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W '. ',r»0 Ms/i r)- f' I u%- i 't V I' 1 V ss ni'. »v ei*1. 1 1-. il* »S .1 «J» ..••Wife)-"'-!- ,?••«#. 3T ?i, .' AM r**^* I* PRPLISHFD M1 •'A/id'you strip M, v HEW SERIES, VOI*. 3, NO. 7. J»Wi nORIU^ Proprietor. T^t (Dttumiia Courier EYKRY TTTFWPAV AT tJTTOMW A, WAPELLO COUNTY, IOWA, llv .1. W. I\ORRI§. -.. TERMS: tf#VAKlA]3LY IN AIVAlt5*h 0«# Copy, yt&*. v. T. #1,8(1. JF»ur Copies #,«». t«n It,00. J|»enty 84,00. ^T.re t-ayment la not made In adrance, |2,00 within tlx ninnthf within the yeer, and $8,U0 at the ex plrstion df the year. mil I II I 'I• THE S\OW. DISMAL HAM. The jingling bell*, the hank that tip* u'eri And then t.» feel that fnliy, frnt and flaw Ars but precurntirs of a *pla*liy thaw! lull! Ill delightful contrast to the above, read U? (following. It is like whipped syllabub a£ terfQur krout: Onflie Same Subject. mt a Torso LADf. i. Dear' ain't II ntref O, what a charming «no#t tk* «we«t it fails—so feathery, wfl and Scene of rnchautnicnt, fairy-like and hrlgll And how the wind. romantically blow », O, won't we have a glorious sdeljrh-ride now? With lovely bellH, the dearest little horset" Atd llifry, lie mill go with nir, of rourte, And *f will gxllop, Loril! I can't tell how! lUe lll.ave the ride! e'il have a spleudU And sujiper too, and Nome of that mulled 4*1 Aud afterwarilH hix dear devoted glance, AS we come bark by luoonlight mi divine! And tlifii uiie I'leai-ure 1 n.uxt ne'er forget! ''fMuld hfaveuly be if we could jmt upsi t! Jil BMiU [lit KlMLU HOIMJ THE CORKER. i »T CfiSfcLCH SVSIB. *A« COlTiCT wallta|— W hat will people Mt.)P Jfyuuwlith tu see me, There's a proper wa]k_ Tillage tongue# are erjllP' rKit-aarewith Heady remark at the If dog but bark. ilouftd the ror.ier waltfaw— What will people sa#" If yon wUli to see me, There's Jwoper a "f** When the Church hath boend i»— Linked two ln arto in owe— I shall care but little. How tl.rir inUKUes rnjl on But until the bridal Nevei let theoi fliol Aught to rau»v tue lurtw? Hurt my |eace of rntod! Kuuni] the cm uer waitle||— What will jieople 8ayit Unnly-toearlr aiiould eV## 'take a inauly way. Fifty things are stated Things you'd ne'er nlffsw, if but sometliingserret in a nei^hli. nhuwsl Koldly t'»ke Die J'athwm And their lipt ureit^ed All are quick to reusuiW if you seeiu a'rald! Knund the corner wait|M^~ What will people «a^ If you lull to «rr III t', lliern a proper v :iy. TRUE BENEVOLENCE. •i" S*ar o«, BETTER TO GIVE TttAS fr*" TO RECEIVE. yourself 4 K&fB '*7% .erra blasts, chill airs, like thos« of e Canadian noses, blue an1 froien tees Sldewnlkn of tflass, o'er which the walker (Me Wtatnbling along, in agony's cold sweat Ireland's snow drift*, in which you fall, At fuffocation's risk, and tadly feel The fietid rheumatic through your vital* steal, While furious drivers at your lingering bawl The basin's water all a maps of ice lioltn in your hoot* that ne'er hud holes bejfcw? Hxpenslve slcigh-rlde*, called by sehool-girW nice of comfort for the v of adding to this merchant's gain?" Mj?*'idnw replied with a flushed cheek.-— seem a light thing to you, but the }ht that I ant slowly and surely wiping (5g?\y stain from my husband's honor, is my 2 fa- stest earthly comfort. Mr. Milner is his «aHv, creditor, and Gyd willing, every cent shall epald." %&L.U Her coarser reWiv* responded with an erf n ic "fiddle-sticks," and anerily left her i esence. -At last I hare It," said a silver voice and (•weet face, glad and biilliant, brightened up fht ti IJt» gloom. "Only see, mother, ten dollars, all my nwa •n more makes twenty so we shall have a i lit le sum for Mr. Milner. i i ears trembled on her mother's laohes, and t-ered on her pale cheek. "It ia to be the H'-e of thy life, my precious one," she thought, the canker WOMB at the heart of my beau- Jul flower? MOST I give the* up TO weary oil, a sacrifice upon the altar of duty? Can be thai God requires it?" Eva knelt at her mother's feet, .where she id fallen with all the abandon of a child, her ^nce fastened to the shining gold. Lilting her glaace, she met that of her htr, full of anxiety, touched with sorrow, sddned sqpla broke ever bar delicate fta- -I was only thinking of the endless things i« money would buy—don't look so grave, mma such a beauty of a warm shawl for a neat crimson cover for that lyitidy irm chair a bit, ever so little, of carpet ut dowK by the bed, that your feet might &'t touch this cold floor, and a pretty cap, be jr'coal, and tea, and sugar, and attch nice, m.Jrtable things, but never mind"—and she ra^rg to her feet, brushed back her brown li, and drew on her neat little bonnet—"nev i ind, I'll may be wTite a book one of these fv, that'll make you and I rich. And dear :her, you shall ride in your own carriage, may be those that scorn us now, on)y te we are poor, may be thankful for our ice. A truce to romance," she gravely Mitiuued "stern reality tells me to go direct um to Madis«n street, find Mr. Miluer, give this twenty dollars, take a receipt, and come back aad read and aiog to my moth- I Hurriedly Eva passed from her own home l: the narrow streets. As she went on street after street diverging into pleas width and palace Hned splendor. Hie ,.I9es of greatness and wealth glittered in Fir marble beauty under the golden sunlight. broad steps, through portals carved and lining, the timid steps of Eva Sterne. 