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The Weekly Oskaloosa herald. [volume] (Oskaloosa, Iowa) 1855-1885, September 10, 1874, Image 4

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misceli^aneous.
WI N E
FOR SALE.
A good article of A sherry wtae, tw° y«aK
Q|(j t •). E. KLEIM. 44ti
Turning.
Adam Fcehlinger
Has re-opened his shop in the Bundy * I ?*/ ke
planing mill where all kinds of work in * *
line can be had on short notiw-^^j
LU.M HElf r-vKI»S.
W. H. WRAY,
Dealer in all kinds of
piNE |_UMBER!
Doors, Sash, Ceiling and Flooring, Fenc
ing, Dressed Siding, Sheathing,
Paling, Joists, Barn boards,
Scantling, Frame timbers,
Lath, Etc., Eic.
If you wish any thing- in my line, give me a
call and exuminc stock and prices; you will tlnd
Prices as Low as the Lowest.
Office on west High Street, out: door east of St.
James Hotel.
la)
WO
to
ISAAC KALBACH. J. A. KALISACU.
I. KALBACH & SON,
LUMBER DEALERS,
Oskaloosa and New Sharon.
I
* .
Have on hand and continually receiving a large stock of the best grades of
Minneapolis Pine Lumber.
PRICES AS LOW AS THE LOWEST.
CHARLES LEIGHTON,
t dealer in
MINNEAPOLIS LUMBER!
Shingles and Lath; Chicago Doors and Sash.
Will sell as low as the lowest.
Office and yard at LeSuer’a old stand, corner Liberty and Perry streets, Oskaloosa, la.
BOOTS AND SHOES-
ELIAS LYMAN, H. H. TRASK,
Kewanee, Henry Co., 111. Oskaloosa, lowa.
Ly man & Trask,
Dealers in
Boots and Shoes
Clothing, Hats, Caps,
and —
Gents' Furnishing Goods.
West side square.
Having added a large and entirely new stock of
READY MADE CLOTHING.
HATS, CAPS, ETC.,
To our large stock of boots and shoes, we would
cordially Invite all to call and examine
our stock and price*. As we are
selling for
Cash or its equivalent
We feel confident we can give you prices that
will please you. Call and see? us be
fore purchasing. Respectfully,
LYMAN k TRASK.
E. M. Beatty,
(Successor to Cyrus Beede)
Is offering to the public a first-class stock of
Boots and Shoes,
Latest Styles,
Ladies’ Gaiters, and Misses
and Children’s Wear.
LABORERS’ GAITERS -b ° ul(3t hi n g uew
Rubber Goods.
LEATHER lit Film
Custom < made to
made MHM\MMm 19 order.
For the next ninety days all good, will be sold
Very low for Cash,
to make room for the fall stock. Consult your
own Interests by giving me a trial.
STORE ON NORTH SIDE SQUARE.
STOVES.
Don’t Buy
•on have carefully examined ourjnew
MASS
and LOW RESERVOIR
iiiSiiite
As we have 12 good reasons why they will do
your work
Quick and Easy,
Cheap and Clean.
They are cheapest to buy.
They are best to use.
They bake, evenly and quickly,
e ! heir operation is perfect.
They have always a good draft.
T.iey are nuule of the best material.
They roast perfectly,
Toey require but little fuel,
_____ They are very low priced.
They are easily managed,
j—,—| They are suited to all localities,
W£S Every Stove guaranteed to give satisfaction
Excelsior ManoiactDF’g; Co,
ST. LOUIS, MO. 1
and by
N. J. Smith & Co.,
OSKALOOSA. IOWA. 41BCJ
MEDICAL.
ill
•Vo Frr.on can lake ihrar Hitler.accord
ing to directions, and remain long unwell, pro
vided tlieir bones are not destroyed by mineral
poison or other lneaus, and vital organs wasted
beyond point of repair.
Hy.pcp.in or Indigestion, Headache, Pain
in the Shoulders, Coughs, Tightness of the Chest,
Diz/.iucss, Sour Eructations of the Stomach, Bad
Taste in the Mouth, Bilious Attacks. Palpitation
of the Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs, Pain in
the region of the Kidneys, and a hundred other
painful symptoms, are the offsprings of Dyspep
sia. One bottle will prove a better guarantee of
its merits than a lengthy advertisement.
for Frmnlr Complaints, in young or old,
married or single, at the dawn of womanhood, or
the turn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so de
cided an influence that improvement Is soon per
ceptible.
For luflniiiimilory nn<l Chronic Rhen
ium!.and Gout, Bilious, Remittent and Inter
mittent Fevers. Diseases of the Blood, Liver, Kid
neys and Bladder, these Bitters have no equal.
Such Diseases are caused by Vitiated Blood.
They arc n gentle I’lirgntivr n. writ n.
n Tonic, possessing the merit of acting as a
powerful agent in relieving Congestion or In
flammation of the Liver and Visceral Organs, and
in Bilious Diseases.
