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Muscatine weekly journal. (Muscatine, Iowa) 185?-1890, June 17, 1864, Image 1

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U i o u n a
OueC'W, 1 y.-ur,
Tun Copies, I year
Bubfc-tiptioiw rc'oetved'fori"
Dftitv, per annum n oo
O_M not I.M' 11»!(1 ii ..! be
Ou,- readers i
re-i»omi.uKWllof Abraham Lincoln oy
the Half lOI"' 'onvention suits u-. We
have j»oretoiore expreesed our prerVr
en$» f°r him ami given our reasons
ttierefor. While we are not one of those
/"who think thu President has done just
right in everything, we honestly believe
his nomination will unite more of the
I Union strength than that of any other
man, aiul his election will strike deeper
terror to the hearts of the jrebels than
any other ovent save tlie utter annihi
lation of Lee's army. They hate Lin
coln and would gladly see him supplanted
by some one less uueoinproniisingly
opposed to their nefarious schemes.
n a change of Administration,
without a change of policy, would
be hailed by them as an indieation
of deep-seated dissatisfaction at the
North which in iome way might bene
fit them. We are glad, therefore, that
the policy of the past three years has
been so emphatically eudorsed, and that
the people, by their representatives at
Baltimore, have said to President Lin
coln, ''well, done thou good and faith
ful servant—go on in the work till trea
son is conquered.'' It is fitting that he
against whom the South tvheled should
yet be the President of the whole Union.
The nomination of the gallant Andy
Johnson, of Tennessee, for the Vice
Presidency, adds much strength to the
ticket. His Unionism has been tried as
by tire and not found wanting. No true
hearted Union man has ought to say
against him. None but rebels hate him.
Fremont'* Letter.
That no one may accuse us of injustice
to the
Gen. Fremont we give to-day
the full text of his letter accepting the
Cleveland nomination. His cant about
"Constitutional liberty." "arbitrary vi
olations," "feebleness and want of prin
ciple in the Administration,'" Ac.,
sounds just like the talk of copperhead
orators and editors. Tt needs no refuta
tion. Fremont lias committed political
felo de se in penning this letter, calcula
ted as it is, in this critical juncture of
our country's history, to give aid only
to the enemies of his country. He may
now bid farewell forever to the sympa
thy and respect of any considerable
portion of the American people.
BCS-The Cincinnati Gazette properly
exhibits the wisdom of the makers of
the Cleveland Platform by showing the
absurdity of the first "plank." That
declares That the Federal Union shall
be preserved." The Gazette shows that
there has been no such thing as a Fed
rU Union'' since the adoption of our
Constitution that it was to get rid of a
FtdcraV and to establish a "Nation
al" Union, that the Constitution was
adopted. The Radical Democracy,"
who realJy meant just the opposite, by
this mistaking of terms, have really
affirmed the fundamental doctrine of the
traitors, that the Union is a federation,
and not a nation,—a league to be dissolv
ed at the pleasure of any State, not a na
tion with sovereign power, competent
to assert and defend its existence
assailants within or without. They did
not mean to do anything of the sort, of
course. But by using the term Feder•
they have done jus! that thing.
Presidential Votes for lssflaixl "SCO.
The following is of interest just at
this time, in view of tlie nominations
made last week:
i- r. mont 1,.112,164
Kill more
Biu'lianan .*. l.HK.ttiH
1 n some of the States, as Pennsylva
nia. Fremont and Fillmore ran togeth
er. Their united vote presented a ma
jority of 413,760 over Buchanan. The
latter's plurality over Fremont was 460,-
L.i 11 eol n ......1..... 1,857,610
1K i
igla« 1,3riT.ti
I ji
vck i n ridge H47.' iVi
Total popular vote 1,062,1 To
Lincoln's plurality over Douglas was
401,634 but the majority of Douglas,
Breckinridge and Bell, over Lincoln,
E9L. The Petersburg, (Va.) Jiegiater
and other Southern papers publish an
interesting correspondence between
Gov. Vance, of North Carolina, and Jeff.
Davis. The Governor writesthat "after
a careful consideration of all the sources
discontent in North Carolina," he
thinks "it will be impossible to remove
it," unless the Confederate authorities
will make some effort at negc- ation
with the enemy. .Jeff. Davis ilies
that he has made three such opts
with no avail that the only terms to be
obtained are unconditional subti sion,
and therefore the South must light it out.
He tells the Governor also that he is
very much afraid that "bad i" in
North Carolina will attempt to inaugu
rate movements "which must be con
sidered as equivalent to aid and comfort
very hard and efficiently he financial.
measures are being rapidly perfected,
and In a form to be effective. If mem-
The Gre«t Flood at Denver.
5 2 oo
flood which swept through t\»[,H uised
the 10th of hist month. I«s'0f ciiwrrv
by heavy rains at he 1,V wlii(-li at Deii
and Plum creeks, IH'
l« W
1 Insertion ?I 5l 8 months I 7 Ji
3 lnsorti.itH ."() if month* IH
1 -nth .Hi I 1 year ivcrttoe-
A liberal deduction rniUo ok Uu^e*
mcu a. IK paio for In
All truiiR'Mit «k'lv»rtislng mir
»3v«:u'o. ixt
Messrs. Byers & Daily, proprietors of
the Rocky Mountain A"'• lost their en­!
tire all, with the building and the lot it
stood on. Mr. B. will be remembered as
a former citizen of Muscatine county.—
He isason of M. \V. Byers, of Wilton.
We Hincerely sympathize with him in
his sudden loss of the fruits of several
years' honest toil and economy, but
doubt not his indomitable spirit will en
able him tosurmi'imt the misfortune.
Bffi- The conscription law must be set
down as a failure. Tiio throe hundred
dollar clause completely nullities and
Arstroys its efficiency. As it stands, it
is simply an act to take men's pocket
books, instead of the men themselves.
