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BY JOHN MAHIN.
WEEKLY JOURNAL. "oiVICE OVKIi THK TOST OFFICE. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. One Copy. 1 par, *2 g) Ton Copies, 1 year, W I.VVA1UAI1LY IN ADVANCE. Subscriptions received fort! months at yearly rates. SJAT2S OF AOVERTIStNC. ONK S'4l" AKK. TWE1.VK 1,1 N Oil LESS: I Insertion, SI .V i :t nvuiihs, 5 insertions, 2 ."«» it in.mtlw 1 I month 3 ."* 1 year 15 00 A li hor:tl deduction miule on larger advertlso- •iiciils. All transient advertising must be iaiil for in ndvunee. Ially, per annum, 910 1)0 Trl-\VVeUly, 5 00 nomine*. May We Our Davenport correspondent, in a communication published in these col umns Wednesday, gives an estimate of the number of men which each sub district in this county would be requir ed to give under a new call for 300,000 more troops. There is no evidence that such a call will be made, but steps are being taken to perfect the national en rollment, and prepare for any emergen cy which may arise. In view of the possibility of another draft, our corres pondent suggests that each sub-district in this county raise by subscription a fund sufficient to pay each new recruit who may be received a bounty of $200. His theory is that, the substitute mar- Before the recent election we joined READ IT. Thinking men of the witli our political associates in taking a jTj-eat and almost sacred duties of the pledge to do all in our power to lessen I time. the public expenditures and lighten the In essaying to arrive at our true burden of taxation now so lieavv. Tax- course, it is essential to remember that i i the condition of things before us is not es cannot be abated, unnecessaiy ant. have been paid liberal bounties, gone to i gaining sufficient strength, it should the front and deserted to the enemy.— Millions of dollars more have been ex pended in maintaining a military police force in the loyal States to look after these miserable villians who have been the recipients of the people's most gracious bounty. The exact amount paid by the loyal people as bounties to fill our armies can i never be known, but we think we haz ard nothing in saying that the total money expenditure to keep up the bounty system, is not less than fifteen hutidred millions of dollars. Since the enactment of the conscription act, the people have discovered that every cent expended for bounties is unnecessary— is money wasted. The people, by an overwhelming ma jority at the lull lot-box, have declared in favor of the only just method of rais ing an army for the nation's preserva tion, viz Conscription. On the theory, then, of retrenchment in public expend itures, we hope not a dollar will be con tributed to a bounty fund, because it is an unnecessary swelling of the debt to carry on this war. The experience in this State, uuder the recent draft, con vinces us that the average of drafted men is superior to our volunteers. We believe our army can le reinforced by a mora enduring class of men by draft than by any other method. At least there will be iess horse thieves, burglars and knaves in general than under the bounty system. We are opposed to bounties because every man has an hi west in the pres ervation of this country not to be com puted by dollars and cents. There is no equity in calling upon a laboring man to enter the service and give his life for $200, contributed by a shoddy contractor, •peculator in gold or wheat, or one who revels in wealth acquired from quick sales of enormous stocks of goods. Our theory is, let every man take his ohance at the wheel, and if it shall be llie lot of some man to be drawn upon whom it would prove a grievous hard ship to go, then let a generous patriot ism go down below self-interest aiid provide for his relief. Let the money changers look out for themselves. Under a call for 300,000 men this coun ty must furnish 2(52. Pay each man a bounty of $20 ), and such a view of J trenchment is presented that we '. "No more bounties." Lit HER OF A WOMAN.—The Aled«. (111.) Record gives full particulars of the murder of Mrs. Collison, near Berlin, in the eastern part of Mercer county, on the night of the 2.5th ult. Mrs. C. wa: attending the bar of a saloon kept by her husband, who was absent at Rock Island, when a young man named John Volentine called in company with an other man named McElhaney. The latter left soon after to go to a neighbor's house, and on his return found that Vol 'entine had murdered Mrs. Collison by stabbing her twice, and had dragged her body into the yard. He confessed the deed, and seemed very much intoxica ted. II.- was arrested anil lodged in jail at Rock Island. Mrs. Collision was about 45 years of age. Volentine is only 21, and has respectable connections. In the next House of Represent atives thirteen States wiil be without Democratic representatives, exclusive of ihe seceded States. Is there not great langer that the Democratic party will become sectional Democratic! the party are invited to give the subjoined gives some of consideration. Now that the election is past, men, we hope, will look calmly -tnd dispassionately on the issues yet to (ima'u'iw. ..'... ]r.'.".io «01 oome before the people, and will make up their minds to stand by the right. Tke brand Duty of the Time. FROM A DEMOCRAT, AND ESPECIALLY TO DEMOCRATS. A Democrat, who has always been one and is so yet, and took au active part in favor of our lamented Douglas for the Presidency, wishes to address a .pace the South, including the campaigns of ltosecranz and Sherman up to Atlanta, conversed with Southern people anu soldiers, and had ample opportunity to learn what the rebellion its—its origin, character, purposes, and the feelings of the people and rebel army in regard to it. This is a period wlieu every American citizen, "who is worthy of the title, should rouse himself to a full realization ket now broken up in this State, in that the very lite of his country and her ... .« .. i e free institutions, and all that is therein curse of time a sufficient num er of involved of greatness in the past and recruits can be obtained and credited to promise in the future, his individual our county, to clear us from a future liberties and prosperity, their inherit draft. We recognize the good inteu-!aiice hy his children, and even liberty ,. for the world, are at stake. 