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Muscatine weekly journal. [volume] (Muscatine, Iowa) 185?-1890, December 09, 1864, Image 1

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nomine*. May We
Our Davenport correspondent, in a
communication published in these col
umns Wednesday, gives an estimate of
the number of men which each sub
district in this county would be requir
ed to give under a new call for 300,000
more troops. There is no evidence that
such a call will be made, but steps are
being taken to perfect the national en
rollment, and prepare for any emergen
cy which may arise. In view of the
possibility of another draft, our corres
pondent suggests that each sub-district
in this county raise by subscription a
fund sufficient to pay each new recruit
who may be received a bounty of $200.
His theory is that, the substitute mar-
Before the recent election we joined
Thinking men of the
witli our political associates in taking a jTj-eat and almost sacred duties of the
pledge to do all in our power to lessen I time.
the public expenditures and lighten the In essaying to arrive at our true
burden of taxation now so lieavv. Tax- course, it is essential to remember that
i i the condition of things before us is not
es cannot be abated, unnecessaiy ant.
have been paid liberal bounties, gone to i gaining sufficient strength, it should
the front and deserted to the enemy.—
Millions of dollars more have been ex
pended in maintaining a military
police force in the loyal States to look
after these miserable villians who have
been the recipients of the people's most
gracious bounty.
The exact amount paid by the loyal
people as bounties to fill our armies can
i never be known, but we think we haz
ard nothing in saying that the total
money expenditure to keep up the
bounty system, is not less than fifteen
hutidred millions of dollars. Since the
enactment of the conscription act, the
people have discovered that every cent
expended for bounties is unnecessary—
is money wasted.
The people, by an overwhelming ma
jority at the lull lot-box, have declared
in favor of the only just method of rais
ing an army for the nation's preserva
tion, viz Conscription. On the theory,
then, of retrenchment in public expend
itures, we hope not a dollar will be con
tributed to a bounty fund, because it is
an unnecessary swelling of the debt to
carry on this war. The experience in
this State, uuder the recent draft, con
vinces us that the average of drafted
men is superior to our volunteers. We
believe our army can le reinforced by a
mora enduring class of men by draft
than by any other method. At least
there will be iess horse thieves, burglars
and knaves in general than under the
bounty system.
We are opposed to bounties because
every man has an hi west in the pres
ervation of this country not to be com
puted by dollars and cents. There is no
equity in calling upon a laboring man
to enter the service and give his life for
$200, contributed by a shoddy contractor,
•peculator in gold or wheat, or one
who revels in wealth acquired from
quick sales of enormous stocks of goods.
Our theory is, let every man take his
ohance at the wheel, and if it shall be
llie lot of some man to be drawn upon
whom it would prove a grievous hard
ship to go, then let a generous patriot
ism go down below self-interest aiid
provide for his relief. Let the money
changers look out for themselves.
Under a call for 300,000 men this coun
ty must furnish 2(52. Pay each man
a bounty of $20 ), and such a view of J
trenchment is presented that we '.
"No more bounties."
(111.) Record gives full particulars of the
murder of Mrs. Collison, near Berlin,
in the eastern part of Mercer county, on
the night of the 2.5th ult. Mrs. C. wa:
attending the bar of a saloon kept by
her husband, who was absent at Rock
Island, when a young man named John
Volentine called in company with an
other man named McElhaney. The
latter left soon after to go to a neighbor's
house, and on his return found that Vol
'entine had murdered Mrs. Collison by
stabbing her twice, and had dragged her
body into the yard. He confessed the
deed, and seemed very much intoxica
ted. II.- was arrested anil lodged in jail
at Rock Island. Mrs. Collision was
about 45 years of age. Volentine is only
21, and has respectable connections.
In the next House of Represent­
atives thirteen States wiil be without
Democratic representatives, exclusive of
ihe seceded States. Is there not great
langer that the Democratic party will
become sectional
Democratic! the
party are invited to give the subjoined
gives some
of consideration. Now that the election
is past, men, we hope, will look calmly
-tnd dispassionately on the issues yet to
(ima'u'iw. ..'... ]r.'.".io «01 oome before the people, and will make
up their minds to stand by the right.
Tke brand Duty of the Time.
A Democrat, who has always been
one and is so yet, and took au active
part in favor of our lamented Douglas
for the Presidency, wishes to address a .pace
the South, including the campaigns of
ltosecranz and Sherman up to Atlanta,
conversed with Southern people anu
soldiers, and had ample opportunity to
learn what the rebellion its—its origin,
character, purposes, and the feelings of
the people and rebel army in regard to
This is a period wlieu every American
citizen, "who is worthy of the title,
should rouse himself to a full realization
ket now broken up in this State, in that the very lite of his country and her
... .« .. i e free institutions, and all that is therein
curse of time a sufficient num er of involved of greatness in the past and
recruits can be obtained and credited to promise in the future, his individual
our county, to clear us from a future liberties and prosperity, their inherit
draft. We recognize the good inteu-!aiice hy his children, and even liberty
,. for the world, are at stake. 1
hen, with
tions of our correspondent, but must
beg leave to protest against recruiting
another man for our army, by the pay
ment of bounties.
jiat sense of responsibility and con-
cern and what earnest, fearful care
should he cast out every low motive and
prejudice, be only the noble patriot,
fully and deeply examine and UK SURE
HE irf RIGHT in the discharge of his
extravagant expenditures. The enor- principles and requiring only measures
mous sum of three hundred million of present practical expediency. It is
dollars has already been expended by
involving only secondary political
1 one
,T .. i our whole political fabric, coming up
our National Govei n incut in paj ment t|le primary principles on which it
of bounties, because seliish and design-j is founded. It shows there is something
ing politicians dared not meet the issue wrong about its foundations as the cause
and place among our statutes one for i J'1 the upheaval. 1 here fore we must go
7 ,, .... I hack to nrst principles to find it out
drafting men into the military service
eek to overpower and destroy them.