After all the trouble of enrolling, draft­|
ing and examining, the whole work is
turned into a farce by telling the con
scripts that if they have a few green
Hacks they can commute and stay at
The term of service of nearly 100,000
men will expire between this time and
October. Measures must be taken to till
their places. It cannot be done unless
the Conscription Act is amended by re
pealing the
$300commutation clause and
enacting that every able-bodied man who
is drafted must go in person or And his
own substitute. The Government must
have the means of raising money by
tf.xation and men by conscription, if it
is expected to retain the advantages al
ready gained and finally subdue the re
8®. Tlie Gen. MeKinstry who took
such nil active part in the Cleveland
Convention is the same individual who
was equally conspicuous in the Copper
head Convention at Springfield. 111.,
last fall. He was formerly a Quarter
master in the U. S. army, and was at
tached to Fremont's staffin 1831. While
stationed at St. Louis he was arrested
and put in close confinement by order
of Gen. McClellnn on charges of gross
dishonesty in his official capacity.—
Twenty-six of these charges were prov
en in fhefamous MeKinstry court mar
tial trial. The\* embraced every possi
ble offense of which a dishonest Quarter
master could be guilty. He was sen
tenced to be dismissed the service. The
sentence was approved by the President.
He seeks to he revenged by entering in
to political combinations to defeat the
President's re-election. His personal
influence among the tax-payers he so
outrageously swindled is not likely to
be very deep or extended.
Wii.r, Do.—The supporters of Fremont
have been claiming, as by authority,
that the New York Tribm\i would sup
port him. What ground there was for
this pretense may be inferred from the
following, quoted from the Tribune of
"We propose to act with the great
body of our fellow-Unionists in the ap
proaching- canvass but we are in no
hurry to enter upon that canvass. Let
the country see and feel that we Union
ists seek success for our country's sake,
more than for that of our party' Let it
realize that our hearts are with our gal
lant brethren who are wsiting our coun
try's history with steel and (lameon the
bloody fields of Virginia and Georgia.—
The triumph of our national arms should
be our first aspiration after lbat, every
thing else in its order. Live the Repub
The New York Evening Pout, which
has also been claimed as friendly to
Fremont, reviews his letter of accept
ance in a manner that will, we think,
disabuse his supporters of that idea.
8A long list of sick, and wounded
soldiers from Sherman's army, sent to
Nashville on the 4th inst., is published
in the Cincinnati Crinmrrciul. We find
the names of the following lowu
F.'im Ford, F, fitli Iowa, scalp.
JOHN H. JamlHon, F, 1TH IOWA, left Rhoulder.
Rlioili-X, F. (!t
Iowa, LI--
11 Ul
ar® l'r.v
swelled bv tlie dis-
yfcar, but wJ'jjg "cisterns of the
-, v.. up-
at yearly ,on °^ion,
ITEE. IF up, assumed the magnitude of
A large part
of the city
.{^inundated by torrents of such powr
US to sweep away the most solid struc
tures and the very*lots they stood on.—
Such \va* the fate of the *Xtu-s office.
The pecuniary loss is roughly estimated
at a million o*f dollars, whilesome twen
ty lives were lost.
McKnmmi, K, tith
leTt lianil.
(J.'o. Hill'oni, K, (j'.ii IoiVii, ii III.
Jus. A. Davis, A,!Uli lov.a. v -.it
ST-J gu
Irw N, A. 7I II
JITJIN'S Ii, N'o'ole, (i,
:WUI Iowa. If A. Ini ad.
Sergt. Jas.Simnd, ii, GLII
lN-fht liaud.
Deaths of Iowa soldiers in General
Hospital, Memphis, Tenn., for three
weeks ending June 2d, 1864
Henry H.
Co.C, -7i KEN- May 22d, gun
SHOT wound.
Ja-ol olE!. CO. (»,
2d Cav., Mav JP'I. small-pox.
W. .M. Clark,
II, lid Cav., May ID, typfioUl
GEORGE H. Diuiltp, Co. K, 32(1 ITEG., MAY 21th,
ehnmie dial i nie.
Miller, Oo.
27th Reg., May
Andrew .7. K.-TTAIN
ooH, CN. F, 8&I
Reg., May S^tli,
Jaiops P. Travis, C.». B, 23d Re ., May 29tli,
phvlrxiii pulmonale.
-2d Reg., May 29th, con-
Hesti". fever.
Corj).John J. dinger,Co. K, Ith Cav., Jane 1st,
WHIG.—In speaking of {his journal the
writer of the Jtchrl Ventilator says:
Why the editor of the Richmond or
gan should be angry with Lincoln, we
are at a loss to know. Lincoln's eman
cipation proclamation liberates a half-a
dozen of that editor's children, whose
several mothers are American ladies of
African descent! Lincoln should be
looked upon by that editor, ami thou
sands of other Southern parents, as a
benefactor! He is setting their mixed
blood offspring at liberty, a thing that
they could not do as they are slaves, and
many of their fathers—this Richmond
to the enemy." These admissions are editor among the rest—are not able to
quite significant as to the state) pf pub- purchase their freedom.
lie feeling in North Carolina. REBEL PRISONER SHOT AND KILLED.
•The Rock Island Union says a rebel
'TgT" is just now working
isoner wafl shot and killed at the lwr
mcks on Rock Mand) last
for cros8ing a
bers knew how desirous the people are
to bear whatever burdens are needful to' 8©«The Rock Island Union says the
preserve the credit of the country, they name of the fireman killed by the rail
would not hesitate to do anything
deem- road accident at West Liberty was Geo.
ed necessary by those who have the re- Reaugh, instead of Gray. He was a
sponsibility of making provision for the resident of that place, and a most esti
sinews of war." .mableyoug man.
forbidden line aud throw-
ing some klnd of a mi„ik.at the ard
The Denver City (Colorado) ('i\(.rr'jflc
wealth has n Ion?account of th .jf„
—Col John Scott, 32d Iowa Infantry,
has resigned his Colonelcy, and is on
his way home.
—A letter from the 44th states that
the regiment is to be sent to Columbus,
—The 1st Iqwa Cavalry (veterans)
will rendezvous in Davenport on th«
17th of the present month.
—The 46th Regiment of 100 day troops
was mustered in yesterday at Camp
McClellan.—jJav. Gaz.,Hth.
Dr. I. Sanger of Davenjiort was the
"member from Iowa," who introduced
thw resolution in reference to office hold*
ers at the Cleveland Convention.
