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BV JOHN MAHIN.
trhli) Journal. GFFH'E OVEH THE POST OKFICK. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Oil* Copy, 1 year, $ 2 00 Tuu CopieB, 1 year, IS 00 INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. ijubscrlptions reeoived fir months at yearly rate*. RATES OF ADVERTISING. ONE SQV ARK, TWBI.VK I. IN lis OK UtSSi 1 lnoprtion $1 50 I nioiuhs, 7 00 2 insertion*, '2 50 mouths, 10 00 1 month 3 50 I 1 year, 15 00 A liloral d.Muetlon mwle on larger advertise raenta. All transient advertising must be pail f*r in advance. Daily, ter annum 00 Tri-Weekly 3 00 Smith tn State Vemoeratie Convention. The Cops, held a Convention at Des moines on the lGtli. It refused to adopt a platform by 119 majority ami named the following Presidential Electors for the State at large: A. C. Dodge, J. F. Bates, J. H. Murphy and D. O. Finch. We have not heard the State ticket, but understand that J. H. Wallace, of Muscatine, was nominated for Secretary of State. The Convention laid on the table by 45 majority a resolution instructing del egates to vote for Franklin Pierce. Jndgt Isbell. It is said this gentleman, for many years in ill health, will resign his posi tion upon the bench. The Tipton Ad vertiser suggests the name of Lieut. Col. J. H. Rothrock, of Cedar county, as the successor of Judge Isbell. The sugges tion is a good one, as we happen to know Mr. Rothrock to be not only a good citizen, but a good lawyer. The people of that District might do much worse than to have Mr. R. on the bench. 46T" Gov. Johnson, of Tennessee, Union nominee for the Vice Presidency, delivered a speech at Nashville, 011 Fri day evening, 17th inst. He accepts the nomination which has just been con ferred upon him and addresses liinself in one place directly to the black men among his audience, telling them that they were free, and to use their freedom rightly, and saying that he wanted to see merit rewarded among both whites and blacks and he hoped to have Ten nessee re-organized as a free State, and be filled up with Yankee colonists. ANOTHER REBEL REWARDED.—The crime of treason, committed by such men as the Right-Reverend-Bishop-Ma jor-General Leonidas Polk, deserves death, nothing abort of it. The Chicago Journal has information of the death of this military Bishop, which seems to be correct. Just such a fate as we hope all such fellows will meet. Killed by a Federal! Served him right! That's our verdict. V&" Morgan's raid into Kentucky has proved almost as disastrous to the great horse-thief as hb former tour through Ohio. It now appears that he brought into the State about 2,500 men. How many he recruited we do not know. At Sit. Sterling, he lost, ii* killed wounded and prisoners, eight hundred. At Cyn thiana, his losses foot up seven hundred, Including five hundred prisoners. Thus 1,500 out of the original 2,500 are used up. General Butler is said to be ascer taining, as rapidly as possible, how many of his negro troops were certainly murdered after having been captured in recent engagements with the enemy, and that man for man of the rebel pris oners in his hands will certainly be shot in retaliation. This shooting will be at the hands qf negro troops. tSf S. S. Smoot, army contractor, has been sentenced by military commission for willful neglect of duty, in violation of the act of Congress, to a fine of ten thousand dollars and imprisonment in Fort Delaware until such fine is paid, provided the imprisonment does not ex ceed three years. V»llsadl(liwa. In open defiance of the authority of the Government, the traitorous Vallan digham ha* ceased his waiting and watching over the border," and return ed to Ohio. His return was of course greeted with uproarious applause from the Democratic Conventions in session at Hamilton, Ohio, and Springfield, Ill inois. To the first named Convention Vallandigham addressed himself, say ing: that he did not mean any longer to be the only man of the party who is to be the victim of arbitrary power. If Abraham Lincoln seeks my life^let him so declare, but he shall not again re strain me of my personal liberty, except upon due process of law." He denounc ed Order No. .'W, under which he was arrested, and said it was against the Con stitution and Laws, and without validi ty, and all proceedings under it were null and void. The time has arrived when it becomes me as a citizen of Ohio and the United States, to demand and by my own act, vindicate the rights, lib erties and privileges which 1 never forfeited, but of which for so many mouths 1 have been deprived." Hi»cau tioned his friends from any acts of vio lence on his account, but advised none "to shrink from any responsibility, however urgent, if forced upon them." 1L1 A Disaster. It will be recollected that after For rest's retrograde movement from Ken tucky, a cavalry expedition was organ ized under Gen. St urges, ami sent in pursuit of the retreating enemy. Stur ges met the enemy at Guntown and af ter a severe fight, in which our forces lost 2,000 men, mostly prisoners, four teen nieces of artillery and two hundred wagons, retreated towards Memphis.— Gen. Sherman lias placed Gen. A .J. oommmul of our forces at Memphis, who will at once assume the offensive. Since the retirement of our gallant fellow townsman, Gen. Hatch, from Tennessee, we have had 110 successful expedition against Forrest and his asso ciates. Why not put him on theirtrack Again. He has fought that ground over often enough to entitle him to try his hand once more against those, whom he never met but to repulse. P. S. Later intelligence from Mem phis says that an expedition under Gen. Mower had left that city to effect the object of Sturges' expedition, We sup pose the 35th Iowa comprises a portion of Mower's force. AN IOWA GENERAL.