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The Tipton advertiser. [volume] (Tipton, Cedar Co., Iowa) 1856-1962, March 22, 1856, Image 1

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VOL. III.
:ia ADTEKTfm.
«4
PeMUked arary Saturday Morning, la
***••, Otiar o#,,
MTMPR COUNTING ROOM IIV THE
•OUST HOUSE*
(la MM OScc wit* Dm County Jedge.)
•J. TUMI.
1 Mr, mM!• advance
ws. mU within six i
w
do. monthi)
enlaasn 1
fMf,
do. aewths,
if. 1 ntnlka.
%eertev nhm i year,
do. I month*,
do. I months,
OB
If
•t
months, 00
pnidat ead of the year, 2 50
1 Mttttoti asade to cl«bs of fir* or
to mm address.
RjtTKi or JDFMRTnnrO.
setae*
1 year,
de. 6 noatW,
fftO 00
10 i0
to 00
10 00
20 00
."» 00
1« t'O
11 00
1 (10
LEGAL XOTtcm
1 square 1 iasertian, ft 0
feck additional insert's, per square, .*)
tsqaare 3 months, 4 00
1 do. A months. 0 00
year, 10 00
Ldo.
da. I emnths, ft (to
da, months, (I (10
*•. 1 year, t5 00
One sqtsare it IS lines Brevier.„^J
TIJPTON ADVERTISER
*(|a«ln*' pat -%aee a go^d and auAcient
gagties w »A4enai,, the Publsshev is n«w pre
9ar*d la da mur&j every description «f
z w
—1»»-
M¥Mf £¥iai wwiws::
la a Mtief^ete'j eu^aer and «aa furnish at
dwrt a*)ki,
pes re as.
m
acts caaDS,
eVairi«« c*»a»,
*MVr*ritn 11 ft«t%
•ALL Tl* KKTS,
U* SLA KB,
iMiirri,
•tin itaMk
Waeoi.iae,
KMraiflM,
#»*caar suu,
ftaaa *«tes.
a a
O I I A S K S
af evary kiad aceauted wi neatn*as and de»
tAtoh.
roioRr.r ritiSTiHy
d«ae to order on afcrrt notice.
WELL! fint ER,
At torn* at Law
Am4 So I to
I lor la Chiaeerjr
WHI In
i h* M4 fflv*
t» -lal^a.
THlea «f I «l to
JMO. rTAIV,
(rora(KR:.r or r»
Hbraey aad r«anwilar at Law
npton. («4ar ConiKj, Iowa.
WM r» Mt**4 w ka4.«* to M* **rr. la
aaf a4j
•rrl*a i» •%. i vttfc the fmry ftiviftK,
tko le^^H i
N. LOSCU
JjffSTtOtROUT.
or THE PCACRaiU Nf tary P*b-
In. Tiptan, Iowa. nl
JOflCPM LI«MT,
OTARY Public, Rochester, Uw«.
hi the Past Office. rfa
ATTORMET
mww^m mm
phYUClAN AND
(Mar eoantf, Io«
Ofltf
1
-1y
JOMX NflKR,
*TT«MaT AT un.
•ad Jaatice of the Peace,
C. I.. CHAMRERS,
/pHTMCtAIT- ANT) SURGEON, Office a
Hie Dr«K Store of Chamber* A. Son. Tipton
JAME¥ c. TIIR ER,
S I I A V AND u u (J F. 0 X,
,yR! praottea ia Ttpton and elalnlty. Oflce, Ko
qoUltj
row, Koath of the Court Houae.
•I
urTth,
pnirwnA.N
AN,)
%UA VOB oiMunau.
THAYER & CARSKADDE*
iwoejp 6o^wlion
OmrU Lend Agemta,
THK
and CtXTNSKLLOR AT
f.AW Vflice al his rcaMrnee near Tiploti
CMar CMaty, Iowa.
WriBAOl.E*.
Tipton, Towa.
Oftce with 'be Caunty JuH^e in the
cJSTi
HfttK. 123]
A MimTOC CMANBERS A SO!V.
JJ1DKUGGIST, and Dealers ia Gr»
^SUeerira Oil* I'aiata. Hve Stn(fit. Cuiifftit-aa
tOliea, 'Hardware, Ac. T[U»n, Iowa.
A A O N I E
DR41.KR IN DRVaff if MKDICIA'KS,
flRDj* Htaflk, Peiata, Oila, (iaan, (iraceries,
Oaadiea, Toya, Hardware aad Faery Notion*.—
"ptoa, Ia«ra. al
siKr:K0,v'
...
it a l«wa Rochester, Ceaar
,aty, l»wa. —.
DR. I. ORKEV#
•URGEOK, Ro«li«5,®r
Iowa. nl
ELIA1 •HAFREIL
MERCHANT—Dealer
in Dry Goods, Gro­
ceries, Crockery, fee. Cedar Rlun, Ce
Ipf eoanty, Iowa.
