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^**Mg ^anritr jg Published Thuridaj Mornings bjr £«. HBDRICK. A. .HAMILTOK. «i, M. HEDR1CK & CO., •H*5 PBOPBIBT0B8. *i -i Ilalsl P»p»t of the "War Xe pMtment. Official Faixr of tii» Oounty. •All Official Paper Of the City. a, TEBM8 H-SO PER TEAR IN ADVANCE. *F2.00 AFTER a en 1. Any pereoe who take* a pap-r regularly from the poet %8 whether d1r*ct«H to lil» nam* or another, or whether fc* b*i dfeieritcit -rnot—tir#«ion»ibl« frr the pay. t. If p#r#onorrter.« hie paper diecontlmiedhi mutt pay all KUnm, or the publisher may •ontimi* tn Mtad nnlll payment U Mcfle, ami collee! i he wh?te Kmonat, whether taken Iroro the oflce «r«ot. A. Tli* eonrts heredeoiaert that refuting to take NVMnri Mi periodica]* from tke poet-ef&ee, or removlu* ead leavlag Uiesi IMUlid for, I* pHmafaeleevMAnee of Infection! fraud. AMNBSTY, .Universal amnesty does not seem with favor in Congress, es pecially in the Lower House. The Iowa delegation, BO far as we have Ojreerveu, set their faces in steady op :pqsition to it. It is urged that enlightened statesmanship sanctions, lij? universal amnesty, the oblitera tion of all disabilities incurred by high treason. Setting down naught in anger or in malice, we cannot sab scribe to the above proposition. The rebellion was not made by an oppres sed people struggling to arise from Wider the yoke of one of the crown ed heads of Europe but wa6 a revolt against the free, deliberate and en lightened verdict of the people. The titled ruler, as has been the case ia tiro old world, sees that prudence and .good policy for the purpose of main taining his supremacy over the peo dictates that he should not puBh to great extremity those who strike tor liberty. Not so here. It ie a crime against liberty here to revolt, and when every disability is removed except the denial of the few leading rebels in the matter of holding office ia oar view for the present the very VWge of leniency in point of right or sound It policy has been attained.— is imperative IT seems to UH. that Suture generations should be impress ed with the stem fact thut rebellion against In liberty, against a governmont yfthe people, will be vigorously pun- certain quarters, and we mean by that, chiefly from those opposed to tho re-nomination of Gen'l Grant, there'has come, at this time, a per sistent effort to push the policy lim iting the presidency to one terra. Various views and honest differences of opinion have been entertained up on this question from the very for mation of the government down to the present.time, and while it is true that it is proper to urge it any time, considering from where it emanates, we cannot but regard it as urged now, or perhaps rather prompted, by opposition to Grant. Bspooially do we think so since it seems to us there are other and vastly more Important matters calling for the earnest and studious attention of oar people at thia time. Besides we can see no good reason why, if the Presidency is to bo limited to one term, some similar restriction should not be placed upon the number of terms of U. 8. Senators. We are led the more to this view when wo learn, as we have in some recent instances, that Senators of many years expo rienoe sometimes not only perform the duties of Senator, but essay to dictate to the President what he I do. Ur. Kimball, head of the tobacco division* of the Internal Revenue Department, has prepared a paper for the Information of the Ways and Means Committee. Estimating the number of tobacco consumers in tho United States at eight million, who each consume eleven pounds and •fourteen ounces of tobacco, and 167 cigars annually,- he fays the tax of 24 cents per pound, on proportionate Bale of leaf to oonsumors and u thor ough collection of the taxes would produce a revenue of twenty-five millions. This week has been the t- "i *w.? r^} EXPIRATION or six XOHTH* FFICE.—On the Corner Market anil Sec Street*,over the PostOriloe. scene of a most disgraceful riot in Chicago III. It arose out of dissatisfaction with the establishment of the fire limits in that city. A thousand or more roughs marched to tho City Council room, smashed in ibo win dows, hurled whoweis of brick-bats and other mitsiles driving the city authorities from the building. 'f be The mob bad complete possession of the oily during the night, aud made the city ring with their drunken ravingfe. The Mt. Pleasant Journal of the 19th inst. publishes an affidavit from W. A. Lynoh, a democratic lawyer there, which implicates tho Henry •County Press (Democratic) in having sold the use cf its columns during .the Senatorial Campaign to tho Alii eon faction. The Albia Union enter* a serious complaint against the Hon. Martin Reed State, Senator from Monroo and Wa)ne counties, for ibo manner in which he cast his voto for Sena tor. Tho Chariton Patriot also com plains of Senator Dague for a similar reason. Samuel Foster, of Muscatino, has been elected President of the Iowa Stato Horticultural Society, and Mrs. N. M. Ives, of Wapello Co., is ono of tho Directors or tho Society. The Brighton Register nominates Col. G. B. Cork hill as a candidate to succeed Hon. G. W. McCrary in Congress from tho 1st District. The Reyi-ter says that nine ladies aro employed iu tho Legislature, either as officers or oprreapondonts. V n 4 1.fi w. KJ id.: tin i 'A'^ty *i 4« i" tustoi *ii} Established in 1848. What is the plain import of the above extract, and what the cause for the iouendo therein contained against Senator Harlan Is not the Tribune opposed to the re-nomination of Gen. Grant, and what does the words, "the more snbservient gentleman" refer to,but the manful defense of the Pres ident made by Senator Harlan Is it not all plain when the extract closes with the statement that the Senator's defeat was received at the national capltaf with consternation Will the Register rely forlaid upon1 those journals who seek to defeat Grant, and which base their opinion upon their feeling in this regard We take it that the Register favors the re-nomination of Grant its back er whom it quotes in this instance, does not, and rejoices in the defeat of Harlan because he was a friend of Grant's. Now it seems to us that wit nesses had better not been called in. Don't blow hot and cold in the same breath, please. How TO SAVE MONEY.