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r qc4 K ? X, Gil n .- sir' '-- -.' T1f- " JPSiK .' -uif"-2?pf .twseeEis-V -r; k vo W vi , 'i flii iteilfcH! H , .-n-1 0 4 " CS .U-W" "-'V -' .0 .1 & xt . ; --- " , r-rp" ' - - ". V A .,- ",., -.. " iB------M-HB9MaiHBHBHHHBaRNRal - - V i .T ' . ' r-!l 4 I -- rs BY 'EDKlk C. MATING. K0 f bL W5ard"ilie CcrasQf mpfreS.-bg Way J &ai " . . .. ' lyOLIJME IO;"JStUMBERk -' .-.. E- .rnii "i J : a v ::..io,a w im ;. 9aT Jgjtf :a j , , , .' Wg : j ; v ' '- ""rifir'!' v, -. ia.3t.ij;.u.ii. ' . I;? ry 'v--!- APRi:Li 23, 1864- 1 ,r- i-J Vn -v . .. I , u - N: ; . , -i n j a . ; - ' , :.lU"V.v1 t? .. .. -" - . .. i Hllste BLIIl. v rv --- mv - u - l - m i THE BIG, BLUE UNION, IS PCEMSUED EVEUT SATEBDAY MOEXIXG. At 2arysvilUx 3fars7iall County, Kansas TEHMS OF SUUSCIILBTION. 0-ecepy one year, cash in ndvance, vr" Ooacopy, payauu.ui.iia . ,,.., v. r.n f!omes.-onc year, , 10.00 j Ul -., I, .-;.. U- -.---, til r.ii Aa extra copy to tho getter up of a club of fea. RATES OF ADVERTISING. n-,tnvp fi rsi insertion -t .......... 31.00 UE31"-"' ' . t if. " ( , J -i -- p..v PMhseuent insertion :." -50 early advertisements inserted on very hber- terms. jpB yTouk, loac Tritfa dispatch, an'd in tlifc latest siyk of th. gSrPayient required. for 11 Job Work on delivery. l Communications.- or matters relating to fi. business of the office, flhou'3 be addressed to E. C. MANNING, Publisher. nsines$ aris.fffa-- ;.D.Bramlausli- J.W.Bollinger BRUS-BA-TG-I i1SOl.ILir.GEa, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, jurysviUe,JSarsliaU County Kansas; ,'.1 practice in alltlio Courts of tho Second Judicial tial -' tin Kansas, ami in the Courts ot the -ccund Juilicw DtnctinXtbra.ka. they will give jurt.cular attention jianuL'taj-cafor non-re.iJents in Northern Eiiii-as and wthirn Xihraaka. Claiia collectedonrcu-ouablo teraib Mil procteils promptly remitted. " - BYRON SHBRRT. f) 'j' ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Striata. Ktr.ia.ha Counlit, Kan.6 -- . . , J. P. TAYLOit, v ATTORNEY AT LAW, Seneca, - Nemaha CeUuty, - Kansas. JAMES S. MA GILL, ATTORNE9LAW, NOTARY 3UELIG, Aud Geiieri-l Cotiectirt Asent, Jtarysvitlc, Marshall County- Kansas, "Will practice i-i the Courts of Marshall, Nc naha, and Brown, iithe Second Judicial Dis trict; and Pottawatomie, Riley, and Davis, in il: Third Judicial District. Particular attention paid to the adjustment lad collecting of daims'against the Government. Collections carclully attended to and proceeds promptly remitted. vn20-ly II C. IITVK1VS, J vs. S. Mwui, Mar. 3 ille, l.ausa?. HAWKINS & MAGILti Itiorxeys and Counsellors 'Will devote themselves exclusively to the practice of their profession in all the Courts of ita Second Judicial District, and in th(kSupreme Court of State: will make cUlctna IfStcralT ml remit promptly, l'ost Office address, , "4 Marjsville, Marshall C.., or Troy, Doniphan Co., iCans.is. v2n20 IiV OFST-CK A5D H113L.ITAKY COLLECTING AGENCY. J. D. Brumbau: lb. ILL give particular attention to ad demands against the Government, claim in a! 5 departments, and particularly those grow ls out of the present war will obtain pack rv arrears aud bounty- money for those enti xl under the late acta of Congress will also 5-tan pensions for widows or heirs of deceas 'JselJicrs. L wrr'r:'i!'!Psi SE?i -.--- ., MARrSVILLE, KANSAS, OP on Walnnt strest, in East Marysville. ?0rJous wishing work done in his line will find 5 to their advantage to give him a call a-F7&WfMW TJ73. (I ,) BLACKSMITH : & SSPECTFULLY announces to the citizens . of Marshall countv,ind the travelling nub- i: ,. . , ,' -V-r. - , -.v tF - u t e cas openea; uiacKsmitn cuop m Jjsville, on Broad waypposite the PostOf ji where i3 prepared to Jnake Plows, Harrows, .'-One. ol.- i . j- .11 -i .! r i. " j,v- ,. auu uorses, ana uo au kiuu oi ur 5j - vuv.uuuauiii iciuuauuui. l-VWUU-.. notice ; and hopes"by strict atleutron ta bus- ' vv Qonnaencc ana patronage oi -w-v, generally.. vn H3wARD ASJRftfrrATmv t,v. i.iv.. -n- !- TerT0usSyatem Spennatorrhoea or Semina fcaaw:i?ptia5!;-.and other affections of the Sexna "tr-f. Muepu try and I'rematHTo Decay.