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The Saline County journal. (Salina, Kan.) 1871-1893, April 20, 1871, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027670/1871-04-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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SALINA, KANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1871.
Volume 1.
Number 10.
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BALINE COtfNTY JOtJENAL
u I'unusniD (rear tutbsdat, at
SALINA, KANSAS.
OFFICE. Xo. Santa Fe Armor, nearly oppo.lt
Oa Sell Eitau office of Maj . Jon W. Bnu' .
TERMS OK SUBSCRUrTIOS:
" CopT. one year
po'Copy. lx months .
OanCoyy, three months,. .......
MO.
ADVERTISING RATES:
1 Wekk, I Mosni.-a Mot. .
square ti oo uoo 17
1TI1I
a aqnarrs, .
I aqnarri, .
M aires,
f cotamn..
column,.
1 cohunn,.
IS 00
MOO
mo
MOO
WOO
uooo
XiM :inf or lrs of Xo.ip.rtU trp. '?,'iJ??Si
Double column and aU adrrrtisefn BuoootteBa
shape win be e hitgl fifteen T rent, alio" rntrs.
Bin for rvffjlir adrertuinV will u eoltaeJTfr
terlj-. Wh-re for a le pe ri-! than torea month VT-
wni in aatanre toji lie riuir-u. ..... . . ,. t
KimUriMjTrTUni.nt.illlrtitMtolrchi2d
enee. in tbMv nuntht without additional o.t.
H.ulaVad,ertiri will Ik duml rtft-i " PT
line f-r torsi autice awl all others tnrnty cents per
un.
Addreta all comra-jnieatloai to
THE JOITH!ln
Salins, hao
iiustarss Director).
A TTOBNE YS AT LA IF".
m. h. rmtincoTT.
ATTOKXET AT LAW. Salina. Kansas.
J. II. aNKAB,
ATTORXST AT LAW. Sallaa, Kansas.
'.. A. . A. WILB.
ATTOBXKVfl AT LAW. Offlw, So. SsSerenUiM..
aliaa, Kauai.
Z " J. cs. HBHUIB,
ATTOBXKT AT LAW. Oatc oa Iron Are., east oT
tb postoflce. Sauna. Kansas.
LOWK HILLKH,
ATTOBXETS AT LAW., No. ! Santa F A.. Sa
una, Kansas.
0. . Lows.
C. A. IIIU.KU.
AND. 42. riVKV,
AVTORXr.T AT LAW, Salina. Kansas. Will attend
promptly to all IrcalbniiatM cntnulrJ to Lira in Saline
aad tha adjoining euuntiri .
MHH FiMTEIi
ATTOUXET AJiD COOSELOU AT LAW. GoTrrn
nwat Claim and Land Solicitor. (Ifflcr uvrr UadeliHr
atraa.' hardwan More (Amrine'a old Unrt).
A. J. inKKROLI
ATTOSXET A3III COUNSKLOK AT LAW. Offlre In
Vout; Baildiaf. Mianrali, Kantai. Will unr:ic
la la coua'i.'of irkinon, alina, Ottawaand Clou 1.
RE.krj ESTATE AGENT.
WKLT hToCRH 7t.
kCAL KIT ATE AMU USHVU 4XCE AUEST. Slin,
Kaaaaa.
PHYSICIANS.
3. W. fHOffUY, 91. It.,
(LATE SUBCiEON MO. VOL. CAV.J Ufflev, Xo.
arifhtSl.. 8lin, kHM.
3. Vf. JKNNItV, .TI. .,
HOMEOFATIIIC I'll TMCIAX AXI MTIHiKUM.
lcXo. M AaU St., Saiini. Kansaa.
M. W. DILV, yt. B.,
PIIT1CI1X AXD SUItr.KOS. No. en SairtaFe ATr..
nalua, Kaaaa,, Fonarrlr .urgeon in L. S. Ami
Hoapiul.
DENTIST.
aIC. n. It. NII'KLKA,
OffleeXo. 9r,!antaFe Avenw, (uptalm).
IIEN1HT
BANKERS.
D. V. I'OUItKI Ac CO.,
BAXKEKS Lclin wMon all princiial cities nUhr
UnilrdStat, and KuntN-. lullectHrii, lutdr. Inlerrl
allowed oa deiti:. IUnliu doumt on Iron Aietrie.
d w rowrirt . ". ro"J
D ii rowan. I. Li-miou.
HOTELS.
A.HKRICAM IIOIUK.:
O J LAY. l'roricifrott tlurje, ruodrraU.
of SantaFe and Iron Airmir.
Corner
'I!tVi:l.KK9P HWIlM
J.W T1I0M. IlstruiiTim. wdttali
and atMxl ac-
wraaui'M t in
linnr.-iIU. ilttaaarountjr, Kanaas.
HlinVKII HOIIKR.
E. A. SKIXSKK. risjraiatim. Corwr Xew Ilimi
Ktdnand I'iacluey -iru. jWie, Kanau,
MECHANICAL.
Ts If. -Tr,TANTlt-,
VFVTK:t. tiril.llKK AXIM-OVTKACTon. Shop
oppoi.ii- i-.n-rainlfalniiiiMrjani.
" JttHN 8KIR.
