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The Ocala evening star. [volume] (Ocala, Fla.) 1895-1943, August 31, 1918, Image 1

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Weather Forecast: Generally afir
taight and Sunday,
Also Capture the Heights Com
manding Peronne
. . r- ' -y , , . r.7 - ' - J
London, Aug. ,31,. 1:10 p. m- Mont
Kemmel, -; the' famous stronghold
southwest of Ypres, which was the
, scene' of terrific fighting last April,
5ias been captured by the British, ad
vices from the front state. Mont St.
Quentin, a mile and a half north of
Peronne, also has been taken.
The French have made a small ad
vance on the Ailette and in that
neighborhood, occupying the outskirts
of the wood 500 yards southwest of
Couey-Le-Chateau in line with the
salient the British hold from Lacon
ture toJLestram, west of Douliu and
Uocteboom. Gen.' liaig's forces also
progressed a mile and a half east of
Bailleul. The British have taken
1 Monte-Le-Lille ancf Kemmell Hill.
The British troops which captured
Mont St. Quentin, are now moving in
the direction of Bussu, two miles
northeast of Peronne.
London, Aug. 31. The Germans
have been driven from positions east
of Clary on the Somme, northwest of
Peronne, and, the British advance in
this locality continues, it is ' officially
announced. The British have entered
the 7 village of Branoutre, south of
Locre on the north side of the Lys
salient. On the south side of the Lys
salient the British have occupied La
couture, northeast of Bethune. The
British have taken the strong position
known at St. Servins farm and the
'village of Eterpigny, southeast of
Paris, Aug.' 31. Heavy artillery
fire north of Noyon and between the
Aislette river and the Aise, is report
ed in the official statement. . '
, Paris,' Aug. 31. Another Spanish
pj-vtne Alexandrine, nas Deen tor-
doeo, accoramg to a Maaria ais
r patch to the Journal.
. With the British Forces in France,
Aug. 31, Noon. General Haig'smen
- today are attacking near, the Marrines
wood, between Bapaume and the
Somme, which is strongly held by the
enemy. , - '
The Boy Scouts who have been
camping at Lake Weir returned this
morning, sun-browned and r happy,
glad to get home-but ready to go
again. They camped at various
points on the lake shore, observed
good discipline but had plenty of fun.
; Thev . cooked their own rations, of
which they had plenty, and from
what we hear they were better fed
than homef oiks. The people around
the lake were glad to see them, and
; they were extended . the hospitality
generally of the homes near where
thev camped. They were the guests
yesterday of Mr. and Mrs. John T.
Lewis, at Oklawaha. The names of
the scouts are as follows:
Hansel Leavengood, Joselyn Moor
liond Howarrl Moxlev. Reese Hunni
cutt, -Harry Holcomb, John Troxler,
Lindsev Troxler, Fred Todd,' Joe
' Caldwell, James Ellis, Jack Williams
and J. W. Davis. ,
V Another shipment of Jonteel .Tal
: cum Powder just in at Gerigs Drug
Store. 21-tf
We Are Doing
Yorir Ncighbcrs Repair's
Why Not Yours?
A Line ' That Will Open European
Russia to the Allies
(Committee on Public Information)
The Allies are now marching into
Russia from the north. They are al
ready far south of Archangel, where
our marines' joined them. . The Ger
mans have again called upon Finland
to move . against them. Presumably,
in any , case the Germans themselves
will try to attack. And, from, thes map,
the new Murmansk railroad, parallel
ing the Finnish border as it does for
almost its entire length, seems to of
fer the most vulnerable of open
flanks. i
But the Germans themselves know
better than that. The Murmansk rail
road is about as far as possible from
being an open flank. And just now
ther is at least one man in America
who is in a position to tell why. That
is Vladimir Goriachlovsky, the big
Russian engineer who built it. It was
built in less than eighteen - months
when, after nearly two years of war,
Russia found the absolute need of
having an ice-free port on the Arctic.
Goriachkovsky was chosen : for the
job because he was ;an engineer who
had already solved many problems
his last work had been a C railroad
along, the foot of the Altai , moun-.
tains and it was known that the
Murmansk would be a road of many
problems. And when it was planned
and located never for a moment was
it forgotten than it was a railroad
which sooner or later might be a
would-be object of attack.
Deliveries on Schedule Tnne
But, first, to look- at it only as a
railroad. It runs t from Svanka, the
main line junction east of Petrograd,
six hundred miles north to Kola. ; Its
last two hundred miles is within the
Arctic Circle; and Kola is the world's
only Arctic railroad terminus, i To
build the Murmansk in a year and a
half it was finished in November,
1917100,000 men and 15,000 horses
were put to work. And in one sense
it is an American railroad. For it
was-built with American materials.
