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Muscatine weekly journal. (Muscatine, Iowa) 185?-1890, December 23, 1864, Image 1

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One Copy, lyear,
Ten Copies, lyear, 20 00
^UiU,s ripUous received lor
'Frt- Weekly
montliw,^t yearly
1 Insertion, 1 SI I months $ 7 (X)
insertions 2.50 (1 months, 10 (10
1 month 3 'ill 1 year, 15 00
A UIHTKI deduction iinitli'.oii liir«rr advertise
All transient advertising most be paid for in
*1 VUIU'O.
Pally, per annum, $10 00
V not
tier Uebel Brought t* ttrlcf.
The Government put forth one of ito
fingers, last night, and gobbled up one
Charles M. Willard, said to lie an attor
ney, but somewhat known hereabouts
as a small sueeimeu of ye
stumper. Willard is a hero, lie be
longed to the Home Guards when the
w ar broke out, and was earned oft* by
Company A, Chicago Light Artillery,
as its 2d Lieutenant. That buttery im
mediately became famous). In a series
of brilliant eiigageuHHM*. beginning at
Belmont and ending at SiiHoh, it had
gained such a name that its officers were
successively promoted, until Willard
fouud himself a Major! And yet this has
been brought about without any etlhrt
or merit on his part. That redoubtable
warrior was not at Belmont, nor was he
at Donelsou, nor at Shiloh, nor at any
of the intermediate battles. In fact, he
never smelled powder. Whether as
Lieutenant, Captain or Major, he had
invariably contrived to lie among the
skedaddlers when a tight was in pros
pect. He had been promoted to make
room for others in whose way he stood,
and "red-tape" was very rigid and
blind in those days, liut the Major"
was short-lived. He fell into disfavor
In his own command, and was induced
to "resign." The Chicago rebel organ
and apologist for treason, stated that the
"Major" resigned because he could not
agree with the war policy of the Ad
ministration. The orgau was not far
from the truth, though if it had said the
War policy did not agree with the Ma
jor," it would have exactly expressed
tile case. Shortly after his resigna
tion," the Major" went to Memphis
And started a cotton policy of his own.
Rumor says he was successful to the
tuAe of twenty thousand dollars or
thereabouts. The military authorities
Interfered, and the Major" was per
emptorily ordered North upon the first
steamboat. He came North, and from
(hat time has been down upon the
Var policy," and intensely hostile to
the Government.
Whether his arrest is based upon cot
tdh peculations or "active hostility to
the Government," we have not learned.
—Chicago Journal.
Tills is the same Major" Willard
who was imported into Iowa by the
Democratic party during the campaign
of 1863, and was especially petted by the
Thayere, Wallaces and Chambers, of
this vicinity. They took him to their
bosoms and loved him to death almost
because he resigned his commission
father than endorse Emancipation, and
because we denounced him as a hum
bug, impostor, and swindler, he threat
ened to whip us, and the Democracy
Were mad as March hares.
Reciprocity »n«l Neutrality.
Our Canadian neighbors are not dis
posed to release their hold upon so good
a thing as the Reciprocity treaty, sim
ply to accommodate a lot of cut-throats
and pirates, who persist in violating
English neutrality.
The St. Albans robbers and thieves
were arraigned oefore a Canadian mag
istrate to answer why they should not
be delivered to our authorities. They
asked a postponement of the hearing
until they could hear from Richmond.—
In the meantime the astute Justice dis
covers a legal quibble, and undoubtedly
having the love of cotton or gold before
his eyes, sagely remarked that he had
tio jurisdiction in the case, and set the
thieves and cut-throats at British liber
ty. The American Congress, outraged
at the insult and injury to common jus
tice and good equity on our part, at once
said, "If this be Canadian friendship,
we'll no more of it. If this be the fruit
of Reciprocity, let us throw it off our
hands." And so our Representatives
said, we will call upon the Executive to
give these fellows notice that we want
no more reciprocity, which secures to
them the right to harbor and protect
those at war with human rights and our
government, and which secures to us
not even an honest neutrality. This
news flashed over the wires and the
Canadians saw visions of wealth and
sources of great convenience passing
away. America must be pacified, and
reciprocity must continue to live aud so,
they thinking Americans all fools, tele
graphed us that their government felt
awful bad and would make efforts to re
capture the St. Albans thieves. What
hypocrisy! What better are they who
iiarbor thieves than the thieves them
selves? We hope the day may speedily
come when this Van Dieman's land up
on our continent may be cleaned out
and purged by American bayonets, if
need be in any event by tha genius and
honor of American institutions.
On the American continent thefe
should be nothing inimical to the pro
gress of American civilization and the
..full development of American ideas And
industry—no, not even in Canada!
ilfhc Vote of the iioyal States.
following is the table of votes cast
U) the loyal States, which is referred to
by the President as sustaining his opin
ion that the population of those States
has increased during the war, notwith
standing the drain of the armies in the
State. 18(10.
Kentucky 110,216
Maine 97,91'J
Maryland 92,-Xhi
Massachusetts 1UM,5£1
MicUiguu 154,747
Minnesota 1-1,790
Missouri ttii,.58S
New Hampshire
New Jersey 121,125
New York 075,156
Ohio 442,1:11
Oregon 11,410
Pennsylvania 170,442
Rhode Island 19,'Jo 1
Vermont 42,814
West Virginia- 46,195
Wisconsin 15i!,l$i
r. •.
91,300 (nearly.)
yo.ooo (nearly.)
.—.-3,870,222 3,982,011
... i7,2»i
Abrnhnra's Mollloqny.
They say I am too tlrnv. Too slow, indeed!
Atid yet, perhaps, I can improve the case:
I'll give uiy Cabiuet superior Sfieed
Aud show tlis
Cftvirt Supreme
ajf..iuder Vuu
—Judge Clagett, of the, Keokuk^Gbn
atitutifin, sued Captain Ball for $10,000
damages for shooting off a cannon on
his premises, at the celebration of the
fall of Fort Donelson. The Judge final
ly withdrew the suit, oh the reception
of $50 from the defendant's counsel.-—
".What a fall was there, my country
-Captaiu E. J. Miller, of Keosauqua,
was fatally injured a few days since by
a runaway accident. He was about six
ty y ears of age, and an old resident of
Van Buren county. He served two
years in the 8d 'iowa Cavalry as oolor
LIBERAL.—The Board of Supervisors
of Johnson county, at their late session,
made an appropriation for the purchase
of 300 cords of wood for soldiers' fami
lies in Iowa City, and authorized mem
bers of the Board to provide for those in
the country. They also voted a bounty
of $100 to recruits from that county in
Hancock's veteran corps. Col. John
Williams, of Iowa City, is enlisting
men for this corps.
