:-■ •*• : V;
Picturesque spot in Glacier National Park is bridgo across McDonald creek at Apgar. Nov. 15 saw
bridge with much of full-winter look. Gilbert Washburn and Jimmy Grist were watching spawning salmon in
creek below. Above there were three eagles interested in those fish. All photos taken by Mol Ruder.
At Hungry Horse
Spin nt Capacity
m is 3
,HUNGRY HORSE—Hungry Horse
Dam's powerhouse this week resum
ed operations at full capacity. Power
output, according to Charles Sim
mons, powerhouse supervisor, is at
285,000 kilowatts with a higher pro
duction during peaking hours.
A factor in Hungry Horse power
production resuming full-scale at this
time is the record November cold
wave over the Pacific Northwest
which increased demands for power.
Last year full-scale power output
at Hungry Horse resumed Dec. 10.
The 34-mile long lake behind Hun
gry Horse Dam has dropped just
over a foot this week from 3,560
feet above sea level to 3,558.83. The
lake filled to capacity last June 29.
Last year the lake was full from
July 9 to Dec. 8.
Discharge of water at the power
house is 7,720 cubic feet per second.
With the reservoir practically full,
7,720 cubic feet of water is produc
ing the same amount of power that
9,000 cubic feet will later as the
lake elevation drops.
Inflow of the South Fork is 1,480
Cubic feet per second. There has
been zero weather in the whole drain
age, but the inflow is still about
normal for this time of year.
Pattern of operation for Hungry
Horse Dam is heavy power output
y-:y : .
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Zero temperature« didn't encourage these four Apgar scheel Wit
graders to use slide at school Tuesday. On ladder are Con Sunell, Mich
ael Gordon, Jimmy Bengtson and Gregory Mackin. Rusty is onlooker.
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A Christmas card view produced in the Flathead this week is the
snow cloaked cabin on bank of McDonald creek near bridge at Apgar.
Flathead Elk Kill Totals 892
Total elk kill for the 1955 Flat
head hunting season is estimated at
Carter Helseth, Flathead National
Forest dispatcher, who obtained the
elk kill figure from Forest and Fish
and Game department sources, said
that the 1955 figure appears to be
The 1955 elk kill of 892 compares
with 1,000 last year; 1,240 in 1953,
920 in 1952, 705 in 1951, 622 in 1950,
808 in 1949, 925 in 1948, 615 in 1947
and the record year following war
lack of hunters of 1,835 in 1946.
Only post-Nov. 15 hunting season
continuing in northwestern Montana
is area 3 for deer in the Fisher riv
er section of Lincoln county.
Other Flathead 1995 wildlife har
vest includes 404 deer, 64 black bear,
13 moose, 13 grizzly, and 36 moun
tain goats. Hunter total exceeded
4,500. Many local hunters get their
deer in nearby Lincoln county which
does not show in the local counts.
Thursday was to see the last hun
ters come out of the Flathead's
South Fork. Due out is a party head
ed by Guy Brash, Spangle, Wash.,
accompanied by Mrs. Brash, their
daughter, and HBottear aawtted cou
ple. Their camp wai al Lhoeatooe.
Brash hunts up the South Fbrk each
^Banget Clurlie Shaw <*«4 <*
Ifc a tl i il m ar i a u f — t ~* i — — A
end up the South Fork Wednesday.
it W as 22 below with 10 inches of
snow Wednesday morning. At Trout
lake snow depth was 18 inches.
The east side road is open; the
west side dosed.
Coming out with Shaw JW» week
wimk nef hr With Gerald Rose,
t J L U •
£ I 8 5 *Z §
Big game harvest by districts is
185 15 22 7 26
223 45 2 6 1 9
245 24 6 1 1
27 12 9 11
11 190 2 7
46 66 3
31 26 41
With a week to go, the U. S. Say
Bond drive at the Anaconda,
Aluminum Co. plant sees virtually
500 employes signed up, and outlook
is that there will be 90 per cent
pa _ p .. j—art J
The machtoe step was !
ment at the ^.^Vfrithe
employes decide to ^yU. ^
Ings bonds througb payroU ded
>»"• ««t *******
1> * r gent wat castmK ;
John Kearns, AAC personnel dur
ector, beads the drive,
The drive is to end next Friday,
Employes, if they desire are able
to have as little as $1.25 for each
two weeks deducted from their pay*
checks to apply on savings bonds.
