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'; ' I lit M 18' (it VOLUME 1. LAS VEGAS, NEW MEXICO, OCTOBER 5, 1872. NUMBER 2. n n i lit as 1f0;i0 jnntk. - LOUIS II O MM l, t Editor 4 Publisher. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. IKVARUBIY IS ADTAKCI. One copy, one year $4 00 One copy, six month, 2 f0 One copy, three months. 1 CO No fuhsenntion will be rocelved for'loss than threo months. RATES OE ADVERTISING. First insertion, each square, $2 00 Subsequent iiisertious, each square, 1 oU One square is equal to one inch of space, Yearly advertisement inserted at, a lib 1 discount. ' Vrsnnicut ndvcrtisemetits will have to be paid iu advance. Advertisement not etaiing thi number of insertions, will tie continued at our op tion and charged accordingly. All communications devoid of interpe.t to the public, or intended to pre mote private interests, will bo charged as advertise ments, -ind payment required iu advance. If personal in character, we reserve the ritfht to reject any suuh article or advertise ment. MAIL AKRA NGKMP.NTS. The Post f'fl'ice will be open daily, except Sua : vs, from ?:3U . M., until 8 P. V. Sundays from 7:30 to 8:30 A. JI. ' WAtLCtOSKS DAILY. Eastern at 0 p. m. Western at 2 p. m. letters for registration will uot be recciv ' td after 4 v. m. G. W. STraniKs, Postmaster. ' Territorial Directory. V, 8. OmctRS. Pclcfate to Congress, J. M. Gallegos- Governor, Marsh ííuldings. rVretury, y. F. M. Amy. Cliief -luatice, Joseph G. Palen. Associate " ?! Wst. M. S. Johnson. ' 3d Warren Bristol. finrvpnr fi-iernl. .Ta IC Pi-nndfif r-Hpprii.tendent of Indian Affairs, N. Pope. 1. S. Marshal, John Prut. f S. Assessor, W. L. Warning. IT. S. Attorney, T. B. Catron Collector I utcrn-iUtevenue, G. A. tMiiith. iei;ijjt(r Lrnd Ollice, A. G. iloyt. U. S. Depositary, Kcceiver IT. S. Land Office, and ' Afl-nt for Paying Pensions. E. w". Little. Postmaster at Las V'egHS, G. W, Stebbiuj. Clerk ü. S. Court, 1st Dist., W Breedcn. " ' M " J. C. Hill. " 3J Ira .M.Bond. TERRITORIAL OPFICKRS. Atlorner General, T. F. Conway. Tmsurer, A. Ortiz y SaW.ur. A'l!itor, Trinidad Alarid. Adjutant General, Win. M. Giddinjs. Quartermaster General, Edward Mill t. Librarian, J. C. McKenzie. iax motKL cousvt ojrficnus. Probate Judee, Desiderio Homero. Clerk of Probate Court, Jesus Mcr iuz. .Sheriff, l.eon l'iutl. Coroner, 'Treasurer, Antonio A. Romero. Woad Commissioners, E'izeni.) Iio-ntro aud ose santos i fc quiiei. School Ciimmis.Í0!icrd. ÑPvro P.r. Tf. nigno Jarami'Üo, Lotvuzo Labadi and 21 annel JiarMu. MILITARY. IiISTRlCT BTATK, Col. (Gordon Granger, Comd'g Dist N. Lieu"-' yf- J- Sartle, A. A. A. im! M, Licjt. Cel. tred. i!yers,Dcp.Q. M.Gil.f . jvtt x'-oiu-rmaster. ; Apt. Wm. II. Nash, Chief Com'y. Rub Murg. C. T, Alexander, Chief Mod- OCictr ChiefTaymter! ..v. . iiimu, vuuiug. u up m, recorta, sc. lA. C, C. Morrison, Act. Engineer Officer, C EX Lull, STAKE. Capt. A. J. McGonnigle, Depot Q. M. Fort Union, Maj- A. B. Carey. Paymaster. Maj. E- Uridgmon, PsymaBter. TROSPECTUS fas ftaas ücííf. -:0;- The Gazette will henceforth le published every Saturday, at Las Fegas N M., asa twenty-four col umn weekly newspaper. It will le In Everything, lut Neutral in Nothing. It will have in view the greater good of the greater number; the pro' grew and let interest of the city of LAS VEGAS and San Miguel County, in parties lar, and of the lemtory oj HEW HESICO, in general. It will sympathize with no party or exponents of parties; but will fearlessly strive to see New Mexico vindicated from joulsome slanders and unjust falsification. The Pastoral, Agricultural and Mineral Resources OF NEW Will always find a steady Advocate in the Ga?etie, And communications, in relation to the development of thest resources are npectuliyjsolicited. To enable us to put the Gazette on a permanent footing and pros perity as well as to help us to make it one of the, if not TlIE Leadixg JoUKXAL of New Mexico, we request our friends, near and afar, to s that slight exertion on their part which will soon give us the largest sulscrip'.iou Hit in the Territory, To persons who are willi'ig io send us cluls, or act as our agents tn the different towns or counties, in as tveU as outside of the Territory, we offer thejollowing rales. CLUB RATES. One Copy S-t 00 Five Copies, 18 00 Ten Copies 32 00 Twenty Copies GO 00 LOUIS I10MMEL, Editor and Publisher, Las Vegas, N. M. TEA'AS CATTLE RAIDS. From The New Mexico Union. We are in receipt of letters from our friends complaining that the Union lias not said more about the Texan cattle movement against the people and their property. In our last number in the article leaded Van C. Smith &c., we thought we defined, eoas not tobe mistakeñ-or opinion and position as to the Com anche Indian trade and Texas; in roads upon the property of the peó ple. We will now as a public joui nal iat put ourselves beyond