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BY JOHN MAHIN.
U k Journal. OKFIRK" OVKLT THE I'OST OIKU'K. TEBM8 OF SUBSCRIPTION. Onet'opv, 1 year 'i 00 T«itt Copies, 1 year, 15 W) tNVAHlATJI.Y 1ST APVANTS. Subscriptions received for# nmntlis at yoarl.v rates. RAT*S OF ADVfcRTISINC. OJfK SQT'AKK, TVK1.VK l.ISES OR I.KSS insertion 31 SO I moiitln) $ 7 1)0 3 Insertion*, "ill i months, 10 00 1 month 3 .vi I ve»r, lr 00 A llburiil (U'ductioti miuie on larger alvorti»o- All transient advertising must bo ttil for in advance. Itollv. per annum, ?T i* Tri-iVeokly i 00 Tke Musentine Conrior and itvprraouln- tivp n«u. We h:il intended sooner to notice :i very remarkable editorial in the Courier of lust week, relative to its particular candidate for the Presidency. We have carefully read and re-read that leader, that we might not be deceived as to its true meaning. If we should call the editor of that sheet a traitor to his coun try, his lody would tremble with indig nation, and he would retort by saying he was just as loyal to this Government as we. If we should modify our charge and say that if he was not a traitor in fact, his sympathies were all with those who were traitors and against his Gov ernment, he would tell us he was in fa vor of the Constitutional rights of the South, and for the Union as it was when governed and controlled by Davis, Floyd, Mason, Slidell and Toombs.— Should we point him to the Jones, Hempsteads, Lawthers, Mahonys and Vallandighams, and say if you are not as these men, why do you remain in political fellowship with them, he would undoubtedly tell us he was not respon sible for the opinions ofothers, and could not drive them out of his party. These evasions might answer his purpose and seal our lips. But when that editor coolly and deliberately easts his eye over the country to select his candidate f«r the Presidency, he searches for tin- man whom he would regard as a political model, a man who is not only the repre sentative of his ow» ideas and opinions, but the idei-«*n'l opinions of a numer ous rj.ioei. So if Mr. Thayer was a high tariff man, he would not select a low tariff man for President. As in IStK) he was an advocate of the doctrineof Popu lar Sovereignty, he selected Mr. Doug las as his representative man instead of Mr. Breckinridge, who represented the opposite idea. It is therefore not to be expected that the Courier man will se lect a peace man for President, if his own heart is for war. In the editorial to which we have re ferred, Mr. Thayer takes a bold, lofty stand in favor of Frank Pierce for Pres ident. He ascribes to that renegade son of New England, once honored with the highest gift of the nation, all the patriotism, virtue, ability and integrity, that any one man could reasonably be expected to possess. He expresses the opinion that Pierce is the only man who can successfully restore peace to our country, and assigns as a reason for the opinion, that he has the confidence of the Southern people. We have no doubt this reason is true. Now who is Frank Pierce that he should so win the affections of this Courier man, and for whose nomination the recent Democrat ic State Convention refused to instruct its delegates by about forty majority? Frank Pierce once cursed this nation by the presence of his pestiferous car cass in the Presidential chair. He bar tered his unsightly soul for a mess of Southern cheer. He professed to be a patriot, but when the existence of his government was threatened and imper illed, he had no efforts in behalf of his country, he had 110 voice against trea son, he made 110 appeals to his country men to take up arms, but long before Sumter's walls were battered by the enemy, and ever since, this man Pierce, this loathsome thing onceour President, was, and has been in secret correspond ence with our enemies. His published letters have contained not a word of hope or encouragement for the people who war against treason, but full of abuse and malignant falsehoods against those who are in lawful authority. That we do not misrepresent this man, when we denounce him as an enemy to liis country, with a heart steeped in infamy and full of treasonable purpose, we pub. lisli from the Biblical Record the follow ing note from Rev. Mr. Pritchard, of Raleigh, North Carolina: "Last spring a prominent member of the church of w11 irh I was a pastor in Baltimore, met at the .St. Nicholas Hotel, in New York, Ex President Pierce. Mr. l'ierce manifested the warmest sympa thy for the South in this strujjtfle for independ ence, declared that the only hope for freedom on this continent was in the success of the South that, old as he was, he should have been in the Confederate army but for the health of his wife, and that he desired no higher earthly honor than to be a private in the ranks of the Bouthern army." Coming as this does from Southern sources, we cannot doubt its truth. And this is the man whom Mr. Thayer and a very large minority of a Democratic State Convention desire shall be Presi dent. They have declared him to be their representative man. He, who de clared that he desired no higher earth ly honor than to be a private in the ranks of the Southern army" Demo crats of Iowa propose to conciliate by making him President. In what light shall the people hold these men What shall be thought of those Democrats, who in this hour of treason and national calamity, take Frank Pierce, an ac knowledged friend of traitors and their rebellion, as their model Statesman? Is it to harsh to say that these men, like their preferred leader, are enemies of our Government Is traitor too harsh a term to be applied to them? Iffi* Deaths of Iowa soldiers in Gen eral Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee for the week ending June 16,1864 John Long, 35th regiment, F, June 11th, chron ic diarrhoea. Jeremiah W. Carrie, 2d battery, June 11th consumption. John Hancock, 3d cavalry, G, June 11th, chronic diarrhoea. Jerome B. Shipman, 32d regiment, A, June 12th, chronic diarrhoea. Sergt. Hamuel L. Montgomery, 4th cavalry, I, June 15th, inflammation of lungs. Peter Bush, 27thregiment, E, June 16th,chron ic diarrhoea. •They say in Kentucky that John Morgan, when he recently entered that State, was on his way to the Chicago •Convention with aSouthern delegation. Hard Time* In England—Prospective emigration to America. We have been permitted to peruse a letter received by Ralph R. Holden, of this county, from his friends in Eng land, near Manchester, detailing the depressed condition of affairs in that country consequent 011 the suspension of work in the cotton mills caused by the lack of supply of cotton from Amer ica. The letter states that