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The weekly Oskaloosa herald. [volume] (Oskaloosa, Iowa) 1855-1885, October 10, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027329/1878-10-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Weekly Oskaloosa Heral
Is by far th*-
Best Aflyertisii iedim
ia liaiiiur
2000 Circulation,
n 'st .»f iriiioh an* to in Mnliask
county. Ourfat-ilitics for
Book and Job Work
Arc as .-onaplcti* a* in) office ia the Shite .\l
the in* v **ty!**■* «»l l> | »■ ilii.l
four iob t'rc'x-s
{ \. KICF.,
Mayor's Office. ntitf
Prompt aci.-uii >n given t.i r»lleciiotis. Ofiii*<
xvei Miteli Wilmiii’.- -tore. nit
J. W. ffOrtDV. VV\t. I*. IlKl.i.tSo*
*nJ \otarie» Public;collectiny h:i«I it**»l K«tat«
ajenH. Office on south *kle. ever I.c <,n‘H
A Son’s store, ilskaioo-a, lowa.
** A i v.
«nJ Votary Public. Oskatooau, lowa. Office
.n Oetifeuiual Ulock, over Franltel'a iTottiiup
Store, north si lo square. Will glvo special
attention to collections, probate business, unit
oaveyaucititf. Practice in nil the courts ot
the State.
I i
a! I Collecting Aifont. Office Exchange Ulivit,
■ I' W. H. Siiaw A < o's store. OsUalousn, lowa,
ui I
\ i
Office with John F. Lacey, above Uoier A
Uti ai-s'store, Oskuloosj, low.i. All k.in.l-. o!
i •.'*! business promptly U. me. Oollect ions made
a ut c Miveyanccinyr iloue.
tVrtO't V. SKEVEILS. JOHN' O. ililiCOl.X.
. 'EK versa malcolm.
•skalooaa. lowa, Office over l-'rankd’s new
Mat. north side of square. 3;j
J i illX A. HOFFMAX,
n.l s.a i .> < otitic, over Levi's store, south-west
••'■iierjn' «ic square, Osk&loosn, lowa. 4J
I **>LToN .V McCoy,
• »sk iio.»sa, lowa. Om. ciu Savings Rank bl.s k.
.er Uilirys’ itniir -t <rr. Ituslness attended to
in ail the sturts of tin State. Comcyaiiciin*
■ ..icetiiur promptly ull«n<ie<! to. "
1 -• \ I t.. AT LAW,
\n l - »i.’t itor of Amcricun :.:i I European pat
u *. Office X.i. 1430 i’. s.reet, near treasury
• iidintr, Wa-ihinai. n. D. C. Practice in the Su
preme court of tie* L’lL.i-d Stale*, Cmirt of
• '.aiius. Courts ot the DNtriui of Columbia,
dusiucss tieion-any of the Executive Depart -
• it- of the Govt-rum: :it promptly uttcii.hsl to.
l* ;tcuts obtained in Wa-fbnjrton, London. Paris,
frussels Vienna, and St. IVtcrsliunrh. i‘l
I oliN* F. LACEY,
nd Government Claim Agrent. Office in Boyer
Uames' block. Oskaloosa, lowa. Prompt I
■tU ut ion jflven to collections. PmUalt business j
fill receive careful attenti >.i. Bu j lni>s attend- j
■J to in the 17. S. and State courts. lit |
'ollectinjr. Insurance, and Real Estate Atteut, i
'tskaloosu, lowa. Office over I.C.tlreen A S.-n’s
'"nit and shoe store, south side square. Its
;eo. w. LArreitTir. j. klu.y kirnson
iskaloosa, lowa. Office over Mitch Wilson's
store, north-west corner of square. 47
Me. errra.
Offi einSat inirs Rank Block, up—tairs, north
we- e >m«‘r public square. 31
J. I.L. CHD.IIiH tll. 11. W. OI.L ISON.
(•ffii’e over National state bank, i Ok.iloo-a :e> !
f 1 I’LE & HILLIS, oskaloosa, lowa.
: I and
flol.E. IIILLIS A W VltlNG, New Sharon, la.
O-kaloosa, lowa. Prompt attention jriven to j
eolkvtiuns. Probate busineae ind convey-j
am inir carefully attended to. Office, up-stairs. |
Ciiion block. north -iiie square. Os-»iilocsit,
luivii. ititiis- with 4. M. Hiatt. J. I*., New Sin- j
ron, lowa. 38
•> • Jrsi'lCE OF THE PEACE. New 'baron |
lowa. S|ieoial attention paid to the collection i
of chorus and buvinKand sulliiiir real estate. 14 (
(Hllrt over Plunder Store, -outli -ide puldic j
•• i. .!• i i fwi past |
patronaifc. sc ill s >li«its a jrood share frotu the i
citizens of O-kalonsa and vicinity. Nijiht mid |
country cults attended promptly. Careful at- !
tent ion K'veu to di-a'.-t-- iziie-n up by other :
phy-lcians. iifatf
n‘t. \ . PAHIirX,
te office at his residence three lil«K'ks directly
south of Post-office, prepared to treat all db- :
<• with ircner.il -.it i-1;««-
ta*n. Terms. per in mill. 110 will always hi*
found at iiouie. !M
hit J. <\ HAimiXGKIt.
PHVSK I \\ AND SnttiF. IX.
oait-e r<n west ,-ide public square. Itesi
|j< ri<-*- <*n «est Hlirli t:r«r. one l>t< -k nr-i of
square, up stairs in McCall"* itlock. IV
i. i„ nimx, m. i». j. w. si. Hawk, m i>.
t 'MKFIV .v HAWKS. lloyiKFATllir
.Successors to I)r. Lucy.,
< i attention Riven to diseases of women
t nieiiif Iren, also to Klcctric Magnetic treat
•ii. n loi Xcurnliria Khciimatism.Cliorcn. I'urnl
> -i'-. Kpiiepsy, diseases of tin? lungs, Ac.
Xight ami country calls promptly attended.
Jttioc N'oitb side of square over ii. F. shields ,v
* o'# Grooery Store, Oskaloesa, lowa. ini f
Oitfce Herald bl-.ck, Mala m k> t, <>-kai<»>.-.-t,
lowa. I)r. Tennant can Ik* con.'Uitisl personal
ty <>r li\ letter upon all chr<fhie <ll or ■<! u
nature. Cmiwr, tits. -a.-refuta, ;;cavel,
*hop*y, pil<-«, car aivl eye. natul catarrh. |>;tial
ysi>. blood disease*. dise:t««-*of the nervni-s #v~-
leiu. consumption, and disr-jmes ot u privttle
nature, awcces-fully treate«l. ('ointnnuk-ationM
by letter atrictljr confidential. <»r city mul
eouutry reference#, an<l testimonials run l»- tar
nished. fiend for circular.’
O-kalooaa. Mur<-h 20. H 77. n il
• office in W. K. Nugent's <lrts*r rtore where
he .uuy he found at nil hours both din and nisht
•v|i«-n n<>t professionally en«uir'-d. lUseasks
Will devote his entire attention tothe pino
t i«-«* *.t medicine. May t>e found at his residence
first iluor north of Methodist church, north of
public scjuare.or at GifT<*r«r* druir store, weal
lliyli street. 35
office in tthlnehart’s new buihliny, south-west
a irncr public NQuare, Oukalooaa, lowa. Itcsj.
•i - 'u>e on Main street, three blocks east of pub
!<• square. -1
nit. M.L. JACKSON.
Dr. T. K. Brewster’s
No. 516, Wert High Street
Of Titles to Lards and Town I uir,
ft Maha*ka county, furnished <>n abort no*ice
*n*l on reasonable terms, by
.i:h,m 1. Frankei a « o’# bnildinp. on the
«r, kt -ide of the public aqua re, Ogkal<a»AA, lowa
Abstractor of Tities,
I have two com under e aetaof ***oks «<ntain
ajt tilleitu «U Ibc Until kixl Town l»*s in 'la
in k 1 uouuty.carefully gotten uplr-.m the re
cord ai'*lcompared, ami ihe two set* compared
with each iitli'f.M tli.'i thev um«t Ik; a- uenr
lii-rbfi ,i« cun lie made. Abstracts turni-hed
1 >fi rcHsoiiihc lentil. Also title# perfected for
email coutpcnsal ion.