1 hen, with tions of our correspondent, but must w beg leave to protest against recruiting another man for our army, by the pay ment of bounties. jiat sense of responsibility and con- cern and what earnest, fearful care should he cast out every low motive and prejudice, be only the noble patriot, fully and deeply examine and UK SURE HE irf RIGHT in the discharge of his oau extravagant expenditures. The enor- principles and requiring only measures mous sum of three hundred million of present practical expediency. It is dollars has already been expended by involving only secondary political 1 one ot. ,T .. i our whole political fabric, coming up our National Govei n incut in paj ment t|le primary principles on which it of bounties, because seliish and design-j is founded. It shows there is something ing politicians dared not meet the issue wrong about its foundations as the cause and place among our statutes one for i J'1 the upheaval. 1 here fore we must go 7 ,, .... I hack to nrst principles to find it out drafting men into the military service eek to overpower and destroy them. The following is part of the process by which this has been actually brought about. Negro slavery, by enabliing the concentration, in the hands of a few, of land, of capital, of labor, of education, if power, of influence, &c., necessarily aused the Southern people (even be yond any will of their own to (/row into an aristocracy. Thoroughly so, in sys tem of industry, customs, ideas, socially, politically—every way and, from the character of the negro and unrestrained exercise of power over him, an aristoc racy with more of the pride and tyranny approaching the despotic than any oth er in the world. Now, it is essential in the nature of filings, that a government of a people, in order to operate acceptably, must cor respond with their genius, institutions and customs. If it do not, they must become dissatisfied with and indisposed to tolerate it. And all history shows that whenever a government became thus unsuited to a people, or a people to a government, they, even tho tgh com paratively ignorant and poweilesB, and however firmly sealed the government, have invariably endeavored to throw that government olf, aud continued to again and again, until they succeeded, or a mutual conformity was attained.— The people of the South had come to a condition far in the opposite from that of a simple republican people, one to which our free democratic government ceased to be adapted, and for which that of England, or even of Russia, wouid be more appropriate. They felt, instinc tively, that the "old government" had ceased to suit them and corresponding ly, the democratic society of the North, with its institutionsand customs, whom it continued to suit, they held in con tempt, and even the old association with them became repugnant. They, through negro slavery, had become ari'docratie and despotic, and, after long preparation, they have attempted to throw olf the republican yovcrnment to which they had become averse and in imical, and establish an adapted ariato c.rati'i and perhapsan ultimately monar chal one in its place. So negro slavery has, necessarily, brought us disunion aud a terrible war. It is, indubitably, at the bottom of all our national troubles, sufferings and dangers. And, furthermore, as a pointy of the most momentous interest noiv—if peace should be made, and the South take her place again in the Union with slavery, and the old state of society continuing, there would, as sure as the sun shines in the heavens, as sure as the connection between cause and effect, be, sooner or later, another secession and another ter rible war. And be sure that next time they would profit by the lessons of the past attempt, and secretly organize, and bring it on when far more sure of suc cess—perhaps intrigue with foreign pow ers and procure a war,or watching their chanco when one should occur, say, Guarantee our independence, and we will help you, and combined, we will overthrow the Cnited States (iovern rient." If slavery were removed soon, from the eli'ects of the war and general emigration, the people and their habits ami'customs would become similar to ours,ourwhole people homogeneous, and there would be a true national unity, with our government equally adapted to and equally prized by all. We have now conclusive reason to be lieve that our form of government, pure ly in itself, without admixture with any foreign destructive element, is capable of permanent life and dispensation of its blessings and that the foteign can cerous element of slavery is the only T~~ i his condition, et is he not human, with same communication a careful perusal. It is lower, barbarous African state, Ameri from the pen of an officer recently mus-! can bondage were better for his devel i tered out of a veteran regiment, and opment, so appointed by Provi ., deuce, vet has he not arrived at a stage iome new ideas and facts worthy God an^ same natural .... .. ... rights to freedom and the great law of ou natU re-progrcsx Even if in his when Ve ..lu „et a ion when he can get along better and faster without it Has he not labored long and fully remunerated the master for his agency in thus far developing him? If Providence appointed the master as his agent for the purpose, giving him in payment the labor of the slave, has he not a reciprocal duty imposed on him to faithfully and efficiently discharge his trust? But has he thus discharged it? On the contrary, think of the tyranny and cruelty that have certainly to a great extent been imposed on him—of the violation of the most sacred relations of parent and child and husband and the abuse of power over fe ind finally, instead of keeping .i with his progress, and affording n i a 4 ,' 8 a u )Jiee uiisettlement and upheaval ot alK[^ !u the early months of this war. A cost, or sacrifice, make the foundation thousand millions more have been ex-1 right and secure to build on for all the aended by States, counties, cities and ''"V1,1,0 whatever temporary trouble or All things are governed bylaw and towns. MiLions have been paid worth-^ (auses pUj jn operation must and will less, graceless scamps, who have enlist-1 produce their legitimate effects. This ed, received their bounties, deserted an? applies to the development of nations, gone to other parts to repeat the same fraud. The payment of bounties carried into the ranks of our amy floaay of the most abandoned wretches In the country—inmates of oar peniten tiaries and jails, with whom the flower ctf the land's virtue and honor are com pelled to associate. Thousands of men well