ESCAPED FROM Dixit:.—Capt. John
Kpeneter, who was in command of a
negro company at the Fort Pillow mas
sacre, and one of the few permitted to
live after being taken prisoner, recently
escaped and returned to his home at
Iowa City. He was in captivity seven
mouths, and escaped from Charleston
by the aid of true Union men in that
oity, who kept him concealed for a
month, till he had an opportunity to
reach our blockading fleet. The Jtepub
lican says he met with many adven
tures which would once have been mar
velous, but now are so common as to
have lost much of their interest.
E. H. Rockafeller, who killed his
wife at Keokuk, has been sentenced to
seven years in the penitentiary.
Hon. T. W. Woolson, of Mt. Pleas
ant, has been apitointed by the
of the Interior, .Special Commissioner
in reference to Indian Atfairs, and left
for Santa Fe, 25 ew Mexico, last week.
He will be absent till March next.
N KWTO.N.—The Advocate reports trade
brisk and the town generally prosper
ous. The population of Newton is now
about 1,600. It contains seven organized
churches, seven dry goods stores, five
grocery stores, two hardware stores, two
drug stores, two shoe stores, two furni
ture stores, two jewelry stores, two
printing offices, &e. The railroad, it is
expected, will be finished to that place
next June.
Carter, of Marshall, Henry county, has
imported from the Rocky Mountains a
new kind of Spring Wheat, which, he
says, has never been known to smut or
rust or be injured by the Chinch bug,
and which often yields 100 bushels to
the aero anl weighs 00 to Oo pounds per
bushel, He thinks it will be a sure
crop in Iowa, as it is brought from a
colder climate. He will send for one
dollar a package of the wheat sufficient
to sow half an acre, and if the receiver
is dissatisfied with it the money will be
—A letter from Gen.
Curtis, published
in the Davis County Union Guard, says
the young man who captured General
Marmaduke is James Dunlavey, of the
3d Iowa Cavalry. James is the son of
our old friend Harvey Dunlavey, the
Democratic wheel-horse of Davis coun
ty. James should have more regard for
his father's feelings than to capture his
friends" in suclftn arbitrary manner.
J. C. Todd, Iowa State Agent at
Keokuk, writes that there are now
1333 patients there in hospital, 859 of
whom are Iowa soldiers.
John "Walkup, of Fairfield, was
killed on the 6th inst., by falling into a
shaft 30 feet deep at his coal bank.
A HEAVY MAIL.—Thesteamship Ful
ton, which left New York to meet
Sherman's army, took 278 leather
pouches of mail matter, weighing over
fifteen tons. It is principally composed
of matter accumulated at Nashville
since the recent movement of General
Sherman, which had been sent to New
York, to he forwarded to his army.—
This single fact will give some idea of
the extent of the correspondence with
the Union army, and the attention the
government bestows upon the soldiers
who are fighting its battles.
jJ®" According to the report of the
Commissioner of Agriculture, the wheat
crop this year is 18,700,214 bushels less
than last year, rye 609,807 bushels less,
barley 750,827 bushels less, corn 77,613,
454 bushels greater, buckwheat 2,934,085
bushels greater,potatoes 3,903,782bushels
less, tobacco 60,799,096 pounds less, hay
1,626,096 tons less, hogs nearly 2,000,000
less. There is a large decrease in oats
and cattle, and an increase of sorghum
and cotton.
majority for Wilson in the 1st District
is 7,899 for Price in the 2d, 7,749 for
Allison in the 3d, 5,553 for Grinnell in
the 4th, 6,324 -for Kasson in the 5th,
6,542 for Hubbard in the 6th, 5,289.—
These majorities include the soldiers'
wood, who was four years ago banished
from Virginia for voting for Lincoln, and
for his anti-slavery sentiments, has just
been elected to the United States Senate
by the Legislature of West Virginia.
—The 8th Iowa Cavalry is at Nash
ville, and the 2d Cavalry is near Column
bia, Tennessee. The 3d Cavalry has
been ordered to report at St. Louis, and
receive an outfit for the campaign in
The number of hogs packed at
Chicago, up to Saturday last, was about
400,000 head. The Tribune thinks there
will be a short crop. A large proportion
of the hogs now arriving are poorly fat
B&.The Bankrupt Bill, which p^gped
.the House on Monday, was reported to
the Senate on Wednesday, and ordered
to be printed. There is not much doubt
•»... t'-iH-t #ar z. -T.tvi.a-
TBe Richmond Sentinel cJills General
Sherman the "great Yankee Colossils."
Mioe ignited some matches and burn
ed a drug store in South Boston, Friday.
Apothecaries shouldn't keep mice and
matches together.
The courts lmve decided that a rail
road company has no right to enforce
the proviso placed on many tickets,
good for this day only."
Alexandre Dumas, the distinguished
French mulatto, is expected in New
York in the course of a few days. He
brings with him a Secretary and two
Among Gen. Butler's good things at
Norfolk, outside of his military opera
tions, is the establishment of a Savings
Bank l'or freedmen, which has received
$24,000 already.
Tn 1860 Baltimore voted 1,083 for Lin
coln, 12,604 for Bell, 13,596 for Breckin
ridge, and 1,503 for Douglas. In 1864
she gave for Lincoln 14,739 and 2,8l2 for
McClellau, a Lincoln gain of 13,656.
The largest telescope in this country
has been purchased for!?18,lS7 by the
University at Chicago, which has con
structed an observatory 96 feet high at
a cost of $25,000. Chicago does nothing
by halves.
It is reported that Stephen R. Mal
lory, ex-United States Senator ami head
man of Jeff, Davis' Bureau of Piracy, or
in rebel parlance) "Navy Department,"
has absconded from tne Confederacy
and is in Paris.