—Go to an auction store—spend half a day, and buy muMin at 13 cents a yard that you can buy at 10 cts. a yard at any well regulated dry goods house in the city. You see, it you buy 10 yards at 13 cts., you pay one 'dollar and thirty oents at auction but if you go to an established, reputable house in this city, you pay one dollar. Don't you see how you save If your time is worth a cent it is worth $1 a day then add half of a day to 30 cts., and it would make 80 cts. on ten yards of muslin by. buying of your own mer chants. This holds good in other goods, and is as applicable to every oase as it is to one case.—Ex. The people of Ohio decided at the last election to call a convention for the revision of the State Constitution, and it will be for the Legislature now in session to fix a time for the elec tion of ts members. One of tho most important change? proposed re lates to tho future position of the Governor, and tho questions whether he is to have tho veto power or not, and whethor his term of office shall be extended from two to four years, are likely to excite lively discussion. Under the existing Constitution the powers of the Governor ofOhioaio of a very limited nature. Tom Cor win used to say that all the Gover nor had authority to do was to ap. point notaries public and pardon con viots. .' "V. A correspondent writing Dram Rome, says: Although not personally attachod to the ex-Emperor Napoloou 111., the Pope would uot bo satisfied at a restoration of the Bonaparte dynas ty, in the expectation that his own restoration would follow as a conse quence. Such an event is on the oards, as few porsons here believe that the Republic will be long-lived in France, and the race for power must finish with a struggle between the Orleanists aud the Bonapartists. No doubt Napoleon 111. is biding his time, and a promise oi. his part 1 s Tl .ha!* —r-= The State Register cf the 16th says that it shall publish tho opin ions of tho Eastern Press in refer ence to the result of the Senatorial contest, and in the same issue it re fers to two eastern journals to-wit: The N. Y. Tribune and the N. Y. Evening Pott, and publishes extracts from their comments on the issue of the contest. It claims that these pa pers sustain the oourse of the Regis ter. Mow let us see what the Regis ter takes from tho Tiibunr. as sus taining its course, and wo moan by its course tho choice it made of men and not the manner in which it con ducted the canvass. We publish en tire the clipping from the 'JYibune as the Register has it "The Hon. Wm. B. Allison of Iowa, who has been elected to the United States Sonate in the place of the^Hon. James Harlan, has honor ably and fairly won the distinction he has achieved. Eloctcd to Con gross as long ago as 1862, he has provod himself an industrious, hon est, and capable legislator. His in dependence in political matters has not, perhaps, gained him such power ful friends in Washington as among his own constituents, and tho defeat of the more subservient gentleman whom ho now succeeds, soems to have been received at tho National Capital with some surprise and con sternation." to restore the Pope's temporal throne would enlist the clerical party in France in his favor. The following is the statute in tho old Saxon code referring to Leap Year: "Albeit, as often as leape yenrre dotho occurre, the woraon holdeth prerogative over the meune in matters of courtshippo, love, and and lunlrimonio eo that when the ladye proposeth it shall not bo lawful for tho munne to say nac, but shall ontortaine her proposail in all gude courtesie." It is said that the money spent in Davenport for beer in a single year would build two 8100,000 school buil dings oroot a public librury worth 850,000, and furnish it with books worth $50,000 more construct a $203,000 park and loave 8100,000 tor philanthropic distribution amongst the poorer classes. Frank Collins was killed by Tohn Swoetzer, a saloon keeper Of Boone, ip a street fight last Sunday. The murdered tnau was stabbed through tho lungs. Wo havo not learned further particulars, oxcept that Sweetaer was ur rested and then re leased on 8300 bail. Two hundred and nineteen in surgents havo boen shot by tho French troops in Algeria sinco tho breaking out of tho insurrection iu that country. Dan Dpnely, confined in tho Sioux City jail, attemptod to tiro the build ing the other day. IMPOSTAl*T NEW IUVAT PRO JECTED. New Trunk Line Proposed from New York t* OUcaffo, From the Toledo, (O.) Commercial, J»n. S. Among tho great railway projects of the country, is one known as tho West Shore and Chicago lload, the general route of which is given as up the west shore of the Hudson from New York city, thence it will take a westward course to Buffalo, and thenco by the most practicable route to Chicago* The Company has pur chased tho New York and Fort Leo Railroad, which givos an entry to tho city and locates the line as far as Hoboken. Surveys for the bal ance of the route have been made as far as Buffalo, but the announcenieut of the route most favored by tho oompany would be inadvisable at tho present time, as they are negotiating tor the right of way. Tho oompany is said to be composed of some of the most prominent business men of New York, and it is reportod that Mr. Courtney, the President, has re cently returned from Europe, whith or he has been for the purpose of ne gotiating the sale of the bonds of the company. His trip was successful the company now have no bonds npon the market, and it is proposed as early as possible in the spring to commenco tho construction of tho road. This soems to bo en tirely different from the Canada Southern Railway, of which Mr. Mil ton Courtwright is tho President, and tho progress of .Those line be tween Buffalo and Chicago has been repeatedly referred to in tho Commer cial during the past three months.