1ofilypastedpompouseateiedbest Ki first the servant smiled a con nptuous denial, but after a moment, perhaps tened by her childish simplicity and win- M«e eyes, be deemed it not to deny urgency and she this palace of a flian'6 home. her feet sank i» the luxurious carpeta. kimary ID fWfr-i' .. bron*# and marble lined the way Vh# staircase. The splender of the room lor.g ago. into which she wan u«hered spemed to her in» e*peri«nced sight too beautiful for use, and ht who came in with bis kindly glance and hand* dome face, the noblest perfection of manhood she had ever seen. "Well, younp lady," he Mid, blandly Broil ing, '-to whom am 1 indebted for this pleas ure?" "My father, sir, died in your debt," paid Eva, blushing and speaking very softly, "fly the strictest economy and hard work, my mother and I have been able to pay all hia creditors but yourself. If you will be kind •nough to receive the balance of your account in small sums—I am sorry they must be to small, air—we can in the course of a few years fully liquidate the sum, and then—we shall have fulfilled my father's dyinf wish, that eve ry stain might be wiped from his honor." She paused a moment, and said again, faltenngly, ken in health for many years, but, sir, he was honorable he would have paid the last cent if „. it had left him a beggar." Mr. Milner sat awhile, thoughtfully, bis dark eyes fastened upon the gentle face before kim. After a moment of silence he raised his head, threw bark the mass o' curling hair that shadowed bis handsome brow, and said: "I remember your father well. I regretted his death. Ho was a fine fellow," he added musingly: "but, my dear young lady, havt you the means—do you not embarasa yourseif by making these payments?" Eva blushed again, and looking up. inge niously replied, "I ain obliged to work, sir, but no labor would be too arduous that might save the memory of such a father from disgrace." This she spoke with keen emotion. The rich man turned with a choking in hil throat, and tears glistened on his lashes. Eva timidly held out the two gold pieces be took them, and bidding her stay a moment, hastily left the room. Almost instantly returning, he handed her a sealed note, saying, "There is the receipt, young: lad*, and allow mi to add, that the mother of each a child must be a happy wo man. The wh"le debt, 1 find, is nine hund red and seventy-five dollars. You will see by my note what arrangements I have made, and I hope they will be satisfactory. Eva left him with lighted heart, and a burn ing cheek at his praise. His manner was gen tle, so fatherly, that she felt he would not im pose hard conditions, and it would be a pleasure to pay one ao kind and forbearing. At last she got home, and breathlessly sit ting at her mother's feet, she opened her let ter. Wonder of wonders—a bank note en closed she held it without speaking or look ing at its value. "Read it," she said, after e moment's be wilderment, placing tile letter io her mother's hand: "here are fifty dollars what can it mean?'' "This said the sick woman, bursting into tears, "is a receipt in full, releasing us from the payment of your father's debt. Kind, gene rous man. Heaven will bless him, God will shower mercies upon him. From a grateful heart I call upon the Father to reward him for thia act of kindness. Oh, what shall we do to thank him?" "Mother," said Eva, smiling through ber tears, I felt as if be was an angle of good ness. Ob, they do wrong, who say tbat all who are weal.hy have hard hearts. Mother, can it be possible that we are so rich? I wish he knew how very happy he has made us. how much we will love and reverence him, whenev er we think o( speak of him, or even hear him spoken of." "He has bound two hearts to him forever," murmured her mother. "Yes, dear Mr. Milner! little he thought how many comforts we wan'ed. Now, we need not stint the fir* we may buy coal, and have one cheerful blaze, please God. And the tea, the strip of carpet, the sugar, the little luxuries for you, dear mother, and a very few book* for myself. I declare 1 am so thank ful, 1 feel as if 1 ought to go right back and tell him that we shall love kim aa long as we live." That evening the grate, heape* wiih Lehigh, gave the little room an air of ruddy comfort. Eva sat near, her curls bound softly back from her pure forehead, inditing a touching letter to their benefactor. Her mother's face lighted with the loss of cankering care, shone with a placid smile, and her very thought was a prayer calling down blessings upon the good rich man. In Mother room, far different from the widow's home, but also bright with the blaze of a genial fire, and whose light made rieher the polish of costly furniture, sat the noble merchant. "Pa, what makes you look so happy?" ask ed Liua, a beautiful girl, passing her smooth hand over his brow. "Don't 1 always look happy, my little Li» na?" "Yes, but you keep shutting your eyes and smiliug—so and her bright face retfected his own. MI think you have had something very nice to-day: what was it?" "Does my little daughter really want to know what has made her father ao happy?