TtLACKiiMnillV. Mali on Killh Mnil, allheold
b)wlir alley
KB, HMUKI'S,
WAGON MAKIV: AM UKI'AIKtXC done in lint.
c!a al le. hp in rear of iu Dm Morer
mRTttX A. 4-ONHAV,
roXTKACTOIK AXI IUILIIKIt. Xo. 1. Kidith
M. Salina. lum-, lor huildiae: tur"v-a, for aale.
j. i. xomroi. J. i. . iaD.
MI4-K M-Hflt.lt,
M.ACKSMITII. Sh..i. Bear r Xo. 103 SanU Fe At
case. Solma. Kanvw. It re their old Mewl, and pal
roa, will And eoal material. ,l.illrul workmen and low"
lirlcea. All kind, of Hrjialrint eaeruted pnmly and
aaibrlion maranleil. Hie be-t Fort Scott coal al
ways n hand and lor ale at a am dl advance.
SALOONS.
THR MXK UTAH AUaT.
BAKXV IMIIIW, I'uorMKTua. ItillNnla
unor. ltnMklIle, Kani,.
RLKHOHM BILLIAKBHALOON.
O.TBl'BV CO.. l'MirHir.ror.4. New llilllard Ta-
Mra and etegjni ramiiuiv. aiiia fe Avenue, aliu3.
M1SCELLANE0 US.
H.T. WATai
HOLES.LKAMiUCTAlLliELKI!IXGIM)a:il
e, yueenware. l'nnUion, Kte., Xo. SB Santa ie
Avenue.
Millinery and Dress Making.
MRS. J. MURPHY,
lJeir'onBolrnc'l',!hr,,i"of!!linathat,h his
ajow on hand aad inteml, to keep a full and rurur!rte
(CPCKOI
Ullnorr ooorla.
Ordoa for PrrM Mikias. Trirnirrinj Hat,, lVran-t
BB.a prutttjitly attended to.
Ha. . IkXTA FF. ATaXl'l. S,I.IXA, K X..
D. W. Whitehead.
1KALKR IX
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
SPECTACLES, to, AC
CO'M. 3AXTX FE tMOXA TX., SJUXJ. KA&.
AM. WIU WABEAimBv
Watrke. Ooefa and Jewrry rarefhny repaired and
Imii1
It natroaafeof the Miens of Saluu and vidaltr is
.. 103 4 0 7 00 II JJ
.3 00 8 00 ! 109
.400 T 00 It 00 IS
.. M III 00 00
. i oj 9o ss
. M 00 00 MW 40
revprrrralirsoucncu
TeiLERscrnisEi.
We rWe on tlielnuk of the wan?,
We dip in Hie truilgli of tlie nea ;
Our boat I" 't audour hearts are brave,
A tllienncii lieaita should bo.
For wind may be llcrce and strong.
And the waves may dmw wrongj
And thine inay weep ere long
Who wait for us three.
We laiijrb when the wimt Hre fair,
And tlie nets dial lieavlly
With the weight of flch, and there Is nc care
For niy lii'lier4ioy and me.
But the winds may rage and roar.
And the nurf beat on the horei
And tho wait evermore
Who wait for thee.
Tin toil and danger and strife;
Yet we love the greedy sea
That gives us bread for a wagered life.
Bread for my lads and me.
But the wavs in anger churn.
And the wind seem cnn-land stem,
To those who wait and yearn
To welcome us three.
We laugh when the wind Is light ;
But my heart U heavy in ine.
Sometimes when I tliiiik of my lads at night,
Aud the perils of the sea.
For winds may be fieree and strong.
Aud th wave may do us wronjr.
And thocway weep ere loug
Who wait for us three.
TIE UECTB.UXT8 LEKS9X.
Some five years ago I was a lieutenant
in a mart-hiii" regiment, and quartered in
a large garrison-town in England, ifv
duties eonsihtcd of the Ustial round of
morning and aftvrtoon parades, vi&itTnir
the men's dinners and teas, and other
regular work. In addition to this, wc
had occasionally to mount guard, and If
pass twenty-tonr hours in a sort ot halfe
imprisonment.
ft is one of the regulations of the ser
vice that when officers or trien Vrc on
guard they should always be in a .-lute
nr.i.ii;iu'.u .. r..n :.. ' nn .....wi..
vi liHumvi'n iw iiia n p.t.tnt 4k .
moment's notice. If you feel very sleepy,
and deoirc rerti von must take it whilst
3-011 arc buttoned up to the throat, and
stripped down at (lie heels; a lounge 111
an arm-chair, or proliably a little hori
zontal refreshment upon n sofa, are the
extent of rest which an Oflicer on guard
is supposed to indulge in.
Among my brother-subalterns in gar
rison, it was our usual practice to infringe
upon this strict letter of the law; and
when the principal part of our duty had
been accoinpli:-hed, we used to indulge
ourselves by divesting our limbs of their
armor, and seeking refreshment between
the sheets of a little camp-bed that was
placed in the inncrgnnrd-room.
It was part of the duties of an oflicer
on guard to vi-it all the sentries during
night, the time for visiting them being
UMially an hour or so after the tield-ofli-
cer had visited the guard the held-oni-cer
being a colonel or major who was on
duty for the day, and who came once by
day and once by night to v.isit the guard.,
ami to sec that all was as it should be.