The following is part of the process by
which this has been actually brought
about. Negro slavery, by enabliing the
concentration, in the hands of a few, of
land, of capital, of labor, of education,
if power, of influence, &c., necessarily
aused the Southern people (even be
yond any will of their own to (/row into
an aristocracy. Thoroughly so, in sys
tem of industry, customs, ideas, socially,
politically—every way and, from the
character of the negro and unrestrained
exercise of power over him, an aristoc
racy with more of the pride and tyranny
approaching the despotic than any oth
er in the world.
Now, it is essential in the nature of
filings, that a government of a people,
in order to operate acceptably, must cor
respond with their genius, institutions
and customs. If it do not, they must
become dissatisfied with and indisposed
to tolerate it. And all history shows
that whenever a government became
thus unsuited to a people, or a people to
a government, they, even tho tgh com
paratively ignorant and poweilesB, and
however firmly sealed the government,
have invariably endeavored to throw
that government olf, aud continued to
again and again, until they succeeded,
or a mutual conformity was attained.—
The people of the South had come to a
condition far in the opposite from that
of a simple republican people, one to
which our free democratic government
ceased to be adapted, and for which that
of England, or even of Russia, wouid be
more appropriate. They felt, instinc
tively, that the "old government" had
ceased to suit them and corresponding
ly, the democratic society of the North,
with its institutionsand customs, whom
it continued to suit, they held in con
tempt, and even the old association
with them became repugnant. They,
through negro slavery, had become
ari'docratie and despotic, and, after long
preparation, they have attempted to
throw olf the republican yovcrnment to
which they had become averse and in
imical, and establish an adapted ariato
c.rati'i and perhapsan ultimately monar
chal one in its place. So negro slavery
has, necessarily, brought us disunion
aud a terrible war. It is, indubitably,
at the bottom of all our national troubles,
sufferings and dangers.
And, furthermore, as a pointy of the
most momentous interest noiv—if peace
should be made, and the South take her
place again in the Union with slavery,
and the old state of society continuing,
there would, as sure as the sun shines in
the heavens, as sure as the connection
between cause and effect, be, sooner or
later, another secession and another ter
rible war. And be sure that next time
they would profit by the lessons of the
past attempt, and secretly organize, and
bring it on when far more sure of suc
cess—perhaps intrigue with foreign pow
ers and procure a war,or watching their
chanco when one should occur, say,
Guarantee our independence, and we
will help you, and combined, we will
overthrow the Cnited States (iovern
rient." If slavery were removed soon,
from the eli'ects of the war and general
emigration, the people and their habits
ami'customs would become similar to
people homogeneous, and
there would be a true national unity,
with our government equally adapted to
and equally prized by all.
We have now conclusive reason to be
lieve that our form of government, pure
ly in itself, without admixture with any
foreign destructive element, is capable
of permanent life and dispensation of
its blessings and that the foteign can
cerous element of slavery is the
his condition, et is he not human, with
communication a careful perusal. It is lower, barbarous African state, Ameri
from the pen of an officer recently mus-! can bondage were better for his devel
i tered out of a veteran regiment, and opment, so appointed by Provi
., deuce, vet has he not arrived at a stage
iome new ideas and facts worthy
God an^ same natural
.... .. ... rights to freedom and the great law of
ou natU
re-progrcsx Even if in his
Ve ..lu „et
when he can get along better and faster
without it Has he not labored long
and fully remunerated the master for
his agency in thus far developing him?
If Providence appointed the master as
his agent for the purpose, giving him in
payment the labor of the slave, has he
not a reciprocal duty imposed on him to
faithfully and efficiently discharge his
trust? But has he thus discharged it?
On the contrary, think of the tyranny
and cruelty that have certainly to a
great extent been imposed on him—of
the violation of the most sacred relations
of parent and child and husband and
the abuse of power over fe
ind finally, instead of keeping
.i with his progress, and affording
n i a 4 ,' 8 a u
uiisettlement and upheaval ot
!u the early months of this war. A cost, or sacrifice, make the foundation
thousand millions more have been ex-1 right and secure to build on for all the
aended by States, counties, cities and ''"V1,1,0
whatever temporary trouble or
All things are governed bylaw and
towns. MiLions have been paid worth-^ (auses pUj jn operation must and will
less, graceless scamps, who have enlist-1 produce their legitimate effects. This
ed, received their bounties, deserted an? applies to the development of nations,
gone to other parts to repeat the same
fraud. The payment of bounties
carried into the ranks of our amy
floaay of the most abandoned wretches
In the country—inmates of oar peniten
tiaries and jails, with whom the flower
ctf the land's virtue and honor are com
pelled to associate. Thousands of men
well as in all other respects. Any
relive cause incorporated in a nation's
•eing will ultimately develop its eorres
)oiuling results.
In laying the foundations of our free
institutions the anomaly was presented
of the institution of human slavery be
ing placed among them. Its whole
spirit was directly opposite and inimical
to them, and it was legitimate that,
:ew earnest, patriotic words especially jt.very facility of education and improve
u his tellow Democrats. He wishes to
do so, not only from the stand point ot reposed in him by Providence, has he
the citizen, but also ol one who, belong-
according to the plan of, and trust
jt..)riveti tiie slave of all these, and
ing to an old regiment recently muster-. ,]0tenujlle,i to imbrute him and keep
ed out, has been over a large portion of
as a
a)l( a
glare forever? Has
not God heard the cry of his wrongs, and
looked in anger on this wicked violation
of his trust by the master, and is inflict
ing a terrible punishment therefor?—
Shall we not, then, as a great demanded
justice to the slave, as being ourselves
jjartly responsible for the evils done him,
as A duty to the God of nations and to
avert his wrath from ourselves, destroy
Heretofore, in time of peacet under
the civil law, it was beyond our pow
er. It would be so again hereafter.—
Now, during this great upheaval and
revolution, and war, in its interest,
against the life of the nation, by staeiri/,
we have a grand, most rightful and ap
propriate aiido^Ayoppoi tunity to destroy
it. Heretofore, while claiming protec
tion in the Union, though feeling it to
be an evil and a disgrace, we weie wil
ling to award it and support it in every
right pledged to it by the Constitution.