as in all other respects. Any relive cause incorporated in a nation's •eing will ultimately develop its eorres )oiuling results. In laying the foundations of our free institutions the anomaly was presented of the institution of human slavery be ing placed among them. Its whole spirit was directly opposite and inimical to them, and it was legitimate that, with :ew earnest, patriotic words especially jt.very facility of education and improve u his tellow Democrats. He wishes to lllent do so, not only from the stand point ot reposed in him by Providence, has he the citizen, but also ol one who, belong- according to the plan of, and trust U()t jt..)riveti tiie slave of all these, and ing to an old regiment recently muster-. ,]0tenujlle,i to imbrute him and keep ed out, has been over a large portion of as a i,-ufr a)l( a glare forever? Has not God heard the cry of his wrongs, and looked in anger on this wicked violation of his trust by the master, and is inflict ing a terrible punishment therefor?— Shall we not, then, as a great demanded justice to the slave, as being ourselves jjartly responsible for the evils done him, as A duty to the God of nations and to avert his wrath from ourselves, destroy slavery. Heretofore, in time of peacet under the civil law, it was beyond our pow er. It would be so again hereafter.— Now, during this great upheaval and revolution, and war, in its interest, against the life of the nation, by staeiri/, we have a grand, most rightful and ap propriate aiido^Ayoppoi tunity to destroy it. Heretofore, while claiming protec tion in the Union, though feeling it to be an evil and a disgrace, we weie wil ling to award it and support it in every right pledged to it by the Constitution. But its representatives wickedly and wantonly trampled upon the Constitu tion, and, (solar as their act was con cerned,) withdrew from the Union aud tried to destroy both and have and claim no riykt under the one or iu the other. By the laws of all civilized na tions and our own, a part of the punish ment of treason is the conflcation of property. They hold slaves as proper ty. By these laws we have a right to take and emancipate them. By the laws of nations, and as commonly prac ticed, if either belligerent of a war nave slaves, the other has a right to take and dispose of them so as to weaken his en emy and serve his own cause. We have, then, now a most perfect and just right, on a number of grounds, to destroy slavery. We have a light and opportu nity which we never had before, and would not have again in time of peace. And another reason it can be done now, in this period of disorganization, with far less injury, and far less shock and derangement, and care for it, affect ing those most concerned, than any other time. Then is there any true pa triot who does not earnestly say, to re move the only cause of danger to our government and secure the life and rand future of our country, and its blessings to ourselves and our posterity, and liberty to the world, do justice to the slave, and remove a curse to the na tion and a foul blot upon its name, let ?/.s now ami forerer dcdron human slaivri/ from om- land. It will surely.be fatal madness if we do it not. Even if some more precious blood and treasure might be required (which may be shown would not be the case) to at tain such grand ends, would they not be worthy of the price, and would it not be our duty to God, om country and the world to pay it? In the terrible ordeai of fire and blood we are undergoing, our country is evidently in a transition stage, "when having worked out old evils and destructive elements, it will establish firmly and permanently its foundations upon a higher plane and enter upon a new and more glorious epoch. All the nations that have be come great have passed through such trials—England, France, Spain, Russia, and all the important nations of Europe. Also, our nation above all others seems chosen by Providence to lead in the pro gress of the world. To be worthy of our high trust, we must be willing to suffer, and offer up life and treasure, according as may be the need. Then let us rise above all low motives, narrow selfish ness and shortsightedness, ami be equal to our time, worthy of our country and our trust, and worthy of the gratitude that all future generations will award us. A. J. D. A Xtw Corps of Vekrans. We neglected at the proper time to call special attention t-. an order ema nating from the War Department rela tive to the organization o a new army corps to consist o I:-- tliau 1! »M i infantry, t»u enlinieti ,\n- le-s IU.UI I one year, and to be d'. signateil the t?ir»t Corps. Tue organization of tais corps commenced on the 1st i istant, an.I will continue until January 1st. The pri vatesof this corps will consist of able bodied men wii. ii.ive served honorably not less than two years, and there ore not subject to draft They wiii be fur nished transportation to asliiiigton, and be paid a special bounty of upon being mustered into service Each recruit who preserves his arms to the end of his term may retain them as his own upon being honorably discharged This corps of tried veterans will be com manded by the gallant .Vlajor-General Hancock, who has one existing in it endangering its destruc tion already given to the Second Corps its glorious reputation.— Much as we admire Hooker, highly as we appreciate Sheridan, much as we love Sherman, we.cannot withhold from Hancock the reputation of being the most stubborn, persevering and success ful of all our corps commanders. We want to see the new corps quickly filled. Veterans, you will never lind a more gallant leader than Hancock. Recently while the Fifth Iowa cavalry were in Louisville, an over offi cious Lieut. Colonel, who was "officer of the day," began to order them about iu an overbearing way, but the boys would not obey him, and he brought out the ll"»th United States colored troops to coerce them into obedience. All parties drew their revolvers, and for awhile matters assumed rather a serious aspect, but finally the difficulty was ad justed without bloodshed. tsggr There are uo new developments Destroy shtrcry, and this only respecting the ineenriiarv plot in New cause is removed the grand career of v ,. ,ooklv,, our couutrv. the inheritance of our cliil-1 *ork- lhe is o dren and the liberty of the world are closely guarded, and no one allowed to assured. enter without a pass. It is supposed And besides all these reasons for its tlaut the plot extends to Washington. removal, who but believes that slavery ,t ',,. ., ,. ., has been a great curse to the people of aU(* the South in every sense, and insomuch fully watched. a national curse, and also a blot upon 7'„ our name and institutions throughout The convicted she rebel Mrs. Hi.teh tlie world. Then why not destroy it. inson, of Baltimore, despite all efforts u And besides all theother great reasons, shield her from such a fate, is should we not also do it in justice to the working out her sentence in the lu.