— Tho negotiation of the bonds of Mr. Courtney's road indicates solidity on the part of its projectors and man agers and as in all other enter prises promising increased transpor tation facilities, the people of the West have a deep interest in its Suo cess. Small-Pox Vaccination. The City Sanitary Inspector of New York, in a report on contag ious diseases, says with reference to the small-pox this department that vaccination is not only a safe, but oertain preventa tive of small pox, when properly, carefully, and judiciously performed and as a proof of its protective value, it may be stated, that among over 100,000 persons vaocinated by the Health Inspectors of the Bu reau during the past year, there has not yet been found one who has con tracted small-pox, or its modified form, who has been successfully vac cinated .previous to beoomincr infect ed while numoers nave ralTen vic tims to this diseases who refused to allow the Inspectors to vaccinate them at tho time of exposure. We are fully convinced that this extraor dinary sucsess is due in a large meas ure to the fact that Taccine virus has while in fresh and active condition only, has been used no crust or scab has ever been used by us. Our practice has been only to use such virus as has been taken from a well selected healthy child, the afternoon previous, rejecting that which had becomo 72 hours old. A supply of bovine virus, direct from the animal, was UBed to a limited extent during the patt summer, which gave no better result than that from chil dren's arms, and as its propagation was attended with much difficulty, and a sufficient supply could not be obtainod for our largo demand, ex cept at great expense, it was aban doned. In the use of childhood lymph, with results as proved by our statistics of successful vaccina tion and re-vaccination, certainly no man should cavil. Tho absolute protection afforded so largo a num ber of persons of whom by far a large majority had been exposed either directly or indircotly to this fearful disease, should go far to con vince the most skeptical of its ines timablo value. To the carelessness and neglect ot parents and physi cians, and the opposition of the mis informed, and injudicious may be at tributed in a large measure, the suc cess of an epidemic form of this loathsomo disease. It to the o&Miimous opftton and tipa—Horowitz, of Jones Co. expression of the medical omeera ot- Roads ind Highways—Hopkirk, Railroad Accident in 1371. The Now York Times has oom pilcd an interesting statomont of tho number ot railroad uccidents in the United States during the past year, and the results of liio same. It is proper to state that it is made from newspaper reports, and is, therefore, not as lull as if made from official document's. From it wo learn that there occurred in 1871 one hundred and seven "accidents," in which 191 persons were killed and 254 wounded. Of the accidents, 40 were oollisions, in which 108 persons woro killed and 211 wounded. The foremost place in the record of slaughter is ocoupied by tho Revere disaster, on August 26 tho New Hamburg tragedy oi Febuary C, iollows in the magnitude of its results while the train thrown from the bridge at ilarpeth River, Tenn,, and the collision at Edwards vitle, 111., tako tho third and fourth places. Those four events alono ac count lor 79 deaths and 89 wounded, while it tho accident at Bangor, Me., on August t), be added to the list, five disasters will bo found to ac count for 82 killed and 148 wounded. A Safe Lamp. A correspondent of the Scientific American gives tho fallowing direc tions for using a kerosene lamp so as mmm '^.i^n^iirriTm-y., MBaaWiii Legislative January 17. BXNATK. Senator Willett of Winneshiek county, introduced Senate File No, 15, being a bill for an act regulating railroad rates of faro. Senator Shane of Benton county, offered a resolu tion to rescind tho resolution order ing 25 daily papers for each Senator. Senator Fair.vll of Johnson county, raised tho point of order that the proper method was to move a recon sideration of the former resolution, which point was sustained by tho Chair. The president announced the Committee on Judicial districts, upon which Senator Merrill appoaro sec ond. Senator Lowry, Chairman of Railroad Committee, reportod back Senate File No, 1, a bill for an act to repeal the railroad Township tax law, with a substitiitojtherefor, recom mended by the Committee, and re commending the passage ot the sub stitute. This provides for the repeal of the law, but not to take effect until July 1st, 1872. HOUSE. Mothing dono in the Hooee of im portance, save the announcement of the committees. The Chairmen of the most important committees are as fellows: Judiciary—Pratt, of Floyd Co. Ways and Means—Kasson, of Polk Co. Schools—Ncwbold, of Henry Co. Federal Relations—Keablei, of Marion Co. Constitutional Amendments Green, of Scott Oo. Claims—Tutts, of Cedar Co. Railroads—Caldwell, of Wapello county. Penitentiary—Morrison, of Keo kuk Co. Reform ftchoolB—Carver, of W apel lo Co. County and Township Organ tea- of Jefferson ooauty Congressional Dlitnlfa —lltca sheim, ot Potlawatamie county, In addition to the chairmanship of the Railroad Committee, the Hon. S. T. Caldwell is also a member of tho following committees, to-wit: Ways and Means and Commerce. Hon. J. H. Carver is also on tie following additional committees, to wit: Aeriouiture, Penitentiary and iwt^i irupruv emeus. January 18. SENATE. Among the bills introduced was Senate file No. 21 by Senator Da shiell, of Warren Co, for the perma nent location of the State Reform School. Does thiB question not con cern Ottumwa some? A word to the wise is sufficient. Senator Max well offered a resolution