— Here is my Bible, let her turn to the Acts of the Apostles, 2()th chapter, 35th verse, aad read it carefully." The beautit ul child turned reverently the pa ges of the holy book, and as she read, she look ed up in her father's eyes— "And to reaiember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, it is more blessed to give than to receive.** "Ah, I know, she said,' laying her rosy cheek upon his hand "you have been giving something to some beggars, as you did last week, and he thanked you and said—'God bless you,' and that's what makes you happy." Una read a confirmation in her father's smile—but he said nothing, only kept repeat ing to himself the words o2 the Lord Jesus. "It is more blessed to give than to receive." |y Do not begin to quarrel with the world too soon forbad as it may be, it ia the best we have to live in here. If railing would have made it betUr,it would fere been reformed '.e* V j. GOD'S PITY. W« fQote the following written hjr Henry Ward Beecher, from the N. Y. Independents Ood's pity abides even as he abides, and par. takes of the divine grandeur and omnipotence, i There is a whole eternity in it, for substance I and duration. As God himself cannot be measured with lines of latitude and longitude, but is boundless, so is His every attribute.— His pity is infinite, moving with equal step to all the othwr attributes of God, and holding its course and path as far forth as omniscience i doth it paces with omnipresence along the circuits of infinity! For as heaven is high above the earth, so great is His m#rcy toward them that fear him. As for as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our trans gressions from us. God's pity is not as soms sw««t eoriUl, JmJ .. poured dainty drops from some golden phial. "my father was very unfortunate, sir, and bro- 1 1 & It is not like the musical water-drops of some ... .... I slender rill, murmuring down the dark sides of It sometimes seems aa if God eared for nothing. The wicked are at eaae. The good are vexed incessantly. The world is full of misrule and confusion. The darling of the flock is always made the sacrifice. Some child, in the very midst of its glee, becomes suddenly silent as a music-box, its spring giv ing way, stops in the midst of its strain, and never plays out the melody. The mother stag gers, and wanders through day and night, as if these were mingled into one, and that shot through with preternatural influence of wee. But think not tbat God's silenco is coldness or indifference. When Christ stood by the dead, the silence of tears interpreted bis sympathy more wonderfully than even that voice which afterwards called back the footsteps of the brother from the grave, and planted them in life again! God's stillness is full of brooding. Not one tear shall be shed by you that does not hang heavier at hia heart than any world upon his hand! affiietion "for the present seemeth to be joy- !i i 1 ilQa AVi^. I)IITO ftp-* I 1 Mount Sinai. It is wide as the whole scope ef heaven. It is abundant as all the air. If one had art to gather np all the golden sunlight that to-day falls wide over all this continent falling wide through every silent hour, and all that is dispersed ever the whole ocean, flashing This divine pity applies to us on account of our weakness. God looks upon our little ness, as compared with His angels that excel in strength, much, it may be supposed, as we look upon little children as compared with grown-up men. Divine pity is exercised ia view of our suf ferings, both of body and of mind. We some times fear to bring our troubles to God, be cause they must seem so small to Him that sitteth on the circle of the earth. But if they are large enough to vex and endanger our wel fare, they are larg.t enough to touch His hesrt of love. For love does not measure by a merchant's scales, nor with a surveyor's chain. It hath a delicacy which is unknowu in any handling of material substance. ous but grievous: nevertheless, afterward it i ^e'r yielueth the peaceable fruit of righteousness into tbem which are exercised thereby Trouble is like any other crop. It need* time for growing, blossoming and fruiting. Do Gooc.—Thousands of move, and live—pass off the stage of life, and are heard of no more. Why? they do not do a particle of good in the world, and none were A wicked wag of a lawyer, in one of our country courts, recently scandalized the bench by putting the following query to the professiona bretheren »Vhy is Judge like necessity The "members of the bar," then and there presently quicUy answered, —''Because he knows no law." |P To reform the world, begin first with yourself, them with your neighbor. & ^amilg |tftospaprr—.—Jlfbotfit ta Religion, politics, fittrafnn, 45mrrat ani focal ftrtos, ^tjrunllnrt. frrmjrratirf, Durattan, UStarhris, kt. OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1857. From 'Tie T,ow 11 Journa'. 'PERSIA--1THE KPII^DOROFTKC PERSIA* 8,a 19 autl',!nce b,li,Ji»g which r'S'1t Let God plant your sorrows, and water and BUiienc® the prices, nobles, cour till them according to His own husbandry.