C'oi.UMurs.—We learn that the Brigade
commanded by that "Grim Old Fight
ing Cock"—Col. William T. Shaw—has
been ordered up to Columbus, Ky.
This command embraces the 14th, 27th
and 32d Iowa and 21th Mo. Infantry.
These heroes of
One of the poles supporting the can
vas of a circus at Albia tumbled down,
striking a man by the name of Jennings.
The unfortunate man died next dav of
his injuries.
LIBERAL.—Hon. E. Clark, Treasurer
of the Iowa Sanitary Commission, has
just received $600 from the Amana
iawciety, for the benefit of sick and
wounded soldiers.
—The Masonic Grand Lodye, lately in
session at Desmoines, passed a resolu
tion appropriating $1U0 to the fund of
i the State Sanitary Fair and $100 for th'e
Iowa Orphan Asylum.
—The physicians of Waterloo, Black
Hawk county, have agreed upon a scale
I for their services, and now charge 1 50-
for a visit in the town, and 50 cents per
mile extra for visits in the country.
IOWA ARTISTS.—Mr Wedcliouse, a
wood carver of Dubuque, has executed
a wood statue of the Immaculate Con
eeption. life size. It is for the German
Catholic Church at Jamestown, Wiscon
sin, and costs $100.
I —A letter from the 2d Iowa Cavalra,
at Memphis, says Col. Coon is now com
manding a brigade, consisting of the
following cavalry regiments 2d Iowa,
and the 3d, 6th and 9th Illinois. Maj.
Horton commands the 2d Iowa. He is
a meritorious and popular officer.
SINGULAR DEATH.—Lucas Houser, of
Cedar Rapids, was recently digging up
& grave to remove the corpse, when,as is
supposed, the deadly effluvia entered his
lungs, causing almost instant death.
He was able to get out of the grave and
wliiub a fence, from which he fell dead.
So says the Times.
—Gen. Crocker is at his home in Des
moines. He has tendered his resigna
tion, conditioned that he be transferred
to the service in California. The Gen
eral is in poor health, and suffering from
an affection of the throat aud lungs.
—The 46th regiment came down from
Camp McClellan by companies on Sat
urday to receive their arms. They will
leave for the front to-morrow.
About three more companies remain
at Camp McClellan, as the nucleus of
the fifth regiment to be formed—Dav.
Gaz., 13
Vernon Record announces the death of
Capt. Wilber C. Diminitt, 24th Iowa.
He was wounded in the thigh at the
battle of Sabine Cross Roads, on Red
River, April 6th, which terminated his
life about a month afterwards. He was
a talented aud brave young m&n, of fine
social qualities.
and Pleasant
Hill will no doubt be allowed a short
season for rest and recuperation. They
are now within hailing distance of their
friends at bome.—Dubuque Times.
—Oskaloosa has through its Council
appropriated t-20.000 for the improve
ment of that city. This amount is to be
used in securing the construction of the
Desmoines Valley Rail Road through
the the city, instead of passing to the
south three or four miles. Warrants
will be issued in sums from $5 to $100,
which the Herald urges the citizens to
come up and take them.
Soi.o.—Clarence and Tipton were hap
pily sold last week in the matter of small
pox. Fortunately the sick man had
nothing but the measles. W hope that
when our Clarence friends again send
us the measles, they will do it without
getting up a big scare. The fact that
things took so fortunate a turn, does not
affect those who were willing to expose
others. We are none the less thankful
that things are as they are.—Tipton Ad
nual election of officers of the Grand
Lodge of Masons was held yesterday,
and resulted as follows: Grand Master,
E. A. Guilbert, of Dubuque Senior
({rand Warden, Reuben Mickle, of Mon
tezuma Junior Grand Warden, S. W.
Atherton, of Marion Co. Grand Treas
urer, W. A. Woodward, of Burlington
Grand Secretary, T. S. Parvin, of Iowa
City. The next annual meeting is to be
held at Marshalltown.—Desmoines Reg
There are now about four hundred men
at work grading the M. & M. Road be
tween Grinnell and Newton, and pro
bably three hundred more'engaged on
the Pacific line west of Omaha. Every
exertion is made to procure labor, and
the only question of reaching Desmoines
by the first of next January is that of
procuring men to do the grading.
Everything else is amply provided for.
So says the Davenport Democrat.
FROM THE 35TH IOWA.— A private
letter from Brigade Adjutant Henry
Hoover, dated May 28th, says:
"We are now lying at the port of
Vicksburg 'for repairs', after our Red
River expedition. In a few days we will
be out in new clothes, looking as freBh
as 100 days' men.
"The number for duty in the 35th is
down to 14 officers and 29S men, but
these stand No. 1 on the fighting list.—
We have lost some brave and noble men.
Capt. Burmeister has gone up the river.
We are still with our boats, which indi
cates another trip. We are under orders
to be ready to move at any time, in one
hour's notice."
From a list of casualties in Gen
eral Sweeney's division of the Sixteenth
Army Corps, in actions in
.front of Dal
las, Georgia, we take the following
SKVENTH low A.-Capt. B. B. Gale, left leg
slight iOeorne Rollett, Co. D, slight, in head
l-rank Danford Co. E,slight, by spent ball: J.
D. I ureell Co. E, left arm, flesh.
Sr:» o\i LOW A.—J. Sowdere, right shoulder, se
vere J. B. oiine, Co. H, right eye, .severe S.
Dougherty, killed.
i O W V
Letter from Null Lake City.
At sunrise, yesterday morning, oiie of
the coaches of*the Overland Stage Com
pany, containing your correspondent
ami company, entered a little ravine
high up in "the snowy regions of the.
