WB1XS 8PI0EH, PROPRIETOR.
»wrjr SaSerdaf Morfttag
ll|»i Witt C»(t te#i.
IHTOW ft COUNTING ROOM I IT THE
^ST COURT HOUSE*
(Ik MM Oflee wMk lb* Cooatjr
C*ry paid is tdieee*. fl
do. paid within six
'%§TMi Or ADrSMTiaiNO.
1 ear, 00
4*. moatha, #,-i t*
4o. ft ISOBthlf
n 1 yo»r,
XJ A «T
Ik n'.uf.cUrr winner and can firnish at
f'ERIAS* BESTIR KM CASES,
**»I»,IL|TI, *(..!. Tl XtTS,
cc-wtaar UW »I A«E»,
lum KOTKl, S' t.T4.
De«!?, Don 4s,
o i i k $
•t am* kiad e«c«'it#d with neatn*** uU 4m
(ion to o-d.'r "n »V'' nr:ii#.
Attornoy at Law
ill In ClimcMr)
Wl! par'«* •«. '!. «. M.'H» tkM «Me.ea|
I'MilVr k e '»'•.«
1i|fJ«*tiee f«f 1
wkh At Caw'f Ju !*:e in th«
lirt il u«. (2')
wism: M111RGIU &M»X.
rrrr^iruN AND HUitceo*.
(fURe* rt the Iowa Hon«e, Rochester, Cedar
owl w. fiiteesr,
Tandt rs lu« prrfr.»ai rial ae. vir-s to the peo
*e .f r.f *ou an w.i'iity. Sp^c'.J alt'itu»a
i»e'i i. c.iga? rt Inn? standinjf. Office at ti e
S'or" ot IV-. A- Hill
rr» atutK.-.Tlie f/calty of Jeffersos
Meii«»' cll«-^e PhiUdeij'1 ftarlir^ M-dta
*%S filer.! itunSm C/!iio J'cnnsj'lvaaui IIos^
yeul nt Mr. M'ui Whe- inp.
H. C. 1*14TP,
ATF uvar A*J» t*..i SMTI.I OH AT LAW.
Pur', ase ar.d sell K^al Estate, locate
Laii W.rr^nts, atten a to the P-i3_Tner,t if
TTAT S, LUV.t'gfalifin 'lilei, convey anting, Sir.
t^»:ti iIt »-t'^B'i *i a'teu to'iil c:.ins. All
tal i a «ii V'i »ed ,o lue rire, w 11 b^ atteaded
»-i »ne.» i id ..l-l.t».
r.. a in the feast House wtth ttie Re»
Ota door cast of ihe Po-* Oilce.
DlaniL flocks, af all kinds kept censtaat
ff'v on hand.
w.n'ifs sjpp'iedw'jk all kinds of Blanks
ds aiui otherh x- tor t'oaaly offices, at
•h™ n lee.
paid at end
tke Mr, 3 fto
)Aera] Selections made to eiabe of Ore er
to ess eddrsa*.
Keek additional maert'a, ptr^wrt, aft
I sqeare months, 4 00
A 4«». A month* ft 00
VI 1». I year, 10 00
1 da. iaonlka» 5 00
do, 0 MONtilS* 8 00
1 yaar, 12 90
^y'0»e sju«.a i« 1 lines Brevier.
V" TirTOtT ADVJRTISbR
Wv. irij purchased a g-«/i! uffx• i»nt se
les'i^a Pi.'bml.r* n.'w prf
fiar»d t« «io eecrjr descriptios of
"--..I D« iVrs u if•-
'jeiiee »i aiata. 3-u:f» nfeti«aa
•fVa, "Uari \rn. 4-- Tipton, 'o* ».
a a"kO N ILBERtT~
/v vh' (7s \trprci\F.%
Ht-iA, l'«law, Oiln, i.' i^a, f!r ri«*,
Cattdtea, Toy*, ltard-vajo aftd 1 anc) N t!oiif—
Tip .'!, Iowa. nl
I. IJ. CHAMDllRS,
fHHTSICIA* AND snu.hjos, Oilee a
A t\ i ttrug Kforeof Charnbe.s it 8or, 1
JAME*(. TI CK,
1 a Y 1 o I /. w A N' Sl'Ki)E')X.
WHi prartles ia Tipton and vleltrty. OflSre, S
f, fa ^a hty row, South of tbe Court ilnue*.
''•JL.' om: jr. I: r»l
J. O UUIAPDSN.
tWorfleyi snd 0«iweiiors JLqto.
CfonerU Land Agents.
