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The weekly Ottumwa courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1857-1872, July 13, 1871, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027352/1871-07-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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mvtlltisa by
Editors and Proprietors.
Otieial Paper of the
Paper of the C«H&At|r.
"OlHoial Paper Of the City
OFFICE.—Oa the Corner Market and See
UIISiMl^iitttUH Po*t OlOce.
TV 11
hmMl fjri—'•! I
Iran (M «flc«
that refMlaf to lik«
~r r—Hwr mMI
Republican State Ticket.
C, C.
Of Webater County.
OT Wlnnishlek County,
roa jtjooaor aupKEM* oeeiBM
Of Fremont Connty,
*»M W|i i* wfntMut or rtrsuc immvomm:
i tf QMM Oountr.
Rnoi/rn), That we rarer with pride to the
hi*lory of the Republican party, end ooAffrat
alate the people of thli ooantry npoa lta*uc
cenfol career. It has (tTen to the poor mail
a homeelead It has abolished Siavanr and
established manhood anfflrace, crashed trea
i*on, gtvea ns v*at line* of continental rail
rraya, settled the doctrine of the right of ex
patriation, maintained the honor, Integrity
and eredtt of oar nation. It has •Indicated
the Monroe doctrine by preventing foreign
powers from Interfering with the govern
ment* on UilaeonUMnt, and to perpetuate it
n power I* the only safe inaranty for peace
ana prosperity In the future.
RJMOLTBD, That we heartily congratulate
the country upon theeettlementof onr vend
and dangeron controversies with the govern
ment of Great Britain, and especially upon
the tint and Christian spirit and manner In
which these controversies have been settled.
he expense of aootherl^nd thentfo^a^o^
JProflt, shall bear Its JniltUN of Ml pi&iio
RIKOLVKD, That believing that all corpora
tions doing business within UOe limits of this
state aje rlghtlally sahjert to the control of
the people, we are In favor of *o providing by
•proper leglRlatlve enactment as to effectually
prevent monopoly and extortion on the part
of railroad anflanMlMf companies.
RswLvip, That we are InlaYor ol extaud
log the blessings of clvu and reilgtotta liberty
to the htunan race, everywhere, and. there
|^iwbeMV«rUuallbeitude manifest that
tt^the MM&MMI
aObrd thsm. we shall tevor the earnest and
intelligent conaUforatlon of this question by
the treaty-making power of the Government
Rmoi,w. That as Agrlealtnre Is the basis
of the material interest* of this State, we
recognise Its pre-eminent claim* for support.
!y legislation or otherwise, as may be neces
sary to Menne the inJl development of onr
highly fhvprMtltete.
RnsoiiVBf), That we are In flavor of roch a
modlfleation of our I avenue, sysUu w will,
at as early a day as possible, relieve the ptss
Bnreof ^gsSsKMBSBS
Rsnoi.vn, fbat we cordially approve and
earnestly indorse the eminently wise, pat
riotic, and economic adrnmstralton or Pr«i
tdent 8wsl,md hasrtllr nommsnd U to toe
invorable consideration of the conn"
tem or plaMpf #t|Wta|k tfHblil T*n#| to rail
rt«d or otnef oorpWtions wlthont ample
provision being made for seenrtng their
who desire toporohiueandRettlenpon them.
RBHOLVBD, That we are tar or 91 eooQ-
••ndorae the present administration of the
HUte Government.
The County Bopubikmn ConvoaUon for
Um namiaauon of a Mnator, two HnN
e— tatlvca, mnnr, Treasurer, Auditor,
county Mool HujMrlnUndent, one Coun
ty Hupnrnnoc.aaa a Coroner, wiU beheld
at the Oonrt HOUML in OttBmwa, Iowa,
at 1 o'clock, P. on ths
Stk day of August, 1871.
Kach Townsliip will be eatltled .to fivs
The TowHskip mMttaoa for the appoint
ment of delegates «tll be held at )oe va
rious plaosa of holding elections in the
respective townships, at 3 o'clock, p. in.,
oa the Wfc day of Jviy, 1«71.
Chm'n Co. Cent. Com.
History informs as that the
Trojans having refused to restore
Helen to her husband, the Greeks
declared war sgairist them. We are
also informed that there were, in
Greece, a gr»at many kings who
furnished troops, and all embarked
for Troy landed there and began
the siege of that impregnable city.
Bat the*Trojans defended their city
so well that, for ten long years, the
Greeks met with nothing bat rover
sea and disaster and, finding they
conld not take the city by force, had
recourse to strategem. They made
a great wooden horse, and inclosed
in its body a number of armed men
after which they pretended tu return
to their ships and abandon the siege
The Trojfens, flushed with appar
ent victory, fell into the snare, and
brought the horse into* their city,
which cost them dear, for in the
middle of the night, the men con
cealed in it got out, Bet fire to the
city,,opened the gates and let io the
whole Grecian army, that had re
turned under the walls of Troy.
History verily repeats itself. The
Democratic party, for the last years,
have bad their "baggage checked for
Troy,"—have sought by fair menus
and foul, and exhausted all the chi
canery, sobtlety and triekerj-, pecu
liar to the Democratic brain, to break
down the Republican stronghold at
last, failing to effect their purpose,
these would be Ajaxes propose play
ing the same little picco oi stratogem,
by making a groat 'wooden horso,"
alias "now departure," and havo al
ready conoealod a numbor of Demo
cratic braves thureio, ftliilo all tho
lesser lights preload to abandon tho
struggle, and not to mako war on Re
publican institutions any more.
Nothing now remains but for the
Republicau party to take in this
lioofed quadruped ot long flowing
tail, and they can quickly leurn, to
their sorrow, as did the Trojans,
that this well pretending, docile,
lamb-like equine animal, is a "horso
of anothor color," and will prove a
very oxponsivo 'orso when they oboe
take him in.
The "New Departurists" have
boen dubbed very properly Mulat
toes." Iu Ohio they aro called tho
Visible AdmixturisU,"
Established in 1848.
On Thursday we boarded the D.