There was no exact limit to the number
of times that this field officer might vi-h
the guards, but it was the usual tiling,
and had become almost a custom, fur hi in
to come onco by day and once by night,
so that after the last visit the subaltern
usimlly waited an hour or so, walked
round the limits of bis post, visited all
his sentries, and then turned into bed.
It was on a bitter cold morning in
Januarvthat my turn for guard came on.
I marcned my men to their pot, relieved
the old guard, and then, having gone
through the regular duty and diued, en
deavored to pass the time until the field-
officer bad visited me. -The previous
evening I had been utab.il I in the town,
md in consequence was verv tired and
sleepy, and looked with considerable
longing to the period when I could re
frresh Inyself by unrobing aud enjoying
a good snooze.
At length 1 heard the welcome chal
lenge : " Who comes there ? " which was
by the response, "Konnds!" "What
rounds ? " " (irand rounds ! " and "Guard
turn out!" was a signal which I willing
ly obeved, for 1 knew that in about one
hour afterwards I should be in the arms
of the god of sleep.
Slipping on my cloak and cap, and
grasping mv sword, I placed mvself in
front of the guard, and received the field-
officer, who brief v asked me if all was cor
reel, directed me to dismiss mv guard and
rodo off without saving " Good-night,"
a proceeding that 1 thought rather
formal. Giving directions to the sergeant
to call me in an hour, for the purpose of
visiting the sentries, I throw myself into
my arm-chair, aud tried to read a novel.
The time passed very quickly, as I had
a nap or two, and the sergeant soon ap
peared with a lantern to conduct me round
the sentries.
It was a terrible night, the wind blow
ing hard, whilst the snow and sleet were
driving along before it. Tho thermome
ter was soveral degrees blow freezing,
and I felt that I deserved much from my
country for performing so consicentiou
ly my arduous duties. The sentries were
very'much scattered, and I had to walk
nearly two miles to visit them all. I ac
complished my task, however, and re
turned to the guard-room, where I treat
ed myself to'a stiff glass of grog, aud
throwing off my regimentals, 1 jumped
into bed"; feeling that I really deserved
the Iuxurv.
In a few minutes I was fast asleep, not
even dreaming ot any crmy fair partners
of the ball, but sound asleep. Suddely
I became conscious of a great noise,
which sounded like a drum being beaten.
At first I did not realize my position,
and could not remember where I was
but at last it flashed across me that I was
on guard, aud something was the matter.
Jumping out of bed, 1 tailed to know
who was there.
The sergeant answered in a great hur
ry, sayinje. " Sir. riebl-ofticer of the dar
la MMini. sn.l ,1... ....I !. ....t.. .. .....
..w....., ,iu ttiv gunxu in turning uuu
I rushed to tny boots, pulled them on
over my unrtockinged feet j thrust my
sword-arm into my lame rririnenkal
cloak, which I pulled over at i tanned
my forage-cap on my head, and grasping
my sword, looked to the outward observ
er as though " fit for parade."
I was jastjn time to receive the field
I oncer, who again asked ne ii my guard
was correct. I answered, rather in a
tone of surprise, and said, " Yes, sir, all
correct." 1 could not imagine why my
guard shoilld be visited twice, as such u
proceeding was very unusual, and per
linris my tone semcetl to imply that I was
surprised. Whether it was that, or wheth
er a treacherous gust of wind removed
the folds of my cloak, and exhibited the
slightest taste in life of the end of my
night-shirt, I know not; but the field-officer,
instead of riding off when he re
ceived my answer, turned his horse's
bead in tfic opposite direction, and said,
"XoWj sir, I want you to accompany me
round the sentries."
Had he told me that he wanted me to
to accompany him to the regions below,
1 should scarce have been moiw'horror
struck, for already I had found the change
ofleinpcraturc between a warm bed in a
room and the-outside air; aud to walk
two miles on a windy, frosty night, with
no raiment besides limits, night-shirt,
and cloak, was real! v suffering for one's
country, and no mistake. 1 dared not
show the slightest hesitation, however,
for fear the Mate of my attire might be
suspected, though I would have given
a week's pay to have ccaned for onlj"
five minutes. A non-commissioned offi
cer was readv with a lantern, and we
started on our tour of inspection
Tho field-officer akei soveral questions
connected
with the position and duties
ie, to which I gave answers
ot the seutrie
as well a tlu chattering of my teeth
would permit inc. 1 nc most nervous
u...L fwkttiii- wo. n.ilife tin iriiK-
nuiai ....., ..... ... .-...,- ..... y..
lumps which were placet at intervals oi
one or two :iu.i ire i iini. tin: wnm
was blowing so fresh th.it it was with
difficulty 1 could hold mv cloak around
me, and conceal the absence of my un-dcr-gannents.
Every now and then an
extra gust ot wind would come round a
corner, and quite defeat all the prcau
tions which 1 had adopted to encounter
the steady gale. I managed to dodge in
the shade as much as possible, and more
than once ran tho risk of- being kicked
bv the field-officer's horse, as I slunk be
hind him when the gas-light might have
revealed too much.
It was terribly cold, to be sure, the wind
and snow almost numbing my limbs.
had a kind of faint hope that the field
officer might think tiiat I belonged to a
Highland regiment., and il he did observe
the scantiness of my attire, might believe
that the kilt would explain it. I strug
gled and shivered on, knowing that all
things must have an end, nod that my
"rounds" must come to an end before
long. Hut I feared that I should not
again get warm during the night.
