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"Westward the Star QfcEmpire takes its Way."
VOLUME 1? HUMBER XI? .
MAJlSVTLiiE, KA2STSAJ9, SATTJDjTT, JUNE ?85 1862-
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THE BIG BLUE UNION,
18 rUKHHED XTXmT SATUKDAT XOWttHQ.
G. D. SWEARINGEN, Proprietor.
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JN0. P. CONE,
Editor awd Publisher,
One who has been in battle and who
desires to satisfy 'the curiosity of those
who desire to know hew men unaccastorn-
- ed to stand fire, felt when uder it, says :
I do not suppose I hart much physical
or moral courage, but the sensations under
fire, judgingfrom ray experience, are dif
ferent from what I expected.
A reasoning man at first feels alarmed,
and his impulse is to ran away, and if he
has no reason to stand ho probably does
run, but at each exposure he grows less
timid, and after hearing cannister and
grape about his ears a dosen times, he be-
gins to think he is not destined to be hurt.
He still feels uneasy perhaps, bat the
danger becomes faciaating, and though he
don't wish to be hit, he likes to have nar
row escapes, and so voluntarily places him
self in a position where he can incur snore
After a little while he begins to reason
about the matter, reflects upon the Doc
trine of probabilities, and how much pow
der and lead is necessarily wasted before a
man is killed or womndei.
Why shomld he be, he thinks, so much
more unlucky than Many other people, and
a eon ean hear the whining of bullets with
a tolerable degree of equnimity, though he
involuntarily dodges or tries to dodge the
cannoi balls or shells that go howling
around his immediate neighborhood.
In the afternoon he, is a very different
creature from what he was in the morning,
'and involuntarily smiles to see "a man be
tray the same trepidation which ha him
self exhibited a few hours before.
.The more he is exposed to fire the fet
ter he can bear it, and the timid being of
to-day is the hero of to-morrow, and he
who runs from danger on the first battle
field, will run into it on the next, andeonrt
the haxzard he onoe so dreaded.
Thiseeurage, as it is styled, is little
more than eastern, and they learn to des-
,,pise who has often threatened without
jeaisiijg.them harm. If wounded, they
, . Jearn wounds are less painful to hear than
they had sstpposed, and then the doctrine
of probabititisa teaches them onoe more
they are leas liable to he wounded again.
'JSotbe snewfcl process gees W until the
'"nerves beoeoaeby degrees the1 subjectsef
will, and he eary feats who has not the will
" Tfca rAitarittMi it in. and the Un-
Ion as it was," is the favorite ,motto of the
Northern Secesh. By "tie Constitution
' hie,' they mean 'the right to -hold and
"iesi BlaWj andTtheUsB6nis it was,"
'fa'tothe happVdays' when Slavery rul-
3 4dtha1aa.f and 8Mhofder8 and 'rufians
'f?trUedthe G6veWment.--'rFA)t' Claud
'" It is reported that the.de vil, in.co'mpli-
ajsent to the rebel women, has concluded to
, iacstrcirf his broaches and wear petticoats.
"ON TO FREEDOM 1"
bi a. J. n. Duojurex.
Therehaa been the cryT SAttS
another cry, " On to .lagland V Better than eiiner (u uw
c,CtotoFreoa!-CiM SCUM. ' .
On to Freedom! OatoFreedoml
'Tis the everlasting,ery
Of the floods that strive with Ocean,
Of the storms that smite the sky,
Of the atoms in the whirlwind, '5
Of the seed beneath the ground,
Of each living thing in Nature,
That is-bound! i
Twas thecy that led fro EgypV
Through the desert wilds of Edom :
Out of Darkness out of Bondage
" On to Freedom ! On to Freedom V
Oh ! thou stony-hearted Pharaoh,
Vainly warrest though with God I
Moveless, at thy palace-portals,
Moses waits, with lifted rod!
