Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME :. NUMBER S.
LAS VEGAS, NEW MEXICO MAY 5, 1877. WHOLE NUMBER 216 nvsixcss ( i ov.-.i rron vers. y I'. ST Lt I I", A (torm-j til l.nn, Lm IVniH, .V?jr U'.ttVo. J II. Km,t.F.t, " A ttornoy nt I.nw, i.OJ 1'imtt, y,..(, A.'iji'ci), tj" i;lii-ent l'ur. ; vzk,"1k Iniildm::. "j Ol'lS SI I.7Ü ( UK!!, A Homey nt l.nn . ,i i'e.jnt, .V if Mexico Will pmctice in nil tho corn-Is nt' law nnd equity in I he Te iTlor . Imperial hi t i-i t : ' ii :ri v-n ! tlio I'ollt'Ctiull ol' I'lillllK lllld IVIIlilhlll.'.'- f! ! n i 1 liinilc. jLi ('. V, l on.ji.aionee & .ulnry Ptit'lic. jKLVlN W. MILLS Attorney Counselor nt l.nn', Cimarron, AY if Mexico, Will practice in nil the courts of Ihe It-4 judicial district of New Mcxii'.,i, nnd will jriu' stiici at tention, mid mike prompt returns, ol any hui ll8 intnisled to his cine. fjl I!. CATUUX, Attoi'iioy nt I.nw, flanl.i Fe, , AYio Mexico, Will practico in nil the court nt I,mr and Ivpiilv ill Ci Ten iliii y. L'spocial iticnl inn priven to the collection of claims mid rcmittancci pioiujil 1 made. Tn F. Conway, Jno.p. it-nrK, J.. Santa Fc-. silver City. CONWAY A lilSljfl", Attorneys at l.nn, Sunlit Ft nnd Mirer CUij, AYc Mexico, l'rnmot attention iriven t'i nil lnis'iiess In Hie line of their pmic.iMoii in nil the cmiris in Hie 'l or: i lory . "yr M 'i j i:j::n Attorney A Counselor nt I.nw, Sunlit fY A. Mexico. Will pt-iftlcp in nil Hie eoiir's nf the Teyvilnvv. yr l'l'omnt n'leiit imi ivento nil hiwoios-i in the line m hi pi'oici.-ion in nil the emiris of New .Mexico. JIUÜATSON, Counselor nt I.nw, Lit VegT, Sen Mr,r!t l). I'raetics In nil the l'rnlcile nuil .InsticiMit the IV'ir" conn. Col lection nenie niel re'icil npnn . l.'emittincc pniiinilv m i. le. ii t'icr.: At the store ol' ( h i.-.. III'. I I, rnl.lic Squmv. ii i va I Arsoi.ns isims., t In n Iters, I.nt T'fJ.i, AYic .Vi'.nYo, TtinVin'r, in n'l ii- 1. ranches, liefer to Km vrK I'iIi i., New Villi,. I: 1A7.-RS. QITY V.KF.ÜY. I.o:ii Vnlentiite, Proprietor, Mormo,...lrl. W ;l SH Vc'inn, .V. M. The he! kn d nf !ic-id, C.il,e, Vies, c!c , M. Vim. iMi i'ni'il. mu) even pnin liLcn lo till nil orders promptly. r, !.w;;v A. i'nee, I'rvprletur. sliivin;r niel hull' outline', lin!ini'i'iii'7 nnd Ii ji '! 1 1 iir .mil ilMi'i' lone .. rdov, in the loom f.iinii i-l roonpo'd hv N LJiiniie. on the I nrth-eii-a ie i.l'lhe 1'i.lilic s.(un o. I.n IVjet ..Vuc ir.- ir. r All el-iei ..f '..r!. Us Imir-w, licir Jrwrlrv, niciiiei,i(, , e'e., ihoie lo i.rder. c !;.;: V7; ;v. pi:.NK im;i)::. 'nrpenter, ISuilder mi l r!irn? lor. !.' V'li", V.-c V..iio. M iteri il fiicni-lii"! it 1 , . 1 wmiU il me in n wiok 111 I II 1 1 kc lli llilier. Ainlnt lu'nper JJ.itos, Tliim nny other e I , ho -hoc t i o Cu. t ,'.vn i'J'- Shop mi mili sicnihl m., tn i,,(,r lioilh ol lUi rn: o,:i v. DDCToriS J M. I.T'NMMill M, M !) , Ilomeopnlliir PIil Inn A Surgeon. .V' t Mr, 1;,' Will prne '- '. u'l the nnvtliern coimlii., of the 'lerriiiHV. in , ii nv. Dentist ,t Oeulist. iilIS&í 1 nv. T" Di'iiiistry ami Ocnhiry n jm elnliiy. Patient! em enecl ílvillfnl tre itmeol nt ,,nr li ne!-. Ollire in new l.iiiMinjr .ulli .-c ni l rt n.xiTf 111: Dr.fi.r.ia. I I Iff I'.ilr u 1 1 L' Of TeiniM, f,,lr,t.'o, M ill sm.t.lr nil r.,.,., ,.( Kiiitiiiio e l. ,.. Zl'll fif 1. 1 . :i V it-ill :l . rlt, I him R. Tri'iidn.l. I .l.,i:, ,.;m. r.(Ti with tun. :hmii.ii,. at the l,.i- i.flthin rliurd A 1 o., m , j , Hul l I.S II. ÜAWrnKI, " rrnintnl with ti'- fmiilv :.,, IkhihIio' I K'Miil-, tn hike i h il -c of III" Hotel nuil MueMntioii. SlHo ..W Vi U-n Kiirmi rlv under the pr..pi iet.,r-li;. i,f i.r tirpi'ir I he ! pni 1 U'!r lm- n liirui-l c.t a; refilled Hie Ih.iim- mid i- piepiri-i in intcn,,!,, Inneler in Hie lie-l tieuim i . Thi- .l-e v ill I e n eBlnik' Unlinii mi the -':o.;e li,.i!c. n- huk ili fon ia' i oiiiiin(.!.it ....' Ill SIXISS CMinS -MKRCHASTS. y.i;i;i..