V. 12:10 train, and in about 40 min
utes landed at Eldon. We remained
there about au hour, long enough to
do the town nnd seo what they wore
at. fildon is not looming up into
importance very fast, as bnt few
buildings have boen erected slnco last
year, but morally, we the think the
place is improving vastly. Last fall
there wore fourteen saloons then,
and now there are only four. They
are woll accommodated, however,
with hvtefa, of whioh there are
three, aod, although tho buildings in
which they are kept aro not of the
most elegant character, still, a man
may obtain as good a "tquaro meal"
at them as any other place in South
ern Iowa, of its site. At 2:55 p. M.,
we got on the great "see sawer's"
road and headed for Centerville, pass
ing Florin, Drakeville and Unionville.
All along the route through Davis
and Appanoose counties, tho ravages
of chinch bags were plainly to bo
seen and, having devoured all of
the spring wheat, they have gone in
tm fhe corn and oats. A good deal
of the corn we saw looked as if fire
had scorched off all the lower blades,
and some oi it is entirely eaten up.
Farmers, everywhere on the route,
have plowed up the wheat fields and
have sown buckwheat) and in con
sequence, there will be the greatest
buckwheat crop in Davis and Appan
oose counties that ever was raised
there and, as too great an indul
gence in buckwhcat cakes induces
tho scratches, or prairie mango,
scratching posts will be the order
there, during the next winter and
The damage t&Qre in Appaboose
county, from thechincfar bugs, is es
timated at 1200,000, and our old
friend, Judge Harris, thinks that it
ought to be a penal offence for farm
ers to sow spring wheat in this coun
try. We may expect the chinch bugs
to visit Wapello county next year,
and, as they do not trouble fall
wheat, would it not be well for our
farmers to remember this and sow
all they possibly can this fall.
Floris seems to be improving con
siderably, and, as it has a nice coun
try around it, ft will, in time, make a
nice country village. Drakevillo and
Union ville do not show any very
great signs of awakening from their
long sleep but still, they are nioe
littlo places, and contaifl some
mighty good oitixen. Centerville is
improving a good deal, but not as
much as might be expected its citi
zens, like all new railroad towns,
have an idea that property is worth
a great deal more than it really is,
and hence its growth is materially
retarded, by keeping out new comers
who would buy real estate and build
if they could get it at something less
than Chicago or St. Louis prices.—
Next ilonday tho citizons of Cen
terville, and tho township in which
it ia situated, vote on a proposition
to levy a tax of five per cent, in favor
of what is known as the Drake road.
If they carry this tax and raise some
950,000 in stock, this will securo
thom another railroad, and Center
ville may then expect to occupy a
position that will make it a respect
able interior town. She has a £ood
many live, energetic men, and like
all other places some old fogys, and
it is somewhat doubtful about the
tax proposition carrying. Thursday
evening we attended a very pleasant
festival, given for the benefit of the
M. E. Church and after a good
night's rest at the Reystono, next
day we
see-sawed down
the South
western to Kldon, and up tho D. V.
KR. to Ottumwa, and as usual,
good to get back to the beat town in
Southern Iowa.
The Constitution is at its old tricks
ot vilifying and berating soldiers. It
now publishes, with much gusto, a
long article which it credits to tho
Springfield, Ills., Register, (Demo
cratic,) which artiole nothing but
a tirade of abuse upon Col. Carpon
ter's war rocord. Copperhead abuse
of soldiers has long been so much be
low par, that it does not make even'
a ripple upon the body politic. Tho
false defamatory character of the
witness is such that his testimony is
considorod always worthless.
Hro. Cluggottpats liro. Rich very
approvingly on tho baojc, and pub
lishos a lengthy comment ou Hro
Rich's comments upon tho lion. as,
Harlan's rccont lottor. liro. Claggott
thinks as Bro. Rich does, that Mr.
Harlan has got in a bad box. What
strange bed-fellows. Thcro is quite
a long tail to all this that the good
people of Iowa will soon thoroughly
understand. Tho Kookuk Constitu
tion and tho Dubuque Timet lie down
John Knox, Esq of Columbia Tp.,
in this oounty, met with a heavy
loss in last Wednesday night's sevoro
storm, by the killing of two fine
horses. They were struck by
lightning, and when found one lay
right across tho other.
Twonty-five years later, in defence
of free trade and Sailors' rights, the
young nation was called upon to
measure strength with her old ene
my. Soon temporary successes were
gftiaod hy Ho ncAr.nnnftdouli foe.
They burnod our Capitol, and by the
treachory or timidity of Hull obtain
ed the surrender of an insignificant
fortress. But the contest enaod with
now glory to the American arms.
Jackson, the Irish American hero,
drovo the British army into the sea
at New Orleans, while the gallant
Perry blew their navy into the air
from the waters of Lake Erie. An
other quarter of a centuty /-oils
round, and we find ourselves engagod
in bloody strifo with a sister .Repub
lic. Tho cause of controversy, en
tirely unworthy its consequences.
But discussion of these and other
topics which crowd upon our atten
tion, is outside my present purpose.
I can only notice ovonts.
Tho Mexican war, fiorco, bloody,
and in tho display of skill and illus
tration of the scionco of war, signifi
cant, brought no different rosult to
the Amorican arms. Scarcely had
tho news of the pending contest
roachod tho remote governments of
the world, ere, under tho lead of that
grand old hero who but a fow years
ago went to his rost, tho American
army had planted the stars and
stripes on the halls of tho Montozu
iii as.
Still peace was not yet to be ours.
The last quarter of onr first oentury
was to witness the world's battle.
Fratricide was attempted in tho Re
public. The wicked inspirations of
a false edict—false in moral as well
as in political ethics, incitod the sons
of Revolutionary sires in noar one
half of the Union to raise their hands
against the life oi the Nation. Tho
loyal millions of the country at first
stood awestruck at the crime ot
trampling on the flag of their fathers.