— jtiera RI\U This old Asiatic Kingdom, which has out lasted so many empires and kingdoms, both in the east, and in the west, sod which formed one ol the four great monarchies of prophecy, and whose shah still retains the proud title of king of kings, which he bore in the days of Cyrus tnd Chosroes. is likely to be of consid erable interest for sometime to come, as the battle ground of the Russians and English in the East. The modern Persians are an ex ceeding interesting people. They are said to be the handsomest race of men living, with fine olive complexious and black InstTous eyes. The Italian himself is no match for them in subtlety, cunning and dissimulation They excel in poetry all the nations of the East. In the early part of the 17th century, in the reign of Shah Abbas, Persia was one of the first powers in Asia. An Italian traveller by the name rf Pietro della Valie, resided in Persia for a long period during the reign of this shab, and the account which he gives of the Persians of that day in his voluminous travels is most entertaining. The court of the King of Per- »«rrounde«l wit» 6 from evei y wave, and all that is poured reful. gent over the northern waste of ice, and along the whole continent of Europe, and the vast outlaying in Asia ?nd torrid Africa if one could in anywise gather up this immense and incalculable outflow and treasure of sunlight that falls down through the bright hours, and runs in liquid ether about the mountains, and fills all the plains, and sends innumerable rays through every secret place, pouring over and filling every flower, shining down every blade of grass, resting in glorious humility upon the humblest things, on stick, and stone and peb ble on the spider's web, the sparrow's nest, the threshhold of the young foxes' hole, where they play snd warm themselves—that rests on the prisoner's window,that strike radiant beams through the slave's tear, that puts gold upon the widow's weeds that plates and roofs the city with burnished gold, and goes on io its wild abundance up and down the earth, shin ing everywhere, and always, since the day of primal creation, without faltering, without stint, without waste or diminution as full, as fresh, as overflowing to-day, as if it were the very first day of its outplay!—if one might gather up this boundless, endless, infinite treas ure, to measure it, then might he tell the height and depth, and unending glory of the pity of God! In light—in the sun, its source —you have God's own figure of the immensity and copiousness of His mercy and compas sion. (Ps. lxxxiv 11-12 Is. iv. 5-13.) PomP dor of the Arabian Nights. Capt. John Mai- colm, in his sketches of Persia thus describes the situation of Teheran, the modern capital. He says, "The first view we had of Teheran, the modern capital of Persia, was very im posing. It is siiuated near the foot of Elboorz, a mountain of the great range which stretches from Europe to the utmost part of Asia. This range would appear high were it not for De mavend, whose lofty peak rising above the clouds, covered with eternal snow, gives a diminutive appearance to everything in its vicinity. We have seen Demarend at a distance of 100 miles from its base, but it increased ir. magnificence as we advanced and those amongst us who delighted in the pages of Firdousee (a Persian p°et,) planned an early visit to this remarkable mountain, whose sum mit the poet describes as 'far from the abode of men and hoar to Heaven." At a short distance from our camp we ob served several mounds of earth and ruined walls, which we were told was all that re mained of the famous Reges of Robit—the Reges of the Greeks and the Rhe of the Per sians. While all who had imagination and a love of antiquity, dwelt with delight on the prospect of ascending Demavend, and visiting the ruins of Rhe, the men of business looked only to Teheran, which appeared to me to offer little to the view which was either grand or pleasing. One palace alone attracted any por tion of my admiration. It stood near the base of the mountain Elboorz, on a commanding site, and was every wav suited for a royai resi dence Capt. Malcolm gives the following graphic account of his interview with Feth Ali Shah, the king of kings: Everytbing being arranged WS proeeedea toward "the threshold of the world's glory." on the morning of the lith of November, in the year of our Lord, 1800. We were all dressed in our best attire. A crowd had as sembled near the house of Hagee Ibrahim, and the streets were filled with gazers at the stran gers. The infantry part of the escort, with their fifes and drums, and all the Hindostar.ee public servants, in scarlet and gold, preceded the Elchee, who rode a beautiful Arabian horse, richly caparisoned, but entirely in the English style he was followed by the gentle men of his suite and a cavalry escort. When we came within half a mile of the palace all was silence and order it state of Asia with the discipline of Eucope. We passed through rows of men and horses, snd even the latter appeared as if afraid to shake their heads. Many persons whom we saw in the first square of the citadel, before we entered the palace, were richly dressed and some of the horses were decked out wj^Jbridles, saddles, and trap pings of great value but it was not until we passed the last gate of the palace, and came into the garden in front of the King's hall of a high ornamented and spacious that we could fo'm any idea of the splendor of the Persian court. A canal flowed in the centr* ft the garden supplied a number of fountains to the and left of which were broad paved wal'£s, Be not impatient of Gcd. Your sorrow is a ®«tween the trees and the high wall encircling seed sown. Shall a seed come up in a day, or ilbe Palace, were files of matchlock men drawn come up all in blossom when it does come?