DR. W. t. fl()OTT,
traders his professional services to the peo
ple of Tipton and vicinity. Special attention
Kfen
to cases of long standing. OiRce at the
ruris Store of Dr. A* Hall.
(urraacMcc.—The faculty of Jeftrsoa
'Medical collere Philadelphia Starling M'di
tal college c»finabus Ohio Pennsylvaaia Hos-
Philadelphia Dr. Huff Wheeling.
R. C. PIATT,
Am. CorKiaixna it Law.
WAmanar
ILL Purchase anti aall Real Estate, locate
Load Warrants, attend to the Payment of
"Taxee, lavaebgatioa of titles, conveyancing, Ac.
Particular attention gtveo te collection*. All
•hoaiaaas tatraated to his care, will be attended
It with Proas ptneaa and Fidelity.
jyOgoe ia the Cesrt Hmse wtth R» Re
HiSik t^taa, Iowa.
WILLIAM LEE,
One deer east of the Poet Office.
Vlaask Rsitl. tf all kinds kept constant
Dlr «n haad.
wutiei supplied with all kinds ot Rlanks
Rpeetds and etMr^ooks for County oftees, at
sibwt «eiiee.
TEMPERANCE HOUSE.
BY PATTEItaON rLENMUO
Tiinr, taw
JhaaaNas, low.
tvtt Murmtt's Bpok-Sl&rt,
8«eond Street. l,ly.
C. kR4fr
flL Wa*ci*-Ma**» *t»r JwRttm,
Second it, near the American Hotel,
MUSCATINE, IOWA.
Watchcs,Clocks,Jewelry kc., repaired and
warranted. A stock of fashionable jewelry,
watches, clocks, etc.. on hand. Terms aa low
as the lowest. A share af patrona^o is re
spectfully solicited. o. t«3
W. P. COW A ll.
AND SURGEON.
IPIUSICIAN
Wish te to make tUie place my fiiturt- home
1 therefore tender iny aervie,ea to ike ciitsana
of the Town and vi'iiiitj, in alt the branches of
til* Mrseiofl. lwiM lie:
Surgery, Hupfiiying Jkfu-tencit* mud
Remedying Defects.
Ileoms at Wni IU^Ihv'*.
oriw
near
the
Tem­
perance Hotel.
Tipton. Jaw. 3. !«.•. t.ly.
PARK HOUSE,
BY R. S. TUCKER.
Center of Duba.,: aid Jfffmoi Street!.
Imra City, Intra.
CLOLfiR HOUSE.
r* L. DOwSl.lO, Proprietor,
ftrirr of Wilunl and Srroni Strretx.
MCHCATINK !)»».
mr(Hte» lh Tipi-tfi Mm 'mi, Oaka
l«iw
Mof
M*.
4 «har^ff.
f|^HK
I* ul 'torn ih» IW»*u (N»
Gomi KtaMmg.
|llka IV.ai tbh hoM* l« th« W«M
Tf* tt Chwf*.
hoi'se.
Cor%tr of i'.r Sxrert and Iowa aap
tppotil* tht Hnilrdii'i l)rpot, Afatcatiwe lottu.
OEOIttiE LOW, Proprietor.
I'KorsirToH. ha* ret-ently Ifa*"! tht-
1 alxiva popular Hotel, and rrfurnithed it in
... •n-1 am»#r, ***U 1e (»r«p*ro4 lo «M«m
r*« i» riiitf «vrry parilptilitf
T^« O:• 17 oftlrf '»f »ho
W«M«rn ftlRft («mp«
my*
klhla
\Y
«e th e Hoi«» TH«
TR*? IP\
!.»*• *44*4 a
Iff* n %a %h* ikf
II •!•!, a»'l is
w
JtiUa ts« 1 trkia tm4j It. at lb# lo»f*t Urn* «lf
E E Y O U S E
TIPT0.1, IOWA.
This Hetcl i* a New Hou.«t winch wan Jast
^prn*^ for th* reception of Kui't* on th« i*t of
Hay. ft i« iari(r and ^uiniuoiiiMMK, and
proTided with ntir»* new itirnuiirt*. Xo -xpru*r
has spared Tth:r(. a,M to Hip comfort
or cearrnien'e of thr traT»lin(r i»«l»lic.
John H. Blrclcy, Prop'r
J. D. MCCI.FRE, ».
Respcrtfutlv terideri Ins professional services
to the ciii/.ms ot Tipton arvi vicinity.
.tar.
Also, some attenliou to the reparation
of t«*th will h«* paid.
one «l'*'r ea«t of the Tipton Houre.
RKFERKNCKS.
Fac»il(y»V Jcifprsnn AN Col., Philadelphia.
Ueo. R. F'tnoenbiiri, M. Somerset, Pa.
8. P. H»it 'hen, I) Wh^cHnK Virginia.
Rel. s. mm, Armagh, Pa [17-ly.]
Ik 8 A W i I
JE1 T"N A
I S U A N E O A N Y
•AarroRD, con*.
foeerporatrd J. D. 1^19-
•Cmk Cmpiial
$600,000
Undersigned having be?n appointed
Agaat far this old and reliable Company, is
prepared to inane policies on favorable terms.
