Snow Temporarily Closes Logan Pass
» . A
As snow crowns Glacier Natio nal Park peaks, McLaughlin Inc.,
Great Falls, is winding up $286,373.5 0 contract that completed asphalt
paving 9.7 miles of Sun highway—favored by dry summer—up Garden
Wall. Now finishing touches include quarrying, shaping and placing rock
guard walls. This series of pictures taken Monday. Mel Ruder photos.
C. J. Sigmond and his son, Barry, both Edmonton, were shaping and
placing rock along road. Dry type mortar is used. Others in highway
crew are Don Arps, Augusta; Ben Groot, Choteau, and S. D. Max
well, Spokane. Flathead lacks stonemasons for this large project.
Quarry is just above Garden Wall road camp and is in dolomite
reck, an impure blue-black limestone similar to rock found along up
per access road to Hungry Horse Dam. Working at quarry are Robert
McAulay, Edmonton, recently of Glasgow, Scotland; Rudolph Kehnen,
Spokane; Jack Gaines, Bigfork; E. E. Sands, Columbia Falls; Con
Sullivan, Spokane; Jim Orchard, Missoula, quarry foreman. Rod
Jelleff, Bigfork, is general foreman for McLaughlin of rock work.
\ X.-- i
ivooe't McAulay came to Canada
from Glasgow, Scotland, 4 Va years
ago. Scotland uses stone for much
construction, just asr England does
brick. McAulay, however, said "it's
a dying craft back in Scotland.
Other photos in this series, page
Work in Glacier
WEST GLACIER—Improvement of
Glacier National Park campgrounds
at Bowman and Kintla lakes up the
North Fork and along Cut Bank
creek on the park's east side are
scheduled for this fall.
Monday saw Frank Neubauer, the
park's landscape architect, and Clar
ence Bengtson, general road super
intendent, up the North Fork plan
ning the parking spur and additional
In charge of a crew of about six
men will be Foreman Stuart Swan
Nyack-West Glacier bus route.
District 6 school board will hold
its October meeting Tuesday at 8
p. m. at Columbia Falls grade school.
A special Oct. 14 meeting is sched
uled for opening of bids for the
WEST GLACIER—Glacier Nation
al Park's Going-to-the-Sun high
way was closed to through traffic
Thursday as a result of a six inch
snowfall, and "still snowing."
Closure was a safety measure in
view of the Logan pass section being
slick and in the clouds, stated Stan
ley Joseph, assistant superintendent.
The snow covered section
from Garden Wall road camp on the
on the east, and was termed up to
six inches deep.
Sun highway usually remains open
to traffic until about Oct. 20, and
plan after the present "not unexpect
ed" brief closure is to have the
highway open on a day shift. The
Garden Wall road camp to Jackson
Glacier viewpoint section—as in
years past—will be closed at 4 p. m.
each day unless there is a dry period.
Friday marked the last day for
seasonal rangers on duty at the
West Glacier and St. Mary checking
stations. At the west entrance were
Laurel Dale, Center City, Minn., and
Richard Person, Cut Bank, and at
St. Mary, Robert Sievers, Chenoa,
Ill. and Marvin Hershey, Conrad.
No entrance fee will be charged for
the rest of the year.
Glacier's visitor total for the year
is nearly 660,000, and compares with
608,230 visitors for all of last year;
the record, 633,480 for 1953. This is
the fifth year that Glacier has more
than 500,000 visitors.
G N Consolidates
I Western Divisions
Extension of the Kalispell division
to include Spokane was announced
Thursday by the Great Northern
Division headquarters will be at
Spokane—and not Whitefish as pres
ent. An assistant superintendent will
be named to direct operations in
what the Great Northern announces
as "the increasingly important Kal
ispell, Columbia Falls and White
Unofficial information is that H
M. Shapleigh, present superinten
dent for the division at Whitefish
will transfer to Spokane as super
intendent. Confirmation was not av
ailable this week, and Shapleigh was
not in the Flathead.