suffering and distress are very great, many per sons being obliged to live upon only one shilling dial sixpence per head per week, which is furnished them from the relief fund. Those who get work, cannot average over three days per week, and many of them are not receiving more than half wages for the time employed. Some have not worked a single day for or 15 months. Property owners are as badly off as those dependent on re lief, because the assessments are so high and the rents not forthcoming. The writer says further: "We can assure you that those who are able to raise the necessary means are going to America and elsewhere." We can promise tliem remunerative wages and broad acres to cultivate on their own account if they will come to the Great West. Whrrr Poor Men «*n mt Almoct Xotliiii|f. We glean the following interesting facts from a letter written by J. W. Lo* gan, Esq., of Ft. Dodge, to the Chicago Journal: The immigration to this part of Iowa this Spring and Summer equ.ils the great rush In Isrfi-WT. The irovennnent Land Otllce at this place has been,aiul isyet.erowdedalmost daily, with homestead seekers, many or \vhom have their earthlv all packed in a prairie schooner, and have conic West to seek a home without having tirst selected the precise acres, or ascer tained anvthinu definite residing the prospect of flndini: «iiitable land upon which to locate their homestead right. The Homestead law u'us enacted for the bene fit of the pO"r man, ami it is one of the few statutes which secures the object intended.— Hundreds and thousands of poor men who have heretofore earned a scanty living in tilling lands belonging toothers, are now the owners of 81) or acres of good land, and are thus on the road to wealth aiid independence. There are now quite, if not over, acres of vacant govern ment land in the Fort Dodge land district, lying chielly in Webster, Humboldt, Pocahontas, l'alo Alto. Kmnietl, Kossuth and Wright counties, and these counties contain the very best land in he ^Stnte of Iowa—plenty of timber, wuter and stone coal. Within the six mile limits (each side) of the railroad grants, the government lands are ad vanced to per acre. Of this land, only 0 acres can be taken and held as a homestead.— Outside of these limits 1HI acres can lie taken.— Anv person claiming a homestead can establish a legal claim to it by paying 31 and making an improvement, that is, laying the foundation for a hoiM-, or breaking some of the land, and they must not be aloent from it longer tium six months. All the expense of a homestead of or Itin acres is SIH.OO—$14,i« of which is paid when occupation commences, and tlvc years af terward, when a patent isdeiivered for the land, the other two are paid. The Homestead law re quires an occupation of tive years, and cultiva tion and improvement, granting the privilege of a temporary absence of not over six months at any one time. This law gives the poor man an advantage which cannot be over-estimated. With the paltry sum of Slfi.iX) he possesses him self of 1(W acre's of the very best land in the Northwest, upon which he can raise a crop the first season, and cut all the hay he will need, and scores of tons more then he has stock to feed it to. A late amendment to the Homestead law en able. persons in the military and naval service of the country to claim the legal number ol acres .'soor ltiO, or less,) as a homestead, and tile time they serve thereafter is counted in the five years, and no occupation during the service is required. Specie Payment. The reader of history will remember that during the great Napoleonic war the Bank of England suspended specie payment from 17!)6 to 1822, ami we don't know that the world was ever much alarmed about the credit of that country. Financialists, men who make dollars, bonds and coupons their specialty, take but little heed of the fluctuations in the stock market, if they know there is re cuperative power sufficient to recover from any temporary reverse. That England is a nation possessed of vitali ty and energy, rich in her resources and her possessions, has enabled her to car ry through many years what to our optics appears like an overwhelming debt that must eventuate in bankruptcy. We are not prepared to say that our nation, with its broad acres, whose pro ducts can feed the world, with its un bounded mineral resources, itsmanufac turing interests, and its commerce, is inferior to England. Two years since we had spared our last man for war, ami yet to-day the places of those who have gone are filled. The hum of busy life is still heard, and we scarcely realize we are at war. Our National credit is un impaired. Its loans are taken at a pre mium and with avidity. Why, then, be alarmed because gold now goes down and then up? Let us make up our mind that we can live without gold as currency. Said Mr. Spaulding, in Congress, a few days since, upon the new Loan bill, "Whoever looks for a more speedy re sumption in this country than took place in England, in my judgment, is unwise and studied history to but little purpose." Let us take the good things as they come, and not worry ourselves about those things we cannot remedy.— Gold and silver will return to their ac customed channels when the laws of nature and traffic are willing. Until then, lose no sleep. Two MOMENTOUS OBJECTS.—The N. Y. Times, noticing the defeat in Con gress of the proposed amendment to the Constitution for the abolition of slavery, says the Union party has two moment ous objects before it—the re-election of President Lincoln, so as to insure that the war shall be prosecuted until the last rebel soldier lays down his arms, and the election of two-thirds of the mem bers of the next Congress, so as to give the States authority to entertain the amendment abolishing all slavery in the land forever. With proper effort, the party will just as surely secure this end in Congress as that belonging to the Ex ecutive. The anti-slavery issue is every way as favorable to the party as the un compromising war issue. We thonght •«. A paragraph in another column taken from the Chicago Tribune confirms our previously expressed opinion, thatStur ges was drunk when attacked by For rest. We have no doubt that a sober man could have brought our forces away with but little loss. All that saved the entire command from capture was skil ful management of the 2d brigade, under Col. Winslow, of the 4th Iowa cavalry, who covered the retreat. Sturges is a drunken sot, who ought never to have been entrusted with a command. We don't believe he has reformed since 1861. Mr. Gldilingt on Claims on tb« Govern ment. The New York Tribune publishes the last letter ever written by