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THE BIG' BLUE UNlONi
JOHN P. CONE, EDITOR. MABTSVILLE, KANSAS, i t Saturday, Jnly 26, 1862. - ADJOURNMENT OP CONGRESS. After a session of something more than seven months the second session of the thirty-seventh .Congress adjourned on Thursday the 17th instant. At the sess ion just closed, Congress has done a re markable amount of work has perfected more good measures has made an ad vancement in those subjects pertaining to the peoples' welfare which challenges the .industry and watchfulness of a long liDe of its.predecessors. It has legislated for the whole pountry, the West has received a large share of attention. Surrounded hy questions and duties continually arris ing relative to the war, it would be natu ral to suppose that its proceedings would not inso great a measure refer to the civil affairs of the country ; hampered by the traitors, who still remained, the agents of the accursed rebellion, it would seem that its action would often be turbulent and un dignified ; hut not so. It was not only ex empt from those disgraceful scenes which have' so abounded heretofore, but tended jealously -and carefully the interests of civil life and the progressive and impor tant questions aiFecting the whole country. Among the many beneficial and impor tant measures we here mention a few : The Free Homestead Act. The, pacific Railroad and telegraph line. " The act abolishing slavery in the Dis trict of Columbia. The Prohibition of Slavery in all the Territories of the Union. The act confiscating and emancipating the slaves of rebels. The actto regulate trade and intercourse with, the Indian tribes, and preserve peace on theFrohtiers. To establish a branch mint at Denver City, Colorado Territory. The Tax Bill, Agricultural and. Mechanical College Bill, the revision of the Supreme Court Judicial Districts. We hope that it may be succeeded by Xnany more as efficient ones. Newspaper Quarrels. The "war" ipirit seems to exist to a considerable ex tent among the newspapers in this State, for nearly all of our Republican brethren of the quill, if they have not committed any really " overt "act, have at least had a war of words with evident , intent, afore thought and malice." The Leavenworth Conservative and White Cloud Chief have disagreed; the latter and the Topeka Record have had quite a spat ; the two Lawrence papers always are, we believe on terms' that are anything but friendly. But the Topeka papers have beat them all. they have raked open al1 the C old sores" "with perfect recklessness and satisfaction, haveicast up mire and dirt to such an ex tent as to subject Topeka, we should sup pose, to labor under a perfect cloud and atmosphere of mud and.corruptionfor the nexttsix months to come. In regard to this last " engagement,'-' the Junction City Union advised that the parties be patted ob the back, and encouraged to do their best, their prettiest, their dn sfc until a thorough purification was effected. Nor do we-p.ropose to offer any " interference" remediation" at this time : a thorough, understanding, a hearty confession etc. are .all gopa for the soul. But if they are not dono with these quarrels yet we hope they soon will be, for there is a large amoun t of work to be' done in the succeeding three months, and to accomplish which there is need bf a Strong, united front. A true and honest man for Governor is to be se lected, and his claims canvassed before the people prior to the election, as also the oth er officers ,,of the State ticket. A Repre sentative to Congress to be elected, all this requiring tho united efForis of the loyal Unioa people and Republican Press. As the White.Clqud Chief says, " the Secess ion jarty kfcthe State is preparing to make ja'hYrd'.fightarid they look with extreme deligHtfupdn the prospect of a division in the Republicam ranks." The RenuSHcans of Maine hare made hefojlowingnomiiatipix: For oTernor, Abuer Coburn ; for Congress, third dis trict, Jamw .13taejf JHUstrict, Fred rick A. Pike. , al" . . j fifeoerity is the parent of truth. ' RAILROAD MEETING. The citizens of Marshall County are re quested to meet in-Mass Convention in the City of Marysville, on Saturday, thb 9th OF August, .at 2 o'clock, P.M., to take .consideration the Railroad interests of this County, and to appoint delegates to a general Convention to be held at Troy, in Doniphan