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Muscatine weekly journal. (Muscatine, Iowa) 185?-1890, January 01, 1864, Image 2

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Olr'M'lAI. l»Al'KK OF Tilt C'Vl'MI.
A. Geological Convention.
We are not apprised whether the celebra
ted Professor Da'e Owen, who prosecuted his
geological researches among the people of
Dubuque, Davenport and other enteiprisiug
towns, but was suddenly cut short in his
learned and scientific career, was at the re
cent exhibition of old fossils in Cleveland cr
not. From what we have read of the pro
ceedings, the old red sand stone, the silurian
and the tertiary systems were all represent
ed. Some very fine specimens of the ante
deluvian age were exhibited, among them
Garrett Davis and Wasbington Hunt. To
have beer among them must have forcibly re
minded one of those gnat monsters and
infinitesmal animalcules that existed anteiior
to the building of Noah's floating palace, ard
then, too, in that assemblage a great truth
was again demonstrated. To those persons,
who, like the Saducees of old, are so incredu
lous as to believe there "is no resurrection of
the dead," the proof is now as "strong as
holy writ/' There can now be no doubt that
the dead do sometimes endeavor to rise.
But to say that the«e fellows who met in
that ruo«t solemn convention were really res
urrected is hardly consistent with truth.—
They are now trying the thing on with a Na
poleonic lever, and if they can only succeed
in turning in their narrow houses, gradous to
goodness, how bones will rat'le in the year of
1S64. Conservatives
that's the name. It
is said that in the Deluvian age, of which we
have spoken, that Noah, floating through the
stormy flood waters, espied a solitary boat
man struggling against fate and the t'de, and
who, with piteous tones, craved of the com
mander of the Ark the privilege of getting on
board, to which the stern old mariner re
sponded no. It is a'so related that the lone
ly voyager bade Noah go on with his Ark, as
be didn'c think there would be much of a
shower. Whether the narrative be true or
false, it serves as an illustration of the term
Conservative. The fossils who composed
that Convention may dream now tbat the
etorm is not very threatening and feel like
trying their ir.significmt shell of a boat, but
they remember that these are the days of
iron clids. That those fellows should con
clude their labors with suggesting to the
people thit George B. McClellan would
prove a suitable commander and pilot, was
expected. As he never yet won a victory,
his race for Presidential honor in lSo-t will
be short. We wonder the fossils did'nt go
down to the Chiekahominy, among some of
Mac's parallels, and dig out some of his
buried munitions of war—some old musket
stock or birrel, a howitzer or a caisson—and
run a real live relic for President.
Of course every Northern tory and rebel
13 well satisfied. The Courier and Argus,
Statesman and Constitution, will hail Mc
Clellan as the candidate of the Geological
party. Thankful are we that they don't pro
pose to get on board our craft so let them
sail on with their canoe. The waters will
rise higher than 'CO and the wicked will see
more water than they did in 1863.
President flaking.
At the Cooper Institute, New York, on
Tuesday night of last week, Wendell Philips
delivered aT address on the President's late
Message and Proclamation, lie gave Mr
Lincoln credit for integrity of purpose, but
expressed his dissatisfaction with the proc
lamation—especially its reference to the Su
preme Court of the constitutionality of
various questions, and demanded more
sweeping changes, advocating alterations in
the Constitution, etc. The latter part of Iris
speech was devoted to a very severe attack
on Secretary Chase, whom he termed Mr
Lincoln's chief rival. He said he had great
merits, and had done great service to the
country, and he would like to have him stay
where he was, if it were only to sec his bank
system prove a failure—if it were only to see
that magnificent project of having the whole
bank capital of the nation in a tub without
a bottom." But if he must leave before his
schemes have been tested, he wanted the peo
ple to remind him that on the only great ac
casions when the virtue of his anti-slavery
life was tested it had proved ba-e metal, and
hoped he would give some reason for hope
and that it would prove better on the next
Mr. Philips closed by saying that the
country would never be safe until it was un
der the lead of Butler or Fremont.
The Cincinnati Gazette s Washington cor
respondent attributes these severe diatribes to
personal causes rather than to any question
of principle dividing Messrs. Phillips and
Horace Greeley, who was present at the
meeting, followed in a short speech, advocat
ing Mr. Chase as his own candidate for the
Presidency, and vouching for the soundness
of his anti-slavery principle. The first charge
brought against him was that in the case of
Margaret Garner, the slave woman, who killed
her chi.dren. The Governor knowing that
he could defend her against the United States
Marshal, avoided the responsibility and left
it upon the Sheriff by leaving Cincinnati for
Columbus—a course which Mr. Phillipj said
no South Carolina Governor would have
taken when an Abolitionist was in prison at
Charleston. The next occasion was, in the
words of the speaker, "when fourteen States
asked the removal ol a man who3e life is a
greater danger to this nation than that of
President vis to-day (I will not call him
traitor for that would be libelous), but the re
creant Secretary, Mr. Chase, flung himself as
& barrier and saved him. If he looms up for
our President, sit up nights, give yourself no
sleep, watch till you are sure no bondman
lives beneath the banner."
Cincinnati Gazette.
This sterling Union paper is now in its
75th year. It is always opened as soon as it
reaches our table, because we know we can
find something fresh and spicy in its well
filled columns. The Daily, which reaches us
only one day behind the Chicago papers, is
afforded at only $7 per year. The Weekly
is $2 per year, single copy, or two to five
copies each $1,75, five to ten copies each
$1,00, ten to twenty copies (with an extra
copy to getter up of the club) $1,50, and
twenty copies and upwards (with an extra to
getter up of each club of twenty or over)
,25. Address "Gazette Company, Cincin
nati, O."
Samuel Stevenson,a Kentucky "gentleman"
of wealth and leisure, died in Washington on
Tuesday of last week, from the effects,
It is thought, of a slungshot blow, which ho
received in thejttd connected With a house I of "his cell with a jacknife.
The .Uurder »f Colored Soldier*.
In June last, eighty colored soldiers, a 1st
Lieutenant and a Captain, were captured by
the rebels, after a hard fight, at Millikon's
Bend. Their fate was long unknown but
information has lately been received by the
Government that, after a brief imprisonment,
ihi two officers were taken frotn their cells at
night and hung. Very eoon afterwards the
eighty men "disappeared," a cant Southern
phrase, which means that they were mur
The military authorities of the rebellion
claim that they are justified in hanging all
colored soldiers they may capture, who have
escaped from slavery, on the ground that lht*y
are deserters. This is the argument which,
if good for one side, must be good for the
other, which must hava universal application
or none at all. Upon this matter the Tribune
argues so closely that other comment is su
perfluous. It says:
"Since the United States is admittedly a
Government, both de facto and de jure, it
must have at least equal rights with the Con
federacy, which exists, if at all, only de facto.