T. A. Jerrow, western general man
ager for the railway, said in Seattle
that the consolidation also includes
changes in the boundaries of the
Cascade division to the west and
Butte division to the east of the Kal
ispell division in order to better bal
ance mileage of each operating seg
He also stated: "Establishment of
the district accounting office at
Whitefish ( for lines west of Willis
ton) will maintain and increase the
number of Great Northern personnel
Consolidation of divisions is to be
completed by Feb. 1.
The Kalispell division will have its
new western boundary at Fort
Wright, just west of Spokane, and
its eastern limit at Cut Bank. The
Butte division will extend from Cut
Bank to Bainville on the North Dak
ota line with headquarters at Great
Presently the Kalispell division ex
tends from just this side of Havre
to Troy, and then the Spokane di
vision extends westward to the Wen
atchee area; next the Cascade div
ision goes to the coast. The new
change eliminates one division trans
ferring the Kalispell division super
intendent to Spokane.
An assistant superintendent with
headquarters at Wenatchee will also
be named on the Cascade division
corresponding to the new assistant
superintendent for Whitefish. The
Cascade division will extend from
Fort Wright to Seattle.
Park Lost Articles
WEST GLACIER—Glacier Nation
al Park has had a reasonably suc
cessful year in seeing that lost ar
ticles were returned to owners, re
ports Chief Ranger Elmer Fladmark.
Procedure is for finders to return
articles to the nearest ranger, nat
uralist, camp tender or to park
Most frequently returned articles
in Glacier are sunglasses, cameras,
fishing gear and wallets. Fladmark
complimented visitors for their help
in seeing that lost articles were re
There was a Spokane college pro
fessor who received an aluminum
ladder he had lost in the park.
Lost and found records show that
Lauren D. Swenson, Dutton lost a
billfold with $95 that was found and
turned in by Charles A. Snedeker
of Medina, Ohio. Kathlyn Broadwat
er, Havre, found a purse with $52
on Sun highway switchback that be
longed to Mrs. Clare Klink of Adrian,
Canadians seem to appear fre
quently among the names of those
who found articles and turned them
in. Lorraine Byers, Edmonton, Al
berta found wallet that belonged
to a Eugene, Ore. lady; and Ray
Summerville of Montmartre,* Sask.,
turned in one cowboy boot that was
claimed by its owner.
Where a claim is not filed for a
lost article, and the owner cannot
be traced, practice is to send the
item, if it has any value, to the
fi nc j er
- c . c . i
three feet from the property me.
for five foot wide sidewalks and then
the wider streets. Eliminated will
xe the eight foot boulevard pro-
Columbia Falls city council will
hold its October meeting Monday
at 8 p. m. at the city hall.
Scheduled for the meeting is adop
tion of the ordinance providing for
Columbia Falls sidewalks to be
Also likely is resignation of G. W.
Fleming as a Ward 3 councilman,
le has sold his home, and is moving
from the city.
A special Oct. 10 meeting is sched
uled for opening of bids to purchase
a police car.
10 cents a Copy
Hungry Horse News
. COLUMBIA FALLS, MONTANA _ FRIDAY, SEPT. 30, 1*55
Boeing Plant Option Not in Flathead
VOL. 10, NO. 10
Alternate Ho. 2
Efforts to have the LaSalle road
from Kalispell to Columbia Falls de
clared "alternate U. S. No. 2" are
Objectives include the need to have
a well maintained road through the
center of the Flathead valley to the
Anaconda Aluminum Co. plant. Pre
sently there is not a definite pattern
f winter maintenance for the LaSalle
Columbia Falls has long been in
terested in the U. S. No. 2 proposal
and now there is indications of wid
Charles Jellison, Flathead state
senator and LaSalle resident, has
contacted highway department and
other officials in behalf of the pro
This would entail transfer of 11.1
miles from the secondary to the pri
mary highway system.