( iiuwski, Denier in (eiier.il Mevelmiutise, ruerlo dc Lima, AYio JAu-iro, TV. Country produce and entilo received in ptmii"ut. A MEKS NI'.I.SUN, Uone.nl Merehnnt. Anion Chico 1 ,.w jfexien. Ilns constiintly on hunil n peiiernl iisi)rtment of incvchiinill-e, .which he seIN nt lower vntes limn any dealer in town. He Inns wool, hides mid pelti, nod pays the highest niarke! price. ir Í-. Also keens n Feed stahle for Hie iieeomo ilnlioi, of travelers, (iive liini n rail. SiKi n 11. Mooiii:, Denier in Oenernl ilereliandise, Puerto tie Lunn, AYio Mexico Wnnl, ITMe-i, Tel try n"d n'l kinil-i nf Country l'l oiluce laken in 1 xe, ttiie f r (inoili. J K. LIN IZ&CO., Denlers in Wool, I'lTRCIIASIXG AGENT'S FOP. MF.KCH.YNTS, 2.Vortft 7ViiV7 Slrcrt Si. Louis, .Vo. (Pii:(iKLi:i:ri( tuios., Wholesale A Ketnli Merrliimts, Sni! re, .Yn;. Mexico, 'ereint-i tlirot'ir'niut the Tpiritorv '11 find it to their ii'lv-intnu'o to nil . n this Fniporinni lioiove iroiniT Kast, as their romU nre. especially nilnptcd tn tliis tunrket . VAixmix. t P. HAKHIKr., oaeli, House, Sirrn. mid Orniuneii tal ivvixiru. Lin V'ein, AYie Me.rico. (ii'diiii, Frescoin", tlrniniio.', (iliizimr, Maridóla, ('dcimirimt, Pniar Ilaiiftintr, etc. Al.-o inied paints, nils, lini.-he-, putiv, eie., on Ilion f u- mile. shop on the iiorlli-en.st cm ner of the plnzu. T.VA7.7;.. jki.ix papa, ti?ín::r, Lira Yt'jii cir .Vi.n'co. All kiiiilsntTin, Cotiper, Zinc, mid Sheet-iron nre done to i vil.ir. Tin Ilooflne niKl Knunting n Siieeinlty. T.lr. .-hon No'.'lh-KiM Corner ol l'laia, ill tlic M;;mi l líniueio liuildiiih'. ur.no ni ron invalids. Located six mile.- north of Lm Vcgog, X. M. ' 'I lie pnlilie, is re-pcctfiillv ! informed Hint Mi's. S. It' i Daws, l'i'n.i ieliess, hns j now nnii!e nci'iiininoilntion i tor I ii :i I ids ninl Plenseie Sel ker.-, in the Hotel im well lis Path III pnrliiients. 'I l.e ' Hiiters of the Hot print.' o '. Iiv cal efnl n n n I v s I , mi kiimvi to eon allí II hnt-'e t ifuiility if ron, suldiiir I m il i fuel liiinerais, held in ndnl ion el a p iiipel'nluie of i ;n den e,. , lohilonnj. Ihi'iii III u l. i;c In he vniii ! nlile eui'alie cents lor Hi" -t : lllieted with iheiiina . Ii in, in iilaljria, eulane us ! ili-ia-es, ilei'iiniienient nf 1 the kidneys, hlndder, in.il : litT, ele. 'I he sernei'V : ir' uní the neihhoihond is ' Mel i l li li; I , muí i he p.ilinn i iijie nf Hie pnlilie, is ie ' p elftilly siilii ind. V2 in CO : AMES I). WOLF, Aii:T run . 11. MnG RA WJCO., Deniori in Wool, II i. les, l'eJt, ele. The hi'I.c-t prices iilwasj paid in cue C C i c ( c c ft cc A A A A A A A A A A A A A A S-ss ii n S S II II S II II hSSS IIIIIIII S II JI S s II ll SSSS II II n-! Ccia iiidiieeti'.cnti tn Pealer. Uilnt witn JAFFA P.I'DS. I II mu r. M I). ; w. Sti:i.iii). J. ii. m:ut r t ., Viltolesah ,f- Kctail Dealers in n if i; lt'-nc-.dr!? "iidiii'-licinei ilni -.. due.'" tiie i, iee d'iiü. muí rnnliciriM dril.' ami medicine, ilruif ii nd mi iticine l'Tlir 1 ne.Veiiie dni:', iii-l'ein Hrier-aieliiie.ticinei liiní. iii'.'cjtn ilnii it niiiti.-liie ' t'1'if 11 "d lii.ticii(. lrnií- mol iiiedVit,,-! Icii-í. mi I in ilicii e ' ní-.ilriiL's. Aiiieiiietni-4 il ol"- dri"f id iiii,'ii ilieií-.lriií'ilre'.s mid medii iiie' I'm' Mcdii incl L'.pior alwn.' on ham! 2 - ':, .V.- .V-j.'.v. Jltco. Wagner, Proprietor, North-East Corner oí Daza, Lns Vegas, .SncMexico This. Ilnn&o him heen Ihoroiighly reiiiled mid rrently enlarged, to meet tlio re-ciiirenieiit.