If, then, the Confederacy claims to hang as
deserters all the inhabitants of its territory
found in arms in our ranks, the claim of the
United States to hang those who have desert
ed from its service must he equally strong.—
It follows that, if the rebels have a right to
hang re raptured negroes, we have at least as
good a right to hang re-captured rebels."
The truth is that the barbarous treatment
of our white soldiers captured--the murder
of our black troops—the injustice and cruelty
of the rebel authorities in regard to the ex
change of prisoners, are crimes which must
ere long compel terrible punishment. The
mercy our Government has thus far shown
to its enemies must soon be transferred to its
friends, unless these enemies—from whom
mercy is rot expected—answer generosity
with simple justice.
Delinquent Taxes.
Several days ago we published a decision of
the Supreme Court on the subject of delin
quent taxes, and put a construction upon it
which we have since understood was wrong.
It appears that many County Treasurers mis
understood the decision also. In order that
the decision might be fully settled, the appel
lant filed a motion for a re-hearing, and the
urt rendered its decision thereon, affi:ming
that tay payers becoming delinquent under
lawo repealed are liable to pay the penalties
of the Revenue Law of 1862 for the time they
shall continue to make default thereunder.
It appears that sincc 1850 the Revenue
Law has been twice amended as respects in
terest oil delinquent taxes. From 1850 to
I860 the interest was 25 per cent, per annum.
In 1800 the law was amended, making the
interest one per cent, per month. By the act
of April 8, 1862, the rate of interest was fix
ed as follows For the first three months,
one per cent, per month for the next three
months, two per cent, per month for the
next three months, three per cent, per month
and for all subsequent delinquencies four per
cent, per month. This is the law now in
The following table shows the amount of
interest on each dollar's delinquent taxes for
the years named:
Years taxes.
Dec Jan Feb'v 'March, April.
Years taxes. IS 8 1864 1S61 1S64 1S64
1S65 192 1S6 a-^O I 204 20S
1S5S 167 17 175 179 183
1357 140 144 158 1V2 156
lsJS 116 121) 124 198 1.S2
1859 91 95 99 103 107
1SC0 73 n 81 85 89
18fil 61 65 69 73 77
1862 22 26 30 84 38
Fed tax. '81, 51 •r3 62 6G 70
In like manner, 4 per cent, should be added
on the first day of each following month.
The .tfext Presidency.
No name yet mentioned for the next Presi
dency meets with such general endorsement
as that of ABRAHAM LINCOLN. The following
paragraph on this subject from an exchange
has been extensive'y copied, with approba
tion. We give it our hearty and sincere
The signs of the times indicate that
ABRAHAM LINCOLN will be the candidate of
the Unionists for President We cordially
endorse- the movpmeit. In our estimation it
would be suicid 1 to experiment with new
men while the rebellion exists. Mr. Lincoln
has done we'll—much better than any man in
the country could have done under the cir
cumstances. He has proven himself a most
rernur -able man, who sincerely des'res the
peace and happiness of the people. The re
hellion was inaugurated on his assuming the
reins of Government, arid he should hold
them until every vestige of the rebellion is
eradicated and our country is blessed with
peace. The most hardened rebel sympathizer
has not dared to impugn his motives and
honesty of purpose, and we cannot in this
emergency point to a more competent stand
ard bearer for the Flag of the Union, than
Abraham Lincoln."
Our Washington correspondent refers to
the objection the Radicals make to the Pres
ident's proclamation, and disposes of it in a
way which is undoubtedly the true one. We
think it will be found, after all, that the
President is on the right track, and that he
will cut the Gordian knot of our difficulties
before the over-zealous and short-sighted
friends of freedom are aware of what he is
low a News.
—The Dubuqu9 Times states that Gen.
Vandever his been transferred from the De
partment of the Gulf to the Department of
Tennessee, and is on his way to Chattanooga.
HORRIBLE DEATH.—Jacob Well, 14 years
of age, whose parents reside in Franklin
township, Lee county, was recently sent a
distance of three miles on an errand on horse
bick. Two days afterwards his body was
found nearly eaten up by hogs. It issuppos
ed that ho was thrown from the horse and
KEOKUK HOSPITAL.—The tctal number of
patients admitted into the United States Hos
pitals at Keokuk, since April 20th, 1862, is
7,396. Of this number the deaths have been
as follows: Of the State of Iowa, 1&) Illi
nois, 137 Indiana, CO Kentucky, 8 Kansas,
20 Minnesota, 36 Michigan, 27 Minnesota,
8 Nebraska, 6 Ohio, 70 Wisconsin, 53.—
Total number of ceaths, 617.
—We learn from the Vinton Eag^e that
Andrew Mullarky, a prominent lawyer at Ce
dar Falls, and one of tho oldest settlers in the
Cedar Valley, was drowned in the mill race
back of Plumer's Drug Store in Cedsr Falls
at 6 o'clock on Saturday evening, the 12th
—The citizens of Des Moines are discuss
ing the expediency of donating several aires
of public ground, known as Flea Poi it, at the
jupction of the Des Moines and Raccoon rivers,
for the purpose of a union depot for the use
of all the different railroads to center there.—
It will probably be done.
Streeter, convicted a short time sinpe of
the murder of the McCoy family in Medio-*,
Ohio, and sentenced to be hung on the 27th
of January, escaped from jail on Christmas
night, by secretly opening a hole in the wall
of his cell with a jacknife. A reward offif
teen hundred dollars is offered for hia arrest guerrilla taken in th« act.
For th« Jonrnal.
Advertising r:«y«— Agriculture
on the
FKIEND MAUIN :—It appears that there is a
law in OLr Siate that all estrayssha'l be pub
lished in the HomeUead, our farmers' paper,
published at the Capital of the State. In my
two last numbers, the two last of the year, I
see co umu after column, and page after page
o! notices of est rays from neatly every county
in the State. Now, when an an:nal
strayed from any one in this, :md taken up
in any other county, look in the Homestead
and you will see it there described. This is
the advantage of advertising all in one paper
at the Capital of the State, instead of adver
tising in the county paper. It is true it
gives a very libird paironage to the fa\ored
paper. Farmers had better take the Ilome
stead and the county paper, too.
It is quite unusual that an agricultural
papr should have such liberal patronage.
Poliiical papers aro usually the favorites, be
cause they are the papers of notoriety, exten
sive circula ion, have done tho handsome
pulling for the cmel'datjs—the successful
candidates—and therefore ihey ore entitled to
public patronage. Times are changing in
Iowa. The farmers are a long way over half
the people of our State. We have never di
vided off into a party to secure our rights-,
and, as affairs are working, I trust we shall
never have cause to
Agriculture had two Senators and one Rep
resentaiive in Congress from Iowa, who were
faithlul supporters of the College Land
Grant, of the establishment of the Nat onul
Agricultural Department, the wisi'.m of
which no rational and patriotic man can
doubt. We now have six Representatives in
Congress who will a'tend to the great interest
of cur State and Nation.