Rocky Mountains, which the driver in
formed us was Echo Canon. The air
was quite cool, there being a very heavy
frost, but we rolled up the curtain and
were on the fiti vice for a look at the
scenery and to note whatever objects of
interest might apprar lu the view. Tlie
Canon is twenty miles long and in many
places is barely of sufficient- width for
the passage of the lively little stream of
water which course? its whole length
and the wagon road. At all points, I
however, where there is a little space,
we noticed a luxuriant growth of grass
and flowers, which, after sonic hundreds
of miles travel across the vast, desert
plains of Colorado and Idaho, was more I
refreshing than I can hope to ever give i
you any idea of. The remarkable tea-:
tures about tlie Canon are, brielly, that I
it is one of the most perfect natural
wagon ways in the known world, and
that in a region of country, too, where
roads, good or bail, unless made by the
skill of man, are exceedingly rare that i
owing to the almost perpendicular
mountain walls on either hand, Ther
mopylae itself could not have afforded a
better positiou for defense against an
invading enemy—^and here let me re
mark that great fears were entertained
that Brigham Young would so fortify
the place that our army under Johnston
would be unable to pass through in the
time of the Mormon war) and that
emerging from a vast plain almost desti
tute of vegetation, we here enter a luxu
riant, fruitful valley at a very great
elevation above the sea level.
But while on the subject of Canon it
will not do to pass unnoticed Emigration
Canon, the head of which is on the
mountain top, some twenty-five miles
from here, and from which you do not
emerge until within sight of ilie city
and some six miles distant. Yesterday
afternoon, when we entered it, the air
was cool to chilliness, notwithstanding
the bright sunshine, and when we ran
out into the valley we found the weather
exceedingly warm. At the top, the lit
tle vegetation then- is was just beginning
to show signs of life, while in the valley
strawberries are ripe and peach trees in
bloom. One of our company, a Prus
sian, looked wonderingly "upon the
scene and admiringly exclaimed, "Dere
U notting on de Hhine what will com
pare mit dis. Mine Gott, what a coun
try !—wifat a sceneries
Emerging from the mountains, almost
as you would from a huge cavern, yes
terday, about 5 o'clock in the evening,
there lay before us the broad and luxu
riant valley, dotted with thrifty farms
well improved with young orchards,
barns and granaries the smooth, bright
lake in the distance, glistening in the
sunshine, and, last, though not least,
the beautiful City of the Latter Day
Saints, with its cleanly, pale-looking
adobe houses, its broad streets, lined on
either hand with rows of shade trees, its
purling streams of pure, clear water in
every street, its beautiful and fertile gar
dens, its fruit trees and bowers. Truly,
it is a sight one may seldom see except
in dreams.
At first sight you conclude that the
valley is not half as large as represented,
—for, in this pure, clear atmosphere,
mountains and other objects twenty
miles away do not appear to be more
than a fourth the distance they really
are,—but by the time you travel a few
miles, especially if on*foot, the illusion
will vanish. The valley is enclosed on
ijl sides by lofty mountains, on the
highest peaks of which snow remains
during tlie greater portion of the year,
and the lake, though fed by numerous
streams, has no outlet.
North of the city, at a point where the
mountains approach the nearest, are
warm sulphur springs.of great volume
and with strong medicinal properties.—
To visit them and enjoy a bath was one
of the first things we did upon our arri
val, and whether we needed the luxury
of a bath so much more than common,
or whether it is attributable to some
property in the water, its effects were
agreeable beyond anything of the kind
ever experienced. One. comes out of
the water prepared to believe that there
may have existed somewhere a spring
possessing the quality of turning old
age to youth, and -making the decrepit!
strong and well, of which DeSoto was
said to be in search when he discovered
the Mississippi river. Further up the
valley, I am informed, is a similar
spring, with the difference that the wa
ter is very much warmer, called Hot
President Young is not in the city,
having been absent oii a visit to his
people in remote portions of the valley
for about a week. President Wells, third
in rank, is also absent, having gone to
Europe, so I presume the present man
agement of the spiritual affairs of the
Saints devolves upon the second Presi
dent, Heber C. Kimball. Young has
extensive grounds, enclosed with a high
wall of solid masonry, while KimlMill's
grounds are less extensive and his wall
not so high, and Wells' are still less in
scope, and you might clear his wall at a
single bound.
We had the good fortune to meet with
your former townsman, Mr. Aaron
Stein, who has shown us much atten
tion. He is at present the agent of the
Overland Mail Company at this place.—
With him we visited the Temple Block
and saw the work, as far as it has pro
gressed, both on the Temple and Taber
nacle. They have been in course of
construction for about eleven years and
the foundation walls are not "yet com
pleted even with the surface of the
ground. We were also at other places of
interest, but my letter is already too
lengthy, so for the present I must leave
any further description of this city and
the plains.
Prices of every kind of produce are
exceedingly high. For example: hay is
worth sixty dollars a ton and upward,
oats S3.-50 to $4.00 a bushel, flour $16.00 a
hundred, and other things about in the
sqme proportion. C. E.
j&a?""The Richmond Sentinel is puzzled
at Grant's operations. It says:
It is time for us all to cease specula
tions as to Grant's movements and at
tend to the facts. He has been offering
fight when we thought he was retreat
ing, and retreating when we thought he
was offering fight he has been advanc
ing when he was whipped, and heading
up stream when he haa every reason to
hurry down. He has gone by the rule
of military contrariness, and hasalways
disappointed us whenever we supposed
that he was acting sensibly or consist
ently with himself, We suppose that
he has come to the final fight at last
though, warned by experience, we ex
press the opinion with becoming doubt.®
The Democratic Convention
which met at Indianapolis, on the 4th,
denounced Gov. Bramlette, of Kentucky,
scouted the idea of giving him a place
on the Democratic Presidential ticket,
and repudiated the claims of the Ken
tucky "Conservatives" to seats in the
Chicago Convention. Bully for the
The number of deaths in New York
city average 500 per week. The city is
very dirty.
lTt»H Ter.,)
May 23d, 18(11.
From the 2d lown Cavalry.
Near Memphis, Tolin., Muy dl. 1/
^PDITOTI JOURNAL:—We arrived St(
Louis on the morning of the 20th inst.
We disembarked there and went into
camp near Benton Barracks, where we
stayed six days, doing nothing, and hav
ing nothing to cook in or carry water in,:
water being about a mile distant from
our camp. On the morning of the 24th,
we drew our horses and went aboard the
J. D. Perry for Memphis. She did not
start out until 6 o'clock in the evening.
Nothing of interest transpired on our
downward trip. We arrived at this
place about 10 o'clock the night of the
2Hth went into camp the next morning
and the recruits aud "bob-tails" joined
the day following. We are now camped
one and a half miles ^north-east of the!
city, near Wolf Kiver.