0! thou pear barbarian, Xerles,
Vainly o'er the Pontic main
Flingest then, to curb its utterance,
Scomrge or chain I
For the cry that led from Egypt,
Orer desert wild s of Edom,
speaks alike through Greek and Hebrew:
" On U Freedom ! On to Freedom 1"
In the Roman streets, from Gracchus,
ark! I hear that cry out-swell;
In the German woods, from Herrmann ;
And oa Switier hills, from Tell!
Up fromSpartacus, the Bondman,
When his tyrants' yoke he elave;
And from stalwart Wat, the Tyler,
Still the old, old ery ef Egypt,
Struggling out from wilds of Edom,
SouDding down threagh all the ages,
" Oa to Freedom 1 On to Freedom i"
God's own mandate: "On to Freedom!'
Gospel ery of laboring Time!
Uttering still through seers and heroes
Words ef Hope and Faith sublime!
From our Sidneys and our Hampdens,
And our Washington's they come;
And we cannot, and we dare net,
Make them dumb !
'Out ef all the shames of Egypt,
Out of all the snares ef Edom,
Out of Darkness, out of Bondage
" On to Freedom ! On to Freedom 1"
Wouwded aitd Killed. It takes but
little space in the columns of the daily
papers ; but O ! what long household sto
ries and biographies are every one of
these strange names, that we read over and
forget L ' "
'Wounded and killed!" Some
reads the name to whom it is dear
and some nesrt is
the blow made by that
It's our '.
or our Tho
He wMHpPoy that I've sung
to sleep so many times in ray'armsl" says
the poor mother', bowing her head in'an
guish that cannot be uttered. n He was
my brave, noble husband, the father of my
little orphan children !" sobs the stricken
wife. " He was my darling brother, that I
loved so, that I was so proud of," murmurs
the sister, amid her tears ; and so .the ter
rible stroke ro'ls on homes throughout the
"Wounded and killed 1" Every name
in ihat list is a jightnJng stroke to seme
heart, and breaks' like thunder over soraa
home, and falls along, black shadow upon
someJheartih8tohrAr's Some Mag.
It is said that -an editor in. Glasgow
prints all his marvellous accounts of mur
ders, elopements and 'robberies on India
rublfer paper, so that Tiis readers will he
able to stretch'the "stones' to any. length
The peasant number of mail routes in
the United Spates is about seven thousand;
two thousand routes Having beenmdded un
der the new regulations of the Postofice
When isaaeye like a barrel? When it
is hinged, sn, .
WHO VIOLATES THE FEDERAL CON
The following is an extract of a speech
on the confiscation bill, lately delivered in
the U. S. Senate by the Hon. B. F. Wade.
The speech, is one of the most earnest
and trenchant that has been made upon
the subject, and was pronounced with the
vigor so; characteristic of bold Ben. Wade:
" Talk to me, sir, about violating the
Constitution! I do not like to hear it.
I haveheard too much of it ! Every man
who was here a year or two ago knows
that this same idea was inculcated then by
those who are now open traitors. They
sought to tie and fetter our limbs by the
cry of a violated Constitution, that its ene
mies miht stab it to death. There is not
a man in what are called the Confederate
States, levying arms, coercing men into
this accursed rebellion to overthrow this
glorious Constitution of ours, but harped
upon the'same string that Senators have
harped upon in this debate. The arm ef
the Constitution was too short to defend it
self from aggression. These were the
doctrines that they announced ; and then
they went off and formed an organization,
and implored foreign nations, yea, and
agreed to become the vassals of foreign
despots, if they would only aid and assist
them in overturning this Constitution of
ours. First, they claimed that we had no
constitutional power to defend the Consti
tution a very cheap way, if they could
succeed in it, to get along with their re
bellion. We mast lie right down in our
tracks, because, if we undertook to form
an army to go forth to conquer the rebell
ion, we were acting without constitutional
authority. Was not that what they harp
ed upon ? Did they not say of the Ad
ministration what Senators on the other
side of the Chamber are saying every
morning now? Did not the former col
legue of the Senator from Kentucky (Mr.