For Nkin Ui.en.CM, eruptions. Tetter, Salt-
Pdieum, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Bolls,
Carbuncles, King-worms, Scald-Head, Sore Eyes,
Erysipelas. Itch, Scurfs. Discolorations of the Skin,
Humor and Diseases of the Skin of whatever name
or nature, are literally dug up and carried out ol
the system in a short time by the use of these
Bitters.
C-rntcful Thousand, proclaim VINEGAR
Bitters the most wonderful luvigoraut that ever
sustained the sinking system.
K. 11. .Tie DOIN'A I, D A CO.
Druggists and Gen. Agts., San Francisco, Cal., A
cor. ol Washington and Cliarltou Sts., N. Y.
SOU) ItY ALL DRUGGISTS & DEALERS.
MARBLE WORKS.
Ostaloost Marl Works
F. W. McCALL.
Shop in new brick on west High street, nearly
opposite Mattisons' grocery.
E. D. GLAZE,
OSKALOOSA, IOWA.
We would say to those wishing Monuments
Head or Tombstones.or anything in the marble
line to give us a call before purchasing, and
save money. Shop opposite Post Office.
WAGONS, BUGGIES.
JOSEPH .ONES.
Shop on north side of Main street, one block
west of Post Olßce.
0
n
p. r, him,
Manufacturer of
Wagons and Buggies.
South side of Main street, one block west of
Herald Block.
All kinds of Blacksmithing, and
repairing, in both Wood
and Iron.
Buggy painting done in the best style by Char.
Hbrbig, an accomplished
Business entrusted to me will receive careful
n% attention.
MILLINERY.
Mrs. J. M. ORVIS,
Dealer in
\
MILLINERY ,
—and
Ladies* Furnishing Goods.
Stock always full of Seasonable Goods.
49 Northeast corner square, Oskaloosa.
CARPETS.
W. A. JORDAN & SONS,
Dealers in
CARPETS,
Oil Cloths,
MATTINCS,
Rugs,
AND
House Furnishing Goods,
32 and 34 Union Block,
OTTUMWA, --- - IOWA.
rWV2mIi
STATIONERY.
Snider & Holmes,
Dealers in every description of
PAPER,
Printing Ink,
Card Stock,
and Envelopes.
103 North Second St , St. Louis.
Manufacturers of the
Franklin uml Fair Grove celebrated
Book and News Paper.
CIGARS.
Fred. Beckman,
Cigar Manufacturer.
I desire to say to lovers of
Good Cigars,
That I keep constantly on hand, of my own
MANUFACTURE
a full supply of
All the Grades in the market,
and at as fair prices as can be afforded in the city.
I buy my tobacco in Eastern markets and
am ready at all times to vouch for
its quality.
Dealers supplied at wholesale rates
1 have au immense stock of
Cigar Holders and Pipes
of every description; also
Tobacco Pouches, Boxes, etc.,
Call and examine my stock, cast side public
square, 2d door south of Madison house, Oska
lousa, lowa. 20
MUSIC.
Miss Ada O. Turner,
Tkachkk of Piano and Okuan.
Will givr? instructions in harmony if desired.
Inquire at the pluee of retiideiicc, corner of lib
erty and Monroe Street*, Ist door north of
Friends’ church, or ut the office of C. P. Searle,
Clork of the Courts.
W. M. WeDs,
WEST SIDE SQUARE,
Dealer in
MUSIC.
Melodeons,
Pianos,
and Organs,
May again be found at my
Drug, Book,
and
Music Store.
1 *" prepared to supply the musical wants <»f
t his community on terms equal to Chicago,
Boston, or New York, and
Saving,to you Freight.
TERMS EASY.
Call and examine my stock.
ALL INSTRUMENTS WARRANTED.
THE OSKALOOSA HERALD.
Leighton & Needham, Editors.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10,1874.
AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.
LThis department of the Oakaloosa Hibald, is
edited hy W. A. HUNTEIt, a practical farmer of
Mahaska county, who will make it what its
name implies—strictly agricultural. Communi
cations for this department should be addressed
to him.]
THE FARMER’S PROVINCE.
As the proprietors of the Herald have
donned a new and beautiful dress with
this issue of their excellent paper, we
feel, as a “sub"’ on the editorial staff,
that we should say a word in commenda
tion, as well as to have a free aod friendly
chat with the readers of the Agricultural
Department of the paper.
Men of thought and exi>erience tell us
that no man can successfully attend to
two things at the same time; in other
words, if we get too many irons in the fire
some of them will be very sure to burn.
There is no calling oribranch of busi
ness worth attending to at all that is not
deserving of our whole attention; and
where we find men who have made a suc
cess of any business they have done it by
observing this rule. When men begin to
fritter away their usefulness by dividing
their attention, they have in ninety-nine
cases in every hundred, destroyed what
might, by concentration, have been a use
ful life. For example: let a man under
take to conduct a farm and a mercantile
trade, and he will most assuredly fail in
one or both ; for the excellent reason,
that there is enough in either to occupy
any one man’s time and attention. It is
just so with any two callings or occupations,
either one or both of which are worthy
the time and attention of intelligent men.