The general health of the regimen! is
good. Co. A has only four cases of sick
ness, none of whom are seriously ailing.
We have drawn our arms and equip-!
mcnts, and 1 suppose will be off on a
scout soon. We get the "Seven-Shoot-1
ing Spencer Carbines," which, by the
vray, tire a most excellent arm. YV'e get
tab'res and revolvers, too, and thus arm-1
ed, I think, we will, be fully able to cope
with any equal number of rcbs.
^he friends of the late Geo. Francis
Train will be glad to learn that he still
li\ es, and still speaks occasionally, with
all his accustomed modesty. He spoke
the other day at Omaha, Nebraska, as
Were I to speak of politics, I would
say, let Cuba go. Let Central America
alone. Let Mexico take care of her
and' let the Monroe doctrine slide
open up your own country. Mil ii o:..r
own business, and work out the rv'
fest. destiny of our own people aii't
[Applause*] The cry of "my to,
'my country,' 'my State,' is well
enough but all should bow to the more
noble sentiment of my country.' is
my country, as a whole, that
Then we must destroy the despotism
of the sea shore—the tyrants of the coaai.
[Laughter.] How? By removing the
Capital at Washington to the place
where the Capital ought to be, the geo
graphical centre of the nation, say some
place about where the Omaha branch of
the Pacific railway meets the ivansa
branch on the one'hundreth meridian,
[Laughter and applause.] Why noi
Progress demands it. Other nations
have their capital inland. Why should
ours, with thirty-five millions of people,
remain where Washington, with three
millions, placed it? Our capital ought
not to be Where a foreign power could
burn it down as they did in 1812, nor
where domestic rebellion daily threat
ens its very life. [Applause.] The
capital of China, Pekin, is in the interi
or. So Calcutta, in India Cairo, in
Egypt Berlin in the interior of Prus
sia" Vienna, in Austria Paris, in the
interior of France and London, in the
interior of England. The same with
our new States. Lansing, in the mid
dle of Michigan so Columbus, in Ohio
Indianapolis, in Indiana Springfield,
in Illinois Madison, in Wisconsin
Des Moines, in the interior of Iowa
and Topeka, ill the interior of Kansas.
Why, then, should a California or Ore
gon Senator be obliged to go, if over
land, four thousand miles, or if by sea,
through a foreign nation to get to his
seat Why should the future Senators
of Colorado and Nebraska be sent off
sixteen hundred miles to find their cap
ital? I liave made up my mind to re
move the capital from Washington west
of the Missouri."
TUc tlrent Flood at Denver.
DENVER, Col., May 23, 1864.—On tlie
night of tlie 19th, tiiis city was visited
by a most fearful flood. Your readers
are familiar with the famous "Cherry
Creek" of '53 and 'o'J, the then attrac
tion for gold hunters. That creek runs
through the center of this city, leaving
on its left bank West Denver, on its
right East Denver. The former is a
level bottom- and the latter a rolling
highland. The creek, with a single ex
ception, has been dry since the settle
ment of the country.
On Thursday night, shortly before
midnight, we heard a noise like a dis
tant hurricane—it gathered force and
became terrific in volume. Springing
hurriedly to a commanding position, we
beheld a wall of water, pouring with ir
resistible force, along the bed of Cherry
Creek, and spreading in all directions
over tlie western portion of the town.—
Ten minutes before there was not a o
of water in the creek bed—now a
of boiling and surging water swept v.
with force only equaled by that
agara The blood stood still in hor
men became speechless! Fright—terror
—horror, seized upon every one. In the
face of this torrent nothing could stand.
The Methodist Church, the City Hall,
the office of the Daily Evening AV
warehouses, offices, out buildings—every
thing was swept away as by magic.—
The mad rush of the waters was awful.
The waves ran fifteen to twenty feet
high. The first warning given to the
sleeping citizens was the rush of water
into their houses—in some cases the
houses and inmates went down together.
Mr. Waer, keeper of the calaboose, un
der the city hall, had only time to reach
the roof of the building, and floated
three miles down the Platte and escaped.
Ferry street, formerly the principal busi
ness street, had three or four feet of wa
ter rushing down its center. Many stores
being built upon the sands of the creek,
toppled over and mingled with the
roaring flood. The entire bottom, above
and below, was submerged, washing off
houses, destroying crops, killing cattle,
horses and sheep, one party losing 2,500
head of sheep and another 2,000.
**Tlie office of the Commonwealth was
submerged, but aside from a liberal sup
ply of mud and water, no damage was
No estimate can now be made of the
damage. All bridges are gone, telegraph
poles swept away, and universal ruin
and desolation scattered over this whole
range of country. The loss of life is
comparatively small—how numerous it
is impossible to tell.
Cherry Creek has its source on the
"divide" which separates the waters of
the Platte from those of the Arkansas,
and the country is a basin sloping either
way, gathering all the rains in its bed.
For several days it has rained in torrents
all along the "divide" (and even you of
the Mississippi Valley must come here
to realize what a hard rain is,) and this
accumulation of water suddenly launch
ed itself into the dry bed of Cherrv
Creek, and swept all "before it. It will
require several days to sum up the re
sults of the disaster.
».-.- ~i?r
Fremont'* Letter of Aeceptjuiee ir. t-'ull.