County, on the 20th of August. A full attendance is requested, a business affecting every man s interest will be brought before the Convention. Many Citizens. The above is a call for -a Railroad Con vention to be held in this place on the 9th pros, to elect delegates to'attend a general convention at Troy in Doniphan county, on the 20th of August. The counties of Doniphan, Brown, Nemaha, Marshall and .Washington are vitally interested in this move, and if we are correct in our im pression this is a preparatory step towards selecting men for the Legislature, who will attend faithfully, earnestly and honestly in that body to the interests of their con. stituents. It is a notorious fact that the railroad interest of the northern counties in this State has been shamefully repre sented in the Legislature, by men who neg lected or ignored the trust reposed in them by the people who sent them. And it is now time if these counties wish to derive any benefit from one of the branches to the Pacific Road, to elect men who are ful ly alive to the subject men of ability, who will have not only the brain to perceive but the integrity and honesty and will, at all hazards, to resist every attempt to wrest from them their only hope for a Road through the northern tier of counties in Kansas. Heretofore, men have been elected upon purely party principles, but now is the time in our national affairs when we can all afford to lay aside strict party ties, and the importance of our local interests demands unity of action. Elect true Union men, who have never had a taint of secessionism upon their garments, men who will guard well the interests of their constituents. The State Senators elected next Fall will have a vote in electing a TJ, S. Senator, and the question is, whether the people of the northern comities are alire to the im: portance of selecting and electing Mem bers who, when the time arrives for choos ing the U. S. Senator, will vote for a man whose interest is identified .with their in terest, and is magnanimous and indepen dent enough to legislate for the people of the-whole State, and not for one town or locality to the exclusion of all others. "We notice in the Missouri Democrat of the 15th inst. an article begging and im ploring the Kansas Legislature not to grant the power to the H. & St. J. R. R. to build a branch road direct from St. Jo seph to the main trunk of the Pacific Road, and concludes by saying that if the the Legislature doss, not one passenger or pound of freight will go over the Kan sas Valley Road. Now this is a very can did admission for the Editor of the Demo crat to make, but the truth is and St. Lou is sees it, that a road from St. Joseph to the main trunk of the Pacific Road can be made at least one hundred miles nearer than up the Kansas Valley where the main trunk commences. And for a Jour nalist of another ';State to be dictating to our Legislature what they shall do, and what they shall not do, upon railroad sub jects, comes with very bad grace indeed. The writer shows his ignorance of Kan sas affairs or has made willful misrepre sentations. Hear what he says : "People of Kansas ! If by any inducement you are led to give your consent to the Hender son amendment, rest assured that you not only forever preclude all hope of a Kansas road to I the Pacific, but you Trill not even Lavs a local road along the beautiful valley of the Kansas. Consent to the extension of theH. &SL Jo. R re, fo as to pass cut of your State along its northern boundary to connect with a Nebraska road, and you build up, instead of a tributary a rival, to ypur own Kansas Valley road ; a ri val that will crush it; that Trill effectually de stroy it as a Pacific read, even if it permit it to os uuuij ivtcu as i liit-io lutui. iuuu, n riai wnicn win wm oe so mucn more direct tnat not a single passenger or pound of freight will ev er pass over the Pacific road to or from the Pa. cific." Oh I the dear people of Kansas, don't consent to the Henderson amendment, for if you do you injure the interests of St. Louis ; this is the meaning of the article m tne Democrat. Agtin, the people of bt Lout?, and particularly' the writer in the Democrat, flou'f believe that anybody lives in Kansas except along the valley of the KaV; but if 'we can read the signs of the times we fear they will discover their mistake by tho action of the next Le islature of our State."' 