There is quite a disposition in the
minds of many farmers, or perhaps we
had better put it in another form, of ma
ny men living upon farms—all will see
clearly the distinction here made—to
engage in politics. In a sense this is per
fectly right, in so far as it goes to inform
themselves upon the political question of
the day, and to act intelligently and cor
rectly when they come to the ballot-box.
It is always proper, we may say an imper
ative duty, for men to do their own
thinking, and not to be as clay in the
hands of the politician ; but there is a
vast difference between thinking and
voting intelligently and being a profes
sional politician. The former may be
done at leisure moments, while the latter
requires all the moments of a man’s fife
to make it a success. The farmer who
presumes he can be a successful politician,
in the profitable acception of that term,
and yet conduct the business of a farm
successfully and profitably, is mistaken ;
and after years of trial he will discover
the truth of this remark. Look if you
please at the successful politician—suc
cessful in procuring office we mean, for
this is the mainspring to his entire action,
and you will find him the busiest man in
the whole county. lie elbows voters,
kisses children, flatters mothers, through
out the entire day, and sjiends sleepless
hours at night devising schemes by which
to accomplish his purposes, and when
wearied nature gives way and he falls in.
to a troubled sleep, it is to dream of how
best to secure an office, provide for the
wants of an ardent friend, in short to ac
complish some political and often selfish
purpose. This of course, occupies his
entire time, and without it he of course
will certainly be unsuccessful. How is it
with the farmer? Has he the time from
his arduous duties to go this round?
Where is the farmer who manages eighty
acres of land successfully, who finds time
to play the politician ? lie does not live !
W e say it without fear of successful con
tradiction. One thing at a time is all he
can do and do well.
There is a great tendency on the part
of farmers in these latter days to engage
in politics more than is their wont, and
when we say this we make no reference to
any political party. It is right and prop
er that farmers should attend all primar
ry elections and secure the nomination of
honest and capable men for office, if such
a thing is possible in these degenerate
days ; but when they go beyond this, and
attempt to play the politician, as be
fore intimated, they are working their
own pecuniary ruin. Such will soon feel
a responsibility resting upon them to at
tend all caucuses, primaries, conventions,
political meetings, &c., and the first thing
they know they will consider themselves,
(if others do not so consider them), in
dispensible in the matter of conducting
the affairs of their party, and step by
step will come to the irresistable conclu
sion, that their services are so very im
portant to the party, they must be hon
ored with place. This is no fancy picture,
but a reality of which the world has pro
duced a thousand instances ; and when it
comes to this away goes success as either
farmer or politician, or both.
We have written the foregoing for the
good of farmer readers, believing it to be
for their good to give heed to what we
have said.
TOMATO CATSUP.
The following, clipped from the Prairie
Farmer, is valuable, omitting, as we
should think, the onions: ‘‘“To a peck
of rij>e tomatoes, add one teacup of salt,
three table-spoonsful of black pepper, two
do. of cloves, two do. alspice, one large
red pepper fresh I‘roui the garden, four
large onions chopped fine, one teacup of
brown sugar, one quart good vinegar.
Pour boiling water on the tomatoes to re
move the skins; then cut in pieces or
mash in your fingers ; add the above in
gredients, and boil two hours in a large
porcelain kettle. Add a tea-cup of celery
seed, if liked, and then mash it through
a common colander. Put on the fire
again and let it come to a boil; then bot
tle while hot, and seal the bottles,
although it will keep a long while only
corked, without being sealed. Dry all
that will not pass through the colander
for soup in the winter ; but mash through
all that will go, as it makes the catsup
richer and thicker. The above catsup I
know will keep a year, and I have no
doubt would keep two or three years, as
mine is just as good now as it was when I
put it up last summer, and many of the
bottles were merely corked. I boiled it
longer than two hours, making it very
dark, and when put through the colander
so thick and ulmost jelly-like that it has
to be shaken out of the bottles.”
Encouraging. —From present indica
tions this will be a most prosjMjrous year
for agriculturists, stock breeders, etc.; as
crops have been abundant, and the pros
pects are that prices will be good.
Fine Yield op Wheat —Mr. Wm.
Vermylia who resides upon the old Judah
Bowerman farm, east of Oskaloosa, raised
four acres of fall wheat that yielded a
little over thirty bushels to the acre.
This is pretty hard to beat in this or any
county. We read of parties raising fifty
to sixty bushels to the acre ; but would
be better satisfied to see it than to hear
tell of it.
P. S.—Since writing the above, we
learn that “Cap Smith, two miles east of
town raised something over thirty-eight
bushels of wheat to the acre—still better
than our former report.
Price of Corn. —From present in
dications, owing, in a great measure, to
drouth and grasshopi>ers in north-western
lowa and Kansas, and short crops in Illi
nois, Indiana, and other States, corn will
command a high price before spring—
some think it will reach $1 per bushel.
Hogs will undoubtedly be scarce and high.
We understand some are offering to con
tract at $G per hundred, to be delivered
during the fall and winter.