J. R. Gid dings. It is dated at Montreal on the 23d of May, and addressed to Hon. S. B. Washburne, of Illinois. He complains that Congress is corrupting the morals of the nation by legislating on private claims, nine-tenths of which he thinks are neither legal nor just against the people and their payment is a sheer robbing of the treasury for the benefit of men, most of whom were base specula tors. After describiug a claim in favoi of paying which lie once reportod, but afterward discovered was fraudulent, he says: "I can see no hope for the people but to return to the doctrines and practices of the founders of the government, in regard to private claims as well as to general principles." He then continues: "But my attention was called to this subject particularly bv the vote of the House of Representatives in favor of paying for certain cabins in Virginia de stroyed by our troops. If the destruc tion were unnecessary, the men who destroyed them committed a crime for which* they should be punished but who will suppose that such crime could give the owners of the cabins a claim upon the people? "If the destruction were necessary to prevent the rebels from using the prop erty, the owner ought to have applied the torch himself, and not to have wait ed' for our officers to do it. If he omitted to burn his own buildings in such a case he must have preferretl to have the reb els enjoy them, for which he should be hanged instead of paid. But he now asks Congress to pay him the value of the buildings, because the rebels were not permitted to enjoy them. In the earlier and better days of the Republic such a claim would not have been lis tened to patiently. Many of our people have paiil out more money to carry on this war, over and above taxes of every description, than these claims were worth. That money is lost to the indi vidual by reasons of the war. The pecu niary losses of those men are greater than the losses of this claimant. These men have friends, neighbors, nephews and sons in the service, many of whom have already died, and the loss of those who live is, perhaps, one hundred fold greater than this claimant. Shall these men who have uttered death be com pensated Shall those who lose their time, their property—shall the orphans rendered such by this war be compens ated for their loss? No man ever thought of asking it! No legislation of Congress could do it. Nor do we com plain. We meet these evils cheerfully and patriotically. But we shall com plain if, in addition to all our trials and losses. Congress taxes the children and orphans, the fathers, brothers, and wid ows of our deceased soldiers, to compen sate this Virginian for the loss of his cabins and posterity will curse the memory of those who contribute their influence to swell our National debt and corrupt the morals of the people by such legislation. I am aware that men will say this is a sectional argument. I reply, it is the essential doctrine of State rights which every Virginian has held to form the commencement of the Government but I use it in this instance as illustrative of the policy laid down by Hamilton, and adopted by Congress in 17i2. That "no government is bound by the laws or usages of nations to compensate its citi zens for losses by the ravages of war— yet as some compensation may be dicta ted by principles of humanity when the party is rendered indigent, and as such losses are best known to the people of the State in which the individuals live, it may be proper to refer the subject to the several States to make such compen sation, at their own expense, as they may deem proper." I quote from memory, but you will find this to be nearly the words of Hamilton. The proposition was adopted the several States took the subject into their own hands, and in no instance was such a claim as that I have alluded to ever allowed. You will find the true rule laid down in the ease of Frothingham, reported in the State Papers, Vol. Claims. In that case the buildings were burned by our troops, but compensation was refused upon the just, the only proper ground, that tomes by the ravages of war are never to be compensated. But I am sure the people of the Free States will justify Congress in referring this case from Virginia to the Legislature of that State, to make compensation at their own expense, as they may deem proper." Who in Dunbar? The Desmoines Register is anxious to know who the Democratic candidate for Attorney General is. We are notaston ished at your ignorance, friend Regis ter. The truth is, Dunbar is oneof those fellows whose merits are not tooted from his own trumpet, and for that matter, the trumpet of any other man. Dun bar? let us see, it strikes us we have heard the man's name before. We used to know a mdn of that name when we were a school boy, and our recollection is that he was engaged in a much more respectable business than training with Copperheads. In those days Dunbar superintended a wagon called a soap cart, and when the boys cried to him "Dunbar! Dunbar! sound your horn!" there came on the wings of the wind such a toot as only that Dunbar could sound. Unlike his illustrious predeces sor, the Dunbar who aspires to be Attor ney General, is too modest to toot his own horn, so he must needs employ a Copperhead Convention to do that same. Well, every one to his own taste. But the Register wishes to know who Dun bar is. We half suspect he is the same youth who once ran for District Attor ney of the 7th Judicial District. We have a faint recollection that a Dunbar was badly beaten at the last Judicial election in this District perhaps Mr. Ellis can tell us. We are astonished, after all, that the Register should be so ignorant. Dunbar! who is Dunbar?— Why he is the Copperhead candidate for Attorney General of Iowa. We hope this information is satisfactory to the Register. For further information in quire of the people of Garry Own, Jackson county. J®" The population of Richmond, Va. is (or was in 1860) 45,000, being 323 less than the population of Milwauke, Wis., and a trifle larger than that of Cleveland, Ohio. Petersburg has 18,000 Lynch burg, 10,000 and Staunton, 2,500.— Charleston, S. C., once had a population of 40,194 tli^t was in 1860, and before the "Swamp Angel" scourge had visited it. Savannah, Ga., has a population of 35,000, and Mobile, Ala., 30,000. VaF" Abraham Lincoln was an elector on the Fremont ticket in 1856, and stumped the State of Illinois for the Pathfinder. A SOLDTER Acc IDEXTALLY KILLS HIS SIKTKR.