WELLS SPiOLR. Agent.
Otflce in tlie Court House, Tipton. Iowa.
I O W A t- A n N I A K E
COMPANY.
KtOlVI, IOWA.
THH
HOMK COMPASY ia now prepared to
take risk* ou the a.\f«r clae*e« ot prupertj
oo the
MUTUAL PLAN,
mnd o# the caih pUtn. a ea*h artmium at
ratea as reaoooabie ae *h«e of aof Reliable Co.
(JFFCRRS -C. II Pbhrv, l*reeid®nt.
J. VV. KiMilN", V.c l'r-e.
B. El. lUnarta*. Trei'urer.
W. F. Tt KVKa, .^»crttary
T1» wadarsigned hae b'.-n appointt.nl agent of
this Company, for Cedar '-untv, and is pre
paretl to iaaae Poltci't on favorable terms.
n5tf Wkijh Sru **, Afeal
Ezohange Offioe!!
SIGHT
DRAFTS on New York can he had
of the Subscriber in sumste suit purchasers
Certificates of Deposit, and Drafts on the
Eastern Cities cashed.
Amencan Gold f-trn.»hel ,\t a small pn-niiiun.
Othrt ottr 8\n*tlaul and SnyUr't tore
WM. H. TUTHILL
Tipton, January 1, lH."*®. _________
A k1
:rj
HAVINGbread,
ntt:r. rt the ab ve bimineaa, in Tip­
ton, I am ri"»' prepared to supply enstomers
with frtsli and all articles in my lino of
t.usinoM" ''akes and paitry of fvi ry kiadfnr
al»ln-1 tt» f.iiiili''«. or for parties, on ft short no
tire Having tngaged the«rviccs of one of tba
.'i^Lcrs the west, 1 feci continent of giving
,4°
W
WAZ_.
iHiVIWO 8ALOOJT.
IMr Drtun ('"tori** 'iot» Tip T*p
Styl*
tr r*" m*
OoiW a
OaH «.• »»T
At mii n n*gc-»v
At ari it*** wh*»» P"
K.,.™ :h. ijcly "l»r
»4 tT lliTfeoai.se. fcal«fct«»S Basic.
1^* Raiqk* HOBRI*.
millinery.
U-g Van Hoiiton wonM reapecully Inforsa the
friends and tbe public ganemlly.
,h/
pared u do evcrv description «f milliner) work
ni shortes aovi. e. Or.lers froia the I
tcnrt^«l to promptly, M.k
cap* A' Kt pt constaaUv oa kanT
Mr Hurra Sorth-waaof tia Btea* Mill.
nST tf
H. Q0WX&, BRWH£W ft 0©*
A N K E S
e a e s i n e a n e
lani/aqrnts.
Doner of CUntoo aad Washington »tr««
SvS ly tovo Ctty, Iow-t*,
7iio*s A. si anirr. "A*OEE
BURDITT & SANGER,
PRO©l'€E iEBCHAITI,
Also Importers, and Wholesale Dealers in For
eign and Domestic Liquor*, Wines, Cigars and
Tobacco, iWaii's JJt-ek, Uiaois St.
for Itn, iVhest, Oats, Grass
ash paid
Seeds, he.
a a-ljr.
At
Hock Island, III.
fltlis & ^listtllanD
th« Whltewaler Oaaatta.
Tkt Kale "CoqiaRt."
•T riBLBTT A.
Bs heart Is saade of adamsal,
EE's heels of patent Icathar,
•Is brain is an equality
Of heart and heels togattlee
Hta coat, tike the chaiB«ieea'%
changeable in hee,
Thoa^h crftios have decided
tla far aiete grten than blaa.
B*'d captlrate a thuueand henrta,
Without the l«ut regret,
Wea charge you with aereritjr
Por calling him "coqaetta
Hi* tongue o'arllowit with flattery.
Aad many a honied word
Aad with his snbtle wo van net,
Be anarea the weuaded bird.
With in noeence and artlessoeee,
Me lends a listening ear,^
Aa.1 of hie Jeep aiaeertly
Anticipates ao liar,
Till 'eroa* the path another fans—
A fairer faco appears,
Aad the changeable ohaoMleoa
Aa
other color wean.
A softly draws the ailken cord,
Aad swiftly the arrows fleet,
YU1 the hirer cad mere HeeeleoaafeNB
t.les i-l»»dlng at hi* fetli
RngardleM hie ornel worl^
He epuras the achiag head
Md slyly plaeea 'aaath tlw cere
Aaother poiavaed dart.
Talk aot to a»« of "female lirta,"
B»r ebide their hoaled a
a
Ilea,
While beartUaa "lords of earth
Aad btMut their canning wlW.