Sarah Vandegrilf died at Trenton, N.
J., on the 30th ultimo, aged 95 years.
She was one of the band of maidens that
sang an ode of welcome when Washing
ton passed through Trenton in 1789, on
his way to New York.
A lady who visited the "contraband
camp" at Norfolk recently was aston
ished to find the name of every boy ba
by in the camp to be uniformly Abra
ham." in one group were no less than
nine children,
allhouored with the same
A dentist wishes the press to correct
the statement, made on Horace Wal
pole's authority, that alum is a preser
vative of the teeth, lie says it is, on
the contrary, one of the most destruc
tive agents'with which the teeth can
come in contact.
Rev. Dr. Haynes, ol' New York, is
going to England to beg money for the
freed men of the United States. The
English Quakers have already ^ent a
large amount of goods and S:5,000 in
gold to the Frceumen's Relief Associa
tion in New York.
A benevolent institution is to be
opened in Philadelphia forth© purpose
of giving men who have been disabled
by loss of limb, or other severe injury in
the military service, an opportunity of
education for some practical pursuit.
Telegraph operating, book-keeping, etc.,
will be tauglit.
Gen. Henry M. Naglee, who served
with distinguished success at Fair Oaks,
Chickaliominy, Bottom Bridge, and
Oak Swamp during the memor­
able "Seven Days" on the Peninsula,
and in the Carolinas, sailed, a day or
two ago, for San Francisco, his home.
He leaves the Atlantic coast with the
well-wishes of a host of devoted friends.
The military authorities at New York
are.strictly enforcing the registration
law. There seems to be need enough
far it, as there are many relatives of
rebel officers and soldiers now in the
city—the wives of Generals G. W.
Smith and Mansfield B. Lovel among
others. There are also three sisters of
the rebel Gen. Cheatham, of Kentucky
Mr. Elliott, an eminent statician of
Washington, estimates the rate of mor
tality in the present war at anly 7.2per
cent, per annum, while the rate of mor
tality in Wellington's Spanish cam
paigns (1811—'14) was 16$ per cent. and
that in the Crimea in 1854-'55, even not
counting those who died on the battle
field, averaged 23 per cent. Mr. Elliott's
statistics of mortality in the U. S. army
are for fourteen months ending August,
1862, showing an annual rate of some
what over seven (7.2) in every 100 men,
of which two (2.0) were froin killed in
action, and five (5.2) from diseases and
accidents. The rate of mortality of offi
cers from disease, as in other wars, has
been less than that of the men, but from
wounds received inaction much greater.
The battle of Honey Hill, S. C.,
fought on the 30th ult., by a force of
3,500 men under Gen. J. P. Hatch, re
sulted in a severe reverse to the nation
al troops. Landing at Boyd's Point on
Wednesday, the 30tli, the troops inarched
inland about two miles toward Honey
Hill, near Grahamsville, a little village
on the Charleston and Savannah Rail
road. They were misled by a guide, and
it was long after daylight when they
reached their destination. Here, at the
turn of the road, they were suddenly
opened upon by a rebel battery. This
was charged on in vain and the attack
ing party repulsed with severe loss the
marshy nature of the ground preventing
anything like a successful advance.—
Our troops fell back and the rebels
charged in turn, but were driven back.
The fighting lasted seven hours and was
very severe. The 54th and 55th Massa
chusetts infantry (colored troops), the
same that made Fort Wagner memora
ble by their intrepid valor, shared in
the fight, and were distinguished for
their coolness and bravery. The design
of the movement was to aid Gen. Sher
man by destroying the communications
between Savannah and Charleston.—
This was afterwards successfully accom
plished by General Foster and Admiral
man in England, on Sunday, informed
his hearers that he should divide his
discourse into three parts—the first
would be the terrible, the second the
horrible, the third terribly horrible.—
Assuming a dramatic tragic attitude,
and wishing to bring the sulphurous
lake vividly before the mind's eye of
the hearer, he swung his right arm
widely, pointing to about the centre of
the church, with his eyes seemingly
transfixed with horror, he exclaimed in
a startling agonizing
What's that I s
louder, "What's that I see there?"—
Louder vet, with a wilder swing of che
arm, Wha'ts that I see there
Here a little old woman in black cried
out in a shrill treble tone:
"It's nothing but my little black^dog
—he won't bite nobody."
There was a laugh, and the clergy
man concluded to confine himself to the
terrible without asking questions.
Among the casualties in Iowa
regiments at Nashville, in addition to
those already published by us, we find
the following mentioned:
Lieut. J. W. Watson, 5th Iowa caval
ry, killed Fred Thomas, 7th Iowa cav
alry, wounded James McKinny, 5th
Iowa cavalry, wounded John Davis,
5th Iowa cavalry,dangerously wounded.
I&. The Brazilian demand for repar
ation in the matter of the Florida is said
to be "solemn" in its tone. Secretary
Seward, in his reply, does not indorse
the seizure, and expresses a desire to
have the matter fairly and satisfactorily
HUE. ,f
Loss of the 35tb lowa--22 Killed
ud 17 Wounded.
Large Number of Rebel Officers
total Hvaber of Rebel PrlsM^f*
Taken 6,500.
The Enemy in Fall Retreat.
.. -O-
NEW YORK, Dec. 15.—The Jfcndd'x
Hilton Head correspondent of the 8th
says the list of casualties in the battle
on Honey Hill have been revised and
reduced to 740. It is only halt iwiit
from the Savannah and Charleston rail
road, and from our front not only the
whistle of the locomotives, but the rum
bling of the trains can be heard further
up the Tellefenny river on the light of
the road upon which General Potter
WTe have taken possession of a land
ing at Gregory's plantation, which was
evacuated in a hurry, wuen our troops
advanced. From thence the supplies
are forwarded to the front.
A detachment was landed at Mackay's
Point on Wednesday morning, which
proceeded up the opposite shore from
Gregory's plantation and intrenched
on a point there for the protection of
our llank. The gunboats also co-opera
ted for the protection of our flank and
landings, and the navy brigade under
Commodore Preble is doing efficient
service on shore.