—Wm. Chandler, a furloughed soldiers, while visiting his sister Eliza beth at Independence on the 21st inst., accidentally shot her in the forehead with a pistol, from the effects of which she died in about two hours. The First Lie of the ('ampiiigii. On the morning after Andy Johnson was nominated, the Washington Consti tutionalist (Copperhead) started, and the Cincinnati Enquirer (Copperhead) re published a ridiculous story tiiat Andy Johnson MUSCATINE, IOWA, FRIDAY, JULY I. 1864. IOWA SEW§. GONE SOUTH.—The 1st Iowa veteran cavalry left for Cairo this morning by rail—about 350 men and 150 borates.— Dav. Dem., 22d. Hurlington gave one thousand dol lars to the Christian Commission on the occasion of Chaplain McCabe'a recent lecture there. —The Northern Iowa Sanitary Fair, at Dubuque, was formally opened on Tuesday, the 21st. The first, day's re ceipts amounted to $13,660.. which is a noble beginning. —Burglars broke into the Court TTouse at Davenport last Tuesday night and unlocked the Sheriff's safe, from which they took a small amount of money— the only valuables they could find. —A Southern Iowa Soldies's Fair will be held in Burlington on the 2Gth day of September. —A full blood Spanish buck, owned by Wm. Worm, of Drakesville, Davis county, yielded a fleece weighing 14J pounds. —Two mammoth children are on ex hibition at Keokuk. They are brother and sister, and were born in Cass county, 111. The former is 12 years of age and weighs 360 lbs the latter is 8 and weighs 180. —Patents issued recently from the U. S. Patent Office to lowans: Washing Machine, Jacob l)odda, Washington Wind Wheel, Alfred Trim, Iconiuni Thatching roofs, James Weed Musca tine. INSANE.— Edwin Hall, an estimable citizen and property holder of Polk county, has become insane and been taken to the State Hospital at Mt. Pleas ant. For several years his mind has been absorbed in spiritualism. So says the Register. —Among the bids for the Government loan of seventy-tive million dollars is one from W. P* Post, of Iowa City for $25,000 at per cent iremiuni.—Dav. (fazctte. The name of the above, we opine, should be Coast. No Post here with that much money to loan.—Iowa City Republican. —Brig. (Jen. Tuttle arrived at Keokuk last Thursday, on the way to his home in Van Buren county. The Constitution says it is rumored lie has resigned his commission. —John MeCune, Esq., an old citizen of Keokuk, has been taken prisoner by rebel raiders while working one of the leased plantations near Pine Bluff in Arkansas. -The M. A M. Railroad Co. proposes to run their road to Newton on certain conditions, the principal of which is that the citizens guarantee the payment of $30,000 to the Company. Has an old mother more than sev enty years of age, who he allows to traverse the streets of Philadelphia with a basket on her arm, selling tripe for a living. Ye, who have hearts,only think of this, a man who is rolling in wealth, and aspires to the position of Vice Pres ident of this great country, suiters his mother to trudge about the streets of a large city, howling tripe, that she may buy bread to .keep her poor old soul and hodv together. Ingratitude can assume no darker shade than this." Now the only circumstances in which this Copperhead lie needs correcting, are that Andy Johnson's mother re moved with him in his youth from Raleigh, North Carolina, to Greenville, Tennessee, and always lived with, and was in all filial love and tenderness sup ported by him in his own family, until she died. She never sold tripe for a liv ing, never was in Philadelphia, and had been dead six years when the Copper heads opened the political campaign of 1864 by uncorking this bottle of lies. A Little Plain Trnth. In a letter of a rebel officer, and to Gen. Fagin, in Dick Taylor's army, we find the following acknowledgement of the deliberate murder of colored troops, and also the murder of whites while they were raising the white flag. All this by our beloved "Southern breth ren:" 'After Steele reached Camden, he sent out a large forage train, guarded by a heavy force. We fell upon this train, captured his artillery, all the wagons, and killed the last negro soldier with the train. The Yankees had a full negro regiment, and the Choctaw Indians fell upon them and killed every one. After driving Steele into Camden, Gen. Fagin started with 2,500 cavalry for Little Rock, but fell in with the enemy at Marks' Mill, where we had a terrible fight. Our arms were finally victorious, and we succeeded in capturing about 1,500 prisoners, 250 wagons, and five pieces of artillery. It was a complete rout, and, though the enemy endeavored to raise the white flag, but few escaped." Igk. The Rock Island Union says •even hundred and two Democrats of the Copperhead species arrived at the Gov ernment prison on* Saturday morning. We quite agree with the Union that our troops might have saved themselves trouble and the Government money, by treating these Morgan cut-throats to a more summary process. Won't the Copperheads do a little howling over this new act of tyranny? Can't they sympathise THE 10-40 BONOS.—The subscription to the 10-40 bonds is still before the pub lic, and over seventy millions have been already taken. At the present rate of premium on gold, they pay nearly ten per cent, interest in currency, and at the conclusion of the war, they will certainly be worth par in gold. l&'One of John9on,s men taken pris oner, having been asked what he thought of our forces and Gen. Sherman, re plied in the following inelegant terms —"Sherman gits on a hill, flops his wings and crows: then yells out, Atten tion! creation! By kingdoms right wheel! march!—And then we git. Deplorable Condition of Affairs In Mis •onrl. (Ei tract from a Private Letter.] FT. LEAVENWORTH,June 21. Our military in this Department has been kept very busy for the last two or three weeks, watching and killing reb els, bushwhackers and guerrillas.