Prom each remereeleas poleen shafla
(Thongh hetteiulee* the qaiver')
PS pray with ray last witting hr
"Rlad Heaven, me deliver-"
Jin *lddrt\s tn the People of Iinra, by
th* Slilt R'puhtican Convention, keid
«a low i City Feb. 22nd, 1S53.
FsLhOw Cnntwi,
Devoted lo the prin
ciple* of the Father of bis country,' we
were convened for counsel aa't action oa
hit iiiiiluwo'l birthday.
Opposed to sciuioualism, we demand
in the administration o( our Govrrnmont,
that there b« a r-turn to tbe jwlicy in
augurated, by Wntliin^ton, and lor that
union we are, which the constitution eon
t' mj! i^ed, to eiUtbhth jut/ice, insure do
i meitic tranqu illy, piuvide I or 11»*.• com»nM
defence, omote 1!m general welfire, nnd
scaue the blessings of liber!yt' and fir it
Mf will render laieUigeait ul patriotic
devotion.
But vvti iiH.e fail'Mi oa evil i*nrt''». The
secl.utial perfidy of the President, and
the truce breaking acts of the last Cin
gress, have been the occasion of indigna
tion towards the actors in power, and of
alarm for the future of our country.
At a late State Convention in this City,
the present National Administration ru
icived an unqualified endorsement, ia the
specification of doctrines n»id nets, whicn
meet our hearty reprobation, as opposed
«o the early policy, to the geniua of our
institutions, anti democratic, and traitor
ous to the free North.
It becomes us to mention a few of the
prominent and culpable acts ot the reign
ing national power, and to oote its pres
ent position, after which we inay make a
statement of our principles and purposes,
to which we invite your rational devotion,
in giving supremacy to a party founded
for Justice, Frecdstn, and Union.
Prel wninary and necessary te what has
followed, the President in the organiza
tion of his cabinet, choee from the North
for Attorney General, his legal advuer,
o apostate from Liberty, and cailwd from
the South and placed at the head of tbe of whole settlements threatened and evi
Array Department, a noted disunionist, |dentiy intended—backed up by the sane
both of whom have been, and are still the tieu and authority of the Federal officers,
rulint? spirits in our Government. *vho pledge publicly the co-opeiation of
in a semi-official letter from tho Attorney
General in effect that ihe spirit of discus
i-. i„us i .sued out,' adapud by the
circumstances, and its destination, to in
fluence state action, depiessing ihe right,
and encouraging the wrong.
The destruction of Greytown in Cen
tral America, subjected the innocent to
suffering, the high minded te a loss of all
their earthly goods, for which a blustering
official from the state of Arkansas was
the immediate occasion committing the
Executive iiiteriereoce was inami'eated the President, and all based upon tho fact
The second treaty, one with Mexico,
secured undoubted advantages to pros
pective slave territory, for which the whole
country suffers a depletion, in the sum of
ten millioni of dollars. Besides we have
been made a party to the prolTer, by pur
ft- O
TIPTON, CEDAR Co. IOWA—SATURDAY, MARCH 22.1H56.
emn compromise, baa tkrown epen for the1
blight of slarery, a terrstory as lawe as
all tbe original states, where aom Border
Ruffianism is fomenting strife, aad ea
arting all the incipteoMaaaf civil war.
And where do we fia4 the PnMmt,
elevated te his chair by a dicisive majori
ty? Disowned in his native state—re
buked in the Capitol, bv Mms united voice
of a Congressional delegation, aad aot
able by the proffer ot honors, aud the use
of the spoils of office, to secure in the
lower House more than Half the number,
who were his adherents in the last Con
gress and of the forty-four members
from the free states who voted for the
odious Douglass bill, we notice the re
turn of but eight, and they by meager
maioritiee.
The following senteo&s wirta portion
of a sjeech of a Senator in Congress, just
returned from New Hampshire, to which
there was, and could be no successful re
ply. Speaking of the President he says
'He has no right to designate any men
who are here under the same oath to sup
port the Constitution, which he has taken,
as enemies to that Constitution, and whan
he eouies down from that high place which
God in his wrath for the punishment of
our national pride, has rmitted him to
oceupy, he comes down from that high
place into the arena of a vulgar demago
gue and strips himself of everything
which should clothe with dignity, the oiRce
of President of the United States. I deny
the issne, I hurl it bark i?*,o its ta«e, I
tell him when he undertakes to designate
these men as enemies of the Constitution
ho abuses and defames men whose shoe
latches, he is not worthy to untie. Sir,
the people of Kansas have had to protect
themselves against mob law instigated by
the President, and sustained by his of
ficials there.'