'Let the people in Doniphan, Brown, Nemaha, Marshall and Washington, before they vote for mem bers of the Legislature, see that every candidate is pledged to this Railroad pro ject, and the adoption of the Henderson amendment by our Legislature. Let there bo a good turn oufat the meet ing here ; and especially at the one in Troy.- Let every county interested in this movement ba present by her delegates, and we for one will not fear the result. Open Confession. The Chicago Tri bune says. T2x-Gov. Med'ary, of Ohio, made a speech in defense of the Buchan an and Floyd democrats the other day at Columbus, in which ho endeavored to de fend this party from the charge of treason, and was telling of some things they did not do. Liftiug his voice to a hoarse howl, he said: "They don't steal." After this declaration he paused and shook, himself like an old bear, and tho thought seemed to be struggling in him with terrible pow er, and that perhaps a few instances could be named in which democrats had stolen. Presently the tension of his muscles relax ed, his head drooped, and in a sad low voice he added, dropping suddenly the par tisan in the philosopher, " any more than is incident to imperfect human nature." Having thus relieved himself, he plunged his grizzly muzzle into a pitcher and drank like a horse. Now we never thought be fore that moment that Medary was as, hon est as he ought to be. But thero must be a thick stratum of honesty in a man, who, by mere force of conscience, on the spur of the moment, puts such a philosophical amendment to a partizan proposition. "We can only say that the " imperfect human nature" of the great democratic leaders, Buchanan, Floyd, Matteson, Fer nando Wood and others, seems to have a good deal of that kind of " incident." Kansas Wool. Geo. M. Harvey, writing from Wabaunsee county to the Leavenworth Conservative, says : I see in your paper of the 12th of June last, I think it was, an account of the weight of a fleece of wool cut from a year ling buck, the property of a citizen of Os kaloosa, Jefferson county, in this' Stale, which weighed 9 lbs. My object in troubling 'you at this this time is to give you the weights of some fleeces of wool clipped in this settlement from the flock of Mr. Samuel Cripps : he cut from a year- r i. i 1.1 u. i i lir"ma , I ling buck 16J lbs. of clean washed Wool, Jr , i . , . ., i and from ewes witn lambs by their sides, ! nl ,, . . , J ,. ' , 9 lbs. Tne wool is of the finest qual ty i p t t. tit i. v i ui ncutuiucimu; iub uiippmg was aone about the middle of last month. I did not see the wool weighed, but have a statement of the weights from Jehu Hodgson, Esq., sheriff of this (Wabaun see) county, who weighed the wool, and on his veracity I give the figures. Sheep growing is decidedly the business for Kan sas farmers to engage in. TnE President and Mr. Bedpath. The Washington correspondent of the Springfield .Republican relates the follow ing as the best thing he has heard of the President : James Bedpath came to tell the Presi dent that Geffrard, President of Hayti, would send a white minister to this coun try if Mr. Lincoln especially desired it. " Hayti is so grateful," said Redpath, for her recognition at your hand, that he was authorized to 6ay that if you desired it as a favor, a white minister should be sent in stead of a colored one. Of course Havti prefers to s"end one of her own children hut she will be generous even to prejudice against color!" Mr, drolly in his chair and you can teil'Mr. Jcffrard mv shirt if h dnc ecn 0, i,. r i j wt. wuu uv-iu licit : Isn't that reply Lincolnish through and throujrh ? v- tT" n m. iS Ames of the Recext Battles. Tho ' following are the nsmes which seem to be ' assigued to the recent battles in front of xi' T, A Thursday, June 26 Battle of Mechan icsville. Friday, June 27 Battle of Gaines Mill. Saturday, June 28 Battle of Chicka hominy. Sunday, June 29 Battle of Peach Or- enard ; battle of Savage's Station Monday, June 30 Battle of White Qak Swamp; battle of White Oak Creek ; battle of Charles City Cross Eoads. Tuesday, July 1 Battto of Turkey Bend. - The Leavenworth Conservative says the number of contrabands in that city ia lr I -500. The Monro Doctrine. As this famous poetical doctrine, abovt which so much has been said of late years, may yet have to be applied in the case of the French intervention in