— UP and beyond these were rows of trees. within the avenues from the gate to the Md olficer3 ot state were By-and by, when you gather their fruit, it "^pc'te lines, according to their rank, from will be time to judge liis mercy. Now, no th*,oWe9t aPParent blessed by them, none could point to them aa size, his age a little more than thirty, his com the instrument of tneir redemption not a word plexon rather fair, his features were regutar they spoke could be recalled, and they perish- jmd fine, with an expression denoting inttlli ed their light went out in darkuess, and they gence. His beard attracted much of our at were not remembered mere than the insect of yesterday. Will you thus live and die, oh man immortal? Live for something. Do good} and leave behind you a monument of virtue that the storm of time can never destroy.— Write your name in kindness love and mercy, on the hearts of thousands who come in con tact with you year by year you will never be forgotten. No your name, your deeds, will be as legible on the hearts you leave behind as the stars on the brow of evening. Good deeds will shine as the stars of heaven. marshalled in officer of the cuPied kin6's 1116 who oc* P,ac» nearest the entrance, to the Abbas Meetzs, who stood on the ••ight of his brother and within a few paces of the thronw. There was not one person ia all his array who bad not a gold hilted sword, a cashmere shawl ronnd his cs-p and another ronnd his men breathe, waist. Many of '.he nobles and princes weie magnificently dressed, but all was forgotten as soouas the eye rested on the KING. He appeared to be a littte above the middls teution, it was full, biack and glossy, anu flow ed to his middle. His dress baffled all des cription. The ground of his robes was white but he was so covered with jewels ul an ex traordinary size, and their splendor, from his being seated where the rays of the sun played upon them, was so dazzling, that it was im possible to distinguish the minute parts which combined to give such amazing brilliancy to his whole figure. The two chief officers of ceremonies, who carried golded sticks stopped twice, as they advanced towaro the throne, to make a low obeisance, and the Elchee at the same time took oil his hat. When near the entrance of the hall the processiou stopped and the lord of requests "Capt. John Malcolm is came, as en voy from the governor general of India to your majesty." The king looking to the Elchee, said la a pleasing and manly voice, "You are welcome." Such is the picture drawn by Malcolm of the splendor of the Persian court in 1800. Pro bably it appeared as it did in the days of Ahasuenis, Queen Vashtl and Mordecai. Vron thf Ronton Evening Traveller. lEnAKKKHM: AW!) KT4Kn.(II« OIWOVI RII K I* THE KANT. How surprising, then, its discoverydis covery it shall prove—tliat Titanic structure, whose base was laid In the earth vet soaked with the waters of the flood, and whose sum mit was designed to pierce the very heavens! And why not discovered? Nineveh has yield ed up its secrets after a burial of long cen turies. Bdbylon, once the glory of the Chal dean's excellency, has opened her gates again, if not to her Persian besiegers, at least to the living generation, of all races, and in her cyl- i inder-books offers her history to the world's inspection. What remained for discovery in the wreck and ruin of the old world, but Ba bel, that mighty tower which was designed to pierce the skies and defy a second deluge! If it seems too much for belief, what should be thought incredible, when Nineveh and Babylon are brought back to the land of the living by a sort of resurrection, and their monuments of art are traveling through the nations to amaze and delight mankind? Besides, there is a provideoee to be tMced in these discoveries. They serve not only to arouse but to instruct ttey not only gratify the curiosity, but-establish beyond all doubt and controversy the veracitj and inspiration of the Sacred Records. The light of pure Chris tianity begins to beam upon the early seats of the human race: it is meet that it should be met by the light of the remotest antiquity. The substance of the information which has just been circulated relating to the discovery of the Tower of Babel, I will give in a few words, expecting soon to receive fuller details, at the same time remarking that the French Consul-Gen*ral of Beirut, Mr. Li*eps, has received various curious articles which w-re found in the towet, which I hope soon to see and describe. I think my hand, if noi my heart, will fairly tremble, if once it takes hold of the shovels, the trowels, and the hods used by those old masons and builders. The village of Arbela, so famous i.i histo ry for the decisive battle fought neai it by Darius and Alexander, is only a few days' jour ney from Mosul, to which Mr. Place, wearied with the monotonous wonders of Ninevah,set olt with his accustomed enthusiasm in search of new discoveries, in a region celebrated