Gen. Hatch went to the front from
Boyd's Neck on Wednesday morning.
By rapid and strategic movements
from right to left we have succeeded ill
obtaining a position from which we can
soon as our heavy guns go
up, two bridges aud some miles of the
Savannah railroad, even If we tjo not
occupy the road itself.
LOUISVILLE, Dec. 14.—The rebel Gen
eral Lyon in retiring from Hopkinsville
on Monday, conscripted every one he
could find, robbed the stores aujl. burned
what he could not carry off* A con
scripted gentleman succeeded in getting
the guard drunk, aud escaped while the
rebel soldiers were in quest of coal.
Gen. E. McCook's advance guard had
a skirmish with the enemy's rear guard
at Elkton.
Gens. Stoneman and Burbridge have
effected a junction at Ilenearsville, and
will closely follow Breckinridge.
The cavalry of (Jen. Thomas' army
crossed a few days since to the .north
side of the Cumberland river, and yes
terday was re-crossed to the south side,
with the exception of a sufficient foree
to pursue and rout any rebel foree on
the north side of the river.
The defences on the railroad have
been so strengthened that no damage is
QUI:IJKC, Dec. 15.—The discharge of
the raiders surprised the members of
the Government,
and the grounds of the
discharge are pronounced ridicidous.—
The magistrate is likely to be severely
dealt with. New arrangements have
been issued by the Superior Court Judge
to re-arrest the raiders, and constables
are in pursuit. An efficient military
force has been dispatched to the border
to prevent further depredations.
MONTRKAL, Dec. 15.—The conduct of
Judge Coursal and Lamoth, the Chief
of Police, is denounced. The latter is
accused of complicity going on in the
Council. It is thought Lamoth will be
TORONTO, Dec. 15.—There is profound
sensation regarding Coursal's decision.
The best legal authorities pronounce it
contrary to law. His course is general
ly condemned.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 15.—The Lawrence
Tribune says: The notorious brigand,
Quantrel, was removed in an ambulance,
in Price's retreating column, sick, be
yond hope of recovery.
The recent explosion of the steamer
Maria Carondalet, previously reported,
is said to have been the work of a rebel
torpedo. An investigation will soon be
The printers of St. Louis are on a
strike, but the publication of the papers
has not been suspended. The propri
etors olfer 50 cents per 1,000 ems.'
The Democrat's special from FU Scott,
2d, says: Yesterday a courier arrived
from Ft. Gibson with dispatches caus
ing apprehensions for the safety of a
large government train which left camp
ten miles south of this place on the 22d
ult. The train consists of over 20 gov
ernment wagons, five yoke of oxen to
each, 20 suttlers' wagons, six mules
each, all heavily laden for Ft. Gibson,
a distance of 180 miles, and guarded by
a few dismounted Indiana cavalry.
The train consisted of about 250 men,
and is now said to be carrolled on Nosse
River, about 250 miles south of this, and
the men are throwing up earthworks for
defense, being closely invested by the
rebel General Gaines with 7,000 men
and 5 pieces of artillery.
Col. Moonlight is reported moving to
the assistance of the train.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16.—The latest
Richmond papers say official dispatches
report that Sherman has developed near
Savannah. Hardee is in command there.
Beauregard arrived at Charleston on the
7th. and immediately left for the scene
of hostilities on the Charleston and Sa
vannah railroad.
Malvern and several of the larger ves
sels of the fleet are In the Roads, but as
the sailing orders have been signalled,
they will probably get under way in
a short time. The iron-clads attached
to the fleet were the first to move. The
single turreted monitors go out in tow
of steamers. The Ironsides and the
double turreted monitor Monaduock
propell themselves. Thus far all the
movements have been favored with fine
weather, a light wind blowing from off
shore, although indications seem to
point to a northeaster, before we arrive
at our journey's end. Our place of des
tination will be made known to the pub
lic at the proper time. Suffice it to re
mark that ample preparations have been
provided to warrant a vigorous and for
midable attack on the enemy's works.—
In all probability a few days hence will
give me an opportunity of sending you
full details of tne expedition."
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16—9:05 A. M.—
The following official report of the bat
tle before Nashville ha9 been received
from Gen. Thomas:
NASHVILLE. Tenn., Dec. 15—8 P. x.—We at
tacked the enemy's left this morning and drove
it from the river below the city, very nearly to
franklin Pike, a distance of about eight miles.
We have captured Chalmers' headquarters and
tXdUn, and asecoad train of about
W •ji-in
Willi between 8W I'li'l 1,000 prisoner* and 16
pieces or artillery. Our troops behaved aplen
didly, all hiking tli.'ir share in Hie ivs.«uuit, and
charging the enemy's breaat works.
I Hliull attack tin- enemy again to-morrow, if
he stands to fl-^lit, and if he retreats during the
night, I will pursue him, tin-owing a heavy eav
airy iorce In- t&i &«tr to destroy his trains, if
(Signed) G. W. THOMAS, MOJ. Gen. I
No intelligence has lieen received
from Sherman later than published iu
the dispatch transmitted by Gen. Foster
and Admiral Dahlgreu.
(Signed) E. M. STANTON.
Dec. 16.—The Charleston Courier of the
10th says: Sherman's army is still go
ing towards Savannah.
We learn that the alfair at Station No.
2 was slight skirmishing.
From the Charleston Courier, of the
9th, we take the following: The Au
gusta Chronicle says: We had the
pleasure yesterday of meeting Captain
Copin, of Gen. Winder's staff, who is
in our city, in connection with the Con
federate Prison Bureau, whose head
quarters are to be located in this city.—
Captain Copin informs us that all the
Yankee prisoners at till points within
reach of Sherman have been removed
safely. He also states that the vandals
were so disappointed on finding that the
blue-bellies had flown from Miilen, that
they vented their spleen on the defence
less inhabitants of the vicinity."
The Courier of the »th, in relation to
Georgian a:airs, says: We learn that
Sunday last Lieut. Reynolds, of General
Wheeler's cavalry, with a detachment
of 15 men, crossed the Savannah river at
Sarbar's Ferry, in the Beaufort district.