We had nearly completed ourtour, and
were within a low hundred yards of the
guard-room, when we passed tho field-of
ficers' quarters. I fondly hoped that he
-.voitM not pass them, and that he would
dismiss meat the door, but 1 was rather
mrnriscd to :-ce a blaze of light come
the windows, and to hear tho sound of
music. It was evident mat mere was a
hop " going on inside, and I already
began to tremble, from a sort ot instinct
that even wor.se misfortunes were yet to
attend me.
Mv premonitions were true, for upon
reaching bis door, my persecutor, in
quite a cheerful tone, said, " Well, we've
had a cold tour; you must now come in
and take a glass of wine, and perhaps a
waltz will warm vou.
I'm really much obliged." I hastilv
answered, " but I should not like to leave
mv L'tianl.
"Nonsense, nonsense, man; the guard
n-ill he all riiht: vou must come in.
This " must " lie said iti quite a determ
ined tone.
I felt desierate, and again declared
that I thought I should be wrong to leave
mv gaard.
""I'll take the responsibility," said the
demon ; "so come along " ; saying which,
he grasped my arm, and almost dragged
me into the (torch of his quarters.
When we entered the house, and were
exposed to the light of the halMamps, 1
fancied I saw a slight twinkle in the eye
of the officer, and began to wonder wheth
er lie really knew of my predicament ami
wished to'havc bis joke. He, however,
rave no other intimations that I saw,but
quickly took otf his cloak, and said that
1 had better do the same. Seeing me
hesitate, he said, "tome, look alive: of!
with it."
Further remonstrance, I found, would
be useless, so that there was no help for
me but a liilrconlession. hummoning my
courage. and tearing io iicmuuc, i oiun-
ed out. "Colonel, 1 ve no trousers on.
- . . . ..
"The deuce you haven't!" he said.
" Well, you'd better go and put them
on, and then come here as soon as possi
ble aud have a glass of something warm."
I rushed out of hi iiuarters, half de
termined nit to return. I was fully
awake now, and shivered like a half-
drowned dog; but no sooner had I dress
ed mvself than the colonelV servant came
ovcr'to say that a quadrille was waiting
for me.
I determined to put a bold face on the
matter, aud entered the drawing-room,
where a arty of about fifty had assem
bled. It was evident by the titters ol
the young ladies the grins of the men;
and the s-nbducd smiles of the dowagers,
that my story was known.
The colonel had told it as a good joke
to the major, who had whijiered it to
his wife; she had breathed it into the ear
of two of her friends, and in about ten
minutes every person in the room knew
that young subaltern had unwillingly
gone his rounds in bis nigbt-shirt.
As long as 1 staj-od in that garrison I
was a standing joke. When the girl saw
ne they alwava looked away and smiled,
and h teenec, as impossible for ne to
obtain a rims answer from aay of then
as for a clown to pmtch a acrnon. Tfcey
even seemed afraid to dance with ne,
fearing, as I afterward heard, to look at
y legs "" I ni'ght be dificient in kn
article of raiment. I aoow exekaaged
aad weat into another rrgineat, aad
yean afterwards heard ny owl adt-
ture related in a crowded room, aii we
details of the atory being true except the
name of the perforntdr-my' misfortune"
having been attributed to an uufortuate
fellow who died in India.
I never went to bed on guard aflCF
that night.
A teatlt imtricii remit
Strange was the contrast between hu
man poverty and natural wealth. Wc
were on the borders of a virgin forest.
and the over-powering beauty of vegeta
tion Boon erased all memory of the squl
or and lifelessness of La Mona. Our road
a mere path suddenly entered this
seemingly impenetrable forest, where the
branches crosses overhead, producing a
delightful shade. The curious forms ot
tropical lire were, all attractive to one who
Baa recently rambled ovwrtheconiDara-
tively bleak hills of Xew England. De
light is a weak term to express the feel
ings oi a naturalist who for the first time
wanders in a South American torcst. The
superb banana, the great charm of equa
torial vegetation, tossed out luxuriantly
its l'lossv preen leaves, eiirht f.-.-t in
length ; the slender but graceful bamboo
shot heavenward, straight as an arrow:
and many species of palm bore aloft their
leathery heads, inexpressibly light and
elegant. Un the branches ot the Hide
iiendeut trees sat tufts of parasites, man v
of them orchids, which are here epiphy
tal ; and countless creeping plants, whose
long flexible stems entwined siinkc-Iikc
around the trunks, or formed giganli
loo; is aud coils among the limbs. .Be
neath this world of foliage above, thick
beds of mimosa- covered the ground, and
a iiouimiess variety ot terns attracted the
eye by their beautiful patterns. It is
easy to specify the individual objects ol
admiration in these grand sconc-s hut it
is not possible to give an adequate nle.i
of the higher feelings of wonder, astoii-
ishnent and devotion which fill and ele
vate the mind. This road to the Andes
is a paradise to the contemplative man.