Offi** over Bwneil't Book-Stwt,
Secoud Street. l.ly.
lt«r»«} nrar 'a* Hotel,
WATCHE*, CI jck», J^'.ROLRY
War rented. A stncK of f«.hion*i/e tewel
wa'^he*. clo-rk*,etc., on hand. Term u low
ai t.'.e lo^c^t. A ahare ef patronaico is r^
apeci/uli/ aolit ted. o. tn)
w. p. cow
PH\SlC1Aft AND SURGEON.
it rank* tH» place my fatarc home
11 lerefare l«al«r my nvrrines ui* ciiiaen*
«f tbe Fown aaJ violn.lv, a all tb« bran^ben of
•he p*-f^«eJon. Iwlll pr*ciice
fry, fivpplylnf PrfaUncUl «W
Rooraa at Win. Bagley'e. Uttiec near the Tem
Tipton, Jan. 1,1856. 1,1 y.
A K O U S E
BY R. S. TUCKER
Coraer of OubaMr ind Jrffmon Streets.
I.nca C'lf, lu*m.
r. 1*. DOWXIXG, Proprietor.
Corner fif Uoluut and Scrjnu Strcfti.
KV* .VT!)«B IOWA.
a^OCIc* ef lb# T, v ,, n*.»•»•-«•« ««d 0»k%
la-. S«t« frw
'U le M4 fir
JO thU h*.* le tk« tWM «a4 een
Ccaer o/ H'I.'T nmi /c -a
•M •«»»!. TtllM IJ!(.«
JMO. L. FT Al,
Alt«ruer and fd»?»«llor al Law
r* «i 4 bm i i«l W
Hmrn wit* th* C«tf fM»Ifif,
or THK Pi:ACE *I»4 Notary Pub
lic. Tl tan, !o*l. n|
OTARY Piii »c, Unrheitcr, Iowa,
ir the Po*t Oiiice. vCal-ly
1. A. VV VCi«-e at hit residence M&r Tipl«)i
CTPIAR L'NUMJR, I5W».
7" jlMl* w". BACLIf^
offQtitttht RaUroai Depot, Mutrafin*. /ovt.
QUO HUE LOW. Proprietor.
i'K irv-iero*. recently I-»« ih«
»ior« jpu.ar llottai. i r«furu slK 1 it ta
*b i i* tfc^N! tntu 'a* n-.'l t« f* a^ewn-
Ma«« fH**..a to k Ir •alir« in *rt y P*
I) f»fil «f
^ttcrn Htn» Comp*wy»
tl Ia th't Th
l#inr har Jm
tei V'l^ *n»- nl#^f of llJv*
vtat ^rt wh rn*y Jvf re u, I
Bi HE LEY ~HO USE.
TIPT0W i 10WA.
Thii a \w Hou»e wliicti Wa« jrtMt
opened for t'le rr'•(•!»! in of ^us (».- rn the l»t of
Majr. 185'. it l» iar^e an 5 r.»m:no-!.}u«, ar.4 It
itjoTliJed with rttt'rf :k-w No
J. D. NrCLIJAK, ». D.
R«pe.*'fu^v 'ii^ pnfejs.^nal eerriect
fo t' iu.-n* ot Tipir.ii and Ticinity.
djy Al» i. sotrv attrnti"!! to the reparation
of i»*elli will be paid.
GtSce one door nil of tbe lipton House.
Faculty it Jrtr-n-n ?.J*d Col.. Philadelphia.
Ceo. ru'i«ienH'irj M. D., S.»inpr**t, Pa.
f. P. If•»* -!i»ni M. I) \V -edi-» •.'^einia.
Rel. S. & .an, Armagh, l'a l'7-'.V-]
I N I i 1 1 1
J3E3 T"N -A.
fncorperahd A. D. 1810— C*$h Capital
AND COUN*r.I.Ua AT
Cndefs'itTie 1 ha%»r.^ V»n apfwlat«*i!
Air.nt fur this ol' aid reliable C^mpwy,
prspare-1 ta isjje I'icie.-i on favorable terms.
o n e i S
u.*t ritks on ihc Sfcfsr ot J'ro^.rt/
tmd fu ciit a x"1' j:rn .-a'»*»
rss-a vs e u.» .u* 'hf '»l a ij t.x
OFFVEMS -V VICHKV, Pnacient.
J. W A.nf i c* Pr'-*.
K. H. IIAKIC.SOM. Treaiiii ef.
W. F. 1 .tttu. S-*T:t-»ry.
Th» nndifrs'sfnM bae tn- i ap, u -'l ngeat of
thlo Cii' ips'iy. ff
o-lsr oa iiv. «l pr®_
UA.-t-il to Usue Pohiiu o'i lavor»t'!« u
n5-.f W I.IJ* ^PK'S*. Agnnl
OICHT PRAFTSnnNcw VorW can be ha
'3 of the SuSsrrihar ta sums to smt purchasers
Certificates of Dep sit. and Drafts the
Eastern Cities cashed.
American Gold finished »t a small premium.
