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Muscatine weekly journal. (Muscatine, Iowa) 185?-1890, December 16, 1864, Image 1

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WEEKLY JOURNAL
OFFICE OVKIL THE POST OFFICE.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
On« Copy, 1
year I 2 iW
Tan. Copies, I year 2U 00
IXVARIABLY IN ADVAXCB.
Subscriptions received for 8 months at yearly
rate*
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
.)XK SUl'AKK, TWKI.VK I.INKS OR I.tSKt
1 Itti.-rtlon $1 SO 1:1 months, 8 7 00
i tWertloiM, -50 ti months 10 00
1 month, 3 .V.» I 1 year, 15 00
A liberal deduction raudc on larjfer advertise
ments.
All tmnsUmt advertising must be |aid for In
Advance.
Patty, ver annum, 810 00
Trt-Weekly 5 00
Tito Question of Bonallmi.
The Davenport Gazette joins issue
%Bh us on the Bounty question. It
says it is not our purpose to occupy
apace in refuting the JOVKNAL'S argu
ments, hut at once proceeds to give
"the logic" in our article. It insists
that the offer of liberal bounties and ob
taining volunteers is preferable to con
scription, tor the following reasons:—
1st. One volunteer is worth two con
script s.
This wc take the liberty of disputing.
We will take the men who were drafted
in Iowa a few weeks since and accepted,
and challenge a contradiction that the
average was far above the average of the
men who made up some of our later
regiments. The truth is, the draft
bring.-! an able bodied man, while vol
unteering and bounties have given us
thousands of boys, who went into hos
pital within a week after going into
camp, and thousands more have been
discharged before the end of their first
six mouths of service. These are facts
•which wa place against the Gazette'*
old adage.
"2d. There are mauy young men, a
large number of returned soldiers among
them, who can just as well enter the ar
my as remain at home and
that the payment of bounties to such is
neither unwise, extravagant or burden
some. Yes, and there are a great
many others who are not young men,
nor returned soldiers, who can just as
well enter the army as those who are,
and they are under just as many obliga
tions to do so as any American citizen.
We don't believe in askiug the young
men to do all our fighting. We want
some of those middle aged men, who
have been piling up green-backs into
splendid fortunes, do their share of
blood-letting. This is not a young
man's, neither a returned soldier's war,
exclusively. The people are all inter
ested in it, and could we enact a con
scription act, we would have no man
exempted, except for physical disabil
ity, and abolish the whole bounty and
substitute system. In a time of nation
al peril, we believe this would be equity.
3d. Drafted men do not and can not
receive sufficient pay to support their
families.
They receive as much a3 a volunteer
and no less. We admit that this is the
strongest plea in favor of bounties that
we hear urged. But we question very
much whether in the majority of cases
the families of volunteers have been
materially benefitted by bounties. We
believe it has beeu well established that
a majority of recruits enlisted since the
Inauguration of the bounty system have
been unmarried.
"4th. A much larger number of tuar
ihals, detectives, &c., would be required
If none' entered the army unless com
pelled.
We can't see it iu that light. We
think our cotefthporary will find that the
marshals and detectives are less troubled
with drafted men than those gentlemen
known as bounty jumpers." We
havn't heard of much trouble in hunt
ing up conscripts, but we can't say the
same of the bounty jumpers.
The GazeHe has not changed our
opinion, that we can raise an army and
save millions of dollars upon former
cost.
Destruction wf the Florida.
There are more than soft whisperings
among the leading New York papers
that the recent collision between a gov
ernment transport and the captured
pirate Florida was not purely accidental,
but the result of matured deliberations,
which proposed the pirate's destruction
as the most speedy way of settling a
vexed question of diplomacy. If her
capture cannot be sustained and justified
by sound legal maxims, it is a poor way
to apologize or make indemnity for our
wrongful act to destroy the vessel in
controversy.
We agree with the Evening Post, that
the charge made concerning the willful
destruction of the Florida calls for a
thorough investigation by the President.
If we blunder in enforcing internal law,
it is not necessary that we should add
dishonor to national ignorance. Great
and powerful as we are as a nation, we
cannot afford to do wrong, even though
we possess the disposition. "Better,"
as the Post says, "build another Florida
and send her safely to Bahia," than
allow a stain of dishonor to rest upon
our national escutcheon. If the Florida
was willfully destroyed let the guilty
agents of her destruction come to sud
den grief,
English Neutrality. 3
The Pideral gunboat Rho4£ ftfend
recently captured the blockade runner
Vixen. The latter is described as "new,
on her first voyage, English built, of
faultless model, with two horizontal en
gines, 225 feet in length, with two
smoke stacks, and schooner rigged.—
During the chase she ran fourteen
knots an hour, her wheels turning so
rapidly, as to throw off the buckets.—
The Vixen is said to be a splendid prize.
What we wish to call attention to is the
fact that she was built in an English
port, by English mechanics, and was
loaded with a cargo furnished by Eng-
Ish contractors, and more than all, was
omnutnded by an officer of the JEpg
li^navy. Is that neutrality
The strength of Hood's army be­
fore Nashville, is believed by our best
informed military men, to be: Infan
try, 27,000 cavgbyi Total 42,
000.
I Breakers Attend—Iet the CloverauMnt
Man the Life Boata.
In these days of floating aud sunken
torpedoes and gunpowder plots, in the
bowels of the earth, one scarcely knows
i where he is most safe. Those con
i founded rebels in Dixie are always
brewing mischief, and it is high time
they were closely observed. Every
word, every blow, every impulse means
I damage to Yankees. They are deter
{mined upon our destruction. It was
only the other day that Beauregard,
Brown, and Bragg and Davis, begged of
the peop'e, who might live between At
i lanta aud Savannah, to kill their pigs,
slay their cattle, saddle their horses,
burn their crops and dwellings and bar
ricade the roads and highways with pi
i anos, kitchen stoves, feather-beds and
sauce pans, and make the country flow
ing with uiilk and honey, and through
which Sherman was sure to pass, a
howling wilderness.