—The Cincinnati Gazette is the most faithful historian of Iowa valor 011 the battle field among all our exchanges outside of this State. Its correspondent with Sherman's army, writing from near Dallas, June 3d, in detailing the operations of MePherson's command, thus speaks of Major General Dodge: Hardly had the first half hour's fighting end ed, until General Dodge made his appearance at Walker's battery parrying before him on his horse a box of canister! He had heard that their canister was gone, and unable to find the proper officers in sii -'u a melee, he went himself and carried all he could. He also seized two wagon loads of infantry ammunition, from the 15th corps, which were passing, and sent boxes up to the front line, so that although at the be ginning there was but forty rounds to the man, these were not gone until a bountiful supplv was at hand." That's the kind of men Iowa sends to fight the battles of our country, Mr. Gazette, and we are happy to say that you have a correspondent that aims at justice in his letters. The same letter makes favorable mention of Col. Rice, of the "tli Iowa, now in command of a brigade, and says that a portion of the 9tli Iowa was surprised and captured yhile at breakfast 011 the 27th. C. L. Vallandigham isa tried, convict ed and sentenced villain. The ground upon which he seeks to justify his re turn might be just as appropriately used by any criminal in our penitentia ries. The negro in our county jail might with as much propriety justify an attempt to escape, by saying "other men of my stripe have not only com mitted my crime, but have done even worse, and thy are still abroad in com munity, and I do not mean any longer to be singled out as the victim of your arbitrary power." There would be as much good logic in the argument of the negro as in that of Vallandigham. Mr. V. cannot expect to escape the penalty due his crime, because other villains are not detected and brought to justice. When he undertakes to pronounce his arrest and trial as "illegal, unconstitu tional and without validity," he should reflect that he is not sustained by the highest tribunal in our land. Vallan cligham's counsel endeavored to estab lish those very positions in the Su preme Court of the United States and signally failed. The venerable Judge Wayne, of Georgia, sustained the gov ernment and its agents in a very able opinion, that we advise Vallandigham's friends to read. We repeat again, that this traitor, black with infamy, stands before the world a tried, convicted and sentenced villain. He has had the benefit of our highest court and finds no relief. He was exiled for his coun try's good. He now defiantly returns and decleres his intentions to demand, and by his own act, vindicate his rights, liberties and privileges. We want them all vindicated accord ing to the decisions of the Courts through which he has passed. These have decided that his rights are what ever aj^y foreign government may grant. His liberties are the same enjoyed by rebels and deserters who have sought an asylum 011 other shores. His privil eges are equal to those enjoyed by any subject of a foreign government. We want to see them all guaranteed to Val landigham, and to this end we hope the proper authorities will see that the traitor be immediately sent beyond our lines. He has no liberties, rights or privileges which this nation is bound to respect, until his full sentence has been executed. Let him go back and wait and watch over the border. Let not this vile fellow be permitted to set at defiance lawful authority, least K should be regarded as a precedent for all other criminals. A Treasonable Brood. During the recent session of the Dem ocratic Convention at Springfield, 111., a telegram was read from the President of a similar convention in Hamilton, Ohio, announcing that Vallandigham was then addressing his friends at that place. The announcement was received with tumultuous cheering, and thereupon one O'Brien, of Peoria, whom we know by personal observation to be a mean, low-lived rebel, submitted a resolution "that this Convention sustain C. L. Vallandigham in his rights and stand by the State of Ohio in sustaining him under the laws and Constitution of his country," which was adopted by a unan imous vote. They did so because they were of the same mind of the exiled traitor. None but so-called Democrats would have passed such a resolution. Still, that party is loyal! Of course it is! iST'The "Union Conservative" party, being the remnants of the old Silver Gray Whig and Know Nothing organi zation, has called a "National Conven tion" at Chicago, July 4th. This is the select little party that got together at Cincinnati two or three months ago and nominated McClellan for President. It is a procuring agency of the copper heads. flST" General A. J. Smith, late of banks' army, has been appointed to the commandof the troopsaround Memphis, and will at once reorganize that army and enter upon an active campaign against the enemy, and redeem ourartns from the misfortune that befell them during the recent expedition under Gen eral Sturges. t^uThe Illinois "Democratic" State Convention at Springfield, on the 15th, appointed delegates to the National Convention, but deferred the nomina fciou of a State ticket till August, and failed to adopt a platform for fear of get ting into a quarrel over the attempt. PLEASE CORRECT.—'The Sioux City Register berates us severely for an article which never appeared in our columns, and which we saw for the first time in the Register,credited to the "MUSCATINE JOURNAL." Poverty is the only load which is the heavier the more loved ones there are to assist II iViM A III TV iBftiiiiMfriBirmfiriiiiiiiiatlMf'rt- Facta vcraua the Courier. The organ of the guerrilla Democracy in this section of Iowa has been visited with another serious attack of negro on the brain." The disease is rather contagious, we judge if not, it is at least hereditary in that branoh of the Demo cratic family represented by Thayer, Clagett and Merritt. Whether in this instance it will prove fatal we are not advised. It is understood that the sick ly patient has taken a trip overland to the "Copperhead Institution at Dcs tnoines, whose opening exercises were to commence on Thursday of the present week. We sincerely hope that a little truth may lie innoculated into the fel low's system,that he may hereafter have a decent regard for that*article. In its issue of this week, the Courier contains the following editorial: V Hni F*1MI.I IIK.~-Perhaps the biggest failure of all the failures of the Administration, is the idea of arming negroes with the expectation that they will tight. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been expended in this way, and now it has come to be admitted on all sides, that the project is one stupendous failure. has been demonstrated, also at an extraordi nary expense, that the negro "will eat, and that is all." lie may be lit for anything else one can ini!U(lne, but he is not fit for a soldier. The Miscegen party has patted him on the head, put soldier clothed on hid liack, embraced him very lovingly, und then bid him tight—but up to the present time he don't see it." He is a negro, and that is all. Put soldier clothes tin himami a musket in his hand, and he is still a negro.