-u^e sla Ce Though we have grown used to of Correction in Worcester county, Mass. IOWA NCWN. —The County seat of Allamakee county has been removed from Lansing back to Waukon. —A short time before the war com menced, there were 136 convicts Sri the Iowa State Prison. Now there are but 70—09 men and one woman. —Findley M. Linn, 19th Iowa Iufan try, enlisted at Wapello, Louisa county, di at Mobile of congestive chills. The editor of the Chicago Journal has a let ter for Miss Mary Liun, supposed to be asister, which he will send to her address when ascertained. —Several burglaries were committed in Iowa City on the night of the 23d ult. John Falk lost $000 worth of boots and shoes, Bautner a lot of liquors and oys ters, Barlow a sack of flour, and Guer $200 worth of cloth. The Press says the burglars were not detected. It thinks the authorities should employ a night police force. WOOD CHOPPING BEE,—We learn from the Sigourney New# that the citi zens of that place turned out quite gen erally on Thanksgiving Day to chop wood for destitute soldiers' families. About eighty loads of wood were cut— sixty-two were hauled, and twenty-five families were supplied with from two to three loads each. That was a day well spent. MCROERER IN JAIE.—A short time ago a man by the name of McMullan was lodged iu the Linn county jail, charged with the crime of having mur dered a man by the name of Townsend, a resident of Jo Davies county, III. The two men were returning from Idaho, and Townsend had with him about $.5,000. The parties were near Nevada in this State when the murder was com mitted. .McMullan wa-afterwards seen with $ ,(H0 of the money which had be longed to the murdered man. It is said that McMullan was formerly a bush whacker in Missouri. We are informed that he confesses his guilt and only alleges that it was done when in a pas sion. He now spends the most of his time singing, praying and shouting, and going to "glory" at something more than 2:40 speed, to hear him tell it.— Linn County Palrvrf, —The Tipton Advertiser announces the death of Colonel Wilds, of the 24th Iowa. His arm was badly broken in the battle of October l'Jth, but he was thought to be doing well until a short time before liis death. The Colonel's residence was Mt. Vernon, we believe. His wife and two daughters died only a few weeks since. There is no survivor of his late happy and interesting family. The Wapello Republican says a mouse was entrapped at Keller's Drug Store in that place, the other day, that "warbles" forth strains that "would do credit to a first-class canary." Colonel I. C. Cullertson has resign ed the office of Assistant Adjutant Gen eral of this State, having been #elected Clerk of the Johnson county District Court. W. II. Impey, of Des Moines, has been appointed his successor, with the rank of Colonel of cavalry. He is also ex officio Paymaster General of the State. Among the new patents recently issued toinveutors by the Patent Office at Washington, are the following to gentlemen in Iowa: Corn I'lanter—Volcott I. Stoddard, Muscatine, Iowa. Fe il Manger—C. E.Steller, McGregor, Town. UnciIIat HI: Kngine -M. C. Ivllgore and William Eherliard, Washington, Iowa. Cultivators—J. J. Ryder, Wilton Junction, Iiwa. LVvice for measuring cloth in the piece or roll —William I'eaton, iunell, Iowa. Meed Planter—Aaron Ciirisinan and Michael Whitman, Su^a'.' CVreek, Iowa. Ax IOWA BOOK.—We learn from the Keokuk papers that Capt. A. A. Stuart, a citizen of this State, and for a long time a distinguished officer in the 16th Iowa inftiutry, is engaged iu writing a book entitled the Iowa Colonels." The object of th? author is to give a biogra phy of all the Iowa Colonels who were commissioned prior to July, 1804, to gether with a brief history of every Iowa regiment except the 100 days' men, up to September, 1804. Assistant Surgeon John J. Saunders, of the 1st Iowa cavalry, has !"een dis- iit Public buildings there are caic- 11 «w Used from the service by order of the Wa.' iVjartmciit, for bein useless to the s-ei vice. The illicit liiw of lllliiwis. Incident* ol Travel. MCEWINUSVILLK, Pa., Nov. 28. DEAR o i A i I a w i i n o We have the good news, to-day, that the Governors ol some of the rebefstates propose to return to their allegiance. I hope it may prove true. Before this can reach you it will be known whether the report be true or false. We arrived at Chicago the next morn ing after leaving Muscatine, in time to take the express train for Pittsburgh but for some reason, to me unknown, and, as I verily believe, without any justifiable cause, weweredetaiued with in tyvo miles of the depot at Pittsburgh for about an hour and a half, and when we arrived at the depot were informed that the express had been gone about fifteen minutes. I heard many wishes and expressions about the Company, conductor and others counected with the train we had just left, for their de lay, which wishes, if they should be granted, would not redound to the ad vantage of the P., Ft. W. & C. Railroad Company. We were compelled to wait about three hours for the accommoda tion train. As I passed through the de pot building, 1 heard asoldier talking to acivilian, and, I supposed, a copperhead. Just as I passed, the soldier remarked, "A copperhead who will secrete a de serter, and try to prevent enlistments, I would rather shoot than to shoot a rebel." This was spoken in a tone of voice that showed he meant what he said I never before realized so clearly what was meant by "accommodation train." It is understood to be a train that stops at every hen roost along the road. By this train, however, we had the advantage of crossing the moun tains entirely by day, and I never had a better view of he sublime scenery along the "Central." Abler pens than mine have described the beautiful sights along this road, so 1 forbear. Arrived at Haiiisbtirg, we had to wait a few hours for the train to this place. While sitting in the bar-room of the United States Hotel, I was grieved to see a (.'olonel of the Union army drun/:. The use of intoxicating drinks as a beverage is a crying evil in our army, and no doubt has cost us millions of dollars and thousands of lives. Every commissioned officer who, but for once, gets intoxicated, should be cashiered.