But its representatives wickedly and
wantonly trampled upon the Constitu
tion, and, (solar as their act was con
cerned,) withdrew from the Union aud
tried to destroy both and have and
claim no riykt under the one or iu the
other. By the laws of all civilized na
tions and our own, a part of the punish
ment of treason is the conflcation of
property. They hold slaves as proper
ty. By these laws we have a right to
take and emancipate them. By the
laws of nations, and as commonly prac
ticed, if either belligerent of a war nave
slaves, the other has a right to take and
dispose of them so as to weaken his en
emy and serve his own cause. We have,
then, now a most perfect and just right,
on a number of grounds, to destroy
slavery. We have a light and opportu
nity which we never had before, and
would not have again in time of peace.
And another reason it can be done
now, in this period of disorganization,
with far less injury, and far less shock
and derangement, and care for it, affect
ing those most concerned, than any
other time. Then is there any true pa
triot who does not earnestly say, to re
move the only cause of danger to our
government and secure the life and
rand future of our country, and its
blessings to ourselves and our posterity,
and liberty to the world, do justice to
the slave, and remove a curse to the na
tion and a foul blot upon its name, let ?/.s
now ami forerer dcdron human slaivri/
from om- land. It will surely.be fatal
madness if we do it not.
Even if some more precious blood and
treasure might be required (which may
be shown would not be the case) to at
tain such grand ends, would they not
be worthy of the price, and would it not
be our duty to God, om country and the
world to pay it? In the terrible ordeai
of fire and blood we are undergoing, our
country is evidently in a transition
stage, "when having worked out old
evils and destructive elements, it will
establish firmly and permanently its
foundations upon a higher plane and
enter upon a new and more glorious
epoch. All the nations that have be
come great have passed through such
trials—England, France, Spain, Russia,
and all the important nations of Europe.
Also, our nation above all others seems
chosen by Providence to lead in the pro
gress of the world. To be worthy of our
high trust, we must be willing to suffer,
and offer up life and treasure, according
as may be the need. Then let us rise
above all low motives, narrow selfish
ness and shortsightedness, ami be equal
to our time, worthy of our country and
our trust, and worthy of the gratitude
that all future generations will award
us. A. J. D.
A Xtw Corps of Vekrans.
We neglected at the proper time to
call special attention t-. an order ema
nating from the War Department rela
tive to the organization o a new army
corps to consist o I:-- tliau 1! »M i
infantry, t»u enlinieti ,\n- le-s IU.UI I
one year, and to be d'. signateil the t?ir»t
Corps. Tue organization of tais corps
commenced on the 1st i istant, an.I will
continue until January 1st. The pri
vatesof this corps will consist of able
bodied men wii. ii.ive served honorably
not less than two years, and there ore
not subject to draft They wiii be fur
nished transportation to asliiiigton,
and be paid a special bounty of
upon being mustered into service Each
recruit who preserves his arms to the
end of his term may retain them as his
own upon being honorably discharged
This corps of tried veterans will be com
manded by the gallant .Vlajor-General
Hancock, who
existing in it endangering its destruc
already given to the
Second Corps its glorious reputation.—
Much as we admire Hooker, highly as
we appreciate Sheridan, much as we
love Sherman, we.cannot withhold from
Hancock the reputation of being the
most stubborn, persevering and success
ful of all our corps commanders. We
want to see the new corps quickly filled.
Veterans, you will never lind a more
gallant leader than Hancock.
Recently while the Fifth Iowa
cavalry were in Louisville, an over offi
cious Lieut. Colonel, who was "officer
of the day," began to order them about
iu an overbearing way, but the boys
would not obey him, and he brought
out the ll"»th United States colored troops
to coerce them into obedience. All
parties drew their revolvers, and for
awhile matters assumed rather a serious
aspect, but finally the difficulty was ad
justed without
tsggr There are uo new developments
Destroy shtrcry, and this only respecting the ineenriiarv plot in New
cause is removed the grand career of
,. ,ooklv,,
our couutrv. the inheritance of our cliil-1 *ork- lhe is o
dren and the liberty of the world are closely guarded, and no one allowed to
assured. enter without a pass. It is supposed
And besides all these reasons for its tlaut the plot extends to Washington.
removal, who but believes that slavery ,t ',,. ., ,. .,
has been a great curse to the people of
the South in every sense, and insomuch fully watched.
a national curse, and also a blot upon 7'„
our name and institutions throughout The convicted she rebel Mrs. Hi.teh
tlie world. Then why not destroy it. inson, of Baltimore, despite all efforts u
And besides all theother great reasons, shield her from such a fate, is
should we not also do it in justice to the working out her sentence in the lu.-u^e
sla Ce Though we have grown used to of Correction in Worcester county, Mass.
—The County seat of Allamakee
county has been removed from Lansing
back to Waukon.
—A short time before the war com
menced, there were 136 convicts Sri the
Iowa State Prison. Now there are but
70—09 men and one woman.
—Findley M. Linn, 19th Iowa Iufan
try, enlisted at Wapello, Louisa county,
di at Mobile of congestive chills. The
editor of the Chicago Journal has a let
ter for Miss Mary Liun, supposed to be
asister, which he will send to her address
when ascertained.
—Several burglaries were committed
in Iowa City on the night of the 23d ult.
John Falk lost $000 worth of boots and
shoes, Bautner a lot of liquors and oys
ters, Barlow a sack of flour, and Guer
$200 worth of cloth. The Press says the
burglars were not detected. It thinks
the authorities should employ a night
police force.
from the Sigourney New# that the citi
zens of that place turned out quite gen
erally on Thanksgiving Day to chop
wood for destitute soldiers' families.