— You might as well think of putting a saddle on a man's back and call liim a horse, us to put a soldier's coat on a negro'* back und call him a soldier. It won't win, licit her time. And the most you can make out of it is a downright in sult to the white soldiers who are lighting the battles of our country. It is a humbug, this arming negroes." With so many facts staring the public full in the face, we can see 110 justifica tion for such downright lying, even up on the part of the Copperheads. This lie, or series of lies, does'nt even contain the element of smartness. A fellow who can tell a yarn and not be caught in it, is often called smartand cute. But nothing of this kind can be laid at the door of Mr. Thayer. Committed as he is to a wicked and corrupt party and its policy, he ought to endeavor to cover his tracks when ho makes a bushwack er's attack upon his opponents. Just how much truth there is in this editorial of the Courier we shall demon strate by good authority. We do not call upon the witness stand a radical abolitionist, but on the part of the gov ernment we introduce an old time con servative, who would gladly avail him self of any good opportunity to pro nounce the policy of arming negroes a failure. His prejudices were against the policy—but they were overborne and he gives himself to the work of making the most of it. It is this man we call to testify against the libeller of the govern ment TESTIMONY OF ADJT. GEN. THOMAS. WAR DEPARTMENT, Adjutant General's Oiflce, WASHINGTON, May 30, lst4. Hon. IT. Wilson: DEAH SIB—On several occasions when 011 the Mississippi River, I contemplated writing to you respecting the colored troops, and to suggest that as they have been fully tested as soldiers, their pay should be raised to that of white troops, ami I desire now to give my teslimonv in their behalf. You area ware that'l have been engaged in the organization of frcedmen for over a year, and have necessarily been thrown in constant contact with them. The negro, in a state of slavery, is brought up by the master from early childhood to strict obedience, and to obey implicitly the dictates of the white man, and they are thus led to believe that they are the inferior lace. Now, when or ganized into troops, they carry this habit of obe dience with them, and their officers being en tirely white men, Itie negro promptly obeys his orders. A regiment is thus rapidly brought into a state of discipline. They are a religion* peo ple, another high quality for making good sol diers. They are a musical people, and thus readily learn to march, and accurately perform their maneuvres. They take pride in "being ele vated as soldiers, and keep themselves, as well as their camp grounds, neat and clean. Tills I know from personal inspection, and from Un reports of my special inspectors, two of my staff officers being constantly 011 inspecting duty. They have proved a most important addition to our forces, enabling the Generals in active operation to take a large force of white troops into the Held: and now, brigades of blacks are placed with the whites. The forts erected at the important points 011 the river are nearly all gar risoned by blacks—artillery regiments raised for the purpose, say at Paducah upd Columbus, Ky., Memphis, Tenn., Vicksburg and Natchez, Miss., and most of the works around New Or leans. Experience proves that they manage heavy guns very well. Their fighting qualities have also been fully tested a number of times, and I am yet to hear of the first case where they did not fully stand up to their work. I passed over the ground where tlie 1st Louisiana made the gallant charge at Port Hudson, by far the stronger part of the rebel works. The wonder is that so many made their escape. At Milliken's Bend, where I had three Incomplete regiments, one without arms until the day previous to the attack, greatly superior numbers of rebels charged furiously up to the very breastworks.— The negroes met tiie enemy 011 the ramparts, and both sides freely used tlie bayonet—a most rare occurrence in warfare, as one or the other party gives way before coming in contact with the steel. The rebels were defeated with heavy loss. The bridge at Moscow, on the line of rail road from Memphis to Corinth,was defended In die small regiment of blacks. A cavalry attack of three times their number was made," the ne groes defeating them in the three charges made by the rebels. They fought them hours, till our cavalry came up, when the defeat was made complete, many of the rebel dend being left on the field. A cavalry force of 350 attacked 300 rebel cavalry near the llig Black, with signal success, a number of prisoners being taken and marched to Vicksburg. Forrest attacked Padu cah with 7,500 men. The garrison was between five and six hundred, nearly four hundred being colored troops recently arrived. What troops have done better? So, too, they fought well at Fort Pillow till overpowered by greatly superior numbers. The above enumerated cases seem to me suffi cient to demonstrate the value of colored troops. I make no mention of cases on the Atlantic Coast with which you are perfectly familiar. Your obsdient servant, L. THOMAS, Adjutant General. The Tariff Bill Haapassed the Senate with some amendments as it came from the House. It must now return to the latter branch of Congress, when we hope it may re ceive speedy but careful consideration. Among the numerous provisions of the bill are the following: The duty on tea remains at 25 cents per pound as fixed by the House. The duty Oii railroad iron was fixed by the Senate at 60 cents per ewt., while in the House it stands at 80 cents. Mr. Sprague's motion to strike out the tax of two cents per pound on raw or unmanufactured cotton was rejected, while that of Mr, TenEyck to fix an ad valorem duty of ten per cent, on unsold diamonds and precious stones, was adopted. Ten per cent, ad valorem is imposed on all goods and growth of countries East of the Cape of Good Hope, except raw7 cotton, in addition to duties on such articles when imported direct from places of growth or production. A duty of 35 per cent, ad valorem is imposed on hair cloth. The duty on salt in bulk was fixed at 18 cents per 100 pounds, and in packages ftt 2G cents. An import duty of 15 cents per pound on clove stems, $3 per pound on oil of cloves, 10 cents per pound on liquorice in rolls, $1.50 per pound on gallic acid, furs or skins, undressed, 50 per cent, ad valorem, jute carpeting 6| cents per square yard, &c., a nd so on. The vote on the final passage of the bill was 22 yeas, 5 nays. The latter all Copperheads. nuii/ MUSCATINE, iOWA. FRIDAY. JUNE 24. 