Somehow the people in that country
weren't well about that time and
could't conveniently get out to do what
Beauregard and Bragg wanted done.—
But then those notable gentlemen in
tended lis harm in those appeals.
On the 18th of liust month the rebel
Congress, a most powerful and formid
able body o: men, was in session. Upon
the same day Mr. Barnwell, of South
Carolina, rose in his place, and swelling
with wicked and malignant designs
against the Yankees, offered the follow
ing resolution, which was agreed to:
fit-solved, That the Committee on
Foreign Affairs be requested to report
the facts, so far as they can be obtained,
relative to the lawless seizure and cap
ture of the Confederate
steamer Florida,
in the Bay of Bahia, Brazil, and what
action should betaken by this Govern
ment to redress the outrage.
We tell Secretary Welles that lie must
be up and doing, and must add largely
to his naval armament. We tell Mr.
Stauton that more troops must be called
out. The rebels have voted to find out
what action they shall take to redress
the outrage upon the Florida.
Heard ye those loud contending waves?
How Farragut, and Dupont, Dahlgren
and Rodgers, must feel at the sight of
these breakers! We would suggest that
they first redress Sherman's outrage up
on tiie the rebellion in marching 400
miles through its very heart, almost
without obstruction. Better attend to
outrages nearest home, Johnnies.
Northern Trer*son Wot Dead Vet.
The New York Bay Book has concoct
ed a new plan to establish secessionism
as the ruling principle in America. The
failure of the peace move in the last
canvass has made it necessary to devise
another scheme, and here it is, exposed
in an article in the Day Book, which Ls
filled with as much hatred of War Dem
ocrats as of Administration meni
But having got rid of the blind
guides of Chicago, the question is, how
shall we organize resistance to this
frightful madness, save our institutions,
and restore the Union of the States?—
We must abandon all office-seeking, all
desire even to get control of the federal
government, and turn oursole attention
to the recovery of the individual States,
just as Jefferson and the great founders
of American Democracy did in 1789.—
State sovereignty is vital to the safety of
society, as well as political liberty, and
two years earnest efforts will enable us
to get every State government in our
hands, and then Abraham Lincoln and
his mad abolition Congress may be ren
dered as harmless as their unfortunate
"fellow" citizens in the Lunatic Asylum
at Utica. This is the work before us
Abandon Congress, indeed strive to
make it disreputable, and a stain upon a
man's democracy to seek a seat in that
body, but work day and night, in season
and out of season, everywhere and at all
times, to recover the States, for that is
the only means under Heaven to save
our country, ourselves and our children
from absolute destruction."
The purpose is here plainly indicated
to ignore the general government en
tirely, and secure the State organiza
tions in the hands of secessionists.—
Then force each State to secede and form
a new confederacy, with slavery as the
chief corner stone. Fortunately, this
scheme is more amusing than alarming.
The secessionists stand about as good a
chance to get possession of northern
State organizations as the devil does of
compassing the kingdom of Heaven.
UHCCUIIM had been Elected.
In the rebel Congress on the 19th, Mr.
Foote, of Tennessee, made the follow
ing remarks. We commend them to
the consideration of everybody—espe
cially to the supporters of McClellan:
Mr. Speaker, the gentleman from
South Carolina says we have no friends
in the North. I make issue with him.
I say we have friends—good, true, val
iant friends in the North. Every vote
given for McClellan was for peace.—
E%*ery vote given for McClellan was a
vote against Lincoln's African policy.—
Every vote given for McClellan was a
vote given for an armistice. If McClel
lan had been elected, he (Foote) was
prepared to make from his seat a propo
sition for a convention of the sovereign
States, North and South, and he believ
ed that the South would have secured
from it peace and her Independence.
President MitcolnN Seditious View*.
At the Tenth Anniversary of tht*4ng.
Massachusetts Sunday School Teachers'
Convention, held in Boston on the 18tli
ult., the following touching fact was re
lated by one of the speakers, which was
reported in the New York (Baptist)
Chronicle:
"A gentleman, known to the speaker,
having recently visited Washington on
business with the President, was, on
leaving home, requested by a friend to
ask Mr. Lincoln whether he loved Jesus.
The business being completed, the ques
tion was kindly asked. The President
buried his face in his handkerchief,
turned away and wept. Hethen turned
and said:
When I left home to take this chair
of State, I requested my countrymen to
pray for me 1 was not then a Christian.
When my son died, the severest trial of
my life, I was not a Christian. But
I went to Gettysburg, -and looked upon
the graves of our dead heroes who had
fallen in defense of their country, I
then and there consecrated myself to
Christ I do love Jesus
It is reported from Washington
that Major General Rosecrans has been
superceded in the command of the De
partment of the Missouri, by Major
General Dodge, of Iowa, lately in com
mand of the left wing of the 16th Army
Corps.
On the 9th of April, 1812, theGovernr
or of Buenos Ayers made a similar decree
to take effect on Jan. 1,1813.
BY JOHN MAHIN. MUSCATINE, TOWFRIDAY. -DECEMBER 16, i
Ba Prepared for the Storm."
Under the above head the Chicago Tri
bune, of November 30th, has some very
sensible and timely advice which we in
sert below. It is well for the people to
look these facts full in the face. We
have become a nation of extravagance,
and if we continue inour suicidal course
we shall soon bring up in the gulf of
ruin. It says:
"The tendency of the public mind is
towards extravagance in expenditure.—
This feeling is pervading all classes of
society. Money is cheap and abundant.
A paper dollar is depreciated to forty
four cents, gold value. Currency is
plenty, and growing plcntier. Come
easy, go easy, is the prevailing feeling.