Powell) accuse the Administration of tyr
anny and despotism ? It is the old tune
that was harped upon by every traitor who
is now an open enemy to the Constitution
of the United States. They undertook to
show that the Constitution was, somehow,
do dese; that it did not contain any pow-
ted us from using any pow
ervation. Sir. these argu-
ve Gem. The following waif
in the newspapers'without the
i a bubble on ocean's rolling wave.
i a Fource of trouble and' con
gleam of sunshine pass
ing soon- away.
Love a morning dream, whose memo
ry gilds the day. . l
Faith an anchor dropped beyond the
vale of death.
Hope a lone star, beaming o'er the
barren heath. ' " '
Charity a stream meandering from the
the fount of love. ' ' ' ' 1
n Bible a guide to realms of endless joy
above. .' r-
Beligion a key bywnichthe ties of
earth are riven. '
Earth a desert through which pilgrims
wend 'their way.
'GraYe- house of rest,4 where ends
lifes weary day. f f "
'Resurrection a sudden Wakinc: from a
Heaven 4 land oTjpy,' of light and
love supreme. 4 '" l f -
n A man -might frame and lot .loose star
to roll in its orbit, and yet not have done I
so memorable i thing before God as he
who lets go a golden-orbed' thought to roll
through the generations of time. i
la a description of an enthusias&t
demonstration at a political Mteiinstma
I types say; "the sir was rent with' the
snouts of three thfjoeind people I" -
Plain Talk from a Slav State.
The war has done one good thing in this
State, (Maryland) if nowhere else' in
slave-land. It has cut the strings that tied
our tongues on the slave question, as you
will see by 'the annexed extract from the
.Cambridge (Dorchester) Intelligencer, on
the eastern shore of the Chespeake, hith
erto the Egypt of Maryland. I hope you
will reprint it, just to show the North how
.we slave State mud-sills can talk when we
get a going. Good times are coming in
this quarter, you may rely on it.
" An examination of the statistics rela
tive to the progress of tho North and
South since the formation of the Union
must convince every candid and impartial
mind of the wisdom and truth of the dec
laration of a celebrated writer, that coun
tries are not cultivated by reason of their
And now let us compare the difference
in the value of lands in the Northern and
Southern border States. In the counties
of Ohio adjoining Keatuoky,the value per
acre is $32.34; in the counties of Ken
tucky adjoining Ohio it is only $18.27 per
acre, in tne seven counties of Pennsyl
vania bordering on Maryland, consisting
of Chester, Lancaster, York, Adams,
Franklin, Bedford and Somerset, the aver
age value per acre is $56.31 ; in the sev
en counties of Maryland bordering on
Pennsylvania, consisting of Cecil, Hart
ford, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Wash
ington and Alleghany, the average value
per acre is only $44.17. Cash value of
farms in the former, $100,714,082 ; in the
latter, only $46,529,371. The farther we
recede from Maryland border, and get in
to those counties where slaves are most
numerous, the difference is still more strik
ing, the average value per acre ii St. Ma
ry's, Calvert and Charles being only $24.
29. If we run a like comparison between
any other free and slave State on the bor
der, the same humiliating result is pre
sented. Fellow Mudsills: Ponder over the
above facts and calmly investigate the
cause. See if you cannot solve the rea
son why the South thus lags ' behind the
North, though they both started from the
same premises. There is surely some
cause. What is it ? It is not our climate ;
for in this regard we are more highly fa
vored than any ether region on earth. It
is net our soil ; for it is especially adapted
to and yields in abundance almost every
agricultural product that enters into com
merce. It is not the want of navigable
streams; for we have more 'noble rivers
than any arear of territory of the same ex
tent on the faco of the globe. What, then,
is this anaconda thus entwining his coils
around th'e body-politic and retarding our
progress, if it is not the woolly-headed ne
gro? He is the. nightmare that is hang
ing like an incubus over our agricultural,
commercial and manufacturing interests.