About eighty loads of wood were cut—
sixty-two were hauled, and twenty-five
families were supplied with from two to
three loads each. That was a day well
MCROERER IN JAIE.—A short time
ago a man by the name of McMullan
was lodged iu the Linn county jail,
charged with the crime of having mur
dered a man by the name of Townsend,
a resident of Jo Davies county, III. The
two men were returning from Idaho,
and Townsend had with him about
$.5,000. The parties were near Nevada
in this State when the murder was com
mitted. .McMullan wa-afterwards seen
with $ ,(H0 of the money which had be
longed to the murdered man. It is said
that McMullan was formerly a bush
whacker in Missouri. We are informed
that he confesses his guilt and only
alleges that it was done when in a pas
sion. He now spends the most of his
time singing, praying and shouting, and
going to "glory" at something more
than 2:40 speed, to hear him tell it.—
Linn County Palrvrf,
—The Tipton Advertiser announces
the death of Colonel Wilds, of the 24th
Iowa. His arm was badly broken in the
battle of October l'Jth, but he was
thought to be doing well until a short
time before liis death. The Colonel's
residence was Mt. Vernon, we believe.
His wife and two daughters died only a
few weeks since. There is no survivor
of his late happy and interesting family.
The Wapello Republican says a
mouse was entrapped at Keller's Drug
Store in that place, the other day, that
"warbles" forth strains that "would do
credit to a first-class canary."
Colonel I. C. Cullertson has resign
ed the office of Assistant Adjutant Gen
eral of this State, having been #elected
Clerk of the Johnson county District
Court. W. II. Impey, of Des Moines,
has been appointed his successor, with
the rank of Colonel of cavalry. He is
also ex officio Paymaster General of the
Among the new patents recently
issued toinveutors by the Patent Office
at Washington, are the following to
gentlemen in Iowa:
Corn I'lanter—Volcott I. Stoddard,
Fe il Manger—C. E.Steller, McGregor, Town.
UnciIIat HI: Kngine -M. C. Ivllgore and William
Eherliard, Washington, Iowa.
Cultivators—J. J. Ryder, Wilton Junction,
LVvice for measuring cloth in the piece or roll
—William I'eaton, iunell, Iowa.
Meed Planter—Aaron Ciirisinan and Michael
Whitman, Su^a'.' CVreek, Iowa.
Ax IOWA BOOK.—We learn from the
Keokuk papers that Capt. A. A. Stuart,
a citizen of this State, and for a long
time a distinguished officer in the 16th
Iowa inftiutry, is engaged iu writing a
book entitled the Iowa Colonels." The
object of th? author is to give a biogra
phy of all the Iowa Colonels who were
commissioned prior to July, 1804, to
gether with a brief history of every
Iowa regiment except the 100 days' men,
up to September, 1804.
Assistant Surgeon John J.
of the 1st Iowa cavalry, has !"een dis-
Public buildings there are caic-
Used from the service by order of the
useless to the s-ei vice.
The illicit liiw of lllliiwis.
Incident* ol Travel.
DEAR o i A i I a w i i n o
We have the good news, to-day, that
the Governors ol some of the rebefstates
propose to return to their allegiance. I
hope it may prove true. Before this can
reach you it will be known whether the
report be true or false.
We arrived at Chicago the next morn
ing after leaving Muscatine, in time to
take the express train for Pittsburgh
but for some reason, to me unknown,
and, as I verily believe, without any
justifiable cause, weweredetaiued with
in tyvo miles of the depot at Pittsburgh
for about an hour and a half, and when
we arrived at the depot were informed
that the express had been gone about
fifteen minutes. I heard many wishes
and expressions about the Company,
conductor and others counected with
the train we had just left, for their de
lay, which wishes, if they should be
granted, would not redound to the ad
vantage of the P., Ft. W. & C. Railroad
Company. We were compelled to wait
about three hours for the accommoda
tion train. As I passed through the de
pot building, 1 heard asoldier talking to
acivilian, and, I supposed, a copperhead.
Just as I passed, the soldier remarked,
"A copperhead who will secrete a de
serter, and try to prevent enlistments, I
would rather shoot than to shoot a
rebel." This was spoken in a tone of
voice that showed he meant what he
said I never before realized so clearly
what was meant by "accommodation
train." It is understood to be a train
that stops at every hen roost along the
road. By this train, however, we had
the advantage of crossing the moun
tains entirely by day, and I never had a
better view of he sublime scenery along
the "Central." Abler pens than mine
have described the beautiful sights
along this road, so 1 forbear.
Arrived at Haiiisbtirg, we had to
wait a few hours for the train to this
place. While sitting in the bar-room of
the United States Hotel, I was grieved
to see a (.'olonel of the Union army
drun/:. The use of intoxicating drinks
as a beverage is a crying evil in our
army, and no doubt has cost us millions
of dollars and thousands of lives. Every
commissioned officer who, but for once,
gets intoxicated, should be cashiered.—
The lives of our soldiers should never
be entrusted to a drunken officer.
Just befon le train left for this place
I was in the "ladies' room"of thedepot.
There were a great many people waiting
—some standing, others sitting or lying
on the floor some sleeping, others
waking. My attention was directed to
a fat woman—I suppose a two hundred
pounder—who was sitting in a chair, her
head bent forward, and unorini/. She
certainly snored according to her size.—
Imagine a lion roaring, ahull bellowing
and a jack braying all at a time, and
near to you, and ynu have some idea of
the tremendous sounds comiug from Uie
nasal organ of the fat woman.
The Secretary of State informs us that
the home vote of the State has been offi
cially canvassed, with the exception of
Howard, Palo Alto, and
O'Brien counties, which have not sent
in their returns. Leaving «»ut these
counties, the official count stands thus
For Abraham Lincoln, 72,lit' votes for
McClellan, 47,071. Lincoln's majority,
25,03!). Tile counties ,v _'.t° report,
enumerated above..o*-*-"-'- st year an
aggregate Union .,
J. A. Pk
Tlie Oflicinl Vote of (own.