"there is something hi a tropical tor
est, says Kates, " akin to the ocean in
its effect on the mind. .Man feci so com
pletcly his insignificance and tho vastness
ot nature." The German traveler Uur
meister observes that "the contempla
tion of a Brazilian forest produced on
him a painful impression, on account o:
the vegetation displaying a.spirit ot rest
less selfishness, eager emulation and
craftiness." He thought the softness
earnestness and repose of European
woodland scenery were far more pleas
ing aud that these formed one of the
causes of 'the superior moral character of
European nations. Live and let liv is
not the maxim taught in these tropical
forests, and it is equally clear that sel
fishness is not wanting among the peo
ple. I fere, in view of so much competi
tion among organized beings, is the spot
to s uily Darwin's Origin of Species."
We have thought that the vcgctati-Mi un
der the equator was a fitter emlili'l'i ot
the human world than the forests of our
temperate zone. There is here no set
time for decay and death, but wc stand
amid the living and the dead; flowers
aud leaves are falling, while fresh ones
are bounding into life. Then, too, the
numerous parasitic plants using of their
neighbors as instruments for their own
advancement, inaptly represent a cer
tain human cluSi Andes and Amazon. .
The KnzKrer aad the Qaeea.
The cable reports that Napoleon, the
ex-Emperor of France, yesterday visited
Queen Victoria at Winsdor Castle. It is
not likely that the details of the inter
view will ever be made public. The " in
terviewing" reporter who would attempt
to be present at the scene wonld proba
bly get no nearer than the outside wall
of the castle.
His easy, however, to imagine that the
visit must have been a rather exciting
incident to both the hostess and her guest.
Napoleon can not forget his last visit to
Knglaud nearly a score of years ago, vvher.
he had just made himself master of France
by an act of wholesale murder, when he
was welcomed to London by obsequious
officials and by the acclamations of ai-u
riousand not unfriendly multitude. Then
he received the freedom of the citv of
Loudon. At Windsor Castle he was
made a Knight of the Order of the Gar
ter ai d was welcomed : the Icadlu- man
of EnroiH! aud the head of the most pow
erful continental nation. This, indeed,
was the first of the many personal tri
umphs which this remarkable adventure
was destined to enjoy.
A few years Inter, Queen Victoria re
turned his viit, and I'aris welcomed ti
mid dazzling festivities the monarch of
England. The example of the Queen
ras soon followed; aud the Saltan of
Turkey, the King of I'rnsisn and the
Czar of I(iis.ia were in turn tiie guest
of Napoleon. The minor kmg and
princeling of Europe flocked t liri-,
to liebold the glories oi he UCw Empire.
The King of Italy, however, a!way
held aloof, though if any monarch had
cause for gratitude to Napoleon, it was
he. The Queen of Sjiain averse to travel,
kept away untill she became an exile
without a thorn; and then she hastened
to I'aris to bask in the sunshine of im
perialism. Queen Victoria will, of course, have
too much tact to ask the ex-Emperor to
what business in life the cx-lmperial
PriutC will now devote himself, aud Na
poleon will certainly not be rude enough
to hint at the iiossiLlc spread of the rev
olutionary spirit of England, and the
contingent danger of the Guclpb dynx
ly. He cannot very well tell his ho
tes what he thinks of bcr relative the
Emperor of Germany ; nor can he hint
as yet the desirability ol the Queen's re
turning hi visit. Bat if they are in a
rctiuapetiive aad Shakerpeetaa mood,
which ii not at all probably they caa
both.
And Ml Ow aal fJarns arsV fVnlk f kJn
Bow amnr have farm d naf-d
the cxEmpcrior giving fe fwrnmai ex
perience oa Use MMer petan.
A'fJaaghter
fjewtoOUWInWe
Lebaaoa, two
weeka ace. Cm tfci
third be property eaHl a rJf ?
ear Fatarc ranger.
The next great undertaking before the
American people is the subjugating and
development of the National Domain.
e have to subdue, that we may inherit,
our generous portion of the earth. We
are coming to the close of our first cen
tury, and having attained such majority,
may enter upon and possess our estate.
The wealth of the nation lies in the land,
and we nitist digit out. Nor can we del
egate the task to the mainly ignorant la
borers corning to us trom other lands;
we need to give it our own intelligence
and our own muscle aud we have
shown that we are not the people to
shirk such necessity. Indeed, we are al
ready making a competent beginning
opening lines of transportation, making
permanent peace with the Indians, learn
ing the methods ot organized coloniza
tion and may call ourselves fairly readr
to go to work. Agriculture; tllen, is to
lie our main business in years to come.
We are to be a nation of farmers ; and it
is worth while to consider what sort of
fanners we are likely to turn out.
Man mukes circumstances, circumstan
ces make men. Aceptingthis antithesis,
we should look for new types of chara
ter under the new conditions obtaining
in this country, where, also, the require
ments of good order are the only limit
to trecdom of development. We now
ttl'onl some illustration of the aphorism;
but the re-action of " circumtanes " on
men being the work of ge'-.erations, we
are yet too young Hi exhibt itsVtl'ects in
any notable instance the conventional
" Yankee" being tin unreal creature, fat
fading into tradition. Still, we have al
ready i;iveli evidences tit human power,
peculiarly American, promising good re
sults. We are oiit-gmwing the wisdom
of the world, and are destined to disprove
the maxims that sum up the limits of hu
man experience. The old saw, " When
Adam delved and Eve span, where was
then the gentleman?" involves negative
ly the assertion that manual lalmr is in
compatible with grace and refinement.