Bold and truthtul criticism and let the
executive character in Kansas be farther
elucidated by the late honored Democrat
ic Citizen of Pennsylvania.Gov. Reader,
removed from office only when unaccep
table to slave pi operandista, and now
chosen a delegate to Washington by the
freemeu of the Territory of Kansas* He
enjoyed rare opportunities for ascertain
ing the truth, and these nre his words in
reply to a special executive message:
'Unless the Message shall tucite and
stimulate now invasions of our territofy,
and iresh outrages upon our citizens, it
will froduce to us no regret, as it has
caused no surprise. After have seen our
pnople trampled on, oppressed and rob
i bed, on the one hand by th invaders of
I their soil, and on the other by tho influ
ence, the authority an I the officers of the
present Adminutrition after having
witnessed thu cold blood murder of an
ununieJ atui nnoliei,Jing ciiizen by an
otticer of tht Administration, who is not
only unmolested by the laws and uare
bu ed by the Prcsideut who appointed
hi in but who has, perhaps, strengthened
his official tenan1 and enhanced his
chances ol promotion by the act it is not
at all surprising that we should, by the
head of that Administration, be misrep
resented and rverted. After having
seen the Chiel Magistrate, during five
organized invasions of our Territory, un
moved by a single sympathy in favor of
an unoffending people, innocent of nil
wroug, and laboring only to carry out
faithin'ly for themselves ihe doctrine of
self-government, and to build up and ex
tend the greatness of our country—after
having seen our invaders coming upon ug
armed without reproof it not with official
permission,) from the contents of the Ar
son?. U of the United Stales, establishing
a system of martial law over life and
property, regulated only by tbe uncontroll
ed will of viudictive and irresponsible men
—a system under which life was taken
and property destroyed the highways ob
structed travelers siexed, searched aid
detained all the pursuits of life paralyz
ed and the destrucion and extermination
that a man eucouraged, perhaps aided, by
hi? friends, had made his escape trom an
arrest on a constable's peacs warrant.
Alter having thns seen our natural and
legal protectors joined in the most atro
cious measures of oppression and wrong,
it is no matter of surprise to see misrep
resentation ol our position a yd our objects
emanating from the saine source.'
Fellow citizens? The gratuitous con
cessions and the subserviency of this ad
ministration now buried in the dust, hoi
country to wanton, cowardly, and inhu- foi its sins, but lusting for power, has el
man acts, justly reprehended at horns and I iminated the true democratic party lead
throughout the civilized world. ers of the lime, ihe veteran counsellors in
A River and Harbor biii was defeated the field and cabinet, and is it uot a crim
in Congress, by which our state lost a inal distrust of the masses in this high
Isrge and much needed appropriation, in noon of the nineteenth oenlury, lo preuict
aid of river navigation. I their further alliance and suppc»rt upon a
between Great Bii'ain and this govern
o»ent which must prove a serious detri
ment to th® material interests of this state,
by an admission from the British Colo
nies, ut those prsducts which are brought
mio a direct competition with our own
staple articles of export, without a proffer
to ihe New West of anything approach
ing to reciprocity.
A reciprocal treaty has been ratified base counterfeit of that which mads the
early Democracy a synonyme of justice,
and watchwofd of success.
The President is respouei. Ie for the
passage of the Kansas bill, since he nei
ther refrained trom exerting an influ
ence to prevent its enactment, nor chose
chase of slave holding Territory, at a cost whom we charge with the intention of
of hundreds of milht.is, when soil on the spreading the deadly virus of slavery over
Territory long consecrated to Freedom,
north, held by a clear title, has been quiet
ly yielded to a foreign claimant.
Other acts leas characteristic, are fer«
gotten, in the obscuration of the Kansas
Nebraska Bill, which has alarmed conser
vatives of the North, obliterated old party
aud marks, aud by the breaking oi a sol-
A slave holding committee of t'.e last
Congress en Territories found orcaeioo k»
preseat bill for the government of Kan
eas and Nebraska Territories, it was in
tho language Gov. Chase of Ohio, then
a senator in the last Congress, that the
country was astonished by the demand ot
the Slave Power for the abrocfation of the
Missouri Prohibition. At first the de
mand was heard With incredulous amaze
ment, am* then with unavailing indigna
tion. It availed nothing to appeal to
ancient policy or Constitutional guaran
ties. The great dominant power oi Slave
ry demanded the sacrifice of Freedom,
•ad the obligation most be msde.
The Missouri Prohibition was repeal
ed the Compromise of 1920- performed
to the letter, and far beyond the letter,by
the Free State*—-was broken up and
deetrcyed by the Slave States, to avoid
the fulfilment of its only stipulation in
favor of Freedom.
Previous legislative acts deemed of
doubtful character, are the sublimation of
wisdom and justice, compared to this ex
ecrable deed, aud the former govern
mental policy wise and patriotie with the
bitter fruits of this act, we adjudge will
confirm our opinion.
At the period of the framing of our
Constitution, the country had just emer
ged from a wasting war with the mother
country, and then, as now, there were
conflicting opinions and interests relative
to the questic .i of slavery, yet the signif
icant fact is not to be forgotten, thai no
statesman of that day advocated its exis
tence,on either moral or political grounds
and the time was fixed when the suppo
sed right arm of the system, the Slave
Trade, should be ranked with piracy and
find the expectations often expressed,
that an institution, alien aud repulsive to
th? spirit and the principles of the actors
ot the revolution, waue into non exis
tence. Slave property was allowed a
tliree-fifilis representation, a provision
unjust to tho free, and oppressive to the
slave, which was never granted as a
right, but rathur a coocessiou for peace
and Fetleral unity.