Money to Loan at 8 per cent.
Annual Interest.
on Improved Fauna nnd< uy Buaineaa
puipertv. l<* i*e* cent, per annum.
lion*-)* always on hand. Ixans completed at
..lice. K. 11. tilßßa.
John F. Lacey’s
land agency.
I have on n>.v book* * lurire »<ural> r of
farms nn<l bouaes in town. Also uuuiy tbous-
Mllli Krn * ol wild land. If you have real eatale
to Mil or wish to buy, Vive me a call. 1 pay
last-s iu anv part of the Plate. Conveywn in*
!,“? Uffi elu Boyer & Ban** No. *. O.kaloo
itu nk'e tiU'lJiug lots In I - M'i-y • Addition to
Oskaiooa. 10
f p
! w fir
5". ~ Mr
! Z Z =5 ~
ia® * O
; - *g- rr • o:
. ; 2$ S s W c
- 7T ? CD x
2. c> i / rS •?
-O ~ 2 w J P*
5 1= 3 3 DJ S I S
i 7- ■ £. “• O
= JZ P : 'JZi * =7
r “ r . Pa
-• r rr; 7 j
P'tr S. | t :
= , s: - r " t-r
r = j .a
t4' cz
g o
, l-i. CO *
r ~*~ e
!5 go kd
cr=T kN
o o h. g- r
i< _ ? s - s - =K
!n S 2 ? ! ?t 4
! 3" ' 1 l W
S 3 j mZ l >
n Him-1 Cl
>—M r'o 6-* i '~ z * 2.
W 'l i®
iP S b~ ri £ ; Cfe
>: — a;- s; k b
g ? ST O
I* I 1
r?£ = ?g S T
7 “ 'J> ~ z tsS *-
* » © o- a ■“ *
ci s = - m
r- a, « r > n
n* v o
Mo■* " O -
3a> r ft* “ - §
i• :i w * s s o
?- ” j-_ r
;o ~r C w
5 o 2 30
Z. 5 CD m
7 Ox- rn P*
d w .. r 5! vji
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n 2 ? O
5. £S 2? M
• < -St - ?H
» ; E sM i. r • Wn
i s* >2
«ft fiff S !? i
'■ mn m.ig. i ej
so? ?CjpP tel
2 ip's
* -r?= ?S ? p W
’ sjm&j s p w
hj;| W |
g si's?! P IS
I* r ‘ l£ > .
git? 5£ * a
l • i _l e
iVlsUer & Harbach,
ManufHi'tureri. and dealers In
of all kinds.
Wooden and Metallic
Burial Cases and Ca9kots
constantly on hand.
East room “Herald Rloek.”
J. B McCurdy & Co.,
Dealer in all kinds of
a specially.
\ E. t'oraer Oskaloosa, lowa. 10
.1* lit N SIEBKt., L.C. IlMMIIllll),-
President. N’ieo President.
Funers sail Traders Baal
Oskaloosa. lowa.
tOrifaniamd under the Htate Laws.)
?-t •. A holders Liable for Double the Amount of
i 'apital Stock. Correspondence Solicited
■ '.licetlon* made and Ib-mitted on day
or Payment
Joiix siebki, Pktkr stumps,
E. 11. Gum*. J. A. L Ciiookii m,
р. w. Pitibi.iitk John 11. Smith.
с. T. Wii.t.vaii. G. R. VcFai.i.,
James iuudges. "i
E. ( i.AiiK, Pres. W, A. Limu.y, Cash.
M. E. •'i ti s. Vi.-e i'r«'*. P. E.Ci.akk. Asst. Cash
lalaska Go. Sayings Bank.
General Ranking buitineaatransacted.
New Fire prof>f Building, N-\V oor rquare
Savings Deposits Received
on the follow I tur teruiH:
Each depositor will be furnished with a book.
Deposits may la* made Ip sums of one dollar
anil upwards. InU rest will la: allowed at tl per
oont. per annum O-the first of January and
July,on all aun.s not previously withdrawn.
Deposits made on the first of the month will
t>cx''< to draw interest from the time the deposit
i* UlH'ic.
Dep* wits made after the first day of the month
will not commence to draw interest till the Umt
of the next month.
Banking House
—o /-
Fraukelf Bach. & Co*
Will receive deposits and transact a general
tanking, exchange and collection husincM, the
same as an incorporated bank.
Interact allowed on time depoaits. Exchange
on ail partaof Europe bought and aold in auma
to unit purchasers.
Collections will receive prompt attention.
Wcdoa strictly legitimate tain king buidncas,
and give he want* of customcrsupoelal atten-
luterualtonal Hunk, Chieaffo; Kuhn, Loeb A
Co., N, Y-: State National Hank Keokuk,
<i th HlCllAHlrt. Free. GKO. W. Hai.k. V. Pres.
E. It. LIKOLT, UlMi.
National State Bonk
Paid up Capital SIOO,OOO.
Gilman, Son & Co., New York.
Commercial National Bank, Chicago.
Valley National Bank, St. I»uin.
National Bank of Hedemption, Boston.
Keokuk National Bank, Keokuk.
rite Weekly Oskaloosa Herald.
YOU 2<>. Xr.MBER 0.
SURPLUS §40.000.
| I commenced my medical career with
H exceptional disadvantages. My parents
a. ; were dead, and I had not a Mend or rela
u I tive willing or able to help me; 1 was cast
w entirely on my own resources, which were
3 a diploma, a respectable wardrobe, and
twenty pounds in cash—the balance of the
capital which had .sufficed for my educa-
lion. Feeling desperately the necessity
s j of exertion I applied to all sorts of people,
j rushing into the presence of bigwigs who
S ought not to be approached without prop
; er introduction, aud outraging them with
fj demands for surgical employment I
it should say that 1 received as many as i!\e
snubs and rebutfs in a morning. At last
sf I fairly broke down in the presence of a
5 ! haughty young admiralty clerk, who was
* ' perturbed and mMted by my distress,
" . when on my asking him to toll me how I
■< could get into thr* navy he replied :
■ “Suppose you a ply ol a pwopper form
through the pwopper'channel. Look here,”
Ihe said, calling me hack, “leave your
name aud address. Surgeons are wanted
! for things sometimes in u hurry.'’
i Two days afterwards I received a let
ter informing me that, a surgeon was re
quired for the Aioeto, which was to sail
j for Sidney on the following Sunday with
a cargo - of convicts, and that it I applied
; in person at a place and hour named, and
answered certain questions satisfactorily,
there was little doubt but what 1 should
the appointment.
There was no medical employment on
earth that I would nor have jumped ai
j blindfold just then, so 1 made m\ applies
tion, was accepted without difficulty—
with rather an ominous alacrity indeed— j
and alter.such poor preparations in the]
way of oiittit as my ignorance suggested i
and my slender tm ans could aiVotil I went j
on board the Alecto. which was lying o-l'l
Greenwich, aud found myself in medical
charge of a captain, two mates, a lieuiin- I
ant of the Royal Navy, in some mysteri
ous capacity that i never rightly compre
hended; twenty sailors, an officer of ma
rines and his men, aud 'J‘O convicts.
T ii«* naval lieutenant was the only per
son on the quarter-deck when I went up
the side.
• I am the surgeon,” I began, advanc-1
ing toward him; but before 1 could say an j
other word he asked abruptly;
“Gan you play at chess?"
••Yes—a little,” i replied.
“I’m thankful, very thankful, for that. |
Shake hands, sir. The marine body, Mr. j
Phipp*., no cares for the* game; and bow '
should we survive such a protracted and J
tedious voyage without chess? My name j
is McXab. nnd I hope wo shall be friends, :
I said I hoped so too, and w« engaged ,
in a conversation that was the reverse of |
inspiriting. I gathered from Mr. McXab j
that the Skipper had been unfortunate in j
former voyages: that his mates were ruf
bans : that the crew weivjpoor types indeed j
of the British sailor: that the ship herself:
was a rotten old hulk that ought to have
been broken up yeans before.