1864. Ttae Indian War Humbug. "These Missouri river 'Indian Expeditions i. are regarded by the people In tills locality as I the most cunsummate humbugs of the age, Troops be required to protect the frontier,] settlers in Minnesota from hostile tribes in that State but as far us the Missouri river country is concerned, one regiment of men, distributed among th« various posts above Siou.\ City, would be ample force to keep the Indians in subjection. Instead of this we have here about ten thousand able-bodied, well-drilled soldiers, wasting their lime and the Government's mon ey in gigantic expeditions against imaginary hosts of blood thirsty savages.' Let it be ar ranged so that these expeditions will no longer leave greenbacks In their train, and see how marvellous will lie the ell'ei upon the Indians —how very soon the 'hostile tribes' will be represented as' peaceable and friendly.' The foregoing we extract from the Council Bluff Xonpurei/, and embrace the opportunity to give its opinions our hearty concurrence. From the hour that John F. Duncombe stood in his place in our State Senate, during the session of 1S62, and read what we have always believed to be a bogus telegraphic dis patch from the Spirit Lake country, we have believed the quartering of large bodies of effective troops upon our Mis souri border, in its relation to the gov ernment, was a downright swindle.— 'Jfhat belief has been confirmed from time to time by the reports of thosewho reside in and have visited that secttAi of country, and our views are now cor roborated by one who lives sufficiently near the seat of war to speak intelli gently upon the subject. That a military force is necessary in Minnesota we have never entertained a doubt. But when we heard from relia ble sources of the visits of certain sharp ers and speculators, who rode hot haste through the sparsely populated counties of northwestern Iowa, conveying false intelligence to the unsuspecting foreign settlers, who were already sutticieutly alarmed, and these No. 1 sharpers were soon followed by No. 2, who taking ad vantage of the fears and alarms of their victims, bought farms and crops at a mere song, we were fully satisfied of the desperate character of some men, who would not hesitate to provoke friendly Indians to acts of hostility now and then, that they might find a home mar ket for their ill gotten harvests. We don't blame the honest citizens of the northwest for desiring a home market. We don't blame them for desiring the presence of 10,000 men and horses, who in the course of ayear consume no small amount of this country's products. But we do blame those army officers and government agents, who have the oppo. tunity and do know better, for insisting upon maintaining so large a force, where one-tenth is sufficient. Careful esti mates of the number of adventurers who are crossing the plains the present season, place them at 100,000. Not a man of them but goes armed. Not one but passes through a country alleged by these leeches to be threatened by hostile Indians. These emigrants are of them selves sufficient protection, and yet the government is called upon to keep a force of 10,000 veteran troops on the frontier. We hear of military escorts for emigrant trains, and yet, as the Non paritl truty states, two-thirds of those who are this season crossing the plains and mountains are sneaks, who left the States to avoid a probable draft. Tin- time wns when Indians wAe much more numerous than now, and much more hostile. At such time the whole army of the United States did not exceed the number of troops now main tained in Minnesota, Iowa and Nebras ka. Indian depredations were of rare occurrence, not more so than now. A regiment of cavalry would protect the route from the Missouri to the Pacific. One regiment is sufficient for that work now. We insist that 9,000 veteran soldiers should be released from a duty distasteful in the extreme to them and be permitted to go where they desire to go, and where the nation may reapsome benefit from their services. This war is for the suppression of a great rebellion, and not to provide a market for any sec tion of a State. Millions of money have been expended to sustain this great In dian humbug. We do not implicate the entire population of our northern bor der, or any considerable portion thereof, for we are satisfied they too have been most outrageously swindled. Lost bat not Abandoned. The proposed amendment to our Na tional Constitution, whereby slavery and involuntary servitude, except for the punishment of crime, shall be for ever prohibited, has failed in the House of Representatives for want of a two thirds vote. The Senate had adopted the joint resolution, and we had hoped that a sufficient number of the House would vote for it that it might be sub mitted to the several States before the next assembling of Congress. The vote in the House stood 85 yeas to 65 nays.— Four Democrats voted for the resolution. The people will, however, see to it that a Congress representing their views will be elccted in November. We are not among those who believe our Constitu tion a pro-slavery instrument. But the various constructions that have been put upon it convince us that plain and unequivocal language in reference to this question, as well as all others, is de sirable. Let the fundamental law of our land be so plain in its provisions that the wayfaring man, though a fool, may not err in understanding them. Will they be Honest? The organs of the so-called Democrat ic party have been devoting their col umns of late to demonstrating the cow ardice and general unfitness of negro troops. The Courier, Statesman and Constitution especially, have been en gaged in this dirty work. In Saturday's issue we published the letter of Adjutant General Thomas to Senator Wilson up on that subject—a letter that was fully corroborated by our telegraphic reports in the same issue. The editors of the Copperhead press have now official ref utations of the miserable falsehoods they have published. Will they now be honest enough to give the brave blacks who are defending our common country their well earned merit? or will they continue to slander and libel men who are in every respect their superiors Ex-Chief Justice Hornblower, of New Jersey, one of the ablest and best men that State has ever produced, died at Newark on Saturday, aged 87. His last words were: "Convention—conven tion for the freedom of mankind." IOWA XEWB: —Col. E. W. Rice of the Iowa 7th has been nominated Brigadier General by the President. DROWNED.