— Fighting is an cvery-day occurrence at some point or other along the border of Kansas and Missouri, on a line of about two hundred miles. Scarcely a day passes that some of them are not sent to that "warmer country." But wliilstwe are destroying so many of them, some of our noble soldiers are sacrificed. On Sunday evening last our folks attacked a camp of them in Jackson county, Mo., killing 15 of them. No wounded or prisoners taken. I learn that our loss was quite trifling—none killed. Missouri is inaworse condition to-day than it was two years ago. A large por tion of it will have to be fought over again. A great many desperate rebels are coming up from Arkansas into Mis souri, and well authenticated reports say that 400 of them crossed the Missou ri River at Wellington, in LaFayette county, Mo., a few days ago, going North, sfiortly after which the town of Cameron, on the Hannibal & St. Joe Railroad, as attacked and robbed, kill ing two Union men. These Kansas and Colorado troops turn out with as much alacrity after those bands of bushwhackers as an old hunter would for a fox chase. Although they know that if they get into a fight, some of them will in all probability get killed, still that risk does not appear to affect them in the least. (Jen. McKean, of Iowa, is doing ex cellent work in his Department. He now has about a thousand men out after Quantrel's band, in the Smi Hills, in Jackson and LaFayette counties, baekof Lexington. He is said to have a large force there, but I think Gen. McKean's men will wipe tliem out. Mr. Oarrhon in Defense of the l*reailent. In replying to Wendell Philips' as sault on the President and Cabinet, at the Boston Anti-Slavery Convention, Mr. Garrison put the case in this sensi ble way: "As to his Cabinet, I will tell voti an anecdote which I read the other Jay, and thought a pretty good oiie. Some one, sympathizing with my friend (Philips,) went to Washington, and said to Mr. Lincoln, "Sir, you must get rid of Seward—throw him overboard." "Mr. Seward," said the President, "is Secretary of State He conducts the diplomacy of the country. Have you read his diplomatic correspondence?" "Yes,sir." "Haveyou any fault to find with it." "No, sir." "Well, sir, he is my clerk I got him for that purpose." "Well, but you should thow Blair over board." Sir, Air. Blair is Postmaster General. Do you get your papers and letters regularly ""Yes, sir." "Well, sir, he is my clerk for that purpose and I am President of the United States." [Applause.] Now I say this: that Mr. Lincoln has never made an appoint ment which did not meet the acceptance of all the loyal and all the anti-slavery sentiment of the country at the time— never! [Applause.] For instance, they were well satisfied with the Cabinet, when it was first appointed, almost pre cisely as it stands to-day. If you say, "Well, see what it is to-ilay I answer, either that Cabinet has worked with the President, or it has not. If it has, then it collectively deserves its share of praise for what has been done but if the Presi dent has acted independently of his Cabi net, then to has done all these magnifi cent acts alone, and therefore the Cabi net does not control him. [Applause.] I care not which horn of the dilemma is taken." How are (lie Mi^lity Fallen The Dogberry Democracy, in their late State Convention, turned all of their old wheel-horses out to grass, and nominat ed a group of obscure individuals for State offices, whose names have never been identified, in any eminent sense, with the party. The appended fossils were laid tin the shelf: General Augus tus Csesar Dodge, General George Wal lace Lafayette Jones, Buncombe, of Duncombc, Colo^sw Lysander W. Bab bitt, Colonel P. (owl Bryan, the venera ble Thomas, of Buchanan county, Hen ry Clay dean, Colonel Ellwood, dano finch, Judge MeHenry, jimlane's staff, &c., &c. We admit, for the sake of ar gument, that the Copperhead candidate for Secretary of State, J. H. Wallace, of Muscatine, is somewhat known to fame. Some few years since he was the head and front of the Know Nothing organi zation in Muscatine county. At that happy period of his life he cursed the Dutch and denounced the Irish, and al so took an oath that he would support no foreigner for any office whatsoever. It seems, however, that he has repudi ated his Know Nothingism, and has be come so liberal in his Copperhead senti ments as to embrace every man, wheth er alien or native, who loves rebels and hates the American government. To such an extent has Copperheadism been taught in his family, that his wife on a fine day last summer, spat with extraor dinary contempt and scorn upon the American flag as it was carried by an of ficer through the streets of Muscatine A womanly and heroic act was that, comporting inevery way with the teach ings which she had received at home.— State Register. THE $300 CLAUSE.—The effort to re peal the $300 commutation clause of the conscription act has failed in Congress. Inasmuch as the government lias thus far received all the men it needed or could use with effect at one time, and inasmuch as the people have ever prov ed their readiness to respond to the gov ernment whenever it wishes additional men, it is urged by Senators and Repre sentatives that the hardships among the people that would follow the repeal of the clause in question, are not justified by the nation's necessities and that, furthermore, in case of future drafts be ing necessary, the government has the power to repeat the drawings as often as it chooses, until the needful numbers are secured and that to secure them in thif way would be preferable to a repeal of the commutation clause, which, being repealed, would enablenone but the very rich to purchase substitutes, or secure personal exemption from military ser vice. This is the ground upon which the proposed repeal was opposed. The reader may judge for himself as to its reasonableness. SAXTA ANNA.—The return of this fre quent exile io Mexico in the train of the second-hand Bonapartist usurper Maxi millian, by whom he has been appoint ed Marshal of the sham empire, will recall his former return by the conni vance of President Polk, during Jour Democratic war with Mexico for annex ation by war, with the right of peace able secession. The game of the Demo cratic Administration was to return Santa Anna, who would seize the Gov ernment and then make peace with us, selling us a liberal slice of the territory. But as soon as Santa Anna reached home he went vigorously into the pros ecution of the war for his country. If opportunity offers he will be very apt to trip up the heels of Maximilian In a similar way.