Deductions are to start Nov. 19. $3
! saved in nine years and eight months
and winter months. This comes af
ter downstream reservoirs have been
Water discharge from Hungry
Horse flows downstream to turn tur
bines at Kerr, Cabinet Gorge, Grand
Coulee and other downstream install
ations on the Columbia.
Hungry Horse is the furthest up
stream storage facility on the Col
Power from Hungry Horse is mar
keted through the Bonneville Power
Administration and tied in with the
grid to Grand Coulee. Largest local
BPA customer is the Anaconda Alu
Form Fire Fighters
At Soldiers Home
Clarke Grady and Assistant Com
mander James Staff have announced
the formation of a group of volun
teer fire fighters at the Soldiers
Home. This is the first such group
to operate at the Home as a volun
teer fire fighting unit.
Hose and equipment is housed in
a former paint shop, which is cen
trally located and from which fire
in any of the Home's buildings could
be reached. New members familiar
ized themselves with the hose and
other equipment Nov. 5.
Engineer Roy Johnston checked
equipment and tested the hose for
150 pounds pressure. Water is ob
tained through the boiler room.
addition to this central unit there are
29 fire extinguishers placed in strat
egic places throughout the buildings.
Grady commented that the Home
would continue to rely the Col
umbia Falls Volunteer Fire depart
ment for aid in case of fire but that
from now on the Home unit would
be able to assist. Plans are made
to have the group meet regularly
for practice, possibly following mon
thly roll call.
Volunteers are A1 Bisson, Charles
Scott, Leonard Roessner, Patrick
Belgard, Howard Clark, A1 Biddis
combe, Louis Houtchens, Ralph
Caldwell, Frank Griffin, John Malek,
Charles Clark, Scott Morris and
Patrol Car Hit;
Columbia Falls new police patrol
car was seriously damaged Thurs
day at 12:15 p. m. and Police Chief
William Good came within a few feet
of serious injury and possibly death.
The accident occured when Duane
D. Kiel, 17, Columbia Falls, came
through the stop sign on Fourth Ave
nue West without stopping. Ice was
a factor, continued a state highway
patrolman. The car apparently
wasn t able to stop.
Police Chief Bill Good was in the
patrol car on highway 40 heading
Kiel was issued a ticket by the
highway patrol for failure to yield
right-of-way, and the patrolman said
youth was driving too fast for
existing road conditions.
Good was thrown from the police
broken dental plate^ However he
was back on duty Thursday after
car onto the highway, the police car
meanwhile being shoved Into the
opposite lane. Good was flat on the
pavement. A third car driven by
■ eith Buzzell was able to stop. Just
■» f^w foet ahead was the downed
Good's injuries required stitches
on his forehead, and he received
qOC\£ t> ^
° F HELENA
10 cents a Copy
Hungry Horse News
COLUMBIA FALLS, MONTANA
VOL. 10 NO. 17
FRIDAY, MOV. 10, m$
To Voté at Plant Monday and Tuesday
Labor Leaders Comment on Election
United Steelworkers of America
expressed confidence in a statement
issued to the Hungry Horse News
"It's been going CIO for weeks
now and we expect to get the vast
majority of votes because the AAC
employees favor an industrial type
union," CIO Representative Ken
neth Stonehouse said, adding that
the CIO "sets the pattern for wages
and benefits for workers in the in
He charged that the Anaconda Al
uminum Company is paying its al
uminum employees from 50 to 75
cents an hour below the "going CIO
rate" paid at such plants as the
giant Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical
Co. in Mead, Trentwood and Tacoma,
Wash., where he claims over 6,600
USWA-CIO members work in the
"We proposed to end this inequity
of wage rates between the AAC and
the others and we'll insist on retro
active pay back to July," the CIO
Other reasons for the CIO union's
confidence, Stonehouse says, is that
CIO is the only union which has a
job description program for workers
in aluminum industry. He said many
of the AAC employees have com
plained that they are being forced
to do work outside of their specific
He feels that there is almost no
Mine, Mill sentiment at Columbia
Falls and that the entrance of the
CIO ousted Mine, Mill on the alum
inum scene is "ridiculous" since, he
says, the Mine, Mill does not rep
resent a single aluminum worker in
This week saw the International
Union of Mine-Mill and Smelter Wor
kers withdraw from a place on the
ballot at the coming National Labor
Relations Board directed election at
the Anaconda Aluminum Co. plant.