I now appeal most earnestly t" our inem
bers of the Legislature to stand by agr cul
ture, as Washington adv sed us to. We want
a liberal appropriation to enable us to go on
with our Agricultural College, which was be
gun five years ago. It has dragged too long.
We are sure we are right. Now let us go
Fur the Muscatine Sourual.
MR. MAHIN :—Christmas was pleasantly
celebrated by a number of the citizens of this
place in witnessing the presentation of an
elegant sword to our fellow townsman, Col.
W. W. Garner, from the officers and members
of company F, 25th regiment Iowa volunteers.
When the 25th regiment was being raised
cur town furnished one company, viz com
pany F, commanded by the brave and patri
otic W. G. Allen. From the time of its
inception until its completion, Col. Garner
was active and efficient, and when ordered
into camp at Mt. Pleasant the Colonel follow
ed it there and remained with it, assisting in
its drill and preparing its muster roils, until
the day tbe regiment was ordered into active
service—a period of some two months or
upwards. When the company left Mt. Pleas
ant the members and officers offered the
Colonel pecuniary reward for his se-rve- s.
lie utterly refused, as he had labored the
»ood of the cause and that of the brave boys,
his neighbors and his nei hbor's sens, who
were going to fight the battles of their country.
Bu'. the brave soldier never forgets a friend,
and after the terrible battles of Lro! out
Mountain, Mission Ridge and White Oak
Mountain, when the 25th got into amp at
Bridgeport, the officers a members of Com
pany raised a sum sufficient to purchase
the Colonel an i legant sword, and sent the
same by the hands ot' Serg ant W. P. Miller,
who was coining home on recruiting service
for the regiment.
The presentation speech was made by W.
A. Coiton on behalf of the company, and was
responded to by the Colonel io a few happy
remarks, thanking the donors for ihe accept
able and elegint piesent. After which mirth
flowed freely and unrestrained, "and all went
merry as a marriage bell." The Colonel felt
as happy as a Prince, and everybody shouted,
"liully for Company F." Yours,
0^* A day's ration, issued to one of our
prisoners at the Libby Prison, is exhibited at
Washington. It consists of a piece of un
bolted corn meal cake, without salt, having
the appcarance of being ground, cob and all
in one mass, mixed with a little water, and
baked. It is 2} inches thick, 4} inches long,
2^ inches wide, and weighs 12 ounces. It
was issued, with a plentiful supply of James
River water, to William Stannus, an Iowa
soldier, from Keokuk, a prisoner of war at
Libby Prison, Nov. 16, 1863, the day he was
exchanged, after seven months' confinement.
(jRgTThe progress of this revolution is seen
as much by the way the Americans of Lon
don observed the 26th of November, the
National Thanksgiving, as by anv event that
has transp'r d. They had a grand banquet at
St. James' Hall, lion Robert J. Walker pre
siding Rev. Sella Martin, a fugi ive slave,
acting as chaplain Charles Francis Adams,
our Minister at the Court of St. James, the
orator, showing the causes of thanksgiving
and eulog z:ng Mr. Lincoln, and many prom
inent Americans being present and making
speeches Now this meeting proved a great
er soc:aljrevolu'ion,with n twenty years, than
was ever before seen in the world. If wenty
years ago ith-id been told Mr. Charles Francis
Adams, the son and grandson of presidents,
that he would anywhere associate with a full
blooded African negro upon an equality, he
would have thought himself insulted, ana the
predictor would have been c:ns dered a fool.
If it had been told that the American Minis
ter at the first, court in Europe wou'd have
attended a banquet to sit by the side of a
negro—a man never rjco^nized as an Ameri
can ci'izen -the one so prophesying wou'd
have been sent to a mad house as a lunatic,
liut how much more improbable was it that
Robert J. Walker, then a senator from that
fi»-rc« State, Mississippi, which for slivehold
ing was next to South Carolina—that R. J.
Walker, just after Secretary of the Treasury
under Polk, a slaveholder himself, and fdvo
cating free trade that the North might be
crippled and slavery perpetuat.d, and who
looked forward to be President through his
adherence to the South—how much more im
probable that he would be sitting down to
English ef, beer, ar.d bread, with the wine
bottle foaming by their side, and laughing and
joking across the table w th a mgro, who had
fled from slavery—one that he id declared
and deemed to be a chattel, a p:cce of piop
erty to be sold at auction with oxen, swine,
and manure.
Where and when, since the days of Adam
and Eve, or at hast since th" great flood, ha"
such a change in so short a time come to any
people? It was m-ver known before. In all
oth countries and times, slaves, subj-cted
peoples, serfs and tenants, have struggled for
generations, and ages some times, and they
have seldom reached an equality with their
masters, conquerors, and the aristocratic
landed proprietors. IIere the revolution has
been completed in half the life-time of one
man the black at the banquet in London,
was on an equality with the white, and the
former slave with the o'd slaveholder.
Guerrillas are apt to disappear some
what mysterou»ly in Eist Tennessee. A let
ter in ihe Congregationalist thus refers to a
singular accident:
Matters are conducted here rather different
from the Virginia method, as to guerrillas.—
Th'-y have a short shrift. For ins ance, a
commander reported a while ago that he had
met twenty guerrillas he had killed eight,
and captured twelve but, unfortunately, in
bringing his prisoners into camp, they all fell
off a losr and broke their necks. It is hardly
to be wondered at that such accidents occur.
Tennessee soldiers are men whose houses
have been burned, their families abused, their
relatives murdered in cold blood, a pn e sat
on 11 eir heads. It is no wonder they are im
placable. Nor can one pfejt tiw murderous
[Oartwi'oodODce of Ihe MuncutIne Daily
Christmas—Mr. Kasson before a Washing
ton A uitience— he President and Wendell
WASHINGTON CITY, Dec. 25, 1863.
I would wish your readers all a merry
Christmas, only it will do them no good by
the time they can see it So on this merry
day, on the supposition that this lucubration
will reach their eyes about the commence
ment of 1864, I wish to each and all a happy
new year.
Meantime, Christmas is a great institu
tion." Ilow many bright, how many sad
reeolleciions cluster about it. Here I sit to
night at my writing table (a noble piece of
work and a convenient, made according to
express orders), from above which look down
upon me Washington, Shaksptare, Webster
and Fennimorc Cooper opposite are Burn's
old Joel Barlow, Mrs. Browning, Robert
Browning and Secretary Chase at other con
venient places on the unpapered wall are the
best Madonna 1 ever saw, the best Washing
ton Irving, a landscape in oil, an engraving
of Forrest, a photograph of a sister whose
iovely name was that of the mother of God,
and who, years ago, with the words Lord
Jesus, into thy hands I commit my spirit,"
died the death of the righteous and the pure.