For a moment they hesitated in in
credulous amazement, and thon, as if
waking from a fearful dream, they
rushed to tho defonco of their homes
and country by tho hundreds, and
there was presented to tho world the
sad but sublime spectacle of a million
of men in arms, arrayed against each
other with the last hope of human
freodom trembling in tho balance,
sin«l the question of man's capacity
for self government brought to the
test of its last terrible ordeal. Of
that slrtlo of giants, that war of
wars, it is not my purpose here and
now to speak, ns
tr!4cf»V i a
il irJ'-ujt
Ottumwa, /o!rw, fitly 4th, 1871.
Upon the Invitation of the Society of the
To make a successful book," wid
Emerson, "you must have a good
reader as woll as a good writer." So
it is with a publio speech, it depends,
for its merit and success, quite as
muoh on an appreciative ana gener
erous audience, as oh tho power or
oven inspiration of the orator. The
recollection oi a happy
Bour spont with a most gonerous and
inspiring audience, in your busy and
and thriving city,during the political
oanvass of 1868, has beguiled me into
the rash cxperimont of reuewing the
acquaintance. Always a rash ven
ture for an orator of small capital.
If you should be disappointed, as
fear and feel that yon will be, 1 beg
you to cast the hlamo on your com
mittee, who havo led me into tempta
tion, and like our mothor in the gar
den, made thoir approaches on the
weak side—vanity.
We are assembled to-day, fellow
citisons, in this favored spot of tho
lovely valloy ofthoDes Moines, a hun
dred milos west of tho grand Missis
sippi, to celebrate tho ninety-fifth
Anniversary of our Nations Inde
A century is a short time in the
life of a nation, yet our brief infancy
has been crowdod with startling,
thrilling events. Its birth was sur
rounded by trial and sacrifice. The
colonists, three millions in number,
scattered over half a continent,
boldly proclaimed the rightful inde
pendence of man, and pledged to its
maintainanoe their lives, thoir for
tunes, and their sacred honor. How
nobly they redeemed that plodgo,
makes in part the story of your fam
ily tradition. Proclaiming aH their
watch-word tho sublime truth that
all men are created equal." They
encountered on the battle field the
well appointed armies of England,
then the wealthiest and most power
ful nation on the globe backed, too,
by the hoary prejudices of a thous
and years, and under the lead of the
patriot soldier and Christian states
man, by their valor, dovotion, and
heroic self-sacrifice, they wrung vic
tory and thoir country's independ
ence from those war-worn veterans
of England, who, in their turn, be
came tho conquerors of Waterloo
and the heroes of tho old world.
will, at least inci­
dentally, form much of my to}ic to
day. But, may we not, iqjlow-citi
ISOUS, here on this hallowed day, un
der the Creator's broad and Heaven
lighted dome, with llis rich bounties
spread at your feet in the teeming
harvest fields, stimulating your en
i,y their rich proinino of re
ward for your toil,—may wo not, on
such occasions, and With those sur
roundings, feelingly pause a moment
and humbly thank the good God
who was with your fathers in tho
Revolution, and who has in llis mor
cy pormitted us to see tho dawn of
that rich harvost of i'oaco, Union
and Liborty, which wo aro about to
reap from this hold of sacrilico and
those years of self-denial and sutl'or
Tho truth of history and the usa
ges of the day must bo my oxcuso for
this momontary indulgence in tho
languago of national and to a sovero
taste seemingly ovor-parlial eulogy,
and yet 1 trust, fellow-citizons, my
purpose is a highor one, I havo said
this much with u view mainly to j*ot
your attqplion to one thought which
I wish to present, which you havo
already discovered, viz: That tho
Groat christian law of Sacrifice the
princi^lo of self-denial is tho one un
failing and untaxing condition of
excellence in national as it is in indi
vidual character, if oven there was a
time when it behooved us us a nation
to look to our character that time is
s u n u
I *7» ,f
now. The corner stone of national
character mnst be justioe. This
grandest word in our strong mascu
line language) embodying in its ex
pression au other or al least th»
most needed national virtues.. Truth,
courage, Integrity and honor, "Jus
tioe, said that eminent English states
man, Sir James Mcintosh, "Justioe is
the first policy of nations and any
eminent departure Iron it Ilea un
dor the imputation of being no pol
toy at all.' A nation may gain
historic glqry and world renowned
faniet BytilB eneouragoment of art,
the development of science, by an
enviable to loner*, In poo
try and the highest culture, she may
seem to illustrate history, may fill
the world with her Glory. But not
withstanding all this if she comprom
ises with opprossiob and wfong And
ignoring in her policy, the etornal
principle of justice, shuts her eyes to
the claims of humanity and progress,
with all her high sounding reputa
tion, such a nation will have no
character worth a place in history.
Wbilo tho history of American In
dopondonco properly dates from the
commonoemont ot pur strugglo in
seV&ntooti seventy-six, its foundations
were laid in the sixtoonth century
on tho othor side of the ocean. Civil
and religious liberty was the watch
word of the heroic Pilgrims who
with a self-denial of which we have
little idea, wandered from country to
country through a wilderness of sac
rifice and sorrow, for many times
lorty years, until at last through
their abiding faith, strong Bense of
justice and cheerful devotion to tho
Great Law of sacrifice, they fottnd a
refuge for themselves and their prin
ciples on tho western shores of tho
Atlantic,and there in the fear of that
God in whom they trusted, who has
been their "pillow and cloud" thro'
the long and droary days and nights
of their wanderings, on principles of
justice and freedom they laid tho
foundations of a nation, which is to
day tho acknowledged homo of civil
and religious liberty, and an asylum
for the down-trodden and oppressed
from every kindred and climo on tho
face of tho globo. A country whioh
it is a pardonable woakness for her
citizens to feel proud of, and though
the smoko of the sacrifice is yet as
cending, we cab thank God, to-day
apostrophize in the language of
"I speak in tbe spirit of American
law which makes liberty commen
surate with and co-extensive with
American soil, which proclaims even
to tho sojourner and tho stranger
within her gates that the ground
upon which be treads is holy and
rendered so by the genius of univer
sal emancipation. No matter in
what languago his doom may have
boeu pronounced no matter in what
disastrous battle his liberties may
have been troddon down no matter
what color, an Indiati or an African
sun may have burnod upon bis brow
no matter upon what altar he may
have been offered up to slavery, tbe
moment he touches American soil
tho altar and the god sink together
in the dust, his shackels fall from
around him, his BOUI bursts beyond
the measure of his chains, and be
stands forth reolaimod—regenerated
—disenthralled by the irresistible
genius of universal emancipation."