to the fol lowing effect, that the committee on railroads be instructed to report as soon as possible a bill to establish uniform and reasonable rates of tariff on railroads. On its passago the ayes and nays were called. The Yeas were—Senators Beards ley, Bemis, Boomer, Burke, Camp boll Converse, Crary, Dague, Da sheill Dysart, Gault, Howland, Hur ley, Kcphart, Kotchum, Kiuno, Lar raboe, Maxwell, McCoid, McCor mack, McCulloch, McKean, McNutt, Merrill, Miles, Murray, Read, Shane, Stone, Stuart, Vale West, Willet, Young—34. Tho Nays were—Allen, Atkins, Claussen, Fitch, Havens, Ireland, Leavitt, Mclntyre, Russell, Smith, Taylor, Wonn—12. Absent or not voting, Senators Chambers, Fairall, Lowry and Rich ards—4. Senators Shane, of Benton county, moved to resoind the resolution or dering papers for members. A lengthy discussion ensued, when the ayes and nays were called, resulting as follows: The yeas were.Senators Beardsley, Campbell, Crary, Dysart, Gault, Kephart, MoCold, McCormaok, Mc Intrye, McNutt, Merrill, Miles, Read, Shane, Vale, Wost Willett, Young— 19. Tho nays were Senators Allen, Atkins, Bemis, Boomer, Burke, Claussen, Converse, Dague, Dasbiell, Fairail, Fitch, Havens, Howland, llurlcj, Ireland, Ketcbam, Kinnc, Larrabe«^ Leavitt, Lowry, M.axwc!l, McKean, Murray, Russell, Smith, Stono, Stuart, Taylor, Wonn—29. Absent or not voting—Senator Chambers. So tho Senate takes papery the House refuses to do. 1 to insure perfect safoty. Tho plan promises well and is worthy of trial: "1 cram all tho wick that 1 possibly can into tho lamp, fill up tho inter stices with sponge, and saturato the whole thoroughly with kerosene. 1 have always lbund the supply amply sufficient for the longest winter nights as long as any oil romains iu the wick the lamp keeps burning. I have had this fairly tested. Ono of my little ones—a two year-old— cont-iived to upset a small table sup porting a lamp Wi»h tho exception of brenkiug the glass no lurther damage was dono. uot even soiling tho carpet. in fact, my plan was brought about by a similar accident and a narrow escape from serious damage. As the wick burns away 1 keop tilling up with the Bponge, and 1 think 1 have tho noarest approach to u safoty lamp." llOVSK. The House refused to concur in the resolution of the Senate, to go into joint convention, for the election of State Printer, &e. The reason for this is, that members are desirous of saving expense, and hope to devise some means by which the work of tho Stato may be dono at lesa ex pense. The question is agitated of do ing the State Printing and Bind ing in the Deaf and Dumb Asylum by the employment of the mutes for that purposo.. Upon this subjoct, at some futuro time, wo may have something to say. We avo informod that Ohio does ber work in this way. Representatives Caldwell and Car vor, of this county, voted against concurring for the joint convention. Mr. liiuler, of Page county, offered a bill to HO change the present law as to cut down the allowance of postage stamps of members to 81.00 per week, and 50 cents per week for stationery A bill was introduced to empower County Auditors to acknowledge deeds, 4c, Jaaattf 19, enrAra Senator Merrill of this county was was added to the Ways and Means Committee by the President. Wo were of tho opinion that Gov Bulis had in the harry and difficulty of making up the Committees, unin tentionally done oar Senator wrong, and so said. We are now convinced that our supposition was correct. Senator Merrill's ability and fitness we now think has b6en fairly roeognieed and we aro glad to know that is eo. He will make earnest, faithful and efficient member of the Ways and Means Committee^ as well as the others of which he is a member. Among other billa introduced was File No. 27, to prevent the sale oi burning oils at a lew test temperature than 110° Fahrenheit, also S. F. No. 28, to prevent the toe frequent change of school books'. Senator Yale of Van Buren coun ty offered a resolution asking for the repeal of the law authorizing the publication of the Laws in newspa pers, exoept in cases where the Act is required to be published in two newspapers. Resolution referred to Committee on printing. The following joint resolution, of fered by Senator Shane, Was read and referred to the Committee on Consti tutional Amendments, and ordered printed: Joint* Resolution for certain amendments to the Constitution of tho State of Iowa. Be if resolved by the General As* sembly of the Slate of Iowa That following amendments to the the constitution of the State be, And the lap a ia jbereby of roi First. Strike out Iowa en, Article one, the following words: a a P. *La (Ua.AiI AMfaMA "And no person shall be held to an swer for any higher criminal offense, unless on presentment or indictment by a grand jury, except in cases aris ing in the army or navy, or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger," and jflAArf 11 ——'-et a *-./« "And the General Assembly may provide by law for the commence ment of proceedings against persons charged with higher criminal of fenses, either by presentment, indict ment or by information, or by other proceedings before a judical officer. Second. Strike out all after the figures 13, in Section 13, of Article 5, and insert the following in the place thereof: "The General As sembly shall provide by law for the election by the qualfied electors of each organized County in the State, of one prosecuting attorney, who shall bo a residont of the county for which he is elected, and shall hold his office for the term of two yeahi, and until bis successor is eleoted and qualified, and whose duties shall be prescribed and salary fixed by law. HOUsK Bills were introduced for more stringent game law, to prevent the seining of fish in lakes and rivers of this 3tate, and to change the time of electing county school 8uperlntend: ents. Mr. O'Donnell of Dubuque county announcod the death of his colleague Hon. Martin E. Kaier, and introduced