in classical history. On bis way an incident oc curred which proves to what a degree the statements of history respecting the locality are the simple truth. The escort of Mr. Place dismounted when they reached the field of Arbela, fo lowing the example of the Con sul, who wished to study the battle-field: and this he wa* obliged to do STADING, as Turkish etiquette permits no one to remain seated in his saddle. Soon, however, he mounted again, in order to jcour the plain, and the escort did the same, except a single Turk of enormous proportions, who followed on foot, puffing and bathed in sweat. Mr. Place, pitying him for his sad plight, asked him if he did because he preferred walking to riding. "By r.o means," replied the Turk: "but I am unable to remount my horse, because I heed the help of a stone in order to regain my stirrup, and who can find a single stone in all the plain of Gingaraella?" Now it is well known that Darius employed 300,000 men for many days in leveling this plain and in breaking whatever would inter pose an obstacle to his cavalry and chariots of war. In the centre of the old battle-tield of Arbella rises a hill of colossal dimensions, whose object the party vainly conjectured, thinking it migty be a tomb, or a triumphal monument, or mote likely both. Unfortunate ly they bad not time to examine it, nor the ap pliances necessary for exploring it. Passing on, Mr. Place and his party at lenglh discovered what they believed to be nothing less than the veritable remains of the Tower of Babel—the wonder of wonders, and the greatest spectacle which the eyes of men can contemplate in this age of the world.— This proud tower, which was built ia defiance of Heaven, and aimed to pierce 'hie very akies, has lost, in the course uf ages its cloud-reach ing elevation. Six of its eight stories have fallen and crumbled into dust: but the two which remain are so high that they may be seen for fifty or sixty miles around. The base of the tower is quadrangular, and each side about six hundred feet long. The wer is made of bricks of the purest clay, and of a white color, which is a little shaded with a yel low tint. Under a clear sun, end aa a whole, this ancient snonussent of human skill and daring presents a fine blending of colors which sets the painter's pallet at defiance. Before being bake*l, the bricks had been covered with characters, traced with the accuracy of the hand of a writing-master Near the top of Ihe letters the straight strokes were adorned with flourishes resembling the heads of nails. All was neat, regular and severe and, indeed, those who saw these specimens of ancient calligraphy affirm that the fathers ot the hu man race wrote a better hand than their chil dren. Another curious fact ai rested the attention of the exploring party. The sacred record runs thus: "And it rams to pass as they journey- '&'<• or nra arms or rue vcrwm or lull. BEIRUT, Monday, Dec. 8, '56. EDITO* or THE TAAVELLZA: It is nearly two years rince that I informed your readers of the grand and instructive discoveries in ancient Ninevah. made by Mr. PLACE, the French Oonsur in Mesul. following up the ancient researches of Mr. BOTTS, and Mr. LAYARD, he brought to light monuments of that long-entombed city, which equally amaz ed and delighted the world. A man of genius and enthusissm, be wss encoursged by his successes to extend his researches, which in his opinions shall be verified, will add imper ishible lustre to his name. The Tower of Babel was snpposed to exist only as a Bibli cal souvenir—a thing of memory and not of substance. And, indeed, to many who con templated it only in its audacity and folly, it seemed a mvth or a fancy only of Oriental imaginativeness or superstition. Besides, no locality was assigned to the structure, except the great plain of Sliinar, and no dtbrit or ru ins remained as the proof of its veritable re- i ality. «d from the East that they found a plain in the valley of Shinar, and they dwelt there. And they said one to another—Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly and they had brick for stone, (or instead of stone,) and tlime had they foi mortar." Modern skeptics may ask: Where could these builders obtain i all this bitumen? for a vast quantity must have been demanded to meet the wants of so many trowels. It is a singular coincidence that Mr. Place discovered a fountain at a small distance from the '.ower, whose waters flow in sucb abundance as almost to form a river. The stream forces its way into a river in the vicini ty, did not the people hasten to stop it by set ting the bituminous food -on fire, when they tranquilly wait till the fire is extinguished for the want of a'iment. Thus the old fountain •till pours out inevhau^tible quantities of bitu men, or siime, which supplied these old build ers in their vast enterprise. Bitumen also adds to the durability of bricks, as well as firmly consolidates them in masonry. Could anything be added to the marvel of the coin cidence? Thus travels «nd expeditions in As syria became Biblical corollaries, and new proofs are never wanting of old truths. Among the i teresting discoveries of Mr. Place were certain inscriptions on fillets of gold, silver and copper, and also upon a metal now unknown, and which has