I went down to my cabin, which.set med
absurdly small and low and elark; go! my
portmanteau there, and tried to make ar
rangements for future comfort. Th n I
studied tin* printed instructions I Inal re*- ;
ceiveel as to how often 1 was to inspect
thovprisoners, ic., and wondered what
was to he done if they w*< re tefraetorx, and
w ho had authority over me lo prevent me
shirking my duties; for 1 had sole com
mand, it seemed, in my particular depart
When J returned ou deck I found the
captain and Mr. l’liipps there. The form
er bail a red nose* and watery ev* s, which
explained, perhaps, why he had been so
unfortunate with his ships: the latter was
a gentlemanly fellow enough, but de
sponding and tuctiturn, his silence being
ot less importance for when lie did talk he
generally grumbled, which did not add to
the cheerfulness of so small a party, lli*
only solace was in making pen ami-ink
sketches, at which he was very clever;
landscapes, with chiaroscuro effects, in
volving an hitmens'* amount of time and
labor, being his principal forte. Both he
and McNab were disappointed men: but
the Scotchman was the la tter philosopher
of the t wo.
We four supped together, nnd in due
time I went to my birth and found out
how to get into it. 1A lt like a toy put
away on a shelf in a cupboard, for it was
my iirst experience of ship accommoda
tion. When you have learned to lie on
your back ami not want to move all night
—to take enough oxygen into the lungs
while on deck to last for tin* time you are
below, and to be indifferent to cockroach-
es running over y »n, you get on a great
deni better.
On reaching the deck next morning I
found that we were under sail [and drop
ping down tin* river, which had grown
verv wide.
It was not long before we were fairly in
the Channel and the pilot got into his boat
and left us.
There was a nice breeze, but the sea was
perfectly smooth, and the ship glided
through the water with a delightful glib
ness; so that I felt I ought to be doing
something towards learning my duties
while I was able, and contlded to McNab
that I would like to hold an inspection of
tlie convicts’ who were all gathered on
the main deck in charge of their warders
and the marines, who mounted sentry ov
er them with loaded muskets and lixed
I found that I had made an official ap
plication iu tin* right quarter by accident,
for McNab immediately said :
“At what time? at once?”
Aud when I replied in the affirmative,
gave certain sharp, short orders, the re
sult of which was that in less than ten
minutes a warder came up to me, touched
hi* cap, and reported :
“All ready, sir ”
And following him, 1 found the convicts
drawn up in lines, barefooted. My in
spection of them was a mere form, for, of
course, they were sent on hoard sound
and clean, but 1 made certain suggestions
with regard to the sanitary arrangements
between decks, where their hammocks
were slung, and these were promptly at
tended to where practicable. When I had
done McNub challenged ine to a game of
chess, and fortunately we proved to be
very evenly matched. lie was quite right
in relying so much upon it as a resource;
how we should have got through the
weeks without It 1 canuot imagine; we
played nt least six hours daily out of the
When we got inlo the broad swell ofthe
Atlantic I had a week’s seasickness, dur
ing which MeXab had the best of me at
chess, and after I was well I began to have
some trouble with the convicts. What
schemers they were! Their one great ob
ject was to get a glass of grog or wine,
which could only be done by my order,
and they regularly studied the complaints
for which I prescribed such medical com
forts, and either stimulated or managed
to produce them arliileially Greenhorn
as 1 was, they Imposed upon me rarely at
first, and just as 1 was getting up to their
dodges we passed the equator, and there
was a good deal of real sickness, which
gave them the.advantage again. As time
went on and I became familiarized with
the rogues, and learned to look upon them
as fellow-men who had gone wrong, rath
er than wild beasts. I talked to them free
ly, learned many of their histories—at
least their own versions of them—and
took considerable interest in some ofthe
narrators. Most of them were ignorant,
edbased creatures, either born and bred
to prey upon their fellow-creatures, or re
cruited from the most neglected ranks of
society; but there were one or two excep
tions—notably, a man who passed under
the name of Williams, who was gifted with
rare abilities, and had the manners and
address of a gentleman. His face would
have afforded an Interesting study to a
physiognomist, the upper part being high
ly intellectual, the lower part betokening
unbounded sensuality. His crime was for
gery of bank notes. This man had never
condescended to try and trick me, as the
others did ; neither did he sulk like some
of the better class convicts, nor protest
his innocence, which was the almost uni
versal cus ton. He was civil, somewhat
subdued iu manner, and glad of my con
versation. He had yielded to the tempta
tion of trying to make his forlune in too
great a hurry, had failed, ami was con
tent to pay the penalty, lie said. Though
a “lifer,” lie by no means despaired of his
future. He was Informed that with good
conduct he would soon be a free man with
in the limits of the colony, and had per
feet confidence in his ability to earn a com
fortable livelihood if he had that chance.
And what did the country matter? Life
could be made as enjoyable in one place
os another. He wouid not go back to Fng
land to be cut by all his relations and for
mer friends if lie could.
Plausible as Williams always talked, I
mistrusted him. I noticed that he had es
tablished a considerable influence over the
other convicts, and constantly surprised
him speaking earnestly iu corners to
groups of five or six of them. On my ap
pearance these conferences broke up, and
spite of all ufl'ectulion of indifference I was
certain on more than one occasion that
anxiety was r«-lt lest I should have caught
some word in passing. And 1 knew, with
out being able to prove it, that secret
signs were exchanged between Williams
and at least a score of whom I could have
pointed out, habitually.
Another convict who evidently had
some power with his fellows was Lloyd, a
Welsh sailor who had stabbed another in
a quarrel and narrowly escaped the gal
But it was natural enough that an ex
perienced sailor should obtain the hearing
of landsmen during a voyage of some
length, and 1 never suspected him of striv
ing to influence the others with any sinis
ter designs, as I certainly did Williams.
But I soon had no time for idle specula
tion and suspicion; the sickness, a fever,
attended by symptoms which were un
familiar to me, increased. Soon there
were a score of convicts, several seamen,
and one of the marines down with it.
A man died, was sown up in his ham
mock, and launched from the gangway
with a shot at his feet, McNab reading the
service over him. During the ceremony
one of those phenomena which make sail
orsso superstitious occurred. As the body
touched the water the wind sank, and in
half an hour there was a perfect calm. In
many minds a calm at sea is associated
with all that is peaceful aud beautiful; in
mine it is a horrible nightmare.
For a week we lay on the broad, smooth
sheet of glass, without a speck in sight to
break the monotony. Glass? Molten sil
' * *• t ather, for the heat was so fearful that
I sometimes imagined that it would seethe,
riie sun seemed like a mass of white-hot
iron close above us, and the pitch oozed
and boiled between the planks. l’oor
Phipps could not go on with his sketch
ing, for the perspiration dropping from
hi** forehead blotted his work, and even
MeNab’s ardor for chess relaxed. But 1
had little time to play with him—under
S| *»d aggravating (conditions the fever
raged. Deaths were of daily, sometimes
of hourly occurrence; we soon had to cast
tin* bodies overboard without ceremony.
'Hi the fourth day the captain and one
of his mates sickened, and the shattered
constitution of the former caused him to
sink ai once. Then Phipps took the fe
ver, and though it was a mild attack, he
was so feeble as to he unlit for duty.
Such of the convicts as escaped the fe
ver began to hold their heads erect and
loo:; you full In the face as they passed, as
though they felt that death was bringing
us all to an equality.
i he sixth day was the most oppressive
of all—it was literally difficult to draw
breath, and though I escaped the fever, I
was knocked up for the tir*t time. To do
my work among the dying aud the dead
was a physical impossibility l'or me: I
threw myself down under the awning on
tin* quarter-deck, aud lost all conscious
ness, probably remaining in a state of tor
por for hours.
I was aroused by the most tremeudious
crash I have ever.heard, and found myself
in darkness, hut only for a moment; the
in xt, sea, sky, and ship were lit up by a
violent glare, while a zigzag line of tire, so
intense that the eyes ached at it, flashed,
and left the gloom more intense than ever.
And again came that awful thunder, com
pare*! with which the loudest ever heard
in Europe is a whisper. That moment of
tierce light revealed to me men in the rig
aing, taking in the sail which had been
spread to catch the slightest breeze; and
a spar hanging awkwardly and all awry.