170. They
have done better this year.
The regiments which have made re
turns foot up thus: For Lincoln,
10,237 for McClellan, 2,0o9. Majority
for Lincoln, 13,578. The following regi
ments have not yet reported 13th,
17th, 18th, l!)th, 33d, and 34th infantry,
and the 2d and 8tli cavalry, and 2d bat
Thus far ascertained, the majority for
President Lincoln on the combined vote
is Thirty-Eight Thousand Six Hundred
and Seventeen! And when all the
counties and regiments shall be heard
from, the majority will climb beyond
the sublime altitude of FORTY THOU
Excluding the counties not in, the
home vote of the State is 119,181. Last
year, including those counties, it was
JC8T The situation in Tennessee is now
exciting. The rebel army under Hood,
numbering about 35,000,is pressing close
upon the fortifications at Nashville,
where Thomas' entire army is concen
trating. His reason for retreating from
Nashville is supposed to be to get Hood
I as far into the Union lines as possible,
wjtlia y]ew l(j his elltire oriliy
drunk and fU|je3t ,.onfideiice is felt in the abil
ity of the Union army to accomplish
this result, if Hood ventures in the
Tin infamous Black Laws of Illinois. ......
are just now receiving attention from I The JCelcctic, Medical Journal ar
the Republican press of that State, and gues in favor of men wearing a full
tlicy earnestly demand their abrogation, beard, and among other things, says:
The oldest of these laws vvasenicttd in ''What would be said of him who would
1819, when slavery existed in a few of shave off his eyebrows or pull out his
I he southern counties. It provides that. eyelashes, or have his head shaved all
slaves shall be publiciy whipped if they over? Such a practice wotild be pro
absent themselves from their masters'j n uneed uncouth, unreasonable, un
plantations without leave. Another healthy, and necessarily wrong yet if
law, proceeding upon the presumption the hair ot the head pertains to the laws
that slavery is the legal condition of
every colored person who cannot prove
himself free, considers that all colored
persons attempting to enter the State
are escaping from servitude, and throws
all possible obstructions in the way of
their settlement. It requires bonds to
be filed in the sum of $1,000 each that
the negro shall not become a charge up
on the county as a pauper. But the
meanest ami most barbarous enactment
was that of the Democratic: Legislature
in 1863. It enacted that if any negro or
mulatto, bond or free, should come into
the State and remain ten days, he
of life and nature, who dare say the
beard has a less import-ant office to fill."
List of sick and wounded transfer
red from hattanooga to Nashville,
Nov. 27th, 1804:
l-'re e'ii-k, H.lllh low i, sick.
Wnltt-r Slii'f, 11. Kih iowa, back.
Jsinies Ik Witt. Iowa, shoulder.
Ciiiis Gra'iam, 'fcth low :, thigh.
Tlios Wrigh*, C, i7th Iowa, arm.
Deaths at Memphis hospital:
Noah Derone, K, -itli Iowa.
John McKlroy, E, 3 itli Iowa.
should be fined fifty dollars, and sold at a louse for him." H« immediately took
auction for the fine to the bidder who out his pencil and wrote the following
would pay it for the shortest period of lines:
service, and that if he did not then
leave the State, the process should be
repeated till he would leave.
To the credit o: the State, this inhu
man law has been a dead letter except
iu two or three instances. But it should
no longer disgrace the statute boo!:s.—
The Union part v of Illinois having now »s'®na'e plice of Richardson, whose
the necessary power in its hand*'.can- 'intoxication and Copperl.eadism have
not aftbrd to be held responsible for the
e-mutmaix-e of rtich biirbarity this.—
Away with it fin ever!
ffap* The idea of abolishing slavery by
Constitutional amendment is making
rapid progress. The Chicago J-W, the
irWt. ami mosi candid Democratic pa
per of the wt st, argne« the necessity of
ii. and *trange,-to sny, -the Louisville
'tw-nai, Oh- •'•.'"i.T.t o' MeCiell:^!,
gins to au e a s: iilar to th.}
8 TH:
a pleasant town in sight of branches of
the great Alleghany Mountains, the
buck-bone of creation, which separates
the Atlantic from the Mississippi.—
This is a Union town, but the county
(Northumberland) is Democratic—moa-!
ern democracy, 1 mean. Ills Advance willliu Six luiieS Ol
Savannah—Specula! i»u of Rich
mond Papers—Reported Re
pul*e of hiipatrick'* Cavalry—
Devastation uf the Country by
Arres| (rf 60 Southern Refugees
in New York.
Gen. Stanly's Account of the Bat
tle of Franklin.
The Enemy Fortifying within
half a n^e uf onr Position at
Cairo News—Sinking of the steamer
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2.—The following
dispatcli has been received at the War
City Point, Dec. 1.—To Hon. E. M.
Stanton, Secretary of War: The Rich
mond Examiner, of to-day, admits that
Sherman will succeed in reaching the
sea coast. Other papers admit that he
has crossed the Oeuuee River.
[Signed] ,, U. 1sf. GRANT,
i,:., Lieut.-Gen.
CITY PoiNTr-fifee. 1.—Gen. Gregg's
"avalry was sent south this morning on
a reconnoiss nice, more particularly to
discover if the rebels were moving
troops south. The following dispatch is
u s e e i v e i n e a i o n o i
Headquarters Army of the. Potomac,
8 p. m., Deo. 1.—To Lieut. Gen. Grant:
I have just heard from Gen. Gregg. His
dispatch is dated 4 p. ni. He reports
having captured Stony Creek Station,
which was defended by infantry and
cavalry, with artillery. He captured
two pieces of artillery, but had no means
of bringing them olf, so he spiked tliem
and destroyed the carriages.
lie had l'JO prisoners, eight, wagons
aud 30 mules, tie burned the depot
with 5,IKK sacks of corn,oOObales of hay,
a number of cars, a large amount of ba
con, clothing, ammunition and other
government stores, and destroyed all the
shops ami public buildings.