somewhat of the appearance of ivory. It has been submitted to the experiments of an intelligent metallur gist, and its qualities will soon be ascertained. Some very curious photographs, taken by the expedition, completed their labors, one of which was of the ruins of the p?lace of the famous Queen Semiramis. This ancient mon ument situated on the height of a mountain raised by the hands of men, overlooks the aw ful solitudes which surround Lake Van—a body of water six or seven times larger than Lake Geneva. It is not strange that the gentleman who had seen and handled seme of the articles brought from the Tower of Babel by Mr. Place, should be excited as he said he was "In relation to archaeological news I take the liberty to in form you that I have just seen the oldest things of the old world. Indeed, I do not know that I should be more surprised at seeing the fragments of the ark itself. Fancy to your self that I have just toucned and held in my hand, and turned and tume again in every way, a little moreeav of tht Tower of Babel. This trinket of moulded clay, illustrated and baked bv the smis of Noah, has passed from the plain of Shinar to the chapel of St. Mesmtn, and is the fruit of the strokes of the hammer in the band of Place, our learned and enterprising Consul, to whom I am indebted for a sight of this precious little relic, about which cluster so many grand souvenirs." I will only add, that if your readers wish to obtain a distinct and accurate idea of the re gion referred to, in which lies the battle-field of Arbela, and the plain of Shinar, the/ should open their Atlas and survey the country be tween Mosul on the Tigris, and Lake Van, southeast of Mount Ararat. It was verv natu ral that the sons of Noah, descending from Ara rat, should commence heir agricultural labors in the fertile and well watered plain of Shinar, lying to the east whtre in terrible remembrance of thtf flood they vainly and impiously at tempted a work which should protect them from the recurrence of the disaster. Recent ly I met an English gentleman. Major Frazer, who belonged to the staff of Gen. Williams, the hero of Kars, who, with three or four oth er Englishmen, had gained the summit of Mount Ararat—the first feat of the kind since the children Noah descended from it. Thus, by a singular 'incidence, about the same time, the sacred summit was reached where the ark rested, and the tower discovered whifli was erected on the plain at its base. 4^ A correspondent of the N. York Com mercial Advertiser gives the following des cription of Crawford's colossal statute of America, designed to surmount the new dome of the Capitol: "No mere description can give you an ade quate idea of the sublimity and grandeur of tli is great work. The figure is twenty feet high, and stands with the right hand resting on a sheathed sword, and the left on the shield of our country On the breast are the initials of the Uuited States, and a delicate drapery is so srranged as to form rays of light procseding from the letters. The ample fields of an outer drapery fall majestically around the statute, leaving only the hands and a portion of the neck uncovered. For the usual cap the arti&t has substituted a helmet, the crest of which is an eagle's heed, with a richly falling plume of feathers. The countenance is wondrously beautiful, full of dignity and lofty purpose, earnestly and thoughtfully looking out into the great future. Grand, majestic, and full of no ble sentiment, this statute should not only be prized as a work of art, but honored for the gTandeur and benignity of ita silent teachings. Crawford has made two statues of America, one for the eastern pediment and the one I have attempted to describe, each entirely different from the other, for it is one of the peculiar traits of this sculptor's fertile genius that he never imitates, never re-produces, even from himself. Go through these eight studios, fill ed with statues, bas-reliefs, all by the same hand, yet you find no two compositions alike, either in attitude or expression. The series of bas-reliefs for one of the bronze doors of the Capitol, representing various scenes in our revolutionary history and incidents in the lite of W aahingtoe, are to be sent to the same foun dry where the Virginia statutes have been so successfully cas* the Munich bronze being the finest ia the world, and not so liable to change by time as are other bronzes of less purity." yy Hie National Agricultural 8ociety has agreed to memorialize Congress for an appro priation of 100.000 acres of land in each State for the endowment of agricultural col leges. (g^ Eight persons oa the stage mote from Dubuque to Iowa city were frozen to death on the night of the 11th. To resuscitate a drowned Englishman, broil a beef stake under his nose. -f-Wis.i.i (OLD SERIES, TOI- A, SO. OO. i T£B.H^ ll.SO In Adv*M« t\,' -vt* ALEXANDER VO\ HUMBOLDT.! In a letter of Bayard Taylor, dated at Ber-® lin, the 25th of November, the traveler give* an account of his interview with Baron Hum-** boldt. The following is a description of his personal appearance: As I looked at the majestic old man, the lin* of Tennyson describing Wellington, caire into my mind: "(Mi. good gray head, whiclf all men know." The first impression made by Hum-', boldt's face is that of a broad and genial ho-f mani'y. His mawive brow, heavy with the gathered wisdom of nearly a century, bends forward and overhangs his breast, like a ripe?,. ear of corn, but as you look below it, a pair of clear blue eyes, almost as bright and steady' as a child s. meet your own. In those eyes you read that trust in man, that immortal youth of* the heart, which make the snows of eighty-11 seven winters lie so lightly upon his head.