Also McNab and the mate who now acted
a* captain standing near me.
‘AVe shall never be able to manage
without help, we are so terriblv under
handed," said the latter.
* U eel, then,” replied McNab, “we will
pick hall a dozen of the deevils, nai* more.
Due I ken has been a sailor, and ”
Another flash and deafening roar, which
drowned his voice.
“Eli, Air. Glover, lad,” he said, when
the lull came, “are ye there? Ye had bet
ter just go below. Your work is done,
ami ours is beginning. There will be
breeze enow to blaw the fever away pres
ently and ye will be in the way.”
I had often determined, if there was a
storm, I would remain on deck and see it;
the freshness of the air too was delightful
to breathe; but fatigue overcame all else,
ami I was glad to take McNab’s advice.
Imagine what 1 had gone through that
week in such a climate, with patients dy
ing by dozens in my youthful hands, many
ol whom I lelt could have been saved with
better nursing, ami you will not wonder
at my prostration.
A* I reached the cabin stairs th** rain
came down in sheets; there was a boom
ing, roaring sound; the ship reeled over
ami raced through the water as the storm
came down upon her. A flash of light
ning showed me that the *ea was already
white with foam.
I went below, made a hearty meal off
some salt pork and buscuit I found on the
table, drank a still'glass of rum and water,
aud turned into my berth to renew my
nap, weariness drowning the sense of
How long I slept, or what happened in
the time, Ido not know. When I awoke,
the ship was rolling heavily, and there was
a continuous, ominous sound, thud, thud,
thud, accompanied with the pouring of
water, which caused me to hurry on deck,
where a seem* of terrible confusion met
my eyes, l’or it was broad daylight. A
mast had gone, the deck was littered with
cordage and broken woodwork. All was
confusion, authority in abeyance; con
victs, sailors, marines were all mixed up
together, hurrying to and fro, or working
at tlie pumps. The gale had abated, was
dying out in fact, but there was a leak
which could not be discovered, though,
in consequence of the number of hands to
relieve one auotherjin pumping, the wat
er did not gain upon us. Finding that I
was not wanted there, I went below again
to attend upon Phipps, who had been left
I do not know how long, and was too
weak to help himself much. The fever
had left him, but he was low and despond
ing, and asked me to read the Bible to
him, which I did.
After a time I heard Mac Nab come
down, and went into the saloon out of
which our private cabins opened to speak
to hint. 1 found him loading his pis
“The leak has been stopped,” he said,
“but I dinna like the look of the convicts;
some of them ha’e got arms, I fear me.”
While he was speaking shouts and shots
were heard above, and he rushed to the
cabin stairs, I following him. Directly
we reached the deck we saw a body of
convicts coming aft hea*led by Williams,
who had a musket in his hands.
“The game is up, lieutenant,” lie cried;
“you had better surrender.”
MacNab’s answer was a pistol shot;
Williams staggered but recovered himself,
leveled his musket, tired, and Mac Nab fell
dead in my arms. In a moment I was
knocked down, bound, and thrust aside to
be a helpless spectator of crimes 1 could
not move a Unger to prevent. Some of
the ruffiaus rushed down the cabin stairs
and returned dtagging poor Phipps with
them. With brutal jests they bore him to
the lee bulwarks, one took his shoulders,
another his feet, and they tossed him alive
into the sea. All the sailors or marines
who were sick, or had been wounded in
the struggle, were in like manner thrown
overboard; the remainder were gathered
together in a body, and Williams, who
had evidently been elected chief, made
them a speech, offering them their lives if
they would join them heartily. Most of
them shrank from the horrible death be
fore them, and acceded, but a corporal of
marines stood firm.
“Y’ou will all be taken and hanged with
in a month,” he boldly said, “anil I had
sooner drowu with honest men than
swing with thieves and murderers.”
The words were hardly out of his mouth
when lie was shot dead.
“And now, lads,” cried Williams, “I
know what you arc all thinking of—the
runt!” (Cheers.) “Well, every man shall
have a tot, anti a few at a time shall have
a skinful. But most of us must keep so
ber togmanage the ship, so I have set a
guard over the spirit-room, and any man
who tries to force it will have his brains
blown out. I will tell you what I propose
to do, if you agree. There are some islands
near where we are with the best climate,
the finest fruit, and plenty of food without
working for lt.®We will make for one of
these, laud everything out of this rotten
old ship, and then scuttle her. You have
made me your captain, and I appoint Lloyd
my chief officer. He is a sailor and knows
where these Islands are, and how to reach
them, so lte will sail the ship.”
Loud acclamations greeted this address,
and the assembly adjourned to the grog
I was not left long unmolested; a knot
of fellows gathered around me and dis
cussetj what they should do with me, and
one at last suggested that I should be
made to swallow the contents of my med*
icine chest, which was forthwith brought
up for the purpose, and some calomel
pills were actually forced into my mouth.
How I wished that I hud been a homeo
path !
Wliile I vras struggling a man came up.
“What arc you doing with the doctor?
he asked excitedly; “Didn’t the captain
say he wasn’t to he touched? He wants
to see you, sir, down in the cabin," he ad-
i ded civilly to me. My persecutors slunk
■t ofl, grumbling, and my deliverer cut my
> bonds and led me to Williams, who had
r> been shot in the shoulder and wanted his
j wound attended to. I managed to ext ract
il ; the bullet and when he was easier he said :
ai “I am sorry for ail these horrors, doc
n j tor, 1 swear I am. But you know the men
I have to deal with, nnd how slight my
hold is upon them. You have been kind
- to many of them, and are use Ail besides,
; so I managed to save your life, hm when
e! I said a word for the others they would
- not listen. As for McNab, lie tired at me
- first, or he never would have fallen by my
. hand.”
“You are responsible to God and tie
law, not to me,” T replied.
1 Ought Ito have refused to tend to hi*
, wound? Wa« it my duty to b ard and up
braid him? Ido not know; life is sweet,
and I wished and tried to preserve it, ex
cusing my pusillanimity at the time by the
" thought thai my testimony, il l survived,
might tiring the whole body of rascals t«>
‘ justice.
I quite undeistood the tenure upon
' which my life was held, in spite o! Wil
liam's plausible speeches. There were
1 many sick and several wound* <l, both by
' the storm and in the tight when the vessel
was seized, and they needed my services.
When they thought they could do without
me I would be silenced forever, together
with every other probable witnc*s against
them. Meanwhile the ship was kept on
her course toward the Friendly Islands,
under Lloyd’s management, ami on iln*
third da}’ land.was sighted.
That evening a sailor who had joined
the mutineers on compulsion and had been
hurt, came to me and said :
“1 beg pardon, sir, but would you di es*
my wound on deck whore ever}’ one can
see us.”
I saw lie had a reason and consented.
“I’ve something to say, sir, and dont
want to be seen talking to you in a pri
vate way, for Aar of making tin m suspic
ious. Bill Ilicks was at the masthead on
the look out last watch, and he saw some
thing he did not report, and that's a Brit
ish frigate, round the* headland of that j
there island. Dont start, sir. There's j
only us of the old crew knows it; and;
we’ve had a boat ready to lower for some !
days. It’s that one on the port side, next :
the mizzen-mast. We mean to lower that !
quickly at nightfall, and let it tow behind; j
and then later such as can will g>*t into it, j
cast ofl', and row for the frigate. If you ;
like, sir, you had better lie down with the j
boat and be lowered with it. Say you
want a quiet read, or sleep, or something,
if you’re seen. 'J'here’s a risk, of course,
but not a big one. Lloyd’s half drunk
now, and will be quite after a bit, and so
will most of the others, for no w they have
got to the islands they think it’s »!i th lit
There’s only that Williams.”