Offi-rt over Swttland inf 8nvit''*
WM. n. TUTHILL.
Upton, January t, 1*96.
A li E It Y
n I) y Goods. Gro-
errias, Crnckery, kr„ CeUar bluffs, tJe
lsf enioty, iowa. nl
nil. H. S. KOOTT,
ntered Ihe V»ove br^inee*, la Tip-
t«B. am i o» i-reji.irt-1 to mipply customers
withfr-eh bre id, silt :i'.'artkles in my line of
-b»ainf«s. Cakes and paairy of every kindfur
nieb^d to families, or for parties, on a short n.
ti e. tlaviag ermaged the services of one of the
I tst bakers in the west, I feel confident of giv iag
natiafactioa to all customers. (40 ^.WAlfc.
IH A IXU IA LOOK.
Hair Drewing and Coloring don,- Tip Tap
•11 et n. al B.J H»loon.
A* man ntirM. v-.r le *a»e
A »rr it
«b«n T»» »«»T.
Itov. iii -t^e flabVttl. lift*.
u., Hi* I..."* fcblwI' ......
innoiul, XnlfblSf tkS Bse"-
Mrs Vas lii.'iton v»ou!d .eapecully inform ths
fr.-ndsand the pauli'- nanerolly, thut she Is pre
pare 1 to do .-wry .Ascription -f mUlim-ry work
on shortes uoti e. Orders from tbe '-ountry at
tended to promptly, iSilk lJoiinets end drec»
(•pa A- Irept ••••aataatly on haad. Kesideaea at
Mr. North-was af tae Steam Mill.
Btuaphroy &> Oasebesr.
8ltua»e t'.vo an-t a half rail' .* south of Tipton
ou the Mnw.l'i* rijad.
Have-»n hand and tea«*y f*r TVan'V'^nffaCt
b»i "iwing. Sviiue W 0(W 4»faf*Od Api»at*
trom t-vi *e« i.ul. u-Uh "f*
formrd Ui* and thrifty i,wti.
At» per ltu. I N $l- 0 IOJO. Ia small loto
ri» Selected licta tach.
Aiso.asMsitloief HMP«al«kir*7 Trees
SOT A1X iUIH.
(r»MI TBI wiri tet MM)
All aloae? ao A^ataa^ oat ale«%
Par I am with thee fa thy far
la thought, I'mliagerinf aver near they etde.
The heart ia near, thengh dlatance may divide
lkenpi. it aovght caa biad, 'tie free aa air,
And it may follow thee, ah, every whera—
The worid around, and then tthea death has rirea
The ilea a earth, faitu lifta it ap to UctTes.
Ifot all alone, deareet—aay aat aloM
It mattera aot where'er thy atapa Map Mfli^
fti Crowded oitlea, or la foreat wide.
One heart if thiue, w atever else betide.
We may feel all aluae amidat the gay,
With many near— bat then the heart's away
W hen none are by. trit let the tbeughtatake wiag
And those far ahaeat, wlilfoad memory bring.
Xot all alone—for every breeae that cornea
To teach|thy brow.liears with it nighs from hoeme
PcicLance it lingers In thy raven hair.
And whi*peia lonalng*,words of lore and prarer
From lipH afar, that it has gently kinucd,
It coraes to tliee—(lir.rat thoti e'er think of this?
Ad4 aa it steals on the? in brier.-# bland,
Knaw that It kissed the flowers of tby own laad.
Al! alono! Oh, say not all alone
I will be near thee—art thou not ray ownf
Sfy th«ng!itt ihall be for thee from day to diy
Ai.d in tfiy dreams by night, by thee I'll stay
And wh«n at morn and e»e OH bunded knee,
I lift my ira\ ur to He^vf-n, I'll pray for thee:
That (Jad will bless—ne'er let the# feel alone—
And that my heart tie near, where'er yo« roam.
lly K» jucst.
To the Membpri of the Prairirrille
IIT A IS.
GBITTLEMCV or TBE SOOIBT*:--YOU
•eem to bc quite literal in receiving
communicfttions of almost any cliarao
ter anl upon any ubiett. I there
and digniiy with a few thoughts
3*e he^o ubi ,i wtil ad'l to the comfort
ur caaremenre of i!i- tr^-. rlir.g p..uli.