Draws 65 Singers
About 65 singers have joined the
to present Handel's "The Messiah"
at Christmas time. Donald Hayes,
director, expressed satisfaction at
the enthusiastic response shown by
the group of about 30 who attended
the first meeting, Tuesday evening,
representing the total who will be
Auditions for solos were heard
the meeting, which was held at
chorus room at the new grade
school. Hayes was pleased at the
fine voices which are available and
said that the parts are apparently
well balanced. About 25 men are
included in the chorus. He urged
anyone interested in joining to get
in touch with him or attend the next
Members present Tuesday decided
to hold practice every Thursday in
the chorus room at 8 p. m.
West Glacier, Martin City, Hungry
Horse and Whitefish, as well as Col
umbia Falls, are represented in the
group. Mrs. Clark Grady is accom
Plans are to present "The
Messiah" Dec. 18 in the school
Moose Has Look At
WEST GLACIER—Late season vis
itors to Glacier National Park were
inspected for nearly a full day at the
west entrance checking station this
Seasonal Ranger Laurel Dale,
Center City, Minn., reported that
the curious moose stood around for
a time watching cars being checked
in, and then would move back in the
Picture-taking motorists would
back to their cars. Dale re
lated, when the big bull gave them
an intense stare when they got too
Moose are not uncommon in the
area near the foot of .Lake McDonald
during winter months, but visit by
a moose at this time is considered
Fleming to Resign
As Falls Councilman
Resignation of G. W. Fleming as a
Kennedy addition city council mem
ber is to be submitted at the Oct. 3
meeting of the council.
Mr. and Mrs. Fleming have sold
their home to Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Yost, and plan to leave next month
for the West Coast and Arizona. The
Flemings first came here in 1946
and have lived in the Kennedy addit
ion for the past three years.
His successor on the council is
appointed by Mayor Herman Ben
zien with approval of the council.
Suggested as the new Ward 3 coun
cil man is Pastor Ralph Werner.
Other council members are LaMar
"Bud" Orndorff, ward 3; Fred Kro
na and G. W. Ridpath, ward 2; L.
A. Schoenberg and James Clark,
Fleming, former Blaine county
sheriff with a number of years ex
perience with the Army Corps of
Engineers in police work, including
Fort Peck Dam, has been a respect
ed member of the community. He
was a candidate for sheriff in the
Flathead two years ago.
Preparing Big Mt.
WHITEFISH—Underway is digging
the shallow trench for the power
cable that will serve the seven Flat
head short wave radio transmitters
scheduled for Big Mountain.
Participating in having Big Moun
taui the antenna center for short
wave radio communications in tbe
Flathead are: State highway mam
tenance, Flathead Electric Co-op,
Stoltze Land and Lumber Co., Park
way Truck stop, Flathead county
sheriff, Kalispell Propane Co. and
Flathead National Forest. Each will
have a transmitter.
Charles Jellison co-ordinated the
Operating out of Parkway Truck
stop for communications are 37 log-
ging trucks with short wave radios.
Jellison, a member of the national
board for Forest Industries Rad io
Communications, pioneered the dev
elopment in the Flathead. He is a
Equipment is to arrive about Oct.
18, and installations may be com
pleted this fall. There will be separ
ate small transmitter houses on top
of Big Mountain a mile from the top
of the ski lift.
A rough access road up the moun
tain has been completed.
: m K
Four hour drive from Flathead on spectacular 90-mile long Kooten ay lake 1 in British Columbia is
"House of Bottles." Here from edge of asphalt paved highway, the house has look of glass brick castle.
Actually it is home of D. H. Brown, former Red Deer (Alberta) mortician. Recovering from a serious ill
ness, Brown built his glass house by using 100,000 "undertaker" fluid bottles as the glass bricks. The bot
tles are placed bottom end out, and he's still bringing in loads of bottles, adding to his home. Most rooms
in the "castle" are round. Brown doesn't like corners in his rooms. Attractive place is open for visitors.
Ä: . .
V ' £ . ' y.