Blessed are the puro in heart for they shall
see God. 1 open a convenient drawer, anel
find a daguerreotype of my brother Joseph
the only brother I ever had save little Lock
wood, who died before he talked. In another
case is mother dear." Many long years
ago she talked to me, one evening, as only
mother can talk, with the power of a benign
ant nature, and tho glory of heaven lighting
up her young face (she was always thought
io be my sister by strangers), and before tho
next sun rose she was dead. No day ever
conies, and especially no Christmas, when my
thoughts do not reccr to the dear and holy
dead," who in tbe years gone by participated
with me in the enjoyments of this merry sea
son. Santa Claus now comes for my chil
dren (May and Ilarri who sleep in their
trundle beds as happy and as pure as the an
gels), just as he used to come for us. See
the little ones—their bed full of toys, ele
phants, lions, tigers, all the domestic aniumls
in luscious canity carriages, wheelbarrows,
soldiers, artillery, the drum, the bugle, the
martial sword, in gorgeously painted tin the
rocking chairs near by a hundred little things
great to them, about which wo ourselves use i
to think so much before the gala day, and
wlr'c'i we so much enjoyed, with those who
are now gone from us. The mos' important
family day is Christinas. Then we live our
lives over again, become children, are
happy and sad betimes, alter the manner of a
changeful da}', wit'i the sun now pouring a
Hood of 1 fe and joy upon us, now shut out
by the darkening cloud.
Were Phillips' construction of the procla
mation of amnesty the correct one, there is no
candid man but would admit the justice of
his criticism. But it is not correct. Mr. Lin
coln does not propose to submit the question
of emancipation, as decided by his Proc'ama
t°oo of January 1, 1863, to the arbitrament
of the Supreme Court, in any such sense as
Mr. Phillips suppos-.s. The President is far
fiom bringing the executive branch of the
Government, or the legislative branch, into
subjection to the judicial bianch thereof, or
bom proposing any such thing. He says
nothing about his views or surmises touching
the future ac'ion of the Court. He do"s re
quire of ail men who seek to reconstruct State
governments in insurrection»ry districts, in
States now pract ca:lv out of the Union if
you please, to swear that they voVl svstam
nil ihe measures the exrculive has adapted
og iiml slavery, until those measures are de
cided a-jainst by the Supreme Court. If you
ill particularly study the phraseology of the
proclamation of amnesty, the form of the oath
required, etc., you will perceive hat, praci
cally, the Supreme Court can have nothing to
do with leconstruction under the President's
plan. Those who take advantage of that
plan must first be pledged, and that by oath,
to stand by the acts of the President in the
matter of slavery. It would be in them so
monstrous a breach of faith to hurry the
question off into the courts that such a course
is not to be expected. B-sides, as a matter
of fact, the men who will accept his plan are
the very ones who will want slavery totally
destroyed. Such, except in very rare in
stances, are the only ones who will take the
oath at all The others are incorrigible slave
holders and rebels. As public enemies, or
eyen as citizens, so claimed to be by them
selves, of a Government at war with ours,
they cannot come into our courts for any pur
pose. And thus it will praciically turn out
that those who could, will not, go to the
courts, and those who would, cannot At
any rate, the proclamation is a very long
headed affair, and by no means turns over
any branch of this Government as a ward in
charge of the Supreme Court. The practical
effect of it will be to reconstruct ike Slate*
on a basit of freedom. That being done, a
decision of the Supreme Court need constitute
no fearful bugbear. Wait till it comes.— 1
Taney cannot live al ays 1
Lieut. J. F. Skelton, ot Company I), 17th
Iowa Inf.. who w is sh through the head
and the leg at the battle of JacKson, Miss.,!
and who ha* been in Lihby prison for many
months, escaped i ot long ago, anel after ninny
trials and hardships, reached the pickets of
old Ben. Butler, in "from" of Fort Monroe.
He reached this city, the other day, as the
telegiaph has probably inlormed you. He
gives me many interesting, but painful, facts
touching the life of our prisoners—the most
painful of which is the belief among oi:r offi
cers that William Vermillion, of Lee county,
Iowa, whose release from prison I recently
chronicled, betrayed, during the summer, a
well concerted plan of our prisoners to rise,
destroy Richmond, and escape to Ft. Monroe,
and which plan, it is believed, could have
been successfully carried out, had it not been
divulged day or so before all was readw—
Vermillion had a long private ilk wi:h Gen.
Wilder. The next morning guns command
ed the prisons from every direction, and our
sufferers sank again into despair. Lieut.
S. says that the rebel government took from
him his greenbacks, giving him seven dollars
of confederate currency to one of ours, and
that, after the report of Secretary Chase be
came known at Richmond, the rates were
twenty-four dollars for one. lie has no doubt
of a strong Union feeling among even many
citizens of Richmond, and especially among
the privates of the rebel army.
Mr. Wendell Phillips made a speech at the
hall of Cooper Institute, a few evenings ago,
which, like all the speeches of that brilliant
orator, made a stir and a commotion all
around. It was a criticism upon the Presi
dent's Proclamation accompanying the last
message. The orator says some excellent
things, in his usual splendid manner, and
then scolds at Uncle Abe, but, 1 must con
fess, in no very atrabilarious mood. He has
to admit that Mr. Lincoln is an honest, faith
ful President in ihe main. The point upon
which he most insists is this: That the
American people are not to be governed by
the Supreme Court. He urges, thence, that
he President erred ia proposing to submit
the question of emancipation to the Court.
.•*ew» Paragraphs.
Our blockading squadrons have taken one
thousand prizes, yielding thirteen millions of
dollats to the revenues of the Government.
A lunatic asylum in France was recently
set on fire by one of the inmates. The build
iog was destroyed and six of the female in
mates were burned to death.
The negro schools in New Orleans sustain
ed by the Government are seven in number,
with 2 teachers and 1190 scholars. The
little darkies prove admirable scholars.
Robert M. Fish, Private Secretary to Gov.
Ramsay, of Minnesota, died very suddenly in
Washington, on Wednesday night, while ac
companying Mrs. Ramsay to the theater.
Gen. Dumont, member of Congress from
Kentucky, is the father of nineteen children,
ten of whom came into the world in couples.
He sits alongside of bachelor Thad. Stevens.
A man at Yellow Springs, Ohio, named
Ilezekiah Monroe, who has a wife and five
children, lately killed a girl (sister of his wife)
because she was going to marry another man,
and then attempted to cut his own throat.
He is no* in jail at Xenia. It was a pure
case of practical free love, run mad.
Gen. Buford, who died on the 6th inst, at
the house of Gen. Stoneinan in Washington,
wa the son of the well krown stock grower
in Kcr tucky, and brother of Col. Buford, of
Rock Island, 111. He was 42 years of agj,
and was made Major General for his disting
uished services on tho very day he died.