Three years before the marines
reached the White Sea, our ships and
our freight-handlers were going, there
with rails ; and construction machine
ry. When no pick would open ? the
frozen ground, great fires were built
to thaw it for brigades of American
steam shovels. When it; was found
impossible to get supplies through
from the south for the construction
camps, America was drawn upon for
the needed flour and . bacon- And,
from first to last, it was found possi
ble to let everything rest and depend
upon American business . system. In
this way:
When a railroad is to built in record
time, work must' begin simultaneous
ly along almost the whole line. And
the tools and rails, the bridge wdrk
and supplies must be delivered as
near as is in any wise possible to the
particular section for which they are
designed. Well, when the right-of-
way was located, it was found that at
various points on the road there were
adjacent points on the coast of Kola
Bay and the White Sea z where it
might be possible for ships to make
a landing. If they could do it, and
make their deliveries exactly as per a
previously arranged schedule, whole
months could be saved. And our ships
did it. Despite German submarines
waiting for them outside, and 'ice
bergs impeding traffic . within, they
made their deliveries as per schedule.
Not a day was lost, nor a meal. The
bacon and the steel arrived together.
You are requested by the United States Fuel Administration to forego
all. pleasure riding next Sunday, September 1st.
This does , not mean that necessary use of a car, such as making calls
by physicians, is forbidden. One may use an automobile in attending
divine service or Sabbath schooL The point is to cut out the ride for pur
poses of recreation or pleasure.
Observation will be taken and report made of the manner in which
: this request is responded to. R. L. Anderson,
Chairman Local Committee. .
fi TO
American Cargo Ship Lost and Sixty
Two of Her Crew are
(Associated Press) i. .
. Washington, Aug. 31. The United
States cargo ship Joseph Cudahy was
submarined 700 mifes off the English
coast August 17th. Sixty-two mem
bers of the crew are missing and
thirteen weer rescued. The attack on
the, Cudahy was made by two subma
rines. ' '
If the Murmansk now promises to be
one of the most useful roads on earth,
America can claim at least a part of
the credit for its being there.
- Reindeer Trails and Marshes .
But why can it not be flanked and
cut from Finland? The answer lies in
the nature of the country. It is abso
lately wild and virtually impassable.
It is much like northwestern Canada.
There is the same amount of game.
When our boys are not fighting, they
can fish and shoot. There is the same
lack of all roads. The sparse rein
deer trails reindeer sledded in the
first French ammunition are the
best the German will find in that re
spect. From Lake . Onega north there
are the same lakes and marshes. For
hundreds of miles indeed, the marsh
belt between the railroad and Fin
land is virtually unbroken. "And a
marsh," said Hannibal, two thousand
years ago, "is of all things accursed
in war!" Where, in those , Russian
marshes there are a few labyrinthine
causeways, only the wolves seem able
to thread them. And the wolves
abound. To protect their; horses and
cattle in summer, the natives herd
them on the islands found in the big
ger lakes. And when, during the
building of the road, certain German
prisoners, used in the construction
gangs, availed themselves of their
working liberty to run for it, in gen
eral two days or at most three prov
ed enough to bring them back again.
Where the Ice is Bad f 4 ;
All this, however, is true only of
the summer. In fact south of Lake
Onega it isn't true at all. What of
the winter, when solid ice should fur
nish roadbeds ? In both cases the
railroad is vulnerable. - But, as will
soon be seen, it is a vulnerability that
need give us little cause to worry. :
The Murmansk is sub-arctic only in
a geographical sense. The last reaches
of the Gulf Stream modify the cli
mate, and there is more - snow than
ice. On the large lakes the gradually
accumulating weight of snow often
forces the ice beneath", the water,
which cannot make for the best of
military thoroughfares. Even in the
marshes half the ; invading army
would be kept busy digging out the
other half. And finally, even if a
German army did get : .through, it
could stay only for the whiter. From
February, td November its connection
with its base would be severed abso
lutely. : During the months of ice-
sledding it might of course pile up
supplies and munitions enough to
carry it through the rest of the year.
But under the strain and drain of
modern fighting that is unlikely.
Henceforth, too, the Prussian mili
tary imagination will probably be
less sanguine than it previously has
been. . 4 . - -
- So much for the regions north of
Lake Onega. What of the country to
the south of it? From Petrosovosk on
the lake, the line continues south to
Svanka, 114 kilometres east of Pet
rograd. Between junction and capi
tal all is one open plain, and the Ger
mans may now reach Petrograd at
any time. Could they get . across the
Murmansk road from there?