any doubt as to our position, In the first place, trade with the Conianches, whether for buffalo mc'it, robes, mules, horses or cattle, has existed since the Amer ican power entered within the Ter ritory. The administrations, whether national or territorial have never in tef posed anything to prevent. The Mexicarojicople have not been con scious of any moral wrong, in buy. ínj: by traffic "with the Comanche Indifins, things for subsistence or other uses. If they have done any wrong it is not a moral wrong, but simply a violation of a positive law of Congress, which has its existence not in the principles of natural risrht but in the drivilincr, stupid sniviling of those selected for the time, to think, and act and administer for the countrv. As are their knowl edge, principles and conscience, so arethencts and laws given to the people for their guidance. New Mexico is supposed to be country in which all mRiitier of bummers may range as wild as the buffalo upon the prairie, aiid where the bummers and their afiinjtias may have prom inence they never would never have obtained in the States, from whence tbey came. Although the New Mexican ppo pie have traded yearly with the Comanche tribes, they are not pre pared for the lawless practices of strangers now alarming to the own ers of cattle. On the one hand the Comanche cattle trade which ha3 bo long been in operation, must stop. On the growth and extension of American governments upon this continent history and it.terest rench a pointatwhich aradicalchango and new departure must control the ac tion of the people. The people havo now with the government reached a point at which the Comanche trade must cease. It must stop, and the people will, without any special trou ble to the government direct their interests in some othor direc tion. Now os to tho conduct of men from Texas seizing cattle by means of armed men, without any process of law, tho violence" of the course has hardly a parallel. We have been amazed, at the patience of the people under .the insult3 and wrongs inflcitcd upon them. In what country but New Mexico, could men from Texas or arywhere else, hire, arm and pay men, to range through the country and drive off any cattle they shall claim have been stolon by Ind'ara from their owners in Toxas ? We are told arm ed men have been driving by them selves cattle from New Mexico under pretence that they have been unlaw fully taken from Texas. The sub mission of the people to this inso lence and outrage, is more than ought to be expected from any free people. Two reasons exist why this shameful wro"g has been perpetra ted upon tho people. First, the idea of strangers, they may with impunity overcome the people here, with braggadocio, swaggering and offers of violence. Too often these blowing bullies have succeeded with their pretentions. We say, no just, decided, true man." neither under the laws ct God or man should al low himself for a moment to he in any manner trampled upon by tb disguting cowardly pretender, Th time has come when peopln should hold their own rights in their own hands. Wcrepeat we wonder at the sub mission of the wronged people. For weeks, men in bands from oat the Territory, have ranged with pistols, rifles and knives, and taken cattle where they phased, under the pre tence they had at some t:r ken unlawfully taken from Texa. Is there another country in the United States where tho whole community would not raie at the outrage ? We say to the people, take care of your own interests. You have no safety but in your own hands. ITEMS OF INTEREST. Tobacco plants in Wisconsin have leaves three feet long. No less than eight lines of railroad are in course of construction in Northern Texas. Omaha has ju9t manufacturd a complete train of cara for the Uni on Tacific road. r The chief exporter of California fruit to the East lost $10.000 the first year he went into the business. Last year he cleared 25,000. Wonderful salt tnarhes have bpen discovered in Republic county, Knn., from which G9 gallons of brine evap orated render a bushel of salt ot un equalcd purity. In the mills of Tittsburg there are. altogether, 524 boiling furnaces, 172 heating furnaces, 195 steam en gines, C9 steam hummers and 102 trains of rolls. The steam bam mers vary in weight from 600 to 10,000. The manufacture of leather has increased so rapidly in Ca'ifornia, that not 011I7 Í3 tho home demand supplied, but from 8,000 to 10,000 sids per month are shipped to the East, brides large quantities to Mexico, China end Japan. Tho varieties of wood produced in different parts of the world is far more numerous than most people are aware of. At the Paris Expo sition of 18G7 there were, from forty.x five different countries, no less than 3.7CJ difiprent kinds of wood ex hibited. A steam drill, capable of borings hflje eight inches in diameter, Las jiii been introduced in the anthra