Such action has been expected by
all parties for several months. The
Mine-Mill saw that they could not
kers have been attempting to organ
ize Montana plants presently repre
sented by Mp^MiU. Relationship
between Mine-Mill and CIO are bit
At the same time there are a num
ber of AF of L locals representing
the crafts at Anaconda plants in
Montana with Mine-Mill representing
There is considerable difference in
the whole national picture between
the A Fof L and Mine-Mill, but they
present what may be called a united
labor front when it comes to prob
lems before the legislature and other
Ernest Salvas, Butte, member of
the executive board of the Internat
ional Union of Mine-Mill and Smelter
Workers telephoned the Hungry
Horse News giving a detailed state
ment of why Mine-Mill had requested
that the name of the union be ex
cluded from the ballot.
Salvas was informed by the NLRB
office in Seattle Wednesday that
this request had been complied with.
Salvas' statement on withdrawing
gives three reasons.
The first states "Our union entered
the Columbia Falls situation so that
the Columbia Falls employes of Ana
conda would become a part of
united collective bargaining appar
atus. We are mindful however that
most of the employes of the Alum
inum plant are members of various
AF of L craft unions in that they
were employed originally in con
struction of the plant and later hired
. ., .
I ^ production workers.
"Mine-Mill feels that our contin
ued participation in the current
campaign would only serve to split
the unity of the Columbia Falls wor
kers in as much as we would be ask
ing them to leave their present un
ion and join ours."
Salvas then added that Mine-Mill
(Please turn to page 4)
County Has Gain
In School Census
KALISPELL—Total school census
figure—from one day to 21 years
old—in Flathead county for last
Oct. 1 is 13,748, according to County
Supt. Lulu Barnard.
She added that this was an in
crease of 500 over last year, and
advised the 1955 figure has to be
The unofficial tally shows Colum
bia Falls and school district 6 this
year have 1,587 persons from 6 to
21 compared to 1,483 last year, and
866 under 6 compared to 833 last
year. New factor this year is Bad
Rock with 98 students including 25
under 6. Complete district 6 tab
ulation was used in Oct. 28 Hungry
Whitefish school district 44 fig
ures—including consolidations— «how
1,462 for this year from 6 to 21
compared to 1,268 last, and 797
uHer 6 compared to 738 last year.
Kalispell district 5 has 3,390 from
6 to 21 this year compared to 3,241
last, and 1,788 under 6 up from last
The Flathead with its 33,600 es
timated population for 1954 and
31,495 by U. S. census in 1950, ap
pears to have made a 4 per cent
population gain this year over last
if the school census is used as
basis indicating about 3,500 residents.
The whole county school census
report needs checking and recheck
ing before the total final figures are
to be released.
The school census figures
. are a
base for apportionment of state
AF of L Views
AF of L desire to have workers
at the Anaconda Aluminum Co. plant
get a new, higher wage scale as soon
as possible results In the Monday
and Tuesday election at the Flat
head plant, commented Pat Reilly,
international representative for the
AF of L Aluminum Workers. We will
ask for retroactive pay as well.
Reilly pointed out that the AF of
L wanted the election right away so
that the local "low" wages could be
increased. He stated that the CIO
had used every means to delay the
hearings and election. In effect,
Reilly said, "It has been a delay of
higher pay as a result of CIO tac
It was tue AF of L who first ask
ed the National Labor Relations
Board that an election be held to
pick a bargaining agent. Then the
CIO asked to be included.