—Gin. Ocuette. CHLEAWIlfGS. It is the present purpose of the admin istration not to return South any priso ners in our possession against tne con sent of such persons. The Kentucky side of the Ohio river is infested by guerrillas, who fire upon passing boats and commit various de predations. Isabel Cubas, the popular danseuse, died in New York on the 21st inst., after a long and painful illness, aged 27 years. Her disease was consumption. Six tons of soldiers' letters, princi pally from the Army of the Potomac, were sent from Washington on the Kith and 17th. They numbered over 400,000. The Pope has sent a check for $500 to the General Aid Society of Buffalo, to be applied to the comfort of our wounded soldiers. The check was sent through Bishop Timon of that city. As an item of profit from the bombard ment of Charleston, the citizens pick up the shells which fail to burst, and sell the into their Government for six dol lars apiece—Confederate money, of course. Gen. Baldy Smith, in his congratu latory order to the 18tli Army Corps, pays a high tribute to the black soldiers who fought worthy of the veterans whom they helped to storm the works around Petersburg. There are now about 2,500 rebel priso ners at Johnson's Island near Sandusky, guarded by a portion of the 12Sth Ohio Volunteers and the lofith Ohio National Guards (Cincinnati Germans.) About a thousand prisoners more are daily expected. A large number of steamers have been taken up on the Mississippi by the mili tary authorities, for the purpose, it is reported, of moving 20,000 Gen. Canby's men. The destination of the force is not intimated. Gen. Scott is spending the summer at West Point. His health is better than usual, and lie spends liis time in the li bray preparing materials for the history of his life. He is now 78 years of age The Mississippi Valley Fair closed on the evening of the 18th inst. The nett receipts reached nearly $'00,0Q0. Three silver bars from the Nevada mines, val ued at $12,000, were among the last prizes drawn that evening. The debt of the little State of Rhode Island is nearly four millions, and it has increased two millions during the past year and yet the people of that State have no idea of being sold out to pay their public debt. *',•* Brig. Gen. Brown, commanding the district of Central Missouri, gives Gen. Iiosecrans a sad account of the devasta tion of guerrillas, and expresses the opinion that only a most rigorous pol icy can restore order and protect the loyal inhabitants. A frightful murder occurred Tliurs day night in Johnson county, Ind. A boy fourteen years of age shot his em ployer, Van Ilize, a fanner, dead, at his doo'r, and robbed him. Being pursued, the boy drew a pistol and deliberately blew liis own brains out. In the late fight near Staunton, Va., among other prisoners Gen. Hunter captured is his own nephew, Major Faulkner, son of cx-Minister Faulkner. When captured, he said he would sur render as Gen. Hunter's nephew, and not as a Confederate officer. Two men and a boy are going to sail from New York next week for England, in a little boat brig-rigged, only fifteen feet long and one three-quarters ton reg ister. This is the smallest vessel that ever essayed to cross the Atlantic, and it is expccted the voyage will take six weeks. The Spencer rifles used by our troops greatly astonish the rebels. A corres pondent with Gen. Sherman's army says that some of the rebel prisoners, with an air of curiosity worthy of a "Yank," inquire where* our boys get those guns which they load on Sunday and fire all the week. A decision interesting to hotel keepers has just been made. The proprietors of Earl's Hotel, New York, have been held responsible for over $20,000 depos ited by a boarder in their safe, and stolen by the clerk who received it. The pro prietors were not aware that any such deposit had been made, but the fact was proved at the trial. The Philadelphia Sanitary Fair is claimed to be the most successful under taking ever attempted in that city. The display is said to greatly excel that of the Metropolitan Fair at New York, and has already realized more than a million of dollars. The Philadelphians expect to realize the largest sum ever yet raised in favor of the Sanitary fund. —A bloody and disgraceful tragedy occurred on the steamer Paragon, June 13tli, between Independence Landing and Kansas City. A negro cook who was set upon by an Irishman shot his assailant dead in self-defense. He was immediately hunted down by the in furiated crew, and though hid for a time by a lady passenger in her room was dragged to the capstan, tied fast and beaten senseless. After the boat landed at Wayne City, a rope was tied to his neck and lie was dragged ashore and shot. His body was left there. No arrests were made. The affair furnishes its own comment. Secesh Gold Gamblers. [Hew York Correspondence Washington Repub lican.J The Herald has several times charged that these gold gamblers were aided in their wicked projects by Southerners in New York. I was not inclined to give much attention to this charge until yes terday. What I saw satisfied me that I was correct. In thii strange groupe I at once recognized the faces of seven or eight men familiar to me in the South as secessionists of the rankest kind. These men have a double purpose here. They seek to make money out of our misfortunes, and to add strength and power to the rebellion. They have not the courage and manliness to take the field in front. They skulk in the rear, and make our free cities the center of their work of destruction. Here, first among the gold gamblers, I recog nized the busy, restless, discontented fire-eater of 1850, who was ready to go mad because the South did not secede then. Here, too, I recognized the ram pant destructionist of 1860, whose only capital consisted of a strange mixture of ignorance and self-complacency. We had met before and knew each other well. At home their occupation was gone. And now they had transferred their energies and were flourishing in the great commercial metropolis of the free States. Think of it, men of the States, patriots! These men are here to distress the poor, to destroy the credit of the nation, to give information to those pirates destroying our commerce on the seas, and to give aid and strength to the enemy. lAWe have been placed in possession of a sure remedy for the annoyances of mosquitoes, and give it to our readers with the satisfaction of knowing that we confer upon them in this act alone a benefit worth twice the price of subscrip tion The remedy is simply to sit up in bed all night and play the jews harp A friend who baa tried it assures us that it ii "high." What a Kentucky Patriarsh Thinks. We invite the attention of conserva tives to the following extract from the speech of the venerable I)r. Breckinridge, upon taking the Chair to preside over the National Union Convention. They are the words of an earnest and honest patriot: "I think, considering what has been done about slavery, taking the thing as it now stands, overlooking altogether, either in the way of condemnation or approval, any act that has brought us to the point where we are, but believing in my conscience and with all my heart, that what has brought us where we are in the matter of slavery, is the original sin and folly of treason and secession because you* remember that the Chicago Convention itself was understood to say, and I believe it virtually did explicitly state that they would not touch slavery in the States. Leaving it, therefore, altogether out of the question, how we came where we are on that particular point, we are prepared to go further than the original