Mrs. Ruth Briden, a widow lady, owner of
The old homestead, i a farm at Kla, Lake county, 111., was mur-
thc schocl house where we learned our letters, i dered on the 22d, while milking in the cow
the schoolmaster so kind and so true after yaid. Her throat was cut wiihi a razor, and
all, the schoolmistress whom, though twice her head bore marks of heavy blows. A man
a largj as ourselves, we loved devotedly, the named Wui. Bell, tenant on the farm, is sup
father then in his prime, now in the sere and I posed to be the murderer. He is still at
yellow leaf, or, may be, in the narrow house, I large.
the moihe', about Wnom center all our best 11 has recently come to the knowledge of
emoiioiis, the brothers and the sisters they the Government that there are along the fron-
before the min i on Christmas day moie tiers of the Canadas upwards of 10,000 ele
than at any other time. I bless God for serters, most of them in a suffering condition
Lhri.-iinris, ai.d trom my soul am surry for and anxious to return andj"in their reg ments.
th se men who can make nothing of it hut a It i« probable a proclamation will shortly* be
time for carousal. We ought then to be merry, issued by the Pre.-ident, offering patdon 'o
and we ought to be sad, toi. Most great re- all who will return to their regiments within
vivals of religion date from Chri-tiiwis, so far I :jo days.
,ts my oh-ervation noes, and 1 believe it is be-1
f-ause it is so peculiarly a family anniversary, The famous trotting mare, California Dam
I move, therefore, that on ever}* coming re-
^recently purchased by Senator Sprague,
currence thereof, weall b-inish ei'g no.!g from Rhode Island, for $11,000,as a present for
our tab'es, and celebrato the day in the na'.ur-1,
al and proper way. vessel. She was let out of the stable in
The Hon. Isaac N Arnold, of Chicago, and
lion. hn A Kasson, of Des Moines, made
peeches at the Union League Reading Rooms
night efore last. Mr. Arnold had his ad
dress al! written out beforehand, and, for
that kind of an effort, it was all that could be
desi'ed—sensible, polished, sound in doctrine,
admirable in its eo'ij-truction, and, generally,
exhibi.ive of scholarly attainments and a fair
degree of mediocre native talent. Mr. Arnold
is, by nature and education, a carpet knight,
and his speech on this occasion was a tip-top
essay for that style of man. For mv own
part, I do not like tho style. Mr Kasson
made a first-rate speech—he did not read an
essay He filled his audience with enthusi
asm, and carried them with him in sympathy,
whether he appealed to their feelings of pa
triotism, or invoked their indignation ag.iinst
the "institution'' which had brought all these
troubles upon the country, and which, he
said, must be effectually destroyed before a
lasting peace could be brought about. I will
not attempt a report of the speech. I shall
only say further that I have heard many of
the eminent men of the country spsak from
the same st nd, but never one who made a
better speech. And this is not only my opin
ion, it is the general opinion. Let me say,
in winding up this branch of my letter, that
ihe report of Mr. Ivasson's speech in the
Chronicle of yesterday was a monstrous out
rag-.', and an unmixed disgrace to that paper.
'las 'rom the but sting of a
the morning, in apparent good health, arid
commenced frisking about, when the blood
suddenly flowed from her mouth, and she
soon died.
A reward of $5,500 has been offered for
the arrest and conviction of the bank robber
who killed young Converse, at the Maiden
(Mass.) Bank, a few weeks ago. The mur
derer took away with him about $5,000, in
cluding thirty $100 bills. Persons reciving
$100 bills on that bank from strangers, would
'Jo well to inquire into the character of the
person offering them.
Reverdy Johnson is the father of the United
States Senate, having first taken his seat
there as a Senator from Maryland in 1845
but he has not 0**urieei it continuously, while
lion John P. Hale has been a Senator from
New Hampshire since 1847. So in the Housev
Mr. Washhurne, froen Illinois, has represented
his district longer, continuously, than any
other Representative but Thad. Stevens, of
Pennsylvania, was a member some years be
fore his term commenced.
Turner ^Mitchell's packing house, at Chi
cago, was burned on Wednesday of last week
Tbe loss will reach from $40,000 to $50,000.
The building contained four tanks, holding at
the time six to eight thousand pounds of tal
low, besides which the carcases of 185 cattle,
killed on the previous day and hung up to
cool, were consumed, with the hides and other
material which had accumulated for some
nays. This immense amount ol fatty matter,
largely composed of carbon, furnished the
basis for a firo remarkable for intensity of
heat, and prolonged combustion.
The Uethoditits in the Month.
Tho Methodist, of last yveek, says:
"The recent appropriation of $35,000 for
the extension of our work in the far South is
likely to be followed by important conse
quences. Almost simultaneously with it
appears the proclamation of the President
offering to the people of the States now in
rebellion an amnesty upon certain conditions
which he has thought fit to prescribe.
Measures have already been taken to carry
out the p'ans of our church. Bishop Ames,
at last accounts, was at St. Louis, preparing
to start upon his tour down the Mississippi.
Bishop Simpson will soon proceed to Tennes
see. A prominent and popular Methodist
minister, now stationed in New York city, has
been designated for the city of New Orleans
and though the appointment demand* of him
not a 1 ttle sacrifice, his acceptance is never
theless hoped for. An order has been given
by the Secretary of War permitting the occu
pation of deserted churches within ourlir.es,
and the use of them temporarily for religious
services. No questions of ownership or pos
session are to ba raised these can be deter
mined only when the several States are
brought back to their allegiance and civil rule
is once more established over their people.
Many facts in the condition of the South
ern States encourage the hor-e of the return
of ths vast majority of Methodis's in the
South to the old church—the church of As*
bury and McKendree, from which many of
them separated with the greatest reluctance.
St Lcuis letter to the N. Y. Commercial
says the order to recruit blacks in Missouri
was a stiggering blow to the remnants of the
peculiar institution in Missouri. Tbe practi
cal working of the order is as follows: A
recrui ing officer goes into a distiict and re
cruits fifty or a bundled negroes—the masters
receiving receipts by which, on proof of loy
alty, they will be entitled to compensation.—
The negroes come to SL Louis, and, on an
examination by a surgeon, three-fourths of
the recruits are declared physically unfit for
service They are rejected, and of course
their masters receipts, are null and void.—
They are held for a few days, and, in default
of their masters' appearance, discharged.—
Not one in five of the rejected recruits ever
return to slavery. This has been the opera
tion of the negro recruiting system thus far,
and the exodus of negroes from the country
is more rapid than ever. Slaves slip them
selves into parties of recruits, arrive in St.
Louis, swear they hail from Arkansas or Mis
sissippi, receive free papers, go into the free
States, and thus are lost to the South forever.
UnioB Troops Occupy® Cedar
The Rebel Army gone into Winter
Judge Taney Dangerously ill.
Valuable Cargo of CottouTaptured.
The Richmond Enquirer of the 17th, says
our Government has abandoned every point
excepting the treatment of negro prisoners.
Now tha simple truth is our Government
has not abandoned any point. 11 is known Mai.