Hie reputation of this idea, heretofore
dominant in dvilization,we have now ac-
omplished, and we shall not be long in
lissipatiugit entirely. All there- is in
worth in the gentler experiences of life
shall be free to the delving Adam of the
New World. With increasing facilities
of communication, pertected means ol
education, and the larger returns to labor,
secured by intelligence the man who
- , CL... I III.. .1... i
" mows ana noes ami noius mu uo
will command the best, the world has to
"ive of culture and soial consideration.
More than this, we believe that no
prize tsiveted bv the higher ambitions
shall be hcyonif reach. We trust that
war is, with us, almost an impossible
contingency; the occupation of the sol
dier, with its brilliant triumphs, is, hap
pily, gone. Our commerce has probabiy
reached its height, aud the bulk of trade
will hereafler'be the distribution of do
mestic products, rather than the vast im
ports trom which our merchant princes
have derived their wealth. In polit'i
we have-virtually settled those questions
which have occupied our leading men
since the foundation ot the Hepublic.
The equality of civil right Iris b.'cti estaii
lished lully and torever; ana ine poor
of Protection to Home Industry is assur
ed in the minds ofourjieople beyond se
rious disturbance. Wo return, then, to
the statement that the development of
our natural sources of wealth of which
Agriculture is the first must lie the prin
cipal concern of this and the next gener
ation. And who can doubt that, in these
untried fields of achievement, our liest
minds will find sufficient opportunities
anil rewards?
Now, while it is true that new methods
and new means inventions and im
provements, organization and co-operation
will lighten burdens and make la
bor effective, yet it is also true that the
successful farmer must work with his
own hands; and it is better for ii", '
men, that it should lie so. .Manual lalmr
is a direct, ioitivc good to us, physical
ly aud spiritually. We have been declar
ed a nation of dysticptics sallow, lean,
and nervous; we are to owe our carnal
salvation to the hard out-door work nec
essarily incident to the task betore ii".
Comfort alid culture, wealth and honor-,
will follow, with certainty and in full
measure, Iicyond even the dreams of the
care-worn seeker in the over-crowded
market place or the narrow paths ot the
profession". The grandest opportuni
ties; Humanity ever had are now .ffer-
in:r in tbi our land to the thoroughly
riiinlilini liller ot the soil. And It 1" to
our future fanner we must look Tor that
nobler groth of manhood winch wehav
faith that America will produce. X I.
Tribune.
Some years agoo, a lot of fcllowi got
out on a little" time, whon one of the
number was taken to the lock-up. The
next morning the voang man sent for a
friend to get him out, as lie did not care
to have ht father know of hii incarcera
tion. Tho friend arrived, when the fol
io ing conversation ensned:
" Ed, how did you come here?'
" I came by two majority."
It had taken threo policemen U lock
the fellow up. The friend waio well
pleased with the answer, thai ibe bond
were furnished.
Victor Hugo say that the French
nation will begin arming from wow, that
in ten, periiaps five, yean, it will be able
to take the fit Id api"nt Germany, with
an anny.of four million aordiera; that
it will conqaer and drive oat their Em
peror for the GcrmaiTS aa the 4crmana
have driven oat their tor the French ;
that the two aatiowlitUw will then fra
leraize, and lead the way to the founding
of the United Suit of fSnwope, Hat
Victor Hugo ii aa ttmhaf chief! of mv
Aa frith loMier,- who had area ahraady
aaked af ha BMt.winB BMa bcm-
lainr wawiw aw na w - m , ,
replied he, M too awch; I wm ia the hoe
pitat aJtaort all the tine I waa there.'
- ,.. , a a l uftft. .-
Hew Tier tutm the Taakre
An American traveler tells this story
of his foreign experience:
One day' last tall, in company with an
eminent clergyman of London, I was
making mv way towards the Thames
Tunnel, when we were stopped by an
itinerant vender of pictures, who seemed
to know my companion. " Bay some of
these pictures of the public building! of
London, sir," said he, "and jdu can give
them to your American friends to take
home with him."
I was in a hurry, but mv wonderment
would have stopped me if I had been
running to a fire.
"How in creation did you know I wan
an American?" I asked.
"Why, I couldn't mistake that," the
picture seller replied with a quiet laugh.
You're American all over."
I purchased a picture, and then asked
him to explain himself.
"I would know you by your sou hea
ver bat." he said. "That's an American
fashion."
"Well if it were not for that?"
He glanced down at my feet.
"Your boots would betray you. No
body but Americans wear square toes."
WeIl what else?"
'-'Your chin whiskers. Englishmen
always wear the mutton chop style."
"Well, anything more?"
"If you won't lie offended, ir?"
" Not ill all ; I am seeking for informa
tion." " I should know you by your thin
peaked face."
"Well, mv friend." I suid, " I fancy von
are at the end d" yiiiir catalogue now.
SupJHise that I wore a stiff, Ingli-crowiiod
hat, round-toed boots' mutton chop
whiskers, and had a lace as red and
hubby as any in liritian would you be
able to know me for an American then?
"Certainly I should, assumt as I he
you sieak,' the fellow triumphantly
heard
an-
swenl. "ton Amencans uivarianiy
commeuced every sentence with a well."
Mv English frfend laughed long and
loud' at the man's adroitness.
"I believe he is more than half right."
he said. "See if vour nationality is not
detected every wfiere yon go."