He had been engaged on a scouting ex
pedition, and, bucoming separated from
his command, crossed into this State to
rejoin them higher up. He reports
Sherman's army as occupying Branum's
Bridge, on Brier Creek, 10 miles from
ihe river.
The opinion seems to prevail that
Sherman will attack Savannah, but if
he does, he will be badly defeated.
A report was in circulation yesterday
that on the arrival of Sherman's forces
at Station No. 2 he had turned off in the
direction of Sisters' Ferry, which would
indicate an Intentiou to cross into
The enemy near Pocataligo were re
reported shelling the road on Friday.
About 100 prisoners from Sherman's
army arrived in this city yesterday.
WASIIINTON, Dec. 10.—Charleston
and Savannah paper* of the 9th and
10th have been received. They are evi
dently but imperfectly informed as to
the movement of General Sherman's
The Savannah News says that on the
0th inst. the Uniou forces made an at
tempt to take the railroad, but were re
pulsed and driven back. On the 7tli
they were le-inl'oiced and renewed the
attack, aud fighting continued all day,
and had nit ceased at dark.
The News adds: The move Is no
doubt a determined effort on the part of
Foster to open a way for Sherman to
On the i)th skirmishing with the rebel
outposts, five miles from Savannah, is
Dec. 15.—Unusual quiet lias prevailed
all morning. In the lines in front of Pe
tersburg, for the last few days, scarcely
a shot has been exchanged, excepting
in the evening. On the right of the
Line last night, however, quite an ex
citement was kept up from about 1 to 10
o'clock, when the firing died away
gradually, and after midnight not a
shot was heard. Of course the pickets
iu the vicinity of Fort Hill were respon
sible for the outbreak, although some
other parts of the line further wept were
A report is current that a number of
pickets watching the rear lines were ta
ken and murdered night before last, and
that in consequence the force of men on
this side has been doubled.
Changes are being made in the dispo
sition of our troops, but there is nothing
to indicate an early attack on the ene
The troops engaged in the late raid
are most all in good condition. Some
of them returned from the trip with
frozen hands, feet and ears, caused by
the severe weather which prevailed at
the time.
On Friday five deserters are to be
hanged—two from New York, two from
New Hampshire, aud one from Missou
Rebel deserters are coming in daily.—
They reportnothing new frouirebeidom.
(Signed) "W. D. MCGREOOR.
Dec. 15, 11:30 i\ M.— To Maj. Gen. Dix:
The Department has just received un
official dispatches from Nashville, an
nouncing that General Thomas, with
the forces under his command, attacked
Hood's army in front of Nashville at 9
o'clock this morning, aud, although the
battle is not yet decided, the whole
action to-day is described as splendidly
Our line advanced on the right five
miles. The enemy were driven from
the river, from their entrenchmento,
and from the range of hills on which
their left rested, and were forced back
upon his right. His centre was pushed
back from one to three miles, with a loss
of 17 guns and a large number of prison
ers. Our casualties are reported to be
Hood's whole army, except the cav
alry and a small force near Murfrees
boro, was engaged.
(Signed) E. M. STANTON,
Sec'y of War.
Dec. 16.—To Maj. Gen. Dix: Official
dispatches from Gen. Can by have been
received to-day, showing the complete
success of an expedition sent by him
from Vicksburg to co-operate with Gen.
Sherman's operations and cut oft*Hood's
communications with Mobile. General
Canby reports the probable success of
another expedition from Baton Rouge
under Gen. Davidson, the details and
NEW YORK, Dec. 1G.—The Times has
the following, dated off Cape Henry,
Tuesday, the 13th:
"A large naval fleet accompanied
with land forces in transports, left' object of which it is not propec now to
Hampton Roads this morning in a'disclose. When last heard from David
southerly direction. The larger por- son was reported as having caused quite
tion of the army transports left during a panic in Mobile, and taken to devasta
te night. At this writing the flag ship ting the country generally.
Richmond papers of to-day confirm
the reported capture of Bristol by an ex
pedition supposed to be under the com
mand of Stoneman and Burbridge, aud
about the surprise and capture of the
Glade Spring depot on the railroad thir
teen miles south of Abingdon, Va.
They also contain Gen. Hood's report
of the battle of Franklin, in which h«
admits the loss of many gallant officers
and a heavy loss in men. Among them
he enumerates Maj. Gen. Cleburne,
Brig. Gen. B. Johnson, Williams and
Grany, killed Mty. Gen. John Brown,
Brig. Gens. Gordon, S. Carter, Cockive,
Quartes and Scott, wounded.
They also say: On Wednesday Gen.
Sherman arrived at Ft. McAllister,
commanding the entrance to the Oge
chee river, and captured it by storm,
and that the capture of this position put
Sherman in communication with the
Vankee fleet and necessitates.the rein
forcement of Savannah.
NEW ORLEANS, La., Dec. 9.—On the
25th ult. I reported that movements co
operative with Sherman would be made
from Vickburg and Baton Rouge for the
purpose of cutting Hood's communica
with Mobile. The expedition sent from
Vicksburg, and consisting of about
12,000 cavalry and 8 pieces of artillery,
under command of E.-D. Osband, of the
3d Colored Cavalry, returned on the 4th
inst., having met with complete succe ss,1 lly assaulted three times before succeed
after au admirable flank movement on ing. It was cHrrieu, however, fiiiu 20
Jackson, on the 14th ult. The expedi-
tion started for Big Black River on the
Maj. B. Cook, commanding the Third
Colored Cavalry, distinguished himself
and all his regiment, by the gallantry
with which the force guarding the Big
Black Bridge were driven from the bank
of the river. Our men had to charge
across the bridge dismounted, with
nothing but railroad ties for a protection,
in the face of a sharp fire.
(Signed) E. R, CANBY,
Major General.
Dec. 17—8:35 A. yi.—l'o Maj. Gen. Dix:
The following official report of the great
victory achieved yesterday by General
Thomas and his gallant little army over
the rebel forces under Hood in front of
Nashville, was received this morning.
One of the most surprising circum
stances connected writh this great
achievement is the small loss suffered
by our troops, evincing among .other
things the admirable skill and caution
of Gen. Thomas in his disposition of the
In our rejoicings at the defeat of the
rebels, thanks are due to the Almighty
for his protection to out gallant officers
aud men in the great conflict they have
passed through.