Republicans themselves were prepared to go. We are prepared to demand not only that the whole terri tory of the United States shall not be made slave, hut that the General Gov ernment of the American people shall do one of two things, and it appears to me that there is nothing else that can be done, either to use the whole power of the government, both the war power and the peace power, to put slavery as nearly as possible back where it was for although that will be a fearful state of society, it is better than anarchy—or el«e to use the whole power of the gov ernment, both of war and peace, and all the practical power that the people of the United States will give tliem, to ex terminate and extinguish it. [Prolong ed applause.] I have no hesitation in saying for my self that if I were a pro-slavery man, if 1 believed this institution was an ordi nance of good and was given to man, I would unhesitatingly. join those who demand that the government should be put back where it was. But I am not a pro-slavery man. I never was. I write myself with those who believe it is con trary to the brightest interests of all men and of all governments contrary to the spirit of the Christian religion, and in compatible with the natural rights of man. I join myself with those who say "away with it forever," [applause,] and I fervently pray God that the day may come when throughout the whole land every man maybe as free as you are, and as capable of enjovingregulatedliberty." A WINTKR IN SPITSBERGEN.—The single night of this dreadful country begins about the 30th of October tha sun then sets, and never appears till about the 10th of February. A glim mering indeed continues some weeks after the setting of the sun, then succeed clouds and darkness, broken by the light of the moon, which is as luminous as in England, and during this long night shines with unfading lustre. The cold strengthens with the new year, and the sun is ushered in with an unusual severity of frost. By the middle of March* the cheerful light grows strong. Arctic foxes leave their holes, and the sea fowls resort in great numbers to their breeding places. The sun sets no more after tlie 1-lth of May the distinc tion of day and night is then lost. In the height of summer the sun is hot enough to melt tar on the decks of ships, but from August its power de clines—it sets fast. After the middle of September, day is hardly distinguish able, and by the end of October, takes a long fartwell to this country the earth becomes frozen and winter reigns. giagr The reason of the postponement of the Copperhead Convention is appa rent. The leaders dare not attempt to define their principles at the present stage of the campaign. If they meet on the 4th of July, and the peace wing obtain the sway, and this is more than likely, the possible success of the Union arms in the field may instantly and fa tally sweep away the mud dams of these traitors. Vallandigham has come back to engineer this wing of the party, a delegate with full powers in that body, and it is evident that the Government intends to let him severely alone to ex ercise such functions, as a kind of polit ical pole-cat. The Copperheads will not, therefore, come out of their holes until about the 18th of September. So the grand snake killing, the people are eager to set about, will occupy only a little more than one month, time enough in deed. But it will be grevious disap pointment to multitudes of the faithful. —Chicago Tribune. IMPORTANT TO Yorxr LAIJIKS.— All girls who would be happy wives and be loved and respected mothers, be real, be earnest, in everything let your princi ples be true, tolerate no sham, and the superstructure you shall build thereon shall animate with your spirit, when you have laid down this life and taken up renewed existence in another world. In marriage, who would not rather take-to his heart a reasoning, thinking spirit, tolerating no self-influ ence but that of uprightness, having reliant faith, loving sympathy, and ac tive usefulness, as" the only weapons for the daily warfare of crosses, perplexities, and endurances, rather than a flippant, idle, ignorant girl, who, sooner than help her mother to lighten her burden of care and anxiety, is just the make weight to the earth, and to keep her there, for the mother silently thinks:— "Who will marry her?" 8®"Atlanta, Georgia, now threatened by Sherman's army, is situated in the northen part of the State, on a high and remarkably healthy plateau, and being the center of four great railroads, it was a place of considerable activity and was the cotton and grain depot for adjoining counties. Since the commencement of hostilities several large factories for the manufacture of cannon and small arms have been established, and rendered the place of vital importance to the rebels. The town is on the south bank of the Chattahoochie River, which, uniting with the Flint at the extreme southwest corner of the State, forms the Appa lachicola River running through Flori da. Atlanta is 291 miles from Nashville. The mountains of the region contain gold, iron and other valuable minerals. Henry Farnum, of Chicago, is the generous man who presented Yale College with $30,000. Very handsome on Henry's part —Chicago Post. Mr. Farnum was formerly President of the Chicago and Rock Island Rail road Company. He is now traveling in the Old World with an invalid son, hoping to benefit the health of his boy. In a recent letter, dated at Jerusalem, he makes a small contribution to the Second Presbyterian Chueh in this city. The money was received through Mr. John S. Porter, of New York. The church and society highly appreciate the kind remembrance of Mr. Farnum. —Rock Island Argus. You know the story of the boy who would not cry, though the wolf was gnawing him beneath his frock.— Most of us have some wolf to gnaw us somewhere but we are generally gnaw ed beneath our clothes, so that the world does not see, and it behooves us to bear it that the world shall not suspect. The man who goes about proclaiming him self to be miserable, will be not onlyl miserable but contemptlbl# itf #ell.—I Anthony TroUope. VOL. XV-NO 50. High Prices—The True Cause. Tt is quite the custom just now to at tribute the present high prices to aa expanded currency. We are fiippant% told that this is the one cause of coin* mercial derangement, and that if the currency were only reduced to the stand ard of three years ago, prices would come down in the same proportion. Let us think a moment, and we shall see the utter absurdity of such a conclusion.