-, of tlie.iiii'ie number of travelers and ;: T :: o :: II :: ii ;; I :; S :; T :: S : who iiio now visilinj this section of country . The eiy he l of iiccoiiiiiiinlntioiiii mc (.lined nt this lljll for man and ncl-'XTIFl LLY IMiOVIIiF.n AIM: ALWAV STIIH TAlil.Ks ITT1 .111 K ItKST 111 AT TUf ii A liKKT AFFOKDS. I 'I' A 151 I N I AliU Xl. WAV's TlOt'N'l FL'LLY FlíüVIDKI) WITH ITIK lilóT I II AT THE JIAKKET A F F U il I) S, Arenltarhrd to the Hotel, which nre stipplic". with the choicest iimlilies of liijiiurs tun! eigam. V.t'gttUr Imarden, Willi or without Muing, w ill i.e ce-oiiiiii'iiiitl by Hie week or month, nt tin loe-t ' lnjs-llile rjtei. K- eellent ntnlilri tiiiil rnirals me ntlm-hod to t, linn I nnd c . ni,,! f,,n,n e'iti-lniitly ou I.bikI. The iialionageul the pulilic is ni.ti,ECTr't"L!.Y soticnxi). 2; mcih. J. II. KOOGM'.R, Editor. SEW MEXICO AS IT IS. X. native and 8TitAN;ea (continued.) To answer the often occurring question "How do tli ey iive in Sew Mexico," we noted last week tho routine of busineRS of our bun tun clues of tiHiives. But all the people do not come tinder this heading and we have to give, therefore, in tins chap !er thu mode ol' living of Ui r.'coikI, or M1MH.K CI.ASSKS. The possesion of tlieir wordly goods ranges from 1 to about 1Ó0 or 200 acres oflgiid according !o tho width of the valley. Hut land is not counted or reckoned by (Tes among 1 lie i.alivcs of New Mexico; they measure it by raras yards in this fashion: The land in the bottoms generally lays on both tsides of tho river which washes its banks. EhcIi side is also bounded, so to say, by an irrigating ditch close to the table lands, and therefore, to give the inhabitants each his quota of agí cultural bottom lunds this is divided equally among the first set tlers of the location at the rate of 100 varas in width along tlio si ream. Those who have the most resources, or mcai)9 at their disposal of course, pick out the spots where the ditch is f.irthest (rem l lie river, and their share of 100 yards often contains more than 150 acres. This is the. teason W'hy, in tlio description of boundaries, t tie land" of each owner is generally noted to have on one 8Íd the river, r-iui on the opposite sfde the ditch, as their hind mark , joining in all oilier directions lands of a neighbor, Not every land owner, thoi.gh. has the fortune to possess thb ntccFRBry force' of animals to cultivate the soil and therefore the system of rxrn.txoivo work hns been introduced n this country. This is a peculiar mode of hiring, or gaining labor, in vogue among the native popula tion hern in New Mex eo. as well as in our Sister Republic ol Old Mexico, tnd being beneficial to poor settlers, even foreigners or strangers stillling among us have adopted it. Ii is done in this fashion. A and B are Ut, neighboring farmers. A has plows nnd other necessary imple men's, as well as horses, mules, or oxen. B 1ms neither the one nor the other; but goes to neigl hor A and engages two yokes of oxen, with their respective drivers and plows, to put his seed under grund. No question ahout price or wnges Are asked; but A pnys himself, as soon as he needs hired nsfistanco, ho noti fies II to that effect and for each days work ol a yoke of oxen, or span of horses or mules he will have 1o work one day for his neigh bor, if a driver accompanied the team it is nnolher days work tn pay in kind labor. This is done during the whole soaRon; in putting in the crop, hoeing corn and bar vesting, as weli as afier the grain is all in, to cather a winlf r's supply of woo l; and thus il comrs lliHt at the opportune time for planting, cultivating or lmrvesli'ig the w hole population of a village muy bo seen to-day in one man's to morrow in an other man's fi"ld. giving an outsider reiiRon to think that either the wlmle truel helot.)