—A son of M. T. Siverly, living near Sigourney, was drowned on the 7th in»t., while bathing in a mill pond. —Only four regiments of one hundred day men have left Iowa tliuB far. There are about 300 men yet remaining in camp at Davenport. HOMICIDE.—Joseph Parsons, of Lee county, died on the 10th inst., from in juries inflicted with aclubabout a month previous by James Hall, his son-in-law. Hall has fled. —Col. Low, of the 5th Iowa Cavalry, is in command of Kilpatrick's celebrated division of Cavalry, and is said to be rendering efficient aid to Sherman. Col Low we believe is a citizen of Bur lington. —Judge Williams having resigned the office of County Judge of Johnson county, the Board of Supervisors have elected S5. C. Luse, Esq. A most excel lent appointment. We congraulate friend Luse. MCCOMB TO BE HUNO.—McComb, the murderer of Miss Harvey, at Ottumwa, some four years since, has just had his trial and received his sentence. He is to be hung at Ottumwa on Friday, July 15th. He received his sentence with much indifference. —A trial of mowing machines took place in University Square, Iowa City on Monday last. The "LightHubbard," "Wood's Prize," "Buckeye," "Quaker Boy" and "Ball's" Mowers were en tered. The Committee of three decided in favor of the Hubbard Mower. NEW PAPER MILLS.—TheSandSpring Sentinel says a paper mill is to be built near Cascade, on the North fork of the Maquoketa. A mill of this kind is now building on the Kingston side of the Cedar River, opposite Cedar Rapids, and there is talk of building one at Cedar Falls and another at Desmoines. Suc cess to them. —A correspondent of the State Regis ter announces the name of the Hon. A, H. McCrarv, of Van Buren county, as a candidate for Auditor of State to be presented to the Union Convention. .Mr. McCrary has long represented Van Buren in both branches of our Legisla ture and is well known for his integrity of character. —The beautiful residence of Mr. Dal lam in East Davenport was totally de stroyed by fire on Wednesday morning. Loss about $2-5,000. The darkness that has so long en sjirouded Davenport is in part to disap pear, by the lighting of seventy-five lamp posts. Better late than never and better to have a half loaf than none. A SINGULAR CASE.—George Sells, brother of Hon. E. Sells, of Vinton, whilestandingin his door, several weeks since, was struck by lightning, which seemed to explode over his head. His wife, standing by lliu uidu, wu» Who Will Answer? A Chicago sculptor has made a model of a grand monument to be erected over the grave of Douglas. The monument is a tall, graceful •haft, with bases having bus reliefs and statues, and including a mausoleum. The total height will be 100 feat, and the visitor to the city, from whatever direction, by land or by water, will behold the column pricking the blue of the sky. —Exctumu*. If our memory serves us well at the present moment, not long ago somemau prominent among the Democrats held himself out to the world as an agent for the "Douglas Monument Fund," and solicited subscriptions to aid in erecting a monument over the remains of the la mented Douglas. Whether a dime was ever contributed by the citizens of this county to that fund our people have never been apprized. We suppose not, however. From the paragraph we here with publish it will be seen that only a model of a grand monument has been completed! Why is it that the Demo cratic organs of this county have had nothing to say relative to this work Are the funds adequate to the work?— How much was contributed in the coun ty Who can tell .. II ULEAnxm^ California sends $10,000 in gold to .'the Christian Commission. ....... A Portland lady lately issued cards for a supper party, with "no butter" print ed upon them. The Ohio troops gobbled up by Mor gan down in Kentucky were hundred day militia men. The total strength of the rebel army now opposing Gen. Sherman's advance in Georgia, is estimated at from 65,000 to 7-5,000 men. The graduating class at West Point this year, entered with 96 members, and graduated with 27, the result of rigid "weeding out." Two millions worth of diamonds were imported into the United States the last year. So says a foreign writer who has been reading on the subject. The famous diamond called "The Star of the South," has arrived at Bombay. The value of this diamond is said to be seven and a half millions of francs. Gen. McClernand is reported to be convalescent and rapidly x'ecovering from a sickness, which it was thought for a while would prove fatal. also stunned. He stepped into the house and said lie was hurt, and spoke no more for ten days, when he recovered again and went into his store and re sumed business, but on exerting himself again lost his speech and up to last week could only make known his wants by writing. The Sioux City Register, a Demo cratic paper, declares itself in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war with all the means in our power which are authorized by the laws of nations and the dictates of humanity." How do the Copperheads like that Seventeen births are recorded in Benton township, Fremont county, and nary girl! That's bad, sure! Mr. H. Boyington, of Nevada, has taken the contract to build a new court house for Story county, on the site of the one whicli was destroyed last winter by fire. So says the JEgis. A correspondent of the Nevada Mgis assures the public he has a hen which lays two eggs each day, and a nutmeg on Sunday That beats Ver mont. The Rochester Union, of the 11th, states that on the previous night Mrs. W. W. Smith, of Dubuque, cut her throat with a razor at Congress Hall, in that city, and there was little prospect of her recovery. She, with her husband, w^re on their way to Canandagua, and were stopping over night in that city.