John H. Bircler* P-op'r
By way of apology, however, I m'lit
confi ss that I feel conscious of innbility
to do justice to a subject of such vital KQ
portauce ar.d unlimited grcalaess Yes,
Gentlemen, when I survey my circum
scribed luarary and scientific attainments
I blush at the attempt, and can scarcely
excuse mjsaU from the charge of assump
tion and, had the s -eat literary and sci
entific men every age of the world, a
lene fa.Tored truth, honesty, purity and
good government, I would even now re
frain from addressing you, or any other
audience upon this and kiudred subjects
but since there always have been among
the eemparativcly illiterate,the meek and
1 jBoral philoe«.tphers, orators and must use-
IOWA PTATJB I SIT A E j«l atchitecta 1 as one, from your midst
With tile talent, less education and no
O A N Y
rn.ll.^ jML COJ'fANi' .s i!
ed upon to inquire into the causes aod
eiiecs of the subject named. But to a
void ambiguity arid misrepresentation I
will fust attempt to define what I mean
by the word Slavery in tkis connection aud
secondly, point out ita causes,snd thirdly
rirst, then, bjf tbo word Slavery, I
Mean any action, be it either political,
physical, social, moral or intellectual,that
on the whole produces more evil than
«omo lood, because it costs something, is
a slave to acquisitiveness, and holds in
slavery alimer.tiveness, and not unfre
quently bfnevolence and justice and ei
ther of these are likewise thieves snd
murderers, as well as slaves and slave
holders, as I shall attempt to prove be
fore closing this communication. Ss the
person addicted to either tsle besring.Iy
insr, swearing, an over excited approba
tiveness or ainorosity, with a host of oth-
tiers, thieves, and murderers, because
they ebey the crarmgs of a particular
portion ot their nature while they rob and
Those who believe tht Bible to eon
alone correct moral and just principles, I
remind, that thus fat I have said
nothing, but what to my nind.is in strict
accordance with the scriptursl phrase.
•He who conmittetb tin Uw 9*t*m
sin.' only, that 1 bare uwd Ui« w»rd
alare ioatMd of aarrani
Io what I bate said, I alao fully agree
with Christ when be eayfe: 'ke who ukea
the sword, ahail perish kf it,' but I differ
with many expoaBders ef this pssaage:
in^bort with all those wfce contend that
it represents hot one idea and that not a
figurative one. I take this expression
,, answers relative to this part of the sub-
re wnpo«e myself upoa your character j.. ...
Causes and Ejects of Slavery. Ia at
tempting to do taie, I seek not yotlr ap»
probation,mu.h l«w self-a^grar.diz^nt nt
but the approbaiieo of try own internal
sense of justice, of nature and of God and
if in S3 doin^ I chanca to meet yo ur ap
probation, all I ask of y-^a. is to c.trry (he
principles, thus agreeing witii your no
Mer feelings, inU) practical effect, in ail
your intercourse and relat.oas in life.
o u o
down to the ten numbers.
tbe Saviour's to be a grand allegory de
claring tbe profound truth, that he who
committed! sin shall perish by it, or in
St bar words suffer its consequences,
consequenees consist in the demand of
satisfaction by the part of the organise'
lion at the sacrifice of wbeoa grat fication
it was committed. Tbe neglect then of
properly exercising all parts of our or
ganization within the sphere which our
great Architect gave them, and within
whicfc he not only intends bat command
ed they should be exercised, is slavery
within my meaning, as welt as the chat«
tie slavery in Southern States, and I add
farther, without fetu of contradiction,that
tbe latter wherever and whenever it exists
is always the product of the former ths
former may exist without the latter, but
the latter never can exist without the Ter
mer to declare the possible existence of
laiter without the existence of the far
mer is to declare the existence of ati ef
fect without a cause a doctrine absurd
alike iu the eye of Revelation, Reason,
Justice and Nature. But enough of this,
I have now,with aim atb'iug underitOJJ,
defined my meaning of the word slavery,
and hare in so doing unavoidably alluded
to the causes 1, therefore, with brevity
in the second place ehall simply ask a
few questions and give corresponding
jert. t*:ist. What ia the pi^ irntive cause
of slavery as just defined, and which at
litis time more than any other, it agita
ting the public mind through tli« length
and breadth of our far extended country?
I answer it is the giatificition of the ir
regular aud uni'ist desirfet of man, which
desires are either inborn or cultivated by
the habit of continually seeing and imita
t»ng the examples of evil, or generally
has origin in ihcm tfih. Second. Whnt
will be the result of the irregular, unjust
and continuing gratification ot these de
s rf»? Ttie result,founded in nature and
confirmed by experience, will be a con
tinual augmentation and the contraction
ot those desires or affections at the sacri
fice, or rather robbery, of whose proper
gratification they were committed. Theae
wicked and unjust practices continue un
til their demoralizing influence dethrones
everything iu tbe composition of man,
that is aoble, purs, just and Godlike—in
the huguage of a distinguished moral
philosopher: 'so ludurated and perverted
does the moral susceptibility of man be
come, by the con'inued practice of evil,
that it declares right, wrong and wroog.