Were my feeble powerB equal to
the task, 1 might cause your purest
blood to thrill by a rocital of the
brilliant chapter of 1688 in the anti
revolutionary history of your fa
thers. Go with mo a moment to the
dungeon of Hampden, tho Hall of
tho Long Parliament and tho bloody
field ol Marston Moore. Pay your
ship money,said tho haughty monials
of tho biggotted tyrant, Charlos, to
the patriotic Hampder. I will rot
in a dungeon rather than pay a pen
ny that my representatives had no
voico in imposing, was tho noble re
ply of tho stern Republican of Buck
inghamshire. Ho made tho sacrificed
Humanity reaped tho reward. Tho
iron energy of Cromwoll brought
tbe tyrant's head to the block, and
civil and religious liberty advanood
a century. What aro theso? said
the Democratic Cromwoll,| as ho
passed through one of the old cathe
drals, richly adorned with the fruit
of tithos drawn from the sweat and
toil of the poor, and beholding
twelvo life size statutes of solid sil
ver, asked, what are these? Those,
my lord, said the trembling dean in
attendance, aro tho twelve apostles.
With a quiet irony which can only
bo assumed by a Puritan (and by a
Puritan 1 mean a man of convictions)
he immediately responded, take
them down molt them and make
them into money tbat they may, like
the originals, go about doing good.
Such is the stuff, my ftiends, of
which real patriots are made. I
dont moan tho silver hut the Crom
well clay.
But 1 must leave this scene of sur
passing interest, and go where 1
know the hearts of my audience has
already wandered, to the shrines of
Amorican sacrifices. Let us bend in
revoreneo before the altars to lib
erty merited and consecrated on the
revolutionary and other battle fields
of our own loved land.
It was not only the stamp dnty,
nor the pitable tax on tea, that uni
ted in a high resolve the men of
Virginia with the men of Massacbu
setts. Their hearts were warmed
with a holier fire and their hands
uuitod for a greater purpoto. it
was to domonstiate nnd mako prao
tical tho capacity of man for self
government, and illustrate tho glori
ous idea of Independence, that knit
togctlior in a brotherly bond tho
Cavalier and tho Puritan, and en
ablod thom in the sevon years that
followed to achicvo thoir country's
independence, and on tho bloody
fields whoro they fought and fell to
gether to cover the Americrn name
with imperishable glory. On those
revolutionary fields, as in later and
not lees ovontlul days, men of ail
nations and creeds fought and foil
The Celt and tho Saxon, tho
Frenchman and Prussian, tho exiled
Polo and tho democratic Swiss, tho
Spaniard of tho South and the Swede
from tho JJorth—all stood together
under tho same flag. Thoir blood
flowed down in the same stream to
gethor, as in the holy effort of com
mon brotherhood they consecrated
tho virgin soil of Columbia to Free
doift aud tho Rights of man, und
mmrnrn iliiWiiii
earned for our beloved America the
proad name it is known by, the
world over Tho Land of the Free
and the Home of the l?ravo I" And
so ia tne rich blessings tnat followed
flrom this holy war of independence,
men of all nations and creeds were
partakers. Civil and religious liber
ty was established for all time and
under the broad
tegis of
the new
flag with Its glorious motto
"S Plu-
ribut Unum," tho down trodden and
opprossod Ifom all nations and biu
dreds find a reftige and a hottitS
in our own day another great bat
tle was fought let- liberty, and t"
gonerationTt was reserved to make
atonement of blood for the one great
of the Amorican people, in the
decade just closod, the prophetic
words of Seward and Lincoln tbat,
"sUVety and freedom couid not exist
together under our flag," became a
solemn and realized fact and in the
bloodiest strugglo of anciont or mod
ern times the blood of a hundrod and
fifty thousand American patriots
washed tho stain of human slavery
from the Unitod States, and gavo to
us, and lot us devoutly hopo to our
children and our cbildron's children a
new Nation "redeemed, regenerated
and disenthralled by the irrcsista
bio genius of universal emancipa
In this last groat strugglo, all men
were brothers,—no oreea, tior color,
nor country was known—all woro
Americans, and fought and foil to-
in the same holy causo. And
trust 1 may be pardoiiod for taking
this occasion to recoid a word of
simple justice to ttiy own couutry
men: In tho great battle for the
Union'they have no inglorious part.
Tho volunteers of every State, from
Maine to California, found Irishmen
in their ranks and tho first regiment
tbat went from Iowa had one or
more Irishmen in every company
that composed it, and tbe glorious
Thirty-fifth (the regiment led by the
gallant Hill) had one entire company
of Irishmen, who were equal to the
best of that fine batallion like their
brave commander, always in the
thickest ot the fight, as they woro
close by his side when he tell on the
ever memorablo field of Nashville.—
From the fatal day when tboy hhg
ged the rebel cannon to their baro
breasts at Btfll Run, to tho surrender
of Richmond, when the decimated
remnant of Moaghor's Irish Brigade
answered their scanty roll-call, tho
Irish-American soldier was never
known to turn his back to tho foe.—
I am an Amorican i.i my sympathies
as I am in my convictions, but I can't
word of just praise in
answer to the ungracious sneers that
are too often volunteered against
Irish patriotism by those whoso nos
trils have never been offonded with
the smell of powder, nor their norves
shocked by tho loss of their own pa
triotic blood!