Stock Breeders. —Dont forget the
meeting of the Stock Breeders Association,
at the Court Room, Oskaloosa, on Thurs
day the 10 of Sept., A. D. 1874, com
mencing at 2 o’clock, p. m., sharp, and
remembering dont fail to attend. It is
an important movement and should meet
the approval and co-operation of every
man in the county who feels an interest
in the improvement of every kind of stock,
from chickens to horses.
Circular. —Mr. L. F. Allen, compiler
of the American Short Horn Herd Book,
has favored us with his circular for VoL
XIV, of his Herd book. The circular
contains much valuable matter, and he
calls the attention of breeders to it as
follows:
“The great public sales of the season
being nearly passed, the time has arrived
for receiving pedigrees for the next Vol
ume (14) of this important work. Those
who propose contributing their pedigrees
for record in its pages will please forward all
such as areready immediately, that ample
time be had for compiling them; and ped
igrees of animals subsequently acquired
should be sent in previous to the first of
December next, that the book may be
published early in the of 1875. It
is important to forward pedigress immedi
ately, as the time thus afforded is abso
lutely necessary to secure the correctness
essential to a work of this character. If
breeders delay sending their pedigrees till
the eleventh hour, they cannot expect the
Herd Book to be issued in the spring.
It is intended to close the entries of
bulls by the first of December, after which
their pedigrees may have to go into the
supplement, which as much as possible
should be avoided. Cow pedigrees may
be received as late as January 1, 1875,
soon after which date the book must go to
press.
The following resolution adopted by a
convention of Short-lioru breeders at Indi
anapolis, in November, 1872, relating to
pedigrees will be followed as in past vol
umes, viz:
“That the ancestry of the animals should
be traced on both sides to imported ani
mals, or those heretofore recorded in the
American Herd Book, with pedigrees not
false or spurious, before they can be ad
mitted to registry.”
The resolution adopted by a conven
tion of Short-horn breeders is of great
value ; as it clearly and unmistakably de
clares what constitutes a good pedigree,
we are sorry that this rule has ever been
departed from by Mr. Allen.
A Tribune correspondent says : There
seems to be a general belief that there is
no cure for hydrophobia. This is anoth
er manifestation of ignorance, which arises
from a lack of knowledge of the disease.
In order to allay any fears in this respect
I will mention two or three of the best
authenticated remedies. In Detroit a
case was brought to the hospital for treat
ment, and after consultation, an injection
under the skin of large doses of morphine
was decided upon. A speedy or perma
nent cure followed. The administration
of chloral hydrate in twenty grain doses, is
indorsed by several practitioners of exten
ded reputation. Mr. Pancoast recom
mends the use of acid nitrate of mercury,
as prophylactic treatment for a bite of a
rabid animal; and Dr. Buisson, a distin
guished French physician, says he never
knew a case to fail of recovery where the
patient was repeatedly placed in steam
baths varying in heat from fifty-seven de
grees centigrade.
Avoiding technicalities, and endeavor
ing to free you from the annoyances of
details, I have sought to show that hy
drophobia, if it exists at all as a distinct
disease in man, is of such rare occurrance
as to be exceedingly problematical, that
what is called hydrophobia is often stimu
lated or induced by fear ; that when a
dog is prostrated by sickness he is not
necessarily dangerous; that the whole
theory of hydrophobia is founded upon a
series of assumptions unsupported by
facts; that the disease is curable, and
that fears concerning it should no longer
be entertained.
The Horse for the Farm.
In an article in the New York Times,
Alexander llyde says: The horse is a
noble animal, and is an indispensable ad
junct of the farm, but a trotting horse,
one of the 2:40 kind, in no sense belongs
to the farm. No farmer can afford either
to tend or use trotting horses, and when
it is pretended that the race course favors
the breeding of superior animals it is all
fudge. What the farmer wants, and what
the fairs should give premiums for, is a
good family carriage or farm horse, worth
S2OO or S3OO ; one that can draw a plow
all day, eat and sleep well at night; that
can move on the road at the rate of five
or six miles an hour for four or five con
secutive hours without excessive fatigue.
Speed is not the great criterion of a good
horse, as the large premiums offered would
seem to indicate. Neither the owner or
the sjx?ctator gains anything by this forced
2:40 speed. It is but a mere momentary
spurt and for its production an amount of
training is required which no farmer can
afford.
Effects of Sugar Upon Genera
tion. —Prof. Henry Tanner, Queen’s col
lege, Birmingham, says : “I have every
reason to believe that the action of sugar
is most important in its influences upon
the system, and I think there is just
cause for considering that any animal
may, by its use, be rendered incompetent
for propagating its species. A breeder
of some eminence, with a view to an im
provement in the condition of his herd,
added molasses to the dry food which he
gave to his stock. It certainly produced
the result he anticipated, for their general
condition and appearance were most satis
factory ; but this was accompanied by an
influence he never expected, for his stock,
which had always realized high prices as
breeding stock, now, with a few exceptions
proved valueless for that object, male and
female being alike sterile.”
To Clear a Room of Mosquitos.—
Take of gum camphor a piece about one
third the size of an egg, and evaporate it
by placing it in a tin vessel and holding
it over a lamp or candle—taking care that
it does not ignite. The smoke will soon fill
the room and expel the mosquitos. One
night not long since, I was terribly annoyed
by them, when I thought of and tried the
above, after which I neither saw nor
heard them that night, and next morning
there was not one to be found in the room.