cite regions by tho Pennsylvania Comoanv. It will bore further in one day than a dozen of men with the old drills could drill in a month. New Orlonns is trying to negocí ate a loan of 610,000,000. London capitalists offer to furnish the money at ninety cents on the dollar if the city w ill guarantee that no new loan will be made within two years. The terms will probably be accepted. Tho planters in some parts of the South are giving considerable at ten tien to the culture of the ramie plant, which irows finely in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and, in fart, almost anywhere from latitude 5-3 degrees southward to tho Gulf of Mexico. The manufacture of dolls' shoes ha3 become quite a business within a few years past. A single concern in New York manufactures oO. 000 pairs per annum, using about 200, 000 feet ot morocco and sheep, mostly pcraps, besides cutting con siderable whole stock of all the fashionable colors. Apian has been submitted to the French Academy for Storing wfceat' in portable sheet-iron granaries; in which a vacuum is maintained equal to at leaut three or four inches of mercury, this being found sufficient to destroy all insect life and insure the evaporation of any moisture in the grain. The coal fields in the south of Chili aro likely to be better devel opsd. It is said that two companies with a subscribed capital of two mil lions of dollars each, have been form ed to work the coal fields recently disovered in the neigLborhood of Concopcion, This is important to foreign Etcamers in the Chiii trade. Ltto discovciics of a number of old furnaces show that mining oper ations of some kind has been carried on upon what is called Iron Moun tain in the northern part of Texas. Kcccrtly lead and silver have been found there. Some of the citiz; s have begun mining and have high topes of finding silver in abundsncc, As an illustration of the amount of capital seeking investment in good railroad bonds, the New York Ex press mentions that a single banking firm in that city, has disposed ot nearly 860,000,000 of railroad bonds within the past few years, or since the poverninent commenced to call in its 7-30 and 6 per cent. debt. V The new paper money now manu factured for ihe government of Ja pan is, roming into circulation. In point of size and appearanee $ho riotes remind one of the United States greenbacks, and the;r use is attended with all the disadvantages of "shinplastcr currency," and the additional one that everything except the words ''Imperial Japauese Trea sury" is in tho native character, According to a scientific journal, wood soaked in a strong solution of common salt is thereby protected against decay, especially when placed under ground. Crater íf Kkauea. Kilauea never overflows its vast crater, but bursts a passage for its lava through the mountain sido when relief is necessary, and - the destruction is fearful. About 18-40 it rent its overburdened stomach and sent a bread river of fire careering down to the sea, which swept away forests, huts, plantations and everything else that lay in its path. The stream was five miles broad, in places, and two hundred feet deep, and the distance it traveled was forty miles It tore up and bore way with it acre-patches of land on its bosom like rafts rocks trees and all intact. At night tho red glare was visible a hundred miles at sea ; and a distance of forty miles fine print could be read at mid night. Tho atmosphcio was poison ed with sulphurous vapors and choked with falling, ashes, pumice stone and cinders ; countless columns of smoke rose up and blended to gether in a tumbled canopy that hid the heavens and gloowcil with a rud dy flush reflected from the fires be low; here and there jets of lava sprung hundreds of feet into the ir and hurst into rocket-sprays that re turned to tho earth in a crimson rain; and all the while the la boring mountain shook with nature's groat palsy, and voiced jts distress in moaning and the rouified booming of subterranean thunders. Fishes wer,e killed for twenty miles along tlo Bhore, where thf Java en tered tho a. The earthquakes caused some loss of human life, a prodigious tidal wave swept inland, carrying everything before it and druwning a number of natives. The devastation consummated along the route traversed by the river of lava was complete and incalculable. Only a Pompúií and a '.Ilcrculaneum were needed to be at.the foot of Kilauea to make the story of the irruptioa iaimortcl. Mark Twain. They tell about a young man who Wont fishing, and brought home with him aiive, iu a pail of water, a fine large trout, lie took it around to show it to a lady to wnom ho was attached, and, while he waited for her to come into the room, it occur rsd to him that it would be a good idea to place that trout iu the globe filled with goldfish, which rested on the table. He thought h? would surprise