Last of paddle wheel steamers on interior British Columbia lakes is Canadian Pacific's "Moyie." It runs
from Nelson, B. C. to the north end of 90-mile long Kootenay lake picking up fruit and ether products from
area without roads or rails. Kootenay lake offers fine fishing and scenery. Trip includes Kalispell to
Bonners Ferry for 143 miles, then 26 miles to Canadian border, and the only gravel—7 miles from Rykerts
to Creston, B. C., fruit and grain center. Highway north—all paved—follows shore of mountain hemmed
lake for 39 miles, and then two large automobile ferries ply across lake in 45 minute trips to Balfour.
Twenty miles further on arm of lake is Nelson, B. C., city of about 7,000. Lake is 1,200 feet lower than
Flathead area with longer growing season. Yards have English heritage of flowers. Mel Ruder photos.
To Establish Library in Columbia Falls
Establishment of the first branch
J. W. Merz Starts
West Side Road
Underway this weeic was first con
struction of the J. W. Merz contract
fdr $248,401.91 to widen and gravel
43 miles of the west side road along
Hungry Horse lake.
The Columbia Falls contractor
started moving equipment on the
job Monday. It was a Forest Ser
If weather permits, Merz hopes to
complete the 15 acres of right-of
way clearing and most of the earth
moving this fall will gravelling next
Superintendent on the job will be
Joe Leahy with Sam Bullesci, fore
man in charge of earth work.
Only a small crew of about a half
dozen men is indicated for the time
Rain resulted in little construct
ion this week.
The improvement is to be from
Hungry Horse Dam to Clark creek,
and provides 220 days for comple
In addition to the clearing there
will be 11,000 yards rock excavation,
121,000 yards common excavation,
96,500 yards crushed gravel, about
1,000 feet of culvert pipe and 200
cubic yards of rip-rap.
This major contract is to improve
the West side of Hungry Horse lake
road that proved too narrow and un
safe for log hauling and is seeing
heavy use by fishermen and hunters.
West side of the Flathead's South
Fork is capable of a sustained tim
ber yield of about 20,000,000 board
feet a year, or about one-third of
Flathead National Forest's total.
Presently there is a problem of
removing spruce bark beetle infested
timber, though it is much less acute
than was the case up the North Fork.
West side of the reservoir sales
include: Rocky Mountain Lumber Co.
purchase of 14,900,000 board feet on
Quintonken creek, Plum Creek Lum
ber Co., also of Columbia Falls, pur
chase of 17,780,000 board feet on
Sullivan creek, and Rex Brown of
Coram purchase of 8,000,000 board
feet 10 miles above the dam on Lost
The west side road was built under
two Bureau of Reclamation con
tracts during 1952 and 1953. Miller
and Strong, Inc., Eugene, Ore., had
the lower 24.5 miles for a $1,179,410
contract and Hoops Construction Co.,
Twin Falls, Idaho, had the upper
22.5 miles for $963,512. Hanson-Parr,
Spokane, had $136,235 worth of bridge
September rains result in Flat
head logging roads becoming muddy
and soft. Some curtailment in log
hauling is reported.
September precipitation includes:
airport 1.55 inches; Hungry Horse, 3
inches; Spotted Bear .95 of inch;
Coram 2.41 inches until Thursday.
Park Retiring Four
WEST GLACIER—Four Glacier
National Park veterans, Dizzy, age
26; Rock and Rawhide, each 20, and
Blaze, 17, are to be sold Oct. 13.
Oldest of the horses, Dizzy has been
in the park for 22 years. The anim
als were used for pack and saddle
purposes, and are no longer con
sidered fit for use on mountain
Hope is the sale will result in the
horses finding good homes, or be
Meanwhile award is pending on
the Tuesday opening to pasture the
30 National Park Service mules and
25 horses. Fred Stone, Browning,
who had the contract last year, bid
the same price, $2.15 per head per
month. Arthur Douglas, Browning,
bid $2.50 per head per month. Range
inspection will determine the award.