“I can manage him,” -aid t. and we ,
William’s wound was painful and hi*
pulse feverish ;so lie gladly swallowed a 1
soporific which would keep him quiet for '
some hours. i
At the proper time 1 got into the boat (
indicated, the only men who could possi
bly see me being those at the wheel, who
were both old metnbeis of !he crew, and 1
were prepared, when they knew that Lloyd !
was quite overpowered by drink, to alter |
the course of the ship and steer for the .
headland where the frigate had been seen t
All went easier than had even been antic
ipated. When 1 had been stowed away '
half an hour the boat was lowered, aud in t
a very little while three men stole into it, |
cut the rope by which we were towing, ,
and when the ship had forged far enough
ahead to prevent the phosphorescence of 1
the oar dips attracting attention, began <
to row in the direction of the headland.
In two hours’time we turned it, and
saw the lights of the frigate, against the (
sides of which in another hour tin* boat
grated. 1
“What goes there?” challenged a sen <
try. \
“Medical officer escaped from a convict .
ship which has mutinied.”
1 will not dwell on the joy with which '
I stood upon the deck or on the hearti- *
ness of my reception when I had made my t
report. i
The frigate weighed, and stood out to ,
sea at once, and in the early morning
came up with the convict, ship, boarded, '
and took her without resistance.
My evidence sufficed to •lear the seamen
and marines who had been forced into a
pretended compliance with the project of
the mutineers, as also, some months af
terwards, to secure the execution of all -
those who liad taken a prominent part in
the murder of my poor friends, Mac Mab
and Phipps,seventeen pf whom suffered
the extreme penalty of the law at Sydney.
—Leirift II ujh in CosseVs.
Can Congress (’real** \hj Such Thing— '
The Law anti the Fads. >
From the IWoomlleld Democrat »
Ati advocate oi fiat money advatic- *
<*K the theory that Congress ought to
authorize the issue of a limited |
amount of lulls, that should neither
be based on coin, nor payable in t
coin, but should he absolute money, i
and he made a legal tender for ali I
debts public mid private. And in •
order to proven! -*u**l> bill*, from tie- <
preceding, he suggests that Congress \
pass a law declaring that neither |
gold nor silver shall, in the future, he i
a legal tender; and that while those >
metals may still be coined into moil- ]
ey, yet that the paper alone shell be
a legal tender; and this, ho argues, i
will keep the bills at par with gold, '
or even at a premium above gold.
Waiving ilia question as to wheth
er it would be expedient lor Con
gress to do so, let ti* consider wheth
er or not it has such power. The
Constitution gives Congress the pow
er “to coin money and regulate the
value thereof/’ But what is il to
“coin money/' Webster deli nos the:
\v< rd “ coin ” as follows:
“ Coin, c. t. 1. To stani]> and convert j
into money, as a piece of metal; to mint. !
•.*. To make or fabricate.”
The first or primary meaning of the
word coin, ( verb ), is to mint metal. It
would sound very much like an absurd
ity, to talk about coining paper.
Daniel Webster, one of the ablest
lawyers this country lias ever produced,
was of ibo opinion that Congress cmld
make, nothing but gold and silver a legal
tender. Attorney General Akcrtnan was
forced to admit this in his argument
Indore the Supreme Court of the
United States, (wherein be was try
ing to sustain the present legal tender
acts) in the fallowing words:
‘‘Mr. Webster is also quoted by coun
sel on the other side and it is true that
he expressed himself very emphatically
against the power of Congress to make
1 iaper a l *gal tender.
The Federal Supreme Court has, by a
divided court, decided the coustitn
tionality of the acts of Congress making
our present greenbacks a legal tender.
But before we consider that case, we call
attention to the obvious distinctions be
tween our present greenbacks and the
proposed iiat money. Our present green
backs arc but the Government’s pro
missory notes. They read as follows:
“The United States will pay to bearer,”
etc. And the Supremo Court of the
United States lias decided that they arc
all payable in coin dollars—in gold or
silver, in the following language:
“It is ckar that these notes (green
backs) are obligations ol' the Tinted
States. Their name imports obligations,
and every one of them bears on its face a
promise to pay a certain sum. The
dollar note is a promise to pay a dollar,
and the dollar intended is the coin dollar
of the United States; a certain weight
and fineness of the gold and silver.—
See Hank vs Supervisors reported iu 7
Wallace Supremo Court Reports.
Hut to return to a consideration of the
legal tender case in the Federal Supreme
Court. It was heard before the lull
bench, consisting of nine judges, namely:
Chief justice Chusc, and justices Nelson,
Swayne, Davis, Strong, Clifi'orJ, Miller,
Ful l und Bradley. Four of those Judges,
to-wit: Chase, Nelson, Clifford and Field,
dissenting, held that under no circumstan
ces could Congress make anything hut
gold and silver a legal tender. Hut the
othir five judges held that the law
m iking our present greenbacks a
!e;a! tender is uncoiißtitution;d. t)l th«fc
five judges, two, and only two, delivered
opinions; namely, Strong and Bradley.
And they undoubtedly bas“dtlnir ruling
mainly, it not entirely, on the ground that
it was a irar measure, and \v,is necessary
to gate the life of the nation. Below \vr
giye an extract of the opinions ot Strom?
and Bradley. Judge Strong said :
“A consi .oration ot the time when they
w.re onac ed, .m l of the circumstance' t
under which the government stood is im
portin’. It is not to he denied that acts
may be adapted t > tin *>: * * r-. ; - of hivf;;l
powr*’, and appropiati- t > i . in season of
exigency, which w-mld pc inappropriate
at the time ” —l2 Wall cc, 5-10.
dud,*. Strong goes on o. say “ that a
civil war was then raging which seriously
threat, nod the overthrow ol tin* (L.vcrn
ment and the <h strue;ion of tie ensti
lu ion itself. “ Thai if ’’demanded the
cquipni iit and supper of large armies
ami navies." That tie* pubii j T:* :..suit \
w.is nearly cmplj'. That the credit of the i
Government Was exu;tu*tc J. That the '
army was unpaid. That " the necessity j
was immediate and pressing’—Sc.* 12
Wallace. 240. Judge Strong then e-m
tinm s:
“It was at such a time and in such
citvumst .uces that I ou.r- ss was called
upon to devise means f«»r maintaining tin*
army ami navy, for s t curing the la ret*
supplies nl money ne.de!, and indeed,
lor the preservation <d the tbiv. iMinonl
*r a!*:ct by the ('nimtUi.limi. it was at
so. Ii a time and in such an emergency
tb:n I lie legal tender acts were passe*],
n uv, i! i! wer. certain tlo.r nothing *he
e *u! ! have supplied the ahs dm * mws
sin •*fd iln*Treasury , that molting would
ha\c enabled tiic < ioV. mim nt to maintain
it* armies ami navy, that nothing else
v. *uld have saved th** l»overun*enf and
the \ onstPiition from ilestru *tion, while
the lo a .il tender acts wool I. e et d any on *
be hold enough to ass: rl that * 'ongress
iralisi:reused it- p >\u-? ' -! •_* Wail.se*,
54 i.
And .judge Bra il.} says:
"it follows as another corollary from
t'i view* which I have expressed that tin*
| x Avar iu make treasury iiott s a legal ten
th i, whilst a in re inch!* utal oil * to that
of i!i• i.‘ the notes th* ui><Tv< s. and to
one of {be forms of borrowing money, is
n<*\ rtb■ less a power not to be resort d to
cx*« p‘ upon extraordinary and pressing
occasions, such as w.:r or other public
exigencies, of great gravity anil im; or
tancc: and should he no jlooc.r exerted
than nil tlie cireitm-tunce* o’ th case
demand. —l2 W all.ice, 5(57.
Front the a love’ il will 1 e s-eu. that
< ‘engrosscannot pa-s lira tend* r acts in
time ol peace, < ven though they should
provide forth *i*su.*of greenbacks proper
—the Government's j remises to pay—
that are payable in coin. And fora much
stronger reason. Congress cannot now au
thorize «}u : .s*ue of legal tend*, r, fiat paper.
It seems too plain for argument. We
make anothi r extract from the opinion
of Judge Strong, which brings this matter
out in the clearest light. Judge MroDg
I he legal ten ler acts do not attempt
to make paper a standard of value. We
do not rest theirvalidily up m the assertion
th it tlu ir omission is coinage, or anv reg
uLtiou of the value of money, nor do we
assert that Congress may make anything
which has no value money. What we do
assert i*, that Congress has power to enact
that the Government's promises to pay
money fchall be, for the time being, equiv
alent in value to the representative of
value determined by the c linage ai ts, or
the multifiies thereof. ’ —l2 Walla 55:1
A SynopHs of His Speech There
His Views cn Fiat Money ar.ti
Other Greenback Idiocies.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Sept. 27. —Mr.