But sooner or later the present abnor
mal condition of tilings will terminate,
perhaps gradually, perhaps suddenly.—
The values of all commodities, incluuing
money, are fearfully watered. But
whenthe crash comes the water will be
bailed out, leaving only what is repre
sented by the gold standard. Men are
walking on high stilts, and are making
long but insecure strides. But all must
dismount one of these days, and come
down until their feet touch the earth.—
Many will be precipitated headlong
who now tower aloft on their stilts.—
Wise and prudent men will prepare in
time for the inevitable change. The
class who will suffer by the termination
of the war are those in debt. A mer
chant with a stock of goods on hand
worth say $50,000 and half paid for,
will not realize therefrom enough to
pay what he owes. When the goods
are all sold he will find himself still in
debt for from five to ten thousand dol
lars, and this debt he must liquidate,
principal and interest, with gold or its
equivalent, or go into bankruptcy. The
consequence of the end of the war on.
the debtor class will be to increase every
man's debts about 42.") per cent. An ob
ligation of $4,000 will become, in practi
al etteci, $10,000. That is, it will re
quire property or labor now worth in
currency $10,000 to pay it. A note out
standing drawing ten per cent, interest,
will then draw what would now be
equivalent to twenty-five per cent., or
thereabouts, to say nothing of the prin
cipal of the note, the difflcnlty of whose
payment will swell in corresponding
ratio.
Our advice is for every 'man to pay
off his debts, and contract no new ones
to pay cash for whatever he buys, and if
lie cannot do that, to go without the ar
ticle. Do not spread too much sail.—
Keep plenty of ballast .in the hold, and
see that the anchors aro ready to let go
when the hurricane comes, and thereby
prevent your vessel from capsizing,
foundering or dashing on the breakers
of a lee shore.
BRITISH SYMPATHY FOR THE REB
ELS.—A fair was held recently in Liver
pool, England, at which £17,000 were
raised to be distributed among rebel
prisoners in this country. Application
was made for the privilege of distribu
ting the fund by an agent, which Secre
tary Seward refused, saying we had am
ple means for the support of prisoners.
He tartly but justly added that the
American people would be likely to re
flect that the sum thus insidiously
tendered in the interest of humanity
constitutes no large portion of the
profits which its contributors may be
justly supposed to have derived from
the insurgents by exchanging with
them arms and munitions of war for
cotton, the production of immoral and
enervating slave labor." That was a
good hit, well merited.
Bgg. Rev. Joseph Parker, the bearer of
the rebel sympathizing "Peace Address"
from the people of Great Britain and
Ireland to the people of the United
8tates, has written a letter to the New
York Tribune, denying that he is the
Joseph Barker whose career as an infidel
lecturer won him such notoriety a few
years since. He is a Tory and a Cop
perhead, at any rate, and had better go
home to the aristocratic snobs who sent
him, as soon as possible.
A National Convention of the
Fenian Brotherhood will meet in Cin
cinnati on the 17th of January. The
leading members of the Order believe
that the time has come tp make a strike
for the independence of the Irish Na
tion. Our government may soon have
an opportunity to reoognize the "bellig
erent rights" of the Irish, and the green
flag of Erin floating at the mast-head
of iron-clads made in American ports,
officered and manned by American sea
men may sweep the English commerce
from the sea.
8SL. The transfer of John P. Hale to
the Chairmanship of the District Com
mittee,leaving Grimes at the head of the
Naval' Committee, is a triumph for the
Navy Department which was resisted
in the Senatorial circles, but was at
length carried by a handsome majority.
The other changes in the Senate Com
mittees have no special significance.
W§g~There is no change reported in
the military situation near Nashville,
though there is an impression that Hood
is about evacuating liis position and
marching upon Kentucky. Forrest is
said to have crossed the Cumberland.
The rebels have a battery on the river
below Nashville, which our gunboats
have in vain tried to dislodge. There
continues to be more or less skirmish-
THE STATE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.—
The Union Electors of Iowa met at Des
moines on the 7tli, as provided by law,
and cast their ballots for Lincoln and
Johnson, J. Van Valkenburg, Esq. of
Fort Madison, was chosen messenger to
carry the vote to Washington.
B®- Cincinnati papers of the 7th pub
lish full lists of casualties at the battle
of Franklin, Tenn. We do not fftid the
names ti any Iowa soldiers among them.
The troops engaged seem to have been
principally from Ohio and Illinois.
Battle with the Indians.
Colorado Troops Engage and Defeat
900 Savages, Killing Four or Five
Hundred, and Capturing Several Hun
dred Ponies and Mules.
DENVER CITY, Dec. 8.
A detachment of the 1st and 3d Colo
rado cavalry, under Colonel Chivinglen,
had a fight with the Indians near Fort
Lyon—killed between four and five hun
dred Indians and captured about five
hundred mules. The Chiefs Black Ket
tle, White Antelope and Little Rat were
killed. The Indians were about nine
hundred strong. Our loss is about nine
killed and thirty-eijjlit wounded. The
troops are still pursuing the savages.
On the loth of September, 1821, Mexico
granted immediate and unconditional
emancipation to all its slaves.
IOWA NEWS.
In 1860 the Republican vote of
Iowa was 70,408. This year it is 89,016,
showing a Union gain in four years of
18,008. In 1800, Douglas, Bell and
Breckinridge received 57,922 votes. This
year the total Democratic vote is 49,484,
showing a Democratic loss of 8,438. The
total vote of the State in 1860 was 128,
331. The total vote this year is 138,501,
being a gain of 10,170.
WESTWARD.—The M. & M. Railroad
moves—slowly, to be sure—but still It
moves. By the first of January it is
said that trains will be running to a sta
tion twelve miles west of Grinnell, and
eight miles this side of Newton. This
is much better than nothing. The com
pany has employed all the help it could,
anait is not in fault that it has not got
further West.—Dan. Dent.
Lead mineral is selling at 378.00 per
thousand pounds in Dubuque.
We stand corrected. The Daven
port Gazette says F. II. Impey, of Dav
port—not W. H. Impey, of Des Moines
—is the newly appointed Assistant Ad
jutant General, Paymaster General, &c.