It was even so. In Paris I was im
portuned to buy a photograph of Ijif.iy
ette, because lie was "ze friend of ze
American." In Genoa a dirty vagabond
was i-laiiionius to exhibit to ine the
house where Columbus was born, be
cause he discovered "the signor's great
isiuutree;" and at Alexandria the climax
was capped by a ragged little descend
ant of the Pharaohs, who besought me
to tiikua rido mi Inn donkey. "Strong
donkey fat donkey nitsj Yankee Doo
dle donkey!" was his irresistible appeal,
in the only English wonls he knew.
laaiaa Tinker.
Kansas is not a heavily timliered State.
Its broad and fertile bo'Uoms, rich deep
soil, and rolling prairies, are not the
accompaniment of a heavily timbered
country, and it presents a strange com
parison to tho dense forests, and the
thickly clustered stumps, adorning the
"cleared" corn fields of our Eastern
"t'liihered" State", which, themselves
were considered but a few brief years ugo
as the "Far West," 'till the onward march
of the "Star of Empire" coursing its way
ever westward to a new world lar iieyonu
was opened up to the tread of the lo
comotive, and the culture of incoming
civilization. The resident ol an Cistern
"timbered" State will occasionally note
this apparent scarcity of growing timber
in our Prairie Suite." Its fertile farming
lands in most localities lie unobstruct
ed by trees and f.ircst., and all clcaiel
aud ready for the breaking plow, where
naught is needed but to tickle the earth
with a hoe, she will laugh with a
harvest. The settling firmer obtain
his fanning land ready for inline liatc
use, and be, himself, obfains its bountiful
yield without first working and wearing
Iii- prime ot life away in effecting a "clear
ing," in which Hi afterwards start a firm
mid leave it stump and intreaso for
In growing sons to carry on suwcsfa!
comtietitioti. Neither is Kansas by any
mvan devoid of timber. Nature has be
stowed it benefits injudicious and happy
distribution. Her many rivers and in
numerable tributary streams liountifully
snpplied with strip of inot excellent
timber of every kind and and best qual
ity. Oak, ab, walnut, hickory, mulber
ry, elm, hacklicrry, Cottonwood. Ac.,
and no shelter for "cattle -an be more
effectual and sufficient, I ban the ilmkly
woisletl raiJOiM of our timbered streams.
The inexhaustible supplies of rseellent
bitcuiiiion coJ, underlying the Urfac"
of our State, rind cropping out here and
thera in frequent and varied localities,
afford every facility for fuel, cheaper,
better and caicr of conntnption than
wood.
The trartic Hfrougliont tini Stafy; In
this one artkle of home prrnlartion l
immense; and ere long will lie an inr.
uable source iff ttrnimercial traffic and
revenue.
New coal mine are Ieiax pot Into
working and producing operation from
time to 'tine' la varioaa portion of the
Slate ; and its uae a an artid' of home
consumption for fuel I lal laperseuing
the uc of fire wood
A sfrn of t! Ute PnidctrtTvler only
tvctil v-ou year, old, i Ubbui in the
Twelfth Artny Corp of Saxony, aad
j-rre.1 ttiroatfbout the FnuCO-PrBial
war. lie had been for ive year a nfn-
ing slBJent at rrtttberg, bat wawtt Ike
rUah of armea cane he laid aside hU
book and nought avinianion to the wnf
iee. BrMewecial favor of the M imi v
ter of War this foreigner wan rrw,itvi
to enter the ranhiof the King of iat.y.
JWngaiaeksakiijralAtTtrBngriTAnjV.f ftUruy each llmv rs".vo a a
U- nAa u siM.ILMt Xliee' naui klamwl
conlaaaoaofaa Aaarwaa PrenidVatwa rfd five tim;ijgS- lle filhetf
eaoagh to raaae 4rery aaTrerraad pri-j etu'Mrm ; iada 64 Wt iv la Wa
fnytonklmcinjaanioa4jBiB. IBnaetohir.gs rj t five awlbi a4 fit
laBWaanortBTwarraaaffTTWaiidayiyct to rerre. Iii. rrtl U -'?f
aTBt9WraaarTii4Bnaaalaaeia- ire w lha tMth jpOiawye Whataa p'
te arreral hot cus-rtrM-i.t.. hNrky aember.
atoUaanVi Starr m
To viit Holland in Itecemlier is to"
behold the inhabitants and the country
in all their glory, and Wore can he lean-
ed of tho liabiLs and customs of the thrif
ty, honest Hollanders than in any other
period. Wamfly clad, they brave the
fury of the elements and if, as travelers
say, their intellect is alow and dull, by
the effects of their damp, foggy, muty"
latld they aTC UevertHeless happy and con
tented in their- quirt little villages unit
peaceful, hard-working towns, und dis
play an amount ol genuine, pure jmtnot
ism uncqnaled by any other natiom Eng-
lanu s puwenui oiu nvai nas not lorgoteu
its lt pflorr, which id liltl vivid In tho
minds of the present generation, and al
though their immortal list of jmintcrs,
savants. Admirals and Generals seem
to have disappeared, tbev nevertheless
by their romercial integrity, devotion to
literature, art aud Work, command uni
versal respect ami admiration.
lliey have their dyke and counties1
wiua-mills, they love to resign t aud ven
erate old tmte-honorvd customs, their
four large commercial cities, and their
country fife, and they boast with well
deserved pride ot the lofty gtuius of their
painters, &nd the glorious Work aiul
treasures of aft and lieauty W-'quoathed
to their well-stocked museums l.y the in.
spired brush of Itciuhratidt, ItuU-iis.Jatf
Steen, Paul Potter, Mieri, Van lvckf
Teiiiers and hundreds of others, 'fhey'
are contented with the resources of ail
ungrateful, barren tract of land, cultivat
ed with rare, and every mill ol wimn
proves the triumph of pcrsovcrauit' amf
industry over the difficulties ot nature.