right.' In a woid the philosophic mind
can trace the causes of the most barbar
ous aud heaven revolting crimes to a prim
itive minute cause like the literary men
of the age their great literary achieve
ments down to the alphabet or like the
mathematician bis achieveineuta in sol
viug the most intricate and perplexing
problems in tbe science of ro*Uisrtmn'«i
Or the Geometrician his skill to the
good for humanity that does not give to which are the leve and fulcrum. I might ^in(j
every part of man's organization, the full cite numerous other examples illustrating
and equal share of gratification to which this law, did I consider the?e inadequate
it is eutitied for example, tae person who to the purpose. Having now briefly point
stomach with either food or sd out lew ot the leading causes o
without properly consulting both his mor- causes of secondary and greater effects, ference between hope and desire*' De-
ll,i„g bu, rapin. and Huad.^ I»»,ns
no other affections, and recognizing no
other laws, than the affections possessed
aud the laws recognized, by the beasts of
the field aud the birds ef the air justice,
mercy and veneration tiwell so longer in
him. I direct tbe attention, in the third
place, to the effects bsth external and in
ternal of slavery. First, however, to far
ther guard against misrepresentation, I
will notice a proposition into which an
idea, advanced under pteceeding heads,
n addicted to sin, are slaves, glavehol- naturally solves itself I stated in sub-
stance that he who over exercises any
pail of his organism is not only a slave
and a slaveholder, but also a thief and a
murderer. The proposition into which
this statement naturally solves itself, is
that the character or slave, the s'avehold
er, the thief and the murderer is co-evil
and always dwells to a freater or less et
teat in one and the same person. This
4 wk§41 *a*na tnaaf. Bat, says a toned
XMT CTorraacxxtf c*.
TIPTON, CEDAR Co. IOWA-SATURDAY, MARCH 8. I®C. -KQ.1G
I doubt even ttie particular^ let alone tits
general correetneae of that proposition
becattae continues he, that proposition
would rusks every slave in the South a
slavehoiJar, a thief, snd a murderer,
which is an assertion known to be falae.
Without asking the friend how he knows
the assertion to be false, I would kindly
ask him what of his own nature does the
slave not hold in Slavery? I pause for an
answer. Will any one tell me ia whatj
particular he is not a alaveholder? The
friend finally answers that he holds no
hninan beir ga iu slavery. I would re
mind kim that he is not even sure of tkat,
aa a universal conclusion, nor eren as a
genersl one, for a knnwlod^ of the com
position of man, cenfirined by his various
manifestations, has repeat*Jly proved,
that even the African slave has been fre
quently found inlluential in continuing
his children, father, mother, brut
sisters in slavery. He would use the ar
gument, that to attempt an escape would
be worse than useless because their op
pressors are many and mighty and would
shoot them down like wolves, were they
to resist in their recapture. They are not
unfrequently told by tluir brother in bonds
that every a-.tempt to escape be it success
ful for him wiie attempts it, or not, tends
but to increase the oppression and suffer
ing on the rest. Do not, therefore, infre
quently the sympathetic appea', if
you lore me your children, father,
mother, brothers and sisters, lake the rash
step, for it will but tend toe ntail increas
ed misery upon us. You know, the en
treater continues, that the preachcr baa
repeatedly to us that servants should be
obedient to their masters, sad that God
in his own qood time would deliver us all.
Do not, therefore, I beseac'i thee, tram
ple under foot the admonitions of the
Lord, throigli hts servant, but romain
with us and await I is salvation.
(cOffCLUOCD REIT WESK.)