— Jf' You trust him utterly at the first glance, aiidi. you feel that he will trust you if you are wor-f thy of it. I had approached him with a nat ural feeling of reverence, but in five minutes I found that I loved him, and could talk with him as freely as with a friend of my own age. His nose, mouth and chin have the heavy Teu tonic character, whose genuine type alwayj expresses an honest simplicity and direetness... I was not surprised by the youthful character of his face. I knew that he had been frequent ly indisposed during the present year, and had been told that he was beginning to show the marks of his extreme age but I should not have suspected him of being ever seventy-five. His wrinkles are few and small, and his skin has a smoothness and delicacy rarely seen in^ old men. His hair, although snow-white, is still abundant, his step slow but fum, and hisw, manner active almost to restlessness. Hep sleeps but four hours out of the twenty-four,ft reads and replies to his daily ran of letters., and suffers no single occurrence of the letst, interest in any part of the world, to escape his attention. I could riot digcover that his mem ory, the first mental faculty to show decay, isj^ at all impaired. He talks rapidly, with the| greatest apparent ease, never hesitating for a word, whether in English or in German, and^ in fact, seemed to be unconscious which lan guage he was using, as he changed fire or six,, times in the course of the conversation. He, did not remain in his chair more than teo min utes at atime, frequently getting up and walk-k ing about the room, now and then pointing to an. picture or opening a book to illustrate som* remark. AW ARTFUL MISER. fane time ago, a gentleman called upon a certain nobleman, a very wealthy and inordi nately mean character, and found him at th» breakfast table, quite alone, and doing his ut-ff most to catch a fly which was buzzing abon the room. "What the duce are you about?' demanded the astonished visitor, to whom thajj spectacle of an old man amusing hirinself by, catchyig flies seemed very singular to sav thet* least. "Hush!" exclaimed the other, "I'll telfr you presently." After many efforts, the ol4 fellow at last succeeded in entrapping the fly.JS! Taking the insect carefully between his thumb and forefinger, he put it into ths sugar-bowl, and quickly dropped the lid over his prisoner. His visitor, more annoyed than ever, knowing aftie did the avaricious character of the man' before him, repeated the question. "I'll tell you," replied the miser, a triumphant grin? overspreading his countenance as he spoke,—. "I want to ascertain if the servants K»tl the sugar." PBIVATE PRATER —"Philosophy," safdthe' good and great Richard Watson, "asks a re»-^* son for the offering of prayer, and, waiting for" an answer, never prays at all. Religion hearg' that God will be inquired of by all, thankfally" bends the knee, torches the golden sceptre, and bears away the blessing." Aa apology^ for prayer is neither needed or attempted here,, as we write for those who admit its adapta tion to man's utter dependency, and perhaps who pray themselves. We ask no other rea-" son for calling upon the name of the Lord than| the single command of our great Prophet:—, "But thou, when thou prayesi, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret and thy Fath er, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly." This is our authority, our argu-, inent, for private prayer sitting, as it does^ like a jewel on the bosom of that all-perfect book of divinity, the Sermon on the Mount. FROZE* TO DEATH.—It is said that Miss Virginia Claggett, sister of Col. Clagget, of? Keokuk, was lately frozen to death in Prince' George county, Maryland. A "4 woman stopped at a Hotel ini ingtnn, Ky., a few days since with her 1 band and thirty-two children, all her own ICy Let your expenses be such as to leave a balance in your pocket Ready money is a** frieud in need. resolution is before the Ohio Legis lature to appropriate $20,000 ia ai4 of the^ Kansas sufferers. or Why was Senator Douglaa' marriage a game of chance? because he drew Cutts for* his wife. a i Col. RichardBon,our new Pr^i^aster^ V that if to to,is now in this city, msjtu^ prepa-i* rations to come here and live.—Chicago Dem^' tar The man who knowingly circulates lie, may have to pay the tiuUi for 4 punished besides. jy Parents may expr.ct from tteir cbildrei^ the same degree of dutiful behavior, as theyk themselves paid to their own parents. A venerable old man sfejrs: "Let tbei slandered take comfort—it's only at fruity trees that thieves throw stones." I w It is hard work to teach people who' can learn nothing without being taught. If you dont want an evil tiling known:*' of you, never do it. Be slow to change, for change, if it ho, net profit is destruction. "I.