To Messrs. Worthiiifcton a. Svu-thrn, of .Mary
land Edward Gilbert, of New York: ''asspar
I Kutz, of Illinois Chnles K. Mo.ss, of
MLs url
N. P. Sawyer, of Peimsylvuniu, Comialttue,
-GENTLEMEN In answer to the letter
which I have had the honor to receive
from you, on the part of the rep. a
tives of tlie people assembled r. ve
land, on the 31st of May, I des :.'? ~o ex
press my thanks for the cor/. ioe
which led them to offer me the ::iora
ble and difficult position of their uuidi
date in the coming Presidential elee :ion
very honorable, because in offerii it to
me you act in tile name Qf a great num
bered'citizens who seek, above all tilings,
the good of their country, and who have
no sort of selfish interest in view. Very
difficult, because, in accepting the can
didacy you propose to me, I am exposed
to the reproach of creating a schism in
the party with which I have been iden
Had Mr. Lincoln remained faithful to
the principles he was elected to defend,
no schism could have been created, ami
no contest could have been possible.—
This is not an ordinary election il is a
contest even for the right to have candi
dates, and not merely, as usual, for the
choice among them. Now, for the first
time since '.76, the question of constitu
tional liberty has been brought diivetly
before the people for their serious con
sideration and vote. The ordinary rights
secured under the Constitution and laws
of the country have been violated, and
extraordinary powers have been usurped*
by the executive. It is clearly before
the people now to say whether or not
the principles established by the revolu
tion are worth maintaining. If, as we
have been taught to believe, these guar
antees of liberty, which made the dis
tinctive value and glory of our country,
are in truth inviolably sacred,then there
must be a protest against the arbitrary
violation, which had not even the ex
cuse of necessity. The schism is made
by those who force the choice between a
shameful silence and a protest against
wrong. In such considerations origina
ted the Cleveland Convention.
The most unfavorable feature in sol-j
diering is doing without "grub." We
have had nothing to eat since last night, I
but the wagons are coming in with ra
tions, and I suppose we will have an
opportunity, to satisfy our appetite soon.
The guerrillas are said to be very nu
merous and troublesome now in this
Yours, &e., T. J. A.
Geo. Francis Train Again.
It was among its objects to arouse the
attention of the people to such facts, and
jo bring them to realize that while we
saturating southern soil with the
':*eft blood of the country in the name of
'.berty, we have really parted with ir at
To-day we have in the country the
abuses of military dictation, without its
unity of action and vigor of execution
an Adipinistration marked at home by
disregard of constitutional rights, by its
violation of personal liberty and the lib
erty of the press, and as a crowning
shame, by its abandonment of the right
of asylum dear to all free nations abroad.
Its course has been characterize'! by a
feebleness and want of principle which
has misled European powers and driven
them to a belief that only comrn reial
interests and personal aims are con eru
ed. and that 110 great principles ale in
volved in the issue. The admiral !, con
duct of the people, their readiness to
make every sacrifice demanded ofthem,
their forbearance and silence und»!- the
suspension of everything that could be
suspended, their manly acts of heroism
aiul^acritices, were all'reudered fruitless
by tne incapacity, or, to speak more ex
actly, by the personal ends for which the
war was managed. This incapacity and
selfishness naturally produced such re
sults as led the European powers, aid
logically enough, to the conviction that
the North and its greatly superior il
lation, its numerous resources,. its
credit, will never be able to rec ne
South. Sympathies which woul vive
been with us from the outset of t! '.var
were turned against us, and in tin. way
the Administration has done the coun
try a double wrong abroad. It created
hostility, or at best, indifference among
those who would have been its friends,
if the real intention of the people could
have been better known, while at the
same time it neglected no occasion for
making the most humiliating conces
allegiance of my soul! [Applause. 1
do not wish to hear the cry of Easieni,
Western, Northern or Southern people
in the future but would build up a new
em]ire to be called America and the
citizens thereof would feel proud to ac
knowledge their nationality under 'lie
simple title of'Americans.' [Applai'.-c.]
To work out this nationality we must
break up the rebellion.
Against this disastrous condition of
affairs, the Cleveland Convention was a
protest. The principles which form the
basis of its platform have my unquali
fied and cordial approbation but 1 can
not so heartily concur in all the meas
ures which you propose. I do not be
lieve that confiscation, extended to the
property of all rebels, is practicable, and
if it were I do not think it a measure of
sound policy. It is, in fact, a question
belonging to the people themselves to
decide, and is a proper occasion for the
exercise of their original and sovereign
authority. Asa war measure in the be
ginning of a revolt which might be
quelled by prompt severity, Iunder -tand
tlie policy of confiscation but not as a
final measure of reconstruction, after
the suppression of an insurrection.
In the adjustments which are to fol
low peace, no consideration of vengeance
can consistently be admitted.
The object of the war is to make per
manently secure the peace and happi
ness of the whole country andtliere was
but a single element in the way of its
attainment. This element of slavery
may be considered practically destroyed
in the country, and there it needs only
your proposed amendment to the Con
stitution to make its extinction com
With this extinction of slavery the
party divisions created by it have disap
peared, and if in the history of the coun
rry there has ever been a time when the
American people, without regard to one
or another
of the political division?, were
jailed upon to give solemnly their voice
in a matter which involved the safety of
the United States, it is the present time.
If the Convention at Baltimore will
nominate any man whose past life justi
fies a widl grounded onfidence in his
fidelit\*o our cordial principles, there
is no reason why there should be any
division among the really patriotic men
of the country. To any such I should
be most happy to give a cordial and ac
tive support.
My own decided preference is toaid in
this way and not to be myself a candi
date but if Mr. Lincoln be re-nomi
nated, as I believe it would be fatal to
the country to endorse a policy and re
new a power which has cost us the lives
of thousands of men, and needlessly put
the country on the road to bankruptcy,
there will remain no alternative but to
organize every element of conscientious
opposition, with the view to prevent the
misfortune of his re-election.
In this contingency, I accept the nom
ination at Cleveland", and as a prelimi
nary step I have resigned my commis
sion in the army. This was a sacrifice
it gave me pain to make. But I had for
a long time faithfully endeavored to ob
tain service. I make this sacrifice :^ow
only to regain liberty of speech end to
leave nothing in the way of discharging
to my utmost ability the task you have
set for me.
With my earnest and sincere t' -xiks
for your expressions of confidence and
regard, and for the many honorable
terms in which you acquaint me with
the actions of the committee,
I am, gentlemen,
Very respectfully and truly yours,
GOOD NATURE.—Good nature is the
best feature in the finest face. Wit may
raise admiration, judgment may com
mand respect, and knowledge attention
beauty may inflame the heart with love
but good nature has amore powerful ef
fect—it adds a thousand attractions to
the charms of beauty, and gives an air of
ben»fitfep irMinti jWW'ty
Having acquired a knowledge of the
letters, he applied for the loan of the
book which he had so often heard read.