Reilly continued that the Aluminum
Workers is chartered by the Ameri
can Federation of Labor as an in
dustrial union to exclusively repre
sent the workers in the aluminum in
Reilly added that the AF of L Al
uminum Workers is the only union in
the United States and Canada that
represents only aluminum workers.
He compared the CIO Steelworkers
who essentially are a steel workers
union. Their aluminum plant mem
bership is less than 2 per cent of the
whole. The men who work in alum
inum plants are a small minority in
the CIO Steelworkers union.
Furthermore steel is competitive
to aluminum. Reilly continued that
it is named "CIO Steelworkers for
good reason—aluminum is so small
a part of the whole operation."
The U. S. Department of Labor
has issued a wage chronology series
4, No. 11, Reilly commented that
shows the Aluminum Workers AF
L were first to sign a contract
the aluminum industry, first to gain
wage increases, and other benefits
such as paid holidays, insurance,
overtime pay and vacations.
There are federal government doc
uments published by the U. S. De
partment of Labor, Reilly says that
show the Aluminum Workers AF
L actually represent the majority
of workers in the aluminum industry,
despite CIO claims. Furthermore,
that the Aluminum Workers AF of
L are the highest paid workers in
the entire, alununam industry.
Reilly concluded that he hopes
Anaconda Aluminum company em
ployes will take advantage of this
American and Democratic opportun
ity to cast their secret ballots to
pick the union that they feel will
best represent them in wage negotia
tions and for better working con
ditions. An early election has been
an AF of L objective.
i: ■ i
This Easter lily has seasons mix
ed. It was in bloom for Armistice
day at home of Mrs. Henry Kalla on
highway 40 west. Easter lilies us
ually bloom just as winter fades.
With record November cold, Flathead
now is ready for spring. Wo'vo had it.
Bests Park Beaver
WEST GLACIER—Record of
struggle in the wilds was observed
by Ranger John Higgins on the
shore of Lake McDonald in Glacier
A 20 foot square snow covered
section of the shore showed where
a Wolverine had tackled a beaver.
Then the beaver frantically tried
drag the aggressor down the bank
into the water. He made progress,
but lost. If the beaver had reached
water, he'd have won.
Ranger Higgins came on the wol
verine having a beaver dinner.
The 20 to 35 pound wolverine
largest member of the weasel fam
3y„ and considered one of the rarest
animals in the United States.
North Fork Cable
KO'd by Winter
WEST GLACIER—Winter in No
vember has stopped laying the new
Mountain States Telephone and Tele
graph cable from Apgar to Pole
bridge down the middle of the North
The cable is placed in an 18-inch
deep trench, an innovation in north
western Montana telephone con
The Bell system crews, while
stopped on the North Fork line, are
stringing wire from West Glacier,
to East Glacier, apparently using
Great Northern poles.
Target date for Mountain States
T 4 T to take over Glacier telephone
communications is next May i.
v .t n
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V ;V %
: :$l i/y
One touch of autumn was left in this view of Anaconda Aluminum
Co. plant main office building as winter blew into the scene last weekend.
Wildlife Talks Start Tuesday
I-. j |- ,
Colder Than January
Weather in Nouember
WEATHER forecast: Scattered
clouds Thursday night and slightly
warmer. Mostly cloudy and warm
er Friday. Predicted high Thursday,
10 above, low 5 below; high Fri
day 20 to 25. Saturday outlook is con
tinued slow moderation of tempera
ture to about 32 degrees with light
Highs and lews of coldest Novem
ber week in Flathead weather his
tory; Nov. 10, 49-24, Friday 24-2 be
low, Saturday 2-5 below, Sunday 5
7 below, Monday 0-3 below, Tuesday
9-6 below, Wednesday 10-14 below,
Thursday 10-14 below.