About this period, Jefferson, the great
Democratic leader, white a^ta ind prin
ciples modern ajoeiiiic: from his tanti
seek to conceal by expurgation*, plat•
form* and remUvrs, attempted tiie prohi
bition of slavery from the North-West
Territory. The JsflVrsonian ordinance
1787 was sanctioned by every state ot
the Union, making Slavery impossible
north west of the Ohio, Iroiu which lias
grown five free stales surprising the
world by their growth and greatness, and
giving immortality lo the name associa
ted wit i this benificent act foe Free
dom.
The application of Missouri in 1919
to be aJmittud luto the Union, formed as
that state was, out of Territory purcha
sed from France, revived the question o!
the Inn talior. of slavery, whicli was set
tled alter a long and most exciting dis
cussion, by what is known as the com
promise of 1&20, which in the language
oi Mr. lieniou, then an actor, but now
:i historian, was 'a southern measure' v0.
ted for by every Senator from the South,
concurred in roluctantly by the North,
and ending ihc political life of in^oy
whose votes made the compromise,
This contract provided for the admis
sion of Missouri with slavery, construc
tively permitting slavery Territory,
long consecrated to freedom, with a fwi
ont doom and the puniskauni of d*dk,
for an luterl'erencc with slavery, thoujh
it exists without constitutional sanction
ihdre.
Men in whose veins couree 1 the Woxl
of revolutionary sires, would not degrade
themselves by submission aud vassalage
to non-resiJent law-makers aud oppr.-»
eors. With the emergencies in which
other and like communities have been
placed, they quietly chu9« their represen
tatives in a consti'utional convention
which met and formed a code ol laws,
Having only glanced at the ebove en
actment and us practical operations, the
circumstances of its passage, with the
arguments there lor, demand a few
word*.
1. The rupture of the Missouri Com
promise was uncalled for by tho people,
its repeal never having been agitated, so
far ar, is known, in any considerable po
litical gathering or the prma^lu incor
porated into any state ar national
creed.
2. It was hasty legie!atfd:i —anti-dem
ocratic, because known to be opposed to
the wishes of a major.t/ of the Ameri
can people, whose emphatic con ieinni
Oon caused the projectois to be impatient
yf (iiscusjiou, e::ding it with ludeceut
haste.
3. 8oathern legislator* St tbe intro
duction of this bill, asked, will you have
ua reluae the piotTer ot the ,Vor//»f A
few honorable ebrc ownurs answered,
yea, yes. llenedict Arnold was from
the north, a fact that did u save the
traitor, nor sanctify his Treason. The
last legislature of the stale ot lllinoie re
buked the recreant Douglas, and proclai
med to the country tl at her name was
dishonored, aud her principles betray
ed
4. The unconstitutionality of the s
souri Cmtproinise u an argument ior
tht« act we deprecate, it is not so pro
ven by a decision of the Supiume Court,
nor by the public opiniou of those in
power, who for a third ot a century up
held this provision for Freedom and it
was far the embodiment of this principle
in the Wilmot proviso, that every north
ern statu save one, instructed its repre
sentation in Congress to vote for.
3. It was asserted that the restrictive
line was olieus and unjust to the South.
The answer is, Slavery is a local and
peculiar in*lit'Jtin, tho language of
the great Mansfield, 'so odious that n bli­
south of thirty-six degrees thirty rnin- '"g can be suffered to support it, but pos
-i l- U al.- M. I it ,. 1/
utes, out of which the State of Arkansas
is formed, but excluding it from nit terri-1
tory north of thit lint. Political history
mentions this as a great national trans
action. By it the south secured two
states, and Freedom, Territory of winch
but little was known, it being then given
up to indian tribes and in their posses
sion.
For more than thirty years we find
^either a section nor a party meditating
the kbrogaUeu af this solemn Couipiom
ise.
What lias followed?
The Territory of Kansas, deemed tbe
most attractive by nature ani position,
the neutrality which past profession aud publicly gave sanction ani adherence to
official position would justily, but was its the opmioas and nets, the mockery of le
open advocate, aud places ot trust aud
honor have been promptly given by him
to those disowned at home by a betrayed
constituency.
The late annual message and its spe
cial adjuncts, have made apparent the
uuwortny purposes of Franklin Pierce,
and of making alavery, d«* med hitherto
local and peculiar,' national.
A repeal of the Missouri Compromise
was for this purpose, and the menu of the
aet,with the arguments for its passage we
will uote,and its practical working expose
itive law,' and this Kansas had not, nor
could it have without injustice to while
laboreiij, thousands oi whom are annual
ly by the associations, and degradati uis
incident to the cliattleship of man, driven
from tho homes of their brothers, te find
for their children, though in a more rig
orous climate, 'the morals and enterprise
of Freed 5m.'