The report of Thomas and also tjie un
official report containing interesting de
tails, are subjoined:
Cl JlliliRLAAl),
In conclusion I am happy to state
that all this has been effected with but
a very small loss—probably does not ex
ceed 300, and very few killed.
[Signed.] GEO. H. THOMAS,
Maj. Gen. Com'g.
NEW YORK, Dec. 17.—The Herald
correspondent gives the following ac
count of an expedition up Roanoke riv
er: "A gunboat expedition sent up the
river, when opposite Jamestown, eight
miles above Plymouth, suddenly cauie
in contact with some torpedoes placed
in the channel by the rebels, and three
gunboats were blown up. The flagship
Wyalusing, commander Macomb, se
nior officer, took the lead. She passed
safely through. The Otsego, .• double
ender, Lieut. Arnold, commanding, fol
lowed. The bow came in contact with
an obstruction, but which was success
fully passed, until being struck by the
stem proved to be a large torpedo, which
exploding, blew up the Otsego, sinking
her in a few minutes. After the blow
ing up of the Otsego, the remainder of
the fleet remained by her until morning
when those vessels uninjured by the ex
plosion passed up the river. Soon after
Commander Macomb dispatched on
special duty his aid, Paymaster Lewis
Sands, on thesteamer Bagley, with two
guns. On arriving in the vicinity of the
spot where the Otsego was sunk, a tor
pedo exploded under the Bagley, blow
ing a hole through her, causing her to
sink immediately. One man and a boy
were killed. The rest of the crew es
caped by swimming. Paymaster Sands
and Capt. Ames, commanding the tug,
swam to the wreck of the Otsego, and
were picked up soon after the siukiug
of the Bagley. The picket steamer,
Launch No. 5, was also destroyed.
Roanoke river is a perfect network of
torpedoes. A large number have al
ready been taken up, and still A larger
number are supposed to remain."
WASHINGTON, Dec. 16—Acting Rear
Admiral Stebbins, commanding the
East Gulf Expedition, reports to the
Navy Department, under date of Dec.
3d, the destruction of a set of salt works
on Rocky Point, Tampa ay, by a de
tachment of troops from the United
States steamers Stars and Stripes, Nitre,
Hendrick, Hudson, and Ariel. Several
large boilers and everything of value
connected with the works were des
troyed, without a single casualty on
our part.
NASHVILLE, Dec. 16—9 p. M.—During
last night Gen. Hood withdrew his
right from the river and took a position
covering Hillsboro, gaining White's
and Franklin pikes, which line had
been carefally prepared for this contin
gency. He was driven from the first
line easilv. but the second was very
stubbornly defended, and at least heav
jt v
.••U!C!•.•*' 'i.:
pieces of artillery, 20o men, including
Uen. Jackson, with the remnant of lus
railroad, which was reached on the 27th, division were taken. i
and, after a stubborn resistance,destroy- The enemy was forced cK two miles
ed. It thus cuts Hood's army oft' from I and his army broken into two parts—
Hi:. a —uf/.Mna I /vita i\n Wliita'ii ntlrn onfl tllP other Oil
bridges and trestle works were destroy- ion of the former.
ed. The following property was com-1 Hood cannot make another such day s
pletely destroyed: Thirty miles of rail-1 fight, while Thomas is in good condl
road track, (including culverts,) the i tion to press him. Everybody, White
wagon bridge over Big Black, Vaughan,' and black, did splendidly.
Picket and Goodman Stations, with all i [Signed] E.M.STANTON.
their depots and buildings, 2,000 bales of HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF TUB
cotton, 20 locomotives, 4 cars, 4 stage EAST, NEW YORK, Dec. 17.—General
coaches, 20
barrels of salt and $106,000 Order No. 100.—The President of the
worth of stores at Vaughan Station,
force of the enemy, but suffered no ma
terial loss, and brought back more re
cruits than its entire loss.
United States having disapproved of
The expedition was considerably that portion of General Order No. 97,
harassed, on their return, by a large current series, from this department,
which instructs all military command
ers on the frontier, in certain cases, at
the time specified to cross the border
line between the United States and Can
ada and directs toe pursuit into n-utral
territories, the .said instructions are
hereby revoked. Iu case, therefore, of
any future marauding expeditions into
our territories from Canada, military
commanders on the frontier will report
to these headquarters for orders, before
crossing the boundary line in pursuit -of
the guilty parties.
By command of Maj. Gen. Dix.
VILLE—0 P. M., DEC. LONI. To the
'Preaident of the United Stuten, Hon. E.
M. Stanton and 1A. Gen. Grant: This ar
my thanks you for your appreciation of
its conduct yesterday, aud to assure you
that it is not misplaced, I have tlie hon
or to report that the enemy has been
pressed at all points to-day on his line
of retreat to the Brentwood Hills,
Brig. Gen. Hatch, of Wilson's corps,
Canby's division, on the right, turned
the rebels' left and captuled a large
number of prisoners. The .number is
not yet reported. Maj. Gen. Scholield's
corps, next on the left of the cavalry,
carried several hills, captured .many
prisoners, and six pieces of artillery.
Brevet Maj. Gen. Smith, next on tlie
left of Maj. Gen. Schofield, carried the
salient point of the rebels line with Mc
Millan's brigade of McArthur'* divis
ion, capturing sixteen pieces of artillery
aud two Brigadier Generals and 2,000
prisoners. Brigadier General Garrard's
division of Smith's command, next in
the left of McArthur's division, carried
the enemy's entrenchments, capturing
all the artillery and troops of the enemy
on the line. Brig. (Jen. Woods' troops
on Franklin pike took up the assault,
captured the enemy's entrenchments,
and in his retreat also captured eight
pieces of artillery, something over 000
prisoners, and drove the enemy within
one mile of Brentwood Hills Pass. Maj.