Glacier is also interested in pur
chasing five or six more saddle
and pack horses to augment its herd
used to pack supplies to lookouts and
trail crews as well as for trail in
WEATHER forecast: Mostly cloudy
Thursday afternoon and night; few
widely scattered showers; partly
cloudy to cloudy with few showers
Friday. Predicted high 50 Thursday,
low 40, high Friday 55.
Highs and lows of week and month:
Sept. 22, 54-38, Friday 59-32, Satur
day 57-35, Sunday 62-32, Monday 52
27, Tuesday 53-40, Wednesday 48-39,
Thursday 50-40. High for month; 90,
Sept. 3 and 4; low 27, Sept. 26. First
local killing frost Sept. 18. Septem
ber's first 12 days were above nor
below, for about a 2 degree below
Precipitation: September so far,
1.55 inches. Normal for whole month,
1.30 inches. Precipitation for whole
year so far, 10.55; normal for these
nine months is 11.90. Wet months
were February, late June, July and
ïî, te ™ r ^° t n!;Lri e Bl 0W I ï a 0 .V
P PtZ cf,r vvio y nr ax!'
J ' J lth0 , ut ^ ^
itation was driest August since re
cords hero started in 1899 There
coras nere siariea in inere
Wa AvetaÄt^ n d M s a u y m a m n e d r JU h n a e s
seven days with readings 90 or
above. Past summer showed follow
ing; June 21 and 22 with 92 and 96;
July 15, 16 and 17 with 92, 94 and
95; Aug. 6, 30 and 31 with 91, 91, and
90; Sept 3 and 4 with 90 and 90,
Columbia Falls growing season
this year: 32 degrees, May 31, and
then killing frost, Sept. 22.
Visitors iTOin Jasper
WEST GLACIER—Wednesday and
Thursday visitors in Glacier Nation
al Park were Sunt, and Mrs. G. H.
IL. Dempster of Jasper National
building of Flathead county library
is scheduled for Columbia Falls
this fall, according to Mrs. Cornelia
Sherman, county librarian.
Anaconda Aluminum Co. is donat
ing a 70 by 16-foot insulated building
that was two-thirds of the Foley
"Problems include finding a site
for the building. It has been suggest
ed that if located near the schools
more people including students will
Foundations are needed, also clos
ing the open end, digging waterlines
and obtaining tables and chairs.
Volunteer workers are to be ask
ed to help keep the library open day
and evening hours, and have the
building'gerfe as a reading and study
room, commented Mrs. Carl Lund
borg, who heads the local library
committee. Working with her have
been Mrs. Fay Loveall, local mem
ber of the county library board;
Supt. Dulane Fulton and Mrs. Em
elia Cook. Mayor Herman Benzien is
being asked to serve on the commit
tee, which is still incomplete.
Mrs. Corliss Rasmussen is branch
librarian. The library presently is
located in the Talbott school, and
open Thursday and Friday after
noons from 12 noon until 4:30 p. m.
Flathead county library has over
23,000 books, reports Mrs. Sherman.
The local branch will have 3,000 to
4,000 books depending on use and
demand. Any one of the county's
23,000 books would be available to
branch library building would be
come the property of the community.
at the local library.
Mrs. Sherman added that the
WEST GLACIER—Major expan
Mackm Building McDonald Chalets
sion of visitor accomodations in Gla
cier National Park this winter is un
. with construction of the
<3€rwa y wun consirucuon oi inv
new $100,000 24-umt rustic type dial
- « "" *«* -
Donald for W. R. Mackin.
Montana Builders, Kalispell, have
the general contract for $77,300.
Architect is Richard L. Taylor, Kal
ispell. Plumbing and electrical con
tracts are to be awarded.
Mackin's Village Inn has doubled
in size since World War II and now
has 50 units.
Five cottages at the foot of Lake
McDonald are being moved to make
way for the new two-story chalets.
This is the largest single improve
ment on Glacier's west side to be
made since the construction of Lake
McDonald hotel about 1914.
Boeing Airplane Company does not
plan to erect a guided missile plant
or any other installation in north
western Montana. They have options
on land near Denver and Salt Lake
Rumors that Boeing had taken op
tions on Flathead valley land have
been recurring this summer and fall
just as they have in years past. A
previous Boeing report gave a Wal
ter Winchell broadcast as the source.