A Second National Bank is about
being organised at Davenport.
General Sully has moved his head
quarters to Dubuque, and has fixed him
self and staff there.
TRAGEDY AT 6SKALY0SA.—Deputy
Sheriff Norton aud a young man named
Albert Witter were shot at Oskaloosaon
the Gth inst., by a desperado named
George Jackson, from Springfield, 111.,
whom the Deputy Sheriff was endeav
oring to arrest. Norton's wound Is in of public life.
the jaw, and is not considered danger
ous. Witter was wounded in the head
and will probably die. Jackson was fi
nally arrested. He had been drinking,
and had knocked a man down in the
street and robbed liini of his pocket
book. It was for this that his arrest was
first attempted.
Governor Stone .arrived in town
Falthfnl to til* tons.
refered, aud his public life as pure aud
noble as the Father of his Country.
Those miserable political charlatans,
who upon the stump and in chairs edit
orial, invented the silliest falsehoods,
clothed them in the lowest billingsgate,
to effect a popular election, ought to
blush for very shame, if any they have,
and hide their diminished heads over]
the verdict of the American peoplQ.r^j
The man whom they sought to injure
stands to-day above all the hungry,
howlingpack, unharmed aud unmoved.
Oft and time again has he been de
nounced as a "trampler upon the Con
stitution, "a violator of law, a usur
ping tyrant, who, destitute of love of i,
country, and seduced by the blandish
ments of power, sought only the down
fall of the Republic. Meantime Mr.
Lincoln has devoted all his energies to
the restoration of the Union, turning
neither to the right or the left from his
own councils, but striving in a consci
entious manner to so discharge his du
ties, as might be for the greatest good of
the greatest number. In so doing lie
has but been faithful to the vows he
made, when first lie entered the walks
Wc are indebted to the Hon. H. C.
Henderson, of Marshall county, one of
our Presidential electors, for the follow
ing reminiscence of President Lincoln's
early life, being an extract from a speech
delivered in the winter of lS3ft, in the
hall of the House of Representatives at
Springfield, 111. Mr. Lincoln was i
Whig member of the House, and wa
yesterday. He will reriiafn until Fai- selected to close a very able debate upon
day next, when he will start for Wash- Federal Relations. We inviteattention
ton. He recently received notice
that the claim? of the State against the
Federal Government are now in process
of adjustment by the Treasury Depart
ment, and his presence is, therefore,
needed at Washington.—Desmoines Re
gister, 1th.
ELECTION MATTERS.—We learn from
the Desmoines Register that there were
three counties in the State which [olled
no copperhead votes, viz Emmett, Ida,
and Plymouth. One county, Palo Alto,
cast no Republican ballot. Henry coun
ty gave the heaviest Union majority.—
Scott next Linn next Black Hawk
next. The only counties which gener
ally disgraced themselves by a copper
head increase of majority, are Dubuque
and Shelby.
BRAKEMAN KILLED.—We learn from
the Marshall county Times that a
brakeman on the Clinton Railroad fell
otl a freight train near Wheatland, on
the 5th, and was killed, his body being
torn to fragments. His parents reside
near Desmoines.
MARENGO REVIEW.—P. A. C. Fore
man has taken charge of this paper.—
He is an experienced editor and printer,
and will make the Review a live paper.
A NONDESCRIPT.—The editor of the
Marshall County Times returns thanks
"doubly and quadrupedly" for some
butter presented by a subscriber. That
beats Nebuchadnezzar in his graminiv
erous days. What kind of an animal is
he?
Secretary of the Interior.
The Northwestern rarely ventures an
advance suggestion concerning Presi
dential appointments, but yet in refer
ence to the one at the head of this arti
cle, will volunteer a suggestion.
It demands a man of practical experi
ence in Western statesmanship, for in
the business of that Department the
West lias large interests. It demands a
man of sense, a man of loyalty, a man
of stern, unbendftig devotion to free
dom.
Such a man we know, such a man the
West knows, such a man it is disposed
to ask for in that or some other plaeS in
the circle of the President's immediate
advisers.
That man is Hon. James Harlan.—
Give our noble young Hawkeye State a
representative in the Cabinet. Give us
a man who knows Western wants, and
who comprehends Western possibilities.
Mr. Harlan is a man of conscientious
industry, of painstaking devotion to his
official functions. His integrity is with
out a stain, and he was true to freedom
from the outset.
Mr. President, will you not do your
self and the country the service of
bringing this man into your immediate
councils?—N. \V. Christian Advocate,
Chicago.
We heartily second the suggestion of
the Advocate. Io\va deserves a Cabinet
officer. Her devotion to the cause of
freedom and the patriotism of her sons
on the fieW of battle have earned for
her the gratitude of the nation. Some
token of her earnest and unfaltering de
votion to the Union should be given.
Hon. James Harlan is a man whom the
people of Iowa delight to honor, and
they will rejoice to see liiui given the
Secretaryship of the Interior.
General Schenck's resolution de
claring runaways from the draft to Can
ada and other foreign countries aliens,
not to be again admitted to the privil
eges of citizenship in the United States
without legal declaration of their inten
tion, filing of papers, five years' proba
tion and naturalization, strikes a popu
lar chord in the House, and is likely to
o through with a whirl.
J88T Price's and Magroder's rebels
have retreated south of the Arkansas,
and the State of Arkansas is now once
more in a state of comparative peace.—
Price had only about 10,000 men left in
his army when he reached the Arkan
sas, and a division of these mutinied.
HASTY EXPRESSIONS.—ThePrinceton
(N.J.) Standard says: "The night be
fore election Mr. of Cranberry, in
one of the hotels said: If Abraham
Lincoln is re-elected, I liope my soul
may dragged down to hell.' These
were his last words he instantly fell
off his chair, and died he.next morn
ing."