Mexico, our readers will be glad to have their memo ries refreshed with its preeise statement. The statement of the so-called doctrine oc curs in the message of President Monroe to Congress in December, 1823, and is as follows : " The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future col onization by any European power ; and, while existing rights should be respected, the safety and interest of the United States require them to announce that no future colony or dominion, shall, with their consent, be planted or established on any part of the North American continent." With regard to this doctrine, Mr. Sew ard, in a speech delivered in the Senate on January 26; 1853, said explicitly : " I am willing to declare myself oppos ed radically opposed opposed at all times, now, henceforth and ' forever op posed, at the risk of all hazards and con sequences, to any design of any State or States on this continent." President Lincoln is not on record in any of his speeches or writings either for or against the main'enance of this doctrine. Niggers vs. White Mex. The fol lowing is a specimen of current literature : " Possibly," says the Louisville Journal, " white folks may be able to get some lit tle legislation out of Consress after the nigger has been duly served." This is the sort of stufF we sec in print daily, and is very frequently said in earn est, by even such sensible papers as the Louisville Journal. Slavery has shown itself to be a curse wherever it exists, and an incubus upon the energies, enterprise, intelligence, and moral and social prog ress of the ppople who dwell in its midst. This Congress has taken long strides to wards eradicating the evil which has al- j most destroyed the country, and which has brutalized one-third of the population. If a municipal government, during the prev alence of small-pox, should pas? an ordi nance compelling the citizens to be vaccin nated, would it be called legislation in fa vor of the small-pox ? or would it be for the public benefit ? In the midst of a sea- 1 SOn Of VfilInW-fiVr olinlprn nv ntTiao nnJ. i u i ' , ,. . . demic, when cities pass laws obliging the onT,i frt .. j- r . 3 PeoPle t0 employ disinfecting agents, and tn toT.A n, to take other precautionary measures, wW nu i, i. u. p .i r i j l wou,d De thought of the fool or dem- affogue, who should keep up a continual bleating against theso measures, as being legislation for the epidemic, to the neglect of the eitizens ? This is precisely the po sition of the Slavery question. White Cloud Chief. The savs : the er " Leav Conservative of the 19th '-i- '-is made no application to t to arm negroes. Oth Kd a black regiment Tpect a favorable to tilt o reply. Gen. tasked for more troops. The demand for them is very ur gent. We have a large territory to de fend and very few troops to do it with. The Indians are making a general risin in the West, and more troops are needed to put them down. Gen. Blunt will not use our troops in the popular business of, guarding secesh. onion patches, Dut for the public purpose of holding every fJot of soil now in our possession. If he fails to rcceive reinforcements, he will assume the Kansas. tvu r r? i ZI John W.Forney says the President is ady to accept the services nf n loi , mi. Il - iU."' men. Iften the war is at an ,! -nr ' J e, tour n"I,,ons. loyal allies in the , i cur"8 lntormation, to u ui u3, iu iijjm lor us. The Govern-' i ment is now ready to allow ihem to be for ' me union, anereiore1 we harA f-nrl ' in every rebel household thnr. n shall no longerbc killed frii .koU ,. V 11 t 1 1 ... . ""'BJI ore wc slaughtered by wholesale bridge-burnings i If Corinths are to be evacuated we shall Know it; H ajnanasaas is to be defended ' it must be by something' more formidable ihnn Qnntar arnna fl?k j - o -? ca ia neaj certain. Conservative. and Iti estimate that thar are now on f arlongh fifty thoutaid tilited men, most of whom are in a conditiwi to rejoin their regiments. ' Is therenof abmething wrong in this, at this time when their country so much needs their services ? . Lincoln turned responsiDuuy oi arming ail men who are 8ive m ms iaiK ot Republicans, designa- renlied " Well i wi,,ln t0 fi?ht for the Union. Milk and ,' ting m as ." nier worshippers," pro- tnat l snan t tear i . ..M , .. 4cuanment or .i . , , . . 