Tiie -Id brigade, Gen. Gregg com
manding, had the advanc., and is
reported to have most gallantly carried
the rebels' position. CSeii. Gregg is now
returning to camp.
No information can be obtained of
any troops being seen going southward,
either cavalry or infantry.
The Branch Road from Stony Creek
was seen to, but no rails were laid. At
.Duval's station, snuth of Stony Creek,
much property was destroyed and a
large amount of railroad iron found
An "effort was being made to destroy it
by lire.
hen the staff officer who brought
the dispatch left, the rebels showed
signs oi having'concentrated, and were
following, but the oflicer thinks General
Gregg will be in camp by midnight,
(signed GKO. G. MKADE,
figf Mr. Fox, the celebrated orator,
was once told by a lady whom he visit
ed, "that she did not care three skips of
"A lady lins told me, in her own house,
That she ca es not lor nie t'iree skips of a louse!
I foreive the dear creature for what .-he hps said:
Since a w-inan will talk of what runs in her
8©=. Among the fruits of the recent
victory in Illinois will be the election of
a sound Union man to the United States
disgraced hist State. Governor Richard
Yates is the only one spoken of for the
8SB»-Tlie following verse commemo
rates the not uncommon misfortune of a
hungry urchin:
•Tli r« wjis a sm:111 hny of Pawtuoket.
He b:iug!.t him an oran&e to suck It:
He i ad a long nose.
a vnu
nviv suppose,
Into the or.inge hi' stuck it."
•un' h'te official returns give Lincoln
iii.ijoiSiy ii. Illinois 20,199 in In
diana and 7,tW-.i in I«Ii ti uesota.
Maj. Gen.
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 3.—The Journal
says a letter from Nashville states that
it was reported that a brigade of cavalry
consisting of the 42d Illinois, 7th Ohio,
5th Iowa and 8th Michigan, was sur
rounded by the rebels and it was only
by the most desperate fighting that they
cut their way through the rebel lines
and joined Gen. Thomas, in the rear of
Franklin. A number of men were
made prisoners. The loss in killed and
wounded was not light. The same eve
ning a train of cars was captured at
Brentwood, 9 miles from Nashville, on
the Tennessee & Alabama Railroad.
Capt. Thatcher, commander of the
Federal gunboat "50," was ashore at
the time on a hunting excursion, and
was killed by guerrillas.
The picket says that the rebel Govern
or of Mississippi has convened a court
martial at Grenada to try those who had
not responded to his call, and the mili
tia are much exercised in relation there
On the 2Gtli of November the citizens
of Jackson, Miss., were much alarmed
at an apprehended raid by Gen. M. C.
Smith, who with 2,500 Federals had
crossed the Big Black River the day
All citizens of Nashville engaged in
no ostensible business have been ordered
to leave the city.
Six hundred and ninety-one rebel
prisoners, part of the number captured
by Gen. Thomas in the battle at Frank
lin, arrived last night, on the train from
Nashville. They will be sent forward
to Camp Douglas as rapidly as possible,
in order to make room in the military
prison for other captures that may be
NASHVILLE, Dec. 2.—Slight skirmish
ing occurred all day to-day. There is
a complete lint of entrenchments
the city.
A small cavalry force encountered
Forrest's rebel cavalry three miles from
town, oil the Franklin pike. The rebels
could be plainly sten advancing towards
them. Our troops then retreated to the
city. As night was coming on, but few
occasional shots were exchanged.
It is rumored that ilood is endeavor
ing to cross the Cumbei land with a large
cavalry force.
Many experienced officers predict an
engagement to-morrow.
our forces occupy the lines around the
and are in line of battle.
Three «oldiers were shot aud killed by
the guard in the streets of the city this
•evening. Names—Clieaney, 88th Kan
sas, John McCarty, 30th Indiana, and
James Brunt, 7tli Illinois Cavalry.
I LOUISVILLE, Dec. 3.—The Journrd
contains the following this noon
The enemy has been very cautious to
day in their demonstrations against our
outer line, which is carefully contruct
ed and extend* from the river with a
No rebel infantry has been developed.
Artillery firing occurred this a ter
noon on the left. But few shots were
Theiiefences are being hourly
ened and noapprehension need be felt for
the safety of the city.
KNOXVILLE, Dec. 3.—The following
escaped prisoners have arrived within
the past three days:
Captains A. Grant, 19th Wisconsin
A. L. Goodrich, 8th New York cavalry
Lewis Nolan, 2d Delaware artillery
A. Robbins, 30th Lieutenants C.
A. Brown, 1st Virginia C. B. Lewis,
1st New York Dragoons O. Powell, 42d
Illinois E. Gordon, 81st Indiana H.
Cowan, 1st Virginia Cavalry J. M.
Thornbury, Kentucky Sergeant
Moses Crow, 100th Pennsylvania Pri­
ill! ,1. 'Hi1
vates Jno. J. Merrill, Pennsylvania
H. A. Scott, 2d Wisconsin C. F. Pot
ter, ISth Connecticut.
They escaped from different prisons,
at different times, and have been from
one to two months on the road, travel
ing nights through the
swamps, thickets
and mountains of Carolina and Georgia.
NEW YOKK, Dec. 5.—From the Rich
mond Dispatch, of Dec. 2d, we glean the
A cavalry fight, in which we were
victorious, took place in East Georgia
on Tuesday. The Yankee cavalry un
der Ivilpatrick was attempting to cross
the Savannah river, when they were
attacked by Wheeler, and, after an ob
stinate fight, driven back in the direc
tion of Millen, losing very heavily.
The Richmond Dispatch, of the 2d,
says: Sherman's main army is moving
towards the coast. A battle is expected.
We do not see that Sherman's last ex
ploits will have any effect upon the is
sue of the war, but after having been
told by the highest authorities in the
Confederacy that liis retreat from Atlan
ta was to be more disastrousthan the re
treat of Napoleon from Moscow, it is a
little vexatious to find him getting Off
so cheaply, burning and murdering as
he goes.