— Temporary insanity was the probable cause. Lieut. Col. Wm. N. Grier, United States mustering and disbursing officer at Davenport, has been granted 30 days' leave of absence. Major Duncan, assis tant Provost Marshal General for this State, is acting disbursing officer during Col. Grier's absence. The Northern Iowa Sanitary Fair, at Dubuque, opens to-morrow morning. We hope it may prove a splendid suc cess. —Last Saturday night Jesse Kennedy and Hugh Jac^ went to the house of feimqn Lee said to be a deserter from the Greybeard regiment, to arrest him.— There are various stories concerning the affair, the truth of which an investiga tion now in progress will determine. It seems that on their attempting to arrest him, Lee resisted, armed with a gun and knife. He was shot by the ar resting parties, in the back and hand, and now lies at the Phelps House in a very critical condition. An item we glean from the Jasper county Press, ~The Davenport Gazette says the Rev. Dr. White, formerly of Memphis, has received a call to the Episcopal Church in that city. The same paper conveys the happy intelligence to strangers who have oc casion to. visit that well regulated city, that on Friday night six pickpockets and thieves arrived from Cleveland, Ohio, and stopped at the different hotels. That they commenced early operations may be gathered from the soldiers and civilians who have already suffered. Natchez under the hill," must look to her ancient fame. Three Union soldiers—an Irishman, an Englishman, and a Jerseyman by nativity—were recently shot, at Mem phis, for the crimes of rape and robbery. A man at Pottsylvania, Pa., who had a Philadelphia quack extract a corn from one of his toes, died after submit ting to the amputation of his foot and then of his leg. The cheapest and best "lightning rod" is a flat strip of copper, fastened flat to the building without insulation. The electric fluid, in seeking an equilibrium, will always follow the best conductor. There has been an immense falling off* in the amount of meat consumed in New York. People have concluded not to invest all that they make merely in beef, and so have quit buying. Sensible. A new planet has been discovered be tween Mercury and Venus, whose annu al revolution is about Uo days. It was first discovered in its transit across the sun's disc, and has hitherto been sup posed an ordinary spot on the sun's sur face. An extensive conflagration occurred at Lill & Diveraey's brewery in Chicago, on the 10th. Loss nearly $150,000 in sured $40,000. This was one of the most extensive breweries in the United States. Among the "sights" at the depart ment of arms and trophies in the Phila delphia fair is ixfcu: nimtfeof the "Swamp Angel," just cast at Pittsburgh, and its ball of 1,000 pounds weight. The gun is twenty feet long, and above five feet in diai*eter at the breach. A Mrs. Mary Miller, of New York, who has been residing for several weeks past at Fishkill Landing, committed a bloody deed on the 13tli, by cutting the throats of her two children (girls, aged respectively seven and two years,) and then cutting her own. The "Davenport Brothers"—the Gor dian knot boys, who, with the aid of familiar spirits, laugh at cordage—pub lish a card in the New \Tork papers, saying that the Davenport Sisters, who have recently appeared in public in the same line of business, are not their sis ters. Another "crisis" is apprehended in Canada, and another ministerial change —the tenth within two years. The pub lic securities of Canada, which five years ago were 16 per cent, premium, to-day are only worth ninety, and things in the province are in a bad way generally. Immense numbers of lamprey eel are caught in the Thames river, about Nor wich, Conn, The Aurora says nobody there will eat them any more than they would eat snakes but parties from Westfield, Mass., have hired the monop oly of catching them, at the Greenville dam, and take them out by thousands every night. They are sold between Hartford and Springfield. They weigh from one to two pounds, and live by suction, clinging to the timbers of old dams, rocks, &c. Some folks think they are pretty good eating. What la my Country? An old soldier, in lately appealing to his son to go and fight for the govern ment and Union, said: "Perhaps you have never thought what country means? It is all that sur rounds you—all that has brought you up and fed you—all that you have loved.— This country that you see—these houses, these trees, those girls that go along there laughing—this is your country.— The laws which protect you, the words you interchange with others, the joy and grief which come to you from the men and things among which you live —this is your country! The little room where you used to see your mother, the remembrances she has left you, the earth where she rests—this is your coun try! You see it, you breathe it every where. Think to yourself of your rights and duties, your affections and your wants, your past and your present blessings, write them all under a single name—that will be Your Country! We owe to it all that we are, and he who en joys the advantage of having a free country and does not accept the burden of it, forfeits his honor, and is a bad cit izen. Do for your country what you would for your father and mother." Soldiers' Pay. The Congressional Committee of Con ference on the bill to increase the pay of soldiers have agreed to report in favor of $16 per month to privates, and of re ducing army rations to the old standard. 9®, All of the departments but two have responded to the inquiry of the House Military Committee in regard to the employment of disloyal persons in said departments. They state that no 1 liiJsMilJ riOU [For the Journal.] Agricultural College—A Journey to me (ntorlor of Iowa. FRIEND MAIIIX —I last week passed out on the M. & M. Railroad 66 miles to Marengo, thence nine miles north by stage to Blairstown, on the Cedar Rap ids & Missouri River railroad, thence about 90 miles west through the counties of Benton, Tama, Marshal and Story to Colo, thence seven miles by stage to Nevada, and ten miles further to the College Farm in the west side of Story county. The country generally looks very fine, at this season -of the year especially.