fhnt Quartz—fhfrt Berms much
goed sense in the following, which, al
though old, deserves to be repeated, at
least once a year: 'If anything in the
world will make a man teel I adly.except
pinching his fingers in tke crack oi the
door, it is aqiiarn l. No man ever fails
to think less of himself alter, than he did
before one -It degrades him in the eyes
of others and what is worse, blunts his
sensibility to disgrace on ths one hand,
and increases the power of paesionate ir
ritnbilityou the other. The truth is, the
more qu.etly and peaceably we a!! get on
the belter for ourne ghbr*. In nine
cases out of ten, the wisest course is, if a
man cl eats you, to quit dealing with him
if he b« abuaive quit his company it he
slanders you, try to live so nobody will
believe htn*. No matter who he is, or
how he misuses you—the wisest way is
to let bun alone for there is nothing bet
ter than this cool, calm, and quiet way
of dealing with the wrongs we must meet
A Proftm* Yaytkrt. It
is re Is ted that
when Gen. Scott was marching in Mexi
co, a procession of monks was met, who
solicited contributions in a silver box, on
the top at winch was a lamp burning be
fore a silver cross. One of the soldiers,
a tall Yankee, was seen searching his
pockets, presumedly for a piece of money
but instead of that he pplled out his to
bacco pipe,and filling the bowl, quietly
lighted it nt ihe holy fire, ai mo»t un
concernedly proceeded on his way. The
ieyes of the holy frinrs rrbo witnessed the
profanation rolled in their socketij with
surprise and horror, and they felt nn ad-
first rudiments of his art, which are paints JitionaI dread of the barbarous North A
and lines or eveu like the machinist his mericaus, who were, according to their
complex machinery to the first principles estimation, not only giants strength
i and eaeles in courage, but also heathens
of the common mechanical powers a.notg
aQd of |he mofl ir(rd#im k
Intelligence, of a Vtaf .Vnfe. A pupil
drinks, I consider a slave and a slavehol- Slavery, and by example illustrated, that heart-' 'What is hope?' Hoje is the •Well, air I aru glad of it' I c-rui J-r
der because, he gratifies alimentiveness ihe effects of these causes, become^ the bloss,,in_of happiness.' 'What is the^dif. t^js experiment of Man a miserable fail
and the sooner the whole thing is
of the Abbe Sicard gavethe followmp. tIere
.- extraordinary answers: 'What ID gratt-: I
.1 and |thy«iral M«««i «»l "-bid. "f and eojoymonl b.tR. in fruil.- s"°
to alimentiveness. he holds in slavery the ular arithmatical progression until we be- «What is eternity?* 'A day without yes
greater part of his physical and moral na- hold in man, if I may US-j the e-pression, terday or to-morrow a line that has no
ture* so be who refrains from ea ing a I the machine of all vilitnuies addicted to ends. 'What is time? 'A line that has
quanmy of good and
jp|' '(Gratitude is the memory of the 'Yes* sir'
God*' 'The nere«satybein- the sun of'
v »o«i. 11 .S ne.A-saiy utin,,. ir.e sun oi j,
etprritv th** of nuturr tlip fv** i
of justice, the watchmaker of the oni
verse, the soul of the world.' 'Does God
reason?' •Man reasons because h- doubts
he deliberates he decides God is ononi
cient he there lore never reasons.'
is but eleven years since the tel
egraph line, of 40 miles in length, of
Professor Morse," was bui'l and uow
there sre no leas '!i.in 32,000 miles of tel
egraph wires on our continent. In Eu-
rope, lines of telegraph have been co: ,0U1)(!
structed nearly rivalling those in A.ner-
ica. The electric wires extend under the Z'i7* ^n'i hvin^'Lmn^ie
sea of the English Ci.aunel, the German ^.!! *1
tend through the great Atlantic Ooean.
It is said that there are 250,000 labor
ers the English mines, who scarce, if
aver at all, ec ihc light oi day.
A few calutilationi relative tn the com
parative valae ot grri n aud seasoned
wood for fuel, may serve to r*uiind tnose
iuii-tcsicd of the importunes o! auwuuou
to the subject.
Every l-ody knuws that greeu wood ia
poor stuff to kindle a fire, though some
contend that it will keep up as weii aa
seasoned, if applad coostastiy, not suf
fering tho heat to go down. Tnat is, il
you have a g'od fire to season it in, you
caa burn green wood as well a» dry
But to the calculations
A green stick of wood, weighing iOO
lbs when seasoned weighs only 66 ibs.,
or audi it about the average o! wood com
monly used for fuel. In a seusoned »uck
you have ail tho w od all mm witl sup
port combustion—you 1 ave only got rid
ot 34 lbs. of water.
Now, water will not bum, and it pre
sent in fuel, it has to be converted inu»
steam, at the expense of that fuel, nnd it
will take five times as ri.in heat to male
steam o! water, as it will aimpiy to bring
it a boiling point. Here is seen at
ouce, the poor oconoiny of burning green
We have shown that about one-third ol
the weight of green wood is water: now
how many barrels of water is there iu a
cord of wood? Tnero arw 123 cubic 'e *t
in a cord, win allowing two-filths for
vacant space between ths sticks, leaves 77
fe»*t of solid wood, one-third of which is
water—equal to over six barrels ol water
in every cord of *ieeu wojd. The heal
required to evnporaie thta water, would
brin^ 3ri barrels to the boiling point. And
this is no: ih« only expense. If th-i wooJ
is cut properly, piled and seasoned in the
woods, the cost oi drawing it wou'd be
nearly one-third less. Any way you ctn
look at it, the economy of burning gteeu
wood is more than questionable.
Every larmer should look nt, and deter
mine to keep a ^O'kI stock of wood on
band, suflicieut to last one year, at least.