Slavery already oppropi iute more
i than one halt of our national domain, on
i which are found less than one half of mr
I free population and is tho every wish of
The Compromise legislation of 1950. U small minority, little mor« than one in
neither dis'.urbe.l or alluded to this line hundred, in comparison with our Wiiolc
of demarkatioa. It was reserved for a i population. t» be heeded, to the po.Hnal,
Presidential aspirant from the iiortii, social and inor.u detriment of poor no i
with a colossal fortune and interest in 1 slave lioldmq whitu men?
southern plantations aud slaves, lo lead This is the question of oar day, are
in tho perpetraiiou of that great wrong you for the enslavers of nan, on whose
which has thrown open hundreds of thou
sands of squar» miles, the fairest of our
remaining virgin domain, lo all the
crimes and woes incident to American
Slavery.
side there is power, or for thu landless
poor? Will you by your ballot bles», or
blight Kausasf Which -shall bu nation
al, Freedom or Slavery?
6. The more specious plea watnviJe
that the Territory should frame its o.vn
institutions without rcstrictien. Tho an
swer is, Congress has ever ,en deemed
was fined oul Willi a governmental force the guardian of the new coinmuaiti s not
presumed to besouud, safe, and favora- i having attained to the position which en
ble to the introduction of slavery, the on- Ititlos them to State Sovereignty, ii being
ly purpose for which the barrier to lie ex- i conceded by the Const.t.inon, lint Con
istsuce was thrown down. gress insy for tnein, Mnako all needful
Governor Reeder, faltering in devo- rules and regulations,' and the early
lion to slavery propagandism, incurred democratic po'icy was thai oi politics I
the displeasure of border slave owners,' care, positive intervention te interd.ci
and was removed by tho President, for human seivitud
reasons though not given as palpable as
the executive servility itself. A mem
ber of the last Coagress, having been
rebuked by hit constituency, was promo
ted te the vacant Governorship, who, be
fore setting foot on tho soil ol Kansas,
gis!an»u nnpoeed on a defenceless peo
ple, the firaf ripe fruits of 'squa'.ter sove
reignty.' The true sovereigns, settlers
there from different states, who had cho
sen Kaasas for their permanent home,
and were inimical to tho introduction of
Have the Territories deemed this op
pressive or asked for the removal of any
restnclion to give slavery a legal sane
liou in them. N ever. Every bia* in
favor of Freedom has ralher been rugar
dod as wise and patriotic, the state b^ng
left lo choose its own domestic institution
after having attained the position of a
sovereign iu the Fuderal family.
From these considerations, it is per
fectly apparent that the violation of a
compromise in the removal of a long re
garded silutary provisions, iv not to
give «ew terrilo.ies rights wilbheld, and
Slavery, were overoon»e a' the first elec- I something belter than Freedom. No,in
lion by the armed aud ruffianism of ihou- the language of thousands still acting
sands from au adjoining state, who had with the vet-r, 'its inception could only
no home tnere, aud as is proved, did not have been in the nund of a demagogue,
contenoplate one oa live soil where thene [and recent events prove that without ex
afterwards niet as minions of despotism, ecntive affiliation with the desp^sation ol
lo burlesque justice, ami blacken the page Despotism, llw bill could not have pas- eighty thousand men in the Crimea,
of history wi enaciine.m which would
-f-l,
TERMS, *1 50 in ADT/ HCm
here we And occasion t. promulga oar
purposes and principle* which are:
I he atHrtk- otc of the ion of
Fruntilm Pierce ihe protection of the cit
izens of Ktt%tu frum border minion
and no mmt »tare Territory ind no
m$re slave states from ft*' Territory.
Incidental questions, and previous par
ty predilections far the ttuie, we lorget,
to icumvent and uverthro.v by the in*
thods provided in the Constitution, the
foes of our eoutitry and the rights of man.
Past division* among ourselves on miiur
questions, liave giver, the ascendancy to
that has Seen voted on aud approve by the oligarchy, sustained by an minions*
the people. This act ot self government 1 governmental patrouage, ever discerning
has been attended with tue destiuctiou ot! danger to the jvuliar instfcutin 'trom
a free press, mobbing, house burning pit- afar,' and a unit in the day of aggrcajiou
lage, and assasiinatious, and nothing i *nd action.
less than the Spartan courage of the peo-1 I w political campaign ol the state
pie of Lawrence, 'no mean city,' eavud *nd nation has been arranged hy a con
it from the deetructioa ef the armed in- spirary agiinst our rights, and tiie pres
vaders fr.«m the state o: Missouri. And nt year will be memorable in (ho liislo
the end is not yet, eecret toeieiies are of our country. Fortun tely we are
forming, and troope are drilling on the armed with arguments in defence of the
state border, wiule appeals are made for hallowed principles of the fathers of the
the sinews of war, to aid initial com
i#on cause of the oligarchy, to which 1
is believed the Pre«ideut is eubservient,
to secure a re-eiect'on, an 1 this cngjg
of the citizens of Kansas, still truetiug iu
their arms, their cause, and their God,
keeping the invaders at bay, who will
not promise his suffrage in overthrowing
ihe preaeut oppressive power, restoring
peace and the primitive policy our
government?
republic, which bear in their traiu what
ever is honest and of good report under
the Republican banners ours will be (he
oden opportunity
4of
the age,' when
with a ireeman's weapon, w may sp»-ak
lor our coun'ry's weal, tlx* honor ot Gud,
and for oppreased millions.