— Crops look well, but suffering from the drouth about the same as at Muscatine. I had expected to find places where the showers had somewhat relieved the drouth, but was disappointed. South and southeast of Desmoines, and also at Cedar Falls, I learned there had been showers. The frost had bit the corn in the valley of the Iowa, through Benton and Tama counties. Notwithstanding all the croaking about the damage of the drouth to crops, the late showers will bring forth abundance I think. I heard less complaint of the chintz bug up that way than here. I think thedrouth pre vented some of the corn from coming up. If one can spare the labor, they would do well to replant this week. I have planted here on the first of July, and the corn ripened so as to make good feed and fodder. Sheep and cattle in good quantities up through that country. Those two railroads will probably make a connection somewhere. At Ma rengo it is only between seven and eight miles, but rough and high. It is con templated to connect at Nevada, which is ten miles east of north from Des moines. The College Farm is 30 miles due north of Desmoines and nearer than Nevada, and a far easier grade but the Trustees consider that they have one railroad too many on the farm now.— Two miles west would suit better and that might answer for a link in the Des moines Valley railroad. Crops and business are going on about right at the farm this year. We farm on account of the State this year—have a good farmer, with two or three hands and teams,—150 acres in cultivation,— lumber, brick, lime and sand to haul.— The large two-story brick farm house is being finished up—is now being plaster ed. COLLEGE BUILDINC*. The trustees met at the farm 15th and 16th of June. All the Board present except Gov. Stone. Twelve plans for the College were pre sented most of them very beautiful und some very gool. We adopted one made by Mr. J. Brown, of DesMoines. We located the site for the College on a beautiful eminence near the center of the south-east quarter of the section, with the railroad about half a mile to the north and the county road 100 rods south. For prairie scenery, of rolling prairie, valleys, creeks, springs and groves, its beauty and excellence is hard to beat in Iowa. But, to return to the building. It is large and commodious—a basement of stone and three slories of brick. Cost not to exceed $50,000. We had let a contract to burn 500,000 brick at So.85 and we find wood, some of which is cut and dry, and more is to be cut and delivered at the yard at SI.65 per cord. The very best of clay and water convenient. We have advertised for the letting of tlin stone basement and cellar, about (MX) perch. The contract to be let the 9th of July, at the farm, where proposals may be sent in—quarrying, hauling and lay ing. There is plenty of good stone two miles distant. We have decided to run water to the house and barn and College building from a big spring about half a mile dis tant, and to lie elevated about 00 feet, with one of Eames' "Water Engines," an improvement on the Hydraulic Ram. This supply of pure, spring wa ter, which runs out of a bed of gravel, will be of very great value to the Col lege and farm* house and barn. SVEL FOSTER. The Philadelphia Fair. VhiW8 to the "Great Central Fair" are set down at 25,000 a day. Nothing like the "Union Avenue," 500 feet long, a towering Gothic struc ture, has ever been seen in this country it contains many hundred flags, banners, devices, etc. The Picture Gallery, of more than 1,000 works, is equally uni que. The Floral Department is a circu lar space of some 600 feet diameter, roofed and canopied, with a circular pond or reservoir surrounding a grand cone of magnificent tropical plants some 25 or 30 feet in liight, and 50 in diameter, with scores of jets d'eaux, statues, etc., etc., and double Gothic arcady of ever greens, encircling the whole with flow ers in every possible form and device, and by the thousands—all this, fresh in design, bewitching in effect, and grand in proportions. The public schools have a grand corridor, each school section with its own counter, and backed by distinct device, the whole harmonious, and the vista beautiful. The restaurant is another grand department, some 000 feet in diameter, the central roofing screened over a diameter of 100 feet, with a canopy of bunting in the nation al colors with pillars around for sup ports, variously decorated with emble matic devices. The department of arms and trophies is proportionately exten sive. So are others, far too numerous to chronicle here. It is a show worth hundreds of miles of travel to see—the multitudes of lovely women and girls being not least of the attractions. How TO OBTAIN INFORMATION FROM GEN. GRANT.—A gentleman recently from the front tells the following good story of General Grant: A visitor to the army called upon him one morning, and found the General sitting in his tent, smoking and talking to one of his staff officers. The stranger approached the chieftain and inquired of him as follows: "General, if you flank Lee and get be tween him and Richmond, will you not 'uncover Washington' and leave it a prey to the enemy Gen. Grant, discharging a cloud of smoke, with "a silver lining," from his mouth, indifferently replied, "I reckon so." Stranger, encouraged by the reply he thus received, propounded question number two "General, do you not think Lee can detach sufficient force from his army to reinforce Beauregard and overwhelm Butler?" "Not a doubt of it," replied the Gene ral. Stranger, becoming fortified by his success, propounded question number three, as follows: "General, is there not danger that Johnson may come up and reinforce Lee, so that the latter will swing around and cut your communications and seize your supplies?" "Very likely," was the cool reply of the General as he knocked the ashes from the end of his cigar.— Washington Republican. Iis disloyal persons are employed in the sev eral departments. lt not the multitude of applause, but the good sense of the applauders which gives value to rnpntnmn VOL. XV-NO 4r The leeay of Vital Power. "Burleigh," of the Boston Journal, gives the following graphic sketch of well known men: Men will grow old—some by age, some by care, some by premature "decay brought on by exposure, toil or dissipa tion. Man can live fast, financially and physically in either case bankruptcy comes. I saw a crowd on the steps of the As tor yesterday. They were watch ing the attempt of the great pugilist, Tom Hyer, to ascend into the house.