And you all know it Would to Heaven
you had the moral courage to openly avow
it, advocate it and agitate it, in defiance of
the jeers tf personal, friends or the scorn
of political enemies. When God made
man in his imazo he intended that hei
should be a man, and not a cringing, fawn
ing toad-eater. Let us all sink the toady
in the man, and dare to advocate the in
terests of the white man, no matter: who
threatens or blusters. For half a,century
the negro has controlled the countrj. Xot
us resolve that for the next half aceitury,
atleakit shall 'be controlled , by the white
man. xne power u m our jgraipj if we
- an. - r " mm.
twill enly avail ourselvetu tfrk. ; jSiOfel-
ling traitors will cry; W'iaooHtitmiit,
and.milk-and-wate'r Unionist, who carry
their pataietkm ntttir.gocketaj may echo
the ery. Bit; - tin., ioftead c of deterring,
ahould animate jM wreiewod energy and
determinatieswr Every, interest of enlight
ened BTgreti ii appealing to us for muse-
diate action. Shall we heed that appeal?
If so, then let us grasp the 'banner of
tmancipation, aid never weary of our la
bors until we have planted hi standard an
the capitol of every commonwealth in the)
8onb, ' Mtmsiw.-
Artenma an Toaeta.
Artemus If ard being promt at a ot lo
cation and exhibition, was called upon
for a speech, when he replied in "A toot
to thephaic sex :, Ladies, ;is I turnin to
the beautiful femails whose presents waj
perphumin the fare growid, I hope you're
enjoyin yourselves on this oceashui, aid
thot leminaid and ize wotter ov which yo
air drinkin, may not go agin you. May
you alters be as fare as the eon, as bright
as the moon, and as butiful as an army
with Union flags also plenty of good
close to ware.
Ti yure sex commonly kawled the
phair seks we are indetted for our bornii,
as well as many uther blessin in theses le
grown of sorro. Sum poor sperroted foolt
blaim yire seeks for the difikulty in the
garden ; but I kiew men air a desetfulset,
and when the appels had bekum plum ripe
1 have no dewt but Adam would have rig
ged a scyder press, and like as not went
onto a big bust and bin driv erf enawa,
Yure 1st muther was a lady and all her
dawters is ditto, aid non but i lefii kiiw
will say a word aginyu. Hopin that 10
waive of trubbel may ever ride akross yir
peaceful brests, I konklude these remark
with the following centyment :
Woman -She is a good egg.
A traveler stopped at a farm house for
the purpose ot getting his dinner. Dis
mounting at the front door he knocksd,
but received no answer. Going to the eth
er side of the house, he found a little
white-headed man in the embrace of hie
wife, who had his head under her arm,
and with her other she Was giving her lord
a pounding. Wishing to put an eid to the
fight, our traveler knocked ei the side ef
the house and cried out in a loud voice :
" Hallo, here', who keeps this house ?"
The hasband, though much out of breath,
answered : " Stranger, that's what we axe
trying to decide I"
An Albany barber having an intem
perate man to shave on Sunday, begged
him to keep his mouth shut as it was a
punishable offence to open a " nut hole"
on the Sabbath.
A young lady appeared in male attire In
Baltimore, and one of I the editors says
that her disguise was so perfect that she
might have'passed for a man " had she a
little more modesty." f
An emigrant to Port Natal, writing hem
to one of his friends, says : ! We are get
ting en finely here, and'have7 already' laid
the foundation ef i large jail."
To win the regard of some people, give
your hand to assist, them along; to gain the
respect of others, help then oi with your
Wadsworth caitiais a stidtomi 'friend
against "growing-'doable," bit the girls
think it the best thing a young man can
Swinging is said by the doctors to he)
good exercise for the health, bit rpliy sj
poor wretch has come to his death by it
Why should Government be exclusively
eosjunitted to women? Because there
would be no mal(e) adaiinietratioa
What character in 8oriptire had neither
father ner mother? -Jeehie, the sen ef
If a young woman's disposition is fin
powder, the sparks should bo kept awsy
If ym would take siap judgment oa a
thief, set a dog on hist. u
A reberieader upei he scaffold wotld
be the ii-nsjiisai i