resolutions of condolence, which af ter remarks by Mr. O'Donnell and Mr. Irish, woro adopted, whereupon tho House adjourned. Secretary Bobeson's marriage with Mrs. Commodore Aaliek takes place Jan. 22 Paul Morphy, the foremost chess player of any ago or country, still rosides in New Orleans. Harvey Thacker, a son-in-law of Daniel Boone, born in 1753, died lately at Chico, California. The "Currency" editor of the Providence Herald claims a copy right on the following: "Moral— Never trespass on another Mans field." Tom liughes writes that tho "av erage American citizen is ono of the most reserved, taciturn and mattor of-fact of mortals. Tho New Orleans Mr. Times Shanloy, thinks Alexis should not be allowed to leave America without being shown tho Louisiana Legislature. The world uses 250,000,000 pounds of tea each year, and 718,000,000 pounds of coffeo, China furnishes nearly all the tea, and Brazil over one-half ot tho coffee. Both branches of the Colorado Legislature have passed a joint mem orial to Congress, asking an enabling act for State organization, by an al most unanimou* vote. The hotel at Howe's cave, Now York, burner! on Friday morning. Two inmates, 11. Horebridgo and Ed. Kelley, wcri) Kmed to death, and* a man named 11. O. Go wan was so badly burned iliat he cannot recover. Loss $35,000. of Kit Carson, lost his cow recently, and after a long search found ber in tho midst of a herd of lo,0i»o buffaloes. Tho bis^.n community had received heron terms of absolute equality, and it took three men atui three swift horses to induco her to return to her pen. At an enthu^ia-tic railroad meeting held at Kirkviile, Wapello, a few days ago, the extension of the "Great A.mcri an Central" from New Bfeton n'/t Kitkville to Kddy- villo was unanimously endorsed, and influence ud pledged for tho construction thereof. So says the Eddyvyje^^ii's^-. "5 s OTTUMWA, WAPELLO COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 25,1872, Y01. 23, No. 41. THE SBAB IRISH MAIDEN. BY JOHN B. KVANS. And oft' slnoe that tithe in my dreams behold her,. And think to my lone heart agala I enfold her, And her sweet voice I hear, but in tones of upbraiding: Forgotten by thee maiden. la your fond Jrlsli oh, Erin! 11 soon go to see thee sweet Brn, we'll soon go to free Erin! Brtnl th e. For the day-star of hope shine* bright and is laden Weth blessings for thee, snd my dear Irish maiden. An lewa Maa Arrested fcr a Oewntted MMem Team Afe From the Iowa City Republican. A Bohemian, living in Madison township, was arrested on Sunday last to answer to an indictment for a murder said to b^ve been com mitted in this county some fifteen years ago. The particulars, as we ascertained them, were to tho effect that the prisoner married a widow woman with four ohildren, two of whom were little girls, aged seven and nine years. These little girls were sent out on an errand for their step-fath er, and returned without accomplish ing their mission, which so enraged him that he took a club, and with it beat the youngest girl until life was extinct. He threatend the mother i§nd other children with a like dread- 1 he public I r.<p></p>Whkh k kA ka/4 iam the fearful crime he had com mitted and thus by threatened in. timidation, succeeded in suppressing, for fifteen long years, the partioolars of this horrible tragedy. It was not until the little girl, who accompa nied her sister on that ill-fatod mis- a man who had made solemn vow to cherish and protect her through life, that she appeared before the grand jury to make oath to the terrible scene she witnessed when but a child The case will bo heard daring the present term of court* and will doubtless attract public attention, for the prisoner has heretofore borne an unimpeachable character among bis neighbors. Death ef a Miplw Character. The Port Wayne (Ind.) Sentinel narrates the life and death of Archi bald Leroy, who lived a hermit's life for noarly half a century in a rude log cabin in Wayne county, in the heart of the forest. When he was a youth of twenty, he met a young lady to whom he became ardently at tached. They wore betrothed, but on the evening prior to ber mnrriago she begged him to releaao her from her pledge, beoause she did not love him. Ho oomplied, and she married a blase man of tho world, whose money was his only recommenda tion, and whose reputation was that of a roue Archibald Leroy there upon withdrew from society, built the house where he lived, and across whose threshold he was carried on tho 9th instant in a coffin. The San Francisco Pott U'X' I**?- f"* UUIe •way. far away, in that freen bland, By the Shannon's clear spray: lives fair queen of my land And poor U her lot: with no gems i# the iailen: Yet pure ia the heart of my Irish maiden the Ab! well I remember the first time I met her, And years since hare paased, 'yet I ne'er can lorget her, And many strange lands, since, my foot slops have strayed on, But none have I met Hire my dear Irish Uiai'len. When hunted, an outlaw, o'er aotwtAin and river. For striving the chains of my country to sever, And when bound like a felon, and with manacles lades, My oumfort and hope was my true Irish maldon. When, banned from Green £rln, I left her in sorrow. Well I knew our sad parting hnryonng he irt would harrow, Then I took a fond look oa the hills I had played on, Ana kissed the fclr brow of ay dear Irish maiden. says "In spite of the extravagance of some of its members the growth of the In ternational seems to us a hopeful sign. The progress of all great re forms is marked by froth and fer ment, and brings bad elements to tho surface, and the agitation in favor of the rights of labor cannot prove an exception to the rule.'' A Mt. Vernon five-year-old, hear ing hiB mother remark in company that she unusually found her first impressions of people to be correct ones," called out at the top oi his voice, "Mama, what wero your 'pres sion when you first seen me The subject of conversation was