- to h nr.bob who ig ablo tn p-,y a largo number of laborers, or that it is done on tht! SYSTEM OF THE fOMMfSE. A. -ul when? e!e. i:iliei, does such brotherly feeling nnd hospitable disposition exist tin R'iioiig our i ntivci-? No mntlcr how poor how nnfnrtunate a hi ii g it never wag known that a Mexican starved tn death unless it was by míoiiit of dcleiiii-hery, so long nti a neithhor has a bite for himself and family, to which the needy tue welcome to join. J'tie middle classeg tnoy be imid to be the most frugal am! economic'. Kvery fpare dollar in saved, to either buy working itock or f heep. And why shouldn't thy. As soon ni a person has 100 ewi-s of his own, the next neiehbnr of more means will trust him an (quad number on fhares, wherewith lo lny the foumbition of prnspc ti'y. To he railed the owner nf attain, even if com-isting oi.'y of one two-horse wagon, fur freighting. t.nd the masier or amo of a flock of sheep in THE HOIIItr-IIOItSE of a Mexican. And why houh!u't he le desiroun of po?sssing ewe? The ri-h pas nres of the public domain are hig grazing ground-; the blue sky above and moihr earth uidernenth lm aoode theyeir roun-'; no expenditure fur pg'ture fiehls.no taxi Hon on real estate; a few dollars for previ fion and clothing for ihe herders; a man as overseer and n boy to do the runnii g are Capable nf taking care of a flock of a thoim and head; the wool pnjing for more than the nees"nry exper.diturei and a net ierrease of 50 per cent of eweg and at least 25 per cent of wilL era, fr tule, the c'.w-ir proCti. The wethers are, in nine cases out often, sold without even supplying the larder. "Wha1?" will some of our eastern critics exclaim, "no meat around the house?" Go slow, r.eighbor, is our answer. Why eat. mutton when the Llanos Eslacul) are so near by to CHASE THE Bl'FFAI.O, to procure robes for sale, or fur carpets on the hard pounded earth floor, nnd dried meat, savory and fat. for the larder. Nice, choice ribs and tender loin pieces, diicd in the sun, with little, or no sa't on them, are reserved for borne consumption; the rich hump serves as lard, and 'the rest fetches 10 cents a pound in the market when otFer ed for sale. So yon see, thete is no need of waste. Everything that can be told is levied on to increase ihe eatdi drawer, and our frugal natives know how to do it. Every year, alter the harvest is gathered and be fore the pastures get dry and poor, large caravans of all sorts of vehicles, from the two-wheel cart to the big prairie schooner, muy be seen wcntlirg tl.eir wr,y towards the Staked Plains. Then the animals are fat and close tocher in )ar;e droves. Th'i owners of fluet ponies generally are t!ie hunters. With a lung lance in hand he spurs his mustang alongside of some young bull; swift as lightning flisheg tho weapon through the ribs, behind the shoulder, tn penetrate the hesrt. If a lucky hit is maJi horse and rider pass on to the next noble animal of the plains, leaving the carcass lie hind for the drivers of Ihe train to skin ami cut up for drying If the bull is only hurt then commences the dangerous game of attack, and turn. The pony, in most, cases obeying the hand without, a touch of the reins, jumping aside or turning on its hind fet, when at'atked, and ruuning along sid t but never ahead, to give the rider a chance to U6e his won pon. It often happens that a r.tAIIMK noc TOWS is entered, the swift footid pony sinks