The 1000-Ton Barge to the Rescue
- They could not. For, again, extend
ing miles below Lake Onega there
Allied Forces in Siberia Win a Con
siderable Victory on the
Ussuri .
Vladivostok, Monday, Aug. 26 (By
Associated Press) Allied forces and
Czecho-Slovak troops have attacked
the Bolsheviki Red Guard on the
Usuri river front and driven the en
emy back fifteen miles. Prisoners
were taken and booty captured by the
Allies. i
London, Aug. 31. Bolsheviki Pre
mier Lenine was, wounded in criminal
attempts on his life at Moscow, ac
cording to a Russian wireless mes
sage. - ' "
are marshes. Furthermore, once we
and the Allies reach the lake, we shall
no longer need ' rail transportation.
From the eastern the . protected
side of Onega opens the first of Rus
sia's great interior, canals. - Their
huge steel barges have always been
their mam freight carriers. Thev are
among those things which revolutions
do not destroy. They are v almost as
numerous as ' America's coal and ore
gondolas. And where the latter carry
their fifty tons, Russia's barges car
ry a thousand. All are self -cowered.
too. They may be easily armed. The
canals on which they move reach all
Russia, from the Gulf of Finland to
the Black Sea and the Caspian. We
may yet read that Company - - of
the United States Marines got upon
teh enemy's flank with terrific effect
by arriving suddenly at high speed in
its armored barsre, from the direction
of Odessa. " " k
In the meantime the marines are
somewhere in northern Russia, and
should be heard of first from there.
Twenty Years in the Pen for the In
cendiary; Leader of the
I . W. W.
.' (Associated Press)
Chicago, Aug. 31. William D.
Haywood, secretary-treasurer of the
I. W. W. organization, was sentenced
yesterday by Judge Landis to twenty
years' imprisonment and $20,000 fine.
Ten-year sentences in Leavenworth
penitentiary were imposed on thirty
three of the organization's leaders,
five were given five-year sentences
and thirty three years and a day; on
twelve, ten-day sentences. The cases
against two others 'were continued.
All sentences were on four counts in
the indictment and run concurrently.
Fines ranging from twenty thousand
dollars on Haywood , and his chief
aides down to five thousand dollars
were imposed. Ninety days are grant
ed in which, to file a bill of excep
tions and seven days stay in which to
petition for bail. :' '
Monday, September 2nd, being a
legal holiday, the Ocala postoffice
will close except for one hour, from
8 to 9 a. m.
The tsamp and general delivery
windows will be open. One delivery
of city mail will be made in the aft
ernoon. All mail will be boxed and
dispatched. No rural delivery will be
made that day. V v
Robt. F. Rogers. P. M
A light, well built and very hand
some paneled delivery body, with cab,
curtains, cowl dash and front doors,
all complete for installing on either
Maxwell j or Ford. Never been used.
Will sell for half factory cost. Apply
at Maxwell Agency, Ocala, Fla. 27-6t
Fiercest of Fighting on the
Vesle Front
s: mm, oun : isd 0:1 the li::e "to
Fcr.:.! dm
With American Army in France,
Aug.v 31. (Reuters Agency) Be
tween the Ailette and the Aisne and
far southeastward along the .line of
the Vesle, the battlefield is one vast
panorama of fire. Here the Germans
are offering the most desperate re
sistance since the issue in this sector
has a graver strategic 'bearing than
anywhere else, along. the whole front.
The American troops in, the center are
still .fighting to clear the ravfcies be
fore them. There has been 'no close
fighting in these valleys as yet.
Washington, Aug. 31 The , Ameri
can troops' brigaded with the French
and 1 British are being withdrawn as
rapidly as . possible to join the First
American Field Army under General
Pershing, General March told the
Senate , military committee at t the
weekly, conference today. Gen. March
threw no new'light on the part the
Americans are playing in the present
offensive. '' " : .V : ..
(Official Rulings 8-28-18) Vf ;
, General Rulings V
. 1. Effective Sept. 1, the food ad
ministration has provided for the pre
paration and marketing by manufac
turers and distributing trades of the
country of a mixed flour, complying
with the international policy 20 per
cent, substitutes and 80, per cent,
wheat), which will be available for
purchase by private consumers or
2. Where straight wheat 1 flour is
sold by retailers at the ' same time
20 per cent of other cereal flour must
be sold coincidentally. ' '.
3. All baker's bread shall contain
20 per cent of other cereals, . and
households shall mix at least 20 per
cent of substitute cereals for all uses
in the home.