A Mule Witu A Colt. —A. Pepper,
Franklin Co., Ind., writes that a mare
mule owned by a neighbor has recently
had a horse colt, which it suckles and
cares for the same as any other mare
would. (Such au occurrence |is rare but
hapi>ens occasionally.)
HYDROPHOBIA.
From Prairie Farmer.
PORK PROSPECTS.
An exchange in an article upon the
above topic, Jsays that pork raisers have
every reason to be gratified with the con
dition of the pork trade. With all the
rise in pork, and the scarcity of money
since last October, the price remains stiff,
and the supply on hand is light com
pared with that of a year ago. The
prospect is that prices will go even high
er, and that pork producers will be re
munerated. Even if there should be, as
appears probable now, a large crop of crop
of corn, the stock of pork, and jierhaps
of hogs, will be so reduced before the new
crop of corn comes, the market will re
quire all that can be produced at good
prices. The demand for our ]>ork in Eu
rope, is continually increasing, and will
materially assist in reducing our surplus.
This rise in pork and the outlook for it
ahead, only serves to illustrate the folly of
changing from one branch of farming to
another so often, as a large class of our
farmers are wont to do. When dairy pro
ducts decline they will go into sheep, and
when wool declines they will go back to
cows. But all experience has shown that
the steady pursuit of any branch of agri
culture adapted to the farmer’s circum
stances, is the true way to succeed. In
order to determine the profit of any
branch of farming, the average of ten
years must be taken as the criterion. The
average price of pork for ten years .is al
ways remunerative, and the man who pur
sues it steadily will have no cause to com
plain. Hogs will pay, sheep and cows
will pay all those who steadily pursue the
one or the other. It is change that entails
the loss. We quote below from G. C.
Corard & Co’s circular:
“We would call attention to one impor
tant feature of difference between this and
last year’s management. Last year the
liork was bought and held out of the mar
ket, consumers not being able to get and
use any during April and May, or a loss of
two month's consumption, by reason of
the exorbitant demands of “the ring.” As
against this, caslr pork has been sold at a
reasonable price to every one wishing to
ship it, even in times of the greatest ‘bull’
excitement. The consequence is, our rap
id reduction of stocks and the prospect of
its continuonce, and if we send pork out
in the same ratio for the next three months
as the past three months, we will have no
pork here. There is virtually no pork ex
cept in New York or Chicago. Last year
at this date, New Orleans had 22,000 bbls.
against 0000 this year. This is probable
the largest pork-consuming center, and it
is estimated by one of the most influential
and largest houses there, Messrs. Cobb,
Dolhonue A Co., that New Orleans and
the Mississippi Valley will require 75,000
bbls. of pork, at least up to November 1,
for their supplies. Besides this, pork is
being used in districts which have hereto
fore bought none. The summer hogs com
ing, although up to last year in quantity,
are for the most part mere slioats, weigh
ing from 100 to 170 lbs., and only fit for
Eastern butchers’ markets. Corn steadily
holds its own, notwithstanding the most
discouraging foreign reports. The short
ness of crops becoming more and more ev
ident, and with the most favorable weath
er, our receipts have been for the past
week but a fraction of former seasons at
this time. St. Louis is now buying pork
hero, both cash and future, for the legiti
mate wants of her trade. The crevasse in
the Mississippi made, and is making, large
drafts on the already small stock of New
Orleans, and we think we have reason to
congratulate ourselves on the certain
though gradual realization of our prophe
cy on pork.
Dark Brahmas.
[F. W. Metcalfe, in London Field.]
Much has been said lately about this
useful popular breed of fowl. My opinion
is that there is not a more thoroughly use
ful fowl in existance. As a proof of what
I state allow me to make a few remarks.
A friend of mine who is well known as a
Brahma breeder has this year reared sixty
one chickens. The first brood consisted
of eleven from eleven eggs, turning out to
be six cockerels and five pullets; this lot
of chickens were sixteen weeks old on
May 31st, and on that day a pair (cockerel
and pullet) weighed exactly eleven pounds.
Three of the five pullets commenced lay
ing at fifteen weeks old, and laid nine
eggs during the last week. These two
facts are quite sufficient to prove the qual
ities of the Brahma, not only as a rapidly
growing bird, but also as a good layer.
Some of your readers perhaps may say.
“Ah ! but this is only a solitary instance.”
I n answer to that I state the following :
The same breeder’s birds in 1871, com
menced laying at seventeen weeks old.
In 1872 the pullets commenced laying at
sixteen weeks, and this year a week in
advance. The gentleman I allude is Mr.
W. Mansfield, of Cambridge, and I have
no doubt that-the forward condition of
bis birds is simply due to the high feed
ing and good attention which they receive
at his hands.
A few more remarks, and l have done.
No man can breed good fowls without
care and trouble, but to be really success
ful he must have a knowledge of the
habits, aud wants of the variety he culti
vates, which takes a long time to acquire.