Gen. Butler, who has superceded Meredith,
has no such instructions. The prisoners
have been placed under his orders, and he is
authorized to conduct the exchange man for
man and officer for officer of equal rank with
those paroled and sent forward by himself.
The object is to make an even exchange as
far as the prisoners in the rebel possession will
admit, and governed by humane motives.—
The effort will be made first to procure the
release of those who have for the longest
time been held as prisoners. Colored troops
and their officers, in conducting the exchange,
will be placed on equality with other troops,
and *o with colored persons in civil employ
ment. This is one of the points hereafter to
be adjusted. The honor and dignity of the
Goyerninent in the protection of such per
sons will not be compromised.
The recent visit of Gen. Hitchcock to Ft.
Monroe was to sea Gen. Butler and commu
nicate to him the orders of our Government
on this subject. The object is to secure the
exchange of an equal number of prisoners
on each side, leaving all other questions for
future determination, the excess being largely
in our favor.
The exigencies of the public service require
many more officers for the colored regiments,
principally line officers. Gen. Casey's Board
weie hard at work examin n-^ candidates, but
weie unable to supply the demand. Sixty
officers are wante-J immediately, and one
hundred and fifty would be received in the
next two weeks if they could be obtained.
Of 800 horses sent to Gen. Butler from
New York, for cavalry service in this depart
meat, 700 were condemned ns worthless.
Investigation- into the affairs of the Quar
termaster's Department at Alexandria are still
progressing, and Old Capitol receives almost
daily some of the parties implicated in the re
cent frauds. Contractors come in for a full
Maj Davis, Assistant Inspector, late of the
Army of the Potomac, has been announced
as General Inspector of the Department of
New Mexico.
It is stated that Quartermaster General
Meigs is to be reinstated in his office here.
Mobile, -!1—Two white regiments sent
down to Ft. Jackson, had not recovered the
fort, and were lighting ou Saturday.
The Richmond papers are gloomy oyer the
effects of Averill's raid.
The City Council yesterday passed resolu
tions authorizing the construction of a rail
road track through the streets, connecting
the Little Miami & Indianapolis and Cincin
nati Railroads.
The cash receipts of the Sanitary Fair up
to Monday were nearly $85,000.
NEW YOHK, Dec. 29
The Tribune's Washington dispatch con
tains the following: Chief Justice Taney is
lying at the point of death.
It is said that in such States as Wisconsin
and Michigan, in which tho first draft is not
yet completed, the Government will secure
hardly any of the drafted men, the commu
lation money being almost unanimously paid.
The Tribune leains that the United States
steamer Huron captured an old river steamer
with 300 bales cotton, valued at $100,000,
while attempting to run the blockade.
The expedition planned by Gen. Gilmore,
for attacking Savannah was abandoned in
consequence of the return of the rebel troops
who had been to Bragg's assistance.
Several expeditions are afloat, from which
good results are anticipated.
The World's Washington dispatch says:
It's rumored to-night thit Hooker has been
suddenly ordered to Washington.
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.
The steamer Harmonia, from Southampton,
arrived this forem-on. No news.
The steamship Roanoke, from Havana the
23d, and the Tubal Cain, frcm St. Domingo
the 7th, have a'so arrived here.
The rebellion at St. Domingo is still pro
There are about 10,000 Spanish there, but
they cannot penetrate into the interior on
account of the bad roads and guerrillas.
The Spanish war steamer Elba was burned
at Canary Island, causing the total loss of
a large quantity of stores, muskets, &c.
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.
A Charleston letter to the Baltimore Amer
ican, dated on the fleet, Dec. 24th, says:
''As I intimated in my last, we have settled
down here into the expectation of a month or
two more of inactivity. The strike among
the engineers at the North, which has delay
ed the completion of the monitors and de
prived our iron-clad fleet of reinforcements
which were expected here more than a month
since, has been the primary cause of the
delay. The disaster to the Weehawken, and
the coming of the winter season with its con
stant storms, has still further enforced this
l'wo months hence spring will be advanc
ed here, and with our iron-clad |force increas
ed by three or four new monitors, we will be
prepared to take advantage of the most
healthful and pleasant part of the season
Let us hope that if Grant does not steal a
march on us by one of his famous rear at
tacks, that Charlestoo will then fall. Io the
meantime, if we cannot look for immediate
and decisive results here, no great disaster
need be apprehended.
Gen. Gillmore's position is impregnable.
The monitor Lehigh by the time this reaches
you will have completed tha repairs rendered
pecegsary by the hammering she received
CAIRO, Dec. 28.
The sunken steamer Fannie ivlcBurnie has
been deserted with oo hopes of her being
Gen. McPherson, commanding at Vicks
burg, has l-sued orders for changing Col. B.
G. Farror's 2d Mississippi artilleiy into cav
alry to operate against tbe guerrillas which
infect the lower part of the river.
The large steamer Chouteau has been
placed at Col. Farron's disposal. Several
pieces of artillery have been furnished him.
The steamer John J. Roe, from
The steamer Hope, from New Orleans the
17th, had 50 bbls. orang"s, 518 bbls. molas
ses, 159 hhds. sugar and 27 bales cotton for
St. Louis.
The steamer Good Friend, en rante from
Memphis to Cairo, had 5uO biles cotton and
a lot of sugar.
The steamer Silver Lake, from Vicksburg,
has 250 bales cotton for St. Louis.
Times' Special.
Officers from ihe front to-night say a small
cavalry force beilds the north bank of the
Rap dan at iccoon Ford. Our forces occu
py Cedar Mountain.
There was a little skirmishing Saturday, oc
casioned, it is supposed, by our army extend
ing its picket lines on the right.
The rebel armyfcas gone into winter quar
ters between Gordonsville and Orange Court
Gen. Rufus Ingalls, Chief Quar ermaster,
and Col. Clatk, Chief Commissary of the
Army of the Potomac, were to-day relieved.
Gen. Ingalls' successor has not yet been an
nounced. Col. Clark is ordered to New York.
Maj. Wilson takes his place.
while aground. The Putapsco has nearly
completed t.errepaiis and will shoitly relieve
the Nautuckeiat Warsaw Sound. Both the
Paoipsco and Le iigh have bwen provided with
extra deck p'.utes, ibat will add to their in
An expedition to co operate with Geti.
Averill, consisting of two regiments of in
fantry, 400 cavalry and a battery of six guns,
th- tor
Since Congress refused to pay the exorbi
tant bounties expected, re-enlistments have
been much increased and hundreds are arriv
ing here daily. Those who were waiting for
on increase of bounty are now coming for
ward, and in a few weeks, at tbe preseut rate,
nearly all of the army of the Potomac will
have re-enlisted for the war.
Special to the World,
Not a little disappointment is felt at the
failure to effect an exchange of prisoners, for
Gen. Butler telegraphed that he was quite
sanguine of securing a complete exchange.