Schurz spoke hero to night to an aud
ience ot 0,000, about ball of whom
were Germans. The Secretary ir
vievved the financial history of the
las, twelve years, and spoke at length
of the question of eontinetion and
specie resumption. Coining’ to the
question oi
be said
You have probably known per
sons who, when they are sick, will
think that r:o medicine can lid]) un
less it be particularly strong in color
and nasty in taste. They iook upon
every tiling that is natural with ills
trust. Tim-the scheme of so-called
flat money \v:i*> brought forward, and
many well meaning, innocent people
seem to have been talked into tin* be
lief that this at last is the true thing.
What is absolute fiat money'' It is
the simplest contrivance in tic* world.
The government tak so little piece of
paper ami says to i:, “Be tlioii a dol
lar,” and then a government stamp
is put upon tin* paper, and forth with
it is a dollar, or live, or ten, ora bun
dr* *1 dollars, as the case may be.
Tin n all other kinds of money, gold,
silver, green ha ks, and national bank
notes —are withdrawn, and the fiat
or absolute money put in their plac
et. It will be tlio only legal tender
in payment of debts and government
dues. Now the present greenback
hears the inscription “The United
States wdl pay the bearer one dol
lar,” —or live, or ten. Will not the
fiat dollar bear a similar prmni e
The !i:it dollar will not promise
aiyything; and jud that is the beauty
of* it. According to the fiat doctors,
it was Lite weakness of the greenback
that i! prom sed something;. The
tint dollar does not promise anything,
for it is in itself the performance of
the promise—it is a dollar. The fiat
dollar promises nothing beyond itself,
it docs away with all other things.
Gold and silver are antiquated stuff,
entirely unsuitable for tins progres
sive aj'C and country. The fiat mon
ey once out gold and silver will he
no more thought of. We shall he en
tirely separate from the rest of the
world ir. all financial and commercial
transactions. Our fiat money will
not he exported, for it will not he tak
en anywhere else, and so, like the
poor, it stays all and always with us,
and inasmuch as it costs almost nolh
ing to make fiat money, and we can
make any quantity of it to suit our
selves, we shall get richer and richer,
and there will really be no end to
our wealth and happiness. That is
what the fiat money doc ors promise
It will strike you that this is ex
ceedingly simple, and very lino, but
you may have some misgivings, and
say, “Well, this hit of paper may call
itself a dollar, but it is after all only
a bit of paper. Is there nothing else
of value behind it?” Whereupon the
fiat money man gravely answers :
“This is a great country. It has some
forty or fifty thousand million dol
lars’ worth of property in it. When
the government of this great country
puts its stamp on a piece of paper,
and thus makes it money, then that
money is based upon the whole
wealth o* the country.
and you may think: Well, if this
country has forty or tlfty thousand
millions « orth of property, and all
that property is mortgaged as securi
ty for the value of this fiat money,
why should not that security bo good
•.tough for a couple of thousand mil-
lions ol G;r money f Now let ns see resumption absolutely impossible,
bow it will work. Such promises to and
pay as greenbacks and national bank j perpetuate the regime of irhk
note.s ate withdrawn to make room hkkmamlk caper currency
t : for fiat money. It will not be neces
sary to make any provision for the
withdrawal of gold and silver, for the
r, preciou* metals, finding no further
employment, will take leave ot them
selves, and go abroad where they are
. wanted. Now the fiat money is the
| master of the field, ft goes into cir
culation and lor some time it will in
! deed circulate, for, it being the only
tool ol exchange left to you, you will
have to use it. It will •irculuie : s
wampum, peag, and clamshells, and
leaden bullets circulated for a while
as currency in early colonial times.
It will also maintain a certain current
value a.* long a> its volume is kept
within the quau/ty that would «*ircu
lato in the form of specie anil paper
| convertible into specie. But you must
j consider that the fiat money. \\lc*te|
: it is brought forward by earn *i in- ;
I fin i mists, whose principal object i*
iby issuing enough of it to k < p all
the boys in ease. Ami why should
we not? 11 costs nothing. We may
just as well have much as little. A
thousand millions more ot less are
no object, as the government thereby
burdens itself with no promise or ob
ligation. And, finally, tbc wealth of
j th • country, $40,000 000,000 or s'>o,-
1 (100,000,000 stand behind it, mort
! gaged as security. But presently,
| when we have made li it money plen
ty, vesbail find that it depreciates,
| and vid depreciate more and more
the mm*** w** issue, as tin* greenbacks
dd. ami worse. “Ilow can it depre
ei ue ii:<o the greenbacks!’” says the
ii.il money doctor, with a smile of
superior wisdom. “The greenback,
hv tin* absurd promise of the goyern
m ii! to pay coin for it, was kept in
constant comparison with coin, and
therefor*? depreciate as to coin. But
wln’ii, by the inf induction ot fiat
money, gold ami silver are utterly
banish* d ami forgot ten, and our mon
ey sys'em has become entirely sc pa
rate and ind pemle.it from all Other
money systems of tin* world, bow can
tin* ii.it money depreciate ns to coin'”
i /■*l a-, see.
Iu the first place, as your fiat <iol
lar- grow more and more plenty
their purchasing power will “inw
less, just as the purchasing
in the old Colonial times grew less,
tin- supply of them growing larger,
until finally they bought nothing at
all. Tints the tint dollars will dopro
ciatoas to the articles you want to
buy with them. “But what of that?”
answers the fiat money doctor, “that
docs not mean depreciation, but it
means that tilings grow dearer in
price. When it takes two fiat dollars
to buy an ardele which cost but one
dollar before, then th government
can issue double the amount of fiat
money bn* the uc -ominodation of the
people, f q* it costs nothing, and the
wealth of the country will be ample
security for a couple of thousand
millions moro.” And so it goes on,
and on; and in this ease, under the
i *:*d of the fiat money doctors, it
will go on quickly, until the story
may In* repeated of the wheelbarrow
full of money carried to market and
Gie purchase carried homo in your
vest pocket.
The other proposition, that (’on
'jress, by legislation, is
to reguiate ilu* volume of currency,
and consequently tin* value, is
scarcely less astonishing, coming as
it docs, from democrats, who pretend
to be so faithful to their time-honor
ed principles. Have you considered,
my Demon at ic friends, what an aw
ful power you propose to perpetuate
in (iu* Congress ol tin* Fnited States?
You yourselves admit that the value
of your irredeemable paper currency
will depend upon its volume. Con
gress is to fix that volume, and by in
creasing or diminishing it, Congress
is therefore to determine, what every
dollar in the land shall be worth.
The value of every piece of property,
of every article of merchandise, of
every private fortune, of every chance
the contractor has in bis contract, of
every dollar the laboring man has in
the savings bank, or the merchant
on deposit, will be at the mercy of
the < kmgi’OH* of the United States.
No man can make an investment; no
merchant can lmy or sella lot of
goods on time; no mnnufnclur* r can
accept an order; no contractor can
make a contract lor a railroad or
a building without Congress having it
in its power to determine their profit
or their loss by their volume, and
consequently the value, of the cur
reiicy uj) or down, (’an Congress,
can any body ot legit lat ora be de
pended upon to exercise so tremcn
d >us a power with wisdom? Why,
gentlemen, no assemblage of human
beings, even if you get together the
shrewdest financiers in the world,
has ever been found wise enough to
determine how much money tho
business of a great country needs in
its multifarious find nations. But if
so awful a power should fall into the
i hands of such financiers as made
! !his Ohio platform, then let us de
voutly pray that the Lord preserve
But it is not the only quest ion,
whet icr such a power is likely to be
exercised or not. The question is,
whether any government should he
entrusted with so tremendous, so tar
reaching, so lyranical authority at
all. Oh, my Democratic friends,
who pretend to be so of the
power of the general government,
iiow are you fallen from the high es
tate of your ancient principles, that
you should now he willing to give lo
that general government tho power
to dispose of every ciiizcn’s private
fortune! Oh, shades of Jefferson and
Jackson, where are you?