-ow and lrSfnt,,ln, ,RePrts of tb Howard Association ir,ftltrl,FkiL!pti Pa. 1tbS ' i. t- i ( V r a . . . -; . GBorge ThompsoKj The English Aboli tionbtjis now dn lilsi third visit to this country. On hiB previous tour he was re peatedly mobbed, -although his mi.sion was noble and humane, lie wished to ee Aineric;. free. Every aspiratiou of his i - heart was for the glory and honor of our country. Yet he was not allowed freedom of speech, But he now finds a- different state of kfeeling. The anti-slavery sentiment is at last dominant and the aavooates oi equal rights are everywhere listened to with re spect and approbation. "vve copy the following from a recent speech of Mr. Thompson. 'a;. 0,what u spectacle in the sight of men and angels was slavery, in the Uuited States ! Slavery in a land purchased by the blood of revluiiouury heroes and mar tyrs ! Slavery iu a land, the founders of whose independence revolt not against personal bonds; not'to deliver their wives and daughters from iufamy and pollution ; not to save lhemlve3 and posterity from unmitigated aiAend'ess thraldom ; but be ing already freT, that they might also be abio to govern themselves. But more, and worse than this, it was slovery in a land blessed with Christianity. Who can think, without horror, of Slavery and Uhistianity combined? Christianity, which knows no distinction of race or blood : which teaches the doctrine of uni versal equality, and the duty of world wide humanity; and Slavery, with its in human cruelty and brutal lusts its worse than inquisitorial tortures its unspeakable debasement of the intellect its ruthless sundermg of the holiest ties of nature its forced and uncompensated labor its chat el despotism, and impious soul-murder! The dominion of" the Slave 'Power was not confined within the limits of tile Slave States where negro slavery prevailed. That Power swayed va sctpire which was universal, and exercised a rule which was all but absolute. It elected ihe President; it appointed the embassabors and consuls, and chose, as interpreters of the-eonfltfru-tion, a majority of slaveholders. It dic tated and domineered in, every ecclesias tical assembly. The Bible, Tract. Mis sionary, and Sunday School Societies of the country bowed bofore it. Prayer meetings, camp meetings, and revival meet ings stood iu awe of it. It bribed, coaxed or bullied the representatives of the North. It sent home Iloar from South Carolina. It bludgeoned Sumner at his de-k in 'the Scuaie. It turned "the godlike" Webster into the great apostate. It converted New England into a chase for the hunters of men. I repealed the national comp ict made when Missouri was brought into the Union. It instigated and encouraged the bloody atrocities in Kansas. It procured the infamous Dred Scott decision. It do med theiriL'liftff ttie Free States.; i states to elect the man of their choice : and when .the popular voice ndmihated .Mr. Lincoln, for Presidential chair, it overthrew the Con stitution shattered the Union i;ied, "Havoc ! andlet slip the dogs of war:The rest you know! "Let me turn to a brighter part of the picture of. tbe'jrai v Some centuries ago, a German monk, in the solitude and seclusion of the cloister, wiped from a neglected book the gathered dust of anes, and, reading in its pages the words which teach the way of life, went forth to declare the truths he had discov ered, and to claim for every man the right io possess, to read, and to interpret for himself, the volume of revelation. He was opposed by the priests, the statesmen, aud the potentates of the day. Nothing dismayed, he with a lion heart -pursued his way despised the Bulls of the Pope soared above the thunders of the Vatican ; and, ere he died, from the height he had scaled, he looked down on revolutionized Europe. More than thirty yeaas ago, "In a prnall chamber, friendlessand nn'een, Toiltd o'er hia type.- one poor, unlearned youngman; Th placo a a dark, unfurnitured and meau ; Yet there tho freedom of a race began! 0, Truth! 0, Freedom ! ho v are ye still born" In th rndeTstable, in theni-ncr nr?cl? Whathuniblo hands unbar thoo p-.tes ofjnorn, ' Throu,;- which the splendor, of the New Day burst r" The humble type-setter m that rude cham ber gave to America a rfewpppo. advoca ting the doctrine of immediate, uncondi tional and universal emancipatioh. Qn the first page --of that paper he said "I iave taken my ground ; I em in earnest ; I will not equivocate ; I will not Excuse ; I will not retreat a single inch ; and I will be heard " And heard heJ has been. The sounds w hear to-day, coming from millions of voices, jsaying1, uLet slavery perish, and the land be redeemed from its curse," what are they but the echos of TilBSFill-Pir OJaiKBRT. if.fc--: thatnijigjjj more than thi yepr'ago,-s7nMiTe eari of this tiurty yeprs'agos-Tnraff'rrF.rre ear. ot inis na tion "Break every yoke ! Let tho oppres sed go free?" Oh, w.hat a glorions spec tacle is that which the poor priuter is npw permitted to behold ! If to Martin Lu ther it was given to look down on revolu tionized Europe, to William Lloyd Garri.