The Belvidere (N. J.y Intelligencer
adds:
We learn that a person in this coun
ty was enraged at the re election of Mr.
Lincoln and declared tl oat he would sell
his property and drinlc it up. That af
ternoon he was seized with palsy, and
the next morning he was a corpse."
to the earnest words then uttered as fol
lows
If ever I feel the soul within mo ele
vate aud expand to those dimensions
not wholly unworthy of its Almighty
Architect, it is when "i contemplate my
country, desertod by all the world be
side, and I, standing up boldly and
alone, hurling defiance at her victorious
oppressors!
"And I row here, before God and in
the face of the world, SWEAR FIDELITY
TO THE LAND OF MY LIFE, my liberty,
and my love. Who that thinks with
me will not fearleesly adopt the oath 1
now take? Let none falter who thinks
he is right, and we may succeed but if
we fail, be it so. We
Khali
32=13±
still have the
proud consolation of saying to our con
sciences and to the departed shades of
our country's freedom, that the cause
approved of our judgments, and adored
of our hearts, in disaster, in chains, in
torture, in death we never faltered in
defending!
We point with pride to his.subsequent
record, especially to the four memorable
years of civil insurrection, during which
lie has so skillfully managed the ship of
state, and ask if Abraham Lincoln has
not Been "faithful to the land of his
life, his liberty and his love?" In
what word, what act, has .he exhibited
a lack of unswerving fidelity? When
has he been recreant to his duty, either
as an humble American citizen, or as
the most exalted of the natioir? The
heart of that man who doubts tl tat Mr.
Lincoln has not consecrated him self to
the work of preserving the nation,, and
is not conscientiously, patriotically and
honorably conducting us through the
stormy sea, to a haven of enduring
peace, is made of wrong material.—
Long life -itid prosperity io the Presi
dent, who remains faithful to his vows
of fidelity to his native land. May he
live to rule and govern us according to
his inflexible principles of truth and
justice, lo! these many years!
B®. We have been at some pains to
ascertain what instrument of the many
now soliciting the public favor combines
the greatest amount of real excellence.
We have prosecuted this inquiry entire
ly independently of aid or direction
from interested parties. The opinions
of some of the best musical critics, com
posers, anil performers have been ob
tained reports of experiments made in
Ui i ordinary use of various instruments
in churches, schools, aud families, have
been compared, all of which, with sin
gular unanimity, concur in assignin
the first place to the Cabinet Organ of
Mason & Hamlin—a decision that cor
responds with our previously formed
convictions received from personal ob
servations.—N.Y. Christian Advocate.
BUILDING AND FILLING ICE-HOUSES.
—Cheap ones may be quickly construct
ed, in the form of strong board shanties,
with a good but not tight floor. Place a
few inches of sawdust on the floor, p:le
up the ice compactly in square blocks
leaving a space of 8 to 12 inches all
around, next to the boards, to be filled
with sawdust, trodden in, as the struc
ture of ice is built upwards. Then cover
up the whole with 8 or 10 inches of saw
dust, and let plenty of fresh air blow
through tlio shanty over the top. Ice
will keep in this way as well as in the
most costly a.nd elaborate building.
Chaff or finely cut straw may be substi
tuted for the sawdust but being less
perfect non-conductors, should be in
thicker layers.
ROME.—Rome is a strange city. It
contains 48,000 cardinals, prelates,priests,
abbes, monks, and persons receiving
greater or less incomes from the church
10,000 women of religious orders 1,000
beggars who pay for a first-class patent
empowering them to exercise their pro
fessions on the steps of St. Peters 5,000
beggars who pay for a second-class pat
ent admitting them to practice at the
doors of other churches, before the the
aters, in the streets and other public
places 2,000 who live by serving as a
model to sculptors and painters, or by
begging when that resource fails 4,000
soldiers of all nationalities 30,000 ser
vants 20,000 Jewish pariahs," and
50,000 Romans.
Preparations are already being made
for the coming inauguration of Mr. Lin
coln on the 4th of March next. It is
hoped by those in charge of the exten
sion of the capitol, that the entire east
front will be completed, and there will
probably be a greater assemblage than
ever before. A monster ox is to be
roasted whole at a banquet, and fire en
gines and political clubs have sent dele
gations there to engage accommoda
tions. Of course, a ball will be givent
and there will be other rejoicings.
Lord Lyons has been compelled by
ill health to leave his post and return to
the Legation will fill his place.
i TELEGRAPHIC.
Notwithstanding the malignant and
foul-mouthed libels uttered by an un
scrupulous and desperate opposition,
the pen that shall in the buig hereafter I
write the history of American Presi- SIGNIFICANT MOV EM LNIS A BOLT
dents will ascribe to Abraham Lincoln RICHMOND.
not! only raro virtues, but an unselfish ,,
patriotism and self-sacrificing love of|The Expecting.
1 ltKPOllTKD KXI'itBSHI.t H'iiK Til K l.lUll.NA.J..
Attack.
Terrible Gale in New Yorlil
Excitement at Memphis—Beaure
gard Repotted to be Marching
Against Fort Pillow.
Forcfis of Negroes taught in
Ambush—Many Slaughtered and
Driven into the River.'
NI.W YORK, Dec. 12.—A 'Washington
special to the Tribune, of the,11th. says:
Charleston papers of the ufli announce
that Sherman was at Station No. ti on
the 5th, -50 miles from Savannah. He
was marching iu the direction of Su
vannah.
Later rebel papers contain the message
of Gov. Smith, of Virginia, laid before
the rebel legislature of that State last
Thursday. He recommends a repeal of
the State law, which exempts certain of
the citizens from conscription by Jeff.
j.'avis. He says he is utterly at a loss to
understand why these men should not
be swept into the army as well as others.
He also expresses himself in favor.of
arming the slaves, and thinks the legis
lature should pass some act to regulate
the prices of the necessities of life.