Gen. Steadman, commanding a detach
ment of the army of the Miss
issippi, most nobly supported General
Woods' left, and bore a most honorable
part in the operations of the day. I
nave ordered the pursuit tobecoutinued
in the morning, at daylight. Although
the troops are very much fatigued, tlie
utmost enthusiasm prevails. I must
not forget to report the operations of
Brig. Gen. Johnson, in successfully
driving the enemy, with the co-opera
tion of the gunboats, under Lieu
Smith, commanding, from the estab
lished batteries of the Cumberland
river, below the city of Nashville, and
of the success of Brig. Gen. Saxton's
brigade, in covering and returning our
right and center in the operations of
yesterday and to-day. Although I have
no report of the number of prisoners
captured by Johnson and Saxton's com
mand, I know they have made a large
number. I am also glad to be able to
state that the number of prisoners cap
tured yesterday greatly exceeds the
number reported by telegraph, last eve
ning. The woods, fields and entrench
ments are strewn with the enemy's
small arms, abandoned iu their retreat.
MORE, Dec. 17.—The steamers Northern
Iiight and Varma arrived here from
Charleston harbor, at a late hour last
evening, with 800 released prisoners.
Each, after landing the mails and pas
sengers, proceeded immediately to Ann
The news brought by these steamers
is of the most encouraging character.—
At the time of their sailing all the rig
ging of the men of war and other ves
sels composing Admiral Dahlgreu's
fleet were gaily hung with colors in to
ken of the success of some movement of
(Jen. Sherman, the exact nature of
which could not be learned.
Our exchanged men are loud in their
praise of the successes attending the glo
rious campaign of Sherman, and say
that from their conversation with some
citizens of Charleston and the surround
ing country, while on their way to be
exchanged, it was reluctantly admitted
that the damage done by his forces on
their line of march through Georgia,
is incalculable. No doubt whatever is
entertained at Hilton Head that Sher
man will capture Savannah with very
small loss to his arm.
The authorities and citizensof Charles
ton and Savannah are making strenu
ous efforts to defend these cities. Every
rebel capable of holding a musket is in
the ranks, and every moment they e
pect to be brought into contact with the
victorious forces under Sherman.
The lew Federal officers who are pas
sengers in the Northern Light, aud who
have been recently exchanged are con
fident in their assertions that the troops
defending Savannah and Charleston
are of a very undisciplined character,
and that when the outer works
ding these places are once forced,which
they will undoubtedly be, there will be
nothing further to obstruct the victo
rious force from taking possession of
both cities.
MONTREAL, C.17.—Mr. Potterlield,
agent of the Confederate government
and now custodian of the money taken
by the St. Albans aiders, is to he ex
amined, and it is probable that the
money taken by the raiders will be
given up to the proper atuliorities.
TOMAC, Dec. 15.—To-day has beenavery
quiet one along the entire line. Even
the firing on James river seemed to be
suspended. Tne report that Gen. War
ren had ordered the houses on the line
of his late march burned in retaliation
for the shooting of some stragglers by
guerrillas, is untrue. Warren, as well
as his stall and other commanders, did
all in his power to prevent the outrages
particularly where women and children
were living, and although their efforts
did not prevent a terrible scene of de
vastation and conflagration, yet more
than one habitation was saved to its un
fortunate occupants.
[Signed.] W. D. McGREGOR.
[Additional per steamer Hib.-mian.]
NEW YORK, Dec. IS.—Eail Russell
has made the following reply to the dis
patch of the Confederate Commission
ers, and manifesto of the Southern Con
Foreign Office, Nov. 25, 1864.—I had
the honor to receive the copy which you
sent me of the manifesto issued by the
Congreess of the so-called Confederate
States of America. Her Majesty's gov
ernment deeply laments the protracted
nature of the struggle between the
Northern and Southern States of the
formerly United Republic of North
Great Britain has, since 1783, re
mained with the exception of a short
period, connected by friendly relations
wTith both the Northern and South
ern States since the commencement of
the civil war which broke out in 1861.—
Her Majesty's Government has contin
ued to entertain sentimentsof friendship
equally for the North and for the South.
For the causes of the rupture Her Majes
ty's Government has never presumed to
judge. They deploied the commence
ment of this sanguinary struggle, and
anxiously look forward
NEW YORK, Dec. 19.—The Herald's
correspondent at Butler's headquarters,
dated the 17th, says: Last evening
about 6 o'clock the lines of Brevet Maj.
Gen. Fenen, commanding the Bermuda
Hundreds front, were attacked by the
rebels. Tlie firing, which was both
heavy and incessant for an hour, was
mostly confined to the pickets, though
there was sufficient artillery used on our
side to repel it.
Five rebel gunboats and two rams
(the Virginia and Richmond) were dis
tinctly observed lying under the guns
of Fort Darling yesterday towards even
ing. They are doubtless there for a pur
The Richmond Enquirer of the 15th
has a semi-official editorial in favor of
arming slaves, and says Gen. Lee is in
favor of the proportion. Thn Enquirer
says When we supplicate Europe as a
nation for help, we must be prepared to
receive it on their conditions, which
will be the abolition of slavery. It also
asks: Shall we protract the war, sacri
fice our children ami destroy our coun
try for the sake o. the negroes It con
cludes: We hate, detest, despise the
enemy far more than we love slavery.
A telegram to the Richmond Whig
from Lynchburg, 14th, says A body of
Yankees returning towards Bean's Sta
tion encountered our forces at East
Zollicoffer Station, on East Tennessee
road, 9 miles west of Bristol, where a
tight was said to be progressing at last
The Richmond Sentinel of the 16th
says: Foster is quiet under his failure
on the Savannah Railroad, and Sherman
has seemingly despaired of opening
communication with the sea at Beaufort.
The capture of Fort McAllister is an
nounced. The liability of its capture
has been well understood. Sherman
will now be able to get supplies by way
of Ossabaw Sound. Should he capture
Savannah, it will have exchanged a
city in the interior for a city on the
coast which has been completely closed
to commerce since the loss of Ft. Pulas
ki, in 1862.
DP Jig'" LS'i
YOI. XVI—NO. 23.
NASHVILLE, Dec. 17.—Our forces ad
vancing southward this morning aboiu
8 o'clock captured a body of rebel pris
oners estimated at 2,000, among them
one general and a number of line offic
ers. The capture was inside near Brent
wood, 10 miles south of this place, or:
Franklin pike and Harpeth river.
An order for 1,000 men to guard pris
oners has just been received by Genera:
John A. Miller, commander of this post.