I have bred different varieties, but have
found the Brahma equal, if not superior to
all.
Corn and Hogs. —The following in
dicates that lowa is ahead in both corn
and hogs, and the inevitable conclusion
must be, that both will be high. If corn
should reach seventy-five cents or one
dollar a bushel, and hogs get up to 8 to
10 cents per pound, it will be a question
with the farmer, whether to sell his hogs
as stock hogs, and sell his corn, or to put
the corn into the hogs. The outlook
plainly is, that both corn and hogs will
command unusually high prices.
“The St. Louis Democrat publishes
about nine columns of information regard
ing the corn and hog crops in several of
the Western States, which shows that lowa
has an excellent corn crop, but has only
seventy-five per cent, as many hogs as last
year, which arc greatly reduced in weight.
The Illinois corn crop will be about one
third less aud much lighter. Missouri will
have a pooi corn crop, aud a large falling
off in hogs. In Kansas and Nebraska there
will be a great reduction both in corn and
hogs.”
POTATO DIGGER.
From Prairie Farmer.
The Agricultural Gazett gives the fol
lowing description of a potato digger that
has been brought out in England. In
construction it is just a common plow
with the breast and wheels removed, and
potato-raising fittings substituted in their
place. Thus instead of the land and fur
row wheels, a ridge or drill roller is put in.
The object of this roller is to roll down
the ridge, clearing it of potato haulm, &c.
On one side a peculiar skim coulter fol
lows, paring down . the earth close to the
potatoes. Instead of the common turn
over, a potato one is put on which turns
up tee ridge or row, throwing the pota
toes all to one side. Then follows the
self-acting rotary harrow, which by its
peculior action leaves the tubers on the
surface behind, ready for being picked up
by the gatherers into baskets, the carman
emptying the basket, when full, into his
cart.
Worth A Hundred Dollars. —The
following directions, carefully observed,
will prevent those cuticular and osseous
abominations known as felons: As soon
as the disease is felt, put directly over
the spot a fly blister, about the size of
your thumb nail, and let it remain for six
hours, at the expiration of which time,
directly under the surface ol the blister
may be seen the felon, which can instantly
be taken out with the point of a needle or
lancet
Chicken Cholera. —A gentleman
says that alter losing 100 chickens by
cholera, he found that a tablespoonful of
soda mixed with a quart of milk and giv
en with the food was a wire.
HARDWARE.
N. J. Smith. W. H. Barrickman. N. B. McCurdy.
n. j. smith * co.,
DEALERS I\
HARDWARE!
IsTOV EliT
TINWARE,
AND
BUILDING MATERIAL
Pressed and Japanned Ware, Cutlery, Carpenter’s
TOOI9, Horse Shoes, Nails of all kinds.
| Grlascs and Puttv. ]
We are constantly receiving new goods and will ever have as
COMPLETE A STOCK
a 9 will be found in any hardware store.
TIN ROOFING AND SPOUTING A SPECIALITY.
Orders filled on the shortest notice by experienced workmen. We are the exclusive
for
Jewett & Root’s Stoves.
Widely known throughout the country as the best stoves in the market.—
“Inland Empire,” “Extension,” “Illinois,” “lowa,” etc., etc.
We invite customers to call and see be
fore purchasing elsewhere.
COME EVERYBOD /
to No. 4,Union Block, North Side Square, Oske lowa.
CARY COOPER,
NO. 2, UNION BLOCK, OSKALOOSA, IOWA.
IRON, NAILS, and CLASS,
Wagon-makers’ wood stock.
Buggy and wagon wheels.
HARDWARE!
Corn Sliellers, Cider Mills, Hog Rinprs.
errs
CINV
Oiders for goods not kept in this market promptly attended t
18 50.
THE HERALD
STEAM PRINTING HOUSE!
CORNER OF MAIN AND WASHINGTON STREETS,
LEIGHTON & NEEDHAM,
Editors and Proprietors.
Call any evening during the Fair and see our Steam
BEST JOB OFFICE IN THE COUNTY.
We have made arrangements with Capt. W. A. IIUNIEK, a practical iarmer,
Agricultural Department!
Each week in The Herald. This will add to the interest and worth.
and make it, with other features, one of the most desirable
papers in the laud. Farmers are invited to contribute to this
department, and make it, what it professes to Ik*, truly a
SSIISgUS! SHlgggiSi!! SBSlSgllE!!!
$2.00 Per Year in Advance; SI.OO for Six Months; 50 cts. for Three Monthß
Leighton & Needham.
Wholesale and retail dealer in
A general assortment of
Shelf and Builders’
PRINTING
Oskaloosa, lowa.
Presses work.
to conduct an
Farmers’ Department.
:o:
OFFICE OVER POST OFFICE.
GfQ
OQ
1874.
________ RAILROADS.
VIA KEOKUK.
Fastest Time on Record.
Wabash r Line
By special arrangement, a
LIGHTNING EXPRESS TRAIN
now runs between the Mississippi river, New
York and Boston, via the WABASH & LAKE
SHORE lIOUTE, leaving daily, cxcedt Satnrday,
slopping only at principal stations, and arriving
at
S'.-,7uV* ?* ! In Advance
Detroit 3 “ |
i leveland 7 “ or Ann
tin Halo 7 “ }.
