day of September was appointed 4th Corporal, and is now going forth to defend his country. It is estimated that five hundred colored recruits will be obtained from Boone, one of the largest slaveholding and most desperately rebel counties of Missouri. The negroes arc enlisting in crowds, and their masters do not appear anxious to Secure anything except receipts of $300 for their sable property. ggf~ Pat was a volunteer, and he got s:ck. The first question the surgeon asked him was, "Pat, are your bowels regular 2" "No, be jabsn, Ir« a vUunteer.feo-^a i i- bnri araawteQsua Jamr 1 YJ3H8W //VJQl •dwi '.o U :-j •NO ..28. !*eir« Parajrraplw. af) lot The last Rurvivor of the massacre of Wjl oming, Jeremiah Spencer, died on the 221T ult at New Hartford, Conn. An effort will be made at the present sef» sion of the Kentucky Legislature to remov®* the Stat? Capital to Louisville. Report says John Morgan has reached Richmond via the Big Sandy River. Jeff?? Davis has given hnn a command in the armjpi of Georgia. S'eamboats are now roflning iip the Ten* nussc-e liver to Loudoa^ withp sixteen miles of Knoxville, whence the. East Tennessee, army is supplied. The rcl el Secretary of the Treasury esti mates tho debt of the Oonftdoracy at 1,000, 000,000. Tho amount required for the year 18G4 is about $1,500,OUO,(JOO. They have a great excitement at Galesburg, 111., over the failure of J. F. Dunn banker and mayor of the city. The depositors are, sacrificed to a very large amount. They have a first class breach of promise case in Chicago, in which Miss Caliista Math er, the daughter of a prominent merchant, sues Dr. Aaron Pitney, to recover $25,000 damages. The total amount of the claims presented by citizens of Minnesota for losses sustained in the Sto-ix war is $2,600,000. The govern ment commissioners have allowed them at $1,350,000. Messrs. Marcy of New Hnmpshire, Sweat of Maihe, and English of Connecticut, sev erally voted for Mr. Cox of Ohio for Speaker in-Congress. They constitute all the Demo cratic members from New England. ,A boiler in the distillery of W. S. Gurnee& Co., Chicago, exploded on the 17th inst., feiliiug two men and horribly scalding seven men and two liitle ys. The engine house was utterly demolished, and fragments thrown several hundred yards. The trunks of two trees have been sent from th? battlc-tu'ld of Getiysburg to the Massachusetts and Pennsylvania Historical Societies. One of them has 250 bullet holes in the space of twenty-one feut,and the other 110 holes in the same space. Released Surgeons, just arrived at Fortress Monroe from the South, report that they were allowed to examine the condition of our prisoners at Atlanta, and found them in quite good condition. A portion ol th :ir food, however, was that sent from the North. One of the ways in the Potomac army of puuish.ug aw fo^nd liitox'.c^'.td ic to bury him all but his head, and label him thus, changing the name to suit each case of course "Here lies the body of George Mars, who ffII dead (drunk) Nov. 17, 1803." Whisky speculators are congregating in Washington to d'-lay legislation in regard to the duty on whiskv, and to urge an increase in the tax to one dollar per gallon. A largo proportion of the?e are Copperheads, who are deeply interested in filling their own pockets. A rascal named Collins is going about the country begging money for the Illinois Sani-' tary Commission He is an impostor. Tho best way is to give all strangers who are beg sing for pretended charittib'e purposes a wide berth. They are generally cheats. The Immigration Bureau statistics show that the total immigration in forty years, to 18t?f\ has been 5,002,514 Previous to I860 it was liO 1,000, a since 18H0, J"03,000 making 5,(140,415, smca 17901. At $80 each, the capital brought into the country by these emigrants has been $424,000,000. Morgan crossed the Tennessee river above ChatUnooga. IIu came neir being captured. Two of his officers and thirteen of his escort were tak n. Morgan was mounted on a fast horse, presented to him by a Kentucky sym pathizer. Our cavalry were scouring the country south of the Tennessee, in search of Morgan. The Senate of the loyal Virginia Legisla ture, now in session at Alexandria, have passed a bill calling a convention to meet in that city cn the 25th of January, to effect the abolition of Slavery in the five counties of the State exempted from the operations of the President's proclamation. These counties are Accomac, Northampton, Princess Anne, York and Elizabeth, and include the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth. The Exchange of PrisonMw. Gen. Hitchcock has written another letter on the exchange of prisoners, somewhat more fully exhibiting the negotiations that actually went on between Col. Ludlow and Mr. Ou!d in reference to the Vicksburg prisoners and the colored troops. It now appears that so long ago as July 22d, Col. Ludlow wrote to the rebel agent that his proposed declaration of exchange of the Vicksburg prisoners was in violation of the cartel. The statement is explicit and unanswerable and in no letters that have seen the light does Mr. Ouid at tempt to answer it The cartel provided for exchanges of equal rank until such wtre ex hausted and n until they were exhausted could the system of equivalents be resorted to. In other words, so long as we held a greater number of officers as prisoners than the rebels held, they cou'd not free theirs from parole except by first liberating ours.— Yet Mr. Ould committed precisely this out rage declaring the rebel officers on parole exchanged—oifsetting against them a cer tain number ot privates and retaining in pris on a large number of our officers who were entitled to their release. jj. Again, Col. Ludlow reminds Mr. Ould thsjjitf both the proclamation of Jefferson Davis coq^t ci rnuig our iptured officers, and the acts (jfc the Rebel Congress, touchirg the same sutiy_, ct, were in direct violation of the cartel, an^? that since the proclamation and acts referred to, exchanges of officers under the cartel hat*, ceased, aad that e^whang.s bad oeen made, fl at all, only by special iigrcementin each cas&f It was, therefore, clearly impossible for Mr. Oul'J, in any case, to make a valid ex pait* declaration of exchange. Valid exchanges were possible only by special agreement, and the rebei paroles released by Mr. Ould re mained not less bi'iuing than before. Col. Ludlow write* further to Mr. OtilA" that he has again and again urged him to redd turn to the cartel, but in vain He chrg4f him with retaining in close confinement largj^ numbers of our officer-1, 'or vvh a deman«~ had Keen made and equivalents tendered.-^ He notifies tlu rebel agent that he declines tltf unite in his proposed declaration of exchangp^ of the Vicksburg ul'icers, and that if recaf^ tured they will be dealt with as violators qj, their parole. And finally, he declares Mr. Ould that if he is authorized to dtliveff our officers now held in ciose confinement and to return to tho cartel in exchanges of all oliicers and men, the whole business ca||[ be arranged without trouble But to th .se charges and offers Mr. Oul« makes ro reply. He cannot refute the on|f and will not accept the other. In order j* justify himself before the world he publishegj a part only of the correspondence, and su(k^ presses the foregoing letter. In spi'e of CoL Ludlow's warning, he releases the Vicksburjf prisoners and puta them into tho field. Illtf refuses to release our officers, and they r%i main in prison, part of them still under th# threit of the rebel leader and his mock Legi*. lature, that they shall be hanged by Stat*, authorities. In that condition of affairs thi Government is invited by the rebel prisoner^ to be put immediately into the field in exfci change for 13,000 of ours,.and to leave ou£ colored troops and their officers to be butch-, ered at the will of their inhuman captors.—• The invitation has been declined.—N. -ptartsr. I lahmr a k u s i y