From this baptism of blood, a new
nation has arisen, based upon tbe
principles of justice, truth and broth
erly love. Tho clank of tho fetters
and tho cry of the poor slave is no
more heard in the Republic. The air'
resounds with tho shouts of Freedom
and tbe song of redeemed millions,
and to-day, the most enduring monu
ments of the Republic are the thous
ands of unmarked but not unknown
graves of tho hero martyrs who iell
to socure this grand result. Tbis
new country is ours. Every part of
it belongs to every Amorican soldier
and citizen. It is your right and
mino to go to any part ot this broad
land andpursuo our calling peaceably,
unmolested. And let mo add (in no
partizan spirit) that so long as rebel
hatred or mob violonce may exist in
any'part of tbo nation which attempts
interfere with this right, the
whole power of the govornmont,
physical and moral, should be vigor
ously and promptly invoked to crush
it out.
In conclusion, my friends, lot us
all learn tho lesson which this day is
mtondod to teach, that is, that whilo
we cherish with filial affection tho
land of our birth, our love and our
allegianco is due to America. We
must be here (if we would disohargo
our whole obligations as citi'zens)
not lrisbmon, or Germans, or French
moo, but Americans—cherishing her
free homes, froe altars, and her free
schools the democratic bulwark of
froo institutions. In this way alono
can we do our part in maintaining in
its integrity tbe beloved countjy of
our adoption, and extending its
blessings to the suffering and op
pressed oi other and less favored
So whereeo'er oar destiny sends forth
Its mingled blessings, either north or
Where'v our banner flaunts beneath the
lis mluiic splendora aad its aloud like
There shall free labor's hardy oliildren
The equal sovereigns ot a Freeman's land.
St. Louis Dom
goes for Brick
Stilson Hutchin's
ocratic Times thus
"If there is one man, outBide of
the meanest men in the radical party
whom we havo boen led to look upon
with his childish inoxperionco of
Southern affairs and mawkish senti
mentality of judgmeut, at toast cal
culated to represent, and least bold
to defend, tbe outer line of Democrat
ic opinion, it is tho individual whom
we have known for several years as
"Brick Pomeroy."—an editor whose
notoriety consists only in tho effor
voscont offonsivonoss ol his nonsense
ind tho safe audacity of his impu
donce. Wo havo tried lor a number
oi yoars to havo patience with this
disagroeablo martyr, and wished that
ho might be led into some pathway
of innocuous discretion, whoro ho
might nover more bo lieard of. lie
has neither wit nor wisdom or, if
ho has, he dooa not know tho right
employment of them. Kvon reput
able contacts do not stimulate his
unhoalthy blood to wholesome cir
She I ton Dennis, a lvontuoky hus
band whose treatment of his spouse
dic^not meet with tho approval of
tho neighboring fair sex, was visitod
recently at tho dead of night by a
deputation of ladios who extracted
him forcibly from his couch and ad
ministered l.'iO lashes upon his bare
Col. Thompson, a Minnesota farm
er, haB a steam plow which breaks
forty acres pi jirairie pur
Conflict of Sentiment.
Iowa has a county named Wapello,
and Wapello has for its county-seat a
villago namel Ottumwa, and Oltum
ttn has a citizen named Sam Evans,
and Sam Evans publishes a papor
named tho Democrat. It used to bo
Called the Copperhead, but Sam con
cluded to chango tho namo—at tho
same time taking occasion to assort
that ho did not chango bis opinions
an iota.
When Vallandigham inaugurated
his "new departure," Sam Evans's
righteous sottl was vexed beyond
expression and ho broke Hirl.li as
"Wo oannot subscribe to this "New
"Read over the resolutions carefully,
and you must either oonclude that
they are false and hypoci'ttical in
their tone, or else they virtually ac
knowledge that Democracy has been
wrong all the time and Republicanism
right all the time.
"If the code of morality is to be so
changod that whon Evil accomplish
es its purpose, we are no longer to
fight that Wrong, but accept it as
accomplished and cease all opposition
to its influences, then may be begin
to believe that the titiio has come
when tho "Devil is turned loose for a
Wrong is wrong! what was right ten
years ago is right now, and what was
wrong then should be condemned now
'Hon may change, but principles
aro immortal
"Speaking in behalf of tho true
Jeffersonian Domocraoy of tbe coun
try, we say that no matter who rcc
ommonds or favors this "New Do
partufrfc," We will not accept any of
its infamous Amendments as p&rt and
pnrcel of tho Constitution."
A few days after tho publication of
tho above outspoken sentiments the
Democratic State ^Convention met
endorsed the "now departure," in its
resolutions out-Heroding Herod—or,
more properly speaking," out-Vallan
digbainming Vallandigham. The
two resolutions bearing upon this
point read as follows:
Krsolvr.it, That we recognize onr bind
ing obligations to the Constitution of the
United states as it now extols, without
reference to the uieans by whioh the satne
bwaine the supreme law of the land.
Brtolvtd, That we will faithlully sup
portthe Constitution of the \Jnit*d States
as it now exists, and that we demand for
it a strift construction so as to protect
equally the rights of Stales and Individu
This "new departure" of the Iowa
Domocracy was pretty generally
acquiesced in, and indeed hailed with
acclamations of delight by tho Dem
ocratic papers of the State. We havo
before us an extract from one, which
will serve as a specimen of tbe
"Radicals woro hopeful that such
a platform would be adopted as would
create dissatisfaction and produce a
division in our ranks. Tboy were
disappointed. The coramittoe on
resolutions acted with
deliberation and wisdom. The reso
lutions reiterato a well established
prinoiplo of the party—to abide by
and support the Constitution, requi
ring a strict construction of the loiter
and spirit. In Bhort we have
& democratic platform, infinitely su
perior to tho one of lastyear."
Now comos tho 'nub' of tho wholo
matter. What will bo the roader's
surprise to ho informed that the last
quotation above mado is from the
Ottumwa Democrat, which but a
week before had declared, "no matter
who recommends or favors tbis 'new
departure,' we will not accept any of
tho inlamous amendments as Dart
and parcel of the Constitution."