immedi ately changed. Many ot the farmers in the vicini ty of Sioux City are packing their hogs and storing their grain in an ticipation of a rise in prices in the spring. Gov. Merrill recommends the re duction of the number of the Copitoi Commissioners to three, or not more than five, and that both parlies be represented on the board. The C'tsar of Russia has five sons living—Alexander the heir, Vladimir, Alexis, Sergio and Paul and an only daughter, larie, seventeen years of age. A clergyman named Fiddle "re spectfully declines" the degree of D. D., because, as he said, he really did not wish to bo known as the .Rev. Fid life V. D. A man by tho name of Schmidt owns a snug little farm of 5,000 acres in Cherokoe connty. G. W. Jackson, inventor of the Jackson Scales, died at^ Burlington last Thursday. A balloon ascension shortly by one oi tho best teronauts of the West," is promised to Dos Moines. Rod Oak has established a stock company known as the Southwest ern Iowa Fair Association. A girl of seventeen, in Vau Buren county, has read the Bible through seventeen times. Talk about Italian skies and bree/.es. Our Iowa weather beats all creation Pullman goes to Europe to Intro duce his palace cars. CHILDHOOD "A LA MODE!" Mines of Seven Arrayed in Bllka and Glittering with Diamonds -The Road to Snia. The frivolity of the fair sex is the leading topic of the day. It.is the theme ot strong-minded women, and the pet hobby of weak mindod men. Everywhere you bear it discussed and wondered at. Tho fact is ap parent, but tho cause is obscure. 11 is argued that never since the world began was there HO much culture, and so much intellectual brilliancy, displayed among our noted women as at the presont time. Why then, in the midst of so much intelligence, is thero such a largo number of vain and foolish women To this query we offer the following: Much of the affection and shallow ness attributed to "our girls of the period" is due to the unwise mange ment of vain mothers, who, in haste to display tho charms and accom plishments of their children, bring them out in society almost in their infancy. Among the recent holiday parties given to ohildren, we describe one which is not exaggerated, and which is a fair specimen of hundreds. The entertainment occurred in oneof the most fashionable streets of Brook lyn, and at the residence of one of the weathiest men. Tho mother is one of the most cultured women whograco our land, and is, in the main, a common sense, practicable woman. But she has gone fashion mad—a prevalent epidemic. It was a full dress party. The hours ap pointed were from 8 to 11 p. m. About ono hundred guosts were present, who wero received by tboir young hostess (a miss of ten years) with as much ease and self-possos sion as a matron could assume. The dresseB consisted of white, pink, yellow and blue silk, elaborate ly trimmed and decked with spang les. The little misses had their hair dressed in the best style, frizzed, puffed, powdered and adorned with flowers. White kid gloves were gen erally worn. Only one thing was lacking in the miniature representa tion ol an adult party, viz., enam el lod faces. Powder, however, was freely used. One little girl, (if she could be recognized as snob) particu larly engaged attention. She was apparently ten years of age. In ad dition to the powdered hair and daz zling costume, she sported with true ppnuation, a pair of illNRad ear' ngs, a gold chain, and a locket studded with diamonds. Upon each arm Was a bracelet ot elaborate workmanship, which she held up for display, exclaiming to her admirers as she did so "There's no sham ing to believe. If tho above seems incredible, what will the following be? A little girl of seven summers was arrayed in a rose-oolored silk .87 per yard, point alique flowers, a galaxy of diamonds, ana other ex pensive jewelry. A gold belt, the buckle ot whioh was studded with diamonds, a band of gold encircled the head, and from a pendant on the forehead sparkled a soltairo uf groat value. Her mother was heard to exclaim exultingly, that the price of her child's outfit, for that evening, was |5,000. Another mother, jeal ous of the sensation caused by such a display, remarked that "upon the next occasion mine shnll bo dressed in tea-rose silk, which is by all means less common than pink, ns my child's complexion is such that she can wear anything." If children at the tender age of ten and seven represent the lollies of fashion what will they re quire at twenty-five Music, dancing and charades oc cupied the evening. The supper was all that could be desired by the greatest epicure. The party broke up about mid' night. The adieus were spoken with sufficient grace and ceremony to satisfy the most ardent devotee oi modern etiquette. "Here endeth the first lesson," aud the stepping stone to bankruptcy. Oneii| a Tree for a The man who can have his coftin made whito alive, must look at death philosophically. We hear case in Point Person, North Carolina.— Mr. Richard Harris, who lived near Bradshor's store, thirty years ago, turned out a sassafras tree lo grow for the purpose of making a coffin, and about twelve montbqago the old man had it cut down ana got some ono in Roxborough to make his cof fin out of it. The old chap occasion ally gets into it, and strctches him self out by way of showing his neigh bors a "fit." He paid tho maker in wheat, so he is one living man who will have no fuss over his grave about his coffin when dead. This reminds us of an old coon in Murfresboro, who had a coffin cast of iron before the war. He had his grave dug and walled tip with brick, with a magnificent tombstone sotting forth his name, place of birth, and fixing his death, "somewhere about the year 1861 But he was alive and kicking in 18t3, The old chap kept his east iron coffin in the corn crib, and used to shell corn in it. The crib needed no look at night| for you couldn't get a negro to gji near it after dark. The late