Ai‘b»nv ter 7 » ] Competing
New York . n Buffalo GU T ivvoo
lloston 6K. 'o i m J LllieS.
With corresponding fast time to other points
The only fast line landing passengers in Grand
Central depot. New York City, -.hereby avoiding
ail ferry transfer.
Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars,
to Toledo and Cleveland, connecting with draw
ing room and sliecplng car iines lor Rochester
and
New M Tlont dump
The day trains have recently been equii ped
with new passenger cars, fitted up witn every im
provement for comfort and s- fety. and stand uii
rivalled for style and elegance. Miller’s couplers
ar.d the patent air brake are used on all fast
trains.
Ask for your tickets via the “Wabash route.”
J. S LAZARUS.
w. L. MALCOLM, West’ll Agt, Kansas City.
Gen. Pass. Ag’t. Toledo. 25
TO TIIE
EAST and SOUTH,
TAKE THE
It is the Shortest. Quickest cr ’ "nly line run
ning through Cbaches
From Ottumwa to
INDIANAPOLIS
C I N cTn n a T I
Without change or additional and in advance ol
other routes.
The onlv direct route to
LiOUISVII^I^K
And the South
The Shoitest Lme anil Quickest time via
indiauapolis to
Columbus, Newark, Zanesville, Wheeling. Balti
more' Washington, Pittsburg, Philadel
phia, New York and Boston.
The best route to
Cleveland. IShll'hlo, Niagara Full*. Al
limy and all New England ClticM.
Pullman’s Palace Drawing
Room and Sleeping Cars
Are run Ihrongh on tbits line from Galesburg to
INDIANAPOLIS and GRENNSBUKG,
• on the I. C. & L. It. R.
Get your Ticke s by the
I. B. <fc W. ROUTE.
See t at they read via Peoria and Indianapolis,
and you will avoid the omnibus transfers, ferri
age. chinges and delays incident to other routes.
C. W. SMITH, Ocn’l Manager, Urbana, 111.
JNO. W. BROWN, Gen’l Pass, and Tkt. Agt.
BALTIIOBE4 OHIO E. B.
—THE—
SHORTEST AND QLTt KEBT ROUT
washington’baltimore,
The East and L outh East
Condensed Time Table Through Trains.
VIA PARKERSBURG. St. Louis
MAY at, lt>74. rast Lt-e KspreM>
Daily. Daily,
Leave Cincinnaii 055 a m 080 p nr
Arrive Chi11ic0the......... I 1 31) p m 1 10 a m
*• Portsmouth 555pm10 SO a m
“ Marietta 525 p m 520 a m
“ Parkersburg !530 p m 530 a m
Arrive Grafton 015 pm 040 a ui
Oakland ' 11 24 p m 11 34 a m
** Deer Park 11 43 pm 1147 a m
“ Cumbcil and 150 a n. 200 p m
“ liarpei’ Ferry 502 a m 450 p m
“ Washington 710 a n (1 50 p m
“ Kichmutid ' 130 a m 460 a m
“ Baltimore 840 a in 820 pnr
11 Wiiinitigtiiii 11 17 pm 131 a m
“ 1 htlailflphia 120 p m 233 a m
“ New Yoik 515 p tn 005 a m
“ Boston i 650 u in, 4 5(1 p n
% iuT»l!»?l* *’ Fuht ***•!Express.
Daily. ISun. Es.
Leave Columbus 11 15 a m 11 45 p in
Arrive Newark ! 12 35 p m 12 50 a m
Leave Sandusky 7 45 a mi 7 <k) p m
Monroeville i 825 a m : 7 51) p m
“ Mansfield ...jlO 07 am ! i< 51 pin
Arrive Newark 12 30 p rn 12 45 a tn
“ Zanesville 185 p m 155 anr
“ l'.fl.aire 450pm,5 15 a m
** Wheeling ti 10 p m 545 u m
“ Graltou ;• 05 pin 20 a m
“ Oakl ii.d. 11 24 p milt 34 ;i in
*• Deer lark 11 43 pinll47 ain
** Cumberland 150 a in! 200 p m
“ Harper's Kerry 502 a m 1 450 p in
“ Washington 710 a rn 650 p m
“ Richmond 180pm,4 50 a m
“ Baltimore ... 840 a m 820 p m
“ Wilmington 12 17 pm;l3l aui
“ Philadelphia ;120pm' 235 a m
“ New York :515pnrti 05 ain
“ Boston ]ssoami 450 p m
PULLMAN PALACE
Drawi’srooiPSlfißDiicars
From St. Louis, Cincinnati and Columbus, to
Washington & Baltimore,
WITHOUT CHANGE.
Through Tickets und further inlorruation can
be obtained at all principal Ticket Ofllces
throughout tite West, Southwest and Northwest,
Tuos I*. BaBRT. L. H. Cole,
Western Pass. Agent, Gen’i Ticket Agent,
Cincinnati. Baltimore, Md.