The exchange of prison- rs. which was
broken off at Savannah a short time
ago, is now progressing us rapidly as
practicable in Charleston Harbor.
In accordance with arrangements pre
viously made, the bombardment of the
city of Charleston has been temporarily
suspended, and will not be resumed till
the exchange is complete. The bom
bardment ceased on Sunday morning,
the 4th, and the operations of transfer
ring prisoners was soon after begun, ft
was expected that two or three weeks
would be required to complete the ex
change.
The Tribune's Washington special
says that Thomas telegraphed to Wash
ington on Saturday that nothing could
move around Nashville without slip
ping up.
The Government feels entire confi
dence not only in Sherman's move, but
in others now on foot. It ia felt that
the country will rejoice over the news of
more than one victory before the close
of this week.
OSWEGO, Dec. 12.—A terrible gale,
accompanied with snow, has prevailed
here since (i o'clock last night and con
tinues to-day without abatement. It is
feared some casualties have occurred on
the lakes.
NKW YORK, Dec. 12.—A Richmond
dispatch of the Otli says, the only news
from the far South yesterday was that
Foster was renewing his demonstra
tions against the Savannah and Charles
ton railroad. The object was to divert
the attention of part of our troops from
Sherman.
The Petersburg Express* of the 0th
says of Warren's expedition of the ene
my It was reported yesterday morn
ing at Proctor's, some twenty miles dis
tant south, and still in motion.
Awed by the successes by the raid on
Stony Creek, Grant lias probably start
ed out a larger and better equipped body
of troops on a similar expedition fur
ther down the Weldon railroad. That
it is a raiding party, we have little
doubt, but its destination is unknown,
save, probably, at headquarters. This
column is saiii to embrace a large force
of infantry with plenty of artillery, but
only a small force of cavalry. If such is
the case, we don't think the expedition
is destined against any distant point, as
to venture far into the interior with in
fantry almost alone would render it an
exceedingly dangerous and hazardous
operation.
The Richmond Despatch of the 9th
says: "The latest information from the
enemy on the Weldon Railroad is that
they "were still moving toward Worden,
and were provided wuh such an amount
of stores as to induce the belief that
tliev were provided for a longer march,
or at all events for a long absence. It is
useless to speculate on their plans,
which will be known in a day or two.
It is probable that the primary object of
the movement was to occupy the road
and so injure it as to prevent our send
ing reinforcements to our forces operat
ing against Sherman."
NEW YORK, Dec. 12.—The Richmond
Examiner of the Dth says Sherman is
reported to have reached a point half
way between Millen and Savannah, and
is believed to be marching on the latter
place. We hope it is true. We hope he
will attack ,:uvannah, but the hope is
faint. When he readies the neighbor
hood and gets some clear information
a? to what Savannah is, lie will turn
his §teps in another direction.
The Charleston Mercury, of the 5th,
says Sherman is evidently marching
for Savannah or some other point in its
neighborhood.
On the morning of the 2d inst. his
main body broke up camp at Louisville,
Ga., and marched down the Central
Railroad, the 14th and 20th corps, which
form his left wing, being in advance.
Before nightfall the greater portion of
the Yankee column had passed through
Millen in the direction of Savannah.—
We have no later news of its wherea
bouts.
The same paper also says that passen
gers who arrived Sunday evening re
port that a fight was going ou some
where near Pocataligo as they passed
that place, but no definite det) ils in re
gard to the progress or result of the re
ported action could be gathered.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 12.—The sieamer St.
Louis, for Cairo, exploded at Caronde
let, six miles below St. Loui-, early this
morning. The pilots, clerk ,, and other
employees of the boat, say while the
boat was laying without
1
(it- ll
CTH.
/i n
•HI
Sherman Reported half way Be
tween Milieu aud Savannah.
Explosion of a Steamboat- near
St. Lonis—Loss of Life.
team in the
boiler the explosion took place on the
larboard side, the explosion going up
wards, making a hole in the boiler deck
through which several persons fell.—
They say the cause of the explosion may
have been caused by a box of ammuni
tion in the hold.
There were 80 soldiers of the 3d and
4th Iowa and 10th Missouri cavalry,
with 187 horses and mules aboard. The
soldiers positively say the explosion
v
England. He will probably not return, was caused by the insufficiency of water
For the present, the
Chief
Sreretary of in the boiler, which burst. The boat
1
cut loose and grounded on & bar and
?r
was entirely .-onsumed by tilt. All the killed and 15 wounded. The enemy s
horses and mules were lost. loss largely exceeds ours in this fight.
It is rejtorted that 200 men were kill- We captured l0. 1'0"rs
ed 30 wounded and 12 missing. The! 18 commissioned officers. Two gUM
soldiers lost, everything. The boat was (12-poundcr Napoleons) were captured,
entirely new and'valued at $40.1100. and are now position in the fort.
mistake in the above figures. The mini- i
ment existed in Memphis, on tin-! tit,
over Beauregard's man l.ing on I-1. I il-j
erOsce°1a
is accupied by a small force of
^About-
25
they filed out on shore. The rebels
broke and run apparently the great-,
nni nun run uuiiureun v in wiw mtw i i
est consternation, hotly pursued by the (it jzens
negroes, till they came to a thick,
brushy place, where the rebels had
One report says but 7 negn^s return-
01
rebel position at the Howlrtt House, if* Hie steamer Ike Davis lias been, *u)'d
rtow discredited by the Richmond press. for .over $8o,00 in gold.
Affairs along the front, they say, had
for some days been very quiet, but an
attack by Grant was still hourly appre
hended.
ed. Another says more got back, i Among those, who are
CAIRO, Dec-lLr-The steamer Missis
sippi, front New Orleans, 5th. inst., has
arrived.