- son is vouchsafed the vision of revolution-! lzed America, io him is granted thelul fillment of the promise ''He that goetb forth 'weeping, bearing precious seed, shall come again rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him' Ti.e Great Teierrapli enterprise. The Board of Directors of the Western Union Telegraph Company have been in session at their office in this city for some days past, and it is understood have trans acted some very important business. Be sides the acceptance of the valuable grant from the British and llussian Governments by which a very speedy connection is to Le effected between the Western Union and the Bu-sian lines, a consolidation has also been made of the W. U. aud the Pacific Telegraph Company. The terms are said to be advantageous to all couoernedin the consolidated lines. The details of the plan for putting up the w.ires along the Pa cific up to Behring's Strait3 are under con sideration, and it is said that vessels will be prepared to sail in a few weeks with all the requisite material for carrying this gi gantic jtelegraph enterprise to immediate completion. It will be an era in the histo ry of telegraphs and of the world, when all commercial countries can commuica'te by the magnetic wires with one another. The projectors of this vast enterprise have had too much experience, and have been too uniformly successful in similar undertakings, to doubt their success Rocllcster (V. Y.) Drniocrat. aigige oi lis Au-ericuu Fllajj. The following explanation of the colors and symbolic meaning of the "Stars and Stripes" was written by axmember of the Conaliiut;oial Congress to whom, with oth ers, was committed the duty of selecting a flag for the infant Confederacy ; the stars of the new flag represent the new constel lation of States rising in the West. The idea was taken from the constellation Lyra, in which, in the hands of Orpheus, &gni fies harmony. The blue in the field was taken from the edges of the Covenanter's bauner in Scotland, significant or the league cove nant of the United Colonies against op pression, involving tho virtue of vigilance perseverance and' justice. The stars were in a circle, symbolizing the perpetuity of the Union ; the ring, like the circling serpent of the Egyptians, signifying eternity. The thirteen stripes showed, with tho stars, the num.l)gipf Uuitsdj Colonie, and dendted 'the. business ordination of the States ofthe Union, aswell aa quality among trreinselves. . 5 Thewholo was a blending of tho various" flags previous to the Union flag, viz : The red flag of the armies, and the wl.i e of Dating batteres. The red color, which iu ihe Roman day, as the signal or defi ance, denotes d .ring, and the blue fidelity, and the white purity. Troops Farniftiietl I3' Kansas. On thn 16th ult. Gen. Lane introduced a resolution in the Senate, calling on the Secretary of War for information concern in"" tho number of troops furnished by Kansas. A letter from the Provost Mar shal General in reference'to this resolution shows that Kansas has put in the field 11.165 white troops, 3,072 Indians, and 1,450 negroes, making a total of 16,157. We have not yet been able to procure a copy of the letter, but hope to lay it be fore'our readers at an early day. General Lane has evidently been at tvork Jto have Kansas credited with all the troops raised within her borders, and if he can accom plish his object fpd relieve the State from a draft, the people of Kansas will be un der a debt of gratitude to him. The fig ures we gave above do not look as if we naa oeen aeprivea oi ere u us iu wnica we art' justly-entitled. Qonscrvativc. A singula,; discovery hasbeen made, in the Isle of Man, where it has been ascer tained that certain old guns long used on the quay at Peel, were rifled. Goverment has ordered them to be transfered to Wool wich, were they are to preserved as the earliest'specimens of rifled ordnance. It if now understood that we have in