They are expected to reach here durinc
the day.
The losses in three brigades of the Is
Division of A. J. Smith's "army, are a.
follows: 35th Iowa, 22 killed and V
wounded. Among the killed is.,S.
Hill, commanding a brigade 12thTowi.,
1 killed, 17 wounded 33d Missouri,
commissioned officers and 39 private'
wounded and 3 privates killed: 7t!.
Minnesota, 7 killed and 51 wounded.
Col. Spaulding, commanding a brig
ade of Tennessee cavalry distinguishes
himself yesterday. He was in the hes?
of the battle and proved himself a gal
lant officer.
The conduct of the 10th and 12th Ten
nessee regiments contributed largely tc
our success yesterday.
The total number of Confederate offi
cera captured yesterday was as follows
Three colonels, one lieutenant colonel
seVen majors, forty-six captains, om
hundred and fifty-seven lieutenants and
two surgeons. Among the prisonefr
captured yesterday were three other
brigadier-generals not before reported
viz': Brig. Gens. Johnson, Smith am.
Buekner. All the Confederate prison
ers are quartered in the stone quarry
from which the material for buildin
the capitol was excavated, a few hut
dred yards from Cupoli, which is ealle
Andersonville. As the penitentiary an«?
all the other public buildings are full th
quarry is made into quarters lor tht
prisoners. One-half of the prisoner
are barefoot.
Ill the fight of Spring Hill Maj. Bow
ding, of the 12th Tennessee, was mortal
ly wounded.
"Andrew Johnson wfts present on tfc
field in"the vicinity of the late blood
charge, which he watched with intenf
Additional particulars of yesterday'
engagement are highly creditable toou:
cavalry, who contributed to the defea'
of the rebels by their efforts in co-opera
Gen. R. M. Johnson, instead of heinf
killed as reported, has turned the rebe.1
flank and crossed Harpell River, elevei
miles from the city.
Large numbers of rebel prisoner
reached the city last night and tliir
morning, who will be forwarded norti
at once.
Among the killed in yesterday's ligh'
were Major Stony, 10th Tennessee Cav
alry Lieut. Vanfieet, 29th Michigan^
Lieut. John Secrest, l-3d Indiana:
Lieut. Thomas, 18th Michigan Cavalry
Capt. Seliell, 81st Indiana Capt. A. ».
Nus, 17th United States Colored troop®.
In the first chaige made by colored
troops on the rebel works, the 13th regi
rnent lost 256 men, and the 12th 119.
Lieut. G. Taylor, 13th United States
Colored regiment, is among the killed.
Officers of colored troops wounded:
Col. Hollenton Babbill, of the 13tli, and
Capts. Wright and Stwaght, and Lieut.
Grossvenor, of the 100th colored.
About 100 deserters came into our
lines yesterday.
The army is to-day undoubtedly at
tacking the rear of the rebels, aS heavy
firing was heard in tliedirection of their
retreat early this morning.
The totuf number of prisoners captur
ed in two days' fight is estimated at
Hood's loss in men cannot be les.«
than 15,000 since he advanced from
Columbia towards Nashville.
Gen. Thomas is determined to again
give battle, and has ordered a portion of
the trains forward to cross streams be
tween this city and Columbia.
Reliable information confirms thf
conscription of several well known citi
zens residing near Nashville.
Among the incidents of yesterday'?
fight, while a heavy artillery fire was
going on, about noon, the 6th Ohio bat
tery, located immediately to the left of
Franklin pike, in two successive shot?
from their guns blew up two caissons o'
the rebels' battery, the whole of which
was afterwards taken by our forces in
their last assault.
The weather is warm to-day, with
showers. The river is 8 feet on the
shoals and rising.
NASHVILLE, Dec. 19.—A courier who
left Franklin yesterday, reports the reb
el forces in full retreat.
Hatch's cavalry attacked the rear
guard of the rebels on Saturday, captur
ing a surgeon and a number of other
The 4th corps crossed Harpeth river
at Franklin Sunday morning.
Franklin is reported to be full of rebel
wounded, over three thousand being
left there on their retreat. Every churcb
and public building there has been ta
ken for hospitals. Nearly all the
churches of this city have been appro
priated for the use of our wounded.
It is rumored here that Rosseau's com
mand attacked and routed part of For
rest's force near Murfreesboro, on the
loth instant.
There was a heavy rain yesterday and
last night. The river is rising rapidly,
with twelve feet on the shoals.
WASHINGTON, Dec,49—The following,
order has just been issued from the W#
Adjutant General's Office, Dec. 19,1864.
—General Order No. 3i.fl.—Every officer
and soldier capable of duty is wanted
in the field, and if not on duty they are
ordered to their respective commands.
All Provost Marshals, and Boards of
Enrollment are instructed to employ
dilligeiit exertion in forwarding soldiers
to the front, and in arresting deserters,
shirkers, and all who are absent with
outproperautliority. Surgeons in charge
of hospitals are directed to send for
ward all who are fit for service, taking
care, however, not to expose any who
are unfit. Recruiting officers are en
joined to dilligence, and those who
are found guilty of negligence or are
useless, the Adjutant General is direct
ed to recall immediately, and send to
their commands. Every effort must
be put forth to fill up the ranks,
strengthen our armies and aid the pat
riotic and gallant troops now smiting
the receeding enemy with victorious
By order of the Secretary of War.
[Signed.] E. D.TOWNSEND,A.A.G.
Union presidential electors of Missouri,
at their meeting to cast the electoral
vote of the State, adopted a resolution
unanimously in opposition to the prop*
osition of B. Gratz Brown to extend the
right of suffrage to the negroes in the
IQT A little boy who put counterfeit
money in the contribution box, replied
to his Sunday school teacher that he
"didn't s'pose the little heathens would
know the difference, and thought it
would be just as good for them."
Thoughtful boy.
i- i
iST'The Hartford Times*ays Erasmus
writes to the staid, solid old National
TnteUigeneer that "Shakspeare burst the
cloud of time, and careered to his place
in the heavens." And that we supposw
was the last act of Shakspeare. jjt,-
A woman, named Mrs. Cassidy, whose
dwelling was burned recently at L»
Salle, 111., perished in the flames.

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