Observer Ray Hall said that tem
perature was three degrees above
normal Nov. 10. Then mercury plum
eted to 22 degrees below normal
Nov. 11, and the week's temperature
has averaged 31 degrees below nor
mal. This is coldest November per
iod in weather bureau records for
Flathead. There is no part of Flat
head winter including JaQilafy that
is normally this cold, Hall continued.
By Friday, he continued, there will
be eight days with zero or below
readings. The average Flathead win
ter has 12 such days. The winter of
1952-53 did not have a single below
zero reading at the airport.
The 14 below Wednesday and
Thursday are coldest November
readings in over 50 years. The 0
high Monday was coldest maximum
November reading on record.
Last time the temperature fell be
low zero in November was Nov. 1,
2 and 3, 1935—20 years ago. The mer
cury was down to 6 below.
Precipitation: so far this month
1.19 inches compared to whole
month's average 1.55 inches at air
port. Snow depth ranges from 4 to
Weather and road conditions var
ied over the Flathead. While the air
low 14 Horse
official low was 7 below.
The change from a low to a high
pressure area covering the Flathead
was ushered in by high winds that
skipped some spots. Most roads re
mained open because there wasn't
snow to close them. Highways in
and near Columbia Falls are bare;
toward Kalispell there is more snow
on the roads. Chains were required
over the summit on U. S. No. 2.
Flathead homes were not anticipat
ing the Arctic blasts before Thanks
giving. Fuel dealers were busy.
Morning after morning saw cars be
Tragedies include the loss of 200
turkeys to the cold by a Stillwater
1 area poultry farmer, David Brewer,
j Meetings were postponed just as
| they often aré in mid-win ter in Jan
uary. This time, however, it was
mid-winter in November.
Favorable aspect is the zero tem
perature firming up log hauling
roads. Coming as it did with lack
of a snow blanket, and little snow
prospect this week, lumber mills
are encouraged. There is a compar
ative lack of logs in local mill yards.
Hauling is resuming.
AAC Plant In
This week saw the new Anaconda
Aluminum Co. plant reach the rated
capacity output of 60,000 tons
First aluminum was produced Aug.
12. The plant was officially dedicat
ed Aug. 15.
Last week 239 of the 240 pots had
been charged and in production. The
| last pot in room 3 is to be charged
Each of the pots is tapped once
( 24 hours yielding about 1,400 pounds
j The new plant is Montana's only
First in a series of ten monthly
illustrated talks on wildlife will
presented at Columbia Falls grade
school auditorium Tuesday at 8
and Game department.
Pengelly is sponsored at the
umbia Falls meetings by the North
ern Rocky Mountain Sportsmen's
club. • .
vites all interested men, women
and students in the area to hear the
series. There is no charge.
Pengelly will speak in Columbia
Falls every two weeks, and is also
giving a series of talks in Whitefish.
He appeared in Kalispell last spring.
Columbia Falls dates are Nov. 22,
Dec. 6, 20, Jan. 3, 17, 31, Feb. 7 and
21 and two talks in March.
The talks will start off with the
premise that there is the dependence
of ail animal life upon food manu
factured by green plants. Animal
population is limited by such factors
as quantity and kinds of food avail
The series will build with the ef
fect of climate, plant succession,
soil formation and maintenance,
wildlife management, predators,
habitat improvement, wildlife re
search and modern research.
Pengelly has been in Montana for
a year, and in this time has given
a number of talks over the western
part of the state.
He is a fluent speaker, and his
ideas about wildlife management are
receiving wide acceptance.
The Hungry Horse News has
heard one of his talks, and believes
that any person interested in hunt
ing, fishing and wildlife in general
will find attending these sessions a
Pengelly was graduated from the
University of Michigan in 1948 foll
owed by high school teaching in
Michigan. He received his master's
degree at Utah State and worked for
five years as a biologist for the
Idaho State Fish
department. He came to Montana a
year ago to become wildlife exten
sionist with headquarters at Mon
tana State University.