to the knees into the hole s and horse and beast como to the ground. Many a daring hunter, at the point of raisi.ig his lanco to opposite side of ntttick, is pitched out of t he saddle, tl.e long blade of the weapon entering his own body before striking the earth, to die, away from kith nnd kin, to serve as lood for hungry wolves who ore alwajs near the hunter's camp, attracii d by the blood and offal. By the time Unit the buffalo petisnn is over, the winter line fully set in, the working stock is turned loose for a few weeks, to be drove up soon again for another trip to the plains. This time it is hunting too; but ni t with lance or firearms. Poison, t-trychnine, comes no v into pUy. As soon ns some animal can be killed, the Jieat is pjitoned and put all around the camp, late ut uiht, fur bait to large TRAIN! K WOI.VKS and coyotes. At the first hrehk of day everybody is up, knife in hand, lo skin the dead animals before the sun gets up to warm the carcass When Ihe air is cold and the bo 'y of the beast almost warm yet the poison is not apt to have p'-netra'ed into the skin and it is easy to tuk" it ( il', but woe lo him who dares go to work on animals too strongly impregnated a'ready with 8tiychiii'ie and eareleisly cuts his finger, or o'htr part of the body. Death is sure to overeóme him. All these dangcii are braved, nevertheless for the sake of gain. But if we woulo go on describing the varied and numerouh other ways oflnruing rn hot est penny by nnr tniddlo classes we miiild continue from now till doomsday nnd therefore tire our render to follow us Siillieieiit has heen explained to do away wiih ihe false impression that our natives are an idle set of people. Some of them may be seen around towns pariding on fancifully (quipped and prancing pYniie, or takintr the wcrl 1 com fort ably on foot; but inquire rod you will find out that their herds and fluzki are working for theni on HCerui J interest; their train moving slowly along the prairies, or Homebody more in need of work doing their daily task for them and we therefore leave the ways and means of the poor devil for our next issu". Irrinnsfnnres .tiler Cnsos. "Now, then, state your cae.'' saij a Detroit lawyer as he put the five dollar bill way in his vest pocket. "Well." began his client, "suppose the man living next door wants to put a barn right up ngainst my line, comin wiihin two feet of my houc?" "He can't do it, sir can't do any such thing," repüej the lawyer. "But I want to put m tain right op against his line," remark;'! the client. "Oh ah yes, I iee. Wei! t-ir eo rL-ht ahead and put your barn there. AH the law in ih cie is on your giJe." Detroit I nt l, tu --- A minister down in ti e center of theSta'a is iectitrirg on "How tj Win." If ha nnly can tell iotne :m;de way to g-t the ace and two bowers info one's hand without btiot found out, tte lecture ought to pay. Mr. nd Mrs. Earl nnd Mr. and Mrs. Cotton, arrived on Tuesday evening last from Animas Valley, where they bat spent the winter. The ladies Mrs. Cotton, Mrs. Earl and Miss Wilson, who camo with the party, ara especially deserving of credit for their he roic daring in undertaking a journey of 60 miles ou foot across a range wf mountains 12 000 feet high, and overa route that twenty five mile3 of which had to be made upon snow-shoes They camped out two uigh!s and mude the trip in four days travel, and the ladies seem to stand the journey equally as well as the sterner sex of the party . 