Capt. Scmmes' arrival :it Matamoras,
eji route for Richmond, is confirmed by
the letter of a Western correspondent of
a New Orleans paper, which says lie was
"n the left hand, from the en-
Their previous report thai a detach-j crippled
ment from Butler's army had fleeted a gagement with the Kearsarfce. He goes
lodgement on the south side of the to Richmond, to stand atrial and niv. s
Jatnes, between Drury's Bluff and thje tigation
the capture of the Alabama,
The
steamer Orizabee. which left (lie
South-West, several ninths since, for
Mattaniorus, and put into Mattan/.as,
was seized by the Confederates and
sold.
General Veja is reported to be very
Severe to his soldiers. The punishment
for any misdemeanor' is five hundred
lashes or death.
The city of Gayaco is quiet siyee Cor
tinas left*
There are no important changes in the
New Orleans markets.
Gen. Can by has sufficiently recovered
to move about, aided by crutches.
On the Oth the rebels under Gen. Lyon
captured the government transport
Thos. Q. Tutt. at Cumberland City,
Cumberland River, 20 miles above Fort
Donelson, who used her in crossing the
river on their march into Kentucky,
with a force of about 4,000. The Tutt,
loaded with government forage, was
burned to the water's edge after the
rebels crossed.
One hundred and seventy-seven bales
of cotton arrived to-day—101 for reship
ment East and 70 for St. Louis.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 12.—The Bulle
tin has the following important intelli
gence
"The steamerDonegal arrived this p.
m. from the South-Atlantic Blockading
Squadron, havihg left Port Royal just
as the joint naval and laud expedition
under Admiral Dahlgren and General
Foster proceeded up the Broad river on
Thursday, Dec. Otli, the object being to
destroy "the Poeatalego bridge, on the
Railroad between Charleston and Sa
vannah. The Donegal accompanied
the expedition to Telfay Creek, but did
not accompany it further. There were
seven gunboats in the expedition, aud
soon after reaching a proper position a
havy fire was opened by tnein. A force
was landed and an action commenced.
Before evening Poeatalego bridge was
reached and destroyed. Our troops were
then instructed for such future opera
tions as might be needed. The Donegal
came down to Port Royal the same eve
ning, but could not bring any details of
t!ie loss on either side. Of the success
of the grand object of the expedition
however, there can be no doubt. Our
informant speaks in the highest terms
of the energy and activity of Admiral
Dahlgren in organizing and directing
the movements of the navy brigade in
this affair. When the Donegal left to
come down Broad Run on the6th,shells
were seen flying and exploding, which
intimated that our forces were deter
mined to drive the enemy out of any
Eeing
osition they might have taken after
driven* from the bridge. General
Foster's scouts had communicated with
General Sherman's forces, which were
marching on Savannah. The belief was
that General Sherman would be in Sa
vannah on Wednesday, the 14th inst
The Poeatalego bridge is about thirty
five miles from Savannah. This bridge
having been destroyed, and Sheridan
having cut the other railroad comumu
nications, Savannah cannot be be re
lieved by reinforcements from any point
north of that city.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.—A dispatch
from City Point, dated Dec. 11th, says
The latest news contained in the Rich
mond papers of yesterday (the loth)
state that on the 7th General Sherman
was east of the Ogechee river. 25 miles
from Savannah, moving on that city.—
Gen. Sherman had marched his army
on the 6th 18 miles.
NEW YORK, Dec. 12.—lion. Reuben
E. Fenton has sent in his resignation as
a member of Congress, to take effect on
the 20th inst. It is thought that the
Speaker will appoint Hon. D. C. Little
john to fill the vacancy occasioned by
this resignation on the Ways and Means
Committee.
NASHVILLE, Dec. 12.—Official reports
have just been received from General
Rosseau, at Murfreesboro, concerning
the recent battle. The railroad south of
Murfreesboro is believed to be uninjur
ed as also, the road between Murfrees
boro and Orvall's Creek. Five miles
north from there to Lavemge the road
was destroyed aud five or six block
houses were abandoned by the garrison.
The enemy surrounded them, but they
bravely fought their way out and reach
ed Murfreesboro without loss. On Sun
day the fourth block house at Orvall's
Creek was attacked by the rebel General
Bates' division, with a battery of artil
lery. Seventy-four shots were fired at
it doing, however, no damage.
The same afternoon three regiments,
with a section of artillery, went from
Murfreesboro, under General Milroy
The enemy's force was unknown. Our
troops attacked and routed the enemy.
The federal loss was four killed and forty
wounded. Theenemy'slossisunknown.
Night came on and our forces retired to
the fort.
On Monday last the enemy were-rein
forced by two brigades of infantry and
2,500 cavalry under Forrest. During
Sunday and Wednesday the enemy
demonstrated against the forts at Mur
freesboro and the town, coming up
within one mile of the fort, and skir
mishing heavily.
On Wednesday evening the infantry
moved around to Wilkinson, about 11}
miles north-west of the fortress, near
where Negley's command was formed
at the battle of Stone River.
Seven regiments and a battery trere
sent out out on the Salem pike, who en
countered the enemy near Wilkinson
pike, entrenched behind breastworks of
Fogs and rails. Our attack utterly rout
ed the rebels, who were driven off in
great confusion, Forrest's cavalry ma
king a race against time in their hurry
to escape.
Our loss in this, engagexftent was 30
iii&W
JJL'kJ
.. VOL. XVI—NO. 22.
JftEWMS',uS,ofi*
a
jry attacked Murfreeftboroand enters#
ler killed is probably 20 Instead of 200.] town, shelling it fiercely, and destroyed
ST. Louis, Dec. 12. The Republican's ^05j3t.au with one regiment©#
Cairo special savs cansiderabl^ excite-
iufantvy aIHi a
section of artillery, drove
oftowM.