— The lives of our soldiers should never be entrusted to a drunken officer. Just befon le train left for this place I was in the "ladies' room"of thedepot. There were a great many people waiting —some standing, others sitting or lying on the floor some sleeping, others waking. My attention was directed to a fat woman—I suppose a two hundred pounder—who was sitting in a chair, her head bent forward, and unorini/. She certainly snored according to her size.— Imagine a lion roaring, ahull bellowing and a jack braying all at a time, and near to you, and ynu have some idea of the tremendous sounds comiug from Uie nasal organ of the fat woman. The Secretary of State informs us that the home vote of the State has been offi cially canvassed, with the exception of Dickinson. Howard, Palo Alto, and O'Brien counties, which have not sent in their returns. Leaving «»ut these counties, the official count stands thus For Abraham Lincoln, 72,lit' votes for McClellan, 47,071. Lincoln's majority, 25,03!). Tile counties ,v _'.t° report, enumerated above..o*-*-"-'- st year an aggregate Union ., Lis'l^'"f mm J. A. Pk Tlie Oflicinl Vote of (own. 170. They have done better this year. The regiments which have made re turns foot up thus: For Lincoln, 10,237 for McClellan, 2,0o9. Majority for Lincoln, 13,578. The following regi ments have not yet reported 13th, 17th, 18th, l!)th, 33d, and 34th infantry, and the 2d and 8tli cavalry, and 2d bat tery. Thus far ascertained, the majority for President Lincoln on the combined vote is Thirty-Eight Thousand Six Hundred and Seventeen! And when all the counties and regiments shall be heard from, the majority will climb beyond the sublime altitude of FORTY THOU SAND! Excluding the counties not in, the home vote of the State is 119,181. Last year, including those counties, it was 119,13-5. JC8T The situation in Tennessee is now exciting. The rebel army under Hood, numbering about 35,000,is pressing close upon the fortifications at Nashville, where Thomas' entire army is concen trating. His reason for retreating from Nashville is supposed to be to get Hood I as far into the Union lines as possible, wjtlia y]ew l(j his elltire oriliy drunk and fU|je3t ,.onfideiice is felt in the abil ity of the Union army to accomplish this result, if Hood ventures in the Tin infamous Black Laws of Illinois. ...... are just now receiving attention from I The JCelcctic, Medical Journal ar the Republican press of that State, and gues in favor of men wearing a full tlicy earnestly demand their abrogation, beard, and among other things, says: The oldest of these laws vvasenicttd in ''What would be said of him who would 1819, when slavery existed in a few of shave off his eyebrows or pull out his I he southern counties. It provides that. eyelashes, or have his head shaved all slaves shall be publiciy whipped if they over? Such a practice wotild be pro absent themselves from their masters'j n uneed uncouth, unreasonable, un plantations without leave. Another healthy, and necessarily wrong yet if law, proceeding upon the presumption the hair ot the head pertains to the laws that slavery is the legal condition of every colored person who cannot prove himself free, considers that all colored persons attempting to enter the State are escaping from servitude, and throws all possible obstructions in the way of their settlement. It requires bonds to be filed in the sum of $1,000 each that the negro shall not become a charge up on the county as a pauper. But the meanest ami most barbarous enactment was that of the Democratic: Legislature in 1863. It enacted that if any negro or mulatto, bond or free, should come into the State and remain ten days, he of life and nature, who dare say the beard has a less import-ant office to fill." List of sick and wounded transfer red from hattanooga to Nashville, Nov. 27th, 1804: l-'re e'ii-k, H.lllh low i, sick. Wnltt-r Slii'f, 11. Kih iowa, back. Jsinies Ik Witt. Iowa, shoulder. Ciiiis Gra'iam, 'fcth low :, thigh. Tlios Wrigh*, C, i7th Iowa, arm. Deaths at Memphis hospital: Noah Derone, K, -itli Iowa. John McKlroy, E, 3 itli Iowa. should be fined fifty dollars, and sold at a louse for him." H« immediately took auction for the fine to the bidder who out his pencil and wrote the following would pay it for the shortest period of lines: service, and that if he did not then leave the State, the process should be repeated till he would leave. To the credit o: the State, this inhu man law has been a dead letter except iu two or three instances. But it should no longer disgrace the statute boo!:s.— The Union part v of Illinois having now »s'®na'e plice of Richardson, whose the necessary power in its hand*'.can- 'intoxication and Copperl.eadism have power not aftbrd to be held responsible for the e-mutmaix-e of rtich biirbarity this.— Away with it fin ever! ffap* The idea of abolishing slavery by Constitutional amendment is making rapid progress. The Chicago J-W, the irWt. ami mosi candid Democratic pa per of the wt st, argne« the necessity of ii. and *trange,-to sny, -the Louisville 'tw-nai, Oh- •'•.'"i.T.t o' MeCiell:^!, gins to au e a s: iilar to th.} I'mt 8 TH: MUSCATINE, IOWA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1864. vol.." XVI—NO. 21: TELEGRAPHIC. UKhfKTfeCDKXPKIHHLV KOfe fHK JOCKNAL. a pleasant town in sight of branches of the great Alleghany Mountains, the buck-bone of creation, which separates the Atlantic from the Mississippi.— This is a Union town, but the county (Northumberland) is Democratic—moa-! ern democracy, 1 mean. Ills Advance willliu Six luiieS Ol LATER FROM SHERMAN'S ARMY. Savannah—Specula! i»u of Rich mond Papers—Reported Re pul*e of hiipatrick'* Cavalry— Devastation uf the Country by Sherman. O Arres| (rf 60 Southern Refugees in New York. Gen. Stanly's Account of the Bat tle of Franklin. The Enemy Fortifying within half a n^e uf onr Position at Nashvilicw, -a. Cairo News—Sinking of the steamer Continental. WASHINGTON, Dec. 2.—The following dispatcli has been received at the War Department: City Point, Dec. 1.—To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: The Rich mond Examiner, of to-day, admits that Sherman will succeed in reaching the sea coast. Other papers admit that he has crossed the Oeuuee River. [Signed] ,, U. 1sf. GRANT, i,:., Lieut.