4. Corn meal for the use of corn
bread should be purchased separately
from wheat flour so that the sale of
corn meal for corn bread will not
measure against or be used as a cov
ering for wheat flour under the per
centages named.
i 5. : All mixed flours, conforming to
the percentages named and in accord
ance with the following regulations
shall . be labeled "Victory , Mixed
Flour," and the ingredients in the or
der of their proportion and their' per
centages, shall also be plajmly marked
on original . mill packages. Such
mixed flour must be milled in accord
ance, with the standards of the U. S.
Food Administration.. : . ' 7 y
6. No mixed flour (except pancake
flour) shall be made or manufactured
exceptiin the exact proportion as out
lined below:
a." Mixed wheat and barley flour
shall be in proportion of four pounds
of wheat flour to one pound of barley
flour. '
v b. Mixed wheat and corn' flour
shall , contain the proportion of four
pounds of wheat flour to one pound of
corn flour.
c. Mixed wheat, barley and corn
flour shall contain the proportion of
eight pounds of wheat' flour to one
pound of barley and one pound of
cornflour. "-r- - '
L Mixed wheat - and rye" flour
shall contain the proportion of three
pounds of wheat flour, and not less
than two pounds of rye flour.
e. Whole wheat, entire wheat, or
graham flour, or meal, shall contain
at least 95 per cent of the wheat
7. All of the above Victory mixed
flours may be sold without substi
tutes, but at no greater price from
the miller, - wholesaler, or retailer,
than is charged for standard wheat
8. These regulations supersede
the 50-50 rule. The retailer selling
standard wheat flour is required to
VOL. 25, NO. 210
Set by President Wilson for Refis
, t tration of All Men Between ' I ; .
18 and 45
( Associated Press) ;
Washington, August 31 Thursday,
September 12th, was .set today J by
President Wilson for the registration
for the, army draft of al men between
eighteen, and forty-five," not alretdy
registered 6ri . in the service.'';
In a : proclamation issued imme di- '
ately after singing the manpower ) Jill '
in which the president. fixe(T the tame,"
he declared "It's a call - to duty j ; to
which every true man will resptod 1
with;pride.V; , - '
The hours of registration - will be
from seven -o'clock in the morning, to
nine o'clock in the evening. It is ei ti
mated that thirteen million nien inl!
register. Those without dependents,
in good health, will be taken first.:'
. Washington, August 31 Enlisted
men in the army granted commissions
as second lieutenants at Camp Dodife,
Iowa, include John Bowyer, Leesbui'g,
Fla.; Everett Bovol, Cocoa, Fla., and
W. M. Pitts, Frink, JTa, ' , ;
; (Associated ' PressH ( '
Washington, August . 3L Showers
about the middle of next; but other
wise generally fair with normal tem
peratures, is the forecast for tlie
coming week for the southeasteim
states.' ' t-'.-: j ' : . ' i-x
carry in stock either, barley ; floor, .
corn meal or corn flour, and with er
ery sale of wheat flour, must sell a
combination of some one -or more if
these in the proportion of one pound
substitute to -. each four pounds uT
wheat flouf.. : ; ; f ,
9. No dealer shall force any other
substitute in combination upon tlie .
consumer, and these substitutes must
conform to standards fixed by the U. '
S. Food Administration. , !
' 10. In localities where other sn
stitutes are available, which retailejrs
may wish to carry in order to metst
local conditions, the following flows :
may also be sold in such, combination
in lieu of the above rules, if the con
sumer so demands at the rate of oite
pound substitute tu, f our pounds of.
wheat flour. .These additional option
al substitutes under tiiis rule will bi:
Kaffir flour, milo flour, peterita flour .
and meal, rice flour, oat flour, peanut
flour, bean flour, potato flour, sweet
potato flour and buckwheat flour.
lL Pure rye flour or meal may l
sold as a substitute, but must be sold
in proportion of at least two' pounds
of rye with three pounds of wheat
flour. : .
' .12. Farmers' v Certificates, after
Sept. 1st, will be rescinded in the
state of Florida, and under this rul
ing no further certificates will be al
lowed or will be required for pur
chases by farmers, or for transmittal
by retailers to wholesalers in com
pliance with these rulings.
Rules for Bakers .
Rule la. "The, consumption cf
wheat flour in bakery products not to
exceed 70 per cent of the 1917 con
sumption" is hereby rescinded.
Rule 2a. Wheat flour substitute
for bakers remain as heretofore with
the exception of rye, which will be a '
(Concluded on Fourth Page)

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