In thls
low with a strong force and heavy gulit, instance badly whipped, and have
supposed to be used to blockade the riv-
encounter dbbe rebels were in
not
^ade
theij
.ll(pl.
u
i
rebels appeared on the river
.alK.e since.
b^Qg^'i^seau fur' 111eir^nmnching
l,r^ry
^"^'"Sfger is
bank opposite Memphis, waved their
hats and hurrahed tor Jeff. Davis lusti-, ,irj?0ner*Yeport the following
ly. A force of about. loO negroeb v»L-ie their generals at the battle a$
sent on board asteamer about l,y. la.ies j,ranklijl. Ktlled -Maj. General Cle
lower down the river and lande-l. .,
l'reported
]ui eua
at
a
i mi":
large force secreted, who suddenly rose i cold a»d
tuVn I
all
iist, Strahols, Ad-
and Grauberry, and three
woui ded
Murfreesboro say Bates
kJ)1 th 7th inst
n°^fe"tS
rebels hotlv pursuing and slaugbtcring jntcnS( '^*fering is reported among
at a dreadful rate. A numbei pushed troops. All the carpets have been
into the river and were drowned.- ,vj10ie neighborhood
The report,
trmthe
hlto bl!inkete.
o
entertaining
rebel general officers, either by force or
pleasure, are Gen. Hardiug and Mrs. A.
V. Brown.
A report seems to be gaining ground
that Tenne3seeans in Hood's army are
willing t.» fight now, but will not again
leave the valley.
Sympathizers say Hood got worsted
at Franklin on account of a lAck ip ar
tillery ammunition.
Notwithstanding the cold weather,
our troops do not sutler much, as they
are well clothed and have a full supply
of blankets and tents.
The riv. Is risflig WiW six feet on
the shoals.
HEADQUAKIERS A'ltMV "TF POTOMAC,
Dec. 10.—The demonstration made yes
terday towards Hutchins' liun liy a
division of the 2d cavalry corps did not
result iu an engagement, with the ex
ception of a skirmish at the crossing of
the Yaughan load and another in the
afternoon at the Armstrong House. No
lighting of consequence took place, the
rebel troops falling buck as our troops
advance.
The object of the movement was evi
dently to keep the enemy from sending^
a force to intercept Warren, and it is
believed to have been successful. Our
loss in the affair amounted to about 125
in killed and wounded.
At 2 o'clock this afternoon the com
mand was ordered lo return, and to
night the troops are back in their old
camp.
Nothing authentic has yet been heard
from Warren. Rumor has it that he
has had a light at Jarre's Station on the
Weldon Railroad, in which he gained a
victory and was pursuing the rebels.
[.SlK'olul to the X. Y. romiuerclal,]
WASHINGTON, 12.—The Bankrupt bill
will be taken up after the Long Island
Navy Yard matter. There are many
chances that the Bankrupt bill will
pass.
Advices from City Point state that a
storm was raging there yesterday.
It is reported that one of Lee's most
important railroad communications has
been cut by our troops.
The Treasury Department suggests
that Congress legalize the conversion of
7-30's held by banks into registered
bonds.
An important financial recommend
ation by the Treasury Department is
expected soon.
[Special to the N. Y. Post
Mr. Fessenden is reported to be in
favor of establishing agents to sell 7-30
currency bonds, in a system similar to
that by'which the five and ten millions
of 5:20's were so successful last year.
WASIIIMGTON, Dec. 12.—Arrange
ments are rapidly being made to put
the new first corps of General Hancock
into the field, at the earliest moment.
Very many old and tried officers will
be placed in command, and their names
will be announced in a few days. Steps
are being taken which will induce each
State to forward veterans to form this
corps. Arrangements are, it is said, in
progress by which State and other loeal
bounties may be paid here to a veteran
recruit, who may have himself accred
ited to any particular locality he may
prefer. For any veteran sent to Wash
ington a certificate will be given. It is
to the interest of all localities to send in
as many veterans as possible, as they
are not subject to the draft, and hence
can be properly accredited to a particu
lar locality. Government bounties are
given to veterans of the first corps and
to no others. Superior inducements are
therefore offered to the earliest in this
corps. The time to be put in the field
is short, and localities must be prompt
to forward men and thus take ad van rage
of the government bounty, to fill their
quota. It is only necessary to take the
veteran recruits *to a Provost Marshal,
who will forward him free of expense to
Washington. Lot it be remembered that
these veteran soldiers are not subject to
draft, and every one enlisted is a clear
gain on the quota of any future draft.
n:AMN s.
On the 4th of July, 1827, the State of
New York emancipated at once its 10,
000 slaves.
A French Canadian named Wm. Loge
was hanged last week at Harper's Ferry,
'oy sentence of a Court Martial, for de
sertion and robbery. As he was swung
off the scaffold the rope parted and the
prisoner fell to the ground. He was
raised again to the scaffold, the trap re
adjusted, a knot tied in the rope, and be
was again swung off. Death shortly
ensued from strangulation.
The London papers of Nov. 18th, an
nounce the arrival of General Tom
Thumb and family in that city. Tlioy
are holding daily levees in a hotel near
St. James' Palace. The Star says:
The baby is a pretty little girl, witfc
light silken hair and a vivacious dispo
sition. She will be a year old neit
month: and it may interest our readers
to know that she weighs precisely seven
pounds and three quarters.
Intelligence from the blockading fleet
off Charleston states that the steamer
Pontiac recently gave chase to a vessel
supposed to be a blockade runner, but
without success. On returning to her
anchorage the Pontiac was fired on
from either Fort Marshall or Beach In
let, and had seven men instantly killed
and others wounded by a ten-Inch shell,
which struck her on the forecastle.
An awful tragedy was recently enact
ed in the Tombs Prison of New York
city. An insane man, but who the at
tending physician supposed was only
laboring under an attack of delerium
tremens, was put into a cell where were
other prisoners. These the insane man
attacked with an iron poker. He killed
two persons instantly, mortally injured
a third, and dreadfully injured others.—•
The police came and began shooting at
the maniac, but did not hit him—they,
however, killed the only man in the
room who had the strength and courage
to resist the attack, and had with a shov
el knocked the madman down and kept
him from killing others in the room.

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