-Gen. CITY PoiNTr-fifee. 1.—Gen. Gregg's "avalry was sent south this morning on a reconnoiss nice, more particularly to discover if the rebels were moving troops south. The following dispatch is u s e e i v e i n e a i o n o i Headquarters Army of the. Potomac, 8 p. m., Deo. 1.—To Lieut. Gen. Grant: I have just heard from Gen. Gregg. His dispatch is dated 4 p. ni. He reports having captured Stony Creek Station, which was defended by infantry and cavalry, with artillery. He captured two pieces of artillery, but had no means of bringing them olf, so he spiked tliem and destroyed the carriages. lie had l'JO prisoners, eight, wagons aud 30 mules, tie burned the depot with 5,IKK sacks of corn,oOObales of hay, a number of cars, a large amount of ba con, clothing, ammunition and other government stores, and destroyed all the shops ami public buildings. Tiie -Id brigade, Gen. Gregg com manding, had the advanc., and is reported to have most gallantly carried the rebels' position. CSeii. Gregg is now returning to camp. No information can be obtained of any troops being seen going southward, either cavalry or infantry. The Branch Road from Stony Creek was seen to, but no rails were laid. At .Duval's station, snuth of Stony Creek, much property was destroyed and a large amount of railroad iron found An "effort was being made to destroy it by lire. hen the staff officer who brought the dispatch left, the rebels showed signs oi having'concentrated, and were following, but the oflicer thinks General Gregg will be in camp by midnight, (signed GKO. G. MKADE, (city, figf Mr. Fox, the celebrated orator, was once told by a lady whom he visit ed, "that she did not care three skips of "A lady lins told me, in her own house, That she ca es not lor nie t'iree skips of a louse! I foreive the dear creature for what .-he hps said: Since a w-inan will talk of what runs in her ail 8©=. Among the fruits of the recent victory in Illinois will be the election of a sound Union man to the United States disgraced hist State. Governor Richard Yates is the only one spoken of for the place. 8SB»-Tlie following verse commemo rates the not uncommon misfortune of a hungry urchin: •Tli r« wjis a sm:111 hny of Pawtuoket. He b:iug!.t him an oran&e to suck It: He i ad a long nose. An a vnu nviv suppose, Into the or.inge hi' stuck it." •un' h'te official returns give Lincoln iii.ijoiSiy ii. Illinois 20,199 in In diana and 7,tW-.i in I«Ii ti uesota. Maj. Gen. LOUISVILLE, Dec. 3.—The Journal says a letter from Nashville states that it was reported that a brigade of cavalry consisting of the 42d Illinois, 7th Ohio, 5th Iowa and 8th Michigan, was sur rounded by the rebels and it was only by the most desperate fighting that they cut their way through the rebel lines and joined Gen. Thomas, in the rear of Franklin. A number of men were made prisoners. The loss in killed and wounded was not light. The same eve ning a train of cars was captured at Brentwood, 9 miles from Nashville, on the Tennessee & Alabama Railroad. Capt. Thatcher, commander of the Federal gunboat "50," was ashore at the time on a hunting excursion, and was killed by guerrillas. The picket says that the rebel Govern or of Mississippi has convened a court martial at Grenada to try those who had not responded to his call, and the mili tia are much exercised in relation there to. On the 2Gtli of November the citizens of Jackson, Miss., were much alarmed at an apprehended raid by Gen. M. C. Smith, who with 2,500 Federals had crossed the Big Black River the day previous. All citizens of Nashville engaged in no ostensible business have been ordered to leave the city. ._ Six hundred and ninety-one rebel prisoners, part of the number captured by Gen. Thomas in the battle at Frank lin, arrived last night, on the train from Nashville. They will be sent forward to Camp Douglas as rapidly as possible, in order to make room in the military prison for other captures that may be made. NASHVILLE, Dec. 2.—Slight skirmish ing occurred all day to-day. There is a complete lint of entrenchments around the city. A small cavalry force encountered Forrest's rebel cavalry three miles from town, oil the Franklin pike. The rebels could be plainly sten advancing towards them. Our troops then retreated to the city. As night was coming on, but few occasional shots were exchanged. It is rumored that ilood is endeavor ing to cross the Cumbei land with a large cavalry force. Many experienced officers predict an engagement to-morrow. our forces occupy the lines around the and are in line of battle. Three «oldiers were shot aud killed by the guard in the streets of the city this •evening. Names—Clieaney, 88th Kan sas, John McCarty, 30th Indiana, and James Brunt, 7tli Illinois Cavalry. I LOUISVILLE, Dec. 3.—The Journrd contains the following this noon The enemy has been very cautious to day in their demonstrations against our outer line, which is carefully contruct ed and extend* from the river with a No rebel infantry has been developed. Artillery firing occurred this a ter noon on the left. But few shots were fired. Theiiefences are being hourly strength ened and noapprehension need be felt for the safety of the city. KNOXVILLE, Dec. 3.—The following escaped prisoners have arrived within the past three days: Captains A. Grant, 19th Wisconsin A. L. Goodrich, 8th New York cavalry Lewis Nolan, 2d Delaware artillery A. Robbins, 30th Lieutenants C. A. Brown, 1st Virginia C. B. Lewis, 1st New York Dragoons O. Powell, 42d Illinois E. Gordon, 81st Indiana H. Cowan, 1st Virginia Cavalry J. M. Thornbury, Kentucky Sergeant Moses Crow, 100th Pennsylvania Pri /, ill! ,1. 'Hi1 vates Jno. J. Merrill, Pennsylvania H. A. Scott, 2d Wisconsin C. F. Pot ter, ISth Connecticut. They escaped from different prisons, at different times, and have been from one to two months on the road, travel ing nights through the swamps, thickets and mountains of Carolina and Georgia. NEW YOKK, Dec. 5.