Moingona, tbe intelligent Wash
ington correspondent of the Pella
Blade, says:
Among the many distingishod
mon from Iowa, now holding posi
tion under the general Government,
1 consider Gen. W. W. Belknap, as
the most deservodly popular. Those
who know Belknap twenty years
ago, find difficulty in realizing the
fact while in his presence, that he is
now holding one ot the highest, and
most important positions that can be
conforrod upon a citizen of the Uni
ted States. He is the same plain,
frank, manly Belknap, ever ready
with an honost grasp to welcome au
old acquaintance. Belknap although
educated in the school of the soldier,
seems to possess none of thoso aristo
cratio notions, so common among
mon, whose early youth was spont
among the veterans of the regular
army truly, may it be said of him,
that he is ono of tho people, belongs
to the people, and by the people will
yet bo clothod, with tho highest hon
ors that can be conferred npon an
American. The mention of his
namo in connection with the Iowa
Senatorial contest, 1 know is wholly
unauthorized by bim. Yet 1 feel
assured, that if Belknap was chosen
to ropresont the StateJ of Iowa, in
tho United 6tatos Senate, that the
poople of Iowa, and especially the
soldier clement, would have a repre
sentative who would not bend the
knoo to royal flattery, nor forget the
best interests of tho poople of his
Ths New Oaacar
Tho State Department has receiv
ed largo numbers of letters trom per
sons in different parts of tho country
asking to be supplied, with somo of
tho Cuuderango,tho recently discov
ered cancor romedy, brought to tho
attention of tho government by the
Ecuadorian Minister. Theso appli
cants aro aro answored by a circular
as follows:
complianco with your
wishes 1 encloso a copy of tho cor
respoudeuco which has passed be
tween this department, tho Minister
of Ecuador accredited to tho Unitod
States, and tho Minister of tho Uni
tod States at tji'ilo, relative to the
discovery of the vegetable called
"The limited supply of tho vogeta
blo with which this department was
furnished has boou exhausted. It is
said by l)r. Bliss, of this city, who
has charge of tho experiments, that
the remody has beeu successful in
all eases iu which it has boon admin
The Hon. D. F. Miller delivered
at Fort Madison a very interesting
address at the Old Settlers mooting
that yluvQ OB tho UB yf i uly.
Juno 30,1871.
Tho Civil Servioe Commission mot
in accordance with tho tortns of its
appointment yesterday noon. Tho
mooting was held in tho room of tbe
Assistant Secretary of tho Interior
All tbo commissioners weroprosont,
as follows: (ieo. Wm. Curtis, Joseph
Mcdill, Dawson A. Walker, K. B. El
liott. Josoph C. Blackfan, and David
C. Co*.
The commission, after a short con
sultation, organized by tbe appoint
ment ol Mr Goo. W. Curtis, of New
York, President, and E. B. Elliott,
of the Stato Department, Socretary.
The subject-matter ot tho commis
sion was discussod at some length,
each member joining in tho informal
interchange of views.
It was agreed unanimously that
the functions of tho board woro mere
ly advisory, and tbat the result of
their action could have no binding
forco until confirmed by the President
of the United States, and thaL the
examination of Candidates for ap
pointmont in the civil service was not
within tho sphere of the duties as
signed to them.
There was no difiereaco of opinion
as to tho necessity of relorm, and no
want of harmony was developed as
to tho direction which civil service
relorm should take but so little was
said on this subject tbat it would be
premature at this time to announce
even the outlines of any policy as
being indicated by the tone of tho
About 9 o'clock the commission ad
journed itml proceeded to the Execu
tive Mansion, to enable tho commis
sioners to pay their respects to Pres
ident Grant.
the Commissioner of Internal Rev
enue and the Secretary of the Treas
ury do not agree upon Internal Rev
onuo matters, and it is highly proba
ble that the General will retire. In
tho Bureau ho is very unpopular and
a change soems necessary lor tho
publio good. It is expected he will
go out on tho 15th of July if not
Since Van Aernam, the weak and
inefficient Commissioner of Ponsions,
was retired, the t3w incumbent,
General Baker, ol Minn., bas institu
ted reforms in the office. Surely
there is no branch of the govern
ment where things havo been at
loose ends more than in this one. It
is i bureau in which thousands of
maimed soldiers all over tbe country
urn d««ply interested. Tho delay,
tho rod tape rules and tho trouble
which pensioners have endured is
simbly an outrage. Probably no
bureau in Washington has been more
thoroughly and I may say more just
ly cussed than this. Let us hope
for amends under James H. Baker.
This gentleman who for several
years has been Commissioner of
Agriculture has resigned his position
to take effect on tho 1st of August
next. The Agricultural Bureau is
at best an unmitigatod humbug and
ought to be abolished, but it will
probably be worse hereafter as it
will be a difficult matter to secure as
good a man for the position as Gen.
Capron has been, ilo did all iu bis
power to advance tho agricultural
interests of tho country, but the
meagre appropriations granted by
Congress have always retarded his
progress. Let ns either abolish the
concern or vote tnough money to
mako it a paying institution. Gen.
Capron goes to Japan, in tbo inter
ests of Japaneso agriculture, and is
•aid by that government tbe fabu-
sum of 920,000 per yoar in gold.
Thus Horace ('apron does belter iu
farming than docs Horace Grooley.
A number of the cadets, who but
recently graduated at the West Point
Military Academy, are hero, the
^guests of Colonel L. D. Ingersoll, of
tbe Chicago Evening- Post. Mr. In
gersoll went up to West Point and
wrote several very interesting lot
tors to the Dost in regard to the ex
amination then in progress. The
poople of Iowa will bo particularly
ploased to know that James R. Was
son who stands at the hoad of the
graduating class this year is an
lowan. He is a fine young man and
will doubtless receive a hearty wel
come when he returns to Iowa.
The oration delivered by our ac
complished Secretary of War at
Princeton, New Jersey, tho oihcr
day, was a masterly effort. It was
printed in full in the Republican here
and was universally admired. Gon.
Belknap is to-day the most popular
man in the Cabinet.
iH iHiii
The Narrow Gauf e.