From the Richmond Dispatch, of the
2d, we
house in ashes and his gin-house burn-
WASHINGTON, Dec. 5.—The Republi
can of this city, in an extra, publishes
the following: By arrival of a govern
ment transport at Ft. Monroe last even
ing, the
government has received ad vices
from Sherman to the 2d of December.—
When the steamer left, information had
reached Savannah that Sherman's ad
vance cavalry was within six miles of
that city. This does not conflict With
the news brought by the steamer Belle,
which arrived Saturday night, that
Savannah papers announced that Slier
man's army was within forty miles of
that city. Those papers do not state
what date he was that distance from the
BALTIMORE, Dec. 5.—The American
has the following special correspondence:
Advices from Fort Monroe of last even
ing report the arrival there of the steam
er General Lyon, with 750 released
prisoners. At the time the Gen. Lyon
left Savannah, last Thursday night, the
latest news received there was to the
effect that Sherman's forces occupied
Millen, Ga., and that his cavalry was
scouting several miles out from town
with but little resistance. Every effort
will be made for the defense of Savan
nah. Our prisoners report that boys 13
years old were in the trenches and earth
works. Sherman is slowly but surely
advancing to the coast, and no doubt of
his success need be entertained.
NEW YORK, Dec. 5.—By order of Gen.
Dix, commanding, GO natives of South
ern States, now residents here, were
arrested yesterday, supposed to have
some knowledge of the recent incendiary
plot. Some, after examination, were re
leased, but the majority were detained.
Beauregard has telegraphed to Rich
mond that the Union forces reached
Decatur on the 16th, after burning large
storehouses tilled with provisions. His
forces rescued from the burning build
ings 15 pontoon boats, and afterwards
pressed the enemy closely.
Further details of Gen. Gregg's raid
south of Petersburg show it to have
been one of the most important of the
campaign. '1 he distance marched iu
going an I coming is 40 miles.
Richmond papers discredit the report
that Grant is crossing men from the
.south to the north side, and say it is
dius of twenty miles from the capital.—
On the roads south of the city the ene
my's cavalry have been in plain view
ali day.
On the Franklin pike just before dusk
our cavalry pushed out towards the en
emy's line,compelling him to retire,but
afterwards the rebels were n In forced,
and some skirmishing occurred. Neith
er party sustained any loss.
that 700 prisoners have been
received at Augusta who were captured
while foraging for Sherman's army.
The Governor has pardoned all the
convicts in the penitentiary, put arms
in their hands and sent them to the'
front,except those put in for life, whom
he could not reprieve according to law.
Heavy cannonading was heard all yes
terday afternoon in the direction of Ma
con. It is believed to be a battle between
Sherman and our forces
st s: Murfretv.boro, llTidgport and
Chattanooga are safe. Nashville and
\,:.e surrounding county for miles has
transferred to Bridgport. The de
Kt'-'iction of rebel property in the de
of the city was immense. Almost
iu the rich
property holders
au rebel Ay wipulhisers.
fie i'bj'l finny necessitated the destflM
ti II OR their pi operty. Tilt Federal P#
sition in perfectly satisfactory. ...
1.0UISvii,LK, Dec. The Journalot
this morning contains the .following:
Xasin e, Hc. 4.—Nothing of special
interest has transpired to-day along the
lines. Our artillery was used at differ
ent points aguiiisi the rebels, who are
engaged in erecting breastworks within
linlf a mile of ours.
Prisoners brought in to-dajr say that
Brigadier General Gist aud Lieutenants
Gamin berg and Brown, of the rebel
army, were killed at Franklin.
General Cheatham lost every Briga
dier General in his corps.
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 4.—Gen. Burbridge
From the Richmond Whirj of the 2d it
does not seem that our authorities have
any suspicion of the
effect the movement
of Hood would have. At least we judge
so from the very feeble opposition which with his command has reached- Bean
has thus far been made to the advance Station, and Breckinridge apparently
of Sherman. It is plain that he is mov- declines
ing to the coast, and that he has been towards Virginia. Jitoneman
enabled to live upon the country. We
think that Sherman will reach the At
lantic comparatively safely. His next
move will be by sea to Richmond.—
We do not believe he can succeed in ta
king either Augusta or Savannah. In
deed, should he succeed in capturing
the first named place, it will do him no
good, since he will lind nothing he was
seeking. At the last named place he
has to fight, and that he is veiy well
aware of, and does not wish to do so be
fore securing a base upon the sea coast.
Charleston, for the present, at least, we
think to be entirely out of the question.
Should he determine to secure himself
on the sea and thence issue during the
winter to ravage the country or carry on
a regular water campaign, he must be
kept in, as we suppose lie can. In the
meantime he abandons an hnmenpe
tract of country in the interior, aiid
which it is impossible that his army,
situated on the ocean, and closely
watched, can exercise any influence for
good or evil.
and has fallen back
necessary, aid his movements in
Gen. John A. Logan left on the null
boat this afternoon for Cincinnati.
CAIRO, Dec. 4.—The steamer Conti
nental sank yesterday morning. She
struck the wreck of the James Mont
gomery, causing her to sink in 30 min
utes, but she was run on a bar before
filling. There is no water on the main
deck. All the cargo was
saved, but in a
damaged condition.
The steamer Hannibal lies
and can be raised easily.
The steamer Edward Walsh, from
New Orleans, had 99 hhds. sugar for
Cincinnati, 27 ditto and 56 bales of cot
ton for St. Lonis. t4 additional aloft of
cotton arrived yesterday.
[Spccial to N'.*v York Commercial.}
WASHINGTON, Dec. 5.—News from
Savannah, received here to-day from
Southern sources, leaves no room for
doubt that Sherman has succeeded in
reaching the coast with his entire army.