Aud na may take an i her 1 ok ai the dil
igence between wood seasoned just
enough, and under cover, and that wh'ch
has ia in out of doors until nil the ssj
wood has become rotten, aud one-halt its
valuu been 1-st by exposure to tbe weatb
-New OBK. SVI. 25.—-Troop* for
ramps Bay: Tin bark Sa.n Slick was
ye&teiiiay chartered to convey 100 troops present or future
to Tampa Bay. Th*tac toidivrs are doubt
less destined to operate against tho »ni
iuoles. A Ttihwu Correspondent tele
graphs trom Wualnngtun—-'Newi p«r At
lantic has made no impression* in high
ijuartcrs. A rumor doubtlfsa originated
from one or two caus .-s, first the tact that
Mr. Buchanan had long unco received
ins letter ot recall and indicated IIM pur
pose to leave the Mission on the 8ih, and
London the TJ ot Feb. Second, mat it
v\a» known in London tint the l:. S. had
demanded the recall of Mr. Ciamptou,
which with Lord Clarendon's ear \arlt
siateuienta iu House oi Lords naturally
let* to inferential exaggerations.'
The Navul Se nule-i.at* conferred fully
with the President aud tire Secretary of
the Navy, a id will a itnitnou sly report
till to-mon-w embodying substantially
the following procisiuns intended to cor
rect errora, and attribute to the late board,
and prove thus the same beuefK. The
bill provides that the President shall be
authorize 1 to tycoonue as ninny boards
of inquiry as ,uay be necessary to exam
ine the protVssio i il, moral, m.ntal and
physical qualifications ot any dropped
otii :ej making application.
Mm a Failure —A year or two ago
when the Milleiiw fa: a'icisni was at ita
height, Mr. an cccintric old
gentleman in one of our western towns,
was walking in the h:.li of Ihe vilhage inn
listening, at the sam time, to the talk ef
a distinguished disciple, who was pi uph
eaving the prompt fulfillment of Miller's
calculation. Mr. sloped, and in
his short bitter way asked
•DJ you really think t' or!J is
coming to nn end?'
•Certunly 1 do.'
'On the 26th of \pril?'
•As much as I believe -ny o vrs ••\is
|, 'AnJ do yr« really pretend lo believe jin
if t0 regu ar sinas!l
(. ip-? is a tree in
up so cn i the het c»r."
Saying this the old gentleman stalked
oil. mutleritij? im'nrecntions on the hnrtian
race in general.
i n i
r^W.uchcll laid a wager with asoth-
eteri.uy, um IrDocinnist
.K.I mil ui iMiun .me ey. seven times during the collection of tick- I ... ..
Wiuchell won tl e wager, as we are iu«
formed, by imitatuting the sound of an
engine whistle at a stance, which so
dmuited the conductor that at each imi
tation he tviuld rush to the door And look
out. Nor did the fudividu«l with whom
he laid the wager p.*rce:ve the trick, but
actually thought he luard another whistle
in the distance, until the great ventrilo
,'juist undeceived him by bringing the
in81 oi |lje car k wfere
Ocean and the Mediterranean. They A temperance lecturer, decanting on
pass from crag to crag on the Alps, and !the essential and purifying qualities of ,l®
run through Italy. Switzerland. France, cold water, remarked, a k :ook down
Germany and Russia, i'liey will vet ex- «riTnmei.» ilmt «vhei »i,.- 1
TERMS, fcl SO in/DV/NCr.
in fteW. -tl is a true «kyif .T
that '.be pen of irenins can redeem it e
tntest subject from its triteness. A sir
king illustration of this is contained in
folUsung observation of Hrmy Ward
Beechet on the harkneyed s-ibjei of in
terest. IIow miserably le paints th«^
miseries of deM—what biting sh^rpnes*
iu the words—wnat pitii n id pregnancy
i i the sentence#! lie says. Ha ol etei
draws sharper than jiit're»i d* s. a
ihdu tfious, noje is comjarable u bat
of interest, It works day and n'glit. 'i
fair weather i»nd foul. It has no SOUL* I
in its footsteps, but tisvt-h fas'. It guaw*
at a man's 3ub»iauae witii invisible teeth.
It binds industry with its ifhn. as a fly
bound upon a jpidar's web. Del 1 rolls a
i..an over and orer, binding I rm tn and
font, and letting him hang upon the fatal
mesh ontil the long-legged tn'eissl ('c*
vours him. There is no ciop that can a
foid to p«y interest tnoney ou a farm.
There is one thing raMed on a farm IIKM
it, and that is the Cmada thistle, which
swarms new plants eveiy fiint? you
breaks its roots, whoso besoms are tc
ry prolific, and every flo^ei is father oi
a million seeds. Every leaf is an awl.c*
brnti :h a spear, and every siagle plant t*
like a platoon of bayoncs and a lr -ld o»
them is like an artiud hoit The w l*»l«
j^aul is a torment an-l a vi-g. tabic curs
And yet a fanner had better make i.n
bed of Canada thistles than attempt to in*
at ease upon iaterets.*
.VoiP.-*- A l.irge pm-liou of ttnukrni
ate a ssrt oi sentimenfnl ghoulf, who e*
ifct 'he grate yard of iwe l'a»t
Wit' some, it is the modem I'u.t, tnai of
th* ir o VB lifet-m U« 'he otliers it \s .*'
sue en* Patt so ne far-bs-It I nrial placi*
where they fancy thttt nrrtli in.n are
sleeping than now exist upon tl*« art*.