our Navy Department, ordnance unsurpassed by that of any other navy in the world. ". Tearless Eyes God shall wipe away all tears from . their eyes." The expression is one of ex- quisite tenderness less and beauty. The Poet Burns said he could never read this with out being affected to weeping. Of all the negative deuuriptions of Heaven, there i no one perhaps that would be better adapt ed to product -consolation ihun this. Tnis is a world or weenm"-. a y.iIp or tears. - j j., . Who is there of the human family thaC bus not -he'd a tear? And what a change it would make in our world, if it could be said that henceforth not another tear would be shed, not a head would ever be bowed , again with grief ! Yut th.3 is to be thc cendition of Heaven. In that world then' is np- disappointment, no bereavement.' No friend is to lie in dreadful agony on a sick bed : no srave i to be opened to re ceive a parent, a'wife, a child ; no gloomy prospect of death is to draw tears of sor row from the eyTes. fo that blessed world, when the eyes run with tear3, we are per: mitted to look forward : and prospect of such 'a world should contribute to wipe away our tears here, for all our sorrow's will soon be over, Amidst the trials of the present life, when friends leave us, wheu sickness comes, when our hopes are blasted, calumnies and reproaches come upon us. when standing on the verse of the grave and looking down in the cold tomb'the eyes pour forth floods of tears, it, is a blessed privilege to be permitted to look forward to that bright scene in Heav en, where not a pang shall ever be felt, and not a tear shall ever be shed. A few months since a hundred persons sat down at & festive celebration in the Ilartz mouutaius, where pork, in various forms, .was tne principal food. Of these, eighty persons aie in their grave., and of "the re mainder, the majority linger with a fear ful malady. This strange event has le'd to to the discovery that this food was charged with flesh-worms in all stages of developement, dr triehinal, found in the- muscular tissues of the survivors and traced to the pork'. These flesh-worms are not killed by ordinary cooking, and mul tiply rapidly by thousands and millions in the human body. Great alarm exists in Germany, and the eating of pork in many places is now entirely abandoned. Preparations for war are going on all over Europe. Italy has more than four hundred thousand men under arms, and this grand army demands and expects to soon march into Veaice. On her side, Austria is preparing for the crash : the famous quadrilateral is being strengthened in evry possible way ; the line of the Mincio is btronirly barricaded with men and guns from Mantua to Persceiera ; guns of the largest calibre are being mounted in all the fortified places. But this time it is more likely that the grand drama will open at Venice in a sea fight. It is a somewhat singular factT.that the papers throughout the State that have been bought up by Carney to support the Sena torial bwiudle, were all rejoiced over the fraudulent election of McDowell as Mayor of "Leavenworth. These papers are paid to support fraud, and no matter in what shape it comes, they advocate it, and thu. secure the greenbacks. It may be made to pay them for a while, but when the peo ple of the State get an opportunity to act T they will curse the day they ever touched Tom Carney s money. Conservative. Two erring damsels at Youngstown, Ohio, whose charms allured two married men from their families, were taken from their bed one night last week by a party of infuriated women, stripped of the gar ment s whichwomeo usually wear, arrayed in tar and feathers, and let loose in the streets. Secretary Chase expects to get a large portion of his revenue from the tax on whisky. Of course, then, the more whis ky drank the better for the Government, and the bigger the drinker the bigger the patriot. T.emperaBce societies are un questionably disloyal. General Ord, specially brou'gbt up, from Texas for the purpose, is to command the forces in Western Virginia in the field, ranking General Sigel in this respect. Gen. Sigel is io be in command of the De partment, but will not conduct active oper ations. "How many years have you been d umb ?" said a gentleman to an Irish . beggar. "Five years, please your honor," answered the mendicant, completely taken off h:3 guard by tk'e question. 