Regarding the Ol io idea, Mr.
Sell urn said:
If 1 understand correctly,the hew
ed phase of
as put forth by the Democratic con
vention of this State and several oth
er conventions in other parts of the
country, is as follows:
The resumption act is to be re
pealed. All reduction of the paper
currency is to cease. Grecnnucks
are to bo a legal tender for duties on
imports. All restrictions to the un
limited coinago of silver to ho re
moved. The national bank notes aro
to he withdrawn and greenbacks is
sued in their stead. The sale of bonds
for the purchase of coin for resump
tion purposes is to ho stopped. The
volume of tho groonbaek currency is
to be determined upon by* legislation
or bv constitutional amendment, ‘so
as to insuro the stability of their val
ue as well as volume.” I think 1
have stated it fairly.
That a man thoroughly wedded to
tho irredeemable paper mania should
make such a platform his own, I can
understand. Hut how a man who
thinks tho resumption of specie pay
| meats al all desirable can adopt it, is
!to mo utterly incomprehensible,
j Dor any intelligent mind can see at a
' glance that its execution will render
* for an indefinite period. In fail, it
thciv is any logic in this programme,
‘j it means the permanent establish
ment of irredeemable paper monev,
j with all its disastrous influences.
*, First, ihey demand the prompt re
peal of !Im resumption net. I re
member some Detnncra-s in the Son
: at<* who voted ’ against the resump
i tion act, not because they did not
j desire resumption, but because they
, <ll*l not think the net clear and effoc
j tivo enough. 1 myself criticized it
l on account of some ot it* imperfec
tions, but voted for ii because I was
determined to support any s'epin
that direction, i have ever since
been glad that 1 did so vote, for the
| remrn] tion act, in spite of its impor
■ feet ions, has proved far more effec
: Gve than many supposed it would,
iln 1870 the Democratic National
Convention demanded the repeal of
tin- resumption act, not because the
convention was against but because,
according to its declaration, it was
earnestly for resumption, and be
cause, it was pretended, the resump
tion act was an obstacle to resump
tion—a thing winch 1 have never
been able to understand. And now
your Democratic convention and
many others demand the repeal of
the same rcsiimjition act, not because
it is an obstacle lo resumption, but
b -cause it has brought it on. And,
indeed, unless they hurry up that re
peal quickly, it will appear like the
Now, what is the meaning of this de
mand for the repeal of the resump
tion act ? Here stands the govern
ment and says: “ For sixteen years
we have promised to redeem these
Treasury notes on demand, dollar for
dollar—a dollar in coin for a dollar
in paper. For sixteen years that
promise has stood dishonored. Now,
lam able and ready to fulfill it. I !
am able and ready to make and keep j
the pensioners’ and the laborers' dol- ]
lar as good as the bondholders’ dol- 1
lar. lam able and ready to give to
the business of the country the safe
foundation of a sound currency, uni
form and staple in value, in harmony
with tin* money of the world- All I
want is to be permitted to execute the M
law, whereupon, you, my Democratic
friends, whether y< u be ever so able
and reaily to do all this, we say,
“ Thou sbalt not do it,” and then you ]
proceed with a number of proposi
tions, each and all of which are de
signed to take and keep from the gov
ernment its ability to perform its long
dishonored promise and to do the
beneficent thing it now stands ready
t > do. The government says: “ I
have now some &:>4G,000 000 in green- ]
b **ks to take care of. With the coin
1 have I feel strong enough to com
mence and maintain the redemption
of ail that quantity that are likely to
be presented for redemption. There .
are now SJ24,. r >oo,ooo of national
bank notes in oireulation which are
redeemable in greenbacks. This sys
tem aids me powerfully in
inasmuch as it relieves me ot direct
responsibility for about one half of
our paper currency, while all of it
will maintain the same current value.
Were I directly responsible for the
whole mass of paper money, S7OO,- {
000,000, my coin resources would not •
bo sufficient to resume specie pay- |
ments.” Whereupon you, my Demo- ’
oral ic friends, answer; “We demand !
that the national bank currency be <
withdrawn, and that greenbacks, for
which the government is directly re
sponsible, be put in its place. This >
we Jcmand, whether it renders you ,
unable to resume specie payments or
* * * *
I repeal, therefore, that a thorough- *
bred inflationist should advocate this
programme is intelligible—it serves
bis purpose. But when a man, who ,
ever again desires to see specie pay
ments restored in this country, adopts
such a platform, what shall wo think
of bis understanding or bis con
science ?
will not be tbc only rastilt ; no r oor.-
cr is such a policy inaugurated than
the premium on gold will again re
appear and rise; the valuo of tho
greenback,now within a hair’s breadth
of gold, will again bo a subject of
speculation and gambling.
Something for Peusiouers to Remember.
Washington, Sept. IG.—A little ep
isode which oceured in the iiouso of Rep
resentatives ou May 5, wHI show to pen
sioners how much room for gratitude they
have toward the dominant party in that
The Democracy during tho first session,
of the XLIVth Congress had cut down
the force of the Surgeon General’s office
to suoh an extent that 10,000 pensiou
cases had accumulated, and current appli
cations could not possibly receive consid
eration within a year from the time they
were filed, nor could letters in inquiry
r garding them te answered within a year
Under this state of things members of
Congress from all parts of the country
were being urged by pensioners in their
districts to make personal efforts in their
behalf, arid these members in their turn i
were l»oring the Surgoon-General for ncti n ’
in special cases, and by this means were |
placing farther obsiucles in the way of the
regular work.
On the day referred to, an amendment
prepared and introduced by Judgo Samp
son, Republican, of lowa, increasing the
force in the Surgeon General’s office, was
up for consideration, and had been sup
ported by Mr. Sampsoi; in an able speech.
When the subject came to a vote, the
yeas and nays were demanded, and the
roll call had nearly been completed. It
was apparent to those who were watching
the progress of the amendment that it
had a majority in its favor and would be
carried. Before tho vote was announced,
howevor, Speaker Randall leaned over
his desk and asked the clerks how it
stood. Receiving a reply that the meas
ure had about six votes in its favor, Mr.
Randall calh d a page and writing a not*
to Representative Durham, of Kentucky
who had been very a( live in opposition
to the measure, he told him how the vote
stood, and urged him to get certain
Democrats to change their votes. Mr.
Durham immediately went about to those
whom he thought could be influenced,
and by dint of the party whip suooeeded
in getting six Democratic members to riso
and change their votes before the an
nouncement was made. The vote when
announced stood 11-4 to 115. The Speak
er then recorded his vote in the negative,
making a tie, and the measure was lost
When the bill subsequently oarne up in
the Senate, Mr. Sampson’s amendment
was attached. It went to a conference
j committee, and after * hard fight by the
; friends of soldiers, it was oarried and
! finally became a law. Had this not been
! tho case tho Surg« on-General's office
would now be at least eighteen months
behindhand with work, and the pensioners
who are now making applications for
their dues would be compelled to wait
that length of time before receiving any
attention. — A'. I’. Tribune.
Jackson's Best
Sweet Nm Chewing Tobacco
Awarded highest prize at Cent* iinial KupogitioD
lor Hue chewing qualities and excellence an.l
lasting character of sweetening as.l flavoring
'ihe beat tobacco over made. As our blue strip
ira.ie-marh is closely imitated on inferior goods.
® ef l }]kt Jmrkson 8 Best is on ererv i»lu*r. Sold
by all dealers. -Send for sample, free, t<> (.' \
•larkson & Co., nu'r.s.. Petersburg. Va.
9( ) ‘•arts (perfect'bcauties) witl. name
Maas 5 ’ ° ,,tfitltK ■.Turnerjl. .'ard (o„ Ashland.
PIANO«^i ful S !‘- I’ianos. price
Y# looo > only f 275. Magnldcent
i night Pianos, price, SIOOO onlv R97*
Klegant LprightPianos, price #Boo* onlv
»«> ORGAN, '“.Sm
o ]siS oSS4loSia,,3ffi
laud Rxposc.!’ #SOQ reward. Head •■Trap'.