The owner made him a present- of it,
and gave him some instruction on tlie
use of letters in the formation of words.
Thus his first exercises in spelling were
in that book. By perseverance he soon
learned to read, and the hours'wliieh he
devoted to his education were at night,
after he was through his daily labor up
on the shop board. He now applied
himself to books from two to three hours
every night, after working from ten to
twelve hours.at his trade.
past as military Governor of his own
State, he has vigilantly and efficiently
wrought in our holy cause, and seore'd
his name high among the earnest work
ers on behalf of the imperilled Republic.
Through the courtesy of E. Peshine
Smith, Esq., of this city, we were shown
a letter from his son, a'lieutcnant in the
navy, and now on duty with the gun
boat fleet on James river. A part of his
perilous duty is fishing up torpedoes
placed in the river by the rebels. Tlie
size of these infernal machines is start
ling. The one which blew up the Com
modore Jones was stated by a rebel
prisoner to have contained seventeen
hundred pounds of powder. They aver
age from four hundred to six hundred
pounds. One was discovered and suc
cessfully emptied of nineteen hundred
and fifty (1950) pounds of powder, much
to the mortification and disgust of Com.
Davidson, now at the head of the rebel
marine corps, who happened to be pres
ent on board his flag of truce boat from
Richmond.—Rochester, [iV. F.] Demo
£65™ Staunton is the most important
western station of the Virginia Central
railroad, and almost from the beginning
of the war has been an objective point—
prcsent seizure makes it clear that Gen.
Hunter is to meet the advance of Gen.
Crooke, who moves from West Virginia
up the Tennessee railroad, at Lynch
burg, and the success of the battle on
Sunday is sufficient to
show that no
remains in Central Virginia to oppose
this movement. Lee has had to call in
the main force heretofore
detailed for the
protection of these vital points—one
other evidence of the terrible stress put
upon him by the operations of Gen.
Political Walters in St. Lonii.
[Special Dispatch to tlie Chicago Tribune.j
ST. LOUIS, June 8.—Great rejoicing
here among Radicals because the Radi
cal delegation were admitted to the Bal
timore Convention. TheClaybanks are
also going around the streets, denoun
cing it as an outrage. A Radical electo
ral ticket to support Lincoln will be put
forth in the course of a few weeks. The
Fremont Germans are also disappointed,
and loud in denouncing the Radicals
for going into the Convention.
WELL TO KNOW IT.—Chickens kept
in an orchard will eat all the worms
from the trees. Old orchards that have
been almost profitless on account of
worms, have been entirely restored in
two years, merely by the protection of a
Andrew JobiiHon, of TUIIIIOMIMXS
A Sketch of 1IU Life and Services.
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, was
iborn in Raleigh, North Carolina, Dec.
Having completed his apprenticeship
in the autumn of 1824, he went to Lau
rens Court House, S. C., where he work
ed as a journeyman nearly two years.—
While there lie became engaged to be
married, but the match was broken off
by the violent opposition of the girl's
mother and friends, the ground of objec
tion being Mr. Johnson's youth and want
of pecuniary means. In* May, 1827, he
returned to R'Jcigh, where lie procured
journey work, and remained until Sep
tember. He then set out to seek bis for
tune in the West, carrying with him his
mother, who was dependent on him for
support. He stopped at Greenville,
Tenn., and commenced work as a jour
neyman. He remained there about 12
months, married, and soon afterward
went still further westward but failing
to find a suitable place to settle, he re
turned to Greenville and commenced
Up to this time his education was lim
ited to reading, as he had never had an
opportunity of learning to write or ci
pher but under the instructions of his
wife he learned these and other branch
es. The only time, however, he could
devote to them was in the dead of night.
The first office he ever held was that of
alderman of the village, to which he was
elected in 1828. He was re-elected to the
same position in 1829, and again in 1830.
In that year he was chosen mayor,which
position he held for three years.
In l8i-3 he wan elected to the legisla
ture. In the session of that year he took
decided ground against a scheme of in
ternal improvements, which heconteini
ed would not only prove a failure, but
entail upon the State a burdensome
debt. Tlie-measure was popular, how
ever, and at the next election (1837) he
was defeated. He became a candidate
again in 1839. By this 1 ime many of the
evils he had predicted from the internal
improvement policy which he had op
posed four years previous were fully
demonstrated, and he was elected by a
large majority.
In 1S40 lie served as presidential elec
tor for the State at large on the Demo
cratic ticket. He canvassed a large
portion of the State, meeting upon the
stump several of the leading Whig ora
tors. In 1841 he was elected to the State
Senate. In 1S43 he was elected to Con
gress, where, by successive elections, he
served until 1853. During this period of
service he was conspicuous and active in
29, 1808. When he was four years old plenty iu and are sold at
jhe lost his i.ither, who died from effects
of exertion? to save a friend from drown
ing. At the age of ten he was appren
ticed to a ta '.or in his native city, with
I whom he served seven years. His
mother was unable to afford him any
educational advantages, and he never
attended school a day in his life.
While learning his trade, however, he
resolved to make an effort to educate
himself. His anxiety to be able to read
was particularly excited by an incident
which is worthy of mention. A gentle
man of Raleigh was in the habit of going
into the tailor's shop and reading while
the apprentice and journeymen were at
work. He was an excellent render, and
his favorite book was a volume of
speeches, principally of British states
men. Johnson oecame interested, and
his first ambition was to equal him as a
reader and beconje familiar with those
speeches. lie took up the alphabet
without an instructor but by applying
to the journeymen with whom he work
ed he obtained a little assistance.
V ^--TTp-
The Sanitary Commission apont £100,
000 iii May for the Army of the Potomac.
Strawberries are becoming quite
from seven to eight Cents per basket, or.
tumbler full.
Gen. Grant was born in Clermont
county, Ohio, April, 13, 1822, and was,
consequently, 42 years old on the 13th'
of last April.
The taxes average $15 a head to every8
man, woman and child, in New York.'
Fifty years ago the taxes only cost each
individual fifty cents per annum.
Judge John A. Bryan, formerly Aud
itor of the State of (5hio, and Assistant
Postmater General under Tyler, died at
Menasha, Wis., a short time since.