—From the Rich mond Dispatch, of Dec. 2d, we glean the following: A cavalry fight, in which we were victorious, took place in East Georgia on Tuesday. The Yankee cavalry un der Ivilpatrick was attempting to cross the Savannah river, when they were attacked by Wheeler, and, after an ob stinate fight, driven back in the direc tion of Millen, losing very heavily. The Richmond Dispatch, of the 2d, says: Sherman's main army is moving towards the coast. A battle is expected. We do not see that Sherman's last ex ploits will have any effect upon the is sue of the war, but after having been told by the highest authorities in the Confederacy that liis retreat from Atlan ta was to be more disastrousthan the re treat of Napoleon from Moscow, it is a little vexatious to find him getting Off so cheaply, burning and murdering as he goes. From the Richmond Dispatch, of the 2d, we learn house in ashes and his gin-house burn- WASHINGTON, Dec. 5.—The Republi can of this city, in an extra, publishes the following: By arrival of a govern ment transport at Ft. Monroe last even ing, the government has received ad vices from Sherman to the 2d of December.— When the steamer left, information had reached Savannah that Sherman's ad vance cavalry was within six miles of that city. This does not conflict With the news brought by the steamer Belle, which arrived Saturday night, that Savannah papers announced that Slier man's army was within forty miles of that city. Those papers do not state what date he was that distance from the city BALTIMORE, Dec. 5.—The American has the following special correspondence: Advices from Fort Monroe of last even ing report the arrival there of the steam er General Lyon, with 750 released prisoners. At the time the Gen. Lyon left Savannah, last Thursday night, the latest news received there was to the effect that Sherman's forces occupied Millen, Ga., and that his cavalry was scouting several miles out from town with but little resistance. Every effort will be made for the defense of Savan nah. Our prisoners report that boys 13 years old were in the trenches and earth works. Sherman is slowly but surely advancing to the coast, and no doubt of his success need be entertained. NEW YORK, Dec. 5.—By order of Gen. Dix, commanding, GO natives of South ern States, now residents here, were arrested yesterday, supposed to have some knowledge of the recent incendiary plot. Some, after examination, were re leased, but the majority were detained. Beauregard has telegraphed to Rich mond that the Union forces reached Decatur on the 16th, after burning large storehouses tilled with provisions. His forces rescued from the burning build ings 15 pontoon boats, and afterwards pressed the enemy closely. Further details of Gen. Gregg's raid south of Petersburg show it to have been one of the most important of the campaign. '1 he distance marched iu going an I coming is 40 miles. Richmond papers discredit the report that Grant is crossing men from the .south to the north side, and say it is ra- dius of twenty miles from the capital.— On the roads south of the city the ene my's cavalry have been in plain view ali day. On the Franklin pike just before dusk our cavalry pushed out towards the en emy's line,compelling him to retire,but afterwards the rebels were n In forced, and some skirmishing occurred. Neith er party sustained any loss. r:•-•ii that 700 prisoners have been received at Augusta who were captured while foraging for Sherman's army. The Governor has pardoned all the convicts in the penitentiary, put arms in their hands and sent them to the' front,except those put in for life, whom he could not reprieve according to law. Heavy cannonading was heard all yes terday afternoon in the direction of Ma con. It is believed to be a battle between Sherman and our forces uzaa i h'Ol. st s: Murfretv.boro, llTidgport and Chattanooga are safe. Nashville and \,:.e surrounding county for miles has transferred to Bridgport. The de Kt'-'iction of rebel property in the de i\ se of the city was immense. Almost iu the rich property holders au rebel Ay wipulhisers. hereabouts The advanceof fie i'bj'l finny necessitated the destflM ti II OR their pi operty. Tilt Federal P# sition in perfectly satisfactory. ... 1.0UISvii,LK, Dec. The Journalot this morning contains the .following: Xasin e, Hc. 4.—Nothing of special interest has transpired to-day along the lines. Our artillery was used at differ ent points aguiiisi the rebels, who are engaged in erecting breastworks within linlf a mile of ours. Prisoners brought in to-dajr say that Brigadier General Gist aud Lieutenants Gamin berg and Brown, of the rebel army, were killed at Franklin. General Cheatham lost every Briga dier General in his corps. LOUISVILLE, Dec. 4.—Gen. Burbridge From the Richmond Whirj of the 2d it does not seem that our authorities have any suspicion of the effect the movement of Hood would have. At least we judge so from the very feeble opposition which with his command has reached- Bean has thus far been made to the advance Station, and Breckinridge apparently of Sherman. It is plain that he is mov- declines battle, ing to the coast, and that he has been towards Virginia. Jitoneman enabled to live upon the country. We think that Sherman will reach the At lantic comparatively safely. His next move will be by sea to Richmond.— We do not believe he can succeed in ta king either Augusta or Savannah. In deed, should he succeed in capturing the first named place, it will do him no good, since he will lind nothing he was seeking. At the last named place he has to fight, and that he is veiy well aware of, and does not wish to do so be fore securing a base upon the sea coast. Charleston, for the present, at least, we think to be entirely out of the question. Should he determine to secure himself on the sea and thence issue during the winter to ravage the country or carry on a regular water campaign, he must be kept in, as we suppose lie can. In the meantime he abandons an hnmenpe tract of country in the interior, aiid which it is impossible that his army, situated on the ocean, and closely watched, can exercise any influence for good or evil. and has fallen back necessary, aid his movements in direction. Gen. John A. Logan left on the null boat this afternoon for Cincinnati. t:* CAIRO, Dec. 4.—The steamer Conti nental sank yesterday morning. She struck the wreck of the James Mont gomery, causing her to sink in 30 min utes, but she was run on a bar before filling. There is no water on the main deck. All the cargo was saved, but in a damaged condition. The steamer Hannibal lies and can be raised easily. The steamer Edward Walsh, from New Orleans, had 99 hhds. sugar for Cincinnati, 27 ditto and 56 bales of cot ton for St. Lonis. t4 additional aloft of cotton arrived yesterday. [Spccial to N'.*v York Commercial.} WASHINGTON, Dec. 5.