— No matter what is the medium forma*" king exchanges, or what is currency, or what is lawfully—whether it be gold, bank notes, or treasury notes—war* prices always were and always must l*fT high prices. Europe learned it during^ her Napoleonic wars we learned it in the war of 1812, and the same ster|»-* teacher compels us to submit to it no\f4*" The reason is clear and simple. Produe tion is diminished, and, by the waste Of war, consumption is increased. Tli« war draws the farmer's sons from ttii» plow, and fewer acres are sown and smaller harvests are repeated. The m$-, ehanic arts suffer in the sameproportioa#. Scarcely less than two-fifths of our adult male population are now devoting aiHL their time and energy to putting down" the rebellion. Of these, a vast number are in the field with our brave generals, a large part man our ships of war, uof counted by hundreds, and many art fn hospitals while those employed in tl«e navy yards, iron-works, machine-shopi^ and* in the manufacture of militai® clothing and equipments, and in prod^ cing munitions and supplies, swell the" aggregate to the limit we have named.— This great class of producers cannot be withdrawn from their ordinary pursuits without a great diminution in the pro-, ducts of the country. When the suppl!^' is greatly diminished, and the demartff not only continued but increased, prices must advance. There is no possible helgtj for it. If we could return to a specie* basis to-morrow, it would still be a war basis, at war price*. There is hut one exception to this ad vance in prices, and that is the Gover%x inent bonds, and they are no exception to the rule, and only follow the gene law of supply and demand. The necefctf si ties of war have made them abundant and therefore they are cheap but wliegfc the war ends the supply will cease an^ they will be dear—and the man wljtk invests in them now is sure of a Iibertfl: profit. A reduction of the currency will l»e well, and we have the official assurance of the Secretary of the Treasury that it is now taking place, but it is not the in fallible panacea for financial disorder? that many suppose. Mr. Cisco, the Afcr, sistant Treasurer of the United States New ork, states that he has cancello^ forty-one millions of interest bearing* legal tenders within two weeks, and th^fe he now holds thirty millions of green backs—and yet bread and butter, wheat, corn and cloth are no cheaper. The first cause of the increased cost of all commodities, gold included, is alto gether outside of the currency. A re Gimdant currency increases the misfor tune, but does not ereatb it. But suppose the Government does contract the currency what is to prevent the State banks, that give no security for. circulation, from quadrupling their pa per issues, as they nave already done in' many parts of the country What, then, can be more absurd than to make the Government or Treasury Depart ment (he scape-goat for evifs that are simply consequent upon the most gigan tic war the world ever knew. If the body lias a fever, is it just to make the hand that supplies its wants responsible for its unnatural condition?—Neiv York Examiner of June il?,d. PRETTY GOOD ON BILLIARDS.—The Wheatland Times gets off the following: A friend asks us for instruction in the game called billiards. We do not know as to our being competent to give the required information, but will give the result of our observation. Billiards ape balls lying on a big green table and tliS players use a long stick called a quew with which they punch the balls about,, causing them to strike each other or roll into the pockets with which the sides of the table is supplied, varying the moff notonv occasionally by sliding some big wooden button moulds along on a wirtr suspended horizontally above the tablfc., It is claimed that this game is inst ruc tive and moral. Such may be fhe case, but we have looked in vain for the in structive, and as to the moral we believe it consists iu the "sodcorn" and other drinks that, are imbibed at the close of the game. A CoPPEKHKAl) WlvLL AXSWKKKII.— In the cars, the other day, between Bal timore and Washington, a discussion sprung up as to the propriety of allow ing negroes to vote. One of the Copper head participants thinking to make out a plain case argumentnn ad hominum, said to his Republican antagonist:— What would you think if, at the next election, you were to go to the polls and cast a vote for George B. McClellan, and a big, black nigger were to come up1 along side of you and cast one for All# Lincoln?" The Republican reflected a little, and replied: Well, I'd think the nigger had a d—d sight more sense than I had." t@_ A correspondent of the New York Herald, writing of the brilliant charge of the negro regiments on the fortifica tions at Petersburg, says: "When (he negroes found themselves within the works of the enemy no words coul# paint their delight.* Numbers of tlieitt kissed the gun they had captured witft extravagant satisfaction, and a feveiisK anxiety was manifested to get aheap and. charge some more of the rebOfe works. A number of the colored trooijp. were wounded and a few killed in the first charge. A large crowd congre gated, with looks of unutterable admi ration, about Sergeant Richardson an* Corporal Wobey, of the 22d United States colored regiment, who had car ried the colors of their regiment anif been the first men in the works.' LARGE AR/RIVALS OF EXRIGHANAS.— The emigration from Europe to this port is unprecedented. No less than Hi,0(lr landed here last week, which is a largdf number than arrived ever before in tlri* same length of time. Moreover, thft emigration is of a superior class, largely consisting of small farmers, mechanicSr or tradesmen. Yet comparatively fe# become dependent upon the charitable institutions of the city. A large prpg portion are immediately engaged on ar rival by farmers and others waiting to receive them, and who pay their trans portation West. The health of the em igrants is also remarkably good.—New York Times, 17th. FAST DAY.—In accordance with action of the General Assemblies of the Old School Presbyterian and theUnitdo Presbyterian Churches, Thursday, SeplM 1st, 1804, is appointed as a day of fasting humiliation and prayer, unless the Pre^ ident of the United States may desiflb nate an earlier day. These religioig bodies embrace a very numerous men#« bersliip, and the day set apart will US rigidly observed. |^»Conductors on the passenger rail-^ wav cars are not obliged to furnish change to the passenger. The decisions' in the courts are that a passenger must furnish the exact price of his ticket, and not compel those who carry him to give change. When change is given &j[ any time to a customer, it is for nis co» venience and to oblige him, bttt hfe&a» no "right" to demand it.