7elroleri as Fuel, , , the neighborhood of tho Caun In Sea where petroleum springs are.atmn- L dant, the iuhal.ita.uts macmfubiurs 'fuel Uv - impregnating clay with the combustiblo fluid ; the clods are afterwards burned on an ordinary hearth. The Kprwegians have long economized the saw-dust of their miil?7l)y incbrportmg with it a little cluv fand tar, and moulding it in the form of brfeks. Of late vears in Eno-la-fA 'mnli attention has been-given to artificial fuel in many districts, but not with much suc cess, oaring to Ihe want of a) suitable coin- bustible, which pe'trolium is, above all oth- ers, btsc adapted to supply. In France, charcoal is prepared from the refuselof the charcoal furnaces, by niixin it "ith red peat or spent tar, and then addi char- j' ddiii2 tar or pitch. The materials are ground to- geiuur ami suojecieu to ueat in close ves sels, to expe'i the volatile gases. From seven to nine gallons of tar are mixe0 with two hundred-weight of charcoal powder. oi.llt.il. , ?- J! "2"' J iuiauu uiiuiivi tub .-.-I UIUIIUU. IIH-U- ington's ancestois settled first at Herbert, and the individuals were known as Joblh 'do Herbert, that is, John of Herbert, Thomas de Herbert, &c. Afterward ouo branch of the family moved to Wessiug- ton, when they were knowu as wot We- sington," or "de Wessington," and this became corrupted into the .family name of ' Washington. So late as tho beginning'cf the lSth century some families of York shire had no fixed surnames. Even at this day h is said that few oi" the niinets' of " Sea fiord shire 'beur their fathers' names,--but are only kno'wn by some sobriquet. Nioknames are in general use, and a man whose real name is Peter Jones, may be known to his neighbors, and eve"nrioMs'' wife and children, only as ''Soaker,"' '-No. sey," "Lumper," or some similar designa-" tion. There were at the dinuer table of a Cabinet officer in Washington, the other evening, one Vice President, one Secretary of the Treasury, three Senators, three ex Sonator?, two ex-Major Generals, three ox Representatives, and six ex-Governors, aud yet there were only si.e persons in all. The persons were Messrs. Hamlin, Chase, Sprague, Morgan. King, and Ramsey. "Acd ye have taken thejtcctotal pledge, have ye ?" said somebody to an Irishman. "Indade I have, aud am not, ashamed of it, aither." "And did not Paul tell Timothy to juke a Iiitlc wine for his stomach's sake?" "So he did ; but my name is not Timothy, and there is nothing the matter with my stomach." It is said that the rebel guerrillas have ; killed and carried off more than 50,000 hogs ou the Kansas border. A fact which proyes conclusively, says an exchange, that the sword s mightier than the pen. , Harpers Weekly. "Great God ?'" A countryman being a witness in a court of justice, was asked by the coun sel if he was born in wedlock. ;So, sir,' answered the man, "I was born in Lin colnshire." Itappears from a officials communication of the Secretary of War that the strength of the forces in Kansas and the Indian Territory, subject to the order of General Curtis, is 16,000 mn. The young woman whose modesty was so shocked ihe other day at the mention of a bare idea has been detected in con: cealing the naked truth under a false hood. There are 162 Colonels now command- ing brigades, without including tho3a tem- ? jjuiuiuy uuuiiiiiiuuiuj; iu ui uuue,0I UlV proper brigade commanders. Laughter and tears are meant tor turn the wheels of the same machinery of sens ibility ; one is wind-power and 'tho other Water-power. ' j Foote expresses the belief that'a certain miser would take the beam out of his own eve if he knew where he could fell the- timber. The use of surnames wus not generalaji.y kt-UUB T?,.l.,r.rl . . r ..-fVnr ih a R .-., .-.7..-. ' A.K What is that which nobody wants, and6 - " i; dii nobody likes to lose ? A lawsuit, d .aa. mri t JkJ Maxxmillian embarked for' Mexico or."' trA .idrariMTf" j v4l . thel3tb.iist. J1 - A fool may commit an errorf buiittta.es a wise man to own it. .c .; il When is a lady like a spoon? When she is in-tec-resting. . a, j- f -'V rij no .1 biursi .-i J? baa .! Mf ' 9 ft' o - ft Ml -! - ' M !1 : s T . " 'j' I' z . Ka ji A -' w t tj'1) J 3rfT a ! u I :0lltf ; biaod ' i Ail . - si. 'j H t , , ao3 ? J iT :r&trt nfi3 i 1 S.iM ui. ,. L-iliw Di-C Vt?V . u . 1 00(U 8.. rta.aO i&m ;t-Btfr t------n .trit--r. hi i rm tir,wrtm t -- KVk , -v ,. .4Ti-- - - V"