The whole matter now reverts to Gens. Hitch
cock and Meredith.
leans the 16th, had 63 bales cotton and 290
hhds. sugar for St. Louis and 255 bbls. mo
lasses for Car. o.
The rebels still permit private donations of
provisions to go to our prisoners, but will not
receive anything from our government
in that
Times' Special,
The War Department has under considera
tion several important questions relative to
the draft, which will shortty be made public.
Ti.e quotas ot the several States are being so
arranged as to avoid difficulties in future.—
Each S ate will be officially informed of the
number of men it is expected to raise, and
the time fixed for the enforcement of the
draft, which will not be before the middle of
.- CINCINNATI, Dec. 80.
The Sanitary Fair closes on Saturday ni^ht.
The Produce and Merchandize Hall, for the
reception of donations of merchandize «nd
country produce, will continue open till Jan
uary 9th.
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.
The Post says a British Lieutenant, who
was to sail for Bermuda to-day, was arrested
by Marshal Murray, an I sent to Fort Lafa
yette. A rebel maii was found concealed in
his baggage. Tho letters were immediately
forwarded to Secretary Seward.
Further developments relative to the seiz
ure of the Cromwell and bark Circassian are
published. It appears that on the d-iy of the
sailing of the Cromwell. Marshal Murray ar
rested H. Laguee, formerly U. S. Minister to
S a n S a v a o o e e w i i s w i e a
and child, and Messrs. G. F. Cantz snd
Berez, all ol whom were sent to Ft. Lafaye'te.
Ligu'e's baggage was searched and a bill ot
lading found for 50 barrels lard, shipped on
board the rca*sian On searching the lard,
1,000 navy revolvers were found secreted
Cantz and others were arrested, having
been found in company with Lagure, and on
supposition that they knew of the matter.
It is not believed here that Secretary Chase
will issue any more legal tenders, though it
is stated that both Committees of Congress
have expsessed the opinion that it would have
been done.
Tt is understood that it was his intention to
call for a loan yesterday.
MHMPIIIS, Dec. 28, via CAIRO, Dec. 30.
After suffering defeat at SurnncrvrlTe anel
Mieidleburg, the particulars of which have
not yet been received, Forrest divided his
forces and a column reported at 4,000 crossed
Wolf River near Lafayette, yesterday fore
noon. They destroyed several small culverts
aud trestles, and the telehraph line on the AC.
& O. Railroad, between Collierville and Mos
cow, and have gone South.
Grierson's cavalry and Morgan's brigade
of infantry are alteT them. It is hoped they
will biing them to a stand at Cold water bridge,
upon which this foree crossed Wolf River,
which had been ordered destroyed, but the
order was disobeyed.
The telegraph line is now repaired and is
in working order. The railroad will be all
right to-morrow.
There will be a grand military ball at the
Gayoso House, on New Year's eve.
Weather cold.
Nine hundred and forty-seven bales of
cotton were sold in Memphis on Saturday,the
25th inst. The sales for the week were 1,649
bales, being 250 bales less than was sold the
previous week. The amount shipped during
the week was 2.501 bales, 577 bales more
than the previous week. The weekly ship
ment from Oct. 19th to Dec. 26th, inclusive,
was 22,630.
The fire alarm telegraph patents of John
R. Gamewell & Co., whicti were confiscated,
were sold i-day, by the United States Mar
shal, and purchased by John F. Kenard &
Co', of Boston.
Chief Justice Taney is thought to be some
what better this morning.
BOSTON, Dec. 30.
The usually well-posted correspondent of
the Boston Herald, writing fiom tho fleet off
Charleston, dating Dec 23d, says
I see by tbe papers that there is a good deal
of uneasiness because the Navy here is idle.
Lane hays that if the people at the North only
knew the reason why we are idle ihey would
stop gruuibling. In due season they will
have a chance to rejoice over the doings of
the Navy before Charleston. To prove thit
this is no idle st itement, I am willing to wa
ger $1,000 with any Northern grumbler, that
if everything works according to the plans
bid out, the place will be occupied by the
Union forces in sixty days from date.
A Washington dispatch says Lord Lyons
had a protracted interview, to-day, with the
Secretary of State. The Chesapeake affair is
likely to prove a troub'esome question.
A dispatch to the Philadelphia Enquirer
says the official report of the rebel loss at
Chickamauga is stated as follows: Killed,
2,299 dangerously wounded,-1,780 slight
ly wounded, 10,500 missing, 1,950.
The French paper of this city has received
news from the citr of Mexico to the 7th inst.
The French troops entered Morelia on the
30th of November, without opposition.
Gen. Berthier had ocoupied Acumbero.—
Gen. Brazieria was at Coly ia, where General
Commonfort was assassinated. Juarez and
his ministers are said to have left for Dnran
Gen. Brazieria had collected 12,000 French
troops at Collyia, and Gen. Dani was at Sal
n.ancha, sixteen leagues from Guanaexato.
It is tateel that the Governments of Hol
land and Spain have cognized the new Mex
ican Government.
Gen. N'egrtthe has succeeded Gen. Com
mofjjSbrt flpthe Minister of War of Juarez.
Special to the Post.
roe numbering ,4l' in all, under com- oppos?d to -.he proposition made in the Sen
mand of Col. G. O. Welies, of Massachusetts, I ale to permit the Governors of the free States
returned to Harper's Feiry without tbe loss of to fill their quotas under the diaft in the
a man, after penetrating to Uairisonburg, slave Sta'es.
where Averill had finished bis work. A Her Lucien Anderson, from Kentucky, will leo
Wells had accomplished bis diversion strictly i ture before the IT. ion League to ni"*ht.
according to orders, be found himself con- gT j0IiNS tt
fronted by 7.000 to 10,000 of Lee's forces, The .following is received via Galway not
with Gen. Rose s brigade una purtot Stuart s through our agent in Mexico
cavalry in Ins rear at Front Royal. By clear
strategy and forced marches, he cscaped tbe
former and avoided the latter's tires and
reached his post, with bis men and munitions
unharmed. So desperate, at one time, seem
ed his chances of the expedition, that the
rebels in Winchester offered bets that not a
mnn would return One hundred rebel
prisoners were safely brought off.
Herald'i Special.
Maj. Mullford, flag of truce officer between
Fortress Monroe and City Point, arrived at
Washington this afternoon, by special train
from Annapolis with important dhpatches
for the Government.
In his annual report, Secretary Chase
asked Congress to repeal the provision direct
ing hitri to make loans for 10 to 40 years,
empower him instead to negotiate neeosary
loans on whatever terms he may, in his dis
cretion, deem best for the public interest.—
This authority will undoubtedly be given, and
the Secretary will have power to issue $300,
000,000 of the popular 5-20 loan. If sub
scriptions to this loan should continue to
come in faster than needed by the Depart
ment, it is understood that permission will
be given to agents to receive subscriptions,
payable in installments as the amount shall
be required, o per cent, only to he deposited
as guarantees, thus saving to the Government
large amounts of interest.