Gen. Rosecran^, who is a railroad
man of experience and prominence,
has recently written a letter advo
cating tho construction of narrow
gauge railroadB. General Rosecrans
argues that regarded economically, a
railway is a hauling machine, and
that every unnecessary expense put
upon this machine adds to the cost
of hauling, which cost must be paid
by tho people. Iu every proposed
new railway, ho save, tho question
comes up and should bo asked. will
a narrow gaugo do tho work Con
sulting reasou and oxperionco on
this point, General Kosecrans asks
whetuor tho most crowded four foot
eight and a half inch gauge railway
in the tho United States has more
work than it can perforin, and as
serts that tho most promiuont lino of
road ol' narrow gauge cariies live
times as much freight over oach mile
as the most heavily worked road in
tho United States, arid yet has more
than sutBeiont capacity for all the
cars that pass over it. Under this
state of facts, General Rosecrans ar
gues that there ?s no necessity oi
comtructing new linos of railroads
iu this couutry with a capacity, fifty
times greater than tho work thoy
will ever bo called upon to do, and
assorts th it any man who ean show
that they should be so constructed
can prove that a six horso Concord
coach should bo built to givp an in
jat^an (yring.—Hejt$t-cr
tm *i4
a iii
,imv& 'f
Tho Annual Examination and com
mencement exorcises of this Institu
tion h^s just closed.
This closes the Seventeenth year
of instruction in the University, and
wo aro assured by those who are best
inlormed that tbo institution is about
opening the now year under more
favorable auspices than ever before.
The examination lasted during Mon
day, Tuesday and Wednesday of last
wcok, and gavo complote satisfaction
to ali who were present. Blowing
tbat the stndonts possessed a knowl
edge of eadh subject, whioh is the re
ward of thorough training and con
stant application, And refloated
alike on teacher and student. Tho
attendance was small thisjyear to
what is expected for tho year to
oome, owing to the fact tbat many of
the most advanced students havo had
to go elsowhere because the corps of
Professors was too small to accom
modate them. This disadvantage
bas been felt by the friends of the
school for years, and led to the in
auguration of the raising of an en
dowment at tho last meeting of the
Board. An effort was then begun,
a committee appointed and an agent
employed to raiso an endowment of
910,000. The services of Rev. J. Ed
minster were secured in November
last, and through bis efforts and that
ol tho committee, tbo full sum of
910,000 was raised, and some 9450
over, in the space of about tive
months. Tho most of this sum was
raised within the sound of the Col
lego bell, by the friends of the school
ot all denominations, and the balance
by tho denomination in other parts
ui tho Statei
This has been raised with a very
slight effort,only a small portion of
tbe friends noar hero having thoir
names on tho books, and simply be
cause they were not asked and only
a few placcs outside wore visited, but
overy community to whom the
claims of the school were presented
responded promptly and liberally,
thus demonstrating that the people
at homo and tho Baptist denomina
tion throughout tho State are ready
and willing to respond to the call
made by tbis popular institution, as
woll now as they have been in the
Tbo greet mass of Baptists in the
Stato, when appoalod to, recognized
tho claims of tbis institution to their
patronage, notwithstanding tho at
tempt on tho part of some to destroy
it by building up rival schools.' Let
those who have croaked so long, and
continually said wo were dead, and
nothing could be done for Pella,
notice what has been done the last
year, and let them realize that the
day of inaction and old fogyism is
over, that live men are now at the
helm and that the days of true pros
perity have just begun. With an
ondowmentof 910,000 now available,
for tbe next year's school, the Board
will be able to increase the Faculty
and improve .the school to a consid
erable extent the coming year. An
agent wili be continued in the field
to increase tho eudowment to at
least 920,000 during the present year.
An attempt will be made also, to add
a Theological chair by an endowment
of at least 915,000. From all tho in
dications and signs of the times, we
congratuluto ourselves upon tho suc
cess that has thuB far been achieved
and tho brilliant future that awaits
our school, which has so long been
io tho darkness.
It really *eoms to us that wo are
about to have the school at last in
Pella that was pictured out in its
early days. Much depends upon
judicious action by tho Board, care
in the solection of the Faculty, and
tbo proper management and discip
line of the school. Let no mistake
he made here, let progress and im
provement be the watchword, and
the future sucoess of the enterprise
is assured.—Pella Blade.
The Methodist Book Concern—Dr. lut
han Not Removed.
[From the New York Times, June 27.
The Book Committee and tho Bish
op held protracted meetings yester
day in their respective rooms No.
805 Broadway. Bishop Scott hav
ing been absentduring the first three
dayscf the trial, and having heard
only a portion of the evidence. de:
clinod to ad judicate in the caso^tei
returned homo day beforeyestflmy.
Bishops .lames and Ames w$re left
to represent tho Episcopacy in the
action of the Court. At a late hour
yesterday afternoon their decision
carao down like a thunderbolt upon
tho Book Committee. They had
non-con-curred. It should bo under
stood that tho veto of a single Bi^fe-^
op was sufficient, according to the
rules of the Discipline, to nullify the
wholo proceeding of the court in ex
polling Dr. Lanahan, and this veto
came from Bishop Ames. Bishop
Janes disagreed with hiB colloague,
and concured with the committoe on
the main question, l'.ach Bifhop
read a lengthy opinion to tho com
mittee. The proceedings wore strict
ly secret and the Bishojis absolutely
.declined to give access to their writ
ten opinions, but tho importat points
set forth were ascertained to he as
Bishop Janes held that, on the
charge of unnecessarily applying
for a mandamus, and thereby bring
ing tho Book COIH^-II into court, J)r.
Lanahau was guilty atiO deserved
tho sentence of the committee but
that on the charges of oflicial mis
conduct, &e., ho was not guilty.—
Bishop Amos hold that Dr. Lanahan
was innocent iu tho wholo matter,
und that ho did not desorvo expul
sion, and ho therefore anuounced to
tho committee that ho should be
obliged to veto their action.
Tho Book Committee spent some
time during tlio day while waiting
for tho Bishop's decision in discussing
the method of thoroughly examining
tho books o# tho Concern, without,
bowovor, coining to a tiual decision.