Henry Tracy, aged 46, a citizen of
Hancock county, Tennessee, and large
enough to make four citizens, for he
weighed 610 pounds, died April 18th.
Jewels to the value of £5000 were late
ly sold in England for the benefit of the
Polish revolution. They belonged to
Polish ladies, who sacrificed them for
the public cause.
Beef in Philadelphia, on Saturday,
was 30 to40 cents, chickens 25 to 30 cents,
and butter 55 cents. A good many peo
ple went without meat for their Sunday's
dinner, who never did so before.
An official adjustment of the quotas
and credits of Indiana shows that in
all 110,923 men have been called for from
the State and 122,410 been furnished,
being excess of 11,387 to be counted on
the next call.
Thr track of the Atlantic & Great
Western Railway is laid below Enon, O.
The Dayton Journal expresses the. firm
belief that it will be at Dav ton bv the
20th of June.
Three hundred ox teams and thirty
mule teams are on their way from Salt
Lake City to meet the Mormon emigra
tion, and to help forward the pilgrims
who arc too poor to pay their own
The rebel Gen. Lawrence M. Iveitt, an
ex-South Carolina Congressman, was
killed a few days ago in one of the bat
tles before Richmond. Gen. Dales, an*
other rebel, was also killed about the
same time.
Mr. Darnell of Danville, lnd., cam#,
to hisdeath lately from erysipelas, caused
by his having attempted to vaccinate
himself by saturating a thread with the
virus, and drawing through his arm
with a needle.
An association wasorganizedin Prince
ton, 111 on the 1st inst.. to erect a suit
able monument to the memory of the
late Hon. Owen Lovejoy. The sum of
$5,000 has been subscribed. It is de
signed to raise not less than 150,000.
An enterprising but ignorant South
American has sent to an Albany loco
motive shop for one* hundred "cow
catchers." He expects to use .them in
taking wild cattle on the plains of Para
guay, in place of tlie lasso.
The Siamese Twins are still living in
North Carolina. One has nine, and the
other has eight children. One of the
latter is in the rebel army, but the others
are either girls or boys too young to
No army has suffered more severely
than that of the Danes in the war in the
duchies. It did not exceed 35,000 men at
the commencement of tffie struggle, and
the struggle, and the losses are officially
reported at 16,473 men, including 300
Guerrilla movements in southwest
Missouri are so threatening as to induce
the belief that Shelby's raid will be
attempted by that route. They have cap
tured two Government wagon trains
within a few days, aud are reported in
considerable force in the rear of Cape
A loan case has just been decided in
St. Louis by. which John Magwire has
recovered after a quarter of a century of
service he was conspicuous and active in litigation, land in the northern part of
ad\ oca ting, respectively, tlie bill for re-1 he city worth $500,000, together with
funding the fine upon Gen. Jackson at the rents and profits which are to be
.e^\, ,in the warm measure i assessed upon the tenants and will be
oi Mr. Polks administration, and a
,- iieavv
homestead bill.
In 1853 he was elected Governor of Spain and Peru are at war, the former
Tennessee, after an exciting canvass, in power having seized the Chincha Is
whicli he was opposed bv Gustavus A. lands. Tills act of Spain has excited
Henry. He was re-elected in 1855, after! intense indignation throughout all the
another active contest, his competitor republics of South America. Public
being Meredith P. Gentry. At theexpi-! meetings have been held and pledges of
,s Governor, i men and money make to the Peruvians.
ration of his second period as Governor,
in 1857, he was elected U. S. Senator for
a full term, ending March 3,1863.
It is thought the latter will have an
army of 100,000 men in the field in a
short time.
Ever since the outbreak of the rebel
lion, Gov. Johnson has been the stern I A frightful accident, the result of eare
and unconiproimsmg enemy oftlie slave iessl1eas
near Sunbury, Pa., a
-^s.-enator of the Lnited FEW nights since. A party of youn,
a public speaker in behalf of folks, five men and three wo iifn, ha'
the mon, and for these many months
attendinsr a circus and atiemntei
been attending a circus and attempted
to go home in a hand ear when they
were overtaken by the express train,
crushing the hand car and killing the
women- The men were caught on the
cow-catcher and suffered only slight in
Over a thousand contrabands arrived
in Washington on Monday from White
House, and were sent to Col. Greene's
Freedmcn's Colony. All the men able
to work are employed in the Quarter
master's Department. The colony is in
a most thriving condition, having throe
thousand acres under a high state of cu!«
tivation, and crops of wheat anil rye that
promise a harvest valued at ten thou
sand dollars.
The great Wiardgun lately construct
ed at Trenton, N. J., was burst a few
days since, by a charge of eighty pounds
of quick burning powder and an elevated
shot of 900 lbs weight, being more than
charge. Though
of only fifteen inches caliber, the gun,
from its peculiar pattern, was extremely
bulky, being thirteen feet in length,
over six feet in exterior diameter ana
weighing more than 4.600 lbs.
By an accident on the Chicago and
Milwaukee R. R., at Kenosha, Wis., on
the 6th, an engineer and fireman were
killed and several nersons severolv in-
mained oil the track, else the loss of life
might have been very great. The con
duct of the unfortunate engineer, James
Durf, of Milwaukee, i» spoken of as
heroic in the extreme.
A family of three persons was mitp
de**ed near Ft.Wayne lnd., on the night
of the 31st ult., and the bodies of two
(father and son consumed by the burn
ing of the dwelling. The mother was
found in a fence corner near the house,
dead, having been shot through the
head. The name of the family was
Boiteaux. They were preparing to re
turn to France, and it is supposed had
considerable money in the house. No
clue has been found to the perpetratoi#
of the horrid deed.
Thomas Butler King, Of Georgia, died
on the l"th of May. He was for many
years a leading politician, serving witn
considerable distinction in the State
Legislature and in Congress. In his
early life, he was a Nullifier, but some
what modified his views subsequently
and identified himself with the Whig
party. On the election of Gen. Taylor,
he was appointed Collector of San Fran
cisco, and served two years. When the
Rebellion broke out, he took sides with
his State, was sent to Europe as a Rebel
Commissioner, did what he could in
that capacity aud returned home to die.

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