7 a Plata Miner. The disadvantages of wearing false hair were painfully illustrated at Millersville, Pa . ill") other day, A boat, in which two young ladies and two young men were pas sengers. capsized suddenly, nnd one of the I d'es snr.k out of sight, As she reappear i d one nf the men grasped her hat, whhb came olf. f ne In ly sank, and on her se ootid i ppearance fared no better, for this ime the frighteuod youth caught hei by her hair, which being false, come off in his l ands, and down she went again. At last, however, she was caught hy her real hair and dragged aboard the boat, after having had what may propeily be called a hair breadth escape. -tn The engineers of the Diiiver and Rio Grande railway are busily employed exten ding the survey of the line of the road through Baton Puss toward Cimarron. Mow soon they expect to begin work wa don't know. The firm of Bare'a Chacon will disolví on the lust day of this month. This week they ht.ve divided their stock, and Mr. Ba rela will move his share to Cimarron at the eat best convenience, and Mr. Chacon will continue business in Trinidud. Mr. Cha con designs renting a store room on Coni ruercial street. Next week you can hud out all about it. Pioneer. The Chicago Times, in speaking of the crop reports from the great wheat growing section of the Mississippi and Ohio valleys, says: Concerning the condition of the winter wheat, a larger average than usual has been sown in all quarters, with Sua prospects of abundant harvests. The south' west is especially hopeful, and ihe north west has no fears except from the grasshop pTi which, it is thought will be less des tructive than heretofore, The Kansas far mers think they have hatched out so (arly that they will not be able to hurt the com ing crops. -- The Hon. James G. Biaine being asked as to the truth o! the California statement tin;' he has prepared and intends o intro duce resolutions nt the next session o Congress, expressing doubts of Ilnyes'i eb'c.lion, and pr posing a new consideration' of the question by a tribunal to consist of the Chief Justice of all the states says: "There is not the slightest foundation for ihe story. I have already telegraphed that it is the invention of a lunatic, or an idiot. It cannot be possible thi'. anybody is asi enough to believe it." - - The Pioneer of Trinidad says.- Yeterday Mr. Allen F. Girdner, front O.-dinWa, Canada West, called on us. Hi is going on to ihe New Mexico mines lo introduce the Mellett process, which ig said to be the best ever invented for saving all the precious metals from our Colorado) ores. Mr. Gardner has been employed in the Bosita mines, and states '.hat there tba Melle'. t process has proved a perfect sue eetis. A patron of a certain newspt-per once said lo the publisher: "Mr. Printer, Low i 4 it you never call on me for py for ynur pa per?" "Oh!" said the man of types, "wt n.'ver ask n gcnilcmrn for money." "In deed replied palron, "how do you tnin:g to get aloig when they don't pay?" 'Why.' raid the editor, "alter a certain time wa conclude that he is tot a gentleman, and we nsk him." (o I'riaiing the dry lands of Colorado from weih by windmill power bug been recently found practicable by a firmer, near Evans, in I' ut state. Witb one small mill an acra of vegetables wsg w.leied. and the thirst of herd of eighty head of cattle, horses, and sheep wag quenched. Copper like wool ig down to at loar a price as il wil be likely to get; but still the miners in southwestern New Mexico find its produc ion profitable after paying wagon trans nrUtioii COO miles lo the railroad, The copper mines of thtt section ara inei h.iustihle. Dr. Ibjicin Frnnkl o invented and con struc'e l ih-ee rlocki, and one of theni it owned in the O d Kingt Arms Inn, in Lmcaster, England. It h 1 only tbrti whetls tnd ttrikct tba bour.