his hostess aud he did. The trout immediately ate all tho gold fi&h, then it drank all the water, nd hen it flapped about with such vi vacity that it smashed the globe into suithereens with its tail and died. That young mun is now engaged in readiag u learned work upon "The habits of the Trout,' in order to ascertain if tho fi3h has any mora peculiarities with which he is not acquainted. Chicago has developed a new branch of furtive industry. Two lidies who had jut drawn 5,000 from a bank in that city, were fol lowed by two thieves who dropped lighted Dutches on the dress of one of the ladies, and then exclaimed politely, "Madam your dress 3 on lire," in the hope that ia theconsi quent confusion they might secure the money. The ladies' retained their presence of mind, however, and declined assistance in extinguishing the conflagration. Fall of an Asrolttk. -A year 8go, Mr. John J. Murdock, who lives near Laclede Station mentioned can sually to Mr. Frank J, Dowman that he had discovered a peculiar hole in the ground in a meadow near his house, and said for the life of him he could not imagine what made it. It was fifteen inches ia diameter and seven or eight feet ia depth. Mr. Bowmtm suggested an aerolite, hut that was laughed at. To mark the place a rail was trust into it, and it enclosed eight feet of the rail before tho bottom was reach ed. This summer the matter was again discussed, and various specu lations were indulged in to account for the peculiar opening. After the hay had been cut Mr, Murdock con sented that tho workmen Bhould ex- amino it. They immediately set to work, and, after digging down not eight feet hut, thirteen, came upon spheriod globe of metal, wnich was evidently an aerolite. It presenta the strange appearance of a minia ture globe fashioned after the pat tern of the earth, being flattened at the poles and incrusted in such a manner ns to indicate that it wa in llames aa it passed through the air. The flattened polea are perfectly smooth, and bear no marks of heat. It is about the sizo of a large twelve pound cannon ball, full fifty per cent heavier, and is a solid metal, tho nature of which has not yet been as certained. It was brought to the city yesterday and excited consider able cariosity. It is intended, wo believe,) to present it to the Mercau tile library. Tho velocity with which it fell may be judged from tho fact of its deep penetration into the earth thirteon feet. The farthest that a cannon ball has been forced into an embankment is six eet, and this ;s a feat only accomplished at recett experiments by the British navy. -it." Louis Democrat. An artisian well lately sunk at Jacksonville. Illinois, gave forth a jet of water four inches in diameter, which rose to the height of fifty feet. In Jacksonville and the surrounding country there has been a great scar city of water, not only for agricul tural but for manufacturing and and even domestic purpose. Tho public institutions in Jacksonvillo have had great difficulty in procur ing a sufficient supply for their ne cessities, so that the hucccsb of the artisian well is a matter of great itn pc-rtance to that city. It is prob able that in the near future wells ot this: description will become common in regions now suffering from inadc quite supplies of water. Large numbers of artisian wells have been bored in Algeria by the French au thorities, and "there every well has become the nucleus of a settlement proportioned to the flow of the well. Several nnrcadic African tribes, at tracted to these wells, have abandon ed their wandering life, and devoted themselves to agricultural pursuits, aome of them havo planted palm trees around tho wells, besides perennial plants. It would be in nowise surpris ing to find before the lapse of many years, artisian wells brought exten sively into service on the g; eat plains of the far west, to supply wter for irrigation and other purposes. And if that should come to pass we may expect to see villages and toT7r.3 grow up around the most prolific of these wells, as the Arab settlements have grown up around thoca of Algeria. 1 THRILLLNU EXPEttltfXCE. It Í3 a thrilling experience t ride behind a vigorous hone that has escaped all control of his driver, aud dashes along at his owq sweet will, but to. be on a runaway locomotive has still more the thrill of danger in it. An engineer in Kentucky lately had this experience. He was trotting back and forth with his engine on a pretty steep grade, when the cylin dcr head blew out and the iron mon ster finding the check gone, dashed down tht grade round a sharp curve through a tunnel, into the strect3 of Frankfort at a furious rate. Finally an ascending grade took tho wind out of it. and it came to a sti nd..till. A little fellow who was '"foolicg" on the cowcatcher, aid hung oa tor dear life during the runaway, saya it vent three miles a minute. ( I.