This was denied by Winchell's of
Carl M. Cleveland, acting director
of public relations for Boeing at Se
attle, replied to a Hungry Horse
News query with the following par
"We are at a loss to account for
the constantly recurring rumors that
Boeing is going to buUd a plant à
various cities. So far these rumors
have located us in practically every
state west of the Mississippi and
even a few east." The Boeing spokes
"Here briefly are the facts regard
ing our proposed guided missile
plant. We have surveyed several
potential sites. After careful consid
eration of all the factors that enter
into the selection of such a site, we
have narrowed our choice to two lo
cations—Denver and Salt Lake City.
We have taken options on the nec
essary land at both locations. As of
this date final
made between the two locations. We
cannot say at this time specifically
when the choice will be made."
Other previous information is to
the effect that Boeing in selecting a
location for a plant picks a site
where the company will not employ
more than 6 per cent of the avail
able work force.
Effort has been made through the
years to find out identity of men
starting the rumors about Boeing
located in the Flathead.
Flathead county airport member,
Sol Catron and others, last summer
expressed interest in contacting Boe
ing to see if the company was inter
ested in what this area had to of
fer. These men in no way inferred
that Boeing was going to locate in
the Flathead. The rumors as before
had other sources.
The Hungry Horse News wrote
Boeing: "We would be pleased to
have Boeing here, and have just
seen the local aluminum plant start
production," and then asked for
specific information about Boeing
plans for western Montana, if any.
Bake-Out of Last
Bake-out of the remaining 120 pots
at the Anaconda Aluminum Co. plant
started this week, with the result
that electricity is now flowing to al
240 pots at the plant.
Bake-out of the first potline start
ed July 20, with first aluminum pro
duction Aug. 12. The plant is now
approaching 50 per cent of capacity.
Capacity is 60,000 tons a year.
The bake-out process involves
transition of pitch and coke in the
pots into solid carbon. After the
inum production is underway.
There are now nearly 500 men em
ployed in operations at the plant.
Construction was officially com
pleted Sept. 16. Walter G. Sattler,
project manager for Foley Con
structors, the plant's general con
tractor, is leaving Columbia Fall«
for New York Friday. He has been
here since July, 1953.
H. H. Reservoir
HUNGRY HORSE—Hungry Horse
reservoir continues full. The 3,468,000
acre foot 34-mile long man-made
lake filled to capacity last June 28.
Operation of the powerhouse for
past weeks, according to Charles
Simmons, supervisor, has been to
use water that would otherwise go
through the spillway, to generate
power. Two of the 71,250 kilowatt
generators are in use, and peak
from 70,000 to 140,000 kilowatts dur
ing the twilight load periods.
Last year Hungry Horse Reser
voir was full from July 9 until Dec.
8, and then drawdown increased as
downstream reservoirs became de
pleted during winter. Hungry Horse
power production is at maximum
capacity during winter months.
September rains have somewhat
increased the flow of the Flathead'«
South Fork into the reservoir.
Weather readings are scheduled
to be taken at the Anaconda Alum
inum Co. plant starting this fall. Ob
server will be Robert Bush of tbe
There is a wind gauge on the
will include thermometers, baro
meter and precipitation gauge. Ren
frew Cabinet Works, Columbia FaLs,
built the thermometer shelter.
60 Muleloads to
WEST GLACIER - Sixty
loads of sand cement, nails and floor
ing have been transported six mile«
by trail from Lake McDonald to
Sperry chalets. Eighteen more
mule loads are to be sent to the
mountain hotel, away from roads
Underway is replacement of wont
floors and building maintenance with
John Cook, foreman, and a crew of
Mike Baumann, Jake Baumberger,
Calvin Gilham, Dwight Grist, Don
McLean and Maynard Williams.
William Yenne, the park's general
trail foreman, with Ron Sherman
and Jack Ray did the packing.
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