Dr. Marshall Hall, of England, said "If I were seriouly ill of consumption, I would live out doors day and night, except in rainy weather or mid-winter then 1 would sieep in an unplastered log house. Physic has no nutriment, gaspings for air cannot euro you moflkey capers in a gymnasium can not cure you, aud stimulauts cannot cure. What consumptives want is pure air, not physic—pure air, not medicated air—plenty of meat and bread. Hotels are turning up It er all over New England where Fisk stopped when he was a peddler. "Woodbining" is absolutely lateei. is used whon peoplo depart with other peoplo's wives. New York bas a rumor that Ca poul and Miss Duval were receutly married. An Alabama irtedman suicided by leaning against a mule. •w Center Oranre-Wapello Oonnty. From the Iowa Homestead, EDITOR HOMESTEAD:—We send you greetings, and an item or two from enter Qranye, Ottumwa, Iowa We were presont at tho "feast" ot Jan, 6th. and it was truly a festal occasion. Beside the members of the Order, there was present tho ropres tatives of the Ottumwa press, and bar, and a number of the mercantile friends of the organization. What with tho pleasant words and man ncrs of the ladies, tho cordiality of the brethren, and the abundanco elegance, and excellence of tho sub stantials and delicacies provided for the relreshing of the inner man, wc passed a very delightful hour. OI tho skill of the "sisters" in this vicinity in the culinary department, you have an ample opportunity to judge on more than one occasion, and know that it can scarcely be toe highly extolled. This Grange is in a prosperous .condition, being com posed of farmers of superior intelli gence and business capacity, and thoy aro apparently carrying out the professional objects ot the or ganization, one of which is tho mak ing of advantageous salos of pro duce, and dispensing with the ser vices of middle men. The hogs ready for market, over 1,000, belonging to the members of Center Grange, were sold to day at an advance of 35 cents per cwt., over tho market price. Those knowing ones who have been "watching tho graneries" to ascer tain the proper time to make sales of produce, but afraid to uuite in tho good work, are the above amount be hind in that one item. Wo regret not having received the Homestead of the 5tb., in time to have the excellent message ot that worthy gentleman, D. W. he cannot do that. In deed he is as helpless as an iukuit.— Nothing but constant eare and watching on the part of bis family and friends and his own iron deter mination keeps him alive. He is a ter." T&oTone1of"flie"otHer*'sSlWf^: odd Senators could be prevailed upon to leave home if they were in the prostrated condition that he is. Senator Pomeroy, Chairman oi the Po^-offlce Committee, will report to thff Senate to day his Postal Tele graph bill introduced early in the session. It does not contemplate tho purchase of any existing franchise but proposes to incorporate a nation al company, which shall contract to do tefepraph correspondence at ratos to be named by tho Postmaster Gen eral. The company is to bo author ized to inako special contracts with railroads aud the press at rates not to exceed fifty cents per one buudred words for night messages, and seven ty-five cents for day transmissions. This alone would bo a reduction on an average of about two hundred per cent, on tho present tariff. It is understood that the bill is indorsed by the entire committee, and will be urged for immediate action.—•CRi*c«i go Pol*. Mr. H. W. Beecher concluded his lecture on "Manhood and Money," ^|(l to tho ups and downs ot Wall street, and that "supremo mountobauk of fortune,'' said he, "absolutely devoid of shame, who. at one leap vaulted to the very summit of power, and could hold courts iu his hands—that rode shameless and criminal—that ho should have fallen in an iuBlant, by the hand of a fellow-criminal, and in God's providence be struck down.— Though 1 am sorry for him, 1 cannot sco the ruin oi a man for whom God gave His Son and not feel a pang in my heart, and yet I say to every young man who bas looked upon this glittering meteor, mark the end of a wicked man. It is right lor you to be rich, i( you don't barter your man hood for it." This is the speech of Sam Berkley, a colored gentleman of Cleveland, in accepting a New Year s present: to the 1 isk-Stokea tragedy, though .v.^ .ni »ui kxn. without mentioning any names, and Gentium—You havo entirely sus pected mc by surprise. 1 ain't bad no perspiration for this event. Dese greenbacks is good to havo about the house. I 'clav to mercy 1 ain't took five do'lara 'cept what was my own since I been iu dese rooms,aoin' on tree year?. If you had respected mo a little sooner I could gin you a good song I feels like a big sunflow Carr the IIPW» to Marf t-- Yob yah: I'm Roln' t» glory Yah yah. 1 "now suppose tho house treat tho whole bosses of die crowd. Two women in Detriot got at dag ger's points, and one of tnem, of an original tarn of mind, got a parrot and got Polly to say "you thief" whenever her enemy passed by.— are Not to bo outdone, th" other fair bel iigereut also got a Polly whom she taught to scream you dye your hair" whenever the enemy cauie in sight. Finally tho judiciary was appealed to, and both parrot guns were spiked. Cleveland is suffering from trichi na. Charles Martons diod on the Sth inst., with symj^oms indicating this disease a postmortem examina tion was held, and no causo for death found oxcept an abumiauee ol trichi nae spiralis and it is thought his wife and two children can not sur vive. Henry Ward Beecher has publish- ed a little^ temperance pamphlet en- ffc? fails Ditrm. Published every even I whole population. Adam, read at that pleasant gathering on Saturday. BROWNLOW.