They still boast of their ,.i jmh-scssIoiis
in India and South Ainerna.n'it yet
wrested from them by envious rivalaj
aud the artless peasants still take :t thild
ish pleasifre in styling good old Amster
dam the Queen of cities."
Plat Crox Naves. The Washington
correspondent of the Cincinati (7rin-iV
makes the following reference Vt till
names of some of I he members of the
new t 'ingress:
"In the new Congress, by the way,
there are two I. lairs, two llrookscs, two
Harrisons, two Hazletons, two MyefV;
two Perrys, Itto' Hices, two ltiiirtsr,
two linger, two Sjiecr, two Townseiids
two William William", two Wilsons
three Fosters, und three Smiths.
"Ami, by the way, there will lie Por-.
ter and Hale forthe'bib'ufou. Him k, of
Alabama, has go" ie out with the Forty-first
Congress, ,m hu is siicf-eeded Ut
Hri-'Iit. ot lennes.e. in the rony-secondi
This new Comttes loses Cuke, of IVliM"
svl vauia, bill, as a ioiiiiietiat iv diet, get
luk, of Wisconsin. I.iggs,ff IMawatvi
and Helmrgc of South Carolina, will
probably fraternize more or less. North
Carolina send nineinlicr who, mi doubt;
in spite of any youthful indiscretion, will
always lie Shnlier. The trades tire rep
resented by Barber, Cook, Sawyer, Sh'.V.
maker, Staler, and Turner. Havens and
Dox will probably be put Immediately
on the Naval Committee-! .
All sensible women tire rejoieing that
opcii-thmatcd hotle dresses lituegono
out of fashion. Another mailer of re
joicing to the ladies of refined tiiMc in
that'lhe Grcfiau bend paim-r, with rf
ungainly proportionsand unsightly putts,
is uumlicrvd among the thing thai were.
It has ls?eu displaced by a luoilc-t toiirn
ure mid gni.'ful ilrawry. We are gin"!
to see that immense chignons a ltd lii'Si jf
pnddeil false chatelaine bniid lookinfj
like a I. union iionthe Lead of tlm -wrfJfx
er, are rapidly diapiesring. 'I fit' moaW
among our fashionable lcllc now i tnf
braid their natural truc in two Inay
braids, whiiMarcgi-acelifllr bf jed to tha
back part of the head. The hair may B
rolled or made in short curl in front
whllo long fiirls grouped aniolfg tlof
braid look stylib. 'Hie reign of the
maIvo chignon is evidently over. Th
mode for the arraiigenii'iit of tlm front
hair i pompadour, hut it I not general
ly followed, ns there lire few face that
."ok well with the hair dr.iM Uia ami
lightly fastened. We think that the hair'
waved and falling slightly over the fore
head with a sort of studied crelc-hci
i most becoming to all fai vs. SCtljf
JitttrniiL
Cono
The cotton crop of tlm laat
cotton vearha now Ih-cii nearly all r
kcted at our torn menial Hirt: audit
apjican. by the regular reirt that
production 01 ine year rrwnni uir
i.'.frer'atn of fil.Onl tOUT rll!!ol i
nhiiliia the largeO -Top that ever
raised. In view of thi coton prodaity .1
there are two bdiKliofla w,!, we iccaivj
make: Firstly, it shows tint, oIWhb"2
standing all 'that r as fonwcHy said 17
the coutrary, totton ran I r."l !
rHiiitb?m State, in full upp'y, wltbout
the institution of negro laicry Sri"'
ondly, il show that the gret aftt of
the c"iiianijtlf"l sb" in the South Jiv
continued to carry on faithful the in.
dd.trim which they were f rrra rfy torn-tie-Hed
lo prt-ite a lavr, Tbee are
verv interesting tact fr 0-e eoftemfbf
lion of tKsrBlatie ph.lWf brr r, W
Or! nclroob
SfifncboJr wbob born .tmly)nj( Vtru
tcr'a new " unatndse-l A-lumry if
preaae a rrgrct that the lexicscrspswr
deaffition ff tb worl "Iwil tavl nu
met tho erm of tle nfW.rfwm yn4
Isrf're they tranalaUsI tar Bo" ufjohf
aa it woubl bare boeri lAatiful U nayf
lAoteadofb-Nls AoA ihtan V
with dixaivswrtla-,1 iabrBiiev, ftifism
natioas rlar,1rriard br i-itr4 ltj
alar taiaori aad Mjearating with eealral
iWre U a rwarJrt ia Aairar an'aow
naiaed Joha Kire, who f ifty ieeyear
iffvs: b ha been eoerktrd are litve
11. it lit iB tM. He ha IsTVB I
'.
ls-2?.
i r jitiJ. Ty-"
p Lafin tXni '11 iiii in mir' iiiininfua
nV."?
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