WEST GLACIER—Arriving this
week in Glacier National Park was
Harry Robinson, the new chief park
naturalist, who succeeds Ed Beatty,
now regional naturalist for the Nat
ional Park Service at Richmond, Va.
Robinson was naturalist at Dino
Winter-like jeb in November saw those two Mo u n t ain State« Tote
phono and Telegraph mon, Jim Savage and Lewis Sloan, spiking tele
phone cobio near Fish crook in Glacier National Pork Taooday offm ssn
' Monday and Tuesday will be elec
tion days at the new Anaconda Alum
inum Co. plant Official notification
of the election was received Thurs
The 400 production employes will
vote in a National Labor Relations
Board conducted secret ballot elec
tion held in the conference room of
the employes' change bouse.
On the ballot will be three squares
for marking an X. Selected by lot,
and from left to right will be; the
Aluminum Workers Council of Col
umbia Falls, AF of L; in the cen
ter, neither, and on the right, the
United Steelworkers of America CK).
An employe may vote for one.
The International Union of Mine,
Mill and Smelter Workers requested
that they not be included on the
Polling hours will be from 7 a ».
to 9 a. m. and from 3 p. m. until
5 p. m. Monday, and then from 7
a. m. to 9 a. m. Tuesday in order
that all shifts may vote.
Orville Tumbaugh, Seattle, will bo
the National Labor Relations Board
representative in charge of the elec
tion. He will arrive in the Flathead
Sunday. There will be a Sunday 4
p. m. conference between Tum
baugh and AF of L, CIO and Ana
conda representatives as to conduct
of the election.
The Hungry Horse News was io
telephone contact with the office of
Senator Mike Mansfield, whom wo
asked to help keep us posted. Mans
field's office contacted the sourceo
of information. We also talked to
Thomas Graham, Seattle, regional
officer in charge for the National
Labor Relations Board.
ELIGIBLE TO VOTE
Eligible to vote will be employes
on the Anaconda payroll during the
last full payroll period preceding
date of the NLRB (Nov. 8) order in
Washington, D. C. that an election
be held. This means employes of
record before Nov. 1.
Eligible to vote will be: "All pro
duction and maintenance employes
EXCLUDING office clerical employ
I es, superintendent's clerks, office
janitoresses, executives' chauffers,
full-time safety and first aid em
ployes, laboratory and control tech
nicians, professional employes,
guards and supervisors as defined in
the (NLRB) act.
Those who will vote are the houriy
paid people while the exclusion for
the most part indicates those paid
on a monthly salary.
plant ahou* 400 are eligible to vote.
Results ol the élpçtljte v.ilj be an
nounced after 1 ballots are cowled.
The CIO Steelworkers, AF of L
Aluminum Workers or Anaconda
Aluminum company each have five
days after the election to file ob
jections, if any. If no objections an
filed, Graham will issue a certificate
in the name of the National Labor
Relations Board certifying the unioa
(or no union) chosen to be bargain
ing agent at the plant in wage ne
gotiations, working conditions and
other factors concerning employes.
If the election is close, it can be
expected that there will be challeng
ed ballots such as a man considered
a part of the supervisory staff vot
ing. Graham's office will then make
Past developments include tbo
Sept. 16 hearing in the courthouse at
Kalispell before Melton Boyd, rep
resentative of the NLRB.
At this bearing the Anaconda com- -
pany, AF of L Aluminum Workers
and International Union of Mine
Mill and Smelter Workers each ag
reed to an immediate election to pick
the bargaining agent.
The CIO Steelworkers felt the plant
was not ready for an election and
their "stipulated consent" was te
have the National Labor Relations
Board in Washington, D. C. decide
if the plant was ready for an elec
tion. This delayed the election about
The board in Washington reached
its decision Nov. 8, and directed that
an election be held at the AAC plant
within 30 days.
In its decision the National Labor
Relations Board said: "Steelworkers
contend that no election should bo
conducted until the employer has
achieved full production. We find no
merit in this contention. The record
shows that, although full production
had not been achieved at the time of
the hearing, a full complement of
workers was currently employed. Tho
(Pleas* turn to pago 4)
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