Pi«n« ttll ' l Newspaper about con oi
Pianos and Organs, sent FREE. Please
address Daniel F- Scatty.? Washington,
Agents canvassing for
A M n.fi oC? *'^ e ' V*f itOr- Terms end
jl*, • Outfit Free. Address P. O. VICK
ERY , Augusta, Maine.
20v' r ? mo S“. r ' 1 ' 1 * e,, pi*ls. mottoes, flowers 4c.
"• na,nft -1 T «\ N*s*Air Card
Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s
Local Newspapers.
quite otherwise. The catate. exkctly wh , the
papers are. When the name ofa Dai.er ts ..rint.
p per in'the place U wl" eve,y lustan, c the best
p. saurs. a
The list gives Th ry one ’ not'vdhstHnd'mg.
me list gives the population of every town and
the circulation of every paper. It is notneo
operative list. IT IS NOT A CHEAP I IST
A! tbe loot ol tlio cataloffoe for each
important ton ns which sure not co ere.l hy {e
HJ,**" honest i«. i f
inch lout week* In the entire li*t is
different cities and towns, of which 22 are smik
ami', pln, es ol uver 5000 popu laUon
ami 444 county seats. Lists sent on apid a’
tion. Address GEO. P- ROWELL 4 &o’«s
Newspaoer Advertising Bureau? 10
Spruce St* G rmtiny House; Sejumre S<|.) N • Y
W. Burnside.
Land *»•« Loan Agent,
Oskaloosa, lowa.
In Sums Not Fees Than SSOO
Oskaloosa, lowa. lif
John w. Woody. W. p. Hf.m.inos,
Attorney. Attorney.
Abstracters of Titles,
Real Estate and Insurance
[email protected]ßa, lowa.
We buy and sol! real estate on commission,
pay taxes, and take care of property of non
residents, make collections, negotiate loans,
make investments, collect rents, furnish ab
stracts of title, having a complete set of ab
stracts or title to all the laud and town lots of
Mahaska County, give information and trans
act a general land agency business. Correspon
dence solicited, and charges reasonable. Apply
to or address
Woody &Hellings,
Office over I.C. Green A Son's store, south
Hide square, Oskaloosa. lows. i
30 •
u. A. WKIJ.S. 0.0. U'KII.S, ,|. \. KI.LIOTT.
Successors to Wells IJros., dealers in and manu
facturers of
Tin, Copper, and
Sheet-iron ware,
Galvanized Iron Cornice
Window Caps.
Cornice, Rooting, Spouting, and all Linds
of job work a specialty.
Agents for the
New Mansard,
Lady KJ»y,
and Active
Cook Stoves.
These stoves arc new in the market,
and we would like them examined by all wish
ing stoves. Call and see them before you buy.
\V<! will take contracts for Cornices,
Rooting and Spouting iu all parts
of the eountry at the low
es t possible rates.
Throat and Lung Physician.
office in Phauiix block. South side public square,
over Ahrahum & McKinley'* store.
All who arc atUtctcd arc Invited to call for o
FREE CONSULTATION. 1 will not undertake
» case unless I feel satisfied tlmt 1 euu gi\ e re
Having made Chronic Diseases a special
study for SM years ami having practiced more
or less during t hat time, and can give reliable ref
erence as there are to be hail as to what 1 have
done. Those who cannot call personally can
consult by letter. »31
The Best is the Cheapest.
High Class Poultry
consisting of
Buff Cochins and Daiik Brahmas
selected from the best imj»orteu stock.
Eggs for HaWng.
New Sharon, lowa.
A Fine Farm For Sale!
This farm is situated one mile from the Itoae
11111 lmpot, onthcC. K. I. A I*. U. It., in Mahas
ka county, lowa, contains
Four Hundred
in one body. Is In good repair. It has two htrirc
apple and cherry orchards, has a good frame
house Hnd convenient outbuildings; small fruit
in abundance, a fine large barn, fc'xSO feet.
This is the best
Stock Farm
in Mabaaka county, convenient to market,
plenty of water, the very heat soil anil antUc-ient
Tbla farm can be purchased cheaper than be
fore. Come soon or lose a great bargian. Call
on Chilli rs ft Chilli**,
Oakaloosa, lowa.
ur o:i Ji hu Mi ore uu premia*#.
Tl i e Week iyo h:: al» iosa aid,
Published every Thur-ia
n. i i.i loirrox. iiv.ti. ». i.kf., w. v. i
Steam Printers.
Largest County Paper
Office in “Herald block” over lW office.
Terms —$2.00 a Year in Advance.
Persons Who Love
, The verv best brt ad, pica, cakes, roils, t tc., mM
i tlo well to call on
• Southeast corner of the square, where you win
always find everythin* desirable In the
way <>f all goods kept in a
flrsf»elass Ba
( kery.
1 also lmve a full line <*l
(Iroceriesnf all kinds.
In their season,
ut all time*.
Which I sell as low as the lowest.
and see no* at the southeast corner ol the
\V. < -loiINSON. Qso. K Col.l.f.'ef
Johnson & Collins,
Light Casting a Specialty.
All Work Finished or Japnued aud made
to give as .good Satisfaction as
Work Manufactured East.
All UimLof slow repairing Ujiip.
R. T. C. LORD,
General Insurance, Real Estate, Loan
and Land Agent.
1 have on my Isxiks Improved Loins :*.tvl un
improved lands in this State, Kansas, and Ne
braska, and town property. Will sell at low
prices; nurt cash, bnlanc.* on long time, if de
sired; or will trade town property lor land, or
vice renti . Also have a number of houses to
rent. If you have real estate to sell, or wish to
buy, give ice a cull, office In Ungers' block. 0.-
kaloo-n. lowa. 1#
Ptaix, Royal m Hartford
Insurance Companies of North America,
and the
German American.
Having (as successor to .1. M. Loughndg)
taken tlu* agency of these old ami lime-trleil
companies. I desire to call the attention of tin
public to the fuel that I now have the leadltm
Insurance Agency
of the city. I represent none but the very l»ost
eoinpnntes, and u ill give my entire attention to
the insurance business. Thanking my frtatids
for favors shown me while with Nimlc 4. Searlc.
I solicit a isintittuaneeof our patronage.
11. W. LYMAN.
Office in Long bridge's building, s> nth •>!
Downing House. 42ml
Mins k Gamtson.
Real Estate and In
surance Agents.
City and Farm Property
for Sale or Trade
Also agents for the improved
American aM Singer Ssw
ii Mines.
done on teasonable terms.
and parts for all machines kept on baud.
Office on High street, one door west of
square. <otf
Stop and READ
All forms of Kidnoy and fiinaiy disease*.
I'ains in tin* Hack, sWe and l.oins, are positively
cured t>y
Grant’s Remey »
its effects are truly marvelous in Dropsy, Grav
el, P.right's disease, Seminal losses. Lrurori
hum, and lost vigor.no matter of hu\v|lnug<-tan<t
lnK the case may he, positive relief i* had in
from one to three days, i'o not despair, besi
t ito or Mould, for it is really a specitic aud never
fails. It is purely » vegetable preparation, by
its timely use thousands of cases t lint have been
considered incurable by the most endue it pin •
slcians, have been peniinueuPv cured. I< Is ai
so endorsed by the tegular physicians ant Med
ical Societies throughout the country, sold in
bottles at two Collars each or three bottles which
is enoiiirh to cure the most aggravated eat \ sent
to any address for Pivfdollars. Small trial l<ot
tles one dollar cacl , all orders to lieaiUressod
Grants Remedy M’f’^Co/
554 Main St., Worcester. Mass
4 7 m 4
Since moving to my present place of busi
ness I have been eminently suc
cessful iu building
up a
For which I am truly grateful, am wish
to assure my friends and the public
generally that I am doing work in my
line at
Rock Bottom Prices.
1 have a largo stoek of all klids of
an.l all goods used in making gentlemen’s
Which I make up in whole suits, pants,
vei l or coats, an 1
Call and seo me.
Cutting done at all times. Also re
puting. Remember the place; over
Boyer & Barnes’ store, at West end of

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