'WafPflS nnL'nnn-n tn lh T- .. . . r ",u"'"' vi '"nn cuUttlllV. tV,C.. CiC. 13. ".2.N3E"' ure of. other matteruponour columns m are obliged to omit our usual amount ot news and telegraph dispatches this week. However, they are not of very exciting i terest or importance. We give but a short summary: ? Gen. Curtis' army in their, mircli from the interior of Arkansas to Helena 1 on the Mississippi were much harrassed by the enemy, but wherever the rebels stood in force our troops easily whipped them, Hindman issued a special proclam ation to every man in the region, begging n j him to march at once to interceptour armyrn but the response does not appear to have been general. All our sick and wounded were safely brought away, and the army is now in good trim. In one skirmish$pr2 Texas regiments were routed, and 110 of them killed ; our loss, 5 killed and 47 " wounded. It is reported that Price hast crossed the -Mississippi into Arkansas wiib- -the intention of joining Hindman and P making an attack on Curtis. By order of Gov. Gamble the wholo Missouri State Militia under Brig. Gen. Schofield has been called out, for the pur- pose of exterminating the guerrilla baftd , which infest the State. By this order evl ery able-bodied man in the State legally qualified to bear arms is subject to duty., The Kentucky guerrilla rascal, Mor- gan, who lately took Cynthiana, Ky., has been driven from the place after a severe fight of an hour and a half. Jtfost of the stolen property all of the cannon and hor ses were recaptured. Our loss 20 ment his, 25. A navil engagement came off on tho, 15th between the rebel iron-plated ram ) Arkansas and several Federal sjunboats in- the Yazoo and Mississippi rivers 10 miles above Vicksbunr. Result escape of the rebel boat to Vicksburg where she laid herself up under the batteries for pro 'tcction. Our loss is given at 27 men. their's not knowD. To all appearances, it was a piece of consummate heedlessness on the part of our forces in .letting the boat escape. ?.Iaj-Gen . Halleck has been called.to Washington, and put in chief command of all the armies cf the Union. This does not affect Gens. McC'cIlan and Pope, who retain their present position. War meetings are being held through cut the loyal States and enlistments arego on rapidly and there is no doubt that the 300,000 men called for will be promptly raised. General Si gel. The Harper's Ferry correspondent of the Boston Transcrip't says of Gen. Sigel : He is a man of mark, and his counte nance indicates great energy and resolu tion. When asked if he was a family man, he laughed and said, " Oh, yes, my family is very large ; I have thousands of chil dren." He said much about the war, which, perhaps, it is not prudent for me to transcribe. At any ratp, I havo not his authority for so doing. He made some spoit of our trunks, and said if we ladies went with him, he should only allow us three dresses one black, one middling color, and one white. He talks English fluently, but has a slight German accent, which only makes it pleasanter to listen to him. tie never carried books with him, he remarked, as he always found some new work to read wherever he went. , Sometimes it was a production of Theo dore Parkers, or on spiritualism, or a new novel; and added that he wished he could make books. We thought it was better r us at P"36!11 that he could command armie3. Oxe or 'Em. The man inthe city of Chicago who is the most blatant and abu- we are told by good authorilv. the father ui - i&i uve cnnaren by a negro wo- ' mt11 not a yellow woman, but a regular African, with all the peculiarities of her ',., a - a :. l:...ji.. ..- :-r . . uu u is milieu uy uui iuiuiiuui k. c.x. t-n .... .. .ij : slavery by their father, though their, raoth- er was free. Of such are the secession Democracy, Chicago Tribune. buchasas asb nis rua.AiT. mine Buchanan was President tho Pottstowar Bank came into existence, and out of com- Pliment to tim tfae notes contalned' his P.rtrait - Bufc of lat.e the ban "' jrq- 5 manJ' " aoies wittt tne word.5 " traitor" " Juda? scMio" &c. inscribed under the portrait, that it has' re solved to call in all the notes'- bearin? the I likeness and re-isstfe ne ones'. It must be dons-to abate a nuisance. The Stockton (Cal.) Independent ef June 7th, says the shipment of copper ore from Copperopolis to Stockton avera ges 30 tun3 per day, at 3 per tun. The ore Eells at $109 per tun. The News. On account of the utm..- Y f Je .'3 ?