There is considerable excitement upon
the question of the Supreme Court ap
pointments. Justices \Vaine, Swayne,
Clifford, Miller and Greer are on the
Nearly all the Southerners arrested5by
order of General DIx have been dis
charged on giving satisfactory accounts
of themselves.
The Baltimore American has Rich
mond papers of Saturday, but they do
not appear to have as late Georgia news
as that received by the steamer from
Savannah, except the following from
Gen. Lragg, wluch refers to an engage
The Yankees who lauded at Port
Royal and moved into the interior with
the expectation of-luce ling r-iieiir.
advance, encountered a body of Luaftd
erate troops at Aj la» hacoh) and Gra
L.iiisvilie. The emmy wt re badly
C'jatrn, und driven rr in the tiel-J, leav-
a member ol the Georgia Legislature, ..
gives his experience in enemy \v*re di'ivei" but' 'we presume
Sherman's army—he and others ha ^ere driven baJk towt.td liuufort,
been taken across he^ count LATtH-lhe following dispatch has
e e e n o e e v a s a i o n n n i e
i s
upon the country. He says: Going, buvandafa,
to Me('reddle's place we found his fine
ed, and every horse and mule gone. In
liis lot were about 100 cattle lying dead. n-?? i
They looked like good stork?and were
not on his right, bit on his left that York for two years past has greatly om
Grant meditates an early engagement, i i vrrassed the Government, and encour
There is some important movement in j,
the vicinity of Dutch Gap Canal, by thf
monitors. This is suppressed by Rich
mond papers.
Gen. Stanly had been in nearly all
the battles in Tennessee and Georgia,
but says the musketry fire at Franklin
was for an hour the most intense he
ever witnessed. We had twenty-eight
guns in action, having a full sweep at
the rebel columns.
The Commercials Nashville dispatch
:i.lin,rfr„,11 H... •••«,»*
^"7^. T/.?) h«7
evidently killed to deprive the planters it u"
of them!
Proceeding on we found every plan
tation on the road similarly desolated,
except that no other dwelling houses
were burned, until we reached the fine
farm of Mr. Joshua Hill. This is a per
fect wreck."
*V. V "S n»V
-'ahaiiviile, where wea^e reported as
having been repulsed by the rebels, is
one ot the stations on the Charleston
arid Savannah railroad. It is thirty-four
miles north-east o: Savannah and seven
ty m«les from Charleston. Our forces,
however, are evidently still above Gra
hamville. holding a position on the
Coosa Watche.
It will be remembered that the news
already published from Hilton Head
says that Foster had captured Pocotati
go bridge, which is further inland than
Grahamville, b?ing forty-nine miles
from Savannah and fifty-five miles
from Charleston.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 5.—The Richmond
Enquirer of Saturday last has an article
on the late fires in New York. It ridi
cules the affair and concludes as fol
"Of course it was a rebel plot! Did
not they lire on Sumter, where floated
An agent from Savannah informs us the old flag? A morality that does not
that there are no important defences on restrain violence to the emblem of the
the west side of Savannah.
the best government ever seen, cannot
he expected to be proof against the sin
of burning hotels. NotTiing can be
clearer than the proof of the complicity
of Davis in burning, or attempting to
burn, some half dozen hotels in New
York No! We have never read any
thing more truly Yankee than this
whole affair.
We are very glad to see that all the
Southern refugees are required to regis
ter themselves. If Gen. Dix will hang
them he will do service to our cause.—
A set of cowardly sneaks who have de
serted their country, are not above firing
hotels. We hope Dix will hang every
mother's son of them."
NEW YORK,Dec.5.—TheCommercial's
Washington special says there are ru
mors of disaster to the Union forces in
Georgia, but they are uiifounded.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 5.—Drafting was
resumed here to-day to fill up the defi
ciencies in the quota. Hanscomb, the
editor of the Republican, and O R. Har
ris, a reporter lor the same paper, were
MUSIC OF THE UNION.—Mr. Fen ton, the
newly elected Governor of New York,
remarked in a recent speech that New
York hereafter shall hold no hesitating
oi equivocal position" in relation to the
prosecution of the war. This meets
with the cordial approval of (he Union
of the State, but make* the eopper
eads wince. The position of New
the r(
CINCINNATI, Dec. 5.—Maj. Gen. Stan
ly, wounded in the battle of Franklin,
arrived yesterday. He says the report' ...
oi tiie battle that has reached the public }*u.vs
It hag lik
ation many thousands of lives and
.tiilllons of treasure. This is now to
A writer in the N'ew York World
lias not exaggerated the rebel loss.. The ot and is not going to any place on the
light was made to save our trams which jlantic coast, but to Savannah. The
were of enormous size and value. They .... ..
filled the road for twelve mil.*. It w£
sitively lhat Herman ean-
not intended to hoid Franklin longer j' country is such that he turn no other
than necessary to get our property out ^tion, and consequently the public
of tli" way. The rebels had been pres
sing us very hard from Columbia, ami
at onetime we were in great danger,
but Hood lost his opportunity in not at
tacking in force at Spring Hill. Scho-'
fii-UI's army consisted of the 4th ami 23
corps, together with a few regiinents
c»nflg»ration of
ay set itself at rest as to his destina
USTEveiy schoolboy reader of histoiy
familiar with Ciesar'sgreatdispatch at
encounterinj' the Gauls, "Veni, viui,
ici," ("I came, I saw, 1 conquered.")
that recently entered the service. They Rivaling this brevity is the account of
left Pulaski November 2d and 3d, and one of our "loyal" Africans who was in
were so closely pressed that they feared
at one time that their artillery wagon
train would have to be abandoned, but
by good management all were brought
through safely.
the Yelvingtou affair. Said be: "We
tit'ein, an* woopt'em and kofeh ten QY
True politeness does not consist
altogether in bowing and scraping and
how-do-you'do it proceeds from a pure
and benevolent heart, and finds fit ex
pression in those spontaneous aud grace
ful movements with which Nature al
ways endows her own legitimate chil
dren and the noble impulses of your own
pure hearts.

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