—A Commercial cor respondent who lately visited Sena tor Brownlow, at his home in Ten nessee, says: Upon entering the Senator's house we found him laying upon a large sofa, a negro rubbing his feet. He is in wretched health, but no more than he has been for two years. His haDds and feot aro continually jerk ing and shaking with palsy. He cannot read unless tho book or paper is fastoned to a frame in front of him. lie cmnot speak above a whisper, and some days his strength is so far gone tbst ng.mu ndaye excepted. 1 -TERM8- Xo mull sobecriberH, per.vmr JT oo 8 montliM.™ 4 09 ,, 8 raonlhs .dv.. 2 SO 1 rnonlli. 00 Delivered by Currier, per week, an The Courier Job Department, Complete Ith new TYE»ine AND JPJRK8SK8. WtTNTINii OF AI.I, KINDS, From a VlMtlng Curd to n Mammoth Poster executed In Good Style, Kftotcrn prices and work duplicated. ORDERS SOLICITED. An old lamer, in the (iermantown Telegraph, says "the practice of coat ing tho bark of fruit and ornamental trees with whitewash, is one that cannot be too severely dcprecated.— The obstruction of respiratory or xan= and orifices, whether emoted by the application of whitewash or any other adhesive material, always acts as a fruitful source ot disease,and in time proves fatal to tho tree.— Whon tho bark becomes rough or incrustcd with moss, it should be cleaned by scraping and washing down thoroughly with a solution of potash or soda in wator, affording smoothness to thesurfaco without ob structing the pores. Every man who owns a piece of land should plant trees along the lanes. It is duo to his chi!dien who are to come after him. It is a tiful oustoin in Germany to beau set oat one fruit tree lor every child born.— This is tho special property of child for whom it is set as a twin brother. A feeling of fection and veneration is thus dered, and a love fostered the out. He protects it and cultivates it, ho grows up ho looks upon and as his tree af cngen* for horticulture and promoted among the Lo gevity is an inherited quality, as much as the make of the body, or the size of the brain. Sir William Herschel, the greatest astronomer of his age, live eighty-fonr years his son, S John, died at seventy-nine his aunt Caroline, was ninety-eight many similar cases can be given where persons of the connection lived to a great old ago. Bat de cendents of long-lived porsons should only calculate on living as long themselves by living pretty much in the same manner regularly, temperately, equibly cultivating especially, serenity of mind, deliber ation of thought and action avoid ing as much as possible shocks and bodily exposure to hardships and to all extremes. Tho tortoise overtook the hare longjbefore the close ot tho day prudent, thoughtful, careful people, who hold on the equible tenor of their way, far outlive the quick, the thoughtless, the nervous and unsteady. But longevity may be cultivated by a life of steady in dustry, of habitual temperance and regulaiity, combined with the con scientious performance of all 4iMt duties of life. Last Saturday night two yoang chaps in Waterloo sought to play a practical joke upon a oompanion, for which purpose they fehMtoswd (heir faeee and entered hie room at a late hour. They reoeived a sound thresh ing from their intended victim, were fAmnlAffln «AnAi4 .an/i Ana .Af iluun. ha* not toen seen ID town since (be affair. A solid blow from a poke* probably prepared the latter for a of siokness. 1 fit A Charleston (Mass.) photograph er, while arranging the instrument preparatory to taking a young lady's picture, saddently turned to give some direction to his fair custo mer aud beheld her bnsily engaged stuffing bar cheeks with paper to fill out the meagre proportions wheels nature had BO rudely neglected. Said Pope in a latter to Swift: "1 am rich onougb and can afford to give away £100 a year. I would not craw! upon the earth without doing a little for truth. I will en joy the pleasure of what 1 give by giving it alive, and seeing another enjoy'it. When I die, I should be ashamed to leave enough for a monu ment, if there was a wanting friend above ground." SALT AND ASHES FOR HOKUM,' Thoso keeping horses should, twfisea week, throw in a handful of ashes Mix them ty putting in ,11 threo parts of salt to one of ashes.— Horses relish this, and it will keep eheir hair soft and fine. It will pre vent bots, colic, etc. A little ground sulphur mixed with salt and ashes, and given once in throe weeks, is al so beneficial. All domestic animals will thus be benefitted. Ono Alexander, of Boone, was overhauling the contents of a bureau drawer, the other day, and aeciden tally dropped a spark trom his cigar on to a paper of gunpowder. At, last account* the family wero still picking up tho contents of that bu reau. "Fortunately no one was killed. An enthusiastic African, who had "spent de winter in Jamaky," found it an earthly paradise. He said he could "Lie abed, and putting his arm out de windy, pick oranges, pine ap ples and Jamaky rum right off de trees." The Ogdensburg Journal reports largs quantities of liquor, having boen brought over from Canada, lroz en up in turkoys. A foul transac tion. London, with a popnlation ol Rocky Mountain excursion will low. 3,- 000.000. has only nine daily news papers—live morning and four even ing—while Paris has twenty, and Sow York twenty-four. Tho titae of the meeting of the Iowa Press Association has been I changed from May to June. The A letter was put iu tho po.-t office at South Farmington a few days days ago, bearing the following di rection "Olicos S. Graat, presi dent Unighted States, Care ol' Con gress. A young lady in Indiana, named Nancy Pratt, was accidentally vac cinated in the nose, it look auti ber bugle is a joy forever. Severft] in titled "Liberty and I.ove An Appeal to the Conscience to BaniBh the Wine I Small-pox is reported ll» vnioa Cup." County. |and towns aMOente llVK(.cinalioil tables." I fol- Tbo citizens of Hhode Island who disfranchised, by tho property qualification, tor suffrage, aio sign log a petition to Congress, asking the National government to enforce in lthode Island the amendments to the Constitution of the Unitod States. I I k'