Oil ers, agaiu, ignoru the pa.'t, t!w pres
ent. and tlwell'forever iff th«f foMtfe th-y
are gran 1 scl.emfra —in«M oi pr. ::tb
netolence, large imtjinations. bi' Imle
judgment. The f-ituie to th'-m is n vjat
Elysium, genitl, *untiy and s'orniless,
w .ere man is disporting him»t lfl.ke un'o
a ig» Is. They conceive reform measnraa
but ignorant o' pf nt life, and ignoiaut
that present 1 fe embodies the eiemi t.ta
of tin ir future beatific ststte, they bmg
nothing to pass and their seheme*, l»ke
an i »ui s latuue, sre over a i lie in ad
ranee of the pursuer. Tbe proper toil «x
a man is one who rejects neither th- pwat
'tis one who stu Jies
thf piisent, aided by the eSperiencti of
the past, atid striving ever to make the
pjwsenl as it ought,t(» be leaves the fu
ture to Providence, assured that a well
shaped present is ill fact u well-shape
Fiom Central America*—-H*w Oa-
LSAKS, Feb. 23.-By ilia arrival of
steamer to-dty, we have VeraCiux da
les ot 221. Tne troops, in tl.e castle op
posite San Juan lyt'lioa pro wunerd tor
Tarnarele. ()ntfie night «l the I2tk insi.,
there was some firing on both sides, but
the loaa was small, when the castle sur
rendered to the city. Stejmslrp Dau'l.
Webster fr..m Sin Just:, Nic.-trnjua, ar
rived here yesterday. All Central Amer
ica except ft'icnr igua, hns lorined an al
liance with Coi. Kinney
WaUr. --How beautiful,
how terrible is water. Smiling in .bo
raindrops, which dauce iu the sunshine,
bubbling 0*ei the white pel bles in tbe
mountain rill, gushing of the fountain,
rushing irt the river, dashing and flashing
and roaring in the sea. Sweet, health
ous -giving U!e to the myriada oi crea
tures sustaining commerce and tiin'e
civilization, cooling the fevered brow of
eare, and the parched lips of disease,fruc
tifvingtue plant and freshening the tlow
Th*ri is an Eml. f'o every thii.g
beneath the son there Cinres last day,
and of all futurity this is Cie only por.tion
of lime thut can in all cases be inlanih!?
predicted. Let the sanguine tUn taLe
warning, and the disheartened take cour
age fur to every joy an to every SHJHJW,
to every hop? and to every fear, tlier»
will come a la»t day uu-1 nwi ongbi
sd to live by foresight, that wn.le he le-'rn-»
conductor to the door i,i,„ i.,Hiver
n toni8cilieilt of tllf wijo iad
never before seen a living locomotive.
,^ eonten'ed, he shall tit
.repared for nn tm, wlntever
other niay be.
Sltambouti Siink-~Itnn*nu List,
CiiveifSATi, Feb. 23.
tities of ice iu the Ohio. Backing up nud
deing great damage, ttcainboats Flag,
Alleston, Bridge. Cay, Grapcabct, M«»d
ern^,Sa!!y and Yorktown have all suuk
and will pi#ve a total loss. Ssveial o'.l.er
steamboats and barpes sunk. To'ai loss
i u s a a s s e a i e i s u w a s o $ 2 0
FtmW dimness app eheudc-d. Tho
!'ml 'Ohio ha. men about bit. within
-i n itisl i.ouis auu is sUii
Rev. Dr. Wo. if. o A:-.. vrr. was-•
giving i i» cl»s« •uciiens a Hoot
preaching in such a manner us .og in at
tenti n and appliuse. 'Young geniie
tn»n,' SJ hf, itH'ft'i co tn ned i:i rnu
shell. When you •'o prenth in the
fity, 'ale y »ui le-t corf W'UTI T°O G- to
preath in tn* country, jf«MT(»st er
The sir* U tog Hippy-
It ia not
great wealth, nor high st iiion, which
wr'irh*"1 hvmZ*OM e^,r'i.,
cn:1fc ,!s' au^
thus cspntts Hpi'i-
evvnn *'b ot n
argument, that'when the world became
jo c. riupt tha. the Lord c. .Id do uothingj State Agricultural So« i't) i -t- b.-eu
she tv.th It he was obliged to give it a
thorough sousing in cold water.' •¥«••,'!
replied a wag,'but it killed every darned Nature abhora a vacum benco tWw
enttoc «a Um 6m« the anth.' i lines.
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