—News from Savannah, received here to-day from Southern sources, leaves no room for doubt that Sherman has succeeded in reaching the coast with his entire army. There is considerable excitement upon the question of the Supreme Court ap pointments. Justices \Vaine, Swayne, Clifford, Miller and Greer are on the bench. Nearly all the Southerners arrested5by order of General DIx have been dis charged on giving satisfactory accounts of themselves. The Baltimore American has Rich mond papers of Saturday, but they do not appear to have as late Georgia news as that received by the steamer from Savannah, except the following from Gen. Lragg, wluch refers to an engage ment The Yankees who lauded at Port Royal and moved into the interior with the expectation of-luce ling r-iieiir. ail's advance, encountered a body of Luaftd erate troops at Aj la» hacoh) and Gra L.iiisvilie. The emmy wt re badly C'jatrn, und driven rr in the tiel-J, leav- a member ol the Georgia Legislature, .. gives his experience in enemy \v*re di'ivei" but' 'we presume Sherman's army—he and others ha ^ere driven baJk towt.td liuufort, been taken across he^ count LATtH-lhe following dispatch has e e e n o e e v a s a i o n n n i e i s upon the country. He says: Going, buvandafa, to Me('reddle's place we found his fine ni( 1 ed, and every horse and mule gone. In liis lot were about 100 cattle lying dead. n-?? i They looked like good stork?and were not on his right, bit on his left that York for two years past has greatly om Grant meditates an early engagement, i i vrrassed the Government, and encour There is some important movement in j, the vicinity of Dutch Gap Canal, by thf monitors. This is suppressed by Rich mond papers. Gen. Stanly had been in nearly all the battles in Tennessee and Georgia, but says the musketry fire at Franklin was for an hour the most intense he ever witnessed. We had twenty-eight guns in action, having a full sweep at the rebel columns. The Commercials Nashville dispatch :i.lin,rfr„,11 H... •••«,»* ^"7^. T/.?) h«7 e evidently killed to deprive the planters it u" of them! Proceeding on we found every plan tation on the road similarly desolated, except that no other dwelling houses were burned, until we reached the fine farm of Mr. Joshua Hill. This is a per fect wreck." *V. V "S n»V -'ahaiiviile, where wea^e reported as having been repulsed by the rebels, is one ot the stations on the Charleston arid Savannah railroad. It is thirty-four miles north-east o: Savannah and seven ty m«les from Charleston. Our forces, however, are evidently still above Gra hamville. holding a position on the Coosa Watche. It will be remembered that the news already published from Hilton Head says that Foster had captured Pocotati go bridge, which is further inland than Grahamville, b?ing forty-nine miles from Savannah and fifty-five miles from Charleston. BALTIMORE, Dec. 5.—The Richmond Enquirer of Saturday last has an article on the late fires in New York. It ridi cules the affair and concludes as fol lows "Of course it was a rebel plot! Did not they lire on Sumter, where floated An agent from Savannah informs us the old flag? A morality that does not that there are no important defences on restrain violence to the emblem of the the west side of Savannah. the best government ever seen, cannot he expected to be proof against the sin of burning hotels. NotTiing can be clearer than the proof of the complicity of Davis in burning, or attempting to burn, some half dozen hotels in New York No! We have never read any thing more truly Yankee than this whole affair. We are very glad to see that all the Southern refugees are required to regis ter themselves. If Gen. Dix will hang them he will do service to our cause.— A set of cowardly sneaks who have de serted their country, are not above firing hotels. We hope Dix will hang every mother's son of them." NEW YORK,Dec.5.—TheCommercial's Washington special says there are ru mors of disaster to the Union forces in Georgia, but they are uiifounded. WASHINGTON. Dec. 5.—Drafting was resumed here to-day to fill up the defi ciencies in the quota. Hanscomb, the editor of the Republican, and O R. Har ris, a reporter lor the same paper, were drafted. NEW YORK TO KEEP STLI* WITH THE MUSIC OF THE UNION.—Mr. Fen ton, the newly elected Governor of New York, remarked in a recent speech that New York hereafter shall hold no hesitating oi equivocal position" in relation to the prosecution of the war. This meets with the cordial approval of (he Union of the State, but make* the eopper eads wince. The position of New the r( CINCINNATI, Dec. 5.—Maj. Gen. Stan ly, wounded in the battle of Franklin, arrived yesterday. He says the report' ... oi tiie battle that has reached the public }*u.vs .Ms. It hag lik „wiiieeogt the ation many thousands of lives and .tiilllons of treasure. This is now to ease. A writer in the N'ew York World very lias not exaggerated the rebel loss.. The ot and is not going to any place on the light was made to save our trams which jlantic coast, but to Savannah. The were of enormous size and value. They .... .. filled the road for twelve mil.*. It w£ sitively lhat Herman ean- cla,m that,the not intended to hoid Franklin longer j' country is such that he turn no other than necessary to get our property out ^tion, and consequently the public of tli" way. The rebels had been pres sing us very hard from Columbia, ami at onetime we were in great danger, but Hood lost his opportunity in not at tacking in force at Spring Hill. Scho-' fii-UI's army consisted of the 4th ami 23 corps, together with a few regiinents c»nflg»ration of ay set itself at rest as to his destina n. USTEveiy schoolboy reader of histoiy familiar with Ciesar'sgreatdispatch at encounterinj' the Gauls, "Veni, viui, ici," ("I came, I saw, 1 conquered.") that recently entered the service. They Rivaling this brevity is the account of left Pulaski November 2d and 3d, and one of our "loyal" Africans who was in were so closely pressed that they feared at one time that their artillery wagon train would have to be abandoned, but by good management all were brought through safely. the Yelvingtou affair. Said be: "We tit'ein, an* woopt'em and kofeh ten QY 'em." True politeness does not consist altogether in bowing and scraping and how-do-you'do it proceeds from a pure and benevolent heart, and finds fit ex pression in those spontaneous aud grace ful movements with which Nature al ways endows her own legitimate chil dren and the noble impulses of your own pure hearts.