Tuos. R. Sharp,
Master of Trauspoi tation,
Baltimore, Md.
SCHEDULE. V v
AKIttVK. STATIONS. LEAVE.
Going North. Going South.
Mail. Express. Express. Mail.
A - * I P. M.
10 55 ...Northwood 12 01
P. M. 10 35 Kenselt j 12 20
940 930 Maeon City... 240} A ? oo
•J i ??, M- A St - P - Cro * e 255 7 03
JOo 849 Rockwell 823 742
845 829 .... Sheffield 340 8 0"’
832 SIT Chapin 351 8H
* I Hampton. . . 408 835
7 M 738 Geneva 425 852
739 Faulkner 433 905
" 640 f Ackley 451 919
7 Oft 625 Abbott 505 034
645 601 .Steamboat Rock.. 523 955
631 551 Kldora 534 10 OS
600 521 Union 600 10 38
584 500 Lis comb fi 14 jp 53
516 451 Albion 628 jj 10
P. M. A. M. P. M. AM
465 430 Dep. Arr. 645 l* 30
p. m. a. m. ..Marshalltown... p. m. a. m.
430 420 Arr. Hep. 700 li 60
3 50 3 40 Gilman 7 36p12 82m
3 20 3 07 Grinnell .... 8 05 1 07
2 37 2 81 Searsboro 8 34 1 40
207 205 ....New Sharon 901 207
1 25 235 ... .Oskaloosa ... 933 250
1 02 1 12 Given 9 48 3 08
P. M. A. M. P. M. p. M
12 50 100 ~D. V. Transfer. 10 00 380
Kddvville
Via Coal tie Id Via
D. V, K. R- .. .B. it M. Cross... D. V. R. R
Albia I
P. M - A. M. p. x. P. M.
12 01 12 05 Ottumwa I 10 45 400
iisii
TO THE
East, North, and South-east
Stations. Atlantic Kxp. Mail.
Leave Oskaloosa. 10:03 p m 2:00 pm
“ Albia 4:30 “
" Ottumwa 1:15 am 5:35 pm
Arrive Burlington 4:85 a m 9:20 p m
" Galesburg 7:10 a m 11:45 p m
•* Mendota 11:20 am 4:00 am
** Chicago (O. B. A tj ) 3:35 p m 7:45 a m
*' Peoria 9:00 a m 12:50 a m
“ IndPpolts (I. Bit IV,) 6.15 pm 9:25 am
•* Cincinnati *• 11:00 pm 4:15 pm
** l.ogansp't iT. P. A W.) 5:55 p m 9:20 a m
*' Columbus ** 2:45 a m 5:30 p m
Through cars from Missouri River to Chicago,
Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Loeansport, and Colum
bus, Connections at those points with lines
lending to the east, north and south. This is the
best, shortest, quickest and cheapest route. Do
not be deceived, but obtain ticket* via the Bur
lington and Missouri River Railroad.
Keokuk & Des Moines Railway
TIME-TABLE.
WESTWARD. TAKING EFFECT EASTWARD.
Leave. June 14, 1874. Arrive-
No 3. No. 1 No. 2. No. 4.
7.40 p m 7.80 a m Keokuk 4.00 p m 4.15 a m
858 “ 9.05 “ Farmington.. 2.38 “ 2.25 “
9.38 “ 9.56 “ Summit;. 1.45 “
10.22 “10.52 “ Eldon 12.40 pm 12.30 a m
11.00 “1150 “ Ottumwa 12.00 m 1145 am
11.47 “ 12.35 pm KddyvlUe....lo 53 •* ‘
11.50 “ 12.40 “ Transfer 1043 “ 950 “
12.10 am 1.00 “ Oskaloosa. ...10» ‘ ®3“ *
12.55 “ 1,45 “ Pella 988 “ 844 “
X3B “ 3.30 “ Altoona T. 47 “ 6.47 “
B.loam 400 “ar DesMotues Iv 715 P m 6.15 “
12.00 m 7.45 “ Grand Junctn 4.C0 a mil.oo “
10.15 pm Fort Dodge.. 10.80 am
Arrive, Leave.
CONNECTIONS.
At Keokuk with the Toledo, Wabash A West
ern ; the Toledo. Peoria A Warsaw ; the Chicago,
Burlington * Quincy ; and the Mississippi Val
ley* wo*.ern Railways.
At Farmington, with the Burlington* South
ern Railway.
At Ashland, with the Chicago, Rock Island *
Pacific road, (Southwestern branch.)
At Ottamu a, with the Burlington A Missonri
River, and the St. Louis, Kansas City and North
ern rat roads.
At HddyvlllcTransfer, with the Central Kail
roan of lowa.
At Des Moines and Altoona, with the Chicago,
Rock Island A Pacific road.
At Grand Junction with the Chicago A North
western railroad.
At Fort Dodge, with the Illinois Central road.
Fare as low as the lowest Sleeping cars on all
night trains. GKO. H. GRIGGS,
JOHN GIVIN, Superintendent.
Gen’i Ticket Afft.

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