Tho sub-commitloe to whom tho inat
tnr was roforod, mado a report ad
vising that tho wholo matter of tho
i'luud be roforod to James P. Kil
hreth, of Cincinnati, with authority
to omploy such assistants as he might
deem neceesary.
Mrs. Fair is to bo hung on the
28tli insi. Nothing now promises to
imorvenco to prevent tho execution
ot tne sentence ou that day.
\bt )|arlB
From Visiting Card to a Mammoth
Some predicted that before twenty
years rolled by tbe population would
be greater than that of St. Loniw,
then about 6,000. Jnst then John
Gaines called the meeting to order,
and in a neat little speech, said that
tho timo had now come whon \f?
should agree upon a name for tlie
town, and after passing a high eB
logy upon his particular friend, wljp.,,
bad always been the white roanfe,
friend, proposed the name of Koo
kuk, at the same tiftie placing a gla(*
for eaoh individual, a decanter of
whisky, and a pitcher ot water witjl
which to christen tbe name of tBia
"All persons in favor of the aanMi
of Keokuk, step up and drink." £s|^
Campbell, who was the first to step
up to the bar, filled his glass to thli'
brim with water, Gaines follow ali
suit with whisky, as did tho oth^r
citizens, and all drank to Keokuk.
One glass remained. It was intonfc
ed for mo, and all hands urged me tfr
vote. I tried to plead my ineligib^»
ity—only two week's residence, bt»i
was overruled. I accepted the s:t&''
ation and voted No giving as my
reasou that 1 did not like Keokuk.—
This statement is made by Mr. J.
B. Patterson, of tho Oquawlut &>&>
"Our troubles never come singly"
it is said, and tbe old sayiog bas been
verified by an other hailstorm last
night. At any other time it would
have been considered big even here,
but after passing through the stoma
of Saturday last, we consider it milil.
Probably about 500 lights ot glass'
were broken oat in town. The storiH
began at dark and it continued tR
rain till far into the night although
the hail all fell between 8 and
'clock. Reports from the southern
and western portions of the county
tells ns that tho storm was very bad
in that direction.
The Kail road bridge over Walnut
creek five miles west of Bed Oak was
blown out, and the mail train goinc
west came very near being wrecked
A man who saw the bridge go out'
went down the track and succeeded
in stopping tho train just in time to
save a terrific accident. The train
was backcd up to this place and this
morning at tive o'clock was started
for Council Bluffs over the Branch
road via. Hamburg. The mail from
tho west this morning was two
hours behind time in consequence of
tbis accident and came in over the
branch road having run down ou the
St. Joo track as tor as Nebraska iCy.
The storm all along Walnut creek
was terrific, and the crops suffertMi
tearfully. Tho houses of Mr. Ai
bott and Mr. Easman, situated about
six miles south-wost of here, wei»
blown down hut fortunately no per
son was iojured, the families taking
refuge in the cellars. The house of
Mr. Delinger in the same neighbor
hood was also moved from its foun
dation. A house occupied by Mr.
Michael Smith and Landon Warrei^.,
both single men, living together,
Northern poople against it. Mt(a
torly inactivity is our true policy.—
Tho memories of tho war havo not
yet passed away with tho Norther#'
people yuy more than they havo wiflt
us, and as wo aro in a very small
minority we cannot expect to dicUifoy
nor to havo everything just as *re
would like it to be. Tbo great end
and aim of every true patriot is to
overthrow the present rovolutianary
faction which has control of the gov
ernment, and ih hurrying it, with ail
the national interests of he country,
to perdition.—Savannah Jiepubltciiu.
They Bay the reason Greely decli
ned to address the Iowa Press Atm»
ciation, was because he saw no Prot|
d?Dti»l,soj in it,
i '.I'
Published every even 1 nd»y»«ee|*aW~"
To mall RQbacrlberH, per year t7
s months 1 09
3 months w»»
DeBrered by Carrier, per week..
Complete «Ith new
1 month 1 00.
execnHil In Eastern prices
work duplicated.
We clip the following from tits
Burlington Gazdie, to show btfw'
Keokuk was named, and to rentier
immortal Campbell find Pattereon a*
the only Jteohukians whoever draek
water, or hesitated t© dtiife whi®*y
on a festive occasion:
"Tho following genflcnion wtfW"
present at the time Keokuk received
•to namo Isaac H. Campbell, Mosea
Stitlwell, Jofau fihilncs, Ed. Bushnclf,
James Bartlott, Bruseau and two or
three others whose names 1 haw
forgotten. The town whon namixf
ontained ono frame house (Mrs. IJr*
Mulr's) and ten log cabins. Tfci
above named gentlemen met at tbe
saloon of John Oalnes to talk over
their future prospects, when the hal£
breed title should become extinct.**'
blown over three times and both of
them badly injured. Smith receit i|,
several injuries among which was ts
fearful bruise on the shoulder. W:tr»
ren had two ribu broken and variotH
contusions on his head and body.-*—
Warren was found twenty yarda
trom where the house stood unott
the debris, and Smith was carried
200 yards before he struck the
ground. Both of these men are do
ing well, and Dr. Martin who wp^.
called to dress their wounds furnish
es us with the above particulars.^
the WanLf
We think wo see the signs of no
early KCd acrimonious agitation ota
federal politics by the Southeiia
press. Wo regreat this, and on scl
eral accounts. The first is, that
consider it unnecessary. Eve^f
man in the South holds substantially
tho same sentiments regarding tlia
political situation, and therefore it ia
unnecessary. In the second plat*,
agitation implies thnt there are ma*
torial differences of opinion when
there aro not, and is obliged to resu^a
in harm. In the third place, the
people noed quiet, nnd should be
kept free from all excitement on pufc.
lie affairs. There is not tbe slight oat
danger of their voting away thoir
liberties, unless thoy are looked after
und kept in a torment, as somo poli
ticians soem to suppose. Tho poople"
aro all right, and will remain so
left to themselves. Fourthly, tbe
South can now influence nobody by
political discussion, except again*^
herself. Tho very fact that \$o
mark out a lino tor tho govor#.
mont will le sufficient to put t|a

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