The War T'ejiiirtiuent is un e-stood to be
1'ne Paris corresponde.it of the Times says:
Arch il.ike Maximiliian considered tbe recog
nition by thei Washington Government, of
the New Mex can Monarchy, as indispensable
to his acceptance of the tin one. The propo
sal was formally made by the French govern
ment to President Lincoln's Cabinet. A dis
patch was sent from Washington to the effect
that the American Republic would never tol
erate, much less recognize, a monarchy estab
lished at their very doors. It is supposed
this will decide the Arch Duke to abandon
the idea of accepting the throne of Mexico.
The following has been received at the
head jar
:ers of the army
Major General Hallerk:
Col. Long, of the 4th Ohio ivaliy, com
manding the 2d Division of Cavalry, reports
from Calhoun, Tenn., Dec. 18th, rebel Gen.
Wheeler, with 1,200 or 1,500 cavalry and
mounted infantry, attacked Col. Siebert and
captuied a supply train from Chattinooga for
linoxvilie, about 10 o'clock this morning, at
Charlestown, on the south bank of the Hia
wasse. The train escort had reached the
enciinpment at charlestown Ust night, and
Col. Siebert's skirmishers hotly engaged the
enemy this morning, before Col. Long wis
apprized of the approach. Ho immeeliately
moved the small force for duty in his camp at
the time, 150 men, and crossed to Col. Sie
bert's support. The rebels shortly after
wards gavo way. Col. Long pursued them
closely, and discovering a portion of their
force cut off on the ght, charged them with
sabie1 -, completely demolishing and scatter
ing them in great confusion and in every
direction. Several of the enemy, number not
known, were killed and wounded, and 121
prisoners captured, including 5 commissioned
officers. Colonel Long's loss was ore man
slightly wounded. The officer in command
of the courier station at Cleveland also reports
he was attacked early this morning, (Dec.
18th,) by a force of 11»0 rebels. lie elrove
them off, however.
(Signed) GEO. II. TIIOMAS.
Mtjor Genarsl ccmnrodiag.
HARPER'S FERRY, Va.. Dec. 29,)
9 o'clock P. x.
T0Srjg.Gen. Collum. Cliief ef £tafT:
Gen. Sullivan's column returned safely,
bringing 100 prisoners, and about 100 horses,
equipments, etc. My different columns now
safely back, captured in a:l about 400 prison
ers and a large quantity of propc ty. My
pl-ns and orders have been promptly and
faithfully executed with a single exception
and with but little loss on our part.
[Signed B. F. KELLY, Brig. Gen.
CUMBSRLAND, Me]., I)ee. 30.
Gen. Kelly has received information from
Gen. Sullivan, the latter getting it from a de
serter just from the Shenandoah Valley, that
the rebel Gen. Early with 9,000 men is be
tween New Market and .Mount Jackson. Gen.
Rosser also hns 700 rebel troops, and Gen.
Imboden 1,500.
There is great dissatisfaction among the
rebtds, and the deserters heard of the Presi
dent's Proclamation, etc with surprise, and
hastened to come in. They declare that if
the proclamation coald be distributed freely
among the rebel troops, thousands would at
once enter our lines. They say that tha
proclamation is kept from the men, although
the officers have received it.
The Richmond Enquirer cf the 24th, says:
Our losses by the enemy gaining possession
of East Tennessee are inca'culable. We are
not only deprived of the best flour mills of
that country, «Inch previously supplied the
whole army, but of vast machine shops ex
pensively organized at Knoxville besides
we are cut ofl'from the coal, iron and copper
mines, which are worth millions to us.
The copper rolling mills at Cleveland, su
perintended by Col. Peet, government agent,
which were burnt by the enemy, formerly*
turned out 6,000 pounds of copper per day.
Over 3,000,000 pounds have been delivered to
the government This was the only copper
rolling mill in the country, and kept us •up
plied with copper for our caps and cannon.—
This is among our losses ol the battle of
Chattanooga, which is spoken of as merely
resulting in the loss of a few thousand men
aud thirty-eight cannon.
NisnviLLE, Dec. 30.
By orders from headquarters, the Chief
Quartermaster is ordered to enroll all camp
followers and citizens.
A list of Government enlistment^ uriil be
completed about January 1st.
rich neighbor who is always so busy that he
has no time to laugh the whole business of
his life is to get money, and more money.—
He is still drudging on, saying that Solomon
says, "The diligent hand maketh rich." And
it is true, indeed. But he considers not that
it is not in the iwer of riches to make men
happy, for it was wisely said, by a man of
great observation, that "there be as many
miseries beyond riches as on this
side of them."
And yet, God deliver us fron a pinching pov
erty, and grant that, having a competency, we
may be content and thankful. Let u* not
repine or so much as think the gifts of God
unequally dealt, if we see another abound with
riches, when, as God knows, the cares that
are the keys that keep those riches, hang
often so heavily at the rich man's girdle
that they clog him with weary days and
restless nights—even when others sleep. We
see but the outside of the rich man's happi
ness few consider him to be like the silk
worm, that, when she seems to play, is at
the very same time spinning and consuming
herself. And this many rich men do—load
ing themselves with corroding cares (o Icpep
what they have already |*ot. Let us, there
fore, be thankful for health and competence,
and above all, for a quiet conscience.
A FUNNY MISTAKE.—An old negro slumbers
ing with his feet pointing to a glimmering fire.
Opens one eye, and gets a glimpse of them,
as they stand up in tho obscurity. Mistakes
them for two bttle negroes, and cries 'Gif
fum 'fore me 1' and relapses into sleep. After
a while opens the other eye, and still seeing
the intruders, says 'Gif fum 'fore me, 1
say I kick you in de fire if you don't I will,
shu'—and again he snores. His dreams not
being pleasant, he soon opens both eyes, and
still seeing the little pests he draws up his
foot for the threatened kick, but is alarmed
to see the enemy advance upon him, and ex
where you coaun' to I
Ilump my own foot, by golly
GEN. GRANT'S HEALTH.—An army ofiicer
direct from Chattanooga informed the editor
of the Indianapolis Journal that Gen. Grant
is still suffering from his fall at New Orleans,
has grown thin and stooping, and shows
marks of so great a loss of health and strength
as to create fears of his recovery, though he
still works as indefatigably as ever. When
it was announced at Grant's headquarters
that Bragg had been removed and Hardee
put in command cf the rebel army, the Gen
eral quietly remarked: He is my choice"
—an opinion that seems to be very generally
entertained in both armies.
President Lincoln was confined to his house
with the varioloid, some friends called to sym
pathize with him, especially on the character
of his disease. "Yes," he said, "it is a bad
disease, but it has its advantage*- For tha
first time since I have been in office, I have
something1 wir i»-giM to evirybady that

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