— His tall form was bent by disease his once firm step tottered his great strength had departed. With crutches and the aid of a strong arm of a friend he slowly and with anguish took one step at a time, as an infant would go up. It was gall and bitterness to him to cast his eyes around on that crowd, and see how unlike their greeting was to the crowd that cheered him on in his great fight with Sullivan. By a singular co incidence Morrissey came along. But how unlike Hyer. Morrissey is a pro fessed gambler. It is his trade. He has taken care of himself and keeps within bounds. He is temperate, for his calling demands it. He dresses in elegant taste —is full jeweled—and would pass for a well-to-do banker with the upper ten or as a Professor in a college. Morrissey has taken Saratoga under his special charge, and intends to drive this year a larger business than he did the last.— He has taken his ''headquarters already, and with an elegant exterior, smart ad dress, cool and adroit habits, he will al lure into his embrace many of our youth, and send the curse into many homes in the form of ruined but once-manly sons. As Hyer was attempting to go up the steps a man sought a more quiet entrance on one side of the crowd. It was N. P. Willis. "Time has laid his hand visi bly on you, my gay friend," I said to myself. He needed the aid of a cane to help him up. The lithe and smart step faltered in its upward movement. The auburn locks, still curly, were grizzled his face was thin and beard gray, as one in the sear and yellow leaf of life. Few would have recognized in the feeble and slender invalid the nervous, hilarious man of twenty years ago. He east a sad look on the crowd, and the pugilist bro ken down in middle life, and passed on. The group was not complete. Passing along the pavement was Commodore Vanderbilt. Till recently he has been among our most vigorous men. Age seemed to have no effect upon him. His body was iron, his nerves steel. Old in years, his step was elastic. His hair was white as snow, but his intellect sharp and vigorous. His form slim as a youth of nineteen, but erect as a Mohawk war rior. Some months ago he was thrown from his wagon. That fall did the work of years on his system. He walks and looks the old man, his step is languid and that touch which none can pariy, and all must obey, is his. Such is life. Iaviac£iaatloii. Instances are common of the most af flictive separations of family relations by this unnatural war. Brothers, and even parents and children, are found in the ranks of the hostile armies. One of the most touching cases of this kind is that of a son of the Confederate Presi dent Jefferson Davis, who is serving in the National cause on the gunboat Car ondelet, fighting to crush the rebellion which his father is leader of. The Davis junior is the son-of Eliza, late a slave to the patriarchal Davis. An officer ofthe arm j- at Vicksburg who had heard of the fact, verified it from Eliza's lips.— How sharper than a serpent's tooth must be the grief of that parent whom unrelenting fate compels to take sides against his own son in a war for free dom. The amendments to the enroll ment law, which have already passed the Senate, provide that all future calls for men may be for a time not exceeding one year. From this are excepted all supplementary drafts to fill up quotas or calls already made. No person drafted on future calls is to be liable to be draft ed again until the present enrollment is exhuasted, and credit is to be given any district for an excess of men furnished on previous calls. The amendments were adopted by a vote of 22 against 17, Messrs. Brown, Carlisle, Chandler, Con ness, Grimes, Harlan, Anderson, John son, McDougal, Morgan, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsay, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck and Trumbull voting in the negative. In the course of the debate preceding the passage ofthe resolutions, Mr. Wilson said 700,000 men had been put in the field since the 17th of October last, and 48,000 re-enforcements had been sent to Grant within a few weeks. BgU Johnahull of the Boonsboro Times, a pro foil nd Copperhead commen tator, in speaking of the Cleveland Con vention, says: If the Cleveland Con vention results in the defeat of Lincoln, and the election of a Democratic Presi dent, John C. Fremont and Emil Preto rious will have done a good deed." If two black cats climbing up the perpen dicular wall of a ten story house, should stop the rotation of the earth, and set the globular arrangement to whisking around the other way, they would throw all other cats into the shade, and (ghost of Lindlay Murray "ivill have done a big thing! O, Johnahull! Johnaliull! '—State Register. GRANT'S FIRST PROPOSITION AND HIS LAST.—At the opening of Gen. Grant's military career at Fort Donelson, he sent a proposition to Gen. Buckner, who had requested a cessation of hostilities after two days fighting, in these words: "7" propose to move immediately on your works." We have' had but few propositions from him till now, when he makes another, after six daj-'s fight ing: "Ipropose," says he, to fight it out on this line if it takes all Summer." Both these proposals are very cool, but terribly determined.—Times. B@*,The rebel cavalry are demonstrat ing against Sherman's railroad connec tions. A party of Wheeler's cavalry a day or two ago captured six cars loaded with wheat near Resaca, and intended toattack the upward bound train. They, however, abandoned this project, but in stead put a huge torpedo on the track over which the train was to pass before reaching Resaca. It exploded and blew up the engine and cars immediately fol lowing. General Hovey and a number of convalescent soldiers* were on board, but were in the rear cars and escaped in jury. B6L- The Copperheads, who looked for the nomination of Grant at the Cleve land Convention, are greatly disappoint ed at the result, and have little to say about it. With all the patting on the back which the Copperhead journals gave the convention, and not one of them supports its nomination, and not a single paper, except one or two German organs, has declared in favor of the tick et. We have not seen a Union paper in Iowa which advocates the claims of Fremont for the Presidency. Every Union paper is for Old Abe and Andy. That's the team which suits the style of Western folks. Iowa will give the Bal timore ticket a majority anywhere from 20,000 to 50,000! How are you, Fre meounters? How are you, Cops?—De$ *moines Register. The following pertinent question was addressed to a lawyer in a neighboring village: "If distance lends enchant ment to the view, and the view refuses i to return it, can distance receive any L-ff redress?" Lawyer refuses wer until he receives a retainer. A