We appeal not to Whigs, for the yreat
Webster on his death bed proclaimed the
existence of the party which he had ser
ved, 'only in history,' it is dent, bu'. con
servative and too fearful as he was, these
were hts sentiments, the later eloquence
of his life, the frout of our political pha
lanx, the substrittum of our Plailorin.
'I never would consent, and never have
consented, that there should be one foot
ot slave territory beyond what the old
thirteen states had at tiie formation of
the Union Never' Never!' Men ol
the old guard, if these are your prmci
pies, the Republican cause has your heart
a id your ballots
FSLLOW Democsats.
Time suggests new
names and varied duties Wh abjure n»t
Democracy, the government ot the peo
ple—but the modern party, approo'iatiug
the nam*.
.« alliance of thepv.y in p«w»-r, (u»
which we tendered aid in promoting to
its present position), with a slave hold
ing interest, imposes on us the bar I ser
vice of menials. It now demands that
the repuUive institution of the South, be
made *Yational Freedo n in Kansas
finds no protection We cann«»t corlial
ly sanction the acts of those Democratic
Southern slates, by which they coni.nu-
1
ally narrow ihe franchisee of Ihe mnsi of
the free imputation, giving great power
to the slave holding lordj ami little
IJI
no
po ver the worthy, but poor white
min.
The abr*re, indicates the drift of ft p*r
ty which under present leaders, hn« no
future, but in a torluouj and difficult
'Ourse From u we turn with no seal
upon the Iipa, nor manacles on the limbs
lor Lie ompaniouship ol 'rue democrats,
journalists, cabinet officers and leaders
of the pirly in other limes among whom
a R'nion. n Ilhir, a Hryant, a Butler.
N ili»s and a King nre numbered.
Citizens of Iowa.— We end our ad
dress and appeal, inviting your cn-oper
ati n with the Republican Parly-. Orga
nize in every County, Town, Ward and
School Distrist. Speak to the peeple,
that they with yon may appreciate this
vital contest, aud ihe m:u»*nto:is results
pending. Let there be no devponleney.
Our Governor and -«late officers, meeting
tins i«sue of slave!y at ihe late elections,
secure large majorities, nrd we now
have the prestige of suece**
Coming events 'ast their shadows le
fore.' Thai plain ll' |Hiblican, Rinks,
has triumphed in the jMrtrgghj for tie
speakership in Congress, over the per
snnifieauori of spurious Democracy, in
th owner of a thowtnd slams, to vhi u
there is the response of owning cannon,
mingled with the glad voic-s ot nithons.
Nature's responsive echoes have di»J n
way, while tlie moral grandeur of the
contest ha- pawl iu'o history, and the
attending suceess w* «.-•[* as n token
of other anl nvre substaiUul victories,
awaiting united action.
J. Griime-ll,
H. W. Lathrop,
Alvin Sanders,
J. II nve'l.
i W. M. Stow,
of
of
of
of
of
af
of
of
H. Price,
J. A. Parr in,
L. A. Tno uat
Pbwpshlek county.
Johnson
Scott
e
Marion
S'"Ott
M'xoatine do
Dubuque do
Johnson do
S. J. Kirk wood, ef
do
do
do
de
do
Du*Kia-,Mtirch,6. —Thirteen engines
are stuck near Dunkirk and cannot nutkc
any progress until thu wind goes down,
Yesierduy the road all filled up. If the
wind goes down this af'ernoou tii»y may
gel through by to-morroiv night, bin it is
doubtful. Fitfhl full carloads arrived Iron
Kii'* at 10.4 bill wil! iv 4 go on The
Buffalo ami Krie rj.t 1 might be cleared
by morning ii the wiud would go-down.
Sull stormin?
Don't Read'tk* Pkrpert.-ha- Jtttg
Van Hatnm's (-ourt, Jilin Turner, a
witness, yesterday swore lhat he had liv
ed ever since 18-U on a in Ander
son township, aud, nhho*gh he could
read well, during ail that perio.l he had
never real a paper.—Ciminnaii Colum
bian, 26
tk uih
By official returns to the War l^pari
aienl the mililia iorce of tiie Uiuied
Stales, consiib iably exceeds Uve uuiiious
and a halt of nsen,
and that even no v. with a neutral I "TT,
visit him who should utter the opinions ot executive, the Terrrthry of Kan.™ would Tiwr* was §m «t M|hl* r.n
Wishmgton and Jefleison, ou lhat soil' be recor p« ace and
freedom, and the 6th ins*.
Tlie Allies have now one hundred and

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